Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1382.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
Much interest is now being given to the
forestry question, and, as frequently occurs
when jnatters of this kind become popular
questions, much of vague and crude specula
tion is indulged in by those who have but little
knowledge of the subject, but feel called upon
to promulgate their ideas, which may bo right
or wrong, according to the lead they happen to
follow. The correlation existing between trees
and rainfall is one of the popular themes in this
connection, and while there is no lack of asser
tions, there is a notable lack of facts upon which
assertions must be based, in order to make them
valuable or worthy of consideration. While
there are those who hold that the destruction
of forests diminishes the rainfall, there arc
others who maintain that the existence of for
ests is altogether dependent upon rains, and
that the cause of rainfall is the meeting of
warm, moisture-laden winds from oceans with
the colder currents from northern and conti
nental regions, and the cooling of the atmos
phere which follows their contact causes the
moisture to fall in rain, and that the presence
of trees on the earth has nothing to do with
these atmospheric currents which originate in
remote distances, it may be, from their point of
contact. Hut, in order to encourage the care of
existing forests and the planting of forest trees
for future use, the matter of rainfall may be
entirely ignored without diminishing the neces
sity for, or the encouragement to, plant trees,
and it would be well if every agricultural col
lege in the country would include the exam
ple of practical forestry as one of their educa
tional branches. This would bo a simple
matter as simple as raising a crop of corn or
any other farm product and would only in
volve the setting out yearly one acre of young
trees. This should be systematically performed,
and, in the course of a few years, all of the
operations of cultivation, pruning, thinning,
cutting back sickly or crooked plants for the
purpose of securing vigorous and better growths,
could be demonstrated and explained by prac
tical results. The addition of one acre ycarlj
would afford an opportunity for beginners to
study and acquaint themselves with the entire
process of tree growing; and, as far as practicable,
a small nursery ground should also be formed,
where seeds could be sown, and cuttings planted,
thus showing the whole routine of tree culture.
TBAINI2JG VICIOUS HORSES.
Ill an account of an exhibition showing how
to treat vicious horses, it is stated that the first
trial was that of a kicking or "bucking" mare,
v.hich her owner said had allowed no rider on
her back for five years. She became tame in
about as many minutes, and allowed herself to
be ridden about without a sign of her former
wildncss. The means by which the result was
accomplished was by a piece of light rope which
was passed around the front of the jaw of the
mare just above the upper teeth, crossed in her
mouth, and thence secured back of her neck.
It was claimed that no horse will kick or jump
when thus secured, and that a horse, after
receiving the treatment a few times, will aban
don vicious ways forever. A very simple
method was shown by which a kicking horse
can be shod. It consisted in connecting the
animal's head and tail by means of a rope fas
tened to the tail and then to the bit, and then
drawn tightly enough to incline the head to
one side. This, it is claimed, makes it abso
lutely impossible for the horse to kick on the
side of the rope.
THE SOIL THE SOVKCE OF PROSPERITY.
The prosperity and permanency of nations
depend greatly on the productiveness of their
soil, and any application of science which may
tend to maintain or increase that productive
ness must be of paramount importance. Pales
tine, once a land "flowing with milk and
honey," feeding numerous "cattle on its
thousand hills," could not, at this time, sup
port the largo population which formerly lived
upon its fatness; and many territories in Af
rica, for the same reason the exhaustion of
the soil are now barren wastes, where once, as
tho ruins of ancient cities show, dense and rich
communities existed. Everywhere the decay
of nations and tho dispersion of population
follow tho exhaustion of the soil ; and when
we see in such countries as China or Japan a
dense population of great duration, we see also
minute and careful attention paid to the collec
tion and use of fertilizers, and that the art of
agriculture is held in high repute and indus
triously employed; or, as in the case of Egypt
and on the bank of tho Ganges, the natural
fertilization of the soil by the overflow of these
great rivers keeps up its productiveness, which
is so dependent on the rich deposit from the
muddy waters in Egypt, that tho abundance of
the harvest is closely to be measured by the
height of the Nile in its annual overflow.
In a recent number of a French agricultural
journal there is a summary of some elaborate
researches on the evaporation of water from
arable land, and the conclusions are given that,
whether considered as a physical agent in the
improvement in the texture of the soil, or
chemically, farmyard manure is the most valu
able fertilizing agent a farmer can use. Com
pared with other substances, it absorbs and
retains a larger quantity of rain water ; it gets
rid of superfluous water quickly; it attracts
and condenses at night the vapors of tho at
mosphere and their valuuble constituents; it
absorbs the solar rays and the oxygen which
are so important to plant life; and it renders
the soil more porous and adapted for the pene
tration aud ramification of the roots. As the
dung is the principal agent in condensing the
fertilizing gases from the atmosphere, it is
important not to bury it too deeply in the
ground, but to take care that it is well-mixed
with thesurfaee soil, or in special cases that it
be used on the surface as a mulch.
JXFLUENCE OF TIIE GRANGE.
Sir. Daniel Flint, Master of the California
State Grange, says, in his recent address to that
body: "I And the Grange the cheapest in
structor and the best teacher. In my travels
and intercourse with tho members of the Order,
I have observed that those who arc the most
regular in attendance are the most intelligent
and the most ready and able debaters, as well
as the most cheerful and happy in disposition.
At their houses I find a greater amount of
order and system than is apparent with those
who do not belong to the Grange, or who are
indifferent and neglectful in their attendance
at the meetings, and that their tables are
heavily laden with choice books, papers, and
Upwards of $6,000,000 worth of cotton-seed
meal is annually imported into Britain to feed
cattle, and authorities there stylo it the very
lnjst food, and admit that only by its use can
English graziers compete with tho Americans.
t might be profitable for our cattle raisers to
use more of this for feeding their stock than
they now do.
ROOTS OF PLANTS.
In a paper by 51. Pcterman, submitted to the
Bolgian Academy, it was stated that rootlets
have invariably an acid reaction, and prepare
their food substances for absorption by contact
in n process analogous to chemical dialysis. A
rather striking experiment is to knock out the
bottom of a flower-pot, place it upon a polished
slab of granite, and fill with sandy soil deficient
in potash. Place in the pot a plant which re
quires potash, and the rootlets will, in their
search for that substance, score into the stone,
thus leaving a writteir record of their ability to
prepare the food they want within certain
Tho Kentucky bureau of agriculture states
that "If Kentucky wcro laid off in five-acre
plots there would bo largely over 4,000,000
plots. One bee-stand to each plot, furnishing
one swarm worth two dollars, and ono cap of
surplus honey of twenty-pounds, at twenty
cents per pound, would give the value of six
dollars to each hive, making tho enormous
revenuo of $21,000,000! and allowing every
other year to be a failure in the honey crop,
we still havo $12,000,000 from this ono small
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Varions
Among yellow peaches Crawford's Early has
had a great run and still has, but th impres
sion is that Foster is going to prove better.
Crawford's Early is rather tender and a littlo
inclined to deceive. Reeves's Favorite is
ono of the choicest peaches. Crawford's
Early, is considered not quite productive
enough, but this year the trees are literally
breaking with their load ; quality best. Craw
ford's Late is perhaps the most important
peach in Delaware ; has held, does hold, aud
will hold a prominent place for a long time to
come. Susquehanna is perhaps tho very best
peach, but not productive onough to bo much
planted. Mary's Choice is very good or very
poor, depending upon the amount of fruit it is
allowed to carry. When overloaded it is poor,
when thinned it is superb. It is productive to
a fault, and needs thinning. Sal way at its best
is superb; inclines in Delaware to ripen one
sided ; does better on the Hudson. Smock is
the late peach, fine for canning, and will yield
to tho basket ono pound more driod fruit than
any other sort. Many say that in planting a
large orchard the Smock should havo one-third
the ground. What is imperatively needed now
is a better early shipping peach.
niNTS ABOUT WATER.
No water that has stood in open vessels dur
ing the night should be used for drinking or
cooking. By oxposurc to the air it has lost its
" relation," and has absorbed much of the dust
germs floating in the apartment. If conven
ience requires water to be kept in vessels for
several hours before use, it should be covered,
unless the vessels are tight. Wherever it is
practicable, all distributing reservoirs should
be covered. 'Filtering adds to tho purity of
water. Drinking water should never be taken
from lakes or rivers on a low level. Surface
water, or water in lakes, pools or rivers, which
receive the surface wash, should be avoided as
much as possible. Do not drink much water at
a time. More than two tumblerfuls should not
be taken at a meal. Do not drink between
meals unless to quench thirst, as excess of water
weakens the gastric juice and overworks tho
kidneys. Excessive potations, whether of water
or other fluid, relax the stomach, impair its
secretions, and paralyze its movements. By
drinking a little at a time all injury is avoided.
An article on keeping sweet potatoes appears
in Farm and Garden, in which growers are re
minded that in order to preserve them until
spring they must be kept at an even tempera
ture. There are several methods recommended,
among which is the storing of them in apart
ments in which the heat is regulated by a stove.
They are taken on storage by those who make
preparation in this manner, and whole neigh
borhoods sometimes have a single storehouse.
Another plan is to heap the potatoes, cone shape,
and cover with straw thickly, packing dirt
several inches thick over the straw. The best
method, perhaps, is to pack tho potatoes in
barrels in layers, filling the spaces between
them with sand or pcrfectlj' diy dirt. No po
tato must touch tho other. Packed in that
manner they are said to keep well.
One of tho principal causes of heaves in
horses is the feeding of dusty or dirty hay.
Ordinary clean hay can always be fed with
safety if properly cut up, moistened, and mixed
with ground grain; but to feed tho musty or
dirty sorts is very injurious. Clover, owing to
its liability to crumble, often gets dirty, oven
after storage, and should never be fed without
being previously moistened.
SOWING GRASS SEEDS.
Grass seeds should never bo covered by run
ning the harrow over the ground, for it puts
them in too deep. It is well to harrow the
ground well before seeding, in order to get it
in as fine condition as possible; but the seed
should bo brushed in. If sown i list beforo a
rain it is only necessary to sow the seed, as the
rain will cover them.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat With Ills
"Amateur," Monmouth county, N. J., need
not fear that his soil is too deeply plowed for
strawberries; neither is there much likelihood
of its being too rich for heavy fruiting, pro
vided all runners are removed and tho ground
kept clean, so that the plants havo space to
"Dora" is informed that to grow chestnuts
from see'd tho nuts should be planted at once;
if allowed to become dry and hard they will
" Please stato in your next issue if beech trees
can be started from planting the nut, and oblige
'Subscriber.'" Ans.: Yes; that is the only
method of propagating this tree. The seed or
nut should either be jmt in the ground at once
or kept in a cool place during winter, and sown
in drills, like peas, as soon as the soil is in fit
condition next spring.
" I planted some grape cuttings last spring,
and I now have somo very good plants; they
have made two aud three feet of young wood,
but on removing them I found that they had only
three or four loug roots to each plant and wero
entirely destitute of the fine fibry mass of roots
which I usually find on the plants I buy, and I
want to know whether or not they are likely
to grow well after being removed, on account of
sparsity of root ? Ans.: Young grape plants
which have a bunch of fibry roots like tho tail
of a horse are a delusion. The small fibry roots
rot and die, and it is only from the stouter por
tions that young roots are formed. Tho long
roots are infinitely preferable. When planting,
cut theso roots to about nine inches in length,
and if fairly treated tho plants will give satis
faction, and make a better growth than tho
"When is tho proper time to gather cedar
berries, and when to plant them? I wish tb
try some in Dakota." O. N. Collins, Waterloo,
Iowa. Ans.: Cedar-berries should bo gathered
as coon as they are ripe, which is indicated by
their turning to a darkish color. Tho seeds
should be put into tho ground at once, in drills,
covering them with about two inches of soil.
Some of tho plants may appear next spring, but
the bulk of them will not probably appear until
the spring following, as they often tako two
yeara to vegetate.
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About Woman's Work Above
and Below Stairs.
The London Spectator says of tho constantly
growing employment of women in tho serious
work of tho world : " So great a change in the
circumstances of women can hardly fail to
work a corresponding change in their relations
with men. They must obviously be content to
forego tho deference, real or assumed, which
men havo hitherto paid to them. Any one
who has ever served on a mixed committee of
men and women knows that tho women either
completely submit to the men, or that tho men
press their opinions with quito as much eager
ness when their opponents happen to be women
as when they are of their own sex. The con
ventional politeness which takes care to leave
a woman tho victor in an argument disappears
as soon as the end of the discussion is to decide
which of two opposite views shall be carried
out in action. By the side of all this, tho old
fashioned and almost instinctivo process of
love-making will occasionally bo going on, and
resulting from time to time in somo unexpected
incidents and complications. Two points ro
main, which are more obscure and moro im
portant than any others. What will bo the
effect of labor, with its concomitant rivalries,
on tho physical constitution of women, and
what will be its effect on tho children born and
brought up by them? If tho employment of
women is accepted in its full significance, it
will not bo possiblo to maintain the laws which
now restrict their labor in their own supposed
interest. If men and women arc competing for
tho same post, it will not be endurable that
women shall be handicapped by a prohibition
to work more than a certain number of hours
a day, while the man is free to work as many
hoars as he likes. With the removal of theso
restrictions, tho strain on women's energies
will become very much greater, while the
danger of a break-down will grow in propor
tion. It remains to bo seen whether the dis
tinctions of sex do not include peculiar nervous
qualities, which will make sustained rivalry
with man as impossible, in the long run, as it
seems inevitable for the moment."
An ovent of deep interest took place at Rouen
on October 1 namely, the inauguration of the
first of tho colleges for girls, which are to bo
instituted throughout the territories of tho Re
public, in pursuance of the act passed in 1SS0
by the French Legislature. The institution is,
of course, exclusively for day scholars. Tho
Minister of Education delivered the opening
address. He gave an interesting sketch of the
history of female education in France, from tho
time of Madame do Maintenon, who disap
proved of girls being taught history, lest talcs
of female heroism should make them vain and
concoited, down to the present day, when the
enlightened views which had originated the
French female colleges have at length prevailed
against ignorance, prejudice and stupidity.
Tho great object of tho new female colleges
was, he said, that French girls might bo taught
how to think.
The Women's Silk Culture Association of
the United States offers to silk culturists
the sum of $300, to be given on such condi
tions as the association deems most desirable to
forward the object they havo in hand. The
association offers this sum in ten premiums,
ranging from $10 to $100 each. These premi
ums extend all over tho United States, and will
bo given to those who produce tho ten largest
amounts of cocoons. From these quantities
ono pound will be taken without selection, and
tho test of reeling applied; the quantity and
quality will be conditions of tho premium.
Excellent scrap baskets aro now made of
Japanese umbrellas. Rowsof chenilearc looped
from spoke to spoke, and tho point of the opened
umbrella fixed in a stand, adding a bright bow
and ends of satin ribbon. There is, in fact, no
limit to decorative possibilities with Japanese
productions. Two fans, joined together at the
edges with narrow satin ribbon, make an excel
lent wall pocket for a small parlor or bed-room.
English authorities state that youthful dam
sels make use of polar-blue paper, with a lily
thereon inscribed, for epistolary purposes. En
gaged peoplo adopt orange flowers as a fitting
emblem for their writing paper from the
moment of betrothal to that of marriage.
Sporting characters aro naturally lavish of
horseshoes and jockoj'-caps oven whero billot
doux are concerned.
Lady decorators aro achieving great things
with the aid of common pottery paint, which
applied to white wood gives it an ebonized ap
pearance. Carved figures and bracket supports
can be bought very cheaply in common wood,
and with their aid cabinets and mantels can be
made at homo which will prove highly decora
tive. A Milwaukee woman has kept a kcttlo of
boiling water on the stove for tho last twenty
two years in order to scald burglars.
The latest popular craze in Now York is on
genealogy and heraldry.
Braiding is tho furore.
Waist-coats grow in favor.
Tho tournuro petticoat is now tho correct
Numberless rows of ribbon trim evening
Dull red shades are sought for in dress goods
and in millinery.
Pointed basques, with panior draperies, are
the favorite stylo for evening toilets.
The handsomest quilted satin petticoats have
eider down instead of cotton for wadding.
It is difficult to imagino anything moro
charming than the new fancy plush aprons.
Plush jackets, with hats to match, aro a
favorite walking costume when worn with any
stylish dark skirt.
The most costly, useless and adored append
ago to the French lady is no longer her jewel
case, but her little dog.
New felt bonnets and hats aro in colors to
correspond with the suit. The large hats with
broad brims are of velvet, satin, or felt.
Flounces and bands of embossed velvet are
among the costly novelties of tho season, and
have at least the merit of being very rich and
Jersey jackets, of royal cardinal, olive-green,
marine blue, velvet or cashmere, aro very
fashionably worn over skirts and tunics of
tweed or Roman plaid.
Charming little bonnets aro made of chenille
and gilt cord plaited together to imitate the
basket bonnets worn last summer. Small and
dainty mufi's of the same material aro now pro
vided to accompany them.
Very appropriate bridal toilets for young
girls have kirts of light blue, pink or cream
colored faille, trimmed with small puffings and
ruchiugs, and plush redingotes, to form the
waist and outer garment combined. The dress
and redingoto must be in the same shade ; tho
skirt may, howover, bo rather lighter in color.
Ono of tho favorite styles of winter costumes
is the sportsman of dusty-gray railway cloth.
Tho skirt is very simple, aud appears to bo
made of two scarfs, which come down into a
point, and are interlaced at tho foot. No tunic, ,
only a puff at the back. Very clinging Amazon
bodice, and for out-of-door wear a jacket of the
samo material, braided or embroidered.
A FEW VlIIMS IN JEWELRY.
Old coins tinkle from narrow silver brace
lets. New bangles are of gold, from which dangle
five, ten aud twenty-dollar gold pieces tho
coins being genuine.
As many Rhine stones as diamonds are worn
nowadays, and possessors of the former say that
it takes a clever person to detect the difference,
for a good Rhine stone is as brilliant as a true
In the new silver jewelry, darkened to re
semble old silver, many humorous conceits ap
pear. Comic faces are on tho brooch, while
others have Grconaway, children, owls, mon
keys, doves and fighting cocks.
To Mako Apple Marmalade. Pare and core
two pounds of sourish apples; cook with gentle
heat with one pint of sweet cider and ono pound
of crushed sugar, in an enameled saucepan;
squeeze it first through a colander and then
through a sieve; flavor to taste, and then put
away in jars.
To Make Breakfast Rusks. One cup sweet
milk, ono cup yeast, one cup sugar, one cup of
flour; mix well and set in a warm plare for about
five hours to rise; then beat in a tablespoonful
of butter and two eggs, reserving white of one,
beaten to a froth, to spread over the top; form
in small cakes, let them rise again ; bake fif
teen minutes in a hot oven.
To Make an Economical Rice Tiidding. Two
largo tablespoon fills of rice to one quart of milk,
one small cup of white sugar, one' cup of cut-up
raisins. Stand it in a warm place three hours
and bake one hour. Four eggs and half the
rice, previously boiled, will make a delicious
custard, with a few grains of rice at the bottom.
To Stuff a Loin of Mutton. Tako the skin of a
loin of mutton wi th the flap on ; bone it neatly ;
make a nice veal stuffing and fill the inside of
the loin with it where the bones were removed ;
roll it up tight, skewer the flap and tic twine
around it to keep it firmly together; put the
outside skin over it till nearly roasted, and
then rcmovo it, that the mutton may brown.
Serve with a nice gravy.
To Broil Cold Roast Beef. -Cut slices abont a
quarter of an inch thick from the undono part
of the meat; salt and pepper it, and place over
the gridiron and heat very quickly; turn it
over four times in as many minutes, and serve
up on a hot dish in melted butter; it must be
put to broil when the dinner bell rings, and
served the moment it is to be eaten; it will
then be found to bo very nice.
To Make Gypsy Pic. Cut shreds of any kind
of cold meat and put them in the bottom of a
buttered pudding dish; cover with finely
chopped onion and a light seasoning of salt and
pepper; above this put a very thick layer of
quartered apples, sugar and lemon ; then a thin
layer of meat and onion ; fill up with apple,
sugar, and lemon ; cover with a puff paste, and
bake till brown in a slow oven. Very little
onion should be used.
To Mako Ryo Bread. Take two cups of
Indian meal ; mako in a thick batter with
scalding water; when cool add a small cup of
white bread sponge, a little sugar and salt, and
a teaspoon ful of soda, dissolved. Stir in as
much rye as possiblo with a spoon; let it rise
until it is very light; then work in with your
hand as much rye as you can, but do not knead
it, as that will make it hard ; put it in buttered
bread tins and let it rise for about fifteen min
utes; then bake for an hour and a half, cooling
the oven gradually for tho last twenty minutes.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
A Little Something About What is Coins On in the
Bishop Talbot, of Indiana, has resigned his
The Rev. Mr. Green, who was so long im
prisoned in England, has at last been released.
There aro 92,(1.13 Protestant churches in the
United States, with 71,GG2 ministers, aud 9,003,
Tho Church Union says that one smoking
clegymau carries with him more devastation to
boys than a thousand street loafers.
A movement has been started in England for
the erection of a chapel or somo suitable me
morial to John Wesley, at Epworth, his birth
place. "General" Booth, of tho Salvation Army,
has given an order for several thousand pairs
of leggings, which will, in future, form part of
tho army uniform, and will be called "Salva
The United Brethren Church was organized
by Otterbein in 1774,-in Baltimore, Md., and
tho first conference was held in Baltimore in
1789. Tho latest statistics would show tho fol
lowing: Organized churches, 4,400; members,
157,712; church edifices, 2,230.
Tho Sandwich Islands have more varieties
of religion than any other territory of equal
extent outsido of tho great cities and their im
mediate surroundings. To add to tho variety
already in operation, two native evangelists
have now commenced work. One of these has
quito a gift in singing, and therefore the pair
have acquired tho name of the Hawaiian Moody
and Sankoy. They draw large audiences.
In British Guiana there aro three missions of
tho Church of England for tho coolies. The
coolies aro laborers from tho East indies of
whom there are about 80,000. Each coolie mis
sion is superintended by a clergyman, who has
catechists and teachers under him. These as
sistants aro in the habit of preaching to the
coolies iu their native language. Missionaries
aro now to bo stationed along the Pomeroon
and Essequibo Riveis.
The treasurer's report of tho Women's For
eign Missionary Society, read at the meeting of
tho executive committee, held in Philadelphia,
November 2d, showed that the total amount
raised by the society in tho last eighteen
months was $193,073. This amount was con
tributed by tho various branches, as follows:
New England, $27,032.27; New York, $37,S70.
37; Philadelphia, $21,183.48; Cincinnati, $30,
377.0H; Northwestern, $37,950.93; Western,
$20,353.42; Baltimore, $14,305.32.
A curious old gentleman in Now York has
been collecting sermons until ho now has about
twelve thousands of all sorts. Ho began nearly
thirty years ago. IIo laid up bound volumes
at first, but later ho preserved tho sermons ho
found in pamphlets or fully printed in period
icals. In order that he might arrange his ma
terial ho learned book-binding and for all theso
years ho has given his nights and holidays to
tho work of arranging, indexing, and system
atizing his material.
The Baptist Theological Seminary at Rama
patan, in India, is doing a great work in train
ing young men for tho ministry. Last year
thirty-one out of forty-seven of the senfor class
remained for a fourth year's study and a new
class of forty-five entered. During tho vaca
tion many of tho students visited tho Telugu
villages in tho neighborhood and preached with
great acceptance. Tho Telugu mission field has
yielded more converts in proportion to its size
than any other mission field iu tho world.
A noted Democrat of this city, going homo
rather late from a little caucusing party, very
naturally mistook the comet for fireworks in
honor of the Ohio election. Lowell Citizen.
OUR YOUNG FOLKS.
Charlie's First Doughnut. How He
Gained a Great Victory.
By Margaret Bertha Wright.
It was a queer idea that Charlio had of
doughnuts, and one that would make a New
England boy laugh outright.
He had heard his mamma talk of them all
his life, and always as of something sur
passingly delicious, and more tempting than
had evor been, would ever be, or ever could bo
seen on any table or in any confectioner's win
dow in all Italy.
Sho often described to him their brown crisp
ness and savory odor, as they passed hot, piled
high in a huge pan, from an American cook
stove to an American pantry, and he fancied
ho knew as well as if he had tasted it a thou
sand times, their sweet tenderness as they
melted cold on appreciative tongues at Ameri
Nevertheless, as many times as his mamma
had told Charlie of their flavor, their looks,
and their ingredients, and so sure as ho was
that ho knew as much about them as though
he had grown up in Massachusetts instead of in
Italy, his idea was, as I havo said, a very queer
one. For instanco, ho could never believe as
often as he was told to the contrary that these
crisp, tender, toothsome doughnuts were not
dotted thick with raisins. For being particu
larly fond of raisins, he always associated them
in his mind with every unknown dainty de
scribed to him as being a specialty of his dear,
but unknown native land. Squash pies, apple
puddings, buckwheat cakes, molasses candy,
johnny cake, and even sweet potatoes he
never thought of any of these strange untastcd
deliciousness upon which his mamma's Ameri
can visitors often waxed eloquent, that he did
not see them in his mind's eye gemmed blackly
with his favorite fruit. Likewise could he
never quite disassociate them with chocolate, it
having been his lifelong experience in Italy
that few dainties ever camo upon the table
without at least a dash or suspicion of choco
late about them oftener a complete covering,
thick, brown and shining, in substance much
like tho frosting ono sees on lino cakes in
Thus you see how curious and foreign to one
who has never lived in our country are somo of
the commonest things of our daily life. To many,
many people of this world, candy pulls, coast
ing frolics, sleigh rides, baked beans, fish balls,
mince pies and doughnuts, are as remotely
foreign and almost incomprehensible as sleeping
in a banyan tree, hunting crocodiles, pelting
masqueraders with confetti from Roman balco
nies, tramping bare-lagged in the wine-press, or
gathering and eating a dinner of snails, would
be to you.
Charlie had lived in Italy ever since ho was
two years old. Now that he was eight, and
could read the most interesting tales in his
mother's American newspapers and magazines
quito as well as ho could his Italian school
books, and had received for his birthday pres
ents a good many story-books of American
child life, he was fully convinced that America
was the most glorious country fur boys that the
sun shines on. This was why he asked so
many questions about America, talked so in
cessantly of it, and bragged so tremendously of
being an American to his Italian playmates,
that sometimes his mamma almost wished he
had been born a Hottentot or a heathen Chi
America was upon his tonguo in doors and
He could never see one of those melancholy
processions of black, blue, or red-petticoated
school-boys marshaled by a priest in robes for
their daily walk or rather crawl to the
Pincio, that he did not almost prance him
self oft his little fat legs with joy that he
wasn't a Roman schoolboy, and that he be
longed to a blessed country whero boys
don't wear petticoats, or scholars pass their
recreation hours walking in company with
a grave, broad-hatted priest, but leap-frog
over each other, turn summer-saults, shout like
wild Indians, or shake with a St. Vitus' dance
of enjoyment if so it pleases them, without re
buke from anybody !
"Cracky! Ge-ru-say-lum! Heio! I'm midlo
contento to bo an Americano!" he would cry,
quite unconscious of any foreign admixture in
"Why, Charlio Norton! what language is
that? " his mamma would ask.
And then tho young American, swelling
like a pouter pigeon, would answer: "Tho
'Merican language, mamma. That's always tho
way wo 'Merican fellers talk when we go on
an old spreo into the woods after chestnuts, or
down on the river to skate. I've read about it in
some of my story-books!"
But it was at the dinner-table, in their stone
floored studio in the fifth story of their cold,
grim, Roman palace, that Charlie oftcnest lost
his breath with questions about tho good
things American boys have to eat when rhoy
como homo hungry from play or school. And it
was there, too, that Mrs. Norton, seeing the
dinner already half cold from its journey in a
tin box up from Karlin's restaurant growing
still colder, would bid him eat his cheese
covered maccaroni, his oil-fried cucumbers and
crisp cuttle-fish in silence, and let her eat hers
in peace, or sho never would have strength
enough to go home to America before ho was
too big to slide squat a-bumbo downhill, to
walk on his hands and head, to go huckelber
rying, or to scaro her out of her wits some
dark night with a pumpkin Jack-o'-lantern.
And then Charlie would become speechless
till the chocolate sweets came on, when ho
would almost invariably forget himself again:
" I say, mamma, how many doughnuts could
a fellow eat at a time?"
One forenoon Mrs. Norton sat in her studio
beforo a pilo of dark wet clay. Sho wore a
close cap like a very old woman, and a long
pinaforo like a very young girl. She was busy
shaping something that remotely suggested
Charlie's head as it might look after it had
been kicked about for an hour or two in a brisk
gamo of baseball.
Charlio sat boforo her, evidently bursting
with some question of "'Merica," but not
daring to movo his lips while his mother mod
elled from them.
Mrs. Norton herself spoko at last :
" You aro tired, jlcarie. You need not poso
any longer. Go and tako this packago of
American newspapers to Mrs. Millan; the ex
ercise will do you good."
Mrs. Millan was an old schoolmate of Mrs.
Norton's who was spending tho winter in
Rome. Charlio left tho packago of Dixon Tele
graphs at her door, and had just turned away
when Mrs. Millan called him to wait a mo
ment. " Here," sho said, as she put a small parcel iu
his hands, " here are a couple of old-fashioned
American doughnuts that I made myself. Tako
them to your mamma ; thoy will remind her
of home and of old times."
Charlie nearly tumbled backwards, and Mrs.
Millan wondered what in the world made tho
child, blush in such an extraordinary manner.
He smiled at the tissuo paper all tho way
down tho street. Ho looked at tho parcol
lengthways, sideways, edgeways, broadways,
upside, downside, outside, every way but inside.
Then he sniffed and sniffed and sniffed till it
seemed as if ho would draw his little pug noso
inside his head, and till the passers-by wondered
what strange perfume that bright-eyed ragaz
zino carried in a paper parcel.
" I wish I could open tho package just tho
icecntiest, frmtiest bit." ho sighed; "I'm suro
mamma wouldn't care."
Suddenly a curious expression came over tho
boj-'s face. Ho stopped short half way across
the Piazza di Spagna. "She would never
know," he said, as ho looked almost stealthily
around. " She will never know," ho repeated
as he turned slowly around, and climbed heav
ily, step by step, tho Scala di Spagna. At tho
top of the stairs he hesitated. He sniffed and
sniffed and sniffed at tho parcel. He turned
his back upon home, and hastened rapidly to
wards the gardens, where ho could eat tho
doughnuts if he would, and nobody seo him.
In the garden he sat upon astonobench from,
whence was a glorious view over famous old
Rome, its picturesque, red-tiled roofs, its swell
ing domes and soaring spires, tho Tiber in the
distance, and beyond the green Campagna, tho
mist-veiled blue and golden hills. The Italian
sun shono warmly. Gay nurses in floating
ribbons, brilliant shawls, qu.int caps and full
short skirts, played about them with their lit
tle charges. Here swaggered an Italian officer,
all silver and blue. Thero loitered a gouty
cardinal, leaning on a servant's arm. Statues
gleamed among the trees, pretty ladies walked
to and fro, or with laughing children fed tho
floating swans in a miniature lake; and tho
tinkle of water sounded like drops of silver
from yonder grotto. Everything aud every
body seemed happy save a littlo foreign boy in
an ulster aud blue beret, who sat gloomily re
garding two circular golden-brown objectsin an
open paper upon his lap.
A struggle was going on in that yonng soul.
It was a fateful time for our little American a
time in which this young nature was the battle-ground
of good and evil ; the scene of ono
of those terrible conflicts that we all of us havo
known, and perhaps yet know, and the issues
of which are mighty, no matter how trifling
In this case two doughnuts were tho cause :
the issue would bo either that Charlie should
henceforth know himself a liar and thief, or
that he would henceforth be strong enough to
face any temptation.
He was quite breathless and paie. The dough
nuts went up to his mouth, and his lips un
closed a moment and the battle would bo
decided, and tho victor ah! which would ic
be? Alas! the little white teeth thrust them
selves into the crisp, sweet morsel, and tho
tempted little American has his first taste of a
good old-fashioned Yankee doughnut.
Just then a troop of black-petticoated, pale
faced schoolboys filed slowly past him, follow
ing a grave priest. Instantly comes into bis
little tossed and troubled heart the usual pity
for these continually watched Italian boys who
would have been, Charlie thinks, so much hap
pier and healthier had they been born in his
own free, far-away country.
Instantly, too. a scarlet blush covers Charlie's
face from his whito collar up to his drab hair,
and before ono could have said " Jack Robin
son" (or "Giovanni Robausano," as it might bo
in an Italian mouth,) the doughnuts were re
wrapped in the tissue paper, and Charlie wa3
flying off homewards just as fast as his almost
outgrown ulster would let his youngs legs fly.
"Oh! mamma, mamma!" ho cried, as ho
buret breathless into the studio where his
mother sat, "I almost stole 'em but I
didn't quite just. 'cause some-er those
poor Roman schoolboys made faces at
me and I 'membcrcd in time what
you told me that they arc always
cooped up to keep 'em away from
temptation while wo 'Merican fellers
are left free to face temptation and
bust it "
What more he might havo said will remain
forever unknown. For just at this point hi3
tongue was paralyzed by the discovery that his
mother had a visitor whom he recognized with
a great shock to bo no other than Mrs. Millan
" And I wasn't so sharp as I thought I wa3
when I kept saying mamma will never know,"
he thought with a spasm of mingled terror aud
A year after that Mrs. Norton was one bright
day busy packing her trunks, while Charlio
capered about her like an insane daddy-longlegs.
" I declare I'm most afraid I'll break right in
two with tickle ! " he cried. " I certainly should
if I could really believe that we start for Amer
ica next week."
At that moment Mrs. Norton opened a paste
board box which had been carefully packed
away for months. As she opened it one could
sec that it held a solitary brown, crumbly,
dried something. Charlie caught sight of it.
' Halloo, what's " He broke short off.
Mrs. Norton smiled down tenderly on tho
crimson face. " One of my treasures, dear. I
keep it in remembrance of a Great Victory."
If you are bilious, tako Dr. Pierce's "Pleas
ant Purgative Pellets," the original "Littlo
Liver Pills." Of all druggists.
A Chinese coin 3,000 years old has been un
earthed at Cassiar, British Columbia.
From the Boston Transcript.
Slow is the painful ascent up to fame,
And lew the feet Unit clamber to the height :
Ambitious through press at the mountain's base,
Filled with the love of glory ; and the path
That shines above them in the morning light
Seems beautiful, nor difficult to scale,
Hut further on, a little higher up,
Tho ea.y slope grows broken, and so steep
That careless feet slip buck aud lose their hold,
And dizzy bruins reel downward and are lost;
And those who press on to tho pausing place,
A little higher, stand with weary limbs
And aehing hearts, jut near enough to hear
The sneers anil htsses of the crowd below
The angry crowd that cannot climb at ail,
Or, having climbed, lum fallen back again.
Halfway they stand upon that mountain sido
Whero cold winds blow and loose rocks crumblo
And .strange birds beat them with their wide, wild
No longer of tho hurrying throng beneath,
Not yet of that immoital few above,
How lonely and how all alone are they t
Be not afraid, O toilers up the height!
The gods are very near, though out of sight;
They reach out helpful hands and say "coma
All earnest souls must climb if they aspire.
From tlte Boston Courtcr.
Spring comes with soft caress,
And punts thy cheek
And perfumes thy long hair,
That dead thou may'st be fair.
Then summer brings her budd
And wealth of leaves,
Tliat in the dusty tomb
Thy grave-clothes lack not bloom.
Autumn gives storo of fruit
And goodly cheer,
Thai thy funeral feast
Shall not be scant, at least.
And winter brings a shroud,
Lust gift to thee;
Cover the grave-mound high;
Thou wert born, sweet, to diet