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THE NATIONAL TKXBUKE: WASHING-TON, D, 0., JUNE 17. 1882.
GOOD NEWS FOR THE BOYS
THE BILL TO EQUIP THE PENSION
BUREAU PASSED BY THE HOUSE.
Brighter Prospects for Claimants How the
Force will lie Distributed An Im
portant Measure That Has Been
Too Xong Delayed Belief
to be Afforded at Last.
Several weeks ago The National Tribune
announced, in advance- of any other journal
published in tho country, tho interesting fact
that tho Committee on Appropriations had
agreed to report a hill largely increasing the
force in tho office of the Commissioner of Pen
sions, and also providing for an increased cler
ical forco in tho Surgeon-General's and Adjutant-General's
Offices, in order to facilitato tho
work of examining tho pending claims of ex
soldiers and sailors. Wo also expressed tho
opinion that tho mcasuro would he passed by
Congress and tho relief so long needed he at
last furnished. That we foreshadowed accur
ately the action of Congress is now shown by
the bill passed by tho House of Representatives a
few days ago increasing the clerical forco by tho
addition of 1,210 clerks. We shall urge imme
diate action on the bill in tho Senate, and feel as
sured that in the next issue of The National
Tribune we will have the pleasure of inform
ing our readers that it has become a law. In
all probability tho increased force will bo ap
pointed by July 1st, and in ordor to afford ac
commodations for them the building at present
used for the Census Bureau will bo placed at
the disposal of Gen. Dudley. The bill provides
that in tho Pension Bureau there shall be an
additional force of S17 clerks at an animal cost
of $1,013,400 authorized as follows : 74 cleric
of class four, 47 of three, 244 of two, 1G5 of ono,
140 at $1,000 each, 107 copyists, at $900 each;
7, at$S40cach; 5, at $720 each; 18 watchmen,
at $720 each ; 10 laborers, at $GG0 each. The
sum of $20,000 is made available to afl'ord addi
tional facilities for tho increased force.
The bill provides for the following additional
force in the office of the Surgeon-General : 21
clerks of class four; 26 of class three; 53 of class
two; 50 of class one; G assistant messengers; 3
watchmen; G laborers, and ono superintendent
of building, at $250. And not less than 300 of
tho clerks herein provided for in tho Surgeon
General's Office shall bo exclusively engaged
in preparing and making reports to expedite
the settlement of pension applications called
for by tho Commissioner of Pensions. For rent
of additional building or buildings for use of
Surgeon-General's Office, $4,000.
in tiie adjutant-general's office
tho following additional force is provided for:
Five clerks of class four ; S of class three ; 12
of class two; 125 of class one, to be exclusively
engaged in preparing and making reports to
expedite tho settlement of pension applications
called for by the Commissioner of Pensions; 7
assistant messengers; 7 watchmen, and 3 labor
ers. For rent of additional building or build
ings for Adjutant-General's Office, $5,000.
Other additional clerics aro provided for as
follows: Twenty additional clerks of class one
in tho Second Auditor's Office.
Additional force in tho Third Auditor's
Office: Five clerks of class three; 7 of class
two, and S of class one. ' '
Additional force in the Second Comptroller's
Office: Four clerks of class four and -1 clerks of
Additional force in tho office of tho Secretary
of War: Two clerks of class three; 3 of class
two; 5 of class one, and two messengers.
THE SUMMARY OF THE ADDITIONAL FORCE
as given above is as follows:
Pension Office ...... 817
Surgeon-General's Office . . 1GG
Adjutant-General's Office . . 167
Secretary of War's Office . . 12
Second Comptroller's Office . 8
Second Auditor's Office . . 20
Third Auditor's Office ... 20
. . . 1,210 $1,742,430
WAR DEPARTMENT INCREASE.
Tho bill provides for additional clerks and
other employees in tho several bureaus and
offices of the War Department, as named below,
who shall be paid from the appropriations made
for the support of the army, and who shall be
in lieu of all "general service" or "detailed
enlisted men" from the army in service in said
Department, and its various subordinate bu
reaus and offices at the seat of government,
during tho fiscal year ending June 30th, 1632:
Office of the Secretary For seven clorks of
class nc; six at $1,000 each ; in all, $14,400.
Office of tho Adjutant General For ten
clerksofclassthree; twenty of class two; fortj'
eight of class one ; five messengers ; thirty-fivo
assistant messengers, and twenty watchmen;
in all, $145,400.
Signal Office For two clerks of class ono;
one clerk at $1,000; one messenger; one mes
senger at $4S0 ; and one laborer at $120; in all,
Office of tho Inspector-General For one
clerk of class one, $1,200.
Bureau of Military Justico For ono clerk of
class three; two of class one; one at $1,000;
and ono messenger; in all, $5,8-10.
Office of the Quartermaster-General For ono
mechanical engineer, $1,800; threo clerks of
class one; eight at $1,000 each; and one mes
senger; in all, $14,210.
Office of the Commissary-General For four
clorks of class one; seven at $1,000 each; in all,
Offico of tho Surgeon-General For ono clerk
of class four ; one messenger boy, nt $360 ; seven
clerks of class one; and fifteen at $1,000 each ;
in all, $2Tf5G0.
Office of tho Chief of Ordnance For two
clerks of clas6 four; sixteen at $1,000 each; and
two messengers; in all, $21,230.
Office of tho Paymaster-General For one
War Department Building For one foreman
of laborers, $1,000.
TRANSFER OF RECORDS.
The Secretary of War is directed by the bill
to transfer all tho records in the oflico of the
Surgeon-General of the Army from which the
evidence is furnished for the settlement of
claims for invalid pensions, and also tho clerks
and others employed upon such records, to tho
office of the Adjutant-General of the Army, if
in his judgment, the work of furnishing Mich
evidence will he facilitated or tho number of
clerks employed upon such work can Ikj mato
rihllv reduced in number by such transfer; and
in the event of such transfer, there shall be sot
apart and used, under the order of tho Secre
tary of War, so much of the funds appropriated
for the contingencies of the Surgeon-General's
Offico as has or may he estimated necessary to
provide the stationery, blank books-, furniture,
and other articles necessary for the use of tho
clerks and others transferred, and for the
proper dispatch of the business upon which
they shall he employed.
The bill also appropriates the pura of $300,000
to pay the traveling expense and subsistence of
250 clerks to bo detailed as special examiners in
pension cases, whose duty shall be to visit tho
homes of claimants and, upon full notice, to
examine witnesses, &., tho object being to as
sist honest claimants and to expose any attempt
REMARKS OF REPRESENTATIVE CANNON.
In discussing that clauso of tho bill Mr. J.
G. Cannon, of Illinois, spoke as follows :
The bill provides a sufficient increase of
clerical and other force in the Pension and
kindred offices to dispose of claims for pensions,
including the current work, within three years
from the 1st day of July next. This provision
has been recommended after careful considera
tion and investigation. On tho 1st of April,
1SS2. there were ponding undetermined 2(5,551
claims for pensions, and as near as can be de
termined it would take eight years to dispose
of the same with the present clerical force in
tho Pension Office, including current work.
Tho act granting arrears of pensions has been
in operation since January 25, 167!), and I am
satisfied cannot and should not be repealed.
A part of thoe entitled to relief under its pro
visions have already received it; and all others
coming within its scope, or within the general
pension laws, should receive the benefit of their
provisions as soon as it is possible to adjudicate
These laws provide for a debt duo to them
from the United States for which, prompted by
patriotism, they rendered far more than an
equivalent in the preservation of the Republic.
Wo have recommended tho largest increase of
forco to adjudicate these claims that can be
worked. It is true a force might be put upon
the examination of claims in the Pension Office
that would complete tho same perhaps in a year,
were it not that tho medical history of the.
claimants in hospital and otherwise mus-t be also
examined before the claim can be adjudicated,
and there is ouly one copy of such records
numbering IS.OOO, and onlya certain number
of persons can examine them at tho same time.
Tho greatest foice that can handle the records
by constant work cannot do it in less than
threo years. It occurred to your committee
that these records could ho photo-lithographed,
and thereby several copies obtained which
would facilitate the work, but on examination
by an expert it was found that their condition
was such that this could not bo done.
The present force in the Pension Office is 712
employees, at an annual cost of $i(S,530. The
committee recommend an additional force of
817 employees, at an annual cost of $1,013,100.
Tho present iorce in the Surgeon-Gene: al's
Office is 257 employees, at an annual cost of
$307,737.(57. Your committee recommend an
additional force of 166 employees, at an annual
cost of $224,290. The present force in the
Adjutant-General's Office is 423 employees, at
an annual cost of $49071.2-1. Your committee
recommen r an additional forco of 1(;7 em
ployees, at an annual cost of $200,660. There
is also a proper increase for the same purpose
recommended in the Second Auditor's, Third
Auditor's, Second Comptroller's Offico, and the
office of the Secretary of War. rendered nt cos
sary to do this work in their respective offices
on account of the increase in the Pension Office.
At the end of those years when those claims
are adjudicated this increased force in all
these offices, as well as a part of the present
iorce, can and should bo dispensed with ; for a
much smaller clerical forco will be able, to do
tho current work when we have once cleared
the docket. Care should be taken to see that
fraudulent claims are not allowed; and at the
same time every facility should be afl'ord ed to
the worthy disabled claimant entitled to tho
benefit of tho law to establish his claim. Having
this double object in view, your committee rec
ommend an appropriation of $300,000 to pay
tho traveling expenses and subsistence of two
hundred and filty clerks to bo detailed as
special examiners, whose duty it will be to go
to the hemes of the claimants and, upon full
notice, to examine witnesses, with tho right to
all parties to examine and cross-examine, and
report tho evidence to tho Commissioner oi
Pensions, thereby exposing the fraudulent and
assisting the honest claimants.
Tho Commissioner estimates that each of
these agents can thus examine two hundred.
and lifty claims a year, making in the aggregate
63.000 claims per annum to be examined by
these special commissioners. The letter of the
Commissioner of Pensions covering these
points I send to tho Clerk's desk to bo read.
The Clerk read as follows:
DEr'T OF THE INTERIOR, TENSION OKFICK,
Washington, D. C April 25, 1SS2.
Dear Sin: Byway of completion of the informa
tion you asked for in our private conversation some
time go, relative to the nmount of work which in
my opinion could be accomplished by r.foree of two
hundred and fifty special examiners in a year, with
tho actual and necessary traveling expenses and
subsistence, at a per diem of 55, I have the honor to
state that the average eot per annum, us the furec
Is now distributed, requiring extensive travel from
point to point, and aflerestimating for the reduction
of expense caused by contracting the amount of
territory to be traversed by each man, will not
vary far from 51,209. Under the enclosed rule. No.
76. 1 shall be nble fas soon as the old Mings are
worked off and tho re-exaininntJon had of ewed
once handled nnder the ex parte system) with a
force of two hundred and filty men to make the
necessary examinations in KJ.OOO eae.s per annum,
or an average of two hundred and fifty-two per
annnm per man. Very respectfully,
"W. "W. Dudley, Commissioner.
Hon. J. G. Cannon,
House of Jteprescntativcs.
Mr. Cannon. If this increase of force is ap
propriated for, it is estimated by tho Commis
sioner of Pensflms that the following sums will
bo required for the payment of pensioners for
the next four fiscal years :
Year ending June 20, 1SS3 $100,000,000
Year ending June 00. 1M1 l.Vi.t.OO.OOO
Year ending .June :, 1W 100.000.000
Year ending Juno 39, 18sG 75,000,000
Total for four years 125,000,000
Of which sum say $30.",,000,000 would be in
part for arrears of pensions, and in part for
235,000 new pensioners, and after that tho pension-roll
bcaiing say 460.000 names would call
for in round numbers 50,000,000 per annum.
I send to the Clerk's desk to be read the letter
of the Commissioner covering these points.
The Clerk read as follows :
Sin: In accordance with your request, I have the
honor to submit herewith the following informa
tion: Number of pensioners on the roll June
SO, 1M1 2G8.830
Estimated number of pensioners on tho
roll January 1, lbH2 277,000
The annual value of the roll January 1,
I860, would be quite 529.750,000
On the basis of the increased clerical force of this
office, now under tho consideration of Congress
the following Mini, it is believed, would be required
to meet the payment of pensions for the next four
fiscal year.-!, ending as follows:
June :J0, 1W3 SICO.000,000
June .'W, 1KI ISo.OtJO.oOO
June u0. sn"5 100,i,0"0
June HO, 1-SbG 75,OUO,OmO
While the yearly expenditure may vary home
from the ilKiircs given, the aggregate for any of
tho two years combined will most proh.il! y be
found as near orrcct as it ii now possible to ste.te.
The expenditure of four hundred and twenty-live
millions in the four years mentioned would involve
the pnymei.t of three hundred and live millions for
arrenrn of pensions on an addition to the roll of
about two hundred and thirty-live thousand new
Allowing for losses to the roll there would bo at
the close of the year 180 about four hundred and
Mxty thousand pensioners on tiie roll with an an
nual value of between fifty and lifly-one millions
Herewith it n tuljle showing results similar to
that published in the President'! Message, but ex
tended to April J, 1&S2.
SUilemnit showiuy tfic condition of the oripinnl inva
lid, u Mow, awl dfj.endeiU claims fileil from lf-OO to
April 1, IS.2, cjccluilui'j bounty-land claim (1,21:1
pending, 92,030 rejrcUU, fe.) and increase claims
(lt,8'.-i pending and abaudomd.)
Number of claims ti'ed to April 1,
NiimiKT of claims admitted to April
1. hv." -100,827
Number of claims pending to April
I, rx 208,55 J
Numbt-rof claims reje.etod and aban
doned to April 1, IKS'.! 71.181
Number of pending clnims (entitled
to benefits of an can act) late war,
regular army and navy . 217,102
Number of above classes not entitled SI, 302
Number of old war claims not en
Number of 112 eluiuii not entitled... 1.2&1
I am, sir, very respectfully.
V. W. Dudley,
CommiMsioner of tensions.
Hon. J. O. Caskos,
House of Rt preventatives.
Mr. Cannon. I believe it in good policy to ay
thepe pension claims in the shortest possible
time for another reason. The time to pay tho
debts of an individual or nation is when he or
it has the money to pay witli. Under existing
revenue laws, al'tci the payment of all expense.
of the (.lOTcrumcuf, including interest, upon
the public debt and excluding the sinking
fund, our surplus revenues amount for ladl to
This fiscal year our surplus will amount, ex
clusivoof the requirements of the sinking fund,
to at least 1H.OOO,0!)0, and tliero is no doubt
for the coming fiscal year, after we shall have
paid every expenditure and obligation of the
Government, including provision for the sink
ing fund and $100,000,000 lor pensions, under
tho operation of the. present revenue laws, we
will still have at least $60,000,4)00 remainingto
be applied to the reduction of the public debt,
and there can he no doubt it is much better to
use the money for the payment of our debt
arising from pensions than it is to have it in
the Treasury a standing temptation to those
who are seeking to promote schemes at the ex
pense of tho Government and foster extrava
gant expenditures. If this money is not used
for these payments and the time of payment is
unduly delayed, not only will an injustice bo
done to the pensioners by tho delay, but tho
time may come when, from business adversities
of the people, tho revenues may fall off and
these debts still remain unpaid, and the alter
native will be presented of either borrowing or
increasing taxation to realize money to meet
Passage of the Kill Granting $10 n Month to Sol
diers who bosl a Limb in the Service.
' On Thursday, tho Sth instant, tho llouso of
Representatives passed tho bill increasing the
pay of pensioners who lost an arm or leg in the
service from $21 to $ 10 a month. Tho bill was
called up by Mr. Curtin, who said:
I ask unanimous consent that the Committee
of the Whole be discharged from the further
consideration of the bill to amend tho pension
laws, and that tho same be considered and
passed at this time. Tho bill was reported from
the Select Committeo on tho Payment of Pen
sions, Bounty, and Hack Pay with amendments.
The bill as proposed to be amended will be
Tho Clerk read as follows:
Jic it enacted. iC-c, That from and after the pnssnge
of this act all persons on the pension-roll, and nil
persons hereafter granted a pension who, while in
th" military or naval servico of tbe United States,
and in the line of duty, tliull hao lost one arm, one
hand, one leg, or one fool, or shall have suffered
disability equal theieto. shall be entitled to n pen
sion of iAO per mouth.
Mr. Komnson, of Massachusetts. That bill
is all right.
The Speaker. If there is no objection the
question will bo upon ordering tho bill as
amended to be engrossed and read a third time.
Mr Hammond, of Georgia. I rose to object
to that bill. I do not know whether it is right
or wrong; but 1 wish to inquire, reserving my
right to object, how any one is to determine
what disabi.itvis equal to tho loss of an arm or
Mr. Rorefon. That is a matter determined
by law. This bill is just and right, and 1 trust
there will be no objection on either side to its
Mr. Cuktin. There is no difficulty in deter
mining the character of the los.
Mr. Miller. This bill should by all means
be passed. The class to be benefitted by it is a
small one, and statistics show that the rate of
mortality among them is very great on account
of tiie serious character of their wounds. It is
quite easy to arrive at tho degree of disability
the pensioner is suffering. It is decided by an
examination made by a board of medical exam
inois, ratified by the Commissioner of Pensions
acting under tho advice of the medical board
of the Pension Department. 1 hope the objec
tion made to this bill will bo withdrawn, and
that tardy justice will bo dono to a class of
Mr. Rorinson, of Massachusetts. A man
may have his arm so injured as to bo wholly
useless, and in such a condition that it might
as well be off the body ; and perhaps it would
he better to have it oil'. This bill would apply
to such a case.
Mr. Hammond, of Georgia. I withdraw the
There being no further objection, the bill as
amended was ordered to bo engrossed for a third
reading, and passed.
A favorablo report will be made by the House
Military Committee to provide for the payment
of 25,000 to tjie persons injured by tho explo
sion of the United Stales Arsenal at Pittsburg
A clause in the Japancso indemnity bill di
rects tho Secretary of tho Treasury to pay from
tho Treasury $1-10,000 as prizo money to the
officers and crews of the United States ship Wy
oming and steamer Takiang, or their legal
representatives, for services in the Straits of
Shimonoseki in 1S63 and 1SG1; no payment to
be mado to the assignees of any mariner, but to
the mariner himself, his legal representatives,
or his or their duly authorized attorney.
The second sub-committee of tho House Com
mittee on Elections, in charge of the contested
election caso of Small (Rep.) against Tillman,
(Dem.,) from the fifth district of South Caro
lina, has adopted a resolution declaring that
Mr. Small was duly elected, and is entitled to
the seat. The sub-committeo will report this
case to the full committeo next Tuesday.
Tho President sent the following nominations
to the Senate Tuesday: Samuel B. Axtcll, of
Ohio, to bo Chief Justico of tho Supremo Court
of the Territory of New Mexico; Rollin M.
Daggett, of Nevada, to bo United States Min
ister Resident to the Hawaiian Islands; Henry
Esporsen, of Wisconsin, to be Receiver of Pub
lie Moneys at Abeideen, Dakota.
rending tho consideration of the legislative
bill in the House Mr. Townshend opposed an
amendment making it a misdemeanor to assess
employees of the Government whose salaries
are provided for in the hill for political pur
poses. The chairman of the Committee of tho
Whole (Mr. Robinson of Mass.) ruled theamend
incnt out on a point of order made against it by
Mr. W. W. Corcoran, the well-known philan
throphist, is lying quito ill at his residence in
Secretary Folger has completed his investi
gation of charges against Internal Revenue
Collector Woodcock, of Nashville, Teun., and
finds them not sustained.
Hon. Alex. H. Stephens has recovcied from
his recent painful accident, and resumed his
seat in tho House.
It is thought that Congress will continue in
session until about the middle pi July tinio
enough to dispose of all pressing legislation if
the members will not waste timo in long
Gen. E. S. Mragg, who was invited to deliver
the oration at the Army of the Potomac Re
union in Deiioit, left this city on Monday night
to fulfill his engagement. An invitation will
be extended to have the next Reunion held in
No roply has as yet been received by the So
licitor of the Treasury from tho Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad Company to his recent letter
relative to the puichas-o of the Harper's Perry
property belonging ro the Government.
The vacancies in the Tariff Commission,
caused by tho declinat ions of ex-Vice-President
Wheeler and Mr. Phelps, will ho filled at onco,
and their names sent to tho Senate. Mr. A. A.
Lowe, of New York, it is sluled was tendered
n place on the commission, but ho has also de
clined. Guiteau expresses his "satisfaction" with
the way in which Mr. Reed has " handled " his
President Aithur is having his cottage at
Long Branch prepared for his sojourn there
during thu dog days.
Secretary Chandler left Washington Monday
afternoon for New Hampshire, accompanied by
his family. Ho will make hut a short stiy,
stopping on his way back to visit the Ports
mouth and Boston navy-yards, arriving hero
in time to be pnscnt at the Grand Army En
campment' in Baltimore.
A bill introduced in tho Senate by Mr. Gar
land provides lor tho settlement by tho court
of all claims for property on vessels carrying
tho United States flag which may have been
destroyed by confedeiate cruisers, without re
gard to the nativity or nationality of tho
claimants, including claims of foreigners, here
tofore dismissed by the former court of com
missioners. Tho amendment provides that
foreign claimants shall prove to tho satisfac
tion of tho court that they were never in tho
service of tho onemies of the United States and
never gave aid or comfort to the late rebellion.
REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
"Wiirr.E tho debate was going on in tho House
of Representatives a few days ago considerable
merriment was created (precisely why we fail
to appreciate) when the item appropriating
$32,323 to pay a deficieucy in the Yorktown
celebration was taken up. It was shown that
on a singlo steamer the bill for champagne,
whisky, and cigars was $G,520. Mr. Dingley,
of Maine, very properly protested against tho
disgraceful way in which tho money had been
expended, and some other members character
ized the whole affair as a "big drunk." Mr.
Tucker, of Virginia, remarked that it would
never have done to allow the Frenchmen to
drink by themselves, and with this " explana
tion" tho bill was passed. Congress hadvit
will bo recollected, previously appropriated
$10,000 for the celebration, and yet the expend
itures woro nearly double that sum. If such
extravagant appropriations as these aro to bo
made, is it asking too much for Congress to pay
thc debt it contracted to soldiers twenty years
All of the first-class cadet midshipmen wero
successful in tho late examination at tho Naval
Academy. Tho list of graduates is as follows :
Cadet Midshipmen Lewis Nixon, Va.; Spen
cer S. Wood, Wm. B. Bailey, Geo. E. Kent, and
Wm. B. Duncan, N. Y. ; Jas. G. Doyle, Wm. J.
Grambs, and P. N. McGrifiiu, Pa.; Edwin A.
Anderson, N. C. ; Louis S. Bennett, N. J. : John
S. Blandin, Henry A. Horst, and Lorenzo
Semplo, Ala. ; John T. Arnold, Wy. T. ; 1L II.
Eames, Me. ; W. R. M. Field and Hammond
Fowler, Va. ; Wm. B. Fletcher, Vt. ; L. S. Gwyn,
and Joseph L. Jaync, Miss.; Marbury John
ston, W. N. King, Jr., and Jacob G. McWhorten,
Ga. ; W. L. Howard, Conn.; Herman II. Kcn
kel, Minn.; Albeit L. Key. Tenn. : Clarence
Martin, La.; Finley A. McNutt, Ind.; Walter
T. Payne and Thomas C. Prince, Ohio; Fclton
Parker, Iowa; L. R. Savage, 111.; Frederick H.
Stable, Cal. ; E. W. Sutphen, Neb.; and Na
thaniel M. Hubbard, John M. Poyer, and Sam
uel A. W. Patterson, appointed at large.
Cadet Engineers Emil Theiss, Wis. ; P. E.
Coley, N. Y. ; W. R. Addicks. W. II. Chambers,
Jos. H. Pendleton, and Chits. E. Rummell, Pa.;
Arthur II. Clark and Chas. II. Ilowland, R. I.;
Frank II. Conant, Mass.; W. H. P. Crcighton,
W. B. Day, John C. Leonard, Harry Ch Leopold,
and Ward P. Winchell, Ohio ; George R. Fer
guson, Conn. ; Robert W. Gatewood and James
II. Fitts, Va.; Otto C. Gsantner, N. J.: Harry
L. Hawthorne, Ky.; Robert B. Higgins, Md.;
Petor Miller, Kan.; and Clarence C. Willis,
It is estimated that the speculations in wheat
now going on in Chicago will force the price
up to $2 a bushel in July. Tho market is re
ported to bo over sold 20,000,000 bushels.
The high price of beef is said to be caused
by forces other than tho mere combinations of
butchers. During the past nine years cattle
have been shipped to Europe at the rate of four
or five thousand head per week ; this enor
mous drain of course taxing tho beef-producing
sections heavily. Tho sovere winter of 1SS0-'51,
and tho drouth that followed, are also spoken
of as contributing causes for tho advance in
The leading event on the English turf during
the recent Ascott meeting was the race for the
gold cup, in which tho famous American horse
Foxhall scored a brilliant triumph over the
most noted English thorough-breds. There
was a very fashionable attendance, including
tho Prince and Princess of Wales. Foxhall
Avas the great attraction in the paddock during
the luncheon interval, and the horse was pro
nounced by all good judges to bo in grand con
dition. When tho flag fell Faugh-a-Ballagh
took the lead, with Petronel next and Foxhall
last. Odds of 2 to 1 were laid freely on Foxhall
in the early part of the day, but in running the
champion was lying so far away from his op
ponents that tho fieldera offered to take 6 to 4.
His paco at the ontsct was somewhat slow, but
after half a mile Faugh-a-Ballagh, obeying his
mission, increased it considerably, and held
such a strong lead for tho next mile and a half
that many people thought that Foxhall could
not possibly catch him. On entering the
straight, however, the two favorites drew up,
and for a moment it looked likearace between
them. But Petronel weakened when the pinch
came, and Foxhall had but to wait with the
three-year old and beat him by a neck, with
out Cannon really having to call upon him for
an effort. For a long way it had seemed almost
impossible for Foxhall to make up his ground,
but after coming round the turn he ran up,
and, after an exciting race, during which
Faugh-a-Ballagh was severely punished, Fox
hall won, his jockey not touching him with
On returning no horse could have received a
more enthusiastic reception, and on entering
tho weighing-in enclosure the hero of tho day
va instantly surrounded by the elite of tho
company in the royal enclosure. His grand
appearance was tho universal expression, and
it may be safely said that no horse has ever
won the great prize whose excellence and well
turned pretensions wet e so well acknowledged
on all sides.
Tin: nominations made by the President to
constitute tho Tariff Commission, now beforo
the Senate, aro as follows:
William A. Wheeler, of New York, (chair
man); declined to serve.
John L. Hayes, of Massachusetts.
Henry W. Oliver, Jr., of Pennsylvania.
Austin M. Garland, of Illinois.
Jacob Ambler, of Ohio.
Johu S. Phelps, of Missouri: declined to
Robert P. Porter, of the District of Colum
bia. John W. II. Underwood, of Georgia.
Duncan F. Kenncr, of Louisiana.
Tin: Senate has confirmed the following
E. J. Brulatour, of Louisiana, to bo secretary
of legation at Paris.
John W. Howell, to be collector of customs at
Thomas Wing, of Illinois, to be register of
land oflico at Prescott, Arizona.
Matthias Woolley. to bo postmaster at Long
Branch, N. J., and John W. Arnold at Colum
A'r a Republican House caucus the Ways and
Means bill for the reduction of internal rove
nuo was discussed but no conclusion reached.
The general sentiment, however, as indicated
by the tenor of tho speeches was decidedly op
posed to any sweeping reduction of Internal
revenue taxos at this session of Congress. It ih
intimated thai a strong effort will ho made to
remove tho tax upon bank deposits and checks,
matches, and proprietary medicines, hut it is
to bo hoped such will not he tho case at leant
until tho Govornnitut pays tho soldiers the
debt it lias so long owed them.
The following members of the graduating
class of cadets in tho revenue marine service
have successfully completed their final exami
nation, and are now eligible for appointment
to tho grade of third lieutenant in tho revenue
marino service, viz: George A. Starkweather,
of Wisconsin; Edward F. Kimball, of Maine;
Wm. E. W. Hall, of Maryland ; Charles D. Ken
nedy, of Massachusetts; John C. Cantwell; of
North Carolina; John C. Mooro, of Maryland;
Horace West, of Pennsylvania, and Augustus
Y. Lowe, of Illinois. Tho names are given hi
the ordor of merit.
The annual decoration of the graves of tho
confederate soldiers buried in the Blandford
Cemetery took place yesterday at Petersburg.
Va. The Petersburg artillery paraded and fired
a National salute from Memorial Hill. It was
the eighteenth anniversary of the first attack
made on Petersburg by the Federal army.
The criminal news of a single week makes
a sad showing of boyish depravity. A boy of
Belleville, 111., killed tho girl who rejected his
addresses on account of his dissipation. Two
Arkansas boys quarreled over a rabbit hnnt,
and one slew the other with an axe. A St.
Louis boy stabbed the playmate who teased
him for his ignorance of English. A West
Virginia boy shot his rival in a girl's affections.
A Virginia boy confesses the poisoning of two
persons. A Texas boy shot a littlo girl be
cause she refused to put down a pail when ho
ordered her to. A Kansas boy is on trial for
intentionally drowning a playfellow. Two
Wisconsin boys maltreated a child nearly to
death. Three boys pleaded guilty to highway
robbery in Chicago. An Iowa boy is a forger.
A Missouri boy set fire to a house. A Colorado
horse thief is aged eight years, and none of tho
other criminals mentioned was over sixteen.
Mrs. Melville, tho wife of tho engineer of
the Jeannette, has complained bitterly of the
way Lieut. Dancnhowcr has treated hor. Sho
says that he made no effort to corno to see her,
although he passed on tho railroad within siht
her house, and that she has not heard from of
him dircctlj- except when he telegraphed de
clining her invitation to visit her: although
she sent congratulations to him immediately on
his arrival in New York. LieEt. Danenhower
declines to take any notice of this publication.
He is conscious, he says, of having no intention
of neglecting her, and if ho had known that
his train passed so near Mrs. Melvillo's he
would have stopped to sec her.
The Republican State Convention of Maino
met at Portland and nominated Col. Frederick
Robie for Governor and Thomas B. Reed, Nel
son Dingley, Jr., Seth D. Millikin, and Charles
A. Bou telle as congressional candidates. Over
1,300 delegates wero present, and there was
great enthusiasm manifested.
The resolutions adopted assort tho rtght of a
free ballot and honest count as a fundamental
principle of republican government; tender
tho thanks of tho people of Maine to the repub
lican majority in Congress for their firm set
against the tissuo ballot frauds which have
heretofore made a solid South ; deplore the un
timely death of President Garfield, and tender
to President Arthur assurance of confidence in
his administration, and an approval of the
moderate and patriotic course pursued by him
amid tho embarrassing circumstances inevita
bly attending such a national' crisis.
In his testimony before tho nouso Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs Mr. Blaine, when
giving an account of his interview with the
agent of the Credit Industriel, recalled an
anecdote of the late Edwin M. Stanton, which
he related to tiie Frenchman to illustrate tho
position in which his company wanted to place
the United Stitcs. When Mr. Stanton was
Secretary of War lie took the telegraph lines
! under military control and appointed Mr.
I Sand ford military superintendent of ttlc-
grapns. When Mr. Sandford came to Wash
ington to get his instructions Mr. Stanton
handed him a commission as assistant adjutant
general, with the rank of colonel. Mr. Sand
ford said he did not want that. "But," said
Mr. Stanton, "I want you to have it; because
I if you do npfcr&ejiavc yourself I want to have
you where you can be court-martialed and
Tni-: Presidont sent the following nomina
tions to the Senate on Wedne.-day :
Daniel II. Pinney, of Illinois, to bo associate
justice supremo court of Arizona.
Treasury John N. Knapp to he collector
infernal revenue for Twenty-fourth district
of Now York; Cadet George A. Starkweather,
to be third lieutenant Tcvenue service of U.S.;
Cadet John C. Cantwell, to bo third lieutenant
revenue service of U.S.; Cadet W. E. W. Hall, to
be third lieutenant revenue service of U.S.;
Cadet Jno. C. Moore, to be third lieutenant
revenue service of U. S.: Cadet Chas. D. Ken
nedy, to bo third lieutenant revenue service of
the U.. S. ; Cadet Edward F. Kimball, to be
third lieutenant revenue service of U. S. ; Ca
det Augustus Y. Lowe, to be third lieutenant
revenue service of U. S. : Cadet Horace B.
West, to be third lieutenant revenue service of
State John Fowler, of New York, to be
consul at Trinidad.
WHAT IS GOING ON ABROAD.
Serious riots broke out on Monday between
the hostile nations and Europeans, at Alexan
dria, during which several persons were killed
and wounded and a number of houses de
stroyed. The disturbances continued some time
j before the authorities took any steps to sup
press them. The English consul was severely
hurt, receiving a gunshot wound. An engineer
of tho British man-of-war Superb was killed.
The Greek consul and the Italian vice-consul
were also severely wounded. It is estimated
that 100 persons were killed. The disturbances
continued five hours, when a body of milrnry
appeared anil dispersed the rioters. A Gal
way landlord, named Walter M. Bonrkc. of Ra
hasunc, who has been threatened for some time,
was shot dead at three o'clock near Castle Tay-
Mor, near Athenry. A private soldier, who
formed one of his escort, also fell under the
deadly firo which was directed against this
latest victim of agrarian vengeance. Bourke
was on tho way from Gort to his residence
It has been decided not to cremate at least
for tho present tho remains of General Gari
baldi. The body was interred with military
and civic honors at Cuprera. The funeral core
monies began at 3:45 o'clock and closed at 5
o'clock. A storm of wind and rain raged tho
whole time. The eoilin, covered with garlands
and flowers, was borne by some of the sur
vivors of the thousand of Marsala, and was
followed by the Duke of Gcnoi. Signor Zanar
delli. General Ferrcro, the representatives of
both Chambers, and delegates of three hundred
various associations. Speeches were delivered
at the grave by the vice-president of tho
senate, the president of the chamber of depu
ties Uio two cabinet ministers present, and
Signor Crispi. All applaudod the deeds of the
deceased. As tho coffin was lowered into the
grave salutes were fired by Italian men-of-war.
stfi-r:h!irlis Dilke said in tho British House
of Commons Tuesday that thf present anarchy
I in Egypt would not be allowed to continue
I A Spanish man-of-wav has been dispatched to
' Alexandria Tho crop prospects in Franco,
i Holland. Germany, and Southern Russia, are
reported to bo highly favorable The Cir of
RticSia has approved a resolution of the Im
perial Council in favor of establishing a bank
to facilitate, tho acquisition of land by peas-
:luts A daughter has been born to the Cwtr.
Tho infant will be named Olga.
Major-Genera! Hancock, commanding tho
department of tho east, has given orders for
tho light battery and foot hatterios of the sec
ond artillery stationed at Washingten Bar
racks, D. C.and at Fort McHenry, Md.. to go
into summer camp at Gaithcrsburg, .Md., as soon
as practicable with Col. R. B. Ayres in command.
WHAT C0HGBESS IS DOING.
Tho most important matters that occupies
tho attontion of Congress during the we '
wore tho legislative, judical and executive hi1?
which makes provision for the long-prom:-
increased clerical force in the Pension Bureau,
and tho bill granting an increase to $-10 r
month to soldiers who lost an arm ora leg v
the service, which was promptly passed by til
In the Senate on Thursday, June 8, the bil
to pay claims of tho States of Texas, Oregon .
and Nevada, and tho Territories of Wtishieg
ington and Idaho for the expense ot repolli:;
invasions was taken up in committee, dis
cussed and passed. Tho bill to increase the
pay of pensioners who lost an arm or a leg in
tho service was read twice and referred to the
Committee on Pensions. Tho District of Co
lumbia appropriation bill was passed.
On Friday in the Senate a bill was passed
appropriating $6,S50 to pay the claims of officers
and enlisted men of the Second Regiment U. 3.
Artillery, caused by the wreck of the trans
port bark Torrent in 1SG3. The Japanese in
demnity bill was further considered.
There was no session of the Senate on Satur
day. On Monday in tho Senate Mr. Mitchell pre
sented a memorial from the Maimed Soldiers'
Association, of Philadelphia, praying the pass
age of tho bill granting an increaso to $40 a
month of soldiers who lost a limb in the ser
vice. Several bills for the payment of personal
pension claims wero introduced and referred.
A bill was considered granting each Senator a
clerk at a salary of $1,200 per annum. The
Japancso indemnity bill was further discussed
and an amendment adopted to payback tho
exact amount received, $755,000. The Judici
ary Committeo reported a hill disqualifying
from appoiutmont to any position in the army
all persons who held position in the array and
navy and afterwards entered the confederate
service. By a vote of 30 to 1G the Senate re
fused to consider the Tariff Commission nomi
nations in open session.
In the Senato on Tuesday, the Committee on
Pensions reported upon several personal claimst
some favorably, which were placed on the cal
endar. Bills were passed granting tho use of
tents, Sec, to tho Northwestern Missouri and
'Southwestern Iowa Veteran Soldiers' Associa
tion, to the Governor of Minnesota, and to the
Governor of Colorado, to be used for camp pur
posesall such to be returned in good condi
tion. Tho bill authorizing each Senator to
employ a clerk at a salary of $1,200 per annum
was rejected yens, 20; nays, 23. The bill pro
viding for an improved water supply for the
District of Columbia was passed. The Japanese
indemnity bill was passed.
Among tho bills introduced on Wednesday
in the Senate was one to create the office of
Assistant Secretary of the Navy, which wus
, indefinitely postponed. The bill to paycerta n
, Southern mail contractors was partly coua le
ered, and when this report closed the Sena e
was considering the whisky bond extension
In the House en Thursday, the bill gwuiH .-,
an increase to $10 a mouth to pensioners v. :..
had lost an arm or a leg was passed. (Notice!
elsewhere. Tho House in Committee of tl
whole considered the general deficiency b: I.
and it was subsequently passed. The legi-I'-tive,
judicial and executive appropriation .
was reported to the House. Noticed el. -where.
A bill was introduced grcuiiiag lb i:
condemned cannon to Otis Chapman Post, No.
103, of Chicopee, Mass. Referred.
In the House on Friday, the consideration oa
the legislative, judicial and executive bill v.-..'.
resumed. During the debate Mr. Joyce nu i
an able and patriotic speech in behalf of tl .
honest claims of the soldier -which wereg.
we cannot find space forln the present issi:..
It will appear next week, and should rece:v.
the careful consideration of every ex-soldier. r
the land. Ed. N. T. At the evening sesiou
nineteen personal pension bills woropasiod.
In tho House on Saturday, the consideration,
of the legislative, judicial and executive ap
propriation Mil was resumed, thv subject oi
incressing the clerical force in the Pension E i
rcau being discussed at length. Mr. Cannon
explained that under the terms of increase, as
pioposod. the claims could all be cxamin-.d
within a period of three years, and the extra
force crtild then be dismissed, ending debate
the committee rose and the House adjourned.
On Monday in the House the bill making
army retirements compulsory at the age of
(54 was concurred in. Air. Carxienter intro
duced a resolution to grant the use of tents
for a soldiers' reunion at Nevada, Iowa. Mr.
Crapo introduced a bill granting condemned,
cannon to William Logan Rodman Post, No.
1, for monumrntal purples; also a bill giving
condemned cannon to the G. A. R. Post at
Fall River, Mass. Mr. Stone introduced bills
granting cannon to Charles Sumner Post of
Groveland, Mass., and to the G. A. R. Post of
Marblehcad, Mass. Mr. Neal introduced a
bill giving four condemned cannon to Dick
Lambert Tost, and Mr. Beach a bill granting
four cannon and four cannon-balls to the town
Cornwall, N. Y., for monumental purposes. A
large number of formal pension bills wore in
troduced. In tho House on Tuesday a resolution was
adopted authorizing tho Secretary of War to
erect at a cost of $10,000 a memorial column
at Washington's headquarters in tho city of
Ncwberg. N. Y and appropriating :?15,000
to aid in defraying the expenses of the cele
bration to be held in "that city in 1SS3 on
the centennial anniversary of the declaration
of pence. The bill for an improved system of
wter supply in the District of Columbia was
passed. The legislative, judical and executive
bill was taken up and several amendments
wore adopted, pending the consideration of
which the House at a late hour adjourned.
On Wednesday in the House tho considera
tion of tno legislative, judicial and executive
appropriation bill was resumed. The section
providing for tho transfer of all records of
pension claims from the Office of the Adjutant
General to the Nw State, War and Navy I) .
purtment building was discussed, and au
amendment offered to strike it out was re
jected. After several other amendments had
been disposed of tho bill was finally passed.
It now goes to the Senato.
It is slated that in the appointments to he
made in tho Pension Bureau there wiil be
very few if any ladies.
The Hou.-e Committee on Pensions has acrecd
to recommend the passage of a bill grunting a
pension of $(-.00 per year to Mis. Betty Taylor
Dandridgc, daughter of Presidont Taylor.
GREAT DEMAND FOR BEATTY'S ORGANS
Bcatty's Beethoven Organ is meeting with,
wonderful sale. Nearly two thousand veto
manufactured and shipped during tho mon-'!-of
May from his factory at Washington, N. .
A special ten-day offer is mado to tho readers of
The National Tribune iu another column.