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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, NOYEMBER 23, 1882.
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
The United States Visited by an Elec
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Important Events Briefly
In a libel case before Ibe quarter-sessions
court, the court and jury were convulsed with
laughter over the proposition mndo by the de
fendant, and for which ho claimed tho author
ity of an unrepealed law, to settle the case by
resort to personal combat, the statute cited
ending: "And his cause shall be deemed just
who (succeeds in caning up the other before tho
going down of tho sun."
An electrical storm, reaching from beyond
Kansas City and Omaha to the Atlantic coast,
played havoc with the telegraph communica
tion in tho country on Friday last. Messages
were Bent over wires disconnected from the bat
tferics. Tho annunciators in telephone oilicca
indicated calls from all the subscribers and
worried the central oflices. Tho oceau cables
were only worked with great difficulty.
The joint committee- of Congress, "to Inquire
into tho condition and wants of American ship
building and ship-owning interests, and to in
vestigate tho causes of tho decline of the Amer
ican foreign carrying trade, and to suggest
remedies to bo applied by legislation," met and
organized in tho Fifth Aveuuo Hotel, New
York City, November 15lh.
The audience acmblcd at New Haven, Conn.,
last Sunday evening, to listen to the warbling
of tho Norfolk Jubilee Singers, wore very much
exasperated to find that the principal perform
ers had been arrested for violating an ordinance
prohibiting concerts on Sunday, and that tho
concert would not take place.
Tho western Bessemer steel manufacturing
companies contemplate shutting down their
works in the early part of December. Should
this action bo taken at least 20,000 skilled and
unskilled workmen will bo thrown out of em
ployment. A package, shipped on board tho steamer
City of Chester and consigned to a New York
importer, invoiced as containing diamonds
work about $30,000, was found on opening to
have nothing but paper in.
The Georgia Legislature, November 15,
elected Pope Barrow to tho U. S. Senate for the
bhort term, and Governor Alfred H. Colquitt
for the long term, commencing on tho 4th of
Mrs. Melville, tho wife of Engineer Melville,
of tho Jeannette expedition, was released from
the Norristown Insano Hospital on the 17th
iust. She will apply for a bill of separation
from her husband.
Colonel John Bodine (Old Reliable) has ro
Eigncd the captaincy of the American rifle team
for the international match, owing to adverse
newspaper criticism as to tho manner in. which
he was chosen.
General Chalmers has been refused the cer
tificate of election by tho Secretary of State of
Mississippi on account of 1,472 votes, evidently
cast for him, reading "J. R. Chambless'
The steamship Lo Chatcllier, the pioneer
steamer of the new Baltimore and Ohio lino of
ocean steamships, arrived in Baltimoro last
Friday morning from Havre, France.
The Federation Congress of Organized Trade3
and Labor Union, representing nearly all the
leadiug industries in the Union, began its second,
cession in Cleveland, O., Nov. 21st.
The Hudson Rivor steamer Mary Powell has
been sold to Thomas Cornell, of Rondout, for
$150,000. She is considered one of the fastest
steamers in the world.
Owing to the prevalence of diphtheria and
other contagious diseases, public funerals of
those dying of such diseases have been pro
hibited in Boston.
A Philadelphia jury awarded $0,000 damages
to Henry Jewell, whose eyesight was injured
by the collision of two street cars in that city.
Officials returns' from every county in Penn
sylvania gives Pattison, Democrat, for governor,
a plurality over Beaver, Republican, of 39,017.
New Yorkers are very indignant becauso the
streets are torn up to allow the numerous steam
heating companies to lay their pipes.
A French man-of-war, Lo Chasseur, arrived
at New Orleans, Ln., November 18th. Sho car
ries four guns and 120 men.
The corner-stone for tho new city post-ofilco
was laid with Masonic honors in Baltimore
CRIMES XSD CASUALTIES.
Joseph B. Smith, a Mormon fanatic at West
minster, Cal., considered ho had received a
divine commandment to abstain from labor,
and his wants would be providentially supplied.
His son, not having-so great a faith, took home
Home flour and other provisions, which angered
the father so much that he scattered them on
the ground, and claimed to have a revelation
to sacrifice the boy.i He took his son about
throe hundred yaijds from tho house and
stabbed him through the chost, killing hini in
fitantly. The father hae felt no remorse, and
Eays if he should be commanded to do so, would
sacrifice all his children.
A fire broke out ai Providence last Tuesday
morning in a buildiig used for the manufac
ture of jewelry. On the fourth floor wore
about forty operatives, among them twenty
young girls. The stairway being on fire, and
ts there was no fire-escape, many of the girls
jumped to the ground. Two weie killed out
right, and several will probably die. The loss
amounted to about $40,000, partially insured.
A passenger elevator in McKnight's carpet
house, Louisville, Ky., containing five passen
gers, fell November 15th from tho second floor
to the basement below, seriously injuring four
of tho pa&scngers, and painfully wounding a
The Congregational Church at Richmond,
Mass., n largo wooden structure built ovor one
hundred years ago, was burned Saturday even
ing, having taken fire from a defective chim
ney. Tho loss is $20,000; insurance, $5,000.
Tho barge Signal, loaded with sugar, was run
into by tho steamer City of Worcester on the
Last River, N. Y., November Kith, and sunk.
The captain's mother, wife and three childron,
and two deck hands were drowned.
A fire broke out at 3 o'clock on tho mornin"
of the 17th at Fort Worth, Texas, destroying a
i'ouring mill and nine smaller houses. The
1 s is estimated at $40,000; insurance about
Last Thursday Philadelphia detective suc
ceed in arresting a gang of cxert burglars who
Live recently stolen many thousand dollars
worth of goods from tho merchants of that
Brave Boar, a Sioux Indian, was hanged at
Yankton, Dakota, November 15th, for the
murder of Joseph Johnson near Fort Sully in
A. desperate encounter took placo at Central
Depot, Montgomery county, Ya., between two
negroes, one of whom was armed with a spado
and the other with a razor.
While Euos Mills was addressing a religious
meeting at Philadelphia, last Sunday evening,
he suddenly fell down and expired.
A boiler exploded on a sugar plantation in
Pointe Coupee parish, La., on tho ltfth iust.,
killing tho engiueer instantly, and fatally in
juring two negro laborers.
A masked robber stopped a stage near Camp
bcllsville, Ky., on the 20th iust., and robbed
tho passengers and tho registered mail pack
egos. CAPITAI. TOPIC.
General Hazen, chief signal officer of tho
army, has issued a general ordjjr inviting atten
tion to tho conduct of Sorjreant Michael Mc
Gnaran, of tho Signal Corps, at Ponsacola, Fla.,
during tho past eea5on, who, in the fare of an
epidemic which unnerves the bravest meu,
attended promptly and quietly to his station
duties, asked neither favors, change, additional
help nor relief, but maintained an unbroken
series of observations, which aro of great value
in tho study of the development and progress
of the epidemic.
Tho fair at tho Capitol for tho benefit of tho
Garfield Monument fund will open Saturday at
12 o'clock noon. It will, no doubt, be an im
poMug exhibition, and will draw thousands of
visitors from every portion of tho country.
Tho railroads have made lilioral reductions in
rates during its progress, and without question
many people will take advantage of this op
portunity to visit tho capital.
Tho roport of the Second Assistant Postmastor
General, which has just been forwarded to Post
master General Howe, shows that th total
mileage of railway routes on June 30 last was
100,503 miles. The distaucoof mail transporta
tion for the year was 113.995,318 miles, and tho
cost of tliis service $12,753,1S4. Tho increase
in mileage ovor last year was 8,994 miles.
United States Commissioner C. S. Eundy, of
this city, who, while acting as police justice,
committed a lawyer named Newton to tho dock
for disorderly conduct, thereby incurring tho
public censure of the Bar Association, has en
tered suit for libel against tho Association,
claiming damages to the amount of $50,000.
Some novel points are raised.
The President has appointed Waterman
Smith, of New Hampshire, John S. Pillsbury,
of Minnesota, and William H. Comstock, of
New York, a commission to examine fifty miles
of tho Northern Pacific Railroad in the Yellow
There will bo no formal oxorciscsat the open
ing of the Garfield fair owing to tho inability
to procure tho use of tho Senate chamber. Tho
President will declare tho fair open at 2 p. in.,
Tho Ways and Means Commilteo of tho
House met in thoir room on tho 21st. Owing
to the impossibility of doing anything about the
tariff, the committee adjourned until Decem
Tho Court of Commissioners of Alabama
Claims, which was authorized by Congress at
the last session, has convened in this city, and
has under consideration the underwriters'
The Government Printing Office is hard at
work on the compendium to the last census,
which it is expected will be ready for distribu
tion about the first of January.
Tho members of the Army of the Cumberland
who formed tho funeral guard of honor of tho
late Prescient Garfield while the remains wore
lying in state held their first reunion on the
The Po3tmasler-General has appointed F. N.
Bassett to bo chief clerk-, to fill the vacancy
caused by tho resignation of Frank Howe. R.
S. Boewcll was appointed stenographer of tho
Captain Alfred Hopkins, U. S. N., is now be
ing tried by court-martial in this city on the
charge of deserting his post at Peusacola, Fla.,
during tho prevalence of yellow fever thero.
The cottage at Soldiers' Home, in which
Preeident Arthur lives at present, caught fire
last Saturday, and was damaged to the extent
The various executive departments will close
at noon Saturday, in honor of the opening of
tho Garfield fair.
Chairman Hiscock, of tho House Appropria
tions Committee, lias called a mooting of tho
Committee for November 27th.
A new and elaborate map of the United
States, which has been prepared by the General
Land Office, is nearly ready tor issue.
Judge Harlan's daughter, Mrs. Child, was
buried November loth, lixi'2.
A Befeslon of the Supremo Court.
From the Century.
When twelve o'clock comes, thero are per
haps a dozen lawyers sitting at the tables
within the bar, and a score of spectators wait
ing on the crimson plush sofas for the court to
open. A rustlo of silk is heard from the open
door leading to the retiring-rooms. At tho
other side of the chamber sits a young man at
a desk, who has been listening for a few min
utes for that sound. Ho rises, and announces
in a clear voice: "The Honorable, the Chief
Justice and Associate-Justices of tho Supremo
Court of the United States," whereupon law
yers and spectators all get up on their foct.
The rustling sound approaches, and there enters
a procession of nine dignified old men, clad in
black silk gowns that reach almost to their
feet, with wide slaoves and ample skirts. At
the head walks the Chief-Justice, and the oth
ers follow in the order of their length of service
in the court. They stand a moment in front of
their chairs, and ali bow at once to tho bar.
The lawyers return tho salute; then tho judges
sit dowu, tho Associates being careiul, however,
not to occupy their chairs before tho Chief-Justice
is settled in his. Now, the young man,
who is the crier, exclaims, in a monotonous
"Oycz! oyez! oyoz! All persons having
business before tho Honorable Supreme Conrt
of the United States aro admonished to draw
near and give their attention, for the court is
now sitting. God save tho United States and
this honorable court ! "
Business begins promptly and is dispatched
rapidly. First, motions aro heard, then the
docket ia taken up. The Chief-Justice calls
tho case in order in a quiet tone, and a lawyer
is on the floor making an argument, while you
aro still expecting that there will be some fur
ther formality attending tho opening of o
august a tribunal.
Tho proceedings aro only impressive from
thoir simplicity. Usually tho arguments of
counsel are delivered in low, conversational
tones. Giten the judges interrupt to ask ques
tions, in patent cases, models of machinery
aro frequently used to illustrate an argument,
and are handed up to tho judges for examina
tion, or a blackboard is used for diagrams
Were it not for the gray hair and black gowns
of the judges, you might almost imagine at
times that the gentleman at tho blackboard,
with crayon in hand, was a college profesbur
lecturing to a class. Or yon nuiy happen in
when a lawyer in charge of a case j leaning
over the long desk in front of the judges, hold
ing a come-rsatiun with one of them on somo
intricate p-iut in a mechanical device, and you
would hardly think that tho court was in ses
sion and that tho conversation wa3 a plea in n
patent case involving perhaps a million of
The bench h&a long been only a tradition in
all our courts. Each justice of the Supreme
Court has a chair to suit his own notions of
what constitutes a comfortable seat. Some of
the chairs have high backs to rest the head,
some havo low backs; some havo horse-hair
cushions, some xelvet, some no cushions at all.
Chief-Justice Waite sits in tho middle of tho
WANTED A NAVY.
Something About the Work of the Advisory
The Naval Advisory Board, provided for by
act of Congress during the last session, is hold
ing meetings daily at the Navy Department in
this city. Tho board has two subjects for con
sideration. First, it is to consider plans and
specifications for tho construction of two un
armored steel cruisers, and, secondly, the com
pletion of the four ironclads, which wcro con
tracted for nearly eight years ago, and which
havo been a fruitful source of turmoil in Con
gress ever since. It is the desire of Secretary
Chandler to have the new cruisers built accord
ing to tho latest improvements, so that they
will be as powerful as tho best of their class
auywhero in tho world. If this is dono, wo
will at Jeast have two nood shins of war. iow
wo have nono. Tho vessels of war now pos
sessed by this Government aro made of wood,
which are simply valuable as quarters for tho
accommodation of the officors and men, and
could never for an instant bo brought under
the fire of an enemy as war ships aro now built.
Tho only hypothesis upon which the policy of
this Government for tho past fifteen years could
Ijo based was that no foreign nation would
attack us out of pity for our defenseless condi
tion. Tho great cities on our sea coast aro
subject, at any moment, to desolation by a for
eign ileot. A certain class of statesmen are dis
posed to ridiculo tho idea of any nation in tho
world committing an act of hostility against
this Government. This is an easy way of beg
ging tho question. Grant that our vast resources
aro well known to all the powers. Grant that
wo have 50,000,000 peoplo loyal to the Govern
ment. Grant that wo havo mountains of coal
and iron and forests of wood, mills, factories,
machinery and mechanical skill surpassing tho
world. Possessing these elements of strength,
we aro powerless to make them effective Tho
bravest and strongest army in the world would
be of no more use than a cloud of sparrows
for tho business in hand should even a fourth
rate nation to-day sco fit to make war upon us.
Should such an event happen, tho Government
at Washington would bo obliged to sue for
peace on any terms in sixty days. The property-owners
on our seaboard would riso up en
mass: and demand it. They would decline to
pay for tho folly of tho Government in its
failure to provide heavy ordnance, fortifica
tions, and an armored fleet.
In tho language of Mr. Blaine, " Well may
tho Government be afiaid to bo out after dark."
It is the business of the Naval Board to de
vise means for the protection of tho country, to
some extent. Within the last fifteen years,
during which we have built no war-vessels,
naval architecture has undergono a radical
change. For a time there was a raco bctweou
guns and armor, until finally a piece of artil
lery was devised able lo throw a solid shot
through a wall of iron so thick that no vessel
could carry it and float. It was then proposed to
abandon armor altogether as next to useless,
but by u simple device the situation has again
changed and tho power of the guns is once more
overreached. This was accomplished by a sim
ple arrangcuen' of the steel plates of armor, so
that the shot would strike it at an acute angle
and glance ofl' instead of penetrating it. Tho
application of this idea has given riso to a
system of deflecting armor which is carried
through the construction of tho entire ship. A
curved steel deck, tho edges of which come
below tho water-line, looking like tho back
of a great turtle, is placed over tho magazines
and machinery; gun-carriages aro so con
structed that the men work behind two shields
placed together like the letter V to deflect tho
small shot from the machine guns; and upon
the monitors is mounted a turret shaped liko
two soup-plates, turned one over tho other.
This, in a general way, gives a rough idea of
the system upon which tho most approved
modern sbips-of-war are built. All these plans,
with scores upon scores of variations, tho Ad
visory Board is studying over. They will bo
compelled to adopt this deflecting system in
some form, for the simple reason that all the
rest of tho wovld is using it. An old-fashioned
windmill cannot compete with one that runs !
by steam. In the same sense has deflecting
armor taken the place of vortical in naval con
struction. Tho Advisory Board will bo com
pelled to adopt it, becauso England to-day is
building all her now ships with it. China,
Brazil, Chili, Italy, Denmark, every nation in
tho world, in short, building or buying ships
within tho last few years, has built or bought
them constructed with deflecting armor in
some form of its application.
Terrors of War Stamped on Soldier's Fares.
TheGnaulsmen returned from Egypt.who now
walk the streets of London, aro said to havo a
wild look about thoeyes, and a marked unquiet
about tho brow. The trace of severe privation
is left in their dried and shrunken forms, but
the tnico of mental anguish is visiblo enough
in the disturbed glances they cast around. The
samo expression was noticeable in the faces of
tho men returned from Zululand, and the offi
cers of our army will tell you that tho men
who have served in tho frontier war against
tho Indians never recovered the happy, careless
look they had worn at tho commencement of a
campaign. General Custer, just before enter
ing on his campaign on tho Rosebud River,
said : " Ono single echo of tho war-whoop by
night will rob a man of twenty years of his
life, and he may bid farewell to his youth for
A Jajmnrse Metaphor.
From the forth China ITcruUl.
A delightful iustauco of mixed metaphors,
almost too good to bo true, is given in a law
manual recently published by a gentleman in
Japan for the use of Japanese students. Learn
ed counsel : " This man, gentlemen of the jury,
walks into court liko a motionless statue, with
tho cloak of hypocrisy in his mouth, and is at
tempting to screw three large oaks out of my
Facts About Itliouinntlsin.
Mrs. Gciu-ral Sherman says : " I havo fre
quently purchased Durang's Rheumatic Remedy
for friends suffering with rheumatism, and in
every inslanco it worked liko magic."
General Logan, United States Senator, writes:
"Somo years ago I was troubled more or less
with rheumatism, and havo been a great suf
ferer in the last year with same disease. I be
gan to take Duraug's Rheumatic Remedy, and
am satisfied that I havo boon cured by its use.
1 recommend it to all sufferers."
Hon. John Cessna, lato member of Congress
from Pennsylvania, writes: "In the bpaeo of
twelve hours my rheumatism was gone, having
taken three doses Durang's Rheumatic Remedy.
My brother, of Bedford, Pennsylvania, was cured
by a similar amount."
It absolutely cures when everything else
fails. Send for-frcc pamphlet to R. K. Hclphen
fctiae, Druggist, Washington, D. C, mentioning
Tub National Tjujju:?e.
Many Loudon ladies crop their hair short.
It ia painfully evident that the married men
in that city will booh I030 their grip. New
York Commercial Advertiser,
EX-PRISONERS OF WAR.
Reunion of the Iowa ex-Prisoners of
KEEP THE BALL. ROLLING.
Rev. J. B. Vawter Gives a Pic
ture of Prison Life.
Mr. Pp.r.siDnxT, HoxonAntE Ma yob, Com
rades: There must be some mistake. Some
thing is wrong. I was told that your Honor
ablo Mayor would delivcran address of welcome
to tho Association of Prisoners of War, and I
was asked to respond on behalf of the Associa
tion. I fear, Mr. President and Honorable
Mayor, that you havo been imposed upon.
These well-dressed and well-fed gentlemen are
not old prisoners. It wont do, gentlemen. I've
seen prisoucrs. I know how they look, and how
they act. If I should offer a chew of tobacco
for a soup-bone, could I trade in this assembly?
I think not. If I should go through this hall
with a half pint of miserable bean-soup, in a
blackened half-canteen, trying to swap it for
two spoonfuls of rice, could I find a market?
Not without skimming off tho hugs; aud that
would take half the soup.
Do you think, Mr. President, that theso gen
tlemen havo carefully prc33ed all tho seams in
their shirts this morning with their thumb
nails? I don't believe it.
No! comrades, wo neither look, nor act, nor
feel liko prisoners of war.
Memory, by tho word " Andersonville," calls
up pictures of wretchedness, horror and woe,
that seem to us now, in our comfortable sur
roundings, like frightful dreams of a disordered
When I entered that pen, lato in July, 1S01,
it contained thirty thousand men. Think of
it! Tho railroads centering in this city have
been loaded down for three or four days bring
ing peoplo to tho State Fair, and tho papers
tell us that yesterday thero were thirty thou
sand on the grounds. Somo of you saw that
vast multitude in that park of nearly one
hundred acres. Can you imagine such a multi
tude crowded into a pen containing only eleven
acres not to swelter and smother for an hour
or two, but to live there or die till the weary
days and sleepless nights dragged into weeks,
and the weeks into months. By computation
of tho number of men and the available space
in the pen, you will find that there were about
twenty men to every square rod of surface;
wheu they all lay down at night you could
not walk many steps in any part of tho pen
without treading on some one and getting into
The pen was a field of yellow sand. It was
all alive with fleas. Lice crawled everywhere.
Myriads of flies buzzed about us all day, and
cloud3 of mosquitoes destroyed our rest at night.
A few had blankets, and were able to provido
themselves with meagre tents that partly shel
tered them. But tho vast majority had no
shelter or covering of any kind. They entered
that pen of horror stripped and robbed. Thev
groveled in that hot sand, beneath that burn
ing sun, and fought fleas and lice by day, and
at night tho whito fog of the swamps, laden
with tho foul stench of our own valley of death,
crept up through tho stockade, wrapped us
about with its damp vapors, and saturated us
with its malarious poison. When at last, weary
with fighting mosquitoes, westretched ourselves
on tho sand to sleep, the dew beaded our tem
ples and beards.
About half of these men wero sick with diar
rhoea, fever, scurvy and other diseases. At
least five thousand were helpless. They needed
careful nursing, and got nothing. They lay on
that vermin-reeking sand, in their rags and
filth, tho fog chilling them by night and tho
sun blistering them by day, and died at the
rate of three thousand per month. Yv'o could
not help them, poor boys. We had no means.
Ono mercy amid this woo was, that when a man
became helpless, he generally soon became de
lirious, and did not realize his surroundings.
He would name over his dear ones, and prattle
of lovo and home, while misery and wretched
ness lay round about him. Yea, in his wild
ravings you would heat snatches of heavenly
songs, though sung in the bowels of hell.
Such v:ts Andersonville iu tho summer and
fall of leu I. Comrades, I xppeai to you, have
I drawn the picture to strong? You know I
have not. Many of you reiuember how tho
strong struggled for life, and the weak died,
and wero piled up at the south gate, with nono
to help us, to sympathize with us, to care for
us, till tho God of 1 haven and of Nature, in
pity for his wretched children, sent his storm
cloud to "wash our sandy beds, and rc-a (Tinned
the strange story of Moses, about the Rock in
the wilderness, that watered tho famished sons
of Jacob, by calling forth for us tho bubbling
fountain of pure water, that we might drink
I belonged to tho last squad of prisoners to
reach our lines; those taken from Anderson
ville to Lako City, Florida, in tho spring of
1SG5, and turned loose tho last of April, to find
our lines by way of Jacksonville.
Some of you belonged to that camp. You can
never forget it. The last of April thirty-three
hundred of us were encamped in that cypress
swamp. In the evening they issued to us an
extra ration of meal. The next morning wo
wore taken down tho road a few miles, unci tho
commander of tho guard made us a speech and
turned us loose. Ho told us that they wero
tired of guarding us our time was out.
They were going to liio front to fight, and he
advised us to go homo and stay there, lie told
us wo could never conquer them in the world.
His whole- speech was a lie. They wero then
included in Johnston's surrender to Shorman,
and wero ordered to Tallahassee to turn their
arms over to the U. S. Government. Wc wero
told to follow tho railroad bed, which would
lead us to Jacksonville, or we might go to ,
and ho named a country still farther south than
The speech was closed, tho guard opened
ranks, aud we marched through. Good-bye,
Johnny. Good-bye, Yank.
What a strange fueling ! Wero we roally free?
.rt.ue'1 :m lijo biiuexuig, ui&uppoiiumcuii ;mu
despair, were we really going homo at last?
Wo asked ourselves over and over what can it
mean? Many of tho boys were sick and feeble
not able to walk. But, in tho wild excite
ment of that hour, they struggled to their feet,
aud started with us. Somo staggered along a
mile, and fell by tho roadside. Somo went
two, three, four miles, and lay down exhausted
to die. Tho strongest and healthiest pressed
on, always trying to keep at tho head of the
column. Tho numbor that kept up grew less
aud less as the hours rolled by, until, when at
last tho advance reached our picket-line, wo
were scattered along the entire road from the
starting point. 1 kept at tho head of tho
column. L.ito in the afternoon we came to a
cavalry picket. He took us to his command
not far oil'. When we saw tho clean, bluo uni
form of tho United States army, a loud shout
rent tho uir. It was taken up byotkora in tho
rear, and carried to others still farther back,
giving new courage and strength to those who
wore almost exhausted with tho weary march.
I have looked at fine clothes since then, but
never saw any that looked so well to me as
those cavalry jackets did on that day. But if
wo were glad to see their clothes, they were
mad when they saw our3. When tho captain
of that troop looked at our gaunt, starved per
sons, our rags, and our wretchedness, ho stood
up in his stirrups and swore a terrible oath of
vengeance against tho men who could treat
We came to tho infantry picket and dropped
down for a little rest, and asked tho news. We
know nothing of how the war was progressing
since Hood's defeat at Nashvillo. Imagine,
then, tho flood that poured in upon us when
tho guard told us that Richmond had fallen ;
that Leo had surrendered; that Johnston had
surrendered to Sherman ; that Lincoln was
dead. Probably three hundred of us had kept
up, and heard this news. Language cannot de
scribe its effect on men in our condition. We
had fallen exhausted at tho picket-lino. We
sprang to our feet, and did not feel ono bit
tired. In a kind of wild frenzy wo started
toward the town and the camp3. About half
way wc met a field band and colors, coming
out to meet us tho cavalry picket had re
ported that we wero coming. Wo wcro wild
enough when wc left tho Johnnies. The fact
of being in our lines, and tho news wo had
heard, put is in a kind of frenzy. But when
wo met that flag wo went stark raving crazy.
If wo had all been drunk on laughing gas, wo
could not havo behaved worse. Old scurvied
skeletons, that could not straighten a limb,
danced around liko puppets, and kicked sand
twenty feet high. Somo shouted, some laughed,
some prayed, some swore, some cried. It was
a wonderful medley. Wo had divers gifts, but
the samo spirit. I felt like I needed a sinker
lo keep me from floating off iu the air. I could
have walked on eggs without breaking them.
I could not keep my face straight, but would
break out into boisterous laughter. One tall,
ragged skeleton began to sing: "Oh, wrap the
flag around me, boys," and reaching out his
gaunt, fleshless arm, he caught the corner of
the ling, and began to wind it about his vermin
eaten shoulders. Others tried to join in hi3
soug and pull tho flag about, till soon thero
were from thirty to fifty sprawling under and
over it. The baud stood in mute amazement
at the treatment the flag was getting, till some
of the boys called for tho " Star Spangled Ban
ner." Tho baud began to play, and tho boys
to sirag. They got on somehow till they came
to tho line, " Oh say, does the star spangled
banner yet wave?" wheu raising one wild
shout yelling "this is God's country," they
rushed onto tho drummers, upsetting ono an
other in tho sand, and ending all attempts at
music iu one wild hurrah! for God's country.
Yes, I see it all, but language will not de
scribe it. If I could paint for you the un
trimmrd, tangled hair, that stood out or hung
matted tags above brows that had onco been
noble and fair, but were now all blotched and
stained by disease ; if I could paint the hollow
cheek, the dull eyes, hands liko bird-claws, tho
filthy, vermin-covered rags, and could then
put my picture through all the contortions of
unrestrained motion even then I could not
tell what is in my memory. But enough, you
havo felt, you remember.
It gives a deeper meaning to that starry
banner that hangs outside our window to-day.
Others cannot feel as we do about it. Thev
j mvo ,iever missed it and longed for it as we
have. They can't understand our feelings.
Wo lay at Jacksonville about three weeks.
One morning, when the tide was out, we waded
and swam far out into tho sluggish river Saint
John, and thero pulled oil' the filthy rags that
we had worn out of Rebeldom, and leaving
them, wo swam ashore. It wa3 a frightful
wreck thousands of lives wcro lost in that
briney deep. But we drew now, clean clothes,
and from that morning till this day I have
never seen auy ono that looked like a prisoner
THE OLD WORLD.
Something About What is doing
on in Other Lands
It is now reasonably certain that tho vessel
which collided with the Westphalia was sunk,
with all on board. The second rule of pro
cedure has been adopted in tho House of Com
mons. Patrick Joyce has been Convicted of
tho murder of the Joyce family in Ireland, and
sentenced to bo hanged. Suleiman Daoud
has testified that he gave the order to fire Alex
uudria, acting under orders from Arabi Pasha,
and that ho was also ordered to murder the
Khedive. It is reported that Spain will tako
possession of a port on the coast of Morocco.
A heavy gale oil the coast of England, Novem
bor Kith, caused tho destruction of several ves
sels, and tho loss of many lives. Nine chil
dren wero burned to death in a school-house
near Quimper, Paris, November 17th. The
infant princess was baptized at Madrid, Novem
ber 18th, in the presence of the members of tho
court, the grandees, the Spanish ministers, the
representatives of foreign powers, and deputa
tions from tho Senate and Chamber of Deputies.
The Empress of Austria was represented by tho
Queen s mother as sponsor for the child. It
is denied inofficial circles that there is a proba
bility of war between Austria and Russia.
The Queen, accompanied by the members of
the roy.il family, reviewed the S,000 of tho
troops which took part in the Egyptian cam
paign, on the 18th. At night the city was
brilliantly illuminated. A fearful explosion
of a powder masrazine occurred at Guyaquil.
It is supposed that ten persons were killed.
The Pope is to deliver an important address to
the consistory which meets in Rome early in
December. Mr. Trevelyan, chief secretary
for Ireland, informed Mr. Farnell iu Parlia
ment that tho unions in tho west of Ireland
had beon ordered to reliovo tho distressed peo
ple. Mr. Gladstone says that government is
not contemplating any amendment to the
arrcacs-of-rent act. The Parnellites will tako
no united action iu relation to the inquiry con
cerning tho release of Messrs. Parntdl, Dillon,
and O'Kolly from Ivilmamham. Parliament
will probably bo prorogued Decombor 1st. A
man has been arrested iu London for thcatcn-
ing to kill Mr. Gladstone. Mr. Davitt was
denounced by Mr. O'Kelly, M. P., on Sunday
for attempting lo split tho Irish party. The
Pope has expressed his horror at the outrages
in Ireland. The soldiers in Cairo are ill,
owing to the bad condition of the barracks.
The Queen, on Tuesday, presented decorations
to the trooiw returned from Egypt. Admiral
Seymour and General Wolsoloy have been
gazetted peers. Michael Casey and the four
others tried for tho murdoi of the Joyce family
havo been sentenced to death. Brookshaw,
who threatened the Prince of Wales, has been
sentenced to ten years' penal servitude. Tho
last of the Tuilorrics will be sold Dec. 4th.
Wo aro pleased to call attention to tho club
bing combination announced iu our advertising
columns between the Bural New Yorker and Tiik
National Tribune. The original investiga
tions aud enterprise of the Rural through its
experiment grounds, and through the ablest
writers and artists in tho country, have led to
its general recognition as tho leading journal of
rural nffairs in America. It has introduced aud
denominated free among its subscribers some
of tho most valuable farm aud garden plants in
cultivation. Theso distributions are utterly
free of all false pretense. Read the advertise
What the Funny Fellows are Saying ln the Kens
papers. The plague of mice tho cat. Puck.
A waist-basket a pair of cor3ets. Boston
Pat "An' is it tho next train for Boston yo
want? Faith, that went an hour ago, sorr."
Leander opened tho " Marine Court " when
ho first swam across tho Hellespont to meet his
darling. Ncio York News.
" Tho art that conceals art," as the thief re
marked when ho slid an expensive oil painting
under his coat. Boston Transcript.
Mistress "Wore you baptized, Keziah,when
you were named?" Maid "Law, ma'am, we
don't baptize in our church ; wo immerge."
Tho heathen have now given up the worship
of idols of their own creation, as thoy havo
found that a very superior articlo of wooden
god can bo furnished in New York. Boston
A curious custom in China is the exhibition
of a fish on every house whore a boy has been
born to tho family during the year. We sup
pose when a girl is born they stick up a hook
aud lino. Philadelphia Xeucs.
Widow woman ( to chemist who was weigh
ing a grain of calomel in dispensing a prescrip
tion for her sick child) " Man, ye needna' be
sae schrimpy wi 't; 'tis for a puir fatherless
bairn ! " London Punch.
In learning that the young Taupin had just
received an inheritance, one of his creditors
hastened to present his bill. " Oh, don't let us
speak of those things," said the young man, "I
havo thrown a veil over the post!" French
Doctor to an acquaintance " Mr. Jones, I am
glad to see you have recovered." Mr. Jones
"Yes, you havo saved my life; how can I
thank you sufficiently?" Doctor "I saved
your life? Why, I didn't attend you." Mr.
Jones" Yes and that is why I am so grate
A youthful aspirant to poet's honors, whose
maiden attempt bore the title of "Simply to
Thy Cross I Cling," was struck dumb with hor
ror when it appeared in the next weekly edi
tion of the town paper under the title of" Simple
Little Cross-Eyed Thing." Detroit Free Press.
" Have yer j'ined the Salvation Army, Bill? "
Bill "No, I ain't, but my Missus have; and
tho kids has joined the Blue, Ribbons. I'm
thinking of going in for the Longfellow M'orial
Committee. Seems as how now-a-days a bloke
ain't in it unless he goes and joins something!"
They were discussing Thackeray's "English
Humorists." " Who was it, Miss Cutting, that
said, 'True wit never produces a smile ? " "I
really can't tell you, Mr. Quotation, but it seems
to me he must have heard a good many of you
college men telling jokes or he'd never have
taken such a dismal view of life." Harvard
" When did tho first train leave Austin for
San Antonio ? ' asked a stranger at the railway
depot of Gilhcoly. "Tho first train left San
Antonio when the railroad wa3 completed be
tween the two cities ; that was about two years
ago. You don't expect to go over on it, do
you ? " Texas Silings.
"Did yon see dat hoss you was talkin' of
buyiu'?" asked ono Austin darkey of another.
" Y'es, I seed him." " Did you buy de boss?"
"No, I didn't buy him, bekase dar was no
mutuality." "What do you mean, niggah?"
"Dar was no mutuality. I seed enufl ob de
boss, but de boss didn't see ennft ob mo. Ho
was blind In ono eye. Dar has to bo more mu
tuality in a boss trade." Texas Sif tings.
Rev. Charles Spurgeon sailed for England on
Ex-Senator MorriB, of Maine, is sinking
Ex-Secretary Kirkwood is a bank president
at Iowa City.
Senator-elect Colquitt, of Georgia, is a Sunday-school
General Pierola, of Peru, has been in Wash
ington for about a week.
Professor Henry Draper, tho distinguished
scientist, died in New York, Nov. 20th.
The First Assistant Secretary of State was
badly scalded, Nov. 2lst.
Judge Joel Parker, of New Jersey, was
stricken with paralysis, Nov. ISth.
The eight brothers of Governor Hawkins, of
Tennessee, voted against him at the late elec
tion. General Newton and Colonel Casey, of the
Engineers, U. S. A., are to examine the New
Mr. Win. H. McMahon, a member of the
Tariff Commission, died in New York, suddenly,
on the 21st iust.
A movement has beon started to erect a mon
ument to John Wesley at hi3 nativo place,
Henry McCarthy, who wrote "The Bonnie
Blue Flair," is in indigent circumstances at
The suit against Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
for breach of contract in finishing "ThcLifo
of Christ" has beeu dismissed.
General Henry S. Slocum is said to be a can
didate for Department Commander of the Grand
Army in New York State.
Thomas Loenmn, a cash boy in Jordan &
Marsh's store. Boston, has suddenly become
worth a million by the death of an Australian
Harper's for December is, as usual, a literary
treat. Filled to overflowing with choice litera
ture and illustrated in the finest stylo of the
engraver's art, it forms at onco a feast for the
mind and for the eye.
The Century for December. The contents of
this number, contributed by the highest names
in American literature, aro of more than ordi
nary interest. When a magaziuo can afford to
group such names as thoso which follow, all
tho reader has to do is to buy tho magazine and
read it through. Men and women who can
write as theso peoplo do aro worthy of atten
tion, and whoso migoes reading any articlo in
The Century, does so to his own loss.
Lippincott for December opens with an illus
trated articlo on Block Island, by Charles B.
Todd, who gives a varied description of life on
tho Now England coast.
Thero are quite a number of amusing, short
stories, which are well told, and altogether the
magazino is one of the most interesting and
entertaining of the month.
By Marie Le Baron.
A sea that lies a liquid line of light
'flainst steel-blue s!:y. Inland, the silver tide,
O'crllowing, slowly, marshy meadow wide,
(Like cup pressed close to ocean's lips of whito)
With stir of rushes at itd margin bright.
Beyond, throe junipers start, aide by side,
From out tho bleached snnds like things in flight
And lose themselves in gloom of gathering night.
Only the lnpplnjj of the wave remains with me,
The silent stars and stretch of shadow fjray ;
But wrapt with memory of this lost fair day,
What night may fall when I shall fail to see
ITow calm before my sight the picture lay,
Margined with dreonia end fading peacefully.