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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0.5 THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1882.
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
A Terrible Explosion at a Public
GRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Happening's m all Sections
The surgeon-general of the army, in his an
imal report, shows that during the fiscal year
ended Juno 30, 1, there wero 21G deaths
among the "white troops 25 among rhc colored,
and 0 among tho Indian troop. An increase of
$50,000 over tho amount usually appropriated
for medical and hospital supplies will ho re
quired during the fiscal year ending June 30,
1SS3. and an estimate for this service is made
at $250,000. In tho Army Medical Museum
7,130 specimens were received during the year
for tho sursrical section, 1,015 for the medical
pection, S,190 for the microscopical section, 2,
338 for tho anatomical section, 2,467 for the
compxrativo anatomy section, and 721 for the
miscellaneous section. The work on the surgi
cal history of tho war of tho rebellion has ad
vanced to iage 702, and the volume can proba
bly be laid before Congress at tho coming ses
sion. The Quartermaster-General of tho Army, in
his report to the Secretary of War for tho fiscal
year ended June 30, 1RS2, says that the amount
nvailablo for his Department was $13.(J25,G31, of
which ho expended $12,-Mi,412. There were
transported during the year 67,263 persons, 13,
135 animals and 122,2S3 tons of material, the
total cost leing $2,702,052. The earnings of the
bonded Pacific railroads during the year for
military transportation were $1,169,910. There
arc .now eighty-one military cemeteries under
the care of tho Quartermaster's Department, in
-which are buried 320,763 soldiers. Tho Com-"inissary-Gencral
of Subsistence reports the total
expenditure of his Department during the fiscal
year at S3,730,29G.7L Ho says the price paid
foT beef was twenty-three per cent, greater than
during the last year and thirty-six per cent,
greater than during 1679-80.
The Tariff Commission has concluded its ojicn
labors, and, having taken advice for three
moutlis, is now preparing to act upon it. It
will hear no more suggestions or venture on
special topics, but will devote its tfme hence
forth to the formation of its tariff scheme, to ho
presented to Congress as soon as its next session
Kcnward Philp, who was accused of being
tho writer of the Morcy letter, has commenced
a suit against Mr. George Miss, on, whose com
plaint Philp was arrested.
Yollow fever has caused over 365 deaths in
Pensacola, some 2,020 cases being reported since
the beginning of the present outbreak.
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
A terrible accident occurred near North
Adams, Mass., Friday morning. A caboose,
loaded with workmen, was run into by an
engine, and twenty-seven men badly scalded
anu crusneu, several laiaiiy. About o:3U a. m.
engineer Wells and fireman Joseph Bostley left;
the North Adams depot on tho engine Deer
field, State Road, pushing a caboose loaded with
thirty men, going to work at different places
near Zoar and Charlcmont. Tho engine and
caboose started for the tunnel, and had gone
about half-way there when the caboose, which
was in front, collided with a Troy and Boston
engine. The caboose was raised from the tracks
and carried to the cow-catcher of the Dccrficld
engine. The front of the engine was smashed
an. Steam and hot water flew into the caboose.
The men not hurt in the collision wero burned
badly, and but few escaped without injury.
Some seven or eight have since died. Emerson
G. Watson, engineer of the Troy and Greenfield
locomotive, was arraigned at North Adams
Tuesday, on a charge of homicide. Ho pleaded
not guilty, and went to jail in default of bail.
At Knoxvillc, Tenn., Thursday morning,
General Joseph A. Mobray, Maj. Tho3. O'Con
nor, and James Mobray were killed in a shoot
ing affray. The difficulty began by General
Mobray attacking O'Connor and threatening to
kill him. Tho cause of the difficulty was an
old feud about tho transfer of some property
from Mobray to O'Connor.
At Milwaukee, Wisconsin, a terrible explosion
occurred in tho large hardware establishment
of James Knc-crascheld. A small fire had started
an the basement, and while three firemen were
extinguishing tho embers tho explosion oc
curred. Three firemen, named Stolz, Brand,
and Thiossen were terribly burned, Stolz fatally.
Loss about $50,060.
The new laundry at the Soldiers' Home, at
Dayton, Ohio, burned down Thursday morning
at three o'cloclc It had just been completed at
a cost of about $10,000, and was one of the few
frame buildings in the institution. Xo insur
ance. The other buildings wero saved with
The jury in tho case of Charles 1L Houghton,
charged by the Government with making false
returns while Collector of tho port of Perth
Amboy, after being out three hours and a half,
and taking two ballots, returned a verdict of
guilty, with a recommendation of mercy.
A desperate fight occurred near Lampasas,
Texas, between a band of smugglers and several
Mexican custom-house officers. Refusing to
turrender, the officers opened fire, Five of the
fcmugglers wero kiilod and four captured.
The President entertained the members of
his Cabinet and Private Secretary Phillips at a
dinner at his cottage, at the Soldier's Home, on
Saturday night, Tho President will leave for
New York city on Wednesday or Thursday
next. Ho will remain there until after the
State election, when he will return to this city
and resume Ids residence at the Soldier's Home
until the repairs to the White House are com
pleted. Indian Agent McGillieuddy, of the Pine
Ridge (Dakota) Agency, ha, tendered his resig
nation to the Secretary of the Interior. Inas
much :is Mr. McGillieuddy is renting under
M-rious charges affecting his official conduct,
Secretary Teller has declined to accept his
resignation pending the result of the investiga
tion now in progress
The Secretary of War hzs submitted to the
Judge-Advocale-Genertl for an opinion the
(iiiestion whether the persistent refusal on the
part of an officer of the army to pay his just
debts and obligations does not make him liable
to trial by court-martial upon charges of con
duct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman.
The work of removing the Money-Order Office
and tho office of the Auditor of the Treasury fur
the Post-Offico Department from their-temporary
quarters, on F street, to tho new building
on Eighth straot, opposite tho Goncral Post
Office building, is in progress. The new build
ing was erected especially for thrse divisions.
In compliance with the request of the board
appointed to examine and audit tho claims
growing out of the illness and death of Presi
dent Garfield, Dr. Boyntou on 3Iouday.returncd
properly filled out, tho form forwarded to him.
The amount is $1,500, being $5,500 less than any
claim for professional servires yet received.
Tho naval advisory board, of which Commo
doro Shufcldt is president, had a short confer
ence with Secretary Chandler Tuesday, and
met at the Navy Department yesterday morn
ing. The plans and specificat ious for two steam
cruisers were submitted to tho board for their
action. One is from Naval Constructor S. 11.
Pook, another from Lieut. Seatnn Schroeder,
United States Navy, nnd the third plan from
Mr. Ingram, of Rome, Ga. Plans and specifica
tions for interior arrangements have been sub
mitted by Passed Assistant Engineer 11. D.
At the Cabinot meeting Tuesday tho promo
tions in the army consequent upon the retire
ment of Major-General McDowell wero con
sidered. Tho President did not designate tho
officers selected for promotions, and it is under
stood thaX the matter wiB lay over till after his
return from New York. It was reported to the
meeting that Judiciary Square had been selected
:is tho site for the new Pension Office.
Tho annual report of tho assessor of the Dis
trict shows tho total assessments and taxation
as follows: Washington city, $S0,615, 1 IS, at
$1.50 ; Georgetown, $5,307,116, at $1 .50 ; county,
. n.S.1.173. nt ?1 .W nr.fi Si .V7 1-'H ut .-si. nvik-
ing tho total tax $1,365,365.31 on real estate.
Tho total values in tho District aro $182,658,
511, of which only $9rt,3US,4f)5 aro taxable, tho
residue being property of tho United States.
Tho Commission appointed by the Secretary
of the Navy to report upon the advisability of
the sale of any of the Navy-yards has organized
by the election of Commodore Luce as president.
The Commission will probably start on an in
spection tour in a few days.
Warrants wero issued Tuesday for F. H.
Falls, T. S. Foote, Arthur Payne, and F. C.
Shaw all of Washington at tho instance of
tho Attorney-General, in connection with the
The President lias suspended Charles IT.
Houehton from duty as collector of customs at
Perth Amboy, N. J., and appointed William F.
Brown, special deputy collector, to"tho vacancy
The billsjcffc over from last session of Con
cress include tllat admitting Jakotn as a Stale:
also ono to adfi to the nayyvfor jostaVsttVing-i
banks, and a uniform systenvof bankruptcy. -Tho
Committee of Ways and Means of tho
House of Representatives meats in Washington
November 20, and tlio Appropriations committee
a few days later.
Secretary Teller has left Washington, tj, be
absent about three weeks. During his aispieo
Assistant Seeretary Joslyn will act as SeerOEfajry
of thy Interior. - '
The'President, on the 20th instanfyacccptcd
another' section of twenty-five mihjs of the
Northern Pacific Railroad in Montana, coming
Lieutenant Danenhower has been telling tho
story of the lossof"'tho Jeaunette to tho naval
board of inquiry for tho past week.
Secretary Folger left. Washington for New
Connecticut. Second district, E. S. Meriwin,
Republican; Third district, John J. Penrose,
Democrat; Fourth district, L. W. Cox, Repub
lican. Illinois. Fourth district, F. B. Clandon,
Prohibitionist ; Lambert Tree, Democrat.
Massachusetts. Second district, Edgar E.
Dean, Democrat; Third district, Samuel B.
Capen, Prohibitionist ; Epurth district, Wendell
Phillips, Prohibitionist- Fifth district, Amos
Cummings, Prohibmcmist ; Seventh district,
C. P. Thompson, Democrat; Twelfth district,
George D. Robinson, Republican.
Mississippi. -Third district, V. B. Waddell,
MissouriNinth district, Dr. J. II. McLean
for the long"""tcrm, and George Bain for tho
short term, by the Anti-Filley Republicans.
New Hampshire. First district, A.B.Carter,
Prohibitionist; Second district, S. C. Baker,
New Jersey. First district, Harvey Mark
ham, Greenbacker; Sixth district, W. II. F.
Fielder, Democrat, J. L. Blake, Republican;
Seventh district, Gilbert Collins, Republican;
Thirteenth district, Sylvester Tripp, Green
backer. New York Second district, W. E. Roper,
Democrat; Fourth district, Felix Campbell,
Democrat; Fifth district, Alexander II. Dav:s,
Democrat ; Seventh district, John E. Brodsky,
Republican; Eighth district, John W.Russell,
Republican; Ninth district, John Hardy,
Democrat (Tammany and Anti -Tammany);
Tenth district, Abraham S. Hewitt, Inde
pendent; Eleventh district, William L. Strong,
Republican ; Roswell P. Flower, Democrat,
(declines) ; Thirteenth district, Jonathan
Dorland, Prohibitionist; Fourteenth district,
Henry R. Low, Republican; Sixteenth dis
trict, T. y. Ynnhuossen, Republican ; Twenty
fourth district, Charles Rhodes, Democrat;
Twenty-fifth district, Alexander II. Davies,
Democrat; Twenty-ninth district, John Amot,
Democrat; Thirty-first district, W. C. Watson,
Republican; R. S. Stevens, Democrat.
Pennsylvania Fifteenth district, George A.
Post, Democrat. Ex-Congressman C. C. Jadwin
will run as an Independent Republican. Six
teenth district, General W. II. Early, Democrat;
Twenty-fourth district, John G. McConahy,
Rhode Island First district, II. J. Spoonor,
Republican; Second district, Jonathan Chace,
Wisconsin Fourth district, F. C. Winkler,
Judge Bennett, tho Democratic candidate for
Congressnian-at-largo in North Carolina, has an
epigrammatic way of putting things. In hjn-ak-ingof
a Prohibitionist the other day he declared
that the man " wouldn't give, the nutmeg of his
noon-day toddy to chriotinnizo tho Burmese
THE OLD WORLD.
Something About Wind, is (Joins on In Otlicr Lands
Recruiting for the new Egyptian army has
commenced. The total effective strength will
be twelve bntlal ions of infantry, two of mounted
infantry, two of garrison artillery, two squad
rons of cavalry, each -100 strong; six battiries
of artillery, with 100 men and four guns to each ;
100 engineers; a transport and ainbulauce corps
of 300 men, and two regiments of gendarmerie,
numbering 700 men each. Barry Sullivan, tho
actor, has consented to bo nominated for Parlia
ment on Home-Rule principles. A royal order
has been published in Madrid prolonging until
December 15 the treaties of commerce with coun
tries whichacecpt the liasis Spain h;ts proposed
for new treaties. Marshal Serrano has said that
King Alfonso of Spain is well disposed towards a
liberal policy. Mr. H. M. Stanley says that M.
dc Brazza has betrayed the International Asso
ciation by establishing French stations in Africa.
A Dutch Arctic exploring ship and a ve-sol
of the Danish Arctic expedition are beset by ice
in the Kara sea. The captains of tho Oxford
College crows havo commended the course
of tho Amateur Bowing Ashociation
towards tho Hillsdale crow. An'
agreement ha3 be.jn arrived at between
Arabi Pasha's Knglinh counsel and the eouusel
of tho Egyptian government as to the course of
proceedings in tho coming trial. Arabi Pasha
will be allowed to call witnesses from foreign
countries, and he has signified a desire to have
M. do Lesseps testify. Tho Khedivo has
mado Baker Pasha general of division.
King Milan, of Servia, was fired at twico by
a woman Monday. The Sultan has asked
United States Minister Wallace to defer his in
tended vacation in Austria. Tho city of
Manilla, capital of tho Phillippinc Islands, was
struck by a typhoon last Friday, and great dam
age was done to buildings and shipping. Busi
ness lias been suspended. Riotous demonstra
tions occurred in Lyons on Sunday, tho peoplo
being incensed against the authorities. These
and other similar disturbances have caused some
uneasiness in France. Delegates from revo
lutionary societies met in London Monday and
passed various resolutions. Four men belong
ing to a schooner bound to New York have
been picked up at sea. They had been in a
small boat several days. The British Parlia
ment assembled Tuesday, and Mr. Gladstone
called attention to tbe committal of Mr. E.
Dwyor Gray. Mr. Gladstone's motion giving
precedence to tho rule of procedure whenever
set down wis carried. It is reported that
Archbishop Croko w'll bo summoned to Romo
to confer with the Pope in regard to the state
of Ireland. Tho coal owners in Lancashire
and Yorkshire havo agreed to advance the
wages of the colliers. The Paris police have,
it is reported, discovered proofs of a conspiracy
for the destruction of property in Fiance and
Switzerland. Tho Bev of Tunis is very ill.
THE PENN BI-CENTENNIAL.
I'liUndcIphiu's Great Colebratlon A Tine
Grand Army Display.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Philadelphia, Oct. 25. The Bi-Centcnnial
of tho landing of William Penn was formally
opmed with a concert and parade by tho Ger
man musical societies hero on Monday night.
At midnight two hundred strokes were given
on tho State-House bell in honor of the expira
tion of the second century and the birth of tho
third century of this commonwealth. At
Chester there was a mock lauding of Penn,
which was heartily eiijoyed by a large crowd
that had assembled on the banks of tho Dela
ware. The representative of tho great Quaker
was received by "Captain Markham" and in
troduced to the assembled " Indhu chiefs." A
grand parade followed, the Grand Army being
prajad-'i"lro)nrthdiis!oi, E. H. Starr,
marshal.' The "p-oife- of fronoMvJs'omipicd by
tho Grand Army of the Remiblie with a lanrc
baud of music. "Wilde Post, Xo. 25, of Chester,
numbering eighty men, with Joel llollings
worth, Commander, were first in line. General
Smyth Post, No. 1, of Wilmington, paraded over
seventy men, with Commander Thomas A.
Kcables; Edward .Toshen, junior vice-commander,
and E. If. Sullivan, officer of (ho day.
Tho Post carried a drum corps and several
battle-scarred flags. Captain E. R. Johnson, of
.Smy th Post, Xo. 33. Peunsgrovc, New Jersey, and
a delegation of one each from each Post in
Philadelphia, in chargo of Lieutenant-Colonel
Brocklcin. Rockdale Post sent thirty-five men,
under Colonel Hayes, and thero wero also in
lino Brodbury Post of Media, twenty men,
Samuel Crosier, Commander, and Post 1 of
Marcus Hook, twenty-one men, under Lieut.
Parcel. Tho activo military were represented
by Company B of Chester and Company II of
Media. Tho former marched fifty men, under
Captain Prauk G. Sweeney and Lieutenants
Sparks and Campbell, and escorted carriages
On Tuesday tho festivities in Philadelphia
were resumed with tho representation of Ponn's
landing at the old Blue Anchor Inn, after which
tliocivic parade took place. There were twclvo
divisions, composed of marines, sailors, custom
house emploj-eei, leTtjr-carricrs, United States
Government officials, polieemeu,firemen, mem
bers of tho Legislature and tho Governor, mu
nicipal authorities, tho Penn party with Dutch,
Swedes, and Italians, Improved Order of Red
Men, German societies, visiting firemen from
neighboring cities, butchers of Philadelphia,
Total Abstinenco Benevolent Societies, Oud Fel
lows, Sons of St. George, Caledonian Club,
Knights of Pythias, Italians and American
Mechanics, Knights Templar, and America
Protestant Association. In tho evening tho
grand display of fireworks was given in Fair
mouut Park, near the Lincoln monument
During the display a mortar, from which pyro
technic bombs wero to be thrown, exploded,
causing tho loss of life and limb among tho
spectators. The following persons were killed
and wounded: Killed Mrs. Mary Ann Coaplcy
and John M. Cannon. Injured Henry Boweu,
Albert Sellers, and Miss Dorothy L; Miller,
fatally; James Mahr, not dangerously; William
Lovo and Daniel Cookley, slightly; Thomas
Harrison, severely stunned; Mrs. Kate Boweu
and Mrs. Eva McCairn, dangerously.
The feature of to-day's proceedings was tho
trades' processions. They consisted' of twelve
divisions, and every branch of industry was
Knight Templars' Day is to-morrow, and a
grand display is expected.
Friday is Grand Army Day. It 1ms been set
apart for military parading, tho reception at
the Academy of Fine Arts, the Camp-firo at
Industrial Hall, and the concert by tho school
children at the Academy of Music. Tho mili
tary parade will form at eleven a. m. on Broad
street, under the Command of Major-General
John F. Haif ranft and statf. It will consist of
tho First, Second, and Third brigades, Penn
sylvania troops; the New Jersey State National
Guard and the Grand Army of the Republic.
The G. A. R., under the command oft oloncl J.
M. Vauderslice, are expected to parade 100
Posts and 9,000 men. Philadelphia Posts 1,2,
4, 5, G, 7, 8, 10, 14, IS, 1!, 21, 2 J, 27, 35, .?, 51,
55, 50, 03, 7J, 77, 80, 91, 103, 111, 115, 119, lfin,
228; also, visiting IV,ts from Gettysburg, Al
Icutown, Reading, Miner.sville, Ilazlcton, Dau
ille, Pottsville. Chester, Schuylkill, Indiana,
Johnstown, We.stt hester, Kennet Square, York,
Hollidnysburg, Lebanon, Ashland, Huntington,
Lewisburg, Coatesville, llarrisburg, Mauch
(hunk, Altoona, Williamsport, Money, Bristol,
Reading, Middletown, Coiihhohockeii, Lancas
ter, Phillipsburgh, Bellefonlo, Wilkesbarrc,
Hanover, Pottstown, Mahanoy City, Columbia
Lock Haven, Milton, Oxford, Audenried, Scran
ton, Shamoken, Quakertown, Selinsgrovo
Spring City, Catawissa, Tyrone, Lewistown,
Bethlehem, Tamnqua. Carlisle, Pino (J rove
Milcmburg, East on, Marietta, Lykens, Sharon,
Kiegelhville, and Wrightsvillo.
Nothing Like l-'nsh Kens.
From tin liunlon Jlcrnld.
While country papers havo "patonb out
sidos," egregious blunders aro to bo expected.
As a sample, tho following from an Ohio paper
of August 15. 18S2, is all sufficient: "Geiioral
Garfield, a correspondent notes, now receives
hundreds of newspapers with the articles
marked referring to him. He is gaining an
experience as an exchange reader, and all
kinds of experience aro needed as the head of
a great nation." "Gen. Garibaldi's
health has been entirely restored by his resi
dence on the Genoeso coast. Ho frequently
visites tho villages along the shore in a canoo
or small boat. His frieuds bolievo that ho will
live ten years longer at least."
suffering from functional derangements or any
of the painful disorders or weakness! incident
to their fccx, Dr. Pierce's treatise, illustrated
Willi wood-cut and colored plates, suggests
sure ni.'.ius of comphte self-cure, Send for
three letter postage stamps. Address World's
DlSPEKSAliY LlKDICAJL ASSOCIATION Buffalo
N. Y, '
ALL ABOUT BUSINESS.
The Men. and the Marvels of the
GOINGS ON IN GOTHAM.
How Great Houses Grow Up
3Jxoui Small Beginnings.
Special Correspondence Xntionnl Tribune.
New York, Oct. 2-1. Thero is something
about the noise and bustlo of a great city that,
to your correspondent, is intouscly fascinating.
The word " motion " has a significance hero
which it docs not possess in any other place on
tho continent. At mid-day the streets of New
York furnish a spectacle infinitely moro in
structive than all tho books that wero ever
written. Tho "survival of the fittest" and
"the struggle for existence" ceases to bo theo
ries and become hard, cruel facts, as ono
watches in Lower Broadway tho flow and ebb
of tho human tides that go surging through
that busy thoroughfare. In that resistless cur
rent the individual is no moro than a wisp of
straw borne downward in tho swirl of the
waters, and I fancy that even Yanderbilt must
bo conscious of his littleness whenever he gazes
upon that swarming multitude. Yet nowhere
is tho individual more dominant than in New
York. Tho metropolis is tho product of Brains
and Necessity. It is tho creation of genius and
labor, or to put it even more scntenliously
of the genius for hard work, which, after all,
is tho only sort of genius that wears well. I
do not deny that Nature has done something
for New York, but the real source of her greatness
lies in tho power which she possesses of draw
ing to herself the talent and the energy of the
whole country. She is the centre, as I might
say, of its circulation, at every throb sending
new life through the arteries of trade, but 'her
self the largest beneficiary. What is tho secret
of, that intense vitality which, despite the rise
of rival cities, shows no sign of waning? It is,
Itako it, the breadth of vision which distin
guishes her business men. They look beyond
tho present. Said a wealthy Southern mer
chant, the other day : " When a stranger comes
to my house to buy goods, I question him until
I' am satisfied as to his financial standing before
1' try to sell him a bill." Said a New York
jobber, to whom I repeated tho remark tho
other day : " I should run tho risk of frighten
ing away a good customer if I did that. I
make it a rule to sell him a bill first it's easy
euough to find out how much credit it's safe to
give him before tho transaction is completed."
And that illustrates pretty well the difference
between the New York stylo of doing business
and that in vogue elsewhere. New Yorkers
nover let a customer get away from thorn if
they can help it. They hold on to their trado
with the grip of a vise and axe always reaching
out for more.
A BEEJIIVE AND ITS BEES.
This lino of thought was first suggested
to me during a visit which I paid the
other day to the famous house of H. K. &
'P; B. Thurber & Co., whero Comrade Max
jSccce, commander of James C. Rico Post, No.
29, mado mo acquainted with tho system on
hich its mammoth dealings aro conducted.
Mr. Frank B. Thurber is the treasurer of the
Anti-Monopoly Lcaguo and outside of business
circles t' v reputation of tho house is very
largely due to tho vigorous assaults which ho
has made upon the grasping policy of the great
trunk lines and tho relentless manner in which
he has exposed their shortcomings. Indeed, it
has been frequently said ia the newspapers
1 at his zeal in tho causo is prompted solely by
, desire to advance tho fortunes of his firm, but
his, like tho many reckless statements that
ppear ir tho daily press touching the preva-
nco of frauds in the pension roll, is but an
lo rumor. As a matter of fact, the other
nembers of tho house are disinclined to secoud
Mr. Thurber in his anti-monopoly campaign,
not, as I learned, because they do not approve
his sentiments, but because tho work makes
Buch demands upon his time and energy.
However, Mr. Thurber is still young ho is but
forty and so full of mental vigor that ho is
not likely to relinquish his self-imposed task
until the wholo country has been aroused lo
tho importance of tho issue which he has
brought homo to the people of the Empire State.
Mr. Thurber, as I havo said, is a young man,
but for that matter so are nearly all of his
associates Tho general partners, aside from
himself, aro Mr. II. K. Thurber who estab
lished tho house in 1857 in a modest building at
the corner of Chambers and Greenwich streets
Mr. A. E. Whyland, who has general charge
of the concern and serins to havo the gift of
omnipresence; Mr. Alexis Godillot, who is the
head of the French department, and Mr. J. S.
Gates, who directs, in connection with Mr. W.
A. Parshall, the affairs of the Loudon house.
The junior partners areas follows : E. Thurber,
George T. Leach, W. A. Parshall, James V.
Palmer, Jr., II. B. Kirklaud, Clark Smith,
Samuel Winston and Walter Ashlin. Tho
salesrooms and general oilices of tho firm
aro in an imposing building at the junction of
West Broadway, Reade, and Hudson streets,
but there are in addition four other establish
ments in the city a bonded warehouse, spice
mills and coffee roasting establishment, a pro
duce commission department, and a honey
department a canned goods factory at Moores
towu, N. J., and branches in London and Bor
deaux. In fact, the house does business all over
the world, and on the day of my visit a $10,000
shipment had just been made to Calcutta.
Now, it did not take mo very long to discover
lho secret of the phenomenal prosperity which
the house enjoys. As I entered the salesroom,
a gentleman politely stepped forward, and,
handing .me a chair, at once summomd the
gentleman whom t desired to see. I supposed
at the lime that he merely happened to bo
Standing at tho entrance, but 1 presently found
that this was his special duty Tho uoxt comer
was received with the same courteousness, and
on finding that the salesman for whom ho
inquiied was not in the office, one of the part
ners directed that he be sent for at once. 1
gathered from this trifling circumstance that in
New York, at least, politeness has a commercial
value. Through the kindness of Comrade
Recce, as I have said, I was given an insight
into the system upon which the business itself
is conducted, and it may be Biiiumed up in a
very few words to keep tho best goods obtain
able and guarantee them to be as represented.
But do not all dealers do that? Well, not
exactly. For instance, while 1 was chatting
with Mr. Bennett, the head of tho spice
department, he acquainted mo with quite
a number of ingenious devices to which unscru
pulous jobbers and manufacturers resort for the
how a handful of flour, mixed with pure mus
tard, would considerably increaso tho weight
and volume without materially changing the
appearance. Did you know thai when Presi
dent Garfield was on his death-bed at Long
Branch his doctors couldn't find an ounce of
genuine, mustard in tho wholo place? I was
also enlightened as to tho case with which
"pure" ginger can bo manufactured by tho
addition of a little corn meal, and the similarity
of decayed ship's stores, when ground up and
prepared with charcoal, to nice, fresh pepper.
Tho wonder is, not that the Legislature of Now
York recently enacted a law against food adul
teration, but that the people do not demand its
enforcement. I suppose it is because they do
not yet know tho extent to which they are
being humbugged. Hero is a field for some
enterprising lecturer that it might pay to work !
And talking of adulteration, do you know what
it is that gives the nutmeg its whitish, powdery
appearance? It is the lime which the Dutch
dealers, in the islands whero it is grown, put on
in order to prevent imperfections from being
detected in the nut. The Chinese, too, have a
way of extracting the oil from the cinnamon
stick and then palming it off as the genuine
article. It is bad enough to know that spices
arc doctored before they reach this country, with
out being confronted with all the interesting pos
sibilities of home adulteration. When things
reach such a pass that what w:is sold to a West
ern dealer the othor day as Mr. Bennett inci
dentally remarked for a ton of pure mustard,
turned out, on being submitted to analysis, to
be innocent of all mustard whatever, it seems
to me high time for a sweet-tempered public to
inquire what it is buying !
A LESSON" IN FP.ENCII.
With Mr. Godillot, tho head of the French
department, 1 aho had a delightful five-minutes'
chat. So far as I know he has never written a
book of travels, but in those five minutes he told
me more real interesting factsabout France than
are to bo found in all the works of American
tourists put together. I asked him why it was
mm, v rancc uouguc American canned tomatoes
and corn, instead of raising those vegetables
herself, and ho roplied that tho farmers
could not afford to trrow them, owing to
tho high price of land. Every foot is
utilized thero. How the Kansas readers
of The Tp.iijuxe, for instance, would smile
at the sight of stone walls planted with
vegetables and flowers in order to utilize every
square foot of surface! Mr. Godillot said the
agricultural future of France, liko that of most
continental countries, was becoming more and
more problematical. There, as in England,
American wheat and American bet f were des
tined to control tho markets, and tho farmers
would bo forced to still further diversify the
crops in order to make their -land earn the
heavy rentals exacted from them. As I was
running my eyo over tho beautiful display
of dried and canned fruit and vegetables
which constitutes ono of the chief attractions,
of the house, it occurred to me to ask whero it
procured its mushrooms, and I was told that
they were all bought in tho Paris market, for
which they aro grown in tho numorous quar
ries near the city. The temperature of these
quarries is very equable, and therefore par
ticularly favorable to the successful cultiva
tion of the mushroom. It is at Bordeaux and
Marmando, in tho south of France, that the
principal foreign factories of the house are
located. It is in the latter place that the prunes
for which the house is famous are packed. Tho
picking season, as I learned from Mr. Godillot,
lasts but a week or ton da3s, but it requires
nearly three months to "put up" or "put
down " I personally prefer the latter all the
fruit that is gathered in that time. I ought to
tell you something about thosardino fisheries
for some unknown reason thero has been no
catch at all this fall and tho Spanish olive
house, but I should only whet your curiosity
AN INTERESTING DIHECTOUY.
Let us stroll on through tho canned goods
department, where Mr. Alex. Wiley, surrounded
by pyramids of gaudily labelled tins, is selling
a customer a rousing bill, and peep in at the cigar
department, whero they sell of one brand alone
1,000,000 cigars a month, and so make the circuit
of tho building. Every branch of tho business
has its special representative, and tho array of
samples is fairly bewildering. Here is tho di
rectory of the house":
Fruit Department R. F. Brown.
Tea Department Martin Gillet.
Coil'eo- Department Walter Ashlin.
Sugar and Syrup Department Samuel Win
ston. Commission Department Jos. Niblo.
Flour and Farinaceous Department J. E.
Cigar Department Wm. E. Parsons, Jr.
Tobacco Department J. Lyons.
Liquor Department Walter Hart.
Canned Goods Department Alex. Wiley.
Honey Department J. McCaul.
Drug Department II. McLaury.
Flavoring Extracts and Perfume Depart
mentA. J. McEttrick.
Spice Department W. D. Bennett.
Starch Department W. H. Woodward.
Spanish Department F. F. Fuentes.
Credit Department Clark Smith and H.
With Mr. Smith I had quite an interesting
conversation, in tho course of which I learned
that the condition of trado in the South is
steadily improving, and, owing to the fact that
this year, for the first time in its history, the
South has raised enough grain and bacon to
supply its homo demand, the present outlook is
particularly encouraging. " WI13- is it," said 1,
"that while you sell groceries on only thirty or
sixty days' time, you give four months on teas?"
"Custom simply custom," ho replied. "Teas
always have been sold that way. It ought not
to be so, but the Ubw York importers of past
generations set tho fashion, and we aro com
pelled to follow it. They did not want tho
bother of selling half a chest of tea to a dealer
every week or so, and therefore gave him long
credit as a means of inducing him to buy in
large quantities. But the general tendency of
trado is to shorten credits and do business on a
As I jKtsscd by, I caught a glimpse of tho
book-keeper's room a perfect hive of account
ants and the line from Tennyson' popped into
my head :
Men the workers,
Kver reaping something new,
That which tlioy have done hut earnest
Of the things that they shall du."
Altogether tho Thuibers employ a thousand
men in the busy season, and their pay-roll must
be something appalling. But their business, as
a result of lair and honorable dealing and tho
systematic way in which its various branches
are couducted, grows moro rapidly than their
pay-roll, and "success" is stamped on all their
brands. The next time you visit Now York,
call on Comrade Recce and take a look at this
mimclo of industry yourself.
NO END OP BOOKS.
Strolling up Broadway, one day last week, I
dropped in for a moment at the great publish
ing house of Charles Scribner's Sons, and had a
little chat with one of the partners about books.
" I suppose," said I, "that the character of your
sales can be taken as a pretty reliable index to
the tasto of the reading public. What form is
that tasto now taking?"
" 1 think," he replied, " that the public show
a much stronger preference for solid, substan
tial books than formerly, if I may judge from
our own experience. Our recent publications
havo been of that class chiefly, and they have
sold remarkably well. Wo ha?o now in prepa
ration a very interesting work on Corea, tho
Hermit Nation,' by .Mr. W. K. Gri tilths, tho au
thor of 'The Mikado's Empire;' a remarkable
book 'The Beginnings of History' by Pro
fessor Francis Lenormant; Swinton's 'Army of
the Potomac,' a history that will deeply inter
est every reader of The Tiubv'e j a Yolumo of.
essays, 'Science and Sentiment by President
Porter of Yale College : Professor King's (La
fayette College) new book on 'The Irish Ques
tion;' the Rev. Dr. John F. Hurst's exhaustive
' Bibliotheca Thcologica ;' the Rev. Dr. A. C.
Thompson's ' Lectures on the Early Moravian
Missions;' an admirable volume of poems of
American patriotism, collected by J. Brander
Matthews ; a charming novel by a new author,
Augustus M. Swift, with the odd title of
' Cupid, M. D.;' volume XI of our 'Campaigns
of the Civil War,' containing Lieutenant F. V.
Greene's account of the operations on tho Mis
sissippi, and especially around Yicksburg and
Port Hudson ; and"
"That will do," said I, "of making book
there is indeed no end."
Tho house of Fowler & Wcll3, tho famous
phrenologists, is but a few doors away, and,
catching sight of a plaster-cast of Guiteau's
cranium, I walked in. This is one of the most
interesting places in New York to visit, and
whether you believe in phrenology or not you
cannot fail to learn something worth knowing.
I shall not attempt to explain tho differences
between the contour of Guiteau's head and that
of Elihu Burritt, the "learned blacksmith"
tho casts were standing side by side although
their significance was very obligingly pointed
out to me, for I should anticipate the pleasure
that is awaiting you, but I was much interested
in the cases that were cited of well-known men
who had acted upon the information gained
through a study of phrenology as to the
" bent " of their minds, and achieved success
after having failed in tho avocations which
they had previously followed. Mr. Wells; the
founder of tho hoiun, died sonic years ago, and
Mrs. Wells now carries on the business. She is
a lady of rare mind, and it is to bo hoped that
somo friend of phrenology will yet endow an
institution whero the valuable collection of
casts and masks which her husband was at such
great labor to gather can be properly and se
curely displayed, and thus insure to posterity
the benefit ofhis life-work. The house pub
lishes the Phrenological Journal monthly, and
its list of phrenological books constitutes a
library in itself.
what's in a name.
Sauntering over to Fifth Avenue, I took oc
casion to call at tho fine ware rooms of Albert
Weber who now conducts alone the great busi
ness of this famous fuano house at the corner of
Sixteenth street. The name of Weber is a house
hold word in every family where Music hath
her votaries, and it is a pleasant thing to know
that it has acquired fresh lustre through the
positivo genius which, since the death .of the
founder of the house, has been displayed in the
management of tho immense business by his
son, Albert, who was but just of ago when its
responsibilities fell upon his shoulders. Three
factories, operated to their full capacity, are now
required to fill orders and, indeed, the demand
is increasing so rapidly that still ampler facilities
may soon be needed. As to the intrinsic merit3
of the piano itself, it is superfluous for me to say
a word. The greatest artists in the world have
sung its praises, and the name itself has become
a synonym for perfection in the art of piano
THE ROCKET'S r.ED GLAItE.
You doubtless remember what a glorious time
our veterans of the Grand Army had at Balti
more last June, and what a magnificent display
of fireworks was given in their honor. Well,
tho finest pieces wero furnished by tho Unex
celled Fireworks Company, of this city, at whose
office in Park Place I spent a very pleasant half
hour the o.tlier afternoon. The officers of the
company are all enthusiastic over the splendid
progress that the Grand Army is making, and I
hope they ma j-live to furnish the "rocket's red
glare and Chinese bombs bursting in air " at
G. A. R. Reunions and celebrations for many
jears to come.
But, bless my soul, this pen of mine is run
ning away with me! To tho rack with you,
scribbler, for the last scrawl that you shall make
this day is the initials W. B. II.
Comptroller Allan Campbell has been nomi
nated for mayor by tho New Y'ork Independents.
A defect in the law rearranging the Congres
sional districts of Tennessee debars the voters
in three counties from voting for Congressmen.
Joseph N. Dolph was elected United States
Senator by the Oregon Legislature on Saturday.
Mr. Dolph is a Republican, and is the law
partner of ex-Senator Mitchell.
Howard Carroll, in his letter of -acceptance as
tho Republican candidate for member of Cbn-gress-at-larrc
from New York, says : " I shall,
if honored by an election, neither directly nor
indirectly ask from President or Cabinet or De
partment the appointment of any person to any
Tho Soldiers and Sailors' Veteran Republican
Association of New Y'ork. held a meeting last
week in the Germania Assembly Rooins,Bowcry.
Gen. W. Krzyzanoki presided. Speeches wero
made by Major Willard Bullard and General
II. A. Barnum. Howard Carroll was expected
to speak, but was not present.
Colonel Alfred E. Buck, the Republican candi
date for Congress in tho Fifth district of Geor
gia, is a strong protective tariff man, and has
made his views prominent in the canvass. His
opponent is a pronounced free-trader. The re
sult in the district will test in a measure the
growth of protective ideas in the chief manu
facturing State of the South.
The official count of the roturns from the
Ohio State election, held October 10, made by
the secretary of State, shows tho following
totals: For Secretary of State Newman (Dem.),
31G.S7-1; Townscnd (.Rep.), 297,759; Sehumack
er (Pro.), 12,202; Hater (Gr.), 5,315. Forjudge
of the Supreme Courtr O'Key (Dem.), 315,75L;
Doyle (Rep.), 299,9; Roseborough (Pro.), 12,
290; Tuttle (Gr.), 5,532. For member of the
board of public works Weiblo Dem.), 313,356;
Flickinger (Rep.)r 299,633; Alderman (Pro.),
12,210; Stevens -,Gr.), 5,392.
The rumor which has been set afloat that
Major McKinley will refuse to accept a certifi
cate of election as Congressman from the Eight
eenth Ohio district, is entirety unfounded.
The reason assigned was that a sullicient
number of votes were cast for -MeKinley's
Democratic opponent, Major Wallace, to over
come his majority of eight, but were not counted
on account of incorrect initials being used.
Whether or not such is the case is not known ;
but Major McKinley is of the opinion that he
is legally elected, and proposes to continue as
Congressman. If a contest is to be made he
will meet it.
Chicago's First Citizen.
The Chicago Tribune, in closing an elaborato
articlo on Hon. Carter II. Harrison, mayor of
that city, gives the following as Mr. Harrison's
opinion of St. Jacobs Oil : " When I first found
myself suffering from the rheumatism my lead
ing thought naturally was to call a physician,
but my neighbors all advised me to try St.
Jacob's Oil, the Great German Remedy. I pro
cured some of it immediately, and found it
excellent for that ailment.
Hon. II. D. D. Twiirgs, Independent candidate
for Congress in tho Eighth Georgia district, has
withdrawn from the race because, he says, a fair
opportunity is not offered for a full and free dis
cussion of public que,-.tions.
Captain William A. Parker, of tho United
States Navy, died at East Boston Tuesday morn
ing at an advanced ago. He was a nativo of?