Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 01, 1882, Page 7, Image 7',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, I). C, JULY 1, 1882.
There nre no -word? in our cold English tongue
Where hope nnd joy are kin alike to pain.
Farewell, wo say, and the sad heart is wrung
Only farewell; there is no tcicdcrsclin.
No wish expressed, no joyous hope that when
The voyage is ended o'er the dnng'rous main,
The desert crowed, the trial done that then
Wc who have parted thus, may meet again.
Not so farewell the German sailor cries;
Not so good-by sad sweetheart unto swain.
I go to come he is not dead who dies;
Good-by, sweet love but till we meet again.
Auf tcicdertchn n hundred thoughts in one;
The double joy that recompenses pain;
There is a rising as" a setting sun ;
Good-by, sweet love, good by auf iciedersehn.
Aufxncdersthn good-by, but not for aye;
Thou still shalt bo my one sweet song's refrain.
Though thou dost go, thus ever shalt thou stay;
Good-by, sweet love, good-by auf tcicdcrscJtn.
Auf iciedersehn good-by, good-by; and when
Hope hath in trust tho wicked absence slain,
I will be with you every hour ; till then,
Good-by, sweet love, good-by auf tciedersthn.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. 0.
Correspondence is solicited to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tribune, C15 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. 0., will be appreciated.
Culture of Tobacco: By C. E. Ross,
Oxford, Ohio. I. Not having seen anything
in The Tribune on the culture of tohacco,
and as the culture of the icecd is pursued by
many, I beg to present my mode and
First, I bum the bed for the seed. This is
done by collecting sufficient quantity of
logs, or brush, and burning them upon the
ground intended to be sown. Yon need not
be afraid of burning too much, as this is
difficult to do if the ground is dry. Then
dig up the bed three inches deep, and rako
it quite smooth, mixing the soil and ashes
thoroughly. Then sow the seed at the rate
3 of a tablespoonful to about ten feet square.
When this is done pack the bed by tramping
it over (unless the ground is wet); this
settles the seed so that it vegetates sooner
and more regularly. Tobacco seed does not
need much covering. Then cover the bed
with brush to prevent it from becoming too
dry. The seed should be sown as soon in
the spring as the ground will do to work,
never later than the 20th of March.
The next work to be done is to prepare
the ground for the reception of the young
plants. Plow the groupd deep and harrow
it down smoothly; then furrow it in fur
rows about three and a half feet apart.
Any time after the 20th of May, until well
up in. June is a good time for transplanting.
The ground should be moist at the time of
planting to ensure the growth of the plant.
The young plants should be drawn care
fully from the bed so as not .to bruise them.
In setting them in the hill be.careful to put
the roots in, straight and press the soil
around them. In tho course of a week or
ten days you can commence plowing and
and hoeing the plants. , Be very careful not
to loosen the plants in plowing, and draw
the loose soil around them with the hoe
without breaking the crust around the
roots. The crop should be plowed and hoed
three or four times. After the worms com
mence working on it, go over the plants two
or three times a week and pick tbeni off.
Tobacco should be topped at fourteen leaves;
never topped higher, as the top leaves will
not fill out and ripen and, consequently, will
be frozen in the barn.
I would recommend the ""White Burley"
-as the most profitable kind to raise. (Con
tinued next week.)
"When to Cut Grasses. For some years
past the Chemical division of the Agricul
tural Department has been engaged in the
valuable work of analyzing various grasses
in reference to the food values at various
stages of growth. With regard to the best
time to harvest grasses the following sum
mary is given: " It is apparent, then, that
in most cases the time of bloom, or there
abouts, is the fittest for cutting grasses in
order to obtain the most nourishment and
largest and relatively profitable crops; and
for the following reasons: The amount of
water has diminished and the shrinkage
will therefore be less. The weight will be
largest in proportion to the nutritive value
of its constituents. The amount of nitro
gen not present as albumenoids will be at
its lowest point; fibre will not be so exces
sive as to prevent digestion, and the nutri
tive ratio will be more advantageous.
. "If cut earlier, the shrinkage is larger,
although the fibre is less and albumen is a
little larger. The palatability may be in
creased, but the total nutriments to the
acre will not be so large, and the nutritive
- ratio will be more abnormal.
"The disadvantages of late cutting are
evident in digestibility of the nutriments
and the falling off of the albumen by con
version into amides. This is not made up
by the larger crop cut."
Is Farming Profitable? In discuss
ing this subject before the Deer Creek Farm
ers' Club of Maryland, Judge Jas. D. Watters,
said, among other things, as follows: "Suc
cess in agriculture, as well as in other em
ployments, though not to the same extent,
is not uniform, but, within certain limits,
depends upon individual energy and capac
ity. Its crowning excellence is that for the
industrious worker there is no absolute fail
ure. It is a self-evident .proposition that the
present wealth of the world has been mainly
derived from agriculture. Therefore farming
must have paid somebody. If it has nox paid
the farmer sufficiently it must have been the
fault of farmers themselves, as they have been
in the majority. '"Whether the burthens of
society are made to bear unduly upori farm
ers is a proper matter for them to consider.
If farmers remit to politicians a subject
which so vitally concerns their interests,
they have no right to complain if trie final
denninatiou is reached from the politician's
standpoint instead of the farmer's." j
Circular Concerning SugajU. The
Commissioner of Agriculture has fesued a
circular letter to the manufacturers Kf sugar
from sorghum, beets, and other sugar pro
, ducing plants. In alluding to former exper
iments made by the Department, the results
of 1881 'are hpecially noted as follows: "In
assuming my duties in 1631 I found 13j acres
qf sorghum planted near the city for tUie use
of the Department. ForUy-twp
uses of the crop was destroyed hy frost.
The yield of cane per acre on the ninety
three acres gathered was two and a half
tons, the number of gallons of sirup obtained
was 2,977, and the number of pounds of su
gar was 1G5. The expense of raising the
cane, and its manufacture was SS,557.01.
The manufacture of sorghum at the Depart
ment, therefore, has been found to be so ex
pensive and unsatisfactory that tho work can
evidently be better conducted elsewhere.
"While such strictly scientific investiga
tions as may be deemed necessary will be
continued by the Department, the experi
ment of manufacturing can be better con
ducted by those who have thus far furnished
us all the valuable information we have; and
this work I refer to the manufacturers them
selves, to whom I submit the following prop
osition: "Each manufacturer is requested to submit
an account of his work to the Department,
covering the following points, viz :
"1st An accurate account of the number of
acres of cane brought to tho mill, the nura
bei? of tons manufactured, the yield per acre,
the mode of fertilizing, the time of planting,
the time required for maturing the plant,
and the value of the crop as food for cattle
after juice has been expressed.
"2d. The amount of sugar manufactured,
the amonnt yielded per ton of cane, tho
quality of the sugar, the amount of sirup
manufactured, the process of manufacture,
the machinery used, the success of the evap
orator, the vacuum pan, and the centrifugal
in the work of manufacturing.
" 3d. The number of hands employed in the
mill, the cost of fuel, the cost of machinery,
the wages paid for labor, and tho price of
sorghum at the mill if not raised by tho
"The returns, when received, will be sub
mitted to a competent committee for exami
nation, and in order to compensate the man
ufacturers for the work of making these re
turns I promise to pay for the ten best re
turns the sum of $1,200 each, the decision to
be made by the aforesaid committee. Each
return must be sworn to before a competent
Geraniums as Bedding Plants. The
scarlet geranium is one of the most satisfac
tory of bedding plants for a sunny, dry cli
mate. Tne variety known as " Gen. Grant "
has maintained its reputation as one of the
best of the single flowering kinds for nearly
twenty years. This was imported under the
name of "King of Scarlets," a name which it
held for several years, until it received the
name by which it is now and has for many
years been known.
It is still one of the most reliable sorts for
fine growth and large heads of flowers.
Single varieties of all colors are now being
superseded by semi-double and double kinds.
For outdoor decoration the semi-double sorts
are preferable; the colors are of tho best, and
the flowers are more lasting than those of the
single flowering sorts. Tlie heaviest double
flowering sorts are much inferior for border
decoration to the semi-double, but for green
house flowers during winter and spring they
are very superb. The variegatedMeaved sorts
are also valuable for greenhouses, but for
summer bedding plants, except in Northern
localities, they are of no use whatever.
FI&es on Horses. The tendon'' 1$ ity
Kcws recommends, to prevent the torment
inflicted by the flies on horses, an amplication
to the latter, before harnessing, of a mixture
of one part crude carbolic acid with six or
more parts of olive oil. This should be
rubbed lichtly all over the animal with a
rag and applied more thickly to the interior
of the ears and other parts most likely to
be attacked. This application' may need to be
repeated in the course of the day, "bit t while
any ordor of the acid remains the flies de
cline to settle, and the horse is free from
Thinning the Fruit. It has been re
marked that "when our fruit is most
abundant it is of the poorest quality."
There is a good deal of truth in the remark,
and it comprises a mild kind of censure
upon fruit-growers, especially when it is
found that a year of great abundance is fol
lowed by one of great scarcity. .Reasoning
abstractly upon this condition of things,
it might be concluded that good fruit would
be the rare exception as seen in our mar
kets, and the reasoning is not far from being
borne out in fact, as all who have studied
tho various fluctuations of our fruit markets
can readily indorse. To secure the best
quality of fruit, trees must .not be allowed
to overbear that is, to bear more fruit than,
tho tree is able to ripen to a normal degree
of perfection, and thus large quantities of
fruit are produced, and that of a very in
ferior quality, to be followed by a season of
scarcity, causing the alternations of a bear
ing year and a harrcn year in orchards. The
comparatively inferior heavy crop checks
the growth of the tree to that extent that
the following season is required for its re
cuperation. This can bo obviated by a little
careful management in thinning out the
fruit when it has set in excess. By this
means a moderate crop of tho best quality
of fruit can be secured yearly and orchards
be made doubly remunerative as compared
with the let-alone system of management.
The greatest objection to thinning fruit on
trees is its cost, but those who have had the
courage to meet this extra labor have found
it to be a profitable outlay. It is always
wise to economize labor, but that does not
mean that it is wisdom towithhold labor
when it can be employed profitably, and
those who have experience in thinning out
peaches when the trees, were 'overloaded
maintain that it is an outlay which pays
better than any other expenditure on the
Harvesting Wheat. Experiments in
dicate that the best time to cut wheat is
shortly after it passes the milky condition
and toughens to a doughy consistency.
Yhen harvested thus early the grain is
heavier and better and makes better flour
than when it is perfectly ripe before being
cut An experiment, among others, is re
corded of a farmer who harvested his wheat
at three different stages of three days apart,
and then had 100 .pounds of each harvest
made into flour, with tho following result:
That cut in the milky state gave 75 pounds
of flour, 7 pounds of shorts, and 10 pounds
of bran per 100 pounds of urain; that cut
in the dough gave 80 pounds of flour, 5
poundH of shorts, and 13 pounds of bran,
and that cut when fully ripe gave 72 pounds
of flour, 11 pounds of shorts, and 15 pounds
of bran There was two pounds of waste
in each lot. Early cut wheat also measurably
escapes the evil eficcts of rust. When rust
attacks wheat it rapidly .deteriorates the
stem, so that a fow days may render it com
Daphne Cneorum. This is one of those
plants which, as is sometimes remarked
about certain things, "should be in every
garden." It forms an elegant little shrub,
which produces freely of its rosy-pink
sweet-scented blossoms. The fragrance is
delightful, as is that of most Daphnes. A
light, somewhat sandy soil, and a partially
shaded situation, are favorable to its growth.
It is a very hardy plant. It is also an excel
lent plant for winter flowering in the green
house or conservatory. Good healthy plants
may be lifted about the end of 'October and
potted. They can be set in the shade for a
few weeks, after which they can be removed
to a greenhouse, or a parlor will suit them
well after they have become well established
in the pots.
Nutrition of Plants and Animals
Compared. There exists a strong analogy
between the vegetable and animal kingdom
in this: that very much depends upon the
condition of the food which is presented as
to its capability of being assimilated by the
plant or animal.
For example : although plants require a
certain amount of potash and of phosphoric
acid for their development, it has been con
clusively proven that if the former be pre
sented firmly locked up in chemical combi
nation, as in feldspar, it is practically una
vailable to the plant. So, too, if phosphoric
acid bo introduced into the soil in the form
of a very difficultly-soluble phosphate, as
powdered apatite, that no good results follow
from such application. So, too, leather chips,
though rich in nitrogen, will for years with
hold this important element from the plant
which, although adjacent to such supply,
suffers from its inability to appropriate it.
In like manner, with reference to animal
food, the real nutritive value of food depends
rather upon the ability of the animal to di
gest and assimilate it than upon the chem
ical composition of such food. To illustrate:
Cellulose and starch have absolutely the
same per centage composition of carbon,
hydrogen, and oxygen ; but while the value
of starch as food is universally conceded, the
worthlessuess of cellulose is as universally
admitted. The reason is that starch when
taken into the Stomach is readily digested
and taken into the blood, while elluloso
resists any such chemical change and is elim
inated from the body unchanged.
Irrigation. In fields benriug perennial
plants, with roots that penetrate to no great
depth, injurious matters gradually collect
which are hurtful to the growth of future
generations of plants. The irrigation of
meadows appears to accomplish the impor
tant object, among oth?rs, of removing these
injurious matters by the oxygen and by the
carbonic acid dissolved in water, which pen
etrates the ground, and brings it into a con
dition similar to that produced by careful
Experiments wrrn Sorghum. From a
report of experiments with sorghum at tho
Experimental Farm, Madison, Wisconsin, we
extract the following important facts:
"Development. In this the anatyses showed
the usual rise in cane sugar and falling off
of glucose up to the ripening of tho seed.
This fact has long been well established, but
it has been partly forgotten by later growers,
which is not surprising, seeing that molasses
or sirup has mainly been the object of. cul
ture for many years, so that the period when
cane sugar most abounded was a matter of
" Effect of leaving cane cut in the field. A
number of stalks still in good condition, the
juice of which contained 9.50 cane sugar and
3.25 glucose, were cut and left in the field
ten days during almost constant rain. At
the end of the ten days the juice contained
5.9S cane sugar and G.15 glucose. Early
Orange cane was cut September 20bh, when
the juice contained 10.50 cane sugar and A 95
glucose, and was left in the field till No
vember 2d, when the juice contained 13.80
glucose, while not a trace of cane sugar was
present. These experiments show conclu
sively that if cane is cut or injured and left
exposed to rain, the destruction of cane su
gar goes on very rapidly, being in time en
tirely changed into glucose.
"Effects of leaving cane under shelter. In
order to ascertain the effect of leaving cine
under cover, two tons of Early Amber cane
were cut, the juice containing 10.02 per cent,
of cane sugar and -3.23 per cent, of glucose.
One half was lopped and stripped and both
lots were placed on tho floor of the barn.
The change taking place may be seen from
the following : September 20th, when freshly
cut, there was 10.02 cano sugar and 3.23 glu
cose; by December 20th, it had changed to
cane sugar, 8.45, glucose, G.80.
"Effect of leaving cane stripped in the field.
One part of a patch of cane was stripped of
leaves and left standing in tho field from
September 15th to September 22d. It was
tl ''lit, and the juice, together w:h some
had not been stripped, wa. analyzed,
. ,ih the following result:
" Cane stripped for one week : cane sugar,
11.05; glucose, 3.25. Same cane not stripped:
cane sugar, 12.98; glucose, 2.78."
These results are instructive and very val
uable, as some of the points have been sub
jects of considerable dispute.
The Myrtle. Tho common myrtle,
Myrtm communis, is a classic plant. It is
one of tho oldest cultivated plants for orna
ment It is supposed to be a native of West
ern Asia, although abundant in the South of
Europe. The plant was highly prized by the
ancients. Athenian magistrates wore wreaths
of it' as a badge of office, and victors in the
Olympic games were decorated with its
brauches. They also used various parts of
the plant in cookery, and in the preparation
of drinks; a beverage called myrtidanum is
made from the berries. The fruits have a
sweetish, aromatic taste, and are used both
in the fresh and dried condition. A distilla
tion from its flowers, which is called Eau a"
angc, is used as a water in tperlumery com
positions. The plant abounds in essential
oil and tannin; volatile oil' of a greenish
yellow color is distilled from the leaves. The
berries and bark, as well as the leaves, con
tain a very energetic tannin, and in Tuscany
and Sardinia, what is known as the Italian
process of tanning, consists in using a portion
of myrtle leaves in the tanning materials.
The berries, in addition, yield a fixed oil,
and the plant is said to contain a bitter prin
ciple and resinous matters. Finally, tho
wood is very hard, beautifully mottled or
veined, but from its small size it is only fit
for small turnery purposes.
It is a popular greenhouse plant, roquiring
but little attention, and is well suited for
parlor decoration ; it is easily propagated by
cuttings of the young branches, and will en
dure several degrees of frost uninjured.
A SCENE IN THE ETERNAL CITY.
Tho Nuns in a Catholic Conient Hurled In the Cat
ecomhs A Living (iraTC. ,
The correspondent of an American journal
writes from Eome under a recent date as
" In an old part of Rome, not far from the
Coliseum, one who knows the way turns aside
from the streets into a narraw alley which
seems to come suddenly to an end in a black
wall, on which there is a painting of the
Crusifixion; but follow it to tho end and
there steps lead up to tho picture and a side
staircase to a second story, where the visitors
can proceed no further. Here, behind
barred doors and gratings like a prison, is a
convent of nuns, who are fitly called the
Scpolie Vive, the buried alive, because those
who enter there never come forth again
until they are borne to the grave.
Communications with the interior is by a
barrel, though it was covered with sheet
iron. While I stood before it a man came
up the steps, who seemed to be a servant,
nnd rapped on it, to which a muffled voice
answered from within. His voice being
recognized, the barrel turned slowly around
till it disclosed a shelf, on which he depos
ited a paper, when it was turned again,
the paper disappeared, tho voice from within
ceased, and the sheeted iron presented the
same black surface a3 before. Should a
priest knock, or any one who has a right to
be admitted into the convent, the barrel
turning around would present a key by
which he could open a door and let himself
into a small room in the interior. But
even then he would not see the inmates,
who arc closely veiled even when they con
verse. Hare, in his " Walks in Eome," says :
" In one of tho walls is an opening with a
double grille, beyond which is a metal plate
pierced with holes like the rose of a water
ing pot It is beyond this grille and
behind this plate that the Abbess of the
Sepolto Vive receives her visitors ; but she
is even 'then veiled from head to foot in
heavy folds of thick bure. Gregory XVI,
who, of course, could penetrate within the
convent, and who wished to try her, said :
'My sister, raise your veil.' 'No, my father,'
she replied, 'it is forbidden by our Order.'
Tho nuns of the Sepolte Vive are never
seen again after they once assume tho black
veil. They never hear anything of the
outer world, even of the deaths of their
nearest relatives. Daily they are said to
dig their own graves and lie down in them,
and their remaining hours are occupied in
perpetual and monotonous adoration of the
How a Groom Lost and Found His Hridf's Wedding
They had a terrible Vine at a wedding up at
Petalumn, and which only goes to show how
the smallest drawback will sometimes take
the stiffening out of the swellest occasion.
' It seems that the ceremony was a very
grand affair indeed. There were eight
bridesmaids, and the church was crowded
from pit to dome, as tho dramatic critic
would say. But, when they got to the proper
place in the ceremony, and the groom began
-feeling -around for the ripg. he discovered
that it wasn't on hand. After the minister
had scowled at the miserable wretch for a
!wifile7lbe latter detected that the magic cir
clet had slipped through a hole in his pocket
and worked down into his boot. lie com
municated the terrible fact in a whisper to the
bride, who turned deadly pale, and was only
kept from fainting by the reflection that they
would inevitably cut the strings of her satin
corsage in case she did.
"Why don't yon produce tho ring?." whis
pered the bride's big brother, hoarsely, and
feeling for his pistol, under the impression
that the miserable man was about to back
"I can't; it's in my boot," explained the
groom under his breath, his very hair mean
while turning red from mortification.
"Try and fish it out somehow hurry
up," mumbled the minister behind his book.
" I'll try," gasped the victim, who was
rather stout; and ho put one foot on the
chancel rail, pulled up his trousers leg, and
began making spasmodic jabs for the ring
with his forefinger. The minister motioned
to the organist to squeeze in a few notes to
fill up the time, while a rumor rapidly went
through the congregation to the effect that a
telegram had just arrived proving that the
groom had four wives living in the East
"I I can't reach it," groaned the half-married
man in agony. "It won't come."
Sit down and take your bo6t off, you fool!"
hissed the bride's mother, while the bride her
self moaned piteously, and wrung her pow
There was nothing left, so the sufferer sat
down on the floor and began to wrestle with
his boot, which was naturally new and tight,
while fresh rumor got under way to the effect
that the groom was beastly tight, and in
sisted on paring his corns.
As the boot finally came off its crashed
wearer endeavered, unsuccessfully, to hide a
trade-dollar hole in tho heel of his stocking;
noticing which tho parson, who was a
humorous sort of a sky-contractor, said,
"You seem to be getting married just in
time, my young friend." And the ceremony
proceeded with the party of the first part
standing on one leg trying to hide his
well-vehtilated foot under the tail of his
coat, and appropriately muttering "Darn it"
at short intervals. Derrick Dodd, in San
PUNS ON AUTHORS' NAMES.
A humorous writer thns associates popu
lar quotations with names of authors who
did not write them :
"Two heads aro better than one," was
originated by a man named Cooper, while
heading a barrel in his humble cooper shop.
"All's well that ends well," was said by
Burns, when he put a poultice on a lump
rated by a hot branding iron, used in the
" Faint tart ne'er won fair lady," was writ
ten by Crabbe, when he senta sour-apple pie
to his mother-in-law.
" Be sure you're right, then go on head,"
was tho remark of flood.
"Great cry and little wool," is original
" He jests at scars that never felt a wound."
" Too many cooks spoil the broth," shows
that it must bo Browning.
" The milk in the coeoaimt," is evidently
from tho pen of Cowpcr.
" Don't get your back up at trifles," aro the
words of Campbell,
Collars and cuffs are superseded by ruches
and lace trillings, which are multitudinous
in style, althoughh the plain linen collar
may also be observed in good society. Fichu
arrangements are in plenty and extremely
becoming and tasteful.
Embroidered fabrics in the style of Swiss
embroidery take the first rank. In soft, thin
white woolen textures put over a colored
skirt, this transparent work is wonderfully
beautiful. Black toilets for spring -in this
style are very elegant
This sort of spring must be a blessing to
somebody. For instance, the mother of four
or five children, with heaps of summer
sewing to do, who . is generally happy when
everybody else is berating the rainy weather.
Such a glorious time as it has been for old
The prettiest shoulder capes this season
are cut quite plain across the back, fitting
the shoulders perfectly, but in front they are
laid in loose, easy folds across the chest,
fastened together about the sixth button
from the throat with a bow and by long ends
of watered slik ribbon.
A pretty fancy is for young ladies with
floral names to wear their individual flower
as a corsage bouquet. Thus Miss Lilly con
fines herself to lilies ; Violet wears violets;
Daisy and Marguerite, daisies; while Rose
has'a wider choice among all the numerous
family of her name-flower.
Handsome imported walking suits aro of
dark cashmere made over a flounced petti
coat of checked watered silk, with the
flounces and cashmere cut in slender scallops,
or with some muslin embroidery for trim
ming. Terra cotta, heliotrope, and robin's
egg blue costumes of this kind are in great
It is said that bunches of violets laid away
when fresh in the pockets or sleeves of dresses
impart a more pleasant perfume than any
liquid preparation from the flowers. They
need to be gathered when 'externally dry,
and removed when themselves scentless.
Josephine's boudoir is impregnated to this
day with the odor from the quantities of
these favorite blossoms supplied constantly
while she occupied it
The Indian pongees, that are no longer
the fashionable choice, make tasteful, inex
pensive and cool summer dresses, when
simply made, with a little embroidery for
trimming, and some bows of dark satin
ribbon, either bronze, green, or cardinal, to
give a touch of color. If the embroidery is
a very open pattern, the colored satin is also
placed beneath it.
The new ulsters for traveling are English
greatcoats of a severe shape,.following the
outlines of the figure as closely as a cuirass,
without a pleat of fold in the back, and with
a single-breasted front buttoned from the
throat to the foot. The material is English
checked cloth, known as "suitings." Similar
coats of velvet were worn during tho winter
by English women of fashion.
Lamb Steak dipped in egg, and then -in
biscuit or bread crumbs, and fried until
it is brown, helps to make variety for tne
"breakfast table. With baked sweet potatoes,
good coffee and buttered toast or corn muf
fins, .one may begin the day with courage.
Breaking Glass. To break glass any
required form make a notch with a file on
the edge of the glass; draw your figure, start
ing from the notch ; make a small rod of iron
red-hot and draw it along the lines ; a crack
will follow tho iron, and the glass can then
be easily broken.
White Wine Jelly. Pour one pint of
cold water on six sheets of isinglass; let it
stand until dissolved. Then ponr a pint of
boiling water on it, and add the juice and
grated rind of one lemon, one pint of sugar
and one wineglass of white wine. Let it
stand until it hardens.
Ham Toast. Mince finely a quarter of a
pound of cooked ham with an anchovy
boned and washed ; add a little cayenne and
pounded mace ; beat up two eggs ; mix with
the mince, and add just sufficient milk to
keep it moist ; make it quite hot, and serve
on small rounds of toast or fried bread.
Tork Fritters can be made in the fol
lowing manner : Have at hand a thick batter
of Indian meal and flour ; cut a few slices of
pork and fry them in the frying-pan until
the fat is fried out ; cut a few more slices of
the pork, dip them in the batter and drop
them in the bubbling fat, seasoning with
salt and pepper, cook until light brown, and
eat while hot
How to Clarify Honey. A good way
to clarify hondy is to add to two pounds of a
mixture of equal parts of honey and water
one drachm of carbonate of magnesia. After
shaking occasionally during a couple of
hours, the residue is allowed to settle, and
the whole thing filtered, when a beautiful
clear filtrate is obtained, which may be
evaporated to the proper consistency.
Cement for Glassware. For mending
valuable glass objects, which would be dis
figured by common cement, chrome cement
may be used. This is a mixture of five parts
of gelatine to one of a solution of acid chro
mate of lime. The broken edges are cov
ered with this, pressed together, and exposed
to sunlight, the effect of the latter being to
render the confound insoluble even in
How to Clean Corsets. Take out the
steels at front and sides, then scrub thor
oughly with tepid or cold lather of white
castile soap, using a very small scrubbing
brush. Do not lay them in water. When
quite clean let cold water ran on them freely
from the spig&t to rinse out tho soap thor
oughly. Dry without ironing (after pulling
lengthwise until they are straight and
shapely) in a cool place.
Green Pea Soup. Put a shin of veal to
boil in four quarts of water, with twoonions,
two carrots, pepper and salt. Let it boil for
four hours. Then add two quarts of green
peas, not too young: let it. boil for an hour
and a half; then strain it through a hair
sieve or a soup strainer. Melt three or four
ounces of butter, and stir them into tho
soup; set it over tho fire, lot it boil fifteen
minutes, and serve with fried bread.
Eggs a la Suisse. Spread tho bottom of
a dish with two ounces of fresh butter;
cover this with grated chuese ; break eight
whole eggs upon the cheese without break
ing tho yolks. Season with red pepper and
salt if necessary ; pour a littla cream on the
surface, strew about two ounces of grated
cheese on the top, and set tho eggs in a mod
erate oven, for about a quarter of an hour.
Pass a hot salamander over the top to brown
CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
This Claim House Established
in 1865 I
GKEOB&E E. LEMOST,
Office, 615 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. O.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however slight the disability, apply at once.
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, aro entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving oflicers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United States, who served fourteen (11) days; or, if
in a battle or skirmish, for a less period, and tho
widows of such who have -not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
f loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase, of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, and many are now entitled to a higher rate
thnn they receive.
From and after January, 1S31, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
"Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in an
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in the
service of the United States, and in the line of
Survivors of all wars from 1700 to March 3, 1S55,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot bo collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases is
respectfully invited. .
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were filed before January 1.
15S0. If not tiled prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Military
and Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Mark., Copyrights, attend to business
beforo the General Land Office and other Bureaus
of the Interior Department, and all Vna Depart
ments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of tlie utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E, LEMON..
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
JTOCSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C, March , 1875.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
George E. Lesion of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that line gives him superior ndvantaircs.
W. P. SPRaGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
Horse of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S78.
We, tho undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain George E. Lemon for tho past few
years.and a knowledge of tho systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE, Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Sept.
Wr. F, SLEMONS, M. C,
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE. M. C.
Fourth District of Wis.
R. W. TOWNSHEXD, M. C.
Nineteenth District of III.
Citizens' National Bank,
Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
isa thorough, Able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, nnd entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
JSGf Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
gA, F.&A. M.R.A.M, &K.T.
Every Ilmty Mason Needs Them.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco and
gilt, for $2. Other books, goods, etc.
Send for catalogue to
MASONIC BOOK AGENCY.
lyS3 145 Broadway, New York.
Mention this paper.
Chills and Fever and Billions Attacks Positively
Cured by EMORY'S STANDARD CURE PILLS.
Never fail to cure the worst case. 1'jca.s.int to take.
No griping or bad eflect1. Prescribed by physi
cians, nnd sold by dru'jrists everywhere for 23 cent?
a box, or by mail.
STANDARD CURE CO.,
26t35 114 Nassau St., New York.
Mention this paper.
AGENTS WANTED. Tho grandest scheme
-" of a lifetime; profits larcer than have ever
been made'by agents at any business; adapted,
for any condition of life; old and young, mar
ried and single, all make money faster than
cvor before. Business strictly honorable; no
competition; no capital required. Seize this
golden chance without delay. Send your ad
dress on postal to-day for full particulars.
Address GEO. De LARA, 757 Broad wav, Now
BEST EVER MADE,
EMORY'S LITTLE CATHARTIC PILLS. No
family should be without them. Pleasant to take,
no griping. Druggists sell them, or by mail for 15
cents a box, in postage stamps. Standard Curb
Co., 114 Nassau-street, New York, ly33
Mention this paper.