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title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, August 12, 1882, Page 7, Image 7',
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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. O., AUGUST 12, 1882.
DE LAM' A STBAYIN'.
EJioriation at a colored camp meelino. The dialed
is that of a Mississippi plantation.
Look out, backslider, whar you walkin' ?
Make a misstep, sho you bo'n,
I tell you what it's no use talkin ,
Ef you slip UP, chile, you gone;
Do road is full cr stumps and stubble,
Ruts on1 fink-boles evcrywhar',
I epec' dey'll Eb vou ncaP cr trouble
'F yo' don't stop yo' foolin' dar.
It's dark ez pitch an' mighty cloudy,
Spec tho debbil's walkin' roun',
Fust thing yon know he'll tell you "howdy"
Lif ' his hoof and stomp do groun'.
Man, can't you sec a sto'm a browin' ?
Hear de awful thunder peal !
Look! Blazen' light'nin' thrcat'nln' ruin
Oh, backslider, how you feel ?
Prop on yo' knees an' go to prayin',
Ax de Lawd to help you out.
Chile, tell him you's a lam' a slrayin'
Done got los' an' etum'lin' 'bout,
An' den you'll see de stars a gleamin'
'Luminatin' all de way,
Yes, 'bout ten thousan' twinklin' beamln'
Smack untwell de break cr day.
But cf you fail, debbil get you,
Fetch you slap ! right in yo' eye,
You'll feel mos' like er grape-shot hit you,
Drapp'd f'om half way to de sky !
Robert McGcc, in Atlanta Constitution.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. O.
Correspondence Is solicited to this column. Com
munications addressed to tho Rural Department
of The National Tribune, C15 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. 0., will be appreciated.
Seasonable Operations and Hints.
Vegetables. Many kinds of vegetables may
be had for rtse in the fall as tender as they
are in the spring by sowing the seeds at this
time. Any good variety of early beet the
old Bassano is as good as any for this season
of sown now Trill form good-sized roots before
winter stops their growth. Bush beans (any
early variety) "will also come in good season,
and continue bearing np to frost Winter
radishes, and, if the fall proves favorable
and the soil rich and properly -worked, early
peas, may now be sown. We have seen fine
crops from sowings made at this season. The
strap-leaved turnips are the best; varieties
for eowing at ibis lato period. The best fall
crops of turnips we have seen were sown on
ground from which early potatoes had just
been lifted. A dressing of about three hun
dred pounds of guano was spread over the
ground and plowed under about four inches
in depth; the surface was then smoothed
with a harrow and the seed broadcast thinly ;
then the surface well rolled; a light harrow
was passed over the seeds beforo rolling.
Prickly spinach may be put in towards
the end of the month; it will grow rapidly
next month, and may be thinned out as it
increases in size, thus adding to the variety
of table vegetables at a season when they are
generally limited to cabbage, turnips, and
potatoes. The celery crop should be en
couraged to continued growth by frequently
stirring the soil around the plants. This
will save much watering, which is sometimes
applied in such quantities to this crop as to
At no time is surface culture of so much
importance as in the dry weather of late
summer and early fall. It is evidence of
neglect when the soil is allowed to become
hard and caked among growing crops. The
hardened surface is caused by dashing rains,
so that the only mode of keeping the surface
soil in a good friable state is to break up the
beaten ground as soon after every rainfall as
the nature of the soil will admit. Clay soils
are the worst to manage in this respect, but
there is always a period between the wetting
and the drying when clay soils are in the
best condition for working, and when they
will readily crumble and may be brought
as fine as need be desired. Promptness in
doing things when they should be done is
the key to success in all cultural matters.
Raspberries. After the fruifc has been
gathered the canes which produced it may bo
removed, so as to favor the growth of those
for next year's crop. The young canes
should be thinned out and the tall-growing
kinds shortened at the ends, which will cause
them to form side shoots, which are after
wards shortened back just before winter.
Strawberries. New plantations of these
for the purpose of fruiting next year should
be kept clear of runners and weeds. It is
too much the practice to cultivate the ground
only when it is necessary to destroy weeds.
But the destruction of weeds should not be
considered the primary object of culture;
their absence should result from the cultiva
tion necessary to maintain healthy growth
in the crop ; in other words, tho necessity for
culture should not depend upon either the
presence or absence of weeds, but upon the
requirements of tho crop on hand.
( Pruning Fruit Trees. Pruning the
xv-s ." trees is an operation which is some
times ad risable, with the object in view of
king barren trees fruitful ; but it applies
ouly trees that do not fruit in conse
j wtbc ' their luxuriant growth, and not to
'ftt " ch are unfruitful because of starva
tinL my expedients have been adopted
, - early fruiting in trees, the most
ytbtijn . being to graft them upon weaker-
ir grafted on the quince is a famil
ration; by this means growth is
"'n-vu and flowering hastened. "When
fruit trees happen to be planted in Eoil
which has been highly enriched, such as in
a vegetable garden or rich old meadow, they
wm grow to a large size, and yet not pro
duce fruit When in this condition any
thing that will check their growth without
inuring them otherwise will throw them
into flower and fruit, and root pruning will
effect it, if properly performed. Spring is
often recommended as the best season for
root pruning, but it is not so favorable a
time as towards the end of the present
month. By digging out a trench encircling
the tree at a distance of three to four feet
from the stem of a tree say twenty feet in
height with proportionate spread of brandies
and cutting through at least all the strong
est roots, it will immediately check the
wood growth of tho tree, and many fruit
buds will be formed before the leaves fall.
Gropes. Towards the end of the month
tho points of leading strong shoots of grapes
may be removed, and most of the weak lat
eral twig, cut out This will tend to invig
orate the fruit buds for next year s crop, and
the very slight check to growth will favor
the ripening of the fruit If the vines aie
bmr.tti; a heavy crop, and the hunches color
irregularly, It is not yet too late lo remove
fiouio of item, and a marked improvement
s aoou he otaurred in the increase of size
and more uniform ripening of the remain
Roses. All the tea roses, and indeed most
all varieties except the hybrid perpetual
class, maybe propagated with fair success
during the next eight weeks, as follows:
Procure a box one foot square, or any other
size, with sides not less than one foot in
depth, remove the bottom from it, and set
the irame on the surface of tho ground in
any place where it will be shaded from tho
sun at least, from the mid-day sun. Fill
the box by first placing a layer of gravel,
broken brick, charcoal, or any such material
for drainage; this should be two inches in
depth at the least; over this place two or
three inches of rather sandy soil, pressing it
firmly, then on top about two inches of clean
sand; washed road sand is generally the
cleanest and best for this purpose. The box
will now be a little over half full, and is
ready for the cuttings.
For propagation at this season, and under
the conditions proposed, the shoots should
be in the state known as half-ripened.
Shoots upon which the flowers have just
faded will usually be found in a good state
for making into cuttings. While it is not
absolutely essential to have more than one
bud or eye to a cutting, yet it is necessary
that the cuttings should be at least three
inches in length, and if two or three joints
are included it will mako no difference ; the
object is to have the cutting of sufficient
length that it will not suffer from the im
mediate surface of the sand becoming dry.
Not more than one leaf need be retained on
the cutting, and it should be inserted so
that tho uppermost bud and leaf will be
lerel with the surface of the sand. After
setting, give a good drenching with water,
and keep the box covered during the day
with loose squares of glass, or, in the absence
of this, with a sheet of newspaper, taking
care to remove it at night Tho manage
ment is now very simple, and consists in
keeping the cuttings moist, covering them
during the day, and exposing them fully at
night. Rins will not hurt tho cwttings so
long as they are freely exposed, when the
sun is not shining on the box.
Lawns. A correspondent desires an opin
ion upon the propriety of allowing the cut
grass from the mowing machine to remain
on the lawn, so that it may act as a mulch
to the roots of the grasses. With newly
made lawns, if cut frequently, the grass may
be allowed to remain for the first two or
three mowings, but wo cannot commend the
practice beyond this, and we consider it much
better for the lawn to remove the grass at
once in all cases. Wo use a closely toothed
wooden rake for this purpose, which, of
course, allows some of tho shortest cut grass
to remain on the lawn, where they soon dis
appear, and suffice as a slight mulch without
becoming injuriously thick and matted.
Flower Beds. Where Coleus are massed in
beds they appear to better advantage when
kept somewhat regular as to height, but not
clipped in too formal a manner. In tying
climbing plants it is not well to be over neat;
close tying tends to destroy that gracefulness
of disposition which such plants naturally
assume when left to themselves In a gen
eral way, the main stems only will require
fastening, allowing the side or lateral shoots
to take a natural position.
Sousing Turnips with Grass. Some of the
finest lawn3 that we have, seen wore laid
down in the fall, the grasses, .being mixed
with turnip seed; and it might ,bp further
stated that the best crop of turnips wo have
seen were taken off such fields. We consider
this method very much superior to that of
owing grass with any kind of grain crop in
spring. A better sward is made and a heav
ier crop of hay will be produced by sowing
on well-prepared ground in August than can
be secured by sowing grass seeds in the usual
way among grain crops the preceding spring.
The shade of tho turnip leaves forms a con
genial atmosphere for the spread of the young
grass plants during tho autumn growth, and
the early frosts are warded off by the larger
leaves of the root crop, and as these wither
gradually the grass is slowly exposed to sun
light, and the well set turf will go through
the winter without injury, if the soil is in
good condition and not too wet
Protection against the Pot in Po
tatoes. Mr. Jensen, of Copenhagen, as we
learn from European journals, has recently
published a method by which he claims to
guard potatoes from rotting. It has been
well established that this disease is due
to the attack of a fungus, which has received
the name of Peronosjwra infestans. In the
leaves of the plant the seeds or spores of tho
fdngus are developed, and by falling to the
ground the spores aro carried by rains to tho
tubers, on the surface of which they germi
nate. That the disease is carried from the
leaves to the tubers in thisway is claimed
to be a proved fact.
From this statement it is obvious that in
fighting the disease the maiu object must be
to prevent the spores from working their
way through the earth to the tubers, and
Mr. Jensen states that his experiments have
convinced him that this can be done to such
a degree that even tho most violent attacks
of the disease may, as a rule, bo almost neu
tralized. Tho means by which this may be effected
are very simple. It is only necessary to
throw up a high and sharp ridge of earth
round the potato plants at the first appear
ance of tho disease on the foliage. Any
moulding hitherto practiced in all countries
is a fiat moulding or hilling, by which tho
uttermost tubers are only covered by a layer
of one inch or two inches of earth, but tho
protecting system requires after a preced
ing flat hilling a high and sharp hilling,
by which tho upper surface of the upper
most tubers is covers with about five inches
of earth. To effect this it is necessary that
tho ridge be so high that the top of it is
from ten inches to twelve inches above the
surface of the adjoining furrow or ditch,
whilst the ridge must be very broad at the
bottom. The system also requires that tho
tops of the potatoes shall ho moderately bent
to one side, with a view to prevent the rain
water from running down the stems, and
thus carrying the spores to i he tubers.
The author of this system expresses a
strong warning with regard to the lifting, of
the potatoes. If this be done before tho
diseased foliage has quite withered it is im
possible to e?cape without loss, because the
tubeis at the very act of lifting will bo
sprinkled by tho millions of spores hanging
in the diseased leaves. For six daj's the
tubera, which have been infected on that
occasion, will appear to be quite sound, but
on tho seventh or eighth day (according to
temperature) they will suddenly show the
murks of disease. It is even not sufficient
that the leaves are withered before tho lift
ing; they must have been so for two or three
weeks; otheiwise many spores will be found
capable of germinating, and thus be danger
ous to the tubers when they are taken out
of the ground.
The author gives the results of various
experiments where he has succeeded in pre
venting the disease, while adjoining planta
tions of the same kind treated in the ordin
ary way were badly affected. The averages
of several testa showed that the losses in
plants under ordinary culture amounted to
about twenty-three per cent, while the losses
in those managed in accordance with the
protective system were but little over one
Preserving Eggs. The following is
said, to bo an excellent mode of keeping
eggs: Take fresh eggs, put a dozeu or more
into a small willow basket, and immerse
this for five seconds in boiling water con
taining about five pounds of common brown
sugar per gallon. Then pack, when cold,
small ends down, in an intimate mixture of.
one part of finely-powdered charcoal and
two of dry bran. In this way they will last
six months or more. The scalding water
causes the formation of a thin skin of albu
men next the inner surface of tho shell, and
the sugary solution closes all the pores.
Protection of Song and iNSEcrivEr.
OUS Birds Michigan is a great fruit grow
ing State, and the farmers and fruit growers
there aro able to have salutary laws passed
and enforced in the protection of their inter
ests. They have very stringent laws for the pro
tection of birds, which in turn protect the
fruit crops largely from being destroyed by
insects. Among tho birds mentioned are
the nighthawk, robin, finch, thrush, wren,
brown thrasher, oriole, woodpecker, and
whip-poor-will. The penalty is five dollars fox
each bird killed, and for each nest robbed ten
days in tho county jail.
Early Peas. The Rural New Yorker
gives the results of tests with early garden
peas, and for earliness and quality com
bined, the new variety, American Wonder,
is awarded the highest place. The seed was
sown April 2d, beside McLean's Little Gem
on the one side and Landreth's Extra
Early on tho other. . The first picking was
made from the Extra Early June 21st, and on
June 23d from the Wonder. The vines of the
Extra Early grow four feet in height and
bear an average of seven or eight pods to a
vine, the best of them holding eight seeds.
The American Wonder vines grow, on an av
erage, about ono foot in height There are
often from ten to fifteen pods to a plant The
stems need no support, and generally branch
near tho surface of the soil. The best pods
hold from six to seven seeds, the average
being not over five.
McLean's Little Gem is scarcely less pro
lific than the Wonder, but tho vines grow
taller and it is ono week later. The pods
average fower seeds, but the seeds average
larger, while the quality is much the same-
it can hardly be better. The first picking
was made on July 1st '
The Wondermay justly be classed as among
the earliest of all peas, and as tho very
earliest of the wrinkled kinds. The s s
little difference in the time of tb irst
picking as between it and the fcli
earliest kinds, that all who api -?-. av..
quality in peas and who raise them f - . sir
own table will greatly prefer the " ' m'-ir
after a first fair trial, while it is a q 1
whether it is not destined to take tho place,
in a great measure, of tho old smooth kinds
as a market variety.
Witen to Cut Sorghum. Wo observe
that the advico to cut sorghum when tho
seed is in the dough is still persisted in by
some writers. This may answer a certain
purpose if only an inferior grade of molas
ses is desired, but certainly not for crystal
lizable sugar. In the earlier investigations
on tho sorghum it was demonstrated that
the best time to cut tho stalks was after the
seed had fully ripened. This will be found
fully explained in tho Report of the Agri
cultural Department for 18fi2 ; and during
the past four years numerous and carefull
conducted analyses have been made by the
Department, all of which tend to substanti
ate the results of these early experiments.
If anything has been discovered in tho
treatment of this cane, it certainly is that
of the best timo to cut it for sugar. It is
therefore somewhat strange that those who
proffer advice on this subject should still
persist in deceiving farmers and others by
giving directions so entirely opposed to
well-known facts. If everything connected
with sorghum was as clearly exposed as the
timo to cut the cane, progress in sugar
manufacture would be insured.
Extra Culture. On this subject Prof.
Roberts, of Cornell University, says: "It
would take away tho breath of a prairie
farmer to hear even an English farmer
enumerate tho "spuddings," the "grub
biugs," tho " twitch in gs," the harrowings,
the cross-harrowings, the rollings, the crush
ings that a heavy clay field is subjected to
before it is considered ready for wheat
What is all that for ? Simply to unlock
tho full storehouse of nature. That it is
full has been proven time and again. By
actual analysis it is found that an average
soil contains in tho first six inches plant
food enough for from fifty to one hundred
and fifty full crops of grain. I do not desire
to discourage tho purchase and use of fer
tilizers, but what I do protest against is
purchasing on time commercial manures at
forty dollars per ton to enrich cloddy fields
already fairly rich in plant food, locked up it
is true, but there none the less, only awaiting
a little judicious application to set it free."
To Select Chickens. A young hen
may be known by tho freshness and small
ness of her toes, and the absence of
rough and coarso scales on tho legs, but
more especially by the softness of the breast
bone at tho lower part. If when the bone
is gently pressed tho edges readily give
way to tho pressure, it may be known that
the bone is not fully formed, and that the
edge3 still consist of cartilage, which is tho
substance of which immature bone is first
formed. In choosing poultry, the softness
or hardness of the brenst-bone at the edge
is the readiest and surest test.
Department of Agriculture. Wo aro
glad to chronicle our belief that the charac
ter of the Department of Agriculture has
been steadily improving for the past year.
Wo hesitate not to record this agreeable fact,
having always felt perfectly free to criticise
whatever in the way of shortcomings it has
manifested. It has never before been re
garded as favorably, by Congress or by the
farming element, for the manner of doing
what it is charged with, as it is at the pres-
ent time Tho efficiency of its head is
evidently felt in all its parts. The Commis
sioner illustrates a fact that has sometimes
needed enforcing, and that is, how prompt
ness and courtesy always command respect.
The enlargement of its statistical division,
under the supervision of an accomplished
expert, and the practical showing it has
already made by the issuauco of monthly
reports as early as the tenth day, is a war
rant of what may be expected when every
thing in that regard is in running order. Its
July report, received over two weeks ago,
calls for a commendatory word. By it we
learn that returns from statistical and crop
correspondents for 1,G00 counties were re
ceived, tabulated, printed, and sent out to
the country within twelve days, showing the
area and condition of corn, the condition of
cotton and of small grains, sorghnm, tobacco,
&c. This is indeed a good showing, and one
that is sure to bo appreciated. It is true,
occasionally thero is seen in some obscure
paper an abortive attempt to decry any and
every effort made to accomplish what it was
specially organized for, or to carry out ha the
most practical way its clearly-defined pur
poses. All such efforts, when not prompted
by something worse, originate in ignorance,
which a little knowledge quickly dissipates.
Curing Hams. A Georgia correspondent
in the Home and Farm gives his plan for
saving hams: "Immerse the ham in boiling
water three or four minutes. Lay in the
sun to dry. Prepare for half dozen hams
the following: One quart of syrup or mo
lasses, and one-half pound of finely ground
black pepper. If too stiff apply a little more
syrup. Mix in a basin largo enough to hold
the ham. Apply with the hand, rubbing
well every part and into every crevice. Lay
again in the sun, skin down, until dry, or, if
you do not object to the drippings, hang
immediately in a cool, dry place. This
protects the ham and gives it a flavor also."
Storm Signals. The War Department
at Washington is preparing to begin the
proposed new system of giving an alarm of
approaching storms by the firing of cannon
at tho towns reached by telegraph. If found
successful it is to be extended over the whole
country, and it is thought will be of great
benefit to farmers. How out of place it
seems to have the interest of agriculture
looked after by the War Department, but
we suppose it is in tho scriptural lino of
beating "spears into pruning hooks and
swords into plow-shares." Who would have
thought that cannon would ever become
agricultural implements. Now farmers must
insist upon it that the Secretary of War shall
be a practical farmer, and then we will have
a representative in the President's Cabinet
Ancient Ideas as to Farms. Old Cato,
'the Roman senator, was not only a senator
'a true republican but also a farmer. Ho
wrote a book upon farminj. "Our ances
tors," said Cato, "regarded it as a grand point
of husbandry not to have too much land in
one farm, for they considered that more ben-
f i.i le oy noiumg little antt tilling it
lvfll.'' Virgil says, and this was after tho
r'iptrf had begun: "Tho farmer may praise
J,-r states, but let him cultivate a small
'Al- " And Curtius, the Roman orator, wont
e?a " s'tosay: "He was not to be counted
r citizen, but rather a dangerous man
to the State, who could not content himself
vvith seven acres of land."
Orchard Grass. The Husbandman, in
peaking about testing orchard-grass, says :
'All accounts of seeding with orchard-grass
ivore the repetition of a simple story tersely
told in the two words full success. Never
beforo the past spring have so many farmers
5'f the club ventured so far in extending the
list of grass-seeds brought into use. Orchard
rrass stands to-day well established and
ihrifty on many fields whero no single seed
)f the variety was ever dropped before last
spring. It has yet to go through the rigors
pf winter beforo it is fully proved, but there
!s little doubt that it will stand tho test
Box Stalls in the Stable. Box stalls
aro a necessary appendage to large stables.
Two or three stalls for the use of sick and
lame horses are indispensable to all large
establishments. The more box stalls the
better for training race-horses. They are far
tetter than open stalls for conditioning the
racer, and aro belter for wintering that class
when out of training. They should be built
from twelve to sixteen feet square, which
would givo abundant room for the largest
class of inmates to lie down and get up
without being cramped for room. These
stalls can be converted into singlo stalls, by
a movable partition, when necessity requires
it. Each stall ought to have an escape pipe
running up to tho roof, to carry off the foul
air, and apertures at the bottom to let in
fresh air. The constant ingress of fresh air
and the egress of foul air will cleanse and
purify tho stable. Condition for winning
races is nothing more than good health, put
in execution by constant exercise and good
grooming. Preserve the health of horses by
pure air and clean stables, and the skill of tho
trainer will more easily put them in-condition
to contest for the palm of victory.
Great consequence is attached to health and
condition in the breeding stable. It is ac
knowledged to be the turning point of suc
cess in breeding establishments. National
Live Stock Journal, Chicago.
Tit e Grange. A New York business man
has a good opinion of tho G range. He says : " I
desire to say that from recent investigations,
as I have had opportunity, you aro engaged
in a noble cause, and one that will commend
itself to every right-minded man and woman
in the Commonwealth ; a cause that seeks to
elevate manhood and womanhood by civili
zation, education, unity, and equality with
out regard to their financial condition. The
development of that object will, I predict,
result ere long in a greater prosperity among
the masses of tho people and develop a public
sentiment that will cause the monopolies of
the country to take heed, lest they fall and
aro crumbled under the feet of tho honest
tillers of tho soil. Then will taxation
through this broad laud bo equalized, and
the interests of tho farmer and mechanic be
respected, and not till then ; but the cloud,
thank God, of the Order that was once no
'bigger than a man's hand' is now porten
tous with the words love and equity to all
mankind in their vested rights."
Tho value of an -elephant in India is
about $4,500. We don't know that any of
our readers may ever want to buy an ele
phant, but they might as well be posted in
case they should.
Smelts a Gratin Smelts are very good
cooked in this way: Butter a shallow tin
dish, mines some fine herbs and sprinkle
over it; add chopped onions, mushrooms,
and parsley ; pour a glass of white wine or
white vinegar over them. Cut the heads off
the smelts, arrange them symmetrically in
layers on the dish, sprinkling fine herb3
over each layer; when the topmost layer is
reached add gTated bread-crumbs, and lay a
lump of butter on the top. Put the dish
into the oven, and bake for ten or twelve
minute3. Serve in the same dish.
Spring Carrots wrm Cream. Choose
very small carrots, scrape them well, cut
them in halves and blanch them for two
minutes in salted water; put them into a
stew-pan with some butter ; add a little salt
and sugar, let them fry gently until the
moisture i3 reduced; sprinkle a little flour
over them, add a small quantity of good
white stock; let it boil and remove it to the
side of the fire ; when the carrots are done
thicken them with the yolks of two eggs
beaten smooth with milk or cream, and add
a pinch of grated nutmeg and a piece of
butter ; as the butter dissolves dish them up.
Sweetijreads Larded. Trim a couple
of sweetbreads, soak them half an hour in
tepid water, then parboil them for a few
minutes, and lay them in cold water; when
quite cold take them out, dry them, and
lard them thickly with fine strips of bacon.
Put a slice of fat bacon into a stewpan with
some onions, carrots, a bunch of sweet herbs,
pepper, salt and spices to taste, and a small
quantity of rich stock; lay the sweetbreads
on this and let them gently stew till quite
done, basting the top occasionally with tho
liquor. When cooked, strain the liquor,
skim off fat, reduce it almost to a glaze,
brown the larded side of the sweetbreads
with a salamander, and serve with the sauce.
Veal Sweetbreads with Macaroni.
Choose two large sweetbreads and lard them
with bacon; let them boil for fifteen minutes,
then plunge them into cold water. Place
them in a pan, dredge them with flour, add
half a pint of water, a little mace, pepper,
and salt; set them in the oven to brown for
about twenty minutes. Have some maca
roni boiled, drain it and cut it into very
small rings ; place it in a dish, lay the sweet
breads upon it, add an ounce of butter to
the gravy, thicken it with a little flour,
squeeze a little lemon juice into it, let it
just boil up, and pour 'over the sweetbreads.
Serve with sliced lemon and curled parsley.
Calf's-Foot Jelly. Eoil one set of feet
in five quarts of water until it is reduced to
two quarts. Pour off the liquor and set it
away to congeal. Remove every particle of
fat and sediment from it and put it into a
porcelain-lined kettle over the fire. Beat
the whites of eight eggs very light, and add
to them a bottle of sherry wine. Stir a
small quantity of tho melted stock into them
to prevent curdling; then a little more until
all is mixed. Pour it back into the kettle,
and add juice of six lemons and grated rind
of three, one or two sticks of cinnamon, and
loaf sugar to suit the taste. Crush the shells
of the eggs and add them also. Simmer
about twenty minutes, but do not stir it,
audi then.istrain it through a flannel bag,
which has been thoroughly washed and dried
just before using it
Cinnamon Cakes. Rub one cup of sugar
and one cup of butter to a cream. Add one
egg and half a cup of sonr cream, with a
teaspoonful of soda dissolved in it Flavor
with cinnamon and add sufficient flour to
make a soft dough. Roll out with the
hands and form into rings, rolling each cake
in cinnamon and granulated sugar before
Cocoanut Cake. Beat to a cream two
cups and a half of powdered sugar and ten
tablespoonfuls of butter, add the whites of
ten eggs, beaten until they stand alone, and
three cups of flour which has been sifted
with two teaspoonfuls of cream tartar.
Dissolve half a teaspoonful of soda in eight
tablespoonfuls of milk and stir it in gradu
ally. Have one cocoanut pared, grated, and
slightly dried in the oven and add it to the
mixture just before baking it, which may
be done in a loaf or in muffin-rings or small
Hodge-podge. Pare and cut into small
pieces apples, quinces, pears, and peaches;
about ono peck of each. To every nine
pounds of fruit allow three pounds of sugar.
Boil very slowly until the fruit is well done.
No water must be used, but the juice of six
lemons can be added to the sugar, with a
small quantity of tho grated rind. When
properly cooked the Avhole mass will be thick
and smooth like marmalade.
Apple Ginger. Pare, quarter, and drop
into cold water two pounds of very hard
apples. Mako a sirup of three pounds of
sugar and half a pint of water. Add to it a
handful of green ginger which has been well
scraped. Cook the npples in the sirup very
slowly until they are transparent, then take
them out and let the sirup boil several
minutes longer. Seal up in small glass jars.
Farina Blanc Mange. Boil ono pint
of sweet milk. Add a small quantity of salt,
and sugar and vanilla to suit the taste, then
stir in sufficient farina to make it of the
consistency of mush. Boil it slowly for half
an hour and pour it into a mold to cool.
Turn out and serve with cream.
THE RICHEST MAN IN THE WORLD.
The Duke of Westminster, whose marriago to
Lady Catherine Caroline Cavendish, youngest
daughter of tho lato Lord Chcsh.tm, is an
nounced by cable, is one of tho richest men in
the world, his daily incomo being estimated at
$7,000. This enormous revenuo is principally
derived from real estate in tho most fashionable
portion of London, Bclgravia. Dozens of streets
of sumptuous residences belong to tho Duko,
tmd with each j'ear that passes more leases fall
in and increase his wealth. The groom is fifty
seven years of age and his bride only twenty
four. Tho bride's eldest brother, now Lord
Chesham, is married to Lady Beatrice Gros
venor, daughter of tho Duko of Westminster
by his first duchess, consequently the Duke
becomes tho brother-in-law of his own daughter.
"Then you and your mamma want the
same rooms you had last year?" Yonng
Lady "Yes, Miss Spriggins; only it isn't
mamma who is with me, but my husband.
I've got married since last year. uLor, now,
have you? I'm glad to hear it Yet, after all,
I don't know why I should be glad ; you nev
er did me any harm, poor dear!"
" There is no such thing as luck!" is tho
suggestive remark dropped by a religious
exchange. The editor, it is to be presumed,
had just returned from a fishing excursion
where fish was scarcer than honesty at a
church fair, and the remembrance was pain
fully fresh in his memory.
CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
This Claim House Established
GrEOBGrE E. LEMON,
Office, 615 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. DRAWEE 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however slight tho disability, apply at once.
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
there, and minor brothers and sisters, in tho order
named, arc entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United States, who served fourteen (1 1) days ; or, it
In a battle or skirmish, for a less period, and tho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a mouth. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, and many are now entitled to a higher rato
than they receive.
From and after January, 1881, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase or
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whoso names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three ydars, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in an
other, is nof'a bar to pension in cases where tha
wound, di'iease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of the United State's, and in the line ol
Survivors of all wars from 1790 to March 3, 1835,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred ana
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highea
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War,
Bation money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without tho
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases is
Bounty and Pay.
Property taken by the Army in
- States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were filed before January I,
1SS0. If not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Military
and Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to business
before tho General Lnnd'OlHce and other Bureaus
of the Interior Department, and all the Depart
ments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E, LEMON,
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, wo append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known;
throughout tho United States:
House or Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March, 1875.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
George E. Lemon- of this city, I cheerfully com
mend fiim as a. gentleman of integrity and well
qualifiedto attend to tho collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that lino gives him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. C.
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
nOrSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
"Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S78.
"We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain George E. Lemon for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend liim to
A. V. RICE, Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Eeps.
AV. F. SLEMOXS. M. C,
Second District of Ark.
Fourth District of Wis.
X. VT. TOWN3HEND, M. C.
Nineteenth District of III.
Citizen's' National Baxk,
Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, 1879.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CKESWELL.
SB Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
OZ I a ? 9. K M T n VI ft v m
-J-j ifli 1 i CO rV i Hi i 11 1 fl i ill x CuiVi it
livery Kusty Mason Xeeds Thein.
Itituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco and
gilt, for $2. Other books, goods, etc.
Send for catalogue to
MASONIC BOOK AGENCY.
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