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TiiiiiUiN: WAiSilliTOiN, D. 0., SATiJiUAl', sSlfiW-'liSALBJSB. 16, 188a.
eSrm and fireside.
Some Praclical Suggestions for Onr
In many portions of the United States the
fall is found to bo the best time to plant
trees of all docidrious kinds. In the .South
ern State especially, and in nil districts
wkoro thv frost; of winter aro not sovere,
fall planting is generally preferred, and oven
in the Middle, States ninny of the most ex
perienced planters prefer that season. If we
were asked to depilate the time at which
a deciduous tree could be removed aud re
ployted,' aud receive the least amount of
injury from the operation, we would say in
Jail, at the time when tlie leaves begin to
change color. Trees removed at that time,
taking care to strip the leaves off just h?fore
commencing to dig, if operated upon with
ordinary .care, will scarcely show any evi
dence of having been disturbed when growth
commences in spring. This is the proper
lime to remove extra large trees, which is
sometimes done to secure immediate scenic
effect in new grounds, or in connection with
iiw buildings, r.nd which is sometimes ad
visable, althoogh not always rosulting satis
factorily in the end, as a young healthy tree
planted in a properly prepared hole in good
soil will mostly prove to be the largest tree
ton years after planting, as compared with a
removed tree of ten to fifteen years old at
the time of transplanting.
One of the best reasons for the success of
fall planting is the particularly favorable
peculiarities in the relative conditions of the
soil and'the atmosphere at that season. The
soil is warmer than the atmosphere for sev
eral weeks after the 1st. of October, so that
the growth of roots is favored and new root
system becomes established and is in active
operation before winter ; thus the plant is
enabled to withstand the rigors of ordinary
winters without suffering any drawback,
and when spring arrives it, starts into vigor
ous growth at once. Another favorable cir
cumstance connected with fall planting is
the low atmospheric temperature which lisu
olly prevails at that sca'ton and which effect
ually prevent :wy tendency to growth by
the buds, so that tho plant is not exhausted
from furnishing moisture for evaporation by
the leaves. These relntive conditions of
temperature of air and soil are precisely
similar to tha-a which propagators aim to
procure by artificial means in tho propaga
tion of plants by cuttiu cs; these form roots
with most certainty when tho soil in which
they are inserted is maintained at a higher
temperature than the nir which surrounds
them ; in other words, the soil is warm and
the air above them is cool, which encourages
and stimulates tho formation of roots in the
warm, soil, while the low temperature of the
air-prevents growth by the buds, and the
juices in the cutting are available for root
formation, instead of becoming exhausted in
the formation of leaves, which wonld then
speedily shrivel the cutting through evapo
ration, and no root could then be formed.
A tree which has been carefully lifted with
the greater portion of its roots is many de
grees better than a cutting, bat it is not
unusual to find trees, oven from nurseries,
whose roots have been so mutilated that
they axe hut little better than huge ccittincs,
and which can only live by being treated
somewhat similar to cuttings. The advan
tages, therefore, that ore presented for such
trees when planted at a time when the
heat conditions naturally exiet for root for
mation are so apparent as to readily ac
count for the usual success of fall-planted
But in order to secure these favorable con
ditions, tfoe operation of transplanting must
not be too long delayed. October is the Ixjst
mouth for the greater portion of the country
embraced in the Northern and Middle States ;
in mors southern regions the month of No
vember will not btf too late. The best
period, is undoubtedly as soon as the leaves
change color, stripping off the foliage before
removing the trees.
In northern latitudes, where the win
ters commence early and continue long
and severe, fall planting will not so gener
ally be successful as in more temper
ate regions where tho weather continues
mild until the middle or end of December ;
hut even in somewhat rigorous climates, if
the trees are removed as early as recom
mended, a notable amount of root growth
will be made before severe freezing takes
place; something will also le gained by
covering the roots with a thin covering of
manure from the barn-yard or a sprinkling
of leaves from the woods, which will tend to
retain heat in th.e soil and prevent freezing
of the surface by the occasional frosts of early
H. M. Engle, of Marietta, Pa., states in the
Gardener's Monthly that ho has fruited this
season twenty-six varieties of peaches
claimed to be from one to three weeks ear
lier than Kale's. He has settled down to
the firm conclusion that there is not three
days', difference in time of ripening of the
following varieties, viz : Amsden, Alexander,
"Wilder, Mnsser, Bowers' Early, Baker's Early,
Alpha, Gov. Garland, Slierfey's Early, Nectar,
Early Canada, Waterloo, Downing, Saunders,
Cumberland, Honeywell, Climax, Briggs'
May, and a seedling of his own, known as
No. 4. All the above named varieties are
just over, while Early Beatrice, Louisa, aud
Early PJvers are just coming in. Ho picked
the first ripe peaches about 22d of July,
while two years ago the first were ripe abont
20th of June. Early Surprise is just coloring
and will ripen about with Halo's. Early
P.osc and Early Lydia quite green. Plater's
St. John, said to be the earliest yellow peach,
will ripen, ho thinks, with. Troth. Jn testing
these;, varieties he had fixed on several as
earliest, but finds that comparative earlincss
varies with same varieties, on the same
ground, and with tho samo trees, in different
EFFECTS OF CULTIVATION ON MOISTURE IS
It is well known that stirring tho surface
of the ground, so as to maintain it in a loose
condition, favors the retention of water by
preventing surface evaporation, so that, dur
ing severe drouths, crop3 on land which is
kept wpll cultivated will suffer less than
those on lands which are undisturbed. For
the purpose of offering numerical values
which shall express the influence of cultiva
tion, the following experiment has been
made by Dr. Sturtevaut, the efficient director
of tho New York Agricultural Experiment
Station : Oak boxes of one cubic foot capacity
were made of half-inch stuff, and thoroughly
soaked with oil. Tho bottoms being removed,
tho frame was forced down into tho earth in
the corn-field, ami the bottoms afterwards
'pus in position. The surface of the earth in
one box was left undisturbed, while the sur
faces of the two boxes wore kept cultivated.
By weighing these boxes the gain or loss in
weight is assumed to measure the evapora
tion which has token place from each. Prom
July 26th to August 1st, six days, the culti
vated soil evaporated at the rate of 906 gal
Jons per acre less than the undisturbed soil,
or less 151 gallons daily per acre. From
.August 1st to August 10th, nine days, the
cultivated soil evaporated 2,307 gallons per
acre less than did the undisturbed soil, or
less 2G3 gallons daily per acre. During the
whol j period from JulySGth to August 10th,
fifteen days, the saving of water effected
through cultivation figured np 212 gallons
daily per acre ; or, expressing these fads in
another form, the undisturbed soil lo5t, per
acre, from July 26th to August 10th, 4,243
gallons, the cnltivatod soil 1,000 gallons. ,
AN OLD VINEYARD.
The oldest vineyard in California is the
San Jose vineyard, situated under the moun
tains, in Santa Barbara county, between
Goleta aud San Marcos Pass. It was the
property of the Catholic Church until 1853,
when it was sold by the archbishop of tho Los
Angelos diocese to an eccentric old pioneer
named James McCaffrey, who, with his two
sons, now manage the old vines, producing
annually about 8,000 gallons of the best
vintage. One of the strangest things to be
mentioned concerning thiB ancient vineyard
is this: It ha3 not been plowed or cultivated
for tlririy years. It produces a good crop of
wild oats for hay, year after year, but no
plow is permitted to distort) tho soil. Tho
old man declines to explain how he never
fails to havo a full crop while his noighbors
have none. Here, upon the sides of an an
cient adobe building, is a vine, which, start
ing near tho door, divides and sends a branch
in opposite directions, and, after making a
circuit of tho building, more than 100 feet,
both ends have been grafted together, forming
a complete hoop around the building.
TEA IN FLORIDA.
Tho Lake City Reporter says : "We havo been
drinking for a week past tea raised by Rev.
Mr. Fife, of our county. It was prepared by
that gentleman from thisseason's growth. To
say that the beverage is delicious, and very
different from the stuff we buy for tea, is
stating a simple fact. There is no compari
son between tho two ; those using tho home
tea will never desire to draw tea from the
manipulated mass Ave purchase for that
SEED WHEAT TO THE ACIIE.
Prof. McBryde, of the University of Ten
nessee, when he began his experiments to
ascertain the best amount of seed wheat to
the acre, was prejudiced in favor of thin
seeding. His careful experiments the most
careful and intelligently conducted experi
ments of any we are conversant with show
during the two years they have been con
ducted, that one and three-fourths bushels
produce tho heaviest yiolds. The Rural New
Yorker, after a scries of experiments on its
farm, says that from one and one-half to one
and three-fourths bushels per aero will pro
duce the heaviest yield of grain.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
In future we propose to devote a portion of
our columns to answeriug questions, as we
consider this to lo a more satisfactory and
useful method than that of writing personal
letters. "We hope that the readers of TriE
National Tjiibuxe will avail themselves
of this method of receiving and imparting
knowledge. Questions pertaining to rural
affairs will be answered as far as practicable.
Where did the Fultz wheat originate? I
have heard, or seen it stated that it was
originally imported by the Agricultural
Department from some European country.
If this is true, would it not be well to
look for other good varieties in tho same
quarter; we have no wheat which gives
us so much satisfaction as tho Fultz.
A. J. Barnct, Ohio. Ann. : The alleged
history of this wheat is that it was first
grown by Mr. Abraham Fultz, of Mifflin
county, Pa., and that it originated from a
few heads of smooth wheat which ho dis
covered in a field of tho Lancaster red va
riety. From theso heads ho continued to
increase his stock; its proliflcness and value
being known to tho Hon. Fred. Watts, Com
missioner of Agriculture, he distributed it
largely during tho year 1871, and for several
succeeding years, and it has proved to be
one of the most valuable distributions
which has been made by tho Government?
P. J. R., Bucks county, Pa., writes: You
advise white-washing tho stems and limbs
of froit trees; a neighbor of mino warns
mo that it will obstruct the breathing pores
of the tree and injure it. now about this?
A-ns.: Trees do not have breathing pores in
their stems, or breathe through the bark,
therefore no application can harm them on
that account. But if whitewashing killed
trees, do you suppose that we would recom
mend its application? Wo make no un
qualified recommendations, unless upon
practical observation and personal knowl
edge. What is crimson clover? Is it different
from our common clover, or only another
name for the same plant? C. C, Chester
county, Pa. Aug.: Crimson clover is an
annual plant, is quite distinct from the com
mon red clovor, and has long heads of bril
liant crimson flowers, hence tho name. Bo
tanically it is Trifolium incarnatum. It is
only valuable as an intermediate summer
crop, and not of much value even for that in
I havo not been very fortunate in pre
serving onion sets over winter ; I keep them
on a shelf in my cellar, which is not heated
in any way, but no frost enters. Tho sets
will sprout during winter. C. S., Missouri.
Ans.: A good way to keep onion sets is to
bang them up in a dry room, free from frost,
in net bags holding a peck or two. A dry
air is essential to their keeping in right
J. S. L.', a Mississippi reader, wishes to
know if the Ramie plant can be profitably
cultivated in that State. In answer wo
would state that there is no doubt about the
culture of tho plant, hut the profit will de
pend upon the market demand for tho- fiber,
upon which we aro not advised.
A lady, writing from West Virginia, asks
5f tho bilk made by worms fed. on osage
orange leaves is as marketable as that made
from leaves of the white mulberry ; to which
we reply we have seen it stated that the
JJaun.es is-equally aagoodas tho latter.
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About "Woman's Work Above
ami Below Stairs.
For our household column, which will
hereafter be a regular feature of The Na
tional Tkibune, wo have chosen the
familiar title of "Home, Sweet Home." As
James Howard Payne (poor fellow he died
in a foreign land!) says in those immortal
lines of his, "bo it ever so humble, there's
no place like home;" and to make the
homes of our soldiers happy, bright and
restful, is one of the objects of The Na
tional Tkibune. In this colnmn vre
shall havo something to say, from time to
time, upon nearly all questions that arise
in the household something, for instance,
alKint tho work of good housewives in the
kitchen, tho conservatory (for tho hum
blest home may boast a few potfl of fra
grant rases), the sewing-room and the
parlor. But we do not want to do all the
talking ourselves, aud we therefore ask the
wives and daughters of our soldiers to
send us any suggestions and hints and ideas
which they think will be of interest or
value to others. Every experienced matron
has some favorite dish, for tho making of
which she idono has the recipe. Will she
not send it to us? Every mother who is
familiar with the mysteries of the sewing
room will be willing, we hope, to give us her
advice. Every young maiden who lovos
flowers and knows how to tend them should
give us the benefit of her knowledge.
Every practical housewife should help us
to instruct our readers in the art of house
hold decoration. In this way we can all do
a little towards making the homes of our
beloved veterans beautiful to tho eye and
cheering to the heart.
the sevveng koom.
The summer fashions of 1882 havo been
distinguished not only for great variety, but
also for their beauty and adaptability to
diversified needs. If women do not now
wear convenient clothing, it is becauso they
caunot, or will not obtain it; there is noth
ing in fashion to prevent them from doing
so. One of the features has been tho almost
universal adoption of tho hip punier as a
drapery, or continuation of the over-dress,
and another, the extent to which white, in
its different tints, has been employed.
The seasonable fabrics havo been particu
larly well devised, and capable of simplo and
useful arrangement, with little expense save
tho first cost of material, this being so full
of dainty color and character. New shades
of blue, gray blue, "electric" blue, "old
cluna" blue, ami others, havo come to the
front, and been, so widely adopted that their
reign cannot bo a long one, though it has
undoubtedly been a popular c" r'
well called a holiday color; it ii
and cheerful, and usually puts
women sensitive to atmosphere, i i -humor.
Gray blue is used in vi ' .
egg bine, or old china blue, in !: . ., .' &r .
and the like, electric blue in ti.
beaded trimmings, and also in ) 'i
turtium yellow is anothor cole "-. .'. 4.
ionably used, also a light, clear vUc v
blue, and a deeper yollow with !; :
Dark browns, such as seal bro-. - l
brown, and others, have been ,?':
lighter ecriut, and tin Us in wh '
shnde of yellow, and which linn
wine-coloT, and maroon. The '
shades of pink have been re
associated with cream and mc
tho most elegant dresses wor
party at Saratoga was a fourreau of shrimp
pink brocade, with plaitings of exquisite lace
let into the seams at the bottom of the skirt,
a very full cascade of cream lace at tho
throat, and clustered loops of maroon velvet
at the aides of the plaited back, which was
cut with a small train.
Tho short dress has been universally worn,
and will continue to l)e tho voguo for street
costumes, for traveling, for toilets used for
dancing, and almost every purpose except
ceremonious dinner dresses. These cannot
lw short, but the trains are nearly always
plain, the front of tho dress displaying the
trimming, and aro often of very rich design
Hyacinths in glasses are an elegant and
appropriate ornamont to the drawing-room,
and for this purpose occasion little trouble.
The bulbs should bo largo and sound, and
should be placed in the glasses as early in
tho season as possiblo; do not let tho water
cover moro than tho base of tho bnlb; keep
them in the dark until their roots reach
nearly or quite to tho bottom of the glasses,
after which tho lightest position possible,
avoiding the direct rays of tho sun, should
be given them. The water in which they
grow should be changed two or three times
a week, and in severo weather the plants
must be romoved from the window to be
secure against frost.
A few dried grasses, ferns, wild vines, eta,
gathered for winter bouquets, give an added
pleasure, beside the beauty in themselves, in
serving as mementoes of. many a delightful
summer jaunt. Ferns aro best gathered in
August, yet September is not too late to give
very satisfactory results if aire is taken in
selecting them. Dry them between folds of
any soft newspaper or blotting paper under
pressure, the main object being to remove
all moisturo as soon as possiblo, and to do
this rapidly the paper should ho thick
enough to alraorb water freely, and must be
changed as often as they become damp.
A small herbarium of plants, some thirty
five centuries old, must be an object of con
siderable interest. Such a one, says Nature,
has recently been found by Dr. Schweinfurth,
from garlands found on tho breasts of mum
mies discovered last year at Deir el Bahari,
by MM. Brngsch and Maspcro. Two gar
lands on tho body of King Aames I consisted
of leaves of Egyptian willow (Salix safsaf )
folded twice, and sewed side by side along
a lminch of date-palm, so forming clasps for
separate flowers inserted in the folds.
The Lilium Candiduvt is nearly an ever
green bulb, and commences a growth early
in September, and upon which in a great
measure depends its flowering tho coming
season. If tho situation is favorable, and the
hidb is strong and healthy when planted, it
will, before the ground is hard frozen, make
a vigorous growth, and Its flowers the com
ing season will be proportionately numerous
The running blackberry vines, which havo
begun to put on their autumn tints, make
beautiful decorations. They are simply dried
between papers under a pressure, being care
ful that each leaf shall keep its natural
The Queen of Great Britain recently pur
chased three very beautifully designed tapes
try panels, which havo been worked upon
the looms of the royal tapestry factory at old
Whidsor. The subjects, each of which is
woven upon a gold silk ground, are aliegori
cal: ' Religion," being represented by h fig
ure of St. Agnes; "Honor," by that of
Richard Craur do Lion; and "Purity," by
Joan of Arc.
Miss Lena Gall, M. A., Professor of Greek
in the University of Des Moines, has been
elected to the same position in the Central
University of Iowa, at Polla. As a graduate
of the Iowa State University, her scholar
ship reflects great credit upon the institu
tion. A new college for women will be opened
in 1384, that of Bryn Ma wr, which is to be
established by the means of a bequest of
?900,000 from tho lf.te Dr. J. W. Taylor.
The college building, which is to bo known
as Taylor Hall, is already near completion.
Miss Mary Bcecher is forewoman in a de
partment containing two hundred girls in
the Naugatuck Rubber Shoe Company, and
although she is the only woman in ant hority
in this large establishment, her department
is admittedly the best conducted of any.
Miss Brad well, who was valedictorian of her
claes at the twenty-third annual commence
ment exercises of the Union College of Law
in Chicago, is famous as an athlete, and has
climbed every mountain worth climbing in
The John Wauaraaker prize for the best
essay on " Whot is the Best Way to Wait on
a Customer," has been awarded to Miss
Mary Brewer, of Philadelphia. The value of
tho prize is $50.
Miss Leila Robinson, of Boston, has token
advantage of the law recently passed by the
legislature admitting women to tho bar, and
has beeu sworn in as attorney-ot-law.
" I hope this is not counterfeit," said a
lover, as he toyed with his sweetheart's
hand. " The best way to find out is to ring
it," was the quick reply.
"Don't put in no muskeeter nettin' for
me," said Aunt Ihuinah. " I don't want to
breathe no strained air."
Two ladies have been elected members of
the Board of Education of Baraboo City,
There are now twenty-four high schools
for girls in and around London, England.
To make French Pudding Slice small
pieces, very thin, from your bread, enough
to fill a quart dish half full, buttering each
piece lightly beforo cutting. Lay them
loosely in the dish; sprinkloon one-half cup
of sugar and a little grated nutmeg; thon
:at ono quart milk; beat tho yolks of four
v- ;gs, add them just before boiling, and im-
. ediately pour over tho bread. Beat the
hites, add a little sugar, and spread them
.-er the pudding; set in the oven five min-
tes to brown lightly, and it is ready for the
ablo. This desert can be mado in twenty
linutes ready for use.
To make pickled peaches. Tako a gallon
. f good vinegar and add to it four pounds of
boil for a few minutes and removo
ny scum that may arise ; then toko cling-
. tone poaehes that are fully ripe, rub them
o get off the down, and stick three or four
:loves in each peach ; put thorn into a stone
ar, and pour the liquor, boiling hot, over
chem. Cover the jar closely, and set it in a
;ool place for a week or two ; then pour off
the liquor and boil it as before, after which
return it to the peaches, boiling hot, which
should be carefully covered and stored away
for future uso.
To rreaorv6 Crab Apple3 Select perfect
ones; pour boiling water over them, which
removes the skin ; lay them in water enough
to cover them ; let them simmer slowly until
soft; take them out and drain; make a clear
syrup, round for pound; boil them in it till
clear, lay them on dishes to cool, and place
them in jars; cook tho syrnp a littlo longer,
and pour it over tho apples when hot : seal.
To mako Apple Marmalado Tako any
kind of sour apples, pare and coro them ; cut
them in small pieces, and to every pound of
apples' put thvce-quartei'3 of a pound of
sugar; put them in a preserving-pan and
boil them over a slow fire until they aro re
duced to a fine pulp; thon put in jelly jars
and keep in a cool place.
To bako Cabbage Boil two firm white
cabbages fifteen minutes, changing the water
then for another from the boiling kettle.
Yrhon tender, drain and set aside until per
fectly cool. Chop fine, and add two beaten
eggs, a tablcspoonful of butter, pepper, salt,
three tablcspoonfuls rich milk or cream.
Stir all well.
To mako Anna's Cup Cake One-half cup
of butter; one-half cup of sweet milk;
two eggs; ono cup of sugar; two teaspoons
of baking powder; two cups of Hour. This
is always a success, and is equally good
whether baked as layer cake or in small
To make Potato Pie Skin some potatoes,
cut them in slices, and season them; also
some lamb, mutton, beef, or veal. Put lay
ers of them and then of the meat. Cover
with gravy Jind sliced tomato under a short
Lovo iiJfs Blpeilhig.
Sweet my muidents, weep with me,
For my knight so fitfr to ieo
In the orchard lieth slain.
I hnve kissed him as I used,
But his stubborn lips refuncd
To irivo back my kiss ngum.
Sun, y,nza well upon hinvthero:
Ho never looked nt you, I swenr,
For my faco was nil his sun.
Moon iu vain may cast her spell.
For tho witch that ruled him well
"Was myself no other one.
How long: is't since ho was slain?
2ro the night began to wane?
Or the red o'rmlod the gray?
Maidens, haste, for I am sure
My faint heart will not enduio
Dawning of anothor day.
Como, my maidens, weave his shroud;
Mnke it soft as any cloud
Mako it fair and sweet for him.
"Weave my tears in a.i yo go
lie will like it better so ;
I cannot see, my eyes aro dim.
And my kises, broideries
He will pndso, weave in likewise ;
Write his name with a golden hair,
"When the daylight groweth thin
Yo sliall lay us both therein;
Sweeter rest did never win
Knight-at-arms ad bulyJair.
THE RISING GENERATION.
Something for Our Young Folks to
"Read in Their Quiet Hours.
From St. Xicholss.
Many years ago, in a little village among
tho hill3, lived some children whose names
yon would know very well if you saw them
here; hut it wonld not do to make them
public, for, to tell the truth, some of them
havo not grown any older yet in heart, al
though their merry faces are wrinkled with
the smiles of age, and the tops of their heads
resemblo snow-drifts. As they lived long
before the iron horse had dug throngh the
mountain barriers, only ono of them had ever
seen a city. Ho had made a trip to Boston
on tho stage, starting before daylight, and
riding all the noxt day and night over the
route now travolod by the express train in a
few hours. The hero of this remarkable ex
pedition was named Joseph, and, like tho
" duncetfwho liave been to Pome," he seldom
failed to alludo in every possible manner to
his adventures abroad. So, when tho chil
dren met to discuss the project of giving a
theatrical performance in order to raise
money enough to buy a Thanksgiving tur
key for a poor widow, Joseph was, of course,
chosen manager, because he had seen a real
play at tho Museum.
" My friends," said the oracle, in his open
ing speech, "you will need a curtain, and a
place in which to hang it.
"My father will lot us use tho mill
chamber," said blue-eyed Katy, the miller's
daughter; " for the stream is so low that he
will not work there for a month, and there
are lots of lxards which we can use if wo do
not spoil them."
"Very well," said Joseph; "to-morrow
will be Saturday, and we will meet at the
mill to build the stage and east oorplay3;
so let us all bring any pieces of cloth we can
borrow, and as many play-books as possible."
So that bright afternoon sun, as it shono
cheerily through the chinks and cracks of
the mill-garret, lit up the bright faces of the
children who were proparing for the open
ing of their theatre. The boys first brought
np the boards and carefully piled them at
tho western end of tho room, until they had
formed a platform three feet high across one
end of the chamber, while the girls sewed
into three curtains tho motley strips of cloth
which they hod borrowed from their moth
ers' rag-bags the odd combinations of ma
terials and shades thus obtained producing
an effect very much like some of the gro
tesque draperies which the modern art
lovers profess to admire. The most showy
piece was chosen for the central ourtain,
upon the edge of which brass rings were
sewed. Tho lxys next stretched a wire
across the room at just the same distance
from the stage as tho height of the curtain,
on which the girls had strung the ring
beforo it was fastened in place. A post was
then put up at each side of the curtain, and
securely nailed to the stage and to the top
beams of the room, and the two other
pieces of cloth tacked, ono on each side, to
tho post and to the sides of the room. Two
other curtains were made, large enough to
fill the spaces from the posts to the back
of tho room, thus forming a dressing-room
on each side of tho stage, the entrances to
whicli wore mado by pushing away the
curtains at the front and rear corners, as re
quired. The only change of scene from
interior to exterior was made by pine-trees
fastened into wooden blocks, which could be
placed in various positions. Tho setting
sun lighted up the completed stage, and tho
busy children grouped themselves in restful
attitudes upon it, to select and cast the
play. Dramatic works had, at that time,
littlo place among the libraries of the
simple farm-folk, who wero content with
a Pilgrim's Progress," " Fox's Martys," and
the weekly visits of T7ie Ploughman. But
the lawyer's daughter, Annie, had brought
a volume of Shakespeare's plays, and golden
haired Mabel had her " Mother Goose," the
best and only play-book she had ever known.
"Shakespeare," said Joseph," "is a good
writer, for I saw ono of his plays myself.
'Hamlet' was the name of it, and I wiU
be Hamlet, for I know how to act."
Tho children, of course, agreed, and each
accepted the part which the manager as
signed to him or her. Maggie was to bo tho
Queen, becauso she was so tall, and Dick
was unanimously chosen for tho Ghost, be
cause he was so thin. Bill Jones was offered
the part of JPolonius, becauso he liked to use
big words; and sweet Mable Drake took
Ophelia, because she had lovely long hair
and a brand-new whito dross. Laertes was
given to Sam Williams, becauso he was a good
fighter for they decided to have tho combat
with fists, as swords were very danger
ous, even if they could get any, whicli they
could not. The only sword in the village
was somewhat damaged through long use as
a poker by old Squire Hawks, who was mad
when ho was not chosen captain of tho
militia. Tho minor parts of the play were
given out by lot, and thus some of the chil
dren had two or three each, as there were so
many, and all Avero told to como again on
Wednesdaj, ready for rehearsal. But, when
Wednesday afternoon came, they did not
know their parts, for the words wore so long
and hard they could not remember them, and
it seemed impossible even to tho energetic
Joseph to have "Hamlet" ready by Satur
day afternoon, the day announced for tho
opening of the show. So Shakespeare was
given up, and littlo Maud ventured to say
that he was not half so good as Mother Gooso.
Struck with this idea, the children gave up
their search for the unknown, and wisoly
resolved to content themselves with some
thing loss ambitions. Mabel Drake, in full
costume copied from the picture, read the
rhymes as they were acted with spirit by those
who knew and loved them. Joseph resigned
the part of JIamlct for that of Bobby Shaftoc,
and sweet Efiie Jones brought tears to tho
eyes of all as Bho knelt at tho flax-wheel in
grief for the drowned sailor, who returned tri
umphant iu the next scene, in a neat sailor
suit, which seemed to have passed through
the shipwreck uninjured. Maggie looked
and acted the tall daughter to perfection,
and little Maud was lovely as the bride, in
poke-bonnet, as she rodo proudly in the
wheelbarrow, tho chosen bride of little
Eddie, who preferred her to the short, the
greedy, or the progressive girl of the period.
The hall whs filled by the delighted parents
of the childron on that memorable Satur
day, and tho entrance fee of ten cents each
gave the Widow Simpkins such a Thanks
giving dinner as she had never had before.
But this wn nob all that the children, earned I
for charity; for,whononoof them grew np, ha
wished to write for the SLNicholas something
that would interest the hosts of children who
read the mogazine, and he wrote for them a
the Mice," and the operetta of ".Bobby Shaf
toe," which have since been acted in hundreds
of parlors, to the delight of old and young.
And even this was not the end. A few
years later he was asked to assist in raising
a very large sum of money for charity; and
remembering the funny old mill theatre, ho
caused lovely airs to bo composed for these
pieces, and, in connection with many other
scenes, had them presented in large opera
houses by young ladies and children, to
audiences of their friends, who gathered
in such numbers that as much as one
thousand dollars ha3 been realized in a
single evening from the simple and natural
representation of these Mother Goose plays
In every city of note from Montreal to St!
Louis, with three exceptions, these Gems of
Nursery Lore have earned money for charit
able purposes, and in many of the represen
tations the costumes and appointments have
been very- costly and elegant; but none of
them have given more pleasure to actors and
spectators than was enjoyed by the simplo
country people who witnessed the orginal
performance in the old mill on the hillside,
in which all theso greater and moro elabor
ate exhibitions originated. This little trib
ute of respect to the dear old Dame, to
whose early inspiration so many poet3 and
wise men owe their best efforts, wiU not be
considered ont of place; but there are those
who feel that Mother Goose has had her day
and that her old rhymes havo become a little
hackneyed by oft-repeated representation.
To such S3 these, St. Nicholas has offered
many pantomimes and operettas on wholly
new themes, and these may be readily used
by young folk to earn money for charity.
The children of to-day are constantly ask
ing: " How can we also mako money to help
carry on our Sunday mission schools and to
help the poor?" Letters of inquiry coma
often from distant cities and towns in tho
Far West. In reply to tho33 queries we
would recommend the Children's Carnival
as the simplest and newest method. To en
courage the little ones in this endeavor, a
true story may not be out of place. In ono
of the chief cities of western New York tho
largest church in town contemplated an en
tertainment for charity and became discour
aged, when two young school-girls took up
the abandoned idea and carried it out with
immense success, using the operetta and
pantomime from this magazine.
To get up a Children's Carnival, first giva
notice of your plan in the schools, asking
those interested to meet for tha choice of
manager, treasurer, and committees for tho
alcoves, refreshments, and amusements,
whicli may consist of three or more girls
and boys for each. The first committee has
the duty of arranging a stage at the end of
the hall, unless one is already built, as 13
the case in many town-halls, and also the
choice of twenty-five performers and the se
lection of the pantomime, operetta, aud tab
leau from their magaeines. The manager is
responsible for all performances on thia
stage, which should occupy an hour after
the supper, and before the sales in the al
coves. The refreshment committee prepare
tables across the end of the hall opposite tho
stage, and attend to the supper, which is so
licited from the homes of all interested.
They also choose four waiters for each
table, who bring the refreshments from a
side room and collect the money for them.
The treasurer has charge of all receipts
and pays all expenses, and appoints door
keepers, ushers, and ticket-sellers. Tha
committee on alcoves prepare three on each
side of the hall, draped with cambric or
any hangings suitable for the periods repre
sented. They also chooso attendants for
each, in appropriate costumes, as, for in
stance, the Curiosity Shop, with "Littls
Nell "and "Grandfather," who show or sell
antique furniture and bric-a-brac in the up
per alcove on tho left side of the hall. In
the noxt three Turkish girls sell coffee, and
in the third two Japanese sell tea and fans
Acropstho hall "Simple Simon7 sells piea
and cakes, and "Dame Trot" fancy goods
and toys; and in the last alcove, on the right
side of tho hall, three little fairies sell candy.
Flower girls flit around the hall with bou
quets, and music is furnished from a piano
or orchestra, in cose of a dance or promenade
at the end of the evening. The performance
on the stage is of course the .principal at
traction, and may bo very effectively nsed in
any parlor or hall, with or without the car
nival; but the latter, when the work ia
divided, is not a3 laborious as you might sup
pose, and caunot fail to pleass as well as to
earn money for charity.
Tho Eeantlfnl Land of Ifod.
By Ella Wheeler.
Come, cuddle your head on my shoulder, dear
Your head like the golden-rod
And we will go sailiug away from hera
To the beautiful Land of Xod.
Away from life's worry and hurry and flurry, j
Away from earth's shadows and gloom.
We will float off together to a, world of fair weather,
Where blossoms'are always in bloom.
Just shut up your eyes and fold your hiinda
Your hands like the leaves of a rose
And we will go sailing to those fair lands
That never an atlas shows.
On the north aud west they are bounded by rest,
On tho south and the cast by dreams.
'Tis the country ideal where nothing ia real,
Uut everything on?y samx.
Ju.t drop down the curtain of your dear eyes
Your eyes like tho bright bluebell
And wo will sail out under e tar-lit skies
To the land where the fairies dwell.
Down the river of sleep our bark shall sweep y
Till it reaches that magical isle
"Which no man has seen, but where all havo bee.
And there we will pause awhile.
I will croon you asong as we float along
To that shore that is bleed of God.
Then, ho ! for that fair land, we're oif for that rare
The beautiful Land of Nod !
Harper's Young People.
By Oliver Wendell Holmes.
I love to hear thy earnest voice,
V.Tierever thou art hid.
Thou testy little dogmatist,
Thou pretty Katydid!
Thou mindcstiue of gentle folks, r
Old gentle folks are they,
Thou say'st an undisputed thins
In such a solemn way.
Thou art a female Katydid I
I know it- by the trill
That quivers through thy piercing notca,
So petulant and shrill.
I think there is a knot of you
Beneath tho hollow tree
A knot of spinster Katydids,
Do Katydids drink tea?
O, tell me where did Katy llvo,
And what did Katy do'!
And was she very fcir and young,
And yet so wicked too?
Did Katy lovo a naughty man, 4
Or kiss more cheeks than one?
I warrant Katy did bo more
Thaa many, a Kate Jaa done