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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1882.
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Collision of Ocean Steamships on the
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
The World's Doings Summed
Up in Brie
A collision between the steamer Westphalia
and another steamer occurred off J&achy Head,
England, early on the morning of the 13th. A
"boat -was lowered from tho Westphalia and
sent in search of tho oth er steamer. The West
phalia experienced heavy wind and sea while
making for Portsmouth. The Westphalia had
ninety passengers on board at the time of tho
collision. Besides tho largo hole in the port
bow, extending to below tho watcr-lino, there
arc several small holes on the starboard bow.
The collision bulkhead was stove in. Both
steam and manual pumps had to be kept going
from 1:30 o'clock in the morning, when the
collision occurred, until tho vessel reached
Portsmouth in tho afternoon. Tho other
steamer could not stop. Captain Ludwig dis
patched a boat to try to see some trace of her.
lie gave tho officer in charge of the boat in
structions to land after searching. Tho mails
and passengers were landed, and forwarded to
Hamburg by tho German vice-consul. It is
not thought the cargo is damaged. The West
phalia was docked at Portsmouth for repairs.
The steamer which collided with tho West
phalia is supposed to havo made off to avoid
giving her name.
At a largely attended meeting of $10 ship
owners of the United States held in New York
last week, the following recommendations to
Congress were approved: The abolition of tho
payment of threo months' extra wages to sea
men discharged with their own consent in for
eign ports; all stores and rigging for vessels in
the foreign trade and to and from the Pacific to
bo imported free of duty; tho abolition of all
consular fees against vessels; individual lia
bility of tho ship-owner to bo limited to his
proportion of ownership; tho approval of tho
reduction of the sick rate from $10 to 50 cents
per day; captains, on passing examination, to
be allowed to pilot their own vessels.
Tho Congressional committee appointed to
inspect and report upon tho condition and
needs of the Mississippi River from Cairo to
New Orleans, left Cincinnati on tho Oth inst.
on the steamer Guiding Star. Tho committee
is composed of Mr. Burrows, of Michigan, chair
man; Messrs. Robinson of Massachusetts, Haz
elton of Wisconsin, Hiscock of New York, Ellis
of Louisiana, Holman of Indiana, Carlise of
Kentucky, and Butterworlk of Ohio. Some of
them are accompanied by their families. As
sistant Sergeant-at-Arms Thomas Kavanaugh
goes along as business manager of the com
mittee. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania and
the Penn Club, of Philadelphia, visited Chester
November Oth, for tho purpose of unveiling and
presenting to tho authorities of the city a monu
ment erected on the spot where William Penn
landed. Mayor Barton received it, and was
followed by William Ward in a speech on behalf
of the citizens. Threo trees were then planted,
by the Society one, a linden, in honor of
James Lloyd; an elm, in honor of Penn's treaty,
and an ash in honor of the Swedes.
Prof. Brooks, at the Bed House Observatory,
reports the observance of a magnificent auroral
display early on the morning of the 13th inst.
at Phelps, New York, the grandest seen in
many years. A vast brilliant arch illuminated
the landscape, equal to the light of the moon
in her first quartcrj followed by immense
Btrcams and waves of light projected with
startling velocity from the horizon to tho
zenith. Great meteorological disturbances may
A syndicate of European capitalists has been
inspecting the proposed route for a ship canal
between the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays.
The estimated cost of the canal, which would
be about 110 miles long, is $G,000,000. General
Tihbetts, president of the old ship canal com
pany, is reported assaying that they arc now
ready to go to work, and that the canal will bo
pushed to completion without asking Govern
A man named William Pelh. affected with a
tumor of the throat and face, had a difficult
operation performed on him by Dr. F. W.
Koehler at Louisville, Ky., November Oth.
Before using the knife the patient was mesmer
ized by one of the students, and while in that
condition tho tumor was removed. The patient
never felt the slightest pain during or after the
operation, and is doing well.
Dr. S. D. Kendall and wife, of Vermont, and
Dr. C. A. Kneid, of New York, reached Cincin
nati, Ohio, November 10th, by canoe, having
left Lake George August 10, going thence by
water to Buffalo, and down the Allegheny and
Ohio. Mrs. Kendall will return home, but tho
others will continue their voyage to the Gulf
and along the coast to New York.
A company of New York capitalists, headed
by William H. Vandcrbilt, has been formed
for the purpose of placing Chicago dressed beef
in Eastern markets, in competition with Messrs.
Swifc & Co., who have made a success in this
business, and are competing very successfully
with the butchers of New York and other
It is alleged that the most of tho old sailors
in tho Sailors' Snug Harbor, Statcn Island, sell
their votes regularly to tho person giving them
the most money. The Harbor has 800 inmates,
and is an election district by itself. Assembly
man Brooks has been requested to lay the mat
ter before the next Legislature.
Fifty women have entered tho "contest of
beauty" at a museum in New York City.
Prizes arc to be given to tho ones adjudged by
the public as being the handsomest. The de
cision is to be ascertained by counting the bal
lots in favor of each contestant deposited by the
The coroner's jury in the case of the killing
of the persons at Ashland, Ky., while tho militia
were conveying the murderers Neal and Craft
to Lexington, find that the firing was not done
in the line of duty, and hold Major Allen,
commander of the, troops, culpable for permit
ting the firing.
The Wcehawken tunnel of tho West Shore
and Ontario and Western Railways, opposite
New York, was opened for traffic Novembor 8.
This tunnelhas been in course of construction for
', eighteen mouths. It is for a double tiack, and
is 3,000 feet in length, through solid granite.
Tho corner stone of the new Park Avenue
Methodist Church, at Park avenue and Eighty
sixth 6treet, N. Y., was laid last Monday even
ing by tho aid of a calcium light in tho pres
ence of a largo gathering.
The city of New Orleans, owing to unpaid
gas-bills, was left in darkness on the night of
the bth inst The city owes the gas company
over $200,000 on a cash contract.
Killing frosts were reported in Tennessee,
uisiana, and Texas on the morning of- the
13th. Ico formed in shallow streams near
A herd of twenty-two ostriches arrived in
New York recently and havo quarters in a deer
hutatCeutral Park. They have been imported
as an experiment, to seo if it will pay to raise
them iu this country for their feathers.
Two million dollars is to bo expended in the
erection of hotels in the Yellowstone Park.
A Philadelphia court has decided that jews
harps are not toys, but musical instruments.
Thursday, the Oth inst., was Canada's Thanks
School savings banks havo been introduced
CKttlES AND CASUALTIES.
A Peking newspaper tells of tho salo of a
Chinese wife by her husband. She had fallen
in love with the purch:iser, and the husband,
wishing to realize some advantage out of this
state of affairs, agreed to sell her to the gallant
for $150. But when he camo to get his property
ho failed to bring tho money with him, and
tho husband declared the bargain off. But tho
lovers were not to bo balked. They drugged
the husband, seized all his property and eloped.
They were afterwards arretted and put into
dungeons, when both committed suicide.
Father J. B. O'Donohue, pastor of tho Mor
row (Ohio) Catholic Church, died Nov. 30th,
from the effects of a blow by a monkey-wrench
administered by Timothy Green. Green says
Father O'Donohue publicly denounced Mrs.
Green as a thief last Sunday before tho con
gregation, and that when he saw the priest on
Tuesday ho resented tho insult, and in an en
counter which followed tho blow was struck.
Four tons of powder exploded at the Kcenan
limo works, Smith's Basin, N. Y., Nov. 10th.
Two men, named Dennis Golden and Joo
Cameron, who had charge of tho powder-house,
were blown to atoms. Some parts of their
bodies were found half a mile distant. It is sup
posed they were smoking and thus caused tho
accident. The damago to the works is about
Tho trial of Elmer Palmer for tho murder of
his grandfather, Frank Palmer, began at Can
ton on Nov. 1, and ended in a verdict of mur
der in the second degree. Elmer is sixteen years
old. Ho and his mother lived with his grand
father on a farm. Elmer was charged with
poisoning some rum, which his grandfather
Henry Hagcman, a German tailor, threw
himself in front of tho locomotive of tho pas
senger train near the Arlington cut, on tho
Derby Railroad, Nov. 10th, and was torn to
pieces, four cars passing over him. He leaves
a wife and four children.
Two masked men set firo to tho stables of
Mr. Braudenbury, near Erin, Ga., last Friday
night. While Mr. Braudenbury was at the
tiro tho men entered tho house, shot at Mrs.
Brandenbury and niece and seized a trunk con
taining $1,000 in money and $10,000 in Govern
Fifty pounds of dynamite were found in va
rious parts of the International Distillery atDes
Moines, Iowa, Nov. 12th. They had been placed
there with evident intentions of destroying
the building. Had the attempt succeeded there
would have been a fearful loss of life.
The wiro mill of Mr. Oliver, of tho Tariff
Commission, was burned at Pittsburgh, Pa.,
Nov. 7th. The firo was caused by a workman
placing a lighted lamp near a barrel of oil,
thereby causing an explosion. The loss is
$100,000, insurance $S0,000.
A terrible affray took place sometime on Sat
urday night between two farm hands in tho
employ of Mrs. Barnum, at Hempstead, L. I.
Ono was shot through the body and tho other
was horribly stabbed.
The residence and outbuildings of Mr. Al
bert Bierstadt, the well-known artist, situated
at Irvingtou, N. Y., caught firo last Friday.
Tho loss, so far as known, will probably exceed
Tho explosion of a boiler in tho Forest
City Mills, Cleveland, Ohio, caused tho death
of five men and injured a large number of tho
employees more or less seriously.
A fire in tho works of the Rominglon Manu
facturing Company at Providence, R. I., Nov.
12th, caused a loss of over $10,000, insured for
A warehouse at Toronto, Out., belonging to
the Northern and Hamilton and Northwestern
Railway, and its contents, were burned lust
Thursday. Loss, $100,000.
A railroad train ran into a street-car, in
Philadelphia, November 7th, killing and hor
ribly mangling a woman, who was tho only
Tho iron bridge of tho Georgia Railroad over
the Oconee River, at Athens, Ga., full Friday,
killing ono workman and seriously wounding
Three men engaged on the Macon and Ran
dolph railroad, Georgia, were killed by tho
caving in of an embankment, November 8th.
Ten of tho principal business houses at Neola,
Iowa, were destroyed by fire, November 8th.
Tho loss is $-10,000, covered by insurance.
Arsenic in a pumpkin-pio caused tho death
of two residents of Norristown, Pa.
The ladies connected with the Garfield Monu
ment Fair Association are laboring with most
commendable assiduity. Already contributions
havo begun coming, and promises are made
tho fulfillment of which will ensure tho gor
geous embelishmcnt of tho booths now in
course 3f construction. While the sole object
of the sale of the articles contributed is to obtain
funds for the monument, tho ladies desire to
offer such articles as will not only tempt pur
chasers, but will be treasured as souvenirs. Tho
Illinois ladies particularly are making strenu
ous efforts to render their booth attractive.
They will make a specialty of perfuiycs in all
conceivable forms. They also invito tho ladies
of America, and particularly of Illinois, to
mako and send some article of utility, orna
ment, or both combined any of the thousand
and one little articles that tho dextrous hand
of woman can weave. If any of those making
contributions so desire, they may attach their
name and address to the article sent, thus grati
fying the justifiable curiosity of the purchaser.
It is earnestly hoped that tho patriotic ladies
of iAmcriea and they arq.ajl patriotic will
cheerfully respond to this very reasonable re
quest, and by furnishing some salable trifle,
thereby contribute their mile to that very
laudable object tho Garfield MonumontFund.
Contributions, if sent at once, may bo ad
dressed Mrs. C. W. Lyon, Secretary Illinois La
dies' Aid Society, Ebbitt House, Washing
ton, D. C. '
United States Fish Commissioner Baird has
expressed his intention of making the exhibit
of this country at tho industrial exhibition to
bo held in London, England, next May, as
thorough and interesting to foreigners as pos
sible, considering the amount of money at his
command and other smaller obstacles. Prof.
Baird has decided upon the arrangement of his
Fish Commission exhibit, and has called
upon General Superintendent Kimball, of tho
Life Saving Service, for the purpose of deter
mining upon a display from that service. Tho
two officials decided upon a life-saving exhibit,
which will embrace models of life-boats, life
cars, breeches-buoys, mortars and other para
phernalia used upon our sea-coast in lCEeuiiig
lives in time of disaster.
Work has begun upon tho now Pension Office
in this city, and the excavation for the founda
tion is now in a forward condition. Tho new
building is located in the northern part of tho
Judiciary Square, just to the southwest site of
the old District Jail. It will occupy the square
bounded by F and G and Fourth and Fifth
streets. The south front, 400 feet long, will be
on tho building lino of F street, running east
and west. Tho depth of the building will bo
200 feet, tho height of tho main cornice will bo
75 feet. Tho material prescribed by law is
brick and metal, consequently fire-proof, roof
and all. There will bo a largo central hall,
surrounded by threo stories of lofty rooms.
Gen. M. C. Meigs, supervising architect, esti
mates tho timo for completing the building at
Minister Hunt has informed tho Navy De
partment that the burial cases intended for the
bodies of Lieutenant Dc Long and his comrades
havo been received by him at St. Petersburg
and forwarded to Oranburg, where they will bo
retained until tho arrival of Lieutenant Harber
with the bodies. Minister Hunt further says
he has received no news whatever of Lieuten
ant Harbor and his associates, and fears that
tho advancing season may intefero with tho
execution of tho orders sent them by tho
Tho Commissioner of Pensions has issued a
circular calling tho attention of employees of
his bureau to the fact that tho rules of tho De
partment require six and a half hours' service
per day from them, no comments severely
upon tho frequent breaches of this regulation
and has instructed the chiefs of divisions to
report to him every case of lack of diligenco
and of tardiness among tho employees.
The old armory on the Mall, near the Smith
sonian Institution, is used for tho artificial
hatching of fish, which aro now sent all over
tho country in fish cars belonging to tho Penn
sylvania and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads.
Recently shad wero distributed and now carp
are being sent out, and white fish, too, will bo
supplied to stock inland waters.
On Monday the Chief Justice announced a
new rule, providing that tho clerk of tho Su
preme Court shall receive one-half the regular
feo for a printed copy of a record, instead of the
usual charge as if the copy were in manuscript.
Engineer Melville still continues his graphic
description of tho sufferings endured by tho
crew of tho Jeannetto in the Arctic regions
both boforo and after the enforced, abandon
ment of the vessel.
Of tho 325 newly-elected members of the
House of Representatives in tho Forty-eighth
Congress, 17S, or inoro than one-half, aro not
members of the present Congress.
Tho Naval Advisory Board on tho construc
tion of steam vessels, Commodore Schufeldt,
chairman, organized and began their labors at
tho Navy Department last Monday.
The first Cabinet meeting held in Washington
for a long timo took placo Tuesday afternoon.
Tho Attorney-General and Secretary of tho
Interior wero absent.
Judge A. T. Gray has resigned his position as
pardon clerk of tho Department of Justice,
which he has held for a long time.
It is rumored that Secretary Folger is to suc
ceed Judge Bradley on tho bench of the United
States Supremo Court.
District Auditor J. T. Vinson has been
elected a judge in the Sixth Maryland district.
A new electric light company has been or
ganized in this city, with a capital of $200,000.
THE OLD WORLD.
Something About lYli&tta Going on in Other Lands
Tho American flag, escorted by a guard of
honor of Royal Fusileors, was carried in the
procession at the installation of tho Lord Mayor
of London. A serious labor riot occurred in
the suburbs of Vienna, Austria, November Sth.
A postponement of twenty-one days in
Arabi Boy's trial has been obtained to allow
tho counsel to make a thorough examination of
tho ovideuco. The Egyptian government
has announced the abolition of the European
control, as it no longer offers any guaranty to
bondholders. Tho French Chamber of Depu
ties reassembled November 0th. While Min
ister Morton and his wifo were driving in Paris,
Friday, thoir carriago upset; fortunately,
neither wore seriously injured. A storm
prevented a continuation of the riots near
Vienna, November 10th. In tho House of
Commons Lord Churchill said that tho Egyptian
government had not yet abolished European
control. Tho extra expenditure for Ireland
has been announced at 000,000. Mr. Glad
stone, in debate, expressed tho fullest confi
dence that under tho Khedive Arabi Pasha
will have a fair trial. At a meeting of tho
corporation of Dublin a resolution of thanks to
the Irish regiments in Egypt was rejected.
A large proportion of the troops in Egypt aro
sick. The Boy of Tunis has entrusted tho
naval and military servico to tho control of tho
French commander. An attempt was made
in Dublin on Saturday night to assassinate Judge
Lawson. The Queen of Spain is the mother
of a princess, and the Crown Princess of Sweden
is mother of a son. Tho rumors of tho ap
proaching dissolution of the Cortes are denied.
The Duke of Albany has joined the Long
fellow committee. Sir Henry Halford, of
the British riflo team, has acknowledged the
cordiality of his treatment in tho United
States. Tho Frcncli Chamber of Deputies
discussed tho public worship estimates on Sat
urday. Bombs and cartridges have been
found in a house in Little Pesth. Mr. Henry
M. Stanley's steamer Harkaway left Antwerp
November Oth for the Congo river, laden with
such an assortment of goods as will enable him
to establish a solid trade with the native kings.
The steamer also carries a number of sheep for
acclimatization and a selection of European
cereals. Lord Churchill, in the British Par
liament, has given notice of his intention to
move fifty amendments to tho procedure rulo.
Emperor William, of Germany, opened tho
Landtag in person November 14th. He an
nounced that the relations of Germany with all
foreign governments wero peaceable. The
French aro fitting out a naval expedition for
Madagascar. An official in tho Ottoman tel
egraph service has arrived in Egypt, and asked
tho permission of tho government to establish
telegraphic communication between Constanti
nople and Hcdjaz, by way of Soudan. Ovcr-
dnnk, tho bomb-throwing Nihilist, has been
sentenced to death at Trieste.
Tacts About Kheuinatlhin.
Mrs. General Sherman says: "I havo fre
quently purchased Durang'sRheuniaticRemcdy
for friends suffering with rheumatism, and in
every instance it worked like magic."
General Logan, United States Senator, writes:
"Some years ago I was troubled more or less
with rheumatism, and have been a great suf
ferer in tho last year with same disease. I be
gan to take Durang's Rheumatic Remedy, and
am satisfied that I havo been cured by its use.
I recommend it to all sufferers."
Hon. John Cessna, lato member of Congress
from Pennsylvania, writes: "In tho spaco of
twelve hours my iheumatism was gone, having
taken threo doses Durang's Rheumatic Remedy.
My brother, of Bedford, Pennsylvania, was
cured by a similar amount."
It absolutely cures when everything else
fails. Send for free pamphlet to R. K. Helphcn
stine, Druggist, Washington, D. C, mentioning
The National Tj:iuunte.
The United States internal revenuo from
tobacco and cigars during October, 1881, was
$110,810.11, against $02,090 for October, 1SS2.
FROST-BOUND IN ALASKA
Signal-Service Operations Near the
CAMPING IN SNOW HUTS.
Lieutenant Ray's Record of
Tho report of Lieut. Ray, who has charge of
the Signal Servico station at Point Barrow, or
Tather Ooglaamio, Alaska, is a very interesting
document. This Government has two stations
ono at Lady Franklin Bay and the other at
I Ooglaamie. That at Lady Franklin Bay is the
highest station maintained by any government.
Relief parties were sent to boCh stations early
in tho summer. Lieut. Powell succeeded in
reaching Lieut. Ray at Ooglaamie, and brings
back an interesting report of their life there.
Lieut. Ray sets forth the progress made in es
tablishing the stations in tho face of extreme
cold weather and great discomforts.
By tho 22d of September tho building was so
far advanced that they moved in all the stores
that woro likely to becomo damaged by the
weather, and the wholo party moved in on Oc
tober 3. Moro or less snow had fallen during
this time, and the ice was fivo inches thick in
tho inlet, but the sea still remained open, with
no heavy ico in sight. A strong current setting
continuously to tho northeast along this shore
kept tho young ico from becoming solid ; but
the sea was covered with loose pancakes of ice
as far as the eye could reach. Storms of snow
and sleet continued up to lato in October.
Thero was not a singlo placo between tho sta
tion and tho extreme point where the observa
tory could bo safely built without carrying
the stores a long distance back from tho beach,
which was impossible with such a small party.
Thero was never a timo after tho Golden
Fleeco sailed, and before the sea was closed by
ice, that it would havo been possiblo to havo
landed tho stores. As it was, thero was not a
pound of stores lost or damaged, or an instru
Tho inside work of the main building was
completed after tho party moved in, and at tho
saino timo the meteorological instruments wero
placed, and hourly observations in that depart
ment were commenced October 17. Posts 12
inches square woro set into the frozen earth to
a depth of one foot, and cemented into their
places by pouring water around them and allow
ing it to freeze. These piers answered every
purpose, wero perfectly solid and did not
chango their position in the slightest degree,
and, when the observatory was taken down this
TIIE ICE WAS UNMETTED
around their bases. After December 1, 1SS1,
hourly magnetic observations were made, and
tho galvanometer observations began in August.
In tho department of natural history every
effort has been made to mako tho collection as
perfect as possible. Tho supply of fresh meats is
limited at tho station, but sufficient can always
be obtained for a party of this sizo. Reindeer
and seal only can bo depended on. During tho
summer a few reindeer came as far north as tho
station, but they cannot bo found in any num
ber this side of Dcase Inlet, or north of Refugo
Inlet. During the winter they cannot bo found
in any numbers north of latitude 70. Seal
can bo taken all through tho winter after the
sea closes by means of nets, set after tho man
nor of the natives, at their breathing holes.
The meat of tho white whale was found to be
oxcellent for food. Last fall about 500 pounds
of deer meat was purchased from the natives
"beforo tho winter set in.
THERE IS NO FUEL
to be found in this vicinity except drift, which
is chiefly Cottonwood or balm of inferior qual
Tho natives have, as a rule, behaved in a
very friendly manner, and thoso belonging to
OoglaamiOj'espccially, rendered valuable assist
ance when tho party landed, both iu landing
stores from tho ship in their canoes and in car
rying them from the beach to the station.
The sending of tho revenue cutter into this
sea a month or two after tho fleet has entered
is a farce, unless her course in tho future should
be different from that in the past. On tho 23d
of March an expedition left the post with a sled
drawn bj' chht dogs, accompanied by two na
tives with their families. Thoy traveled along
the coast on the ice southwest to the entrance
of Woody Inlet. Thero they left the sea and
struck inland in a southerly direction, and
CAITI'KD IN A SNOW IIUT,
without fire, twenty-seven miles from the sta
tion, on the shore of what tho natives said was
a large lake, with an outlet leading into Woody
Inlet. Tho party traveled nearly duo south;
crossed during tho day several largo lakes, and
two streams flowing northeast, it was almost
impossible to defino their banks, as tho wholo
country is nearly a dead level and covered with
snow. It was very difficult to keep tho course
by the compass, as the guide and dogs were con
stantly getting out of their direction by tho
force of the wind, and tho drifting snow hid
ing every landmark, left nothing to travel by.
After traveling about fifteen miles, they camo
to a largo river with high banks; as they wero
swept clean by tho wind, tho river was well
defined. It was 200 yards wido at tho point
they crossed at, and, whero tho ice was exposed,
it seemed very winding; its general courso is
northeast; it was named "Meado River," in
honor of tho lato Major-General George G.
Meade, U. S. A. They traveled up tho right
bank three miles, and came to tho camp of a
native deer-hunter. Tho natives, while hunt
ing deer in tho winter, never remain long in
one place, and live exclusively in snow huts,
which they construct very quickly. They aro
simply oblong holes cut into tho hard snow,
whore it has drifted deeply, and covered with
slabs of the samo material, cut out with a largo
knife, which thoy carry for that purpose.
Tho party returned to the station on the 31st
of March, having purchased a quantity of fresh
meat, for which purpose tho expedition sot
forth. They found the natives very frieudly.
On June 2Sth tho steamer North Star hove in
sight, working up through a small lead of open
water about nine miles from the fetation. When
she was nearly abreast of tho station sho became
fast in the ice, the pack closing down upon her.
Captain TTorenden and Lieutenant Ray went
oil' to her, and received tho first mail since sail
ing. The ship at tho timo was suffering a se
vere nip, and was considerably raised up. Sho
iciiiained in this position until July 7th, when
tho pressure slacked up, and she worked her
way into within threo miles of tho station, and
again tho ico closed upon her. On the Sth a
sudden shout was heard from the crew, and in
twenty minutes tho vessel was out of sight.
Tho crew, forty-seven all told, were safely
rescued by tho party at tho station. Most of
tho crew wero put on board tho Bowhcad
which worked up near here on tho loth. To
Captains Campbell, Cogan, Smith, Heppinstono,
and Knowles tho signal party wero indebted
for sending fresh vegetables as soon as they
could reach them. During tho winter a shaft
was put down thirteon feet for earth tempera
tures, and at that point a Toom was excavated
of sufficient capacity to store 2,000 pounds of
fresh meat. As the temperature is below freez
ing, winter and summer, thero is no limit to
the timo it can be kept.
Lieutenant Ray reports the shipment of
twenty-four photographic negatives of scones
and natives in the vicinity of the post. Thero
are some parts of the work which it will bo un
able to carry out with a party so small as this;
for instance, observations of tho auroras from
different points, also sketches of them, as the
display is never tho samo for two consecutive
seconds. Measurements of tho ice formation,
taken each month on the inlet adjacent to the
station, aro entered on tho meteorological re
ports. Six feet, two and one-half inches was
the greatest thickness.
THE HEAVIEST ICE
was that which camo down from the north in
November with tho pack. Eight feet was the
Thero has been no sickness of any conse
quence in the party during the year, and all
have performed thoir duties with commend
able zeal and fidelity, and, as the full work has
been carried on so far with four observers, the
work for the ensuing year will be lighter than
that of the past. The carponter and cook
began to show signs of breaking down, and they
were replaced with two excellent men from the
whaling fleet. Tho Leo, with Lieutenant
Powell, reached there on tho 20th of August,
and her cargo was discharged by the 25th.
3Irs. Chapman's Hide.
From tlieNcio York Sun.
One thousand able-bodied men of quaint old
Marblehead turned out last Monday night to
witness tho payment of an election wager.
Since the days of old Floyd Ireson, the women
of Marblehead have been noted for masculine
tastes and energy. The town gavo tho biggest
plurality for Butler of any town in the State
535 out of a total poll population of 1,500 yet,
Mrs. Martha Chapman had tho temerity to
make a wager against Butler's election with
Mrs. Hannah Perry. Monday night the wager
was paid. Mrs. Perry sat as graceful as cir
cumstances would allow in a wheelbarrow gayly
decorated with bunting and Chinese lanterns,
and, preceded by Mrs. Moses Sweet, bearing a
banner, on which, beneath a lifelike picture of
a fighting cock, was inscribed, "13,000 Clean
Sweep," was wheeled by Mrs. Chapman from
her residence on Front street, through State
street to tho square, and around the Town Hall
and back, amid tho shouts and laughter of the
The Fast Jurigo and tho Slow Juror.
JVohj the Tioga Agitator
When I was a young man I spent several
years iu the South, residing fo'r a while at Fort
I Gibson, on tho Mississippi River. A great deal
ot litigation was going on there about that
time, and it was not always an easy matter to
obtain a jury. Ono day I was summoned to act
in that capacity, and repaired to court to get
excused. On my name being called I informed
his honor tho judge that I was not a free
holder, aud, therefore, not qualified to serve.
" I am stopping for the time being at this
place." " You board at the hotel, I presume?"
" I take my meals there, but have rooms in an
other part of the town, where I lodge." "So
you keep bachelor's hall ? " " Yes, sir." " How
long have you lived in that manuor ?" "About
six months." "I think you aro qualified,"
gravely remarked the judge, "for I have never
known a man to keep bachelors hall the length
of time you name who had not dirt enough in
his room to make him a freeholder. The court
does not oxcuse vou."
A Drunken IJacer.
From the New York Sun.
Palanca, a four-year-old maro by Levor, dam
Florence Wallace, is heady, and inclined to go
her own gait. In order to make her forget her
ugliuess and start with the bunch in good
shape, iu a recent race, a bottle of whisky was
gien her. She came up to the post, thus fairly
putting her backers' money in jeopardy, but
then it was found that she had got several fin
gers too much aboard. Jockey Hulbert tried
to send her off, but she sidled to tho inner rail,
and put her fore legs over it. There sho rested
until, with a staggering lurch, sho lauded Hul
bert on tho soft; turf. Then she lifted her hind
legs over and started on a wild career through
the boggy fields, with tail up aud stirrups fly
ing. A crowd of stablemen chased her, but as
often as they cornered her she would lay her
ears back aud show them an ugly pair of heels
in the air. It was half an hour before she had
run off tho effects of the whisky, and allowed
herself to bo caught. The race was finally run,
aud won without her.
Governors of the Keystone State.
From the New York Tribune.
Pennsylvania's governors have nearly all
been natives of her soil. Hoyt, Hartranft,
Geary, Curtin, etc. The first man born below
Mason and Dixon's line since John Dickson, I
think, to rulo Pennsylvanians, was elected last
Tuesday Robert Pattison, from the lowest
pocket of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Mr.
Cleveland's wife is said to bo a Maryland lady.
It has been said for twenty years that no
Pennsylvania governor could come from Phila
delphia. So precedent is thrown down when
evolution happens, and Chairman Cooper's in
hospitable remark, that "nobody from that
quarter can ever be elected governor of Penn
sylvania," was premature.
' Current Kients.
Colonel Fielding Lanry, postmaster at Day
ton, O., committed suicide by cutting tho car
otid artery. He was short in his post-office
Tho Convent of tho Ladies of the Congrega
tion of Notre Dame, at Cedars, near St. Domi
nique, Quebec, was completely destroyed by
firo November 14. There was no loss of life.
Acting Secretary Joslyn holds that the terms
of the pre-emption law are not complied with
by using land for grazing purposes, such use
not meeting tho requirement of actual occu
pancy. The coal product for the Schuylkill region
for the week ended November Jth was 15S.S22
tons, as against 175,233 tons for tho week pre
vious, and H(',032 tons for the corresponding
week of last year. The total product for tho
week was 039,050 tons, against G01,5G9 tons for
the same week of last year, an increase of 33,
3S1 tons. The product for the year so far is
21,23S,0S3 tons, against 23,357,339 tons for tho
corresponding period of last year, an increase
The only beet-sugar manufactory that is now
iu successful operation in tho United States is
tho Alvaredo factory in California, which has
now been doing a paying business for threo
years, and shows no sign of giving out. During
tho season ending in May, it mado 1,301,083
pounds of refined sugar, and 21,107 pounds of
crude, besides 111,775 gallons of molasses, from
11,230 tons of beets. Tho averago cost of tho
beets to tho factory was $1.23 per ton, and tho
growers woro satisfied with the prico.
A double tragedy occurred on tho Red River,
a few miles from Toxarkana, Texas, on Satur
day night last. Charles Hcwey, Jr., a merchant
at Lost Prairie, after a quarrel with two broth
ers named Butler, went homo, and was pur
sued, tho Butlers following him to a negro
cabin, whero ho had taken refuge, and kicking
the door down. Hewcy had a double-barreled
shotgun, and killed both brothers as they crossed
tho threshold. He was wounded in tho arm by
a ball fired by a man who came with his assail
ants. Tho Butlers wero picked up dead. Thev
were buried in one grave on Sunday. j
Thurlow Weed is still very low.
Henry M. Stanley will return to Africa
Pierola, ex-President of Peru, is in New
General Grant attended tho industrial fair
Commissioner Dudley has returned to Wash
ington. Ex-Vice-President Wheeler will marry this
Speaker Keifer has gone to Ohio for two
A daughter of Dion Boucicault is about to
make her debut.
Mrs. Garfield's new dwelling-house in Cleve
land cost her $50,000.
Herbert Spencer was dined by over two
hundred New Yorkers November Oth.
Senators and Representatives are returning
to Washington in considerable numbers.
Mr. Gladstone will complete his fiftieth year
of service in Parliament on December 13th.
The President and Cabinet (with the excep
tion of Attorney-General Brewster) arc back
There is in Ottawa a venerable couple named
MacDonald, tho husband being 105 and tho
wife 10G years old.
Mr. A. G. Bell, of telephone fame, took out
his naturalization papers in Washington, Fri
day. He is of Scotch birth.
George W. Burgess, the first American manu
facturer of friction matches, died in Norristown,
Pa., November 12.
Dr. Woodward, who was ono of President
Garfield's medical attendants, is reported to bo
dying in Europe.
Mrs. Langtry gave a performance for tho
benefit of the sufferers by tho Park Theater
fire, at Wallack's, Nov. lGth.
Gen. G. B. Raum, Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, has returned to the city. He has re
covered from his recent attack of illness.
Mr. Wm. R. Travers has purchased Senator
Blaine's former residence in Washington for
his son-in-law, Congressman Wadsworth.
A new broom was lashed, the day after tho
election, to the topmost pinnacle of General
Butlers house, on the brow of Capitol Hill,
W. W. Corcoran has arranged to bring tho
remains of John Howard Payne, the author of
"Home, Sweet Home," to this country, to bo
interred in Oak Hill cemetery.
The suit of Samuel Wilkeson against tho
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, on account of tho
latter's failure to complete his "Life of Christ,"
began in New York on Tuesday last.
"Just like the horrid men!" said Mrs.
Lozier, the noted woman suffragist, when
asked in New York last week to tell what sho
thought of tho woman suffrage failure in
Nebraska on Tuesday.
What tho Fanny Fellows are Saying in the News
papers. Birds of a feather flock on new bonnets. N.
It ought to be a cold day when summer gets
left. New Orleans Picayune.
Fritz has named his dog Non Sequitur, be
cause it docs not follow. Anon.
Oh, it "wasn't much of a shower" only a
little Democratic reign. Burlington Hawkeye.
There is a fight over quinine in the market,
and it is naturally a bitter one. Loictfl Courier.
Roses bloom in summer only, but noses blos
som the whole year round. X 1. Commercial
The fashionable fan and the fashionable bon
net should hide each other. New Orleans
When a clock is accused of being behind time
thero is something wrong on the face of it.
"What are crowds?" The science of love
says the third party is a large crowd. New
By the timo a man has a skating-rink on tho
top of his head he is too old to go skating.
AT. 0. Picayune.
Professor in physics" What's Boyle's Law ? "
Diligent junior "Never trump your partner's
ace." Harvard Lampoon.
The mob to the militiaman : "You will oblige
me by remaining perfectly quiet while I shoot."
Among the items in a shoemaker's bill pre
sented to a Kingston man was : " Heels on wifo,
25 cents."' Kingston Freeman.
The posse is much moro dangerous than the
panther. A man was killed by a posse in Ar
kansas the other day. AT. O. Picayune.
"Need a new hat?" lie said. "No,butIwill
tell you in confidence why I bought it. I want
folks to think I'm a Democrat." Boston Post.
The colored people ought to make the best
members of secret societies. It is so easy for
them to "keep dark." Boston Commercial Bul
letin. Judge " What I cannot understand is how
you could kill a man with a single blow."
Culprit "Shall I show you how?" Flicgende
"Charles, dear," she murmured, as she
strolled along, the other evening, and gazed up
at the bcjeweled firmament, "which is Venus
and which is Adonis?" New York New3.
A family who have recently moved into a
suite of rooms received an elegantly-worked
motto last week, which read as follows:
"Heaven bless our flat." Boston Courier.
An Iowa farmer bet a new hat that he could
cross the railroad track with his team beforo
the train came up. He lost by ten feet. Tho
distance was measured by his heirs. Detroit
" Yes, sir," said tho irate man, " I got even
with that clergyman. I slurred him. Why, I
hired ono hundred pcoplo to attend his church
and go to sleep before ho had preached five
minutes." Boston Post.
The verdict of the coroner's jury at Tnn
bridgo Wells, on tho death of a child, was:
"Tho child was suffocated, but thero is no evi
dence to show that the sutlbcation was beforo
or after death." Medical and Surgical Reporter.
Dc shanghigh chicken 'minds me oh cerjpin
men dat I'se seed. Ho crows mighty loudan'
brags around 'mong de hens an' young chickens,
but when a game rooster comes around he's got
business on de udder side ob de fence. Arban
"How to Treat Woman" is the titlo of a
newspaper article. Headliucs are often decep
tive. Some women like to be treated with con
sideration, others with affection, and thero aro
still others who like to be treated to ice-cream.
"What did you think of my train of
thought?" asked a lecturer of a supposed
friond. "I thought it lacked only one thing,"
replied tho supposed friend. "Ah!" responded
tho delighted lecturer, " what was that ?" "A
sleeping car," was the answer. Detroit Free
Dyspopsia, liver complaint, and kindred af
fections. For treatise giving successful self
treatment address World's Dispensaky Med
ical Association, Buffalo, N. Y.