Newspaper Page Text
THE iSTATIONTAL TllIBUffE: AVASHLNGIW, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 263 1882.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
KEEPING GKAPES IX BOTTLES.
This is a practice much adopted in Franco
and in Britain with grapes grown under glass.
When the fruit is perfectly ripe it is cut with
a portion of the shoot upon which it is grow
ing. Enough of the wood is cut with the hunch
to allow it to ho inserted in a hot tie of water;
six or seven inches is sullicient. The hottles
are then placed on shelves having a front ledge
two orthree inches in height, so that when tho
lotilcs are placed the neck will he slightly ele
vated and the huuch of grapes hang clear in
front. They can also he hung to horizontal
beams hy a string or small copper wire, which
is fastened to the neck of the hottle; the weight
of the hunch will bring it to the proper angle,
so that it will hang clear of the hottle. The
bottles are about half tilled with water; some
times two or three small pieces of charcoal are
put in the water, hut this does not appear to be
essentially necessary. They can he kept in a dark
room, where the temperature may var. from
:s5 to 45. The water in the bottles is seldom
changed, but tho fruit is inspected once a week
and any decayed berries removed, which is sel
dom necessary if tho fruit was perfectly ripe,
before it was nit from the vine.
This system would be worthy of trial with
some of the best of our native grapes, but could
only bo profitable for market purposes with the
choicest bunches of such varieties as Diana,
lona, Eumelun, Brighton, Niagara, and Lady
Washington. Well ripened Clinton grapes am
be kept for several weeks in a drawer or on
shelves in a cool room. Grapes which possesss
the largest amount of sugar arc the best for
THE MEDLAR TREE.
This is a low, spreading tree, a nativo of Eu
rope, and-is sometimes cultivated for the sake
of its fruits, which are highly esteemed by
some, although they are not in popular favor.
The fruit is gathered just before frost; it is
globular, and about an inch in diameter; tho
.-km is brown, the flesh green, hard, austere,
and uneatable; but when kept until it begins
to decay the green color disappears and the
pulp becomes soft and acid. There are several
varieties in cultivation. The largest fruit is
produced by the kind known as the Dutch
medlar, but tho best liavorcd is said to be the
variety called the Nottingham medlar.
Medlar jelly, which greatly resembles guava
jelly, is made by first washing the soft fruits,
then placing them in a cooking vessel, merely
covering them with water: they are then boiled
gently till they form a pulpy mass; this is
strained through a llannel bag, and after add
ing three-fourths of a pound of fine sugar to
each pint of the juice, it is boiled for about a
couple of hours, when, if propcrlj- managed, it
will be firm, and of a beautiful clear yellow
color. The botanical name of the tree is
An English paper states that experiments
made on common mushrooms show that they
are poisonous, but that cooking deprives them,
in a greater or lesser degree, of their poisonous
qualities. The repeated washing with cold
water which they usually undergo - to clean
them takes away a portion of the poison, and
boiling does the rest; bat the water in which
they have been bo.led is highiy poisonous and
should always carefully be got lid of. Tho
watT in which mushrooms had been boiled
was far more poisonous than even the raw
muhJirooms; washing with cold water does not
remove all the poison, and after drying for
twelve days, and then boiled, the water was
still poisonous. They require to be dried for at
least a whole month, and are only really safe
after four months drying.
PUG Alt IX CORK-STALKS.
The following is from a recent report of tho
New York Agricultural Experiment Station :
'As a matter of interest wo have tested the
amount of sugar in the stalks of common field
corn. On September loth stalks of the Wau
shakuin variety, cut from the hill and stripped
of leaves, yielded 57.00 per cent, of juice of speci
fic gravity 1010. This juice contained 2.77 per
cent, of glucose and 5.0G per cent, of cine sugar.
On September lrith stalks of the same variety
yielded 50.17 per cent, of juice of the specific
gravity 10 IS. The juice contained .'i.2,'1 per
cent, of glucose and G.72 per cent, of cane su
gar. The ratio of cane sugar to glucose, it will
be perceived, was as 1:2.1.1 on September 15th.
and as 1:2.06 on September l.ith. This juice
was expressed in an ordinary jelly press, the
stalks having Imscji previously crushed in a
"The bagasso from northern sugarcane will
be found aw agreeable change of diet for nearly
all kinds oi fnrm stock, who devour it xroedily."
We And. the above sentence in ait agricultural
paper, mh! itMKjrt it for the purpose of asking
our renders if they have tried any animals
with this refuse of the sorghum press after the
roues have been run through it; because wo
have often presented it to cattle and horses,
but they have as often refused to recognize it
TOXATO LEAVES AX IXSECTICIDE.
A French cultivator status that water in
which tomato leaves have been steeped will
destroy insects on roses anil orange plants. He
also found that by placing tho leaves around
the fctcins of peach trees the' were saved from
the curciilio. Tho common aphis or green ily
may be destroyed in this way, but the curculio
and orange scale-insect could not, wo fear, be
got rid of on bitch easy and simple terms.
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Various
Messrs. Lawes and Gilbert, of England, in
their experiments, found that heavily-manured
soils retained to the depth of thirty-six inches
many tons more of water than adjoining lauds
not so heavily manured. An1 in experiments
with the spado it was found that where the
soil was dug up to the depth of eighteen inches,
and heavily manured, the crops did not .sutler
drought, although tho crops on tho adjoining
plots were all dried up. Lawes and Gilbert also
found that when the manure was heavily ap
plied, and turned over to a good depth, the
Avater did not go through to tho drains nearly
so rapidly as on land not so heavily manured
or so deeply cultivated. In both cases, where
there was a large percentage of vegetable- mat
ter in the soil, it acted as a sponge, retaining
much of tho water which soils differently con
structed allowed to pass through. Droughts
wo cannot prevent, and it behooves us to guard
against their injurious effects to the best of our
ability. To this end the land should be ma
nured highly, cultivated as deeply as the depth
of the soil will allow, and plenty of muck or
vegetable matter, in the form of green crops
added to the soil.
THE EKKSITIVEKES3 OF MILK.
The London Mill: Journal cites instances
where milk that has stood a short time in tho
proenee of persons sick with typhoid fever,
or been handled by parties before fully re
covering from the smallpox, spread these dis
eases as effectually as if the persons themselves
had been present. Scarlatina, measles, and
other contagious diseases have been spread in I
the same way. Tho peculiar smell of a cellar
is indelibly impressed upon all the butter made
from milk standing in it. A few puffs from a
pipe or cigar will scent all the milk in the
room, and a smoking lamp will soon do the
same. A pail of milk standing ten minutes
where it will take the scent of a strong-smelling
stable, or any other offensive odor, will
imbibo taint that will never leave it. A
maker of gilt-edged butter objects to cooling
warm milk in the room where his milk stands
for the cream to rise, beeauso he says tho odor
escaping from the new milk, while cooling, is
taken in by the other milk and retained, to tho
injury of his butter.
A Kansas correspondent of tho JJrccdcrs'
Gazette gives the following on tho subject of
artichokes: "Plow the ground very early in
spring ; cut the tubers to one eye in each piece;
plant three and a half by ono and a half feet,
apart, and cultivate the same as eaily potatoes;
the richer the ground the better. They will
yield from GOO to l.OQO bushels per acre in rich
soil with good cultivation. The tops can be
gathered ami cured same as corn fodder. Stock
will eat them as readily as hay or corn fodder.
Should you wish to clean your ground of them
let them grow twelve or fifteen inches in the
spring, then turn your stock on to them; they
are as easily destroyed as potatoes. After the
tubers grow, if tho tops are eaten oil", it will
kill them. Cattle, horses, lions, sheen, and all
stock eat them greedily. The 'Jerusalem' is
the best kind ; on rich soil the stalks will grow
from six to twelve feet high, branching out
with from twenty to fifty blossoms.
THE PEACH-TREE GRUB.
Mr. Sylvester Johnson, president of our State
Horticultural Society, has been very successful
with peaches, raising a crop almost every year
at his home, in lrvington. He gives the fol
lowing as his method with the grub: I keep
my trees in healthy condition by destroying
and preventing the grub. This is easily done
by removing a small portion of the earth from
tho body near tho roots and filling its place
with .a pint to a quart of soft soap, from the
middle to the last of May. If the grub has
previously found his way into tho tree, the
soap will kill him: if he is not there, ho will not
get in after thesoap is placed there. This method
has never failed with me. Indiana Farmer.
The London Live Flock Journal gives two
methods of starting a balky horse : " First, tiro
your steed out 'by remaining perfectly quiet
until he starts of his own accord ; second, when
a horse refuses to draw at all, put him in a cart
in a shed and keep him there until he walks
out. In one instance the obstinate one was
thirty-six hours in the shafts before he gave in."
It is a very simple thing to cut a chicken's
wing to prevent its flying. Do not cut the
quill or shaft of tho feather at all; only trim
the feather partly off with a pair of scissors,
except one inch at the end. It shows but little,
when the wing is closed, and does not disfigure
the fowl, but lets tho wind through, so as to
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat With His
In answer to "Young Farmer," writing from
Connecticut, we would state that ho need not
hesitate to plant tho honey locust as a hedge
plant. It will be perfectly hardy in that State,
and, by timely attention, without which no
plant will make a good fence, ho will secure a
good protective hedge.
A correspondent W. C, Willinmsport, Fa.
asks for an article on the culture of the Chi
nese yam. He finds that it is a good, eatable
root, and thinks that its culture ought to be en
couraged. We endorse all that is said about tho
goodness of the tuber, but as it takes at least two
years' growth to form anything like a crop,
and even then a very sparse one, it has not be
come popular, except as an ornamental vine, a
purpose which it serves very satisfactorily, be
ing a hardy perpetual plant.
"What is meant by hceling-in plants?"
ins.: " Hceling-in," and " lavinir in
by tho heels," are technical terms used by nur
serymen to indicate a sort of probationary
planting of trees or plants of any kind, until
they are planted permanently. Trenches are
thrown out in which the trees are set as
closely as they can be packed, and tho roots
and part of the stems thoroughly covered with
soil. Trees aro oftentimes lifted in the fall
and heeled-in for the winter, then sot out in
the orchard or grove in spring.
" 1 see potted strawberry plants recomended.
How do they differ from other kinds of straw
berry plants?" Inquirer, Nebraska. Ans. :
The potted strawberry planLs which aro ad
vertised aro produced by sinking small flower
ets filled with soil near tho plants and con
veying the runner upon theend of which a small
plant is forming directly over tho pot, where it
is usually secured by a stone. As tho roots
grow they enter the pot, which is soon filled
with root fibers. It is then lifted, turned out
of the pot and planted, and as the plant re
ceives no cheek to its growth when removed, a
fruiting plantation can he made within a year.
Plants set out from pots in August will give a
full crop the following season.
A "Works county (Pa.) Farmer" asks
" whether tho Japan clover is worthy of his at
tention, how it d lifers from ordinary red clover,
and what are its particular merits." In reply wo
would state that the so-called Japan clover is a
plant belonging to the tribe of bush clovers,
and is botanically known as Lrspcdczn striata.
It is altogether different in its aspect from the
common idea of clovers, but pioduccs fibry,
woody stems similar to those of tho cmnbeny,
and of course would be of no value where tho
succulent clovers (Trifoliums) can bo grown.
The Japan clover is said to be an improvement
upon sedge grass as food for cattle, and may be
valuable in usurping tho place of useless weeds,
although we do not consider it a plant worthy
A correspondent, dating from Raleigh, X. C,
states that ho is " informed that apple trees
from Northern nurseries aro not reliable for
tho Southern States; that winter apples from
the North will not keep when grown in the
South," and wishes to know if thcro is any
truth in the statement. Ans.: So far as young
trees aro concerned it makes no difference
whether they are grown in Northern or South
ern nurseries, but in regard to tho keeping
qualities of tho fruit, it is well known that
tho best keeping varieties in tho North prove
to be mostly fall apples in tho South. There
fore it is advisable to plant those of Southern
origin whose keeping qualities are well-known,
and of which there aro many varieties, as may
bo learned from any of tho nurseries in the
Southern States, where attention has been
given to this fruit.
Sweet potatoes arc now being shipped from
Georgia in large quantities to tho Northwest,
and tho returns aro highly satisfactory to the
producers. It is estimated that tho surplus
crop of sweet potatoes grown in Georgia will
reach nearly -100,000 bushels this year, and if
it cm bo marketed will reach a million bushels
of surplus potatoes next year.
Commissioner Midgley, of tho Southwestern
Freight Pool, has issued a circular fixing tho
rate on wheat from southwestern Missouri
Itiver itoints to Chicago at 2Ti cents per 100
pounds, and on other grains at 20 cents. Tho
rates to St. Louis aro F cents less, and to Toledo
5 cents more. The tariff on lumber is reduced
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About Woman's Work Above
and Below Stairs.
"I remember," said a well-known writer
lately, "the first 'queen of society' that I met.
She was a Scotch woman of good birth who
married an American while he was in Europe.
Rumors came before her to his home, of her
brilliant success in London society and in the
Austrian court where her brother held a diplo
matic position, and when she arrived with her
husband the society of the little city where he
lived was soon at her feet. Every man and
(better proof of her power) every woman who
came near her yielded to her singular fasci
nation. 1 was a child of twelve years of age,
visiting in a country house near tho town.
One morning somo one said, 'Thero conies
Madame L .' I ran to tho window to see
coining through the trees a stout, freckled, red
haired woman without a single agreeable feat
ure in her face. 1 was amazed and disgusted.
But when she, came in and talked talked to
me 1 sat breathless under a charm never felt
in my life before. I was her slavo from that
moment. I know now that her fascination was
wholly in her voice. It w;is low, clear, musi
cal. The woman's nature was expressed in
it unpretentious, keenly sympathetic, but.
above all, genuine. It was her ono power, but
it was irresistible."
Tho married woman's property act passed by
the English Parliament on August Ibth, and
confirmed by the signature of the Queen, is to
take ellect on January 1, lrS:5. Tin's act is
properly called, by tho progressive people, the
English woman's magna-eharta. By virtue of
this act, a married woman will henceforth be
capable of acquiring, holding, and disposing of
her property by will or in all other ways as
freely as if sho were a single woman. Power
to enter into contract, to sue and be sued, to
stand alono as plaintiff or defendant in any ac
tion at law, to hold as her own any damages or
costs recovered by a suit, to pay out of her own
separato property any damages or costs that
may be recovered against her, then, with all
other financial responsibilities that heretofore
have been confined to tho condition of single
blessedness, will hereafter pertain to tho mar
ried estate. Of course, with the privileges of a
recognized individuality come the responsibili
ties, and hereafter all debts incurred by a wife
must be paid from her separate property. This
is perhaps after all the highest privilege which
women will gain by tho new bill. To be re
garded as perpetually a minor, to be held finan
cially as irresponsible as an infant, is morally
A Wisconsin girl some years since removed
with her parents to Dakota. Sho exercised her
prerogative as a settler, and took unto herself
1(50 acres of fruitful land, erecting her ca
dwelling thereon for tho allotted six
when she was enabled to secure a title
eminent rates. Some of her Eastern gir
have gone out to visit her. and should
gion "pan out" to their satisfaction t
take up a quarter section of land each u
a tree claim. They propose buildinj V
claim shanties," which in this c '
be transformed into villas or cotta.
spend next summer out there. What
do when they set out to become fa
shown by Miss Krcamer, a young gh
near Helena, Ark., who has twenty-t
planted in corn and seven planted i
and will make forty bushels of con
acre, and a halo of cotton to the same
.1 . '.!
of land this year. She did all tho plo' "t " '
has attended to tho crop without ass
Croup, it is said, can ho cured in on
and the remedy is simply alum and su
way to accomplish the deed is to ta s.
or grater, and shave off in small part'
a tcuspoonful of alum; then mix it"
its amount of sugar, to make it pal:
administer it as quickly as possibl
instantaneous relief will follow.
Ladies should bo very cautious ah
ing fighting generals. Mrs. General Marshall
is seeking a divorce on the ground that tho
General frequently strikes her.
Whole costumes of red corduroy repped plush
Kensington embroidery in silk and chenille
is seen upon new felt hats.
Elastic cloth or stockinet is sold by tho yard
for bodices and jackets.
Long, plainly-made redingotcs, trimmed with
braiding, are in high fashion.
One hundred and fifty yards of ribbon
thirty yards each of terra-cotta, pale blue,
olive, cream color and brown went to make
up tho trimmings of a successful toilet from
over the sea.
Bewitching little gowns for two-year-old
girls aro made of soft whilo wool, crocheted
very closely in loops in tho stitch known as
tho brioche, and afterward cut, leaving a soft
and smooth surfaco. Tho collar and deep cuffs
aro made of white- plush.
Aprons made of brown linen of tho proper
width, so that tho selvage needs no hemming
at the sides, may bo made very pretty by fring
ing out the bottom to tho depth of two inches ;
overcast tho edge where the ravelling ceases,
then about two inches above that draw out
threads for an inch and a half, and then run a
blue or scarlet ribbon through tho threads that
aro left, making blocks of the ribbon and
thread alternately. Above and below this a
row of feather stitching is added, and a row on
tlie band and sides also; tho pocket trimmed
to match is put on at the right side.
" Certain kinds of flowers, liko certain kinds
of bonnets and silk hats," a florist says, " have
a season of favor with wealthy and fashionable
people, and then they pass away to give place
to other favorite blooms. Just now the popular
fancy does not confine itself to the sunflower
or tho daisy, as is commonly supposed, but
it includes all flowers of that general descrip
tion. This, as I understand it, means that
tho recent wave of rcslhcticism has left its
mark on tho tasto for flowers moro perhaps
than on any other accompaniment of polite life.
Without insisting that my theory is right,
let mo point out a few of the blooms which
have recently come into favor. You will notice
that tbey are all light and airy, Thero is an
antipathy to all flowers which aro double, and
heavy in effect. First in popular favor come
single dahlias, yellow or scarlet or purple.
There is a single dahlia called the Paragon, of
a dense purple, which is just now popular for
young men to wear in tho'' button-hole. It
is almost two inches hi 'diameter. For
hand bouquets or for corsage bouquets the
coreopsis is much sought after. It is some
times called tho crown-flower, becauso sharply
revealed against the vivid', bright, golden
yellow lanceolated corolla is a crown penciled
in blown around the stamens. For tho same
purpose "Lho aributilus, white or brown or yel
low, is used. One of tho novelties for corsage
bouquets this year is tho tiger-flower from
Brazil. It has been introduced about a year,
and is popular for tho .same reason that the
sunflower is popular that is, for its gorgeous-
It has three leaves of a muggy yellow
in a triangular arrangement, and. tho centre,
where tho threo leaves join, is mottled liko a
tiger's skin. Its tawny yellow color and light
texture aro enough to make it popular."
To Can Corn. Boil for twenty minutes on
the ear, cut as hot as possible and fill up cans.
Seal and place in boiler with cloth Hurler. Boil
three hours and leave till cool. A. Thompson,
Minetto, N. Y.
A Sausage Recipe. To nineteen pounds of
meat add five tablespoons of sage, thrco do. of
pepper, three rlo. of salt, one teaspoon saltpetre.
If carefully prepared, these proportions make
very good sausage.
Roast Beef with Pudding. Bake exactly as
directed for ordinary roast for the tabic; then
make a Yorkshire pudding to eat Ii .o vege
tables with tho roast, as follows: For every
pint of milk take hree eggs, three cups of flour
and a pinch of salt; stir to a smooth batter, and
pour into the dripping-pan under tho meat,
half an hour before the meat is done.
Beefsteak and Potatoes. Take a large and
tender steak, bono it, and scatter over it bits of
butter, salt, and pepper, a little sago and finely
chopped onions. Over that spread a thick cov
ing of mashed potatoes, well seasoned with
salt, fresh butter, and a little milk. Roll up
the steak with the potatoes inside, and fasten
tho sirlcs and ends with skewers. Put the
steak into a baking-pan with a largo cupful of
stock or gravy, and let it cook slowly, basting
it often. Serve with a rim of mashed potatoes
round tho platter, and garnish with watercress.
Minnehaha Cake. Haifa cup of butter, two
cups of sugar, three cups flour, a heaping tea
spoon of baking powder, one cup sweet milk or
cream, the Avhites of six eggs beaten very light;
bake in threo layers as for jelly cake. Icing:
Whites of two eggs, well-beaten ; two cups of
granulated sugar boiled with a little water until
it will string from the spoon as thin as a hair;
pour this slowly on the eggs, stirring all tho
time, then stir in a cupful each of raisins and
English walnut kernels, and spread on each
cake while warm. Stone tho raisins and cut
each one in two.
To Make Prune Pudding. Heat a little moro
than a pint of sweet milk to the boiling point,
then stir in gradually a little cold milk in which
you have rubbed smooth a heaping tablespoonful
of corn-starch ; add sugar to suit your tasto ; threo
well-beaten eggs, about a teaspoon fill of butter,
and a little grated nutmeg. Let this come to a
boil, then pour it in a buttered pudding dish,
first adding a cupful of stewed prunes, with
stones taken out. Bake for fifteen or twenty
minutes, according to tho state of tho oven.
Servo with or without sauce. A little cream
improves it if poured over it when placed in
To Make Eatable Sour Krone. In the first
place let your "stand," holding from half a barrel
to a barrel, be thoroughly scalded out; the cut
ter, the tub and the stamper also well-scalded,
Take off all the outer leaves of lho cabbages,
halvothcm and remove tho heart, then proceed
with the cutting. Lay some clean leaves at
the bottom of the stand, sprinkle with a hand
ful of "' fill in half a bushel of cut cabbage,
tly until the juice just makes its
, then add another handful of salt,
i- until the stand is full. Cover over
-, place on top a clean board fitting
jn tho top a stono weighing twelve
pounds. Stand away in the cellar,
cady in from four to six weeks. Tho
- ould bo cut tolerably coarse. Tho
' ety makes the best article.
nctliiu Alioiit What is Goinjr On in the
Green, of Raleigh, N. C, recently
y immersion 1-10 persons in seventy
J0,000,000 women and girls in India,
than one in every twelve hundred
' ( ' en placed under any kind of Chris
' . . nee.
" ': slave-market of Zanzibar, where
i- cs wcro formerly sold annually, has
".i formed into mission premises, with a
. ' i 1 school.
felden, Germany, the Catholics offcr-
of theirchurch to the Protestants for
. ation of a new pastor, and many of
ded the service.
Tho Pioneer suggests that tho Mahometan
soldiers of tho Indian army now serving in
Egypt should bo afforded every opportunity of
making a pilgrimage to Mecca when tho war is
"Woman has too long been a mere hanger-on
a camp-follower of tho Christian host," says
Mrs. Melissa A. Stanley, who favors a wider
field of work for her sex in connection witli
It appears that lho aborigines of Australia
believe in a futuro world, and that after death
they will go to a land beyond tho skies, where
they will eat of the flesh and drink of tho blood
of ducks, and enjoy other sensual pleasures.
The Guardian states that the "Cowley
Fathers," whose American headquarters aro in
Boston, arc likely to get into trouble on account
of their vow of obedience to a Superior in Eng
land. It says that such a vow is incompatible
with tho ordination vow of the American
A church in Chicago has an Invalids' Room
in a recess near tho pulpit. Tho occupants can
seo tho preacher, but cannot bo seen by tho
congregation, and may lio on lounges, sit in
easy chairs, take food or medicine from a table,
walk about, cough, and even leave, without
Isandelwana, where the English troops were
surprised by tho Zulus, has been chosen by tho
Episcopal Church as a mission station. Hlubi,
the chief to whom this part of Zululand was
assigned at tho close of tho Zulu war, gives his
support to tho movement and contributes 250
a year towards tho mission.
Dr. Coblestone, Bishop of Colombo, has re
cently brought himself into unenviable notice
by dismissing a schoolmaster for engaging him
self to marry tho daughter of a Methodist. "I
am deeply grieved," he wrote, " that you had
not loyalty or courage enough to save you from
the wretched fall you contemplate." "We aro
deeply grieved," adds The London Echo, which
tells the story, " that the Bishop had not sense
enough to savo himself from this wretched ex
hibition of bigotry."
One of tho secrets of success of fho English
Salvation Army is their singing, which is de
signedly made to cater to tho tastes of lho
illiterate and uncultivated masses. In London
one of their "hymns" has, for this reason, be
come as popular as any of tho songs which aro
sung at tho ' free-and-easies," tho air being
irresistibly droll. Ono stanza is asjbllows:
Elijah was a jolly old man,
And was carried up to Heaven In a fiery
Chorus. Let us every ono be a jolly old man,
And bo carried up to Heaven in a fiery
"Wo know not that Ingersoll or any other
fault-finder has noted it," says Thomas K.
Beecher, "but fho toughest story in tho Old
-leslament runs to this efl'cct: When Moses
proclaimed : ' I'm going to build a tabernacle,
and want gold, brass, silver, woven stuff bluo,
juirple, and scarlet, ram skins, badger skins,
jewels, spice, and oil,' tho people, so runs tho
story, pour;d in tho costly stull" of all kind3
until Moses had more than enough, and pro
claimed a new commandant: ' Let neither man
nor woman make any moro work for the offer
ing of tho sanctuary.' Human uaturo don't
work that way in these days."
OUR YOUNG FOLKS.
The Eat tie of Lake Borgne.IIovir
the British Made a Landing.
By George Cary Egglcston.
When tho British made up their minds, near
the end of tho year 1311, to take New Orleans,
and thus to get control of the Mississippi River,
thero seemed to bo very little difficulty in their
So far as anybody on either side could see,
their only trouble was likely to be in making
a landing. If they could onco get their splen
did army on shore anywhere near tho city,
thero was very little to prevent them from
taking tho town, and if they had taken it, it is
easy to see that the whole history of the United
States would have been- changed.
They did make a landing, but they did not
take Now Orleans, and perhaps I shall here
after tell how and why they failed. At present
I want to tell how they landed.
The expedition consisted of a largo fleet
bearing a largo army. At first the intention
was to sail up tho Mississippi River, but General
Jackson made that impossible by building
strong forts on tho stream, and so it was neces
sary to try somo other plan.
It happens that New Orleans has two en
trances from the sea. Tho river flows in front
of tho city, and by that route it is about a
hundred miles from tho city to the sea; but
just behind the town, only a few miles away,
lies a great bay called Lake Pontehartrain.
This bay is connected by a narrow strait with
another bay called Lako Borgne, which is con
nected directly with the sea.
Lako Bofgne is very shallow, but tho British
knew little about it. They only knew th'afc if
they could land anywhere on tho banks of
Lako Borgno or Lako Pontehartrain they
would be within an easy march of New
Accordingly, the fleet bearing the British
army, instead of entering the mouth of the
Mississippi and trying to get to New Orleans
in front, sailed in by tho back way and an
chored near the entrance of Lake Borgne.
Hero the British had their first sight of the
preparations made to resist them. Six little
gun-boats, carrying twenty-three guns in all,"
were afloat on the lake, under command of
Lieutenant Thomas Ap Calesby Jones. These
gun-boats were mere mosquitoes in comparison
with the great British men-of-war, and when
they made their appearance in tho track of the
invading fleet, the British laughed and won
dered at tho foolhardiness of the American
commander in sending such vessels there.
Lieutenant Thomas Ap Catesby Jones knew
'what ho was about, however, as tho British
soon found out. Ho sailed up almost within
cannon-shot of the enemy's ships, and they, of
course, gave chase to him. Then he nimbly
sailed away, with tho fleet after him. Very
soon a large man-of-war ran aground; then an
other and another struck the bottom, and the
British admiral began to understand tho trick.
It was evident that Lake Borgne was much too
shallow for tho largo ships, and so tho com
mander called a halt, and transferred the
troops to tho smaller vessels of the fleet.
When this was done tho chase was begun
again by the smaller ships, and for a time with
every prospect of success ; but presently even
these ships were hard aground, and tho whole
British fleet, which had been intended to carry
tho army across the lake, was stuck fast in the
mud near tho entrance, and thirty miles from
the point at which the landing was to be made.
The British commander was at his wit's end.
It was clear that the ships could not cross the
lake, and the only thing to bo dono was to
transport tho army across little by little in the
ships' boats, and make a landing in that way.
But to do that whilo Lieutenant Jones and kis
gun-boats were afloat was manifestly iinpos- i
siblo. If it had been attempted, the littlogim
boats, which could sail any where on the lake,
would have destroyed tho British army by
There was nothing to be done until the saucy
little fleet was out of the way, and to ptifc it
out of tho way was not easy.
Lieutenant Jones was an officer very ranch
given to hard fighting, and in this case the
British saw that they must fight him at a
disadvantage. As they could not get to him
in their ships, they must moke an attack in
open boats, which, of course, was a very dan
gerous thing to do, as tho American gun-boats
were armed with cannon.
Tho British commander wanted his bravest
men for such work, and so ho called for vol
unteers to man the boats. A thousand gallant
fellows offered themselves, and wcro placed in
fifty boats, under command of Captain Lock
yer. Each boat was armed with a carronade
a kind of small cannon but the men well
knew that the real fighting was not to bo dono
with carronades. Tho only hope of success
lay in a sudden, determined attack. The only
way to capture tho American gun-boats was to
row up to them in the face of their fire, climb
over their sides, and take them by force in a
When tho flotilla set sail, on tho 1-5 th of
December, Lieutenant Jones knew what their
mode of attack would bo quite as well as Cap
tain Lockyer did. If ho let them af tack him
in tho open lake, ho knew very well that tho
British could overpower him and capture his
fleet; but he did not intend to be attacked
in the open lako if he could help it. His plan
was to sail slowly, keeping juat out of reach
of tho row-boats, and gradually diaw them to
tho mouth of tho strait which leads into Lako
Pontehartrain. At that point thero was a
well-armed fort, and if ho could anchor his
gun-boats across the narrow channel, ho be
lieved he could destroy the British flotilla with
the aid of tho fort, and thus beat off tho ex
pedition from New Orleans.
Unluckily, whilo tho fleet was yet far from
tho mouth of tho strait, tho wind failed en
tirely, and tho gun-boats were helpless. Thev
could not sail without wind, and they must
receive the attack right where they were.
At daylight, on tho morning of December 1.1,
tho British flotilla was about nine miles awuv
but was rapidly drawing nearer, the boats be
ing propelled by oars. Lieutenant Jones called
the commanders of his gun-boats together
gave them instructions, and informed them of
his purpose to make as obstinate a fight sis pos
sible. His case was hopeless ; his fleet would
bo captured, but by fighting obstinately ho
could at least gain timo for General Jackson at ,
Now Orleans, and timo was greatly needed
iiiLMiinmiu tuu -luiiiMi uohi.s, carrying a
thousand men, all hardened to desperate fight
ing, approached and anchored just out of gun
shot. Captain Lockyer wished his men to go
into action in tho best condition, and, there
fore, ho camo to anchor to rest tho oarsmen
and to give tho men timo for breakfast.
At half-past ten o'clock tho British weighed
anchor, and, forming in line, began tho ad
vance. As soon as they camo within range
tho American gun-boats opened fire, but with
little effect at first. Of course, tho British
could not reply at such a distance, but, being
under fire, their chief need was to go forward
as fast and come to close quarters as quickly as
possiblo. Tho sailors bent to their oars, and
the boats flew ovor tho wator. Sochi tho men
at tho bows began to iiro tho carronades in
reply to tho American cannon. Then, as tho
boats drew nearer, small-arms camo into use,
and tho battle grew fiercer with every moment.
The British boats were with difficulty kept in
line, and their advance grew slower. Oars
men were killed, and time was lost in putting
others into their places. Still the line was
preserved, and the battle went on, the attack
ing boats still slowly and steadily advancing.
Two of tho American gun-boats had drifted
out of place, and were considerably in advanco
of tho rest. Seeing this, Captain Lockyer
ordered tho men commanding the iKiats to sur
round them, and a I'qvt minutes later tho
British were climbing over tho sides of these
Their attack was stoutly resisted. Tho
American sailors above them fired volleys into
their faces and beat them back with hand
spikes. Scores of the British fell back into tho
water, dead or wounded, while their comrades
pressed forward to fill their places. Thero
wcro so many of them that in spito of all tho
Americans could do to beat them off, they
swarmed over the gunwales and gained tho
decks. Their work was not ynt done, however.
Tho Americans fiercely contested every inch
of their advance, and the two parties hewed
each other down with cutlasses, the Americans
being slowly beaten back by superior numbers,
but still obstinately fighting until they could
fight no more.
Ono by one all the gun-boats wero taken in
this way, Lieutenant Jones's vessel holding out
longest, and tho Lieutenant himself fighting
till ho was stricken down with u severe
Having thus cleared Lako Borgne, tho Brit
ish wore free to begin tho work of lauding. It
was a terrible undertaking, however scarcely
Icss so than the fight itself. The whole arrny
had to be carried thirty miles in open boats
and landed in a swamp. Tho men wero
drenched with rain, and a frost coming on,
their clothes were frozen on their bodies.
Thero was no fuel to bo had on the island
where they made their first landing, and to
their sufferings from cold was added sevcro
suffering from hunger before supplies of food
could bo brought to them. Somo of tho sailors
who wcro engaged in rowing the boats wero
kept at work for four days and nights without
Tho landing was secured, however, and tho
British cared little for tho sufferings it had
cost them. They believed then that they had
little moro to do except to march twelve mile3
and take possession of the city, with its ono
hundred and fifty thousand bales of cotton
and its ten thousand hogsheads of sugar.
How it came about that they were disappointed
I shall hope to tell you next time. Hitrj)e)J3
General flix's Donkey.
From Our Animal Friends.
The late General John A. Dix was very fond
of animals, and never allowed any belonging to
his family to be in the slightest degree neglected.
Am ong his favorites was a donkey that he named
Flora Temple, and when the General took pos
session of his country seat at West Hampton,
Flora was sent there for the good of her health.
Tho little creature, although separated from
her friends, soon became attached to her rural
home, and, on the arrival of the Governor or
any member of the family from the city, Flora
was always on hand to greet the visitors.
Among the elegant surroundings Flora natu
rally becamo luxurious in hoi appetite, and
finally "turned up her nose" so to speak at
tho usual food provided for her species; and
when corn, carrots, and -other substantial eat
ables wcro placed before her sho expressed her
disapproval with a "neigh," and. trotted otT to
the door of the servant's hall, where bread awl
sugar were furnished, to suit her epicurean
uiste. Free to roam at will about the beautiful
grounds, this humble favorite of the grand hi
soldier, who sent a thrill of patriotism to the
heart of every lover of his country when he
issued that soul-stirring mandate, "If any man
attempts to haul down the American nagr, shoot
him ou the spot," outlives her dear obi master,
surrounded with every comfort to make her
declining years a happy as in Um days of
A Very Ymmc XJeNtoRARt.
Tho following anecdote of President Lin
coln's youngest son is taken from "A Boy in tho
White House," by Noah Brook, itt&. XkiUi
One day, Tad. in search of amusement, loi
tered into the office of the Secretary of War,
and Mr. Stanton, for the fun of the thing, com
missioned him a lieutenant of United States
volunteers. This elated the boy so much that
he went off immediately and ordered a quan
tity of muskets sent to the White House, aud
then he organized and drilled the house-servants
and gardeners, and, without attracting
anybody's attention, he actually discharged tho
regular sentries about the premises and ordered
his unwilling recruits on duty as guards.
Bobert Lincoln soon discovered what had
been done, and, as he thought it a great hard
ship that men who had been at work all day
should bo obliged to keep watch, during tho
night to gratify a boyish freak, he remonstrated.
But Tad would listen to nothing from his elder
brother, and Ilobert appealed to his father, who
only laughed at the matter as a good joke.
Tad soon tired, however, of his self-imposed
duties and wont to bed. The drafted men wero
quietly relieved from duty, and there was no
guard at the President's mansion that night,
much to Mr. Lincoln's relief. Ho never ap
proved of the precaution of mounting guard at
tho White House. Whilo Tad sported his com
mission as lieutenant, ho cut quite a military
figure. From somo source he procured a uni
form suitable to his supposed rank, and thus
proudly attired, ho had himself photographed.
jHiuric and Winnie.
Hy Alfred Ttimyson.
3lmnic and Wiuniu
Slept in a hell,
Sloep. Ijttlo ladies!
And they tlept well.
Pink was tlie sliell within,
Sounds of tho grettt sen.
Sleep little ladies!
Wnkc not soon!
Kcho oa echo
Dies to the moon.
Two briKbt .stara
Peeiwd into the shell.
""Whut are tlwy dreaming?
Who can tell?"
Started a great linnet
Out of tlicoroft;
Wake little Indies,
The aim is aloft !
Out from tlie screat world's crusli and din;
Out from the pain, and wrong and sin;
Out from ambition's cruel strife;
Out from the hitter race of life;
Out from its honors and nu'uira;
Out from its horrors mid its cares,
Again, a child, he lay at rest,
In holy pence on his mother's breast.
Her gentle hand toyed in his hair;
Her sweet, dear voice dispelled his care;
Her loving eyes shed liht divinu;
Iter verv presence nmdo u shrine ;
His throbbing arteries ceased to teem;
Tho nmdd'ning world a sad, past dream;
Again,,) ehild, he lay at rest,
In holy peace ou hu mother.'a breast,