Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TKIBTOE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1882.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
What the Soldiers Want Congress
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
A ITusiRa&e of Small Snot
Prora All Over tiie Land.
To the Editor National Tribuxe:
In the last number of Thb Tiuurra, " tho
Tjops soldier's paper," I noticed .1 suggestion
made by Comrade J. G. Doano tbat one litm
clrcd pensioners contribute one cent each, that
Tin: National Tnimrxn mi.elit be sent to Mr.
Beck Kentucky's illustrious Senator. The sug
gestion is certainly a good one. By reading
your valuable paper his intellect might be
freshened somewhat, he might learn tbat there
are still soldiers enough left in the great State
of Kentucky to lay him, in tho near future,
liigh and dry on a back shelf, where- ho -will
Lave plenty of time to reflect that tho Ameri
can people will do j'ustice to tho disabled de
fenders of the country, notwithstanding his cry
of fraud. I would also suggest a further con
tribution by pensioners to engage and pay for
the services of a person -whose sole duty it
shall be to read the soldier's bible to him every
week. I would further suggest that Senator
riatt of Connecticut be included in the con
tribution, as bo it was who defeated the 10
bill, thereby showing himself an enemy to
pensioners who have lost legs and arms, or are
otherwise disabled equivalent thereto. En
closed please find my contribution to tho Beck
Tribune fund. Yours, fraternally,
THE STABS AXD STBIPES FOREYEB.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I send you to-day post-ofltco order for five
dollars ($5) and tho names of five subscribers
for your excellent paper. I hope soon to send
on at least five, and perhaps more names. A
majority of the boys that I have let have papers
are well pleased with them, and will subscribe
as soon as they can get tho money. Now, if
you will send me a few more sample copies, it
will help me very much in getting subscribers.
I was a private in the Fourth regiment Mich
igan volunteer infantry, and was wounded at the
battle of Gaines's Mill on tho 27th day of June,
1G2, and was taken prisoner and sent to the
famous Libby prison in Richmond, but, thank
God, I was more fortunate than thousands of
our comrades, who spent many long months of
suffering many oven unto death, for I was
exchanged in about one month, but those few
-weeks spent from Tinder the protecting folds of
the Stars and Stripes only increased mylovo
for and faith in the Government they represent,
and, whilst I have no fault to find with what
Vnclc Sam has done for me, yet I do think
there are deserving ones stilL who are justly
entitled to pensions, and hopo to see them
receive their just dues from tho Government
which, but for their disability, would, perhaps,
not be in existence now, and I know of no
better way for the ex-soldier to get strict justice
meted out to him than to keep knocking at tho
door of Congress through your valuable paper.
Yours, in P., G, and L.,
North Adams, Mass., October 2G.
SOLDIERS SnOELD "WORE; TOGETHER.
To the Editor National Tribune:
At the breaking out of the war of tho rebel
lion the call for volunteer soldiers by the Pres
ident of the United States was promptly an
swered by citizens in the Northern States from
aU political parties, and the quota was filled.
Four long years of war ensued, and through
the unity of our sentiment to subdue rebellion
and maintain the Union we were victorious.
Now that the war is over, and justice to the
soldiers has so long been deferred by Congress,
our voices should bo heard. Let us make them
feel our weight at the ballot-box. Soldiers, you
should vote for such men as Yoorhces, of In
diana, and a few more I could mention, aban
doning the principle of voting for a candidate
because he was nominated by a certain political
party, as that is just why our just dues have so
long been withheld. Unite your efforts in ob
taining subscribers for The Natioxal Trib
une, get up clubs and make its circulation
reach 100,000 by the time of the convening of
the next Congress. It " cares for the soldier and
his orphans and widow."
Crai-tox P. Scott.
oxe op mbs. haxxis's boys.
To the Editor Natioxal Tribune.
I notice in The Tbiruxe of October 12Ui, in
Foldiers' Column, (third column, 7th page,) tho
name of Mrs. llattio Ilannis, Arapahoe county,
Col., (town not given). Thinking she might
be a subscriber to your valuable paper, I write
you to see if you could give me her full address.
That little woman undoubtedly saved my life
while I lay dangerously wounded in Gayosa
hospital, Memphis, Tenn. She was a nurse
there in 'G3, and when I left the hospital for
tho North, with a rebel bullet in my side, I
bade her good-bye, and have never heard of her
gince until I saw her name to the little article
as above named. If you have her address,
I would consider it a lasting favor to send it
on the enclosed card. I feel that to her I owe
my existence today.
Most respectfully, yours,
M. E. Boysell.
MUST HAVE VENXOB.
To the Editor Natioxal Tribune:
Enclosed find stamps for Vctwor's Almanac
My wife has read your advertisement, and says
she will go after one if I don't write for it,
M.e abks, "How would people know when to
make fap, murder hogs, or get up in tho morn
ing, without it?" She asks, "How have we
lived together thirty-three years and grown fat
I received your postal last week, but have
had no time yet to canvass for your valuable
and energetic paper; I think I will soon, and
am satisfied I can get a good club. I subscribed
for it with Mr. Mitchell, to get rid of his im
portunities, but would not take a $10 bill for it
now, and in tho near future will help you all I
cau. 1 think it a grand paper in a grand cause.
Yours, very respectfully,
Geo. W. IIubbell,
Major Vols, in "Late UnpleaBantness."
that haxging once more.
To the Editor Natioxal Tbiruxe:
Having been an eye witness to tiie execution
of those prisoners at Andorsonville, I wish to
say that I have not scon a correct statement
published. Tho six prisoners wore all placed
en the platform. While tho ropes were being
adjusted tho farthest one from the gate leaped
from the platform and ran across the swamp.
"When he came up on the south bank he was
caught and returned and executed with the
others. The old man's rope nearest the gate
brokoj a ladder was placed against tho post;
ho ascended with the remark : " You are not
a-going to hang me again, arc you ?" The rope
was tied, he was pushed from tho ladder and
strangled. The platform was down, hence tho
ladder was used. Respectfully,
J. W. Sampsox,
Late Co. B, 111th 2T. Y. Vols.
A WORD FROM A SOLDIER ROY.
To the Editor Natioxal Tribuxe:
I am no soldier, as I am only a boy sixteen
years old, and I ha vo had to work for my father
on tho farm over since I was big enough to
hold the plow, but my father was a soldier, and
came home from the war so lanio that he can't
plow at all, so I have 0 do tho work for him,
but 1 like to read your'papcr, so I had ono sent
to me last winter. I gave your paper to our
neighbors to read, and got you this new sub
scriber. ' Jonx Siiapeb.
Sharp CrncJcs of tho Gntlinir Guns All Along tho
Vermont. "The Tribune is backed by a
mighty army." C. B. Falmer, Addison co.
Massachusetts. "It is a paper of hue merit."
Dr. A. K. Gould, Worcester co. "Tho help
The Tribuxe gives to tho soldier is beyond
price." Geo. W. Broolcs, Middlesex co.
Rhode Island. "It is to tho advantago of
every soldier to subscribo for The Tribuxe."
J. G. Burns, Washington co.
Connecticut. " Long may TnE Tribuxe
live to defend tho soldier's rights." Edward
Fowler, New Loudon co. "1 cannot sleep
until I havo read The Tribuxe." Thomas L.
Ward, New London co. "Tin: Tribuxe
fills a long-felt want." Raphael Manco, Mid
New York. "When The Tribuxe reaches
mo every week it comes liko full rations of
soft bread used to afier a long diet of hard
tack." T. F. Brown, Orleans co. "All old
soldiers go for The Tribune now as eagerly
as they used to go for rebel chickens on Sher
man's raid." C. F. Carn wright, Glasco, Ulster
co. "It is the most powerful weapon for
defence of tho soldier's rights." E. R. Adart,
Oswego co. " Every subscriber I send is a
solid shot for Fort Beck." L. Baudcr, Mont
gomery co. "Its pages run over with tho
best of reading." Benjamin F. Hills, Steuben
New Jersey. "The country is learning,
through Tin: Tbibuxe, what is due the suffer
ing veterans." James Hogan, Monmouth co.
Pennsylvania. " It puts mo out of humor
when a soldier refuses to subscribo for Tni:
Tribuxe." Thos. C. Gummcrt, Fayette co.
"The Tbibuxe will get tho soldiers their
rights." Jacob W. Stark, Lebanon co. " Keep
on fighting tho enemies of the soldier." W. A.
Upham, Crawford co.
Maryland. " Every soldier insido and out
sido of tho Grand Army should take The
Tbibuxe." Lewis Smith, Talbot co. "1
was a prisoner, and cau fully appreciate The
Tbibuxe's sketches." Henry C. Edwards,
Ohio. " The Tbiruxe is our standard and
supporter in time of need." Lewis Neil, Wil
liams co. "Hero aro two more cartridges,
in tho form of subscribers, for your gatling
gun." Benj. F. Kicfier, Allen co. "The
Tribuxe is milk and honey to the soldier."
Joshua W. Matticks, Mercer co.
Indiana. "The Tbibuxe, like the dear old
flag, does a soldier good to look at." S. W.
Mitchell, Carroll co. "All who sco The
Tribuxe say they must have it." Benj. F.
Miller, Ohio co.
Hlinois. "The Tribuxe reminds the coun
try what tho soldiers were worth." J. M.
Mitchell, Coles co. ''All old vets should rally
around their protector, The Tbibuxe." G.
W. McConkoy, Coles co. "I send one more
shell (subscription) for the soldier's foe." N.
White, Effingham co. "The Tbibuxe takes
liko hot fritters in camp." Lindsay Steelo,
Michigan. "When I missed ono issuo of
The Tbibuxe I felt sis though I had lost a
dear friend." Hiram Haire, Ingham co.
"The Tbibuxe is urging Congress to meet tho
just demands of tho soldier." Homer Terwil-
liger, Clinton co. "Hero aro two more shots
to keep up the firing." Robert Hewitt, Grand
Wisconsin. "It is a grand paper in a grand
cause." Geo. W. Ilubbell, Clark co.
Iowa. "The Tbibuxe is a prescription
that will heal many of tho soldier's wounds."
J. R. Mann, Buchanan co. "Keep on shell
ing the enemies of the soldier and they will
send out a flag of truce before long." Edward
Guild, Carroll co. "The Tbibuxe is tho
voice of the old soldier." Henry II. Wright,
Appanoose co. "The Tbibuxe is tho sol
dier's watchman." S. B. Mason, Page co.
Kansas. "Every issue of The Tribuxe
seems, if possible, an improvement on tho last."
Hiram Childers, Butler co. " It is the most
interesting paper in America." General A. J.
Smith, Miami co.
Nebraska. " One who has been a prisoner
can appreciate Freo Lance." IE. G. Adcll,
Answers to Correspondents.
Sub., Clinton, III. If the witness complies
promptly with tho requirement of tho Pousion
Office, his additional statement would receivo
early attention, and little delay should ensno.
IF. M., Jfutsotivillc, J II. Seo replies io R. C. in
No. '19 and R. F. in No. 53. Apply to the Sec
retary of the Interior, with all tho testimonials
as to army record, character, and qualifications
you can secure.
W. 21. A., Anamosa, la. "Wc do not think the
report would reach the Pension Office much
Mrs. J. A. P., Brandon, Vt. Although no doubt
exists as to tho justice of tho measure it is un
certain as to its provisions being oxtended at
the next session.
0. C. P., Parma, N. Y. Tho provisions of tho
bill granting additional bounty will no doubt
C. P. S., Lincoln, TIL 1. Tho widow is enti
tled to pension, provided it cm bo proved that
tho cause of her husband's death was duo to
the service; and if the soldier failed to receive
tho accrued veteran bounty, she can draw tho
same, provided the records show that he was
regularly mustered as a veteran volunteer.
Lisbon, Chalmers, Ind. Probably because the
first examination was defective.
W. M. A", Wci field, Pa.1 you omitted to
claim on a disability originating in the service
and which you now suffer from, you can either
file a supplemental declaration therefor, or wait
until your pending claim is settled, and then
F. B. A., Enfield, N. Y. It depends upon tho
number of your claim. Evidence in original
invalid pension claims is being called for in
cases numbered about 39i),000. Write your at
torney, who should be able to afford you all the
S. V., River Uoiid, L. I. If the testimony is
complete and satisfactory wo see jio good reason
why you should not hear from the case without
Victoria, III. No signature to your letter,
and consequently couldn't reply by mail, as
desired. Please state your questions clearly.
Ileinaiuuig auswera next wi-elc.
BRAVE LITTLE RED CAP.
The Young Orderly of Monster Wirz
TURNER'S BLOOD HOUNDS.
Tne Krst Colored Prisoners,
arid How Tiiey 3Tared.
Continued from last trcefc.j
It happened frequently during my imprison
ment at Andcrsonvillc that an alarm would be
raised by the guards in the middle of the night,
and tho wholo confederate camp would bo
aroused. Drums would roll and the men turn
out under arms. Then it would usually be dis
covered that some guard's vivid imagination had
gotten tho better of him, and that everything
was quiet within tho stockade. The guard
would be made tho subject of bitter impreca
tions by the soldiers whose rest had been thus
needlessly disturbed, and tho prisoners Avould
chuckle over his discomfiture.
I had by this time become well acquainted in
the rebel camp, and especially with Mr. Turner,
who had charge of the pack of bloodhounds
that were kept by the confederates to run down
escaped prisoners. An old grey-headed man
was Turner's assistant. They used to justify
the cruel practice on the ground that it was
quite as honorable as subjecting confederate
prisoners to what thoy called tho indiguity of
being placed under the surveillance of a
negro guard. Turner told mo that during his
imprisonment within the Union lines he had
been guarded by negro soldiers, and tho fact
seemed to have irritated him greatly, lie re
ceived as compensation for hunting down tho
poor fellows who managed to scale tho stockade,
or tunnel beneath it, thirty dollars per head.
IIo was paid, of course, in confederato money,
which was at such a discount that ho really re
ceived ouly about three dollars in our currency
for each man captured.
A SHAM BATTLE.
During my sojourn in tho confederate camp,
under the protection of my friend Jones, of the
Twenty-sixth Alabama, the rebels arranged to
givo a sham battle as a compliment to tho
ladies of Americus, a town of considerable im
portance, about eleven miles distant from
Andcrsonvillc. Posters wero struck off and
distributed through the surrounding country,
giving a description of the spectacle, and on
tho day appointed a largo number of ladies
and gentlemen arrived by train to witness tho
demonstration. The spot selected for the ma
noeuvres of the regiment was tho village green,
immediately below the depot. There the rebel
troops wero drawn up in lino of battle, and, at
tho word, the attack was begun. Charges wero
made, and retreats and advances followed each
other in quick succession. Of course, only blank
cartridges wero used, but the effect was never
theless very impressive. Men fell before the
fire of their opponents as if dead, or pretended
to bo severely wounded or in the agonies of
death, and tho spectators, who had never wit
nessed a real engagement, became intensely
excited. During tho progress of the battle one
of the confederate captains suddenly ordered
his men to coaso firing, and as soon as he could
make himself heard above tho din and confu
sion, said: "Bo more careful! Some, of you
have discharged your ramrods at us, and if you
are not more prudent you may kill somebody
yet!" A few moments afterwards I was di
rected to go forward and bring up the gun of a
soldier who had fallen during ono of the
charges, and was, in accordance with tho gen
eral understanding, lying on the field as if
dead. Just as I was about to pick it up a
charge was sounded, and both lines closed, in
upon mo. As they did so ono of tho confeder
ates, who, I had reason to believe, boro no good
will towards me, levelled his gun in my face
and shouted : " Damn you ! you are a Yankee ! "
and, suiting action to words, fired directly
at mo! Tho cartridge, of course, was blank,
and beyond tho blacking of 7ny face with tho
grains of gunpowder I suffered no hurt. Nat
urally, however, I was very indignant, and at
the first opportunity informed my friend Jones
of the occurrence. IIo was quito as angry as I
was, but we both knew that we should only
make matters wor3o by preferring any com
plaint against my enemy. You may bo sure
that during tho remainder of the day I very
carefully avoided this sham field of batllo.
A BED LETTER DAY.
In acknowledgment of tho pleasure i f pleas
ure it was which the confederates had afforded
them, the ladies of Americus shortly afterwards
tendered them a dinner, and, at the invitation of
my friend Jones, I attended it with the rest of
the command. When 1 reached the place I found
that a long table had been spread in a private
house, and that tho ladies had loaded it down,
if not with delicacies, at least with very sub
stantial rations. Tho confederato boys were
very hungry, and tho moment dinner was an
nounced and the doors opened they made a rush
for the room, and in the twinkling of an eye
that table was cleared of everything on it. I was
standing near an open window on tho outside of
the house, wondering where I was going to get
something to eat, when some of tho ladies had
their attention attracted to mo, and observing,
I suppose, my youthful appearance, began to
question me. When I told them I was from
Maryland they seemed to be greatly surprised,
and thought it very strange that I should have
joined the Yankco army. " Oh," said one of
them, " ho is too young to know what ho is
doing," and sho thereupon brought out a lit
tle basket of lunch, and, handing it to me,
said: "Here, Bub! hero is something for you
to eat." Upon opening the basket T found that
it contained a much better dinner than lho
confederates had enjoyed, and I set about dis
patching it without further loss of time. The
ladies gathered about mo and amused them
selves by discusssing my youthfulncss, non
accountability, &c. "Poor, little fellow!"
said one, "he knows no hotter; ho isn't to
blame." "How did you como to enter the
army?" said another. "Does your mother
know whero you aro?" And, indeed, I was
kept pretty busy answering these and sim
ilar questions. Taken all in all, it was a red
letter clay in my prison experience; for it
was seldom, indeed, and almost never after
wards until I was exchanged, that I knew what
it was to oat a dinner prepared by tho hands of
a sorrowful parting.
Not long after this episode tho Twenty-sixth
Alabama was ordered to the front again to re
enforce General Lee. Tho news occasioned, not
only in tho rebel camp, but in tho stockade, a
general feeling of regret; for tho members of
that regiment seemed to bo almost the only
friends that the prisoners had. I was particu
larly disconsolate, for I saw that. I should
be separated from my frieud Jones, and,
in all probability,
the privations and
I bade poor Jones
subjected again to all
miseries of prison life,
good-bye with tearful
eyes, for I felt that 1 should never seo
him again, and, indeed, to this day, I do not
knew what became of him. Wero I to meet
him now I should esteem ifc a privilege to
repay him some of the kindnesses which thia
rough but true-hearted soldier lavished
upon me. In a certain sense he saved my life,
for had I been compelled to remain within the
stockado it is more than likely that I should
have fallen a victim to disease or famine. Tho
Twenty-sixth Alabama was succeeded by a de
tachment of Georgia reserves, consisting of
three or four regiments of mere boys and old
men unfit for active service. They had a pro
found contempt for all Yankees, and we soon
learned the meaning of "man's inhumanity
I fully expected, as I have said, to be ordered
back into the stockade, but before the Alabama
boys embarked on the train, Commander Wirz
sent for me. When I arrived at his headquarters
I found there a lad of sixteen, who had been
brough out of the prison in a dying condition,
lie was a member of a Tennessee regiment, and
was already so much exhausted that he could
scarcely articulate a word. J Lis feeble pulse
indicated that life was fast ebbing away, and, in
company with a young fellow attached to head
quarters, I was directed to sit up with him dur
ing the night. Poor fellow! he died before mor
ning. Doubtless some fond mother was at that
very moment hoping and praying for his re
turn, and for aught I know sho may not have
learned to this day of the sad fate which befell
him. In the morning we had the body removed
to the dead-house, and as soon as a grave could
be dug ho was buried. This dcad-houso was
constructed of pine brush, and merely served
to protect tho dead from the rays of the sun,
which, even at this season of tho year, were
intolerable. It was not largo enough, how
ever, to hold all the corpses that were conveyed
thither, and I have frequently seen tho half
naked bodies of my comrades lying exposed on
tho bare ground, as if they were so many dead
Up to this time nono but prisoners of long
standing bad arrived at Andcrsonvillc. They
wero mainly soldiers who had been captured at
Gettysburg, or Chickamauga, or Mine Run, and
among them were a few cavalrymen. During
the winter there had been a practical cessation
of hostilities, and tho two contending armies
had been waiting quietly until the return of
fair weather should mako tho resumption of
active operations possible. The first detach
ment of fresh captives arrived about the middle
of March. They numbered 700, and had been
gobbled up by the confederates at the bat
tle of Olustco, Fla., on the 20th of Fobjnuiry.
Some 200 of them were negroes, and had be
longed to tho Eighth United States regulars and
the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts volunteers. The
major of tho Eighth regulars a white ollicor
had been captured with them, and instead of
sending him to Macon or Columbia, where, as a
rule, officers of tho Union army wero taken,
tho confederates had consigned him to Andcr
sonvillc along with the enlisted men. He had
been severely wounded at the battle of Olustce
and left on the field ; but, although tho confed
erates knew the grave character of his injuries,
they refused him medical attendance, and
no surgeon was permitted even to examine,
much less to dress his wound. I was told
that whilo he was lying helpless in a stock
car, on the way to Andcrsonvillc, a rebel officer
rode up and deliberately discharged his pistol
at him several times, fortunately, however,
without hitting him. Tho rebels dubbed him
tho "negro officer," and treated him with the
most fiendish cruelty. It seemed to be a part
of their policy to visit such of our officers as
were in command of colored troops with special
indignities. The major was quite a young man,
and a gentleman of education and refinement;
and I am glad to say that, after tho lapse of a
few weeks of much suffering, in accordance
with an order from Geu. Winder, ho was re
moved from Andcrsonvillc, in company with
several officers, to Macon. Do not imag
ine, however, that this removal was prompted
by any considerations of humanity. On the
contrary, tho solo reason therefor was the
fear which constantly possessed tho confed
erates that the officers would uso their in
fluence to organize a despcrato attack by the
prisoners upon tho guards, which would neces
sarily have been attended with great bloodshed
on both sides. They knew well the character
of the sufferings which their captives wore
compelled to endure, the state of despair into
which they had been plunged, and tho spirit
of recklessness which was rampanwithin the
stockado. It is needless for mo to say that the
wounded negro soldiers fared oven worse than
their major. No attention whatever was given
to their wounds, aud tho confederates seemed
to think no punishment too severo to be in
flicted upon them. They were organized into
a squad by themselves, aud taken out of the
prison every day to perform such work as the
confederates choso to exact from them. A
white sergeant, also a prisoner, was put in com
mand of tho squad, aud even he w;is visited
with the dislike which the rebels manifested
on all occasions, not only towards tho negroes,
but to their olficcrs. He was standing one day
in the neighborhood of the gate, awaiting
orders, when one of tho guards, without any
provocation whatever, deliberately placed the
muzzle of his gun against his stomach and
pulled tho trigger! Tho sergeant fell to the
ground, dead. Occurrences like this, however,
wero becoming so common that they were the
subject only of passing remark.
To be continued.
' ... 1 - -m- 1
As a tonic and nervine for debilitated women
nothing surpasses Dr. Pierco's " Favorite Pre
scription." By Druggists.
Marching Through (con;in.
Bring the good old bugle boys! we'll sing another
Sing it with .1 spirit Hint will start tho world
Sing it as we ti'-cd to sing it, fifty thousand strong,
While we wero inarching through Georgia.
Chorus. "Hurrah! Hurrah! wo bring the Jubi
lee! Hurrah! Hurrah! the ting thnt makes
you freo! "
So wo snug the chorus from Atlanta to
While wo wero marching through
How the darkeys shouted when they heard the
How the turkeys gobbled which our commis
How tho sweet potatoes even started from the
"While avo were marching through Georgia.
Chorus. "Hurrah! Hurrah! we bring the Jubi
Yes, and there were Union men who wept with
"When they saw the honor'd ling they hnd not
beuu for years;
Hardly could they bo restrained from breaking
forth in cheers,
"While we were marching through Georgia.
Cnonus. "Hurrah! Hurrah! we bring tho Jubi
"Sherman's dashing Yankco Boys will never
reach the const! "
So tho saucy rebels said, and 'Urns a handsome
Had they not forgot, alas! to reckon with the
While we were marching through Georgia.
Ciionua. Hurrah ! Harrah! wo bring the Jubi
So wo made a thoroughfare for Freedom and her
Sixty miles in latitude three hundred to tho
Treason tied before us, for resistance was in vain,
"While wo were marching through Georgia.
Chohus. Hurrah ! Hurrah ! wo bring tho Jubi
OLD JOHN BROWN.
Passmore Williamson on the Raid at
AN ALARMING ARMY.
Twenty-one Men and a Cow
Strike Terror to Yirgrnia.
From the Philadelphia Press.
The quixotic movement of John Brown
caused a great deal of fooling among the
Abolitionists of Philadelphia. I don't think
any of them knew of the fiasco at Harper's
Ferry until it was published in tho newspapers.
Mr. Brown had been in the employ of the asso
ciations for pushing Free-State settlements in
Kansas, and ho was well known all over tho
country as an enthusiastic advocate and actor
in the cause of real abolition. His undertaking
in Virginia; was the result of persecution he
received in Kansas, which embittered him
more than ever against tho institution of slav
ery. His real purpose was believed to lie the
establishment of an underground railroad upon
such a scale as to enable him to defy tho civil au
thorities and to escape from any military power
which might bo employed for its suppression.
To this end he first organized a body of men
numbering twenty-one, who were to aid him in
the scheme. His idea was to establish in the
mountains of West Virginia an impregnable
underground railroad station. He intended to
place his men somewhere in tho mountain fast
nesses, where they would he hidden from the
world at large and be safe from any ordinary
military attack. It was his intention to keep
up an open lino of communication with the
slaves and aid them in escaping to the North.
As wild as this project seemed to be, experience
had taught Mr. Brown that there was a mys
terious connection between the negroes of all
parts of tho South, which mado the project
feasible. 'By some system of secret communica
tion any matter looking to the freedom of the
slaves was spread amongst them in some effect
ual way, and it was this that Mr. Brown de
pended on to make tho scheme a success. The
samo secrecy and shrewdness among the black
men were noticed during the war. They often
aided our military commanders in ways that
wero unaccountable. They knew more about
the movements of the enemy, frequently, than
their masters, and the instinctive love of free
dom taught them where to take the informa
tion. Tho mistake John Brown made was always
attributed to the fact that he had Teason to
suppose that he had been betrayed by an Eng
lishman of tho party. This precipitated tho
foolish movement on Harper's Ferry with a
result which could not have been otherwise
expected. Mr. Brown had plenty of arms and
ammunition, and ho had nothing to gain by
seizing tho Government property.
When it was known that John Brown was
arrested the question arose: What aid could bo
afforded him? I don't know that anything
was done by tho Philadelphia Abolitionists.
It was generally understood that Mr. Brown
did not wish 'it, but preferred to rely on his
own resources, and in no way to compromise
his friends. In tho East a number of them
volunteered to givo him the benefit of such
legal advice as would be useful at his trial, and
lawyers were sent to Virginia. The action of
Governor Wise and other pro-slavery politicians
did much to prevent any active support of Mr.
Brown in tho North. They interviewed him
and did their best to discover facts to implicate
leading Abolitionists of the North, but without
avail. Tho lato Clement L. Vallaudigham, of
Ohio, was one of those who went to see Mr.
Brown. They all came away from the cell
with the idea that the prisoner was not an
ordinary criminal, but an enthusiast who was
ready to do and die for tho cause, who had
acted from a high moral or religious sense of
JOHN BROWN'S EXECUTION".
I never knew Mr. Brown personally, but
during the trial I became very well acquainted
with his wife. She came to Philadelphia from
her home in Northern New York after tho
fate of Mr. Brown was fixed, with tho inten
tion of going to Charlestown. So it was deter
mined she should stay here and remain with sev
eral friends, part of the time at my house. On
tho day of tho execution sho was at my house.
There was on that day a sorvico at Dr. Fur
ness' church, and a meeting of anti-slavery
people at National Hall. I think Mrs. Brown
attended the meeting in the church. Sho,
poor lady, was in great trouble, but she was in
ontire sympathy with her husband, and looked
upon him as a martyr in a righteous cause.
Sho believed he had only done his duty. The
matter was talked over during the day in a
quiet, subdued and dignified way, without
anger or resentment. She expressed the belief
that her husband had done simply a religious
duty, for which he Avould receive r.o punish
ment except at tho bauds of the law as ad
ministered in an unholy cause and an unholy
purpose. At that time Mrs. Brown was a large
woman, of rather coarse appearance, but vory
lady-liko in her actions. She was only a plain
country woman, who was deeply religious, who
studied her bible daily and believed implicitly
what she read in it. Sho was informed that
the execution had actually taken place by Mil
ler McKim, who with General Hector Tyndale,
had been in correspondence with tho Virginia
authorities as tho friends of Mrs. Brown.
They cJleeted an arrangement for the delivery
of tho body to them, and after tho execution
they went to Virginia and obtained it, and
took it to tho family home in New York. I
wroto the petition to Governor Wise for the
body. There was no demonstration here when
tho body passed through the city.
Of John Brown's men but very few escaped.
Tho following persons composed tiie army:
John Brown, captain; first lieutenant, Watson
Brown; second lieutenant, Oliver Brown; pri
vates, John Henry Kagi, Adolphus Thompson,
Stewart Taylor, Shorrerd Lewis Lcary, Dan
gerfield Newby, Jeremiah Anderson, William
II. Lceman, William Thompson, John Cope
land, Shields Green, John E. Cook, Edwin
Coppock, Aaron Dwight Stevens, Charles I'.
Tidd, Francis Jackson Merriam, Osborn P.
Anderson, Albert Hazlitt, Barclay Coppock.
Theso men and a cow struck terror to tho
heart of Virginia as John Brown's army.
Of tho number, Watson and Olivor Brown
(John Brown's sons), Kagi, Thompson, Taylor,
White, Lewis, Nowby and Anderson (colored),
were killed during tho struggle. Leeman and
Thompson were murdered, the first while
crossing tho river and tho latter after he had
been taken prisoner. Copeland, Green (col
oied), Cook, Edwin Coppock, Stevens, Hazlitt
and John Brown, wiiito, were taken prisoners.
Owen Brown, Barclay Coppock, Tidd, Merriam,
and Anderson escaped. Those hanged were John
Brown, Copeland, Green, Edwin Coppock, Ste
vens aud Hazli tt. Stevens and nazlitt's fate are
most peculiar. Thoy at first escaped into Penn
sylvania and wandered about in the woods in
the southern part of tho State. They suffered
very much for food, and wero compelled to
come out of their hiding-placo. They were
betrayed, decoyed to a magistrate's office, ar
rested, taken to Virginia, tried and hanged
three months or more after John Brown suf
fered death. This seemed to satisfy tho al
most insatiable thirst for vengeance manifested
by tho terror-stricken slaveholders of Vir
ginia, as appears from the following article,
which was published in the Cliarlottsvillo
Jeffcrsonian of that date:
" Another, and it is hoped the final, act of tho
Harper's Ferry tragedy has been enacted, and
Aaron D. Stevens aud Albert Hazlitt have been
sent to that bourne from which no traveler
returns. Although it is known that at least
four of the Brown party yet remain unwhip
ped of justice, still the desiro is that no more
blood be shed, and that the remaining wretches
bo permitted to wander through the world
with tho sting of a guilty conscience and
scorned by all honest men rather than our
country should be mado tho theatre of an
other season of excitement."
A A i i!A 11
GEO. E. LEMON.
WASHINGTON, D. C,
Altoriicy-at-Law and Solicitor of
AMERICAN & FGEEI&PI
ESTABLISHED IN 1803.
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
Pond a rough sketch or (if you can) a mrxlol of your
invention to Gr.o.ifJE K. Li mo.v, Washington, I- C,
ami a PRKL1A15NAUY iiXA.-ili.fATIorV will be
m.iiicofall United htatos Patents of the same ela of
inventions and ?''i will be advised whether or not a
patent can be obtained.
"WILL EE 3IADE FOP. TIII3
What Will a Patent Cost?
If you are advised that your invc ntion is patentabla
pcimI S-0 to pay Government application fee of 10, ana.
S3 for the drawings required by the Government. Thia
amount is payable whr 11 the application is made. Thi3
is all of the expense, unless a Patent is allowed. "When
allowed, the attorney "a fte (05) and the liual Govern
ment fee (5-0) is payable.
Uy these terms yoii know beforehand for nothinc
whether you are jioiii;; to cot a Patent or not, and 110 at
torney's fee is charged unWs you do ;:et a Patent.
An attorney whobe fee dep ndson his success in ohtain
im? the Patent will not advi- vnu that vour invention i3
patentable unless it really i patentalile.'so for as his best
judgment can aid iiuletenniniiin the (juestion; hence,
you can rely on theadvicegivenatier a preliminary exam
ination is had.
HKSIGN 1'ATE?;TS and the KFGI5TRATION
Or LABELS and TjIAUE-MAKKS secured.
CAVEATS prepared :.nd Med.
Application for the Kk-ISfeUE OF PATENTS
carclully and skillfully prepared and promptly prose
cuted. Applications in revivor of REJECTED, ABAN
DONED Oil FORFEITED CASES made. Verv
often valuable inventions are saved in these classes of
If yon have undertaken to secure your own patent and
failed, a skillful handling of the case may lead to success.
Send me a written retp iet addressed to tiie Commissiones
or Patents that he recognize Geohge E.Le3:ox, of AVash
ineton, D. C, as your attorney in the case, giving tha
title of the invention and about the date of tiling you
application. An examination will be made of the case.
nnd you will be informed whether or not a patent can ba
obtained. Thia examination and report will coct you
fnterrorence Contests arising within the Patent
Oltire between two or more rival claimants to the same
subject-matter of invention, attended to.
Appeal Remedies pursued in relief from adverse
Searches made for title to inventions.
Copies of Patents furnished at the regular Govern
ment rates, (25 cents each,) if subsequent tolSCG; previous"
patents, not printed, at cost of making copies.
Copies, ol" OlTicial Records furnished.
Opinions rendered as to scope, validitv, and infringe
ment of Patent.
In fact, any information relating to Patents and to
property righi! in inventions promptly furnished on tho
most reasonable terms.
Remember, this office has been in successful operation
since lsW, and you therefore reap the beiieiits of experi
ence. Address, with stamp fo- reply,
george: e. lemon,
WASHINGTON, I. C.
KiT Reference given to actual clients in almost every
county in the United States.
TO ALL EX-SOLDIERS !
3Tor a club of ten subscribers
we vill send free a
copy of tiie
WAIL OF THE 31EBELLTOiST,
WITH THEIR SERVICE AND LAST KNOWN
COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL RECORDS,
poi: USE OF
UNITED STATES PENSION OFFICE.
This book should be in the hands of every cx
5oldier, nnd especially every applicant for n pen
sion ; for it cannot fail to be of tho greatest assist
ance in tho proving of their claims. Rut two
thousniid copies, in all, of this work have ever
been printed, and of theso one thousand was pur-clini-etl
by the Pension Office. Tho other thousand
have been bought by The Natioxal Teidune,
which has thereby secured entire control of the
sale of the book.
Price, 1.50 per copy, (postages prepaid,) or
I'ltEE to the sender of a Club of
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
Washington, D. C.
i I Ml