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THE NATIONAL TKLBUNE: WASHIHG-TOSr, D. C, AUGUST 19, 18S2.
GRAND AEMY MATTERS.
THE COMING REUNION OF UNION PRIS
ONERS OF WAR IN NEW YORK.
.Arrangements for tho Semi-Annual En
campment in California GrowtU of the
Order In Ohio New Post Organizations.
Grand Army 2iotcs
OFFICERS OF THE G. A, R,
The following is a complete list of the officers
elected by tho Grand Encampment at Ualti
Path, Yandervookt, Omaha, Neb.
Senior pice Commander-in-Chief.
W. E. W. Boss, Baltimore, Md.
Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief.
I. S. Bangs, Watcrville, Me.
Azel Ames," Jr., Wakefield, Mass,
Clapla in-in- Ch ief.
I. M. Fostek, Waterloo, N. Y.
Rational Council of Administration.
Thomas Tvrie. Me.; J. N. Patterson, N. H.;
Warren Gibbs, Vt.; Silas A. Barton. Mass.;
Thos. W. Manchester, II. I.; II. N. Durfey,
Conn.; Joseph Forbes, N. Y.; A. M. Way, Is.
J.; K. B. Beath, Penn.; Georgo V. Masscy,
Del.; J. II. Suter, Md.; Paul Brodic, Potomac;
B. C. Cook, Ya.; B. A. Constable, Ohio; J. L.
Woodin, lnd.; O. L. Mann. 111., John Lmdt,
Towa; William Irving, Kan.; J. H. Culver,
Neb.; L. G. Kutherford, Mich.; E. A. Calkins,
"Wis.; W. S. Bosecrans, Cal.: Adam Marty,
Minn.; William Stribling, Mo.; B. L. Carr,
The following appointments have been mado
en tho staff of tho Commander-in-Chief:
Adjutant-General F. E. Brown, Omaha, Neb.
Quartermaster-General John Taylor, 21S Wal
nut street, Phila, Pa.
Jn.pccior-GcncralJ. W. Burst, Sycamore, HI.
Judge Adrocaic-GcncralJ. 12. Carnahau, In
Senior Aidc-dc-Camp Samuel B. Jones, Oma
Tho following comrades have been appointed
aide-de-camp on staff, of Commander-in-Chief:
G.W. Chaffee, Dexter, Iowa; Harrison Phoe
bus, Old Point Comfort, Ya. : Charles Bridges,
Watcrville, Me. ; Henry Id. Novins, Bed Bank,
N. J.; James Inman, Denver, Col.; Austin
Curtin. Bellefonte, Pa.; Orlando Smith. Colum
bus, Ohio ; Thos. A. Eochett, Jersey City, N.
J.; Wm. Jackson, Elmira, 111. ; John Stephens,
Chicago, 111.; M. Y. Bailey, Baltimore, Md.; J.
M. Kellar, East Saginaw, Mich. ; Hugh S.
Fleming. Alleghany, Pa. ; C. 21. Miller, Bah way,
N. J. ; William Bartram, Philadelphia, Pa. ;
Harry C. Taylor, Audenricd, Pa. ; Charles A.
Thiol, New Orleans, La. ; A. M. K. Storie,
Philapeldhia, Pa. ; A. B. Buss, Chicago, HI.
N. Y. WAR PRISONERS ASSOCIATION.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
New Yoek, August 14. Tho New York
State Union Prisoners of War Association has
issued tho following circular in reference to
the coming Eeunion of tho organization in this
East New Yoek, L. I., Aug. 11, 1S32.
Comrade: Tho third annual Eeunion of
this Society will bo held on Tuesday and Wed
nesday, September 5 and G, 1SS2. The same
time the National Union meets at the Armory
Twelfth Eegimeut, N. G., S. N. Y., corner
Forty-fifth, street and Broadway, New York
Tuesday, September 5, 1SS2.
In tho evening, at 7 o'clock, tho business
meeting of tho New York State Union will
Wednesday, September G, 1SS2.'
In the morning, at 9 o'clock, arrival and re
ception of the members of other State Unions,
cx-soldiers and sailors. 10 a. in. tho New York
State Union and invited guests will proceed in
a body to join tho meeting of tho National
Union Survivors of Andersonvillc and other
Fouthern military prisons. Business meeting
11 o'clock a. m. No separate banquet of the
New York State Union will be held this year;
but the annual banquet of tho National Union
will take place (if desired) at Coney Island, at
B o'clock p. m., September C, lbfe2, in which
case the societies will proceed by boat to tho
island about G.30 o'clock p. in. from the armory.
The diploma of membership is now ready
and will bo mailed or delivered to each com
rade by the N. Y. S. Treasurer on tho payment
of the cost thereof one dollar.
Any members of tho Society who have not
yet done so are earnestly requested to forward
their dues for tho current year ($2.10) to tho
Treasurer, P. 0. Box '126, East New York, L.
I., N. Y.
Geo. H. Lawrence,
Corresponding Secretary and Treasurer, East
New York, L. I., N. Y.
N. B. Your attention is especially called to
the following note, and it is to be hoped you
will help your cause by subscribing lor The
Wational lYibune, (established 177,) an eight
page weekly journal for soldiers, sailors, pen
sioners, and the family circle. Publication
ollice, No. G15 Fifteenth street:
Washington, D. C, August 5, 1SS2.
Dear Silt: The Union Veteran having been
consolidated with The Rational Tribune its sub
scribers will hereafter receive the latter paper
in its place. As one of those subscribers we
invite your attention to tho special merits of
The Rational Tribune and solicit your support.
You will observe that it is formally indorsed
by Commander-in-Chief Yaudcrvoort of the
Srand Army as the best soldiers paper in the
tountry, and an examination of its contents
will convince you, wo are confident, that the
indorsement is well deserved. The principles
which it advocates are clearly and boldly set
forth in its editorial columns, and they are
?ueh as every ex -soldier must approve. We
tcsire to impress upon you in this connection
the fact that The Rational Tribune is about to
inaugurate a formidable movement for tho
passago by Congress of bills to compensate
C IIJOU JlliSUIieia Ul HU1 lUi lucil ouiiuiiiin ill
Southern prisons and to eciualize bounties, and
if you would render eilectivo aid in this great
work you should become a regular subscriber to
tins paper. To all subscribers we will furnish
The Rational Tribune at one dollar per year.
Yours, in F., C. L.,
The National Tribune.
By request of the olliccrs of the New Jersey
Union Veterans' Union the following notice of
meeting is herewith attached :
Hkadq'ks Union Yjitkrans' Union,
No 012 Newark Ave., Jersey City, N. J.
Comrade: A meeting of this Society will bo
luld on Wednesday and Thursday, September
f and 7, 12, in conjunction with the National
Union Survi-vors of Andersonvillc and other
Southern military prisons at the Armory
Twellih Regiment N. u., S. N. Y., corner
Forty-fifth street and Broadway, New York
city. All honorably discharged soldiers and
tailors arc respectfully requested to be present.
Geo. N. Tiihji.es,
Col. Com'd'g 1st Itegt. N. J. W. V. W.
Offical: D. A. Pai.oni:et, Adjutant.
DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
tiAN Francisco, August 3. Department
Commander Bobinson has issued tho following
Headquarters Dept. of California
Grand Army ok the Bi.pi;w.ic, '
222 Sansome rt., San Francisco, Aug. -j, 1SS2.
General Order, Ro. 8.
1. The semi-annual Encampment of this 3"e
partment for 352 will assemble at tins head
quarters of W. H. L. Wallace Post, No. 32, Suutu
Cruz, August 12. The delegates from all Posts
in this Department are earnestly requested to
attend. A short business session for the trans
action of important business will be called at
4 p. m.
IL Department headquarters will bo estab
tablishcd at the Pacific Ocean House where the
department oilicers and council of administra
tion will meet at 3 p. m.
III. All comrades of the Order are cordially
invited to visit the session of the Encampment,
whither elected delegates or not.
IV. All members ot the Grand Army of tho
Be public will assemble at 3 p. m. with their re
spective Posts or with Posts to which they may
have been previously assigned for a parade, and
escorted by Post No. 32, will proceed to the hall
of meeting. Soldiers not members will bo in
vited to join tho column. Tho place for assem
bly will bo announced after arrival at Santa
V. Tho commander of W. H. L. Wallace Post
will detail a comrade to act as officer of tho day,
one to act as oliicer of tho guard, and two com
rades as sentinels.
VI. Posts which liavo not sent In their re
ports for the second quarter for 1SS2 will not be
denied tho right to seats in the Encampment,
but, on tho contrary, all Posts of this Depart
ment arc earnestly requested to scud as full
delegations as possible.
By command of
W. A. Kobinson,
Geo. M. McCakty.,
Tho thirteenth annual Eeunion of tho
Thirty-second Massachusetts regiment took
place recently at Downer Lauding. Tho at
tendance was unusually good, about seventy
five comrades, with their families and friends,
swelling tho total number present to about 150.
Tho morning hours wero pleasantly passed in
strolling about tho grounds aud in conversa
tion. At noon tho members assembled in tho
largo hall and elected the following officers for
the ensuing year: President, Captain E. F.
Phinncy of Co. F; vice-presidents, Col. H. W.
Moulton of Co. II ; A. T. Eeynolds of Co. C;
Edward Quinn of Co. D; sceretarj' and treas
urer, S. C. Spaulding of Co. K. An cxecutivo
committeo was appointed, as follows: G. A.
Eccd, A. Bancroft, Preston, C. H. Parsons,
P. D. Laskcy, John Loud, Henry Young, A. C.
Andrews. Speeches from E. H. Phinncy, Col.
Moulton, and Capt. Bancroft closed tho exor
cises of tho day.
GROWTH OF THE GRAND ARMY IN
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Beownstown, Brown Co., O., Aug. S, 1SS2.
Col. L. H. Williams, Mustering Officer, Sev
enteenth district, Department of Ohio, mus
tered a Post of tho G. A. E. at Browns
town, Brown co, Ohio, on tho evening of July
29th. Thcro were thirty names on tho peti
tion for a charter. Wo organized under very
favorable auspices. Tho Tost was named
William Hayes, No. 219, Wm. Hayes being
a major in tho Twelfth O. Y. I., aud a gallant
soldier with a splendid record, and a nativo of
this township (Washington).
Tne followingis a listof tho officers: Com., G.
C. Eeisinger; S. Y. C, Bandolph Walters; J.
V. C, Geo. Kress; Adj., W. J. Marshall; Q. M.,
J. L. Hitc; Surgeon, S. J. Bice; Chaplain, F.
J. Mullen; O. D., T. W. Dye; O. G., C. Holmes;
Inspector, Jno. P. Kantz; Aid-dc-Camp; F. G.
Smith ; S. M., N. S. Dunn.
This makes 10 i Posts that have been mus
tered in Ohio sinco September, 1SS1. Wo aro
centrally located at this point, thero being
three or four small towns within a distance of
a few miles, and a considerable number of old
soldiers at each point and in tho surrounding
POST ORGANIZATION IN NEW YORK.
Carroll Post, No. 279, was organized recently
at Port Jervis, N. Y., and Was mustered in by
officers from Middletown. Tho organization
started with forty-ono members, but is growing
rapidly. Tho following aro its officers : Com
mander, Dr. Sol Van Etten; S. Y. C, H. W.
Quick ; J. Y. C, Harry Terwilligcr ; O. D., Wm.
Blanford; Surgeon, Chas. Peters; Q. M., Moses
Terwilligcr ; Adj't, George W. Prico; S. M., M.
Van Aken ; Q. M. Serg't, Geo. Langton; O. G.,
W. H. Shaw; Chaplain, Horace Hammond.
-.- ii o
REUNION OF VETERANS.
Special Correspondence National Tribune
New London, Ct., Aug. 9. Tho Sixteenth
Annual Eeunion of tho Fifth Connecticut
Yolunteers was held to-day at Osprey beach,
Bov. Horace Winslow of Simsbury, vice-president,
calling tho meeting to order. J. A. For
sythe, of Hartford, read the minutes of tho
last meeting. Telegrams of regret from Hon.
John T. Wait, Col. Georgo S. Bcalc, Capt. J. II.
Chapman and others were read. Tho following
officers wero elected for tho ensuing year:
President, Bev. Horace Winslow, of Simsbury ;
Yice-President, Capt. William M. Mix, of
Wallingford; Secretary, J. A. Forsythc, of
THE BATTLE OF WILSON CREEK.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Leavenworth, Kan., Aug. 11th. Yester
day was celebrated the twenty-first anniversary
of tho battlo of Wilson Creek by tho First
Kansas infantry. Thcro were at least 500 old
soldiers present, men who had served in all
the different armies of tho Union. Among tho
distinguished speakers were Major -General
Jno. Pope, General C. W. Blair, Major Ketner,
and tho lion. T. P. Fenton. Letters of regret
were read from Generals Siegel, Deitzlcr and
Kansas is rapidly filling up with old soldiers,
and points with pride to Ingalls and Plumb,
and to her entire delegation in Congress as tho
unfaltering friends of tho "Boys" who fought
for their country, her honor, and upright laws.
The surviving members of the Eighth Kan
sas infantry will celebrate the twentieth anni
versary of tho battle of Chickamauga on the
19th day of September, 18P'.i, at Atchison, Kan.
Wo hope to take by tho hand brothers of tho
old Cumberland army, and its gallant chief,
W. S. Bosecrans. Wo wero the only Kansas
regiment in tho Cumberland army.
1. G. Doane, Eighth Kan. Inf.
GRAND ARMY NOTES.
Eeynolds Post, No. 25, which was organized
at Milton, Vt., with twenty-two members, has
increased to raoro than forty. Tho officers
are as follows: Com., J. E. Whcelock; S. V.
C, O. B. Landon; J. V. C, C. Mavillo; Adj.,
0. 11. Coon; Surg., L. J. Dixon; Chap., J. C.
Squires; Q. M., T. S. Sa'ndcrson; O. D., W. L.
Blake; O. G. Wm. Prentiss; S. M., H. W.
Crown ; Q. M. S., D. 21. Coon.
Tho second Eeunion of tho Seventeenth
Illinois Cavalry will be held at Woodstock,
111., on Thursday, Sept. lith. John M. Bev
cridgc is president, and Ira M. Mallory sec
retary of the society.
Grand Bapids, Mich., has two Posts Custer
Post with about 120 members, and Champliu
with a membership of about sixty. Sinco tho
hist annual meeting twenty new Posts have
been organized in the Department of Michi
gan. A new Post has been mustered in at Bloom
ingtou, 111., with forty-six members. Tho
" boys" aro arranging for a club of subscribers
to The National Tribune.
There is to be a Eeunion of all tho old sol
diers of Fayette county, Iowa, at West Union
August 31 and September 1. Tho Encamp
ment will bo on the fair grounds. A cordial
invitation is extended to all old soldiers, and a
special one to those who enlisted in Fayette
county, who are now residing elsewhere.
The old Wilder brigade will have a Eeunion
at Eobinson, 111, September 5, G and 7, and a
large attendance is expected.
Tucker Post, No. 97, has been organized at
Kent, Neb., with a good membership and ex
cellent promises. Our correspondent fails to
forward us a list of officers, which wo would
bo glad to havo for publication.
J. H. Jenkins Post, No. 212, of the Grand
Army, has been organized at Williamsburg,
Ohio, with tho following officers: Post Com
mander, W. F. Landen; S. V. C, Dr. Isaac
Eedrow; J. V. C, Loroy Zimmerman; Adj't,
W. M. Barns; Q. M., Daniel K. Potcrson; Sur-
geon, Leo Boulwaro ; Chaplain, J. K. Ely ; O.
D., E. B. Homes; O. G., D. Berne; Aidc-do-Camp,
Charles H. Thomas ; Inspector, Homer
McLain; S. M., W. E. Morchcad; Q. 21. Serg't,
J. E. Hartman ; Inside Sentinel, Dan'l Dough
man; Outsido Sentinel, D. Davison. Tho
Post is rapidly increasing in membership.
A new Post of tho G. A. E., with 75 charter
members, has been organized at Monroe, Iowa,
with excellent prospects of rapidly increasing.
Thero will bo a grand Eeunion of soldiers
and sailors at Threo Eivors, Mich., Aug., 23,
THE DESERTION BILL,
A Serious Clerical Error Full Text of tho Bill as
it Has Ueconio a Law.
In tho last issue of The National Tribune
we published tho debate in Congress on the bill
affording relief to a certain class of soldiers,
together with tho amendments as agreed upon
in conference, under tho terms of which all
soldiers who served six months in tho servico
became beneficiaries of tho act. It will bo
recollected that tho Houso fixed tho timo at
threo months and tho Scnato at twelve, but
under the terms of tho compromise, six
months was inserted and tho bill passed in
that shape. Upon examining tho approved
bill a representative of The National Trib
une discovered that, as signed by the President,
it limits the application to soldiors to those who
served twelve months. When tho representa
tive of The National Tribune called at
tho room of tho Committeo on Pensions to
ascertain who was responsible for tho error, he
was informed by one of tho clerks that it oc
curred in engrossing tho bill for tho signatures
of tho Speaker and others, and precisely who
was responsible could not bo positively deter
mined. Itis probable that upon tho reassembling
of Congrcssan investigation will bo ordered, and
the error promptly corrected, so as to afford
relief to all men who served six months in tho
service. Appended will bo found tho full
text of tho bill as on record among tho laws at
tho Stato Department.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rcprc
seutiitires of the United States of America in Con
gress assembled, That tho charge of desertion now
standing on tho rolls and records in tho office
of tho Adjutant-General of tho United States
against any soldier who served in the late war
in the volunteer servico shall be removed in all
cases where it shall be mado to appear to tho
satisfaction of tho Secretary of War, -from such
rolls and records, or from other satisfactory tes
timony, that any such soldier served faithfully
until tho expiration of his term of enlistment,
or until tho twenty-second day of May anno
Domini eighteen hundred and sixty-five, or
was prevented from completing his term of ser
vico by reason of wounds received or diseaso
contracted in tho line of duty, but who, by
reason of absence from his command at the timo
the same was mustered out, failed to bo mus
tered out and to receive an honorablo discharge
Sec. 2. That the charge of desertion standing
on tho rolls and records in tho Ofiieo of tho
Adjutant-General of tho United States against
any soldier who served in tho late war in tho
volunteer service, shall also be removed in all
cases whero it shall bo mado to appear to tho
satisfaction of the Secretary of War, from such
rolls and records, or from other satisfactory
testimony, that such soldier charged with de
sertion or with absence Avithout leave, did not
intend to desert and after such charge of deser
tion or absence without leave, voluntarily re
turned to his command and served in the line
of his duty until ho was mustered out of the
servico and received a certificate of honorablo
Sec. 3. That in all cases where tho charge of
desertion shall be removed under tho provis
ions of this act from tho record of any soldier
who has not received a certificate of dischargo
it shall bo tho duty of tho Adjutant-General of
tho United States to issue to such soldier, or in
case of his death, to his heirs or legal repre
sentatives, a certificate of discharge.
Sec. 4. That when tho charge of desertion
shall bo removed under tho provisions of this
act from tho rccoid of any soldier, such soldior,
or, in case of his death, tho heirs or legal rep
resentatives of such soldier, shall receive all
pay and bounty which may havo been with
held on account of such chargo of desertion or
absence without leave : Provided, however, That
this act shall not bo so construed as to givo to
any such soldier jus may be entitled to relief
under tho provisions of this act, or, in case of
his death, to tho heirs or legal representatives
of any such soldier tho right to receive pay any
bounty for any period of timo during which
such soldier was absent from his command
without leave of absence: And provided further,
That no soldier, nor the heirs or legal represent
atives of any soldiers who served in tho arnry
a period of less than twelve mouths, or who in
tentionally deserted, shall be entitled to tho
benefit of tho provisions of this act.
Sec. 5. That all acts and parts of acts incon
sistent with tho provisions of this act aro here
Approved, August 7, 1SS2.
EXAMINATION OF PENSION SURGEONS
General Dudley, Pension Commissioner, has
issued tho following: That tho Commissioner
of Pensions may aid tho Secretary in securing
tho kind of persons contemplated in tho act of
August 5, providing for tho appointment of
fifteen physicians as medical reviewers in the
Pension Ollice, tho medical referee has been
directed to organize a board to examino all
applicants for appointment. The board will
convene at the Pension Office on tho 30th in
stant at nino o'clock a.m. The law provides
that nono but surgeons "of education, skill,
and experienco " shall bo appointed, and thus
young men who havo not had experienco in
practice are not eligible. All applicants will bo
required to present certificates of personal and
professional standing before entering upon tho
MISS EDITH BAXTER'S BRAVE ACT.
Au Appropriate Testimonial for SaTing a Drowning
The heroic act of a bravo little girl and tho
presentation of a beautiful testimonial in honor
of the event are just now the absorbing topics
of conversation in Bath, L. I. A few days ago
a i.umber of tho children of tho guests at tho
Avon Beach Hotel were sporting in tho water
in front of tho hotel grounds. Little Harry Lee,
five years old, the curly, ilaxen-haired son of Mr.
Samuel Lee, of Grove street, Eas Orange, N. J.,
seeing his companions on a lloat, also got upon it.
When they plunged oil ho did the same. The
other children had not noticed his act, and
suddenly the cry rang out that Harry Loo was
drowning. It reached tho ears of Miss Edith
G. Baxter, whoso parents reside in New York,
and who is only twelvo years old. She was
near the shore, but without hesitating for a
moment sho swam toward tho drowning boy.
As sho approached him ho sank twice. Miss
Baxter felt his body touch her feet underneath
the water, and as sho turned Harry Leo reached
the surfaco for tho third and last time. Sho
caught hold of his long hair, and bravely hold
ing him up started on her way back to the
shore. As she proceeded help camo and the
boy was saved.
Tho bravo deed was witnessed by many of
tho guests. Mr. and Mrs. Loo at tho timo wero
by tho bedside of a dying child, their daughter
Edith, ten years old. Tho next morning at
Jour o'clock sho breathed her last. Mr. and
Mrs. Leo departed that same day for thoir
homo in East Orange, but before leaving they
expressed their Avish that in mourning for
Edith who Avas dead tho Edith Avho had saved
their other child should not think them un
mindful of the gratitude they owed her. Other
guests joined heartily in tho idea of a fitting
gift, and a beautiful gold Avatch and chatelain
was bought, with tho initials E. G. B. on it
aud an inscription reciting tho act of bravery
of which it was commemorative. A fair took
place at tho Avon Beach Hotel, and Mr. Black
a guest of tho hotel and an eye Avitncss of Miss
Edith's heroism, mado a happy little presenta
A POOR GIRL'S PENSI0K
AN INTERESTING CASE BEFORE THE
UNITED STATES SENATE.
Tho Invalid Daughter of a Oallnnt Soldier Applies
to Congress for lUlief Extraordinary Utter
ances of Senator Han ley in Assnniiiig to Voice
the Sentiments or tho Soldier Other Debate or
A pension case of an especially interesting
character AA'as before tho Senate on tho last day
of tho session, tho consideration of which pro
voked a lengthy debate The utterances of
Senator HaAAiey, speaking as ho assumed to do
for tho soldier, Avcro of so extraordinary a nature
that avo print below tho entire proceedings,
and invito tho vicavs of comrades thereon.
Tho bill Avas called up by Mr. Cameron, of
Pennsylvania, AA'ho said :
I ask unanimous consent to tako up tho bill
(H. It. No. 25(J2) granting a pension to Mary E.
Tho President pro tempore. Is thero objec
tion ? Tho Chair hears none.
Tho Senate, as in Committee of the Whole,
proceeded to consider tho bill, Avhich provides
for placing on tho pension-roll tho uamo of
Mary E. Murray, daughter of the late Colonel
William G. Murray, ol the Eighty-fourth Regi
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers, at tho rate of
$30 per month.
Mr. Platt. Is thoro a majority report in
favor of that individual bill?
Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania. I will stato
all about tho bill if I havo an opportunity.
Thero is an adverse report on this bill from a
majority of tho Committeo on Pensions, and it
Avas placed on tho calendar Avith a favorable
report lrom a minority of tho Committeo on
Pensions. I am familiar Avith tho case, per
haps moro so than any member of tho com
mittee. Tho father of this girl was a nativo of tho
ioAvn in Avhich I live. Ho enlisted during tho
Mexican Avar, and Avhilo there rendered such
gallant servico that ho Avas promoted in tho
Regular army. After the wai Avas over ho re
signed, returned to his home, entered into
business, and AA-as a successful business man at
the timo of tho breaking out of tho rebellion.
Ho then entered the service of his country as
colonel of ouo of tho Pennsylvania regiments ;
AA-as killed, I think, in lfc('2, leaving a Aviib and
tAvo children. His Avife died, and his business
Avas all broken up and his property destroyed.
The Avife died about six months after his death,
and a pension AA-as granted to his tAvo minor
children of a few dollars a month until they
became of tho ago of sixteen, one a boy and tho
other a girl. Tho boy has grown to manhood
and is able to tako caro of himself; but this
girl, owing to ill-health, is utterly unable to
support herself. Her father aais one of tho
most gallant and distinguished men from our
State in tho service. I think tho case is in
every way meritorious, and I shall be glad if
tho Senate will pass the bill as it camo from
tho Houso Avithout amendment.
Mr. Platt. I must ask to havo the report
rcadaud I must request tho Senate to pay at
tention to tho reading of tho report. It Avill
be, if tho'.bill passes, tho first instance in which,
to my knowledge, Congress has pensioned tho
daughter ot an officer less than a general, at
any moro than $8 per month.
Mr. Cameieon, of Pennsylvania. This man
would havo been a general in thirty days had
Mr. Platt. It Avill be tho first instance, if
it passes, so far as I know, Avhero the general
law has been changed in that respect. Tho
laAV with regard to dependent children is a
pension till they aro sixteen. This proposes to
pension a dependent daughter of mature years
at the rate of $30 per month, reduced by tho
recommendation of the miuoritj' of tho com
mitteo to $15, and it opens a very Avido door
for the future. Tho ground upon AA'hich it is
done is that tho daughter is in ill-health; that
slu) is, physically speaking, an infant ; but I
kpAv that this case i's to bo followed by a host
ot cases, and it seems to mo that it will result
tin-Congress pensioning overy son and daughter
of a deceased soldior if ho or sho can sIioav in
firmity. Having said this, and asking for tho reading
of tho report, and tho careJuLattcntion of tho
Senate to it, I havo no moro to say.
.Mr. Cameeon, of Pennsylvania. I knoAV
more about this case than any member of tho
Committee on Pensions.
Mr. Platt. Havo I not correctly stated it?
Mr. Camekon, of Pennsylvania. Tho Sen
ator has stated tho case correcly so far as ho is
informed about it; but this I think is a special
This Avas one of tho most distinguished men
in the army from tho State of Pennsylvania,
ono of tho brightest, best, and purest men that
I knew of anyAvhere. He left these tAvo chil
dren, and Congress knowing at the timo that
ho had rendered remarkable servico, A-ory effi
cient service, passed an act giA'ing them sup
port until they should bo sixteen years of age.
It turns out that this girl is in tho eyes of tho
laAV an infant, sho is unable to tako care of
herself, unablo to support herself, aud tho peo
ple of tho community in Avhich she liA-es,
knoAA'ing the father and the senices which ho
rendered to the Government, irjrespeetivo of
party, irrcspectiA'0 of condition, havo sent mo
letters timo and again asking mo to urgo tho
passage of this bill.
I am somewhat responsible for this bill not
having passed heretofore. Thero Avas another
c:ise on tho calendar of a Mary C. Murray.
Some of my friends in tho Senate to Avhom
I talked about this ca'so got tho names
mixed, and when that case was up took a spe
cial interest in its passage. My secretary,
knowing tho interest I had taken, wrote to
this young girl that hor bill bail passed the
Senate. Very many in tho neighborhood in
tho town in which sho liA-cs and tho county
in AA'hich tho toAvn is located Avroto to mo
kindly letters for tho action 1 had taken. It
turns" out that it Avas a mistake. For that
reason, in addition to tho reasons Avhich I havo
already given, I havo a strong desiro to seo
this bill pass tho Senate.
I do not bclicA'o it will giA'o rise to tho pas
sage of any other cases. There aro exceptions
to all rules, and this case I think ought to bo
mado an exception. I feel earnestly about it.
I feel more so than T hae in any case that has
been before Congress. I hopo the Senate will
bo generous; I hopo the Senate will not listen
to this hard-hearted member of the Committee
on Pensions, but will let thoiusoh'es sympa
thize a little Avith this girl in her soro distress.
Mr. Platt. 1 Avant to say that tho House
has already passed tAvo other bills, taking this
as a precedent, which aro over here.
Mr. Camekon, of Pennsyh'ania. Wo can
stop them Avhon they eoino up.
.Mr. Platt. That is Avhat 1 object to. I am
not hard hearted, ami my course in tho Sen
ate as chairman of tho Committeo on Pensions
and as a member of tho Committee on Pensions
authorizes me to deny Avith some degree of in
dignation tho chargo mado against mo by tho
Senator from Pennsylvania that I am hard
hearted. I am not bad hearted enough to pass
a bad pension caso on account of importunity
or from any other reason except because it is
just and right and fair, and I think that is
just Avhat tho rule of tho Senate ought to bo in
all these cases.
Now, 1 ask for tho reading of tho reports,
and then I havo nothing further to say.
Tho Principal LegislatiA'o Clerk reatl thofol
loAving majority and minority reports, submit
ted by Mr. Jackson aud Mr. Blah;, respect
ively, from tho Committeo on Pensions, May
The Committee on Pensions, to whom Avns re
ferred the hill (H. II. No. 15'J-J Krantiiisfi pension
to Mury E. Jburrny, having examined the same,
make the following report:
That Colonel William (.J. Murray, of tho Eighty
fourth Regiment PeiinsyK'unu volunteers, avjis
killed tit tiie head of hia command at tho buttle of
Winchester, Virginia, on the ZM. of March, lbfJ.
Ho left tAvo children under sixteen years of age
sur'iving him. 1" September, liO'-', the-e minor
children, by their guaulian, made application for a
pension under the act of Congress approved July
II IBB'-'. The claim aviis allowed, ami theyAvero
'ranted a pension of S) per month, commencing
March '23, lb('- Avhich was continued until the 21th
of August, 3170, when the younger child, John 13.
Murray, reached the age of sixteen.
Tho right to a continuation of tho pension under
the general law having expiretl, the present bill
rv.'t. ..ml lAJnmiv was an honorable citizen, a gal
lant oliicer, mitt the .-olo support ol tho daughter,
who.it is slated, cannot liil a clerical position or
terA-e in any capacity Avhich will enable her to earn
a livelihood, and is now dependent upon friends.
Tho caso appeals strongly to our sympathies, but
proposes to again piacu im uu- k"' ' ''"""
Murray upon the pension-roll and allow bora ixm
pion of j."0 per month. The bill has passed the
iin.Ki. fit ih. mefent &eaSion of Congress.
in the judgment of yonr committee it would be a
bad precedent aud productive of evil to pass this
bill, inviting thereby thousands of similar application-
for special relief beyond the present liberal
pro'i?ions of the general iaAV.
Your committee therefore recommend that the
bill be not passed, and that the same be indefinitely
postponed by the Senate.
Mr. Blaik, from the Committeo on Pensions,
submitted tho folowing vieAvs of the minority,
to accompany bill II. JR. Xo. 2592 :
The services of Colonel Murray were of unusual
gallantry, and the example of his heroic death, at
the head of his troops at the opening of the war,
was of greater service to his country thnn if his
life in the field had been prolonged forit may hae
been years. Tho mother died Avithin six inonttia
of the time when the father was killed, leaving the
two infant children dependent and destitute, and
this daughter suffering- from physical incapacity,
which lias made her practically disabled ever since.
The circumstances ot tho ease are further set forth
in the memorial of Colonel William G. Murray
Pot No. 39, Department of Pennsylvania, Grand
Army of the Republic.
The minority believe that this girl is, anil always
must be, an infant legs than sixteen years of age,
in the eye and reason of tho law, and urgently
recommend that she receive the usual pension in
such ciises. There can be but fcAv cases like hers
in the country. Jt is only a question -whether this
country, some poor-house, or the private charity
ol strangers shall furnish her future support.
The House bill giA-es her S0 per month. Ve
recommend the pasaago of the bill, substituting 15
for $30. Thus amended, Ave recommend the passage
of the bill.
Mr. Blaik. I mado this minority report.
Tho buy gi-cs to tho infant children support
until sixteen years of age.
' Mr. Platt. How much ?
Mr. Blaik. It depends entirely upon tho
rank of the officer.
At sixteen years of ago it is supposed that
they have arrived at such a degreo of maturity
and capacity as to take caro of themselves.
Tho reason is their dependence and incapacity
to support thenisoh'cs. This girl, as is statctl in
the minority report, is an infant still, aud sho
must ahvays remain an infant so far as her
ability to gain a livelihood is concerned.
The importance of tho services rendered by
her father cannot be exaggerated. He died
conspicuously at the opening of tho Avar when
an example of bravory and gallantry such as
ho furnished Avas of very great importanco in
deed. The children lost their mother Avithin
six months of the death of their father. They
AA'erc supported by the Government until they
Averc sixteen years of age. Tho girl cau do no
moro toward her support now than sho could
Avhen she Avas ono year old, and it is as thero
stated only a question Avhetiier she shall be
come a beggar, Avhether sho shall depend upon
charity, or Avhether sho shall bo supported by
these f0,000,000 of pc'oplc to Avhose prosperity
he father contributed so much by his death.
There arc very few ease3 like this. Thcro
is no danger of SAA'amping the Treasury. There
aro only two cases that are analogous that have
come to our knoAvledge during the entire ses
sion, and those cases aro of very great hardship,
and the country can hardly excuse itself, it
seems to me, for turning these helpless persons
Mr. Gkoomk. Mr. President, I desire to say,
before tho A'ote is taken upon this case, that if
Congress commences the business of pensioning
the children of soldiers Avho have passed tho
pensionable age, no Senator can predict, even
approximately, Avhat amount of money -will
ultimately be required to pay the pensions of
this class of persons. But I undertake to make
this prediction, that if this bill passes, and the
precedent thereby established leads to tho adop
tion of tho general rule that when children
of soldiers Avho have jiasscd tho age of sixteen
years continue to remain unablo to support
theinseh'cs, or later in life become so by reason
of disease or tho infirmities incident to old
age, they aro to bo pensioned because their
fathers did A'aluablo servico in some ono of tho
Avars in Avhich our country has been iiiA'olved,
all the untold millions Avhich havo been and
are yet to bo disbursed from the Treasury in
consequence of tho arrears of pension act Avill
dwindle into insignificance compared Avith the
sums that -will be ultimately required to pay the
pensions of this A'ast class of pensioners. Tho
list of other pensioners will after a Ajav years
steadily decrease until some fitty or sixty years
hence it -will disappear entirely or tlwindlo
into insignificance; but fifty years honco this
now class of pensioners Avill still bo upon tho in
crease, because thou tens or hundreds of thou
sands of the children of the soldiers of tho late
Avar Avill bo becoming infirm, decrepit, aud
necessitous, and utterly Unable to support them
selves, in consequence of extreme old age, and
-will claim that thoir condition aud the valuablo
services rendered by their fathers in the days
gone by to their country entitlo them to bo
Sir, there is but ono safe rule, and that is
that no child of a soldier Avho has passed tho
pensionable ago is to bo pensioned because of
any inability to earn a living for him or her
self; and if that rule is once departed from,
and if it comes to bo understood that tho adult
descendants of soldiers, Avhen no longer able
to support themselves, can, notwithstanding
they liaA-o passed the pensionable age, come in
and rcceiA'O pensions from this Government,
no man can tell tho extent of the aggregate
ultimate drain upon tho Treasury, or Avlicu
that drain Avill end.
It hits been avcII said that "hard cases mako
bad precedents," and I venture to say that no
AA'orso precedent could bo established by this
Congress than tho passage of this bill to-day.
I hope, therefore, AA'hilo 1 sympathize not only
Avith this young woman but Avith tho needy
everywhere, that this bill may not pass.
Mr. Blaik. Tho bill stands as it camo from
the House. There is no amendment.
Tho Pkesidino Ofi-icek, (Mr. Harris in tho
chair.) The bill is in Committee of tho Whole,
and open to amendment.
Mr. Platt. Tho Senator from Now Hamp
shire, Avho mado tho minority report, recom
mended an amendment making the pension
$15 instead of $'M a month. Now it is pro
posed not to amend tho bill. 1 ask to say just
one A'ord in relation to it.
Theso.tAvo children AA'hcn they Avero under
sixteen each received $15 a month. This
daughter Avhen she Avas under sixteen received
$15 only. Now, having gone beyond tho pen
sionable age, beyond tho ago Avhen tho law
pensions her, it is proposed to giA'o her' tAvico
as much :us sho received under the law when
she Avas of pensionable age.
Mr. Blaik. Tho children received $u0 of
pension Avhich could be drawn ou account of
the fathers death. I made the minority report
recommending that sho lcceiA'e $15 a month,
but I have not moved that amendment ; 1 have
not been in a situation to move it as an amend
ment. Tho bill is before the Senate with my
A'iows upon the matter. Tho bill Avas called up
by the Senator from Pennsyh'ania Mr. Caai
r.isox ami called up in my absence. 1 Avould
bo glad to see the bill passed. If it goes back
to tho House amended it is not possible for it
to becomo a htAV at this session, but as avo Ikia'O
voted not to consider pension cases at all Avhich
aro controverted at this session, itis hotter that
the country should givo this girl a little more
rather than a little less than sho needs for hor
The bill A'as reported to the Senate Avithout
Mr. Cocickkll. I ask for tho yeas and nays
on tho third reading of tho bill.
Tho yeas and nays wero ordered.
Mr. Haavlkv. I call attention to the fact
that this is tho first deliberate beginning of
Avhat may Iiua'o another arrears of pensions ac
count in it. Stop and think before you do
these hasty supposed -to -be generous things
that the country is not really asking for.
Mr. Camekon, of Pennsyh'ania. It is not
generous but merely j list.
Mr. Haavley. I havo my OAvn opinion on
that. While I Avant to give and givo ami give,
1 am not giving my own money. A million
and a half of soldiers aro taxed to pay these
bills. 1 AA'ant to encourage generosity in this
matter, but 1 say you must stop and think be
fore you embark in this course. Thero are a
million aud a half more or less of our soldiers
living iioav, and nobody knows Iioav many chil
dren they luiA'e, and it is proposed to begin to
pension every child of every tleccased soldier.
No country in tho AA'orld ever camo Avithin 95
per cent, of giving as much money to tho sol
diers as ours has, and Ave are justly proud of it;
but I tell you you aro mistaken if you think
tho great body of honorably-discharged soldiers
aro perpetually desieging your doors to pour
out your treasure. You aro giving $100,000,
000 a year for pensions. They pay tho taxes as
avcII as others. They aro not anxious to bank
rupt tho country they offered their lives for.
Do not tratle any moro than necessary in tho
name and tho sacred nanio of patriotism.
I daro say theso things becauso I Avas a sol
dier myself and served asAA'ell as I could in my
own way. I daro say them becauso I speak in
tho namo of as honest and patriotic men as ever
lived, and I daro go before any assemblage of
soldiers and take their AOto on Avhat is reason
able and just. Do all that generosity and ne
cessity can reasonably call for, but I beg Sena
tors not to bo stampeded by pathos and pinch
beck eloquenco in tho name of patriotism.
Mr. Blaik. Mr. President, I havo never ob
served since I havo been in this body any in
clination on tho part of the Senate to bo btam
peded by the pinchbeck eloquence of anybody.
I have taken it to be a deliberath'o body and I
imagine that its chief purpose in dealing Avith
this as Avith overy other claim is to do simple
justice, justice tempered Avith. mercy, whenever
there-is a serious question as to the proper lino
of action to pursue.
Noav this is not a caso which can possibly
lead to any thing like the complications of tho
arrears of pensions act. The Senator from Con
necticut Mr. Haavley appeals to tho appre
hensions of this body. I ask him if he knoAA'S
within his entire range of acquaintance, aud
that of course covers tho Avhole country, ten
cases of soldiers' children over sixteen years of
ago who under this precedent would be likely
to call on the country for support.
I havo heard of but tAvo other cases for which
this could possibly bo mado a precedent: one of
these is a child of an Irish Catholic who gave
his life for tho country, and sho has been an
idiot from her birth. Sho is noiv twenty-eight
years of age. Her c:iso has passed tho Houso
ami coino to the Senate, and 1 do not belieAo
ho could be a man of a specially sympathetic
nature Aiio, after hearing the facts of that caso
and listening to the story as it comes from an
old aiuit who is taking care of that idiot girl
by washing, by tho hardest kind of personal
labor, AA'ould refuse to extend tho charity of tho
country, if you cliooso to call it that, to a caso
like that. Thero is ono other case that has
come to our knowledge during this session, aud
only one other, aud I appeal to the knowledge
of ever3' Senator here covering this whole broad
country if ho knoAvs half a dozen Avithin his
own porsonal knoAvledge?
Mr. Platt. I know of half a dozen in my
Mr. Blaik. Thoro aro half a dozen in tho
Senator's own city. For God's sake let tho
country take caro of that half dozen rather
than tho poor-houso.
This girl is prostrate with disease of tho
spine; she is tending rapidly to death by con
sumption; she cannot be long a burden to tho
country under any circumstances, and she has
not a dollar in the Avorld or tho capacity to
earn one. Her father Avas tho first colonel of
Pennsylvania who gaAe his life to the country,
and she has no resources.
The voice of the soldiers, Avhich has been
spoken of, has been heard in this specific case.
The petitions of the Graud Army, of all tho
people in the vicinity Avhere this girl lives, aro
on the files of the Pension Committee, entreat
ing that this pension be granted. There is no
question whatever of what the soldiers desiro
in this particular case. There is no special
protest coming from tho country, and if thero
were, the country ought to assume the burden
in the caso of imbeciles, those AA'ho are helpless,
those AA'ho haA'e no other helper save God, and
to Avhom avo aro called upon to pay something
to eke out the existence of this class of depend
ents. It cannot add 1,000 in the Avhole country
to the pension list, and tho special advertise
ment which is given by this debate undoubt
edly Avill pour upon us some applications Avhich
otherwise, howeA'er just, never would havo
reached us. But let them come.
Some allusion Avas made .a Avhile ago by Sen
ators Aviio opposed this bill in committee to tho
appropriation of millions in the river and har
bor bill, and fault Aas found Avith members of
tho committee Aiio like myself Avcre in favor
of the postponement of the act Avhich was
undertaken to be brought up this morning
until next December. Is it for that class of
men to deny this pittance totthis spocific caso
of distress ? I take it not.
Without taking more time,tfor I realize how
the sessign is passing away, I Tiope the Scnato
Avill not, by reason of its apprehensions, bo
prevented from doing this act of simple justice,
which no man as an individual in the Scnato
would fail to do if tho appeal was mado to him.
Mr. Platt. I only want to say one Avord
more. This matter is important; enough to stop
to discuss it. The laAV gave to these iavo chil
dren up to 1S70, when they arrived at sixteen,
years of age, $30 a month. The pension stopped
in 1S70. Twelve years aftenA-aid this daugh
ter, one of theso children, demands $30 of this
Government. My colleague has protested in,
tho namo of the soldiers against it. I Avant to
protest in tho namo of tho AvidoAVS of deceased
soldiers in this country against this as an act of
injustice to them. All over this country aro
bravo Avomen who lost their husbands in tho
Avar, their solo support; property also went with,
them- thcj-Avore left AA-ith young children upon
their bauds to support, and this country, in its
munificence, gives them $3 a month. They
struggle bravely, and they do not besiege tho
Halls of Congress asking for any increase of
that pension. I protest in their namo against
this act of injustice to them, hoAvever this
single caso may appeal to tho sympathies of
Tito Pkesiding Officer, (Mr. Harris.) On
tho third reading of the bill tho yeas and nays
havo been ordered.
Mr. Haavley. Ono singlo remark. I Avas
not aAvare of the especially pitiful and lament
able circumstances of this particular case. I
Avas speaking only upon the general principle,
the beginning to pension the children of sol
diers. In this caso it is impossible for a man to
aA'oid feeling the very deepest sympathy, and
hoping and believing that that child Avill bo
taken care of as she ought to bo. I spoke sim
ply upon the cold proposition of giving pen
sions to children becauso their fathers Avero
Mr. Hlair. I agreo entirely with the Sen
ator upon the basis on Avhich lie placed his
remarks. If I thought this dangerous in refer
ence to tho general pensioning of the children
of soldier.-., I aa-ouUI bo as strongly opposed to
this bill as any one.
Mr. Logan. I should like to ask the Senator
from Connecticut if these circumstances chango
his vieAvs, whether ho is now for oi: against tho
Mr. Platt. I am against it.
Mr. Looan. I mean the other Senator from
Connecticut. Ho says this appeals to him
strongly. I ask him whether ho is for or
against tho bill?
"Mr. I LAAVxrrv. I Avill ansAVcr AA'hcn my namo
is called. 1 -will tako the meantimo to consider
Mr. Logan. I havo no right to ask tho Sen
ator, but I haA'O sometimes seen bills opposed,
and then have seen them pass. If the sympa
thy is so strong that the bill is going to pass
anyhow, I do not Avish to take up the timo of
the Senate by talking about it. That AA'as tho
reason I asked the question. I supposed from
tho speech tho Senator made, and the vehe
mence of it, that he Avas opposed to the bill.
Mr. President, I am opposed to this bill, and
I Avill givo my reasons, A-cry briefly, Avhy I am
opposed to it, and there is no aim unit of sym
pathy that can at-ect mo so far as that question
is concerned Avhen it is a bad principle.
Tho children of Colonel Murray Avero pensioned-
in lriii'2 at $30 a month. That pension
ran for eight years, until they drew from tho
Now, after tho children have arrived at tho
ago of sixteen and over, they come in and ask
for a repensioning. 1 do not knoAV anything
about this child, aud her condition should not
ailcet tho question, for when persons haA'e been
pensioned until they arrive at the ago at AA'hich
tho laAV requires pensions to cease if tho Goa'-ci-nmcnt
is going to continue the pensioning
of them, then the Government becomes a chari
table institution for that class of people. Wo
must havo some definite time or period fixed in
tho hiAV for tho termination of pensions Avhero
they aro gh'en to the minor heirs of soldiers.
This is fixed in tho laAV. If you establish tho
precedent in one caso you might as avoII open
the book in CAery caso of the kind. If you
givo a pension to ono person Avho has passed
the ago of sixteen, you cannot refuse to gh'o it
Mr. Blaik. Will the Senator alloAvmo to ask
Mi-. Logan. Yes, sir.
Mr. Blaik. I do not knoAV whether tho
Senator understands fully the facts in this
case. This girl is as much an infant to-day as
she Avas when two years old. Tho reason of
the law I supposo to be that such persons need
a pension for their support until sixteen. Sho
needs it now quite as much as before. In tho
ordinary caso of a healthy child that comes to
maturity and is able to take care of himself,
tho pension may avcII cease, precisely as tho
laAV provides: but tako tho case of such a
person being a lunatic or idiot at sixteen.
That person must bo taken caro of. If it is
charity to givo this helpless girl a pension
after sho is sixteen years, it must have been
charity to havo given it to the children before;
and does not tho reasou obtain just as much
after tho girl is sixteen as before sho AA'as six
Mr. Logan. That is a pretty long question.
Mr. Blaik. Yes; but it raises the point for
the Senator to consider.
Mr. Logan. I bolicvo every Stato in this
Continued on Eighth page.)