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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1882.
still to encounter for any such childish demon
Yot it was a grand triumph, and, having
nothing of a more practical character for the
moment to do, I realized it to the fullest extent.
Thcxeare times in life Avhen whole years of en
joyment are condensed into a simile experience.
It Avas so with me then. I eon Id comprehend
the emotion of Columbus when he first beheld
through the dim dawn the lnng-dreumcd-of
shores of America, or tho less innocent but no
less fervent joy of Coster, when he planted the
Cross of Spain on the hulls of Moutcxumn. My
breast throbbed fast with emotions of joy and
gladness that words labor in vain to express. A
sense of ethereal lihtno.srun through my veins,
and I seemed ascending higher, higher, with
each pulsation of the engine. Remember, 1
was but twenty-two then, full ef hope and am
bition. Not a dream of failure shadowed my
rapture. We had always leen told that the
greatest difficulty was to reach and take posses
sion of the engine, aftrr which success was cer
tain. Hut for uuforsoen contingencies it would
Away we rush, scouring past field and village
and woodland. At each leap of the engine our
hearts rose higher, and wc talked merrily of
ihe welcome that would greet us when we
dashed into Huntsville a few hours later, our
enterprise done, and the brightest laurels of the
Wc found the railroad, however, to be of the
roughest and most difficult character. The
grades were very heavy, and the curves numer
ous and sharp. We seemed to be running to
wards every point of the compass. The deep
- valleys and steep hills of this part of the coun
try had rendered the building of the road dif
ficult and costly. There were numerous high
embankments where an accident would be of
deadly diameter. The track was also uneven
and in generally bad condition, for the war had
rendered railroad iron scarce and high-priced,
besides diverting all attention and resources
into other channels. This unfavorable char
acter of ihe road very greatly increased tho
difficult' experienced by an engineer unfamil
iar with the route in making rapid time, or in
avoiding the varied difficulties incident to our
progress. But we trusted implicity that the
far-sighted plans of Andrews, the skill of our
engineers, and our own. willing efforts would
overcome all hindrances.
A SUHDKX STOP.
Our first-run was short. There was a sudden
checking of speed and a halt. When those of
us who were in the box-car pushed open our
door and asked the reason for stopping so soon,
we were told that the fire was low and the
steam exhausted. This was startling intelli
gence, and caused a moment of consternation.
If our "General " the name of the locomotive.
Ave had captured failed us at the beginniug of
the race, avc too avcII knew Avhat the end Avould
be. For hundreds of miles on every side of us
Avere desperate and daring foes. A hundred
times our number of hors3 and foot could bo
gathered against us in a few hour;. The most
timid bird pursued by hounds feels safe, for its
Avings can bear it above their jaws. But if
those Avings should be broken ! This engine
gaveiSAvings; but if it should be disabled no
valor of ours could beat back the hosts about
us, no skill elude their rage. But we found
a less threatening explanation of our premature
halt. The schedule time of our train Avas A'ery
slow, only about sixteen miles an hour, and
the fircs'had been allowed to run doAvn because
of tho expected stop of twenty minutes for
breakfact at Big Shanty, a stop that Ave had
reduced to less than tivo minutes. Then the
valve being thrown Avide open, the little steam
in the boiler Avas soon exhausted. But this
difficulty was of short duration. A rest of three
minutes, with plenty of wood thrown into the
furnace, wrought a change, and wc again
glided rapidly forward.
But Avhen viewed soberly, and in the light of
all the facts since deA'eloped, Avhat were the
ehances of success and escape possessed by the
flying party? Was the Avhole attempt, as has
been frequently asserted, rash and foolhardy?
Or had it that character of practicability Avhich
is OA'er the stamp of true genius? Historical
accuracy, as Avell as justice to the memory of a
brave but unfortunate man, compels me to pro
nounce the scheme almost faultless. In this
estimate I have the full concurrence of all Avho
Avere engaged on the opposite side. It is hard
to see how the plan could haA'e been improved
AA-ithout alloAving its projector to haA'e had a
knowledge of the precise condition of the enemy
such as no commander at the beginning of an
important enterprise CAer has. No one of tho
plans by which Generals Grant and Sherman
finally ovcrthrcAv tho rebellion, presented a
clearer prospect of success.
These are the elements of the problem upon
which Andrews based his hopes. Big Shanty
is twenty-eight miles north of Atlanta, and
thirty-two south of Kingston. Short of these
places ho Avas convinced thatno'engino could
be obtained for pursuit. He could obstruct tho
road so that no train Avould reach Big Shanty
for hour.;. Pinch-bars and other instruments
for lifting track might be found on the captured
engine, or obtained from some station or Avork-ing-party.
His force of twenty men Avas count
ed ample to overcome resistance at any switch
or passing train. One irregular train only Avas
expected to be on the road, and that Avould soon
be met, certainly at Kingston or before, after
Avhich it Avould be safe to run at the highest
speed to the first bridge, burn it, and pass on to
the next, Avhich, with all other large bridges,
could bo served in the same manner. Each
bridge burnt Avould be an insuperable barrier
io pursuit by an engine beyond that point.
Thus every part of tho scheme ,Avas fair and
promising. Only those critics Avho are aviso
after tho event can pronounce the attempt rash
and hopeless. Tho destruction of the telegraph
Avould also be necessary; but this was not diili-
cult. It seemed as if every contingency was
provided for, and then there was the additional
fighting power of twenty chosen men to guard
against any possible emergency. We were now
embarked on this most perilous but hopeful
voyage. Coolness, precision of Avork, and calm
effort could scared y fail to sever the cltief mili
tary communications of the enemy before tho
setting of the sun, and convince him that no
enterprise Avas too audacious for the Union
To Lc continued.
Seeking Homes in ',tho West.
From tlie Nav YoiJ: JTcuild.
The sales of public lands for the fear ended
Juno 30, lb'2, under the various heads of home
steads, desert lands, mineral lands, timber cul
ture lands, and grounds sold under full purchase
foragricultura! purposes exceed 12,000,000 acres.
This aggregate is far in excess of that of any
other year, and as the mineral lands amount to
less than one-third of ono per cent, of the total
the indications are that tho fever for going
West and taking a farm has become epidemic.
This is the most encouraging national indica
tion of the year. It means that nearly 100,000
men, representing seA'eral times as many avoiuch
and children, have turned their backs on large
cities and determined to own their own homes
and become producers of necessities of life and
staples of commerce. May the good Avork go
on! Tho farming community is tho basis of
the Nation's prosperity.
"I suppose you have settled doAvn to quite
your old homo-life again, eh?" suggested Fitz
joyto his neighbor. "Yes, pretty much; but
the family brought back a little too much sea
breeze Avith them. They're blowing about
something all the time." Boston Globe.
SOUTHERN PRISON LIFE.
Horrors Dished Up by "Free Lance :
from His Memory.
Jan. lOlh. Tho deliberate cruelty of the
rebels is evidenced from the fact that, Avhilc
men have been actually freezing to death in
this stockado nil winter, extensivo pine forests
cover (ho country around us. Tho price of
fuel on tho outside must bo insignificant;
negro labor is abundant, and we Avould eagerly
cut the wood ourselves if only permitted to do
so. A largo proportion of the men who die
here are tho victims of deliberate official mur
der. It Avould be more humane for tho rebels
to slaughter their prisoners on the battle-field
than to slowly kill them as they are killed
here. On Juno 21. LS(i,", Senator Foote, of the
confederate Congress, wxote from Montreal, and
said: "A month or two anterior to the dale of
said (U.S.) congressional report, I learned from
a (confederate) government officer of respecta
bility that tho prisoners of Avar in and about
Richmond Avere suffering severely from want
of provisions. He told me, further, that it Avas
manifest to him that a systematic scheme was
on foot for subjecting these unfortunate men to
starvation; that tho commissary-general, Mr.
Northrup, a most Avicked and heartless wretch,
had addressed a communication to Mr. Seddon,
confederate secretary of war, proposing to
Avithhold meat altogether from military pris
oners then in custody and to give them noth
ing but bread and A'cgctables; and that Mr.
Seddon had indorsed this communication
affirmatively." At no time did the meat Ave
receircd from tho so-called confederacy ever
amount to so much that tho Avithholding of it
could seriously incoiiA'cnicncc us. If Northrup
had made his proposition read "to Avithhold
food altogether from military prisoners," ho
would have made the murderous and coward'y
Avork of tho confederacy only a little more
Jan. llih. It is reported that a son of old
Winder is at this time serving as an officer in
the Regular army of tho United States not in
the field, but back somewhere at tho rear, li'
ing luxuriously on his salary. There are men
in this stockado Avho can run pins into their
legs Avithout suffering paiu. They are gradu
ally becoming liA'ing corpses from tho "dry
rot." The feet of many of them drop olF. One
day at Andcrsonville, in aiming at a bean, one
of my tectli struck a chunk of gravel and broke
oil at tho middle. There is no danger of such
an accident here. Our mush is so thin hero
that Ave hardly rcquiro jaws to cat it. Wo
might pour it right down our throats.
Jan. 12lh. It transpires that there Avas a bull
pen at Savannah, which our division happened
not to get into. It was near tho old jail, and
consisted of an area enclosed by a tall, tight
board fence. At ono timo three or four thou
sand prisoners from Andcrsonville Avcro con
fined there. The guards consisted of foreign
born sailors from tho rebel naA-y, Avho treated
the prisoners kindly. Twenty-four pieces of
field artillery Avere planted around the pen.
At first very good rations Avcro issued, consist
ing of "hard tack," molasses, vinegar, and an
occasional taste of meat. Even limited quan
tities of tobacco were dcaltf out. Suddenly
these rations Avere reduced to a pint of corn
meal and a teaspoouful of salt per man. When
the prisoners Avere first confined there more
than a thousand of them tunneled out ono
night, but they Avcro all recaptured.
Jan. 13j. One of my prison acquaintances
was a scout in Kilpatrick's famous raid around
Lee's army, and Avas captured in that campaign.
Ho had been in Richmond only a short time
Aiien ho escaped, but in a few days Avas re
captured and brought back. It is an estab
lished practice with tho rebels to punish
prisoners for attempting to escape. At Rich
mond they frequently placed such prisoners in
irons and nearly starved them. This man was
condemned to solitary confinement in a cell,
and came near famishing on the stinted rations
allowed him. In one corner of his cell Avas a
hole, from Avhich a rat would occasionally dart
out, view him Avith salutary caution for a few
moments, and then beat a retreat. He Avas
hungry enough to eat raw rats. In his cell was
a small board. He AA'Ould Avatch tho rut-hole
patiently for a long period, and then, when a
rat came out, Avould shove the end of the board
OA'Cr the hole and catch tho rat and cat it. But
for this expedient he belioA'es he Avould have died
from starvation. The rebels consider that if a
man has pluck enough to try to get away, tho
best method of dealing with him is to starve
him into a condition of feebleness that will
render it impossible for him to make any more
such attempts. Turner, tho commander of
Libby Prison, is a drunken brute, avIio Avas ex
pelled from the West Point Military Academy
for forgery. Last winter the prisoners at Libby
suffered extremely from cold. They had no
blankets or fires ; the climate- there is cold in
the Avintcr; the iron-grated Avindows of the
old warchousa Avere unglazcd; any prisoner
Avho looked out Avas fired at by the sentries
and often the Avrong man Avas killed; and there
Avas no place to sit down or lie down, excepting
on the crowded, filthy, vormin-covered floor.
Jan. 1-llh. To-day I saw a prisoner shot dead
for venturing too near tho dead-line. This is
a common occurrence. At the close of the
Avar a letter Avas found at Salisbury, N. C, ad
dressed to Jeff Davis, dated October 12th, 18(51,
and signed by Sabina Dismakcs. The Avriter
spoke as follows of the sufferings of the prison
ers at Florence: "If such things arc allowed
to continue, they will most surely draw down
some aAvful judgment upon our country. It is
a most horrible national sin that cannot go un
punished. If Ave cannot give them food and
shelter, for God's sake send them back to
Yankeeland, but don't starve tho miserable
enrutures to death." Accompanying the letter
Avas an article cut from the Sumter (S. C.)
Watchman, which described the prisoners as
" filthy, diseased and famished men, in rags,
barefooted, crawling Avith vermin, and Avith no
hope of relief except by death." Nothing is
more certain than that Jeff Davis knew our
condition, and that we Avere starA'cd intention
ally. The confederate prison system was the
same everywhere, excepting at Raleigh, N. C,
where a strong Union sentiment existed. The
prison ration issued by the United States Gov
ernment to captured rebels, for twenty-four
hours, Avas as follows: Hard bread, per man,
fourteen ounces, or eighteen ounces of
soft bread; corn-meal, eighteen ounces:
fresh beef, fourteen ounces; bacon or pork, ten
ounces; in addition to which c'cry 100 men
recciA'cd six quarts of white beans, eight
pounds of rice or hominy, fourteen pounds of
sugar, five pounds of ground cofi'eo or sca'cii
pounds of raw coffee, eighteen ounces of tea,
four pounds of soap, fi'c adamantine and six
tallow candles, two quarts of salt, one quart of
molasses and thirty pounds of potatoes. Any
unused rations Avere sold and the proceeds ap
plied to tho purchase of such luxuries as the
prisoners desired. First-class barracks Avere
provided, and blankets and largo quantities of
clothing wcro issued as required. Peace and
order Aere also preserved among the prisoners.
In a word, they Avcro treated like men, and
not like beasts of the field.
Jan. 15th. There is scarcely a prisoner in
this stockade Avho has not, at one timo or an
other, been tho victim of a bogus rebel parole,
and many havo been paroled two or three
times. I learn that a pen for the confinement
of Union officers has been maintained at Sa
vannah for a long timo past. It is somewhere
near the Marine Hospital, and is dignified by
the name of Camp Davidson. It is not a desir
able place of residence. Cases of homesickness
were noticeable at Andcrsonville, but nothing
of the kind prevails here. When a man die
in Florence he does so because ho has due oc
casion for it, or because, after taking a full
view of things on arriA'ing, ho concludes that
there is no use AvhateA'cr in trying to liA'e. Wc
who try to live havo gone through too many
horrors to yield to a sentimental malady like
Jan. lGth. A soldier of the Fifteenth Army
Corps Avas brought into prison a fow days ago,
and had with him a little Avhite dog which he
swore ho would keep fat if he had to starve
himself to death to do it. Yesterday the dog
came up missing, and to-day the police found
its dismembered remains in a kettle of "chick
en soup " that was being peddled out at "the
Riallo." The grief of that man was only
equaled by the rage of the captive gentleman
who are able to afford "chicken soup" in such
tough times as these. Farther investigation
disclosed the fact that 'a prisoner Avho had
found the dog's head lying in a gutter, roasted
it on coals and devoured tho fleshy parts.
Jan. 17th. We arc not brought into very
close contact. Avith the rebel guards, and don't
wish to be, but from daily observation they
impress mo as being remarkably lazy, ignorant
and fanatical, and extremely obedient to., their
officers. Tneir pronunciation is more like that
of negroes than of Northern Avliito men. -On
the score of intelligence, there is little differ
ence bctweeu them and the slaves.
Jan. ISth. I have not had my hair cut or
combed since I Avas captured. Those Avho need
to shave have no means of doing so. Most of us
are as black with smoke as Congo Africans. We
aro grotesquo looking objects in our rags and
Jan. 19l7t. In proportion as human suffer
ing increases around a man his indifference to
tho misery of others keeps pace. Wagon loads
of dead men are hauled away from among us
daily, and yot trading goes on unremittingly
at " the Rialfo." Necessity is at the bottom of
this petty commerce. Every prisoner Avho pos
sesses the slightest trifle that any one is will
ing to buy parts Avith it in the hope of prolong
ing his oxistence. --
Jan. 20th. A prisoner was mortally Avounded
to-day, not far from my hut, on tho pretext of
being too close to the dead-line. Beforo he died
ho reproached his murderer for killing ,him
Avithout cause. I make no attempt to record
all tho murders that occur. ItAvould keep a
man busy hunting particulars. The vermin
are almost eating us up. Tho cold Aveather
keeps us huddled together in our huts and
holes, and avo haA'o next to no chance at all of
trying to keep clean. It is almost equal to
martyrdom to even bathe our faces in the ice
cold brook. The sufferings of Washington's sol
diers at Valley Forge were as nothing to Avhat
Ave daily endure. We are so emaciated and so
destituto of clothing that, the cold atmosphere
strikes clear through us. '"When I went to the
creek this morning I saw a large, overgrown
man sitting on the icy bank, soaking h2s' frozen
feet in tho Avater and blubbering like a boy ten
years old. He was a distressful looking object.
This is tho only method -here of treating frozen
limbs. Great nuniluMs die. and ?"' r
maimed for life, ' : "" h. ,
It would bo uttc i. .; -v-' -.. l'j jiurt.,.. -h
terrible suffering -!' eve r dw ri ia ivkk
continually see a' -md u
Jan. 21st. I hi
dog Avas stolen an
this stockade a fe
was confined in
- -r -r f w the &" 5il
. .-. io prisfetis ffe
, . A piss w r who
mond. informs me that & similar incident oc
curred at that city. Some Union prisoners
there stole a dog belonging to a rebel officer
and cooked and ate it. Civilized mcniAvould
not stoop to such faro unless actually suffering
tho pangs of starvation.
Jan. 22d. I havo often Avondercd Avhcre tho
rebels got their idea of building pens for pris
oners. Tho peoplo of no other country havo
ever confined prisoners in this Avay. A com
panion explains that in old times, barracoons
or pens Avero built for the reception of newly
arrived slaves from tho coast of Africa. For
our benefit the barbarous expedient has been
perpetuated. I learn that many amputations
were made at Charleston, owing to the poison
ous matter used by the surgeons in the enforced
vaccination of prisouers. Tho amputations oc
curred in tho afternoon, after Avhich tho half
dead patients Avere carried out of doors and left
lying on the ground all night. The next morn
ing they Avere carried to tho hospital to dio in
duo course of time.
Jan. 2'Jd. Orders Avere once issued at tho
Macon pen that all prisoners who Avere not in
tho ranks at roll-call should be shot down by
the sentries. When tunneling got to be pretty
active thero the sentinels Avere ordered to fire
on all prisoners seen moving about after " taps"
(nine o'clock at night). Tlio two orders fur
nished an excuso for many deliberate murders.
Jan. 21. Scurvy, pneumonia, chronic diar
rluea, and fevers aro the principal winter dis
eases of rebel barracoons. They aro very pre
valent here. Wo pay little or no attention to
the days of the Aveek, but keep a close record of
the days of tho month. Almost any prisoner
e-ui tell you precisely how long it has been
since ho Avas captured. Newspapers aro no'cr
permitted to reach us if rebel vigilance can
prevent it. Tho mental strain of our impris
onment is scA'ere.
Jan. 2o7t. After Kilpatrick's raid a mino
Avas placed under Libby Prison, in order that
the unhappy inmates might bo blown to atoms
in case of an attempted rescue. Tho singing of
loyal songs Avas prohibited, witli threats of
death. Tho daily ration very often consisted
of a small corn "dodger." Men can be found
in this stockade who have been in almost every
military prison in the South. Tho prison ration
at Wilmington consists of three hard crackers
and a piece of decayed bacon.
Jan. 2G7i. To-day one of the boys proposed
the following conundrum to us : " If the south
ern confederacy gets established, after treating
human beings as we aro treated here, Avhat Avill
you all think of God?"
Jan. 2lh. Our life continues tho same old
desolate, dreary, hopeless round. If anyone
wants to know how " hope deferred maketh
the heart sick," lot him be a prisoner of war in
Jan. 2Slh. The confederacy has never iPsucd
a cooking utensil to any of us sineo avo haA'o
been captured, but its minions Avere careful to
steal what articles of tho kind we brought Avith
us from the battle-field. It is related of a pris
oner in one of tho peps that ho had to draw his
ration of pea soup in his shoe, having nothing
else that would hold it.
Jan. 2Qlh. A noticeable fact is that men die
here without apparent pain, in a great many
cases. Their decline from robust health to fee
ble emaciation is so gradual and steady that
Avhen they finally dio they "drop oil'" ljcforc
anybody knows it. I frequently sco mere boys
here Avho have a look of old age. They have
been imprisoned a long while.
Jan. 'AQth. Prisoners Avho aro taken outside
to get wood or for other purposes frequently
report loud screaming at tho guard-house. The
explanation is that Union prisouers ha'o been
strung up and thus put to torturo for attempt
ing to escape.
To be continued.
Entered according to net of Congress in (ho year
1MS2 by The ftulionul Tribune, in the oilice of the
Librarian of Congress at Washington.
STRIKING IT RICH:
Or, From Kitchen to Parlor and
By Ethel Allen.
I novor in all my life long knew it rain
harder than it did tho night after aao Avas over
at Mrs. MeCaffcry's! " Jim," I says, " it's just
comin' down by the bucketfull ! "
"Well, let it come," answers Jim. " I tell
you this rain is just soundin' nice on the shed
down at that snug little store of ourn. I most
wish we was back there to hear it. There aint
no sheds to this house: you can't hear the rain
half as plain as avo used to hear it. It always
pattered so on that shed. I could havo listened
to it for an hour at a time. Now, you can say
Avhat you like, Sallie, but this 'ere settin'-room
aint one mite more eomfoi table than that little
old kitchen back of the store. I never can feel
at home here, somchoiv or other. When I get
to smokin' my pipe, and feelin' sort of happy
and good-humored like, I naturally want to put
my feet up on somcthin', but there seems to be
nothing' here just intended for that very pur
pose. If I stick 'cm up on the mantel you hol
ler out to mo that I'll break them china A'ases
and tilings, and you Avont let me put 'em on
any of these fancy chairs unless I hunt all over
the house for a newspaper to put under 'em
first. If there Avas a good high stove in the
room, then I'd be fixed all right. I never did
like a furnace, no way. If I owned this house
I'd haA'e a shelf built all 'round tho settin'
room, so that I could put my feet up on it wher
ever I happened to sit. Then I'd be prepared
to take life kind o' casjr. I tell you what it is,
Sallie, if Ave're goin' on liviu' like niillec-on-aires
I must have some place that I can take
comfort in. I don't like this 'ere haA'in' to do
just like other people. Now, next summer,
like as not, Avhen tho thermometer is ninety
nine in tho shade, you'll be makin' me keep
my coat on all the time just because Mr. McCaf
fery and that Boston chap never sit around in
their shirt-sleeves. I'll be bound if I care a
cent about bein' a mil-lee-on-airo in hot weather!
It don't cost much to live, then, you sco ; you
em get along Avith mighty few clothes, and ice
Avater aint A'ery expensive, so you don't take it
through a straw like some peoplo do. You don't
catch me livin' in this stylo next August ! I aint
goin' toAvcar a necktie and collar from mornin'
to night Avhen it's so hot you can't get a good
breath. Suppose avc go back to the store just for
the summer and take things kind o' comfortable.
I tell you I miss tho storo powerful. This
doin' nothin' is just about tirin' me out. Now,
it's different with you, 'cause you have the
house to sco to, aud the baby to tako care of,
and my stockin's to mend, aud goodness knows
"But, Jim," I says, "why don't you go into
some big business that's real fashionable-like?"
"Yes, and lose every cent I'vo got in tho
world ! I don't know nothin' about any busi
ness excoptin' tho grocery business, and I sup
poso you Avouldu't call that exactly fashionable,
"U . . . Hilar big place, Jim, it
Kiijiut -' jc- .1 re-' lough. I'll ask Mrs.
Mc''4f!wy i; tbjre aiy nice people here
Aku keej.0 vCvry .. 's'."
"Doa't y.. i do nt j-ch thing! Her hus
band's on i'o Jk'ru rf rado, so of course she
1. k- dew n i !ks t earns their liA'in' in
a u .j, qu: ... of a Avay."
"What kind of a board is a Board of Trado,
"Well, you wouldn't understand if I Avas to
tell you. They buy and sell wheat."
"Why, that's the same as keepin' a fred
store, aint it? I don't see Avhy a grocery aint
just as respectable."
"Well, I'll bet anything Mrs. McCaflery
don't think so ! It's considered mighty stylish
here in Chicago to be on tho BoaTd of Trade, I
can toll you."
"Would. they let you on, Jim?"
"Well, they might, if they thought I had
considerable money aud were in need of a little
themselves. I don't think I'll oblige 'em, how
ever." "Indeed you shant go to lendin' money to
any one, Jim ! If Mr. McCaflery is that kind
of a man you'd better havo nothin' to do Avith
him, to my'thinkiu'. See here, Avhere's that
book that tells all about havin' company that
you got me to-day?"
" I laid it over there on tho table. You read
some out loud Avhilo I finish smokin' my pipe."
"Why, Jim," I says, lookin' at tho name of
the book, " what in the Avorld did you Avant to
get this for? It's only for gentlemen. Now,
you'll know how to behave aud I Avont at all.
I think you're real mean ! "
"Well, how did I know Avhat to get? I took
tho first ono the man showed mo ; I thought ho
knew Avhat I wauted. Tell me the name of
So T opened the book and began to read the
"The Perfect Gentleman; or, Etiquetto and
Eloquence. A book of information and instruc
tion for thoso who desire to becamo brilliant or
" What does con-spic-u-ous mean, Jim?"
"Why whywhy, Avay ahead of other
"I Avouh.n't mind bein' that, Avould you,
Jim? Mr. Raymond thinks he's sort of con
spicudus, doesn't he?"
" Conspicuous in general society, or at
parties, dinners, or popular gatherings, contain
ing model speeches for all occasions, Avith direc
tions how to dcliA'er them; fivo hundred
"Why, .Tim, I didn't know" thero Avas so
many kinds of toast, did jrou ? I never heard
of any but milk toast and dry toast."
"Well, I rather think I know somo of the
kinds he's talkin' about."
"What are they, Jim?"
"O, never mind now! Go on with your
" Fi'0 hundred toastsand Iioav to usoAviuo
at table, Avith rules for judging the quality of
Avino and rules for carving. Etiquette; or,
proper behavior in'eompany, with an American
code of politeness for every occasion. By a
"That's just the name of it, Jim, and I'm
tired readin' a-ready."
"Well, I don't Avondcr. It's tho longest
name for a hook ever I heard of."
" Jim," I says, turnin' over the leaves, there's
nothin' hero but a whole lot of speeches. You
ain't got to learn a speech to say Thursday
" Well, I reckon I Avon't make such a fool of
myself for a Avhilo yet. Read on and sco Avhat
else you can find.'.'
" It says hero that gentlemen and ladies never
Avear gloves at tho table unless their hands
ain't fit to be seen. Your hands ain't A'ery
handsome, Jim, so maybe you'd better buy a
pair of gloves to put on."
"I never had gloves on three times in my
life, and I don't intend to tako to Avcarin' 'em
now, I don't care what that air book says
"Here's somcthin' for mc,s , Tim! Now,
"It is nothin good taste for the lady of the
house Avhero a dinucr is given to dress very
aiueh. She leaA'es it to her lady guests to
,;iake what display they please and contents
lerself with a tasty myUyc, Avhich often proves
the most fascinating after all, especially if the
liceks become a little flushed with natural
bloom in consequence of tho exercise and
anxiety incident to the reception of the
" What's a 'tasty neglige,' Jim?"
" How do f know? Aik Mrs. MeCaffery."
"I must haA;o one for Thursday night,
'eause they're so fascinating."
"Now, see here, Sallie, I ain't goin' to give
you no money for another ueAV dress. You can
wear what you've got on."
"Well, then, you might got me some moro
jewelry, Jim. Mrs. MeCaffery Avcars a locket
and chain and a big pin and earrings, and
bracelets, and five most beautiful rings. One
'.s a plain gold ring and two of 'em has diamonds
in, and one has a red stone, and 1 forget Avhat
the other is. I know she has five, anyhow, for
f counted 'em only last night. Youjiaven't
never giA'en me one single diamond, Jim!"
"But they cost such an awful sight."
" Why) how can they, Jim, Avhen such lots
of poople Avears 'em ? Now, there's that Mrs.
Wilson, you knoAV, that used to como in the
store so often. She has elegant big diamond
earrings, and her husband is only a clerk or
book-keeper, I forget Avhich. Anyhow, they
ain't mil-lee-on-aires like us, Jim."
" No, I rather think that they ain't. They
don't haA'e no great sum of money to spend,
I'll be bound."
"But she told mo herself, ono day Avhen she
come in the store, that her husband made her
a Christmas present of them diamond ear
rings." "Well, then, he was a big fool for doin' it,
that's all I haA'e to say. You see they board at
a cheap kind of a plaeo, and then they put
every extra cent into jewelry. If he was to die
to-morrow, she wouldn't have a thing in the
world, like as not. Now, if had dropped off
kind o' sudden last year, you would 'a' had the
store and tho house and could 'a' gone on with
tho business all the same. Ten to one you'd
had a good-lookin' partner by this time."
" What AA'ould I have wanted a partner for?
I guess I could have run tho business alone,
"Well, you might; but I Avas thinkin' how
AA'ould do if you left me Avith everything on.
" You're real mean to talk about my dyin'
Jim ! Tho idea of goin' on so about gettin' a
partner, as though, if the store Avas all right,
you didn't care Avhether I died or not!"
"O, you don't understand! I Avas referrin'
to my gettin' married again."
" What ! Why, Jim Miller, ain't you ashamed
of yourself! I Avon't dio for forty years yet,
you see if I do ! You Avouldn't really marry
again, would you, Jim?" I says, pretty near
" Well, I reckon you'd better keep on livin',
so as not to give me a chance. But don't you
go to makin' me promise never to marry, 'cause
I don't believe in no such hasty promises. If
you're set on doin' so, you'd better just Avrite it
down, so I'll bo sure not to forget."
" Why, Jim, I think it's awful to have more'n
" Well, it just depends upon whether one of
'em is up in Heaven or not."
" But you Avouldn't ever love anyone but me,
Avould you, Jim?"
" Why, how do I know what I'd do if I was
left a melancholy young widower? I haven't
eA'er been one yet, haA'e I? I ain't particular
about your dyin', however, so you needn't get
mad and cry. Read some mora out of that
" Jim, it says here that it isn't proper to talk
about yourself all the time when you're out in
company. " Why, Mrs. MeCaffery is ahvays talk
in' about herself aud hor daughter, and so on,
and I guess she wouldn't do Avhat wasn't
proper, Avould sho?"
" Well, you don't suppose folks does every
thing that book says, do you? It's half of it
nonsenso, seems to me."
" We know Iioav to behave Avithout readin' it,
don't Ave, Jim? What shall wo give 'em for
Supper Thursday night ? '
" Fried oysters, and coffee, and chicken salery,
and I Avouldn't mind bavin' mince-pie, too."
"And a big cake, all frosted, and pickles, and
jelly, and oranges, and hot biscuits."
" Yes, and couldn't you haA'e somo doughnuts
like you used to mako? They AA'ere lirst-rato
"O, I'm afraid Mary wouldn't like my goin'
down in the kitchen to cook anything ! Sho
ahvays acts as if sho thought I had no right
there at all."
"Well, you'ro mighty timid, to put up Avith
such airs, I must say! I reckon it's your
kitchen, isn't it?"
" Yes, but I'm afraid to say a word for fear
she'll get mad and lca-e."
" I most wish sho Avould, for I don't like her
cookiu' near as Avell as I do yours, anyhow.
You go down stairs to-morrow and make me
somo doughuuts, and if she gives you any of
her sass, just tell her to march as quick as OA'er
"But how could I get along Avithout her
Thursday night, if she did?"
" Can't Annie help you?"
" Oh, I Avouldn't ask her for anything ! Sho
was tellin' me only yesterday that she Avouldn't
do kitchen Avork for the world, and sho says
sho never lived boforc in such a small house as
this, Avhero thero was only ono other girl.
She'd go right off in less 'n no timo if I asked
her to cook for a day or so. I don't think
Mary '11 stay much longer anyhow, 'cause she
Avas say in' last Monday that the Avashin' Avas
too hard for hor to do all alone, and Ave'd have
to get a A-ash-womau or elso put somo of it
"Now, you just tell her that you done our
Avashin' yourself all last year, aud you didn't
find it one bit too hard neither."
"I guess I Avould tell her that! Why, sho
wouldn't stay in tho house ono minute after
sho found out I knew how to Avash. She's an
aAvful proud kind of a woman, and sho never
worked for any but first-class ladies, she says.
I was talkin' away Avith her yesterday, and I
asks her A'ery polito if she Avouldn't pleaso wipo
the dishes right dry, 'cause they Avas slippery
to pass Avhen they Avas Avet, and sho says, A'ery
scornful-like, that she nevor had been in tho
habit of wipin' her dishes no dryer, and wo had
n't as nice china anyhow as she'd always been
used to haudlin', and common white china Avas
awful hard to wipe dry. Now, when I washed
tho dishes myself they never Avas wet when
Ave ate off of 'em, AA'as they, Jim? But maybe
Ave'd better get a now set beforo Thursday
night. I'd like to haA'e the table look per
fectly elegant. You ought to buy me a silver
teapot and half a dozen more spoons."
" Now, look here, Sallie, folks don't care
AA'hat kind of dishes there is on tho table, so
there's something good for 'em to cat. Coffee
tastes every bit as nico out of a china teapot
with a crack on ono side as out of a silver one
that cost goodness knows how much. You
take my advice, and get up a first-class supper,
and I'll bet anything they'll go home thinkin'
Ave'ro right nice peoplo to visit, and come over
to seo us whenever avc ask 'em."
"Well, I only hope Mary Avon't tako it
into her head to go off this week, for I don't
know nothin' at all about fancy cookin'. I'm
most afraid sho won't like our bavin' company.
I don't hardly dare tell her ! "
" Well, you'd better mention it to her to
morrow, so you'll haA'e time to get some one
elso if sho makes a fuss. I reckon she'll find
sho can't run this house. You Avomon haven't I
got one mite of spunk. Why don't yon tell
'em to go Avhen they begins to got sassy ? "
"But if Mary does go, we'll only get somo
other oue just as bad. There ain't much choice
between 'em, accordin' to Mrs. MeCaffery.
Mary makes me feel all the Avhilo as if I was
the cook and she Avas tho lady. I'm awful
afraid of her. She knows such a lot more'n
do about everything. I told hor the other dar
Ave'd have sausage for supper, and she went and
got beef-steak; and Avhen I asked herAvhat sho
did that for, she said it wasn't fashionable to
have sausage at night."
" Wo didn't have to nsk nobody what wo
could have for our supper last winter, did Ave,
Sallie? I tell you mil-lee-on-aires has their
troubles just like common folks."
"O, Jim! " I cries, happenin' to pick np tho
book I had been readin' out of, " it says hero
that magnesia is right good for face powder.
I'm goin' to get some to-morrow."
" Now, what under the sun do you want
powiler for? You're plenty white enough
without it. Don't you get a bit of it."
"But, Jim, all the ladies put it on so thick
you can seo it real plain. I saw a lot on Mrs.
MeCafTery's shoulder last night. I suppose sho
was in a hurry, and forgot to brush it off. I
ncA-er had no powder, and I'd like to sec if ii
wouldn't make mo look better."
" You'ro good enough lookin' now, to my
thinkin'. I ain't one bit ashamed of your
looks. I tell you thero ain't many mil-lee-on-aires
AA'hat have as pretty a little AAife as yo'i,
if I do say so myself! Come here and gi-e rae
a kiss. You aint kissed me once yefto-day."
So I put my arms 'round his neck and givo
him a downright good hug.
To he continued.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
A Little Something Anout lVIi.it is Coins Oa in tho
There is only one Congregational church in
There are on Manhattan Island seventy-nino
Episcopal churches, Avith a total of 25,275 com
municants. There are 610 names of Chinamen on the rolls
of Sabbath schools in New York and Brooklyn,
and the average attendance is 331.
Duriug the past century the population of tho
United States has increased eleven-fold, and
the churches have increased thirty-seven fold.
The Churchman proposes that the coming cen
tennial year of the Episcopal Church in tlm
country be observed by remoA'ing all debt from
The California Methodist Episcopal Confer
ence, Avhich recently met at Oakland, com
mended tho Republican party of the State for
upholding the Sunday law.
"To-morrow is Sunday, isn't it, mamma?"
"Yes, dear." "Mayn't I play Avith the cards
and build castles A'ith them? " " Certainly not,
dear!" "But, mamma, mightn't I play Avith
tho prayer-books, you know, if I built a church
Rev. Dr. Chamberlain says : "There is a tre
mendous upheaval going on all-through India
at the present time, and I fear that Hinduism
is going to fall to pieces beforo the Church of
Christ is ready to seize tho fragments of tho
ruins and build np the temple of tho Lord."
" Moody in Paris ! " exclaims the Christian
Intelligencer "The Paris of Clovis and Louis
Quatorzo and Napoleon III; of Abclard and
Voltaire and Eugene Sue; of Mirabeau and
Philip Egalite and the Commune ; of Riche
lieu and Coligny and McAH ; of the Bastile, tho
barricades and the Bois do Boulogne."
"The borderland of the creeds is Avidening
every day," says the Jewish Messenger. "It is
beginning to be understood that the universals
of honesty, virtue, purity cement men moro
firmly and kindly than the particulars of doc
trine and litany, AA'hich drive men apart and
produco a vast nnmber of meeting-houses for
tl;e misinterpretation of the Bible and tho cari
cature of the Divine."
An old negro professed to be indifferent as to
a future state, believing that " deyTl make nig
gers work eben in heaben." A clergyman tried
to argue him out of his opinion by representing
that there Avas no Avork for him or any one else
to do in heaven. "Yon go 'aaiv, massa," was
his reply, "I know better! If dere's no oder
work for culled pussons up dere, dey'll mako
'em shub do clouds along! "
The Watchman indulges in a blast against tho
use of tobacco by tho clergy, and notes a re
form in this matter at Martha's Vineyard:
"Tho groves and hotels havo presented a
marked contrast to former seasons. The air
has been breathed as God made it, unpolluted
by tho tobacco nuisance. Preachers have not
descended from the heights of pure precept to
tho deptli3 of impure practice, wrapped in a
concealing cloud; weak consciences have not
been offended; the cause of Christ has not
been scandalized by His priests ministering at
the devil's altar in the serA'ice of God."
A correspondent of the London Times says
that on the AA'hole Christian missions in India,
especially Protestant missions, have been a fail
ure. "Conversions to Christianity," says he,
"havo neither been numerous nor satisfactory.
There are 900,000 nominal Christians in India,
or less than one-half per cent, of tho popula
tion. Of these more than half aro in tho
Madras Presidency, and are nearly all what;
may be called historical Catholics. Of the re
mainder in the rest of India probably one-half
are also Catholics, which would reduce the num
ber of non-Catholic Christians to about a quarter
of a million, all told, or one-eighth per cent, of
tho Avholo population. In China the case ia
somewhat similar, though thero aro no trust
Avorthy statistics 500,000 historical Catholics,
and such a small number of other sects as uo5
to yield an appreciable percentage of the popu
lation." Ideas of an English Itadic&l.
Ey Ernest Jo7ies.
We plough and sow, we're so very, very low,
That we delve in the dirty clay,
Till Ave bleds the plain with the golden grain,
And the vale with the fragrant hay;
Our place Ave know we're o very, very low
'Tis down at the landlord':! feet;
We're not too low the grain to grow,
But too low the bread to eat.
Down, down we go, we're so A'ery, very low,
To the hell of tho deep-sunk minus;
But we gather the proudest gems that glow,
When the brow of a despot shines ;
And whene'er he hieks, upon our backs
Fresh loads lie deigns to lay;
AVc're far too low to veto the tax,
But not too Ioav to pay.
We're low, we're low mero rabble, we know
But at our plastic power,
The world at the lordlinfj's feet Avill glow
Into palace and church and tower;
Then prostrate fall in the rich man's hall,
And cringe at the rich man's door;
We're not too low to build the Avail,
But too low to tread the floor.
We're low, wo're low we're very, Tery low
Yet from our fingers slide
The silken flow and the robes that glow
Round the limbs of the sons of prido;
And what wc get, and what we give,
We know, and we know our share; "-
We're not too low ihe cloth to Aveave,
But too low tho cloth to wear.
We're low, we're low we're very, very low
And yet when the trumpets ring,
The thrust of the poor man's arm will go
Through the heart of tho proudest king;
We're low, we're low, our pluce Ave know.
We're only tho rank aud file;
We're not too low to kill tho foo,
But too low to touch the spoil.
Frank Leslie's Illustrated, A'eicipaper.