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THE IMATIOAI, TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON. D. C, AUGUST 5, '1882.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
A VARIETY OF SUBJECTS DISCUSSED
- BY THE BOYS.
Injustice lo Pension Claimants Homesteads for
SWiirs The Engagement at Sailor's Crock
Jlnrdsliips of Tension Claimants The National
Trifctsne Ifador&od Another Shower or Small
ffiiK wc inaugurated the "Soldiers' Column" in
TiinNATiosAi Titmri.'K the number of letters from
Comrades ail over ihc country lxis increased so rap
idly that wo are only able to pullish a limited mini-lx-r
of them in full and extract from others. Our
render will confer a favor, when corresponding for
tin dejmrtyicnt, by making their letters ns concise
:i possible. I,et the statements be bri;f and pointed,
rnd we can then find room for it greater number,
nnd they will be all tho more ofiVclive in the inter-e-ts
of the soldier in Congress. If convenient, write
only on one side of tike paper. A large number of
letters remain over imtil next week.
JirVEXUK KF.DUCTION'S THE SOLDIERS' DUTV.
To the Editor National Tninrxn:
The internal revcmio bill will, we hope, he
laid over uutil Congress rcaFsemhlies in De
cember next, when they will have time to
reflect upon its results. What object could
Congress hf.vo in passim: such u measure? It
would neither benefit tho people or the Gov
ernment, and the revenue laws should be let
alone. The wssage of the bill would not po
litically benefit any party, and wo think our
objections to the passage of such a measure at
the present time will be concurred in by a laro
majority of the citizens of the United States.
It would materially injure the cx-soldier and
sailor in the adjustment of their just claims
against the Government. I think it is the
duty of every ex-soldier and sailor of the late
war to look after and boldly defend their
claims at the ballot-box. If you, fellow
Foldiers, wish to keep posted in regard to the
proper course to pursue, you should subscribe
(if you have-not) for Tin: National Tribune,
the ablest and best conducted soldiers' paper in
the United States. It does not hesitate to at
tack any measure that is brought before Con
jrress that would in auy way aiToct the interests
of the Nation's defenders. Then, fellow-soldiers,
aid The National Tribune. Get up clubs
in every township, county, and State. The
soldier element, if properly organized, would
he a mighty power. . Wake up, comrades, and
look to your interests! Every additional sub
scriber adds to the power and influence of the
paper. May it increase in power until justice
and equity is fully measured out to the Nation's
defenders and to their widows and orphans.
Craftox P. Scott,
Musician Co. A, 107th Keg. 111. A'ols.
Kinney, III., July 2.".
the exchange of prisoners.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
The Tribune gets more interesting every
week. I do not destroy one, hut when I have
read them give them to comrades that are not
subscribers. I hope to send you more names
As m are publishing some chapters on
prison life, I would like to make a suggestion
that you get a precise history of the exchange
of prisoners during tiie rebellion. I think it
would be profitable to know whether it was
the Washington or the Richmond governments
that was responsible fur .the non-exchange of
nrisoneTS 11..I the sufferings cauac-d hy stax'-n-lion.
There is no excuse for the starving of
"Union men in rebel prison pens, but if a proper
exchange had been made untold and unknown
suffering v ould have been saved. Now, I sug
gest that a full and complete history of tho
cxchangoljo published. Let tho responsibility
rest where it belongs. Yours in F. L. & C,
31. V. Taylor,
Co. A, 142d N. Y. Vols.
Big EAriDS, July 21.
COMMENDING THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I highly commend you for the bold stand you
take in advocating justice for the soldiers and
upholding the glorious Old Banner. May God
hless you in the work and crown you with suc
cess. I am one of those invalid soldiers that
served three years and lost my health for life,
and am only receiving for pension the paltry
sum of $4 per month. I would have been enti
tled to $100 bounty had the equalization bill
passed during Grant's presidency, but lie did
not forget to increase his own salary. If Con
gross would pass an act to reduce the salaries
of all the officials in the Government employ,
and give" that surplus to all poor, disabled sol
diers, that arc nearly destitute, it would look
more like right and justice. You can always
count on me as a worker in tho cause. I have
the promise of subscribers soon. May the glo
rious Old Banner wave! Yours, fraternally,
C. S. Foster,
Co. B, 7th Wis. Vol. Inf.
Huntley, Minn., July Hi.
WILL DO THEIR DUTY AT TIIE TOLLS.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I am a reader of your valuable paper, and I
think it is the best of its kind published, as it
sticks to tho soldier in upholding his rights. I
have been watching Senator Beck's course, and
think if his heart is as soft as his head he might
Bee things in a different light. The best thing
the soldiers should do for him is to give him a
chance to stay at home. I hope every soldier
will do his duty at tho polls and remember all
rncu like Beck. Fraternally yours,
S. K. Mannier,
Co. A, 119th 111. Vols.
Wataca, III., July 20.
hopes beck -will go "to the lordy."
To the Editor National Tribune:
I take your paper and 1 ike i t very much . 1 1
5s the best friend we cx-mhlkrs have. Long may
it live to advocate our rights; I shall take it as
long as I live. Wo soldiers have an eye on
Jmw Mr. Heck; we think he has got a little too
much "inspiration" and guitcauism. How
ever, we hope, he will, by nnd by, "go to the
Lordy." Enclosed find $1 for a new subscriber;
hope to soud you more soon.
Truly yours, Morris Eldred.
Equixunk, Pa., July 2w.
injustice to pension claimants.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I am a suliscriber to your valuable paper and
would not be without it for three times the
hubscription price; it is the only soldiers' paper
I ever read. Allow me to say a few words about
what 1 consider the injustice to pension claim
Bate. I wish to mention the ease of an old
comrade and neighbor of mine; ho is an appli
cant for pension, applicu in 1S79, and sent his
application to the Commissioner of Pensions,
but he never heard a word from it, although lie
wrote to the Commissioner about it. A fj.er wait
ing two or three years to hear from it ho went
lo a competent attorney, who advised him to
make another application, which he did. Now
by this second application ho not only loses the
arrearage but is placed at the vory last of the
list of applicants his number being about
4M,Wft. Tli is comrade is totally disabled from
manual labor; has a wife and nine children ;
lie has been under medical treatment ever since
the day lie was discharged ; he is now almost in
tho lafct atises of consumption, aud dependent
upon his children for support. I think this is
a case deserving of especial attention from the
Commissioner of Pensions, for if claims arc
settled according to thoir number they will not
reach his case in ten years. I refer to Henry
A. Poyves. company G, First Connecticut heifvy
artillcrv. From an
Noewalk, Conn., July 20.
as to pension evidence.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
I notice in your paper of July 22 that W. II.
Cornell complains that he has to lurnish so
much proof in his pension case, while others
have their claims allowed on very slender proof.
I think that such assertion does our Commis
sioner aud his associates great injustice. I
know that proof alike is miuircd of all, and
no one could be more courteous in answering
the inquiries made in relation to tho claims of
pensioners than Comrade W. W. Dudley. I
believe him to be a conscientious officer, and
endeavors to do justice both to the Government
aud the pensioner, it is too often the case that
soldiers complain by listening to the advice of
some chance office seeker, who perhaps is jeal
ous of the popularity of such men as W. W.
Dudley, John A. Logan, Andrew Curtin, and
more of that kind, who are the true friends of
the soldier ; and I am glad that your paper has
the true ring, and tolls 'the soldiers who are
their friends. I wish that your paper could be
read by every ex -soldier in the laud. Enclosed
find $1 for now subscriber. Yours in F. C. & L.,
F. IT. Marsh, -lGth 111. Inf.
Oregon, III., July 21.
homestead claims or soldiers.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have had several conversations with old
soldiers in regard to homestead claims. I have
been surprised that they all speak alike. When
ever the suject has been mentioned they all say
the Government, if it did what it ought, should
givo soldiers the opportunity to mako a claim.
Men living iu cities, which I think most of our
soldiers do. cannot take a claim and live on it
right oil'; they would like lo make a claim, and
then go to work to prepare to live on it. Some
would say they could prcpato before now, but
we take men as we find them. We find that
most of us want an incentive to act.
If Congress is afraid that wo have not earned
the right to a part of our own heritage it is bo
cause they have not had to fight for it them
selves. If they aro afraid the soldiers will get
the land, aud some of them sell it, let them
deed it so that it shall be kept for tho soldiers'
children, and not alienated from them. I men
tion this feature of the land question because
I have heard so many complain. I think it
time that this question should bo agitated. I
know of one case where a soldier madca claim,
and his business called him away to serve tho
Government as mail route agent, which neces
sarily carried him from home, but the rul
ings of the Land Office were against him,
though personal application, stating facts, was
brought before Ctrl Pchurz, then Secretary. I
don't think lie condescended to notice such
small matters as tho wail of a private.
Yours, J. P. Gill, P. C,
Tost 7, Dopt. of Oregon, G. A. E.
Eugene City, Oregon, July 11.
the engagement at sailor's creek.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have been receiving The National
Tribune for two months, and I cannot sco
how I could get along without it. I take two
other papers published in the interest of the
soldier, and am satisfied that The National
Tribune is tho hct published.
I think that "W. D. G," in yoursuv(QfVTuly.Ji
22, is probably mistaken as to wliat division ot
the .Sjxtk Arrps w.'J engaged r. &iffi$sg&&i
April D, xxxo. i. rcmemuer mo corps' naving
orders to report to General Sheridan that morn
ing. Noon found us going into camp, when in
the distance we heard tho sullen roar of artil
lery. We t hen fell into line and moved on, and
on coming to tho battle-field the first man we
saw was General Sheridan. I am sure that our
brigade Third brigade, First division, Sixth
Corps was the first infantry on tho field.
Sheridan gave his orders to General Edwards,
our brigade commander. Wo then moved on
to tho front, marching left oblique, passing
through a corn-field, across the creek and low
marshy ground, advancing almost through the
woods to the enemy's wagon train, and, becom
ing hotly engaged, our left gave way. Tho
whole line being compelled to fall back, it was
then that the brigade of the Third division
came down tho hill on the other side. Tho
brigade all know how men of the naval brig
ade fought that day. I know wo suffered a
great deal from the fire of our own artillery
while passing through the marshy ground and
creek. W. W. P.,
Co. B, S2d ttcg't P. V. Vols.
Ringgold, Pa., July 24.
THE BEST PAPER IN THE UNION.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have been a reader of The Tribune for
some months and expect to continue ono as
loug us I live. 1 consider it the best paper iu
the Union. I was a refugee, driven from
home, and left dear ones behind: returned
and found what little of this world's goods I
had accumulated destroyed, and was myself
nearly blind from neuralgia of head and eyes,
caused by exposure in tho army; and yet to
day if I was stout enough, and it was needed,
1 would enlist again for the cause of tho Union.
I shall do everything I can to circulate your
Late of Co. 1, 121th 111. Vol. Inf.
Ten-Mile Stand, Tenn., July 20.
hardships of pension claimants.
To the Editor National Tribune :
While your numerous readers aro pouring in
complaints about the neglected soldiers all over
the United States and our "silk-hat and kid
glove brigade," as C. W. Ransom lias very ap
propriately named them, let mo tell you about
two ex -soldiers two noble boys tliat wore the
"blue," and were residents of this county for
sometime before the "grim monster death"
called them home.
A. II. Dillon, of Sycamore Springs, Butler
county, died June 8. His death was caused by
a gun-shot wound which lie received during
tho war. He was a member of the Seventh
Wisconsin infantry, and had charge of " Old
Abe," the noted eagle carried during the war
by that regiment. He commenced immedi
ately aftep the war to prosecute his pension
claim, and went through the routine of proof
five different times, and died without his pen
sion at last.
Jesse Y. Smith, of Plum Grove Township,
who has been subject to tits for years, some
times having, it is said, as many as fifteen in a
day, was adjudged insane by the probate court
June 23. He was placed in charge of he sher
iff, to be sent to the insane asylum at Osawato
mie, but died at five o'clock, June 25. His
trouble was caused by a bullet, which struck
him in tho head while a Federal soldier in the
performance of his duty. For a shame, bo it
said, that though he and his friends havo tried
repeatedly to secure an increase of pension,
owing to his extremely unfortunate condition,
he received but the pitiful sum of $-1 a month.
He gave more than his life for tho Government,
aud was deserving of far hotter treatment.
Jesse Y. Smith was born in Armstrong county,
Pa., December 1, 161!); he enlisted in the Union
army in July, 1SU1, and .served three years; he
was in some of the most terrific battles of
the war; was wounded in the action at Mal
vern Hill; was also wounded at Gattysburg by
a fragment of a shell, which crushed in a por
tion of his skull. It was to this wound that
theso violent disorders, to which he has since
been subject, were attributed, and which havo j
at hvt terminated fatallv. I
I dare say there are hundreds of ewes' like
i ho above-men who have fought and suffered j
all t!io hardships of army life, como homo crip-
pled and broken down, to drag out-a miserable
existence, and die at hist without ever recciv- f
iug what rightly belonged to thctn.
Just think, of it, Mr. Congressmen you of
tho "silk-hat aud kid-glove brigade "just
take tho above rases homo to your own dear
selves. How would you likoit? You who 1
were elected to hod those proud positions you
now occupy by these same suffering soldiers;
whom you in all probability never said ono
word-for, or c:ist one voto in their favor. Bear
in mind, though the, ex-soldiers are fast passing
into the "great beyond,'' there are a mighty
host here yet, and ahlo to stand in their boots,
thai will remember you on election day. They
will remember your short-comings, and c:ust
their votes for those who havo been tried in
the balance and not found wanting.
Douglas?, Kan.. July 2,.
STILL another endorseme
To the Editor National Tribune:
Your excellent journal is taken and highlyW
endorsed by a large number of the G. A. 11.
boys in this county. They all speak of The
National Tribune as "their paper," and why 4
should they not, when lit advocates so boldly
and fearlessly tho rights of those who loved
their finf iiiiil pnimfcrv innrn tlnn home, nlnas- "
7 ... r, .. ., , !
ure. aud even life itself. Tnesc bravo men 1
, , , , , , o , .
deserve a brave and fearless advocate. Suca ;
, . A , . .. , j
has been vour paper lo them, and wo feel sure
., t l l , ,1
that so loug as vou go on as you havo in tho 1
past tho Departments of the G. A. R. will con
tinue to aid you by solid shot and shell, while
the comrades will keep up a brisk fire of mus
ketry. Wo expect to keep on demanding our !
v!flif c Tin t.,1 fr.,! YVf.cc cliill fulfill ni'rtrv ulillfifi. i
, , ,f " ,,. mi 1 "n I
tion made to the soldier. The glorious old ,
Fourth was celebrated here under the nusp. is
of the P. A. JL, and was a complete succos-.
J. B. Dey,
Adjt. Tost HO, G. A. R., Dep. of Neb.
Steomsbueg, Neb., July 23.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Please send me your paper for a year; it is a
grand success as an advocate of thcrightsof the
soldier and sailor boys, who gave their all to
the service of their country in her hour of peril.
None of them thought of auy other duty at that
timo but tho duty they owed to their country.
I am yours in F. C. & L.,
Brand P. Cook, A. A. G., Dep. Neb.
David City, July 27.
SMALL SHOT FROM COMRADES.
"Here is one of the 100,000 you want. Put
mo down as a subscriber for life." Wm. Faulk
ner. Mount Vernon, Ind. "I consider The
National Tribune the 'boss' paper, and will
do all I can for it." T. S. Potter, Dixon Til
" I will take pleasure in introducing y-'ii - r
able paper to the Grand Army niti ; n
Diego in a few days, and hopo to be a Mo ! -,.-
cure you a club of subscribers. Jaiiu J Are-
strong, Jamuel, San Diego county, C: 1. j'pBd h..
have taken quite an interest in send mtr y -'. L. f'J,
paper around among tho 'boys,' all f wr-os
aro greatly pi wed with it; will do all 1 "ovt4
aid in extending its circulation." A. '.. Pv?- i-
kins, Springfield, 0. I send $2 for 1 ., r... i-
1 -,. -i-r r.. t ,-,'-"
subscnoers." L. Horigau, St. Joseph...... 3 -
"Enclosed find Si for a new subscrilT
gladly do all I can for you." Geo. St,
Iionita, Kars:s. "Ono dollar cnrli'?'
r veteran who lost his right arm at Antk'..i.
'am promised more subscribers for Tjk Sv
tional Tribune." Dan'l Kressley, !N .? MV'
honing, Pa. " I have compare i
National Tribune with other soldie. ,
and finding it 'tho best enclose my f
tion." L. F. Baxter, Lacona, N. Y.
much pleased with The National '1
and its earnest advocacy of the soldier!
and will do all I can to advance its ijitnv
We shall have a Reunion of tho Iowa Thi ty-
third before long, when I hope to sou ou
a long list of subscribers.' J. R. Eckart.
"1 am a subscriber to The National Tribune
and succeeded in inducing five others to sub
scribe; it is a good paper; go on with tho good
work till justice is dealt out to all ex-soldiers."
G. S. Moore, New Lisbon, O. "Scoro one
more for The Tribune. I was a privato sol
dier of company H, Fifth Indiana cavalry;
served three years in actual service in the
Army of the Ohio and the Army of the Cum
berland; 'was captured on the famous Stoneman
raid into the interior of Georgia, held prisoner
in Andersonvillo over eight, months, aud came
to the conclusion years ago that we can't b paid
for our tortures in that infamous hell on earth.
Please send my paper to Wichita, Kansas, the
land of the free and the homes of those that
John Brown died for." D. T. Dunbar, Webster
City, Iowa. " It's no use, 1'vo got to have
The National Tribune. Enclosed find $1 to
pay for same." Edward Hill, Bucksport, Me.
"Your bold advocacy of just rights and
the soldiers' trtto interests have entrenched
The National Tribune in tho affections of
the Union soldiers of the Republic. Keep on
as you have started ; keep us posted as to the
bills and votes in Congress; keep to tho right
fearlessly ; go ahead, and a great constituency
will sustain you. 1 enclose $1 for new sub
scribers." Peter Lock, Hobbs, Ind. "Ono
more subscription enclosed; this makes six I
havo sent you. It is the best paper in the
country devoted to soldiers' interests, and
every soldier should help to support it." Ed
ward Wcinmen, Kowanee, 111. "Enclosed
find my subscription for your noble paper. It
does my heart good to read it." Lewis Shubcr,
Answers to Correspondents.
Wc are obliged to answer certain inquiries of tlio
vnrat nature iu each is.1110 of our paper. While wo
cheerfully furnish information to subscribcrsin this
column, wt Hiiggctft that much labor, time, nmlcx
peii.so may be saved both to ourselves and to our
correspondents, if the Inttei and other eulyjeribera
would keep n file of tho paper. They couid then,
nt any timo, turn to ibo flic and probably find the
very inquiry answered alxiut which thoy would
luivo written to us. Wc trust tlmt ench aud every
subscriber will protlt by this suggestion.
W. G., IIemumiui County, N. Y. Evidence
of origin of the disability for which you elaim
pension is very important. You should, Lf pos
sible, furnish medical testimony showing your
physical condition immediately after your re
turn homo from tho army.
W. J. W., Oi.XF.v, III. The majority of tho
persons named aro either soldiers whoso claims
could not under the general law be allowed by
the Pension Office, or widows of jjjoldiors who,
for the same reason, wore obliged to apply to
Congress for relief.
C. II. O., Wist Pemiiroki:. 1 and 2. Neither
of the bills named can pass this session, :is Con
gress is nearly ready for adjournment, and
reports havo not as yet been submitted. Wo
are doing all wo can to effect favorablo legisla
tion on these and other measures that aro just,
and if yourself and all the soldiers who are
interested will lend us a helping hand by in
creasing our subscription list our arguments
will have so much more weight.
A. C, Bktiiki., Vt., and D. F. W., Haiidix
County, Ky. 1. If the claim is complete mew
respect, and its number ombrfcd -within thoso
cases now being udjudiOaUi Ui ; i -tf-six
weeks. 2. Claims ar mv elu'. ...
for action whose numbers uc not h.- - m ix
S. M. L., Lamong, Ixi. 1. See prHi&ij
reply. 2, Ono that is lv-cd v?cn ftucouitait
i- timouy. '.). Sco reply to C. R. W., 111 ours ql,
t b I5!h inst. 4. Cannot say definitely, but
x 1 can form a fair estimate, ax they aro being
soft led at tho rate of about 2,200 per jnontn.
p.. F. B., Logan, Ind. You will find in'
another part of this issue an answer to this
rwjflioi. 2. Having been filed so recently as
Tune 1 SSI. the Pension Office has not reached
-.-our claim, nor can it ho acted upon .for some
mmilhs to come. '. The parties named prac
tice before the Departments. Thanks for your
expressions of approval aud the intorest taken
j 'pun Tribune.
F. W. V., Wales St. Clair County, Mich.
Write to H. II. Holron, A. A. General, Grand
D. F. C, Wi:stplain8, Mo. Tito appropria
tion will be made before adjournment.
J. R. M., Valparaiso, Ind. Unless acting
upon instructions from proper authority lie has
no right to delay payment.
U. W., Battle Creek. Neb. From your
statement you havo the right.
G. W. P.. Sat.oma, Kv. i. From discharge.
2. It should, from your statement, be ready for
.fir-al action. X. Not this session. (Sec reply
toC. II. O., above.)
E & CoFPKEVILM3 Kan.-No. Only for
tho ncriod for which the soldier enlisted.
II. S., Rowland, Pa. The widow, al
though sho has married, is tho only ono who
can completo the soldier's claim, pending at his
.death, but she is not entitled to pensiou from
' ' ' . ' . -
dato of his death to the date of Jicr remarriage
.. . . . . ..-
unless he died of disability contracted in the
. , . . , , .
service and her claim as widow was filed prior
,m , ., ., . ....
to Julv 1, -1&0. The children havo no title
' . , , .
(JQllX i4iLt L lA.AbW W& l(.illUtiil-Vi till. v.., ...aw.
.in case they were undor sixteen ycarjof ago at
th:i date, and that the soldier's death was duo
t service. Whether or not they should apply
tlirough guardian would depend on their age at
time of application,
Mrs. A. L. G., Hamburg, Iowa. You should
apnly to some attorney in tho neighborhood
wheru the parties live,oradvertisc in the nows
papers published in that locality.
D. K., Sandoval, III. Upon receipt of
name, regiment, and twenty-five- conts wo will
advertise for your regimental surgeon's address.
It is a case of great hardship, but u udcr present
regulations the requirement cannot bo waived.
Sergeant, Camden, Me. 1. They ought
to be supplied now. 2. Application can be
made for increase of pension based upon tho
Remaining answers next wcok.
VETOED BY THE PRESIDENT.
The lihrcr and Ilarlinr Appropriation "Bill Upturned
to t!io House lis Passage Over tlin Veto. "
In the House of Representatives on TuesdayJ
crmessage was received from President Arthur
vetoing the river and harbor appropriation bill.
Following is the full text of the message:
&. ;.- 7" , ()f Representatives:
matched Avith much"" interest tho
House bill No. b'242, entitled "An
appropriations for tho construction,
preservation of certain works on
. harbors, and for other purposes ; "
"if, since it was received, carefully
' j, after mature consideration I am
to return it herewith to the House
,-f Jtepr. -. ntutives, in which it originated,
"' "Ut m, signaturo and with my objections
?, ' ' ,tho appropriations in the bill aro
Tv&ny U he general welfare and most beuefi-
..j. in ,, r0haractcr. Two of tho obicnts for
''-'l- J' .i ision is made were bvmcoiisidtred"
AtA. : ).i
t that I felt it ray duty to direct to
'.- tent ion of Congress. - Jn. my annual
a, , -,.1 becemboHiKtTlirjcnLho"vial iuf-
jtftsnee t legislation for tho reclamation ot
? and for tho establishment of tho
s along the Potomac front. In April
jial message, 1 recommended an ap-
for the improvement of the Mis
rer. It is not necessary that 1 say
m5' signature would make the bill
ng for these and other valuable
jects a law, it is with great reluc
only under a sense of dutj-, that I
. Sly principal objection to the bill
nitaius appropriations for purposes
commou defense or general wel-
I if, t" at
rare, ami which do not promote commerce
among the States. These provisions, on the
contrary, aro entirely for the benefit of the
particular localities iu which it is proposed to
mako the improvements. I regard such ap
propriation of the public money as beyond tho
powers given by tho Constitution to Congress
and the President. I feel the moro hound to
withhold my signature from the bill because
of tho peculiar evils which manifestly result
from this infraction of the Constitution.
Appropriations of this nature, to be devoted
purely lo local objects, tend to an increase in
number and in amount. As thecitizens of one
State find that money (to raise which they, in
common with the whole country, are taxed) is
to bo expended for local improvements in an
other State they demand similar benefits for
themselves and it is not unnatural that they
should seek to indemnify themselves for such
use of the public funds by securing appropria
tions for similar improvements in their own
neighborhood. Thus, a-s tho bill becomes more
objectionable it secures more support. This
result is invariable, and necessarily follows a
neglect to observe the constitutional limitations
imposed upon the law-making power. Tho
appropriations for river and harbor improve- j
incuts have, under the influences to which I 1
have alluded, increased year by year out of
proportion to the progress of the country, great
as that has been. In 1870 the aggregate appro
priation was y.',y7.",y00 ; in 1S7.", $o',(J 18,517.00;
111 ISO, tfS,y7(),."K)(J ; and in lsi, .sll.foLDOO;
while by tho present act there is appropriated
818,7 K5,S7t"i. While feeling every disposition
to leave to the legislature the responsibility of
determining what amount should be appropri
ated for the purposes of the bill, so long as tho
appropriations are confined to objects indicated
by the grant of power, I cannot escape
tho conclusion that :is a part of the law
making power of the Government tho duty
devolves upon mo to withhold my signature
from tho bill containing appropriations
which, in my opinion, greatly exceed in
amount the needs of the country for the
prusunt fiscal year. It being tho usage to pro
vide money for those purposes by annual ap
propriation bills the President is in ollect
directed to expend so largo an amount of
money within so brief a period that tho ex
penditure cannot be made economically and
advantageously. The extravagant expendi
ture of public money is an ovil not to bo
measured by the value of that money to the
people who aro taxed for it. They sustain a
greater injury in the demoralizing effect pro
duced upon thoso Avho aro entrusted with
ollicial duty through all tho ramifications of
government. Theso objections could bo re
moved and every constitutional purposo readily
obtained should Congress enact that one
half only of tho aggregate amount provided
for in the bill bo appropriated for expenditure
during tho fiscal year, and that the sum so
appropriated be expended only for such objects
named in tho bill as tho Secretary of War,
under tho direction of tho President, shall
detcrmiiio: provided that in no caso shall the
expenditure for any ono purposo exceed tho
sum now designated by the bill for that pur
pose. I feel authorized to mako this sugges
tion because of the duty imposed upon tho
President by tho Constitution to recommend to
tho consideration of Congress such measures
as shall be judged necessary and expedient,
and because it is my earnest desire that tho
public works which arc in progress shall suffer
no injury. Congress will also convene again
in about four months, when this wholo subject
will bo open for their consideration.
Ciiksthr A. AitTHUi:.
Executive Mansion, Aug. 1, 1SS2.
On Wednesday tho llouso passed tho bill
ovor tho veto by a voto of yeas 123, naj'S o9
moro than tho necessary two-thirds vote. The
bill was subsequently sent to tho Senate,
where it was also passed over tho veto by yeas
41 . nays 1G. So the bill becomes a law at once,
, The i
lent has approved tho act appro-
000 for Mrs. Lucretia Garflold.less
uA paid James A. Garfield on account
of his Jt&n us President of tlie United States,
Office of THE
CmcAGOw-Li,s., July 25th. iuf. ,
To all subscribers of "The Union Veteran1- and to the members oj;jejflij.?fcS.
Owine; to the continued sickness of ConirsiLr t.jVBanrne, tie editor oxmr
paper, incapacitating him for tlio-pcrforrap.ti'- oi .hw duties, tfc have
transferred our subscription list V the p:ib4slxr'"'ur The National
Tribune, who wil continue to fill all unexpired subscriptions, by mailing
that paper to all subscribers of the Union Veteran. - m
The National Trtbune is an excellent soldier's paper, and therefore
we hope that our friends and patrons will not regret the chnge.ifl
transfer their patronage to its publisher.
With many thanks to all comrades who favored the Union Veteran with
their confidence and support, we remain,
Yours, truly, in F., O. & L.,
G. A. BoiDtiAN & Co.
GEN. GRANT AND THE RETIRED LIST,
On Monday last in the House of Representa
tives the bill to place General Grant upon the
retired army list was taken up:
Mr. Hkxdkrson. -I move that this bill bo
referred to tho Committeo on Military Affairs.
Mr. McKenzie. 1 move that it bo laid on
Mr. Springer. Let it go to the Committee
on Military Affairs.
Tho Speaker. Does tho gentleman from
Kentucky insist on his motion to lay it on tho
Mr. McKenzie. I do.
Several Members, (to Mr. McKenzie.)
The question being taken on the motion of
Mr. McKenzie, there were ayes :J, noes -13.
Mr. McKenzie. I demand the yeas and
The yeas and nays wero ordercdthero being
ayes 2G ; more thau onc-fifrji-of the last vote.
Mr. Springer. I do not think tho yeas and
nays will bo insisted upon.
Tho Speaker. They have been ordered.
Mr. Springer. I move to reconsider tho
vote by which the yeas aud nays. were ordered.
Tho motion to reconsider was not agreed to,
there beiug aye? 1?, noes 37.
The question was taken; and there were
yeas 77, nays 83, not voting 12!).
The bill was then referred to the Committeo
on Military Affairs.
THS HAMPTON SOLDIERS' HOME
On Monday in the House of Representatives
a resolution was offered by Mr. Browne, of
Indiana, providing for an investigation of the
Soldiers' Homo at Hampton, Va. The resolu
tion if proceeded by a preamble, in which the
following, among other charges, arc cited as
having been made by inmates of the Home
against Governor P. T. Woodfm: First, that
during tho last four years the said Woodfm,
governor and treasurer of tho said Home, has
retained and withheld from pensioners, pen
sion money paid him in trust for the pension
ers under him, contrary to, and in violation of
tho laws of the United States. Second, that
the said Woodfm does not permit inmates of
the Home who are fully compotcnt, willing
and deserving, to fill and receive compensation
therefor the principal positions of honor and
trust at tho Home, but employes persons not
inmates, thus" depriving tho inmates of the'
benefits of tho ways they iaigh6 earn:. Tllird,
that the said Woodfin diverts to himself and his"
chosen friends, who visit him, tho property
and effects of tho Home. Fourth,
that the said Woodfin has reduced the status
of the inmates of said home to that of prisoners
held for crime. Tho citations in the
preamble also charge that Woodfin makes a
distinction between inmates who aro non-pensioners
and those who are pensioners; that it
is almost impossible for pension inmates to
secure their money after it reaches his hands;
that he issues wooden chips in lieu of pension
money, and that said chips are only receivable
at the Homo store and beer saloon, where ex
orbitant prices are charged, and that he is vile,
abusive, and overbearing in his manner. Tho
resolution directs tho Committee on Military
Affairs to examine into tho management of tho
Home, and report the result of such investiga
tion a3 soon as practicable.
TnE remains of the lato Mrs. Margaret San
derson, who died in New York on Sunday last,
havo been removed to Baltimore for inter
ment. Mrs. Sanderson was the wife of the
late Col. Henry S. Sanderson. When a young
girl, living in Baltimore, she made the histori
cal flag that floated over Fort McIIenry during
the bombardment, and which inspired Francis
Scott Key to write tho "Star Spaugled Ban
ner." Mrs. Sanderson was in the eighty-fifth
year of her age, and had been living in New
York with her son. Her husband, Col. San
derson, is buried in Baltimoro Cemetery. The
flag of Fort McIIenry remained in her posses
sion up to the time of her death, having been
presented to her after tho bombardment as a
The President will make a visit to Now York
city after tho adjournment of Congress. He
will remain thero about ten days. Ho has made
nofurthor arrangements for the summer. It is
probable, however, that ho Avill mako a trip
along the sea coast in the United States steamer
Cy" We arc at nil times glad to furnish informa
tion to our readers on subjects iilt'ecting their inter
ests, but after examining our list of 150,000 names
in order to respond to inquiries as to the where
abouts Of ox-soldiers, neeessitntinjr the employment
of one person for that special purpose, avo are com
pelled to advertise for the addresses of sucli as aro
not in our possession. In order, therefore, to reim
burse us for this service, we shall in future make 11
nominal charge of twenty-five cents for publishing
each inquiry of threo lines, when tho address can
not be obtained from the records. All replies
should be mailed direct to tho advertiser, in care of
The National TuincNE. They will bo promptly
forwarded. En. Thiiiuse.
Address wanted of any members of company D,
second battalion, pioneer briyade, Army of tho
Cumberland, by Putnam Gray.
Name and address wanted of nny commissioned
oilleer or surgeon of company 1, Twenty-third
Pennsylvania volunteers, by A. G.,I)arcy.
Address wanted of Dr. Scott, of company O,
Eleventh V. 1J. C, by John Abbott.
Addresses wonted of Lieutenant-Colonel Mc
Clanahan, Captain John Deuison, and Sergeant
John Sevmour.or Colonel Carpenter, or any mem
bers of "the Fourth Ohio infantry, by Win. II.
Address wanted of John Schiller, of company E,
Twenty -sixth Wisconsin volunteers, by Peter
Names and addresses wanted of any of the oflleers
or members of the Thirty-eighth regiment U. S.
colored troops, by Thos. 1. Lewis.
Address wanted of nny oflieers or privates of
company D, Fortieth N. Y. rols., by Miss Winnie
Address wanted of Captain Samuel C. Timpson,
of company A, Ninety-fifth N. Y. vols. ; also, name
and address of tho regimental surgeon of sumo
regiment, by Win. A. Chariton.
Names and addresses wanted of tho regimental
surgeon, or any commissioned oilicers of company
V, Seventh Vermont vols., from lSGii to May, 1SC3
by M rs. Mary Cramer.
Address wonted of Second-Lieutenant D. A.
Steel, or any members of company C, Tenth Wis
consin vols., by Captain Jns. C. Adnmx,
Address wanted of Dr. Rookmaster, who was sur
geon at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., in September
1861, bv Win. Ogden. '
Addresses wanted of Captain M. E. Feairan 9t-
Ki-uiim ouiiiuui vim. niiu juuu omoe, or any n
bcrs of company D, Nineteenth Peuusyiv
iivulrv liv Vt11 !?nw
GEO. E. LEMOK,
WASHINGTON, D. C.f
Attorncy-at-Iaw and Solicitor of
AMERICAN & FOREIGN
ESTABLISHED TS 18G5.
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
Send a rough sketch or (if you can) a model of
your invention to Geokck B. Lemon, Washington,
D. C, and n Preliminary Examination will be nmdo
of all United States Patents of the same dims of
inventions, and you will be advised whether or
not a patent can be obtained
For this Preliminary Examination JiO
Charge is 3Indo.
What Will a Patent Cosh?
If you are advised that your invention is patent
able send 20. to pay Government application feo
ofclo, and 50 for the drawings required by the
Government. This simount is payable when tho
application is made. This is all of tlie expense,
unless a Patent is allowed. When allowed, the at
torney's fee (525) and the final Government feo (520)
liy these terms you know beforehand, for noth
ing, whether you are tjoinjr to pet a patent or not,
niidno attorney's fee is charged unless you do get a
An attorney whose fee depends on his success in
obtaining the Patent Avill not advise you that your
invention is patentable, unless it really is patent
able, so far as his best judgment can aid in deter
mining the question; hence, you can rely oh the
advice given after a preliminary examination id
DESIGN PATENTS and the REGISTRATION
OF LAP.ELS and TRADE-MARKS secured.
CAVEATS prepared and filed.
Application for tlie REISdUE OF PATENT3
carctully and skillfully prepared nnd promptly
Applications in revivor of REJECTED, ABAN
DONED, or FORFEITED CASES made. Very
pftcn valuable inventions" are saved in these classed
If you Iax-o uuSrt.-1rw iors-ecitrwyuiir Utii imt-
cnt and fai!cd,a skillful bar dlin,, of tho cswaay
lend to success. Send me a written request ad
dressed to the Commissioner of Patents that ho
recognize George E. Lkjiox, of Washington. D.
C, as your attorney in the case, giving tho titlo
of the invention und about, the date of lilingyour
application. An examination will bo made of tho
case, and you will bo informed whether or not a
patent can be obtained. This examination and re
port tcill co.il you nothing.
Interference t'otitots arising within tho Patent
Office between two or more rival claimants to tho
same subiect-mattcr of invention, attended to.
Appeal ItetuetHcs pursued in relief from adverse
Searches made for title to inventions.
Copies of Patents furnished nt the regular Gov
ernment rates, (25 cents each, if subsequent to
INK; previous patents, not printed, at cost of
(Joples of Ollicial Itecords furnished.
Opinions rendered as to scope, validity, and in
fringement of Patents.
lii fact, any information relating to Patents and
to property rightsin inventions promptly furnished
on tlie most reasonable terms.
Remember, this office has been in successful ope
ration since 1S05. and you therefore reap the bene
fits of experience.
Address, with stamp for reply,
GEORGE E. LEMON,
WASHEXGTOX, D. C.
ASP" Reference given to actual clients in almost
every county in tlie United states.
DR. FOSTER'S REMEDIES
FOR FAMILIAR AILMENTS.
Xo. I. BLOOD - PirRIFTIXG
AaD INVIGOKATESrG- PILLS.
For tho prompt relief of
Headache, Pain in the Hack and Limbs, a
Coated Tongue, Foul Ureath, Disordered
Digestion, Yellowish. Skin find Eyes,
Constipation of the Uowels, Scanti
ness of Urine and Difficulty of
Pussiiur it, Low Spirits, Nerv
ousness, Confusion of Mind,
Palpitation of the Heart, Violent
Throldiing at tho Pit of tho Stom
ach, Pain in tlie Side dull and aeliing,
General Lassitndo anil Lack of Interest
in Things Usually Interesting, &c., &c.f .tc.
Whenever this "group of symptoms," or any con
siderable number of them, are present, these pilld
afford clleetivo relief, usually withm forty-eight
hours. . - " ,. .
They are well worth the notice of persons living
in malarious localities.
For a more extended description of these pills see
previous numbers of The Tuiiiu.ve and circular,
shortly to be issued, and sent ou request accom
panied with three-cent stump.
Price 20 Cents per Box.
Xo. H.FJ3V23I6 AN3 AGUE
Without quinino; the objection to which is that
it cannot be given in tho largo doses necessary to
cure obstinate cases ot Fever and Ague without
leaving behind it a condition ot debility almost ad
bad as the original disease.
These pills euro Fever and Ague promptly,
breaking the chills within twenty-four hours in
the majority of eases, nndeuecting a complete euro
usually within n week.
For languor, loss of appetite, rheumatic and neu
ralgic discomforts, &c, common in low-lying and
swampy localities, they are efficient.
Price 50 Cents per Box.
No. HI. BITTER TOXIC PILLS.
For conditions of debility resulting from eithec
mental or physical overwork, exhaust
ing discharges, or long-continued
These pills act on the nervous system throughout
the body, and at the same timo increase tho appe
tite and the tone ami vigor of the stomach.
For hard-working men and women, for wet
nurses, nnd the aged, they are indispensable. Their
action is sustained and powerful. They are recom
mended without reserve, and will fulhll their pur
pose to tho letter in every remediable case of tho
disorder to which they are adapted.
Price J0 Cents per Box.
Small sums can be sent in postage stamps or in
silver coin. . , , . . .
Name and address of sender should be written
plainly, with Post-office, County and btato carefully
Correspondence is invited. Stamps should be en-clo-ed
for reply. .
Person desiring special advice should send a full
description of symptoms.
Fee in these cases. One Dollar.
D. L. FOSTER, M. D.,
1001 South 20th Street,