Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, JULY 29, 1882.
moments. Before ho pot to tho landing the
boat was pone to Louisville, and when he pot
to Louisville his company was mustered out,
and ho was charged as a deserter.
Mr Platt. Is it not a suflicient guaranteo
of the good faith of tho soldier that he served
twelve moutlis? Why should wo have this
clause in a bill at all, "or who received a local
bounty?" It is put hero, as I understand, to
prevent bounty-jumpers from taking advan
tage of the provision of this act. If a man
served twelve months is not that a guarantee
that he was not a bounty-jumper? Why isit nec
essary to put that in here to see that the class
of people who are called bounty -jumpers shall
not he relieved of the charge of desertion?
In the Eastern States almost all the soldiers
who volunteered received local bounties, and
as it seems to me, leaving that clause in
tho last section simply prevents any one
of our citizen-soldiers who volunteered from
the Eastern States and from New York and
from many other States deriving tho slightest
advantage from this bill. It soems to mo to be
I move to strike out inline 15 of section -1 the
words "or who received a local bounty."
Mr. Plumb. 1 suggest to the Senator from
Connecticut that he ought to move to strike
out the next two words as well, the words "and
Mr. Platt. I will so modify my amend
ment. Tho Presidext pro tempore. The amend
ment will be reported as modified.
The Acting Secretary. In section 4, lines
15 and 10, it is proposed to strike out the words
"or who received a local bounty and deserted ;
so as to read :
That no soldier, nor the heirs or lcpal represent
atives of any soldier, who served in the nrniy n
period of lew. than twelve months shall be entmcu
to the benefit of the provisions of this net.
Mr. Harrisox. I wish to make a suggestion.
There mav be some reason in the suggestion of
the Senator from Connecticut that if a soldier
received a local bounty, as very many Western
soldiers did, as well ;is the Eastern, and served
until the expiration of the term of enlistment
or until the 22d day of May, lfc(53, and then,
under his own summary and ill-considered
construction, perhaps, of his contract of enlist
ment, went home, he should rcceivo tho bene
fits of this measure.
Mr. Cockrell. lie would bo relieved under
the first section of the bill just the same as any
body else. Under the first and second sections
those who received local bounties are relioved
just as much as any others.
Mr. Harrison. I am not sure that the Sen
ator from Missouri is right in saying that tiiis
general provision in tho bill, excepting all
those cases where a soldier received local boun
ty, would not also apply to tho first section. I
think it would. If so, then the clause which
the Senator from Connecticut moves to strike
out should be made to read "or who received a
local bounty and deserted before the expiration
of their term of enlistment or before the 22d of
May, 1SG5." With that modification thero
might be some reason for tho amendment. As
the amendment was proposed by him it would
apply to a case of desertion prior to the 22d day
of May, 1S65. The deserter to be excused is
one who received no bounty as provided in tho
first section after the expiration of the term of
enlistment or after the 22d day of May, lbG5.
Mr. Hoar. Do not the other sections of the
bill make provision for all that by only describ
ing certain classes of cases that come within it?
Mr. Harrison. I think the provision in the
fourth section that no soldier, &c, who served
in tho army a period of less than twelve months,
or who received local bounty and deserted,
shall be entitled to the benefit of the provisions
of this act, takes that class of men out of tho
benefits of it. It extends the period of deser
tion after the expiration of the term of enlist
ment or after the 22d day of May, 18G3. I
should have no objection if the words were in
serted in the sixteenth line, after the word
" deserted," "before the expiration of his term
of enlistment or before the 22d day of May,
lGo." I suggest to the Senator from Missouri
whether that would not be right.
Mr. Cockrell. I have no objectiou to that
amendment. It makes it just what I think it
would be any way. I thiuk the apprehensions
of the Senator from Connecticut arc not well
Mr. Piatt. I feel quito an interest in this
matter, because there are in Connecticut, as in
other States, a chiss of young men who went to
the war who volunteered from patriotic mo
tives, who received local bounties, who fought
bravely until the war was practically over, and
then without waiting to be mustered out went
to their homes. It was not a thing which
should stand against them charging them as
deserters, and which their children would look
to as a record of the unfaithfulness of their
fathers. This bill is presented here because
the Secretary of War has no power to-day to
remove the charge of desertion under such cir
cumstances. There is another class spoken of in the first
section, and tliat is those soldiers who were
prevented from completing their term of ser
vice by reason of wounds received and of dis
ease contracted, and who were not present
when their regiment was mustered out. The
Secretary of War cannot relieve that charge of
desertion, and in my judgment if .this clause
remains here he will not be able to remove it
after the bill passes. The object of tho bill is
to enable him to do something which he has
not the power to do now. He will not be able
to remove the charge of desertion either in the
ease of the soldier who served faithfully through
the war but went home when the war was over,
or who was prevented from being with his reg-'
iment when it was mustered out by reason of
sickness, nor in cases where ho did not intend
to desert, and after the charge of desertion re
turned tolas command. It seems to me wc
ought to be very careful not to shut a man out
from tho provisions of tho bill in this respect
because he received from his town or his State
a local bounty.
I think, nearly twenty years after the war,
when my brethren on the other side will per
mit me to say it wc have removed almost
every disability from those who fought against
ns, it is not fair because a man happened to re
ceive a local bounty that the charge of deser
tion should still remain against him in the
ollice of the Secretary of War, all other things
being in his favor; and it does seem to me that
the anxiety to prevent bounty-jumpers from
receiving the benefits of this act, an anxiety in
which I share as well as the members of the
Military Committee, is perfectly met and an
swered by the provision that no one shall bo
entitled to the benefits of it unless he served
twelve months. If a person served twelve
mouths I think it is fair to assume that lie was
not a bounty-jumper. Sol hope that the amend
ment which i have suggested will prevail.
Mr. 1'lumii. 1 think if tho Senator from
Indiana will examine this section carefully he
will find that the amendment of tho Senator
from Connecticut covers the precise point which
he himself seems to be driving at. The whole
t-flect of that proviso is to limit the class of per
sons to whom it shall be applicable, and pro
ceeds on the theory that twelve months' service
constitutes a priian-facie case. I think it should
be amended, in order to make the bill harmoni
ous, by providing at the close of line 1G of sec
tion 1 that this class of persons should not have
the benefit of section 1 of the act, that being
the only section which actually states an act
The next section provides fora different class
or persons, lor those who did not intend to de
si rt and who, after the. assumed act of deser
tion, returned to their command. That of
itself ought to be sufficient, without any further
provision or any distinction, that such a person
should be entitled to have the charge of deser
tion removed from him.
Mr. Harrison. Not altogether, for I have
an illustration in my own mind of what occur
red at Camden, South Carolina, where some
mc n undertook to desert at Broad'Rivcr Tho
raft could not hold them all, and one who un
dertook to swim was caught by a shark and"
the others, with very scant clothing, voro left
on our side, and they came hack to camp 1
did not give them much credit for that. Their
return to camp was not evidence that they did
not intend to desert.
Mr. Plumb. 1 have no doubt there will 1C
some men lelt out who ought to be put in this
bill, and as a matter of course some men will
be in who ought to be left out. The general
rule, is, I think, as I have stated it. However,
I am not particular about that clause so much.
It does seem to me there is great force in
what tho Senator from Connecticut says, that
there ought not to Ue any distinction made
against the men who received a local bounty
on that account alone. In the Eastern Stales,
all the later enlistments I think did receive
local bounty, and consequently you take out
from the beneficent operations of this bill a
very large and, I think, equally :is meritorious
a class of people with those enlisted at first
perhaps; at all events they were sufficiently
meritorious for the Government to call on them
and it was very glad of their services, and tho
services they rendered, as far as I know, were
as good as those of anybody else.
Mr. Hoar. I desire to ask the Senator from
Kansas, who I believe is a member of this com
mittee, a question. The two first sections de
scribe the class of persons to be benefited, and
the second section excludes the class put by the
Senator from Indiana. Is there any doubt that
under either of these sections men ought not to
have the relief just as much as if they had
enlisted with bounty as without it?
Mr. Plumb. I think so undeniably. I want
to say in regard to this bill as it is now that I
have given the subject a great deal of attention,
and tho bill will not bring within its operation
any man who actually did desert; and 1 may
sav that the best definition of desertion is found
iifthc later military works. It is defined to be
the act of deserting tho flag; that is to say, a
man who intends to leavo the service of his
country, to turn his back upon tho service
which he has engaged to perform, to get out
from under the flag he enlisted to serve under;
and while technically leaving a man's company
and going into another company and rendering
service there is desertion, at the same time for
practical purposes it is not desertion.
1 happen to know of cases arising in my State
and cases arising in regiments enlisted from
other Stales, all very hard cases indeed. Every
soldier who enlisted enlisted to serve for a cer
tain term or during the war. Thoso words" dur
ing the war" were held to qualify, to modify,
to limit the term of service. It was not to bo
three years absolutely, but three years if fhe
war lasted so long, and if the war did not last
threo years then the service terminated when
ever the war terminated. For all practical
purposes, while fhe Supreme Court fixed a date
somo time in 1SGG when the stato of war termi
nated for certain purposes of justice in insur
rectionary States and the rights of persons
therein, practically tho war closed prior to or
about the date named in this bill, tho 22d of
May, IH5. That was tho date when tho army
of Sherman and tho Army of the Potomac met
hero in review, and every preparation then
was made to muster out; money was raised to
pay the men; they wero sent to convenient
depots for the purpose of mustering out, and, as
slated by the Senator from Missouri, regiments
went to Louisville for that purpose, and ;is they
went through Indiana the men left and went
to their homes governed by an instinct which
was just as noble and just as patriotic and just
as much for the benefit of the country as the
instinct was which induced them to enlist. I
say that in the act of the dispersion of the army
the instinct that led these men to go back to
their homes was equally as honorable ;is that
which led them to enlist in the first place, and
distinguishes the citizen soldiers of the Republic
from the hirelings of despotism as any other
act they could have done.
It was the interest of tho Government that
these men should go back and that they should
want to go back, and when their terms of ser
vice had expired somo of them, as described by
the Senator from Connecticut, left intending to
go home, not caring about the formality of
mustering out. At that timo they did not
care particularly about the charge of desertion
because all their neighbors knew that they had
served, and it did not detract from a man's
merit to have it known that he had gone home,
because everybody knew he had served; but
as time goes on aud it gets away from the recol
lection of men, other people grow up, a new
generation arises and the record becomes the
main thing, and now these men say: "Wo
want the record all right; we do not want to
depend on the recollection of our neighbors, or
on tradition, for the fact of our service and the
honor of that service." I think now at this
time, when wc can do it without setting any
possible bad example for the future, we ought
to do this thing, not only justly but generously.
I think myself, on reflection, that this part
of the bill moved to be stricken out by the
Senator from Connecticut ought to be stricken
out injustice to what must have been a very
large class of persons enlisted in tho Eastern
Mr. Platt. I want to say a single word more.
Tho bill as it stands to-day will not help one
single Connecticut soldier. Every one of them
received a local bounty, if the Stato bounty is
a local bounty. So it will not relieve on single
soldier in Connecticut.
Mr. Blair. I cannot help thinking that the
Senator from Connecticut is really somewhat
mistaken as to the significance of the language
of this proviso, though it may as well all of it
be stricken out. He seems to confound the
class specified in this proviso with those who
are included in the rest of the bill, and to aid
which the bill seems to have been introduced.
This proviso as it strikes mc includes a class
of soldiers that is not covered at all by the
general provision. It is not only those who
served less than twelve months and thoso who
received a local bounty, but who in addition to
the reception of local bounty actually deserted.
It is not those who rest under tho charge of
desertion merely, for those who are charged
with desertion on tke records are not deserters
as a necessary consequence. They are dealt
with as prima-facie deserters; but, as in tho
case of every other crime, tho cssense of deser
tion is in the intent. The words "and de
serted" found in this provision of course con
tain tho implication of the crime of desertion
itself, the intent to desert, and 1 do not under
stand that the rest of the bill includes that
chiss at all. .
If any Connecticut soldier, or any New
Hampshire soldier, or any Western soldier, who
went into the service, whether he received
a local bounty or did not receive a local
bounty, having served twelve months or less,
did desert with intent to desert the flag, he
then became a participator in tho crime of
treason, and that man ought not to receive
benefit under this act, and I do not under
stand that tho provisions of tho act extend
to that man; but they apply to him who did
not desert, who, stimulated by the love of home
and knowing thai the war was substantially
over, or for any other reason which does not
include the essence of the great crime of de
sertion, abandonment of the service itself, was
absent without leave. It is to meet tho neces
sities of that very largo class of men that tho
general provisions of the bill are applicable.
But where a man is not only charged with de
setion, hut cannot remove that charge by fur
nishing evidence under fhe other provisions
of this act, so that upon the testimony which
each individual must adduce before the War
Department in order to obtain any benefit at
all under this act it finally appears upon the
judicial action of the Department that he is
still a deserter, he ought to have no remedy,
whether he is a Connecticut or a New Hamp
shire man or any other man whatever, no mat
ter if he deserted at the very last moment of
1 think that the proviso is utterly inappli
cable to the class of men whom it is designed
to reach ; but if the whole proviso was stricken
out the bill would then he perfect; and if tho
Senator from Connecticut will make amotion
to strike out the entire proviso ho will have
the bill perfect, as it strikes my mind, and I
shall be very glad to support it.
Mr. Dawks. I understand the bill to go upon
tho principle of relieving a man from tho
charge of desertion who is not guilty in fact
but has incurred that record, and itdocs not
seem to me that it is affected at all by the ques
tion whether he received a local bounty or
not; but the question is whether tho charge of
desertion rests upon a man who did not intend
in fact to desert.
I have some knowledge of a case. A soldier,
as honest a man as ever lived, died within sight
of my own homo who served through two en
listments and had in his pocket two honorable
discharges; but during his first .service, when
confined by sickness in a hospital, he was unable
to reach his regiment before his furlough ex
pired, but :is soon as he was able to reach his
regiment ho went back and served through tho
war, but was recorded a deserter. Ho had an
honorable discharge, re-cnlisteil, and served
during the war and brought homelo his family
two honorable discharges, and when disabled
be applied for a pension here and labored for
six years to get his case considered in the Pen
sion .Bureau, and when it was reached there
appeared before him a charge of desertion,
which went upon his record two years and a
half before he ended his service, of which ho
was absolutely ignorant, a.s he was absolutely
innocent, and it was impossible for him to get
over that charge, and bodied with it over him.
He received a local bounty, and according to
the provisions of this bill he would have no
benefit from it. It is tho object of this bill, as
1 understand it, to relieve those of that charge
who never intended to incur it; and what
local bounty has to do with it I do not see.
Mr. Cockrell. 1 want to state to the Sena
tor lnim Massachusetts that the wise he refers
to would have been relieved directly under
the provisions of this bill; there is no question
about that in tho world. Senators picking up
this bin and reading it and not analyzing and
classifying the cases may tako an "improper
conception m regard to some provisions of it.
What is the bill? In tho first place, every
soldier who served faithfully until the expira
tion of his enlistment, but who by reason of
absenco from his command at tho time it was
mustered out failed to be mustered out and
receive an honorablo discharge, shall havo an
That is ono class of cases ; that is absenco
without leave, and if it were not absenco
without leavo the charge- of desertion could
not havo been entered on the record, and tho
chargo of desertion in such caso shall be re
moved. Thero is another das'?: Evcrv soldier who
served faithfully until tho 22dof May, 1.303,
and who by reason of absenco from his com
mand at tho time it was mustered out did
not rcceivo an honorablo discharge, shall
havo the charge of desertion against him re
moved. Thero is another class, and that is, every
soldier who was prevented from complet
ing his term of service by reason of wounds
received or disease contracted in tho lino of
duty and who was absent from his command
at the time it was mustered out, and did not
receive an honorablo discharge, shall have an
honorablo discharge aud shall have tho chargo
of desertion removed.
Thoso aro threo classes under tho first sec
tion. Tho second section embraces another
class, and that is that every soldier charged
with desertion or absence without leavo who
did not intend to desert, and after such chargo
of desertion or absenco without leavo volun
tarily returned to his command and served in
the lino of duty until ho was mustered out
and received an honorablo discharge, shall
have that charge of desertion removed. That
is tho class of cases to which the Senator re
ferred. Mr. Ferry. Will tho Senator allow mo
Mr. Cockrell. Certainly.
Mr. Ferry. I had noticed that, and I was
fearful that section 2 conflicted with sec
tion 1. I have listened with great attention
to the Senator from Missouri, because the
State of Michigan is very much interested in
this section. There were soldiers from that
Stato who enlisted for tho war, and as stated
by both Senators from Connecticut, as in tho
caso of tho soldiers from that State, they be
lieved when the war was ended that they had
a right to return home, and many of them did
so, but upon tho closo of the war many were
ordered to tho Indian frontier, and because
they did not respond wero declared to be de
serters. Now, 1 see that the first section fully
Mr. Cockrell. Unquestionably.
Mr. Ferry. But section 2 apparently ap
pears to be in conflict, but 1 see the copula
tive "and" applies to those who voluntarily
returned to tho service, and in that case sec
tion 2 applies, but it docs not apply to thoso
who did not voluntarily return, but who re
Mr. Cockrell. It does not apply to them at
all. Tho First Michigan Cavalry, which I re
member very well as one of the regiments or
dered out on tho plains after tho close of the
war, and from which quite a number of soldiers
left and returned to their command, will be
covered by the first section of the bill.
Mr. Ferry. That is satisfactory to mc.
Mr. Cockrell. The second section is to
meet the class of cases mentioned by the Sena
tor from Massachusetts, of which there aro
quite a number, men who received honorable
discharges and who went home and have rested
in the belief that there was no stain upon their
military record, but when they make an ex
amination they find what was a charge merely
of desertion when they have an honorable dis
charge in their pocket, that may deprive them
of a little pay or something ot the kind, and
this relieves all of them.
Mr. Dawes. 1 know the Senator desires to
reach the same end I do; but I want to know
Mr. Morrill. I shall havo to object to this
Mr. Dawes. I want to know why in tho
case I stated if a man received a local bounty
he shook1 be excluded. Is he not excluded by
this proviso ?
And provided further. That no soldier, nor the
heirs or legal representatives of ntiy soldier, who
served in the Army a period of less than twelve
months, or v. ho received u loeal bounty and de
serted, shall he entitled to the benefit of the provis
ions of this net.
If a man received a local bounty and was
charged with desertion he is excluded.
Mr. Cockrell. A chargo of desertion is not
what that speaks of. It is absolute desertion.
Absenco without leave or a charge of desertion
is not deseition. That section only applies to
thoso who wero absent without any intention
After some further debate tho subject went
over under the rules.
LOYAL LEGION OF THE U. S.
Circular No. 3, suries of lsS2, from headquar
ters "Military Order of the Loyal Legend of
the United States," dated Philadelphia, Juno
32, 1S62, gives notice that a charter has been
issued for the Commandery of Ohio, to bo
stationed at Cincinnati, composed of the fol
lowing Companions as charter member? :
From tho Commandery of the Stato of Penn
Brevet Maj.-Gcn. Manning F. Force, U. S.
V.; Brevet Brig.-Gen. Chas. E. LaMotte, U. S.
Y.; Brevet Brig.-Gen. A. Hickcnlooper, U. S.
V. ; Brevet Lieut.-Col. E. C. Dawes, U. S. V. ;
Capt. Channing Richards, lato Ohio Vols. ; Col.
P.P. Lane, late Ohio Vols.: Brig.-Gen. J. H.
Bales, late Ohio Vols.; Col. Lewis M. Bay ton,
lato U. S. A. ; Major Caleb Bates, U. S V. ;
Major James L. Foley, lato Kentucky Vols. ;
First Lieutenant A. II. Mattox, late Ohio Vols. ;
Captain John Van H. Lewis, U. S. V.; Brevet
Brig.-Gen. Edward F. Noyes, U.S. V.; Major
Samuel B. Smith, late Ohio Vols.; Brevet
Maj.-Gcn. Charles C. Wolcoft, U. S. V. From
the Commandery of New York : Brevet Lieut.
Col. Charles L. Young, U. S. V. ; Captain Fred
erick A. Kendall, U. S. A. ; Lieut.-Col. .John
H. Amnion, lato N. Y. Vols. ; First Lieutenant
Nathan B. Abbott ; late Conn. Vols. From the
Commandery of Illinois: Brevet Maj.-Gen.lv.
B. Hayes, U.S. V..; Brevet Captain Joseph B.
Foraker, U. S. V.
The Commander-in-Chief, Maj.-Gcn. W. S.
Hancock, directs that the Commandery of tho
State of Ohio be organized in tho city of
Cincinnati, on Wednesday, October -1, 1582.
HOW NEVADA GOT LEFT.
"Thero is only one Stato in tho United
States, and only one Representative in Con
gress that has no interest in tho river and
harbor bill," said Representative Cassidy, of
Nevada the other day. "Tho State," ho con
tinued, "is Nevada, and I am the Rcprcscnta
tive. Wchavn'tgot a river or creek even in the
entire State of Nevada. 1 did not like tho
idea of our Stato getting left in this
combination alfiiir, and hunted up and down
tho mountains, but could not find a bit of wa
ter we wanted to improve. It is a cold day
when Nevada is left, but we get tho go-by in
this bill. Still thero will bo some money left
after this bill is passed, and I'll make a big
pull to get some of it for a public building at
Carson City, which wo need very much."
" This haul on tho Treasury," continued Mr.
Cassidy, "reminds moof an occurrence in tho
early days of California. Tho State Legisla
ture had been in session the alloted time and
was about to adjourn. Evoiybody had got his
bill and appropriation through. Just before
the motion to adjourn was put a member roso
to a 'question of privilege.' 'What is it?'
asked tho Speaker. ' Mr. Speaker.' answered the
member, 'lask of you as a question of privi
lege, now that all tho bills and drains and hauls
have got through, how much money is. left in
tho treasury?' Tho Speaker made a little
calculation and answered, 'about ono hundred
thousand dollars.' 'Then,' said tho member,
'I move we rake her.' In the raking in this
case I want to get money enough to put up our
public buildings in Carson City."
Tho Attorney-General has given an opinion
to tho Secretary of tho Treasury that tho re
quest of the transportation companies to be al
lowed to tako somo G0,000 Chinese laborers
through this country from Cuba to China can
not be granted under tho law as it now stands.
This affirms the ruling recently made on this
question by Secretary Folgcr.
GRAND ARMY MATTERS.
THE PENNSYLVANIA VETERANS' GRAND
REUNION AT GETTYSBURG.
Tho Hoys Fighting Their Ilattlcs Over Again on the
Old Camp Ground Largo Attendance of Penn
sylvania Veterans Interesting Xotcs and Inci
dents Tho Order in Other' Stales.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Gettysruro, July 20, 1882. Tho En
campment of tho Giand Army of the Repub
lic, Department of Pennsylvania, opened hero
on Saturday last, to continue ono week. Tho
site of tho camp is on that portion of tho
battle-field of Gettysburg occupied by the ob
servatory tower and Rickctt's battery, the front
facing the cemetery aud tho rear looking to
Culp's Hill. Thero are sixty-two hospital
tents, one hundred A tents and twenty-five
tents at headquarters. Nearly fivo hundred
men arrived Saturday evening by special train
on tho Hanover Junction and Gettysburg rail
road. About two hundred Pennsylvania Posts
aro represented, and nearly threo thousand
veterans' aro under canvas. The officers arc:
J. M. Vandcrslicc, Commander; W. N. Jones,
Senior Vice Commander; Thomas J. Stewart,
Assistant Adjutant General; IE. G. Williams,
Assistant Quartermaster General.
Tho site of tho Encampment is very happily
chosen. Lying on tho summit of Cemetery
Hill, within half a mile of the central square,
it is easily accessible both from the town and
the depot, whilo it stands an ever-memorable
point in the death-strugglo of the war. Tho
rear row of tents occupies the lines facing Culp's
Hill, from which Carroll's brigade of the Second
Corps and Kickett's Pennsylvania battery re
pulsed tho famous chargo of tho Louisiana
Tigers on the evening of the second day. The
Tigers charged with 1,700 men ; they returned
with but GOO. On tho north side, facing tho
town, is the lino held by tho famed One Hun
dred and Sixth Pennsylvania, of whom a mere
handful remain to-day to celebrate their Re
union at Gettysburg with tho erection of a
memorial stone. It is of pure marble and was
placed in position yesterday, bearing tho fol
lowing inscription, surmounted by the well
known trefoil of Hancock's men : " Position
held by the Ono Hundred and Sixth Regiment,
Pennsylvania Volunteers, Second Brigade,
Second Division, Second A. C, July 3, ISO!).
Organized August, ISO I ; mustered out Juno .'JO,
1SG3. From Ball's Bluff to Appomattox." The
concluding lines are taken from the oft-quoted
remarks of General Howard to Major Osborn,
commanding his artillery: "Your batteries
may be withdrawn when that regiment runs
away." The record of
THE OLD OXE HUNDRED AXD SIXTH
is something sublime, and it is not wonderful
to believe that Captain Jones and a few " boys"
scattered through Tost Glare the sole survivors
of the regiment. Originally composed of four
regiments of Pennsylvania volunteers, it took
part in the battle of Ball's Bluff, when its Col
onel was killed; in tho siege of Yorktown, in
the battles of Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill and
Antietam. At Fredericksburg its ranks were
thinned, and at Chancellorsville the wreck of
it escaped by littlo less than a miracle.
Strengthened by drafts, it took an activo part
in the battle of Gettysburg, losing its adjutant
and defending Cemetery Hill in tho manner
already described. From the Wilderness to
Petoxburg, all along that terrible route, tho
roads were strewn with the bodies of the heroes
of this regiment. At Spottsylvania it is re
corded that seven color-bearers were shot down
in less than as many minutes. No wonder that
the balance of the "boys" hold their heads
high in the camp to-day, their tents pitched
right on the lines so pluckily held by them.
It was not the least interesting part of a cor
respondent's duties to "buttonhole" gossippy
Post comrades and hear tho proud records of
the different regiments with which they had
been connected. Prominent among tho "jolly
companions every one" wero the few survivors
of the original Bucktails (the Fortj'-eightli
Pennsylvania), now associated with Post 112,
Renovo, Allegheny county. Tho comrades
sported on their caps the typical bucktail of
the Allegheny Mountains. The regiment was
divided into two battalions, one of which
fought in the Shenandoah Valley, tho other
with the Army of tho Potomac. " Wc went in
at Gettysburg," said a ruddy-visaged comrade,
" 350 strong on the evening of tho second day;
when we stacked arms there were only 125
men left." There are not SO of the whole reg
iment left now. It was twice filled up by
drafts during the war.
Post 22, (Danville), through Comrades Fun
son and Maguirc, welcomed your correspond
ent cordially. It was organized in the name of
Max Goodrich, lieutenant of Company II,
Ninety-third regiment Pennsylvania volun
teers. The Ninety-third had a terrible record
to show. Starting for tho three months' ser
vico with 1,100 bayonets it was cut to pieces at
Fair Oaks, 31 men coining out to tell tho tale.
Col. Eckman was in command, and his senior
ollicer, Win. H. Young, severely wounded in
the battle, followed the war with a running
wound. At Gettysburg the Ninety-third fought
with Sedgwick's Sixth Corps, going in with
701) and coining out with 203. Tho regiment
formed part of the Fifth Corps at the Wilder
ness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, aud Peters
burg. ROITOIIIXG IT.
Camping out without a blanket may bo a
matter of necessity or of taste. With tho most
part of the occupants of the tents on Cemetery
Hill it was a necessity, but a pleasant time was
had, nevertheless. Tho " taps" beat on Sunday
night at 11 p. m., by which time the llarrisburg
Post (5S) was well disposed toward sleep.
Though the thermometer had maiked 8,1 de
grees pretty steadily during the day, it sensi
bly fell during the night to judge by the fre
quent turns on tho heaps of straw and the
complaint that certain individuals '" felt cold."
Stories of the busy times of ItsOl-lh'Oo beguiled
the timo till tho witching hour sounded, and
if those stories wero to be believed, as presum
ably they were, much of tho history of Gettys
burg and many another battle-field has to bo
rewritten. The first rays of the sun and tho
rousing gun wero unseen and unheard, for by
1 o'clock the boys were astir and strolling
townward, possibly it may havo been that a
comrade correctly indicated his feelings in the
remark that ho felt "as if a torchlight proces
sion had gone down bis throat over night."
Anyhow tho pumps and tho wash-bowls wore
in activo requisition and tho "old soldiers"
proved themselves not unworthy of tho men
that defended Cemetery Hill twenty years ago.
FOURTH YEAR OF THE EXCAMl'MKXT.
This is tho fourth year that tho Pennsylva
nia Department of tho Grand Army has en
camped at Gettysburg, and it is whispered with
regret that it may be tho last. Not that tho
annual meeting will bo discontinued by any
means, but various causes may operate to bring
about its trausfor to another point, probably to
Williamsport or Philadelphia. A primary fac
tion in tho matter is the inadequate railway
communication, but local causes havo been
operating in the saitio direction as well. Tho
citizens of Gettysburg, a3 a whole, thoroughly
appreciate tho $25,000 or more which the
week's encampment brings into tho town, but
thero aro unhappily a fow, a very few, goody
goody busy-bodies who havo felt impelled to
put a top to tho opening of tho saloons on
Sundays and tho sale of ice creams, cigars and
tobacco at the stores on that day. They even
got up a petition and took it round tho town ;
but the result was severely discouraging. Still
this fact, coupled with complaints of over
charges at some of the boarding houses has
created considerable irritation among tho visit
ing Posts. Tho hotel keepers of course re
ceived a hint to ho as discreet as possiblo ;
nevertheless, on Sunday afternoon an alarm
ing rumor prevailed that tho boys had drunk
all tho beer in the town ! This proved to be a
fact, so far as most of the saloons were con
cerned, and yet there was little or no drunken
ness, the alternative of whiskey being very
The arrivals this year havo been more nu
merous than in any preceding one, and the
storekeepers, especially tho venders of ice
creams and curiosities, havo been doing an im
mense trade. Tho proprietor of tho Battle
Field Museum remarked to your correspondent:
" I'm sold out of -100 canes since Saturday
morning and could sell 400 more." These canes
are mostly cut from Pickett's front, and it is
computed that in tho last ten years not less
than 7,000 of them have been disposed of.
XOTES AXD IXCIDEXTP.
A great rendezvous for the Grand Army
boys is tho Battlefield Hotel, about 100 yards
from the camp and on tho outskirts of the
town, at tho junction of the Enimittsburg
road and Bait imoro pike. It was the outer post
of tho Union sharp-shooters during the battle,
and bears visiblo evidences of the prominent
position it occupied. Tholandlord, Peter Thorn,
is himself a Grand Army man, serving with tho
One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Pennsylvania,
Sixth Army Corps, throughout the campaign till
wounded at Opcquan in 1.301. This regiment,
be it noted, lost more men than any regiment
in the service from this State. In the town
itself tho Eagle Hotel and the McClellau
House arc already quite full.
Among the visitors is Col. Rankin, of tho
War Department, and formerly of (Jen. G. G.
Meade's stair at the battle of Gettysburg. The
colonel is staying at tho Eagle Hotel and is
engaged with Capts. Nye and Nightingale in
investigating the border damage claims and
compensation claims for materials used in tho
The following is a full list of the officers
now present or expected to be present at the
encampment : J. M. Vandcrslicc, Post 2, Phil
adelphia, Commander; W. N. Jones, Post 61,
Williamsport, Senior Vice-Commander; Thos.
J. Stuart, Post 11, Norristown, Assistant Adjutant-General
; Jas. M. Gibbs, Post 22, Dan
ville, Junior Vice-Commander; II. G.Williams,
Post S, Philadelphia, Assistant Quartermaster
General; P. C. Christy, Post S3, Allegheny
City, Judge Advocate; W. M. D. Hall, M. D.,
Post 62, Altoona, Medical Director; Thos.
Monroe, Post 20, Hazclton, Medical Inspector ;
Rev. J. W. Sayers, Post 1G, Reading, Chaplain,
with tho following members of the Council of
Administration: E.G. Scllars, Post S, Phila
delphia; Win. F. Aull, Post 117, Pittsburgh;
A. J. Scllars, Post 1, Philadelphia; T. J. Don
nelly, Post (53, Philadelphia; L. W. Schenglc,
Post 5)1, Philadelphia. The past Department
Commanders expected to attend are Messrs.
Louis Wagner, John Taylor and Charles T.
The artesion well on Cemetery Hill has been
successfully carried out, water having been
reached in the granite at a depth of 100 feet.
The flow is from thirty-five to forty-five gal
lons per minute.
SUXDAY OX THE CAMP C5ROUXD.
Cemetery Hill; thclocation of the Grand
Army of tho Republic Eucampmcnt, presented
a lively scene Sunday. Over sixty Fosts have
reported, among them Posts from Philadelphia,
Harrisburg, Pittsburg, Altoona, Chester, Johns
town, Renovo, Williamsport, Erie, Middle
town, Lancaster, Bellefonte, Columbia, Alle
gheny City, West Chester, Clearfield, Norris
town, Lcwiston, Catawissa, Curwensville, Rey
noldsvillc, Lykens, and various other points
throughout the State.
This morning Chaplain Sayers, of Reading,
delivered a very appropriate sermon from the
rostrum in the National Cemetery to a large
audience assembled under the delightful shade
trees. The weather is charming and many
visitors are looking over the always interesting
battle-field. Besides the Grand Army boys
there are several thousand visitors here enjoy
ing Gettysburg's gala week. This evening the
men in camp turned out for dress parade, which
was followed by religious services in the Na
tional Cemetery and a sacred concert by the
Weccacoe Band. The exercises were enjoyed
by a vast throng of citizens and visitors.
DEDICATIOX OF THE ZOOK MOXUMEXT.
On Tuesday morning, about 10 "o'clock, there
was a general movement to the celebrated
wheat-field, about two miles south of the town,
on tho Emmittsburgroad, where General Zook
was killed in the second day's light. There
was a very large concourse of Grand Army
boys aud visitors, among them Mr. T. S. Zook,
of Philadelphia, a brother of tho deceased
General. General Samuel K. Zook was born in
Chaster county, Pa., in 1822, and at the time of
his death was 11 years of age. He first enlisted
for service with the Sixth New York militia and
afterwards recruited tho Fifty-seventh New
York, of which he became Colonel. This regi
ment went through the Peninsula campaign,
Colonel Zook finally commanding a brigade of
the Second Corps. He was on furlough at the
time Antietam was fought, but rejoined hia
command at the end of September. Ho was
present at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville,
being wounded in the former engagement. In
June, 1H3, ho accompanied General Meado in
the northward march of the Army of the Poto
mac, being still attached to tho Second Corps,
which went into position on the night of tho
1st of July on tho left of the First Corps. On
the second day, about 3 o'clock in the afternoon,
when General Barnes was being crowded back
by Longstrcet's furious assault on Sickles's ad
vanced position, the latter General sent Major
Treniaine, of his stall', for reinforcement. Tre
maino met General Zook at the head of his
brigade and requested him to advance and take
up the position indicated by General Sickels's
order. Zook did not wait for an order from
his own division or corps, but acted on tho or
der of General Sickles, and himself assumed
tho responsibility and moved his brigade right
into the breach, in tho very whirlwind of tho
battle. Longstreet had been ordered by Leo to
carry the position at any cost, but the arrival
of Zook at tho very moment of emergency vir
tually prevented tho realization of tho project
and saved Littlo Round Top, the key of the
Union position. Zook was shot through tho
abdomen just as ho had got his brigade into ac
tion, and died twenty-threo hours afterward.
The inscription on tho monument is as follows:
To the memory of Samuel Kosciusko Zook,
Brevet Major-Gcneral, U. S. R. V., who fell
mortally wounded at or near this spot, gallant
ly leading his brigade into battle, July 2,
103. Erected by Gen. Zook Post, G. A. R., of
Norristown, ,1 uly 25, lSa2.
The stono is of pure marble, quarried from a
spot within gunshot of tho place of the Gen
eral's birth. It occupies a prominent position
in the wheat-field, half a mile from tho foot of
Littlo Round Top and the samo distance from
tho Devil's Den, and close to tho spot where
Gen. Sickles lost his leg.
The funeral oration was spoken by Col. T. W.
Bean, of tho Ninth Cavalry. Tho memorial
services included prayer by Rev. II. 11. Stro
dach, musical selection "America" and "Auld
Lang Syne," decoration of tho monument by
Zook Post, and benediction by Rev. H. B.
Strodach ; Comrade E. L. Ncimau, chief marshal.
THE REUNION IN KANSAS.
All the Arrangements Progressing Satisfactorily.
A Large Attendance of Veterans Expected.
Our Kansas exchanges stato that extraor
dinary jntcrest has been aroused throughout
the Northwest over the coming Stato Fair and
Reunion of veterans in Kansas. A largely at
tended meeting of citizens and comrades was
held at Topcka a few days ago to arrango for
the entertainment of visitors. The immediate
object was to deviso means for providing shel
ter for the thousands of veterans expected dur
ing tho soldiers and sailors' Reunion in Sep
tember. Capt. J. H. Moss called the meeting
to order and suggested as the most practicablo
thing to be done the appointment of a citizens
committee to act in connection with the com
mittee of thirty-eight.
Col. C. K. Ilolliday was called to tho chair.
As he assumed that duty he appealed briefly to
his fellow-citizens to see to it that the honor of
Topeka did not suffer in this instance, and said
he felt confident Topcka would do what was
expected of her. He had seen her hospitality
tested and knew its generosity.
Captain J. Lee Knight, of the committep of
thirty-eight, read tho following statement of
what the committeo had done, the demands of
the occasion, and what the people were to bo
asked to do :
At the close of the Reunion last year a very
general desire was expressed to hold another
Reunion this year during the State Fair. Tho
general committee of thirty-eight was reorgan
ized by the election of Major Tom Anderson as
president and a full list of officers, and these
gentlemen, with such other veterans as havo
met with them from time to time, have been at
work for several months making arrangements
for a grand Reunion to bu held during the en
tire week of the Fair.
After all bills for the last year's Reunion
wero paid there was still left in the treasury a
balance of nearly $300.
On April 20th of this year a circular was
issued by the committee suggesting plans for
organization and sent out generally over tho
Tho response has been such as to convinco
the committee that at least 30,000 ex-soldiers
and sailors, organized into companies, regi
ments, etc., and duly enrolled, will be hero
Reunion week. The interest h:is been on con
stant increase, and the problem you arc called
on to-night to discuss and solvo is. How is To
peka to take care of these men while they aro
A liberal estimate of the capacity of our
hotels and boarding-houses, even with extra
cots, etc., indicates that they cannot shelter
over 3,300 or -1,000 at the outside. One-half of
this will bo taken by persons attending tho
State Fair proper, leaving only about 2,000 or
less of the soldiers who will be able to find
accommodations in that quarter.
Hou. Thomas Ryan writes that there will
probably not be over COO, and certainly not
more than 500 tents procured from thc'Govcni
ment. A few tents can be had in the city, and
a cw will be brought from other points. Tho
most liberal estimate made of the capacity of
tents is that 5,000 men, at the most, may bo
sheltered in that way, making in all only about
7,000 men who are likely to find a lodging
place while here.
A committee which has investigated the plan
I of building temporary barracks reports that
the cost for -1,000 men will bo abont S1,000, or
an average of twenty-five cents per man. This
assumes that lumber can be procured at a
nominal rent, and such as is damaged or de
stroyed paid for, together with labor for haul
ing lumber to and from camp ground, putting
up and taking down barracks, &c. No other
plan seems to offer the necessary amount of
room, save perhaps that begun by the Stato
Fair authorities in making a thorough canvass
of the city for loding in private houses.
Tho soldiers will have plenty to eat: there
can be no doubt of that. What they will want
more thau anything else is a roof to cover
their heads. The people of Topeka should
realize the situation and provide the roof.
They aro not asked to provide anything else.
Judge John Guthrie said that in order to
meet the demands of the occasion some means
must bo provided for lodging for twenty to
thirty thousand of Kansas' most worthy citi
zens. He hoped the people would stand by tho
committee in this emergency. They could not
afford to do otherwise.
Col. Stttmbaugh, of North Topeka, reminded
his auditors that Topeka had often asked favors
of these very men for whom her hospitality is
now solicited. Many of them have shown
their friendship when Topeka had favors to
ask of the State and this opportunity to show
an appreciation of that friendship Topeka
could not afford to neglect. He urged that tho
business men, hotel men, merchants and tho
people generally, when asked for their contri
butions, givo liberally. There is another than
tho patriotic side to this question. It will pay
in dollars and cents to have this Reunion here if
the soldiersare made comfortable, but it will bo
a bad investment if they are not properly cared
Hon. John Martin spoke to the same effect.
He argued that the city had authorized tho
committee to make these tenders of the hospi
tality of Topcka, and that the peoplo are now
in honor bound to redeem all their pledges. All
that is asked is a paltry $3,000, an insig
nificant sum compared with tho benefits to bo
derived if it is raised.
On motion, the following citizens' committeo
of eighteen was appointed to co-operate with
the committee of thirty-eight in preparing
lodgings for tho veterans:
Hon. John Martin, chairman; Judgo John
Guthrie, Col. G. W. Vcalc, II. K. Kowley, S. S.
Barnum, Joseph Bishop, Reuben Rand let t, Jas.
Scery. John R. Mulvanc, T. M. James. M. Ezc
kiel, Col. F. S. Stumbaugh, O. Skinner, Georgo
Hackney, Fred. Fritsche, Thco. Curran, Chas.
Knowles, A. J. Arnold. Col. Ilolliday was
added to the committee, and tho meeting ad
journed. A NEW POST IN KANSAS.
An enthusiastic meeting of veterans of tho
late war w:is held last evening, says a recent
number of an Atchison (Kas.) exchange, at
the council chamber, for the purpose of organ
izing a Post of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic. J. C. Walkinshaw. of Leavenworth, De
partment Commander, was present, and con
ducted the initiatory ceremonies in an able
manner. The charter members present wero
Messrs. J. A. .Martin, John C. Kurth, G. IF. T.
Johnson, David Baker. 11. Hiller, W. II. Has
kell, W. II. McNeil, Louis Rochat, John K.
Fishor, A. II. Kurth. A. W. Bartlett, T. E.
Gcrow, John Pierson, Chan. W. Rust, T. IT.
Pierce, W. C. Barnes, G. I. Whittier, J. J.
Locker and J. L. Eggleston. Several of thoso
who had signed the roll wero unavoidably
absent, but will be considered as charter mem
bers. Their names aro as follows: Messrs. S.
H. Kelsey, A. A. Cary, B. F. Hudson, John
Seaton and S. C. King. After the initiatory
ceremonies had been performed, an election of
officers was held, which resulted in the follow
ing selections: Commander, John A. Martin ;
Senior Vice-Commander, W. IE. Haskcl ; Junior
Vice-Commander, David Baker; Surgeon, G.
11. T. Johnson ; Quartermaster. Louis Rochat;
Adjutant, C. W. Rust; Ollicer of tho Day, J.
K.Fisher; Officer ot the Guard, J. B. Kurth.
The officers wero duly installed by the Depart
ment Commander, after which a committee of
three, consisting of Messrs. McNeil, Haskell
and Pierce, was appointed to secure a suitable
hall for a permanent meeting place. The
muster-in fee was fixed at $3, and the name of
Atchison Post No. 93, Grand Army of the
Republic, Department of Kausas, was selected,
after which tho Post adjourned. Tho first
meeting of tho Post was most successful, and
it is tho intention to engage a hall as soon as
possible, and enroll all veteran soldiers and
sailors in its ranks.
H For other Grand Army matters see 8th page.