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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1882.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Same Practical Suggestions for Our
The ordinary method of fastening glats in
window-cashes is to lay in tho glass, fecuro it
with small triangular p;eces of tin, aud then
filling tho outside of the sah-bar with putty.
Whfn this method was applied to greenhouses
and pla-t frames it occasioned a great deal of
tronble in the annual necessity of replacing
loose putty and stopping leaks. The constant
moisture on the inside of the glass during cold
weather, and the nation of frost and weather
ou the outside, tended to looon the putty, and
so impaired tho us?fnlncss of tho structure.
Tfcis method is now nearly ohsoleto in the
glaring of :lat structures. The plan adopted
is to carofully bed the gls&s with soft putty,
pressing the psne gradually to a firm ,uniform
bed, and so working up a portion of the putty
that it will fill nil spaces between the edges of
tho glass and tho woodwork. The surplus
putty having been trimmed off, it is allowed to
dry, when it will slightly shrink from the
wood, a coating of thickish paint is then
applied, which effectually closes all crovices
and renders it watertight; no putty is used on
tho outride, and the glass is secured by threc-fourth-inch
brads. The best greenhouse roofs
arc made on what is known as the fixed-roof
principle. No frame sashes are used. Batters
arc fi-cd about eight feet apart, between which
horizontal pieces or purlines arc inserted,
whiih form a framework for the support of tho
glass-bars, which are usually an inch and
a half in depth and one inch in width. These
nrc fastened in parallel lines, their distance
apart depending upon tho sized glass used. For
greenhorno roofs the size ten inches by twelve
inches is found to be a good one. In setting
panes of this size the concave side of the glass
should be uppermost, which makes tho pane
lowest in the center, so that tho water which
falls on the roof will run down tho center of
the glass. The glass should not have wide laps,
one-eighili of an inch lap is quite sufficient;
wide laps hold water, which expands by freez
ing and splits the glass. Hot-bed sash, when
glazed, in this way, may be laid nearly flat
without danger of leaking. In 1S50 wo glazed
a large greenhouse in this way, (and, so far as
we know, it was the first one so glazed,) and ten
years aftciwards we were informed that the
house had nover leaked during all that time.
It received a coat of paint every second year,
which maintained its integrity, and prevented
the putty from cracking.
The artichoke, Cynara Fcohjmvs, is a hardy
perennial plant from southern Europe ; it is a
coarse growing, thistle-like plant, having ro
bust, spiny leaves reaching from three to four
feet in length. It is cultivated for the imbri
cated scales of its large globular heads ; these
scales are fleshy at the base or bottom, and this
" bottom " is tho eatable part, which is much
used in parts of Europe, but as a vegetable it
furnishes a very meagre article of food, al
though it is considered a delicacy by many
persons ; it is seldom cultivated in the United
States. In France the bottoms are cooked in
"various ways, and the small heads which form
on side shoots are used for pickling when they
are about half matured. The fresh leaves of this
plant yield a bitter juice, and a tincture pre
pared from them is recommended in the treat
ment of rheumatic and gouty affections; but if
the leaves are left until the tops are cut off for
cooking purposes, and the plant begins to
wither, the product is useless and inert. The
flowers of the plant are said to have tho prop
erty of curdling milk ; a good yellow dye is
also furnished by it. The artichoke requires
riclisoil to produce the best quality- heads; it
is propagated by suckers, which are freely pro
duced at the base of old plants. After the
flower heads have been gathered, the stem and
leaves are then cut off close to tho ground for
the purpose of inducing the vegetable dish
called chards ; this consists of the young leaves
which spring up after this cutting, and having
reached a length of eighteen inches, are tied
closely in a bundle, which whitens and blanches
the inside leaves, after which they are ready
HOW TnEY GROW "WHEAT IX BELGIUM.
To begin with, the seed is carefully picked
by hand, only the' best grains are selected, and
all seeds of weeds are, of course, thrown aside.
2Cext a seed-bed is prepared; this is done in the
fall ; a few square rods of ground being selected,
it is spaded up deeply, heavily manured, raked
finely on the surface and sown thickly, broad
cast, with the carefully-picked seed. This
forms the seed-bed for the young plants, which
are raised for the purpose of being set out, like
cabbage or tobacco plants, next spring. The
field to be set is deeply plowed in the fall and
left rough for the action of the frosts during
the winter. In spring tho ground is harrowed,
manured, then plowed and again harrowed,
until it is level aud smooth. It is then marked
out in rows ten inches apart and is ready for
planting. The wheat plants arc dug up from
the seed-bed, the clumps separated and the best
plants selected. These are set about four inches
apart in the rows, firmly set, and the ground
about them left smooth and compact. In this
way very heavy crops are produced. The fields
seldom exceed three or four acres in extent;
the plants tiller out into many stalks, and the
straw is short and stout, and never lodges.
BEST SITUATIONS rOR ORCHARDS.
It is well known that fruit orchards situated
in valleys aud in low, sheltered places are not so
healthy and prolific as those set in more elevated
and exposed positions, and therefore it is argued
that all kinds of shelter and protection is in
jurious to fruit-bearing trees. . There cannot
probably be found a worse site for an orchard
than iu a contracted, sheltered valley; in such
a position the plants are subjected to extremes
of temperature, as the cold will bo severest at
the lowest point; a difference of fifteen to
twenty-five degrees has been observed between
a valley and a point on the side hill fifty feet
abovo it during a severe frosty night. Such
positions should not be chosen for fruit trees,
but it does not follow that tho most exposed
northern positions on hill-tops are tho best. So
far as topography is concerned, the northern
exposure is better than the sheltered "valley,
but,, a proper site once chosen, it is equally well
known that local shelter from drying, cold
winds is of the greatest service. It is therefore
wise to select an elevated site rather than one
in a valley, but the trees will bo more produc
tive if sheltered from northeast to northwest
by belts of timber, which will modify the rigor
ous blasts of winter and early spring.
WINTER BREAKFAST FOR POULTRY.
Cut clover hay in very short lengths aiul
Bteep it over night in hot water. This swells
the leaves and makes them palatable. In the
morning thicken the mass of clover aud water
with too parts corn meal and one part fino
bran, seasoned with a little salt, and a very
economical and nourishing mess will bo tho
result. This is a good morning feed and con
tains variety, which is so essential to tho
health of all fowls.
HniPPIKG SOUTHERN PRODUCE.
A company has boen formed in Georgia un
der the namo of tho Austell Refrigerator Com
pany, for tho purpose of providing cheap and
cafe transportation of vegetables, fruits, and all
perishable produce from tho Southern States
to tho Northern and Western cities. This will
largely increase Southern productions.
AN IRON-CLAD APPLE.
In rigorous regions hardy fruit-trees aro
known as iron-clads. One of tho best apples
of this class is named the Wealthy, a handsomo
and excellent fruit. It was raised from seed
of a crab apple by P. M. Gideon, of Minnesota,
who has dono more than any other person in
aid of fruit growing in tho Northwest.
Hill-sides left naked during winter soon be
come barren; in the winter season the frost
will pulverize the surface so that much of it
will be washed away during spring rains, and
in most soils gullies will be formed on the slope,
and continue to enlarge with each shower.
Wo do not know a better plan of guarding
against this injury than to sow lucerne on tho
slope ; after it becomes well established wash
ing will bo mcasureably prevented, and a
profitable amount of food for stock realized,
especially in early summor.
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Various
WnY DO ANIMALS-NEED SALT?
Profer-sor James E. Johnston, of Scotland,
says: "Upward of half tho saline matter of
blood (57 per cent.) consists of common salt,
and this is partly discharged every day through
tho skin and kidneys. Tho necessity of con
tinued supplies of it to tho healthy body bo
comes sufficiently obvious. Tho bile also con
tains soda (one of the ingredients of salt) as a
special and indispensable constituent, and so do
all the cartilages of the body. Stint tho supply
of salt, thereafter, and neither will tho bile bo
able properly to assist digestion nor the cartil
age to be built up again as fast as they natu
rally waste. It is better to place salt where
stock can havo free access to it than to give it
occasionally in largo quantities. They will
help themselves to what they need if allowed
to do so at pleasure; otherwise, when they be
come 'salt hungry,' they may take more than
BE CAREFUL WITH FOOD.
A good deal of grain aud rough food are
wasted every winter because feeders are care
less in selecting places for feeding. Where one
docs not wish to resort to the uso of troughs
and racks, the selection of high or at least dry
ground is essential to anything like economy in
the uso of food. No man should feed in tho
mud. Besides tho wastefulness of the practice,
it is not good for tho stock. The weight of tes
timony among feeders is decidedly in favor of
at least some degree of shelter for slock, and
one idea, of shelter is to get a clean place to
feed. This is a matter of much more import
ance than is generally conceded.
DUST FOB CHICKENS.
A dusting-shed should bo in every poultry
yard. It may be a few feet square, according
to the number of birds, with no sides, but a
good water-proof roof. A heap of dry ashes
should be put under this, and it will soon be
seen how much tho fowls appreciate it. No
fowl will thrive if covered with insects, and
the dust bath alone will keep them away. Dry
ashes should be used ; wet material is no good.
Apples need to bo kept as cool as possible
without freezing; they will endure a little frost
much better than too warm a temperature; 23
to 34 is best ; when it rises abovo -10 they don't
keep well, and a temprature over 50 will speed
ily spoil them. Hence, to keep russet apples
till late in May, thoy should be kept in a tight
cellar and aired only at night when the teni
porature is near or below the freezing point.
Many cattle and sheep in western States aro
killed by lightning while lying close to barb
wire fences in storms. It is said that a good
preventive can be had by twisting a good sized
wire around tho barb-wire at intervals not ex
ceeding half a mile each, and running tho
lower end into the ground a foot or more, so as
to reach tho moist earth.
In feeding sweet milk to pigs, trials mado at
tho Wisconsin experimont farm showed that on
an average four pounds of corn-meal were
equal to twenty pounds of sweet skim milk, or
one pound of meal equal to five of milk, if fed
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat With Ills
"Which of all the white varieties of native
grapes is the most reliable?" is a question sub
mitted by a subscriber in Delaware, and in re
ply we have to remark that we havo not seen
enough of tho newest white varieties to bo able
to judge their peculiarities. The Niagara is
well spoken of by those who havo eaten the
fruit and grown the plants, but it is not yet
offered for sale, and is still in the owner's
hands. Tho Prentiss is a good grape wherever
tho Isabella reaches perfection. The Duchess
is a very choice fruit; so is the Lady Washing
ton, although it is said to havo rotted badly in
some places the past season. Tho Pocklington
is a very hardy variety, and the fruit compares
favorably with the Concord. Another year's
observation will enable us to decide more defi
nitely concerning theso fruits.
"Will gladiolus keep in the open ground dur
ing winter, and how can I prcscrvo tuberose
roots over till next spring?" "Eeader," South
ern Ohio. Ans.: It is just possiblo that, if
planted about six inches deep in sandy or well
drained soil, the gladiolus would notbe injured,
but it is safer to lift them before severe freez
ing and keep them dry and from frost through
the winter. Tuberoses should be lifted, dried,
and stored away in a room where the tempera
ture will never fall below sixty degrees. They
sutler from cold during winter if kept in a lower
temperature than the above.
"Will you be kind enough to give mo your
opinion as to tho best time to trim grapes, and
whether there is any benefit in covering up tho
Concord and other kinds equally hardy?"
W. E. L., Nebraska. Ans.: Tho best time to
prune grapes is any time during this month,
and there is a great gain in the crop when tho
vines are protected by taking them down from
the trellis, laying them close to tho ground and
covering with an inch or so of soil.
"What is tho most approved method of using
sowage or sewer-water of cities on farm lands?"
"Farmer," Berks County, Pa. Ans. : So far as
wo know, tho most profitable method is to uso
it for irrigation, where it can bo so applied.
Various methods havo been tried to extract tho
manurlal properties from tho great bulk of
water of which sewago consists, but so far it
has not proved successful.
"Which of our native grapes is used for
making raisins in California?" Grape Grower,
Arkansas. Ans.: Tho California raisins aro
made from foreign varieties of grapes, such as
the Muscat of Alexandria. We aro not aware
of any of tho native varieties having been suc
cessfully employed for raisin making, except in
a very limited way.
"Will apples and pears grow well in a strong
clay oil?" E. S., Center County, Pa. Ans. :
Yes, if it is drained o as to prevout an excess
of water in winter, and help tho better reten
tion of water during dry summer weather.
"When was sorghum first intruduced into
America? "Querist, Now Jersey. Ans. : It was
introduced by tho Commissioner of Patents In
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About Woman's Work Abovo
and Below Stairs.
French women, often stigmatized as the most
frivolous of their kind, are in reality tho most
thrifty a virtue that frequently degenerates
into absoluto parsimony. I saw a striking in
stance of making tho best of unregarded trifles
the other day, when dining with ono who cer
tainly has reputation for prudence. A cherry
pie had been on tho table, and the mistress gave
strict injunctions that all tho stones were to bo
scraped from the plates and placed in her store
room. I ventured to ask the reason, and was
told that not only cherry, but plum, peach, and
all manner of stones, whether cooked or raw,
were invariably saved, gently dried in the
oven, and kept in a great jar. "Then," said
Madame, " in the winter, when tho fire burns
clear and bright in tho evening, I fetch a hand -
ful and throw them among the glowing coals.
They crack and sputter for a moment, send up
a brilliant flame, and tho wholo room is filled
with u delicious odor."
A celebrated beauty, whoso complexion at
sixty was fresher than that of our women at
thirty, told me her secret this summer, writes
a Xow York correspondent, and it was divided
into two parts: First, sho never used washrag
or towel on her face, but washed it with her
hands, rinsing it off with a soft sponge. She
used clear water in tho morning, but white
castile soap or vory warm water at night, and,
after drying it on a soft towel, sho would take
a flesh-brush and rub her cheeks, chin, and
forehead. Second, if sho was going to be up
late at night, sho always slept as many hours
in tho day as sho expected to bo awake beyond
her usual time. Sho finished her little sermon
on beauty-preservation by saying: "Soft water
and sound sleep keep off wrinkles and spots,
and girls should givo more attention to this
than thoy do, for
' With (ho coming of the crows' feet
Is the going of the bcaux's feet.' "
Among the striking floral novelties this win
ter will be tho double pink Bouvardia called
General Garfield. It is identical with the new
double white of last season except in color,
which is that indescribable, delicate shrimp
pink exceedingly rare in flowors. A fern nov
elty has been introduced by a florist in an im
portation received from Japan. It is a species
of hare's foot (Davallia), a native- of Japan,
found there in a wild state, growing like our
periwinkle, in lengths of sometimes fifty feet,
looking like strands of whip -cord. Theso
strands aro wrapped around moss so as to form
any desired shape.
Dolmans remain in vogue.
Feather bands will bo much worn.
Both long and short cloaks will be worn.
Mousquetaire gloves take precedence of all
Velveteen is the popular dress of tho English
In millinery flowers are almost superseded
Bed is the favorite color for plush and velvet
As many bonnets have low and flat crowns as
high, upright ones.
The popular gimps are either metallic and
military or of satin cord.
Bands of grebo appear on some of the hand
somest bonnets nnd turbans.
Bcdingotes and overcoats will be trimmed
with furs as the season advances.
Bustles aro not worn by tho most fastidious
and exclusively fashionable women.
Chenille marabout ruches and fringes trim
many handsomo wraps and dresses.
Leather bonnets trimmed with leather laco
are the latest freak of Parisian fancy.
Turbans, to bo fashionably worn, must not
conceal the bangs or waves on tho forehead.
Leading dressmakers do not make up suits or
costumes to bo worn over hoops or bustles.
Long cloaks aro correctly worn with plain
skirts, untrimmed save around tho bottom.
Cashmere remains the favorite material for
second-best dresses of young girls and matrons.
The most popular braids for soutache em
broidery aro the Bussian tubular and square
Velvot and plush turbans with soft-folded
crowns come ready mado in colors to match
Some pretty fancy wall pockets come in the
shape of an old-fashioned bellows for blowing
Dark red plush skirts nro worn under polo
naises and overdresses of dark blue and dark
Dark furs aro most in demand in England;
hero the light and yellow furs bid fair to bo tho
Short mantles aro dc rigueur with rich and
dressy costumes, which must never bo covered
with a long cloak.
Tho short Talma mantles worn in Paris aro
of Ottoman silk, black or colored, plain or fig
ured, and aro bordered with feather bands.
Suits of cloth in the dark-rod and copper-red
shades are seen in numbers on Fourteenth and
Twenty-third streets, Broadway, and Fifth
avenue, N. Y.
To Bemove Scorching from White Goods
Bub well with linen rags saturated with
To Bemovo Stains from Bed-Ticking Uso
raw starch, as a paste, applied with a little
To Keep Silver in Constant Uso Nice and
Bright Wash it ovory day in warm soap suds,
and dry it with old linen.
To Clean and Polish Tortoise-Sholl Uso a
drop or two of sweet oil, and rub it in thor
oughly with the ball of the thumb.
To Believo Bnrns and Scalds Uso an appli
cation of dry soda, covered with a wet cloth,
moist enough to dissolve it.
To Clean Irons Use a lump of beeswax tied
in a rag; rub the irons in it when hot, and
then scour with a paper or cloth, sprinkling
To Mako Silk Handkerchiefs Look Like
Hftjw Wash thorn in clear water with pure
whito castile soap. Do not iron, but snap be
tween tho fingers nntil almost dry, and then
press under a weight.
To Destroy Ink and Bust Stains on Whito
Goods Dissolve oxalic acid in luke-warm
water and dip the spot in it, and let it remain
for a moment, and then rub it with the fingors.
To Cure Earache Take a pinch of black
pepper, put it in a pieco of black cotton batting
dipped in sweet oil, and placo in the ear, tie a
bandage around tho head, and it will givo
most instant reliof.
To Mend China of Any Color, Excepting
White Place a little shellac on tho broken
pieces, and, keeping them close together, hold
them to a lighted candle. When the shellac is
melted sufficiently, let it cool and harden, and
it forms a strong cement.
To Clean and Eenow Black Silk Use one
guarfc Of soft water and an old kid glove. Soil
down to ono pint, and then sponge the goods
with a pieco of soft flannel and iron on tho
wrong sido while it is damp, and the silk will
be as stiff and glossy as now. For a light
colored silk uso a white glovo.
To Bemovo Ink Stains from Wood Take
half a teaspoonful of oil of vitriol and dilute it
with a tablespoonful of water, and apply
with a feather to tho damaged spot. Let it
remain for a few moments, and then rub it off
quickly. If not successful tho first time, re
peat until tho ink is entirely removed.
To Make Giblct Soup. Take tho neck, legs,
pinions, and giblets of two chickens, put them
in a saucepan with an onion aud carrot, two or
three cloves, two bay leaves, some parsley,
pepper, and salt to taste, a quart of cold water ;
let it gradually heat, and when at the boiling
point add a quart of good beef stock. Let tho
soup simmer slowly four horn's. Strain off tho
liquid. Blend together a tablespoonful of but
ter, one of flour, and ono of the livers, well
mashed, add somo of the soup to thin it, aud
when thoroughly mixed add to tho soup, boil a
fow minutes, and it is ready to serve. Put into
the soup tureen the yolk of fivo or six hard-
) boiled eggs and half a teacup of port wine.
Pour over tho soup and serve.
To Mako Boned Chicken. Boil a chicken in
a little soup stock until the bones can be easily
separated from the meat ; remove all tho skin ;
slice and mix the light and the dark meat;
season with salt and pepper; boil down the
juice, pour it upon the meat, and shape it like
a loaf of bread ; wrap tightly in a cloth ; press
it with a heavy weight for a few hours. When
.served cut in thin slices.
To Broil Partridges. Time, fifteen to twenty
minutes. Partridges, gravy, butter, pepper,
salt, cayenno; thoroughly pick and draw the
partridges, divide each through tho back and
breast, and wipe tho insides. Season them
highly .with pepper, salt, and a very littlo cay
enne, and placo them over a clear, bright firo
to broil. When done rub a pieco of fresh but
ter over them, and servo them up hot with
To Picklo Chicken. Boil four chickens till
tender onough for meat to fall from bones ; put
meat in astono jar, and pour over it three pints
of cold good cider vinegar and a pint and a half
of tho water in which the chickens were boiled ;
add spices, if preferred, and it will bo ready for
use in two days.
To Mako Chicken Soup. In boiling chickens
forsalads, &c., tho broth (water in which they aro
boiled) may be used for soup. When tho chick
ens are to bo served whole, stuff, and tie in a
cloth ; to tho broth add u littlo rice, or add one
thinly-sliced onion and a quart of tomatoes.
Boil twenty minutes, season with salt and pep
per and two well beaten eggs, and serve.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
A Littlo Something Abont. Want In Golnjr On In the
In India thoro aro 325,000 Protestants and
1,325,000 Boman Catholics.
A telephone has been added to the conveni
ences of a church in Olean, N. Y.
The Japanese believe that tho first.man was
not Adam, but Hu-Sing, who mado his wife of
clay and baked her forty days.
Tho Eov. Govin Langmuir, pastor of the
American Presbyterian Church at Borne, Italy,
died on the 29th of October of consumption.
Eov. Mr. Barnes, tho " mountain evangelist,"
announces that he has a two-fold mission in
life "to glorify God and to worry tho devil."
In Prussia there aro 17,015,362 Protestants,
9,205,136 Catholics, 363,790 Jews, -12,528 Dis
senters, and 22,206 persons professing no reli
gion. Tho illuminated cross to be placed on tho
summit of the spiro to bo erected over Graco
Church, Xew York, will bo seen by mariners
coming into port.
The Young Men's Christian Association has
established branches at Cairo, Beyrout, Smyrna,
Damascus, Jerusalem, Xazarctk, Calcutta, Hong
Kong, and Yokohama.
Parisians who expected a sensational revival
ists' uproar when Moody and Sankoy appeared
havo been surprised and disappointed by tho
sobriety and decency of tho sorvices.
Tho Presbyterian Synod of Missouri has re
solved to commission two ovangelistB to labor
within its bounds. It expressed tho desire to
sec at least one evangelist in every presbytery.
A great revival is reported in Sweden, espe
cially in the central portion, and in Stockholm
meetings havo been held nightly since January
last. Bev. K. O. Broady, of tho American Bap
tist mission at Stockholm, writes that 260 have
There aro soventcen colored conferences of
the M. E. Church in tho United States, includ
ing 1,971 churches, worth $1,8-13,233, with 1S9,
570 members, and having 2S3 parsonages, worth
$107,501. In 1S61 there wero only six confer
ences, with 29,661 membora.
Tho Methodist Episcopalian mission has ap
propriated tho following sums for missions:
Arizona, $3,000; Black Hills, $3,600 ; Dakota,
$5,500; Indian Territory, $2,000; Montana,
$11,000; 2sTew Mexico, $12,500 ; Utah, $12,500 ;
Northern New York Welsh missions, $200;
Norwegian and Swedish missions in California,
$2,200; Swedish and Norwegian missions in
New York east conference, $1,600, and $2,000,
Tho Examiner says that half the unhappiness
of life and half tho failures that men make are
traceable to tho fact that they do not follow the
common-sense rule to first find out if possiblo
what they can do best, and then do that with
all their might; but instead, they seem to fol
low an insatiablo desire to bo forever doing
precisely tho thing that thoy cannot do, tho
origin of their troubles often being injudicious
praise from some well-meaning person.
Tho following paragraph from the Christian
Union giyes an idea of a missionary's life for
seven months in Western Georgia : "Ho has or
ganized twenty-five new schools, with 119 teach
ers and 903 scholars, besides aiding fifty-fivo
other schools, having 1,624 scholars. He dis
tributed in the same time 121 Bibles and 2S0
Testaments, besides books, papers, &c, by salo
or grant, to the amount of $379.7-1, also second
hand books and papers, travelling 3,331 miles
in his own conveyance Tho country ho de
scribes as delightful and healthy ; tho less set
tled communities far apart; tho pooplo primi
tive in style of living and manners; generous,
hospitable, and sociable. In tho newer sections
tho hotises arc mostly pine log cabins of one
room and sometimes a 'shod' for guests; set
tlers increasing, and work enough on his field
for a lifetime."
Many new sects have of lato arisen in this
country, aud yet our land has not a monopoly
in this respect. Tho latest sectarian novelty is
in Lapland. In thi3 the women aro elevated
to bo head of tho family, and also to occupy the
ministerial and pastoral ofllco. With this they
combine somo of tho functions of tho Boman
Catholic priesthood, particularly in regard to
tho confessional. Tho other members, particu
larly the husbands, aro to come to the women
once a week and confess their sins. The sect is
so new that the amount of progress ithasmadeis
not easily reported as yet. But there is good rea
son to believe that it will not bo popular among
the male Laplanders. Tho idea of a man going
to a woman once a week and recounting tho sad
talo of all his lapses from tho path of rectitude
is just cool enough for Lapland. Certainly it
would not take in any other quarter of tho
Dr. Blade's Infant Preserver, anil lis
By Ella Rodman Church.
"I've got it."
Tho remark was addressed, in strict confi
dence, to the speaker herself: and "it" was
merely an idea a clue, as it were, rolled up in
a ball; but which, if unrolled, might lead
through tangled labyrinths to a shining goal.
So at least dreamed the solitary occupant of
tho car that dragged its slow length through
one of tho suburbs. A large lithograph por
trait, in a druggist's window, had just arrested
her attention, and called forth her exclamation.
Beneath tho self-satisfied face of tho portrait,
with its severely plain hair combed down be
hind the cars, was inscribed tho legend :
"Yours, to bo Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise,
" Sophkoni.v L. Frisk."
This lady was frequently encountered in tho
advertising columns of the daily papers, whero
she styled herself, in large capitals, the Bene
factress of her Sex, and claimed for her Famous
Headache-Pills tho power of curing every form
and ramification of that essentially femiuinc
malady. Her features had been familiar to the
public for somo time past; and yet the sight of
them, on that February afternoon, impelled
Mis3 Sadio Oilman to the inward exclamation
"What else," reflected the young lady, as she
proceeded slowly to her destination, "what elso
do people complain of constantly, besides head
aches?" She was deeply buried in thought when the
car stopped at the familiar corner, and she got
out at Camelopard street to give her music
lessons. Her smallest pupil, aged six, was not
visible. The child had been attacked in tho
night by croup, and had come very near suffo
cating. "It is such a dreadful disease," sighed, the
harassed-looking mother. "I wonder tho doc
tors don't take it seriously in hand, and rcsolvo
to find a euro for it. Any man that could do
this would certainly mako his fortune."
"I've got it," repeated Miss Oilman again,
still confidentially to herself; and when her
lessons were finished, she started briskly off on
a now errand.
This was a visit to a certain Dr. Frank Gor
don, whoso professional sign adorned a modest
house in tho suburbs, whero he rented tho par
lor floor. Thoro was no Mrs. Gordon, although
that mythical lady was frequently addressed
by enterprising milliners and dressmakers, and
favored with cards to all their "openings,"
until the doctor became quite an adept in tho
mysteries of female apparel generally.
Sadie Oilman was his distant cousin; and
thoro was a sort of chronic quarrel between
them, and besides a littlo chronic love-making.
But Miss Sadio declared that she was tired of
poverty, and intended to be a millionaire.
Marrying a poor doctor, sho added, was not tho
way to accomplish this. Doctor Frank didn't
urge the point. He never urged any point par
ticularly, being a firm believer in tho Bo-peep
" Lot them alone,
And they'll come home ;
so that Sadie felt quito at her ease with him
and even went so far, occasionally, as to admit
that there was something wonderfully winning
about Frank, after all.
Ho was vory nice-looking, certainly, with tho
professional air which those near-sighted glasses
gave him; and to-day his visitor was more
struck by his appearance than usual, as ho rose
from his writing-table to greet her.
"Frank," sho began, rather timidly, "can
you give mo an unfailing prescription for croup ?
That is, tho very best that has over yet been
"Not for yoursolf, I hope?"
"Don't bo ridiculous, please, if you can help
it. Little Katie Masters is a perfect martyr to
tho disease; and I want it for some others, too
You'll writo it out for me, wont you?"
"Most cortainly," taking up his pen again;
'bntl cannot concientiously call it 'unfailing,'
as they do tho patent medicines."
A rush of color swept over Sadie's face just
then, and Frank Gordon wondered, what it
meant. But it was much too pretty to find fault
"Please write it so that civilized pcoplo can
read it," observed the young lady, rather
saucily; "and. don't put in those queer littlo
Latin abbreviations. I havo a particular desire
to understand it myself."
Again that sunset color, as Doctor Frank
looked at her a little inquiringly; and he be
gan to wonder if ho had any grounds for hope.
"Should this accomplish what I want of it,"
said the recipient, as she carefully bestowed the
precions document in her chatelaine-bag, "you
will not bo forgotten."
Sho had not quito decided whether her ac
knowledgement of Doctor Gordon's sorvices
should tako the shapo of a handsome gold
watch ho carried n silver one now, poor fel
low or some other testimonial. But tho ex
pression with which she mado the remark was
so significant, that it was interpreted in quite
"Thanks," was tho reply. "I want no evi
dences of gratitude," also significantly. " But
I think that remedy tho best that has over yet
been tried. You are quito sure that you aro
not about to set up as a quack doctor?"
ne said this quito at random and jestingly,
but sho flushed up over cheek aud brow again.
"Cheeks like damask roses," ho commented,
as ho returned to his book, with a piquant girl's
face coming rathor too frequently between him
The young lady wended her way back to tho
flat which at present constituted the family
abiding-place, and found mother and sister
bnsily ougaged in tho exhilarating occupation
of turning an old dress. Sadie longed to toll
them that it might bo tho last ono upon which
they would need to exercise their talents ; but
mamma was scarcely a safe repository for a
secret, and Laura was inflammablo; so she
wisely refrained for tho present.
The next day Sadio went in quest of her
"familiar," as tho family called a lady of some
sixty odd years, who inherited a .single room
in a boarding-house, and spent her timo in
visiting tho poor and relating her autobiogra
phy. Mrs. Gladsome called horsclf an old
woman ; but it really seemed as though, to
afford space enough for tho acting of all the
dramas, tragedies, and comedies which had
fallen to her share, she should havo been a
She was wonderfully interested in tho secret
confided to her, and bestowed abundant sym
pathy and some valuable advice; for Mrs. Glad
somo was as much, at home on tho subject of
patont medicines as with most other things.
Sho also knew just the people, too, who were
needed for any emergency; and having im
pressed upon her young friend tho desirableness
of a certain Mr. James "taking hold of it," sho
escorted her forthwith to bo introduced to that
The young lady did not consider the gentle
man at all prepossessing in appearance. But,
fortunatoly, personal beauty was not indispen
sable to success in a venture of this kind. Mr.
James kept his hands in his pockets, and evi
dently had no prej udices in favor of dean linen. ,
Ho was, however, 'disposed to look favorably on
tho croup prescription.
He liually agreed to bring it before tho pub
lic, furnishing all the money, which he assured
Miss Oilman would imply a "tree-men-jous"
outlay in the way of advertising; and allowing
his partnor one-third of tho receipts. Tho rem
edy was to be launched as
DR. BLADE'S INFANT PRESERVER.
The bottles, moreover, were to be embellished,
with the picture of a demon, labeled " Croup,"
clutching a child from its terrified mother's
"Thoy like it strong," said the man of enter
prise, "and that picture will be suro to fetch,
It was a very funny piece of busincss3, and
quite exciting, because of its privacy and the
glittering hopes it held out. But Sadie found
that sho had a great deal more to do in tho
matter than she had imagined. Her partner
expected her to furnish what he called the
fancy touches: concocting labels, advertise
ments, hand-bills, and posters, for which he
frankly acknowledged himself incapacitated
from want of " eddication." Ho was a shrewd
business men, but no scribe, as the ill-spelled
notes, directed to Mrs. Gladsome (according to
agreement), but intonded for Miss Oilman,
The young lady's brain was in a perfect
whirl, with all her varied employments, as well
as with her great expectations; for Mr. James
assured her that tho "Infant Preserver" was
selling like hot cakes, and tho only difficulty
was that before long there wouldn't bo anymore
croup left to cure.
Some weeks after Miss Oilman's visit to
Doctor Gordon, the latter was spending an
evening on the flat, and spoke of a case of croup
to which he was called barely in time to save
the child's life.
"The idiot of a mother," said he. indignant
ly, " was about to dose the poor little sufferer
with one of those horriblo patent medicines
with which tho country is flooded. But the
father, on my recommendation, pitched it out
of tho window, whero it probably killed the cats
instead of the child. Why will people be such,
fools? The idea of putting any trust in a com
pound with a flaming picture on it and such a
label as 'The Infant Preserver.' The man who
got that up ought to be indicted for child
murder." "And what did you give the baby, Frank?"
asked Sadie, in a curious kind of voice.
"Tho very remedy that I wrote out for you,
and it acted like a charm. By the way, how
did you succeed with it?"
"I didn't succeed at all," was the reply, a3
the speaker became quite hysterical with laugh
ing and crying together, to the great amazement
of her relatives. "That wretched James ha3
run away with all the money, and I am left;
lamenting. But, oh Frank, to think of your
throwing your own prescription out of the
And now Sadie, unable longer to restrain
herself, giggled uncontrolably.
There was no end of explanations to be made ;
and after tho first shock of horror at having
had anything to do, however remotely, with an
"Infant Preserver," the family verdict pro
nounced Sadie's enterprise highly commend
able. It was also decided that since all the
trouble and disgrace had been incurred it wa3
a great pity that no money should be forth
coming from it.
Doctor Frank looked funny enough, at tho
denouement. But when his glance fell upon Sa
die, there was something of reproach, in it.
However, since ho had gotten up a patent medi
cine without knowing it, he did not intend to
sit down tamely and let another appropriate the
profits. So Mr. James was finally discovered
Tand forced to disjrorjro some of his iU-srotten
gains, and to give up all interest in the success
ful croup remedy. It was placed in honest
hands, and although. Doctor Gordon's connec
tion with it was kept strictly private he found
it quite a source of revenue.
There was a Mrs. Gordon, too, as a conse
quence of all this ; and the latter said, one day,
to her husband :
"It seems to me, Frank, that I took a great
deal of trouble just to marry you."
"And very unnecessary trouble, too," was
t i reply, '"for Barkis was willin' all along."
A Largo Industry.
Tho extent of wine-making in California as
tonishes visitors from the East. As tho vine
yards of San Gabriel, the largest in the State,
500,000 gallons of wine and 100,000 of brandy
will bo made from this year's crop of grapes.
The unskilled labor employed is usually Chi
nese, but the experts are mostly from the wine
districts of France and Germany, though Ameri
cans learn the process readily. Tho grapes are
stemmed and squeezed by machinery. The
juice runs into vats, where it ferments suffi
ciently, and is pumped into great butts in tho
cellars. There it stands until it is clarified by
whites of eggs, isinglass or gelatine, after which
it is filtered through charcoal, and drawn off
into casks for shipment. As to the profits of
grape culture, it is calculated that the vines
will bear in tho third year after the cutting3
are set out, givo a profit in the fourth, and in
the fifth yield enough to pay all expenses, in
cluding the cost of tho land. There are seven
wine-producing districts in California, and tho
total vintage this year is 12,000,000 gallons.
Some of this will bo distilled for brandy, and
somo drunk at home, but the bulk will bo sent
eastward, to be sold under foreign labels.
A Lipht Hound.
Edith Jf. Thomas.'
Under the oak, and under tho birk,
Dance a light round;
Under the May moon, treading a cirque
On the mossy ground!
Soft hand to hand, and oft lip to Up,
Dance n ligkt round ;
Tims it is that we fairied trip
O'er enchanted ground.
Now, whero shall we find a mortal fair,
Fit to be crowned?
And where shall wo find a minstrel rare,
To lead our light round?
A Indy I know, both fair and good,
Fit to be crowned;
And a minstrel I know, in the heart of the wood,
Will lead your light round.
Bring her to us the fair nnd the good,
She shall be crowned;
Briny; us the minstrel out of tho wood,
To lead our light round.
Oh, the lady lies in her bower asleep,
With a strange wound;
And the minstrel is gone thro' tho forest deep
He leads a light round.
TJhder the oak, nnd under the birk,
Break off our light round;
Fade all away in the morning mirk,
Fade underground ! The Critic.
A Uixio Darky's Delight.
From the Cincinnati Drummer.
Wen frost nips de 'simmons in de fall time ob da
year, jis on do darkness ob de moon,
It am liberty down in Dixio wid de darkey an' hia
dog, kase he's lookiu' for de possum an' decoon.
Do possum lubs de 'simmon, an' do 'coon he lubs
de corn, an' dc darkey he lubs do ash cake too;
But ash cako sopped in grabey, it alius goes de
bea', w'en yer sittin' fo'er possum barbecue.
You can strike us in de winter, w'en de corn am In
de crib, an de punkin am yellow on de vine;
But, to ketch us in our glory, an' see us darkiej
smile, come to Dixie in do watermillion time.
You must pull de 'million early, fo' do sun am very-
high, w'on do dowam heavy on de vine;
Yow ruus' bus' it on 'er leg, an' gouge it wid yoj
tiaaaa, to get au oe " gooay " ium de rine,
3e4$--3iii- flf a-YaSJ