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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1882.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
Whoro bedding, so-called, is practiced, which
means the employment for summer decoration
of tender plants, which are renewed annually,
tlie ground should be cleaned up after the frosts
have destroyed the plants; then give a heavy
dressing of barn-yard manure, and dig up the
ground so as to leave it hi the roughest possiblo
state for the action of frosts. The rotation of
crops is quite as necessary in the flower garden
as it is in the farm. No flowering plant will
exemplify this better than the common verbena,
which, if planted in the same bed for three
successive years, will become diseased and per
fectly worthless as a flowering plant. Manures
will help tho soil to some extent, but nothing
short of a change of crops for three or four
years will restore its elements so as to fit it
again for the growth of verbcna3. The same is
applicable to roses, although top dressings of
bone-dust and stable manure will maintain a
rose-bed in good condition for five or six years.
Where it is not convenient to change tho crops,
or where tho flower space is confined to a single
bed or border, a good expedient is to remove
six or more inches of the soil, and replace it
with fresh earth from the field or vegetable i
garden. Those persons whoso flowers do not
"grow as they used to do,'' will find the j
remedy in a renewal of the soil ; or if that is !
not available, then change tho site of tho bod
to another part of the gronnds, where flowering
plants have not recently been grown.
TEST OF NEW VARIETIES OF POTATOES.
G. Cowing. Mimcie, Indiana, has forwarded
us some noics upon, potatoes which ho tested
the past season, from which wo niako the fol
Early Ohio. This proves to be the best early
potato, being ten days or two weeks earlier
than the Early Rose, and of as good quality.
Clark's JVo. 1. Watson's Scealing, and Chicago
Market aro all much like Early Hose. Thoy
are all productive and of excellent flavor.
White Star resembles Burbank's Seedling, but
matures earlier, and is more productive and of
Matchless, Mammoth Pearl, and Magnum Roman
great! resemble each other. They are noted
for their productiveness and for their large,
beautiful white tubers. Probably the Magnum
is the mosi productive of the three.
The Belle and Qncen of the Valley aro remark
able for their productiveness and uniformly
large, handsome pink tubers, which in shape
are long or oval and sometimes flattened.
Some consider The Belle to bo the most perfect
variety now cultivated. Each mature in
August. Quality excellent.
Pride of America, iluch like Snowflake, but
later. Productive and of the best quality.
Ontario. Not so early as described. It is
productive and its tubers are remarkably
smooth and beautiful. It is a long keeper.
White Elephant and Grange arc of good qual
ity and very productive, but are too rough in
appearance to be retained, now that we have so
many varieties with smooth and beautiful tu
bers. WalVs Orange. This was sold last spring for
four dollars per pound. It has yielded eighty
pounds for one pound planted. The tubers aro
long, rou.ul. remarkably smooth, of a tawny
hue, with .y:s of a deep violot color.
MeCoruiek. This is a reniarkablo variety in
many i tvp.-. r.s. It is a strong grower, its plants
reaching to a length of four to five feet and an
inch in diameter at tho base. It is unusually
productive aud its tubarb are uniformly large,
eometimes round or flattened, but generally
long and irregular in shape. As a long keeper
I have never met its equal. Tubers kept
over winter were in good condition for table
use in July. Some of them left until end of
August were still dormant and good. It will
rank with tho best in flavor and thus far
has proved to be the very best late potato I
WHEAT BRAN AS A 3IANURE.
It is a well-established fact that the bran of
wheat has but littlo if any value as food. The
improved system of grinding, or rather of mill
ing, wheat, leaves nothing of nutritious value
attached to the bran, so that it is purely woody
fiber, and indigestible; infact.it is rather in
jurious than beneficial, as it creates irritation
in the intestines of animals, aud is so far an
injury, causing an unhealthy laxativeuess,
which is not desirable. We have occasionally
Been statements of the manurial value of bran.
It is recorded that a piece of land which had
been abandoned for wheat on account of its
meagre crop.3, received a dressing of bran at the
rate of a ton and a half to the acra. The wheat
was then sown, and both wheat and bran har
rowed in. The result was a yield of fifty-five
bushels of wheat per acre. Tho following year
the yield was thirty-five bu-hels per acre.
After this the land was seeded to clover, which
grew to the height of from thirty to thirty-six
inches, while clover on adjoining acres grew
only six inches. As a further experiment, an
other field received a dressing of 2,000 pounds
of bran to the acre, with equally good results,
surpassing that obtained from the usual appli
cations of bone-dust, guano, and a mixture of
lime and ashes. It is probable that these re
sults are partly due to the mechanical effect of
tho bran in keeping the soil open and perme
able to the atmospheric gases, a quality which
gives barn-yard manure a greater value than
concentrated manures possess.
A writer in tho Rural New Yorker says that
bees wintered out of doors ought to have some
protection. A very good plan is as follows:
" First, make a sort of box or small pen around
the hive, by driving down stakes and nailing
boards to them. The space between tho hive
and boards, which should be about one foot,
should ! filled with dry chaff, sawdust, or
leaves pressed in, piling it on lop of the hive
also, aud then the whole should bo covered
with a roof of boards. Before putting in the
packing a passageway of boards should bo
made from tho entrance of the hive to the out
side of the enclosure, thus enabling tho bees to
fly out whenever the weather is such that they
can. In very cold weather this passage might
bo filled with straw."
In Northern climates thero is no better place
for wintering bees than in a good dry cellar.
It should admit of being ventilated without
greatly lowering the temperature. A part of
the cellar should be partitioned off separato for
the boets, so that they may remain in perfect
darkness, aud be undisturbed.
In recent discussion on this question a
farmer stated as follows: " Several years ago a
part of a field of cold, moist land was in sod,
and wishing to plant it to corn tho next spring,
I concluded to break it up in tho fall. A por
tion only was finished. In the spring tho bal
ance was plowed and treated alike and planted
to corn, ou the part plowed in tho fall tho
corn Uxik t'selestd of that on the spring plowed,
and ht.;.t a-1 througli tho season, and produced
nearly doable that of the spring plowed."
Milk companies now require farmera to
white-wash their cow-Btables and milk-houses
once a year. But any one who has once enjoyed ,
tho luxury of a white-washed stable will not bo
likely to discontinue tho practice. Armed
with a small force-pump and a barrel of white
wash, more white-washing can bo done in a
few hours than can be dono in a week with a
WHAT I KNOW ABOUT JERUSALE3I ABTI
CHOICES. First, thoy are No. 1 hog feed, healthy for
the animals when grass is scarco and may be
had in good condition from September to May.
They will produce from 300 to 500 bushels to
the acre. They should be planted and culti
vated the same as potatoes, but deep, rich soil
is a necessity. To kill them out sow the ground
to spring grain, and after the grain is cut plow
tho stubblo deep. Ono plowing usually kills
them twoplowings will certainly do so. Plant
ing corn will not kill them; cutting the tops
in May will not kill them, but if tho top3 aro
cut away in the first part of July they will
give no further trouble A. D. ItUSSELL,
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Various
Wo find it costs SO cents per box for the ex
pense of curing, packing, selling in San Fran
cisco, etc. For ono ton (100 boxes) tho ex
pense would be $S0. The grape3 shrink 6G'i
in drying, taking three tons of grapes to one
ton of raisins. Threo tons of grapes at say $'20
per ton, would be $G0 for the grapes, which,
added to tho $s0, aggregates $140 tho total cost
of one ton of raisins delivered in San Francisco,
including expenses of selling. 1 have made
five shipments tho present season, for which I
have received $275 per ton immediately on
their arrival in San Francisco. From this we
will deduct the $1-10 por ton expense, and wo
have $lo5 clear profit, equal to $63 per ton for
our grapes, llaisin grapes in full bearing will
yield from threo to six tons per acre, about tho
same as tho average varieties of wino grapes.
T. C. White, in Pacific Rural Press.
A FRUIT HOUSE.
An Illinois horticulturist has constructed a
fruit house, which is to be a protection alike
from summer's heat and winter's cold. Two !
rows of posts are set in the ground, two and a
half feet apart, boarded up inside aud out,
aud tho intervening space filled up with
straw, packed in as closely as possible. Two
sets of rafters aro then put on, the upper set
three feet above tho lower, which are boarded
on upper sides, and tho space closely packed
with straw, after which a cheap board roof i.s
put on. On tho 11th of last August with the
temperature 93 in the shade, in it was as cold
as an ice-house, and contained a quantity of
apples as sound as when taken from the trees
ten mouths before.
RARMTS IN ORCHARDS.
Mr. George W. Sloan, of Wisconsin, writing
to the Gardener's Monthly, says that ho protects
his apple trees from the depredation of rabbits
by making ropes of straw, commonly known as
thumb ropes, and winding them around the
trunks of tho trees from tho roots to the first
limbs in the fall. Ilo leaves them on during
the following summer, taking them off in the fall
and replacing them with new ones. His trees
are healthy, free from damage by rabbits, free
from fungus and all diseases, and yielding an
abundance of fruit. He thinks that tho pro
tection of tho bark from the cold winds in
winter and tho hot suns in summer is of fully
as much value as is tho protection from tho
There aro as many different ways of making
grafting-wax as thero aro nurserymen. Ono
of the oldest and most popular recipes is tho
following: One pound of tallow, three of bees
wax, four of resin. Put into a kettle and melt
slowly until all the ingredients aro combined.
If to bo used in the open air in cool weather,
add a quarter to one-half pound more tallow.
Some persons leave out the beeswax altogether,
but we prefer to have it, and always use it.
Many farmers injure their farm implements
moro by exposure to the weather than by use
on the farm. An implement which with good
caro would last twenty years, will, when ex
posed to the weather, become useless in five
years, or even less. A farm cart, which, with
good usage, would last almost a lifetime, will'
last only a few years when exposed to tho sun.
WATER IN WINTER.
Ono of the best methods of watering stock in
winter is to have a cistern in one corner of tho
barn basement. If enclosed on all aides with a
double wall, it will rarely freeze in tho coldest
winters. The water that falls on a 30x40-feet
barn will supply ten head of stock through tho
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat With Ills
" I frequently notice the mention of Holland
bulbs, and I would like to know what they are,
and how they differ from tho ordinary bulbs,
such as gladiolus, tuberoses and hyacinths."
Carl. Ans.: Holland bulbs are, strictly speak
ing, bulbs which aro grown in that country.
For generations all other countries have re
ceived their supplies of hyacinths, tulips,
narcissus, crocuses, snowdrops and some others
of hardy bulbs from Holland, where thoy aro
grown cheaply and in great perfection, and aro
on this account known in trade as Holland or
Dutch bulbs. Gladiolus and tuberoses aro not
included, as they aro easily raised in all
countries whero tho summers aro warm enough
for their growth.
" What is tho best method of cleaning plants
from tho common mealy bug in conservato
ries?" Mrs. A. 11., New Haven. Ans.: Wo
know of no better way than to w:ish them off,
either by hand or by dashing water on the
plants through a syringe. Many applications
have been tried, but when used strong enough
to kill the bugs, young leaves and tender shoots
also suffer injury.
" I sec it advised to store cabbages for winter
use by placing the heads on the ground, roots
of courso uppermost, and cover with leaven.
Will this protect them better than when set
close together as thoy grow, which I have
found to be perfectly satisfactory." John K.
Davis, Md. Ans.: Either method is good ; tho
main point is to protect them from rains and
snows, in mild winters especially, to keep them
Mrs. E., Harford co., Md., " wishes to IcarH
how best to keep dahlia roots during winter;
keeping theiu in tho cellar has not proved
satisfactory, as they shrivel and dry up by
(spring." Ans.: Wo would suggest that tho
roots bo placed in a box and covered completely
with dry sand. Her cellar appears to bo too
dry for the roots when exposed; tho sand will
keep them plump and fresh. Tho roots should
be lifted after tho stems decay; lift them on a
dry, sunny day, and let them bo well dried
before storing for winter.
Tho above correspondent also asks about
growing hyacinths in water in glasses, and
whero they can bo procured? To these ques
tions we would reply that tho single varieties
of hyacinths aro the most satisfactory either
for glasses or for pot culture. The glasses can
bo had at most seed stores. The bottom of the
bulb should barely touch the water, and tho
glasses should bo kept in a dark closet until
they are well filled with roots; then, if brought
to the light in a warm room, tho ilower stems
will speedily grow.
HOME, SWEET HOME.
Something About Woman's Work Above
and Below Stairs.
Misa Ida Myers, a beautiful and highly ac
complished young lady of Baltimoro, Md., has
spent the past four ycara in Europe, preparing
herself by close application to study for the
operatic stage. Of her first appearanco tho
Baltimoro American says: "On October 17th, at
tho Royal Niccolini Theatre of Florence, Italy,
Ida Morena, (Miss Ida Myers,) of Baltimore,
Md., had ono of tire most brilliant debuts ever
made on tho lyric stage. The opera was ' Linda
di Chamounix,' and was received with an en
thusiasm almost unprecedented in the history
of such events. Not a seat was vacant in tho
wholo theatre, and tho aristocratic public, who
had hopes to hear her one year ago in 'Miction,'
grew wild at tho end of the terrible maledic
tion scene with tho father and tho following
crazy scene at tho end of tho second act. Amid
storms of applause, hats, bonnets and handker
chiefs were waved with the wildest enthusiasm.
One of tho local daily papers remarks of the
occasion that no ono probably ever entered
upon an artistic career under more favorable
circumstances or with brighter prospects."
We wish tho sweet young songstress many lyric
triumphs of a similar character, and hopo to
have tho pleasure of recording an equally en
thusiastic ovation when sho returns to hor na
Although a grandmother, tho Empressof Aus
tria keeps up tho training of an athlete or a
prize-fighter. She diets carefully, runs, walks,
fences, and hits sand-bags to develop musle and
keep -down flesh. She is the most wonderful
horsewoman in the world, and tho most daring
huntsmen fear to follow her over fields and
ditches. As no man or woman can run with
her, she has a pack of beautiful beagles to share
her pedestrian feats. Sho rises at four in the
morning, is rubbed down by her attendants,
drenched with cold water, and docs two hours'
hard work before breakfast.
A curious caso is that of Mrs. Honora T.
Baird. Her husband, beforo marrying her, in
duced her to sign a trust-deed consenting to tho
distribution of his property among his children
by a former marriage. After his death, tho
widow brought a suit in equity for her legal
rights in the estate, and tho court held that no
act of hers previous to marriago could vitiate
hor rights as the widow of a man of property.
Here is a case whero tho law protected a woman
in spite of herself.
A training institution for nurses is to be
opened in Berlin, under tho superintendence of
the Crown Princess of Germany, in order that
private families may be able to obtain skilled
nursing without applying to Sisterhoods. Tho
lady director has been in London to study the
various systems of management, and the estab
lishment will be called, after itfouudress, the
A company composed entirely of women not
even excepting the performers in tho orchestra
is tho novelty which Miss Lila Clay is about
to provido for tho entertainment of London
playgoers. The troupe consists of fifty ladies.
Songs and choruses and an operetta, constituto
tho promised programme.
Curly furs aro again in fashion.
Black Astrachan fur will agaiu ho worn.
Tournurcs aro becoming a feature in Paris
Sealskin garment, like cashmere shawls,
never go out of voguo.
The fur set for a fashionable young lady is
composed of a pelerin and a muff.
Undyed beaver will be much In vogue for
capes, collars, muds, and bands.
Black Astrachan sacques, capes, collars, and
muffs, will be worn as the weather grows
The individual fancy is indulged in riding
habits as well as in all other garments nowa
days. Plush is in high favor for carriage and opera
wraps, in dark colors for the former aud light
ones for tho latter.
From Paris correspondents wo learn that
riding habits aro frequently trimmed thero
with fur and with fourages.
On some of tho Paris riding habite, when tho
corsago is of light colora horse's head in bright
color is embroidered on tho collar, facings, and
An English fashion much in favor in Paris is
that of tho handkerchief apron, mado of threo
mouchoirsoi thesort called paysanne, yellow, red,
and black, with large ilowers, Tho bib is fast
ened to the corsago with two largo ornamental
or jeweled pins.
Black is no longer tho exclusive color for
riding habits. Habits are mado of hussar blue,
navy bluo, hunter's green, and all shades of
gray. The corsage is sometimes even of a dif
ferent color from the skirt, but in this caso tho
seams and bottom of tho skirt aro piped or
bound with tho material of tho corsage.
The latest fashions in doilies for meat dishes
is to have a design of uncooked vegetables
worked in filosello or crewels in the natural
Square tables aro now fashionable for dining
rooms; usually they aro supported upon one
central column extending into carved lions'
heads, breasts, and feet. Mahogany is coming
into favor again.
Plush-covered frames aro decorated with
small beads or tiny brass-headed nails, or by
painting a spray cf applo or orange blossoms
in ono of tho upper corners and a bird upon
tho corresponding one at the bottom.
Lambrequins for parlor mantels aro of the
fashionable terra cotta shade of plush, em
broidered in geometrical designs; those for
bed-rooms aro of raw silk with insertion of
colored satin and fringe to match tho insertion.
Tho latest novelty in tea-tablo cloths is to
have them of lino crash, with a border design
of quaint tea-cups, and in tho center a time
piece, the hands pointing to five o'clock. Usu
ally tho embroidery is carried out in bluo
The newest design for colored table-cloths iB
ono of birds on tho wing. They aro worked in
filoselles in raised stitch, tho eyes being repre
sented by iridescent beads. In ono recently
imported from Kensington owls are in two
corners and swallows in flight in the corre
Bureau covers aro now mado in crash, a de
sign of leaved and flowers being generally
worked in linen flos3. They can be washed,
and on this account have much to recommend
them. Tho work is usually solid, and they aro
finished oil" by an insertion of drawn work and
Wood baskets aro decorated in many fanciful
ways, tho most popular being by hangings
upon the one sido of deep garnet, a crimson
sateen, with fringe of tho same color, and a
motto worked in Kensington stitch, "Heap on
more wood, tho wind is chill," whilo on tho
other sido a collection of fir cones serves as
Fashionable bed-quilts aro now of satin
richly ciubroidcrod. The centre, for instance,
of heavy white satin, upon which a design of
flowers and leaves is embroidered, surrounding
a monogram. A bordering of baby bluo satin
about eighteen inches in width, has a running
design in white silk, and each corner is em
broidered in a different pattern in similar
Transparencies for windows aro made either
of what is called "architects' paper" or of very
thin muslin which has been coated over with
liquid wax and left to dry. Tho best way to
paint it is to stretch it over a frame in the aamo
way a3 a piece of embroidery aud in that posi
tion traco out tho design. Transparent colors
only are used, mixed with gold size and a littlo
Turkey. Tho youug hen turkey, whon largo
enough, is considered best, being plumper and
generally fatter than tho maio; but a young
male is preferable to an old hen. In buying
turkeys, bear the following facts in mind: Tho
legs of a young hen are black; the malo also
has black legs, but ho is provided with small
spurs. An old hen has red and rough legs; an
old rnalo bird's legs are very rough, and tho
spurs aro long. Tho fattest turkeys aro tho
best; they cannot be too fat. The breast
should be broad and tho skin white. Tho bird
is fresh enough as long as the legs aro not still.
Boiled Turkey. After drawing, wash tho
bird inside exceedingly clean, wipe it dry on a
towel, and fill tho breast with bread-crumb and
butter, chestnut, or oyster stuffing. In trussing
it, draw tho legs into the body, break the breast
bone mid give the bird as round and plump an
appearance as possiblo; tie it in a floured cloth,
with some slices of lemon on tho " st. Put
it into plenty of warm water, or into as much
boiling water as will rise an iuoli above it, and
when it has boiled ten minutes, cool it down by
the addition of cohl wator, and then take out a
portion of it, leaving only as much as will keep
the bird entirely covered until it is ready for
table. Clear off tho scum carefully as it rises
to the surface, and boil tho bird very gently
from an hour and a half to two hours and a
quarter, according to size. When oyster stuff
ing is used, a largo tureen of rich oyster sauce
should bo served with it; but celery sauce,
good white sauce, or chopped parsley in drawn
butter, will answer otherwise.
Turkey Scallop. Cut tho meat from tho
bones of a cold turkey left from dinner tho day
before; removo tho bits of skin andgristlo, and
chop the rest up very fine. Put on tho bottom
of a buttered dish a "layer sf bread-crumbs;
moisten slightly with milk, that it may not
absorb all tho gravy ; then spread a layor of
tho minced turkey, with bits of stuffing, pep
per, salt, and small pieces of butter; then
another layer of crumb; aud so on until the
dish is nearly full. Uefore putting on tho upper
crust, pour in the gravy lett from tho turkey,
add a littlo Worcester sauce, ketchup, and but
ter. Havo ready moro crumb, seasoned with
salt and beaten up light with two eggs, then
spread it smoothly over tho dish ; stick bits of
butter plentifully upon it, and bake; turn a
deep plate over tho dish until tho contents bo
gin to hubblo at tho sides, showing that tho
whole is thoroughly ccoked. It will tako throe
quarters of an hour.
Kagout of Turkey. Cut the cold turkey that
is left over from a roast or boil into bits an inch
long; put into a saucepan tho gravy left from
tho roast, adding a littlo water if the quantity
bo small ; add a tablespoonful of butter, a tea
spoonful of some pungent sauco, half a littlo
grated nutmeg, and a little salt; when it boils
up put in the meat; stow very gently for ten
minutes, and then stir in a teaspoonful of
browned flour wet in a little cold water ; add a
wine-glassful of sherry or Madeira; boil up
once, and servo in a covered dish. A ragout
without wine is sometimes preferred.
Excellent Turkey Hash. Chop quite fino
two good-sized onions; put in a hot frying-pan,
with enough of beef-dripping and butter to fry
them till tender ; then add a pint and a half of
chopped turkey, with salt and pepper to tasto,
and a little thyme; add boiling water enough
to moisten, without making much gravy ; a
very little browned flour sifted in and stirred.
Boil it up and servo; or it may bo turned over
half slices of buttered toast.
Turkoy with Oysters. Cut the turkey up
very fine that is, cold roast or boiled turkey;
put a layer of turkey and ono of oysters alter
nately; season with cream, buttor, pepper, salt,
a little nutmeg, an onion, and strew crumbs of
bread and small pieces of butter on tho top, and
bake it. When the oysters aro dono, serve it.
Bread Sauce for a Roast Fowl. Chop a small
onion fine, and boil it in a pint of milk for five
minutes; then add about ten ounces of bread
crumbs, a bit of butter, popper, and salt to sea
son; stir the wholo on tho firo for ten minutes.
Do not let it boil.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
A Littlo Something About What !a Gclnr On in the
Thero aro G0,0G0 colored Baptists in Ten
nessoo. Mrs. Van Cott is holding a Ecries of very auo
cessful meetings in Syracuse, N. Y.
Father Ryan, known as tho poet-priest of the
South, is to lecture in Now England.
In many parts of China and Japan thero is
but ono missionary to four millions of people.
The Siamcso language is so poor that it is
found difficult to translate the Scriptures into it.
Tho Boston Young Men's Christian Associa
tion reports an increaso of threo hundred and
twenty-two members last month. I
There aro 120,000,000 of women and girls in j
India, and it is estimated that not moro than !
ono in every l,i!00 has as yet been brought
under tho inilueuce of religious instruction.
' Tho Moody and Sankoy meetings in England
have been interrupted by Mr. Moody's severe
illness. This is an unusual experience for him,
for in all his experience as an uvangelist it is
rarely that ho has been laid aside by even a
An experienced Sunday school teacher, in
speaking of tho relation of amusements to
study, says: "You ought not to give a boy
tickets to peddlo foral'unch and Judy show,
and then expect him to sit right down and
study his Sunday-school lesson.
The use of the gown is fast spreading among
non-conformist clergymen. The Rev. Dr.
Dickey, of Calvary Church, ono of tho leaders
of the Old Presbyterian School, began wearing
one a few Sundays ago. It is a very beautiful
gown, made with numerous tucks and pleats.
The Hon. Frederick Billings of tho Congre
gational Church of Woodstock, Vermont, will
give Billings, a town in Montana which bears
his name and which lias now nearly a thousand
inhabitants, an outfit in tho shape of $10,000
for a school-house and ,000 for a Congrega
In tho recent Church Congress at Derby,
Father Ignatius uttered these practical words :
"The Church which brushed away tho rubbish
from the rock and exposed tho rock to tho
miner was tho church which would be upper
most in tho day of tho Lord. If tho Church of
Romo did it, up with the Church of Rome; if
the Church of England did it, up with tho
Church of England ; if tho Salvation Army did
it, up with tho Salvation Army.''
JIoiv Women Would Vote.
Wero women allowed to vote, every ono in
the land who has used Dr. Pierce's " Favorite
Proscription" would voto it to bo an unfailing
remedy for tho disoases peculiar to hor uex.
OUR YOUNG FOLKS.
The Battle in the Dark. How Gen.
Jackson Received the British.
By Georgt Vary Eggfaton.
When tho British succeeded in taking Lieu
tenant Jones's littlo gun-boats on Lake Borgno,
and making a landing, after tho manner de-
scribed to you some weeks ago, thoy supposed
the hardest part of their work was done. It
was not far from their landing-placo to Now
Orleans, and there was nothing in their way.
Thoir army numbered nearly twenty thousand
men, and the men were tho best soldiers that
England had. Many of them were Wellington's
It seemed certain that such an army could
march into New Orleans with very little tronblo
indeed, and everybody on both sides thought
so everybody, that is to say, but General Jack
sou. He meant to fight that question out, and
as tho Legislature and many of the people in
tho city would do nothing to help him, ho put
tho town under martial law, and worked night
and day to get together something liko an
On tho 23d of December, ISM, tho British
arrived at a point a faw miles below the city,
and went into camp about noon. As soon as
Jackson heard of their arrival he said to the
people around him, "Gentlemen, tho British
aro below: wo must fight them to-night."
He immediately ordered his troops forward.
Ho had mado a soldier of everybody who could
carry a gun, and his little army was a curiously
mixed collection of men. Thero were a few
rci'l-irs in uniform- thorn voro soma Missii-
rci.iira, in uiuiorin, i.n,ro .ert, some lUissia-
Bippi troopers, and Coffee's Kentucky and Ten-
nessco hunters, in hunting-shirts and iean '.
trousers; there were volunteers of all sorts from
tho streets of Now Orleans merchants, law-
, , , , , ,
yers, laborers, cierKS, aim clergymen armed
with shot-guns, rifles, and old muskets; there
wero somo criminals whom Jackson had re-
leased from prison on condition that they would
fight; thero was a battalion of free negroes,
who wero good soldiers; and finally there were
about twenty Choctaw Indians.
With thi3 mixed crowd Jackson had to fight
tho very best troops in tho British army. Only
about half of his men had ever heard a bullet
whistle, and less than half of them were drilled
and disciplined; but they were bravo men who
believed in thoir General, and they were about
to fight for thoir country as brave men should.
When all wero counted backwoodsmen, regu
lars, city volunteers, negroes, Indians, and all
tho wholo army numbered only 2,131 men!
But weak as this force was, Jackson had mado
up his mind to fight with it. Ho knew that
tho British wero too strong for him, but he
know too that every day would mako them
stronger, as moro and moro of their troops
Tho British camp was nine miles below the
city, on a narrow strip of land between tho
river and a swamp. Jackson sent a gun-boat,
tho Carolina, down the river, with orders to
anchor in front of the camp and pour a firo of
grape-shot into it. He sent Cofleo across to the
swamp, and ordered him to creep through the
bushes, and thus get upon tho right flank of
tho British. Ho kept tho rest of his army
under his own command, ready to advauca
from the front upon the enemy's position.
But no attack was to bo mado until after
dark. Tho army was kept well out of sight, and
the British had no suspicion that any attack
was thought of. Thoy did not regard Jackson's
men as soldiers at all, but called them a posse
comitatus of ragamuffins that is to say, a mob
of ragged citizens and tho most they expected
such a mob to do was to wait somewhere below
tho city until tho British soldiers should get
ready to drive them away with a few volleys.
So tho British lighted their camp-fires, stacked
their arms for tho night, and cooked their sup
pers. They meant to stay where they were for
a day or two until tho rest of thoir force could
como up, and then thoy expected to march into
tho town and mako themselves at homo.
Night camo on, and it was exceedingly dark.
At half past seven o'clock there came a flash
and a roar. Tho Carolina, lying in tho river,
within a few hundred yards of tho camp, had
begun to pour hor broadsides into the British
quarters, ner am non vomited fire, and sent a
hail-storm of grape-shot into the camp, while
tho marines on board kept up a steady fire of
Tho British were completely surprised, but
they wero cool-headed old soldiers, who wero
not to bo scared by a surprise. They quickly
formed a line on tho bank, and, bringing up
somo cannon, gave battle to tho saucy gun-boat.
For ton minutes this fight went on between
tho Americans on the river and the British on
shore, then Jackson ordered his troops to ad
vance. His columns rushed forward and fell
upon tho onemy, again surprising them, and
forcing them to fight on two sides at once.
Coffee, who was hidden over in the swamp, no
sooner heard tho roar of the Carolina's guns than
ho gave the word to advance, and rushing out
of tho bushes, his rough Teuncssceans and Ken
tuckians attacked still another sido of tho
Still tho sturdy British hold their ground,
mid fought liko tho bravo inon aud good sol
diers that they were. It was too dark for any
body to see clearly what was going on. The
lines on both sides were soon broken up into
independent groups of soldiers, who could not
sco in what direction they were marching, or
maintain anything liko n regular fight. Kegi
uients and battalions wandered about at their
own discretion, fighting whatevor bodies of tho
enemy they met, and sometimes getting hope
lessly entangled with each other. Never was
thero so complete a jumble on a battle-field.
Whenever two bodies of troops met, they had I
,. , J , ,, , , i
10 can out 10 eacu omer 10 nnu ouc wnetiier
they wero friends or foes; then if ono body
proved to bo Americans and tho other British,
they delivered a volley, and rushed upon each
other in a desperate struggle for mastery.
Soiuotimcs a regiment would win success in
one direction, aud just as its enemy on that
side was driven back, it would bo attacked from
the opposite direction. CoiTeo's men wore armed
with squirrel rilles, which of courso had no
bayonets; but tho men had their long hunting,
knives, aud with no better weapons than these
they did not hesitato to mako charge after
chargo upon tho lines of gleaming bayonets.
Tho British suffered terribly from tho first,
but their steadiness was never lost for a moment.
Tho mad onset of tho Americans broke their
lines, and in the darkness it .was impossible to
form Ihein again promptly; but still the men
kept up tho fight, while tho officers, as rapidly
as they could, directed their detached columns
toward protected positions.
Retreating slowly and in as good order as j
they could, tho British got beyond the range of j
tho Carolina s guns by nine o clock, and hnuing
a position whoro a bank of eartli served for a
breastwork, they mado a final stand there. It
was impossible to drive thorn from such a posi
tion, and so, littlo by littlo, tho Americans
withdrew, and at ton o'clock tho Battle in tho
Dark was at an end.
Now lot us sco what Jackson had gained or
lost by this hasty attack. The British were
still in a position to threaten New Orleans.
They had not been driven away, and tho rest
ol their largo army, which had not yttt come I
up, was hurrying forward to help them. Thoy
had lost a great many more men than Jackson
had, but they could spare men better than ho
could, and they were not whipped by any
means. Still, the attack was equal to a victory
for tho Americana. It i3 almost certain that If
Jackson had waited nnother day befora fighting
he would havo Inst New Orleans, and tho wholo
Southwest would have been overrun.
For by making this night attack ha showed
tho British that ha could and would fight,
and they, finding what kind of a defense ho
meant to make, made up their minds to move
slowly and cautiously. They watted for the
rest of thoir forco to come up, and whilo thay
i were waiting and getting ready, Jackson had
more than two weeks' time in which to collect
troops from tho country north of him, to get
. arms and ammunition, and to throw up strong
; fortifications. When tho British m.da their
j grand attack on the 8th of January, 1S15, they
i found Jackson ready for them. His army was
j increased, his men were full of confidence, and,
' best of all, he had a line of strong earth-works to
i fight behind. It is commonly said that his for
tifications were made of cotton bales, but that
is an error. When be first began to fortify, ho
, used somo cotton bales, and some sugar which
, it was thought would do instead of sand ; bat
in some of the early skirmishes it was found
that tho sugar was useless, because it would
; not stop cannon-balls; whilo the cotton was
! worse, because it took fire, and nearly suffo
cated the men behind it with smoke. The cot
! ton und sugar were at once thrown aside, and.
' tho battle of New Orleans was foughi behind
; earthworks. In that battle the British wore so
; badly woratcd that they gave up all idea of
, taking New Orleans, which, a month before,
j thej' had believed it would be so easy to cap
' ture. Harper's Voting People.
; : - ... .
j J g fJQT GENERALLY KNOWN
! U. !s,"ot eI,er,all-v known that we manufacture. Import
j ordeal m nearly .vrrythms: that is eaten or drank,
'. aud thM, '"?'!I,"'r"i cm, if ih-y will nk thoir grocer to
rueure It for thf-m.gct anything they want under Tliur
irs l;r;:i:(i. V.V ilo not allow our name u be rilnrpd
; Z'V'Xlo'Z 1!$ oTcS
' nsk, ,'"., ,Il,r'1,cr s t'a-. me grocers very -non
Mgbtedly handle other bran-is becuu-e they ran makes
laivvr profit, but i'-pv lost- siirht of the trnirortii: fuct
that what thev make in the larger mitrRin o: profit, they
lose in the smaller volume of liusiuets. Nut every con
sumer knows ju-H what brands they ran rely upon, but
we Kiiurante" all pooi smhl umtn'r our name t be of
superior quality, ami authorize dealers to refunil the pur
chase priie in any case where the consumer has cause for
dissatisfaction. It is, therefore, to the Interest of both
dealer ami consumer to use Thurhcr' brauds. and they
can set almost everything under our brand if they will
ask their grocer for it.
Our Motto t Good Quality, Honest Quantity.
Tho only House ilanufactHriajr EXCLUSIVELY
Thnrbor's Home-muile Preseryea are Ddlclons.
Tharucr'i Kocsletl Coffees In Pound Package &ra
U if ift F R THIIRRFR A
1 li lt M ll Ui 1 IIUI1U1.1I IAI UU
And Dealers in all Varieties of Food Frodnota,
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Attorney at LaWj
Offices, 613 Fifteenth Street,
P. O. Drawer 33S.
TVASHINGTOJf, U. O.
As this mar reach the hands of some person uno
quainted with this Ilouse, we append hereto, as sped
mens of the testimony in oar pasMMsioii, copies of letters
from several jrcntlemen of political aud iniIitarydUtino'
tion, and widely known throughout the United states ;
I House of Representatives,
WASHIXrtTOS, D. C, March , lSiS.
From peyeral years' at luaint-uice with Cant, Geobob
E. I,n.MON" of this city, we cheerfully commend him a
i centleman of tnteirruv, and well qualified to attend to
the collection or txmnty anu otuer claims against tno
Government- His experience in that line give hlca
W. P. SPRAGUE. M. C.
FifteaUh District cf O.Md,
JAS. D. STRAWBRJBGE, 31. C,
Thirteenth District qf Fer.n'a,
House op REr-r.ESENTATrv9.
Washington. D. C, Jfarcfi 1, 1S7J.
We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance wltS
Captain Geokoe E. Lesion for the past few years, acd a
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business, and of his reliability for faij
and honorable dealing connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants gciiTallv.
A. V. RICE. Cluzimen
Committee an Invalid P.'t:siiK, Htmaz of Bspj,
"V. F. SLE.MONS, 31. C,
Srrond DUtrict ef Ari.
W. P. LYXDE, 31. C,
Fourth IhMrictOf Wis.
E. TV. TOWXSHEND. 31. C,
SineUcnth DUtrict if 13.
Citizens' National Bane,
Washington, IX C, Jan. 17, 1879.
Captain Gnonos E. Lkmon, attorney and agent forthq
collection of war claims at "Washington city. Is a thor
ougli, able, and exceedingly wril-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, "and entirely responsible. I
believe that the interests of all having war claims nquir
iug adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JXO. A. J. CRESV.'ELL, President.
j3 Any person desiring information as to my stand.
Ins and responsibility will, on reiiuest.be furnished will
nMitistactory reference iu his own vicinity or Congres
22very Rusty Mason Needs Thciu.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco and tilt,
for r-. "other books, goods, etc
. Send for catalogue to
"25 j MASOMC BOOK AGEXCY.
C5 I ly35 145 Broadway, Nevr YorS.
J3EST EVER MADS.
EMORY'S LITTLE CATHARtIC PILLS. No family
should be v, iihout them. i'l-a.ant to uike; no griping.
Druggists sell incm, or bv mail fur la cents a box, iu post
age stumps. Standard Cure Co., Ill Kasjau-sireet,
New Yoik. Sfl-ly
3Ienti,m this paper.
CI A ? 10 ?ld two 3 ct, stamps to C. TOIX
'AltlyD Ti:il. Jr., itrooklyii, .V. V., for
a new r.t iIegiint Chnmio Cards and Catalogue of Laterf
DeMirns for Fall and Winter. 61-13J
AthtrtUtinents inrttd under thit htinl ai the rati s
tKtuty-j.ee ctHttjur three lines. AUdrcu rcpiiet to adurti4tft
careuj Tub N.viio.nal 'iniBL'NE.
T7"ANTED.-The addresses of the following officers or
it the liili regiment Jiauie vols. : Lteut.-Col. John K.
Laiiis. Liem.'s Win. C 'lowusuud ui.il V,'. W. Grant, of
company A, or any lucini.erof said regiment who kner
me in the General Hospital at Savunn&h, Ga., In July
und August, l&tS, by Richard Liver. 67-:
Hiram II. 1111
"TJVTAXTED. The addresses of Lieut, Byron, Sergeants
V llartlett and King, or any member of company B,
l?t battalion, Army of the Cumberland, who was with
the battalion in November and December, lSdi, neil
Nashville, Tenn., by David Inman.
WANTED. The address of any member of compacy
B, SSd Kansas cav., by Win. Sehultz.
"TTT ANTED. Ihe address of A. Wellborn, who bt-
V longed to an Indiana regiment ; also that of a cor
poial of company B.JOtli ohi,wii knew meat Florence
(.S. C) prison, in Nov., isti, or of any cvmnule who knew
me in Aiider:iville, Florence, Savannah, or auyothsr
"rebel hell," in ImM or 'tsj, by Jacob Bender.
XT ANTED. The address of any member of company
t H. ''h reg't. Vet. Res. Corps, who was at Washing
ton, D. C, m 1SS, by Frank Davis.
J-ANTED. The addres of 3IlcliHel Dillon, lata oS
T V U. S. ship-of-war Wabash, by 'I bos. Hogeu.
"YT-ANTED. The address of Captain Cross, late of th
? 5th N. II., Zo'k" brigade, Haucock's division, 2d
A. C, by Col. John Hopper.
"vy anted. The address or
hoJiti gh e7 Arn'ouf
Liny member of comnanT
J as. McKey while sick at
"TTTANTED. The addresses of John Carey. "Win. Todd,
1 V or Frank Clitlord, late of coiutxiuy K, -"uth HI.,
by E. Howes. l
Vi r ANTED. The address of Win. 31. Mitchell, of com
VV p.tiy K, luth N. J. vols., by E. E. Auare. t-4t
"X vr ANTE !. The address of John Ryon. or any
V ber of cmimaiiv it. 1st battalion. I3tl If.
fantry, by Joseph Noll.
"YTT"ANTED. The address of Fritz Grimskie, late of
W company B, tilth reg'i New Yurkvvote., by The A'a
tiomU Tribune, Washington, D. C, or the address of any
of his family or relatives . W
WANTED. The address of Michael Cash, IcU e-oml-cl.ids
tlreuimi U.S. steamship Chocum, by TM
rhu family or relating W