Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1882,
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
Pensioners and Ex-Prisoners in South
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Euesh. Fuel for the Caanp-fires
of Our Comrades.
To the Editor National Thibuxe:
The Thirteenth Vermont at Camp Krusc,
near Occoquan, Virginia, in April, 1PG3, had
for (lrmnmer boy the writer of this, a son of
Colonel Randall, commanding the regiment.
Mr. Krusc, on whose land onr camp was lo
cated, was a strong Union man and very hind
to the soldiers. We had a good deal of sickness
while there, and I well remember Krusc driv
ing his last cow to the hospital to be slaught
ered for the sick, who had grown tired of salt
Hjrk. Our chaplain, Kev. Joseph Sargent, died
there on the 20th of April. Near our camp
lived a man named Davis, a violent rebel,
whoso family consisted of his wife, lhreo sons
in the rebel army, and a widowed daughter,
Mrs. Bailey, whose husband had been killed in
Colonel Randall applied to him for ihe privi
lege of quartering some of the sick of the regi
ment in his house, but the old "rcb" refused
even this act of humanity, saying no Yank
hhould occupy any portion of his house. But
the instinct of kindness was not dead in the
heart of his daughter, even if she had lost her
husband at the hands of Union soldiers, and
the prevailed upon her father to grant the Col
onel's request. She offered to do all in her
power for the comfort of our sick comrades,
and kept her word, but insisted that she was
as good a confederate as her father all tho
A short time aftor tho sick had been under
her care she camo to Colonel Randall and asked
permission to pass through the lines to visit her
brothers in tho camp of Moseby's cavalry, fifteen
miles away. She had heard that they wero
sick and dying and she. wanted to go to them.
The Colonel told her it would ho impossible for
her to go without a guard, and if he sent one it
would be captured. Sho reminded him of her
services to our sick and plead with him to al
low her to go, offering to go with mo as
escort. I was a little fellow, twelvo years old,
and was quite elated at tho prospect. My
father asked me if I was willing to go with tho
lady into a rebel camp. I answered yes, and
he consented that I should go. I had a sword
that I was very proud of and tho nest morn
ing I buckled it on, mounted a horse, and away
we went. We passed through our lines, crossed
the Occoquan River, and as we were entering a
piece of woods we fell in with a company of
rebel cavalry, a part of Mosby's command.
Mrs. Bailey told Colonel Mosby of the arrange
ment she had made and of her promise to re
turn me unharmed to my father. Colonel
Mosby at ouco said that I should not be
harmed. Ho asked mo what Stato I was from,
to which I promptly responded, "from Ver
mont, where they raise Green Mountain boys."
Then ho wanted to know how many men wo
had. I told him to go over and count them,
lie laughed and said that they were going to
Washington in a few days to call on Mr. Lin
coln. I told him he would find it a hard road
We arrived at tho rebel camp at dark with
out further adventure. It was located near
Dumfries, Va. Mrs. Bailey went at once to
the commanding officer and reported. He said
I was safe and should not bo molested in the
least, but I was closely questioned as tothc
number of troops wo had, and was obliged to
invent answers to suit. Wc staid three days,
and every night I slept in the guard-honse.
One of Mrs. Bailey's brothers died the first
night. On our return wo stopped frequently
at farm houses, and my youthful appearance
attracted a good deal of attention from the
women, who said a boy like mo ought to be at
home with his mother. On our ride back to
camp Mrs. Bailey asked mo a good many ques
tions about my folks at homo and about people
generally, about churches and schools and society.-
Thus far I had held up my head and
worn my sword like an officer, but pride must
have a fall, and mine was no exception to the
rule. When within.four or five miles from our
camp we met a squad of ten rebels who, in
spite bf Mrs. Bailey's remonstrances, took my
sword from me. Sho felt very much ashamed
of the treatment to which I was subjected. On
our arrival at camp sho thanked my father for
his kindness and complimented mo for my
courteous behavior while on the trip.
This ended my first visit to a rebel camp.
Late Drummer, Co. F, Thirteenth Vt.
THINGS THAT PLEASE COMRADE REST.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I am very much pleased with Free Lance's
account of Southern prison life. I was in tho
prison pens fourteen months and twenty days.
1 was captured at Chickamauga September 20,
1SC3, and got out with the ten thousand sick
exchanged in December, l&il. Was at Libby,
Danville, Andcrsonville, and Florence. While
at Danville I received ono of thoso horrible
vaccinations, which rotted my arm to the bono
and ruined my health for life; for which, and
two gun-shot wounds, and other disabilities, 1
leceivc $-1 per month pension. I think Free
Lance comes the nearest to tho truth about tho
horrors of prison life of any writer yet. I
knew Little Red Cap, and am pleased that ho
is writing of the horrible places. I read his de
scription of Andersonvillo with much interest
But, above all, I am pleased with The Na
tional Tribune, tho soldier's friend and de
fender. I never fail to talk it to my comrades
when I meet them. 1 am pleased with the way
some of our Congressmen advocate our rights.
(Jive us a list of their names, that wo may know
who our friends are. Urge tho bill pensioning
prisoners of war. I am pleased to see so many
of my old prison chums speaking their pieces,
and shall be glad to hear from more. If any
of my niess-maUis sec this, I should be glad to
receive a lottcy lrom them.
Yours, Edward T. Best,
Co. D, 10th Wis. Inf.
"WILL SEND MORE EOON.
To the Editor National Tribune.
I chanced to 1 one of your readers through
an unexpired subscription to tho Union Veteran.
I read your paper with much interest and
satisfaction, and believe that tho survivors of
rebel prisons and ex-soldiers can have no
stronger advocato of their rights and claims
upon our Government than such a paper as
The National Tribune. Enclosed And draft
for $10, with names of subscribers. I think I
can send more soon, as all who read your paper
like it 1 was a soldier four years, eight
months of that time being spnt in rtbel
prisons, .juosl of the time at Anderonvillc.
When we entered that prison our company
numbered fifty-four; at the expiration of the
eight mouths there were but sixteen of us
living. It would seem almost a miracle that
as many survived as did, or even that any lived
through tho hardships of that prison pen. If
any of the subscribers of The Tribune desire
to find homes in the West, I would bo glad to
communicate with them.
J. B. Robinson.
Robinson Falls, Minn.
little Nettie's epistle.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
As my father is an old soldier and takes your
valuable paper, I thought I would write you a
few lines. Wo like The Tribune very much,
and think that the bold, st right-forward man
ner in which you advocato the soldiers' rights
will ultimately lead to their obtaining justice.
My father lost his right arm at the battle of
Corinth, Miss., October -1, IWJ2. It was taken
off at tho shoulder joint. IIo also received a
bayonet wound in his left fore-arm, the bayonet
penetrating at the wrist-joint and going up tho
arm about six or eight inches, and crippling his
hand very badly. Both wounds are very pain
ful, especially in damp, rainy, or windy
I hope that you will keep pounding away at
Congress until they are forced to pass all pen
sion and other soldier bills now pending.
Pawnee City, Neb.
death preceding a delayed pension.
To the Editor National Tribune :
I take great pleasure in recommending to
every ex-soldier or sailor who participated in
the saving struggle of our country, or civilian
who loves the men who gave their lives that
the country might live, to read your excellent
paper. The last-named can there learn tho
hardships that the boys passed through on battle-field,
in camp, and in the Southern death
pens, where disease look hold of them and is
carrying many to their graves daily. I know
of one case, that of George Hall, late of the
Fifth Massachusetts cavalry, in illustration.
Hall is dying. His claim for pension has been
declared all right some mouths ago, but tho
money will bo loo late. All he needs, how
ever, is milk to.driuk, and that I have ordered
supplied to him at my expense.
Yours, in F., C and L.,
Plymouth, Mass. W. H. Gray.
Mr. Jos. W. Kirkley. Dear Sir: A short
time ago I wroto The Tribune and called
their attention to the fact that the last Trib
une I had received was dated July 29th. They
sent mc tho missing numbers, and, then for
tho iirst time I saw the article you so kindly
wrote of our regiment, and oh! how I regretted
that I had not seen it before our Reunion, that
some proper notice might havo been taken of
I havo wondered often what you could have
thought of us in not, in any way, acknowledg
ing your kindness. I can simply say I fogrot it
"very much, and in this late day and in this
quiet wxy, in behalf of the Sixth regiment
Maryland infantry. I now return you our hearty
I am, very sincerely, yours,
See. Sixth Rcg't Md. Ass'n.
Grafton, W. Va., Oct. S.
another fund started.
To tho Editor National Tribune :
Please allow me, through tho colmnns of
your valuable paper, to express my sympathy
for our afllicted Commissioner of Pensions,
and to suggest that pensioners may ,bp allowed
to send to you five cents each to be used for
defraying the doctor's bill of our honorable
Commissioner of Pensions, and I will right
hero encloso a nickel as a starter. I am not a
pensioner, but am sorely in need of a pension.
I will circulate any copies of your valuahlo
paper. I can hardly wait for my paper to
come; I would rather read it than cat sweet
meats. I know that The Tribune ought to
be in tho homes of all ox-soldiers, so that they
could watch tho working of our Congress and
know how each member votes, and every ono
that votes against the interests of tho soldier
should be branded with tho mark of the beast
and the letters R.T. (rebel-traitors). Audnow,
dear editor, I close by wishing you God-speed,
and asking you to keep on throwing chain-shot
into the halls of Congress, and may each shot
lako the heads oil' of any that daro to cast their
votes against our interests. I have had a claim
before the Departments ever since the year
1S73 and it has not been allowed yet, but I will
never give up, for I know that justico is duo
me and I will get it sometime. 1 was a private
in Company E, Sixty-fourth regiment; 0. V. I.,
and any ono that may read this and wants aid
of mo, I will freely grant it.
Yours. John Irvin.
ON THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LINES.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Did the old soldier that enlisted in 18G1 and
'G2 fall back when General Grant said that ho
was "going to fight it out on this line if it
takes all summer?" Not much, for tho 'G2
boys wero at their posts just the same, if they
did not have a clmnco to enlist and receive the
veteran bounty. Now, old soldiers, wo must
fight it out on TnE National Tribune lines
until we get tho bounties equalized, our ser
vices paid in gold, and the unjust limit to tho
pension law removed. What great satisfaction
it is to hear that Gen. Dudley says his heart is
in the work in the way of adjusting the claims
that have been so long pending in his Bureau.
I was wounded at Cold Harbor and had a
brother die of wounds at Bermuda Hundred.
Wo were members of Company I, Eighth Maine
volunteers, enlisted August, 1SG2.
Yours, &c, J. L. Townsend.
wants a roster of en-rebel clerks.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I would like you to publish tho number of
ex-rebel soldiers employed in tho Depart
ments at Washington, together with number of
ex-Union soldiers and civilians, that wc may see
Very respectfully, fraternally,
Geo. T. Byland.
Hillsboro, O., Oct. 20.
another ex-prisoner heard from.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
1 see in The Tribune the writings of some
of my brother prisoners of Andcrsonville and
other prison pens which make my heart ache
to read, for I know that it is true. 1 had tho
oxperienco of it for seventeen months and
eight days. I was taken prisoner at Chicka
mauga on tho 20th of September, IbGIJ; was
taken to Richmond, Va., thence to Danville,
Va., and thenco to Andcrsonville, Ga. ; was
there five months. 1 buffered from scurvy and
chronic diarrheal and starvation. There was
eighteen of my company with me, and sixteen
of tho poor fellows died from disease and star
vation, and if I had not been of iron or steel I
would been there loo, "but it took all lhe iron
and steel out of me. Wsis taken to Wilming
ton, N. C, and' exchanged on the 2s4th day of
February, lbfio. 1 was in rebel hell for seven
teen months and right days, and I think if
some of our Congressmen had suffered as us
poor starved and- diseaso prisoners had thoy
would not say wo were frauds and trying to
rob tho Treasury. Those men that advocato
that the soldiers are frauds aro marked and tho
mark will never fade out.
I was glad to see "Red Cap" writing. He
has told a truo story. 1 saw him many times.
1 hope that ho may live long and prosper and
keep writing for The National Tribune
and show to tho world tho treatment that we
got from the rebels. Thoro is no man living
that can write or paint the horrible suffering
and abuse wo got in those prison pens.
I received The National Tribune and
was pleased to seo its columns. I think it is
one of the best pnpers uudor tho sun to en
lighten the soldier and tho people of the
Nation. Long may sho wave.
Yours, truly, Geo. Brooking,
Co. A, Eighty-ninth Ohio.
more aid for beck's education.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
I see by a recent issue of your paper that a ,
penny subscription is being raised by tho
"boys" for tho purposo of sending The National-Tribune
to tho Hon. Senator Beck for:
While I cordially endorse this I would sug
gest, in all kindness, that we send him also a
copy of tho Lord's Prayer, as it is very likely
he played truant in his youthful days and went
'possum hunting when he should have been re
ceiving religious instruction. By all means,
then, sond.him the Lord's Prayor and givo the
man a chance,
For while the lamp holds out to burn
The vilest sinner nmy return.
Enclosed find three cents for tho purposo
indicated. B. Cornell,
Co. I, First N. J. Cavalry.
death ahead of peloners' pensions.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Tho Kansas boys all like your journal, and
tho soldiors hero think that the boys ought all
to subscribe for ono journal, so it would bo
easier for tho few survivors of a regiment to
find ono another. There is somo talk of having
a Reunion of tho Third New York cavalry
here in Kansas next year, or in Rochester, New
York. 1 would like to hear from somo of tho
officers or privates of the regiment on the sub
ject. Colonel 31 is, of the Third, who was a
major in tho United States Army, is dead. 1
hopo tho bill pensioning ox -prisoners of war
will pass before they are all dead, for thoso who
are most deserving it will die first.
Respectfully, S. W. Barnard,
Co. 11, 3d N. Y. Cav.
Sharp Cracks of the (Jatlhis (Inns All A Ion:
Massachusetts. "Tho history of tho siego o
Knoxvillo is alomo worth :i year's subscrip
tion." Capt. A. A. White, Worcester co.
Vermont. " If I had to sell the shirt off my
back to get The Tribune I would do it." Jno.
llillard, Bennington co. "Some of my com
rades cannot read, but will come on Sunday af
ternoon to hear The Tribune read." J.R.Wil
son, Rutland co. " I would not exchange it
for any similar paper published." J. II. Pur
don, Addison co.
New Hampshire. " Tho ex-soldier's unflinch
ing advocate and friend." Fred. II. Howo,
Sullivan co. "Tho best soldier's paper I ever
read, and shall tako it as long as 1 can got a
dollar to pay for it." Henry Tupper, Plymouth
New York. "I havo been a constant reader
of The Tribune over sinco it came out." ' W.
J. Rowlands, Oneida co. " Hero aro two sub
scribers put tho rations in your knapsack."
B. G. Chapman, Onoida co. " Not only ex
soldiers but all its readers aro unanimous in
pronouncing The Tribune the best soldior's
paper published." A. W. Topper, Monroe co.
New Jersey. "I think so much of Tim
Tribune that I preserve every copy for future
reference." James D. Powell, Burlington co. ,
Pennsylvania. " I trust that every member
of tho G. A. R. will subscribe for The Trib
une." David T. Brown, Northumberland
co. "I would not miss a singlo number
as long as it is filled with such food for tho sol
dier." James G. Brookmire, Luzerno co.
" I love TnE Tribune, for it loves and remem
bers tho boys." Sidney .1. Crocker, Warren co.
"I havo taken The Tribune from its in
fancy, and it grows strouger and btrongcr every
day." Captain J. II. Johnson, Beaver co. " I
think when I read tho account of battles in
The Tribune I can hear the -cannon's roar."
L. L. Dennis, McKeau co.
Missouri. "I havo yet to hand TnE Trib
une to tho first old soldier who had tho money
and refused to subscribe." J. C. Brown, Atchi
Tennessee "I holiovo The Tribune to bo
tho soldier's bible." Bernhart Gilbort, Moigs
West Virginia. "I send two more subscrib
erstwo moro old vets fallen into line." J. T.
ITebb, Tucker co.
Kentucky. It gives such correct accounts of
the battles." David Wright, Hardin co.
Kansas. "God bless The Tribune and tho
causo il advocates." Mrs. A. McAllaster, Rush
Ohio. "When T read tho columns of Tim
Tribune I seem to be fighting my battles over
again." Captain James W. Dale, Gallia co.
" Five more solid shot to shoot enemies of the
soldiers liko tho Herald, Tribune, and Sun of
N. Y." .lacob Mackley, Richland co. " God
bless The Tribune for its efforts in behalf of
the broken-down soldiers." Dr. S. II. Spencer,
Trumbull co. " I would sooner do without
my city daily than The Tribune." A. D.
Lausseler, Logan co. " How any soldier can
do without The Tribune is beyond my con
ception." Captain R. H. Baldwin, Geauga co.
Illinois. "It is the only paper of any preten
sions in the United Slates that looks to the in
terests of tho soldier." A. G. Graham, Hender
son co. " All soldiers who wish to keep posted
on matters pertaining to their interest should
take The Tribune." E. C. Robertson, Fayette
co. " Wo must choose some paper for our oili-
cial organ, and The Tribune stands head and
shoulders above all others." Geo. W. Hamilton,
Will co. " The soldiers' column alone is worth
tho subscription money." Geo. P. Shipman,
Indiana. Ono who has carried knapsack and
rille from before the battle of Bull Run to the
fall of Petersburg can appreciate your valuable
paper." Elijah Roe, Miami co. " If 1 never
had been a soldier I should appreciate The
Tribune." Abraham Cobb.
Iowa. We will rally, boys, and swell the no
ble Tribune's subscription." Levi Reed, Siuux
co. " I send eleven subscribers, for we must
keep tho skirmishers to tho front." David
Palmer, Lafayette co. "I send four moro
subscribers. Another small volley from the
galling gun." Edward Dare, Dubuque co.
Michigan. "1 must have that faithful ad
viser and friend The Tribune every week."
John Milo Nichols, Bericn co. " It is the truo
blue to all old soldiers." G. W. Kellogg, Leele-
naw co. "I cannot now see how we ever got
along wiLhout your excellent paper," L. Soule,
Grand Travcrso co. "Fight on; you aro do
ing well. Victory was ours onco, and will be
again." Jas. Crubt'rve, Newaygo co.
Wisconsin. " 1 send you two subscribers. 1
will soon be ablo to lire again." John W. Suth
erland, Vernon co. "It is just what it is
represented to be, a soldier's paper." Erastus
Smith, Junean co
Minnesota. "Your paper helps along tho
cau-e of freedom and soldiers' rights." Leon
ard Goldsmith, Martin co.
Colorado. "I glory in tho pluck of The
Tribune for doing what it does for the old sol
diers." George Eberl, Gilpin co.
BRAVE LITTLE RED CAR
The Young Orderly of Monster Wirz
ONCE MORE ON PAROLE.
ITaLiiiiie and Disease Begin, to
"Walk tb.0 Rounds.
Continual from last week.
A few days after this little excursion of miuo
with Private Jones to the camp of tho Twenty
sixth Alabama, I happened to be again stand
ing in tho neighborhood of tho south gale,
when I saw my eonfederato friend enter tho
1 stockade and scan the faces of the prisoners as
if in search of somebody. Presentlj- ho glanced
in my direction, and, on recognizing me,
walked over to where I was standing and told
me that ho had procured another permit for
mo to leavo tho camp. Wo accordingly left the
stockado together and started off for tho rebel
camp. On the way ho told me that he had
secured permission for mo to leave the prison
on condition that he would mako himself per
sonally responsible for my safe-keeping. "You
will draw," paid he, "your rations with my
mess, eat and sleep with us, and have every
thing in common, except, of course, as far as
regards your liberty, and evon that will be but
slightly restrained. You may roam around
the camp as much as you please, but, of course,
you will not be allowed to leavo the neighbor
hood." It was tho dinner hour when wo reached tho
camp, and I was invited to sit down with the
mess. It included my confederate friend and
his brother, Lieutenant Jones, with threo or
four others. Tho menu T do not suppose any
of tho men had ever heard of such a thing :is a
menu consisted of Lacon and corn bread, tho
latter baked in au old-fashioned Dutch oven.
You may bo suro I made a hearty meal, and
that nothing was left when avo had finished,
yet my hunger was far from being appeased, so
long had I been fasting, although I doubt not
that the confederates, who had been well fed
every day, found tho ration abundant for all
their needs. However, I was thankful to get
at least one good square meal after my unpleas
ant experience of the regulation diet of An
dcrsonville. I found tho members of tho mess a very
agreeable set of fellows, although they Avore, of
course, rebel to the core, and filled with all
sorts of foolish notions about tho supposed
prowess of their armies and tho weakness of
our own. They had been Avith Lee during all
the principal battles of tho Virginia campaign,
and the regiment had been reduced to barely
-100 men. I used to chat Avith them for hours
about their army experience, and hoard them
relato many a thrilling story. Nothing im
pressed mo so much as their" supreme confidenco
in tho ultimate success of the confederate arms.
Sometimes I ventured to dispulo their state
ments and predict that the Avar would end in
the complete overthrow of tho rebel cause, but
I soon found that my Avords fell on heedless
cars. They wero utterly ignorant of tho re-
f rsources of the North, and took it for granted
that my statements of the strength of our forces
and the immenso wealth at tho command of
ithC'Govcrnmcnt Averomade in tho spirit of vain
boasting. Upon tho Avhole, as I havo said, I
Avas avcII treated, although I could plainly see
that some members of the regiment would haA'C
gladly thrust mo back into the stockado had
tho opportunity offered They took great
delight in tantalizing mo with such renmrl:s as
this: "Halloa, Johnny, did you know old Abe
Lincoln was killed, and tho Yankees all Avhip
ped?" Of course I ahvays stoutly denied tho
possibility of such a thing, but tho more indig
nant I became, tho moro amusement it afforded
starvation in sight.
At the time of Avhich T Avrito tho total num
ber of prisoners at Andcrsonville was not far
from 5,000, and, according to the prison records,
during the month of March there Avcro 2;?3
deaths in the stockade. Day by day tho rations
issued to tho men Avero becoming smaller in
quantity and poorer in quality. When the
first squads arrived, a day's rations consisted of
a littlo over a quart of good, wholesome meal,
a sweet potato, and a piece of meat sufficient in
sizo for a few mouthfuls, and occasionally a
spoonful of salt. By the first of March tho
sweet potato and tho ration of salt had
entirely disappeared, and tho prison offi
cials had begun to issue peas as tho princi
pal ration. At first a quart Avas issued for
every detachment of 270 men, or about two
thirds of a pint for each squad of ninety only
enoutjh to gi'e each of tho three messes com
prising tho squad a few spoonfuls. Of coin-so
no man received enough peas to pay for the cook
ing, and some of my comrades were in the habit of
playing poker for them. A lucky or skillful
player Avould in that Avay sometimes Avin
enough for a mess, ami would then go away
and make a meal of his "chips." As for tho
cornmeal, it was always steadily deteriorating
in quality, and tho fcizo of the ration Avas as
rapidly growing smaller. From the appearance
of the meal I judge that the cob was ground up
with the kernel it was so eoarso and unpal
atable. Meat had long sinco disappeared from
the bill of faro, and our supply of Avood for fuel
and shelter had been entirely exhausted, so
that late arrivals of prisoners found nothing
with which to build a shelter from the storm
and cold. As tho season advanced, and tho
spring rains set 'in, our misery increased. Tho
wot weather began about tho middle of March.
Tho flood-gates of Heaven seemed to ho opened
upon tho sodden earth, and tho cold rain.?
searched tho A'cry marrow of tho thousands of
unhappy men who wero exposed to their fury.
A PITIFUL PICTURE.
For Avceks Strained almost continuously, and
the intervals of fair Avealher were foAV and far
between. Tho late-comers, as 1 Ihia'o said, wore
provided with no means of shelter, and' Avere
compelled to enduro hardships that aro almost
indescribable. Sometimes somo fortunate com
rade would manage to seen reasmall stick of Avood
with Avhich a fire Avould be started, and to seo
these miserablo victims of rebel cruelty huddling
about tho flickering blaze Avas a spectacle to
bring tears of pity to the eyes of all but such
monsters as Commander Wirz. Ho could, and
did look on unmoved. Tho wood used for fuel
Avhat there Avas of it Avas pitch pine, and it
produced a sooty flame, the effect of which upon
the hands, necks, and faces of those gathered
about it was qui to startling. It Avas as if a
thick coat of lamp-black had been smeared upon
them, and Avater alone Avas powerless to remove
it, so that tho comfort Avhich the heat of tho
flame afforded Avas partly neutralized by tho
disagreoablo feeling Avhich tho deposit of soot
produced. Theso fires, however, Avcro tho
prisoners' only solace as avcII as their chief
protection against tho effects of tho sovero and
continuous rains to which theyAvere exposed.
I find by the report of the Smithsonian Instituto
that the average annual rainfall in tho neigh
borhood of Anderson villo is fifty-sixth inches,
or twenty-four inches moro a year than' in
England, Avhich ayc arc accustomed to think of
as one of the A-ettest climates in tho Avorld. Yon
may be sure that it did not tend to reconcile us
to our privations to know that all about the
prison was a Avilderncss of pine, from which,
had the confederates been moved by any con
sideration of humanity avo might havo dorived
all the fuel necessary for our wants. The men
Avould Avillingly have got their own fuel had
they been permitted to do so, and they could
have been placed on parole of honor, as tho
cooks and nurses Avere, Avhilo engaged in their
duties outside of tho stockade, and, in any
event, the confederates had a sufficient force at
hand to guard them properly had they thought
that ncces&ary. As it was, the prisoners' only
chance to procuro a supply of fuel Avas to
bribe tho guards by means of rings, pencils,
knives, or any knick-nacks of Avhich they
happened still to retain possession, to accom
pany a small party to tho woods and bring back
such stray knots and lumps as they might bo
able to pick up. Most of the guards Avcro poor
and ignorant, and a handful of brass buttons
had a great attraction foY them.
It may seem incredible, yet it is a fact, that
the prisoners Avho bore their sufferings Avith the
greatest humanity and displayed the most
endurance Avere not men of robust appearance,
but youths and striplings.
Of course the character of our guards Avas a
matter of special interest to us, and avo soon
learned to distinguish tho difference between
men from different sections of the South. At
the time there Avere two regiments stationed at
Andcrsonville, the Twenty-sixth Alabama, of
Avhich I have already spoken, and the Fifty
fifth Georgia. The Alabamians, as a rule, Avere
kind and humane in their treatment of prison
ers and possessed a fine, soldierly bearing. The
Georgians, on the other hand, were treacherous
and brutal. They delighted in shooting
prisoners down at every opportunity, while
tho Alabamians refrained from tiring until
satisfied that a deliberate breach of the regula
tions avos intended. It occurred quite frequently
that prisoners Avho Avere several feet Avithin the
dead -lino, and had no idea of passing it, Avere
shot doAvn in cold blood by the Georgians, but
so far as I know during the Avhole time of my
imprisonment but ono man Avas shot by the
Alabamians. I kneAV him avcII. His name atus
David Hubbard, and ho was 'a member of tho
Thirty-eighth Illinois. Ho Avas very unpopular
with the men, but he had lost a leg at the
battle of Chickamauga, if I am not mistaken,
and, as ho Avas forced to go about on crutches, he
received, on that account, some consideration.
poor poll parrot.
IIo seemed to have a special fondness for mak
ing hateful and spiteful remarks, and, on ac
count of this trait of his character, the boys had
nicknamed him " Poll Parrot." One day Wirz
saw fit to remove him from the stockade, for
some reason that was never fully explained, and
a feAV days later a squad of confederates A'isited
the prison, and marched directly to a tent Avhere
somo fifty men Avero at Avork in a tunnel. It
Avas suspected that he had betrayed his com
rades. At any rate the boys talked the matter
over, and, Avhen he returned to the prison, resol'
ed to lynch him. He succeeded, however, in
breaking aAvay from them, and, no other refuge
being at hand, ran under the dead-line. Tho
prisoners thought, of course, that he did this for
his own protection, but thoy soon discovered
their mistake. On perceiving the manoeuvre,
the guard, a member of tho Twenty-sixth Ala
bama, ordered him out. As he did so, poor Poll
Parrot rose up on tho only leg that ho had
brought away from Chickamauga, and, resting
his back against tho dead-line, faced the guard
and shouted : " No, I Avon't go out ! If I have
lost the confidence of my comrades I AA'ant to die
right here ! " Tho men Avero puzzled, but, think
ing this Avas only a sharp trick to escape tho
punishment which they felt he desorved at their
hands, thoy renewed their yells. Onco moro the
guard ordered Poll Parrot out, but ho stood his
ground, and, tearing open the front of his blouse,
exclaimed: " No, I won't go I You may fire at
me, guard. Here is my heart; shoot me right
thero ! " The Avords Avere hardly out of his mouth
Avhen the guard pulled tho trigger, and poor Poll
Parrot fell back mortally Avoundcd. He must
havo buried his faco in his hands, for tho bullet
cut aAvay, Avith his lower jaw, his little fingers,
and left a great hole in his breast AAiiero it Avent
crashing through. They carried the poor fel
low aAvay to the dead-house, Avhere I saw him a
few moments later. At tho time of tho occur
rence I avjis Avith Wirz at headquarters, and I
remember yet Avhat tho monster said when tho
news was brought to him. Said he: "That one
legged man tried to pass tho guard at tho south
gate when I avrs down there, and I told him to
stand back. He replied: 'Captain, I AA'ant to
die.' I drew my revolver, anil said: 'Well,
stand there, damn you, and I'll do it for you if
you don't go back in there.' I presented tho
muzzlo of my revoh"er at him, at Avhich ho ap
peared to be frightened, and obeyed my order."
From Avhat Wirz said, I am suro that it Avas
not Poll Parrot Avho betrayed the boys Avho Avero
Avorking in the tunnel, but he had a mischiev
ous tongue, and it is not surprising that his com
rades mistrusted him. The men Avho carried
him to the dead-house told me afterwards that
in his dying agony he Avaggcd his tongue vig
orously as if ho Avished to speak, but ho was
poAverless to articulate a single word. I could
not but pity the brute Avho shot him. When he
realized what ho had done ho threw his gun
doAvn and buried his face in his hands. He Avas
almost the only sentinel at Andcrsonville that
I ever know to display tho slightest compunc
tion o'er the "killing of a Yankee."
To be continued.
Another (Ictt)sbury 21unu:iicnt.
At tho last Reunion of tho Fourteenth Con
necticut Veteran Association, held at New
London, a committco consisting of Comrades
T. G. Ellis, 11. S. Stevens, J. W. Kuowlton,
B. Hirst, J. C. Broatch, W. II. Tubus,, and C. W.
Norton, Avas appointed to obtain pledgee of sub
scriptions, and invito and examine designs, for
a suitable monument to bo erected at Gettys
burg, Pcnn., on some portion of the position
occupied by that regiment on the 2d and 3d of
July, ISO!!, during the memorable battle at that
place, to commemorate tho history of the regi
ment, particularly in connection with tho
Gettysburg engagements. Tho history of tho
regiment is a remarkable one, and one that tho
survivors may avcII bo proud to call attention
to and to perpetuate. Engaged in thirty-four
battles and skirmishes some of the battles tho
greatest of tho Avhole Avar they lost more men
pro rain than any other Connecticut regiment.
Tho losses in killed were 11 2-5 per cent, of its
number, and of killed and died of disease in
service, 21 l-o per cent. Although in tho
servico a shorter time than any other regi
ment of tho State which lost heavily, the one
approaching nearest in losses lost in killed 3
1-5 per cent., and in killed and died of disease
15 per cent. At Gettysburg, more than 10 per
cent, of its men Avere killed or Avouudcd. It
occupied almost tho center of tho enemy's
point of attack at tho time of tho terrific
fighting of the third day of tho battle. Its
men captured a largo number of prisoners and
Tho Gettysburg Battle-Field Association
now owns more than one half of the ground
occupied by the Union forces on tho second and
third days of the fighting, and designs to
keep it sacredly a momorial of tho great
struggle Avaged thero. Breastworks, rifle
pits and redans luiA'e been restored, roads
constructed, and numerous monuments are
being set up to the memories of men who fell
or regiments that fought there. No regiment,
it is claimed, occupied on that field a position
moro desirable or effective for locating a
monument than the Fourteenth Connecticut,
and no regiment eaji desire a better record to
inscribe upon such a monument. Mr. H. S.
SteA-cns is secretary and treasurer, and can bo
addressed at CromAvell, Conn.
Official Iteconls of the War.
The act of Juno 1G, 18?0. first providing for
tho publication of the Official Records of tho
War of tho Rebellion, authorizes tho printing
and binding of 10,000 copies of each volume,
and directs that thoso copies be distributed as
follows: 7,000 to the House of Representa
tives, 2,000 to tho Senate, and 1,000 to tho Ex-ecuti-e
Departments. It is understood that
Volumes I-V aro to bo distributed under that
Tho act of August 7, 1SS2, pro-ides that :
J' Tho volumes of the Official Records of tho
War of the Rebellion shall he distributed as
follows: One thousand copies to the Excctutivo
Departments, as now provided by law. Ono
thousand copies for distribution by tho Secre
tary of War among officers of the Army and
contributors to tho Avork. Eight thousand
threo hundred copies shall be sent by the Sec
retary of War to such Libraries, organizations,
and individuals as may be designated by the
Senators, Represcntati-es, and Delegates of tho
Forty-seventh Congress. Each Senator shall
designate not exceeding tAA-enty-six, ami each
Representative and Delegate not exceeding
tAventy-one of such addresses, and the volumes
shall be sent thereto from time to time as they
are published, until the publication is com
pleted. Senators, Representatives, and Dele
gates shall inform the Secretary of War in each
case how many volumes of thoso heretofore
published they have forwarded to such ad
dresses. The remaining copies of the elcA-en
thousand to be published, and all sets that
may not be ordered to be distributed as pro
vided herein, shall be sold by tho Secretary of
War for cost of publication Avith ten percent,
added thereto, and the proceeds of such sale
shall be covered into the Treasury. If two or
more sets of said A'ftlumes are ordered to tho
samo address tho Secretary of War shall in
form tho Sonators, Representatives, or Dele
gates, Avho have designated the same, Avho
thereupon may designate other libraries,
organizations, or individuals. The Secre
tary of War shall report to the first ses
sion of the Fortv-eighth Congress Avhat A'ol
umes of the scries heretofore published havo
not been furnished to such libraries, organiza
tions, and individuals. He shall also inform
distributees at Avhose instance the volumes aro
A genoral Liav proA'ides that :
"If any person desiring extra copies of any
document printed at the Government Printing
Office by authority of laAv shall, previous to its
being put to .press, notify tho Congressional
Printer of the number of copies wanted, and
shall pay to him in ad-anee the estimated cost
thereof, and ten per centum thereon, the Con
gressional Printer may, under the direction of
the Joint Committee on Public Printing, fur
nish the same."
Holies of the War.
Mr. John L. Ransom, of Washington, D. C,
has, after nearly six years of correspondence
and much trouble, received direct from Andcr
sonville, Ga., through J. K. Dunbar, superin
tendent National Cemetery at that place, a
pitch-pine log, a part of the old stockado of
1SG 1 ; also a piece of the original " dead-line ; "
also five spikes, a part of the north gate. They
Avill be on exhibition at the Garfield Monument
Tho new hall of Harry HoAvnrd Post, of
Baltimore, Md., Avas dedicated Tuesday night
by special exercises and a Camp-fire. The room
Avas dressed with battle flags and flowers. ReA
S. L. M. Conser opened the exercises with
prayer, and Graham Dukehart, Department
Commander, made an address.
Erank'A. Brush Post, No. 77, Department of
loAva, held a Camp-fire at Osage, Iowa, on tho
19th inst. Avith sixty-eight comrades present.
Answers to Correspondents.
J. II. S., Ecnset, Iowa. See reply to W. H. B.,
Mrs. J. B., Hixcasscc, Ga., and Others. See re
ply to "Many Inquirers," in our last.
T. L. II. R, Oxford, O. Your attorney Avould
be the proper person to whom application should
be made. Tho reasons for delay cannot be as
certained from a perusal of your note.
I. B., Lebanon, Pa. Not being familiar witlt
tho actual condition of your case, avc cannot
say. Write your attorney.
Sub., Lewistown, III. If your claim is in tho
condition you say it is, avo see no reason why ifc
should not bo passed upon. Your attorney
should request action, or the reason for delay.
D. Jf., Versailles, Conn. It should bo under
examination now. Thanks for your substan
tial encouragement of The Tribune.
Sub., Owensboro, Ky. 1. If you read the first
column of our fourth page every week you will
find Avhat you require. 2. Claims Avith tho
numbers giA'cn, if testimony is complete and sat
isfactory, ought to be taken up for decision. 3.
We hope your friends in different parts of Ken
tucky Avill respond to your efforts by becoming
subscribers. Wo appreciate your flattering
Old Soldier, Evergreen, Mich. Full explana
tion :is to order in which claims aro settled at
the Pension Offico will be found in reply to
"Pat, Camden, Me.," in No. 39 of The Trib
une. J. McL., Bncna Jlsta, III., and Others. See re
ply to T. L. II. R., above.
E. !., Osicego, AT. I". Applications for removal
of charges aro made to the Adjutant-General,
avIio, up to the present date, has not passed upon
any case submitted under the act of August 7,
1S62. Your application, sworn to, setting forth
the circumstances of absence, should be filed at
an early day, and decisiou requested under tho
act referred to.
IT. IL, Cambridge, Miss. The reply is about
due from tho Surgeon-General. Get your
attorney to call up the case.
G. Jf. J?., X. Charlestown, X. n.JI. C. Park
hurst, of an Iowa regiment.
ii. D. C, Pembroke, Me. As desired, your
letter has been referred to a competent attorney.
Your subscription expires Avith No. 72.
C. O. L., Steuben co., X. Y. Yes; provided
she satisfy the court of her husband's insanity
and AA'as appointed his guardian. Certified copy
of tho proceedings would be required by tho
Pension Office. She could theu pro-o up tho
claim, and if same AA'as granted, the money
would bo paid to her during the period of hor
husband's irresponsibility and her guardian
ship. J., Arcadia, Kan. 1. The fact that his servico
as an enlisted man lacked four days of two
years Avas the reason ho failed to get his bounty.
Ex-Soldier, Enfield Centre, X. Y. If claim all
proved up action should bo taken at once.
D. E. S. D., Dallas Centre, la. You aro not
entitled to muster as a A'eteran on second
enlistment. Areterans Avero not mustered aa
such after April 1, 1SG1.
J. U. G., Detroit. Me. Tho party named prac
tices beforo tho Pension Office.
II. P. R, Wharton, O. Tho Surgeon-General
of tho army has been requested to forward tho
blank required to your address.
5. E. IL, Franldin co., Mass. You cannot
obtain any addition to your present rating,
unless you requiro tho regular aid and attend
ance of another person.
Wc are obliged to answer certain Inquires of the samo
nature in each isie of our paper. While we cheerfully
furnnh iulorniatiou to subscribers in :hU column, wo
Mijrci-.i that initcli labor, time. and expanse may W saved
butli to ourM-lves and to our correspondents, if all sub
scribers would keep a file of the paper. '1 hey could then,
at any time, turn to the rile and probably nnd the very
inquiry answered about which they would have written
to us. AVe trust that every subscriber wul profit by tliid