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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON', D. C, SATURDAY, APEIL 15, 1882.
NEW SEEEES V0L-1., N- So.
"THE GATEWAY TO THE CONFEDER
ACY" THREE TIMES CAPTURED.
Et Tennessee Its Loynlly o 1 Union-Occupation
bj the Confederate Troops-Depart-int'iit
f E.ist Tennessee Organization
of lite Seventh Division Cap
ture of Cumberland Gap.
By G. C. Knmffin.
The State, of Tennessee, divided into three
gfii.'raphittil divisions known as East, Mid-
and West Tennessee, was one of the last
tti-- Southern States to secede from the
n, and hut for the hold and unserupul-
measures resorted to by Governor 3 Far
aid Ins co-conspirators would have held
same position as that of the hordcr
In February, 1SG1, at an election held to
d t ermine the question of calling a conven
t "i to decide whether the State should
r main in the Union, the vote stood as fol
Fort Sumter and
rst Tennessee .
M udle Tennessee
Y t at Tennessee .
Majority for the Union
The homhardment of
the call for troops to suppress the rebellion
produced intense excitement, and aided the
(rv-enior vastly in his designs to dragoon
I the State into rebellion.
He sent the following reply to the requisi
tion of the President for troops:
Hon. SDrON CAMERON.
Sir: Your dispatch of the loth of April,
informing me that Tennessee is called upon
f jt two regiments of inilitja for immediate
service, is received.
Tennessee will not furnish a man for the
purposes of coercion, but 50,000, if necessary,
fr the defence of our rights and those of our
Southern brothers. Isilui G. Harris,
Governor of Tennessee.
He then convened the legislature, from
which he procured authority to raise and
equip 25,000 men for the defence of the State,
and before the day of the election, June 8th,
hn had most of them organized, armed, and
d siributcd in camps. Thus, on the morning
f flection the people went to the polls,
conscious that no matter how they cast their
v "s secession was a foregone conclusion.
A df-sire to curry favor with their wealthy
n rhbors naturally induced a vast number
of the poorer class of the population, who
Ind not a penny's interest in the interests of
s1 ivcry, to vote for disunion.
At tii is election the troops voted, probably,
"early and often," as nearly 35,000 more votes
were cast than in February. Th e vote stood :
Fast Tenncsee .
West Tennessee .
In camps . . .
Majority for disunion 57,675
It will be observed that the Union vote in
East Tennessee had not diminished in the
interval between the two elections.
General Felix Zollicoffer, editor of a Nash
ville newspaper, was made a brigadier gen
eral, and assigned to duty in East Tennessee.
His administration of affairs there caused an
exodus of about 1,500 Union men, who, after
incredible suffering, exposed to fatigue and
starvation, made their way out of the State
and joined the Union Army at Camp Dick
Robinson. Here they were formed into two
regiments, the First and Second East Ten
nessee infantry, under command of Colonels
R. K. IJyrd and J. P. Carter.
A movement which was then under con
templation toward East Tennessee having
failed, their hopes of reaching their native
State were again raised in January, 1862,
when, in a decisive battle at Fishing Creek,
General Thomas met and defeated a superior
force under General George B. Crittenden,
which had crossed the Cumberland River at
Mill Spring with the purpo.se of making a
campaign in Kentucky. General Buell,
greatly to the disappointment of the East
Tenneeeans, turned his course southward
toward Nashville, leaving General S. P. Car
ter, in command of a force consisting of tho
First and Second Tennessee, the Seventh
Kentucky, and Thirty-third Indiana Infan
try, in observation, on the road leading from
Central Kentucky to Cumberland Gap. Gen
eral Garfield expelled tho confederate force
under Humphrey Marshall from Kentucky
through Pound Gap into Western Virginia
and, leaving a portion of his force in Eastern
.Kentucky, joined General Buellat Nashville.
The virtual abandonment of East Tennes
see to the confederates, in the Spring of 1862
had not been accepted without protest either
by the Union people of that section or by
the administration, and no sooner was the
objeetne pointof the second campaign aincd
by the capture of Corinth than the eyes of
both people and Government turned towards
the region where a loyal populace were held
in subjection by the armed forces of the con
federacy. Major-General E. Kirby Smith, in com
mand of the department of East Tennessee
was a graduate of "West Point Academy, and
had served with distinction in the war with
Mexico. The breaking out of the rebellion
found him Major of the Second U. S. Cavalry,
which position ho resigned to accept a brig
adier-general's commission in the confederate
The total effective strength of the army in
East Tennessee on the 10th of June was
comprised in two brigades commanded by
Colonels Barton and Reynolds j -the garri-
sons at Cumberland Gap, under General
Stevenson, and at Chattanooga, under Gen
eral Lodbetter, and detachments at Knox
ville, Kingston, Loudon, and other points on
the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, and a
cavalry force under Colonel Alston. Tho
entire force at his disposal did jiot exceed
10,000 men, of whom 4,000 were either totally
unarmed or armed with shot guns and squir
rel ritles. This insignificant force, scattered
over two hundred miles of territory, was
menaced on the south by an army of 40,000
men under General Buell, and on the north
west by a force of 8,000 men under General
George "V. Morgan. How General Smith
extricated himself, and by presenting a bold
front alternately at either end of his depart
ment, ready at any time to evacuate Fast
Tennessee either towards Virginia or Georgia,
as occasion might demand, belongs to the
domain of history. It reads like a romance,
and would be scarcely credible except for the
electric light shed upon it by the official
reports, telegraphic correspondence, and
morning reports of effective strength on file
in the confederate archives. So little ex
pectation had General Smith of being able to
hold possession of the country that on the
12th of June he made preparations to evac
uate Chattanooga and Cumberland Gap and
retire upon Abingdon, Virginia. This
movement was disapproved by the confed
erate government, as appears from the fol
lowing telegram :
Richmond, Va.. June 12, 18G2.
Major-General E. Kirby Smith,
Every confidence is placed in you to make
the best possible disposition that circum
stances will admit. It seems to the prudent
that, unless with a view to attack the ene
my's rear with your present force, it would be
better to adopt the Georgia than the Virginia
line. Cannot General Beauregard return to
you the troops you gave him? Telegraph
him to this effect. S. Cooper,
Adj utan t-G cncral.
In reply to telegrams from both Cooper
and Smith, Beauregard replied: "It would
be fatal to detach any troops from this army
at this moment, when I expect daily to meet
much superior forces." Left to his own re
sources, the dexiartment commander had no
alternative but to meet difficulties as they
might arise, hold his troops well in hand,
guard his railroad communications, and, in
ease of necessity, make the best of his way
southward with his army. Furnished with
an active and efficient cavalry force, who,
from their point of observation in the moun
tain range that guarded his western front,
conveyed swift information of every move
ment of the Union troops, he sat like a
bold chess player at his headquarters at
Knoxville moving his men up and down the
valley as they were needed. Barton and
Reynolds, with their brigades, were in con
stant motion, now marching through the
narrow defiles on Clinch River, making a
show of force in Morgan's front, then borne
on wings of steam they made their appear
ance within supporting distance of Chatta
nooga. They were never required to fire a
gun. There was not a moment, from the
time that Buell's advance reached Hunts
ville, Ala., and Morgan gained the eastern
slope of the Cumberland Mountains, when
the army of the Ohio could not have taken
peacable possession of East Tennessee.
The Seventh division of the Army of the
Ohio, commanded by Brigadier-General
George "W. Morgan, organized in May, 1862,
consisted of the following troops:
24th Brigade Gen. J. G. Spears. 1st
Tenn., Col. R. K. IJyrd ; 2d Tenn., Col. J. P.
Carter; 7th Ky., Col. T. T. Garrard; 49th
Ind., Lt.-Col. Keigwin.
25th Brigade Col. John Dc Courcey.
lGth Ohio, Lieut-Col. Bailey; 22d Ky., Col.
D. W. Lindsey; 42d Ohio, Col. E. A. Shel
don. 27th Brigade Gen. A. Baird. 33d Ind.,
Col. John Coburn; 19th Ky., Col. W. J. Lan
drum; 14th Ky., Col. J. C. Cochrane.
Artillery. 1st Wis. Battery, Capt. T. J.
Foster; 7th Mich. Battery, Capt. C. H. Lam
phere ; 9th Ohio Battery, Capt. If. S. "Wet
more. Cavalry. 7th Ky. Batalion, Maj. Munday ;
Ky. Eng. and Mechs., Captain Patterson.
Total effective strength, 7,000 infantry.
300 cavalry, and 22 pieces of artillery.
The recognized gateways into East Ten
nessee from Kentucky was via Cumberland
Gap, in the southwestern corner of the State
whence roads branch eastward through Pow
ell's Valley to Abingdon, Va., westward
through the same valley towards Hunt-mile
and Jamestown, passing south of Big Creek
Gap, and southward through Tazewell to
Knoxville. Seen from either side, the stu
pendous range of the Cumberland silhouetted
against the sky, towers in magnificent gran
deur above all intervening hills, presenting
no lofty peaks, but a broken lino of pine-clad
mountains seemingly inaccessible. Cumber
land Gap is merely a depression in the rango,
and no "other depression presents itself to the
eye. Ranging from the northeast to the
southwest, it formed a barrier which, up
to the date of Morgan's expedition, was
regarded as insurmountable. The gap had
been fortified towards the north immediately
upon the opening of hostilities, and had
since been garrisoned.
After the organization of his command at
Cumberland Ford, General Morgan found
that his work had begun in earnest. The
ro;ids, always bad, were washed into deep
gullies, and fatiguo parties were at once set
to work to repair them. All the supplies for
his troops had to be transported by wagons
from Lexington, Ky., over one hundred miles
distant, and a supply accumulated to subsist
men and animals in a forward movement.
A reconnoissancc in force satisfied Morgan
that the gap could not be carried by assault.
Pound Gap, ninety miles eastward, over al
most impassible roads, was an impracticable
route. There were three country roads, or
bridle paths, leading through tortuous ra
vines over the crest of the mountain, known
as Baptist, Rogers and Big Creek Gaps, lo
cated respectively four, twentyrthrec, and
thirty-eight miles west from the main Gap.
The first was fortified, and the two latter
blockaded by fallen trees and huge rocks.
The difficulty of passing his force to the
west without attracting the attention of
General Stevenson was successfully accom
plished by stationing a brigade in front of
Baptist Gap, behind which the remaining
troops marched to the two last-named points.
The diversion made in Morgan's favor by an
expedition under, Negley against Chattanooga
had the effect of withdrawing Barton's and
Rcj'iiolds's brigades from the vicinity of Big
Creek Gap, and enabled Morgan to remove the
obstructions unmolested. The crossing of
the mountain by an army with 22 pieces of
artillery, weighing 1,775 pounds each, pulled
up the precipitous assent by hand, may well
take rank with the difficult and daring ex
ploits of the Avar, for Morgan expected to
encounter a force on the opposite side of from
1S,000 to 20,000 men. Baird and Dc Courcey
crossed at Rogers's Gap, and Spears and Carter
at Big Creek Gap, and on the day that the
passage was completed the division was con
centrated at Mrs. Rogers's farm, in Powell
Valley. Here General Morgan allowed one
day for rest, then put his column in motion
towards Cumberland Gap. The presence of
a hostile force cast of the mountains created
consternation at Knoxville. "When Morgan's
force disappeared from General Stevenson's
front at the Gap, that officer conjectured that
it had fallen back and was about passing to
the left, and notice was given to the com
manding officer at Kingston to look out for
it. News of a demonstration against Chat
tanooga had drawn all the available troops
in that direction. General Ledbetter. whose
cruelty to the Union people of East Tennes
see had made him a conspicuous mark for
their vengeance, exaggerated Negley 's brig
ade sent to menace Chattanooga into a for
midable army, and, taking counsel of his
fears, called loudly for reinforcements.
Then came information of a largo force
gathering in Sequatchie Valley inarching
upon Cleveland from McMinnville, and to
crown all, and place him beyond all hope of
relief, the news of Morgan's appearance in
Powell's Vallev came on the same dav. June
12th was a memorable day in the calendar of
General Kirby Smith. Negley hrvng difwj - 4
pearcd from the southern end of the valley
without accomplishing anything more than
to carry terror to the heart of Ledbetter, that
officer was ordered to send his stores to Knox
ville and prepare to follow with his troops.
Stevenson was ordered to fall back towards
Abingdon, while tho plucky commander,
gathering his troops along the line of the
railroad, prepared to dispute the passage of
a hostile army through his department. At
one o'clock a. m. on the morning succeeding
the day's rest at Rogers's farm Gen. Morgan
moved his command by two parallcd roads
in the direction of Cumberland Gap. The
movement had no sooner begun than General
Smith sent Barton, Reynolds, and Alston
to Gen. Stevenson, who had reported that he
was holding Morgan in check at "Wilson's
Gap. Smith proceeded in person to Tazewell
on the 13th to assume command of the entire
force, and from, there directed Alston o
watch Morgan's movements from Big Creek
Gap and the crossings of the Clinch River.
Next day came a dispatch from Ledbetter
that the enemy was upon him, coming from
Stevenson. No resource now remained but
to order the evacuation of tho Gap and repair
with all possible dispatch to the relief of
Chattanooga. The following telegram from
Smith to Stevenson conveys more intelli
gently than it can otherwise be described
the defenseless condition of East Tennessee:
Bean's Station, Tenn., Juno 15th.
General : Mitchell has attacked Chatta
nooga in force, acting in concert with Morgan
by telegraph. The major-general command
ing directs me to say that with his small
force he finds it invpossiblc to maintain both
points, and he is compelled to order the
evacuation of the Gap. The road into Geor
gia is most important. "We have large stores
at Atlanta, Dalton, Rome, and other points
easily reached from Chattanooga. You will
take your measures for the evacuation of
your post piomptly and quietly, sending
away your ordinance stores and valuable
property. The general hopes you will suc
ceed in removing all your best guns; if any
must be abandoned they should be effectu
ally made useless. Camp equipage must be
destroyed. Barton will-be ordered to cover
your movement. Empty wagons have been
ordered up and should reach you in two
days. Your lino of retreat will be upon
Morristown, where transportation will be
ordered for you at that point. Tho commanding-general
directs me further to say
that he can give you no full and definite in
structions for your government, but relies
upon your good judgment and energy for
the successful accomplishment of this move
ment Your measures must necessarily be
regulated by the operations of the enemy.
Colonel Alston has been ordered to report to
you. If you ascertain that the enemy arc
withdrawing from your front with a view of
falling back upon Lexington you will of
course suspend your movement. If not
pushed by the enemy you will, as soon as
your command is in hand on the railroad
receive further instructions. Your line of
retreat will he towards Cleveland and thence
either to Dalton or Chattanooga, as circum
stances may determine.
Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,
J. F. Helton, Ass't Adj't-Gen'l.
The next day General Smith writcsSleven
son, that if he can evacuate the Gap without
Barton's assistance, to direct him to fall back
to the south side of Clinch River on the Knox
ville road, with aviow of shortening tho dis
tance the latter would have to march. Rey
nolds was ordered to Loudon ; Taylor's brigade
to Knoxville, as the indications were that Mor
gan would move directly southward via Clin
ton on Knoxville. A telegram from Govcnor
31 -rris at Chattanooga gave information of
a 'icavy column moving from McMinnville
wth twelve pieces of artillery for Pikcville.
Tl c commanding officers at Loudon and
K ngston were notified to keep a sharp look
out for this column, as it would effectually
cu.1 off succor from Chattanooga. Starnes's
en-lry was sent to watch from the mouth
of the niawassc to Chattanooga, making his
he-idquarters at Cleveland, as the enemy
we-3 reported to be building boats on Soddy
and Salt Creeks.
While these movements were being exe
cuted and General Smith was making ar
rangements to evacuate East Tennessee,
Gyicral Morgan was pursuing his march
eastward up Powells Valley toward Cum
beviruul Gap. His road to Knoxville lay
southward .-vid tho distance to each point
war, about the same. A simultaneous move
ment threatening Chattanooga by even one
division of Buells army would have com
pelled the evacuation of all points in the
tipper end of ihe valley and placed Morgan
in peaceable occupation of East Tennessee.
The golden moment was allowed to pass
uu''mproed. The divisions of McCook and
Cvttondcn advancing by easy marches took
position at the mouth of Battle Creek on
the north side of the Tennessee. Morgan
marched into the abandoned works at Cum-bfig-IuTid-
Gap and immediately commenced
lbftitying towards the cast For this he re
ceived the thanks of the President and Secre
tary of War. A complimentary order convey
ing the thanks of General Buell was issued at
annyjicadquarlers, and the newspapers teem
ed v.uf h praises of the heroism displayed by tho
Seven tli division and its brave commander.
General Morgan having gained possession
of the "great gateway to the heart of tho
confederacy," as Bragg designated it, de
termined to make it the base of future opcra
lions1 against East Tennessee. An arsenal
was built; 4,000 stand of small-arms with
which to arm the Union refugees; two addi
tional 20-pounder and four 30-pounder guns
were brought forward, with a large supply
of an .munition for all arms; magazines and
storehouses were erected suitable to contain
suirtJJof all kinds for 20,000 men on a six
- iife,dfpftign. flSifeutenant Craighead, ::
United States engine'ery with 800 men set to
work ') fortify .he Gap facing eastward.
Tim road leading back to his base was re
paired and the advancing summer hardened
the clay roadbed equal to a turnpike. Every
thing looked propitious. The loyal men of
East Tennessee came out of their hiding
placsa in the mountain fastnesses and wel
comed the starry emblem of their nationality
with fears of joy. With two of Bn ell's di
visions within a day's march of Chattanooga
and another at Cumberland Gap the con
federate control in East Tennessee seemed
to be ended. The sweep of Mitchell's bold
brigades eastward and westward from Hunts
ville, followed by the eastward march of
Bucll's remaining troops, had seemingly but
one possible result. Beauregard, in com
mand of the army in North Mississippi, had
declared his inability to reinforce his sorely
pressed neighbor, and nothing but the vis
inertia that always seemed to settlo like a
pall upon an army after a temporary success
prevented the cntiro State from being occu
pied by the Government troops.
To be continued.
REUNION OF MARYLAND VETERANS.
Tho Union Veteran Association of Mary
land celebrated the seventeenth anniversary
of ifs organization in Baltimore on Monday
evening with a grand banquet at tho Car
rollton Hotel. The dining-room was dec
orated with flags and oil paintings of distin
guished soldierS. The tables, three in num
ber, were arranged artistically with flowers
in different designs. At one end of the room,
behind an enbankment of greenery, composed
of tropical plants, was stationed Wilson Post
Band. Gen. Chas. E.Phelps presided, with
Gen. J. Warren Kcifer, Speaker of the Iloiihe
of Representatives on his right, and Gen. R.
B. Ayrcs on his left Letters of regret at not
being able to be present on the occasion were
received and read from Generals Sherman,
Hancock, Sheridan, Warren, Ilawlcy, McCor
mick, Humphreys, Hon. W. W. Dudley, Com
missioner of Pensions, and Col. E. H. Webster,
Collector of the Port of Baltimore. Among
others present were Gen. W. E. W. Ross, Gen.
John R. Keuly, Col. Harrison Adrcon, Col.
Graham Diikehart, Col. Wm. H. Purnell, Gen.
Felix Agnus, prominent members of the G rand
Army. The first toast, "Tho Day we Cele
brate," meaning the surrender at Appomattox,
was responded to by Gen. Kcifer, who, in the
course of his remarks, said the war had taught
the people of the United Stales as well as the
world at large that we can govern ourselves.
He claimed that the war had ennobled the
soldiers, who had becomo better citizens than
they were before. Speaking of tho growth
of America in comparison with tho rest of the
world, he placed this country in the lead, and
th.it its headway would yearly increase. The
picsent generation is superior to any that
preceded it ; there is less public dishonesty
now than formerly. The rest of his speech
was devoted to events of the war. lie was
frequently applauded. The toast to the Pres
ident of the United States was responded to
by Col. Purnell. He eulogized President Ar
thur, and in referring to Maryland affairs said
the people of this State were chiefly noted in
the late war for their moderation. " The Pri
vate Soldier" was responded to by General
Phelps, who showed the important part played
by Maryland soldiers in tho Union armies, as
well m the volunteer force as in the Regular
service. The official returns credit the State
with 50,310 enlistments. Southern as well as
Northern war tunes were played by the band
during the evening and heartily cheered,
RELIEF Or VOLUNTEERS FROM
CHARGES OF DESERTION.
Fassn;o of the General Bill by tlio Ilonso of Rep
resentatives The Relief It IVill Afford In
teresting Discussion The Case of a Sol
dier Wounded at Gettysburg.
The bill relieving from the charge of de
sertion all volunteer soldiers in the late war,
who completed their term of enlistment but
failed to receive an honorable discharge,
passed the House of Representatives on Fri
day last. The discussion of the subject in
connection with its passage will be of interest
to our soldier readers.
The matter was called up by Mr. Calkins,
who said :
I ask unanimous consent to discharge the
Committee' of the Wholo House from the
further consideration of tho bill (II. R. No.
212) for the relief of Peter Scoudcn, and that
the same be put upon its passage. It is to
remove the charge of desertion from the
military record of one of the members of my
old regiment, and I believe I have nev.cr
asked unanimous consent in this House but
once before. 1 hope there will be no objec
tion in this case.
Mr. Randall. If the gentleman from
Indiana will modify his motion and ask to
take up, by consent, the bill now pending on
tho Calendar of a general character covering
all of theso cases, I think he will do a great
kindness, and not only accomplishes pres
ent purpose but aid a great many "meritori
ous men who are suffering under like dis
abilities. Mr. Calkins. I will vote for and urge
the passage of that bill whenever I can, but
I hope there will be no objection to this
special case which I have called up.
Mr. Randall. But Ave have a bill pend
ing on the Calendar which reaches all these
Mr. Calkins. Let me pass this and there
will be no objection to the other.
Mr. Randall. I do not object to that,
but desire again to urge upon the gentleman
from Indiana the propriety of asking permis
sion to take up the general bill which will
reach his purnnse. and cover all of thesi
cases. This bill has been "repot'teil
imously by the Committee on Military Af
fairs, and there can be no objection, I imagine,
to tho passage of a general bill instead of all
of these individual measures which have the
same object in view.
Mr. Hazelton. Let tho bill bo read.
The bill was read.
The Speaker. Is there objection to the
consideration of the bill which has just been
Mr. McCoid. I object for the reason that
there are other names which should be em
braced in a bill of that character. I shall
not object to the consideration of the gen
Mr. Calkins. Then I ask consent to take
up the general bill covering all these cases.
The Speaker. The Clerk will report the
title of the bill to which the gentleman from
Indiana now refers.
The Clerk read as follows :
A bill (If. R. No. 5224) to relieve certain
soldiers of tho lato war from the charge of
The bill was read, as follows:
Be it enacted, c, That the charge of de
sertion now standing on tho rolls and records
in the office of the Adjutant-General of the
United States against any soldier who served
in the late war in tho volunteer service shall
be removed in all cases where it shall be
made to appear to the satisfaction of the
Secretary of War, from such rolls and records,
or from other satisfactory testimony, that
any such soldier served faithfully until the
expiration of his term of enlistment, or until
the 1st day of May, A. D. 1S05, but who, by
reason of absence from his command at the
time the same was mustered out, failed to
be mustered out and to receive an honorable
Sec. 2. That the charge of desertion stand
ing on the rolls and records in the office of
the Adjutant-General of tho United States
against any soldier who served in the late
war in the volunteer scrvico shall also be
removed in all cases where it shall be made
to appear to the satisfaction of tho Secretary
of War, from such rolls and records, or from
other satisfactory testimony, that such soldier
charged with desertion or with absence with
out leave, after such desertion or absence
without leave, voluntarily returned to his
command and served in the line of his duty
until he was mustered out of the service and
received a certificate of honorable discharge
Sec. 3. That in all cases whero the charge
of desertion shall be removed under the pro
visions of this act from the record of any
soldier who has not received a certificate of
discharge it shall be the duty of tho Adjutant-General
of tho United States to issue to
such soldier, or, in caso of his death, to his
heirs or legal representatives, a certificate of
Sec. 4. That when the charge of desertion
shall be removed under the provisions of this
act from the record of any soldier, such
soldier, or in case of his death, the heirs or
legal representatives of such soldier, shall
receive all pay and bounty which may have
been withheld on account of such charge of
desertion or absence without lea vo : Prodded,
however, That this act shall not bo so con
strued as to giro to any such soldier as may
be entitled to the provisions of this act, or,
in caso of his death, to the heirs or legal
representatives of any such soldier, the right
to leeeive pay and bounty for any period of
time during which such soldier was absent
from his command Avithout leave of absence:
And in-ovidea further, That no soldier, nor
the heirs or legal representatives ot any
soldier, who served in the army a period of
less than three months, or who received a
locai "Otintyanu deserted, siiall be entitled.
to the benefit of the provisions of this act.
Sec. 0. That all acts and parts of acts in
consistent with the provisions of this act
are hereby repealed.
Mr. Kasson. Is this bill reported with
the approval of the Military Committee?
Mr. Sparks. It is the unanimous report
of the committee.
Mr. Kasson. Then I hope it will be
Mr. Spakks. This is a unanimous report
from the committee covering a number of
bills of that character which were referred
to the committee.
Mr. Dingley. Allow me to say, Mr.
Speaker, that tho Committee on Military
Affairs have agreed to submit an amendment
to that bill when it shall be offered. I do not
sec tho chairman of the committee present
this morning, but it is within ray knowledgo
that such an amendment was suggested and
Mr. Uolman: Will the gentleman indi
cate what the amendment was?
Mr. Robinson, of Massachusetts. Then
we will save our objections and find out if
this is the unanimous report of the commit
Mr. Randall. This is the Military Com
Mr. McMillin. Let us hear what the
Mr. Robeson". Will the gentleman state
what amendment the Committee on Military
Affairs proposes ?
Mr. Dignley. It is to the effect that all
soldiers who were prevented from completing
their term of service by reason of wounds or
disability received in line of duty should bo
The Speaker. The gentleman had better
submit the amendment in writing.
Mr. Robeson. There will be no objection
to that amendment.
Mr. Spakks. I think the proposition of
the gentleman from Maine is in the bill
Mr. Holm an. The amendment is all right.
There is no objection to it.
The Speaker. The bill is now before the
Houso for consideration. The Clerk will
report the amendment of the gentleman from
. VEhe Clerk read as follows:
ftcx the wJriw su-.y-uVe," in Hue l cf
the first section of the bill, insert " or who
were prevented from completing their term
of service by reason of wounds received and
diseases contracted in the line of duty."
The bill is before the House for considera
tion. Mr. Dingley. There arc two cases nowbe
foro the Committee on Military Affairs which
suggest a necessity for such an amendment
as this. A soldier was wounded in the battle
of Gettysburg and was sent to the hospital
and hung between life and death for over one
year. He was changed from hospital to hos
pital and finally removed to the hospital at
Augusta, Maine. While there, not having
fully recovered, but being sufficiently recov
ered to go home, by an arrangement with the
assistant surgeon in charge he was allowed
to go among his friends, to report "when he
was well enough orVhen he should be called
for. By some accident he was marked in tho
meantime as a deserter. The war.closed in
April, 1SG5, finding him at home nnable to
return to the line of duty ; and to-day ha
comes before Congress and asks to have tha
charge of desertion removed from his record.
Here is a soldier who was wounded at
Gettysburg, hanging between life and death
for over ono year in the hospital, and by
mero accident appearing on the. record as
having deserted, when the truth was, as tho
War Department admits in looking over tho
affidavits, he was all the time unable to per
form the duties incumbent upon him. Now,
this bill will not meet such a class of cases,
and the gentlemen of the Military Committee
who were present when tho case wassub-
mittcd agreed it should be amended so as to
cover this class of cases, and further agreed
tho amendment should be offered whenever
the bill should come up and that it should'
be accepted by the committee. All the mem
bers of tho committee were not present at
the time, but all who were present agreed to
this; and in consonance with that agree
ment I have offered this amendment.
Mr. Spakks. Mr. Speaker, so far as I can
see, this amendment is perfectly satisfactory.
There is nothing at all objectionable in it.
This bill is tho result of the examination by
the committee of twenty or perhaps thirty
bills for the relief of individual soldiers, and
was reported as a general bill covering all
cases of this sort This amendment I think
is quite proper.
Mr. Randall. The amendment enlarges
and does not restrict the operations of tho
bill. For one, I have no objection.
Mr. Robeson. Let the amendment go in
by unanimous consent and tho bill will nob
be objected to.
The amendment was adopted.
The bill as amended was ordered to bo
engrossed and read a third time and passed.
Doubtless many readers of The Na
tional Tribune are interested in the bill
referred to in the above discussion. It is an
act of justice to a class of brave and honor
able soldiers who performed faithfully all
the duties imposed upon them, many of
whom failed to receive their final muster
out through the negligence of their officers.
Any soldier interested in the operations of
the above bill who will send their names to
Tun National Tribune will receive full
reports of the progress of tho bill through
tho Senate. It is needless to add that in
this, as in any measure in which meritorious
soldiers are concerned, The Tribune will
use all its influence in favor of its passage.
Editois National TbibuneJ r