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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1882.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Some Practical Suggest ions for Our
WHAT HAVE WE LEA JWED ?
Under the above heading, Mr. C. M. Uovey,
a well-known horticulturist,--and one whoso
opinions are worthy of tho hi sliest respect, al
though they may not chime with those who
consider themselves progressionists, has, by
way of comparison with thu returns of the
present time, in a recent nuaibor of the Mas
sachusetts Ploughman, presented the amounts of
gome of the crops produced sixty years ago,
when agricultural chemistry vras in its infancy,
and had not made any mark in tho world, and
when artifical manures, if we except bone dust,
Mr. Uovey quotes from tho proceedings of
the Massachusetts Agricultural Society as evi
dence of the results of farm productions at
this, what might now be termed, primitive
time. In 1S17 this society offered premiums
for the best crops of potatoes and corn on one
acre of land. The premium for potatoes was in
1S17 awarded to a crop of L02 bushels on an
acre; in ISIS the greatest crop was 493 bush
els- in 1S11) itwas-lSG; in 1S20 -the premium !
crop was 070 bushels; in ls21 it was .l ousu
cls; in 1822, it was r!7. and in 1S23 the award
was given to a crop of GSS bushels of potatoes,
all from one acre of land.
Somo of the corn crops are also noted. In
1S20 tho award was made to a crop of Ills
bushels of shelled corn, raised on ono acre.
The premium crop of 1321 was 103 bushels;
the award was in 1S22 given to a crop of 111)1
busheli, and among the competitors for the
premium weio crops of 11G bushels and 5)G
bushels of shelled corn from one acre. In 1S23
the highest crop was 127 bushels, and in 1S2-1
the best was 112 bushels from one acre.
In comparison with crops at prcsant. theso
were very remarkable, and are rarely equalled
now. It may be that, in placing so much con
fidence in special fertilizers, the best manage
ment of the soil has been neglected. It is not
a matter of doubt with the best cultivators of
the soil that its physical or mechanical condi
tionits relation to air and moisture is of
more importance than its chemical constitu
tion. Too muck dependence is placed upon a
dressing of guano or some sifperposphate, in
producing crops, and by far too little attention
given to the saving of barn-yard manure and
to tho draining of strong soils, and to deep
plowing and subsoiliug of all kinds of land.
SALT AND SALT-rETRE OX jrEAT.
The manner in which salt operates in its
preservative functions is obvious. Salt, by its
strong affinity, in Ike first place, extracts the
juices from tho substance of meat in sufficient
quantity to form a saturated solution with the
water contained in le meat
then absorbs the sat- he place
of the juico extrac ... Thus,
matter incapable of : -kes the
place of that portio ' , which is
most perishable. S -. not the
only office of salt a ; ' jserving
meat; it also acts i.i.mcy in
contracting the fibei m- and so
excludes tho action o . . . a. nrofthc
substance of the m . e ' ,: -ntioned
operation of salt as a . " , need by
the diminution of th , ,aesi o which
it is applied.
The astringent act : tt-j-c -e on meat
is much greater than -ait, r d thereby
Tenders the meat tc is :-,: ed very
hard; but in small ' , A u . .derably
assists tho antiseptic . if sal r. and it also
prevents thedestrur : f t - tSi 4 (or red)
color of tho meat I " i.npicit ci of salt.
From the foregoing ---. , ' it : t.'.t- mode of
operation of salt anc -:rc . mea', it will
be perceived that t .: it.u f the mat-
tors deteriorates, in . '.-. . ,r-" 1 t. .ree, the
nutritive and to so - . wholesome
qualities of meat; a ' - , in 'eiruse,
the quantity applied .t ;.' . as pos
sible consistent with mu pcucct pnorvation
of the meat.
THE CABB.VG E WORM.
A writer in Home ano'. Farm states that a
strong tea made from tho leaves and berries of
the Pride of India or China tree, applied with
a watering-pot, will effectually destroy the
worms without injuring tho cabbage. In
twenty-four hours after its application the
worms will bo seen on top of tho leaves per
fectly dead and of a whitish color. Two or
three applications will be sufficient for the
entire .season. The China tree is the Mclia
Azrdarach, a medium-sized tree, a native of
Syria, but now found u almost every semi
tropical country. It i. much used in cities in
the Southern States as a shade tree. The root
is bitter and nauseou:j, and water in which it
lias been boiled is a powerful anthelmintic.
From the appearance of its numerous seeds it
is sometimes called the Bead tree. The seeds
are suspicious; Case s arc recorded where eating
them has proved f:tal. On the other hand,
thoy have been used as food for horses and
cattle, and have b:cn recommended for their
nutritious properties. The leaves, seeds and
oil from the seeds nave been used for medicinal
SErxrsG t.y weiojit.
To the Editor National Tiubuke:
Deak Snt: Mwy I bo allowed to ask why it
is that we have to purchase most of our country
products by measure, a practice that is capable
of great injustice, as every one knows. If straw
berries, raspberries, blackberries, and even
larger fru its, as : ipplcs and peaches, were sold by
weight, the same as beef, butter, cheese, wool
and cotton, purchasers would not have any
causo for ':: ,laint of small measures, as wo
know that experts at the business have adroit
methods of filling measures which are very de
ceiving. Ind cod, the principle should be ex
tended to alii vegetables, and even to eggs.
There is no propriety in selling small eggs at
the same price per dozen as the' large eggs of
certain brcc 3s of poultry. I have read some
where that t.hc practice of selling by weight is
the established custom in Paris and other con
tinental cities, and that it gives general satis
faction; indeed, it is difficult to imagine why
it can bo o thenvise than perfectly satisfactory
to all partiiis. It may be that somo legislative
action wil 1 bo necessary to this end, but it
should be 3ono. A Housekeeper.
SALT AND. LIME TO PREVENT GRAIN FROM
Mn. Editor: Ono of the greatest drawbaclis
to successful and economical harvesting is the
falling oi lodging of the grain before it is fit
for cutting. There is a twofold disadvantage
in this: the first is, that when grain lodges or
falls before it is perfectly filled, it never fills
well. The second disadvantage is, tho in
creased lalwr of harvesting. Some years since
I noticed in one of my agricultural papers that
a mixture of salt and lime would stiffen the
straw of the growing wheat, and, to a certain
extent, prevent it from lodging. I resolved to
try th o experiment. I made a mixture in the
proportion of two parts in weight of lime to
one o" salt. I permitted the mixture to lie in
the h cap for some four weeks before applying
it. I. then spread it over a part of a field at
the rate of a ton and a half to tho acre. Tho
resul t was that in that part of tho field my
wkei it all etood well, while in the remainder it
wont down before the heads were entirely filled.
I need not tell you bow much easier the former
was to cut than the lattor. Tho yield was de
cidedly better, and, in addition to theso advan
tages, I found the clover on tho part to which
the mixture had been applied larger and liner
than where it had not been.
If these facts are worth presenting to your
readers, they are at your service.
Steuben Co., X. Y.
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Various
TIIE utility; of fairs.
Is it worth while to attend the fairs? is a
question ninny a farmer is asking himself just
now. Supposing the question were put to us,
the answer would be that it certainly is, and
for more than one good reason. Tho social
feature of such occasions, and the idea of a
holiday and a littlo recreation, aro well worth
considering. Farmers, perhaps, havo as muck
pcr6on.nl enjoyment at home as tho average of
mankind, but thero aro none of us who do not
find it a good thing to go out from home occa
sionally and mix with public assemblies, lint
before this secondary consideration comes tho
importance of picking up new ideas. The man
of intelligence and observing disposition can
not attend the poorest fair in tho country with
out learning something, and the average exhi
bition is bristling with points to bo absorbed.
To look over collections of mnohinery; to
examine field and garden products; to study
tho occupants of tho stock pons, fce, will fur
nish any thoughtful man with an abundance
of food for profitable reflection. To learn
should be tho lirat object in visiting a fair, and
any ono who fails to gather something worth
remembering in these holiday seasons has him
self to blamo for it. Pittsburg Stockman.
A PREPARATION FOR PRESERVING LEATHER.
We translate from tho lierber (urier :
receipt for a preparation which is said to in
sure great durability to leather and to ir..iko it
very pliable and soft. It consists of four arti
cles: tallow, soap, rosin, and water. Theso in
gredients are prepared a follow?: Twenty-ono
parts of tallow aro melted in n vessel, three
parts of rosin added, and tho two when molted
mixed well together. In another vessel seven
parts of good washing soap are dissolved in
seventy parts of puro rain water. After it is
dissolved and the mass heated to tho boiling
point, we add tho part ropared before, let it
boil once more gently, and tho preparation is
ready for use. It is especially adapted to boots,
harness leather, and bolting. Shoe aud Leather
COOKED MEAT TOR FOWLS.
Fowls, as well as dogs, become quarrelsome if
fed on raw meat. Besides, cooking makes it
more nutritious. When raw it is rather harsh
and crude, compared with tho mild natural diet
of worms and grubs, which are for the most part
soft and easily dissolved by digestion. Occasion
ally, for variety, a little meat may be given
raw. Fish, when plenty, is more conveniently
given boiled, because in that stato tho fowls
easily pick every morsel from the bones, and no
mincing is required. Chandler's scraps have
the advantage of being already cooked, and on
that account as well as many others, thoy are
COWS AND MILK.
It is stated that tho length of time a cow
goes dry has quito as much to do with her
value as a milker as her butter product per
week. Going dry for a long period is a matter
of habit, and if a young heifer is not milked
until pretty nearly her time for calving, her
value as a cow will bo greatly lessened there
after. After drying up once for three or four
months before calving it is very difficult to got
a cow to give a paying amount of milk later
than this date at a subsequent time.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat With Ills
B. F., Manchester, Va., wishes to know if
Sainfoin has been used as a forage crop in
this country, having heard it highly praised
for the purpose while- traveling on tho conti
nent of Europe. In reply wo would state that
we are not aware of its use here, and havo no
personal knowledge of its value. The plant is
named OnobrycJtis sativa; it is described as a
deep-rooting perennial, thriving best on dryish,
calcareous soils, and yieldinga crop where clover
would fail for want of nourishment. It does
not produce heavy crops, but its haj is consid
ered preferable to that made of lucerne, and is
more nutritive. When once established it lasts
for many years, and may be worthy of trial on
dry soils in warm, dry climates.
Mrs. J. E., of Martinsburgh, Va., writes to
say that she "would like to know how she can
keep Colons during winter. One winter sho
was successful in keeping them alive in the
parlor window, but for two seasons they havo
failed to live until spring." Ans.: Colons aro
very tender plants, and requiro considerable
warmth to keep them growing during tho
winter months; about 50 is tho lowest tem
perature they will endure, hut by propagating
young plants in the fall, keeping them in small
pots until the roots entwine, and then grad
ually withholding water until they cease to
grow, they cm be laid down in a warm cellar
for five or six weeks, and, when watered and
brought up to the light, will commence to grow.
While the pots are laid down tho plants should
not receive any water.
"A Header," Toledo, Ohio, is informed thnt
the century plant is the Agave Americana, called
also American aloe, which is a misnomer, as it
is not an aloe at all. It was popularly supposed
to flower only after growing for a century,
which is not true, as it flowers when the plant
becomes strong enough to send up a flower stem ;
this may be ten, fifteen, or twenty-five years,
depending upon soil and climate. The plant is
of much value ; it furnishes a good, strong fibre,
and secretes a sap which forms an intoxicating
"Pyrethrum powder seems tome to be very
unequal in its effects. I have used it on plant
lice, when it killed them completely, and again
I have well dusted the plants with it, and the
insects remain unhurt." A Lady Subscriber,
N. Y. Ajis.: It is well known that this insect
powder deteriorates on exposure, and, to somo
extent, with age. The imported article is said
to be often adulterated. The California article,
under the commeicial name of Buhaeh, is by far
the bast to use. It is carefully ground up fresh
from the field, with all its natural strength and
"What is the valuo of the newly-introduced
fodder plant, called Teosinte?" Yours, &c.,
W. O. G., Ind. Ans.: Teosinte is a strong
growing grass from South America; wo have
seen it growing for several years, and do not
consider it of sufficient value for general in
troduction as a fodder plant. It makes im
mense growth of rather coarse leaves; wken
young they are relished by cattle, but have no
superiority, so far as can be observed, over good
fodder from corn.
"Does tho honey-bee injure grapes?" A Bco
Keeper, Missouri. Ans. : This is a question
which has been variously answered. We bo
lieve that they do not touch sound berries.
We havo seen bee-hives surrounded with grapo
vines, and havo not seen a berry injured by
them, and whenever wo have seen bees sucking
grapes, it was only those berries which had
been punctured by birds, or by some other
means; sometimes rotting berries will attract
them, but no apprehension need, bo felt that
bees will injure u vineyard,
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About Woman's Work Above
and Below Stairs.
Tho Association for tho Advancement of
Women began its second members' mooting in
private- executive session at Portland, Me.,
Friday morning. A new feature was the
statistical reports from the various vice-presidents
concerning tho criminal classes of tho
various States, as compiled from the records of
State prisons. The following questions wero
more or less fully answered :
How many malo aud femalo prisoners are
How many committed for great offenses?
Is there any difference in kinds or certainty
of punishments because of sex?
In the matter of offenses what is the average
term of punishments?
Answers to theso questions wero received
from twelve States. All of them asserted that
littlo or no differoncejtvas made in tho kind of
punishment between men and women, although
tho latter were convicted of crimes, such as
night-walking, &c, which are seldom brought
against men. Tho total of all criminal classes
in Pennsylvania is -1,6 19. Three-fourths of tho
convicts had attended tho public schools.
New Jersey reported ten per cent, of its crimi
nals as women. Many spoko of the general uso
of tobacco in prisons, and of its pernicious
effects. Tho Colorado Stato penitentiary has
had only three women prisonors for ten years,
and has none at present. At the public session
Mrs. .lulia Ward Howe, tho president, opened
the meeting by introducing Mrs. C. M. Sever
ance, of California, who, after some brief re
marks, road a paper on "Tho Chinese- Question
from a Woman's Point of Yiow." She pro
nounced tho Chinnso peaceable, law-abiding
and industrious. China had a vast collection
of books singularly pure in thought and word.
They had a practical religion and vast numbers
of laws on morals which were read yearly to
tho children. Sho cited tho objections made
once to tho Irish, and said tho dreaded Irish
man had now come to bo regarded as a good
citizen. Mrs. Julia Ward Howe discussed tho
paper, saying, Chinamen, as well as animals,
should havo friends, and women should bo
their friends. Mrs. Prof. Richards, of tho
Massachusetts Instituto of Technology, fol
lowed briefly, and Miss Eastman read tho re
port of a California physician, who claimed
that Cinnamon's habits of living wero cleanly
as tho same number of whites. Mrs. Lita
Barney Sayles, of Connecticut, read a paper on
tho history and results of the past congresses
of tho Association for the Advancement of
Women. The number of members at present
was given as about 350. The work of the asso
ciation, she said, was intended to embraco that
of all reforms, and among its members wero
found prominent women of America in all
professions and walks of life. Mrs. Mary E.
Foster, practicing lawyer, of Michigan, read a
paper on regulations discriminating in favor of
singlo women against married women. This
paper was discussed, and tho Chinese question
was again taken up, remarks being made by
Mrs. Mary C. Pcckham, of Rhode Island; Mrs.
Julia Ward Ilowe and Miss Eastman.
Excellent scrap-baskets aro now made of .Tan
anese umbrella ' '' "'"
pie. Rows of cl ' . v. r r , xom .
spoke, and the " ? !' .ri ; - i
fixed in a stand " - . i riui !-
and ends of sat i: - . .
Thero is, in fac -,-.,. ,.
bilities with Jap. - . ,'! -.,-
.. f j Jttlict.
for example, joined together at tho edges with
narrow satin ribbon, make an excellent wall
pocket for a small parlor or bedroom.
Very inexpensive screens can bo made at
homo by covering an ordinary clothes horse or
common wooden frame with dark felt or plush,
upon which Chinese crapo pictures can be
mounted. If the cloth is fastened within the
margin of the work tho latter can be cbonized,
and a nice finish given to the screen by a bead
ing of chenillo whero the cloth is nailed on.
Lady decorators are achieving great thing3
witk tko aid of common pottery paint, which
applied to white wood gives it an ebonized ap
pearance. Carved figures and bracket supports
cm be bought very cheaply in common wood
and with their aid mantels and cabinets can
be made at home which will provo highly
A "new departure" in mantel lambrequins
consists in embroidering a scattered design
upon tho material which covers tho board
itself, as well as upon tho hanging. Such a
design in raised work in flowers has a natural
appearance, as if tho blossoms had been scat
tered loosely and left there by accident.
A novel decoration for the mantel consists of
a curtain about half a yard long, suspended
from rings upon a small brass pole, and separ
ated in the centre. A small piece of mirror
fastened against tho wall in the centre shows
when the curtains thus formed aro drawn
aside, and is at once novel and attractive.
When it is necessary to bring up a child on
cows' or nurses' milk it has been proved pre
ferablo to use the milk of a cow, unless tho
nurse is well fed and kept from doing hard
work. Human milk is quickly impoverished
by severe mental or physical labor.
Common fishing cord is used now for conrso
crotchet instead of Macrame lace. It is less
clumsy to work with and equally effective.
Crotcheted with large needless and left with
heavy fringe, it serves admirably as bordering
for little tables covered with cloth or plush.
Plaster casts take gilding or bronze paint
well, and if framed in black or plush look ex
tremely well upon a light wall-paper. Tho
little images sold on the streets for a trifle can
be converted by tho use of bronze powder into
really effective ornaments.
Tho small squares which replnco tho old
fashioned tidy can be prettily made in alter?
nate stripes or squares of ribbon and lace,
neatly sewn together, or little Japanese squares
can bo fringed out and knotted in a fanciful
In England window curtains of stained
glass, for tho lower half of the window, are be
coming usual, and aro a very great improve
ment upon tho ugly structures of woven wiro
and wicker which have done service for so long
A pretty hall corner is easily made by tho
help of a carpenter. Corner shelves may bo
fitted into either side opposite tho ontranco,
and servo to hold an ornamental pot with
creeping plant or a bowl will gold-fish.
Tho Germans cultivate ivy in their rooms
with great success. Placing a root in a large
pot by ono side of a window, they will train it
as it grows until it forms a pretty frame for
the entire window.
Mahogany red is as fashionable- as mahogany
Masculine hats, jackets, rcdingotes and uls
ters are much worn.
Puffed and shirred brims are a feature in
Paris hats and bonnets.
Upright ruffs of lace and net show off fair
and slender necks to advantage.
White wool, combined with velyets and
plushes-in tho newkigkait colors, will form
many handsome evening dresses this fall and
Cloaks of plush, brocade and velvet aro more
frequently lined with satin or plush than with
Laco of every description appears on new
costumes, in neck lingorie, and on fine under
wear. Capoto bonnets are made longer and more
pointed in tho brim in front and shorter in tho
White woolen stuffs, veilings, Chudda cloths
and fottle goods will bo used for winter festival
The blouso waistcoat in satin surah appears
on many stylish suits of velvet and plush for
Nothing can bo prettier than the uso of tho
new high art colors in the fall and winter gar
ments of little people.
To mingle two kinds of lace on ono costume,
bonnet, or piece of neck lingerie, is good form
and correct tasto at present.
Thero is a fancy at presont for house dresses
composed of a solid-colored jacket and a bright
plaid or novelty fabric skirt.
On the richest fur-trimmed cloaks the fasten
ings aro metal chains looped over heads of
animals in fine carved woods.
Black velvet corselets, shaped very muck
like French corsets, are worn over white cash
mere or nun's cloth dresses.
Antique heads of bronze or dull silver, cocks
of copper-tinted silver, and diamond-shaped
designs of Rhino brilliants aro tho 'clasps for
Poppy-red is in fashion for cloth and cash
mero dresses, and imported blue cashmere
dresses aro trimmed witk bands of poppy
Hussar-bluo cloth dresses aro mndo with a
plain skirt bordered with velvet, above which
is military braid, and a plain rcdingoto with
braided wheels down tho front and pleated
New dresses nro less clinging to tho figure
than they have been for years. Skirts arc cut
to give a fuller appearance, and tho puffed
drapery is very large, as it is mounted on a
cushion of hair sewn to the skirt lining.
Rich brocades, or corded silk witk plush or
velvet spots of large size, will not lose favor
this winter. They will bo used for the skirt
.r the ovordrcss, in combination with a plain
material, but not for an entire dress.
Gay house dresses for young ladies havo tho
waist, sleeves and skirt of blue and red striped
cashmere, with a corset bodice, deep cuffs, and
bunched-up ovcrskirfc of red cashmere, scal
loped on the edges and bound with blue braid.
To mnko Breakfast Puffs On baking day
take up a little dough, pulling out to thickness
of doughnuts; cut two and one-half inches in
length, drop in boiling lard, and fry like dough
nuts; to bo eaten with butter, like biscuit.
Somo cooks work into the dough a littlo butter,
and let it rise before frying in tho lard. They
are delicious with coffee for breakfast.
To make Breakfast Rusks Ono cup sweet
milk, one cup yeast, one cup sugar, one cup of
flour. When well mixed set in a warm place
for about five hours to rise. Then beat in a
tablespoon ful of butter and two eggs, reserving
white of one, beaten to a froth, to spread over
the top. Form in small cakes, let them rise
again. Bake fifteen minutes in a hot oven.
Tomake EcnoT";'"Tr.",",.l r.i'Il!, ,.i. i
, e :- ".' -r f.sr r ' !
. ' .:i.isf "-.. v-i ' (,n-.
fc . . !i - . niS' vf,Jaof - -
' I i ' ' 'Hi .ll- .
haxi J.1H3 is juiprtfvca iy adding a teacup
of stoned raisins when tho cold milk is added.
Servo with cream or hot sauce.
To Steam Fish Place tail of fish in its
mouth and secure it, lay on a plate, pour over
it a half pint of vinegar seasoned with pepper
and salt; let stand an hour in tho refrigerator,
then pour ofl' the vinegar, and put in a steamer
over boiling water; steam twenty minutes, or
longer if the fish is very largo (when done tho
meat easily parts from the bono); drain well,
and servo on a napkin garnished with curled
To mako Cream Oysters Take fifty shell
oj'stcrs, ono quart of sweet cream, butter, salt,
and pepper to taste. Put tho cream and oys
ters in separato kettles to heat, tho oysters in
their own liquor, and let them come to a boil ;
when sufficiently cooked, skim ; then take
them out of tho liquor and put into a disk
to keep warm; put the cream and liquor to
gether; season to tasto and thicken with pow
dered cracker; when thick, stir in the oysters.
To mako a Nico Dolicato Pudding Tako
three tablespoonfuls of corn-starch dissolved
in a little cold water. Have one pint of water
boiling on the stove; in this stir the corn-starch
and tho well-beaten whites of threo eggs; let it
boil up once; pour it into an earthen pudding
dish which will hold three pints; steam tho
pudding for ten minutes. For the sauce use
the yolk of threo eggs, ono cupful of sweet
milk, and a small piece of butter; boil for a few
minutes; when cool, flavor with lemon or va
nilla. The pudding, also, is to bo eaten cold.
Something Now in Beets. Beets aro familiar
enough boiled and sliced, either served hot with
butter, pepper, and salt, or pickled; but a
novelty is a beet pudding, made by mixing a
pint of cooked sugar-beets, chopped, with four
eggs, a quart of milk, a little salt and pepper, a
tablespoon ful of butter, and baking them about
half an hour; cold boiled beets sliced and fried
with butter nro palatable; to cook them so
that none of their color shall bo lost, carefully
wash them without breaking tho skin or cut
ting oil' the roots or stalks, and boil them until
tender, about an hour, in boiling salted water.
''Tho Ilvorlastlns Yes."
Jiy Henry Pi terse n.
My chamber window fronts the East;
Tho glorious orl of day
Brunka in at morning on my rest,
And drives dull sleup nwny.
I breathe tho odorous air that btrenxna,
From his triumphal car,
And see, above, thy heavenly beams,
Oh bright and morning atari
The chamber of my soul, too, fronts
Tho Ea-5t from day to day;
1 feel the air from heavenly founts,
I lon-j to xoar awuy.
Oh, break, my God, these cumbering chains,
And set my spirit frco ;
I'm tired of earth and earthly pains,
And long to dwell with Thee.
When I was younsj the thought of death
lluiiK o'er me like a pall ;
But now 1 scorn this earthly brenth,
Eternity bccms all.
Oh, break, dear .Lord, this cumbering chain,
And ope Death's pearly door,
Where peace and joy forever reign,
And sorrow is no more.
Jiy Frances llodyson Harnett.
There was u statue, only common clay,
Which in the sunshine stood one summer day,
And just through one brief, muio hour I'm told,
Because tho aun shone bo, seemed finest gold.
There was a hero, hero but to one,
Who bad his gilded hour beneath Love's Sun.
And then, Ah inc! the sunshine died away.
And left tho hero bare, dull, common clay.
Aro you tho horo, or are you tho sun 7
A word, mon ami, and my fable's done.
Bf you must blame, be juat, and blame tho sun.
OUR YOUNG FOLKS.
The Soldier's Cheese: A Story of th
By David KerJ
Anyone who had come down the St. Gothard
to the village of Andermatt, just at daybreak
ono cold winter morning in 1799, would have
seen a very curious sight. All night long tho
! village folks had been busy packing up and
carrying away in carts or on horse and mule
back whatever thoy could most easily remove.
The first gleam of dawn saw the hindmost
fugitives slinking away into the passes of the
northern hills, looking fearfully back every
now and tkcu at the towering crest of St.
Gothard, as if expecting the whole mountain
to fall upon them at once, or to send forth a
torrent of fire that would sweep them all away.
Tko danger from which they were flying
was not long behind them. Scarcely had tho
sun peered above tho surrounding hill-tops
when tho great white slope of the St. Gothard
seemed to grow black all at once, like a white
cloth swarmed over by flies. Instantly the
whole mountain-side was alive with bear-skin
caps, and glittering bayonets and prancing
horses, and bright epaulets, and rumbling
wheels, and shining cannon.
Down thoy came, still downward, thousands
upon thousands tall sallow grenadiers in long
overcoats of gray frieze, sharp-faced, narrow
eyed Cossacks with long lances in their hands,
black-capped gunners, glittering hussars, blue
nosed, shivering staff' officers and high above
all, fluttering gayly in the keen morning
breeze, tho bullet-torn standard that bore the
imperial ensign of Russia.
At sight of the deserted village there was a
murmur of satisfaction among the Russian sol
diers; for it was now forty-eight hours since
any of them had touched a morsel of food, and
they wero all as hungry as wolves.
" Theso mountain goats have run away at
the very sound of our coming," said a big
grenadier; "but so long as they'vo left some
food behind them, it's all right."
"Isn't this the place where thoy said tho
famous cheese was made ?" suggested a gaunt,
"Sure enough!" cried ono of his comrades,
joyfully. "Hey, brothers! won't wo have a
good feed when wo get down thero?"
A good feed the' certainly did have, a few
minutes later. Scarcely had tho foremost bat
talion entered the village when a shout of
"Cheese! cheese! "from tho front drew every
oncin thatdirection. The littleshop into which
the starving men had rushed was hardly big
enough to hold twenty of them at a time ; but
Russian soldiers, after a two days' fast, are not
the men to bo overceremonious. In a trice tho
plank front of the store was beaten in and torn
down, the shining yellow blocks which made
such a tempting show wero tossed into the
street by hundreds, and there began such a feast
as Andermatt had not seen for mauy a year,
even upon a market-day.
But just as they were at the busiest, munch
ing aud gnawing away liko so many rats, a few
dropping shots in front, followed by tho roll of
a full volley, made them all spring up and
seize their arms.
"Infantry, form!" roared an officer, gallop
ing in among them. " Skirmishers, advance !
And now tho work began in earnest. The
.?rcnch had covered their retreat by filling the
?ood beyond the village with sharp-shooters,
nd as the Russians moved on, the pine-clumps
around them seemed alive with crackling mus
ketry and quick puffs of white smoke, while
the gray coats of fallen soldiers dotted the snow
on every side.
But presently up came threo or four light
guns at a hard trot, and sent a shower of grape
shot rattling into tho thickets, stirring the
crouching marksmen from their covert like
rabbits. On pressed tho Russians; back fell
the Fronch: whon suddenly a deep, hoarse
roar was heard above all the din of tho firing,
and right in front of tho charging Russians, as
they broke from tho wood, yawned a chasm as
deep and narrow as if made by tho cut of a J
sword. A quaint old bridge of moss-grown
stone spanned the gulf, over which tho last of
the French soldiers were just filing at a run.
No timo to lose, ovidently. Forward sprang
tho Russians with a loud hurrah, when sud
denly thore came a report, sharp as a thunder
clap, while the whole air was filled with smoke
and dust and whizzing masses of stone. Tho
bridge had been blown up, leaving an impass
able gulf botween tho two armies ; and a taunt
ing laugh from tho Fronch, accompanied by a
volley of musketry, answered tho yell of rage
that broke from their pursuers.
What was to bo done? Unless thoy could
reach tho enemy with tho baj-onet, thesuporior
numbers of tho Russians would avail them
nothing; and if they stayed whero they wero
they would bo shot down liko sparrows.
" This won't do, lads," cried a tall, handsomo
man in a rich gold-laced uniform, turning to
the Cossacks who stood around him. " Follow
All obeyed without a word, for tho speaker
was no other than Princo Bagration, one of the
best generals in tho Russian army. Creeping
round behind tho thickets, that tho enemy
might not see what they were about, They camo
out again upon the river about half a mile
higher up, at a point whero tho edgo of tho
precipice, though quito bare and rocky on
their sido of tho gap, was thickly wooded on
" If wo had three or four of thoso trees over
here," said tho Prince, "they'd bridge this gap
for us famously. But how are we to get at
"Twist tho officers' sashes into a rope, your
nighncss," suggested "a Cossack beside him,
"knot a stono in the end of it, fling it across so
as to catch in ono of tho branches, and send
somebody over on it. I once robbed a house
that way myself at homo in Russia."
"Did you?" said tho General, with a broad
grin. " Well, then, you shall mako up for it by
being the first man to cross. Off with your
Tho impromptu ropo was soon twisted, tho
stono knotted in it, and flung so dexterously
across tho chasm that it caught in the fork of
a treo at tho first cast. Tho daring Cossack,
with a sapper's axe slung round his neck,
swung himself nimbly ovor tho fearful gulf,
and went to work upon the trees with such
vigor that it was not long before threo of them
lay right across the gap, bridging it completely.
Then tho Princo and his men, stirred to
frenzy by the increasing uproar of tho battle
below, scrambled like mad-men across tho per
ilous bridge, and, rushing up tho heights bo
yond, commenced firing down upon the French
on tho other sio. Confounded by this unex
pected attack, tho euemy broke and fled, and
the fight was won.
"Well done, my children," said Marshal
Suvoroff, as ho passed along tho Russian lines
after tho battle, with a glow of honest admira
tion on his rough old face " well done, indeed !
You havo given thoso French dogs a lesson,
and shown them that Russian bayonets havo
" If yoiCrc satisfied with us, father, that's all
wo want," replied a grim old grenadier, with a
face criss-crossed witk scars, like a railway
mopj "but, after all, .w might well fight
stoutly when we'd just had such a big meal of
that good cheese."
" Cheese, eh? Where did yon get it?"
"In the village yonder. We ate a wholo
shopful in passing through. I've got a bit left
yet, if your Excellency would like to taste."
And opening his pouch, the veteran displayed
to the old General's astounded eyes a half
gnawed piece of yellow soap.
A roar of laughter, which even tho presence
of the Commander-in-Chief could not restrain,
broke from the stuff officers around, and for
many a day after the "good cheese" of Ander
matt was their standing joke. Harper's Young
REDEEMED FROM DEATH.
miraculous DIco that Save.1 the Lifo of a Trasslan
Tliis story is authentic. It i3 found in tho
memoirs of a Prussian officer of distinction,
who gives a simple, unaffected narrative of the
scenes and events through which ho passed,
and who betrays nowhere the least disposition
to exaggerate. Tho following remarkable in
cident he gives as it came under his own obser
vation. He was at tho time on the staff of
Goneral Wiutorfield, ono of the most skilled
and competent captains of the day, and Win
terfield was the general in command at tho
time spoken of. Two soldiers had been con
demned to death. In a drunken condition at
night they had assaulted an officer of tho line,
and ono of them had drawn a knife upon him,
but which ono could not bo told. Tho officer
had seen tho knife, but he could not positively
say which of the twain held it. And the men
themselves did not know. Neither of them
remembered anything about it. So both of
them were condemned to be shot. They wero
both excellent soldiers, and only ono of them
had been guilty of using a weapon. The offi
cers of the division, including him who had
been assaulted, asked that the men might bo
pardoned. At length Winterfield said he would
pardon ono of them. Only one had hold a
knife, and only that one ought to die. Ho
would pardon one, and the men must them
selves decide which of tlibm should be shot,
now should tho decision be made? "Let 113
shake the dice," said one of the condemned.
And the other agreed to it. And anon it wa3
agreed to by all interested. The two men took
their places by the sido of a big drum, and
were to throw the dice upon its head. Two
dice were given them and a proper box for
shaking. The first man threw two sixes. Ho
groaned in agony. He felt that ho had con
signed his comrade to death. But wken tke
second came to throw he also throw two sixes.
" Wonderful ! " cried tko lookers-on. Tkey
were ordered to skako and throw again. Thi3
time tko second man threw first two aces.
"Ho! Good! You will live Peter." But when
Peter came to throw, tho dice presented the
same two aces. And now the beholders were
wonder-stricken, indeed. Another throw was
ordered, and Peter threw a five and a deuce.
The other threw five deuce. After tho ex
citement had again subsided the men shock
once more. Tke first tkrew two fours. " Ok !
now tkrow fives, and save yourself, Peter."
Peter tkrew two fours. At tkis point tho
Colonel told them to stop. Ho went and re
ported the marvelous result to Winterfield.
Said he: "Clearly, General, Providence will
have those two men to bo saved," and saved
thoy were. The General dared not oppose tho
wonderful fate of the dice. It did seem provi
dential, and so ho accepted it. And the re
deemed soldiers lived to prove thac tho saving
fate had given back to Prussia two of tho vory
best and bravesc of her sons.
Did Yez Ennl
An Irishman belonging to the First Massa
chuscttes cavalry, returned to his homo in
Ckicopee, Massackussetts, at tke close of tke war.
As lie kad been gone over tkree years kis friends
got up a party as a sort of reception for him.
At tho party, after the negus had passed
around three or four times and everybody's
tonguo got loosened, tho Irish wit began to
"Jlike," asked ono old man, witk the map
of Ireland stamped on kis face, "did yez see
enny rebbels wkile yez waz tkere?" "Indade,
but I did," said Mike. "Did tko bloody na
gers fire at yez?" says tke old man. "Indade,
but tkey did that same," said Mike. "And did
yez run ? " queried the old man. " Did I run !"
exclaimed Mike, "bo jabers, them as didn't run
is there yet."
Tuinlile, Twinkle, Little Star.
Tho gravo and learned scientists of the
British Association found time at their recent
meeting at Southampton for a littlo of that
nonsense that is relished by the wisest men.
Ono of the philosophers, in the midst of a pro
found dissertation that was being delivered by
a brother member, perpetrated the following,
which he solemnly avowed was a cradle-song
with which he had been lulled to sleep in kia
babyhood years :
Scintillnte, 5cintillate, globule vivific;
Fain would I fathom thy nature specific,
Loftily poiaed in aether capacious,
Strongly resembling a gem carbonaceous.
When torrid Phccbus refuses his presence,
And ceases to lamp U3 with fierce incandescence,
Then you illumine the regions supernal
Scintillate, scintillate, semper nocturnal.
Then the victim of hospiceless peregrination
Gratefully hails your minute coruscation ;
lie could not determine his journey's direction
But lor your bright scintillating protection.
By James K. Duffy.
A speck of white in the boundless sea;
A fleecy mote in a sky of blue;
And the wastes that stretch round mo
Are flecked with thoughts of you.
A crimson streak in the evening's gray;
A lonely gleam through the starless night;
And you abide in the ray,
And in the golden light.
A cadence soft from the night wind's moan;
A diamond drop from the sullen rain;
And ghosts of your tear and tone
Invest my soul in pain.
Out of my life the fairest thing;
Out of my heart a yearning sigh ;
Till the mocking stretches ring
AVilh my unavailing cry.
Till reaching grope my spirit hands,
And spanning time, and fate, and sea,
They reach to other lands,
And draw you unto mo.
An Odd Family.
By Joy Allison.
A little round house in red and green;
Seven little sisters who never are seen.
Quiet as iMice when the cat is about
They never come in, they never go out.
Never a sign of life they show
Till their house is spoiled, and they're buried low
In the moist brown earth. Awhile they lie,
Till the sun shines warm in tho summer sky;
Then up they spring, so slender and tall !
The same green raiment is worn by all.
But they throw it aside when the cold wind blows,
And stand unclad 'mid the winter snows.
The little round-house with tho little folks in it
Johnny the rogue! is eating this minute!
With little white leaves in the grasses,
Spread wide for the smile of the sun.
It waits till tho daylight passes,
And closes them one by one.
I have asked why it closed at even,
And I know what it wished to say :
There aro stars all night in the heaven,
And I am tho star of day.