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TiLE NATIONAL. TRIBUNE-':' WASHINGTON, .0. C, JULY
GRAM) ARMY MATTERS.
THE COMING REUNION OF VETERANS
A Jlcmorial Slntuo t Ho Erected to Gen. Zoolc.
Distinguished VMIors Expected Inception
to d'cn. HoTrnnl by the Kansas Vet
erans A Strong Imior.srment
As already announced in .The National
Tribune tho annual Grand Army Encamp
ment at Gettysburg, Pa., will commonco to-day.
There will lo a largo attendance, including
many of the distinguished momltors of tho
Order. One of the most interesting incidents
cf tho Encampinont will be tho erection by
Zook Post, No. 11, of Norristown, Pa., of a
beautiful marblo shaft in honor of General
Samuel K. Zook, at or near the spot where he
fell mortally wounded, July 2, 1663. General
Zook was one of the most ga!laut and dis
tmguised soldiers in the late war. Although
a Chcstcr-Countian by birth and a resident of
Montgomery county during his boyhood days,
ho is not identified with tho history of the
Pennsylvania volunteers, but with the New
York volunteers, as colonel of tho Fifty-sovonth
regiment. When Zook Post No. 11 was'orgau
ized it was named after General Zook ino-ccog-nition
of his heroic services on the field of
battle. But tho ceremonies on tho 2."th of
July arc intended as a more graceful tribute
to tho distinguished memory of ono of the
most gallant and heroic patriots who fought
under tho American colore at Gettysburg to
save the keystone of the arch from falling into
the bauds of the red-handed rebel enemy.
A DESCRIPTION OF THE SHAFT.
The business of procuring the shaft was
given by the Post into the hands of a com
mittee consisting of C. L. Numan, president of
tho Norris Hose Company, who was chosen
chairman ; L. D. Shearer, secretary ; George R.
Pcchin, Charles Foreman, George W. Holmes,
Jesse Uorbster, Rev. II. M. Kicflor, John W.
Eckmau, and Colonel Theodore W. Beau. The
committee has done its work with taste and
satisfaction. The shaft is of blue marble from
Derr's marble quarries in Upper Merion, near
the place where General Zook was reared. It
was constructed at the marble yards of Henry
A. Perr, of this city. It is eight feet high, fif
teen inches square at its base, and tapering
to ten inches at tho top, wTiich gracefully
terminates in a point. The monument will be
planted on a high circular bowlder as a pedestal,
ten feet in diameter at tho base and nearly as
many feet in height. Above this the shaft will
project about seven and a half feet. The rock
is a conspicuous landmark in tho renowned
"Wheat Field" at Gettysburg, and is within a
few feet from the fatal spot where General Zook
fell while in the thickest of the light. A small
tract of land surrounding tho site of the monu
ment has been purchased by Zook Post, and
will be handsomely inclosed. Tho shaft bears
tho following engraved inscription in black
" To the memory of Samuel Kosciusko Zook,
Brevet Major General, U. S. Volunteers, who
fell mortally wounded at or near this spot win Ie
gallantly leading his brigade in battle, July 2,
103. Erected by General Zook Post, No. 11,
G. A. R., of Norristown, Pa., Juiy 23, 1SS2."
The unveiling of the shaft will take place be
tween the hours of ten and eleven o'clock in
the morning. The religious exercises will bo
in charge of Rev. Harry M. FJcffor, the drum
mer boy of tho company of Gettysburg Col
lege students who were mustered into service,
and the Chaplain of the Post. The music will
bo under the direction of Professor Bailey, of
Gettysburg, assisted hj the Weccacoe Legion
Band -of Philadelphia. The memorial oration
will be delivored by Colonel Theodore W.
Bean. Colonel Bean is a prominent member
of tho Montgomery county bar; is the junior
of the four gallant colonels of the Seventeenth
Pennsylvania cavalry, all of whom were,
strange to say, in commission at the date of
muster out of the regiment, June, 1SG3 ; and de
livered tho historical oration at tho Valley
Forge Centennial, June 19, 187C.
A ERETCH or general zook.
General Samuel K. Zook was born in Chester
county, March 22, 1822. Whea quite young
his parents moved on " Zook Farm," near Port
Kennedy, in Montgomery county, tho mansion
house of which had been used as the headquar
ters of General Greene during tho occupancy
of Valley Forge by the American army during
tho memorable winter of 1777-78. When
twenty years old he was appointed adjutant in
the One Hundredth regiment Pennsylvania
militia. He was also a prominent member and
first sergeant of tho Chester County Troop.
He took a prominent iart in quelling the riots
in Philadelphia in ISM.
HIS MILITARY CAT.EE2.
General Zook became attached to tho mili
tary of New York as major and afterward as
lieutenant-colonel of the Sixth regiment,
Governor's Guards. At the outbreak of the
rebellion he joined the Sixth at Annapolis,
which had volunteered for three mouths' ser
vice. After serving this term he organized a
regiment in part, which was cousdidatcd with
another incomplete orgauization,forniing to
gether the Fifty-seventh, to whoa$ command
he was assigned by Governor Morgan. Gen.
Zook commanded his brigade in tlu campaign
on the Peninsula.
On the 25th of November, 1SG2, 1c was com
missioned brigadier-general. Afttr this he
led his brigade at Chancellorsvile, and at
Gainesville had command of French's old divi
sion (First of tho Second Corp6). At Gettys
burg he was again in command of Us brigade.
As the Second Corps was ad'ancingiu support
of the Third, and while at its had in the
"Wheat Field," west of Round To which, .by
reason of the terrific fighting and lavoc that
oc-urrcd there, has leen- dosignalid as the
" V. hirlpool " of the battle, ho received the
wound which cost him his life. Pruident Ar
thur was one of the twelve distingtshed pall
borers. The remains of General Jbok woro
subsequently removed from New Yo:j: to Nor
rLtowu. DISTINGUISHED GUESTS.
Invitations have been extended to 'resident
Arthur, General Hancock, and wary other
men prominent in military and civil!life, and
it is e"xetd they will be present on the occa
Fion of the dedicatory ceremonies. 'Jhc inler
c ting fact is recalled that General Zok was a
guest at the wedding of President Arthur.
'J he Gettysburg College student pd the
r.mday School children of Gettysburg and
-vicinity will participate in the memoinl cerc
nonies. The Encampment will continue seven
days, and it promise to be the largosttaither
i - of veterans ever seen on this historL battle
"AK OUTSPOKEN SOLDIERS' PPER."
Tioui the Warren (SfHSS.) Herald.
The National Tkirunk, published Keekly
at Washington, D. C, is an outspokej "sol
diers' paper," the official organ of theGrand
Army of the Republic, and full of iutebst for
all veterans. It is a large cight-pagejshoet,.
handsomely printed, the subscription! price
biu:g$L50a year. In order to largdy in
cri.tt their list at oncu the publishers cpr to
ici'.ive Mibecripiions at ILOOoaeh for a luiled
time. No veteran should fail to sec it. (Sub
scriptions will bo received at the JtfraMplEce
and forwarded at once. Now is the tiuo to
AN INTERESTING OCCASION.
K.insns Veterans' Cordial Greeting of an Old Com
mamler. An ovent of more than ordinary interest to
members of tho Grand Army took place a.t
Topcka, Kansas, a few days ago upon the occas
ion of a visit to tliat city of Gen. O. O. Howard,
U. S. A. s A 8:30 p. m. a large number of vet
erans assembled at tho Court House under
eomnlarid.of Capt. H. X. Doveudorf. Tho col
umn was' headed by the band and drum corps
and the" march was at once taken up to tho
Windsor Hotel to the lively aud patriotic mu
sic of the band. Gen. Howard was introduced
by Col. G. N. Elliott, of Topoka, in the follow
Comrades and FrUoic-Citizens: It is my pleas
ure to be here with my comrades, who did bat
tle for our country and flag, and with my fellow-citizens,
to CiO honor to ono of the most
accomplished soldiers aud purest Christian
gentlemen that over unsheathed the glittering
blade in defense of human rights or periled his
life in defense of one of the best governments
that was ever organized by the heroism aud
bravery of a patriotic people. I am hero with
you todo honor to him who at his country's
call, when tho first alarm was given and treason
was abroad in tho land, offered his service to
his country aud followed tho fortunes of tho
gallant Fourth Corps until the leader of the
Army of tho Tennessee foil on the 22d day of
June, lsfi-1. This distinguished soldier then was
placed in command of tho Army of the Ten
nessee and led it until the ample folds of that
ilag were unfurled and swung proudly to tho
breeze from the topmost height of the flagstaff
within tho defenses of Atlanta and tho burn
ingworus of triuinih Cashed over tho wires to
"Atlanta is ours, cud fairly icon!"
That victorious army he led on the march to
tho sesi, and, in mid-winter, through tho
swamps, across rivers and over tho hills to the
highlands in tho (Jarolinas, aud' thero in a
bloodless battle received the surrender of John
ston. That same army he led at tho speed of
thirty-five miles a day to the confederate capi
tal aud from thcneoauiid the plaudits and hal
lelujahs of a joyful people to tho capital of his
own countiy, whore the words, " Well done
thou good aud faithful servant." rang through
the entire land. Comrades and gentlemen, it
is my inexpressible pleasure to introduce to
you Major-General O. O. Howard.
Gen. Howard was received with cheers and
beating of drums. He said :
Comrades, I thank you for this hearty wel
come. There is something always pleasant in
meeting a soldier. If a man comes up to me
aud takes me by the baud and says " I was in
tho army," he always meets a hearty welcome.
(Cheers.) There was a grand Reunion last year
in Maine, and I attended. As I went from
tent to tent , I found a warm welcome every
where from the veterans, many of them with
one arm aud one leg, with one eye gone, or bent
with injuries that had been received in battle.
Among tho soldier boys I have always met tho
wannest friends. 1 am glad to bo with you. I
came here forrest, as you will see by the Church
Encampment programme. (Laughter.) 1 want
to thank you heartily for that song, for we did
march through Georgia to tho sea, as many of
you no doubt know. Thero are both sides in
Kansas, and your State is peculiar in that re
spect. On tho train recently I conversed with
a soldier who had fought for the South, and wo
enjoyed recounting the battles in which we had
fought on opposite sides. When wo parted he
said he was coming to Kansas, where "all
were alike." You had tho exodus hero. You
have had grasshoppers (laughter) and tho year
after a big crop and prosperity; and bigger
crops hereafter seem assured. From tho top
of your capitol to-day 1 saw your beautiful
city and the surrounding fields of grain. Kan
sas is making ample compensation for tho
grasshoppers, and you deserve the prosperity
you are enjoying. (Cheers.)
I am now a man of peace. I appreciate tho
honor you havo conferred on me to-night and
am always glad to meet old comrades. God
bless you all.
Upon tho conclusion of his speech, General
Howard was received with thrco rousing
cheers, proposed by Commander Devendorf,
after vriudi the General was escorted to his
hotel by tho ollicers aud members ot tho G A.
11., and a general hand-shakiugfollowed. As
each of the veterans clasped- tho General's
hand he named the regiment to which ho had
been attached, and it was found that many of
the "boys" had carried a musket under tho
General. The enjoyable affair was brought to
a close by the singing of war songs " March
ing Through Georgia," "Pally 'Round tho
Flag," John Brown's Body," &c, the General
joining heartily in the singing. After three
more cheers for tho General, the crowd separ
ated. TKANKS FROM A PHILADELPHIA POST.
A committee, including Major Wendell P.
Bowman, Col. Win. J. Simpson, and Capt. G. II.
Davis, of George G. Meade Post, Philadelphia,
called upon Mayor White in Baltimore a fow
days ago and presented him with a series of
engrossed resolutions. Major Bowman mado
the presentation with a few eloquent remarks,
and the .Mayor made an appropriate reply.
The resolutions arc :is follows :
Headquarters of George G. Meade Post, No. 1.
Department of Pennsylvania, G. A. 11., of
Whereas, This Post, at its recent visit to the
city of Baltimore, during the session of tho
Grand Encampment of the Grand Army of the
Republic, w:is the recipient of such kindness
and courtesies as Baltimore knows so well how
to give and extend ; and
' Whereas, Such kindness and courtesies we
believe were tho lrank and spontaneous out
come of true and honest hearts, and were by
the Post as trulj' and honestly received ; and
YiThcrea$, Such courtesies and kindnesses de
maud of the Post a manly and soldierly ac
knowledgement and recognition ; therefore,
bo it, and it is hereby-,
Pcsolvcd hi; the George G. Meade lost, No. 1,
G. A. 11., of the Department of Pcnnsylrania, in
regular muster asiemhled, That the thanks of the
Post bo extended to his honor, William Pinck
ney Whyte, Mayor of Baltimore, and through
him to the citizens of that goodly city, for his
and their kind and careful thought and atten
tion of and to the necessities, comfort and
pleasure of the. Post during its late visit, trust
ing that the God of nations and the ii'iler of
cities will guard her present and guide her
future destinies for her truest good and per
manent advancement, so that soon our whole
Nation shall rejoice because her brethren
dwell together in unity. That a commit
tee of comrades be appointed by tho com
mander to do the bidding of the Post in the
premises., and convey the resolutions to their
proper destinies. Signed by W. J. Simpson,
Commander; David P. Weaver, Adjutant;
Wendell P. Bowman, G. II. Davis, B. Frish
muth, J. C. Dobluwim and It. J. Seller.
GENERAL VANDERVOORT INDORSED.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Fairfield, Nek., July 17. At a recent
meeting of Geo. C. Oliver Post, No. -lo, of this
place tho following was adopted :
Headquarters George C. Oliver Post, No. 4'3,
Department of Nebraska, G. A. K.
Whereas Comrade aP.-iuI Vandorvoorfc, past
Department Commander of tho Department of
Nebraska, has been promoted by tho National
Encampment to iiio oflice of Commander-in-Chief
of the Grapd Army of the Repnidie :
Therefore be it resolved by George C. Oliver
Post, No. I'.i, Department of Nebraska, G. A. R.
First. That wo receive this intelligence with
pride as an honor to our Department, and rec
ognize it as a merited and well-earned promo
tion; Second. ThaL the adjutant be instructed to
forward Comrade Vandervoort a copy of this,
and also to forward a copy to The National
Tj::j!Uxi:. Gi:o. W. Noble, P. C.
O. P. Alexander Adjutant.
.. - -... .
Secretary Teller has decided to allow the
pension claim of Gen. Ward B. Burnett the
character of which has been oxplained in The
National TnnjuNi: under the Tegular pen
sion laws and under the special act. This gives
him two pensions.
Ex-Governor B. Gratz Brown, of Missouri,
arrived in Washington on Wednesday, this
being his first visit to the Capital since 'he left
tho Senate, fifteen years ago.
GRAND ARMY NOTES.
Jl is our purjmse, in this department of TriE
National Tiuduxe,o note the doings of interest
in the rariowi Posts increase in tncniliership, elec
tion of ojficcrs, ta, and the, organization of new
Posts. Comrades will confer an especial faror by
forxrarding at the earliest powibfo moment matters
of interest transpiring in their Posts. With their
aid the interest in this column of the paper can he
materially heightened. Editor.
Tho Department of Kansas has issued a
neatly printed roster showing tho number of
Posts to be eighty-nine, all of which aro thor
A charter has been secured for tho establish
ment of a Post of tho G. A. R. at Mt. Vernon,
A new Grand Army Post has boon organized
at Shickshinny, Illinois, with thirty charter
members. The prospects for its rapid increase
At Winimac, Ind., tho Grand Army Post is
in a flourishing condition. Many of its mem
bers havo connected themselves with a mew
company of Stato militia. Senior Vico Com
mander Yarncll of tho Post has been commis
sioned by Governor Porter as captain of the
O'Brien Post, No. 65, of Oswego, N. Y., has
a membership of 125, all in good standing.
Comrade George Ketchum is tho Commander,
B. C. Borues Sonior Vico Commander, and
William A. Miller Junior Vico Commander.
The Post is growing rapidly. In August the
Post will join in tho three days' Encampment
of tho G. A. R.
A RELIC OF THE WAR.
Mr. J. E. Engle, residing at Falls Church,
Va., a few days ago found an ordinary land
turtle, and examining what appeared at first to
be hieroglyphics on his back, finally decipher
ed the following inscription: " U. S. soldier, C.
W. Rhodes, June oO,lSG'l, Co. F, regiment.
- - - - -
"FEARLESS AND OUTSPOKEN."
From the Valley (Livingston, N. Y.) Times.
Tun National Tiuuune is a weekly paper
published at Washington, D. C, in tho interest
of the soldiers of the late war and deserves tho
support of every soldier in the land. Fearless
and outspoken in defenso of tho defenders of
their country, and not hesitating to denounce in
severe terms thase papers and politicians who
now seek to defraud the soldier out of his just
and promised reward after the war. Space
prevents us from giving an extended notice of
this valuable paper, but wo earnestly hope
every soldier who reads this will sendatonco
for a specimen copy free. All who send .$1
before tho 1st of October, 1SS2, will receive tho
TitinuXK one year, a large -IS column paper.
Address The National Tf.iisuxe, Washing
ton, D. C.
ASSASSIN GUITEAU HEARD FROM.
Tho Philadelphia liecord of tho 14th inst.
A Spiritualist of this city claims to havo
heard from Guitcau since his death, through
tho late President Garfield. A number of
friends were recently gathered in tho oflice of
Jonathan M. Roberts, tho publisher of Mind
and Matter, when ono of them, Mrs. Lawrence,
went into a trance. She announced that
Garfield was present, and stated that Guiteau's
spirit was present with him, but was as yet
too weak to control anybody. Ho had found
out that his theory of inspiration was all
wrong, and that he had been the victim of
evil influences. He had been thus enlightened
by a group of friends, among whom wits his
victim, the late President. Mr. Roberts thor
oughly belioves in tho revelation, and only
smiles when asked to account for tho discrep
ancies of tho two spiritualistic accounts from
Guitcau the ono from New York representing
him happy, and tho other as being consumed
by tho ctonmi fires.
A hystaudox observed, howevor, that tho
differences in statement might bo reasonably
accounted for upon tho hypothesis that Gui
tcau was up to his old tricks of lying.
HANGING IMAGINARY GUITEAUS.
The popular sport among Norwich, Conn.,
boys last week Avas the hanging of Guitcau.
One evening a party of urchins got together,
tied a rope around tho body of one of their
number, and tho next moment he was dang
ling from the limb of a maplo treo about ten
feet from tho ground. Then tho hangman
hitched the rope to a pjeket fence, and tho
band ran away, leaving their comrade in tho
air, shouting for deliverance. A few moments
later ho was let down by an alarmed neighbor,
and then ho caught and thrashed the hangman.
On last Saturday evening a troop of Grceno
ville girls decided to hang Guitcau. Lizzie
Galligan furnished the victim, a wax doll, near
ly two feetlong, and clad in all tho garments of
a fashionablo young lady. They took the red
cheeked imago into tho front yard, placed it on
tho ground, affixed tho noose of a long ropo
around its neck, throw the other end over a
treo limb, and tho wax doll wont bobbing aud
jumping up into tho tree. A crowd of boys,
who acted as police, marines, and surgeons,
GARFIELD'S HOME IN THIS CITY TO
At a meeting of tho Ohio Republican Asso
ciation on Tuesday evening tho Hon. William
Lawrence, M. J. Foot, F. C. Campbell, 12. C.
Ford, and C. A. Boynfon were appointed a com
mittee to consider the advisability of purchasing
from the Garfield estate the residence of the
late President, at the corner of Thirteenth and
1 streets, to bo used as a Stale headquarters, and
to report a.plan for the consummation of such
purchase. Prof. H. C. Spencer said that when
he was in Cleveland a few days ago Mrs. Garfield
had expressed a desire to .sell this properly,
but felt a disinclination to sell it to a stranger,
and suggested that it was possible the Ohio
citizens residing in Washington might feel in
clined to purchase tho house and convert it. into
a State headquarters; that her husband had
valued the dwelling and lot at $18,000, but she
thought that $15,000 would now he a fair valu
ation for it, and in the event of such a sale
being made sho would placo tho library in the
east wing of the houso in exactly the same
condition that it was Avhen occupied by General
Garfield as his study.
NOMINATIONS FOR CONGRESS.
Fifth Ohio district, George Seney, Democrat;
sixth Ohio district, J. A. Bingham, Repnbliean ;
fifth Minnesota district, Kuute Nelson and Wm.
Kindred, Republicans; fifteenth Illinois dis
trict, J. G.Cannon, Republican; third district
of Mississippi, E. Jeffords, Republican; seventh
Ohio district, Henry L. Morcy, Republican;
third Minnesota, district, Horace B. Strait;
eleventh Ohio district, John W. MeCormick,
Republican; New Albany (Indiana) district,
S. M. StocKslagcr, Democrat.
A MAN HANGED THREE TIMES.
One of the most horrible hanging scenes
ever witnessed in the country was presented
to a crowd who remained in tho jail yard at
Sioux Falls, Dak., on the RJlh inst., on the
occasion of tho hanging of Thomas Eagan.
Eagan had a fall of nine feet, and when, the
trap was sprung, ho shot down and full to the
ground, the ropo having broken. Ho was
carried to the scaffold again. Another ropo
was adjusted and onco more the trap was
sprung, but a second time the rope broke and
befell to the ground as before. For a third
time tho agonized wretch v:is carried to tho
scaffold aud still had sullicicnt strength lo
brace his legs for a third and last fall. The
sheriff again sprung tho trap and Eagan on
tho third trial was killed instantly.
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING IN BEHALF
OF THE SOLDIER.
Hon. A. G. Cnrtin on tho Sacred Obligations or the
Government Pension Asked for the Grand
daughter or .Tefierson Art Ion of
Congress in liulhidual i'en
In tho Houso of Representatives on the 5th
instant, Hon. Wm. E. Robinson, of Now York,
speaking in favor of granting a pension to Sep
timia Randolph Meikleham, only surviving
granddaughter of Thomas Jefferson, said :
In an humblo cottage, rented at twenty dol
lars a month, in a secluded part of Georgetown,
in this District, lives Scntimia Randolph Meik
leham, widow of Dr. Meikleham, daughter of
Martha Jefferson and only surviving grand
child of Thomas Jefferson, with her three
children, depending mostly upon tho exertions
of a delicate and dutiful daughter for their
support. Sho was born at Monticello, beneath
her illustrious grandfather's roof, on tho odduy
of January, ISM. She was tho seventh daugh
ter, and hence called Septhnia, and, I believe,
the youngest child but one of Governor Thomas
Mann Randolph and Martha Jefferson. They
had twelve children, five sons and seven daugh
ters, all horn in Jefferson's home at Monticello
except Mary Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin,
who wcro born at Edge Hill, aud James Madi
son, who was born at the White Houso, in the
city of Washington, when her mother was tho
mistress of that establishment.
You have within the hiol month or two given,
by a nearly unanimous vote by both Houses,
10,000 to raise a monument to Jefferson's mem
ory in the deserted ruins of Monticello. Think
you that (his pension which I ask from you for
his grandchild who is living in our midst, and
who deserves to have each member of Congress
and tho Cabinet and the President call upon
her at least once a year while she lives think
you that this pension will not provo a more ac
ceptable monument to his memory than shafts
of marble ordecorations over his grave? Think
you if Thomas Jefferson's spirit can bend from
2IIK CELESTIAL ABODK OF DEPARTED PA
TRIOTS itnd note what is occurring in this Capitol of
his country that he would not a thousand
times prefer to see that humble Georgetown
cottage where dwells the only relative now liv
ing whom he over saw on earth gilded by your
munificence than all tho marble you could pile
upon his ashes at Monticello? You have dur
ing tho prescntsossion given tho same amount
Lask for her to Mrs. Tyler, Mrs. Folk, Mrs. Lin
coln, and Mrs. Garfield; none of them so well
deserving as sho deserves. Nor is thero any
danger of setting a precedent for other similar
grants. Wo shall never have another living
member to care for of that family circle which
gathered around tho dying couch of tho author
of the Declaration of Independence.
This solo surviving grandchild of our illus
trious statesman and patriot, born in his house,
fondled on his knee, carried in his arms, kissed
by iiis lips, is now living in this District in
straitened circumstances, a widow, with her
delicate family, in an humble dwelling within
sight of the White House, whero her mother
once shone as riio first of American women ;
within the shadow of this Capitol which but
for him would probably never have reared its
majestic' Dome abovo its assembled statesmen ;
within sight of that majestic column slowly
mounting heavenward to perpetuate the fame
of him who vindicated by his sword what his
great compatriot had created by his pen. And
shall she be permitted to feel no throb of patriotic-
pride pulsing around her humble homo
from the great heart of tho American people
represented in these Halls of Congress? Sen
ators and Representatives, I call upon you to
see that this grandchild shall not suffer for any
tking you can give her for tiie brief time that
she may live to keep alive the memory of tho
heroic age of this Republic.
THE SACRED OBLIGATION" TO PAY PEN
SIONERS. In the Houso of Representatives on tho 27th
Ttirao Hon. Andrew G. Curtin, of Pennsyl
vania", delivered a speech on tho bill to reduce
internal revenuo taxation. In tho course of
his speech ho said:
We have given 100,000,000 to pensions, but
that, sir, could not be refused. The Forty-fifth
Congress, by solemn enactment, acknowledged
a debt duo to the soldiers of the Republic and
accompanied it with a promiso to pay.
Tho amount has been ascertained this year,
and this Congress did no more than to accept
the obligation and redeem the promise mado
by the United States; and as the men to whom
the promise was made are growing old and are
most of them poor, and as the debt has been
due a long time, it is our duty lo pay it as
promptly as possible and to give all tho neces
sity appliances for tho speedy settlement of
their claims. It is too late to question tho
wisdom or tho justice of that law. It is on our
statute-books, the debt is acknowledged, and
you might as well go before tho American people
and attempt to repeal the fourteenth and fif
teenth amendments to the Constitution of tho
United States, which contain the lessons and
logic of tho war, or you might as well expect
the passage of a bill to reduco the wages of the
menibors of this House, either of which would
bo quite impossible.
PASSAGE OK INDIVIDUAL PENSION RILLS.
Much of tho time of the Senate on the 11th
inst. waff devoted to tho consideration of vari
ous pension bills. Measures granting pensions
to the following persons were favorably re
ported: To Jam S. Taplin, Eliza M. Bass,
David T. Stephenson and Ann Elizabeth
Rodgers. A bill for the relief of Hardie 11.
Helper was reported from tho Committee on
Pensions with amendments. The following
adverse reports in pension cases were mado by
tho some committee: In the cases of Cornelius
Fitzgerald, .Electa W. Jacobs, Mrs. Mary F.
McKeevcr, Elizabeth Bauer and James
During the session, Mr. Logan, from tho
Committee on Appropriations, to whom was
referred the bill making appropriations for tho
payment of invalid and other pensions of tho
United States for tho fiscal year ending Juno
oO, ISSll, and for other purposes, reported it
with amendments, and gave notice that as soon
as iL is printed ho would ask for the considera
tion of the Dill.
Tho Semite passed pension bills, mostly
House bills, without amendment, in favor ot
tho followin? persons: Jacob Nix, Wm. H.
Morgan, Mrs. Electa L. Baldwin, Ellen Gilles
pie, Amo3 Clupman, Elizabeth H. Spotts, Al
bert O. Miller, Joseph N. Abbey, Joel II. Carter,
Newton Boutwell, Thomas U. Rothrock, James
Hawthorne, Geo. J. Webb, John 11. Jackson,
Mary E. Matthews, Ann Leddy, Emoline Pink,
Mrs. Lizzie M. Mitchell, Mrs. Elizabeth B.
CiBter (widow of Gen. Georgao A. Custer),
Caroline French, E. G. Hoffman, Bernard
Brady, Laban Conner, Peter J. Welshbillig,
Elijah W. Penny. Elizabeth Yennor Henry,
Betty Taylor Datdridgo (daughter of Gen.
Zackary Taylor pension 50 per month),
AmeliH Ann Wilsor., Robt. P. Walker and Mrs.
Kate L. Usher.
Subsequently Mr. Morgan, of Alabama, en
tered a motion to reconsider the vote by which
the bill granting a pension to Betty Taylor
Dandridgo w:is pasted, in order to oiler an
When H. R. bill 1122, granting a pension to
Mary Wade was considered as in Committee of
the Whole thero wai cousidcreblo discussion,
and it finally went over. 11 provides for
placing on tho pensicn-roll tho name- of Mary
Wade, of Gettj-sburg, I'ennsylvania, the mother
of Jennie Wade, who was killed while baking
bread for tho Union soldiers, and for paying
Mary Wade a pension at the rate of $d per
month, to continue during hor widowhood,
sho having been dependent for support on
The House passed pension bills in favor of
the following: Patrick Droney, Emma H. Col
lins, Margaret Boymer, Mary E. Ryan, Albert
O. Miller, Theodore Rauthe, Thomas McClain,
Hannah E. Aldcn, Barbara Marauardiandon
B. Grimes, Mary J. Hannaford, James Bennett,
Elizabeth Weinstein, Martha Jano Dougtafs,
Emily Theadgill, Jorial Onkst. John C. Fenscke,
Joseph F. Wilson, Margery Nightengale, Bridget
Hamilton, Dennis Smith, Mary E. Taylor,
Anthony B. Graves, Rowland Ward, Thomas
F. Baker, Robert Carey, John Hazlc wood, Sarah
J. Cameron, Francis Duffy, Reuben Marshall,
II. E. Van Trees, and M. II. Clements.
Adverse reports wero made in the cases of
James Johnson and Orinel Gillette.
The House also passed the Senate bill giving
a pension of $50 per month to Mrs. Elizabeth 15.
Tho Scnato amendment to tho bill increasing
the pension of Elijah W. Penny was concurred
in, jus were those in the cases of Amelia Ann
Wilson and George J. Webb.
A petition was presented in the nousc pray
ing that a pension bo granted William H.
Milan, ot Indiana.
RELIEF FOR MRS. GARFIELD.
The Houso on tho 13th instant passed tho
following bill :
licit enacted, &c., That tho Secretary of tho
Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and
directed to iay, out of any money in tho
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to Mrs.
Lucretia R. Garfield, Avidow of James A. Gar
field, late President of tho United States, or,
in tho event of her death before payment, then
to the legal representatives of tho said James
A. Garfield, the sum of $n0,000, less any sum
paid to tho said James A. Garfield, or his widov
or legal representative, on account of his salary
as President of the United States.
PROPOSED PUBLICATION" OP THE NAMES OP
On Saturday when tho pension appropriation
bill was beforo tho Senate Mr. Beck offered the
following extraordinary amendment:
Pnycideil, ThaL tho Commissioner of Pensions
shall, as soon as practicable, and once in each
ytar thereafter, cause separate, distinctly
printed lists of all pensioners and applicants
for pensions and increase of pensions, both
army and navy, to bo mado out lor each county
in tho United States in which pensioners or
claimants reside, containing the nanus of each
pensionerand claimant whose post-ofiice address
is at any post-ofiice in said county, aud furnish
said list to the postmaster at the county seat at
each county, whoso duty it shall be to keep
said lis';, f.osred in some conspicuous place in
his post-ofiice, so as to be accessible to the
public fur inspection.
Each list shall contain tho full names of the
pensioners and claimants, whether they claim
to bo invalids, widows, minor children, de
pendent relatives, or survivors or widows of the
war of 1S12, stating the amount of pension now
paid to aud claimed by each, and tho total
amount; heretofore paid; and the Commis
sioner of Pensions shall append to each list a
general request for information in regard to
the justice of said pensions and claims, stating
that all communications to him on these sub
jects may bo sent to him free of postage.
And the Commissioner ot Pensions shall also
cause tho lists for each county to be inserted
at least once in each year in the newspaper
published in said county which has the largest
circulation therein : and if no newspaper is
published in any counry, then in tiie news
paper published nearest thereto; and in all
counties containing a town or city of 10,000
population or upward the Commissioner of
Pensions shall cause the lists aforesaid to be
inserted in the two newspapers, representing
different political parties, which are published
in said county having the largest circulation;
and in all cities of 50.000 population and up
ward he shall causo said lists to be insortcd at
least once each year in three of tiie leading
daily papers published in said city.
The Commissioner of Pensions may use any
money herein appropriated to "pay the neces
sary expenses incurred in carrying out the
foregoing prvisions, aud may so organize in his
oflice such clerical force as will in his judg
ment best utilize the information he may re
ceive, so as to protect tiie Government against
fraudulent claims. The Commiscsoner of Pen
sions shall keep on file in his olBce the post-otfico
address of each pensioner and claimant, and
shall suspend the payment of any pensiou or
the consideration of any claim unless tho pst
ofiice address of tho pensioner or claimant is
furnished. - ;v-
In urging the adoption of Vhis outrageous
amendment Mr. Beck sharply criticized the
whole pension system. Senator Plumb said
the Senator from Kentucky had repeated the
old, old story heard so often in tho Senate
reflecting upon the integrity of pensioners,
lie defended the pension roll and the adminis
tratioa of the Pension Bureau, declaring that
tho roll w;js as honest as it was possible for it
to be, aud that the management of the Bureau
was first-class in every particular. As for the
payment of $100,000,000 a year to tho wounded
survivors of the war for the defense of the
Union, that was a matter of no consequence.
Ho said the soldiers of the Union army did
good work, and he thanked God there was
something now to show for it. Ho did not
begrudge a penny that was paid them. Sena
tor Logan also opposed the Beck amendment,
"and it was ruled out of order on a point mado
by Senator Plumb.
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOffiG.
On Thursday, July lo, in tho Senate the
Committee on tho Library was instructed to
inquire into the expediency of purchasing,
editing, and publishing the unpublished man
uscript papers of Andrew Jackson. House
joint resolution was passed appropriating
jjoOjGOO to enable the United States to take
part in the international fishery exhibition to
be held in London in May, lix-;. Tho tax bill
was taken up and Mr. Yoorhecs made a speech.
The naval appropriation bill was reported back
from the Committee on Appropriations.
In the Senate, on Friday, the pension appro
priation bill was reported, ordered printed,
and laid over for future action. The Commit
tee on Appropriations recommend tho adoption
of several amendments, tho most important of
which aro those piohibiting tho payment of
double ponsions, ami directing tho Secretary of
the Interior to transmit annually to Congress
a li.it of persons borno on the pension rolls, to
gether with the amount paid to each. Several
private pension bills were passed, among them
being one to increase the pulsion oH the widow
of Gen. Geo. A. Custer to 50 per month. A
House pension bill was amended by the adop
tion of a general provision prohibiting the
payment of double icnsions. Mr. Bayard
spoko on the tax bill. Mr. Beck offered an
amendment reducing ten cents per pound the
tax on manufactured tobacco. Pending dis
cussion tho matter went over.
In the Senate on Saturday, Mr. Anthony in
troduced a bill, which was referred, repealing
so much of the army appropriation bill as pro
vides for tho retirement of Gen. Sherman and
The Senate proceeded to tho consideration of
the pension appropriation bill. Mr. Beck of
fered an amendment requiring tho Commis
sioner of Pensions once in each year to cause a
list of all pensioners and applicants for pensions
in each county in the United States to bo mado
out and published in at least one newspaper in
The amendment was finally ruled out upon
a point of order raised by Mr. Anthony, and the
Tho Senato insisted upon its amendments to
the river and harbor appropriation bill, and a
conference conimitteo was ordered.
The following bills from the House wcro read
twice by their titles, and referred to the Com
mittee on Military Affairs: Granting four con
demned cast-iron cannon to tho Post of the
Grand Army of tho Republic at Peabody, Mass.;
donating condemned cat -iron cannon for
inonuuiental.purposes; to authorize tho Secre
tary of War to furnish cast-iron cannon aud
cannon-balls for tho soldiers' cometcry at Knox
ville, Tenn.; donating condemned cast-iron
cannon to tho town of Hatfield, Mass., for
monumental purposes; to donate two con
demned cast-iron cannon and twelvo cannon
balls to A. E. Burnside Post, 109, of South Chi
cago, 111., and authorizing the Secretary of War
to deliver to Edward Pye Tost, Nol 178, four
condemned cast-iron cannon and four cannon
balls, for decorating the proposed soldiers'
monument at Haverstraw, N. Y.
On Monday, in the Senate, a bill was passed
appropriating $50,000 for tho erection of a pub
lic building at Haverhill, Mass. ; several per
sonal pension bills were passed. The confer
ence committee on the legislative, judicial, and
executive bill reported that they were uuablo
to agree. The bill to reduce internal revenuo
was taken up and several speeches made on tho
snbjcct. Among the enrolled bills signed by the
president of tho Senate were tho following:
Donating four condemned cast-iron cannon for
the soldiers' monument at the village of East;
Bloomfield, New York; granting condemned
cannon to Abo Lincoln Post, No. 2S, of tho
Grand Army of tho Republic, at Council Bluffs,
Iowa, for monumental purposes ; douating four
condemned cast-iron cannon and four cast-iron
cannon-balls for tho soldiers' monument at
Ironton, Ohio, and granting condemned can
non, &c, to tho city of MarshaUtown, Iowa.
On Tuesday in the Senate the Committee on
Military Affairs reported favorably bills donat
ing cannon, &c, as follows : A bill (II. R. No.
bT-19) donating condemned cast-iron cannon for
monumental purposes; a bill (H. R. No. GOTO)
donating condemned cast-iron cannon to tho
totvn of Hatfield, Massachusetts, for monumen
tal purposes ; authorizing the Secretary of War
to deliver to Edward Pvc P&?lNo. 170, of tho
Grand Army of the Republic, foftr' condemned
cast-iron cannon and four cannon-balls, fot
decorating tho proposed soldiers' monument at
Haverstraw, New York : granting condemned
cast-iron cannon and cannoi-balls for monu
mental purposes; to'authorize tho Secretary of
War to furnish condemned cast-iron cannon
and cannon-balls for the soldiers' cemetery at
Knoxvillc, Tcnnesrcc ; to authorize tho Secre
tary of War to furnish condemned cast-iron
cannon and cannon-balls for monumental pur
poses : a bill (II. R. No. G71S) to donate two
condemned cast-iron cannon and twelvo
cannon-balls to the A. E. Burnside Post, No.
109, of the Grand Army of the Republic, of
South Chicago, Illinois; and a bill (S. No. 2151)
to authorizo tho Secretary of War to furnish
cannon and cannon-balls for monumental pur
poses. The remainder of the session v as de
voted to tho consideration of the internal
In the Sonato on Wednesday a series of reso
lutions adopted by the Fifth Army Corps ab
Detroit, Mich., in favor of Fitz-John Porter
wero presented. The House amendment for
the the sale of the old New York post-office site
wa concurred in. Mr. Logan introduced a bill
to construe a section of the act approved May
(, 13d2, to execute certain -treaty stipulations
relating to Chinese. The section x'unishes,
with fine and imprisonment, the master of a
vessel who shall knowingly bring within tho
United States on such vessel or land or permit
to belauded a Chinese laborer from any foreign
port, Tiie bill provides that the section shall
not he construed to apply to Chinese on beard
of vessels in transit between foreign ports,
touching at ports within the United States
when such landing is to allow them, to pass
through this country to their own, with no
intention of violating such law. Mr. Logan
advocated the passage of the bill, and several
other speeches were made on the subject.
Thii internal revenue bill was considered and
several amendments adopted. Tiie bill wa3
under consideration at the hour of adjournment.
The .Houso on Thursday, July 1 3, went into
Commit tee of the Whole on tho sundry civil
appropriation bill, several amendments in re
gard to Sho pay of contestants for seats being
Mr. Htdman offered an amendment appropri
ating $1.:,000 to enable the President to carry
out tho s.atute to promote civil-service reform
and official accountability, and spolrc in favor
of it. Tiiis led to a long political dobate.
The amendment offered by Mr. Holman was
The committee then roso and tho bill was
passed. The Senate amendments to tho defi
ciency appropriation bill wcro reported, and
wore severally non-concurred in.
The House on Friday proceeded to the con
sideration oi tho remaining Senate amend
ments to tho general deiicienc3' appropriation
bill which had not been non-concurred in yes
terday. The i arge majority of them were non
concurred in. Few of them gave rise to any
discussion cxavpt that appropriating, 000 for
the payment of mileago to Senators w.'io at
tended the spreial session of the Senate con
vened on October 10, 1S61. The amenc'menfc
was non-concurred in.
A long debafca then ensued oh tho Stmati
amendment to pj.y the expenses of the Garfield
illness, which wa. non-concurred in.
A bill directing the Secretary cf the Treas
ury to pay to Lucretia R.Garfield, widow of
the late President Garfield, 50,000, less any
sum paid to him on account of his salary-as
President, was passed unanimously.
A bill was passeil referring all claims and de
mauds against the Government to the Court of
diaims for investigation.
The House, at its evening session, agreed to
the Senate, amendments to the House bill
granting a pension to Augustus 31il!er. This
amendment prohibits the payment of doublo
Pension bils were then passed to the num
ber of forty among them the Senate bill
granting an increase cf pension to the widow
of General George A. -Custer.
In the Iloiibc en Saturday, Mr. Cannon, of
Illinois, from tho committee of conference on
the legislative, executive, and judicial appro
priation bill, reported that the committee had
been unable to agivc. The House voted to
iusist on its disagreement with the Senate and'
to ask for a further conference. On motion of
Mr. Burrows, of .Mich., a resolution was adopted
referring to the Committee ou Civil Servico
Reform the question of inequalities of salaries
between the donate and Hoiiho employees, pro
vided that no salaries !r increased. The Houso
then went into Commit! ee of the Whole on tho
Senate amendments to the river and harbor
appropriation bill. The amendments were non
concurred in in gross, the whole number being
ISO. Tho committee thf.n rose and tho Houso
non-concurred in all tho Senate amendments.
In tho House on Monday, a bill was intro
duced granting comlemibed ordnance stores to
tho G. A. 11., of tho Department of the Poto
mac. Under tho call of .States, an unusually
largo number of personal pension bills woro
presented and appropriately referred. A bill
was passed authorizing Robert Garrett and
others to construct a line of ocean telegraphy
from any point on tho Atltntic coast to Euro
pean ports, etc. Tho Senate amendments to
the pension appropriation bill wore referred to
tho Committee on Appropriations.
On Tuesday in tho House, a bill was passed
extending the time of a resolution providing
for temporary Government expenditures to
July III. In tho contested election cases of
Stovell vs. Cabell, 5th district of Virginia, aud
Anderson vs. Reed, 1st district of Maine, reso
lutions were adopted declaring George C.
Cabell and Thomas B. Reed (the latt'er the
sitting member) entitled to seats.
On Wednesday in the Houso the contested
election case of Smalls vs. Tillman was taken
up, and speeches in favor of the contestant and
sitting member were made by several members.
Smalls, the contestant, was declared entitled
to the seat, making the second colored member.
Ho was immediately sworn in. Tho contested
election case of Smith vs. Shelley was then taken
up and was under consideration at the hour of