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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1882.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
Stray Inklings of Old Soldiers'
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Wliat Our Subscribers are
To the Editor National Tkiitone:
I congratiilato you on the success of your
most valuable paper. With mo it is the paper
of all papers. I would not be without it; I
could not afford to. In fact, I feel proud of it
for the bold stand it takes to secure justice
to Avhoin justice is due. There Avas a time in
the history of our country when our right as
soldiers was sought after, but that right vras to
leave homo and friends, shoulder arms, and go
forth to defend our glorious flag. Many brave
hearts and strong hands responded to the va
rious calls that were made to stamp out a rebel
army that was concentrated in our front.
JIany wcro the promises that we received from
thoso high in rank that if wo were in any
way disabled we would receive a just pension;
but, alas, what a change. The war is over ; re
bellion is stamped out. Many noble boys never
returned, and many returned wounded ; others
disabled by long, tedious campaigns through
the South, and still others returned mere walk
ing skeletons with permanent injuries by
being confined in Southern slaughter-pens for
months, whero nothing but sickness, starva
tion, and death stared them in the face, and
were subjected to the most intense suffering by
the most brutal wretches that ever disgraced
God's foot-stool. There was a way by which we
could escape simply by joining the bogus con
federacy, but many of us chose rather to die
among tho friends of our flag than to dwell in
the tents of rebels for a season ; but how are our
services, suffering, and loyalty appreciated to
day? If we apply for pensions, we are de
nounced as frauds, trying to bankrupt tho U.
S. Treasury. "When I look back on our past
services and sufferings for our country, and past
promises for those services and sufferings, I can
but say, "Consistency, consistency, thou art a
big Brazilian jewel." I have received five extra
copies of your great paper, and I will do all
that I can to circulate them where I think
they will do the most good. Continue to throw
solid shot into the ranks of the enemy, and wo
will support your never-tiring battery.
Yours in P., C. and L., J. P. Eobey.
"WHAT IT DH COST.
To the Editor National Tizibuxe:
In your issue of October 19 is an cxrtact
from the Philadelphia Tress making complaint
about tho old soldiers. It is unnecessary to
repeat any of the article, as by reference to that
paper the article can be seen. The writer, who
is tho Washington correspondent, seems to be
jealous of the old soldier, and thinks too much
attention is being paid him. He thinks it
about time tho old soldier was played out, and
that he has been well paid for simply doing his
duty. I like tho way the Tuibune answers
him, but you have left out a very important
part to be considered when speaking of the sol
diers being well paid for doing their simple
duty in the volunteer service of our country in
time of war. The character of men who go
into service wo may say fully one-half of
them leave occupations which would bring
them from $50 to $150 per month to take the
hardships and risks of a soldier's life for the
paltry sum of $13 per month. Does the stay-at-home
citizens think of this feature of tho old
soldier's sacrifice? While he stayed athomo and
made money and had all the comforts of home
tho soldier was getting his royal $13 and
hardships of camp life, and because he asks
remuneration from tho Government for the
loss of health, thereby preventing him from
following the business he was capable of doing
before he entered tho service, by which he
earned a competence, he must be looked upon
as a beggar. There is no language strong
enough to characterize croakers such as the
Washington correspondent of the Philadel
phia Press and Washington rost, and I will ven
ture to say that either one of them would be
the first to apply for aid of Government if they
had a shadow of a chance. An old soldier,
C. K. Watt.
DOING WELL FOE ONE LEG.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Through tho kindness of a brother soldier I J
have had the use of your paper for a few
mouths, and I am very much pleased with it,
and don't see how I could do without it. The
thought struck me, I might get up a club here
in Washington, there being a good many old
soldiers here. So I started out with some of
tho papers to sco what I could do, and in less
than five hours I had thirty-thrco names, all
soldiers. All I had to do was to show them the
paper, and then watch them go down in their
pockets for tho money. How is that for a fel
low with one leg? I will continue to solicit
until January, and in the meantime would like
the paper to read and exhibit. I understand
you offer a copy to tho sender of ten names, so,
if correct, you may forward it to me with the
others, and give mc credit with tho other
twenty-three subscribers. I see some fellow bets
six big red apples that he can get tho greatest
number of names, and another bets the grease
to fry them in. Now, I want those same apples,
already fried in taid grease. You will please
endeavor to send the papers of the next issue,
that is, this week, as I have promised them.
They are anxious to got all they cm of tho
"Little Bed Cap" story, several being ex-prisoners
of war, and some of them of Anderson
ville. We are thinking of organizing a Grand Army
Post liore, and would like you to give us some
instructions how to proceed; can get tho re
quired number any time.
J. A. Baugtoian,
Formerly of Co. 1, 1st O. V. H. A.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Boston Corbett wishes to return his thanks
through The National Tribune to tho G. A.
B., of Kansas, and to all of tho old veterans
who were at the Eeunion at Topeka, Kan., for
their kindness to him at tho Reunion, in peti
tioning to have his case immediately attended
to at the Pension Office. His pension has at
last been granted, and ho is now provided for,
and feols that justice, in a measure, has, after
bo long a time, been awarded him.
W James H. Fish.
Late Co. H, Gth Bog. Ind. V. I.
don't let him forget.
'ro tho Editor National Tribune:
I don't believe there is a soldier in this coun
try who reads your paper who does not say to
hims'-lf, "I will take that paper," and if any
one would follow him up he would do eo, but
ho forgets and is careless about sending his
taame, and so it goes by. Our Post now nuia-
hers about seventy, and is working hard to raise
funds to build a memorial hall. Wo have raised
about $0,000 during the past year. Our com
mander, Alfred C. Monroe, is an energetic and
widc-awako man, and wc consider him tho best
informed man in the Order.
Yours, IIexhy A. Willis.
a word from mus. iian'Nis.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
I received a postal to-day from one of my hoys,
and was so glad to hear that one of those under
my care still kindly remember the woman who
left home to do what little she could to relievo
the sufferings of the bravo and noble men who
fought our kittles. Will ysu kindly publish
my name and hospital? I feel that through
this means I will find more of the soldiers that
I used to know. My name was then llattio
Ilungcrford; tho hospital was Gayoso, Mem
phis, Tenn. By publishing these names you
will greatly oblige a subscriber.
AND FHOMjOXB OF HER BOYS.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I was "captured" about two weeks since by
a comrade giving me The Tribune to look
over and I immediately sent $1 for the paper.
Thanks to The Tribune for the address of
the little woman to whom I owe so much grat
itude to-day for words of cheer and comfort
while fclay wounded in tho hospital at Mem
phis, Tennessee. But for the aid of the unseen
power and tho careful nursing I received at
her hands I would have found a grave in
Dixie's land. A mother or sister, both of
which I then had as now, could not have done
more for me had they been there. This country
owes a debt to thoso brave women it can never
pay for their faithful services whilo wo boys
fought for tho preservation of our country's
honor. Success to The Tribune. Like the
Stars and Stripes that float to-day over a free
land so may TnE Tribune bo found in every
homo that glorious flag protects. Let every
soldier after reading his Tribune send it to a
comrade whoni he thinks docs not take it.
They will bo captured like myself and in a
short time itwill swell the number to a million.
UlLLSBOEO, 0. M. E. BOYEELL.
A HAPPY EURPRISE.
To the Editor National Tribune:
My husband was a soldier in tho lato rebel
lion, and has wanted to tako your paper for a
long time, but could not, so I thought I would
send for it and give him a happy surprise, Ho
has a pension claim pending, and has not heard
from it for nearly a year. I think if tho good
Commissioner only knew how much ho stood in
need of it, that he would look to the settlement
of it. Hoping s6on to greet TnE National
Tribune, I remain a true friend and Avell
wisher. Mrs. H. M. B.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
"Free Lauco" has concluded his narrative,
and states that Wirz, tho Andcrsonvillo prison
boss, was arrested on May 7th. All right ! Tho
man who arrested Wirz is E. P. Sweaucy, late
of Co. K, 4th U. S. Cav., who now lives in our
town. Pleaso send The Tribune to his address
for tho dollar enclosed. J. W. Gladjian.
GREETING FROM IOWA.
To the Editor National Tribune :
McKcnzio Post, of this place, sends greeting
to tho many comrades who read The Tribune.
All are loud in their praises of tho efforts you
arc making in behalf of the soldier. Tho Grand
Army is flourishing in Iowa. I send you a few
Yours, J. D. Butler.
Answers to Correspondents.
li. J. 31., St. Joseph, Mo. 1. When all require
ments have been correctly complied with. 2.
Ought not to bo long, but impossible to give
any definite period time varies in each case.
G. A., Ann street, N. Y. The officer in charge
of all National cemeteries is the Quartermaster-General
of .tho Army, this city, to whom
you should write.
IK W., Davis, III. As desired, your letter has
been referred to a competent attorney, who
will promptly communicate with you.
T. M., McC., Grahamton, la. 1. Tho evidence
to reopen must be new and material, and the
claim would be re-examined upon tho princi
pal points at issue only. 2. Would depeud en
tirely upon the nature of the case.
li. McG., Jancsvillc, IMs. Wo believe not, but
you can write to the Surgeon-General of the
Army, this city, who will no doubt inform you.
J. IV., Sjmnhlcs Mills, 0. The "most au
thentic history of the war" is contained in
Scribner's series of "Campaigns of tho Civil
" Sulseribcr," Defiance, 0. Your point is well
taken, but, not owning tho copyright to the book
to which you refer wo could not continue the
story further without danger of infringement.
The wisest way out of your perplexity is to se
cure subscriptions for The Tribune of eight
of your neighbors, who, like yourself, are in
terested in the fato of Captain Andrews and
his companions, and thus secure a copy of the
We arc ohlifrert to answer crrtaln ininlrcs of the Mine
nature In cadi tvmeof our pajM-r. While we chci-i fully
furnish information to tniliM-ribprs in thin column, uo
surest that much lalxr, time, finl expense may ho p.ivcm!
hoth to oursHvJ-ii and to our c-orre.s;i'iiileuu, if all sul-M-ribfrs
would koep a lilt Xf the imjjrr. Thiv could then,
at any time, turn to the Iilo ami probably Und the very
inquiry answered about which thry would have written
to us. Wc trust that every euhicribcr will profit by thi8
A Child's Estimate of Ynlnpa.
From the Sunday School Times.
Values are relative. Ono person puts a high
estimate on what another d cems worthless. A
savage covets a showy feather or a gaudy trinket.
Civilized ladies sometimes have a similar fancy ;
but, again, an antiquarian would prize an old
book above a bale of feathers and a barrel of
trinkets. Who shall say what is the real test
of value in material possessions? A little child
was recently startled by what she heard said
at the family tabic about a robbery in tho neigh
borhood. As she learned the possibility of her
own homo being entered by robbers sho trem
bled for her choice possessions. "Mamma,"
sho whispored, "do robbers take, dolls?" Her
dolls were her tratsuro. If they were in danger,
life had new perils for her. "No, my dear,"
said her mamma. "Bobbers don't want dolls.
Why should they take them? " " I didn't know
but they would want them for their little girls,''
was the answer, showing the child belief that
robbers were human and that their children
had child longings and child fancies. With the
assurance that her dolls were safe, that little
girl hud less dread of robbers. What was the
loss of family silver or of clothing and jewels,
or of books or pictures, if dolls were to be left
unharmed? After all, was that child's esti
mate of values wrong or unreal; or is the
trouble with the rost of us?
Origin of an Old Sou.
From the Courier-Journal.'
A great number of W. Pcnn's friends urged
him to make war upon tho Indians with tho
view of getting possession of their heritages.
He chose, however, the quieter method of treaty-making,
and in that way "goosed" them
out of their lands and tenements. Hcnco the
adage, "The Pcnn is mightier than theeword."
BRAVE LITTLE RED CAP.
The Young Orderly of Monster Wirz
BRANDING A TRAITOR.
Arrival of a "Very Yowig
Continued from last icecX.
Commandant Wirz had now arranged every
thing to his satisfaction, so far as tho prison
discipline was concerned, and one day a pho
tographer arrived to tako somo views of tho
stockade. I was ordered to accompany him
and assist in carrying his instrument. Wo
mounted one of the perches where the guards
were stationed, overlooking tho entire enclos
ure, and from that point of view the artist
managed to get a very fair negative. It re
quired four "exposures" one for each corner
of the stockade to get a complete picture of
thp interior, however. I have seen many
drawings of Ander.5onvillo, but nothing except
a photograph could possibly givo an adequate
idea of its horrors, and the one taken that day
did not, of course, depict Andcrsonvillo at its
worst. Every day wrought somo new misery.
By this timoa cook-houso had been built by
Wirz's orders, and it was so situated at tho edge
of the creek which ran through the enclosure,
on the west side between tho two gates, that
the water which we were forced to use was con
taminated by the ofial and refuse. Wirz levied
on tho irisoners whenever there was any work
to be done outside, and placed them on parole
for the timo being. Nothing so aroused his
anger as an attempt to escape. The blood
hounds regularly every morning mado the
circuit of the stockade, and if a scent was struck,
off they would go yelping like fiends incarnate,
with Turner, tho keeper, and his gray-haired
assistant following hard after them, mounted
on mules, and armed to the teeth. It was a
common thing for them to return before dusk,
with from one to thrco half-naked and limping
captives, and march them to headquarters to
receive old Wirz's benediction beforo being sent
back to tho pen. And yet, despite the dismay
which such spectacles occasioned, we were al
ways devising some way to get back to " God's
Country," as wc used to will it. There wcro
two sources of hope left to us exchange or
escape. Sometimes word would reach us that
an exchange had been agreed upon, and our
faces would brighten up at the very possibility
of seeing homo once more, and then, when day
after day passed without further news, we
would be plunged in still deeper despair.
Escape was possible only through tunneling be
neath the stockade, and that was attended with
great risk as well as danger. Still it was never
without its allurements for somo of us. The
guaids kept a very sharp watch upon our move
ments, and although thero were, from first to
last, somo fifty thousand men confined at An
dersonville, not more than four hundred, I
think, ever succeeded in baflling the hounds
and getting clear away. Of this number, in
deed, the majority wcro afterwards recaptured
and returned to old Wirz, or sent to some other
prison. Many attempts were made to scale the
stockade, but tho guards were so numerous that
it was impossible to cross the dead-lino without
being shot. As for the gates, they wero only
opened to admit new captives, or the rebel sor
gcant whose duty it was to call the roll, or tho
wagon with the rations. Nor was it an easy
matter to dig a tunnel without being detected.
Wiiz was always on tho alert, and it was a com
mon thing to have the work broken up after
somo poor fellow had spent weeks upon it. It
was necessary to excavate for a distance of fifty
or sixty feet in order to reach the exterior of
tho prison, and tho lack of proper instruments
made tho work one of great difficulty. Tho
ends of the logs of which tho stockade Avas con
structed were driven sqmc fivo feet into the
ground, and there was always great danger that
one of them would fall in and bury tho boys
under it. I have known many a c.iso where
the digger was caught in that fix, and nearly
smothered to death beforo ho could bo res
cued. In ono instance, the comrades of a
prisoner who had met with an accident of
this kind wcro compelled to call in the
guards in order to effect his release. 1
remember that Wirz was highly amused by
this incident. Had he been present at the time
I am iuclincd to think ho would have ordered
tho guards to let tho fellow die thero. Ho took
a fiendish delight in our sufferings. Tho im
plement generally used in the work of excava
tion was a half-canteen, and it answered the
purpose of a scoop very well in some respects.
A canteen, as all old soldiers know, is soldered
together in the middle, and the half canteens
mado very handy utensils for cooking purposes
as well as for digging a road to freedom. A
prisoner who owned a canteen was considered
a lucky fellow at Andersonville. Wo used to
contrive a very good handle out of a split stick.
As a rule the place chosen for starting a tunnel
was somo liltlo blanket tent pitched as near
tho dead-lino as possible, so as not to have
to excavate for any greater distance than
w:is absolutely necessary. Tho first digger
would lie flat on his stomach, and as he scooped
away the dirt in front of him push it back with
iis hands and feet until the man behind him
could reach it. The latter would thou push it
back to tho man behind him, and when it
reached the mouth of tho tunnel another man
would scoop it up in bags mado by tying up
tho legs of our pantaloons aitd carry it off to the
.swamp, whero ib could bo emptied in safety.
The work was extremely fatiguing, and work
ing parties wcro generally organized into sec
tions aud relieved every half hour.
liitANDIXG A THA1T011.
Wirz, as I have said, was always on tho alert
to detect and break up any liltlo schemes of
tin's kind, and used to hold out special induce
ments to tho men to betray their comrades.
Tho bounty-jumpers were very serviceable to
him in this respect, but ho would sometimes
.send in somo of his own men to act as spies.
On ono occasion when a tunnel had been
broken up through tho treachery of ono of the
prisoners, the boys managed to identify the
traitor and at first wero for putting him to
death a fato which ho richly merited, con
sidering that to prevent his fellow prisonera
from escaping was not much better than mur
der, li was finally decided, however, to brand
the traitor with the letter T. There happened
to bo a sailor among the prisoners who was a
tattoo artist of considerable renown, and after
consultation ho was directed to brand the
traitor by burning tho top of tho letter T
across his forehead and tho stem down hisnoso.
It required only half an hour to do tho work
but it must have seemed an eternity to the
victim. Wirz was so enraged when ho heard
of the punishment that had been meted out to
tho wretch that ho threatened to slop tho ra
tions of the wholo camp. I never knew what
became of the traitor. Ho was sent outside of
tho stockado and kept at tho cook-houso for
some time, after which ho mysteriously disap
peared. Ho must havo borno tho mark to his
But if the difficulties which attended every
attempt to escape from the stockado wero so
formidablo what shall I say of those which had
to bo surmounted on reaching tho exterior.
There were the guards to be eluded, tho blood- j
hounds to be bafllcd, and finally some three or
four hundred miles of tho enemy's country to
bo traversed before a place of safety could bo
reached. No wonder that so few who risked
their lives to reach "God's Country" ever
rrvc nuxDBED lasiies.
Brutal as was tho treatment to which wo
were subjected, that which the colored prison
ersreceived was even more inhuman. Their
wounds wero allowed to go undressed and they
were compelled to do the hardest sort of work
daily on tho scantiest rations. Death was tho
only friend they had and ho was a frequent
visitor. There wero several hundred slaves,
in addition to these prisoners, working in tho
vicinity of tho camp, and as they wero march
ing tho colored soldiers back into the stockade
one of these slaves slipped into tho ranks and
tried to pass through tho gates with them.
This made the rebels furious, aud they gave
him 500 lashes on the baro back for that trifling
pieco of disobedience. I was a reluctant wit
ness of one of these lashings.
During tho month of May, when both armies
had taken the field aud tho campaign had re
opened in earnest, thero was a very large in
crease in the arrivals of new prisoners. Grant
alone lost some seven or eight thousand men
in that month, and every train that arrived at
Andcrsonvillo brought from one to three squads
of captives. They wero first taken to Wirz's
headquarters, where their clothing was searched
and their names entered upon the prison
records the clerical work being done by pris
oners detailed from tho stockade and then
marched through the gates past tho rebel in
fantry and artillery, drawn up in line of battle
to preveut an outbreak. Among them wero a
largo number of zouaves, aud wc always knew
by the sizo of tho squad whether they were
from Grant's or Sherman's army. The heavi
est arrivals were from the former. By the end
of tho month there were fully eighteen thou
sand, fivo hundred men confined in the stock
ado, or nearly fifteen hundred to the acre. It
was now impossible to spare tho room neces
sary for streets, and scarcely enough ground
was left for exercise. The soil becamo inde
scribably filthy, and tho men wcro forced to
ncstlo together like so many pigs. Tho odors
arising from tho swamp were fairly stifling,
and the slimy ooze was swarming with white
maggots. Yet wc had to use the water which
trickled through this sink of corruption! A
road had been constructed across tho swamp on
the west sido along tho dead-line, whoro the
stream entered the pen, and thither the ma
jority of the prisoners used to go for water,
which was a littlo less filthy there than else
where. It was at this point that tho dead-line
acquired its bloody fame, for the guards many
of them mere boys were quick to fire upon
any one who crossed the line, and often shot a
prisoner down without any provocation or ex
cuse whatever. It was simply butchery,
butchery horrible beyond conception. Scarcely
a day passed that some one did not fall a victim
to their murderous fire. Yet the men con
tinued to run the risk they had to have water,
or die! Naturally, tho last comers fared the
worst, for they wero unacquainted with the
devilish regulations of the prison, and through
sheer ignorauce exposed ihcmselvcs to the dan
gers of tho dead-line. Did Wirz care? Not a
whit. He was delighted with this carnage.
Tho guards seemed to think thero was no more
harm in killing a Yankee than in shooting a
laud dog, aud Wirz was of the same opinion.
One of them was overheard to say : " I heard
ouhot p,, 'Yank' last night." "Yes," said
tho other, "I did, and, God! but ycr ought tcr
of heerd him holler!"
THE YOU'N'G PRISONER.
By this time I had become acquainted with
ndarly everybody outside of the stockade, and,
of course, was well posted as to everything that
was going on. I recall ono incident that seemed
strangely out of place at such a spot as Andcr
sonvillo. Ono day there arrived at the stock
ade a prisoner by tho namo of Hunt. He had
been engaged somewhere in ferrying goods for
the Union army, and his wife had been cap
lured with him. They had evidently been
well-oft, and were both line-looking aud accom
plished. At first Hunt was confined in the
htockadc, but at his wife's entreaty ho was
finally allowed to occupy a littlo tent with her
outside of tho enclosure. They had been mar
ried but a year or so, I think, and wcro very
fond of each other. I recall the circumstance
becauso I was aroused from my slumbers one
morning (I still slept at Wirz's headquarters)
by tho cook coming into my room and calling
out, " I say, what do you think of tho now
prisoner?" I could not imagine what ho meant
until ho told mo after a while that Mrs. Hunt
had given birth to a son during the night. A
born prisoner that was a novely wo had never
expected to see at Andcrsonvillo. Tho baby
was a fine, healthy littlo fellow, and his advent
mado such a stir in the neighborhood that sev
eral ladies called to pay their respects to tho
mother. I wonder if ho is still living? Ho
must bo npxroaching manhood by this time,
and yet it seems but yesterday that tho cook
asked mo what I thought of the "new
To be continued.
tlnck Tars as Soldiers.
From the London World.
One of the difficulties of manipulating the
naval brigade on shore is to get them to under
stand military words of command. I can sym
pathise with tho staff officer who tried, but in
vain, to get a battalion of sailors to maiuouvre
round tho corner of a house. He gave all tho
orthodox and regulation Avords of command
"right Avheel," "bring the left shouldor for
ward," &c, but Jack remained obstinately
fixed. At hist a naval officer, Avho AA'as stand
ing by, on being appealed to, solved tho ques
tion. "Get them round thathouso? Is that
allyouAvant? Hero! Bluc-jaekots," he cried,
"luff, and Avcather that house!" Tho sailors
wcro round tho corner in a twinkling.
A Wowan'.s Discovery.
Woman's Avit has mado a discovery in Avinc
making from which competent judges expect
important results. Tho lady ha3 renown for
homc-mado Avinc. The peculiar flavor of tho
apricot struck hor as being superior to any
flavor in tho best French champaguo Avincs.
To know if the Avine Avould carry tho bouquet,
sho made from fully ripo fruit a cask of apricot
wine, domestic fashion, and gavo it a year's
seasoning beforo bottling. From every bottle
uncorked tho Avinc rushed sparkling like cham
pagne, and filled tho room Avith odor of exquis
ite fragrance. Sho had not dreamt that tho
wino Avas a natural effervescent. It Avas sub
mitted to wine men Avith requests to namo tho
grapo it camo from.
Consumption in its early stages is readily
cured by tho use of Dr. Pierce's " Golden Med
ical Discovery," though, if the lungs aro Avasted
no medicine "will effect a cure. No knoAvn
remedy possesses such soothing and healing in
fluence over all scrofulous, tuberculous, and
pulmonary affections as tho " Discovery." John
Willis, of Elyria, Ohio, Avritcs: "Tho ' Goldon
Medical Discovery' docs positively euro con
sumption, as, after trying every other medicine
in vain, this succeeded." Mr. Z. T. Phelps, of
Cuthbcrt, Ga., writes f "Tho 'Golden Medical
Discovery' has cured my wife of bronchitis aud
incipient consumption," Sold by druggists,
TRYING TO ESCAPE.
Hiding in Cane-brakes and Living
HORRORS OF SALISBURY.
Mowing Down tlie Prisoners
On the 20th of September, 1SG3, 1, with many
others, Avas captured at Chickamauga. Wc
Averc marched to tho railroad, sent to Atlanta,
robbed of pocket-kniA'es and trinkets, then sent
to Richmond, and placed in the Pemberton
building, a large brick across the street from
Libby. Here Ave laid on the floor for about tAVO
months, AA-hen avo were removed to DanA'ille,
and placed in a largo brick, Avithout fire or
covering. The small-pox broke out among us.
Many died, many were taken out to the hos
pital, aud many remained Avithout medical aid
of any kind. We were fed about enough to
sustain life and keep us in perpetual misery.
Rico soup AA'as brought us in Avooden pails;
often I have skimmed off a gill of vermin from
a pail of soup. The first of April we were
placed on the cars and sent to Andersonville.
The scenes described thero by " Free Lance"
are not overdrawn ; indeed, no language can
exaggerate tho horrors and miseries of that
Golgotha. Many wcro turned in there destitute
of CA'cry thing but a pair of dnrwers and a shirt.
Many aa'Iio walked around through the day
were found dead in the morning. It wa3 one
continual scene of human avoo and misery.
The prisoner mentioned by "Free Lance," Avho
Avas shot AA'hile dipping up Avater at the dead
line, AA'as within a foAvfeet of me at tho time
ho fell, but never spoke. A fine young man,
Avho slept near mo on the ground, had the top
of his head bloAvn off AA'hile he AA'as asleep, the
guard firing into the prison for amusement. I
here give tho namc3 of a feAV acquaintances I
kncAV avIio died there: B. F. Bomer, William
Xicholcss, Fred. Grosh, Hiram Shrigley, James
Sutton, and Albert McCIurg, of the Tenth
Wisconsin infantry, besides many others whom
I do not now remember. In the full Ave Avere
removed (a batch of about 1,G00) to Florence,
S. C, and placed in an old deserted field Avhile
they prepared a prison. After being there a
couple of days Ave made a rush upon the guard,
and about 500 of us succeeded in getting to a
large swamp covered Avith cane brush. Many
Averc the shots fired, but how many AAere killed
I noA'er kneAA'. Myself and one other traveled
together beyond tho SAvamp and secreted our
selves in a fence corner for the day, wheu Ave
heard Aroices, and on looking out from our place
of concealment Ave beheld three soldiers with
their muskets, searching for something, Ave
knew not Avhat. They paused for a few mo
ments and then passed on. We remained quiet
until night, and then proceeded on our Avay.
Our course AvasnortliAvest; our guide the North
star. We traveled mostly at night if it AA'as
not cloudy. We subsisted on corn, persimmons
and Avhatever Ave could find. One day A'e saw
a man and a negro Avoman pulling corn blades
in a field, and being nearly starved, avc con
cluded to call on thorn for food. As avc came
up they both faced usj but the woman in the
rear of the maul Wo made known to him our
wants and begged for bread. He had none,
but pointed to a house some distance off, and
told us to go there aud avc Aould get all we
desired. The negress shook her head, and this
gave us to understand that danger Avas there.
Wo then appealed to tho woman, Avho soon
placed two Aery largo pones of bread and dozen
sweet potatoes (raw) before us. It took us but
a short time todeA'our them, and start npon our
way. Wo had proceeded about tAAo miles when
we becamo so stupid avo could go no further.
Wo craAA'led into a thicket and Avent to sleep.
On aAvaking a'o found ourselves refreshed, and
as tho sun Avas about two hours high Ave started
on our journey. We suddenly camo upon two
women Avashing at a creek. We Avere now in a
road Avith swamp.s aud cano brush on each side
of us. Being someAvhat careless AA'e took the
road and passed !iac or six houses in as many
miles, in tAA'o of Avhich tho inmates AA'ero AA-atch-ing
our course. Darkness came on and Ave still
kept tho road. Soon aa'0 came near a small
cabin by tho sido of a lane. We paused in about
twenty yards of it to consult, and we heard the
sound of horses feet in our rear. Quickly secret
ing ourseh'cs avo saAV a man pass by and pause
at tho cabin. The door Avas opened, and a man
came out and said, "What is up, Douglass?"
Ho replied, "A couple of Yanks have passed
up the road and I am going to have them ; I
AA'ill go on to toAA'n aud come back tho other
road, and you bo ready, should they come along,
and take them in." He then Aveut on, and after
everything was quiet, AA'e cnnvled for about one
hundred yards and changed our course. Soon
avc camo upon another road, and felt sure this
was tho ono Douglass would return on. We
concealed ourselves so we had a fair view of the
same. About midnight ho passed by on his
return, aud as'o immediately resumed our jour
ney. Wo slept in the woods, in hog-beds, in
fodder-pens, and swamps. We suffered beyond
expression from cold rains, frosts and hunger,
and Avero recaptured after Ae got in about a day's
travel of Charlottesville, N. C. Wc Avere drag
ged about from ono place to another for a couple
of AA'ceks, and then sent to Salisbury, N. C.
ncre Avas another scene of agony and wretch
edness that can never bo erased from my mind
AA'hile memory lasts. There AverefourorfiA'cbrick
buildings inside of the prison AA'alls, and these
Avero filled with the sick and Aoundcd. When
avo first Avent in there, avc Avoro confined in a
house Avith about 200 bounty-jumpers from the
Union army, having come there for protection.
They immediately plundered and robbed tts of
everything aa'o had gathered up on our trip.
They soou learned avc were from Anderson
ville, aud they droA'e us out of tho building and
SAA'ore thoy Avere going to kill ns becauso Are
had hung the six raiders thero. In a foAV days
a fresh supply of prisoners from Grant's army
arrived, and Ave then drove them into their
building and kept them thero until thoy Avore
removed. We Avero hero destitute of clothing,
aud received very little food, of the most filthy
kind; tho entrails of cattle AA'ere divided among
us on ono occasion. I Avell remember aa'o re
ceived a piece of beef tripe about thrco inches
square, raAV and uncleaned, for a day's rations.
Tho Avinter Avcathor AA'as cold and seA'ere. and
the old prisoners died moro rapidly here thau
at Andcrsonvillo; many AA'ero frozen to death ;
many AA'oro to be seen cnvwling around AA'ith
their feet frozen until tho flesh dropped from
the bones. Several citizens volunteered their
assistance to doctor and AA'ait on tho sick. Feet,
hands, legs and arms AA'ere amputated daily
from tho effect of frost. On ono occasion, whilo
a dozen guards AA'ero in tho prison, the prison
ers seized them and took away their arms;
immediately tho entiro guard opened fire upon
guilty aud innocent. A cannon sweeping the
full length of the prison AA'as brought into ac
tion and an indiscriminate slaughter of all AA'as
kept up for somo time. At last I fell sick with
pneumonia, and was placed in tho hospital.
Hero avo lay spoon fashion in a little straw
on the floor, covered, with Ywmin and filth, 1
I have seen, in that "Hole of Calcutta," men
Avith their necks and scalps raw and bleeding
from the effects of lice. The straw was ground
to poAvdcr, and could bo seen kept in motion
by vermin. Often have I found in the morn
ing, three and four, and sometimes a dozen
comrades lying dead on each sido of mc.
I craAvlcd on my hands across the building to
get a drink of Avater. I remained for a number
of days, breathing in great pain, with my hand
holding to the flesh on my side. I had sores
eaten in my flesh by tho vermin, when I be
came too weak to keep them doAA'n. God only
knoAvs the agony and woo of that place. Whilo
I now reflect upon the excruciating pain which
I witnessed tho noble patriots enduring thero
as martyrs, scA'entccn years ago, I cannot re
frain from dropping tears of sympathy. Daily
recruiting officers came to the gate offering a
bounty in gold, clothing, and food, to those who
would enlist for tho confederacy. A few en
listed and left us, but the majority stubbornly
refused, and often replied to their persuasive
calls: " Wo will remain here and die, but neVer
swear allegiance to tho C. S. A.JJ While hero I
formed tho acquaintance of Mr. Richardson,
correspondent of tho Ncav York Tribune. Ho
and several others mado their escape. Our
Government sent us shoes and clothing, but it
was nearly all stolen and given to rebels. I
got Avhilo hero half of a blanket given mo for
my share, and some one stole that from me.
About the 1st of April I was paroled, with
others, and sent to Richmond, thence down tho
James to our lines. I had a constitution when
I Aveut into the army excelled by no one ijh
Avhom I ever met, but I returned home a phys
ical Avrcck, Avith a disease of tho eyes from
Avhich I never expect to be free.
I wish Mr. Bently had been in Salisbury
along with Senator Beck and the editors of
some of those Eastern journals during the war.
I doubt their pursuing the course they do now.
I AA'as a prisoner about eighteen months, saw
and experienced AA'hat I AA'ould not again though
I had to surrender life. I here wish to tender
the gratitude of my heart to a confederate sol
dier by the name of Richard Norton, belonging
to the TAA'elfth Virginia battalion. Should ho
see this he will remember the man to whom ho
gavo about half a bushel of corn bread ono
night AA'hile he was on guard in the Pemberton
building at Richmond. I also have kind feel
ings for Major Moffatt, who AA'as connected
Avith ns at DanA'ille, Va., and Avhom I saw once
at Salisbury. Ho there told me he would try
and do something for me; but he Avas too hu
mane a man to remain there long. As for Wirz,
both of the Cobs, and Winder at Andersonville,
McGee, and several lesser lights of barbarism,
whom I recollect at Richmond, including ono
Tolbert, and Brady at DanA'ille, they can never
get their jnst dues this side of the infernal re
gions, and there they will not be in as doleful
a place as the prisoners over whom they ruled.
H. T. Talbott,
Co. 1, 10th Reg. Wis. Inf.
Tho Copperhead's Enemy.
From the Martin Index.
Under the tree lay a "copperhead" snake
about tAA'o and one-half feet in length, perfectly
motionless. On the other side of the reptile,
about ono or two inches from its head, there
Avas a large green worm fastened to the body
of the snake. Its poAverful mandibles wero
fastened to the neck of the snake, and its legs,
Avhich Avero pointed Avith sharp, strong fangs,
Avere firmly planted in the reptile's body. Evi
dently, so far as the Avorm was concerned, ifc
Avas an assault Avith intent to murder. Mr.
Oftkea seized a stiek and dispatched both snake
and worm. He informed us that he had noticed
of late on hisfarm several " copperhead" snakes
all disemboAA'elled, aud could not account for
it, as the dead snakes bore no evidence of hav
ing been killed by human beings. The cir
cumstances above related convinced him that
they had been killed and disemboAA'elled by
these Avorms. The worm was not a centiped,
but its body resembled that of a very large to
bacco worm, except that its mandibles and
fangs Avere different.
Tackling the lVrong Freshman.
From the Leiciston Journal.
A littlo while since, four bold, bad sopho
mores in a certain college in Maine wenfc
into the room of a freshman Avhom they judged
to be verdant. After the sophomores had got
into tho room tho freshman asked what they
Avished. " Oh, Ave've come to put you through,"
AA'as the reply. The freshman told them they
had better not attempt anything, but they
scornfully refused to listen to advice from a
member of a loAver class, and made a rush for
the youth Avhom they took to be green.
With a blow he laid one of the bold sophs upon
his back. In the melee that folloAvcd the light
AA'as overturned and extinguished, when tho
freshman grasped a chair and the sophomores
AA'ere obliged to beat a hasty and disastrous re
treat. Tho next morning the freshman was called
before the president of the college, who inquired
the cause of the disturbance in his room the pre
cedingevening. The freshman narrated the cir
cumstances of tho ease A'ery minutely, and tho
president listened AA'ith the greatest attention.
When tho freshman had finished, the president
said: "And you cleaned them out?" "Yes,"
AA'as tho ansAA'er. "I congratulate you upon
your success," said the president, as he took tho
boy's hand and gave it a hearty shake.
An Elgin (HI.) man, broke his arm AA'hile put
ting on a clean shirt. Ho was unaccustomed to
tho exercise. Feck's Sun.
SONGS OF THE CAMP.
"All quiet along tho Potomac," they say,
" Except, now and then, a stray picket
Is shot as ho walks on his beat to and fro,
By a rifleman hid in tho thicket.
'Tis nothlnjr a private or tA'o, noAV and then,
Will not count in thetiCAA's of the battle;
Not an ofliecr lost only one of the men
Moaning out, till nlone, the dcuth-rattle."
All quiet nloiiK the Potomac to-night,
Where the soldiers lie peacefully dreaming;
Their tents, in the rays of the clear autumn moon
Or the light of the watch-lire, are claiming.
A tremulous Msli, ns the gentle night-wiiul
Through tho forest-leaves softly is creeping;
While etars up nbove, Avith their glittering eyes,
Iveepuard for the army is sleeping.
There's only-the sound of the lone sentry's tread
fc As' ho tramps from the rock to the fountain,
Amltblnk&oftho two in the low trundle-bed,
Far iiAA-ay in tho cot on the mountain.
His musket fulls slack his face, dark and grim.
Grows gentle Avith memories tender.
As he mutters a prayer for the children asleep
For their mother may hc.iA'en defend her I
The moon seems to shine just ns brightly ns then.
That night when tho love yet unspoken
Lenped up to his lips Avhcn loAV-murmured vows
Were pledged to be ever unbroken.
Then drnAving his sleeve roughly over his eyes,
lie dashes off tears that are welling,
And gnthers his gun closer up to its place,
As if to keep doAvn the hcart-SAvelling.
lie passes the fountain, tho blasted pine tree,
The footstep is lagging nnd weary;
Yet onward ho goes, through the broad belt of
Toward tho sliado of the forest so drenry.
Hark! Ai'ns it tho night-Avind that rustled tho
Was It moonlight so Ai'ondrously flashing?
It looked like a rifle "Ha! Mary, good-by !"
And the life-blood is ebbing; and plashing. f
AH quiet along the Potomnc to-night,
No sound save tho rush of the river;
While soft falls the dew on the face of the dend
The picket's off duty forever! E. B.