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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNE: WASHING-TON, D. C, JULY 8, 1S82.
largest Tlie valley whs a swamp of black
muck that was fairly alive with ilie maggots
that rolled ami tumbled in the sun in
masses two feet thick at many places.
Through, this swamp flowed a shallow brook
of polluted water. The entire enclosure
contained twenty-five acres of ground, of
which eight acres were occupied by the
swamp and the area within the deadline.
The ground actually occupied by the pris
oners was only seventeen acres in extent
the prisoners numbered over 30,000. The
site of the prison-pen had originally been
covered with heavy pine timber, but every
me had been removed with the exception
o.' three in the southeastern corner. This
left the interior exposed to the glare of
the merciless sun. On the slope of the
north hill the heat was almost unendurable
during the greater portion of the day. Not
a tingle tent or shelter of any kind was
prepared for us, nor would "Winder permit
us to cut timber for the purpose on the
outside, although the whole surrounding
region was covered with pine forests. Our
business in there was to die as speedily as pos
sible. On the western side was the north
gate and the south gate, one on either side of
the creek. Each was a double gate, pro
tected by a sub-stockade. The cookhouse
stood near the north bank of tho creek,
outside the prison. The main stockade
consisted of logs hewn smooth and square
and set on end in the ground, penetrating
the earth five feet and being twenty
feet bight above the ground. These logs
were placed so closely together that the blade
of a pocket knife could scarcely have been
thrust between them. At regular distances
were sentry boxes, which overlooked the
entire enclosure, aud guards occupied them
day and night. About six paces within the
stockade was the celebrated "dead line."
It consisted of posts driven into the ground,
and standing about three feet high: and
stretching from one post to another were
slender poles or scantlings loosely nailed on.
"Whoever was crowded against this line, or
even so much as touched it with his cloth
ing, was instantly made a target of. Men
were even killed for standing near it. It "was
the convenient pretext for countless mur
ders. Any cowardly guard who had
an ambition to shoot a Yankee could, with
the aid of the dead line, readily devise a pre
text for doing it. If he missed his intended
victim he was certain to hit some one else.
Every guard who shot a prisoner received a
furlough of thirty-days. Shortly after the
arrival of our regiment an outer stockade
was constructed. It was eighteen feet high,
and was 17G feet from the inner one. Rifle
pits were constructed around it. All this
work was done by colored men. The entire
prison-pen was encircled by eight forts
mounting thirty-one pieces of artillery.
Three of these stood along the north end,
two at the south end, two at the east side, and
one at the west side. The guns commanded
every foot of the interior of the stockade
and all approaches to it." Six of these forts
were protected in the direction of the
prison by stockades. The Star fort (so
named by reason of its peculiar shape, and
which mounted nine guns,) stood at the
southwestern corner of the stockade, and
near it was a two-story frame house occupied
y YTirz for his headquarters. These forts
-re a constant menace to us. On the
"ih of May the following notice had been
sted in the stockade :
Not wishing to shed the blood of hundreds
it connected with those who concocted a
d plan to force the stockade and make, in
t s -way, their escape, I hereby warn the
1 ulers and those who formed themselves
i to a band to carry out this, that I am in
psseesion of all the facts, and have made
my dispositions accordingly, so as to frus-irat-e
it No choice would be left me but to
open with grape and canister on the stockade,
and what effect this would have in this
densely-crowded place need not be told.
The day before the arrival of our regiment
Winder was in great apprehension lest a raid
ing cavalry force under Stoneraan should
capture the prison. He thereupon issued the
following order, the original copy of which is
now in the possession of the United States
H'dq'rs Military Prison,
Axdersoxville, Ga., July 27, 18G-1.
The officers on duty and in charge of the
battery of Florida Artillery at the time will,
upon receiving notice that the enemy has
approached within seven miles of this post,
open upon the stockade with grape shot,
without reference to the situation beyond
these lines of defence.
Joirx "W. "Winder,
This meant to fire at close range into a solid
mass of ljumanity seventeen acres in extent.
Such was the place in which we were confined,
and we knew our danger. About 500 paces
from the northwest corner of the prison (I
call itaprisonby courtesy) was the cemetery.
The dead were buried uncoffiued and un
shrouded, and perfectly naked. Long trenches
were dug, and, side by side, the murdered
victims were laid in, each man's grave being
marked by a stake and a number. This
work was done by prisoners paroled for the
purpose, and who received double rations.
The same wagon-boxes into which our
cooked rations were shoveled and hauled into
the pen to ns were also used in hauling the
reeking dead to the cemetery. Beyond the
southeast corner of the prison was what was
termed, with sardonic humor, "the hospital."
Concerning it a confederate surgeon once
remarked: "Here death can be predicted
with absolute certainty." It consisted of a
board fence, five acres of ground, a few trees
and some rotten tents 1 can best describe
the scenes that daily transpired there in the
language of Professor Joseph Jones, of the
Medical College of Georgia, who visited An
dersonville in August of that j'ear to make
"pathological investigations" in the "fine
field" there afforded. I will first briefly
quote what he saw iiiFidc the stockade. Jn
his report he says : "The low grounds border
ing the stream in the stockade were covered
with human excrements and filth of all kinds
v Inch in many places appeared to be alive
vith working maggots. An indescribable,
ickcniug stench arose from these fermenting
nris-.es of human filth. There were near
5.000 seriously-ill Federals in the stockade
.nd confederate states military prison hos
t.hal, and the deaths exceeded 100 per day,
. nd large numbers of the prisoners who were
walking about, and who had not been en
tered on the sick reports, were suffering from
severe and incurable diarrhoea, dysentery and
scurvy. Owing to the slow progress of the
disease, the corpses were, as a general rule,
emaciated. The haggard, distressed
countenances of these miserable, complaining,
dejected, living skeletons, crying for medical
aid and food, and cursing their Government
for its refusal to exchange prisoners, and the
ghastly corpses, with their glazed eye-balls
staring up into vacant space, with the Hies
swarming down their open and grinning
mouths and over their ragged clothes, in
fested with numerous lice, as they lay among
the sick and dyingormed a
PICTfKC OF HELPLESS, HOPELESS MISERY
which it would lie impossible to portray by
words or by the brush."
Hi6 description of the "confederate states
military prison hospital" I condense as fol
lows, not changing his language : " The pa
tients and attendants, near 2,000 in number,
are crowded into this confined space, and are
but poorly supplied with old and ragged
tents. Large numbers of them were without
any bunks in the tents, and lay upon the
ground, oft' times without even a blanket.
"No beds or straw appeared to have been
furnished. The tents extend to within a few
yards of tho small stream, the eastern portion
of which is used as a privy, aud is loaded
with excrements; and I observed a large pile
of corn-bread, bones, and filth of all kinds,
thirty feet in diameter and several feet in
height, swarming with myriads of flies, in a
vacant space near tho pofs used for cooking.
" Millions of Hies swarmed over everything,
and covered the faces of the sleeping patients
and crawled down their open mouths, and
deposited their maggots in the gangrenous
wounds of the living and in the mouths of
tho dead. Mosquitoes in great numbers also
infested the tents, and many of the patients
were so stung by these pestiferous insects
that they resembled those suffering from a
slight attack of the measles. The sick
were neglected in a shameful manner, and
many of them were literally
ENCRUSTED WITH DIRT AND FILTH AND
COVERED WITH VERMIN.
"When a gangrenous wound needed wash
ing the limb was thrust out a little from the '
blanket or board or rags on which the patient
was lying, and water poured over if, and all
the putrescent matter allowed to soak into the
ground floor of the tent. The supply of rags
for dressing wounds was said to be very scant,
and I saw the most filthy rags, which had
been applied several times and imperfectly
washed, used in dressing wounds. Where
hospital gangrene was prevailing it was im
possible for any wound to escape contagion
under the circumstances. The dead
house is merely a frame covered with old tent
cloth and a few bushes, situated in the south
western corner of the hospital grounds.
" When a patient dies he is simply laid in the
narrow street in front of his tent until he is
removed by Federal negroes detailed to carry
oft' the dead. If a patient dies during the
night he lies there until morning, and dur
ing the day even the dead were frequently
allowed to remain for hours in these walks.
In the dcadhouse the corpses lie upon the
bare ground, and were in most cases covered ;
with filth and vermin. Five large iron pots
appeared to be the only cooking utensils fur
nished by the hospital for the cooking of
nearly two thousand men. The air of the
tents was foul and disagreeable in the ex
treme, and, in fact, the entire grounds emit
ted a most nauseous and disgusting smell.
I have seen men brought in froni
the stockade in a dying condition, begrimed
from head to foot with their own excrements
and so black from smoke and filth that they
resembled negroes ratlier than white men.
IN THIS FOUL ATMOSPHERE
amputation did not arrest hospital gangrene.
Al m ost every am pu tat ion was fin al ly foil owed
by death. This gigantic mass of
Human misery calls loudly for relief, not only
for the sake of suffering humanity, but also
on account of our own brave soldiers now
captives in the hands of the Federal Govern
ment" Such was the "confederate states
military prison hospital" at Andersonville,
as depicted by a distinguished southerner.
Subsequently the building of a hospital
stockade was commenced at the southern end
of the prison pen, the dimensions of which
were to be 923 by -100 feet, aud it was to
contain two wells and eleven open sheds, but
it was never completed. Between the grave
yard and the prison was the bloodhound
hut, the headquarters of a pack of hounds
with which escaped prisoners were hunted
down. The standing order of Wirz was that
no escaped prisoners were to be "brought
back." The most of them were brought
back, nevertheless, but a great many of them
were torn to pieces, by these ferocious dogs.
The railroad station consisted of a couple of
dozen shops, cabins and houses, and, strange
ly enough, the spire of a church arose among
the cluster. Near the railroad track was an
" officers' pen " a small affair designed sim
ply for the temporary detainment of captur
ed commissioned officers. Not far from it
were two large two-story-and-a-half hospit
als where Howell Cobb's "white-coated
militia" were tenderly cared for when sick.
The creek from .which wc chiefly obtained
our drinking water flowed through the mili
tia camp before reaching us, and carried
away their offal. According to rebel statis
tics the number of prisoners at Anderson
ville during March, lfc-G-1, was -1,703, of whom
283 died; the number during April was
9,577, of whom 592 died ; the number during
May, 18,-1.11, of whom 711 died ; the num
ber during June, 20 307, of whom 1 ,202 died ;
the number during July, 31,078, of whom
1,7-12 died; the number during August, 31,
093, of whom 3,070 died; the number during
September, 8,21H, of whom 2,790 died ; the
I number during October, 4.20H, of whom 1,595
died; the number during November, 1,339,
of whom -lq5 died. The increase of prison
ers during the summer was no't so much due
to fresh captures as to their arrival from
other prisons. Andersonville was being
made a grand prison depot. The decrease in
i the fall was by reason of alarm at the move
ments of Sherman prisoners being sent to
Charleston and other points. The greatest
number of prisoners ever in the stockade was
on August 8th, when rations were issued to
33,11-1. It is probable that the actual num
ber of deaths was not always recorded. The
greatest mortality occurred one day in Au
gust, when 207 men died. During Septem
ber every third man in tho stockade died ;
during October the mortality was even
worse. I personally witnessed these fearful
scenes, and sought to perpetuate a realistic
memory of them in the following rude lines :
They ivere men no more!
Uriilalized by hunger's gnawing- fangs,
They swarmed hjmiii the foul mirth like vermin,
Or sunk upon their slimy beds ami died,
And rotted where they fell; corruption bred
A pestilence, and to escape it
Some burrowed in the earth like beasts,
And by the treacherous sands were buried.
DioeaifCH of all strangest forms prevailed,
Nor art nor su rgery was there to bar
Their gorgon growth; all subtle taints that lurk
Within the richest and tho purest blood
Were fanned to intense and vengeful being,
And devoured the lean aud livid Jlesh.
Tho seeds of awful scrofulas were nursed
To virulent life; cancers, ami nil plagues
That rankl y fester in decaying ilesh
Raged unchecked; whole limbs became discolored
And swollen to the point of bursting;
Teeth dropped out and eyes from theirsockcts ran;
Through cheeks and throats great ulcers eat their
And as the stricken ones unheeded moaned,
Panting beneath a most incrcilcts sun,
The vile worms crawled up from the teeming
And fed on them, not waiting for death.
Clear and shrill within the echoing wood
l'caled the hunter's horn, and the bloodhound's
Reached the far fugitive's car, ominous
And terrible, blanching his haggard cheek,
Wreathing wit h deadly pallor his sad lips,
Freezing the courting blood within his veins.
Fiercely upon his trail the hellish dogs
Unerring sped, shrieking for their human prey.
Lo ! v, hen ho fainting fell, with dripping jaws
They tore God's image irom his parted bones.
All were malevolent and pitiless
Their hearts were changed to stone, and in their
Human feelings were quite extinguished.
They gloated on each other's misery,
Aud when the delirious spake of home l
They laughed horribly aud jested of the grave,
And with oaths and sarcastic mockery
Tortured and taunted the dying as though
Death were the mere incident of an hour. '
Arched fiends from deepest regions of the damned
Exultant might have flood amid it all,
And deemed themselves in Hades' drearcstshades'.
Entered according to act of Congress in the year
1SS2 by Tin: Nation vi. Tuiiiune in tho ollice of the
Librarian of Congress at Washington.
MODELS FOR ARTISTS.
Peculiarities of.'flio People iiho Peso for Painters.
A Curious Occii'iaiion.
A slight figure flitted in at the door of the
Academy of Design the other day, remarks a
New York journal, and disappeared into an
inner room. She had a rosy face and bright
"That is one of our models," said the pro
fessor, rolling his eyes at the door. " A great
change has taken place in public opinion
concerning the use of living models," contin
ued the professor, willing to talk. "Ten
years ago there was an outcry against it.
People said if was scandalous. Posing being
a new thing, it was hard to get a model of
cither sex. Now you can get hundreds, and
engagements are made weeks in advance."
"What pay do they get?"
"When the life class was first established
we had to pay $1.50 an hour; now the regu
lar price is 50 cents an hour. Models pose
from twelve to twenty hours a week. They
are changed every two weeks, so as to givo
the students a change of subject. Men are
better models than women, as they are less
easily fatigued." ,
"How long does the model stand without
"An inexperienced one only twenty min
utes at first. Stand in one position five min
utes without moving a muscle, and you will
get some idea of how tiresome it is."
"Do they show much embarrassment?"
"So much that the muscles are as rigid as
iron, and they become drenched with perspi
ration. But after posing two or three times
the embarrassment wears off. It becomes
merely routine business."
"Do many make it a profession?"
"There are several men who do no
else. They pose here at the Academy, :
Art Students' League, and in private-sti-.in.
Most of our female models are young w- v.
who work in workshops and factories.
receive small wages, and think it a- .
piece of fortune if they can earn $10 a
extra by posing. They invariably give . .. t "
tious names. '
"Some curious bits of romance have cy
linder my observation," the professc
sinned, after a pause. "A pretty little :-
netle came in one day and asked for a- n
gagement She was in straitened cxn -i.a
stances, but did not disclose her hiM r-.i
She was so sweet-tempered that she Ik . . .
a creat favorite. 1 have never seen an - ,
so ambitious to cam money. She -tilt'
pose eight hours a day. It made her r..
pale Avith fatigue, but she wouldn't give up.'
"Well, it turned out that she was a married
woman. She belonged to a good family in
New Jersey, and was a mere girl when she
married a Japanese, the son of an ex-minister
from 'Japan. The husband spent all his
money, was thriftless and earned nothing.
She had to keep him. She frequently posed
for artists in their studips. A richly-dressed
woman came in one morning and inquired
for her. The model, she said, was her niece,
and she intended tq make her the heiress to
her property if she could be found. After a
two-days' search the model was traced to a
private studio, where she was posing for an
artist and his wife. This was the last I
heard of the pet model.
"It is always the whip of necessity that
drives people into posing. One day a woman
of refinement made an application. She was
handsomely dressed, wearing a sealskin
sacque and a silk dress. Her face was pale
and careworn, and sho said she had not had
enough to eat Her story was that she had
married well, her husband having an income
of G,000 a year. "When he died the fortune
they possessed took wings. She said she had
tried copying and other methods of earning
a living, but she had not met with success.
Her figure had always been admired for
grace of outline. Why should she not pos
"Do you have iiny boys for models?"
" One of the best subjects avc have ever 1
was a young boy. 1 lo had a form like Apo . !
His father was a downtown banker, vs. ,
was ruined by the panic of 187IJ. rl -.
model, whom 1 met in the street ycslen
has now a responsible position sis a b
clerk. One of our students posed last wn
He was from Maine, and had to depend
. f -
I i rely upon his earnings. This young
is one of the most promising students ir
academy. All kinds of people drift in
pic you would never dream of. Oneo".ir
handsomest models is an itinerant Met i
ist preacher, lie has the form of a g !
"'Julia' wants to know," says tho J
rye man, "what a party platform is?" '
a platform, Julia, is one preamble and tv.
resolutions, strong in nonessentials; va. "
in essentials; round the bush on tariff ''
rough as thunder on Mormons; clamor . 'or
civil service reform, with a reserved defi '
of civil service reform; down on c
lion, loud in its praise of purity, and
mitied to have it if it takes every ce
party can raise. The platform, you t
stand, Julia, is a legitimate and nee
part of the campaign pomp and circilms
it goes along with the banners, trc , .
rencies and torches, and when the cam
is over well, it is stored away in the
or garret, along with the rest-of the uni
and torches. A campaign platform h
much like the campaign torch, indec
gives out a great deal of smell and si .
with a very uncertain, flickering light.
WHAT COKGRESS IS DOING.
The legislative, judicial, and executivo ap
propriation bill, under which the necessary
appropriation is made to enable the Commis
sioner of Pensions to properly equip the Pen
sion Bureau, lias been passed by both IIouscs
of Congress. Tho Senate, however, adopted a
number of amendments to the bill which ne
cessitated tho appointment of a committee of
conference, but there is every reason to believo
that the differences will he adjusted and the
bill finally passed before the adjournment of
tho present session. Under its provisions, as
wo have previously stated, some 1,200 addi
tional clerks will be employed in examining
the claims of soldiers and sailors now on file,
and to be tiled, and there is every reasonable
prospect that they will be passed upon as speed
ily as possible.
'In tho Senate on Thursday, June 29, the
legislative, judicial, and executive appropria
tion bill was taken up and partially consid
ered. Several amendments of no special in
terest were adopted, and pending consideration
of the bill the Senate adjourned.
On Friday in tho Senate the death of Repre
sentative Hawk (which is referred to elsewhere)
was announced, and, after appointing a com
mittee of thrco Senators Messrs. Logan, Mc
Dill, and George to attend the obsequies, the
Senate, in respect to the memory of tho de
On Saturday in tho Senate a resolution was
passed appropriating $70,000 to pay witnesses
in the Star-routo cases fees and mileage. Mr.
Ingalls presented a petition of the National
Maimed Union Soldiers aud Sailors' League,
of Washington, D. C, indorsed by U. S. Grant,
in favor of the passage of a bill to grant an in
creased pension to soldiers who lost an arm or
leg or suffered an equivalent disability thereto
in the service of tho United States in tho late
rebellion, which was referred to the Committee
on Pensions. A bill was reported from the
Committee on Pensions granting a pension to
the widow of Colonel Bliss, only surviving child
of ex-President -Taylor ; an amendment was
offered including tho daughter of ex-President
Tyler, (Mrs. Temple,) but objection being made
tho measure went over. Consideration of the
legislative, judicial, and oxecutive appropria
tion bill was then resumed, and, after the
adoption of various amendments, it was passed.
The House bill granting the use of tents, can
jion, Sec, for the Grand Army Encampment at
Bismarck, Kansas, was passed. Tho remainder
of the session was devoted to the consideration
of the general deficiency bill.
On Monday in tho Senate a report was sub
mitted by the Military Affairs Committee (no
ticed elsewhere) in reply to an inquiry as to
tho employment of ex-soldiers and sailors in
the Government civil service. A bill was
passed to erect a public building at Ashvillo,
S. C. A committee of conference was appointed
to consider the amendments to tho legislative,
judicial, aud executive appropriation bill. Tho
general deficiency bill was then taken up, and
tho item allowing $75,000 for tho expenses of
President Garfield's physicians' fees, &c, was
reduced to $35,000. The bill was passed.
o was no session of tho Senato on Tucs
ho Fourth of July.)
;!ie Senate on Wednesday the House bills
riating $75,000 for a public building at
-s Texas, and granting condemned cannon
,- j f t;n-nd Army Posts at Chicopce, Mass., and
,tj .t ' fl-i.Ivan., wero reported favorably, and
ipar-od. It was decided to postpono further
- iPo't- i oration of tho national bankrupt law
7:.' tho nouse on Thursday, Juno 29, a bill
v.. s passed making temporary provision for cx-
xiiil i ;urcs of the Government. The Committee
on Elections reported in favor of Gcorce D.
i.an, of tho fifth district of South Carolina,
ng entitled to a seat in place of the sitting
i icr, Robert Smalls. Ordered to bo printed.
tlouse then proceeded with the considcra
3f tho naval appropriation bill, in Com
mittee of the Whole, tho measure being vari
ously amended. A hi 11 was passed granting four
condemned cannons for monumental purposes
to Otis Chapman Post, 103, ot Chicopce, Mass. ;
also a bill to supply tho Encampment of tho
G. A. R. at Bismarck Grove, Kansas, with four
pieces of artillery and tents for camping pur
poses ; also bills granting cannon for monu
mental purposes to tho G. A. R. at Westminster,
Mass., and tho Danville (111.) Light Battery at
In the House on Friday, Mr. Henderson feel
ingly announced the death of Mr. Hawk, and
offered resolutions of regret, &c, which wero
adopted. A comniitteo of soven members
Messrs. Georgo R. Davis, Win. Cullen, L. E.
Payson, and Samuel M. Moulton, of Illinois;
Calkins, of Indiana; Cabell, of Virginia, and
McKenzie, of Kentucky wero appointed to
-accompany tho remains to tho place of inter
ment Tho Houso then, as a mark of respect
to tho memory of tho deceased, adjourned.
On Saturday in tho Houso Mr. Kelly intro
duced a resolution authorizing the issuo of
$200,000,000 of two per cent, bonds to be ex
changed for bonds bearing a higher rate of in
terest, which was passed. Tho naval appro
priation bill was further discussed and amended.
A bill was passed granting condemned cannon
Jo Jeff. C. Davis Post, No. 1(5, at Vincenncs,
mong tho petitions presented was one
tizens of Spirit Lake, Iowa, in favor of
g land warrants to soldiers of tho lato
ie Houso on Monday Mr. Farwell intro-
i bill granting condemned cannon, mus
ic, for tho soldiers' burial ground at
keta, Iowa, which was referred. Mr.
introduced a bill granting condemned
n to tho G. A. R. Post at Peabody, Mass.
ed. Mr. Bragg, from tho Coinmitteo on
ry Affairs, reported with favorable recom-
itions the following bills, and tho same
referred: Bill donating four condemned
n and four cannon-balls for tho soldiers'
.Hot in tho Hudson (New York) Couie-
bill donating condemned cannon and
in-balls to Alexander Post, G. A. R., at
1 1, Ohio, for ornamental and monumental
)scs; bill donating condemned mortars
r 'i jails to General Harrison Post, G. A. It,
tfi lokomo, Ind.; bill donating two mortars
four cast-iron balls to the Post of tho G.
. al Peru, Ind.; joint resolution authori-
n and empowering tho Secretary of War to
t- verarnis and accoutrements, ammunition,
;i - tents to the Soldiers' Reunion Committeo
. i . io Northwest; joint resolution to grant
uso of tents to bo used at tho Soldiers'
!. inion to bo held in Cherokee, Iowa, in 1882;
. ' joint resolution to grant tho liso of tents
o used at the Soldiers' Reunion to bo hold
fevada, Story county, Iowa, in 1SS2.
' 10 Senate amendments to tho legislative,
j i i Jul, and executivo appropriation bill wero
l. i concurred in, and tho bill roforred to a
- i nitteo of conference. Bills wore passed
iding for tho erection of a public building
.'erre Haute, Ind., and Oxford, Miss., St-
.i i ph, Mo., Harrisonburg and Abingdon, Vu.,
1 ! Poughkeopsic, N. Y. Among tho memo.
i presented was one from John B. Lampsou
others, soldiers and sailors, asking that
pensions be granted to all soldiers and sailors
who were confined in confederate prisons,
which was appropriately referred.
Tuesday being the Fourth of July there was
no session of tho House.
On Wednesday in tho House the Senato bill
appropriating $100,000 for a public building at
Shreveport, La., was passed. Consideration of
the naval appropriation bill was then resumed,
and several amendments were adopted.
DEATH OF CONGRESSMAN HAWK.
An Illinois Veteran Soldier Koprescntalive Passes
Suddenly A nay.
Major Robert 31. A. Hawk, representative in
Congress from tho fifth district of Illinois, died
at his residence in this city last Thursday night
of apoplexy, after only a few honrs illness. Ho
returned to Washington Wednesday morning
from his district where he went on matters
connected with his rcnomination, and was in
excellent spirits, as fifty-eight of the seventy
delegates to the Congressional convention of
the district had notified his friends of their
intention to vote for his nomination as his
own successor to the Forty-eighth Congress,
Which was equivalent to an election. Wednes
day he was well and in good spirits, but the
following day he was taken ill with a severe
attack of bilious colic. Tho attack was pain
ful, but he was easier during the day, and his
friends felt no uneasiness as to his condition.
Early in the evening he grew worse somewhat,
but not alarmingly so. About nine p. m., Sen
ator Logan, whoso rooms aro just overhead,
called on Major Hawk audsat smoking for
half an hour, and then returned to his room,
remarking that Hawk would bo all right in
the morning. A short time later, about 9:15
p. m., a lady went to Major Hawk's room with
a cup of tea, when ho extended his hand and
said ho "felt very sick indeed," and almost
immediately afterward was taken with a fit
of vomiting, and his servant was sent to sum
mon friends in tlo house. When these hurried
to the sick legislator's bedside, a lady present
said that Major Hawk was in a dying condi
tion. Physicians were hurriedly sent for, but
a few moments after they arrived the dying
man had another severe fit of vomiting, and
in a moment later he fell back on the pillow
and expired without a word. Major Ilarrk was
a man of large stature, of full habit, and had
recently expressed to a friend his apprehension
that ho was subject to apoplectic attacks. He
leaves a family residing at his home at Mount
Carroll, III., who were informed by telegraph
of the unoxpcetedly-sad tidings. Immediately
after tho death the Illinois delegation in
Congress was summoned.
Major Hawk was born in nancock county,
in central Indiana, April 23, 1339. He removed
to Carroll county, Illinois, where he was edu
cated in the common schools and at Eureka Col
lege. Duriug the rebellion he entered the Union
Army as a lieutenant of infantry, and was
promoted to captain in February, 1S03, and
was breveted a major April 10, 15G5, for
gallantry in the field, whero he lost his right
leg in action. After the veterans of the Union
wore disbanded in 1SG5 the young major was
elected clerk of tho court of Carroll county,
an oflico to which ho was elected four times,
serving until 1S79, when he vacated the posi
tion to enter Congress, to which ho was elected
in 1S7S as a Republican, and he was re-elected
to tho Forty-seventh Congress in 1SS0 by a
majority of moro than fivo thousand over his
Democratic and Greenback antagonists.
Only a few hours bofore his sudden taking
off he received by telegraph tho news of his
unanimous rcnomination for tho Forty-eighth
Congress, which, as already indicated, was
equivalent to a re-election,
'-tf dispafch'from Mount Carroll, 111., dated July
3, says: Tho remains of Congressman Hawk
wctC buried this afternoon. The procession to
the cometery was headed by the Senato and
House committees, and included members of
Major Hawk's regiment and tho Masonic
lodges of Mount Carroll and tho adjoining
TERRIBLE RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
A special dispatch from Long Branch, N. J.,
gives tho following particulars of a terriblo
railway accident near that placo on Thursday
of last week. It says :
Tho express train which left Long Branch
at 5:05 this morning met with a terriblo acci
dent while crossing the bridge over the branch
of tho Shrewsbury River, near the Little Silver
Station. Tho accident was caused by tho
spreading of tho rails. Six cars, including four
ordinary passenger coaches, tho smoking-car,
and Pullman parlor-car, loft the rails aud ran
over tho ties of tho bridge, tearing them to
splinters. Tho cars kept on tho bridge until
tho train was half way across, when tho four
passenger coaches and tho smoking-car went
over into tho water with a terriblo crash. Tho
cars lauded on their sides in about four feet of
water. The scene that followed beggars de
scription. There wero about one hundred per
sons killed or wounded. G. W. Demorest, of
tho firm of Demorest & Co., produce dealers,
New York, was badly injured at the base of tho
skull and died. Chas. M. Woodruff, of Nowark,
and J. Mitchell, of Scranton, wero seriously in
jured. Charles H. Foster, tho fireman of tho
engine, pulled ex-President Grant out of tho
smoking-car slightly injured about tho knee.
Robert Robertson, tho iron merchant, Now
York, was injured badly. A grocer named
Edison, of Branchport, was crushed terribly.
James Brooks, of the firm of Brooks & Dick
son, theatrical managers, had his collar-bono
broken. Morris II. Brown, son of Thomas J.
Brown, superintendent of tho Erio Railroad,
received a severe blow on tho head and his
back was injured. C. J. Fox, of Richmond, Va.,
had his hand crushed. James E. Mallory, of
New York, was so badly crushed that he after
Another dead 'man has been identified as E.
L. Bradley, of New York. President Calla
way, of tho Elevated Railroad, is slightly in
jured ; William K. Garrison was seriously in
jured, suffering from concussion of tho brain.
He has since died.
Georgo R. Blanchard, vice-president of tho
Erie Railroad, and Robert R. Miiitern aro
among thoso slightly cut. Annio Irwin, of
Brooklyn, has a deep gash in her forehead, and
was unconscious. William A. McCall, a brake
man, attached to tho train, was most fearfully
injured; his throat was badly cut, besides
which there is an ugly wound under the right
oyo and another on his arm. Mr. Mitcholl's
condition is precarious, and ho has sustained
Chas. M. Woodruff, of Newark, died at noon.
Among thoso slightly cut and bruised wero:
R. M. Gallaway, J. C. Westerval, C.' R. Fowler,
Win. Dinkenspeil and wife, G. R. Blanchard
and R. B. Minturn, of Now York; A. H. Still
well and wife, and Miss Annio Scott, of Phila
delphia; C. H. Randal, of Camden, N. J., and
Henry Mordicia, of Dallas, Texas. Tho rail
way officials wero promptly on tho scene and
physicians wero summoned. Tho badly wound
ed wore takon to farm houses near by aud
promptly attended to. The track spread just
as tho train ran upon tho bridge, and tho train
ran for fully fivo hundred feet beforo tho cars
went over into tho water. Tho threo rear cars
had their trucks torn off by tho string beam of
tho bridgo when tho cars went ovor. There
aro said to bo several passongors missing, but
their names have not been ascertained. Rail
road men who viaited tho wreck condemned
tho lack of guard or safety rails on each sido of
tho track ovor tho bridgo. Geo. W. Flicknor,
tho pngineer, used tho air-brakes promptly,
but could not stop the train, as it was running
at a high rate of speed. But for the air-brakes
nearly all tho passengers would have been
killed. The accident occurred About a milo
north of tho Ocean Port bridge, whero a terri
ble disaster took place three years ago:
The coroner's jury rcturnd with verdicts
that Bradley, Demorest, Garrison, and Mallory
came to their death from the accident, which
was caused by spreading of tho rails on tho
Parker's Creek bridge, and that tho New York
and Long Branch Company is guilty of gross
aud culpable lftjgligenco.
DOUBLE MURDER AND SUICIDE.
A dispatch from Cincinnati, dated June 23,
says: Henry Cole, of this city, shot his wifo
Sarah and his daughter Nettie, aged nineteen,
and immediately afterward shot himself. Tho
affair was not discovered till near noon on tho
day of the tragedy. The victims comprised
the entire family.
Mr. Cole and his wife were in the same bed,
his wife having a bullet hole in her left temple.
Mr. Colo had shot himself over tho right eye, and
the revolver was still in his hand. His daughter
Nettie was lying on tho loungo in the adjoin
ing room with a bullet hole in tho back of her
head. Sho was tho only child living and had
graduated from tho Woodward High School
last Friday. Friends say they know of no
family trouble to cause the tragedy, but Mr.
Colo had been observed to talk wildly for tho
past two or three mouths, and some now recall
that he said when his family died they would
all die together.
Four letters left by Cole have been found
and two of them mado public. One of these
is addressed to the coroner, and is as follows:
" L.iw Office of Hekky Cole,
"June 27, 1SS2.
"Da. Rendigs: This is a case of simple
death from gunshot wounds. Yours,
Another is addressed "To whom it may con
cern," and relates to a series of charges against
one F. W. Hurtt, who was a quartermaster
during tho civil war. Cole charged him ,
having swindled him in various ways, n
in connection with a corporation in New
which Hurtt induced him to join, and in i
ho says Ilurtfc finally swindled him ou - f
THE GARFIELD MEMORIAL.
Anniversary Tribute Layin? the Corner SI ec oi
the Xcvr Structure.
The anniversary of the assassination "?
late President was very appropriately
inemoratcd on Sunday last by the lay el'
tho corner stono of the Garfield moi rUl
church. The new building is to bo erec:. a
the site of tho former edifice occupied by tht,
Christian congregation, whero Presiden" iir
field worshiped, and the foundations . ..,
structure are already laid. A board 11 -r:u
had been laid upon tho foundation, and Ai
had been provided, which failed to ace i mo
date the largo throng p resent. At a platf-oi ai
one end wero seated the following gent '?enf
Rev. F. D. Power, pastor of the church ; ? J,
G. Butler, Rev. B. A. Hinsdale, presi-i-Hiram
College; Hon. A. H. Pettibone, c '
nesseo; Hon. A. S. Willis, of Kentucky
W. II. Schell, pastor of tho Christian chi .
Rockvillc, Md.; General D. G. Swaim, C
A. F. Rockwell, and Judge Clisbee, of '.
gan. After reading, of tho Scripture:
prayer by Rev. Dr. Butler, Rev. Mr. ! "o e
made an address, reviewing tho historj v.
progress of the church. Upon tho concl r:
of his remarks lie proceeded to the cere'uouj
of laying tho corner stone. Before the -tor
was laid a copper box containing tho Was; ;'.ir
ton daily papers and various document a
placed in the corner one and sealed up. Ad
dresses were then mado by Rev. B. A. J i
dale, of Ohio ; non. A. H. Pettibone, of a
ncssee, who was a pupil of Gen. Garfield .. ',
Hon. A. S. Willis, of Kentucky, the exer j
concluding with tho benediction by Rev
H. Schell. During the ceremonies the Sat '
school children sang a number of fam r
Tho estimated cost of tho building -n
pletcd is $33,000, of which $20,000 is nov
the hands of tho trustees, leaving $1S,00&
to be raised by contributions, which i 5
thought will bo secured without difficulty be
fore the end of the year.
BUNGLING EXECUTION IN KENTUCKY.
A special dispatch from Cadiz, Trigg
county, Ky., July 1, says: Col. John Bridges
was hung hero yesterday in the presence of
the largest crowd that ever assembled in this
county. Bridges remained with his spiritual
advisers a large portion of Thursday night and
yesterday afternoon, alternately singing and
praying. At 1:05 o'clock a wagon containing
his coffin was driven to tho jail, and tho con
demned man assisted into the wagon. At 1:07
tho start from the jail was made. In forty
minutes the gallows was reached. It was a
plain wooden structure, with a spring trap. At
tho foot of tho gallows tho doomed man ex
hibited considerable nervousness, but met tho
ordeal bravely. Bridges took his staud on tho
trap, the black cap " was drawn over his face,
and tho noose adjusted. Sheriff Boyd quickly
sprung tho trap, aud with a dull, heavy thud
tho body fell. At tho instant of tho fall
tho uooso slipped, and the poor wretch strug
gled terribly, succeeding in freeing his hands
and feet from tho cords with which they
had been pinioned. Ho mado a desperato
struggle to get upon tho gallows again, but was
pushed back, and suffered a horrible death by
strangulation. The drop fell at exactly 2:20,
and in thirty minutes ho was pronounced
dead. The body was cut down and forwarded
to his mother at Canton, in this county, for
burial. Thcro was no demonstration at the
scaffold, except that ono or two negro women
fainted, and somo groans Avero heard.
Mr. Jay Stone, stenographer to Secretary
Lincoln, has been appointed chief of tho corre
sponding division War Department, vice Mr.
John Tweedalo promoted to the chief clerk
ship. The Tariff Commissioners will hold their first
meeting in this city next Thursday.
A THRIFTY MILLIONAIRE.
By thrift he had become a millionaire, and
he had a splendid St. Bernard dog, which he
was very proud of. One day the servant
came to him terror-stricken. "Master,
master, Crcsar is " "Is what?" "Mad,
I'm afraid. He wont touch water any more
than if he wero a crude apostle of temper
ance, and there's as much foam about his
mouth as if he were the sea in one of Swin
burne's poems." " Great heavens, it is lucky
you have discovered it in time. We must
not loose a minute. Take tlie auimal at
once before he has bitten any one " Y ea
sir." "And sell him!"
" Father," said the young man, as he leaned
on his hoe, "they say the balance of
trade is agin, ns." " They do, eh ? " " And
that our bank reserves aro rapidly diminish
ing." " Du tell ! " " And that railroad exten
sion has come to a halt." "Well, I swan!"
"And that the volume of securities is substan
tially without a market." "Great snakes 1
Well, I never ! And do they say anything
about a feller stopping to lean on his hoe to
talk when he might just as well talk and
hoe too?" Reuben spit oa his hands and