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THE -RATIONAL TRIBTJNrE: WASHIRGTON, D.C., MAY 6, 1882.
HONORS TO THE BEAYE.
RE&iAINS OF THE LATE GEN. HURLBUT
QUIETLY LAID TO REST.
His Native City Draped in Monrniusr I-iipro.ss.iTC
Fnncnil Ceremonies Jlcniorinl Iltsolutions
Adopted TohcMh-t Testimonial from
the Ladies of Tern to the Il
The funeral of tlic Into General Stephen A.
Hurlbut took place at Uclviderc, Illinois, on
Sunday last. A special cll'patch gives the fol
lowing particulars of the ceremonies attending
JVIvidcrc to-day is draped in mourning, and
on all sides emblems of sorrow attest the grief
of the men who called Goneral Stephen A.
Hurlbut their neighbor and friend. To the
public in general he was known as a public
man, but to the men who were with him in his
youth and in middle life he bore a nearer rela
tion, and they receive his body from a foreign
land as a sacred trust. A bright, sunny day,
sharpened by a north wind, brouiht out "into
tho streets all tho people of Uelvidcro and
thousands from ether portions of northern
Illinois, to view the pageant and participate in
the obsequies. At an early hour people began
to appear, and the crowd constantly grew, until
at evening men and women fairly swarmed
along the streets. Along tho business streets
and here and there on the less frequented thor
oughfares appeared the blnck and white drape
ries of mourning. Tho court-house, the public
schools, and the offices, of the county exhibit a
profusion of drapery creditable to the taste of
tho persons who had tho matter in charge.
The bridge spanning the river supports at each
end a draped "arch, from the centre of which
depends a photograph of General Ilurlbut. In
the public tquare a stand is erected surrounded
by evergreens and crape, while at each corner
rise standards bearing Penman and American
flags. At this stand were conducted the memo
rial excrciies, in which the public generally
participated. Tho lato residence of the de
ceased was draped in mourning, and the same
emblems were seen in the parlor, which con
tained the casket. There was no attempt at
ornamentation of the coffin. Its sole decora
tions were a Knight Templar's chapcau and a
crossed sword and scabbard.
As the day drew on towards noon trains be
gan to arrive from different points and the
multitude they bore swelled the crowd on the
streets until they became impassible. There
were special trains from Eockford, Freeport,
Chicago, Woodstock, and many smaller places.
On the main line -1,700 tickets were sold and
many hundreds more on the branches. At one
o'clock the procession was formed in the follow
ing order:-Band; Aurora Drum Corps; Col.
Brazcc, commanding the Third Illinois Eegi
racnt, and staff; Eockford Rifles: members of
the G. A. E. from all points; Knight Templars
and other Masonic organizations from Bclvi
dcre, "Woodstock, Xaperville, Aurora, Harvard,
Elgin, Freeport. Sycamore, Eockford, and many
other places; members of the Illinois Legisla
ture and the Bar of the State; the city officers
and old settlers in carriages.
Passing up State street tho procession moved
to the public square and took position around
the stand. In front and on both flanks of the
structure was gathered a crowd of not less than
8,000 people, who listened (such of them as
were within hearing range) attentively to tho
memorial exercises. Among those on tho stand
were E. L. Cronkrite. of Freeport ; A. B. Cony,
Marengo; Colonel F. A. Eastman and Mr. E. B.
Sumner, of Eockford ; Judge P. D. Murphey, of
"Woodstock : ei-lf nyor Barclay and Capt. Kil-
bourne, of Elgin; Judges Kellum aud Eobin-
j son, of Sycamore; Sheriff Mann, General J. C.
Smith, and Philip A. Iloyne, of Chicago.
On the platform were General A. C. Fuller,
of Belvidcre, and a number of pioneer settlers.
The exeiciscs were opened by General Fuller,
who said that Mr. Emory A. Storrs, who had
agreed to attend and deliver the funeral ora
tion, had sent a telegram saying that a severe
illness made him utterly unable to come. In
consequence of his absence tho Eev. Dr. Kerr,
of E'ckford, was substituted. Pursuing tho
regular order of exercises, the Forest City Band
played a dirge, the solemn strains of which rose
with great effect on tho quiet Sabbath air. Fol
lowing the dirge the Belvidere double quartet
rendered the hymn, "America," in which a
number cf the audience joined. Prayer was
then offered by the Eev. W. L. Lawrence, who
had been Genral Ilurlbut's pastor for many
years. Mrl W. W. Wood, of Belvidcre, read
the following memorial resolutions on the illus
trious deceased, which were unanimously
Whereas, With feelings of deepest sorrow and
regret we arc compelled, under a divine dispen
sation, to realize the sudden death and removal
from us, never more to return, of our beloved
and distinguished fellow citizen, General S. A.
Hurlbut, lato United States Minister to Peru ;
Whereas, In view of his long -continued
residence in our midst, his shining ability
and prominence at the bar, his high aud
conspicuous positions in military and civil life,
fc'.me general solemn and endearing expression
ar.u memento of tribute and respect is especially
duo and fitting on this occasion to his memory
and to his fame. Therefore, be it
Jkttlved, That the sad intelligence aud real
ization of his death, coming like a thunderbolt
from a. clear sky, has stricken with inexpress
ible grief this community, the home of his
earlier and later years, where he was btct
known, often honored and always respected ;
mournfully and most humbly do we bow to the
will of the Great Creator of all beings who has
seen fit to remove the deceased from his family
relations, from his large and extended circle of
neighbors and intimate acquaintances, from his
eminent services and unsullied duties as United
States Minister to Peru, and from those earthly
labors in which, from time to time, he took an
important part and occupied commanding and
Jtefelved, That we hereby send to the noble
though downfallcn authorities and people of
Lima messages of love and heartfelt thankful
ness for the high esteem in which they ever
held our departed statesman ; for their touch
ing, tender care and attention shown on every
hand to his widow and family; for tho univer
sal interest taken iu his funeral rites, there
observed, whose unexpected and lamented de
mise caused a pang to all truo Peruvian hearts
TfKLjGasl a deep gloom over the Peruvian cause.
The watchwords of the American Eepublic ever
have been, ought to be, and always must be,
fair play, sympathy for the downfallcn and tho
crushed; down with avaricious oppression, and
the unanimous prayer we send forth to-day is
that the Ever-living God of nations may yet
lift up, revolutionize and bless Peru.
Eetohed, That we remember, with pride and
gratitude, his great ability and talent as a law
yer and orator for many years; his brarery and
great deeds, now historic, performed on the
battle-flelds of his country in tho war of the
rebellion, and bis achievements in tho various
civil positionshe filled with honor and integrity
jn the State and Nation.
RcAvh'ed, That we, who arc hismoro intimate
friends and neighbors, do especially rovcro and
cherish his name and memory for his uniform
kindness of heart, his pleasant and encouraging
manners among all classes, and for all tho noblo
qualities which eminently marked him as a
devoted husband and father and esteemed
friend and neighbor; a perfect gentleman and'
a most valuable fellow-citizen.
Evolved, That we here extend our most ten
der sympathy and condolence to the family of
the deceased in this timo of their groat afflic
tion, and bereavement, and render thanks to
the Most High for their safe arrival home with
the sacred remains from a distant country on
their long and mournful voyage by sea and
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions bo
presented, as soon as may be appropriate, to the
family of the deceased.
Responding to the resolutions, Eev. Dr. Kerr,
of Eockford, addressed tho audience substan
tially -as follows:
"My Fkikxds: I feel that the only inspira
tion Uiat could support mo in attempting to
speak to these resolutions is the fact of my long
aud intimate acquaintance with the man we
this day mourn. For over twenty years I had
been in intimacy with hinvand such has over
been my regard for the man, my admiration for
his ability, my confidence in his integrity and
my trust in his motives, that now as we have
assembled to mourn over his untimely death it
seems to me a great satisfaction to be permitted
to add iu humble fashion a few words ere his
remains arc committed to dust. I would s,ay
that he was a man of education, a man of not
only what we call book-learning, but a man of
trained and practical mind, a man of large and
varied information who had adjusted those
things to the practical issues of tho day, a mau
who seemed able under all circumstances to
bring to mind all that broad and generous in
formation to the decision of the moment. So,
when he stood among his fellows at the bar, he
was found to be a man who did not regard
issues from some narrow aspect, but upon the
broad and generous principles on which aiono
justice and right can be adjudicated. lie was
tho champion and would have been the saviour
of Peru. lam glad that in these resolutions
there is a recognition of the sad and suffering
condition of that people. I have been present
at rit displays over the dead, buc they have
been made by a party or a section. Here arc
obsequies not of a party, not of the rich, not of
the titled, but of his neighbors."
Abram E. Smith, of Eockford, and General
Atkins, of Freeport, followed with feeling re
marks eulogistic of the dead. Immediately on
the conclusion of the exercises at the stand the
procession was reformed and marched to the
late residence of the deceased, where the re
ligious ceremonies were held. The quartette
sang an appropriate hymn, which was followed
by prayer by the Eev. Mr. Lawrence. Eev.
W. P. Elsdon then preached an elegant sermon
from the text, ''Our days upon earth are num
bered.'' The services at the house were closed
by prayer by tho Eev. Mr. Ncedham. Tho pro
cession then moved to the cemetery, situated
in the outskirts of tho town, where the Masons
took charge of the remains. On the march the
hearse was escorted by a guard composed of
soldiers, Masons, and old settlers, aud was fol
lowed by not less than 250 carriages. Before
the cofliu was lowered into its final resting
place sprigs of evergreen wero thrown upon it
by tho Masons. A salute Irom a squad of sol
diers rang out on tho quiet air, and Belvidcre
bade farewell to her dead.
GENERAL IIURI.KUT IX PrMV.
Colonel Moore, United States consul at
Callao, who served under General Ilurlbut in
the Sixteenth Army Corps', sends to tho Chicago
Tribune a letter describing the incidents of
General Ilurlbut's death at Lima, in which he
" General Uurlbut was well known to his fellow-citizens
of Illinois. He was recognized as
a man of more than ordinary intellectual
strength, no was eminent as a latvyer, and as I,
a soldier and statesman ho held high rank.
As Minister Plenipotentiary in Peru I 'am con
fident that he acted from honorable considera
tions. If he mado mistakes they were not, I
am sure, grave or serious. I have had the
means of knowing that he was intensely
anxious to make his mission beneficial to a
terribly oppressed people, who, with all their
fault.?, were a peoplo whoso misfortunes ap
pealed strongly to generous minds who had
come to understand the facts of their iiistory
as had General Uurlbut. lie was hated aud
maligned by rhe enemies of Peru; but this he
could not have avoided, except by catering to
the victorious party, and indorsing, without
qualification, all that had been done by them,
and uniting with them in allowing that there
are to bono bowels of compassion for those who
are so unfortunate as to be the defeated party.
This would have outraged every sentiment of
a generous mind like that of General Uurlbut.
"In conclusion, I desire to say that while in
Peru his bearing and conduct were such as to
refiect credit upon himself as a public officer
and honor upon tho distinguished country he
was permitted to represent.
"In a few days his remains will be borne
L home by his bereaved family, to be finally put
to rest achis home in Illinois.
"J. II. Moore, U. S. Consul.
"April G, 1832."
A TRIBUTE TO GEXEE.U. HURUJUT.-
A most interesting testimonial, prepared to
be offered to General Hurlbut by the laities of
Lima on his departure, waa in the form of a
magnificent tablet of solid gold, nearly twelve
inches in length by ten in height. On one
side is a splendid star of thirty-eight points in
diamonds, representing tho States of the Ameri
can Union, in the center of which is tho mono
gram of the late Minister, and on the other
side this inscription in Spanish : "Tho Ladies
of Lima to His Excellency General S. A. Hurl
but, Minister Plenipotentiary of tho United
States of America, as a Testimonial of Grati
tude. 1552." This superb tablet was presented
to the family after General Hurlbut's death,
together with a volumo beautifully bound in
purple velvet, containing the following brief
address, signed by nearly a thousand of the
best known ladies of tho Peruvian capital:
"Tho undersigned ladies, in tho name of tho
society of Lima, anxious to manifest to His
Excellency General Hurlbut, Envoy Extraordi
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Uhited
States of America, their gratitude for the efforts
he has mado to save Peru and to maintain a
just equilibrium of power in America, cannot
permit him to leturn to his country without
offering him a testimonial of this feeling, which
time can never wear away, and of the sorrow
with which they see him depart beforo Porn is
in a state to enable her worthily to recognizo
his talents, his merits, and the high services lie
has rendered her in tho moments of her deepest
distress. They offer him this tablet as a last
ing memorial of the esteem and gratitude of
Peru. Lima, April G, 1882."
LUMPING THE BILL.
When tho great Captain Gousalon dc Cordova
had conquered tho Island of Sicily and an
nexed it to tho Spanish dominions, after hav
ing raised tho money and supported his army,
was asked to furnish an account of his expenses,
ho rendered it as follows : Palos, peeos y ace
dones, once milliones Poles, picks, and spades,
Tho marriage of Timothy Haley, aged
seventy, to a girl of eeveateen, was not ex
pected by the peoplo of Brookville, Ky., to
prove a happy ono; yet they are surprised by
the separation that has taken place, as it was
brought about by the old man instead of tho
bride. He is convinced, ho says, that sho mar
ried him solely for his money, and sho gives
color to the charge by suing him for ouc-thlrd
of his $150,000.
A MAY DREAM.
The sun was sinking low in the "West
Low in tlie West at the close of day;
And the opal clouds in splendor drcst
Shone crimson and amber and silver gray,
Anil the twilight lay like a veil of white
On the face of day at the door of night.
The spirit of Spring touched all the trees,
And the leaves broke out as they felt her pass;
Ilcr voice was heard in the balmy breczo
And her ankle twinkled in the gross;
The buttercups sought to ki-s her feet
As she trod the daiy-lighted street.
The fragrant breath of the violets blew
On my face like a pleasant dream of rest.
Oh, the world waa fair and the world was true!
And the aim was sinking low in the West,
And the twilight hung like a pall of while
On the wraith of day at the grave of night.
And over the violet-scented sod,
Through purple beds in the purple shade,
The maiden I love beside mo trod ;
And fair was the face of my lily maid,
And the tender Hght of her violet eyes
Dispelled the shallow that tilled tho skies.
Wo spoke no word, for the solemn hush '
Of the evening lay on my soul and hers;
But we heard the song of a missel thrush
That sang with hi mate in a belt of lira,
And I know that my heart, though unawares,
Was .singing a sweeter song than theirs.
But the shadows grew, aud the night came on,
And with it the hour f parting came;
The daylight oVd when my love had gone;
But the love light burned with a brighter flame,
And the shadow of grief was in my breast
And the sun was sinking low in tho West.
O sweet fair face that X love .so well,
O beautiful ince that no more I sec,
Must 1 lo'-e the love that 1 could not tell
And mourn for tho hopes that die with thee?
Hast thou gone from my life like leaves that fall?
Wert thou only a dream, then, after all?
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. O.
Correspondence issolieltcd to this column. Com
mu lications addressed to the "Rural Department
of The National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. O., will be appreciated.
Sparrows and Peach Blossoms. The
European sparrow was imported into this
country because of its supposed utility in
destroying insects. Those who "were familiar
with the record of this bird maintained that
it was a seed consumer and cared but little
for insects of any kind, except that thoyoung
birds were fed upon caterpillars, but that
tho old birds relished harder food. As theso
birds increase in numbers it is becoming
evident that they are unmitigated nuisances.
Iu localities were they are numerous it will
be found to be almost impossible to save
seeds of sorghum or millet, as they will be
devoured beforo they have time to ripeu.
They will even scratch such, seeds up after
they have been sown. They are also very
destructive to .carden peas, barley, and many
other kinds of seeds. Their destructive pro
pensities are well illustrated in the way they
destroy the blossoms of the peach aud other
fruit-bearing trees. "With a touch of the
beak they dissever the stalk of the blossom,
and it drops to the ground. This seems to
afford them amusement; no other reason is
apparent, and they make no search for
insects. If they would thin the blossoms
judiciously they would render good service;
but they cannot bo' depended upon for doing
good? not if they can find any way of get
ting into mischief.
lifcAX Currum:. George "W. Owiugs, of
Baltimore county, Md., has the following rc
niatks on bean culture in the American
The small white variety of beans are the
most easily raised and most prolific, ripening
better and hardier; they bear distant ship
ping or Ions voyages better than the narrow
or roundish sorts, or the lonjr, or kidney beans,
but the latter sell much higher iu market.
The Navy beans averages 20 bushels per acre ;
all kiuds vary iu production according to
the season. The marrows are considered by
some tho most uncertain, but in other re
spects the most desirable.
In growing beans it is more an object to
obtain fruit than vines; to succeed requires
judgment as well as a favorable season ; too
rich land inclines the vines to run too much
to blossom after the first set of pods has
ripened. I have succeeded best upon sod
plowed down shallow; the second year
yielding the best, with a light cast of chicken
manure sowed broadcast. They should not
be worked while the dew is on, lest they
become rusty. The vines have a longer root
than the potato.
Here iu Baltimore county the 1st of June
planting escapes the weevil or borer. I prefer
to plant in drills 28 inches apart, aud the
plants o inches apart, covcring-2 inches deep,
followiug with roller. When two or three
leaves are formed, a dusting with plaster
while dew is on will keep the bugs from
In harvesting, drivo a stake firmly in the
ground reaching up G feet, lay brush around
the stake on the ground to keep the beans
from touching the ground; then commence
pulling and place the roots inside near the
pole, and go round and round. "When near
the top, draw in by lapping the roots, and
cap with, straw or weeds, binding firmly to
tho top of pole.
Sekdlixo Fruits. Many persons are of
the opinion that it requires superior skill in
culturo to raise new varieties of fruits
that will merit attention. The only skill
is simply that of planting the seed, unless
we include the skill of the hybridist, or the
manipulations necessary iu crossing varie
ties. In these eases some degree of
knowledge and thought are of advantago in
tho silection of species or varieties to be
acted upon. But many of our most popular
fruit tree3, bushes, and vines are purely
accidental improvements, and all that the
grower can claim is simply that knowledge
of existing varieties which enabled him to
note a better variety when it came under
One of the most popular varieties of our
native grapes, the Concord, is stated to have
been raised from seeds of a wild fox grape;
The seeds were planted, young vines were
produced, and by patient waiting they ulti
mately fruited, and so the Concord was pro
duced. There is nothing of what is usually
understood as science in this ; it was a sim
ple, practical operation which the greatest
novice in horticulture can readily imitate.
Many of our finest fruits have been discov
ered by mere accident, without anyono
knowing .how the seed happened to be
deposited. The Scckel and Sheldon pears,
two of the very best of our native varieties,
were found growing wild, so to speak. And
it may bo doubted whether, among the
extensive list of named and more or less dis
tinct varieties of raspberries and strawber
ries, any one of them is anything but a
natural variation, and its preservation due
to intelligent selection. The term natural
variation is not, perhaps, a very happy dis
tinction, but it is here used in the sense of
distinguishing results from planting seed
saved indiscriminately, and seeds that have
been saved from flowers which have been
artificially fertilized by the application of
pollen from flowers other than those which
produced the seed. "While the fact exists
that superior varieties inay be obtained hy
trusting to natural variations as here
indicated, yet a greater degree of success
'.will certainly follow the results of intelli
gent hybridizing and crossing. In the
former ease the dependence for a change in
ivarieties Is left to chance, while in the other
-it is reduced to a certainty, but in either
case the selection of the best depends upon
an intelligent discrimination of what con
stitutes perfection, discarding all which
do not possess, or at least indicate, a degree
of progressive improvement as compared
with those already existing.
Cuit led Leaves ox Peach Trees. The
curl, or leaf blister, of the peach tree is al
most of annual occurrence. This disease is
caused by extreme fluctuations of tempera
ture when the leaves are young, so that in
seasons of uniform, or rather, equable tem
perature, the leaves are not injured. The
present season has been a ery varied in re
gaid to heat and cold, eo that we may expect
tolind peach leaves badly blistered about
the time that the blossoms fade. Although
not fatal in its effects, jet any injury to
foliage has a deleterious tendency, and will
check the growth of the shoots, and also
decrease tho value of the crop. From the
circumstance that these blistered and curled
leaves afford convenient lurking places for
the aphis or green fly, these insects are gen
erally found upon them, and have given a
plausible reason for attributing the disease
to these pests of vegetation; but as they are
not constantly present, it is evident, if evi
dence is needed, that they are not the cause.
Some seasons no insects can be found in the
blistered leaves of the peach. There is no
remedy, so far as known, for this disease; it
can be prevented by shelter, but this knowl
edge cannot bo rendered available in its
practical application to orchards of peach
trees. In northern climates, where peach
trees arc trained to walls and other surfaces,
it is customary to hang evergreen "branches
upon tho trees in order to protect them from
the blistered leaf disease, and with the best
results. Parts of a tree left uncovered will
be attacked, while the covered parts will be
untouched. Similar results have been ob
served in the case of trees growing alongside
of close board fences, where that part of the
tree which happened to be protected from
the prevailing cold wiuds by the fence would
be uninjured, while the top of the tree not
protected would suffer severely from blister.
'Flower Beds. The prevailing fashion of
fiiljing up flower beds with soil until they
present the appearance of mounds, is so evi
dently opposed to the requirements of ordi
nary flowering plants in a hot, dry climate,
as to excite surprise in tho minds of every
person who knows anything about plant
growth. The dejected appearance of the
plants thus elevated might be thought suffi
cient to attract the attention of their owners,
and lead them to investigate the cause. But
the owners of such plants are those who will
claim that thoy have no luck in raising
flowers, or will blnmc somebody for furnisli
ing them with bad seeds or bad plants. They
never think of doing what is apparent should
bs done ; that is, to make the surface of the
bed perfectly level.
Petunias. No plant in the flower garden
is so satisfactory for forming beds or masses
as tho petunia. It is of rapid and freo
growth, not particular as to soil, very florif
erous, and of delightful fragrance. It is
also comparatively hardy, a few degrees of
frost doing it no harm; and, like the portu
lacca, a petunia bed will resecd itself if left
alone, although this is a quality of btit little
importance in the case of a plant so easily
grown as this. The varieties are very num
erous, and many of them are strikingly
beautiful, owing to their size and markings.
The double kinds have been brought to great
perfection; some of them arc as large as
dahlias, distinctly marked and blotched, and
the petals finely fringed. Although the fine
double kinds are not superior to the single
varieties for flower-garden purposes, yet they
are very superior as winter flowering green
house plants, and their great beauty fully
entitles them to a place among the most
select of green-house plants. "What the
Concord is among grapes, and the Bartlett
among pears, so is tho petunia among flower
Coleus, &c. The Coleus are very popular
folia ye plants. Tho term "foliage plant" is
not a very definito one, but it is now gen
erally understood to mean plants which
have foliage of colors other than tho usual
shades of green. The coleus are natives of
the warmer parts of Asia and Africa, and
are rather sensitivo to cold ; they like plenty
of sun and heat, and often suffer from being
planted out too early. The heliotrope is
also sensitivo to cold, and it, as well as the
coleus, should bo kept under some protection
until summer weather has substantially
Verbenas. The verbena has long held a
foremost place among decorative flowering
plants. It is a freo and constant blooming
plant, and comprises varieties with flowers
of many colors. . Some trouble has been ex
perienced of lato years in keeping the plants
healthy and in good condition during the
winter. Tho leaves are attacked with a pecu
liar disease, generally believed to be caused
by an insect, with results similar to those
following mildew. Plants thus injured are
of but little value when set out in tho flower
border; hence it is that tho verbena is not
planted so frequently as formerly. But they
can bo had in all their pristine beauty of
flowers and excellence of growth, by using
plants which are grown from seed. These
grow and flower like a field of clover all the
summer long, and do not readily succumb to
frosty autumn nights so long as tho days are
bright and warm: One objection to the use
of seedling plants is that there is no telling
what colors the flowers may be, and if seed
growers would take up this matter, and offer
seeds which could be guaranteed to produce
certain distinctly colored flowers, such as
thoy now do with pansy and phlox seeds, the
verbena would again como into popular
favor. Seeds which would produce pure
white flowering verbenas would he of great
Vegetables and Fruits fop. Health.
It has been remarked that no man can be a
good neighbor to both himself and his neigh
bors who is a sufferer from dyspepsia. No
man ever suffered from dyspepsia who made
his meals largely of fruit and had a good
variety of victuals and time to eat them.
Fruit and vegetables require time and atten
tiau to raise; but it is better to put out an
orchard aiuHet it do its own pruning and
mulching than to have none at all, and it is
a great deal better to spend au occasional
half-day in tho care of a garden than it is
spend all the time in the cornfield and have
Planting Street Trees (continued).
The principal qualities which a tree should
possess to render it suitable for street plant
ing arc as follows :
First. A compact stateliness and symme
try of growth, as distinguished from a
wide-spreading or pendent form, so that the
stem may reach sufficient height to allow
of a free circulation of air below the
branches, also that the lower branches may
not unduly interfere with the promenades
Second. An ample supply of expansive
foliage, of early spring verdure, and rich
and varied in the colors and tints assumed
during the ripening of the leaves in au
tumn. Third. Healthiness, so far as being exempt
from constitutional diseases, as well as from
those maladies frequently engendered in
some species by peculiarity of soil and at
Fourth. Cleanliness ; characterized by a
persistency of foliage during summer, free
dom from fading flowers, and exemption
from attacks of insects.
Fifth. It should bear transplanting easily,
of moderately vigorous growth, and not
liable to throw up shoots from the roots or
the lower parts of the stem. A tree of ex
tremely rapid growth is generally short
lived, and should be avoided.
Sixth. The branches should be elastic
rather than brittle, that they may better
withstand heavy storms. And lastly, there
should be no offensive odors from flowers or
"While it is perhaps not possible to select
a tree possessing all these qualifications, we
can select those species which make the
nearest approach to perfection, among
which the following are most available.
First. Silver maple, Acer dasycarpum.
This is very properly held in high estima
tion as a .street tree, and possesses most of
the qualities required. It is of rapid growth,
of upright form unless thrown out of its
normal shape by injudicious pruning
foliage ample, at the same time not so dense
as to prevent a partial circulation of air
through its branches. It is comparatively
free from insects, is easily transplanted, and
cheaply propagated. Seeds sown in June
will furnish plants three or more feet in
height the same season.
Second. Sugar maple, Acer snecharinum.
This is one of the most beautiful of all our
maples ; there are but few trees of any kind
that can excel it. For beauty, density, and
form of the foliage in spring and summer,
for the great variety of brilliant hues and
shades of the leaves in the fall, for its state
ly gracefulness at all times, for its symmet
rical contour, enhanced from its habit of
supporting a heavy top of branches on a
comparatively slender stem, for all theso
qualities it is unrivalled.
"When once established, thi3 maple is well
fitted for a street tree. It is of slower
growth than the silver maple, and does not
bear the effects of transplanting so well, but
grows with sufficient rapidity after it re
covers the effects of a removal. It is one
of the best trees for planting on straight
avenues to country residences.
Third. Norway maple, Acer Flatanoides.
This is also held in high estimation as an
ornamental tree. No other tree affords so
dense a shade or forms such a massive head
of foliage. The leaves are large, dark green
in color during summer, turning yellow in
the fall. On account of the density of its
foliage it should not be placed too near to
dwelling houses. It is of slow growth when
young, and indeed, at all times, as compared
with many other trees, but with these
exceptions it is the best of all for a street
tree. No insects seem to disturb it, and it
flourishes well in crowded cities, aud no
storms seem able to break or dislodge it in
any way ; and this latter is a quality of great
moment in cities, where sudden gusts often
rirevail, uprooting every tree in their course.
Fourth. American linden, Tilia Americana.
This well known native tree is of robust
and loftly growth, well fitted for planting
on the margins of wide streets and avenues,
where it will have ample room to spread,
and affects the suburbs rather than the
crowded parts of a city. It has an abun
dance of foliage for all necessary shade, is
noted for its fr.-.grant flowers, which furnish
much valuable food for bees. It is easily trans
planted and makes rapid growth in loamy
Fifth. American elm, Ulmus Americana.
This is a favorite tree with those persons
who admire extensive growth combined
with a certain degree of the picturesque in
trees. Its repute as a street tree has been
greatly impaired on account of its liability
to injury from insects; but it is not equally
subject to theso pests in all localities, neither
are all seasons alike favorable to insect dep
redations, nor all positions equally suited to
their increase. Trees springing out of the
closely paved side-walk are comparatively
exempt from injury as compared with trees
in fields aud lawns. Tho great beauty of
this fine tree, and its rapid, towering growth,
are recommendations for its adoption in
planting wide streets and avenues.
Sixth. Tulip tree, Lirodendron iuliirifera.
This is one of the most beautiful of all our
forest trees. It is not surpassed by any
other tree in the beauty of its foliage and
flowers, in tho columnar massiveness and
elegance of its stem, or the general symme
try of its developement. In good soil it
makes rapid growth, as much as the silver
maple ; but it is rather difficult to transplant
successfully. To insure success it should be
prepared by yearly removals for at least two
seasons before setting it out in a permanent
situation. This tree is seldom injured by
insects, and no other tree harmonizes so
well with large buildings, or is better
adapted for extensive avenues in parks, or
for wide streets where it can he set thirty
feeL from buildings.
Theso comprise the first selection for
planting in the positions indicated. In a
future paper a secondary selection will be
CLAIMS!. CLAIMS I
This Claim House Established
in 1865 I
G-EOEG-E E. LEMOST,
OElce, G15 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National TJanTi,)
WASHINGTON, . O.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however Might the disability, apply at once.
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, are entitled.
Var of 1S12.
All surviving ofiicers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of tho
United -Hates, who served fourteen (15) days; or, if
in a battle or skirmish, for a less period, and tho
widows of Mich who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required iu these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
,ly, aud manj-ftre now entitled to a higher rate than
From and after January, 1S31, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who liave been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names "have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment In an
other, is not a bar to pension in ca,-es where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of tho United btates, and in the lino of
Survivors of all wars from 1790 to March 3, 1S35,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of "War,
Ration money promptly collected,
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases ia
Bounty and Pay,
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were filed before Junuarv 1,
1SS0. H not tiled prior to that date they arc barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to tho above we prosecute Military
and Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to busi
ness before the General Land Office and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of the Government.
"We invito correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to out
GEORGE Ex LEMON,
As thi may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
find military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United btates :
ITOCSE OF REFEESENTATrVES,
"WASHINGTON, D. C, March, la75.
From several years acquaintance with Captain
Geouge E. Lemon of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him a a gentleman of integrity and Avell
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that lino give him superior advantages,
"W. P. SP1LVGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth D Uriel of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAW BRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, Jfrc1, IS78.
"Vc, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain Geoik.e E. Lfmon for the past few
year, ami a knowledge of the ystcmatie manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, nndof
his reliability for fair and honorable dealings con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE. Cfiairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Reps.
W. F. S LEMONS, M. C,
Second District of Ark.
"W. P. LYNDE. M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R. "W. TOWNSHEvD. M. C.
Sinetcenth District of III,
Citizens National Bank,
"Washington, D. C, January 17, 1S79.
Captain Geouge E. Lesion, attorney and agent
for the collection of warelaimsat Washington city,
is a thorough, ble, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot be
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
C5-Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satifuttory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
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