Newspaper Page Text
THE FATIOlTAi TKIBUHB: WASHINGTON, D. C, AUGUST 26, 1S82.
WORSHIP IN THE WOODS,
How rich the embroidered carpet spread,
On cither side the common way;
Azure and purple, gold and red,
IJusiCt and white, and green and gray,
"With shades between,
"Woven Avith light in looms unseen.
The dandelion's disk of gold
With ltistre deck the mcAdows green,
Ami multiplied a million fold
The daisy lights the verdant scene ;
The blue mini's plumes
Invite the bees to their perfumes.
A wrinkled ribbon seems the road,
Unspoolcd from the silent hills afar; '
Rest, like an angel, lifts the loud
And in my path, lets down the bar,
And here it brings
A lease of life on healing wings.
A summer leisure of the cloud
That wanders with its trumpeter,
The wind, is mine;. no wrangling crowd
Annoys the humble worshiper
In the white tent
Beneath a listening firmament.
Up-floating on the ambient air
Sweet songs of taered nnfeic rise,
And now n voice distinct in prayer,
Like the lark's hymn, reaches the skies,
And the "Amen"
Is echoed from the hills and glen.
The wood a vast cathedral seems,
Its dome the overarching sky ;
The light, through trembling branches streams
From open windows lifted hight;
Under the lirs
Soft shadows shield the worshipers.
George W. Bungay in Our Continent.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
"WAsnncGTCN, D. 0.
Correspondence issolicited to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tuibcne, G15 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will be appreciated.
Raising Forest Treks from Seeds.
" LoJ on each seed within its slender rind,
Life's golden threads in endless circles wind ;
Maze within maze the lucid webs are rolled
And, as they burst, the living flame unfold.
The pulpy acorn, ere it swells, contains
The Oak's vast branches in its milky veins.
Each ravel'd bud, fine film, and fiber line
Traced with nice pencil on the small design.
Grain within grain successive harvests dwell,
And boundless forests slumber in a shell."
It is a good general rule to sow seeds of all
kinds as soon as they are ripe. They will
vegetate sooner if sown immediately after
being gathered from the plant than they
will do at any future time. Exposure to the
air hardens the outside covering of seeds,
which has a tendency to retard germination ;
bo that whether a seed will germinate in one
week, one month, one, two, or more years
after it has been put in the ground, will de
pend very much, upon the amount of drying
and exposure to the air that it was subjected
to before it was sown.
But it is not always practicable or conve
nient to sow seeds immediately after they
are ripe and have been gathered; therefore,
the alternative is to try to preserve them in
the best manner so as to retain their vitality
unimpaired, so that they will germinate as
speedily as possible when sown.
There are many seeds which ripen during
late summer and in the fall, wh'ich cannot
very well be kept during winter without
more or less deterioration. Some, such' as
the silver maple, red maple, elm, and poplar,
ripen early and will not keep well; these
'should be sown as soon as ripe, and they will
probably grow to good sized plants before the
growing season ends. Silver maples may bo
bad from three to four feet high by Decem
ber from seeds sown the preceding June.
Among those which do best when sown in
the fall, or immediately after they are ripe,
are the seeds of tbe peach, cherry, sweet
chestnut, hazlenut, walnut, hickory, oak,
horse chestnut, beech, linden, Kentucky
coffee tree, honey locust, persimmon, Judas
tree, hackberry, yellow locust, osago orange,
If these cannot be sown in the fall they
may be kept over until spring by mixing
them with sand, or dry earth of any kind,
and kept in a cool place, such as an open
shed or a well-ventilated, cold cellar; if kept
in a warm place they will not be in such
good condition in spring as when kept quite
cold and slightly moist. Sometimes acorns
and the various lands of nuts will keep in
fine condition by spreading them thickly on
the surface of the ground iu the open air, and
covering them over with four to six inchesl
of earth or sand.
Small seecis, and those that are light and
chaffy, such as seeds of the alder, birch, syca
more, catalpa, paulownia, ailanthus, tulip
tree, and mulberry, as also some of the later
ripening winged seeds, as the sugar maple,
negundo, and the various species of ash,
should bo gathered when ripe and spread
thinly in an airy situation to partially dry,
after which they can be stored in coarse
bags and kept in a cool, airy room until re
quired for sowing in spring. Larch, pine,
and generally seeds of all coniferous plants,
should be kept in a similar manner during
To succeed in raising healthy plants with
a good root system, it is essentially necessary
that the seeds should bo sown in deeply-,
worked, light, loamy soils. Clayey soils are
not to be selected, as they too readily harden
on the surface and form an impervious crust
so far as relates to the pushing powers of tho
young germs. "Where no other soil is avail
able except a clay we have seen good results
attained by covering tho seeds with sand;
there is nothing in a clay soil to prevent
growth when once tho young plants show
themselves above tho surface. The soil
should not only bo deeply worked, but it
should also be made as rich and fertile as
possible. In general there is altogether too
little account made of this primary require
ment, and very many of the failures in first
attempts in the cultivation of specialties,
such as that of raising trees from seeds, may
be clearly traced to carelessness in the selec
tion, preparation, and enrichment of the soil.
To be continued.
Johnson Grass. This is a
jo a Syrian grass which is botanieally Sor
ghum Ilalajxmsc. It has also many synonyms
in the Southern Slates, such as Cuba grass,
Means grass, Green Valley grass, aud Egyp
tian grass. This is a strong, rapid growing
perennial grass, which is becoming quite
popular in the Southern States, where it
nourishes well and stands the dry, hot
weather better than any other grass of equal
value for forage. Like most other kinds of
strong growing grasses, thig has to bo ueed
while it is young and before tho stems be
come hard and woody. If cut for soiling
puposcs several heavy cuttings can bo
made during the season ; with good soil and
reasonable rains it will afford a good cutting
once a month during the summer. "When to
be made into hay it should be cut just as it
begins to flower, when is is said to make
good, nutritious hay, which is greedily eaten
by animals. An objection has been made
to this grass that it is difficult to eradicate
when once it takes possession of a field.
Every portion of root grows; hence no mere
surface scratching with a plow will kill it;
in fact this kind of culturo helps its growth,
but a thorough deep plowing in August or
September will turn up tho roots to the sun
aud destoy them; at the same time they
enrich the land equal, if not better, than
plowing down the best kind of clover sod.
Mr. Herbert Post, Marion Junction, Dallas
county, Alabama, having proved the great
value of this
gras3, is now introducing the
seed as a marketable product.
Preparing Land for Wheat. There
must absolutely be a well-drained, deep,
porous, warm subsoil to tho depth of at least
two feet, with no stagnant water, in order
that air and moisture may freely circulato
through all parts of the earth to that depth,
which will also allow the plant roots to ruu
down and spread out easily for their neces
sary nourishment. "Where the land is
naturally of a loose texture, as gravel and
sand, to a goodly depth, or with a gravelly
subsoil, the artificial drainage is less needed.
Deep cultivation by the subsoil plow is
absolutely necessary to the depth of at least
twelvo to fifteen inches, according to the
nature of the land whether porous or
tenacious and hard so as to enable the soil to
retain moisture in a dry time audio allow
an excess to pass off readily in a wet season,
as well as to allow the roots to have easy,
wide range. Deep cultivation is, therefore,
equally beneficial against the effects of
drought as against the drowning of the
plants; being loose and mellow to a goodly
depth moisture from below can freely rise
to the surface when the weather is dry and
hot, and heavy rains can readily sink down
when they form surplus water on the sur
face. This operation does not require the
raw subsoil to be brought to the top. Most
of the advantages of subsoil plowing and
deep cultivation will be lost or not realized
and even injury be done if the land be not
also well under-drained to a considerable
depth two feet at least because the depp
plowing makes a basin of the laud so plowed,
where surplus water will settle aud remain
staguant unless there are sufficient drains
at a lower depth than the plowing to freely
carry off all excess of water, lint the
drainage being ample, the laud cannot well
be broken too deeply for best results in
wheat growing. Let the subsoil plowing be
done so as not to bring much of the raw,
stiff under-earth to the top at first, and the
next year it will be first-rate soil for grain.
Wheat Culture, ly D. S. Curtiss.
India-rubber. It has been noted that
the sources of india-rubber are increasing
instead of the supply becoming exhausted.
Recently a now source has been discovered
in a species of Manihot in the East Indies,
which is said to bo of tho finest commercial
quality. This plant is closely allied to the
Cassava plant, cultivated for its starch in
Florida. Th o present great sunnlyf, rubber
is obtained from Central and South America.-
Watermelon Hind. Watermelons are
not "canned," neither can they bo success
fully desiccated. They must be eaten from
tho rind, the cooler tho better. Tho rind is
of little value. A little of it is used for
throwing on tho sidewalk to imperil the
limbs of pedestrians, and for this purpose t
is fairly successful. Some of it is eaten,
although it is as indigestiblo a substance as
may be found. Some cut it up and palm it
"off as "citron" in sweet preserves. It is
chopped up, soaked in mustard aud vinegar
mixed with other odds and ends of green
vegetables, and appears in cheap restaurants
as "chow-chow." Again, it is cut into
proper forms, boiled in syrup, seasoned and
dried, and is sold at low prices as " candied
lemon." For this last-named deception very
large quantities of the smooth-skinned can
taloupe is also employed. A chemist in
Georgia has beon experimenting, and esti
mates that the 3-1,500 pounds of melon
which could bo grown on an acre of good
land wouM produce 7 per cent, of saccharine
matter, and from this 1,415 pounds of sugar
could be obtained, which, at ten cents per
pound, would realize $141.50 per acre. Per
haps something may yet be done in the way
of getting sugar from watermelons.
A' UAUUS Ul AJlli UlSJJAi" J. REE. IV IS
stated that the cedar apple is produced by a
1?.-r-.-..-.-.r. - . I m
species of fungus, which is the same that
causes the leaves of the applo and pear tree
to spot, turn yellow, and drop off prema
turely; it is said to bo tho samo that settles
on the ripening apples and causes moldy
spots, which results in the early decay of the
fruit When this was first suspected by
scientific men many doubts were expressed
as to its truth, but careful observation and
experiment seem to confirm its correctness.
It is now the opinion of close observers that
the fungus of tho cedar apple will settle on
the leaves of both the apple and pear trees,
and cause their early decay."
We take tho above extract from a recent
communication to a rural paper. It cer
tainly requires a strong imagination to trace
any connection between cedar fungus and
the dropping of the apple lcave3. State
ments of the above character are usually
attributed to "scientific men" and "close
observers" by the writers, but authorities
are not given, and we are prone to believe
that the writers of tho articles are the only
"scientific men" and "close observers" in
the case, and that these terms are used for
the purpose of imparting a pedantic effect to
It is possible that the climatic conditions
which favor the fungus growth on tho cedar
may be equally favorable to the growth of
fungus on applo and pear leaves; but that
the cedar influences the apple leaves in any
degree seems very unlikely indeed.
The writer of tho extract hints to the
ultimate necessity of cutting away the cedar
trees to guard apple orchards from injury.
Between professors of forestry, who advocate
planting trees on half of a farm area in order
to protect tho crops on the other half from
droughts, and scientific men and close ob
servers who advise cutting down evergreen
trees to save apples from molding, the stu
dent of rural economics must bo sorely per
plexed. Glucose. In manufacturing glucose from
corn the process is, first," to separate the
starch irbm the. other constituents of the
grain -liy-simple' mVcfiamcal means; and
then, secondly, to act upon'the starch with
dilate sulphuric acid. When thick gelatin-
ous starch is boiled for a couple of hours
with this acid a curious transformation takes
place; the milky paste first changes to a
fluid as limpid as water, and as the change
advances this acquires a sweet taste, which
is masked by tho presence of the acid. If
wo now saturate the solution with some
earthy carbonate, marble dust for instance,
the acid is removed and a sweet solution
remains, which, after purification, may be
evaporated to a sirupy liquid, or, by still fur
ther manipulation, converted into a white
solid, which is grape sugar.
This is the whole process of making sugar
out of corn, and it is simple enough. In
this chemical transformation nothing is ab
sorbed from the air, and no other substances
but dextrine and grape sugar are generated,
and the weight of tho sugar exceeds that of
tho starch employed. What is still ( more
wonderful, the acid used undergoes neither
change nor diminution; it is all withdrawn
in its original amount after the boiling is
completed. If it could be drawn in its clear,
uu combined state, one carboy of oil of vitriol
would serve to change all the corn grown in
tho United Slates into grape sugar. Theo
retical one pound of corn ought to malic a
pound of solid glucose; but in practice it
does not quite do thi3. The cost of solid
glucose to a large manufacturer cannot ex
ceed three cents a pound, and it may fall
considerably below tiiis.
Glucose is a cheap, imperfect substitute
for the genuiue sugar of commerce. It is
not a poison when well made, and as regards
healthfnlness it may not bo much more
deleterious than ordinary cane sugar. Still
it does produce and aggravate dyspeptic
symptoms ; and by its proneness to set up
fermentative processes its use causes flat
ulency and painful affections of the bowels.
What becomes of the millions of pounds
of glucose manufactured every month? It
is used mostly as an adulterant in the man
ufacture of table sirups, and in adulterating
the dark, moist sugars used largely by the
poor. Its next largest use is in the manu
facture of candies. All soft candies, waxes,
tallies, caramels, chocolates, &c, are made of
glucose. Children arc therefore largo con
sumers of this substance. The honey bees
also arc fond, of it, and will carry it away by
the ton, if placed within their reach. The
honey made from it is no better than the
pure glucose, as it is stowed away in the
comb without change. The beautiful clear
white sirups found on our breakfast tables,
and used as an agrceablo adjunct to our
waffles and buckwheats, aro largely composed
of glucose. A mixture of true sugarhouse
sirup with glucose sirup, in proportion to
five or ten per cent, of the former to ninety
or nincly-fivo per cent of the latter, consti
tutes tho " maple drip " of the grocers. Dr.
James J!. Nichols.
The Mahogany Tree. A correspond
ent writes us to inform him where seeds of
the West India mahogany tree can be .pro
cured in quantities, as ho desires to start a
plantation in lower Virginia, having seen it
mentioned in an agricultural paper that
these trees flourish well in Northampton
county on tho 'eastern shoro of this State,
where they blossom and perfect their seed,
and also sucker profusely, so as, ty give
plenty of young plants.
It is a mistake to suppose that the ma-.
hogany tree will grow anywhere in Virginia; '
is it therefore unnecessary to make inquiry
as to the procuring of seeds or plants for( use
in any of the States, except, possibty, ,jn
southern Florida. ...
Bran as Food. An eminent physician,
writing on tho subject of wheaten flour aud
bread, says : " The outer layer or coarse bran
is tho least nutritious, and as the exterior is
covered with a layer of silica, it is so far in
digestible, and remains as a foreign body in
the bowels, setting up irritation or diarrhcea.
Ilcnce its nutritive value iu this form is
limited to the starch and gluten which lie
on its inner side; but if it irritates the
bowel it may be removed before these have
been digested, and in its removal carry away
other nutritive material, and rather lessen
than increase nutrition. This laxative
quality may be medicinal, but it is not nu
tritions, and may be more useful in ono form
than in another. That it can directly add
to nutrition is impossible, and while it may
be very useful to those who aro well fed and
need a laxatire, it may bo worse than ttseless
to the ill-fed, who need nourishment."
Vegetable Wax. The wax of plants
does not appear to bo a simplo coating on
the surface, and to form a continuous layer,
as though laid on with a brush. It is found
to be a dense forest of minute hairs of wax,
each having one end on the erriderinis, the
other either rising straight up or rolled and
curled amongst its neighbors. This matting
of the waxen hairs is often sufficiently dense
to give the surface, when viewed by the
microscope, the appearance of a continuous
layer, though a good section of the leaf or
skin of the plant indicates its structure.
Not tho slightest trace of wax can be dis
covered in the contents of vegetable cells.
The locality in which wax is detected is the
cuticle, and tho cuticularised elements of the
Suade in Pastures. During the last
week or two there have been some hot days.
We have felt time and again as Ave have been
among the cattle, feeding steers, milch cows
and young cattle that the men who teach
and practice that it is a positive disadvan
tage to have shade in the pasture arc guilty
of gieat cruelty. Oftentimes this cruelty is
unsuspected, but tho animals suffer none the
less. The claim that tho cattle will lie or
stand in tho shade when they should be eat
ing, can only havo force in the rase of poor
pastures. Where there 13 full feed the animal
does not need to eat certainly more than
twelve hours out of the twenty-four. It
needs time lor rumination and digestion.
No harm comes if the cattle do quietly lie
in the shade most of tho time from nine in
tho morning until five in tho afternoon.
They will enjoy the food more in tho even
ing and early morning.
We know that cattle will do well often
times very well without shade; so they
often do well in tho winter without shelter
but shade in the Mimmcr aud shelter in the
winter are more humane, and usually sources
of direct profit.
On some farms a mistaken policy prevails
of keeping the milch cows in a dry lot dur
ing tho night. Some time is saved, perhaps
but the cows lose tho bes time for fcediii"
in hot weather. Breeder's Gazelle.
Milk Diet. If any one wishes to grow
fleshy, a pint of milk taken on retiring at
night will soon cover tho scrawniest bones.
t Although ye acq a good many fleshy poisons
nowadays, there arc lean and lank ones, who
sigh for the fashionable measuro of plump
ness, and who would be vastly improved in
health and appearance, could their figures
be rounded with good, solid flesh. Nothing
is more coveted by a thin woman than a full
figure, and nothing will so raise tho ire and
provoke the scandal of the "clipper built"
as the consciousness of plumpness in a rival.
In case of a fever or summer complaint, milk
is now given with excellent results. The
idea that milk is feverish has exploded, and
isnow tho physician's great reliance in
bringing through typhoid patients and
those in too low a state to be nourished by
solid food. It is a mistake to scrimp the
milk pitcher. Take more milk, and buy less
meal. Look to your milk man ; have large
sized, well-filled milk pitchers on the table
each meal, and you will have sound flesh
aud save doctors' bills.
Rheumatism. When a horse falls lame
at uncertain and irregular intervals, aud
suddenly recovers and as suddenly falls lame
again, it indicates that the cause is rheuma
tism. Rheumatism is a form of inflammation
arising from a disordered and usually acid
state of the blood, and attacks tho fibrous
structures, tho muscles and tendons of the
body. It is frequently constitutional and
hereditary, and shifts from place to place
without warning and very suddenly, and it
may as rapidly disappear by warmth, the
heat of the sun, or a change of weather,
rainy, warm weather being favorable. Indi
gestion will cause it to appear, or a cold, or
even exposure to a slight change of tempera
ture. The most effective remedy is alkaline
salts, as acetate of potassa or hyposulphate
of soda, given in one ounce dose3 and con
tinued for a week or two. Local applica
tions of hot fomentations to the limb affected
or of stimulating liniment will bo useful.
No corn should be given, and soft mashes of
bran or oats and linseed should form tho
bulk of the food.
Lumber from Straw. The vast con
sumption of lumber in this country, and the
consequent rapid depletion of the supply of
timber, gives great interest to a process, now
in successful operation, of making lumber
from wheat straw. Boards an inch thick arc
manufaclured, Avhich can be colored to re
semble accurately any real lumber. It is
said to be cheaper and more durable than
natural wood, and will hold as well. It may
be finished with varnish or paint, and is sus
ceptible of a high polish; it is water and
practically fire proof, being manufactured
under five hundred degrees of heat, and is
said to have been boiled for successive hours
without any apparent change of structure.
Its tensile strength is greater than that of
walnut or oak, and its weight about one
filth greater than the former when dry.
Two thousand square feet of this material
can be manufactured from a ton of straw.
Ninety-three thousand acres of land have
been planted with trees in Kansas under a
ut l.-uv relating to arboriculture. This is
done, to fuprtly wood to the future generation,
and, if poible, to increase tho moisture of
Mho-atmosphere. This example ought to be
followed very' extensively, for, since the
country was settled, tho waste of woodlands
has been onormous. Immense sections of
tho earth's surface are barren to-day, because
of tho removal of the ancieut forests, and the
droughts and freshets of this country are in
a great part due to the same cause. Every
farmer and land-owner should regard it as a
duty ho owes to his country and posterity to
plant more trees than ho cuts down. Then
every municipality, every State, and the
Nation should combine to encourage tree
growing, and to check the reckless cutting
down of wood.
HOW TO SAVE THE CROPS.
Rainy weather during harvesting has al
ways been the dread of tho farmer. Un
timely summer rains havo done literally
incalculable damage since agriculture was
first practiced as an art. Mr. R. Neilson, of
Halewood, near Liverpool, has invented a
method which, it is said, will savo the
grain amPf-rass crops no matter how wet the
weather. It is tho heating of the' stack
which causes 1 he mischief, and this ho pre
vents by a simple device. Tho slack is
made so as to leave a largo hollow space in
the centre, the lower end of which is con
nected with the outer air by a pipe. Tho
end of this tube is connected with au ex
haust pan, which draws out the hot air, and
reduces the temperature of tho stack, A
thermometer is used to gaugo tho tompera
ture. Mr. Neilson's invention, will, it is be
lieved, save tho farming-class millions of
money every year.
How Inilciieiiileiit Fortunes Ifrno Been Acquired iu
a SI115I0 Season.
With the preseut high prices of beef, and
tho cow literally jumping over tho moon,
Wyoming cattle men aro reapiug a rich har
vest, and many of them will make almost
independent fortunes this summer. Tho riso
has been so rapid, and transfers aro made so
easily, that large transactions are made every
day in which tho buyer docs not see a hoof
of his purchase, and very likely decs not
actually use more than one-half tho purchase
money in the trade before he has sold and
made an enormous margin in the deal. A
year ago a Laramie plains cattle man Avas
offered a lare Utah herd and ranch for 70,
000, Avhich ofl'er Avas accepted at the moment,
but later rejected. Sinco that tho Utah man
sold $-15,000 worth of the herd, then sold the
ranch for $1,500, afterward put $0,000 more
into the bunch, and last Aveek sold it for
$110,000. In other words, the Utah man is
to-day ahead over $110,000 because his last
year's offer Avas not accepted.
Several years ago ono of the moat promi
nent cattle men in Wyoming, who can to
day easily command 1,000,(100 for a cattle
trade without impairing his business, came
to Boston to negotiate a loan with Massa
chusetts capitalists. Ho met au old man
Avho know more about cent, por cent, than he
did about Wyoming and Colorado cattle,
and began to talk business. He said that ho
Avas making largo profits on his present in
Arostiuuifs, and, therefore, he wanted to put
more capital into the busincss,-very natu
rally, to incrcaso his income. Mr. Money
bags asked whsit security would bo given ?
" I would secure the loan by mortgage on
my herd, sir."
" Where aro your cattle? "
" Some in Wyoming, some in Nebraska,
and some in Colorado."
"How much land havo you under fence? "
" How much land do you own ? "
"Not a foot."
"Whose land does your stock graze on?"
" Government land."
"How often do you see your cattle?"
" Once a year."
"Don't you have a herder with them?"
" No, sir."
" Well, young man, I would as soon loan
yon money on the herring in Boston har
bor." A Cheyenne man who don't pretend to
know a maverick from a mandamus, has
made a neat little margin of 15,000 this
summer in small transactions, and hasn't
seen a cow yet that he has bought and sold.
Cheyenne is wild over the markot, and Six
teenth street is a young Wall street. Mil
lions are talked of as lightly as nickels, and
all kinds of people in all professions are dab
bling in steers. The chief justice of tho su
preme court has recently succumbed to the
contagious excitement and gone to purchaso
a $-10,000 herd. Everywhere the excitement
is as bad as it eve was in mining stocks in
the old palmy days of Coras tock. How long
this thing will continue is a matter of pure
speculation. Whether the laboring classes
of the " States " will eat porter-house steaks
when they taste like a Government bond, or
quit all at once and knock the bottom out of
the Chicago market, no man knows to a dead
moral certainty. Boston Herald.
Mock Duck. Take a round steak; make
stuffing as for turkey, spread tho stuffing on
the stoak, roll it up and tie it ; roast from half
to three-quarters of an honr.
Whortleberry Pudding. One quart
of berries, one pint of molasses, one cup of
milk, a teaspoonful of soda, ono pound and
tAvo ounces of flour, one teaspoonful of
cloves, one of cinnamon, and one nutmeg ;
boil two and a half hours. Serve with but
Chicken and Lettuce Salad. Chop
fine one chicken cooked tender, season with
salt and pepper to taste, Avarm enough good
cider vinegar to moisten the chicken, pour
over and let stand to cool. Prepare a dish
of nice white crisp lettuce, put the chicken
in the centre, and over all pour a mayon
Chicken Soup. In boiling chickens for
salads, etc., tho broth (Avator in Avhich they
are boiled) may be usod for soup. When
the chickens are to be served Avhole, stuffy
and tie in a cloth. To the broth add rice
and one thinly sliced onion. Boil thirty
minutes, season with salt and pepper, add
one well-beaten egg and serve.
Pet Pound Cake. Beat one pound of
butter and one pound of sugar to a cream,
whisk ten eggs to a high froth, and add one
and a half pounds of flour, one Avineglass of
brandy, half a nutmeg, ono teaspoonful of
vanilla; beat all until light and creamy. Put
into a tin pan Avith buttered paper and
bake in a moderate oven one and a half
To Keep Cheese Moist. Many house
keepers complain that their cheese becomes
dry, and some use a kind of bell-glass to
put their cheese in. A very simple, expe
dient Avill keep cheese in the best condition.
Take a ligen cloth, or cheese cloth, dip it in
Aviiite Avine, squeeze out excess of wino and
Avrap up the cheese in it. By doing this the
cheese is not only kept moist but its flavor
Bonny Clabber. This dish is in per
fection in the summer, when milk sours and
thickens very quickly. It should be very
cold when served. A nice way is to pour
the milk before it has thickened into a glass
dish, and when thick set on ice for an hour
or two, and it is ready to serve, and is really
a very pretty addition to a luncheon or
supper table. Serve in desert plates with
sugar and cream.
Sir Watkin Wynn's Pudding. Four
ounces of ground rice, a half-pound of suet,
a half-pound of bread-crumbs, four yolks
and two Avhites of eggs, four tablespoonfuls
of orange marmalade; mix well together
the day before using. Put in a well-buttered
mould that will just hold a quart, taking
care to beat it up avcII just before you
mould it, and do not press it tightly. Let
it boil four hours. Scrre Avith or without
Lemon Cheese Cakes. Take two ounces
of butter, tAvo eggs, three tablespoonfuls of
moist sugar, the grated rinds and juice of
two lemons, and two stale Savoy biscuits,
also finely grated. Mix all together, and then
simmer over tho fire for n few minutes in a
saucepan. Have ready some patty-pans
lined Avith puff-paste. Put a very small
quantity of tho mixture into each and bake
for fifteen or tAventy minutes in a rather
quick oven. This " quantity will make
about one dozen and a half cheese cakes.
Cream Biscuits. Delicious littlo cream
biscuits for afternoon tea are mado by
mixing solf-raising flour Avith cream, Avhich
roll into a thin, smooth paste; prick, cnt
and bako immediately. They should bo
kept dry in a close tin box. If tho flour is
not self-raising salt it lightly, and mix Avith
it a desertspoonful of baking powder.
Apple Souffle. Two tablespoonfuls of
rice, half pint of milk, two eggs, sugar, apples,
jelly. Boil the rice till soft in the milk, add
the yolk of the eggs and sugar to. taste ; make
a Avail of this round the side of your dish, fill
tho centre Avith nice stewed apples, Avhole;
having taken out tho cores, fill the aperture
with jelly and coA-er tho whole with the
Avhites of tho eggs beaten to a stiff froth, and
sprinkled thick Avith poAvdcred sugar; brown
it in tho oven, and serve Avith cream.
' A La Mode Beef in Rolls. Slices of
nuv beef, salt and pepper, cloves, tablespoon
ful of butler, tablcspoonful of flour. Cut
your beef from the round in slices not over
an inch thick, cut these in about four inch
squares, sprinkle Avith salt, pepper and a little
clove, roll these pieces tightly and tie Avith a
string, put in a pot with the butter or beef
drippings, when broAvn add the flour, stirring
it till it is all covered with tho flour, then add
Avater enough to cover it, half a cupful at a
time; stow till tho meat is tende;. This is
very nice Avhcn properly cooked.
Dinner Croquettes. Rice, tAvo eggs, tAvo
tnblespooufuls of butter, salt, and flour. Put
to soak for ono hour in cold Avater two cups
of rice, pour off the Aater and put the rice to
cook with plouty of water; when soft pour
off tho water, and let the rice dry a few min
utes ou the lire, then add the esgs Avollheaton,
then butter (melted), a pinch of aat, and flour
enough to form them. Jnto sbapoj-be careful
not to make th'.tpo-stifl'-then j;oal iu flour
and beaten egjrjastly in crauker crumbs,
and fry in hot lai;d or drippinga servo Avith
CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
in 1S65 I
Office, 015 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, I. C
P. O. Deawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or havo contracted any dis
ease, however slight the disability, apply at once.
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothere, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, arc entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving ofilcers and soldiers of this war,
whether in tho Military or Naval service of tho
United States, who served fourteen (II) days; or, it
In a battle or skirmish, for a ltt?s period, and tho
widows of such who have not remarried, arc en
titled to a pension of eight dollars month. Prool
of loyalty Is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws arc more liberal now than former
ly, and many aro now entitled to a higher rato
than they receive.
From and after January, 1S31, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase 01
pension, whore no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring tho increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who havo been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three year3, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment In an
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in the
service of the United States, and in the line ox
Survivors of all wars from 1790 to March 3, ia5,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War,
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary do
lay. Such claims cannot bo collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases is
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character Avill receive speci-xl at
tention, provided they were filed before .Tan:- v 1,
1SS0. If not tiled prior to that date ther are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the aboA-e we prosecute Mi.': i-y
and Naval claims of every description, procure J' -ents,
Trade-Marks, Copyrichts, attend to bu. :: -s
before the General Land Ouice and other Bur- 1 ,
of the Interior Department, and all the Depart
ments of the Government.
Wo Invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring thorn of the utmost promptitude, encrgv,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORG3 E. LEMON,
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, aa
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and Avidely known
throughout the United States:
IIOrSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
"Washington-, D. C, March -s, 1375.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
GeorokE. Lemok of this city. I cheerfullv com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that lmo gives him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRaWBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania
House op Rnrr.ESE:TATnE3,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S78.
We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain Geokge E. Lemon- for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which ho conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V, RICE. Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Pens.
W. P. SLEMON'S. M. C,
Second District ofArh
W. P. LYNDE: M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R. W. TOWNSHEXD, M. C.
Nineteenth District of m.
Citizens' National Bank,
Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, lri79.
Captain Geokge E. Lemon, attorney and agent
for the collection of warclaimsat Washington city,
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo.
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
4K)""Any person desiring information as to my
standing ami responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference iu his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
A. F. & A, H. R. A. M, & K. T.
Every Kusty lUssson Neods Them.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco aud
gilt, for ?2. Other books, goods, etc.
Send for catalogue to
MASONIC HOOK AGENCY.
Iy35 145 Broadwav. New YnrTc.
Mention this paper.
Chills and Fever and Billious Attacks Positively
Cured by EMORY'S STANDARD CUKE PILLS.
Never fall to cure the worst case. Picoartnt to take.
No griping or bad effects. Prescribed bv physi
cians, and sold by druggists everywhere for 25 ceuta
aboz, or by mail.
STANDARD CURE CO.,
2Gt35 111 Nassau St., New York.
Mention this paper.
A GENTS WANTED. The grandest scheme
-"of a lifetime; profits larger than lun'e ever
boon made by agents at any business; adnpted
for any condition of life; old and young, mar
ried and single, all make money faster th n
ever betoro. Business strictly honorable; no
competition; no capital required. Seize this
golden chance Avithout delay. Send yonr ad
dress on postal to-day for full particulars.
Address GEO. Dn LAEA, 757 Broadway, New
EMORY'S LITTLE CAiflARTIC PILLS. No
family Should be without them. Pleasant to take,
no griping. Druggists sell thctu, or by mail for 15
contd a box, in postage stamps. Standard Cure
Co., 114 Nassau-street, New York. Iy3t
Mention this paper.