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TJEEE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, APBIL 29, 1882.
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RELIEF TO COME AT LAST.
CONGRESS WILL PASS THE BILL TO
INCREASE THE PENSION FORCE.
TIic Committee on Appropriations to Report the
Jlcnsnrc Favorably YicwN of Senators
aiid Itepresciilaihcs on tin; Subject.
Pleasant KcmHiis for lVitsion
In order to ascertain the views of Congress
men on the bill now pending before tbc Com
mittee on Appropriations, providing for an
increase in tbc Clerical forco of the Pension
Bureau, representatives of Tun National
Tribune were instructed to interview Senators
and Members who might be found willing to
express an opinion on tho subject. Commis-
sioncr Dudley's communication to Congress,
which wo recently published, it will be re
collected, demonstrated the necessity for an
increase in the force of tlic Pension Office, and
since tho statement was prepared the demands
upon that branch of the public service have
not only Gbown ihc necessity that exists for au
improved equipment, but .'bows that unless
relief is soon provided tbc embarrassments of
the Pension Bureau will bo increased. Thus,
for example, General Dudley states that during
tho month of March the number of new claims
"filed was in excess of the number examined,
showing that unless the Commissioner is pro
vided with proper facilities the work of his
office must continue to be retarded, and the
delay in passing upon the meritorious claims
of soldiers be still further prolonged. That
Generel Dudley is using every moans within
his power to have the claims now on fde passed
upon as rapidly as possible, no one can doubt,
who is familiar with tho thorough system that
prevails in his office. In no other Department
of the Government service, probably, lias tho
civil service reform rule been so rigidly applied
as in this Bureau, and it is to be regretted that
a similar system has not been introduced in
some of the other Departments. General Dud
ley expressed himself gratified at the announce
ment of The National Tribune's intention
to obtain the views of Congressmen, ani re
marked, that while he felt assured Congress
would eventually pass the necessary bill to
afford relief, yet it is of the utmost importance
v that it be passed at once, in order that tho dis
tress and suffering caused by the delay in ad
justing pension claims be diminished. The bill
to increase the forco in General Dudley's offico
and to provide better accommodations for tho
dispatch of business in the Pension Bureau, is
before the Committee on Appropriations, and
from conversations with its . members The
National Tribune is enabled to make the
gratifying announcement, and in advance of
any journal published in the country, that the
bill will bo reported favorably in about ten
"WHAT CONGRESSMEN HAVE TO SAY ABOUT IT.
After ascertaining the above important fact,
General Tom Browne, of Indiana, who, as chair
man of the Pensions Committee, has charge of
the bill to increase the clerical force of the
Pension Office, was interviewed on that sub
ject. He said:
"After being favorably considered by all the
different Pension Committees, it was referred
to the Committee on Appropriations. By them
it has also been considered favorably, and I
hope soon to bring it up in tho Houstf for d is""
cussion and vote." . ,...,
"And the sentiment of the House?""
"Oh! almost unanimously in its favor. There
may, of course, be some objection. There al
ways are obstructionists in every Congress, you
know," he added, parenthetically, " but I feel
justified in saying that the opposition will bo
"When shall you get it up?"
"At the earliest possible moment. When it
does come up I think there will be very little
In corroboration of Ecprcsentative Browne's
assertion that the sentiment of Congress largely
favors the increase, it may bo said that out of
fifty Members and Senators who wero ap
proached on the subject, that in no ono case
was the slightest objection made. Our repre
sentative jotted down the replies of quite a
number, which, with the names, are given in
Mr. Belfoid, of Col.: "I favor it heartily;
it will pass beyond question."
Senator Ferry, of Mich.: "You may say that
I favor any measure which will bring up the
arrears of claims, for I believe they arc mostly
genuine; and as the petitioners, for tho most
part, are in needy circumstances, I sincerely
trust the bill may become a Jaw."
Senator Jones, of Fla. : " Yes, I indorse the
bill and shall vote for it."
Senator Hawley, of Cor.n. : "I have not seen
the bill, but as Mr. Dudley has called for the
increase, I believe that it is necessary, and will
cast my vote in the affirmative."
Mr. Anderson, of Kansas: "The bill ought
to pass. I am in favor of increasing the force
to five thousand, if necessary."
Mr. Ncalc, of Ohio: "1 heartily agree with
lny distinguished colleague, as above."
Mr. Randall, of Penn.: "No yon don't, young
fellow. You don't get me into any such tangle
as that. I won't express any opinion until tho
bill comes up in the House."
Mr. Muchler, of Penn. : " I sec no objection
to the m casino. I set' no reason why it should
lint become a law."
Mr. Randall Gibson, of La.: "I haven't
looked into tho matter nt all. Being an ex
confederate brigadier, J feel a delicacy about
expressing an opinion on such matters, and
usually vote with my Democratic friends of the
North. I should think, however, from what
you say, that it is a much-uceded bill and will
General Floyd King, of La.: "Yes; I'll vote
31 r. ocoville, of N. Y,
I think the opposi- i
tion to it will be very slight."
Mr. .T. Hyatt Smith, of N. Y.: "It ought to
pass by all means."
Mr. Richardson, of N. y.: Ycs, indeed; I
favor it heartily."
Mr. Ben Butterworth, of Ohio: "It will pass
Governor Tom Young, of Ohio: "Oh, yes.
It'll pass by ail means."
Mr. Flower, of New York: "1 think the
Democrats will support it as checrfullv as the
Republicans. At all events 1 shall, for it is a
just and equitable measure."
Mr. icyau, ol Kansas: "l think i'
through witn :i hurrah."
Mr. Updegraff, of Iowa: "Tho bill will have,
my heartiest support. There has been too much
delay in examining these claims alieady. I
am in favor of appropriating whatever sum is
necessary to properly equip Geneial Dudley's
office. His department is conducted ou the
strictest business principles and he should have
all the force necessary to dispatch his business.
I shall certainly vote for tho bill."
Mr. Umcr, of Mil. tho only Republican
member from that Stale said: "I think the
bill will undoubtedly pass. It will have my
Senator Miller, of California.
In my opinion, certainly pass.
"The bill will
Mr. Bliss, ofN. Y.: "lam heartily In favor
of the measure, and am of the opinion that tho
bill will certainly pass."
Mr. Ward, of Penn.: "lam of the opinion
that tho bill will pass. It should bo reported
at once and acted upon promptly. In any
event it will take two or three years to exam
ine all the pending claims, and the necessary
force to facilitate tko work' in the Pension
Office should be provided without delay."
Mr. Lo Fefcvre, of Ohio a member of the
Committee on Appropriations "The bill will
1m? reported to the House, favorably, in about
two weeks or ten days, and 1 hnve no doubt
whatever of its passage. It is actually neces
sary to provide relief for the growing business
of the Pension Bureau. I have conversed with
a great many members of Congress on the sub
ject, and believe that a large majority of the
House arc favorable to the measure."
Many other Senators and Representatives
expressed themselves as being in favor of the
bill, and assured the representatives of The
National Tribune that they would support
the bill, but preferred that their names should
not be used until the matter came up for con
sideration; but, as already "indicated, the pass
age of tho bill for which The National
Tribune has labored so long and earnestly, is
now assured beyond peradventure, and it ap
pears that at last the long pending claims of
the ex-soldiers and sailors will receive the
attention they deserve. Whereupon The Na
tional Tribune offers its congratulations to
its thousands of readers all over the country.
Mr. R. C. Wilson, a prominent citizen of
Cleveland, Ohio, arrived here with a petition
bearing the signatures of sixty thousand citi
zens of Clcvclaud and vicinity, praying for tho
perdon of Sergeant Mason. Tho petition was
handed to President Arthur.
Tho latest specimen to the collection of
cranks at the Capital was a woman who wanted
President Arthur to pardon Uuitcau. This dis
tinguished member of the family, upon arriv
ing, stated to a policemen that she wanted a
carriage to take her to the White House. In
her hand she carried a large banner about four
feet square, made of thick card-board, on which
were pasted a number of texts from Scripture.
The tenor of them was that tho President was
to pardon Guiteau, precedents for the same
being found in the bible. Officer Kearney es
corted the lady to police headquarters, where
she gave her name as Mrs. John Gaylord, of
Gaylordsvillc, Conn., tho wife of a retired gen
tleman residing there. She is about fifty years
old, and is plainly, but well-dressed. Her
I relatives were notified.
The House Commiltco on Patents has di
rected a favorable report to be made on a bill
providing that no action for damages or pro
ceeding in equity shall be sustained nor the
party held liable under sections 4919 or -1921 of
tho Revised Statutes for the uso of any patent
ed article or device when it shall appear on the
trial that tho defendants in such action or pro
ceedings purchased said article for a valuable
consideration in tho open market.
The Houso Committee on the Judiciary has
agreed to report favorably to tho Houso tho
bill for the retirement of District Judge Ed
ward W. Ilillyer, of the district of Nevada, on
account of physical disability, with the full
salary fixed by law during his life. The com
mittee also adopted a resolution requesting the
President to appoint another judge to act dur
ing tho disability of Judge Hilly or.
A census bulletin just issued gives a proposed
plan for the subdivision of the States and Ter
ritories forstatisical purposes. The proposition
is to divide the country into five j diypnsa;,
oo Known as tlic iNorth Atlantic; South Atlan-
tic, Northern Central, Southern--Cent! al,' arid-
Ncstern divisions, instead of New' England,
Middle, Southern, and Western States.
Mr. Aldrich has introduced the following
joint resolution in the House of Representar
tives: Bcsolvcd, that IhcT thanks of Congress
be, and they are hereby, "Thd'fc'red to Com
mander (now,rear-admiral) Henry Walkeaud
the officers and men under his command on tho
United States steamer Carondelet for their emi
nent gallantry and services in running the
gauntlet of tho batteries of the enemy at Island
No. 10 on the 3th of April, 1S02, thereby open
ing the blockade of the Mississippi River, and
securing the capture of New Madrid."
The President has sent the following nomi
nations to the Senate: Alphonso Taft, of Ohio,"
to be envoy extraordinary and minister pleni
potentiary of the United States to Austria ;
William L. Dayton, of New Jersey, to bo min
ister resident of tho United States to the Neth
erlands; Nicholas Fish, of New York, to be
minister resident to Belgium ; John M. Frances,
of Now York, to be charge d'affaires to Portugal ;
J. P. Wickersham, of Pennsylvania, to be charge
d'affaires to Denmark ; Adam Badeau, of New
York, to be consul general at Havana ; Harry
L. Slaight, of New York, to be United States
consul at Prcscott.
Third Assistant Postmaster-General ITazen,
in a letter to the postmaster in Philadelphia,
states that several bills covering a reduction of
postage on letter matter are being considered
at this time, and ho has no doubt some measure
looking to a reduction will be favorably re
ported to the House. Mr. Hazen is very favor
able to the proposed reduction in postage.
Senator Aldrich has introduced a bill to
bestow a pension upon Mrs. Kady Brownell, of
New York city, "late daughter of the regiment
of Captain Day's company, First regiment of
Rhode Island detached militia, who was regu
larly mustered into the service of tho United
States, and, though a woman, followed the flag
of the Union, was wounded in the line of duty
at the first battle of Bull Run, and received an
honorable discharge signed by General Burn
side." Mrs. Scovillc states that she intends to pre
pare a petition to the President for commuta
tion of Guitcau's sentence to imprisonment for
life, and travel around tho country lecturing
and circulating the petition for signatuics.
Mr. Sccville has sent a letter to the Supreme
Court justices formally withdrawing from the
Guiteau case, and Kivim his reasons for tins
From present indications the river and har
bor bill this year will recommend an appro
priation of at least $13,000,009, which will be
an increase of nearly $-1,000,000 over the bill of
A THIEF STEALS THE SENATE BIBLE.
The venerable Captain Bassett, Assistant Scr-geant-at-Arms
of tho United Slates Senate,
whose well-kcpt'fbrm and silvery hair attracts
the attention of all visitors to the Senate gal
lery, is disconsolate. The cause of this lies in
tbc fact that somo sacrilegious scoundrel has
stolen his Bible, upon which the lips of every
Senator admitted during the last fifty-thrco
years has been pressed, in token of their fealty
to tbc Constitution of the United Slates and
the laws of that distinguished body. This was
oni of Captain Rassctt's relies the most highly
prized of all. 'Twas not an elaborate and cost iy
book: intrinsically, it was valueless. But upon
its neatly-bound cover, on which tho inscrip
tion, "United Stales Senate" appeared, a long
line of distinguished statesmen had bestowed
the customary kiss. Upon its cover Webster,
Clay. Calhoun, Benton, Sumner, Wilson, and
otheis, moro or less noted in our country's his
tory, had left their seal, and hence its loss to
the venerable servant of tho Senato is keenly
felt. Every effort to find it has thus far proved
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
' In the Senate on Thursday. April 20, a bill
was passed authorizing the commissioners of
the Soldier's Homo to sell certain property at
Harrodsburg, Ky., owned by the Soldier's Homo
of that place. Mr. McDill spoke at length on
the bill for tho regulation of inter-State com
merce. The Hoitbe bill, appropriating $105,000
to supply a deficiency in the printing contract
for the current year was passed. The Missis
sippi River improvement bill was further disi
In the Senate on Friday a bill was reported
favorably from the Committee on Education
and Labor to aid in the establishment and tem
porary support of common schools noticed
elsewhere. The bill for the improvement of
tho Mississippi River was further discussed'.
Mr. McPhcrson favored an appropriation of
13,000,000. A resolution to investigate charges
against internal revenue officials in the sixth
collection district of North Carolina was adopted.
There was no session of the Senate on Satur
In the Senato on Monday a favorable report;
was made from the Committee on Public Build
ings for the erection of a Government building'
at Lynchburg, Ya. The Mississippi River inn
pnnemcut bill was advocated by Senators
Hampton, Bayard, and Pendleton, after which,
it went over without action.
The United States Senate on Tuesday passed
tho bill appropriating $0,000,000 for the im
provement of the Mississippi River. House bill
regulating Chinese immigration was taken up,
and the amendment of the Senate commitleo
striking out the section which prohibits any
State or United States court from admitting
Chinese to citizenship was defeated yeas 20,
nays 32. The committee amendment striking
out the section which defines "Chinese labor
ers," wherever it is used in the act to mean
both skilled and unskilled laborers and Chinese
employed in mining, was adopted yeas 29,
nays 28 Mr. Davis, of Illinois, voting with
the Republicans in the affirmative, and Messrs.
Miller of California, Jones of Nevada, and
Cameron of Wisconsin with the Democrats.
A bill was introduced to donate six con
demned cannon for a soldier's monument, to bo
erected by Stover Post, No. J, of Portsmouth,
N. H. A bill was passed, granting the use of
tents at the coming soldiers' Reunion to be held
at Belle Plaine, Iowa.
On Wednesday in the Senate tho bill appro
priating $30,000 for tho erection of a public
building at Fort Wayne, Indiana, was passed.
A bill was passed appropriating $7,000 to defray
the cost of taking port in tho trade exposition
at Amsterdam in lb). The consideration of
the Chinese bill was then resumed and had not
been concluded when this report closed.
In the House on Thursday a bill was passed
appropriating $100,000 for the erection of a
public building at Frankfort, Ky. A bill was
reported from the Naval Conimjttco for the
sale of the navy-yard at Charlcstown, Mass.
The tariff' commission bill was further discussed.
Mr. King introduced a bill appropriating$0',000,
000 for the improvement and construction of
tho Mississippi levees. Several bills wero re
ported from the select Committee on Pensions
referred to elsewhere and May 11th was
fixed for the consideration of public bills re
ported from the Committee on Pensions, ftnim.
foyand Back Pay. . ,.
In the House on Friday a bill was passed
Jising tho second Tuesday in October as tlic
time for tho election of Congressmen from
West Virginia. Some time was spent in debato
on tho bill to afford assistance and relief to
'Congress and tho Executive Department in tho
investigation of claims growing out of the late
war. A number of bills were passed donating
condemned cannon for monumental purposes,
including ono donating thirty condemned can
non for the erection of a monument to General
John Fulton Reynolds; one donating twelvo
for the erection in Indianapolis, Intl., of a mon
ument to Oliver P. Morton, and ono donating
eight cannon, captured from Gen. Burgoyne,
to the Saratoga Monumental Association.
Tho Houso of Representatives on Saturday
resumed consideration of the bill providing for
tbc judicial ascertainment of private claims.
Mr. HoIman offered an amendment providing
that the jurisdiction of the court shall not ox
tend to or include any claim against tho United
States growing out of the destruction of prop
erty by the army or navy during the rebellion,
or for the uso and occupation of real estate by
any part of tho forces of tho United States at
the seat of war, nor to any claim against tho
United States which is now barred by virtuo
of tho provisions of any law of tho United
States. It further provides that in any case
of a claim for supplies or stores taken by or
furnished to any part of tho military or naval
forces of tho United States for their use during
the rebellion the petition shall aver that the
person who furnished such supplies or stores or
from whom they were taken did not give aid
or support to tho rebellion, but was through
out tho war loyal to tho Government of tho
United States; and unless the court shall, on
a preliminary inquiry, find that tho person
was loyal, the court shall not havo jurisdiction
of such cause, and tho same shall, without pre
vious proceedings, be dismissed. Mr. Hobnail's
amendment was agreed to without division,
and tho Houso then adjourned.
In the House on Monday among tho bills in
troduced was ono appropriating $1,000,000 for
the erection of a presidential mansion in Wash
ington. A bill increasing tho police forco of
the District of Columbia led to a warm political
debate, which was participated in by Messrs.
McLane, Cox, Robeson, Randall, and others.
An amendment offered by Mr. Robeson was
adopted, requiring that no person shall be ap
pointed on the force who has not served in the
army or navy, and received an honorable dis
charge, and as amended the bill was finally
passed. Bills wero introduced to turn over to
the Soldier's and Sailor's Association of Dela
ware, Ohio, four condemned cannon and can
non balls; donating throe condemned cannon
to Blake Post, of Medina, Ohio, for monumental
purposes, and lo furnish condemned cannon for
the Soldier's Cemetery at Knoxville, Tennessee.
By unanimous consent a bill was passed donat
ing four condemned cannon and thirty-si?; can
non balls to the Soldier's Monument Association
of Birmingham, Conn.
In tho Houso ou Tuesday a resolution was
adopted to inquire into the facts in regard to
the removal by Speaker Kcifer of Andrew De
vine, one of the stenographers of the House. A
long debate ensued on Mr. Robinson's resolu
tion to discharge tho Committeo on Foreign
Relations from the further consideration of his
resolution asking for information touching the
imprisonment of Americans abroad, which was
finally disposed of by the adoption of an amend
ment offered by Mr. Cox. of New York, request
ing tho President to furnish any additional
correspondence with the British government
in reference to the imprisonment of American
citizens in Ireland, and further requesting him
to continue his efforts for tho prompt release
or ttial of any citizen who may now remain
unjustly imprisoned in Ireland by the govern
ment of Great Britain.
The Speaker laid before the House a letter
from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmit
ting a report relative to the payments made by
tho State of Missouri since April 17, 1SGG, to
the militia forces of said Stato for services per
formed in the suppression of tho rebellion, and
stating that $231,591.10 is justly due in conse
quence thereof. Referred to the Committee on
In tho Houso on Wednesday tho Senate
amendment to the agricultural appropriation
bill wero non-concurred in. The contested
ejection case of Lynch vs. Chalmers for Sixth
district of Mississippi was taken up and dis
cussed. Representative Hoge, of W. Ya., has
been appointed by the Speaker to fill tho va
cancy on the District Committee caused by tho
death of Representative Allen, of Missouri.
DISPOSING OFSHIPHERD'S SLANDER.
, Wm. H. Hurlburt, editor of tho New York
TTorW, appeared before the Houso Committee
on Foreign Affairs and quickly disposed
of that portion of Mr. Shiphcrd's testimony
which represented him as having seen a dis
patch from Secretary Blaine to his brother, the
late minister to Lima, with the phrase " Go in
Stcvo " written on the margin in pencil. Mr.
Hlurlbut said that ho had never seen any such
dispatch, and that Shiphcrd's narrative of tho
conversation in which Mr. Blaine's story of the
Duke of York and the English admiral was re
ferred to was an "absolute and profound mis
representation." This story had first been re
lated to Mr. Hurlbut by Mr. Elmore, Peruvian
minister, and from it he got au-impression that
Mr. Blaine might have privately indicated his
views moro forciblj' than it was possible to do
in his diplomatic dispatches. Beyond this
there was no basis whatever for Shiphcrd's
story. Mr. Hurlbut was permitted to read an
extract from a letter which he bad received
from his brother, dated at Lima, December 9,
1831, as follows:
"The Chilian papers are full of that infernal
Shipherd and his pretenses. They havo been
kicked out of this legation and out of the State
Department, but he is an iudcfatigiblo nuis
ance. I hopo Sam. Randall will call for all
papers in tho Department in reference to him
and his affairs. I havo sent all his letters
back to the Department and I anxiously desire
that the correspondence be made public. I
have fears (I hope not well grounded) that our
Government means to slide out of the Ameri
can position here. My personal talk with
Blaino and Garfield of course will not appear
in any official correspondence, but it was the
motive for my action. I think they will throw
mo overboard unless Congress backs up tho
American lino I have taken here. Personally,
I caro little about it, but I must say that in
Blaine's letter of tho 22d of November to me
there was a manifest disposition to hedge."
Another contribution made by Mr. Hurlbut
to the correspondence in possession of tho com-'
mittco was a copy of a lettor addressed by
Gen. Grant to Mr. Elmore, Peruvian minister,
dated New York, Nov. 17, 1SS1, which, leaving
out the purely personal allusions, is as follows:
"Since you wero hero I hear that President
CaJdcron has been carried off to Chili a3 a
prisoner. I hope this is not true. What can
I say or do beyond expressing my Sympathy
for Peru in her present troubles, and express
ing the hope that she may yet como out of
them with honor. It seems to me, however,
proper and important that tho United States
should step in now and say to Chili that she
cannot oppress or despoil Peru of territory.
ShenRvy demand indemnity and security."
MR. BLAINE ON THE GT.VND.
..Hon. James G. Blaine was called to the stand
fjWlIoudaamLMwa3 anticipated, ho made
thif-sJiveJy in his testimony, and scored Ship
hcift without mercy, to tho grcut amusement
of t?le committee and crowd of spectators. Mr.
Blaino evidently enjoyed tho situation. Ho
was not content to play the part of an ordinary
witness, but took charge, for the time being, of
tho'wholc conduct of tho investigation, related
his story in his own way, and examined and
catechised the members of tho committeo in
stead of waiting for their interrogatives. ne
lectured Mr. Perry Belmont becauso of tho
manner in which he, as a member of the com
niittoo, had put his questions to Shipherd. Mr.
Blaine was very emphatic in denying all of
Shiphcrd's assumptions as to intimacy of any
kind with him, and equally emphatic in repu
diating his assertions in connection with bis
intercourse with tho late President Garfield
and the late Minister Hurlbut.
In Mr. Blaine's examination on Wednesday
Mr. Belmont pursued his questions rclaative
to the Landreau claim, asking what status
it hold that gave it any preference over the Co
chet claim, and how it was that Mr. Blaine
could give tho instructions he did relativo to
tho Laudrcau claim, &c.
Mr. Blaino explained, at length, that the
Landreau claim was owned by an American
citizen, who was an American citizen when ho
obtained titlo to tho claim; that Mr. Hurlbut
was instructed in regard to it; that while this
Govornmcnt would not undortako to construe
the contract between the Peruvian government
and J. C. Landreau, ho (Hurlbut) was to call
tho attention of the Peruvian government to
the injustico of not according Landreau a hear
ing in tho courts, and to ask that sonic means
bo taken to afford him a hearing. " I was ad
vent Urbsomo enough," added Mr. Elaine, "to
ask. a foreign government to give an American
a hearing in its courts."
"You will find further," ho continued, "that
tho instructions to Mr. Hurlbut say that in the
event his (Landrcau's) claim is fairly arbi
trated in his favor, that it ought to bo treated
as a lien on tho property of Peru in tho event
of a settlement of tho difficulties with Chili
involviug accession of Peruvian territory.
Well, it was not fairly arbitrated, and the prop
erty has gono the way of all the world. Eng
land has goblriod up the guano, and 1,000,000
toils of ?t aro now advertised in London, worth
- - i- ,
. ' HE MEANS BUSINESS.
It is customary for the officials at the Navy
Yard, oh occasions when the Secretary of the
Navy visits the Yard, to ffro a salute of seven
teen guns in his honor. On these occasions
also, thq "jcrines" turnout in full dress and
present arms when the Secretary passes through
thcT gale. Secretary Chandler, in company
with 'Secretary Lincoln, went down to the
Yard yesterday afternoon, but there was no
fullrdrcss marines to receive him, nor did a
single cannon peal forth its thunder. The fol-lowing-dialogue
that took place over tho tele
phone will probably explain the reason why
this was thus:
"Hello, Central offico!"
"Please call the Navy Yard for tho Chiof
Cleric of the Navy Department."
"That you, Navy Yard?"
" Well, tell tho commandant of the Yard I hat
the Secretary of the Navy and tho Secretary of
War will drive down in a little while."
" Very well."
"But," said the voice at tho other end, " tho
Secretary of the Navy docs not desiro any dis
play of any kind, no full-dress marines, no
firing of cannon."
Tho two Secretaries mado their way to tho
Yard, and wero not greeted with any display
whatever; on tho contrary, tho drums were
muffled and the cannons spiked. Thus is a
nonsensical and foolish custom done away with
at least during Secretary Chandler's torm nf
office. Washington Critic. J
REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
The negotiations which have recently been
in progress, says tho New York Times, between
the officials of tho State of Tennessee ami tho
holders of tho State bonds aro now virtually
ended. As a result of these negotiations, a
proposition is to bo submitted to the Tennessee
Legislature providing for a settlement of the
bonded debt at GO per cent, of the principal and
accrued interest, including coupons due Jan
uary 1, 1&S2, the settlement providing for the
acceptance of new bonds to run 30 or 40 years,
at the option of the State, and to bear 4 per
cent, interest for the first 3 years, 5 per cent,
for the next 3 years, and 0 per cent, thereafter.
It is considered certain this plan of settlement
will be adopted. The outstanding bonds are
for $1,000 each, and bear accrued interest to
January 1 last, amounting to $390 each. The
total debt" amounts to $27,000,000. Governor
Hawkins says the State has sufficient money
now in the treasury to pay the first year's in
terest at 3 per cent. -"
A shocking murder was-committcd at West
Somerville, Mass., last week, the victim being
Mrs. Mary Russell, aged 79, who was killed by
her' son-in-law, Edwin R. Prcscott, aged GO.
Mrs. Russell's daughter, who is Prcscott's sec
ond wife, had gone to Boston, and on her return
was met at tiie door of her house by her hus
band, who told her ho had just killed her
mother. The horrified woman Tan to the police
station and brought officers to tho scene, who,
on searching the premises, found lying in a
back shed the body of Mrs. Russell with her
skull fractured, her face staved in, and her
throat cut from ear to ear. Tho murderer, who
is supposed to be insane, was secured and taken
to jail. The tragedy created intense excite
ment, as the parlies to it aro well known, and
moved in tho highest social circles.
The Democratic Congicssional Committee
has appointed a board of control, consisting of
Representatives Flower of New York, Rose
crans of California, Cobb of Indiana, and Ran
dall of Pennsylvania; Senators Davis of West
Virginia, Gorman of Maryland, J. R. McLean
of Ohio, C. C. Baldwin of New York, and J. P.
Stockton of jcw Jersey.
The Utah contested election case has been
disposed of by the House of Representatives by
the unseating of Delegate Cannon, and tho
adoption of a resolution declaring that neither
Cannon nor Campbell aro entitled to a seat.
This is another set-back for those who preach
and practice polygamy.
The Senate in Executive session confirmed
the following nominations: Theodore Canisius,
of Illinois, lo be United States consul at Apia;
Joseph F. Swords, of tho District of Columbia,
to be United States consul at Trinidad ; Israel
S. Adams, to be collector of customs for the dis
trict of Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey ; Stephen
W. Duncombe, of Michigan, to be register of the
laud office at Aberdeen, Dakota; Thomas S.
Allen, of Michigan, to be receiver of public
moneys at Aberdeen, Dakota ; and Yincent W.
Baylcss, to be receiver of public moneys at Eau
Secretary Folger has telegraphed Lieuten
ant M. A. Hcaly, commanding the revenue
steamer Corwin, at San Francisco, as follows:
"Proceed with revenue steamer Corwin to Capo
Serdzc, Arctic Ocean; thcro communicate with
Lieutenant Berry, United States Navy and
bring away officers and men of the burned
United States steamer . Rodgcrs, and convoy
them t6 St. MicliaelsOunalaska, or Sitka, as
may bo most judicious. Then continuo cruis
ing in execution of-Department orders of tho
12th hist, and subsequent dates."
TnE board of control of the Democratic Con
gressional C mpaigu Committee, has appointed
tho following "Finance pQmmitcc,': Hon. II.
G. Davis, of West Virginia'; W. W. Corcoran, of
Washington, D. C. ; August Belmont, of New
York; Augustus Schell, of New York: C. W.
Brice, of Ohio ; George T. Maryee, of Califor
nia; Hon. J. E. McDonald, of Indiana ; Hon. M.
N. Nolan, of New York ; II. E. Packer, of Penn
sylvania: William R. Travers, of New York;
General W. B. Franklin, of Connecticut; J. L.
D. Morrison, of Missouri; L. G. Garrctson. of
New York ; Hon. Alex. Mitchell, of Wisconsin;
non. Lewis Beach, of Now York; A. J.Yandor
pool, of New York ; Abram S. Howitt, of Now
York; J. W. Singleton, of Illinois; and J. S.
Barbour, of Yirginia. Representative Philip B.
Thompson, of Kentucky, has been added to tho
board of control, and is selected as its secretary.
The star route cases appear to have taken a
step backwards. After argument by counsel
Judge Wylie held that " an indictment setting
out only initials, without explaining that thoso
initials wero commonly used, was defective."
He thought that it was not safe to depart from
ancient ways. He must, therefore, quash an
indictment which asks a man who says his
name is Montford C. Rerdell, to plead to a chargo
against M. C. Rerdell, without a word to show
that the two names aro each intended to desig
nate the samo person. After this indictment
was quashed, Mr. Pel ham demanded the quash
ing of two indictments against Kate M. Arm
strong, indicted as K. M. Armstrong. It was
agreed that in this case, and in all others where
initials only appeared, the indictments shonld
The first gun in the political campaign of
18S2will be fired in Oregon June 5, when a
full State ticket is to be chosen and also a mem
ber of tho Forty-eighth Congrcs3, though the
successful man will not tako his seat till De
cember, 1SS3, or a full year and a half after
his election. Both parties havo already nomi
nated their tickets, and an active canvass is in
progress, urcgon gave Uarhcld a plurality of
G17, which the Democrats are confident of
IIallett Kilrourne, who was imprisoned
during the last session of the Forty-fourth
Congress for refuirng to answer certain ques
tions put to him as a witness in the real estate
"pool" of tho District of Columbia, has ob
tained a judgment of $100,009 damages against
ox-Sergcant-at-Anns Thompson, of Ohio. As
tho detention of Kilbourne was by order of the
House it is presumed that Congress will havo
to pay the amount of tho verdict if a now trial,
which has been asked for, is not granted. Kil
bourne claimed $130,000 damages.
The municipal authorities of Baltimoro havo
mado an appropriation for tho erection of a
monument to tho memory of Colonel Georgo
xVrmistcad, the commaudaut at Fort McHcnry
during tho bombardment in 1S11.
COMPLIMENTING THE PRESIDENT.
A telegram from New Orleans was received
at the White House a few days ago as follows:
To Ciiistek A. Arthur, President of the
United Stales, Washington, D. C:
Tho Now Orleans Cotton Exchange, repre
senting the largo agricultural constituency of
this Stato and the commercial interests of this
city, tender to you their grateful acknowledg
ments for your statesmanlike and patriotic
message to Congress. Your appreciation of tho
vast interests in the Mississippi Valloy, so seri
ously imperiled by recent devastating floods,
will stimulate our almost discouraged pcoplo
to renewed efforts to contribute to our common
country tho inestimable wealth to be derived
by the measure so ably recommended "by you.
Thomas L. Airey, President.
WHAT IS GOING ON ABROAD.
The French cabinet has approved of a plan
drawn by M. do Lcsseps for digging a canal
from a point on tho Mediterranean near tho
Gulf of Gabcs to tho Desert of Sahara. Tho
advantages to bo derived aro partly political,
partly commercial, and hygienic. The canal
would separate Tunis and Algiers from Trip
oli, and, in fact, serve the purpose of a frontier
defense. If it bo true that tho level of the Sa
hara is considerably below the surface of tho
Mediterranean, the flooding of tho country in
the rear of tho French possessions in Africa
would be possible, and would render the incur
sions of the barbarians of tho desert impossible,
seeing that there would be no desert left. Tho
other advantages spoken of tho commercial
and hygienic aro obvious. Trade with Cen
tral Africa would be much facilitated, tho
climate of tho coast would be rendered cooler,
and the marshes south of Tunis and Algeria,
which at present breed malignant fevers,
would cease to be dangerous when once they
wero made part of the Mediterranean". Tho
effect on the French tenure of their new acqui
sitions could hardly fail to be happy. Mac
Loan, who escaped punishment for shooting at
Queen Victoria on the ground of insanity, has;
been ordered to be detained in custody during
her Majesty's pleasure. It is said that 40
persons were seriously injnred and fully 1,000
houses destroyed in the recent anti-Jewish,
riots at Balta, in Polish-Russia. An imperial
order has been promulgated in Russia prohibit
ing military men from publicly delivering po
litical speeches or expressing political opinions.
Tho Spanish government has set apart a
further sum of ono million pesetas to bo ex
pended in the construction of roads, in order to
give employment to the laborers in the drought
stricken provinces. Cardinal McCabe is try
ing to secure the good offices of the Pope in re
storing peace to Ireland. Sixty families havo
been ovictcd on the estate of tho Marquis of
Sligo. During March 14.697 emigrants sailed
from Hamburg, most of them for the United
States. Two Parisians, journalists, havo
fought a duel with swords, ono of them being
severely wounded. Mr. Gladstono has in
troduced the budget in the British House of
Commons, and mado a speech explaining tho
financial situation. Mr.Parnell has returned
to Kilmainham jail. The funeral of tho lato
Mr. Darwin took place at Westminster Abbey
on Wednesday. His body was laid in closo
proximity to that of Sir Isaac Newton. A
conference of representatives of tho various;
committees that have been organized to aid
tho Jews in Russia was held at Berlin and a
plan of action agreed upon. Nine persons
supposed to havo contributed to the Ring Thea
tre disaster at Vienna by their negligence aro
now on trial. The Pope 13 reported to bo
At tho Sunderland Library sale an edition
of Darandus printed in 1459 brought 790.
Tho army in British India will bo reduced by
tho disbandment of four regiments of native
cavalry and nineteen of infantry. Franco
will rely on private capitalists to furnish tho
money for converting the Sahara Desert into
a sea. Tho Spanish Chamber of Deputies
has approved tho Franco-Spauish commercial
treaty. Tho Bulgarian liberals are again
importuning Prince Alexander tore-establish,
the constitution. The international sanitary
commission, at Constantinople, is taking pre
cautions against the spread of the plague which,
has broken out in Persian Kardistan.
$95j0003000 TO EDUCATE THE NEGRO
A very remarkable bill has been introduced
in the Senato, and reported with the approval
of the Committee on Education and Labor. It
bears tho modest and popular title of a bill "to
aid in the establishment and temporary support
of common schools," but an examination of it
discloses the fact that it provides for the appro
priation of $95,000,000 for educational purposes.
Of this sum $15,000,000 is to be paid the first
year, $14,000,000 the second year, $13,000,000
tho third year, and thereafter a sum dimin
ished $1,000,000 yearly from the sum last ap
propriated, until ten annual appropriations
shall have beon made. The several sums shall
be expended to secure the benefits of common
school education to all tho children living in
the United States. Tho committee's written
report says: "A majority of the committee is
in favor of, and recommends, tho appropriation
of money from tho Treasury to aid in the es
tablishment and temporary support of common
schools, the same to bo distributed to the sev
eral States and Territories for a limited period
of time and upon the basis of illiteracy."
SEEDS FOR THE VALLEY SUFFERERS.
Gen. E. A. Carman, chief clerk of tho Agri
cultural Department, who wont North from
this city last week to purchase seeds for tho
overflowed districts of tho Mississippi Valley,
has returned. He reports that ho succeeded in
making the purchase, although tho markets
wero comparatively bare of seeds. Ho has
placed, by direction of Commissioner Loring, a
large forco to packing and getting thorn ready
for shipment. Tho first lot of these seeds were
forwarded last Monday to the destitute country
of tho Mississippi.
DEATH OF DARWIN, THE NATURALIST,
The necrology of tho current year will per
haps contain no more notable name than that
of Charlos Robert Darwin, the distinguished
scientist, whose death is announced by a cablo
dispatch from London. Born at Shrewsbury,
February 12, 1S09, whero ho received tho ele
ments of his education at tho local grammar
school, Mr. Darwin went, in 1S25, to tho Uni
versity of Edinburgh, whence, after two years
of study, he wont to Christ's College, Cambridge.
At the latter place he took his degrco in 1831,
and the samo year volunteered as naturalist
aboard tho Beagle in its exploring expedition
around the world. Tho publication in 1S39 of
an account of his discoveries in natural history
and geology while on this voyage was tho bo
ginning of a career of anthorship extending
through forty-three years. A largo number of
books and papers from his pen on scientific sub
jects had appeared, when, in 1S59, his famous
work on "Origin of Species by Means of Natu
ral Selection" was published. In it Mr. Dar
win accounts for the divcrso forms of life on
tho globe on a theory of continuous develop
ment from simpler structures, without tho in
tervention of special creative fiats at tho origin
of each species. Largo deductions wero drawn
by others from tho principles laid down, and
"Darwinism" became the subject of hot debate.
A catalogue of tho literature of Darwinism con
tains 3G octavo pages of tho titles of books and
312 names of authors. In 1S71 appeared "Tho
Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to
Sex," a work complementary to that on tho
origin of species. In this work it was sought
to provo that man is descended from a lower
order of animal "from a hairy quadruped,
furnished with a tail and pointed ears, probably
arboreal in its habits." Mr. Darwin is not,
however, authority for the doctrine that man
is descended from tbc monkey, so often credited
to him. Nor can ho bo considered the father
of tho doctrine of evolution, though ho was ono
of its principal supporters. In this, as in other
fields, the Greeks had anticipated modern
thought. The first to form a distinct hypothe
sis of ovolution in modem times was Lamarck,
a Frenchman, who, in 1S09, published his views,
and Herbert Spencer was the first to systema
tize it into a philosophy of general application.
Mr. Darwin was famous for his habits of patient
and careful investigation, and with littlo turn
for speculation, confined himself to his studies
in natural history and zoology.