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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1882.
OUR GROWING COUNTRY.
Its Industrial. Commercial. Railroad,
and Agricultural Development.
4 THE MONEY MARKET.
Latest Reports from Leading
The census Inircr.u has issued a bulletin
classifying tlic population of the United States
in IPSO by nativity. The nativo born were:
Whites, ;k;,s;:;.2J11 ; colored, (j,0:;-2.510; forcign
born, G,6?fi.!U:j; total population, 50,1",763.
Of the foreign -born 2,772,109 were natives of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, 1.900.742 of tho German Empift,
717.034 of British America. 1!) 1,337 of Norway,
11,729 of Sweden, 100,971 of France, 101,511
of China, and tho remainder represent all
the countries of the earth. The bulletin
shows that -while in 1S30 tho total population
of Virginia was 1,512,505. the total number of
persons in the United States who were born in
Virginia was 2,113,1 GO. Tennessee, total popu
lation 1,512,:159; total number of Tcunesseeans
in the country, 3,767,501. Ohio, population
3.193,002; Ohioans in the country. 3.302,050.
North Carolina, population' 1,399.750; total North
Carolinians, 1,038,053. Kentucky, population
1,G4S,G90; total Kentuckiaus. 1,350,310. Geor
gia, population 1,512,180; Georgians in the
country, 1,719,003. Alabama, population 1,
202.505; Alabamiaus in the country, 1,319,189.
South Carolina, population 995,577; South
Carolinians in the country, 1,133,311. Ver
mont, population 332,280; Vermonters in the
country, 130,011. Maryland, population 931,
913; Marylauders in tho country, 95S,141.
Sfcrine, population 013,930; natives of Maine
in tho country, 715,272. Delaware, population
140,003 ; Delawarcans in the country, 155,517.
In all the other States and Territories 'the
population is greater than the total number of
natives of the respective States in the whole
Norvin Green, president of the "Western Un
ion Telegraph Company, has just tendered his
resignation to take effect October 11th. This
is thought a move to make way for Gould, who
is the heaviest stockholder. Dr. Green's report
will show that, compared to the last annual re
port of his predecessor for the year ending
June 30, 1S77, the gross receipts of over $17,
100,000, and net profits of over $7,100,000, as
against gross receipts of $9,S00,O00 and net
profits of $3,100,000 an increase in live years
of SO per cent, in the gross revenues, and of
over y.)0 per cent, in tho net profits, while the
rate of expenditures has been reduced from 09
per cent, to 5S per cent, of the gross revenues.
In the past five years the mileage of lines has
been increased from 79,955 to 131,032, and of
wires from 194,233 to 374,294 miles; the num
ber of offices from 7,500 to 12,050, and the num
ber of messages from 21,153,911 to 39.000,000,
not including messages sent over wires leased
to the press and to brokers, and a very large
number of messages sent for railway companies,
of which no account is taken, showing an in
crease of over 90 per cent, in tho plant, GO per
cent, in the number of offices, and (including
the growing railroad service) of more than 100
per cent, in the amount of work done over tho
Oil City, Pa., reports inform us of tho fail
ure of tho gushing wells in "Warren county.
The great 61G came in with a deluge of oil, and
so great was the greasy flood that tankage could
not be erected fast enough to contain it. The
Pipe Lines, with their immense pumps, could
not keep pace with the flow of the wells. The
hills and streams were covered with the waste
from the overflowing tanks. There came a
magical change. For some unknown cause the
largest of tho Cherry Grove wells, with others,
ceased to flow, and no exertion could induce
them to respond. Under this change the oil
market rebounded from the forties to the six
ties. The excitement upon the Oil Exchange
over the frolicking wells is intense. The sud
den decline threatened the trade witth whole
sale bankruptcy, when a rebound followed the
rapid exhaustion, and now the yield seems as
productive as ever. Conservative operators
pause to inquire whether or not the expansion
is not as unnatural as the contraction.
Tho Bureau of Statistics furnishes informa
tion showing that the total number of emi
grants that arrived in the United States during
the two months ending August 31, 1332, as
compared with the two months ending August
31, 1SS1, were as follows:
' ' 1SS2. 18S1.
"Fnelnntl and "Wales.... 13,870 13,711
Irelfillu .- . oi ju, o
SCOtlflTKl. !- ,.'U
.wu- tiu rt:i
Austria o.,m n,V'tJ-
Germuny - Js.i 'ojr
Italy J. 21
Norwsiy .,.ls o, -
Avcucn.. ....,..... ......., o, ' .'..r...
.Dominion of Canada - 11,723 10,035
All other countries - 20,013 1 2,171
During the session of tho Tariff Commission
in Minneapolis, Minn., on the 11th inst., tho
Secretary of tho Board of Trade stated that the
city owed its prosperity originally to lumber
and Hour mills. The shipments of flour in
1800 wero 30,000 barrels, and in 1SS1 3,142,971
barrels. The quantity of wheat ground into
flour in 1SSI was 10,500,000 bushels, being
2,500,000 bushels more than the entire receipts
at Chicago in that year. Tho foreign export
of flour from that city in 1S7S was 109,183 bar
rels, and in 1SS1 amounted to 1,1S1,321.
The District Amalgamated Association con
vention at Youngstown, Ohio, Tuesday voted,
by an overwhelming majority, to return to
work at tho old rate. Similar conventions
were held at Pittsburc and Wheeling, at which
it was decided to withdraw all the demands
made on June 1, and to present tho old scale of
wages to the manufacturers for their signa
tures. This virtually ends the striko of tho
iron-workers, which has lasted 110 days. Tho
loss to laborers in wages is estimated at be
tween $3,000,000 and $10,000,000.
The losses by fire for tho first eight months
of 1SS2 foot up more than $01,000,000, more
than $5,000,000 in excess of tho total for tho
same months of last year. Tho July record of
losses was higher this year than ever before
except in 1800. These are not encouraging
figures to property owners or underwriters.
Statistics of sale and settlement of United
States public land show a rapid and gratifying
growth of. the agricultural interest. For the
fiscal year lately closed the average number of
acres disposed of is put at upwards of 15,000,000,
and for two or three years immediately previ
ous at about 10,000,000 per year.
The speculation in confederate bonds, about
as unreasonable as that in some of the fancy
"Wall street stocks, still continues. According to
the Savannah News, Mr. George "W. Felker, of
that city, recently sold $100,000 for $G50 in
!"; A-V tlk .. El
r "Sti 4
fee'- '- vl
A stupendous project is on foot in New York
to establish a system of telephonic communica
tion between America and Europe, and which
is at present occupying the attention of re
nowned electricians and capitalists on both
The sales at Oil City (Pa.) exchange from
Monday morning till tho close of exchange on
Saturday afternoon last were 41,970,000 barrels.
This is the largest week's business in tho his
tory of any oil exchange.
Rumor says the Gas Company at Dayton, O.,
recently increased its capital stock $50,000, and
bought up the Electric Light Company with it,
thus controlling the field.
The Department of Stato has been notified
by Consul Sterne, of Budapesth, that contrary
to general expectation the prico of wheat, in
stead of Ifeing well sustained at 120 cents per
bushel, has within the two weeks ended Aug.
25, 1S32, fallen to 115 cents and even at this
decline the export, which had opened under
flying colors, is dragging, .and there is every
urobabilitv of a still further reduction. This
change is principally caused by tho reports
from tho United States of abundant crops aid
immense shipments of grain. Another reason
is the difficulty attendant on tho transporta
tion of grain from the interior, and tho general
inability of tho railways to supply adequate
Special dispatches received at Chicago, this
week, report that tho corn crop in every direc
tion has been wonderfully improved by tho
Ti.-i.st two weeks of fine weather. In southern
Illinois it is believed the crop will he safe from
frost by the first of next week. Tho crop will
be a full three-quarters average. In Iowa, it is
thought, the yield will bo the largest and best
ever known in tho State. The corn had hard
ened and is fast getting away front danger by
frost. Tho hot weather which still holds in
Nebraska and parts of Kansas has done no
harm, tho crop being so forward as not to be
Illinois has raised this year the extraordin
ary cron of 100,000,000 bushels of oats. This
crop is a third larger than the largest of any
previous year, and it no doubt surpasses the
entire crop of that kind in the entire country
not many years back. The oat crop every
where is a prodigious one this year, and tho
value of it is manifest ; it has a direct bearing
on tho values of live stock, and that interest
again enters into many important elements of
wealth. And while raising this phenomenal
crop Illinois has done almost as well in all the
other products of her fields.
The directors of tho Northern Pacific R. R.
Co., at their last meeting in New York, author
ized tho issuance of a new obligation amount
ing in value to eleven and one-tenth per cent,
of preferred stock to bo issued to preferred
stockholders only. This is to meet tho claim
that the company, since its organization in
1S75, has earned a surplus of $1,530,000, which
should have been paid as dividends on prefer
red stock, but which has, instead, been used in
extending and maintaining the road.
Epicurians maybe interested in reading that
in Mr. Olson's paper on the " North Sea Fish-
bo writes of 200 miles of oyster-beds,
A WONDERFUL INVENTION,
In lsn.Mr. 11. It. Bobbins Invented the now famous
Robbins Tainily VI !ihcr and Bleacher.
It is tho best and only perfect self-operating W aslier In
the world. It will do all the family washing m less than
half the time in which it can he done in any other way
without labor, with but little soan, -without chemicalsanil
without wear and tear or yellowing of clothes.
More than flftv thousand of these A ashcrs are now In
use. giving perfect satisfaction. We have thousands of
testimonials fiom all parts of tho country from luhUc
Institutious.llotcls, Clergymen, lawyers, larmcrs, Urtit
ors.and evcrv class of people, and the Editorial Com
mendations of all the principal papers in the land.
In WS '1 he Klssell Manufacturing Company purchased
the patent, and after two years' experimenting succeeded
in simplifying the -Washer, and in adapting it to use in
any size and st vie of holler, as also in the old-fashioned
iron wash-pot so much used in the South.
THE I'lilXCIPLE OF THE WASHER.
The operation of the Washer conststs In rapidlvand
continuously forcing the hot soap-suds contained in the
boiler from the bottom to the surface, through a tube and
then drawing it down again througis the soiled eloth
iil", while that is expanded by the boiling heat causing
it to remove evervparticleofdirt and leaving the articles
after rinsing thoroughly cleansed and bleached. It is
impossible for it to tear or wear, or in any way injure the
fabric, as mere is no iiuuuh nimma.
HOW DOES THE WASHER WORK?
The Washer having been placed In the bottom of tho
boiler or pot, as soon as the water commences to boil, all
which is beneath the washer, being surrounded with
heated metal, becomes hotter than that in the remainder
of the boiler, and thus has a tendency to rise through the
tube while at thesame time all the steam formed beneath
the Washer is forced to pass out through the tube, and
carries along with it the water in the Washer and tube
with great power, its Place being supplied by the water
outsi.Te, which is rapidly drawn into the Washer and in
turn heated and expelled, thus creating a constant and
powerful current upward through the tube and downward
branch the fabric, giving a water force which
cannot be obtained In any other wav. The fabric being
expanded to its utmost by the bo ling water, the dirt,
Mitiened by the action of the soap, is swept away by the
force of the How. . ,, , , . m
Thus we hao: 1st. The greatest possible heat. 2d
Perfect chemical action of the soap; and 3d. Force of
water. A 11 of which are necessary to thoroughly cleanse
ami purify any fabric. ,.,,,., u
What ! it that cleanses the clothing in the ordi
nary modes of washing by rubbing, pounding, squeezing,
drawing between rollers, etc.? It is .the filling of the
fabric with soap-suds and. then forciiimt out again,
nnil rewn ing the process until the clothe are clean,
nut thes . prores-es PMiuire hand labor. You i.ijii turn
" ,,. u.d. or s.piee7eor nib; while with tho J tdJIBIiVV
WAMIEK ti.e labor N dispensed with, and any
other work or the house may be done while the washing
is doing itself.
THE CAPACITY OF THE WASHER.
There are two tdzes. the No. 1 or family size, which
works in nnv famil boiler or wash-pot having a bottom
ofvVinc'hes or larger, and l.ol.Iing 10 to 12 gallons of
Aix Ii will wash bed or tabic linen, a holier tall in
in or lV, minutes, wearing apparel in from '-( to So minutes.
without running, :"" iv.im--- " ; ', i ... .
tin- clothes such as snaking ovr night. lake the clothes
trv and when the wa-her ;irrs Timnouciiii.Y at wokk,
I'the boiler, gently pressing them down with a stick
V'seonlv good soap and soft water. If the water is hard
it uisiv he softened by a small piece of bora.-, which id
harmies . ,..:., ,i.i wnsiior Is i-vvAT.tiAiii.r. It
cleanses them as no other process can, and without the
ciMitc.st danger of injuiy.
Vo " or -mall hotel size, will do the work maboiler
holding 13 to -." gallons.and wash, of average pieces, from
1 r0(i pfL'.UOO per dav. ,
We al-o make a Washer r.xS inches, suitable for use in
sunken bottom boilers, of the same capacity as our ;No. 1,
and at same price.
THEY A HE IUAHE OF SLlI) BRASS,
(except the tube,) and can neither rust, corrode, break,
or wear out.
QUESTIONS A?D ANSWERS.
Q. What kind of boiler do you use? A. Any kind of
b0oe,liowcan vou'havc a ilow of water at the rate often
r-illons per minute in a boiler holding only ten gallons?
V The same water is used over and over again ; and to
lie thus used, it must pas-, down through and through the
fibric '; and this w lth the -soap and heat does the work.
O Can vou wash flannels and colored clothes? A.
We ViMi nnvthing that can be washed. Flannels and
colored cloth'es need but little soap, and from five to ten
v Minutes of the full operation of the Washer. kjimrl
Llioiiltl he rinsed in hot water. It is the change
Vrnm roiMNo to coi.i water that contracts die fcbro,
rasing them to shrink. Fugitive prints will part with
tiieir colors by any process, but last colors will not be
o" Ci'n you use common son soap? A. Yfs, if good.
Is it not better to put very dirty clothes to soak
0or,vVll'vou'r washer remove the streaks from dirty
,vitiibniidsand collars? A. The Washer will cleanse
trn dirtiest clothing. Hive the clothes a thorough rinsing.
O How can it lie possible for so simple a thing to
cle'inse fabrics? A. How is it possible for it .not to
cleanse fabrics? Remember that the entire contents of
the' boiler are forced through the expanded clothing
every minute, or at least twenty times at every wash
ing and vou will see what the result muM he.
Q. Will your Washer do everything you claim for it?
A. ics;uwiii. MUKiuiiiiiuui,- "
SAM P LE WASHER .
On receipt ofS3..'i() we will send by Express or Regis
tered mail a Sample No. 1 Washer to any part of the Uni
ted States, all charges ptepr.id.
Cash must accompany all orders.
IJetnit by Post-Oluce Order, Registered letter, or by
draft on New York.
In ordering write plainly your name, post-office, county,
WHAT THE PAPERS SAY.
"The best we have ever known ; we speak from experi
ence." Youth' OnnjHinion. , , , ,
"The Kobbins' Kamilv Washer and Uleacher is as rep
resented." A'. V. Wchlu Sun. ,,.,i
" We would pav many times the price asked rather than
do without one.'1 J'urm inul 1'ircmh.
"A truly wonderful article which is destined at no dis
tant dav to work a complete revolution in the method of
accomplishing the family washing. We speak from our
own knowledge." Vhicnpo Intrr-Urran.
" From nearly a year's acquaintance with this com
pany and their "Rabbins' Washer, we unhesitatingly rec-jmeniltliem."-'iinnT'ayfti-iP.
" It cannot Jail to facilitate washing, and at the same
time save much tear and wear of the clothes." Am. Agri-
a''''Vhc Washer docs exactly what is claimed for it, and Is
cheap at ten times the cost.' A'. Y. Tribune.
Good Agents Wanted, both Male and Female.
Send for terms to agents, and secure a business that
will lay j ou well.
BISSELL MANUFACTURING CO,,
20 Ycsey Street, 2iow York, N. T.
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE I i
A PAPER FOR THE MILLION.
w fast M weaa .A a
gjlai JSHfl. kJf a
$1.00 PER YEAR.
"To care for him who has borne the battle, and for his
widow and orphans." Aiikauaji Lincoln.
"The validity of the public debt of the United States,
authorized bv law, including debts incurred for payment
nl pensions and bounties for services in suppressing
in.'urrcction or rebellion, shall not be que-tioned. SIX.
4, AltT. XIV, CO.NsTI rUTION OF Tlin L'NITKII fTATKS.
" I consider it the ablest paper devoted to the interests
of the soldier published in the country. I earnestly com
mend it to all comrades of the Order."
Commander-in-Chief, G. A. H.
G-EOBG-E E. liBMOST,
Omco, OT5 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' National Ranij)
P. O. Drawer 32o. "Washington, D. C.
PROSPECTUS FOR 1S83.
THE TS'ATIOXAT. TRTRUXE during the coming
year will be a better paper than ever.
fmmgm??: ij' wi
ffi'jnjMilub.m.iaii ir in, , i i i-n wyr
WiffllftAJjiS f- v i. j ly&n
maemmm'iA' ..... yzK&.
FtW Rii TM& MfP
The K"ew American Dictionary Price only
T. . n.nin i nnncmrmvinrvflncl IOO Daces more
iii.ii. Knri nun iiiniri in viiiiiiiiu I a. iiiui ill t iiuu ui
ii Ico.ns well aitliu Tt.cst Dictionary in tho world. Superbly bound Mnj cloth ml
fit Hcllt. No pocktt .i!Tnlr, but n largo volumo. contains every ascn.i w..ru . y.u
vast amount necessary Infornintion upon Sclonco, Mythjilofry, Htosraphy,
r?V5 Rpfe Wobitort mctionuVy coUs J9.00 tho New AuloV:
lean costs only i.eo nAM Qo0 WoMlvonPTorMOiiltsoQi.al
UCilU Viiat tilO IJreSS &aj'S. cither In price nmsh, or con
1 fonts. THE ADVOCATE, "worin xen iinius iu luuuut. .i.u.. ""....,
tfMl WnyoUcZt0 iisotlio New American B lc tlonory li offlra
yS 'K&S'l h Unci repird It voll worth tho prlcc.-CiiRiSTiAN Usio.v. With tho Now Amorl
Jh MfK 'b'caii l)lc"lonaryln tho library for rnforonco, many other much moro Mpcnslvo
i.WKf.,X work,raiboul.Doa?e.l wltlunnd lcnornnco of his country, history, business,
Aift&V Flaw etc is lnctcusablo In any ninn."-Scii:STino AKEBiCiN.. " inoros inoro
W P AGraSS worth than... most books at ten times tho cost-N Y. WOHLD. l'rlco, S I ,
l$k postpaid, 2 forSI. 75. . jot Ifanvr-crson wlllcotnp
ffiiff &$m jaiSitraorwMiary wmo acmbofTcnntao'ic.ich
JPviYrlL wo will send rain as a premium tho Amorlcan Waterbury Stem Winding Watch
mi Mt. Forll c"ub M 5 woP will nd free n Folid Silver Iluntlns ; Coso Wotc ..
Fornrlnhono wo sand rrco.ai.aoy s auiiu iuiu nuuuusw "U . v.
watches in a davor two or diirlnR your lolstnro tlrno ovonliips.
Astoourrulubllltywocaiircrcr to tho publisher of this paper, tho cons,
mcrclalascncleiorjmv oxpres Co.. h' his cltv. Address
T " TOUIi MANUFACTURING CO.
122 HASaAiJ jig6.g.ic.j , i.wv x.mxhm.
The Xew American Dictiaiarji, is an J2ncylo2aidia of useful
knowledge, worth its weight in gold to all classes. It s the most
complete, the most useful and entertaining boolz ever issued, jfjve
could induce everxj one of our readers to Imy one we should fee
As an inducement to the friends and readers of Tnn
National TnmuNK to form clubs and canvass for new
subscribers, we have concluded to ofler the following
CAMPAIGNS OF THE CIVIL TVAR, 10 vols. By
.... . .i;..t .:ni.n.i ...tii...w,. InniliiN no fnlmnrl!
IIIO U.OSmiSllllgUI3"L"U 1IIUII.IIJ jc.li.v.o, ,M .,...". --
1. Tlie Outbreak oT Rebellion. By John. G. Xico
lay, Kiq., Private Secretary to President Lincoln.
2. From Fort Henry to Corinth. By the Jlon.
M. F. For-e, Brijr.-Gen. and Bvt. Maj.-Gen. U. S. A ., etc.,
Tre:isurer of the Society of the Army of the Ucnnessec.
3. The Peninsula. Bv Alexander S. Welb, Bvt.Mai.
Gen. U. S. A., Assistant Chief of Artillery, Army ot the
Potomac. lStil-'G2: afterwards Chief of Staif, Army of the
.1. Tito Army under Pope. By John C. rurpa, Kq.,
of the Military Ilistorical Society of Massachusetts, etc.
f. The Antietam and Frederichsburs. By Fran
cis Winlhrop J'alriv. late Colonel Twentieth Mass. Infan
try, Bvt. Brig.-Geri'l U. S. V.
fl. Chancellorsvillc and Gettysburg. Jiy Abner
Donbltday, Bvt. MaJ.-Gcn'l U. S. A. and Maj.-Gen'l U. fa.
7. The Army or the Cumberland. By Hairy it.
Citt, Brevet Brirjadier-Gcn'l V. S. V.: A. A. G. on the
stall of Major-Gen'l Itosecrans and the stair of Major
Gene'l Thomas; SecrcUiryof the Society of the Army of
S. Atlanta. By the iron. Jacob D. Cor, Ex-Governor
of Ohio, late Secretary of the Interiorof the United States,
Major-Gen'l U. S. V., commanding Twenty-third Corps,
.n nrii... TIT......1, n .!, Gnn TT.iiiM It, mirl 1Vnll
Jll. X lie liaill i:n iiMiiii.-'ti j. ..,...... ...... -. ---
ville. Bv the JTon. Jacob J). Cox, Kx-Governor of Ohio,
late Secretary of the Interior of the United States, Major
Gcneral U. S. V., commanding Tw enty-thinl Corps, etc.
Anyone of the ten for a club of C subscribers; 2 for a
club of 12; :i for a club of IS; -1 for a club of 20; f for a
clubof2."; C for a club of 30; 7 for a club of 35; 8 for a
club of -10 ; 0 for a club of-W. and the 10 for a club of o0.
ADKRSOXVILLE DIARY AND LIST OF THE
DEAD. Latest edition. For a club ot not less
CAPTURING A LOCOMOTIVE. The story of one
of the most brilliant achievements of the war. For a
club or not less tnan s.
THE SEASIDE LIRRARY. 1,500 volumes, com
prising the works of the most distinguished authors.
Anv one of these for a club of 2 subscribers. Cata
logue furnished on application.
FRANKLIN SQUARE LIRRARY, comprising the
works of many celebrated authors. Any one of these
for a club of 2 subscribers. Catalogues furnished on
1. A handsome photograph (imperial size.) printed on
heavy tinted cards.or Commander-in-Chief Vandervoort,
taken especially for The National Tuibune, for a club
of 3 subscribers. ,..-., .. .
2. A. superb photograph, (pen and Ink finish) size 10
by 20, of the Grand Parade and Review of the Victors of
the Rebellion wheeling into Fifteenth street, from Penn
sylvania avenue, Washington, June, i860, for a club of 10
subscribers. ., ,..,,.
3. Twelve Stereoscopic Views of A ashington, all new
series photographed since the improvement, mcludingall
the public buildings, oxterior and interior, for a club of
10 subscribers ,..,.
. Cabinet Views of Presidents, Members of the Cab
inet, Senators, Representatives, Supreme Court Justices,
arid ''other prominent men. Any one of tlnc for a club
of 3 subscribers. Catalogues furnished on application.
The "VVaterbury Watch, a handsome and reliable time
piece, for one year's subscription to The National
Tribune and $3.73 in money.
VUllllO UbU'ltW VUts'jJ isilis tj will" ii umii c " "; -
that we hadconfercd a benefit pn them. V hen yon order the 1)
ternary, Kindly mention thatyou, saw the advertisement in our pap
Total 10S.0SC 113,031
A statement has been prepared by the Treas
ury Department which shows that from Nov.
1. 1S31, to Sept. 1, 1SS2, under the administra
tion of Secretary Folgcr, the interest-bearing
debt of tho United States has been reduced
by $129,035,000, and the annual interest charge
by $1.5ir.7r6. During tho eight months of Sec
retary Windom's administration the reduction
of the interest-bearing debt was $10S,20G,2.j0,
and of the annual interest charge $15,S83,(K)2.
This large reduction in the interest charge was
affected by refunding the fives and sixes into
'A per cent, bonds. During Secretary Sher
man's four years' term the reduction of the
debt was $20S,82-1,7:J0, and of tho interest
charge, $17,557,703. The total reduction since
August :il, 3SG5, when tho debt reached its
highest point, has been $943,!KG,5U, or 40 per
cent, of the whole. Tho wiioie aeui is now
The total real estate tax and personal tax of
Kow York for 18S2 was $l,233,47G,39S.:f an in
crease of $17,528,299.:7 as compared witli tho
valuation of 1&S1. The rate of lax upon the ag
gregate valuations of real and personal estates
in the city of New York amounting to $1,203,
929,324.33, with the rate of $2.25 per centum,
together with the rate of $2.0152 upon the ag
gregate assessed valuations of personal estates
of such corporations, joint stock companies, or
awociations as are subject to local taxation,
amount to $20,517,074, and will produce the
sum of $27,6S1,427.2G. Tho Kite of tax levy
3lyoir was at the rate of $2.G2, :is agaiust
$2.25 this year.
The town of Fargo, Dakota, in I860, had
legs lhau 2,000 population, while to-day it
lioMtfi of 8.000. This great change is duo to
the enterprise of its citizens, who arc a pushing, -
eiicrffel'e people, itstead ol the usual country
sloiv; -"'"rnlly scon in places of such a small
popn'.f.'i'.u. huge brick blocks arc found and
cvt-r:. I:;''h of room is occupied. From lifty to
ono "h'ludred new buildings are now being
weeted, also factories, car shops, mills, etc.
Good hotels arc also here, of which some
larger places would bo proud, and the electric
light shines for all over this peaceful little
in tn 70 miles wide. That is 10,000 acres of
splendid oysters near tho British coast. A cu
rious feature is that the oysters lie at a depth
of 21 fathoms, which rebuts tho idea that
oysters can only bo raised in shallow water.
Oysters will hardly be cheaper in consequence,
but what shall we say of a mini who discovers
10,000 acres of oysters?
The Department of State has received a dis
patch, dated August 2S, from Minister Cramer,
of Berne, in regard to the almost total failuro
of the potato crop in Switzerland, potatoes
forming one of tho principal articles of diet of
the Swiss, air. Cramer assumes that a largo
imnort must necessarily take place, and ho
suggests that American exporters of brcadstuffe
should at onco mako arrangements to supply
The western wheat crop harvests have been
completed under favorable conditions and
corn has steadily improved. The wheat crop
of lbb2 in the United States will exceed 500,-
000,000 bushels. Winter wheat in large quan
tities is now being sown, and indications aro
that there will be a decided increase in next
Articles of asssociation for the Arkansas and
Indian Territory li. II. was filed at LittloEock,
Arkansas, on the 14th( inst. Tho capital is
$1,000,000. Tho road is to begin in Sevier or
Polk couuty and run southeast to Washington,
in Hempstead county.
Tho cotton movment for tho twelve months
ending with Augcst was considerably less than
for either of the two preceding seasons. Tho
yield was 5,435,815 bales in 1SS1-2, 0,539,329 in
180-81 and 5,757,397 in 1879-80.
Tho wheat from cx-Prcsidcnt IL-vyes's farm,
near Bismarck, weighs sixty-four pounds to tho
sideration, however, of the large property m
lercsts which the company has at Jersey City
it decided to give $150,000 towards the suppcrt
of the city government.
Tho miles of rail laid south of Yirginla,
Kentucky, and Missouri for nineteen months
ending August 1, 18S2, is as follows :
Jliles for 19 Total cotn
Alabama r" '.1
Arkansas -- '"
Florida ''I 2jl
n !., 'J2C, 2701
liOUisiana ' :""-"
ali'hissippi s -J-,.
North Carolina 221 li-t
South Carolina 103 !"-
Tennessee : 217 f'i I
Texas 20P2 02O)
Total 5,020 20.052
A block of coal four feet wide, four feet high,
and four feet long, weighing 12,900 pounds,
was taken west on a Hat car to tho Denver
(Colorado) Exposition. It was taken from a
coal mino owned by tho Denver and Rip
Grando Railroad Company. -This company is
at war with the Union Pacific and rather than
patronize or accept a favor from that road they
send their coal to Denver.
Consequent upon the retirement of A. J. Cas
satt from tho vice-presidency of the Pennsyl
vania It. R. Co., a reorganization of its oflicers
will tako placo as follows: Gcorgo B. Roberts,
president; Edmund Smith, first vice-president;
Frank Thomson, second vice-president; J.N.
Du Barry, third vice-president; JohnP.Grcon,
fourth vice-president; Charles E. Pugh, gen
Jackson, Miss., citizens celebrated tho com
pletion of tho Natchez, Jackson and Columbus
Railroad by a barbecue last Saturday.
Winter; receipts for three days Wl.000 centals. 3 000
American. Corn Os.lO'jd. per cental for mixed V eatcrn.
Kenned Petroleum 7.1. per gallon.
MNcinsTi:i:, Sept. 10. The markets for yarns and
fabrics are dull and tending down.
IXKvno.v, Sept. lO.-Turpentine Spirits 33s.fa33s.Gd. per
cwt. Kenned Petroleum c,(a.0. per gallon. Calcutta
Linseed -lls.yd. per quarter.
Avnvi:r.i Sept. 1. Refined Petroleum isf19 francs
for line pale American V.' 1 franc advance.
Kremkn, Sept. 10. Petroleum 7 marks CO pfennings, 30
KioJvNr.tno.SepUlS.-Coiroe: Good firsts 3J?00((i3JP50
rels per 10 kilos. Average daily receipts 21,200 bag;
shipments to the United Stales 70,000 bags; sales for the
United States 112,000 bags; stock 300,000 bags. Lxchauge
on London 2ld.
THE STOCK MARKET.
Review of tho Week in Wall Street and Closing
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Ni:w York, Sept. 20. The stock market has
been feverish to-day, and transactions limited.
Tho doubt which still envelops Jay Gould's
position in the street is generally regarded as
tho principal cause of this unsettled condition
of things, and until ho shows his hand no
marked change is likely to occur. Tho Bears
aro using tho monoy-scaro to still further de
press prices. During the past week the greatest
activity has been in Northern Pacific, Western
Union has led tho list in strength and given
touo to the railroads. It is said that August
Belmont and J. Pierrepont Morgan will
enter the Northern Pacific Directory at tho
coining election. Government bonds continuo
steady. The following wero tho closing quota
TJ. S. IV's, r 113 imc
IJ.S.-l'a's, C 113 113
U. S. 4's, r.... llil'a 110'a
U. S. IV, a... 120b' I20,Jj?
U. ii. cur: '95 130
1. Ansonia Clock, with alarm, for a club of 20 sub
scribcrs 2. Ansonia Clock, without alarm, for a club of 15 sub
1. Three-blade Pruning and Budding Knife, for a club
of 10 subscribers. , , . . , , i i
2. Two-blade Knife, oil tempered and tested, for a club
of 3 subscribers. ,
?,. Large Threc-bladeKnife, hand-forged razor steel, for
a club of 10 subscribers. , ,.,.-,
A. Kxtra strong Two-blade Knife for a club of 10 sub
scribers. IfjT The above premiums will be sent postage and cx
pressace prepaid, or, in their place, for every ten new
subscribers an extra copy of The National Tuibuni:
will be furnished to the gettcr-up of the club.
As a result of the above inducements to canvass for
snb.-cribers to Tun National Tkiiiune, wc anticipate
that aerv large number of new clubs will be lormed
during the balance of the year, and, with a view to inter
esting all our readers Jn the work, we have concluded to
Oder the following extra premiums for the largest num-
. .. ,. it . . ... 1... nn.. nr TiAKitn nmit'rtnn
Der Ol suii"5Criuer miii. u u jui. uhc 'v.wu .,.,. .x... i
September 1C and January 1 next:
1. To the person sending us the largest number, $25 00
" second ,l " 20 00
.. .. ... .1 tt .- ..
mini ii w
fourth " " . 1 W
" fifth " " 1.") 00
sixth " " H 00
seventh " " 13 00
s. " " " eighth " " i- v
, " . " ninth " " 11 00
10. " " " tenth " " 10 00
l1T The subscription price of Tun National Tkiiiuxe
has been permanently reduced to One Dollar per year.
To guard against loss, remit by Registered Letter, Postal
Money Order, or Draft on New York. Money sent in any
other way will be at the risk of the sender. Address all
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
G15 Fifteenth Street,
IVasdiiuston, D. C.
AdvcrtitemcntJi interted under thin head at the rate oj
tutnty-Jlve ctntsjor three line.. Address replies to advertiser,
carcrf Thk National Tiuhuni:.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at once. Thousands
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named aro
War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, who
served fourteen (M) davs; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, arc enuueu iu ;i puusiuu ui citni uiuiura ;i
month. Proof of loyalty Is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Tension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and
manv are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 131. 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of pension, whero
no new disability is alleged, unleas successful in procur
ing the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who liave been unjustly dropped1 from the
pension roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a
period of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with thi3
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another is
not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease, or
injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790 to March 3. lSTw, ami
certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and sixty acris
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration money promptly collected.
Amount? due collected without unnecessary delay.
Such claims cannot be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of this character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is rcspectfuly invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States Not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
.provided thevwerc tiled before January 1, 1SS0. If not
tiled prior to that date they are barred by statute of lim
itation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval Claims of every description, procure Patents,
Trade-Marks, Copyrights; attend to business before tho
General Land Office and other Rureaus of the Interior
Department, and all the Departments of the Government.
AVc invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E, LEMON.
As this mav reach the hands of some persons unac
nuainted villi this House, we append hereto, as speci
mens of the testimony in our possession, copies of letters
?om several gentlemen of political and imtorr
tion, and widely known throughout the United states .
Hocse of Representatives.
Wasiii"TON, D. C, itarch , 1&T3.
From several years' acquaintance with Cant. GEorcor.
E. Lemon of this city, we cheerfully commend him as a
gentleman of intesrrlty. and well qualified to attend to
tile collection of Iwunty and other claim against .ho
Government. His experience in that line gives him
superior advantages g 3L Cf
Fijteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAW-BRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District oj J'cnn'a.
U. P. cur. '00
U. S. cur. '07
IT. S. cur. 'US
II. S. cur. '00
House of RErnESENTATivES.
Washington. D. C, March 1, 1S7S.
We tho nndersiened. having an acquaintance wita
Captain Geokoe e: Lemon for the past few year, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in .which he con-
ami honorable dealing connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to saiman
Committee ot Invalid Jtvsions, Howe of Heps.
W. F. SLEMONS, M. c..
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LTNDE, M. C, .
Fourth Dittnet of Wis.
R. W. TOWNSHEND, 3L C.
Sinetcenth District of III.
Citizens National Rank,
Washington, D. C.Jan. 1. isiJ.
Cantain Grown: E. I'Ow-VrfStltaSS
collection of war claims at Washington city, is a t h or
oubIi, able, and exceedingly well-intonncd man of btL-,1-"
of 1 ih character, and entirely responsible. I
believe that the & of all paying warcuuii.srequ.r-
ITS-Any person desiring Information as to my stand,
in" and responsibility will, on request, be urnished with
IT, ur,r orv reference in his own vicinity or Congrto-
Duriug the present season 5,070 car loads of
peaches wero shipped by one road from Dela
ware. RAILROAD NOTES.
The- Pennsylvania Railroad Company lias
transmitted to tho mayor of Jersey City a
check for $o0,000 :is a volnntary contribution
towards defraying tho expenses of tho munici
pal government. It seems that under the laws
of New Jersey tho Pennsylvania Company pays
all its taxes to the Stato, and is under no legal
obligation to pay anything to tho towns and
cities through which tho road passes. In con-
OUR COMMERCIAL REPORT.
State or tho Markets ilt Leading Trade Centres Lust
New Youk, Sept. lO.-Cotton Jc. lower, closing weak
and irregular at 12V'I'- U-lfic. i-outhcrn Mour in mod
erate demand and aliout steady ; good to choice Extra
$.r 4.r,fo7 25. Wheat Vadc. lower for spot, opened a simile
better for futures, but weukencd and deuliued UW c.,
closing dull at the lowest: good export and moderate
speculation; No. a red crUneutesnt$l07,a!5.I OS, October
Si iWM'Ot W. November .! oOr-Sl 10J,. and December
A. ,w.t. .12. l-n ...ilnt ...i.t atit.ilv nt 71.?Tt l!lirtl K.fil
lc. lower for spot and .September, ojiencd V('le. higher
fur other options, advance lo,t and closed rather nrunr;
No. New York 7ii'-rt7flS,c., No. 2 white 7-s,4C, October
7-H'N7.rc, November 701)l(.i;71c., year OS'C" t'-i?r:. Oats
'afulc. lower for whit", a fhade higher for mixed.'and
fairly active; mixed Western 3eic., white do. 41dbS2c.
Codec dull and unchanged. Kenned .Sugars firm at bJi
Mac. for standard A, Oc, for cut loaf. Petroleum i very
firm and higher; crude C,(pViV., refined 7s(t?e.,Liiittd
7fi'iC Tallow stendv at se'-Oc. for prime city. Pork
falrlv active and ldgber, closing strong: Mess at ?'Jl 12J
(?!"'' 1 :,.' forhpotand September, 21 lWo.21 15 October and
November. Lard feverish, 10fti.20c. higher, and closed
witli advance parti v lost; prime steam ?12 7Wa.irisiot
?12 J,,('A1- K' October, 511 !2'iM12 2T November, and
hi OtiMll 07,J vear. Freights to Liverpool dull; Cotton
per hteamer i-aa)h& ; Wheat Idft-IHid.
CmcA(io, Sept. 10. Wheat rairly active aim uiguer.
nepieimier, iii;iiy"Tti;. wnuun, w-a .x'". "'-iv.
year, -I3c. .lanuarv, 51V- May. Oats in fair demand
and higher at 32c. cash, 314nic. October, :tlKe. Novem
ber, :ilJ,c. year. nn-. May. live firm at nec. Pork -trong
and higher nt 21 200;2l 22's'caMi and October, tnfttt
20 27'j November, Vh ""' J-''!"- Jrd htrong and higher
at $12 20(;12 22'b cash and October. .ll -I'-h November,
Sll 40 vear. Bulk Meats unlet; Shoulders at ijlil, short
rib il4 12'.,, Short clear SH M. Whiskey is steady at
1 20. At the closing call Wheat higher for September,
long options lower. Corn irregular but generally Higher.
Oats higher for September, and other options easier.
Pork irregular. Lard active, firm anil higher.
liiiAUi-OKii, Pa., Sept. lO.-Crude Oil weak and lower;
S sales SI, &1T bbls; total shipments yesterday M,l.j bbls,
nnd charters M.1U0 bids. United Plpo Llne.Certlficates
opened S3,i4'c and closed 77, highest price &i and low
LiVEKPOOL,Sept.l0-Cotton Kecelptsto-day5,ri.')0 bales,
all American. Sales 7,000 bales, 4,100 bales American.
Market dull and easier middling Pplands -d., Orleans
73-lfi4d. Cottiintoarrlveopcnedsteadyaiid closed steady.
September delivery. Uplands VtfiXi Xi-Mm7iU Septem
Jieraitd OclaWr tf0f.C ;-&WG(l.; October and November
(i 0-10ffi 0 ;ir-0l(o t;:J7-Otd.: Noveinbcrand December o .11-04
fi?0'Jd.'; December and January 031-fltf!,;i5-32()t.tl-tfld.;
January and Kebniary 0 15-3.M.; Fcbniary and March
CiiG33-fMd.. March and April MJ; J
and .lime 0 37-04d.; Juno and July 0 10-320 3'J-Md.-lircadstufis
quiet. Wheat 8s.Sd.Ss.Sd. per cental for
Reported for The National TmnoNE by II. II.
Dodge, No, 539 Fifteenth Street.
Clias. .t Ohio. ,
" 1st preC.
C. K. .t(i
C. C. C. t I
Del. A Hud .
1). L. t W
Den. ,t It. G
ii. aTsl'j ').'.'.'. '.'.'.'.'."".'.'.'.
Iloust. it Texas
1. 11. .V W
Lake E. .t V
Lou. t Nash
Minn, it St. L
M. K. ,t T.
Mob. .t Ohio
X. V. Klv
Nash, it Chat- A....
N. J. Cent
N. Y. Cent
Norf. .t West
Ohio .t Miss
Out, it West
Peo. 1). .t E
" 1st pref..
St. T. it Omaha
West, Union, ex dlv,.
For the Week. Closing,
lligli't Lowest Kid. Asked.
()'.. 61 OS1,, ''
'.M'fT !l5 '- ''
2t!..' t!S 2.'. 254
4Ui :x76 3ii :!!
20 iHii 27 '-'7'i
Ill 110 1H 112
135 YSMi YXy Y.W
3' 12.; ll' 12
4.-1 43' . -Mi it1.;
UOJiJ ll.V.t' US? 1 110
W'l 11.)?; 1-HiH 14iVu'
:,) m M',i .10
ii? ltui io?r 11
iv 17?; is 10
-W 42,'b 427 43
"......". "oil.;" "twi " iss '.)
Mi SJ S2 .Vi
142'i 140jf 111'.; 11IJ5
40JS 47 47 4S
4IJji 40 40 40V
u;? H3?;j ii(i.f iu-.J
7 Pi 72 72?j 725
ll ' 111
.'.""".'." 1012 102?jf 10P lOI'i
:h x'A :?? 34 '.t
7.1 Wi 73?? 74
41 38' ; 3!l'i 311,;
m?i 100 107 107?.;
at 23 Vi ncft
.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'." ..'". ."...'.". 10.V ii'6"
t!2. r.o'.; mii i
, l7i 7!)!0' 701; M)
I37?a' VMM YXi'i
".'.'.'.'.'.'." "riojr "-Is"'.;" ivs'i Hs'f
re;2 ran.-.' 'i rl
100?; 'X7 !Ki?i !)rt.'
lU),1? lNi'i 17 117?,
lt!93 W, IGCV 1072
18? 173' 17g 18
w.l ns?i 3??; 39
2S t!73 23.1J Wi
47 45tf 4-)!. 4C
sti'5 ::t! xiH so
r,C.?a' 03?I W'l CV)
133?a' i:W?2 130?4: 17
a cm 01 -3
100 100 IH 100
- WA Wi 6SJ.C
113?? 110 111 llla
5iy 4!)X "U-Ja !
YYoVk V?A 11279 113,
3.sf '.'.? 37l.i 37
701 0771 fiSl.i CS
ustf wil ml ml
WANTED. The addresses of the following ofticers of
company I, .'th Pa. cav. : Capt. Walter 11. Fitter,
First Lieut. K. Stokes, and Second Lieut. T. Mtzpatrick,
or any member of said organization, by Lawrence Ma
lone. . "
:VT7rANTED. The address of Fritz Grimskie. late of
W company K, Wth reg't New York vols., by The A"it-
tional Tribune, "Washington, D. C, or the address ol any
of his family or relatives. tt
ANTED. The address of Michael Cash, late second-class
fireman U.S. steamship Chocura, by The
Xatiwal Tribune, Washington, D. C, or the address of any
of his family or relatives. tf
W' ANTED. The addresses of Capt. N. K. Snyder and
Lieut. John M. lliatt, of Co. D, 1st Miss, mounted
rifles, by Win. Downing.
x-st-aNTED. The address of John Colhoun, captain
y U. S. receiving ship Princeton, in 1SGT, by .las.
WANTED. The addresses of Win. Johnson, Richard
Wortliiiigton, Richard Kriggs, or any member of
Co. G, l"th Mich, infantry; aNo of Jack Vanatta. Thos.
Stook.s. or Silas McDouwU, who were in McDmigal Gen
eral Hospital at Fort Schuyler, N. Y., in 1S03, by C. P.
TTT ANTED. The addresses of Sergeant Swan and M.
VV K. Wliite, of Co. L, 22d N. Y. cavalry, by U in. II.
-TVTAKTKD. The names and addresses of the surgeon
VV and assl.stant-siirgeon of the 2uth N.l. ila,ntP'
and addresses of Jonathan Kaldwin nnd Riley Jalilwln,
of same regiment, by S. A. Axtell.
7vNTED7-Tbe address of N. R. CritchfiehL who was
chaplain in 2Stli Penn. veteran infantry, by 11..
ANTED. The names and addresses of any officers
or members of Cb. I, ttth N. Il.iuiantry; alao ot
Co. E, 1st N. H. heavy artillery, by J. tt . .uinwn-
TANTi:alTho addresses of Surgeon U. M. Craw
VV i,.i o.......,.,t ir.ci.tiii mip nnil Private inos.
Taylor, of Co. K, .Tsth ill. infantry, by Sam'l Scott.
-nrANTED.-Tbo name and address of the surgeon of
VV the 2.-th Army Corps, in Dec, 154, and Jan'y. i',
who had charge of the u! S. Dispensatory, at Richmond,
Va., by I). M. Perry.
Cured without an operation or the injury trusses iict
bv Dr. J. A. SHERMAN'S method. OBtec.SS Kroadway
?J..w York, Ills hook, with l'hotogMPhenkcuecs of
ban cases, uciore ana anercun.-, mun.u .. v-.
20 CENTS PER BOX.
FEVER AND AGUE PILLS,
50 CENTS PER BOX,
Chills and Fever and Klllous Attacks Positively Cured
by EMORY'S STANDARD CTRE PILLS. Never fall to
cure the worst case. Pleasant to take. No griping or
bad effects. Prescribed by physicians, and sold by drug
gists everywhere for 2.'i cents a box, or by mail.
STANDARD CURE CO.,
2Gt3.) 11 1 Nassau St., New "1 ork.
Mention this paper.
T71 T "WTT How to Mako Money Tast
1? vyJ-V X V7 U nnd Plenty of It, send name
and address, on Postal Card, and get it. C. LESTER. 22
New Church Street, New York. 67-Ot.
BITTER TONIC PILLS.
30 CENTS PER BOX.
D. L. Foster, M. D.,
1001 South Twentieth Street,
J3EST EVER MADE.
EMORY'S LITTLE CATHARTIC PILLS. No family
bhould be without them. Peasant to take pio griping.
I r ggists sell them, or by mail lor U cents a box, in iwst
ag" Mumps. Standard Cure Co., 114 Nassau-street,
NW York. C-1J-
Mentiou this paper.
A. P. 4 A. M.R.A.M.&K.T.
Uvery IJusty Mason Xeeils Them.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco and gilt,
lor?-. ui" uu.iikj, uuua, tic.
Send for catalogue to
ilASONIC BOOK AGENCY.
Iy35 145 Kroailway. New York.
-mTrT7T7' 25 USEFUL Household Articles. Send
P ii Jll -Hi 3-cent stamp for postage. Address
JZ. G. Hideout it Co., 10 Barclay St., A. Y. 53-U