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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNTS: WASHKSTGTOK, D. 0., MAT 27, 1882.
WHEN THE COWS COME HOME.
"When klingle, klangle, klingle,
Far down the dusty dingle,
The cowt are coming home;
Now sweet and clenr, now faint nml low,
The airy tinkling conic nnd pro,
Like chiming: from the far-ofl" tower,
Or pattering of an April shower
That makes the daisies grow;
Ko-ling. ko-Iang, kolinglclingle,
Far down the darkening dingle,
The cows come slowly home.
And old-time friends, nnd twilight plays,
And btarry nights and sunny days,
Come trooping up tho misty ways,
When the cows come home.
Wjth jingle, jangle, jingle
Soft tones that sweetly mingle
The cows are coming home;
Mnlvine, and Pearl, nnd Florimcl,
DeKamp, Red Rose, and Grctclien Schcll,
Queen Bess, nnd Sylph, and Spangled Sue,
Across the fields I hear her " loo oo,"
And clang her silver bell;
Go-ling, go-lang, golingledingle,
"With faint, far bounds that mingle,
The cows come slowly home.
And mother-songs of long-gone years,
And baby-joys and childish fears.
And youthful hopes and youthful tears,
When the cowo come home.
"With ringlc, rnnglc, ringlc,
By twos nnd threes and single,
The cows are coming home.
Through violet air we see the town,
And the summer ghii a-sliding down,
And the maple in the hazel glade
Throws down the path a longer shade,
And the hills arc growing brown.
To-ring, to-rang, toringlcrmgle,
By threes and fours and single,
The cows come slowly home.
The same sweet sound of wordless plm,
The same sweet June-day rest and calm,
The same sweet smell of buds and balm,
When the cows come home.
With tinkle, tanklc, tinkle,
Through fern and periwinkle,
The cowt are coming home.
A-loitcring in the checkered stream,
"Where the sun-rays glance and gleam,
Clnvinc, Peach-bloom, and Phcebc Phillia
Stand knee-deep in the creamy lilies,
In a drowsy dream ;
To-link, to-lank, tolinklclinklc.
O'er banks with buttercups ;i-twinklo,
The cows come slowly home.
And up through memory's deep ravine,
Come the brook's old song and its old-time sliccn,
And the crescent of the silver queen,
When the cows come home,
With klingle, klanglc, klingle, "
With loo-oo, and moo-oo, nnd jingle,
The cows are coming home.
And over there on Merlin Hill
Sounds the plaintive cry of the whip-poor-will,
And the dew-drops lie on the tangled vines,
And over the poplars Venus shines,
And over the silent mill.
Ko-ling, ko-lang, kolinglelingle,
With ting-n-ling and jingle,
The cows come slowly home.
" Xt down tho bars; let in the train
Of long-gone songs, and flowers, nnd rain ;
For dear old times come back again,
When the cows come home.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
WASHHTGTOs; D. O.
Correspondence Is solicited to this column. Com
ma olcations addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will be appreciated.
Mulching. This is a tenfiPirgfiliecL Hb
any loose material, such asstnmy manure,
grass cuttings from lawns, or light' xef aso
matter of any kind known not to be hurt
ful to vegetation, which is thrown orer the
roots of plants during summer for the pur
pose of maintaining a uniform degree of
moisture in the soil by arresting surface
evaporation. This is its special distinction,
but it is also used to designate the applica
tion of a cover to the roots of plants with a
view of modifying the effects of severe freez
ing during winter. A loose material is em
ployed because it contains air in repose,
which is one of the best non-conductora.
Bodies are said to bo good or bad conductors
just as they are solid or porous. Iron is a
better conductor than wood; granite stone
a better conductor than brick ; hard-pressed
soil is a better conductor than soil which is
loose and porous. A hard beaten path is
warmer in summer and colder in winter
than the cultivated ground alongside of it;
its particles being in closer contact its con
ducting powers are thereby increased; the
drying winds of summer passing over its
surface carries off the moisture which the
heat evaporates, and so far diminishes its
capacity to furnish moisture for the support
of vegetable growths. Mulching is a valuable
auxiliary operation in the cultivation of
plants in dry climates, and would undoubt
edly be more generally practiced if its bene
ficial effects were better understood.
"When the surface of the soil is covered with
leaves, or such porous materials as those above
mentioned, we by this means secure a stratum
of air in repose between the soil and the
atmospheric causes of radiation and evapora
tion ; the moisture in the soil is therefore
retained to benefit the growing plants instead
of being exhausted in meeting the demands
of surface evaporation. "While a mulching in
advantageous to any growing crojs, it ie
specially important in the case of recently
planted trees; with theee the preserration
of a uniform degree of moisture in the soil
surrounding their roots is a great point
towards their fiucceaslul growth; and, other
things being equal, they will languish or
flourish in proportion as this condition of
uniform moisture is fcecured. Thousands of
young newly planted trees are lost which
mipht have been saved by covering the soil
over their roots so as to prevent their decay
from an insufficient supply of water.
Mulching can also be advantageously ap
plied in vegetable gardens. It will not su
persede or render unnecessary the stirring
of the soil among young plants of cabbages,
potatoes, peas, onions, and other crops; but
when the plants have become so far adrnnced
as to be considered beyond the hoe and culti
vator, mulching between the rows of such
will add amazingly to their growth and size.
All who have once tried mulching in the
vegetable garden do not require further
promptings to iepeat the practice.
It is impracticable to succeed well in tho
culture of the best raspberries in a dry,
warm climate without thorough mulching
during the heat of summer, as it enables the
plants to continue their growth without in
terruption, and thus attain a proper degree
of maturity before winter frosts prevail.
The strawberry crop will be largely in
creased by mulching the plants during sum
mer, which increases the number and value
of the flower buds formed at the end f iho
grswiag season from which the enauiag
crop of fruit proceeds. Indeed, mulcting in
one of the cardinal points of routine culti
vation in dry climates, and in dry seasons in
Silk and Silk-worms. The art of rear
ing silk-worms, of unraveling tho threads
spun by them, and manufacturing those
threads into articles of dress or ornameut
seems to have been first practiced by the
Chinese. In China, Japan, and India silk
has formed from time immemorial one of tho
chief objects of cultivation and manufacture
There was a time when silk was valued in
Rome at its weight in pold. It has been
stated that at a period when many of tho
inhabitants of Europe were naked savages
the Chinese peasantry were clothed in gar
ments of silk.
From China the cultivation of silk ex
tended into India, and from thence to Asiatic
Turkey and Europe. About the 12 ih cen
tury the city of Damascus, which had at
that time an ancient reputation for fine
weaving, so far outstripped all other places
for beauty of design that her silken textiles
were in demand everywhere, and thus
traders fastened the name of D.unascen, or
Damask, upon ever' silken fabric which wast
riclilj" wrought or curiously designed, no
matter whether it came or not from Damascus.
For about 200 years the leases of the blade
mulberry supplied the food of the silk
worms which produced the silk spun in
Europe. The white mulberry was intro
duced into Tuscany about the middle of
the 5th century, since which time it has
been generally employed for feeding silk
worms. The leaves of this species aud its
many varieties, especially the Morcttiana
and multicaulis, are found to contain nioro
of the glutinous milky substance which
gives tenacity to silk produced by the worms
which feed on them, and which is found in
all leaves specially valuable for this purpose.
The white mulberry requires a warmer
climate than does the black mulberry, and
attempts to introduce the former into the
colder parts of Europe have failed, tho
growth of the tree not being sufficiently
active to make the rearing of silk-Avorms
upon it a profitable industry.
The quality of the silk, as well as the
quantity produced, is influenced by the con
dition of the leaves, the culture given to the
plants, and the nature of the soil upon
which they are growing. The leaves of the
black mulberry are hard, rough, and tena
cious, and the silk produced from them,
although abundant and strong, is very coarse.
The worms fed on the leaves of the white
mulberry from trees planted on elevated
situations, and which are only moderately
luxuriant in growth, produce a silk which
is strong, very pure, and of fine quality.
"When the leaves are large and succulent the
worms fed on them grow large, but produce
less silk. It is stated that the richer the
leaves are in saccharine and resinous mat
ters, the more valuable is the silk produced
"Summer Fruits Brought Forth by
"Winter Suns." Florida is finding a source
of wealth in furnishing early fruits and
vegetables for Northern markets. This year
strawberries from that State made their ap
pearance in New York early in January, at
which time they bring from five to seven
dollars per quart. These fruits are grown
all along the St. Johns River, and are sent
when nearly ripe to Jacksonville, where
they are packed in refrigerators, with alter
isato compartments for ice nndistrawborries.
The journey to New York occupies four
days ; a special messenger tray.els .witheach
car-load, who sees to the careful handling of
the fruit and renewing the ice in the pack
ages as it melts. In general the fruit arrives
in very good condition. As the season ad
vances the prices decrease, and by the begin
ning of April they bring from 30 to 40 cents
per quart, at which price the business is no
Tomatoes and green peas are transmitted
by the same method of packing, and it is
stated that the only obstacle to the indefinite
extension of this kind of trade is the cost of
the ice which isindiipensable for transporta
tion. Ice is dear in Florida, but all efforts
to carry these early crops without ice have
Effects of Fruiting on the Growth
of Trees. An instructive lesson on the
weakening influences which fruit bearing
exerts upon trees may bo observed in the
case of the silver maple. In any number of
these trees, in favorable seasons, some of
them will be thickly covered with seed ves
sels, some bearing only a sparse crop, and
some wholly destitute of seeds. The result
will be apparent: those not bearing seeds
will appear heavily covered with luxuriant
foliage which will be of a healthy green
color and the young shoots rapidly length
ening, while those trees which have borne a
heavy crop of seeds will appear scant of
foliage, making but feeble growth, and yel
lowish in color. Again, those trees which
bear only a moderate crop will bo found in
good condition of growth, and the seeds they
produce will be much larger than tho?e on
trees heavily laden. Further, it may be ob
served, if notes to that effect are available,
that the trees having no seeds this year aie
those which produced heavy crops last year.
This is a good lfpson in tho management of
orchard trees, and shows how they are in
jured when overcropped.
Canary Grass. This grass is a native
of the Canary Islands, and is largely grown
in Europe for its seeds, which form an im
portant portion of the food of caged singing
birds, especially canaries. It is said to be
uf.ed, to a limited extent, in the food of
highly-trained race-horses, its effect being to
form muscle and not fat, the seed being free
from oil. In tho Canary Islands the seeds
are ground into flour, which makes a nutri
tious kind of bread. Upwards of 200,000
bushels of these seeds are annually entered
into commerce, the greater portion of which
is derived from Uarbary aud Turkey. It is
rather a short stemmed plant, and requires
a long, warm season to mature its seeds. It
is not known to be cultivated for profit in
aliy prt of the United States. Jts botanical
name is Phalarh canadensis.
Pears the Lawrence, Ac. The Editor
of the Gcrmanlown Telegraph has the follow
ing in regard to the Lawrence pear: "Our
last Lawrence pear, and the last pear of our
past year's stock, was eaten on the 3d of May,
and we found it to posses about all its ori
ginal flavor. Take it altogether, it is a
remarkable variety and, we unhesitatingly
add, the most valuable from among our own
cultivated list of over sixty. The Lawrence
has no " off year" with us, as the trees are
covered with perfect fruit year after year.
Its season of ripening is extended beyond
that sf all othors. It begins at tho end of
October, aud gots on, as the temperature in
which it is placed is regulated, up to the end
of April. For canning purposes we regard it
J as ahead of all others ; j-onie .opened within
a week being perfectly delicious. It is a
fruit, so far as our knowledge of it goes, that
can always bo relied on; and in this general
view we confidently recommend it to all,
even if it be the only kind grown."
"We can endorse all that is said above in
regard to the excellence of the Lawrence
pear, but in this section tho fruit will not
keep beyond the middle of December; it is
a late fall pear here, and all efforts to keep
it later than December have failed. The tree
is ver- uniform in growth, comes early into
bearing, and is very productive. The Beyrro
d'Aujou is also highly prized as a good win
ter pear in northern localities ; it is a fall
pear here, and is a valuable kind. The Shel
don is one of the best of our late fall pears,
and one of the hi'drst character in every
respect. Winter Xelis is a good keeping
kind and in flavor nearly equal to Seckel.
Josephine de Maliues is perhaps the best in
quality of winter pears for this section.
- Sweet roTATOi:. At a late meeting of
the New Jersey Horticultural Society, Mr.
A. P. Arnold communicated some experi
ments which he made in growing sweet pota
toes. In one series of experiments the soil,
without any application, gave 109 bushels
per acre; with nitrate of soda tho product
was 15S bushels; with boneblack it was lo2
bushels; with muriate of potash, 18S bush
els; with common mannre, 203 bushels; and
with soda, boneblack, and potash together,
the product was 222 bushels. In the above
experiments the special manures, when alone,
were applied about 200 pounds to tho acre;
common manure, twenty one-horse loads per
Duted Fodder and Fruits. Dr. James
R. Nichols in the Massachusetts Ploughman
discourses as follows: The question is, "What,
if anything, is lost in drying fruits raid forage
crops? It is not surprising that an impres
sion prevails that valuable constituents are
lost in tho process, as there is a great diminu
tion in bulk, a change in the condition of tho
substances, aud the olfactory orgaus detect
ordors in the air during the exposure to heat.
"Water holds all the valuable elements of
plant3 either in solution or suspension, but not
in chemical combination. The molecules of
starch and sugar freely move about in the
water, aud they altogether coustitue the sap,
Now, as the water docs not hold the sugar
and starch particles in combination, but only
travels along with them, floating them, as it
were, through the orifices or vegetable tissues,
it has no strong grip upon them whatever, and
being more volatile it is forced to part com
pany and fly away whenever vital action
ceases and heat exerts its influence. If a
pound of fresh grass or cornstalks is placed
in a glass retort and heat applied at a tem
perature of about 100 degrees Fahrenheit,
moisture arises from tho mass, and if it is
condensed by a refrigerating apparatus it
will be found to be pure water and nothing
else; the grass will be gradually dried into
hay, and in the hay will bo found all the
nutrient particles which existed in the grass.
If tho water which escapes from a field of
mown grass, in drying in the sun, could be
condensed, it would be found to be p
water and nothing else. Tho carbo-by dra
nitrogenous compounds, and salts exist
in tho grass and held in solution and s
pension in tho water have beerf'clmnged
physical condition ; they have been dried ',
use a popular term ; the sugar in dilute so u
tion has been changed into a thick Blrup.
the glucose has thus been changed, and
sucrose may exist as crystallized sugar; - -gum
has become thickened or hard, i i
starch which is insoluble remains as it vt
but entangled in the sugar and gum. Th
is a rich ordor to grass which is very volat
it escapes while growing, and when the gr
is cut and vitality is arrested it escapes freely.
This principle is the same in nature as the
ordor of flowers; it is etherial, extremely
minute in quantity, and has no value' what
ever. It make a great manifestation of itself
on every hay-field in the season, and has led
many to think that it gave evidence of great
loss. Such is not tho case. In drying fruits
the same changes occur; nothing but water
escapes; the pectin, gum, sugar remain be
hind. In drying, slight oxydation occurs
and the juices are thickened or hardened by
the loss of water. It is impossible to bring
fruits back again into the precise condition
of the green stale by the addition even of
the same water that is removed in drying,
as the solid principles become less soluble,
and oxydation modifies their condition
probably. A peck of dried peaches or a
dozen oranges are far less agreeable to the
taste, far less grateful to the sense of sight,
smell, and taste, but they hold all the nutri
ment which is found in tho green condition.
If we could only put back the water re
moved in the same form of association, and
replace nature's aroma or bouquet, we could
have fres.li fruit at all seasons of the year.
Asparagus. Once upon a time tho forma
tion of an asparagus bed was considered to bo
a momentous affair; deep and wide trenches
were made; a foot in depth of rotten stable
manure was spread over the bottom, and
over this a thin layer of earth in which the
plants were set about twelve inches apart.
This subjret was discussed at a meeting of
the Nov' Jersey Horticultural Society, and
among the different distances recommended
was one foot by four, which was considered
to be too near; three by four, which is much
better; and four by six feet, which is best of
all for extensive culture if phnty of manure
can be fipplied. Shallow planting gave small
shootp,and "there was more in the feed than
in the biead." These asparagus plantations
are cultivated like a corn-field, but heavy
manuring is indispensable for paying crops.
The object in planting asparagus deep i'b
that it allows of deep cutting, so as to pro
cure whitened stalks without injury to the
crown of the plant.
Many people object to white asparagus ns
usually grown, as it is woody and is consid
ered to be unwholesome.
Hungarian Millet. Dr. E. L. Sturte
vant, in leply to questions about Hungarian
grass, writes the Elntini Fanners' Club:
If we study the pLmt, we find that it has
two peculiarities. First, it is a plant of
vuirm regions. Second, it is a drouth plant.
The inference from this is, what my experi
ence in light soil confirmed, that the ground
must be warm at tho time of planting, and
the soil must be a dry one, that is free from
standing water. A careful examination has
shown me that the Hungarian is a very shal
low rooting crop it feeds very near the sur
face, when the temperature of the soil is the
highest. Another peculiarity with me has
been that a single cold, or cool, night checks
the growth of leaf and forces a growth of
peed. Bearing these observations in mind, I
have not failed in -obtaining a very large
crop by pursuing tho following conr?e:
First, planting not earlier than June 20th,
in order to securo warm soil, aud the cer
tainty of no cool nights during the ensuing
six weeks. Second, maunring or fertilizing
closo to the surface, and just scratching in.
Third, planting at least six pecks of seed per
acre. In order to have the crop relished by
cattle, I have found it necessary to sow
thickly, and to cut just as the heads begin
to be discovered. By this course I have a
hay the cattle prefer to timothy, and pound
per pound it expends better than timothy,
and my eye detects no falling away in con
dition, and the scales detect no change in
the milk yield. If over ripe (and most peo
ple cut too late) the cattle do not relish it as
they otherwise could, and the eye and scales
show inferior feeding value to the best hay."
Ensilage. In speaking of his experience
with feeding ensilr.gi to dairy stock, J. "W.
Walcott, of Readville, Mass., states: "As to
the quality of the cream, I can say that by
feeding filly pounds of ensilaged maize and
one quart of cotton-seed meal the increase
over the amount when feeding English hay
and six quarts of corn-meal averaged twenty
five per cent, in milk, and ten pcr-cent. in
butter from the milk, which is a total gain in
butter of thirty-seven and a half per cent.
The butter brings the highest market price
Gapes in Chickens. As a cure for this
chicken trouble an English breeder tried sul
phur and salt, namely, two parts of sulphur
and one part of salt, mixed with water to
the consistency of thick cream. This was
applied with a feather from a fowl's wing,
dipping it in tho mixture and putting it
down the chicken's throat about three inches,
and working it up and down a few times,
ne soon found that the young birds wcro
much better, and by repeating the operation
three or four times, leaving two or three
days between each application, they were
soon all cured and doing well.
The Grange. Not only the social ameni
ties and the lessons of high morals are taught
in the Grange, together with the habit of fos
tering aspirations beyond the monotonous
present, but intellectual truths of the first
importance and magnitude arc disseminated
through its agency. Tho principles of social
and political economy are made familiar by
its means. Tho narrow limitations of ordi
nary practical life are enlarged, and broader
and healthier views are inculcated. The best
methods of legislation are impressed on the
mind, and the proper topics of it are saga
ciously selected. The vital relations of pro
ducer and consumer arc more clearly under
stood. Farmers are made to comprehend
that they are freemen in the truest sense
and for the highest ends. This is not by any
means an imaginary picture. Those who
have been in the G range since its formation
and establishment will readily testify to the
f truth of more than we have stated. They
will freely admit that the Grange is an edu
cator, and a thorough one ; that it effectually
' stops the waste from which the agricultural
acter so long suffered, and tutors it in
irb of saving and satisfying resources on
. jh men in other avocations, when they
en to possess them, make constant drafts
. he successful conduct of their lives and
enjoyment of their mature age. It is
to keep these simple facts in mind, that,
o, doing, this timely organization may
s the widest scope for the employment
3 many and valuable influences. Massa-
. ?tts Plaicman.
vrly Corn. Samuel Miller, of Bluff
Mo., has a way, which he has discovered,
string sweet corn ready to use a week
-. cr than in allowing it to take its own
way. no says that as soon as the ear is
rformed, break the top down or cut it off, but
leavo the stalk erect in order that the pollen
of the tassel will be sure to dust the silk of
the ears, a3 they may not be fully impreg
nated should the stalk be topped. He stated
that he had experimented for years, and was
entirely satisfied that it is uniformly prac
tical and of value. In fact he thinks that
the ear becomes more fully developed also.
This is a hint easy to adopt, aud may be of
interest to truckers as well as for the private
, - -
A PRETTY TOUGH STORY.
An editor, a short time ago, ordered a pair
of pants from his tailor. On taking them
home, they proved to be two or three inches
too long. It being late on Saturday night,
and the tailor shop jing closed the editor
took the pants to his wife and asked her to
cut them off and hem them o .-er. The good
lady, having a raving headache, brusquely
refused. The same results followed on ap
plication to his wle's sister and eldest daugh
ter. But before bed-time the wife, repent
ing, took the pants, and cutting off six inches
from tho legs, hemmed them nicely and re
stored them to the closet. Half an hour
later, the daughter, taken with compunction
for her nnfilial conduct, took the pants, and
cutting off six inches hemmed and replaced
them. Finally, the sister-in-law felt the
pangs of conscience, and she, too, performed
additional repairs on the garment. Wheu the
editor appeared at breakfast on Sunday, the
funiily thought a Highland chief had arriv
ed, for the pauts only reached the middle of
the thigh. The knight of the quill and
paste pot benignly endured the storms of
laughter which greeted him.
CHINESE CHILDREN BAPTIZED.
The two children of Tom Lee, a China
man, by his Christian wife, Minnie liose Lee,
were baptized in St. Augustine Protestant
Episcopal Church, New York, recently, with
Protestant Episcopal ceremonies. If Tom
! Leo wore a queuo it was not visible, but
that he was a well-dressed and gentlemanly
Chinaman all could see. He wore a hand
some black frock coat, with trousers and
vest to match, and his general bearing was
that of a deputy sheriff assisting at an exe
cution. Once, v hen the water was sprinkled
on the forehead of his boy, a sort of joyous
chuckle seemed to break from his lips, but
when the bystanders turned to smile upon
him, his brow was knit and his eye
were devoid of speculation. Mrs. Minim
Rose Lee, on tho contvary, was sparkling
with happiness. She was hecomiugly dres-n-d
in black silk; she was the mother of two
children whom the Rev. Arthur C. Kimber
the pastor who officiated, openly pronounced
as handsome as any he had seen for a long
time, and her husband was a man of weight
Twelve thousand shovels and 0,000 spades
aro turned out every week iu the United
States, and yet the man who wants to bor
row one won't believe that a single factory is
WIT AND HUMOR.
Somebody tried to excuse, a liar to Dr.
Johnson, sirring: "You must not believe
more than half what he says." "Aye," re
plied the doctor, "but which half?"
" I declare," exclaimed Brown, "I beliove
I have forgotten all lever knew! "Sorry
to hear it," remarked Jones. "However,
you can take an hour some day and learn it
all over again."
An exchange prints an able article on
"Hints on How to Go to Sleep." It is the
most convincing article we ever read upon
the subject. We were fast asleep before we
got half through it. Boston Transcript.
She confided to him that she never wore
anything but silk stockings when she went
to dances. He said he had no doubt the
costume was becoming, but ought not
there be a little more of it? London Sport
At a recent diamond show at the residence
of the Baroness Burdett-Contts, the largest
pure white Cape diamond known, weighing
lo0 carats, and valued 150,000, was exhib
ited. The Baroness will advertise for a
hotel clerk next week.
"Bill, yon young scamp, if you had your
due you'd get a good whipping." " I know
it, daddy ; bills arc not always paid when
they are due." The agonized father trem
bled lest his hopeful son should be suddenly
snatched from him.
Two children are playing together in a
garden. The little sister says to her little
brother, "Which would you rather be, a
little flower or a little bird?" The young
man, after a minute's reflection, " a little
bird because it eats ! "
A man in the rural districts brought home
some viudow-screens to his wife the other
day, but she threw them out-of-doors, and
indignantly remarked that she guessed she
hadn't got so feeble yet but she could take
her air in its natural state, without being
obliged to have it strained.
Say, Scoville ! As your eminent brother-in-law
don't want you looking after his case,
and repudiates you and denounces you, and
feels aggrieved and outraged at yonr per
formances, why not come homo and go to
work and leave Providence to look after
Charles? Why not? Inter-Ocean.
A widow in Japan, who is willing to
think of matrimony, wears her hair tied and
twisted around a long shell hairpin placed
horizontally across the back of the head.
Were this the custom in this country, we
would throw down the pen and at once en
gage in the manufacture of shell hairpins.
"You are always kicking up a row," said
a gentleman to a negro and his wife who
were having a " mns
Why is there no
harmony iu your house ? " " Dat's jess what
I was tellin' de lazy, wufless nigga," said the
woman. "Dar ain't no hominy in de house,
no meat, and the bacon's all eat up, and the
meal bar'l is empty. He is de only thing in
de house what's full all de time."
During a trial for assault in Arkansas, a
club, a rock, a rail, an ax-handle, a knife,
and a shot-gun were exhibited as the "in
struments with which the deed was done."
It was also shown that the assaulted man
defended himself with a revolver, a scythe,
a 'pitchfork, a chisel, a hand-saw, a flail, and
a cross dog. The jury decided that they'd
have given a dollar apiece to have seen the
The Rev. Arthur Annicesecd, of TJtica, is a
disciple of Wilde, and pronounced by his
lady parishioners a very zephyr of poetic
piety. His preaching is very delicate. Last
Sunday he read a portion of sacred writ, de
tailing a rehearsal of Jonah's submarine ad
ventures. "We come now to Jonah," said
Arthur, "who passed three days and three
nights in the whale's ahem society.
" I never did like the Romans," said Mrs.
Partington, when seeing the play of Corio
lanu?, "since I mistook some Roman punch
for an ice-cream, and it got into my head.
And I came pretty nigh exploding once in
trying to light one of Isaac's Roman candles,
thinking it was wax. I must say they are a
sot of fickle-minded creatures, taking the
gentleman in the red table-cloth for a coun
sel, and then going to throw him over a
"Father," began a young Dctroiter the
other evening, "were you in the war?"
"Yes, my son." "Was it awful?" "Yes."
"Lots of dead and wounded men?" " Yes."
" Did you kill many ? " " Well, I shouldn't
like to answer that question." "Aro you
very modest pa?" "I hope I am too modest
to brag." "That's what Mr. Smith meant,
then, when he was telling the men down at
the drug-store that you hadn't any war rec
ord to brag of." "He did, eh? Smith is a
liar." "That's what I thought. He told
the men that you ran so fast he couldn't
catch you on horseback, and any boy knows
that a horse can catch a man with a stiff
A story of a button : " Rosalind, my dear,"
said her mother, who was sweeping out the
front hallway, " does this button belong to
your father's overcoat?" "Let mo see it.
Oh, dear; no, ma! It comes from George's
overcoat. Isn't it splendid?" "I don't see
an thing so very splendid about it." "Oh,
why, ma! If you wcro only young, and
such a very nice youug man like George
should should " "Well, I shant have
any more such works in this house. I've no
objection to a little moderate hueging in the
house, but young men can't hug their over
coat buttons off in my hallway, not much."
And Rosalind went to her boudoir to indulge
in a weep. Xcw Haven Pegiater.
"When wo are married, dear Lucy," said
the poor man's son to tho rich man's daugh
ter, "our honeymoon shall be passed abroad.
We Avill drive in the Bois, promonade the
Prada, gaze down into tho blue waters of
the Adriatic from the Rialto, and enjoy the
Neapolitan sunsets, strolling along the Chi
aja." "How delicious!" she ninrmured.
"But, John, dear, have you money enough
to do all this? For pa says I musn't expect
anything until bodies." John's countenance
underwent such a chauno that she could not
help asking him if he felt ill. " No, darling,"
he answered, faintly, "lam not ill; I was
only thinking we had better postpone our
marriage until after the funeral."
Here is a Man who has Just Stopped His
Paper. What a Miserable Looking Creature
He is. He Looks as if he had Been Stealing
a Sheep. How will ho Know what is going
on, now that he has stopped his Paper ? Ho
will Borrow his Neighbor's Paper. One of
these Days he will Break his leg, or be a
candidate for office, and then the paper will
say Nothing about it. That will be Treating
him Just Riglit'will it not, Little Children?
CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
This Claim Houso Established
GEOBG-E E. LEMON",
Office, 615 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's .Vation.il Uanlt,)
WASnrNGTON D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or havo contracted any
:ase, however slight the disability, apply at o
Widows, minor children, dependent mothcra, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, are entitled.
Var of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United .States, who served fourteen ill) diy; or, if
in battle or skirmish, for a lcs period, and tho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eij;ht dollars a mouth. I'rool
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, nnd many are now entitled to a higher rate than
From and after January, 1881, 1 shall make no
charKes for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the ikmhioii roll, or whose named have been
stncken therefrom by reason of failure to dr.iw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
rcaon of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this ilouse.
from onejegiment or vessel and enlistment in an
other, ii not a bar to pension in cases where the
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in the
service of the United States, and in the lino of
Survivors of all ware from 1700 to March 3, 1335,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrai.ts purchased for cash at the highest
market rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Bation money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessaryade-I
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such caaes is
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special et
tention, provided they we;e filed before January 1,
le0. If not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the nbovc we prosecute Military
and Naval claimnof everydescription, procure L'.i
entu, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to busi
ncai before the General Land Ofllce and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmoit promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intruated to our
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from Several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
IIOrSE OF REmESENTATIVES,
Washington-, D. C, March , 175.
From several years' acquaintance with Cnptasn
Geoucie E. Lemon' of this city. I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that line give him superior advantages.
W. P. SPILVGUE, M. C,
Fipcci'tlt. District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STIiAWBRIDGK, M. O.,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania,
House op RErnESENT.vnvES.
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S78.
We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
.with Captain Geoiigc E. Lemon for the post few
years, and a knowledge of the ystematie manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, ami or
his reliability for fair and honorable dealings con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE, amirman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, Ilouse Peps.
W. F. SLEM0X3. M. C,
Second District of Ark,
W. P. LYNDE, M. C.
Fourth District of Wis.
E. W. TOWNS II END. M. C.
Sineteenth District of III,
Citizens' National Basic,
Washington, I). C, Jantiary 17, 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney aud agent
for the collection of war claims At Washington city,
is n thorough, Able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
haiintf war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer liana.
JNO. A. J. CKESWELL.
53Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with n satisfcttory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
AJ. & A.JB. JU. M.&K.T.
Every Kusry Mnton Needs Them.
Rituals, with Key, packet form, morocco and
gilt, for J2. Other books, goods, etc.
Send for catalogue to
MASONIC BOOK AGENCY.
lvKi 15 Broadway. New York.
Mention this paper.
tn.il us l..a m:ne of ten proii and S3
c-nls (to cover e!i, of pact Ins and ex-
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H H11.1; tnJbeut.iHlIHuJtrntr.tanri:,a'jt;"5n'n:,,,"' li
3 p.ti paid If 1 ircr-caat atatays arulto paypotuga M
,'i racilnse:r:iU53. Addren f'l
i.'i.in-anMnlnHit. ri.tllfrom 2 .. to SO cntseaJ-n ai
r 3. (l.JHDKOUT A CO., Publisher, 10 Barclay St.,. V.T. M
A Li J
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Never fall to cure the worst ea.-e. Plcas-nt to take.
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