Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TTUHrXE: WASHINGTON, D. C AITVST 5, 1K:.
for the purpoee,and avIio usually refuse water
to outsidors. The latter is easily done, for
without a string or rope to lower a can, boob
leg, or bucket with, mo one can obtain the
pure and precious flnid. The strings, ropes,
cans, and buckets are usually purchased
from the guards. Even the very few spades
in the camp have been bought or traded
for, and are kept concealed most of the
time. When a prisoner falls into a -well, or
jninps into it, it is unfit for further use, and
a new one must le dug. Much sickness
arises from the polluted water most of us are
compelled io drink. Tnnnels are almost in
variably started from what are supposed to
he ncY,- wells, and the earth excavated is
carried out at night and thrown into wells
no. longer in use. Thus the rebels see no
frosh earth, and find it difficult to discover
and frustrate all these attempts at the out
sot. Every morning some of their officers
pass around the prison, between the dead
line and the stockade, and run long rods
into the ground in search of cavities, which,
when found, are immediately broken into
and filled up by a gang of slaves. When a
tunnel is boiag dug the prisoners engaged at
it work day and night, sprawled on their
breasts and scooping away with tin cups,
split canteens, wooden spoons, and other like
implements. 'During May a very extensive
and carefully - organized conspiracy was
formed for the purpose of undermining the
stockade in numerous places, pushing it over
at night by a grand rush, capturing the artil
lery and shelling the rebel camps. Tensa
cola, Fla., was selected as the final place of
refuge for these desperate fugitives. The
plan promised to be successful at the outlet,
and thousands of prisoners were quietly
banded together for the purpose. The work
of tunneling was commenced with as much
energy as starving men could exhibit, and
ardent hopes of liberty were indulged in.
When considerable progress had been made
some traitorous scoundrel divulged thewhole
matter to Wirz. The man suspected of hav
ing done so walked across the dead-line and
asked a sentry to shoot him. The request
was promptly complied with. "Wirz had the
tunnel filled up, and swore that if anything
more of the kind was projected he would
"fire grape aud canister into the stockade as
long as he could see a Yankee
kick." Not the least of the evils we suffer
from is the fact that it is almost impossible
for us to take physical exercise, owing to the
crowded condition of the stockade.
August 11th. Rebel money is divided into
two kinds, "old issue" aud "new issue."
For some reason not apparent the latter
kind is preferred, although quite as miserably
printed and founded upon quite as unreliable
a financial basis as the other. In imitation,
new prisoners are sometimes denominated
"new issue," although "fresh fish" is the
more popular slang. They are, indeed,
"fresh fish" for the great confederate shark.
An outsider could form no conception of the
filthy condition of this prison. It is a
gigantic cesspool. The rebels make great
efforts to find shoemakers in the stockade,
that such men maybe induced to go ont and
work for the confederacy. One of the " shoe-
lit- 'as a
Jh piisoiiu- .vb-.V'jd head j
XT vi'w : xXf .. i
mdfcftt W. tVt'f i"'w,
jitupns or tne whoje stockade and compelled 1
his delivery at the north gate. The inside
of Andersonville prison is not a very safe
place to transact business for the southern
confederacy in. Many Union officers are
imprisoned at Macon. We learn that their
treatment is somewhat better than ours;
nevertheless, they fare badly enough. "When
a Georgia officer wants a prisoner to obey an
order very promptly he orders it done "right
smart quick." Before our capture, when we
inquired of a citizen how far it was to such
a place, "he usually replied that it was "a
right smart chance."
August ISth. The sunny side of our im
prisonment is the luxurious leisure we enjoy,
although, as a comrade of mine has remarked,
" It's a dog's life of hunger and ease." Every
prisoner who aspires to respectability devotes
from two to three hours a day to killing
vermin. The rapidity with which lice mul
tiply in every seam and crevice of our cloth
ing is perfectly amazing. Without soap or
hot water to fight them with, we have no
recourse but industry and our thumb nails.
Clothing is so scarce and valuable here that
not one man out of five hundred ever thinks
of wearing out his shirt by washing it in a
dirty brook. He simply becomes a warrior
for a few hours daily, and wages extermina
tion against his multitudinous tormentors.
When he gets tired out he submits resignedly
for the rest of the day, having nothing what
ever to do but to feel a little hungrier than
he was before. When he gets so sick that he
is no longer able to battle with vermin, you
may say that he is literally eaten alive. It
is a delicate subject, but many a dying man
in this stockade has had almost every drop
of blood in his body extracted by swarms and
piles of lice. I have never recorded the fact
that the sick in the main prison receive
neither medicine nor medical attendance, as
I deemed the information entirely super
fluous. There is a little Union drummer
boy on duty at the headquarters of Wirz,
who brings us most of the news we get from
the outside world. He has frequently taken
his drum apart, put newspapers in it, and
smuggled them in to us. Any prisoner who
speaks to the slaves who occasionally come
in to repair the stockade is immediately shot.
The total absence of all kinds of amusement,
reading matter or mental diversion leads
a large class of men to brood over their
miseries with fatal effect. All the fuel that
has ever been burnt in this camp has con
sisted of roots and pitch pine. The result
is that the smoke has made every other man
ytni meet as black as an African. It is com
mon to see men standing waist-deep in the
filthy swamp, trying to claw out roots for
August 197. Our gloomy cityisgradually
growing more civilized. The police are ovcr
lear:ng and arrogant, but arc accomplishing
a good work. In accordance with orders
lately issued by their chief, they have com
menced looking after the sick and helpless,
and have notified every sergeant of a mess
to personally see to it that his sick men get
their rations, or look out fora severe lashing
for his negligence. They have also ordered
the streets cleaned daily, and are having the
most malarious portions of the swamp filled
with fresh earth, the labor lieing performed
by details from the vaiious detachments.
Thieving has been almost entirely checked,
and Divine service is now being held at four
or five sections of the camp every evening.
If too much singing is done, however, the
worshipers are sometimes pelted off to their
hovels. As I have previously stated, the
police are prisoners like ourselves. (The im
plements used in filling the swamp were fur
nished, on application, by Lieutenant Davis,
wno was in command during the temporary
absence if Wirz. lie was far above the
average of prison officials, although he caus
ed the death of a prisoner at Savannah by
giving a certain order to the guards and ne
glecting to inform the prisoners of its pur
port. An exchanged prisoner afterwards ar
rested him in the North, where he had gone
as a rebel spy, and he was sentenced to bo
hanged, but his friends in Baltimore obtain
ed a commutation of his sentence, and he
subsequently died in the prison at Fort
August 2(UIi. We had a heavy rain last
night, and as a consequence dead men liter
ally strewed our streets this morning. Not
a few invalids, too weak to raise an alarm,
were drowned in the holes in the ground they
have been inhabiting. Several were also
caved on and buried alive. Even Avhere
cleanliness and fine linen eradicate the re
volting aspects of death a corpse is a somber
object to view. What would our friends at
home say if they could see our dead com
rades lying stiff and stark in the mud and
filth? The prices of provisions and neccssa
saries are daily increasing. Some of the
leading articles sell as follows, in rebel
money : Salt, 1.25 per tablespoonful ; wood
for fuel, about r0 cents a pound ; bacon, $2.50
an ounce; cornmeal, per quart, ?1.25; rice,
20 cents per tablespoonful : peas, per pint,
1.25; writing paper, 25 cents per sheet.
Greenbacks exchange for five times their face
in rebel money. Three-cent United Stales
postage stamps a re worth only a cent apiece.
The brass buttons on our uniforms are cur
rent coin, being worth five cents apiece in
greenbacks. The rebel militia are always
eager to buy them, being, like Indians, fond
of gewgaws. It is seldom, however, that a
prisoner in tolerable health will'sell his but
tons. He objects, partly from spile and
partly from a soldierly desire to keep him
self looldng as decent as possible. (Among
the prisoners confined in Andersonville at
this time was Boston Corbett, who after
wards killed the assassin of President Lin
coln.) August 21s. It is a common pastime for
the sentries and prisoners to exchange com
pliments in the evening, swearing profusely
back and forth. This gives rise to a good
deal of fatal shooting, for exasperated senti
nels often fire into the stockade. A small
parly of Union soldiers, just captured from
Sherman's army, arrived Inst night, bringing
the usual canard of an early exchauge. na
tions are growing more stinted than ever.
Our meat rations last night consisted of a
pound of cooked fat pork for every thirty
men, to answer for twenty-four hours. There
is no uniformity in the issuing of rations to
us, either in kind or quantity. We get
whatever the confederacy finds most conve
nient to give us. The quality is uniform,
being always bad. One day our rations may
be sent in raw and the next day they, may be
cooked, tuffj.m cooked ration n-- n
ri ; ,r ,i ojjsi'-v'-s m r" " ','(nv
hikj4 V l i ocay sd ' f- .Ii a -tock ;
' J.'i v n't vr -.' t- v-
i ,. i.i x - ' e rav frvs".ie liz.' '
T'tsl .we uau vt 7 1 .i'Af.j , uui
each man only gets about enough to bait a
fishline with. Any allusion to the bill of
fare at Andersonville would be incomplete
without reference to the pea soup. It is
made from ancient stock peas, and, on the
surface, bears the promise of much richness.
By flirting a wooden spoon in its oily depths
the epicuiean mirage is at once destroyed.
The soup is found to contain such a quautity
of well-cooked small black bugs that only a
fiuetooth comb would get them all out.
New prisoners try to skim the bugs all out,
and when they get through skimming they
find that the soup is all gone, prisoners of
experience " go it bugs and all." Such is the
stuff we are fed on by the government that
Yancey declared would " command the re
spect and admiration of the world."
Augitil 227. Peter Kean, of our regiment,
is in luck. In some mysterious manner he
has found a rebel sweetheart on the outside,
and Wirz allows her to send him in some
real provisions occasionally. The frequent
rains that have fallen of late have rendered
the nights so cold as to seriously intend o
with our sleep. It is curious to notice the
affection the prisoners exhibit for every
blade of grass, grain, or weed that happens
to spring up near their wigwams. No mat
ter what it is, so it is green, and serves to
remind them of the woods and fields of the
bright world the' are shut in from. They
fence it with clods aud rubbish, and guaid
and foster it with assiduous care. Great in
genuity is also manifested in the manufac
ture of little implements from almost noth
ing at all. Fragments of bones, pieces of
wood, and bits of metal are transformed
into very useful articles. There is ample
time to "work at art for the love of art."
My kitcheu outfit consists of a railroad spike
for splitting pieces of wood with; a good
caseknife with an iron handle, which I had
in my haversack when captured, and a spoon
made from a piece of tin and a piece of bone.
On the handle of the latter is carved " Sumter
August 23(7. Two men of our mess were
abpeut from roll-call this morning. The
rebel sergeant happened to be a gentlemanly
fellow, and instead of "docking rations" on
the whole mess, according to existing orders,
he merely marked the tardy ones for a starve
until to-morrow. This is severe punishment
Avhere men famish on their regular rations.
On going to the creek this morning I saw a
man lying in the sun on the wet sand, yet
alive, whose limbs and body were being de
voured by worms. This 'is nothing very
uncommon hcie. It is said that several
hundred men have died in this prison from
venereal diseases, the result of having been
vaccinated by the rebels, and of having been
so inoculated intentionally.
August 2-17. In addition to the sentiuels
in the boxes a heavy skirmirii line is posted
around the stockade at night. We can
plainly sec the glare of the red watch fires,
and can hear the various reliefs challenged.
Escaped prisoners, who have been recaptured
and returned to us, state that a picket lino
entirely encircles the post. It is almost im
possible to get away, and recaptured prison
ers are often roughly treated. The blood
hounds, the man-hunters, the stocks, and the
chain-gang deter many from attempting to
escape when they have the shred of a chance.
It seems to be the best policy for a man to
husband his strength, patiently endure his
trials, and avfait the progress of military
events. The exertion necessary td attempt
to cscapo is severe on starving loen. Tne
show of a "sick call" is hvwx. kept up at
the south gate, but it is mainly to see vbo
will go to the hospital. It is common to
hear men say that " you might as well go to
hell as go to the hospital." From all we can
learn it is only a half-way house to tho
Auguist 25tfi. As 1 havo
old prisoners are very shrc
To-day I remarked to one of v
I came in here I had to virtu
of ground to sleep on, but 1 1
manage to keep possession t
places. What is your objec
"Well," he replied, "I'll tell
lot of fellows in here who h
place to sleep at. You m
vagrants. Olio night they sb
in one part of the stocked
night they lay down some
sleep. They have no blau
Such fellows generally die,
begin to peter ouL they h
some good, quiet place to dio
I keep that vacant spot foi
them lays down on it, and '.
dio very soon I drivo him of
he will die in a few days or t
there. When he is about ,
him closely, aud when ho
diaiely take charge of his bo
friend of mine to help me c. r - ' '
dead-house. For carrying it out tRe rebels
allow us to pick up some pieces of wood and
bring them in with us. We sell fie wood,
and in that way get a little money to buy
something to eat. I've got manya pint of
meal in that way." Thousands of half-naked
men incarcerated hero have no other bed to
lie on than the bare ground, without blan
kets or shelter of any kind. It is not strauge
that pneumonias and fevers are widely preva
lent. One of the meanest things Wirz has
yet been guilty of is that of tr"
pel Union sergeants of mess
report the fact when any of
have made their escape. Of
geant will thus betray his c r. t
their absence is never discos
rebel sergeants call tho roll i
Wirz has, therefore, severely
eral Union sergeants for iguo
on this subject. We are not
oners of war, but as malefac!
August 2G7. Quite an
curied near my wigwam la
count of the firing of twi
considerable outcrying. T
nt 1. s ori
.'' ! r-4t ,'
r-X Oi ' i -t .
transpires that a poof wretel . '. " ..,
misery and pain, had crossed the dead-line
and cursed tho guards till they slfjat him
dead, He is at 11 - rt lpJ " i
side the line, s i.-ui .s-"?
with his own bio 5 tvju,y.
man. Ave are no v
sifted cornmeal Ve
J four inv a
inches wide ant"'
lablespoonfuls o ' -,.
about twice, in an. ,
last week, but is ir,?
camp where thoa. ul
i n ! ice..
act, to wH;
ti (T t tic
at nt...ii afi
develop in' . jjjiv
torirtsUN f v
'.lily '' '"',"
- "t if '. ca
V- 5 ,r I't&l
. .. i.. i
( " t,t . if
.io ....rixig of
others is appafc
1 wny... f&fo'&'fc!.
rue iu I
F tf-y 1 1
''i fery h"i
no use for a ma vun? - -'".ampii"
his countrymei '! . ipi'jpl,
in the world a ' s 1 ttj ju.-
confined here, it suojceicu tv u.- ?..&v.r
human treatment. Often, at night, I hear
idiots jabbering at the empty air. -The
most affecting thing is to hear mere boys
talking, in the delirium of fever, to the im
aginary relatives around them, or calling
for their mothers to come to their bedsides
and perform some illusory act of kindness.
If ever there was a hell on earth, we are
now iu it.
August 277. A notorious ruffian, who
has crippled several men since he has been
imprisoned here, clubbed a mau to death
day before yesterday. He is no wv being
tried at police headquarters. This morning
I crossed the dead lino and tossed a silver
pencil up to a rebel sentry, aud got a small
loaf of corn bread in return, which afforded
me and my particular chum the only decent
meal we have had since the day wo reached
Andersonville. We can feel our strength de
clining gradually. Wc were in -splendid
physical condition when captured, although
considerably worn by the arduous duties of
the campaign we had passed through. We
pass the principal portion of the day in sit
ting or icclining in the shade of our blanket,
for it is too hot for exercise, and the prison
is loo crowded to jierpiit of it in the even
ing. Wo attend roll call, go to the creek a
couple of times a day to bathe and get water,
and stir about to get our rations toward sun
set. That includes about all the exercise
we lake. At night we dream of only two
subjects of freedom and gorgeous banquets.
From this standpoint it seems to me that the
greatest happiness that can befall a mortal is
to revel in epicurean luxuries. All around
me through the day men can be heard, talk
ing and planning what they intend to have
to eat when they finally get back home. One
will say, "I'll have some good hot biscuits,
witfi butter and honey on ; a nice porter
house steak'; some nice hot Lincoln coffee
with sugar and cream ; some peach preserves,
a big plate of fried onions," etc. Then his
companion will "chip in" and take excep
tions to some of tho ai tides on tho bill of
fare, and propose substitutes, upon which an
earnest discussion will ensue, which 13 gen
erally brought to a termination by some in
censed old prisoner living adjacent to them,
who threatons to kick them both across the
dead-line if they don't "let up on that
foolery." Nothing excites the ire of an
old prisoner like gabbing about what you in
tend to have to eat when you get home. Men
who are always conversing on that subject
eventually go to the graveyard.
August 2W7. A bold attempt at escauo
Avas made during last night's st
daring fellowr crossed the dead
most under the box of a eentr
insaAviuga stockade log tAvo-t- ' m
Avay through. There is nothing ' .
Avhy he discontinued his labor ! m ;y
luwe been challenged. This 1 ' . -. .
log hangs out of placo as tl .? .''
ready to fall. Very few escap d t . j
from Andersonville over reach 11 '
lines. Kobcl scouting parties,
lines, local patrols or rebel c
bloodhounds aro almost certain
tercept them. Tho planters OAouipu ubiu
military service are also armed and Avatchlul,
' 1. ui.- '
t We sot
fjptt to a
HP. Coa" '
And the env-ssaries of the southern conscrip
tion consider every ablibodi?d Avaade1-
either a rebel deserter or a YV'.kee !r" '
and arrest him. Many ewaf 1 : -m i
arc betrayed by the negro s-Liacs Ahotn cr
eumslances compel them to trnst. The old
slaves who have been "raw-hided " liberally
by their masters are very friendly to the
prisoners, but the young slaves are treacher
ous, especially if they are honr-e servants. I
know tAvo New Yorkers who i-cilcd the
stockade last spring dnrimr a midnight
storni, aud got as far north a" Orange Court
house, Virginia, within a day's march of
the Union lines, at Avhich place a negro be
trayed them to the rebels and they were sent
back hero again. They enjoyed their long
journey exceedingly, however, considering
tho secrecy and caution they were continu
ally compelled to exercise. When on the
move escaped prisoners travel chiefly by
night and sleep iu the daytime More men
are deterrel from escaping through fear of
the bloodhounds than from any other cause.
A Ncav York sergeant, Avho Avas employed
outside of the stockade on his parole of
honor, ran aAvay a couple of months ago, ac
companied by tAvo of his comrades. They
traveled AvestAvard to the Chattahoochee
river, aud stealing a skiff voyaged down that
stream and down the Appalachicola till they
reached the Gulf of Mexico, Avhere they Averc
recaptured, Avithin sight of the Union gun
boats. Ecbel scouts are always to be en
countered close to the Union lines. Such
prisoners aro always returned to tho stock
ade from Avhich they escaped, in order to
give their companions an illustration of the
d.fficultie3 of getting away. Au escaped
prisoner avIio is caught after a big trip is less
likely to be abused than one picked up in the
environs of Andersonville. The rebels Avant
us to knoAv how far aAvay a man may get and
still be brought back to the "bull-pen."
August 207. We have been drawing raw
rations for several days, without being al
lowed above a third of the fncl'neccsary to
cook them Avith, and Ave use our fuel in the
most penurious manner. We split our Avood
into fine pieces and keep a blaze under a can
or tin cup by adding a smtll piece of Avood
at a time, and the smallest remaining frag
ments of fuel are religiously added to the
fire. Yesterday avo droAV no Avood at all,
because, it is reported, the quartermaster
refused to break the Sabbath in order to send
us a supply. We had to either eat our corn
meal kiav or do Avithout eating entirely. A
man's stomach is an inexorable machine. I
Aveiitovcrto the south gate this morning.
Three or four hundred emaciated, halAdying
"men were being roughly jostled through the
crowd to be presented to a surgeon in order to
see if they should be sent outside, and about
a hundred filthy, ghastly, naked corpses
were lying around under foot, waiting to be
carried off to nameless graves. Men a?1io
have been in Libby Prison, Richmond, state
that the rations issued there Avere better and
larger than those issued here, although no
man could hold his own on Libby Prison
rations. It begins to look as though it is
only a question of time Avhen every man of
us Avill be dead. The story of the rebels
about paroling us Avas CA-idently a lie. They
keep wp our hopes on that subject for the
purposc'of rendering us quiet and tractable.
The greatest battle of the war is being fought ;
in tins prison neii.
August 307. Every day I meet former
acquaintances of Avhose incarceration here I
have been ignorant. John Fredericks, of our
company, received a letter yesterday from a
fair daughter of Macon Avhom he knew be
fore the Avar. She urged him to "take the
oath of allegiance to the southern confed
eracy and leave the hated Yankee army."
He hasAvrittcn, declining Avith thanks. The
number of sick taken out of this stockado
every day is a pretty fair index of the -number
of deaths that occur daily in the hospital.
As the inmates of that institution die their
places arc filled from the stockade. A large
proportion of those taken out are so far gone
that fhoy lurve io be carried out in old
blankets. If no blankets can be had for the'
purpose, they sit on a stick -of AAOod or a
scantling, Avhich is bonfo by ttvo men Avith
their arms around the necks of the men, and
thus hang on. Many of them die before
they get to the hospital. If a man is very
sick ib is better to let him lay and die at
the grounds of his detachment. He Avill
die auyhoAV, aud it only adds to his misery
by hustling him about. I learn of many
cases of the dropsy, Avhich here assumes ter
rible phases. Limbs actually burst open,
and the fissures become filled with Avorms.
In other cases the face swells up, and among
the disasters that ensue is total blindness.
Of course such men must die. The grave
yard is bigger than the prison, and tho Avay
things are going it will eoonbemore populous.
AuyusL-VtliiL I doubt if our rations average
more than half a pound per day. One result
of the vile food Ave eat is the poisoning of
the blood. Men Avho have been prisoners for
a long period are A'ery liable to the gangrene.
The slightest scratch or bruise ulcerates,
gangrene sets in, aud death is the final result.
Sometimes the skin cracks open from sheer
dryness, andgangiene seizes upon the oppor
tunity Avith ultimate fatal effect. A great
deal of the Avork around the prison is done
by prisoners paroled for tho purpose, such
as chopping Avood, cooking rations, burying
tho dead, and kceiing books and accounts
at headquarters. Of course, under ordinary
circumstances no Union soldier could thus
assist tho enemy Avithout Aiolating his mili
tary oaih. As Ave aro situated, avo regard
the matter leniently. A man Avill stretch
his conscience a good deal to save his life.
As long as the Avork these men do is directly
connected with the prison and prisoners, Ave
regard their course as perfectly proper. It
is a significant fact that the rebels expect no
paroled prisoner to livo on the rations avo
got. He receives more than double the food
allowed to us, and he gets it uninterrupedly.
As for us, Ave aro never certain that Ave are
going to get anything to cat until we see the
Avagons como in. The rebels pretend that
they issue us three-quarters of a pound of
bread and one-eighth of a pound of meat
per day per man, or the equivalent of such
Entered neemdin; to net of Conjrross in t year
- 15 by Tho National Tribune In the oflloo of the
i jnirian of CongreMi at Washington.
t A BLOODY FIGHT WITH KNIVES.
j A fearful battle Avith knives occurred at
' Kford, N. C, on tho 12th inst., betAveen tAvo
m named Usry and Morgan. They had
arrelcd about a piece or Jand,'aud meet-
; on the street, each drew a knife and the
mdy work began. Both were frightfully
d mortally wounded.
Is tho flag nailed io the mast when, the
ship is making tacks ?
THE BATTLE OF C"
r t'i. it' -i -1, v,,.., wlSx,r.
f .- -t
t n'tle b t . i x "' ru n'.at it v 1
.seein as if Vi't- ' ' .)' rt a, ere about exhan i :
but te is well known to all
ticipated ia a battle tknt each regiment and j
comjiany has a different experience, each
soldier sees the battle in a different lisrht j
from others. A thousand different version '
of the same battle could be written, all of j
them true. As our regiment occupied the
skirmish line from early in tho moraine of
the 2d until the grand charge of the rebels 1
on the afternoon of the 3d, I propose to give ;
a brief description of Avhat I saw. On the J
1st of July we were burryinsj over the dusty j
road toAvards a cloud of smoke slowly rising
far to the north over the woods ; occasionally
a foint rumble would reach our ears, telling
that part of our forces were engaged. " nurry
up, boys! hurry up I" were the low-spoken
words of our officers, but there was no la'g-
ging if it could be helped. Now it was that
the patriotism of tho volunteers shoAved in
its grandest light; every man kneiv that a
crisis had arrived. If the rebels were vic
torious in this battle we could not see much
chance to retrieve the disaster. Keports had
reached us of immense hosts of home guards
in front? of Lee's hosts,, but we knew the
fighting finalities of his army, and that
home guards could not be depended upon
to stop them; so I think every man de
termined to conquer or die. In the after
noon Ave met the dead body of General
Eeynolds, and Avord ran down the ranks that
our General (Hancock) had gone forward to
fill his place at the front. Toward night
rumors reached us of disaster to the left
Aving, bnt to-morrow the old Second Corps
would be there, and the Johnnies would
not have it all their own way. Our regi
ment camped the night of the 1st within
about a mileof the battle-field; at four
o'clock next morning the stentorian voice of
" Old Brick Top " was heard, " Fail in ! " No
time to eat a mouthful or even to buckle
our straps I "We were aroused out of a deep
sleep, and away for the " dance of death." As
the brigade reached Cemetery Hill our regi
ment Avas detached as skirmishers. "We ad-A-anced
doAvn into the -valley, and soon wo
A7ere hotly engaged Avith the enemy's pickets.
Our reserve Avas formed in a sunken road
that ran into Gettysburg. I think our regi
ment mustered 19G men when we Avent on
the skirmish line; forty were killed or
Avounded on the 2J. To our left Avas Little
Round Top Mountain, about one mile away.
On tho afternoon of the 2d the rebels made
a grand charge to drive our men from it.
TVe had a grand AieAV of the struggle. The
rebels succeeded in driving our men off the
mountain. At one time it looked as if avo
Avere soon to take the road Sir Libby, but
at the critical moment a grand Union cheer
rolled up from the southwest, and the
Johnnies Avcrc soon going down the moun
tain much faster than they Avent up. At
dark tho firing ceased along the picket line,
andwe left our cramped positions behind
our rail piles to take astretch,,on,thegnws
andhave a smoke. As we lay there talkie;;
an officer "rode up almost on to us. "Hello!
"Who are you?" he said. "Yanks," was
the ansAver. " Well, by G d, I'm areb !" and
aAvay he Avent. We sent a few shots after
him,Avhich called forth a liberal response from
the rebel pickets; it made us git for our rail
piles in a hurry, but there Avas no more fir
ing in our quarter during the night. At
midnight company H Avas relieved and we
fell back to the picket reserve, and avo en
joyed a few hours of sleep, such as none but
soldiers can appreciate. The morning of the
3d broke calm and beautiful. Oh! how
many saAV the situ rise for the last time, and
ere it should sink behind those blue hills to
the Avestward they Avould receive their final
muster out. After avo had eaten our break
fast of coffee and hard-tack Ave gathered in
groups to discuss the situation.
" Boys!" said our fir&t-lientonant, "to-day
Avill probably decide tho battle. We have
held them pretty Avell so far, and to-day we
must AAirip them ; yes, I say we must whip
them. I Avould rather be killed right here,
than that they should whip us."
Poor fellow. Were his Avords prophetic?
Before night he was killed. At noon,
company If, Avith others, relieved pickets.
We were farther to the left than the line we
occupied the da: before ; avo were deployed
along a gentle rise of ground that ran par
allel Avith Cemetery Ridge; we took our sta
tions along a board fence ; Ave Avere near the
little Ahite house thai all Avill remember
Avho Avere in tho battle of tha 3d. We had
orders not to jirc on the picket line, so every
thing Avas quiet along our part of the line ;
but to our left Avere some Germans, Avho kept
up a continuous fusilade. Au order came
from tho general to our captain who Avas
officer of the pickets for the day) to have
that firing stopped. Ho sent a sergeant to
enforce the order. " Tix ! nix ! " and they
Avould point to the dead bodies lying along
the fence, and blazo away again. They could
not understand tho logic of not ansAvering
the rebel fire, aud so the sergeant came back
from his fruitless errand. One o'clock. How
the sun blazed and scorched, hardly a breath
of air, the Avater in our canteens too warm
to quench our thirst. Why Avere the rebs
so quiet ? We strained our eyes looking for
some mOA'einent to denote Avhat they Avere
up to, but we could see nothing suspicious.
Suddenly tAvo shots ring out, and two shells
come shrieking and howling over tis ; then
all the Avoods in our front, a half mile aAvay,
blaze out. Boom ! whiz ! bang ! Avhir-r-r-r,
the air appears to bo filled Avith tho missiles
of death. .Shells burst all around us. Solid
sdiot come ricochetting along tho ground,
boards are knocked from the fence into the
air, splinters tear ghastly wounds, men are
torn to pieces, but tho skirmish line stand
their ground. A rebel battery conies rush
ing down the opposite hilrand unlimbers al
most in rango of our rifles. Our batteries
aro replying. Ricketts's battery of Napo
leons are immediately in our rear. He
fires sIoav and deliberate, and Ave are sure
every shoL goes home, but tho rebel batte
ries concentralo on him and his guns
cease firing, one by one, until only one
Avas left, but that kept up, responding to the
rebel firo until tho order Avas given to all
tho batteries to cea3e firing and let tho guns
cool a wise precaution, as tho sequal
shoAved. After about a half hour more the
rebel batteries ceased suddenly, as their
guns had become so heated they could fire
no longer. Soon avo began to see tho glint
of bayonets among the trees; then a line
of battle detached itself aud canto moving
1 . i . . .it .
.t .h In ..1.
th-y came svkv.. v
ti 1, '.. L;
0 ."3 f I 'Jr . :
a Vihi.e m t -. b, f
into plaui a ba a '
thrni. YW c , . e tl.- .n
through tLff wnks, bufc they came . . t
on, faster and faster; the artillery . ,
men went down by scores, until ti.
had to oblique to the centre to close t.t
ranks. Soon they came within ra
the skirmish line. 4lNow, boys, . '
fr the general," was the word pass ; ;
the line; but he kept moving raps '
and down the Mae encouraging his t ;
so we could not hit him, but many a r
fellow in the ranks received the bulltt t t
was intended for him. We fell back s'o - - ,
loading at a trail arms, then facing abo u . i
firing. We found the reserve stand - - v
arms in the sunken road, and we to ,- j ,
proper place in the regiment Oar hn t
battle had now opened, and musketrv r 1
astiOery roared in unison. Captain .1 r,
of Company H, was the first man to x r r -up
the bank, shouting "Come on, bo- '
He was immediately followed by the a 1:s
regiment and a part of a New Yor'c r.. .
ment that had been on the skirmish La--with
us. What a sight met us. . As v o
raised the bank, a dozen rods away to r r (
left was a board fence that ran noi
from the road. Beyond the fence wrs a
large field ; it appeared to be nearly fill 1
with rebels getting badly demoral- I.
The slaughter among them Avas fearfil.
Ride-balls, canister, shrapnel, and ?L lis
were pouring into their doomed ranrs. I
saw shells burst among them and men v r
throAvn twenty feet into the air by the c ". '
sion. They struggled and fought bra I,
but it was of no avail. Ia a very brief ti 3
the firing ceased, and our bugle blew tla
assembly. We had captured three bat tic
flags and a large number of prisoners, Lut?
Ave had lost fearfully 107 killed ail
Avounded within the two days. All tla
commissioned officers of Company - --
killed or Avounded. First-Lieuter,
den killed in the last charge, Capt
shot through the shoulder with a
nearly at the same time; the se
tenant was hit with a piece of shell
Tho battle was over, and for once
of the Potomac had fairly AvMpp
tried antagonist the turning pc
rebellion had been reached.
AN INTERVIEW WITH OLE ..
c: Halloo ! " sez I. "Halloo ! " sez he.
"Are you old Prob ? " sez I. " I am," sez he,
"What are yez doin'?"sez I. ''Making: '
it hot," sez he.
' Phot for ? " sez I. "For fun," sez he.
" Do you call it fun ? " sez I. '"Av coorse,'
sez he. " Phot do yez think the Government
pays me for?"
''Faith, an' I didn't think the Government1"
pays yez for roastin' an' baBtin' the people.
Can't yez be aisy, boav, an' sind us ak: 1
somethin' else, jist for a change, yer knoAv in
sez I. ' "111 thry," sez he.
" Whin ? " sez I. ' To-morrow," sez he.
"SJooa night," sez L ' Good night," cr
"By the way," sez I, "what have yez been
doin' with the people to-day ? " " I've beat
bakin Bosfcin," sez he.
'How much," sez I. " Ninety-eight," set
"Phot else?" sez I. " I roasted Norfolk,"
sez he, wid 95, Philadelphy wid 94, and 2Cew
Yorkwid92. I came down a peg wid Al
bany up the Hudson, ye know and anothc 1
peg at Atlantic City, where I briled them r.t
"Did yez have no compasshin on any
body?" I. "Faith, yes I did," sez he
"Ibro'fc all the Avarmth East, and leJtbt.
Vincent, Minn., out in the cowld at CI.
"What did yez do for Baltimore?" sez a
" I opened on thim at 83 (7 a. m.), run tl ii
to S9 (3 p. in.), bro't thim down a peg to s?
(7 p. in.), and ji3t now (11 p. m.) I'm lettJij-
thim cool oft" a bit at SO."
"Will it be cooler to-morrow?" sez I.
"The divil a bit," sez he.
" Good night," sez I. " Good night," sez he.
WIT AND HUHOR. ,,
When one of the Indian basket-makers at
Atlantic city was handed a bogus quarter by
a paleface, the other day, he immediately ex
claimed: '-Oh, the divil take ye forah-y-then?
Yeean't fool the son of oldKilocJ,-a-mucky
Avid yer dirty quarter."
A wife, having lost her husband, Avas in
consolable for his death. " Leave me to r?y
grief," she cried, sobbing; ''you know tho
extreme sensibility of my nerves; a mcro ,
nothing upsets them."
Sportsman : Is blowing into a gun r satis
factory method of ascertaining if it be It !-d?
Don't know ; those who have tried it h ven't
had a chance to state whether it was saiirfcc
tory or not.
WTiatis the difference between the prcr.clrr,
the builder, and the architect of a church?
One is the rector, the other is the erector, and
the other the director.
When an old-fashioned merchant in New
Jersey came to look over an order made or-fc
by his ncAV-fashioned clerk the other dcy, h3
looked OA-er his spectacles and said: '' Jamo,
I see you have spelled sugar Avithout an h."
"Yes, sir, that is tho proper way." "Bat I
havo spelled it Avith an h for tho List
twenty-nino years." ''Can't help that, sir.
Sugar should not be spelled Avith an lr"
"Wellmebbeit shouldn't," sighed the ell f
man, " mebbo it shouldn't. I presume that
this mixing in glucose does make a difference
Young Lord D , who is a wag, on Sunday
took into the park with him a young gentle
man from Wales, in order to show him the
notables and notabilities. So many of tkera
D accosted orpointedoutwercdeclared by
him to bo famous personages that, at Lvt,
our Welshman suspected that he was the vie
tint of a joke. So he took a turn at it. " Yon
see that tall old gentleman on the bay horse;
who is he ?" "Don't knoAv," replied D ;
'he's not in society." "Why you oirdit to
know him," Avas tho retort; "that is the la'c
Duke of Wellington."
A farmer's Avill was presented for probato
(it Avas in old days) to an Archdeacon during
his visitation. Ho found a name scratched
out. Tho AvidoAV stepped forward and ex
plained : " I tell yon how ho be, sir. When
Ave comes to look into tho will we sees 3J
left to John Wheeler. 'What's he got to do
with master's money?' says I. So I gets a
knifo and us scratches him out, and that's
just how he be, sir."