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.THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, AUGUST 19, 18S2.
Ah, very gentle, gracious, nnd gallant
JIo seemed to be !
Ami, unreflecting, bIic,
His pressing: suit was nothing loth to graut,
They married, mooned, nnd moved
From town to town,
Then simmered down,
And, naturally, each the other's folly proved.
Then came distrust, debate, and e'en divorce
The olden tale
Of what avail
Her tears, or his relapses of remorse.
They met as strangers, sullen, satisfied
That fate is fate.
And always late
Is lovo, when hearts have hearts denied.
Thus ends my f-tory, as a summer song-,
"Without encore ;
There is no more;
'Tis better short than if 'twere over long.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence Issolicitcd to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Rural Department
(of The National Trihune, C15 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will bo appreciated.
, Feeding Eokses in Boston. The A mcr
ican Cultivator has a carefully-prepared article
011 "Work-horses in Boston," from which we
condense the following, mainly with refer
ence to the modes of feeding adopted in the
Standing first on the list are those belong
ing to the city health department They
weigh from 1,400 to 1,S00 pounds, and al
though they are never driven out of a walk
ihey cover on an average eighteen miles,
with their loads, in ten hours every day in
the week, except Sunday. Cut feed, consist
ing of eight quarts of Indian meal and ten
pounds of hay, mixed with water and a little
salt, is given them in equal portions night
and morning; for dinner, six quarts of oats,
and in addition to this all the hay they can
eat This rule of feeding is not arbitrary
but is varied or changed in the case of horses
which do not thrive under it Some are fed
on oats and hay entirely, no meal being given.
All the feed is of the best quality,- water is
given them three times a day when they are
The largest owner of horses in Boston is the
Metropolitan street railway company, whose
present stock numbers 2,928. These horses
weigh from 1,050 to 1,100 pounds, and their
average usefulness to the road is about five
or six years. Their rule for feeding is ninety
pounds of meal and eighty-four pounds of
bay per week, made into cut or chop-feed
for each horse, and they eat some long hay
at nignt besides. An average day's work is
sixteen miles. Great care is taken of the
health of these horses, they being under the
constant inspection of a veterinary surgeon,
who gives his whole time to them. They
are as healthy as it is possible for them to be.
The South Boston horse railway company
buys horses of a little better grade than any
of the other companies. At present there
are 720 in their stables. The average weight
of their horses is 1,050 pounds. After many
years of close observation and experiment
as to the best method of feeding, each horse
now receives on an average nine pounds of
meal per day. This is fed three times
each day, mixed with twelve pounds of
chopped hay and the necessary quantity of
water. No other food is given them except
when they are "off their feed," when they
are given a mash made of shorts and ground
oats. Loose hay is only fed when they arc
unable to work. The mangers, which are of
iron, are kept clean and sweet, all uneaten
food being removed as soon as the horse has
finished his meal, and not left to sour.
Great care is taken in watering, and in
summer six quarts of oat meal is mixed
with every eighty gallons of water, which is
given them in the stables. When a horse
comes in from a trip warm and sweaty, he is
allowed just enough water to cool his mouth;
he is then permitted to dry off, and finally
given all he wishes to drink. Water is also
given to them in small quantities by men
who are stationed for that purpose at dif
ferent points on the route.
Up to within a few years it was the
custom of this company to keep a piece of
mineral salt in each manger, and also to mix
fine salt with the feed. This created an un
natural thirst, more water was drank than
necessary, and the result was frequent cases
of colic. Now a small handful once a week,
with a little sprinkled on the bottom and
Bides of the box in which the feed is mixed,
is all that is given, and colic is no longer of
For trucks and heavy teams in and about
Boston horses which weigh from 1,300 to
1,400 pounds stand the work best, and those
from Vermont, Canada, and New York,
having generally short bodies, short legs, and
better feet than western horses, are most
profitable. In feeding, from eight to twelve
quarts of oats and corn in equal quantities,
the latter generally cracked, are given each
day with what coarse hay they will eat.
Cut feed is used by some owners, but it is not
considered the best for the work.
Horses of a good size and quality are used
by the express companies, the Adams Com
pany having a very fine stock of eighty,
weighing from 1.000 to 1,400 pounds. Twelve
quarts of cracked corn and oata, in the pro
portion of one-fifth corn to iour-fifths oats
-niui plenty ot the best quality of hay, con
stitutes a day's food, which is varied twice a
week with a mash of bran, oats, and cracked
corn. Bedding of rye straw is kept in their
stalls all the time, and in every respect they
are carefully attended. "Jiocket," who was
purchased at three years old, has been in
constant use for twenty-two years, and is
ttill one of the finest and best looking horses
in the stable.
Saddle-horses that are square trotters and
have been taught to lope are the most
fashionable, there being little call for pacers
or others with broken gaits. Driving and
riding horses sell best at from live to nine
years old. As they are often driven lon
distances at a high rate of speed particular
attention must be paid to their feed and
care. Their usual food consists of from nine
to twelve quarts of oats per day, fed three
times, and ten pounds of the best coarse hay
(the coaser the better) fed twice. This in
varied with bran mash, cracked or whole
corn in small quantities, and other food
which in the judgment of the stable-keeper
they seem to require.
For liverystables,horsesweighing from 025
to 1,000 pounds, with some a little heavier for
coupe and hack work, are the variety re
quired. At Maynard's stable, one of the
mixed with the oats. Draper & Hall, who
are feeding about 300 horses, give corn only
in the fall and winter. Very few of the
stable-keepers give cut feed.
Ventilation and drainage of stables receive
much attention, for on the perfection of both
very much of the health and well-being of
the animals depend. The new stable of the
South Boston Company is considered to be
very perfect in its sanitary conditions. All
the floors are of brick, laid in cement, those
in the stalls having a slight incline to the
rear, so that the urine may run into a gutter
which extends the holo length of each sec
tion and empties into the sewer.
Water is arrauged so that the stalls can be
washed out with a Iiosq or the gutters flooded
at any time. In each section1 is a watering
trough made of iron, which only holds five
quarts, so that if a horse conies in very hot,
and, through inattention of 1he groom, gets
at the water, he cannot drink enough to do
him harm. When the horse is allowed to
drink as much as he desires, the turning of
a faucet keeps the trough full to the top as
fast as it drank up. The arrangements for
warmth as well as ventilation are very per
fect, while all draughts of air are carefully
ture has been their costliness, but this no
longer applies to many of the most popular
kinds, although some rare sorts, which are
slow of propagation and difficult to procure,
command high prices. We hope to see the
culture of these curious plants become more
common, and that they will take their place
among other green-house plants.
Gum Arawc. In the event of a protracted
war in Egypt fears are entertained that the
supply of gum. may be abridged, and the
article become very costly. Should this
happen, it may prove to be a blessing in dis
guise, inasmuch as it may have the result of
directing more attention to our native pro
ductions." The Mesquit tree of Texas, Pro-
sojris glandulosa, produces a gum which is
used as a substitute for gum arabic, and is
said 1j3" those who have used it to be equally
as good an adhesive as the foreign article.
Quite a small industry has for several years
been made in collecting this gum, and if our
supply should be cut off from foreign sources
the demand may be met with the home
A Fragrant Bosk. IT. W. Ellwanger
says: "Not one of the least qualities we de
sire in a rose is fragrance. In this regard all
classes must do homage to La France, the
sweetest of all roses. Compelled to choose
one variety, this should be ours. To be sure,
it is rather tender, but it can easily bo pro
tected, and so winter safely. It does not
always open well, but it is a simple matter
to assist it, an operation not practicable with
most varieties that do not open perfectly. If
La France does not develop well, by pressing
gently with the finger the point of the bloom,
and then blowing into the centre, the flower
will almost invariably expand, the pent-up
fragrance escape, and almost intoxicate with
delight our sense of smell.
Peaches. Sir. Julius Harris, of Bidge
way, N. Y., has twenty-five acres of peach
orchard, which he plows early in the spring,
then cultivates freely and thoroughly with
a spring-tooth harrow as long as he can drive
through the orchard without injuring the
fruit, then rolls it thoroughly, and, when
dry, rolls it both ways; manures, once in
three years, at the rate of six cords of com
mon barn-yard manure to the acre; trims
the trees each spring, and thins the fruit
when about the size of chestnuts. For results-
he has four good crops out of five
years, with one small crop the fifth year.
Peak-Tree Blight. In the proceedings
of the Western New York Horticultural
Society we find the following note on pear
blight : The writer of this report has a young
pear orchard of between two and three hun
dred trees, all Bartletts, which were attacked
by fire-blight in the summer of 1879, just as
they arrived at the bearing age ; some few of
them were killed, root and branch, but, as a
general thing, by promptly cutting off the
branches near the bodies of the trees, the
disease was stopped at that point. The
blight was so prevalent that very few trees
in the orchard escaped being affected, and
he was compelled to cut the entire top off of
nearly all of them. This w'as'in'June, and
they all made a short growth of new wood
that season. Having heard of what is called
the 'Saunders Remedy,' which consists of
one peck of lime, one ounce of carbolic acid,
and two pounds of sulphur, made into a
thick whitewash, he applied that to the
trunks and main branches of the trees of
this orchard about the first of June the next
year, and not a twig was affected by blight
in the whole orchard that season. The same
remedy was used last June as before, and he
lost not a single tree, though it must be
stated that the tops of some of them were
somewhat affected above where the wash
was applied ; but in no case was a tree in
jured below the point where it was put on,
while in all neighboring orchards the blight
was very destructive. From this he is en
couraged to think that there may be some
virtue in this remedy, and would recom
mend its application twice in the season
once about April 15th all over the tree with
a force pump, or some other way, and again
about June 1st to the trunk and main
branches, put on quite thick with a white
wash brush. This wash has been recom
mended for many years, but 'your committee
believe it has never been thoroughly tried ;
at any rate they never have heard that any
one had done so and failed of success with it."
The writer of the above is mistaken in the
supposition that the remedy has never heen
thoroughly tried. It was very thoroughly
tried for several years before it was public
ally recommended, some twelve or fourteen
As it acts merely in a mechanical manner,
the coating of wash preventing the fungus
from attaching itself to the bark, it can have
no effect whatever upon branches or twigs
not coated. But when the trunk and main
branches are thus protected, and a prompt
removal of shoots which are attacked per
histently followed, the blight becomes a mat
ter of no great importance as an evil in or
drawback to pear culture.
Propagation of Cuttings. Mr. J. Jen
kins, of Ohio, read a paper on the above
subject at the recent meeting of the Ameri
can Nurserymen's Association, in which he
stated that hard-wood trees cannot be in
duced to root readily. An examination and
comparison of the grain, fiber, and cellular
appearance of different woods will enable
any one to detect those that can be readily
multiplied by cuttings, especially if exam
ined with the aid of a microscope. It is, of
course, to bo considered that ripened wood of
hard-wood trees is understood in the above
quotation, because many hard-wooded trees
can readily be propagated from cuttings
taken off at the proper time. Wo greatly
doubt the ability of the microscope to detect
anything in tho appearance of fiber and cel
lular tissue that will settle the question of
propagation. Tho boxwood is one of the
hardest of woods, yet tho hard old wood of
the plant roots without trouble, and many
others of hard-wooded plants root very freely
from tho hard wood. Again there are many
of what might be termed soft-wooded trees,
which are as difficult to root from cuttings
as aro the hardest species. So far as known,
we do not believe that there are any external
indications which will form a guide as to
whether a plant will propagate easily or
with difficulty by cuttings; tho only method
to ascertain this is to test it by experiment
About thirty years ago, in a paper which we
published on tho propagation of plants by
cuttings, in LTovcfs Magazine, Boston, 1850,
we suggested that the rooting of cuttings of
hard or ripened wood was influenced by the
amount of starch contained in the tissues of
the plant. This suggestion was corroborated
more than twenty years afterwards by some
German physiologists, who had made a long
series of experiments on this subject But
there is no method that will so quickly de
cide this question of rooting cuttings as a
brandy, in rather less than its bulk in water,
with five drops of McDougaPs fluid carbolate
in each dose. Carbolic acid, in small doses,
may be substituted for the carbolate, if not
accessible. The yards should be disinfected
with carbolic acid as a measure of prudence,
and for the same reason it is better to sep
arate the sick from the well fowls, although
the disease is not proven contagious. The
suggestion of administering to all tho fowls
fluid carbolate (or else carbolic acid) in their
water, and the latter cool, is admirable.
American Poultry Yard.
Rare-done Meat Injurious. There are
no indications that the mauiafor undercooked
beefsteak is on the decline; in restaurants
only such aro served. This refers to robust
people, but weakly persons continue to
patronize pounded raw chops and steaks and
the juice of uncooked meat M. Toussaint
exposes the grave dangers of patronizing such
a dietary, as, if the meat is unsound, the
germs of disease will inevitably pass into
the system. He states no contagious
malady possesses greater virulence than
tubercular affections, or consumption, and
that is the form of the disease most to be
encountered in meat sent to the market In
the slaughter-houses an ox, etc., is not re
jected as unfit for food unles3 tho lung be
entirely affected, but gray granulations may
still exist and produce infection.
M. Toussaint took the lung of a cow not
very much affected with consumption; he
placed it under a press and collected the
juice; ho inoculated rabbits and young pigs
with the liquid as it came from the press,
and after he had heated another portion to
111 degrees Fahrenheit, the result was, all
tho subjects died in a very short period. He
extracted the juice in the same manner from
the thigh of a pig, dead from consumption,
previously cooking the flesh, to correspond
with that served in hotels, etc., according to
the latest fashion. Then he inoculated rab
bits with such grilled juice, and they inva
riably died of consumption. There are casc3
where the consumption of raw meat is neces
sary; here duty suggests to ascertain well
the origin of such meat; in all other cases it
is prudent to only eat meats suitably cooked ;
that is, meat whoso iuterior has been acted
upon by a temperature of 150 or 100 degrees.
Kansas City Science licvicio.
& Powell, of
Good Milkers. The
Aaggie, owned by Smith
Syracuse, N. Y., has tho largest milk record
of any cow of any breed, having given 84J
pounds of milk in a day, 2,3G2 pounds in
ono month, and 1S,004 pounds 15 ounces in
one- year. Her daughter, Aaggio 2d, has
given Gl pounds 5 ounces in a dny, 1,700
pounds 2 ounces in 30 consecutive days, and
1G,5G 1 pounds 8 ounces in 11 months, and is
still milking over 40 pounds per day. She
made 13 pounds G oVrriccs of butter in one
week on winter feed. After milking be
tween 10 and 11 months she made 11 pounds
3 ounces of butter in one week. Tho butter
was weighed after working and beforo salting.
boizauux in South Australia. Dr.
Schomburgh, director of gardens at Adelaide,
has been testing tho sorghums, and thus re
ports: "Of the new millets, tho Dhoura,
Amber cane, lied Imphe, and Dwarf Broom
corn, I am now confident that theso four
kinds aro destined to prove of immense
value in the south Australian climate, not
alone m regard to their hardiness, but in
their being perennials, and the third year's
growth being even more vigorous than that
of the first and second. Their perennial
property being unknown to me, the sorghum
beds were cut down close to the ground after
the gathering of the seeds, and in the spring
it was found that tho plants began to sprout
again. Without the slightest care bestowed
on them, without watering, and notwith
standing the severe drought, they show a
vigorous growth ami have reached tho height
of four to five feet. Tho plants even with
stood the 18th of January, when tho ther
mometer registered 180 degrees in the sun."
January in Australia corresponds to our
The Medicinal Value op Vegeta
bles. Asparagus is a strong diuretic, and
forms part of the cure for rheumatic pa
tients at such health resorts as Aix-les-Bains.
Sorrel is cooling, and forms the
staple of that soupc mix hcrlcs which a
French lady will order for herself after a
long and tiring journey. Carrots, as con
taining a quantity of sugar, are avoided by
some people, while others complain of them
as indigestible. With regard to the latter
accusation, it may be remarked, in passing,
that it is the yellow core of the carrot that
is difficult of digestion the outer, a red
layer, is tender enough. In Savoy the
peasants have recourse to an infusion of
carrots as a specific for jaundice.
Tho large, sweet onion is very rich in
those alkaline elements which counteract
the poison of rheumatic gout If slowly
stewed in weak broth, and eaten with a
littlo Nepaul pepper, it will be found to be
an admirable article of diet for patients of
tndipns nnd sedentary habits. The stalks
of cauliflower have the same sort of value,
only too often the stalk of a cauliflower is
so ill-boiled and unpalitablo that few per
sons would thank you for proposing to them
to make part of their meal consist of so
uninviting an article. Turnips, in the same
way, aro often thought to bo indigestible,
and better suited for cows and sheep than for
delicate people; but here the fault lies with
the cook quite as much as with tho root.
The cook boils the turnip badly, and then
pours some 'butter over it, and the eater ol
such a dish is sure to be the worse for it.
Try a better way. What shall be said abou t
our lettuces ? Tho plant has a slight nar
cotic action, of which a French old woman,
like a French doctor, well knows tho value,
and when properly cooked it is really very
easy of digestion. Medical liecord.
MRS. SCARLETT'S LOVING DECEPTION.
The remarkable disclosure of the imposi
tion of three children upon an unsuspecting
husband by a woman residing in Wheeling
causes a profound sensation in that city,
where the persons concerned are well known.
John Scarlett, the husband, is highly re
spected, and rather well-to-do financially.
Mrs. Scarlett says : " I have been married over
twelve yeara. My husband has always been
anxious to have children. While on a trip
East to my mother's house, I told her of this,
and at her suggestion we went to the Phila
delphia almshouse. This was in 187G. I
took a little ono from that institution,
adopted it as my own, and wrote my hus
band that we had been blessed with a child.
I gave it the best of care, with my mother's
assistance, for I grew to love it, but it pined
away and died before I left the city. Soon
afterward I returned home, and, being in
delicate health, my husband naturally be
lieved the word I had written him, and to
gether we mourned for the little one. The
next year I went East "again, and through
the assistance of my mother I secured an in
fant from the Foundling Home. It was a
beautiful little boy, toward whom my heart
went out at once ; but I had. hardly learned to
love it when death claimed it, and I was again
left alone. My husband being still dissatis
fied, the following year I again visited Phila
delphia, and from the Homo secured a bright,
cunning little one, who is now five years old.
On it I have lavished all my affection; I
have watched over it in sickness and in
health, and cared for it as fondiy as though
it were my own. In every respect we have
treated it as our offspring, and it would
break my heart to have it taken from me.
My husband loves it so dearly that he will
hardly suffer it to be out of his sight, and I
know I could not love it more were I its true
mother." Ph iladcph ia Press.
AN ART TREASURE.
An aged New York artist named Seymour
claims to have discovered a genuine portrait
of Peter Stuyvesant, supposed to have been
painted in Holland 1G43, when the future
director-general of th Colony of New Neth
erlands was a handsome young man of thirty
years. The picture is on a walnut panel
found among some rubbish in the cellar of
the building in which the artist has his
studio. He was about to split the board to
make picture wedges, when he detected the
outlines of a portrait through the coat of
paint under which it was concealed. He
removed the paint and brought out a beau
tiful portrait. In the urjper right-hand cor
ner of the panel is a shield with the inscrip
tion, "Pctrus Stuyvesant, 1G 13." The art
ist's theory is that tho portrait was covered
in this way to evado the excessive customs
duties which were at that time imposed on
works of art, and that it was thrown aside
when received, and has been dealt with as a
useless piece of rubbish ever since. He
values the "find" at 5,000.
CLAIMS f M
GrEOKGrE E. LEMON,
Office, G15 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. O.
P. O. Drawee 325.
If wounded, injured, or hnve contracted any dis
ease, however slight tho disability, apply at once
Widows, minor children, dependent mothera, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, are entitled.
War of 1S12.
All surviving officers nnd Voldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United States, who served fourteen (11) days; or, it
in a battle or skirmish, for a less period, and tho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension lnw3 are more liberal now than former
ly, and many are now entitled to a higher rata
than they receive.
From and after January, 1SS1, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase or
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or who-o names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have thoir pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel nnd enlistment in an
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in the
service- of tho United States, and in the line 01
Hydrangea Paniculata This desira
ble shrub is now, or soon will be, in great
beauty; it isone of the best flowering shrubs
in cultivation. Its immense paniclesof white
flowers renders it one of the most conspicu
ous of objects during many weeks. Another
species, Hydrangea guercifolia, or oak-leaved
hydraugea, a native of tho southern States,
is also a valuable flowering shrub, not quite
hardy in tho northern States, but will stand
in the middle and western States quite satis
factorily. Orchids oii Air Plants. The manage
ment of this family of plants has been much
simplified of late years. Once upon a time
it was deemed necessary to keep them pretty
constantly in a high temperature ; a better
knowledge of the conditions under which
ihey exist has naturally led to severe modi
fications of this treatment, and they haw
been divided into what is technically termed
" cool-house " and " hot-house " kinds. The
cool-house kinds can be well grown in ordi
nary green-houses, or even in parlor windows
where arrangements are made for isolating
the atmosphere from that of the dwelling
room, conditions which apply to the best
success of all plants when grown in parlors.
Indeed, many of these curious air plants arc
much easier managed than heliotropes, fuch
sias, and similar plants. Many of these air
plants are found in cool regions in Mexico,
and in other countries where they grow at
great elovat ions. They do notj therefore, re
quire great heat, and can only bo successfully
Preservation of Wood. A new wood
preserving process has been invented in
France. Tho timber is first thoroughly im
pregnated with a simple solution of soan,
mixed with an acid preferably phenic acid.
This causes the fermentation in a few days
within the wood of a fatty acid, which is
insoluble in wafer, and impregnates the
remotest fibres. The reaction of the acid on
the soap does not take place until a portion
of the-water has evaporated. It is claimed
that more perfect impregnation can be had
in this way than with creosote, and there is
no danger of tho washing out of tho pre
bcrvative from the exposed surfaces, as when
sulphate of copper is used.
stir them airain. nnd
sure thoy do not
irrown and ilowerp.fl in o nnni -in.. i
ju-gest m the city, one-fifth whole corn is J Another drawback to their extended cul-
Poultry Cholera. It is a fact that
diseases of Ioavct animals bear a certain re
lation to thoseof man. The same or similar
causes will occasion like discjises in each,
and like remedies will be equally effectual
in working a cure. It seems to us that there
may be as many different circumstances
affecting an attack of cholera in fowls as in
mau, and that much the same care should
be taken in preventing or curing it.
Chicken cholera is a disease consisting of
diarrhrea attended with fever, and is fatal,
in two-iif'ths of tho cases, in from twelve to
The droppings are greenish at first, then
becoming thin and whitish. The face is
anxious," pinched, and drawn, and the
weakness extreme. Cramps occur. It is a
disease of hot weather, and, despite of asser
tions to the contrary, will occur in any flock,
however well eared for.
Treatment, if it is to be effective, is to be
begun at an early period. Of course, all
possible sanitary measures jaxo to bo taken.
The remedies consist of local and general
stimulus, and laudanum, to soothe and to stop
t he discharges. Wright recommends the fol
lowing, to be given every three hours:
Rhubarb, 5 grains ; cayenne pepper, 2 grains;
laudanum, 10 drops; administering midway
between every two doses a tcaspoonM of
Corn Cons. A correspondent of the
Country Gentleman recommends that where
corn is fed largely in the cob, the cobs be
raked together and converted into charcoal
ITo says: "It is our custom to rake the
cobs in neat winrows about a foot high, and
after the wind has swept through them
an hour or so set fire to them. When
charred, we rake them down and sprinkle
water on the mass,
sprinkle again to bo
go on burning and go to ashes. If now a
seasoning of salt bo put over the pile, the
pigs will relish it."
Rye for ITay. A Now York State
farmer says: "I consider rye, either cut
green for soiling or cut early and cured foi
hay, excellent forage for cows, and even
horses. I feed to all theso and they eat it
Plowing Under Corn. G. W. Files, of
Maine, has had very satisfactory results in
the way of fertilizing poor soil by plowing
undersowed corn, and describes his method a
follows: "Fhst go over the corn with a
common roller, observing to roll the sanu-
way I am to plow. This puts the corn
down out of the way of the team and driver
and is much better than attaching a chain
to the draw-iron of the plow with a weight
to drag in the furrow, as used to be my prac
tice. After plowing, the next thing ot
course is harrowing, which had better b.
done with a wheel-harrow, as most an
other kind will tear up more or less of tin
corn; I then complete tjie seed-bed with
"Why, my dear," said poor little Mr. ren
heckcr, with a ghastly smile "why would
the world without woman, lovely woman, be
like a blank sheet of paper?" Mrs. P., wh'
had just been giving the little man "a piec
of her mind," smiled, and "couldn't think.
"Why, becauso, don't yon see, love," said tin
one, "it wouldn't even n
I met her, she was thin and old ;
She stooped, and trod with tottering feet;
The hair was gray that oneo was gold,
The voice was harsh that onco was sweet;
Her hands were wrinkled, and her eyes,
Robbed of the girlish light of joy,
"Were dim; I feltu sad surprise
That I had loved her when a boy,
Hut yet a something in her air
Restored mo to the vanished lime ;
My heart grew young nnd seemed to wear
The brightness of my youthful prime.
I took her withered hand In mine,
Its touch recalled a ghost of joy ;
I kissed it with a reverent sigh,
For I had loved her when a boy,
Ribbon Cake. Two cups of sugar, three
eggs, two-thirds cup of butter, ono cup of
milk, three cups of flour, ono teaspoonful
of soda in milk, two teaspoonfuls of cream
tartar, salt and flavoring. Mix this as any
cake,. and divide.it, baking it in an oblong
pan ; to the remainder add tablespoonful of
molasses, cup of raisins, quarter pound of
sliced citron, spices and a little flour. Bake
m same shaped pan as the light cake, and
while warm, put them together with jelly or
jam between ; cut in squares when cold, is
Snow Custard. naif box of gelatine,
three eggs, one pint of milk, two cups of
sugar, juice of two lemons. Soak the gela
tine in a teacup of cold water one hour, when
dissolved add one pint of boiling water, and
two-thirds of the sugar and lemon mice, let
this come to a boil, then put it in the dish in
w'jich it is to be served, or in a mould ; make
a custard of the remainder of the milk, eggs,
sugar and lemon juice, and just before serv
ing, pour it round the mould of jelly.
Yankee Johnny Cake. One cup of
milk, one cup of wheat flour, one and a half
cups of corn meal, tablespoonful of sugar,
one egg, butter size of an egg, teaspoonful of
cream tartar, half teaspoonful of soda, salt.
Mix the flour and corn meal with the milk,
add the egg, sugar and butter, dissolve the
soda in a littlo more milk, stir cream-tartar
m the flour dry, a pinch of salt; bake in tin
miis about four inches deep. Serve hot for
breakfast, to be eaten with butter.
Sago Pudding. Small cup of sago, one
quart of milk, teaspoonful of salt, half cup of
butler, four eggs, cup of sugar, gill of rose
vater. Place the sago, milk and salt in a tin
vessel, put it in a large sauce-pan with boil
ng water on the stove; let it remain till the
-iago is thick, then turn into your pudding
lish, and while hot add the butter, ec"
sugar, and rose water, or juice and grateu
peel of a lemon; put it in tho oven, and bake
i delicate brown.
Flaky Pie Crust. Best of flour, butter,
-alt, water. -Take as much flouras you need,
dry it beforo the fire, and sift it, then mix it
with water to form a stiff paste, roll it out
me way (from you), put on it small bits u(
butter, roll tho sides together, and roll in the
butter; repeat this three times, and be care
uil to always roll the same way; f your but
ter is very salt do not add any more.
Old English Cake One pound of but
ter, one pound of sugar, one and a half pounds
.i llfir, four eggs, half gill of rose water, juice
it two lemons, juice of one orange, teaspoon
mi of cinnamon, little mace and nutmeg
Heat butter and sugar to a fine cream, add
eggs, also well beaten, then add the spices,
ilour, and tho lemon and orange juice, also
rose water, mould all this well together, and
roll out in thin cakes, cut with a cookey cut
.er, put them on greased tins and bake in a
quick oven till the cakes are brown and crisp.
Pickled Purple Carnage Cabbage,
Survivors of all wars from 1700 to March 3, 1S53,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of tho late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unneceasnry de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such casea id
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
. States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at-
luiiuuii. jiroviHCH iney were nieu Deiore Januaryl
1SS0. If not Hied prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Military
nnd Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to business
before the General Land Otliee and other Bureaus
of the Interior Department, and all the Depart
ments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E, LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we uppend hereto as
specimens of the testimony in our possession
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
nnd nulitary distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
House ov Representatives
"Washington, D. C, March , 1S75.
trom several years acquaintance Avith Captain
GEORGn E. Lemon of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to tho collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that line gives him superior advantaged.
W. P. SMS A G VE, M. C.
rijleenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STUAWBRIDGE, M. C.
Thirteenth District ofPennailcunia.
House ok Representatives,
.r , Washington, D. C, Jfrc 1. 1$7S.
e, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain George E. Lemon for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RrCE, Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions. Honsc Ecns
W. F. S LEMONS, M. C, "
Second District of Ark.
"W. P. LYXDE. M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
It, W. TOWNSHEND, M. C.
Sinclecnth District of III,
ClTIZKXS' NATIOXAT. I3AXK,
Wasiiixgtox, D. C, Jan. 17, 1S7D.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney ami agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington citv.
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, anil entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
3?-Any person desiring information as to my
landing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
sail, vinegar, mace anil cloves, wbole whitt
peppers, sugar, celery seed. "Wash the cab-
agc and cut in quarters, lay it in a wooden
ray and sprinkle thickly with salt, set it in
he cellar till next day, drain off the brine.
. ipe dry, lay it in the sun too hours, then
over with cold vinegar, let it stand for twelve
uours then prepare the pickle by taking
vinegar enough to cover it, add a cup of anar
to each gallon of vinegar, and a teaspoonful
of celery seed to each pint; the spices should
bo boiled in the vinegar and poured hot on
tho cabbage ready for use in six weeks keep
in a cool place.
Vermicelli ruDDixa. Two ounces of
vermicelli, three gills of milk, ono gill of
cream, two eggs, butter (small piece), sugar to
taste, vanilla or almond extract. Boilthevor
micelliiuthemilktilitender,stirinthecream, then the eggs well beaten, butter, sugar and
flavoring; butter a small dish and bako a
delicate brown, '
Every Kusty Mason Needs Them.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco and
, I Bin, iorc umer oooks, goods, etc.
- Send for catalogue to
125 I MASONIC BOOK AGENCY.
0 ly-l" 115 Broadway, New York.
Mention this paper.
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Mention, this paper.