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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON D. 0., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1882.
The National Tribune
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he National Tribune.
WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 2S, 1SS2.
Senator morion on 2qnaLi7:iihm of Bounties.
Mr. President, justice to ihc soldier cannot
ahrays he diferrcd. It must and icill triumph
somJimc. Jf it docs not come ims Congress it
KiU come at some other Congress. It is a part
of the tear dild, as mack so as the 5-20 londs
or tin 10-10 hands. Jt is founded on the same
principle of justice. 11 is an obligation resting
upon this Nation, and if it takes 20,000.000
or 50.000.000, can make no difference. It is
a debt this Nation honestly aires and ought to
he paid. In other words. Jet lite bounty be
cqvalizt d; ? all honorably-discharged soldiers
vpoii ihc tame basis; pay thnn at the same rate.
T'uy arc ciitithd to it The justice of it no
iwm can dispute, and thai is all that this bill
contemplates. I am for it. J rote for it with
all my heart.
TnE largest club of new subscribers to
The National Tiubune received during
the week ending yesterday -was thirty-two.
The club Avas organized at Sharpsbnrg, Al
legheny county, Pa., and it shows what can
be done by one energetic, pushing comrade.
"We shall be glad to publish the names of all
who desire to take partrin the competition
for the prizes to be awarded for the ten
largest club3 received prior to January 1.
Oue readers will observe that -the date of
this week's issue of Tiie Nationai. -Tkiij-TJXE
as Thursday, September 23th, instead
of Saturday, September 30th. The purpose
of this change is to remove the misunder
standings which result from the fact that
while The National Teiijune has hitherto
been nominally published every Saturday,
the actual day of publication has been Thurs
day. Hereafter it will be dated, printed, and
mailed to its subscribers every Thursday
morning, and its record of news for the week
will be brought down to as late an hour as
practicable on "Wednesday night.
The attention of our readers is particu
larly directed to The National Tkiijune
premium list, published in another column.
The inducements which are there offered to
those who are disposed to canvass for new
subscribers are of the most tempting char
acter, and they afford an opportunity to
everybody to secure 'many valuable publi
cations, works of art, and articles of use and
beauty, without any expenditure of money,
and at little loss of time.
The number of pension certificates issued
during the week ending September 27, 1882,
was 53. Fifty-fivo per cent, of the cases now
being allowed were filed in the year 1879,
and four percent were filed in the year 1830,
from Jauuary to June. From this suc
cinct statement, which we shall publish
weekly hereafter, such of our readers as are
applicants for pensions may derive some idea
of the time that it will take to reach their
The renominatiou of Judge Kelley in
Philadelphia last week was a fitting compli
ment to a gentleman whose long service in
Congress entitles him to the distinction of
being called the Father of the House, and
whose great industry and ability have Avon
for him the honor of being regarded as the
Father of Protection. Judge Kelley, though
well advanced in years, is as hale and vig
orous, we are glad to say, as he was ten years
ago, and he has lost none of that keen insight
into the practical effect of legislation which
has made him, above all others, the friend
cf American labor. There are men in Con
gress of greater eloquence than he some,
perhaps, of even greater learning but none
has accomplished more in the way of sensi
ble and beneficial legislation than the mem- j
ber from Philadelphia. From the day that
he entered the House he has been the con
sistent and faithful advocate of the xiolicy of
protecting American industries, and, al
though we have had occasion sometimea to
differ with him on other questions of nation
al concern, we cannot but recognize the fact
that to him, more than to any other living
Americanos due the maintenance of the tariff
under which American manufactures have
grown so great and prosperous. We trust that
Time will deal gently with him, and that he
will be permitted not onty to serve out the
term to whichhe will unquestionably be elect
ed next November, but that his health and
strength may be spared so long as the coun-
try has need of men with fixed principles
and settled convictions.
Lct the Tax ci Alone.
It is already evident that the question of
a reduction in the internal revenue taxes is
going to be one of the leading questions in
the next Congress, if not during tho ensuing
session of the present Congress. Tirr: Tmn
une, as our readers know, has always taken
the position that there is, at present at least,
no necessity for any material modification
in our revenue laws as they now exist. The
tax levied upon tobacco and whisky, from
which articles our revenue is principally
derived, is neither burdensome nor excessive.
Neither whisky nor tobacco can be reckoned
as a necessary of life, and the tax is, there
fore, levied not upon the needs of tho public,
but upon its follies and appetites. As for
the tax upon patent medicines, the only
persons who desire its repeal are the manu
facturers themselves, and even they admit
that should it be removed they will not
reduce the price of their medicines to con
sumers. Indeed, they could not very well
do so without disturbing the whole con
duct of their business. As a rule, patent
medicines are sold at retail for a round
price 25 cents, 50 cents, 75 cents, and 1
and the removal of the one cent, two cent,
three cent, or four cents tax levied in the
shape of an internal revenue stamp, while it
would put money into the hands of the
manufacturers, would not induce them to
put the price at one, two, three, or four cents
less per article to the consumer.
We cannot understand how any sensible
man, whether in public life or not, can advo
cate tho repeal of taxes which clearly are
not oppressive, which are easily collected,
and which contribute so largely to the finan
cial prosperity of the Government. It is
true, the collection of our internal revenue
taxes requires tho emploA'inent of a large
force of office holders, and we can readily
see that the Democrats would profit
largely by the overthrow of our whole in
ternal revenue system and a wholesale dis
charge of these officers. This, however, is
not a question of politics, and except that it
would benefit tho Democratic party, we do
not see that there is any reason why anyone
should advocate the repeal. As far as the
intereffts of our ex-soldiers are concerned, we
are very sure that the effect of such a repeal
would be disastrous. The cry of an "empty
Treasury " has hitherto been the principal
obstacle to tho payment by this Government
of the debts it owes our veterans, and their
enemies would be only too glad to have
another excuse for opposing pension legisla
tion. This country is in a more prosperous
condition now than it has over been in its
history. Wo are growing rich surely and
rapidly. The Treasury overflows with
money. Only last Saturday the Secretary
of the Treasury issued a call for $25,000,000
of unexpired bonds, thus anticipating the
payment to tho bondholders of what the
Government owes them. Why should it not
treat the soldier with equal consideration ?
His claims are as much entitledto be re
garded as preferred as the bondholders', and
we demand that before one cent of taxes is
taken off from those who are perfectly able
to pay them that the Government shall set
tle in full and forever with the men who
saved the Union.
Tho Tnrltr Commission.
In another column will be found an inter
esting article concerning to the work of the
Tariff Commission so far as it has progressed.
The facts which it contains have been ob
tained from very reliable sources and em
brace tho essential points that have been
brought out in the course of the commis
sion's investigations. It will bo seen that
the preponderance of testimony before the
commission has been in favor of allowing
the present tariff law to remain as it is, so
far as its leading features are concerned.
The commission will not recommend any
radical changes, but will confine itself chiefly
to drafting a new law which will retain all
the best features of the old one, and at the
same time do away with tho inconsistencies
and obsolete provisions of the existing law.
As everyone knows, the tariff law is one of
the most complicated pieces oflegislalion in
existence and necessarily so because it deals
in detail with nearly every article that en
ters into manufacture and consumption. It
was demonstrated during the session of the
commission at Long Branch that many
clauses in the existing lav have no applica
tion whatever to any dutiable article on the
list. In some cases oven the customs officers
themselves were unable to explain their
meaning or purpose, and there was nothing
in the record to show that any cases had
ever arisen under them.
Tho commission has made very diligent
inquiry into the practical working of the
law, as we have stated, and is devoting its
efforts principally to the work of eliminating
from it all useless provisions. We believe
the sentiment of the country is universally
in favor of letting the tariff alone and it
seems probable that the new law as drafted
by the commission -will meet all the exigen
cies of the case.
The Man "Who Whippi'il Stonewall Jackson.
General Nathan Kimball, who enjoys the
honor of being tho only army commander
who, with an equal force, defeated Stonewall
Jackson, is spending a few days at tho
National Capital. Headers of The Tkiij
UNE will recall tho brief mention of the
battle of Kernslown, in Kirkley's account of
the battle of Front Royal, in the issue of
A representative of The National
Tribune, who served on his staff while com
manding the firstdivieiou of the Fourth Army
Corps during tho Atlanta campaign, called
on the General at his hotel and had an ex
ceedingly pleasant interview. Gen. Kimball,
who is well known to many readers of The
TmiiUNE, is at present postmaster at Ogden,
Utah, and, although nearly a score of years
have passed since he witnessed the stirring
scenes of that brilliant campaign, in which
he bore so prominent a part, little change is
apparent in his personal 'appearance, no
speaks feelingly of the officers and men of
his old command, of their steady courage in
the most trying emergencies, and of their
exalted devotion to the cause which so many
of their comrades yielded up their lives in
No general officer in the Union array has a
more enviable record than Nathan Kim
ball. From Cheat Mountain to Nashville,
through four years of active service, through
all the grades from regimental to division
commauder,his career was that of a brave and
efficient officer. His prominent characteris
tic was well defined by General Stanley, his
corps commander, who called him " a square
Gghtor who didn't need watching."
Tho Army of the Cumberland.
The meeting of the Society of the Army'
of the Cumberland, at Milwaukee, last week,
was one of the most pleasant reunions ever
held by the society.
Tho hospitality of the citizens was
boundless and the feeling of fraternity
among the members, strengthening with
advancing years, Avas never so manifest. To
Americans, the Avar of the rebellion Avas the
great CA'cntof tho nineteenth century. The
8urvi'ors of the Union Army haA-e good
reason to be proud of having participated in
it in even the humblest capacity, and as the
frosts of each successive Avinter lcavo their
impress upon their brows, it is a natural
impulse that draws them closer together.
The country, rich aud prosperous, is gradu
ally aAvakeuing to a sense of the debt of
gratitude due to the men Avhose courage
and determination saved it from destruction.
This feeling is not confined to the people of
the North. The question of free labor in
the cotton fields, solved by the bayonet,
Avhich admitted of but one answer before
the Avar, and in tho South required no
discussion, has been decided even there
against the advocates of slavery.
Tho Avonderful progress of the Republic
during the seventeen years that have elapsed
since the last rebel surrendered to the
Union arms is just cause for pride to the
men Avhose valor gained the victory.
Never before in the history of nation" --"D
an army of such immense strength on!
from its citizen populace, and never 1 "
did an army of soldiers so easily r ; i
peaceful avocations. Looking back
the events of the Avar at even this dis . i
it appears like a brief holiday or a trc
dream, according as one may have -
If it had its days of suffering, it aa ot '
altogether without its pleasures. T c
came sweeping across one's life, bearh V.ia i
aAvay into new scenes aud neAV avoc ,h
The clothing ho AYore, tho food ho i " ?" '
bed upon which ho slept, his daily. c x -n-ions,
were all neAV to him. His new e .
meut was as different from the old t ,v -
had suddenly been translated to f
More than all, he missed the com iion i
ship of tho Avomen of the household, ict,
wife, sister, daughter. How dec - I
names became, as month after raont ' '
by Avith no caresses from their ha '
lips. He Avill never forget tho lonj
camp, and the longer days in hospr
one Avould have bartered a year of 1
hour in company Avith the one woman he
It is ovor now, and with a tear for tho
boys Avho never got back to the old hearth
stone, let those avIio did, in A'iewing the
goodly proportions of tho superstructure
Avliieh their heroic efforts saved to their chil
dren, leave a record as citizens Avhich Avill
fitly round up their career in the ranks.
They are scattered all over tho earth. Tho
traveler meets them on Egyptian sands and
along the Russian steppes ; in Alpine defiles
aud in the salons of tho gay capitals of
Europe. Rut by far the greater number
have resumed their old avocations, and are
among the hardiest pioneers of the great and
growing West. To these The National
Tkiiwne brings its Avcekly greeting, full of
news from the great Avorld, and full to over
flowing of kind regard for the boys Avho Avoro
A dainty drawing by Miss McDermott greets
the eye on opening Wide Awake for October, tho
most charming of juvenile periodicals. Another
engraving, entitled "Tho Birthday Night" isa
beautiful picture of homo life. In fact, tho pic
tures are all good, and handsomely illustrato
the stories which cnlh'cn tho firesides at which
Wiile Awake is a welcome A'isitor.
" Did you ever henr of CJood Ioy Land,
The wonderful country of Good Boy Lund,
AVlicre Itou-cs of tuny on every hand,
And mountains of plum-cako mid K'nguihrcad
"Where the streets uro all paved with doughnuts
And :i wall of sweet nlmondu hiurounds each
Where n lomonado sweet you arc asked to take,
You will find it riocribud in Wide Awake.
Tho fifth A'olumo of tho Government publica
tion " War of the Rebellion, Official Records of
the Union and Con fetlcrato Armies," is out this
Avcck. Every soldier should endeavor to sup
ply himself Avith this publication. Thou
sands of copies aio giA'on away by members of
Congress,' and nono of their constituents are
so well entitled to them as thoso whoso
deeds are commemorated in theso volumes.
Commencing Avith volumo 1, tho contents
of tho A'oiumcs thus far published are as fol
lows: Volume 1 Operations in Charleston Har
bor, December 20, 18(50, to April 1-1, 1SG1; tho
Secession of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi,
and Operations in Florida, January to August,
18G1 ; Secession of North Carolina, Louisiana,
and Texas ; Operations in Texas and NcwMcxico,
February to Juno, 1SG1; Operations in Arkan
sas, Indian Territory, and Missouri, February
to May, 1801. Volumo 2 Operations in Mary
land, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Vir
ginia, April to July, 1SG1. Volumo 3 Opera
tions in Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and Indian
Territory, May to November, 3601. Voliunci
Operations in Texas, Now Mexico, and Arizona,
June, 1SG1, to February, 18G2 ; Oporatious in
Kentucky and Teuuessco July to November,
1SG1 ; Operations in North Carolina and South
eastern Virginia, August, 1SG1, to January,
1SG2. Volume 5 Operations in Maryland,
Northern Virginia, and West Virginia, August,
18G1, to March, 1SG2. Tho account of these
operations consists of reports, letters, returns,
and official correspondence of both Union and
confederate, printed without comment, and
arranged chronologically so as to furnish the
most perfect data for tho historian. The official
reports of every skirmish, engagement, or bat
tle on file in the Battle Reports Division or
confederate archives find their appropriate
places in tho pages of this valuable Avork. It is
estimated that tho publication aviII continue
through the present generation, and that few
of the participants in the Avar of tho rebellion
aviII Ha'c to see it completed.
Those of onr readers avIio are unable to pro
cure the A-olumes already published can obtain
them, by addressing The National Tribune,
at tho lowest rate at Avhich they can be ob
tained at the Government Printing-House.
Chaplain Van Homo's Life of Major-General
Georgo H. Thomas, published by Scrihner's
Sons, is one of tho most interesting war publi
cations that have yet appeared. By far the
best likeness of tho great soldier has been en
gnucd on steel expressly for this work. Wo
shall take occasion to make an extended ro
Aicv of this valuable contribution to tho war
literature of the period.
Secretary Chandler has returned.
Senator Lamar Avants to be a professor.
Major-General Terry is visiting New HaA'cn.
Hon. J. C. Bancroft Davis has returned from
Tho Supreme Court meets a ayccIc from next
Tho faA'orito amusement at Newport is a
Gen. Thomas L. Young, of Ohio, is at tho
Col. Corkhill has returned to Washington
from his visit to Iowa.
Sccrctari' of War Lincoln has gone to Chi
cago for a brief visit.
Secretary Lincoln is nominated by the Gray
(Iowa) Eagle for the Presidency.
Jay Cook expects to lead a party of capital
ists on a southern trip shortly.
Dr. Oliver Wendell Homes is in tho White
Mountains, renewing his youth.
Prof. James E. Thorold Rogers, M. P., is at
tho Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York.
" Minister Hannibal Hamlin is in Paris, Avhich
centre of gaycty ho prefers to Berlin.
Mrs. A. T. Stewart expects to entertain next
AA'inter for the first time in eight years.
General A. L. Lovejoy, Avho founded Port
land, Oregon, died in that city a few days ago.
General Rosser has been appointed chief
engineer of tho Hudson Bay Railway Com
nanv. inthrop secured tho first prizo
. ho Massachusetts Horticultural
i ' ''
i uis a priA'ate chapel finished in
vh 'M, i ;1 gilt at his home, "Mac-o-chec,"
!,t " , srty, Ohio.
Vk" . Ccrr, a brother-in-law of Lord
Ps a . purchased a seat in tho New
Y t change.
( '" ravemoyer, of New York, has
br$-.- t- i ' Hill," Avhore General Putnam
t$u liii g ride.
C iCtt!-i : .irman and Hancock both expect
Wt pti'ie'.t t tho Missouri State fair, at St.
Lti , -pons October 2.
. . Hazon has returned to this city
. i Mil v ily. An improvement in the
' 'a "ler Id nediately looked for.
i - tf?-nr . laisted is to niigrato to tho far
iV5 ''! is his term of office expires. Tho
0i t r . to is too cold for him.
1 . , i Piatt, Mrs. Piatt, and Mrs. Cam
fcrr ii', tho Senator, leaA'o hero next
v ' . General Miles aud Mrs. Miles, in
bnr.?! l, tho lieutenant of marines who
t:tt ' :ho door ot tho Harper's Ferry
' ! and captured John Brown, is
! n.i farmer.
ant and Mr. Trescott, who were
mmissioncrs to negotiate a com
mercial treaty Avith Mexico, Avill IcaA'C for that
country about the first of NoA'embor.
General Lucius Fairchild, of Wisconsin, Avho
has been traveling in the far Northwest, says
that ho thinks tho northern half of Dakota
ought to bo admitted into tho Union.
Mr. Blaino was given a reception on Monday
OA'cning by tho Union Leaguo Club, of Chicago.
Tho centre of the table Avas adorned Avith a
huge kettle of white roses, Avith red tongues of
carnation underneath, representing a Camp
firo. Dr. Nor'in Green, Avho is to retire from the
presidency of tho Western Union Telegraph
Company, is said to bo Avorth as much a
$10,000,000. His salary is only $15,000 a year,
and his immense fortuno has been mado hi
Alexander IIP; tho uncroAvncd Emporor of
Russia, is tho possessor of an unriA'alled col
lection of royal diadems. Tho most ancient is
probably the crown of Constantineo Mono
machus, which Avas sent from Constantinople
to tho "Lord of Kiew" in 1110.
President Arthur spent soA'eral hours with
General Sturgis at tho Soldiers' Homo during
his recent visit to this city. On his return
from New York ho may possibly take up his
quarters at tho President's cottage as tho guest
of the soldiors at lhat attractive retreat.
Miss Emily Faithful, of England, Avill visit
Now York this season, and on tho first Monday
in NoA'cmbcr Avill bo tho guest of Sorosis at
dinner. American women Avill feel great in
terest in meeting Miss Faithful, whose Avorth
and AA'ork are familiarly known among us.
Ex-Minister Comly has returned to his homo
in Ohio from tho Sandwich Inlands. Mr. Comly
is the man of whom Mr. Hayes said, when ho
Avas asked to appoint a Pacific slope man who
understood something about commerco: "No,
I propose to appoint Comly. Why, ho and I
have slept in the same bed!"
M. Kiupp, the celebrated gun manufacturer,
is in Paris. His presenco thero recalls tho fact
that at (ho Exposition of 1807 ho exhibited his
great cannon. Marshal Neil, avIio Avas then
Minister of War in France, rejected it; but
Von Moltkc, with a truer insight, adopted it,
and tho result at Sedan demonstrated his Avis
dom. Tho Bnttto or Franklin.
To tho Editor National Tkiihtxe:
Your articlo in last week's National Tj:i
nUNE in reforonco to tho battle of Franklin,
Tcnn., I read Avith a great deal of interest. In
deed, it Avas a rich treat. I Avas engaged in
that conflict, being then in the Fourth Corps,
Army of tho Cumberland, commanded by Gen.
D. S. Stanloy. Tho action Avas fought on tho
last day of November, 1801. Wo left our in
tronchments at Rutherford's Creek on tho
evening of the 20th, and, after a Aveary night
march, arrived at Franklin in tho early part
of tho day folloAving, and immediately com
menced building a line of Avorks on tho Avest of
tho town, Avith tho right resting upon tho Hir
icth, which works, your correspondent states,
can bo distinctly traced at the present time.
Wo had not our Avorks half completed, avIicu
the enemy came on in solid lino of battle, driv
ing our skirmishers beforo them. Soou after
avo had commenced firing I Avent a short dis
tance to the left, into a groA'o of timber, whero
I had a fair view of tho field and the line of
Avorks around in front of tho Carter house up
to tho old cotton gin. I had been here but a
few minutes, Avhen I saw them capture a part
of our light, unfinished line of Avorks, and,
driving our men back, I Avas apprehensiA'e that
all Avas lost, and wondered Avhere Avas the best
place to crosi tho Harpeth on tho way to Nash
ville. But I had previously noticed that a part
of our corps, like a long blue line, Aas lying ilat
upon the ground a short distance in tho rear.
They suddenly arose to their feet, gavo a cheer,
tuch as Union soldiers only could give, and,
without firing a shot, dashed forward on a
bayonet charge, and speedily retook tho works.
Hero Gen. Cleburne fell as he attempted to
cross our line, and here young Carter met his
death in the door-yard of his father's house.
I w;is well acquainted with the toAvn cf Frank
lin and its surroundings, for in the spring and
early summer of 1SG2 our brigade Avas encamp
ed here as tho extroino right of tho army,
under Gen. Rosccrans before tho pursuit of
Hracg that ended at Chickamauga. I knew the
Carter family, h.aving had, on several occasions,
my reserve post at their house Avhile on duty as
officer of the guard in command of the picket
line. I had a pleasant chat Avith a part of tho
family as avo passed their house on our march
through tho town, just beforo the Commence
ment of the battle. The locust grovo near
the Carter house mentioned by your corres
pondent was, in the spring of '03, A'ery beauti
ful, but Avas sadiy dis figured by shot and shell
during tho battle. I am inclined to believe
that your correspondent is mistaken in regard
to the "gems " in the frame of Cleburne's pic
ture, for I think that the old cotton gin from
Avhich tho plank was taken, and in avIioso
agreeable shade I have whilcd aAvay many a
Aveary hour A'hilo upon guard duty, stood
slightly in the rear, or, perhaps, nearly on a
lino Avith our intrenchments, and hence the
bullets more likely came from tho confederate,
rather than tho Federal lines. Tho battle of
Franklin has been slightly passed over by
Avritcrs upon the Avar, and I think 'sadly un
derrated, for it Avas certainly a A'erj" sharp and
sanguinary conflict, and thoso Avho were pres
ent know how, time after time, our determined
enemy assaulted our slight, unfinished Avorks,
only to be repulsed and drh'cn bad:, and I am
free to say that, in my opinion, braver men
never marched to battlo than thoso who com
posed tho assaulting columns of Hood's army
on that memorablo November ovoning. I could
relate many incidents connected Avith the bat
tle, but haA'e trespassed too much already, and,
in conclusion, will say that The Tribune is a
Avclcomo guest among tho veterans of this
placo, who look for its coming Avith eager an
ticipation. Yours, &c, H. B. Vannehan,
Lato Capt. Co. G, Slth Ind. Inf.
Woodbury, N. J., Sept. 19th, 1SS2.
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND
Fourteenth Annual Iteiinion nt JIhIu nuhce. Gen'l
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Milavaukee, Wis., Sept. 20. The fourteenth
annual Reunion of the Society of the Army of
tho Cumberland opened to-day, Gen. Phil
Sheridan presiding. Gens. Nathan Kimball,
of Utah, and J. S. Fullerton, of St. Louis, ac
companied Sheridan and many other distin
guished generals. Addresses wero mado by
Gen. J. D. Cox and Gen. Grosvenor. . ($
GEN. GROSVENOR'S ADDRESS.
Comrades of tho Army of tho Cumberland:
It is more than soA'cntcoa years since the great
Avar between tho armies of tho United States
and tho rebols Avho sought to overthroAV and
destroy tho Nation ceased. Unlike the dead of
other Avars, tho memories of our patriotic dead
have not Avithered and grown old. Their
places at tho fircsido are yet kept open, and
their A'acancics among their felloAvs haA'o ne'er
been filled. Tho fallen heroes of Balaklava lie
in tho obscurity of forgetfulncss. But our
dead live on. Thoy livo in the grand exam
ples thoy set to their fellows. They livo in
the national life thoy mado possible ; they Hac
in tho broken shackles of tho slavo and tho
song of hope of enfranchised bondmen; they
livo in tho hearts and memories of their
countrymen, and, living, inspiro the present
generation of men to A'aluo tho priceless boon
they sa'cd for them, and be jealous of the
safety of tho countrj they died to rescue.
Tlicso seventeen years constitute an opoch o
mai-A'elous progress. Tho material growth o
the nation has by far surpassed the most en
thusiastic anticipation of the men of lcb'o.
This period Avill always bo noted and distin
guished as one conspicuous for the deA'clopment
of invention, tho progress of scientific knowl
edge and tho perfection of art. No equal
number of years that preceded it has borno so
much and so choice fruit. From no concciA'
able standpoint is America less great, less pure,
less good, or less prosperous than twenty years
ago. From every conceiA'ablo standpoint is she
better, richer, stronger, greater and purer.
Tho States la:cly in arms to oA'orthrow the
Nation to-day share fully Avith the North in
the blessings of prosperity. Tho barriers of
prcjudico and sectionalism have been broken
down. Tho people of tho North and the people
of tho South know and appreciate each other,
and avo have learned that no section of this
country can bo really prosperous AVhilo any
other section is suffering. Tho men Avho fought
to destroy tho Union in loGL arc its best and
most intelligent friends in 18S2t and the new
raco of young men Avhich has come forward to
take tho places of the generation passing away
recognizes in ono country, ono constitution
and one flag tho only hope for tho regeneration
aud permanent Avelfaro of the South. Now
that tho Union is forever safe, how that all
sections of the country join in allegiauco to it,
tho tiino has come Avhen plain language may
be used to restate tho issues upon which the
Avar was begun, and for tho determination of
Avhich it w.u waged. Wo did not
GO TO AVAR TOR A SENTIMENT.
Tho people of thcStatcs, North and South,AA"oro
too Aviso for that. Wo did not go to Avar to
defend or destroy slavery. Tho people had
not been educated up to that point. What
then? It Avas to destroy tho idea and fact of
national supremacy and indivisible Union that
tho pooplo of the South went to war. it Avas
to establish, maintain and make perpetual this
idea that tho North went to war. It Avas to
maintain all avo had of Union and constitu
tional government ami so onlargo its scope
and oporation that tho North resisted tho
South in its attempts to destroy and rebuild.
Union and national supremacy on ono hand!
Secession and State sovereignty on tho other!
Political antipodes ! Opposite poles. Tho dif
feiencos wore oiganic aud fundamental. To
day avo meet tho bravo men avIio sought tho
destruction of tho Government as brothers,
ono and all brothers in allegiance to tho
saved and glorified Nation. Wo harbor no
trace of animosity toward them, but avo can
not forbid ourselA'CS the happy thought that in
this jrcat contest we avlto on tho right side.
Wo assemble at our annual memorial altars,
and cast tho offerings of eloquence, of tears, of
flowers, of music, over tho graves of our fellow
comrades because they
1)1 T.D IN A JUST CAVSE.
Let the soldiers of tho United States join
Avhatover political power they see lit, and act
in tho discharge of their duty as citizens Avith
tho best light thoy have, but let a few things,
a lew opinions, a low" demands, a few ideas, bo
held in common by every ono of them. Lot
us demand purity of National, Stato and mu
nicipal administration. Lotus punish corrup
tion Avith tho Avrath of an oiTondcd and out
raged people, Avherover it shows its form and
shape. Let us demand tho most rigid honesty
in tho administration of all tho public affairs
of tho people of his country, and let us brand
as a traitor to this country and aa onemy to
his raco tho man who, by means of political
promotion, seeks to aggraudizo his personal
fortuno at tho oxponse of tho public treasury.
Upon this platform avo can all uuite. Placo
tho civil servico of tho Government aAvay
abovo Avritten rules and regulations, placo it
Avhero avo haA'o placed tho education of our
people, upon tho great questions of loyalty
and Union; place tho idea of civil serrico reform
ai.d tho purity and honor of the civil servico
in the education, in tho hearts, in tho lovo of
tho people, aud tho citadel can noA'or success
fully bo attacked.
What tho Funay Fellows are Sarins in tho otts
papcrs. An exacting officer : Said the Texas sheriff
as ho Avas about to spring the trap : " Kick and
squirm as much as you can. There's about
four thousand people present, and Ave Avant 'era
to have all tho fun possible." Hartford Times.
Western marvels : A Denver paper professes
to think it marvelous that a man avIioso brains
Avoro knocked out is still living. If he AA'cro
out this Avay he Avould not only be living, bnt
would be holding some important office.
No gentleman: A Chicago minister makes a
note of tho fact that ho has ncA-er seen a lady
reading a neAVspaper in a street car. Well?
He has ncA'cr seen a lady smoking on a car
platform, either, has ho? It simply goc3 to
show that a lady is no gentleman. Savannah
" What aro yon doing with that gun," asked
a man who saAV an Irish boy in tho suburbs of
Austin. " I am hunting doves." "How many
Ii.tvo you killed?" "Not any, bo jabers! I
Avant to kill threo or four at ono shot, and I
can niAer got more than one av them togithor."
Texas Si flings.
One of tho Texas streams that had money
appropriated by Congress for its improvement,
changed last week from a dusty bed, with no
Avatcr in, to a roaring torrent, SAvecping aAvay
houses and droAvning many people. Thero is
nothing like an appropriation to set business
booming. Pcctts Sun.
"Horatio," said a North Side physician to
his amber-haired student, "did you leave tho
medicino for thoso people near Lincoln Park,
as I told you to?" "I did that, Doctor, and I
learned this morning that nine of them Avero
dead." "Nino of them dead! Why, that's
something singular; I told you to IcaA'e medi
cine for ten." Cheek.
Helped him out: "See here, my dearhoAV
beautifully tho sun brings out the dew drops
this morning. They glisten like like "
"Liko diamonds, pa. They remind mo ever
so much of some I saAV yesterday." The old
gentleman turned tho conversation imme
diately, but the diamonds havo got to be
bought. Boston Globe.
"So you aro back in tho city again," said
a laboring man on Twenty - second street.
"Thought you Avent doAvn Avith a lot of others
in tho south part of tho county to Avork on a
farm." "Wo did." " Well,fwhat's tho rum
pus?" " Why, you see, the old farmer Avent to
Avork and strung the A-holo farm all OA'cr with
barbed Aviro fence, and avo all quifc'and camo
home. There is a time to work and a timn tn
rest, but you can't rest on a barbedwiro
A littlo fellow, whoso father keep3 a hotel,
was being questioned by his Sunday-school
teacher about Elijah, the prophet, Avho was fed
by the raA'cns. Tho story had been followed
to Avhere Elijah went to the brook and stayed
there until it dried up. Then came tho ques
tion, "Whero did Elijah go?" The answer
AA'as, "Ho went to the house of a poor widow
and her son." Tiie littlo fellow heard tho
question answered, and then in tones of aston
ishment asked, "Whydidn'thcgo to a hotel?"
How Mary cut her hand: "Corne, Mary,"
said Henry the other evoning as they Avero
preparing tho church vestry for the monthly
meeting, "you can lend a hand, can't you?"
Said Mary, quite demurely : "And if I did lend
a hand are yon quite suro you wouldn't keep
it?" "No, by George," exclaimed Henry, his
face lightening up Avith a neAV revelation.
"No, I am suro I wouldn't give it up, never
nover nover ! " Of courso they were married,
and of course they lived happily evor after-
wards. Boston Transcript. ,
Perfectly harmless : A Londoner who lately -crossed
from Canada to Ogdensburg asked his
hackdriver as to the population and form of
government of Ogdensburg. On being in
formed that it was an incorported city, tho
chief officer of Avhich was a Mayor, ho inquired :
''And does tho Mayor wear tho insignia of
office ? " " Insignia what's that ? " asked tho
astonished hack. "Why, a chain about his
neck," explained tho cockney. "Oh, bles3
you, no," responded tho other; "he's perfectly
harmless and goes about loose." Quiz.
Founded on fact: Billings met Dr. Squint.
"Hallo, my friend," exclaimed tho doctor, "I
am glad to see you. Around hunting for news,
I suppose? You reporters are always on tho
go. You are tho best reporter in Arkansas.
Say, I am going to havo a little gathering of
friends at my house to-morrow night, and my
Avife, Avho is a great admirer of you, by tho
Avay, sends you a special inA'itation. Let's
have a bottle of Avine. Say, there, waiter,
bring ns a bottlo of Piper Heidsick." "I sup
pose you have heard, doctor, that I am no
longer connected Avith tho Daily Bloom t"
"No." "Yes, I have retired from tho news
paper business. When do you say you AA'ant
me to come around ? " " Oh, any time, replied
the doctor, with an evident change of manner.
" Say, Avaitcr, never mind tho wine. Bring us
tAAo beers." Arkansas Traveler.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
Souicthin? About What Is fioiaOn in the Religious
Mark Twain is a Congregatioualist.
Ice cream is not considered a necessary of
life, and must nofc bo sold on Sunday in Boston.
Tho corncr-stono for a Methodist church was
laid by electric light at half-past ten o'clock at
Joannicius, the ex-archbishop of Georgia, has
been called to tho archiepiscopal see of Mos
Ono hundred years ago thero Ans ono church
to ovcry 1,700 inhabitants in tho United States;
now there is ono to every 320.
Bishop Stophcns, of tho dioccso of Pennsyl
vania, avIio is visiting and preaching in
Switzerland, recently consecrated All Saints'
church at VoA'ay.
Tho Young Mon's Christian Associations in
tho United States and Canada number 779,
with 82,375 members. Theso associations own
$;;,300,000 worth of property, and expend an
Dr. Primo says ho would rather bo "tho
humblest saint at Old Orchard Beach camp
meeting than tho greatest philosopher in tho
Concord school, if, with all hisAvisdom, ho had
not received Christ as a little child."
Dean Burgon, preaching from the Cambridge
University pulpit, recently said: "For my
part, I am quito content to seek my ancestors
in the garden called Eden ; let others, if they
choose, look for theirs in tho garden called
Tho mission premises of tho Presbyterians in
Alexandria, Egypt, havo not been injured, and
Mr. Ewing and Dr. Watson remain thero during
tho day. though passing tho night on board a
ship in the harbor. Nothing is yet known of
tho native Christians and the mission property
In tho PrimitiA-e Methodist denomination of
England seventy now churches Avero erected
during tho year, accommodating 1S.000 and
costing 73,290. Tho two theological colleges
havo been temporarily suspended. Thero i3
an over-supply of candidates, aud no more can
bo accepted for a timo. It is the same in Wes
leyanism, aud tho Rov. Charles Garrott, tho
president of the conference, appeals for ."5,000
to send tho unemployed young men, for Avhora
no circuits aro available, out as homo mission
aries to break up now ground,