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THE 'NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1832.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
Sharp Crack's of the Galling All
Along the Line.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Wliat Our Headers Have to
Say A"b out Tlieir AiFairs.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Your postal received, and in reply would
say I did not understand tho arrangement or
Mould have responded earlier. However, it is
not too late yet. You say if I am in favor of
the bill to pension Union soldiers who vrcro
prisoners of war, to send my subscription.
Yes, I am in favor of it, heart and soul ; for if
ever a sot of men deserved to be pensioned it
is those who suffered the horrors of those
Southern hells, and no ono knows any better
what those horrors were than myself, as I en
dured them from tho 20lh of April, 1SG1, until
the 27th of February, 1SG5. I was confined in
Andersouville, Ga., and Florence, S. C. Many
of the 003-s who arc living will remember tho
Plymouth pilgrims, of whom I was one, cap
tured at Plymouth, N. C. I was a member of
Company E, One Hundred and Third Pennsyl
vania volunteers, Wesscls's brigade. When,
captured I was an ablo-bodied soldier, weight,
130 pounds, when turned into the stockate at
Andersouville ; when released at Goldsborough,
N. C, a skeleton of scvcnty-fivo pounds.
Tongue cannot toll nor pen portray tho misory
and suffering endured by those who were in
carcerated in those Southern Gehennas. Whilo
in prison I had scurvy in the mouth, by which
my teeth wero all destroyed, and during tho
last two weeks of my stay in Florence prison
I had an attack of malarial fever, the effects of
which, together with the abuso of prison life
generally, I have never fully recovered from,
nor over expect to. I made an application for a
pension nearly three years ago, but have not
received it yet. I think The National
Tribune is the best paper in tho interest of
the soldier and his family that I ever had tho
pleasure of reading, and I hope you will con
tinue to throw hot shot among Congressmen
and Senators until they are willing to recog
nize tho rights of tho soldier and do him
justice. Our country in her hour of dire dis
tress and need, when calling for her sons to go
forth and do battlo for her, promised them
certain things, in some of which she has wo
fully failed, prominent among which is equal
izing tho bounty and pensioning prisoners of
war, and I hope tho nest Congress will not
close its session until these measures have been
accomplished. "Let justice be done though
the heavens fall." I enclose one dollar for ono
year's subscription to The National Tribune.
H. H. Wise.
Fobt Atkinson, Wis.
ANOTITEU HUNGRY COMRADE.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I received your postal informing mo that my
Bubscription to tho Union Veteran had expired
August 19th. Enclosed please Hud 1 to "pre
vent the temporary discontinuance " of The
Tribune. Am sorry to hear of my.f friend,
Felix LaBaume's sickness, compelling Mm. to
give up tho old Union Vet. Liked it first -rate,
and am also pleased with The National
Tribune, and am like J. W., of Lithopolis, Ohio,
"want my rations every week" Sunday
morning. I have taken great interest in Freo
Lance's experience of his prison life ; also of
tho many reminiscences of others. As I am
ono of tho old ones having been a prisoner
fourteen months, and claiming the honor (?) of
being tho second or third man of the first squad
that entered Andcrsonvillc, there being no or
ganization whatever in tho "Bull Pen," no
Eentry boxes, no dead-lino established, plenty
of wood and brush to make shelter, good water,
fresh air, and plenty of grub, compared with.
what we got in Libby, Boystcr, Scott, Pembcr
ton, and Belle Isle, which lasted a whole day.
I may, at some future time, give tho boys some
of my experience. I often wonder how many
of the boys now living can say they fastened
their old blanket if they chanced to have
one to the stockade, or leaned brush up
against it for a shade. I often think of how
blank tho "fresh fish," who came into tho
stockade long afterwards, looked when wo told
them we used to do that very thing.
Of tho 110 of us who wero captured on Mis
sionary Eidgo September 22, 1863, just after
tho battle of Chickamauga, while on picket
duty, there are but few to tell tho story,
perhaps not over fifteen. Some, perhaps,
S, think tho many stories of starvation, sickness
and death in tho rebel prison pens overdrawn,
but I have read a great many, and can say
honestly, that I have never seen anything in
print that told tho ono hundredth part as bad
as it really was. Hon. James G. Blaine, in his
speech to the ex-prisoners in Topeka, Septem
ber 13th, 18S2, says: "The English languago
does not record a parallel to the history of tho
sufferings of our men there" (Andcrsonvillc).
He also said : " To me, a survivor of Andcrson
villc is a miracle." Enclosed is a sketch of his
Fpccch, which, if you hav'nt in full, you can
use. It is like Gen. Garfield's speech at tho
prisoner's Beunion in Toledo. It has tho right
ling to it. I wished very much to attend the
Pc union at Topeka, but could'ut possibly go.
Next year I hope to attend. If I can bo there,
will be ready night or day to trade a ration of
"corn-raoel" for a "ration of beans."
Yours, &c, George P. Hall,
Late Co. I, 78th Peg. 111. Vol. Inf.
IN UNION THERE IS STRENGTH.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Wo endorse the sentiment "In Union there
is strength," and realize that when such papers
as the New York Sun and Herald and the Chic
ago Times and Tribune raise their banners in
oj.position to justice to the soldier it is time
the soldier had some one to speak for him. Wo
think we see in your paper tho "fight-it-out-on-this
-lino- if -it-takes -all-summer" spirit
which properly supported by the boys will
" ultimately lead us to primary truth."
When capital combines to wring from dusty
labor its meager fruits; when labor combines
to wring from honestly acquired capital its
Jcitimatc reward; when politicians combine
to cheat tho soldier of his rights, it seems to us
time for the soldiers to combine to protect their
oi n rights. You rs,
Oscar F. Avery,
Co. B, 11th Mich. Inf.
Pontiac, III., Sept. 19.
YOU SHALL HAVE IT IN DUE SEASON.
To the Editor National Tribune:
There aro so many pleasant things told in
your paper that a reader ought not to ask for
anything, but I would like to see a ringing
good editorial on tho importance of soldiers
,going to work to securo congressional action
jto have the act of January 25, 1879, extended,
Ind thus do justice to more than 50,000 soldiers
who aro barred out of their arrearage simply
because they filed their claims after July 1,
IbsO, All it needs is iox you to start tho .ball 1
and show up tho injustico of all such legisla
tion. Will you be kind enoueh to do it?
Philadelphia, Pa. S. P.
Sharp Craclis of the Gntlins (inns All Along the
Canada. "I would not be without it for five
times it's cost. It gives more satisfaction than
all tho other papers." E. L. Egglcslon, On
tario. Maine." Makes an old soldier feel as if he
had a full stomach." P. T. Livers, Sagadoe
Now Hampshire "I shall keep trying to
work for The Tribune, for I know it works
for us." S. C. Pose, Belknap co.
Massachusetts. " Wo glory in your success
in establishing a paper which wo may depend
upon to stand fearlessly for the right and to
demand that "justice may bo done though tho
heavens fall.'" Win. O'Connor, Attleboio' co.
"All that havo been it so far aro willing to
admit it to bo the best they have seen."
Samuel W. Mann, Middlesex co. "It is what
has long been needed, and will bo much ap
preciated by tho Union soldiers." A. S. Bond,
Connecticut. "Enclosed find one dollar; send
to tho address of your paper, it being
his rations for ono year. 1 can say, as
others have, it is the only friend in the shape
of a paper that tho old soldiers have." Eobert
A. Gray, New London co. "I like your
paper very much, and tho bold steps you arc
taking in tho campaign." Hugh Macuskcr,
New London co.
New York. "Tho Union Veteran was good,
but The National Tribune is belter." W.
S. Smith, Broome co. "I shall try to keep
up my subscription so long a3 I am able to pay
for it." S. P. Duncan, Chatauqua co. "The
National Tribune! Long may it live, and
its readers bo counted by tho thousands." II.
N. Piatt, Delaware co. " I now swear by
The Tribune. I liked the Veteran very much,
but your valuable paper gives better rations."
J. T. Ferrin, Erie co. " It is tho best sol
diers' paper published for us Andersouville
survivors, for it distributes the noio all along
tho line." J. F. Wheeler, Onondaga co.
"I enclose $1 for The National Tribune for
ono year. A neighbor gave mo your paper to
read the other day and I like it very well. It
gives more news concerning Congress than all
the rest of the papers in Washington put to
gether." Hugh MeMertery, Oswego co.
Now Jersey. "I have got another subscriber
for The National Tribune, tho great sol
diers' paper." Cumberland co. " If all ' the
boys' knew and appreciated tho help you aro
doing I think you would soon havo 100,000
names on your list." Thos. Scarlett, Mon
mouth co." "I think it should bo taken by
every man who was in the Union Army."
John H. Brady, Union co.
Pennsylvania. " I like your style of writing
in behalf of tho ex-soldiers and ex-prisoners of
war, and I hope you will continue to do so
until wo havo success." P. J. Carrigan, Alle
gany co. "It is just what every soldier
should havo; it is tho soldiers' true friend."
W. H. H. Bush, Berks co. "I think it fills
the wholo bill and should be in tho hands of
every ex-soldier." A. W. Jones, Huntington
co. "I am doing all I can for your paper,
which I prize so much." Morris Eldrcd,
Wayne co. "I want your paper, and can't
do without it. All prisoners ought to havo it."
Samuel Auk, Westmoreland co.
Texas. "I would not bo without it. Al
though I was not in tho late war, I am dis
posed to aid in tho passage of any bill that will
? compensate tho Union soldier."i JE.'rMrHuh
nan, Grayson co. ' o ' '
Missouri. "I pray to God that -its columns
may be in tho hands of cvory ex-soldier for its
pleading and demanding tho rights of tho
soldier." Samuel W. Cook, Hardin co.
"This makes three for you, and I would to
God it was a thousand." George W. Wales,
Ohio. " I was disappointed when tho Union
Veteran stopped ; surprised and satisfied when
I received your paper in its stead." Charles
2l. White, Williams co. "I could not get
along without it." C. C. Schroder, Du Bois co.
Indiana. " I see no better way to reach and
exert an influence on Congress than to
strengthen the power of your patriotic paper,
tho true friend of tho soldier." Thos. D. Mit
chell, Knox co. " Count on me as a warm
supporter of The Tribune." Juo. M. Gordon,
Illinois. "I like tho paper, and think it is
worth more money." G. C. Somers, Cook co.
The National Tribune, in my humble
opinion, is par excellence the soldiers' paper; the
cheapest, tho best, and the most eflicient in ac
complishing what wo most need prompt recog
nition by the country and the Government of
our just rights." W. T. Hendricks, Hancock
co. "I cannot help thanking jou for tho
noble work in tho soldiers' interest." Servin
Allard, Kankakee co. "Am glad to sec that
there is one journal that is not afraid to advo
cate tho rights of tho soldier." A. H. Wild
man, Piatt co.
Michigan. "I got one recruit for your paper
yesterday, and shall work hard to get more, as
I think it is the duty of every ox-soldier.''
Chas. Dunham, Kent co. "Shall endeavor
to give it a hearty support. Many of our com
rades aro taking tho Tribune, and invariably
speak well of it." C. G. Hampton, Way no co.
" I think the subscribers of tho Union Vet
eran havo been much the gainers by tho trans
fer to your paper." E. It. Stilhnan, Manistee
co. "I think your paper is just 'Boss.'"
Sponcer Langdon, Way no co.
Wisconsin. "I think it is tho best paper
ever published of its kind." Ira Arnold, Jack
son co. "May it live long, and bo just as
good as it is now ! " E. J. Small ey, Outagamio
co. "My papers go out as fast as they come,
many of them before I can get to read them
half through." L. L. Tongue, Union co.
Minnesota. "I am glad you sent me notice
that my subscription had expired, for I would
not like to be without your paper." O. B.
Lacy, Winona co.
Iowa. "Enclosed find ono dollar, another
shot for your invulnerable battery. Uso it as a
solid shot and drop it in the ranks of those
who think our ex-soldiers aro a drag on tho
wheels of the Government." T,B. Doxcy,
Black Hawk to. "I could not., think of
losing so valuable fipaper as The Tribune. It
is truly the soldiers' friend." Win:; O. Madi
son, Guthrie co. I believe you to bo a
friend of tho boys that wore tho blue in saving
this Union. Your paper suits me better than
any other I have ever seen." J. W. Frazer,
Nebraska. "Fail to send me any of The
National Tribunes at your peril. Can't do
without it." J. A. Dillon, Johnson co.
"Whilo The Tribune stands on its present
basis consider mo permanently located with
you." JI. P. Cutting, Merrick co. "Only
show an old soldier a copy of your paper, and
he's going to have it:' James Bivins, Seward co.
Kansas. "Count mo for ono more of your
life subscribera." Win. Kinney, Labette co.
"As I want you to send my best friend to
me, I enclose ono dollar." S. E. Shirts,
Mitchellco. " Long may it wave I " Stephen
Tuders, Sedgwick co.
ew Mexico." 1 think it was a good scheme,
consolidating tho Veteran with The Tribune."
Byron Knowles, Grant co.
Indian Territory. "The Tribune is tho
best soldiers' paper published in the country."
JD, K. Hioktf, Cherokea Nation.
BATTLE OF FRANKLIN.
The Desperate Charge of Hood's Army
Upon the Union Breastworks.
OPDYCKE TO THE RESCUE.
A Thrilling Account of a Cele-,
Tho town of Franklin is in a bend of tho
Harpeth river, on its left and southern bank.
Toward tho south its outskirts riso to a range
of lov hills, which, with tho river, completely
inclose it. On this range Gen. Cox formed our
line of defense, and had breastworks promptly
thrown up. Tho brigades of Stiles, Casement,
and Itcilly, of his own division, extended, in
the order named, from tho river above tho
village to the Columbia road ; then came Strick
land's and Moore's brigades of Eugcr's division
to Carter's creek road, and Kimball's division
of tho Fourth Corps filled out tho lino to tho
river below tho town. The artillery of tho
Fourth Corps, under Col. Bridges, was stationed
at intervals along tho works. At Carter's Hill,
which was tho Inchest of tho range, and over
which tho Columbia road led down into Frank
lin, our intrenchments turning to tho right,
formed two salient angles. On this hill,
plainly tho key of tho field, Cox placed a
doublo lino of infantry and eight pieces of
artillery. About fifty yards in rear of Case
ment's right and Eeilly's loft and centre, tho
Twelfth and Sixteenth Kentucky and a part of
tho Eighth Tennessee formed a second line un
der Col. White. In front an unobstructed plain
extended for a mile to an open forest in which
the rebel general formed his army for battle.
About midway between the forest and Carter's
Hill Schofield had halted Lane's and Conrad's
brigades of Wagner's division. This was
a grave error, because they could observo tho
enemy no better from this position of exposure
than from Carter's Hill, and instead of retard
ing, aided the advanco of the confederate army
by screening its columns from tho firo of our
guns on the hill. Tho brigades wore not ex
pected to remain long enough to bo over
whelmed and routed, and Gen. Cox, after Scho
field had crossed tho river, verbally ordered
Wagner to retire them in duo time, his inten
tion being to have them join Opdycko's brigade
in reserve; but Schofield had put them into a
position where usefulness was impossible, and
where their peril, at first imminent, soon be
came so extremo as seriously to endanger tho
existence- of tho wholo army. On tho way in
from Stevens Hill Opdycko was ordered by
Wagner into lino with tho two brigades, but
having in a former campaign becomo familiar
with tho military features of tho locality, ho
thought the position so cxtromely faulty that
ho objected, and so was allowed to go into re
serve on the rear slopo of Carter's Hill, about
200 yards from tho main lino of earthworks.
Gen. Wagner then said to him : " Now, Op
dyckc, fight when andwhero you think best;
I may not seo you again." This was tho only
order he received during tho battlo.
TOT BATTLE OF FRANKLIN THE BATTLE LOST.
Deeply chagrined at having allowed our
army to escape on tho 29th, Hood was novf
leader to fall upon us whenever ho could
,find us, and as soon as ho came in sight
of our position formed his army into such
a deep and solid order of battlo that
it dijl not extend further from our left than to
tho right of Kimball's left brigade. Cheath
am's corps formed tho enemy's loft and Stew
art's his right wing, and Leo's corps camo up
on tho Columbia road in rear of tho centre as a
reserve. Forrest, with tho main body of his
cavalry corp3, was at tho fords that Wilson
was defending, about two miles up tho Har
peth. He had actually crossed on the 29th, but
being assailed with vigor by Wilson, was com
pelled to recross tho river, nood expected to
overwhelm tho National infantry by tho first
onset of superior massc3, and then, with his
cavalry, force Wilson out of tho way and hasten
around to tho Nashville road in timo thcro to
stop tho flight of our routed army and givo his
own infantry timo to como up and complete
our destruction. At 4 p. m. tho enemy, massed
heavily on the Columbia road, emerged from
the forest and advanced over tho plain against
us. Tho two brigades left out alone to face tho
massivo centre of tho confederate army, not
receiving orders to retire, and so, iirobably sup
posing that the safety of the army required of
them a stubborn resistance, held their positions
until compelled to fall back in confusion, fol
lowed closely by tho enemy to and across our
works on Carter's Hill. Tho troops there
yielded to this rush of friends and foes, and at
tho opening of tho battlo more than a thousand
prisoners, two batteries of artillery, and tho
center and key of our lino fell into the hands
of tho enemy.
If, aided by a long-range field-glass, Gen.
Schofield could, in part, sec theso disasters,
made probable by his ill-judged disposition of
the two brigades, but ho had separated himself
and one division so far from his main army
that ho could not reach it with that division
nor with orders in timo to bo of any uso. No
attempt was mado to do either, and Cox was
left to bo crushed utterly, or to win imperish
able honors without the aid of his official chief,
who, surrounded by an idle division o: veteran
soldiers, seemed content in tho distant fort.
When Lane and Conrad wero routed General
Cox, from his position on tho parapet some
distance to tho left; of tho Columbia road, at
once saw tho peril of tho army. A painful
question required his immediato decision
whether or not to open firo on our own men,
in order to striko and disorder tho advancing
columns of the enemy before they could reach
and fatally ponclrato our line. Ho decided to
withhold firo until tho routed troops should
come in, hoping that his doublo line of infan
try would stand Jinn to. tho breastworks, or, in
case tho lino should bo broken, that tho bri
gade in reserve might come up and restore it.
Orders suitable to givo elfect to this decision
were given, but those intended for tho reservo
brigade did not reach it, nor did Opdycko
know that any had been sent until several
days afterwards. Tho wholo of our lino, cov
ered by the enemy's front, soon became en
gaged, and Cox hastened to Carter's Hill, now
tho scene of great confusion. The confederates
wero in possession of about -100 yards of our
breastworks, and the gap was rapidly widen
ing. Our caissons and men wero wildly rush
ing down toward tho village, and the exultant
enemy wero turning our own cannon upon us.
THE CHARGE OF Ol'DYCICE'S BRIGADE.
Seeing this state of things, at 4:30 p. m.
Opdycko moved up tho hill with his brigade of
seven small, but veteran, regiment tho
Twenty-fourth Wisconsin, Col. McArthur; tho
One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Ohio, Col. Bates,
and tho Thirty-sixth, Forty-fourth, Seventy
third, Sovonty-fourth, and Eighty-eighth Illi
nois, Cols. Olson, Russell, Burrows, Bryan, and
Smith 2,009 officers and soldiors in all, as
fearless and firm as ever stood upon a battle
field. Fortunately wo struck tho enemy just
before they had time to como to order on oursido
of the trenches, and therefore, when they wero
unable to withstand the shock of. an. uuos-1
pected and determined attack made with fixed
bayonets. This conflict was short but severe;
the brigade soon sent somo hundreds of prison
ers to tho rear, captured ten battle-flags and
left others on the ground, retook the flag of a
friendly regiment that had lost it, and forced
tho enemy from the eight cannon so recently
fallen into their hands. Opdycke's men then
worked these guns upon the enemy, and Bridges
brought forward a battery of reserve artillery.
Thus, tho lino was restored; on our side of tho
works thero remained no confederates except
the dead, tho wounded, and tho prisoners. Still
tlto struggle continued somo timo longer, tho
men fiercely contending on opposite sides of
the breastworks, before tho wholo of tho ex
terior slopo of tho parapet was yielded to us.
Lauo had heroically held somo of his men to
the works on tho right of tho gap, and White
gallantly led forward his command to strength
en' the main lino in his front and received a
severe wound. Gen. Cox ordered the One
Hundred and Twelfth Illinois from the ex
treme left to support tho reserve brigade. Soon
after the battlo began Gen. Stanley forgot his
illness, left Schofield beyond tho river, and
riding to Carter's Hill, added his efforts to
those that Gen. Cox and other officers were
heroically making under a heavy firo of mus
ketry to rally the scattered troops to tho sup
port of tho men now at tho regained works.
Soon after coining under firo Stanley's horso
was shot under him, and he himself wounded,
and so compelled to leave the field. Gen. Wag
ner was carried to the rear in the rush of dis
ordered troops, and, liko Schofield, did not
again find his way to tho fiont.
Tho attacks on tho other parts of tho line,
although vigorous and severe, wore firmly re
pulsed with little loss to our side, Koilly and
Lane taking somo flags and prisoners. The
enemy soon gavo his principal attention to
maintaining and developing his advantages on
Carter's Hill. Having been expelled from tho
works, Hood now brought forward Johnson's
division of tho reservo corp3 and so re
enforced his lino as to partly inclose our posi
tion on Carter's Hill. The reserve brigade thus
became exposed to a cross and direct fire of
great severity; but it was re-enforced by the
inspiring and commanding efforts of Gen. Cox
to return to duty many of tho routed soldiers, so
that tho successivo assaults that followed wero
mot by a mass of firo so destructive that no
troop3 could maintain their organization with
in its rango. Cranberry's brigade, with its
bravo leader, nearly all fell dead in or near the
ditch on their sido tho parapet. Tho battlo
continued, with varj-ing energy, till about 10
p. m. Then, having failed in repeated and
fierco attempts to again break our line, and
having lost 1,750 killed, 3,600 wounded, and
'over 1,000 prisoners, tho confederate general
withdrew his army boyond tho rango of our
guns. Tho battlo of Franklin was ended.
Hood says, (Adv. and Retr., page 291):
"Theso soldiers had been gloriously led by
their officers, many of whom had fallen either
upon or near tho Federal breastworks.
Tho conflict continued to rago with intense
fury; our troops succeeded in breaking the
main lino in one or more points, capturing and
turning somo guns on their opponents. Just
at this critical moment a brigade, reported to
havo been Stanley's, gallantly charged and
restored tho Federal lino, capturing almost
1,000; of our troops within the enemy's in
trenrihinonts. Still, tho ground was obstinately
contested, and at several points upon tho im
mediato sides of tho breastworks tho combat
ants endeavored to uso the musket upon ono
another by inverting and raising it perpendic
ularly in ordor to firo. It was re
ported, that soldiers wero dragged from ono
sidol of tho breastworks to tho other by men
reaching ovor hurriedly and seizing their cno
mynby tho hair or collar." Gen. Joe Johnston
called it "tho useless butchery at Franklin."
Jefferson Davis wrote-: "This was one of tho
bloodiest battles of the war. fe The engage
menfcjwas closo and fierce, many of our men
being killed entirely inside tho enemy's works.
Some of tho Tonncssecans after years of absenco
saw again their homes, and strove with desper
ation ,to expel tho invader from them. The
contest continued till near midnight."
Though under firo 115 days during tho war,
and participating in a number of bayonet
charges, this was tho only conflict in which I
saw bloody baj'ouefs. After firing all the shots
of my revolver, I used it in tho mcleo as a club
till it broko in two. Col. Cf. W. Smith, com
manding tho Eighty-eighth and Seventy-fourth
Illinois, whoso coolness and courage wero con
spicuous, lost his horso by a rebel shot; and
the gallant young McArthur, commanding tho
Twenty-fourth Wisconsin, received the second
ugly wound before ho would consent to leave
tho field. His standard-bearer, Blake, had be
como so attached to the regimental flag that he
declined a promotion that would saparatc him
from tho emblem of martial glor-, probably the
only instauco of the kind in tho history of war.
Colonel Olson, of tho Thirty-sixth Illinois, fell
with a mortal wound as ho reached tho main
parapet. Tho flagstaff of this regiment was
broken into fragments, and its steady bearer,
having wrapped tho flag around his body, but
toned his blouse over it to prevent the enemy
forcing it from his hands; he then used a
musket with his comrades. After tho with
drawal, when the men wero lamenting the loa,
of their flag, this gallant soldier stepped to tho
front, unwound the Stars and Stripes, and :.id,
" Hero is your flag, boys." The eil'ect may be
imagined but not described.
Gen. Schofiold officially reported our losses
1th Corps 07
23d Corps 78
Uth Mo (Not ns-1 ,,
72d Illinois t signed.."11
Totals 1S9 l.Oai 1,101
Besides the artillory of tho Fourth Corps,
only nino brigades of our army had fired a
shot, and, as wo havo seen, two of the nine
wore, in consequence of tho position assigned
thorn by Schofield, of great service to tho ene
my and damage to us. So it is fair to say that
seven brigades of our troopg behind breast
works niet two whole corps and a division of
confederate infantry, and compelled them to
withdraw from a conflict of their own choosing.
Kiwi Words for The Tribune.
From the Jiirliii's Fcrru (O.) Times.'
One of tho most welcomo exchanges which
come to tho Times oilico is The National
Tribune, of Washington, D. C. An ardent
friend of tho soldier and a zealous advocato of
all his interests, the Tribune is besides a news
paper of tho first class, and worthy of a placo
in every household. Its terms aro $1.50 per
year, but it is offered at $1 to early subscribers.
Send for a specimen number, and see for your
self what kind of a paper it is. It should bo in
tho hands of every old soldier, for it has done
moro to advanco thoir interests than any other
journal published in tho country.
An easy job: Robinson (after a long whist
bout at tho club) "It is awfully late, Brown.
What will you say to your wife ? " Brown (in
a whisper) " Oh, I shan't say much, you
know. 'Good morning, dear' air something of
that sort. She'll say tho rest." Quiz.
Alvin Sheldon, tho hermit of Piko county,
Pa., desires to got married. Ho has lived in a
cavo forty years, tho only furnituro of which
was a chair and box. Tho girls told the old
fellow that during courting ono chair was all
tho furniture a couple would need, but after
marriage they would need at least two, ono
for eaeh to throw. Ho concluded not to get
Tiio Varying Phases of a Hard-
REMEMBER JACKSON !
Tlie 3Tierce Onslaught on Gen
eral SicMes's Line.
Continued from last tcechj
The Eleventh Corps were now sent
extreme left of the line to reorganize.
they were sheltered behind tho strong works
thrown up by Humphrey's division, and were
not so liable to be attacked.
Tho new line laid out by Hooker's order was
on a low ridge perpendicular to the Plank
Road, and opposite and at right angles to tho
right of Slocum's front. It was strongly sup
ported by the artillery of the Third, Twelfth,
and part of the Eleventh Corps, massed under
Captain Best on the heights at Fairvicw, in the
rear and to tho loft. Sickles was ordered to
fall back to it at dawn of day, Birney to lead
tho way, and Whipplo (Graham's brigade) to
bring up tho rear. Tho Plank Eoad ran
through the centre of the position, Birney
bcing on the loft and Berry on the right, with
Whipple's division on a short line in rear as a
reserve. French's division of Couch's Corps
was posted on Berry's right ; the other division
(that of Hancock) remained between Mott Bun
When the movement commenced, Whipple's
division occupied the high ground at Hazel
Grove, facing the Plank Eoad, with Graham's
brigade on tho left. This was a very aggres
sive position, since it took every column that
advanced against Sickles's new line directly in
flank, and, therefore, it was indispensable for
tho rebel commander to capture Hazel Grove
beforo ho advanced against the main body of
tho Third Corps, which held the Plank Eoad.
This hill was not quilo so high as that at Fair
viow, but our artillery on it had great range,
and tho post should havo been maintained at
all hazards. The cavalry, who had so ably de
fended it, fell back in obedience to orders to
the Chancellorsvillo House to support the bat
teries in that vicinity, and I think one regi
ment was sent to report to Sedgwick. Whipple
sent off his artillery, and ordered his left under
Graham to commenco tho movement, which
was covered by the firo of Huntingdon's bat
tery on tho right. Tho moment the enemy
saw that Graham was retiring, Archer's brig
ado of A. P. Hill's division charged, attained
tho top of the hill, and succeeded in capturing
four guns. Elated by his success, Archer
pressed forward against Huntingdon's battery,
but was rudely repulsed; for Sickles opened on
him also with a battery from Fairvicw. He
managed to hold tho four guns until Doles's
brigado of Eodes's division camo to his aid.
Tho two took tho hill, for Whipplo had no
instructions to defend it, and he retired in
perfect order to tho now position assigned him.
Huntingdon's battery, supported by a brigade
sent out by Sickles, covered, tho retreat) but
suffered considerable loss in doing so.
Ward's, brigade was. then sent to the right, and
Hayman's brigado held in rcsoxve.
Stuart, who was now: in command of Jack
son's Corpse saw at a glance the immense im
portance of this capture, and did not delay a
moment in crowning the hill with thirty pieces
of artillery, which soon began to play with
fatal effect upon our troops below, upon Chan
cellorsville, and upon the crest occupied by
Slocum, which it enfiladed, and, is McLaws's
batteries also enfiladed Slocum's line from the
opposito side, it seems almost miraculous thac
he was able to hold it at all.
Simultaneously with the attack against
Hazel Grove came a fierco onslaught on that
part of Sickles's lino to the left of tho road,
accompanied by fierco yells and cries of "Re
member Jackson!" a watch-word which, it was
supposed, would excite tho rebels to strenuous
efforts to avenge the fatal wound of their great
leader. It was handsomely met and driven
back by Mott's brigade, which had come up
from tho Ford and now held tho front on that
part of tho line. A brilliant countor-charge
by tho Fifth and Seventh New Jersey captured
many prisoners and colors.
Sickles's men fought with great determina
tion, but, being assailed by infantry in front
and battered almost in flauk bv the aitillery
posted at Hazel Grove, tho line was manifestly!
untenable. After an obstinato contest, the
men fell back to the second line, which was
but partially fortified, and soon after to the
third line, which was more strongly intrc:i ehed,
and which they held to the close of the fight.
McGowau's, Lane's, and Hcth's brigades of
A. P. Hill's division charged resolutely over
this lino also ; but they sutlbred heavily from
Best's guns at Fairvicw, and were driven back
by Colonel Franklin's and Colonel Bowman's
brigades of Whipple's division, which made an
effective counter-charge. Whiimlo's other brig
ude, that of Graham, had been sent to relievo
duo of Slocum's brigades on tho left of tho line,
winch was out of ammunition. It held its
position there for two hours.
Whilo this attack was taking place on the
left (if tho road, Pender's and Thomas's brig
ades, ulso of Hill's division, charged over the
works on the right, but when the others re
treated' they wore left without support and
wero compelled to rotire also. They reformed,
however," tried it again, and once more suc
ceeded in getting temporary possession of part
of tho line, but were soon driven out again.
French's division of Couch's Corps was now
brought up, and Carroll's brigade struck tho
rebels on the left and doubled them back on
the centre, capturing a great many prisoners
and confusing and rendering abortive Hill's
attack in front. Hill sonfe for his reserves to
come up, and three rebel brigades were thrown
against Carroll, who was supported by tho re
mainder of Frcm'Ji's division and a brigade
from Humphrey's division of Meade's Corps,
and French's flank movement was checked.
Then another front attack was organized by
the enemy under cover of their artillery at
Hazel Grove, and Michols's, Iverson's, and
O'Neil's brigades charged over everything,
oven up to Best's batto.ycs at Fairvicw, which
they captured; but our men rallied, and drove
them headlong down the -hill, back to the first
lino Sickles had occupied at daylight. It was
a combat of giants ; a trcn londous strugglo bo
tween patriotism on tho ouio hand and ven
geance on tho other.
French now tried to follow flip this advantage
by again pressing against thc confederate- left,
but it was reinforced by still another brigade,
and he could make no progrcssA
Thu strugglo increased in yiolenco. The
rebels were determined to breal through tho
lines, and our men wero equally determined
not to givo way. Well might lxo Trobriand
stylo it "a mad and desperate b tittle." Ma
hone said afterward: "Tho Federals fought
liko devils at Chaucellorsville." Ag.i n Eodes's
and Hill's divisions renewed tho attempt, and
wero temporarily successful, and agai.a was tho
bleeding remnant of their forces flung' back in
disorder, Doles's and Bamsour'3 bristles of
Eodes's division managed to pass up thoravino
to tho right of Slocum's works and gain his
right and rear, Imt were unsupported there,
and Doles was driven out by a concentrated
artillery and musketry fire. Eamsour, who
now found himself directly on Sickles's left
flank, succeeded in holding on until tho old,
Stonewall brigade, under Paxton,'came to his
aid, and then they carried Fairview again, only
to be driven out as tho others had been.
The battle had now lasted several hours, and
the troops engaged, as well as tho artillory,
were almost out of ammunition. " There should
havo been somo staff officer specially charged,
with this subject, but there seemed to be no ono
who could give orders in rekf ion to it.
The last line of our work3 A-as finally taken
by tho enemy, who, having succeeded in driv
ing off tho Third Maryland Of tho Twelfth
Corps,on Berry's left, entered, near the road
and enfiladed the line to the right and loft.
Sickles sent Ward's brigade to take thcxIuco
of the Third Maryland, but it did not reach,
the position assigned it in time, the eucmy
being already in possession. In attampting to
remedy this disaster, Berry was kill.wl, and his
successor, General Mott, was wounded. Tho
command then devolved upon General Revere,
who, probably considering further contest
hopeless, led his men out-of the action without
authority an offence for which ho was subse
quently tried and dismissed the service.
As the cannon cartridges gavo out, the cniemy
brought up numerous batteries, under Co.Vmol
Carter, in close proximity to Fairview, and
soon overcame all resistance in that direction,
driving tho troops and guns from the plain.
Anderson now mado a junction with Stuart,
and their combined efforts drove the Third
Corps and Williams's division of the Twelfth
Corps back, leaving only Geary and Hancock
to maintain the struggle. Geary was without
support, but he still fought on. He faced two
regiments west at right angles to his original
line, and, by the aid of his artillery, held on
for an hour longer, his right brigade facing
south, west, and north.
The Third Corps left their last position at
Chaucellorsville slowly and sullenly. Hay
man's brigade, not far from tho Chancellors
ville House, finding the enemy a good deal
disorganized, and coming forward in a languid
and inefficient manner, turned by Sickles's
direction aud charged, capturing several hun
dred prisoners and several colors, and relieving
Graham, who was now holding on with the
bayonet from a most perilous flauk attack,
enabling him to withdraw in good order.
Sickles himself was soon after injured by a
spent shot or piece of shell, which struck his
waist-belt. His corps and French's division
had lost 5,000 out of 22,000.
Our front gradually melted away and passed
to the new line in rear through Humphroy'3
division of the Fifth Corps, which was posted
about half a mile north of the Chancellorsvillo
House, in the edge of tho thicket, to cover the
retreat. At last only indomitable Hancock
remained, fighting MeLaws with Iris front line,
and keeping back Stuart aud Anderson with.
his rear line.
Answers to Correspondents.
N. IT. IT., Grand, Maud, Neb. If you address
Messrs. A. M. Smith & Co., 72 North Fourth,
street, Philadelpliia, Pa., thoy can give you all
tho information you require as to the value,
&c, of rare coins.
J. McG., Bloomfield, IU., and others. Evidence
is being called for in invalid claims numbered
as high as 370,000 and in dependent claims as
higk: as 207)000. -t. -
S. B. M., Bloominglon, IU. Probably the result;
of tho first examination was not; satisfactory to
the Pension Office. It is a matter entirely dis
cretionary with tho Commissioner, who csnx.
order an applicant for examination as many
times as ho deems proper to a thorough under
standing of his physical condition. '
T. D., Greenfield, III. ou should file a claim
for the travel pay.
W. C. D., Pitman, Arl:. 1. Depends upon tho
number of the claim aud whether all the evi
dence is complete aud satisfactory to the Pen
sion Office. 2. We should say not, provided
every call for evidence ha3 been complied
J. M. S., Co. A, Tenth IU. J. Section 4GCK5,
Kevised Statutes, provides that the applicant
shall receive such, and only such, pension as is
provided for tho rank he held at the time ho
received tho injury or contracted the diseass
which resulted in the disability on account of
which he may bo entitled to a pension; "and
any commission or presidential appointment,
regularly issued to such person, shall be taken
to determine his rank from aud after the date,
as givim in the hotly of the commission or ap
pointment conferring said rank : Prockted, That
a vacancy existed in the rank thereby con
ferred; that the person commissioned was not;
disabled for military duty, and that he did not
wilfully neglect or refuse to bo mustered."
We would suggest, if your case is covered by
the foregoing, that you make application for
W. II. B.l Stromsburgh, Neb. If your claim to
pension is iascd upon three disabilities, two of
which are proved up, you can waive the third
without detiiment to its future prosecution,
and request a decision on the other two.
li. II. C, AMey, Ill.l and 2. Claims for
pension sent cut for special examination are
usually those in which some doubt exists as to
their real merit and justice, o and 4. Tho
period before wl!uch a decision is rendered de
pends in a greats measure upon, the number of
similar cases in the hands of the agent, which
are entitled to prior investigation aud report.
P. D., Orange, N. if. No such amendment was
J. O. R, JefferMRvtlle. Vt. J. You would not
bo entitled under present rulings to a higher
rating, but, provided) Mr. Bingham's bill now
pending in the Senate becomes a law we think
you would do well to apply. (Seo Tribune No.
50.) 2. Yes. '
C. B. K., Norway, He.-kL. Difficult to say defi
nitely; probably in three or four weeks. 2. It
might hasten matters.
II. C. B., Alameda, Cal.--Scc reply E. H. C.
Northampton, Mass. See reply to S. B. M. If
your case is complete you ought to hear from
it without much further dojay. You should
get your attorney to press aefciou.
W. II. IP., Boslyn. 1. If the soldier nnmed
loft no widow or children tho law provides
that tho commutation of rations of an enlisted
man held as prisoner of war, if not paid to tho
soldier during his life time, shall, be paid to his
parent or parents; or, if thero bo no widow,
children, parent or parents, then io the broth
ers and sisters of deceased. 2. Provided the
soldier left neither widow or children and died
from disease contracted or injury incurred in
tho service and line of duty, his moKier, if de
pendent upon him for support at timo of his
death, would bo entitled to pension if tho
mother is dead tho father is entitled under
like conditions, and if both parents are de
ceased, then depeudeut brothors and sisteis.
who must havo been under sixteen years of ago
at tho date of tho soldier's death and of the last
surviving paront, may apply.
Remaining answers uext wek.
We are obliged to answer certain inquires of the soma
nature in each issue of our jwper. hile we cheerfilly
furnNi information to subdcnU'rs in tins column. We
mi '.ill tU.it imiili fctliur, time, ami rxj-eioe iiiuy besavwl
both to oursfhi's and to our corresiionUenLs, if all suV
scribers w ould kwsp a tUu of the paper. They could theft,
at any time, turn to the flle and probbly find the vrj
inquiry answered about which thoy would have written
to us. We trust that every subscriber will prullt by thid