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ESTABLISHED 1877 -1ntEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1882.
VOL. H-NO. 17 -WHOLE NO. 69.
ws ---SsiL'3.''-i--i ----; - ' li-
Tlio Movements of Union and Confed
General Buford's JTiglit
ADYASTCE OF LEE'S ARMY.
Ewell's Corps Moves Against
Mllroy at "Winchester.
"Tlie field having been well contested and
the enemy being re-cnforccd by infantry,
which could bo thrown in any force upon us
from Culpeper, I received orders from Brigadier-General
Pleasonton to recross my com
mand at Rappahannock Ford. Tho Second
brigade, Second division, covered my crossing.
I got my command entirely over without being
molested by the enemy. "When the last man
had crossed tho enemy displayed a regiment in
front of tho ford. I directed a regiment of the
Second brigade, Second division, to recross and
offer them fight. This they declined, and the
regiment quietly returned to this side.
i ii i mm i . .1 111. V I l i i i mm i ii '
Map showing military operations south of the Potomac.
"In this engagement the loss of the Third
division was very severe. Three field officers
(two regimental commanders) were wounded
and missing, two line officers killed and fifteen
wounded, eighteen enlisted men killed, sixty
five wounded, and 272 missing. Of these last
many were killed and wounded. The division
captured from the enemy eight commissioned
officers and 107 enlisted men and two colors,
(these taken by the First Maine and First
Maryland). The field on which wo fought
bore evidence of the Ecvere loss of the enemy.
"Tho Third division behaved nobly, and,
where every officer and man did his duty, it is
difficult to particularize. I would, however,
mention Colonel P. Wyudham, First New Jer
sey cavalry, commanding Second brigade, and
Colonol J. Kilpatriek, Second New York, com
manding First brigade, who gallantly led their
brigades to the charge, and throughout the
entire engagement handled them with con
Eummate skill. Colonel Wyndbam, although
wounded, remained on the field and covered
with a portion of his command the withdrawal
of the division. .Captain J. W. Martin, com
manding Sixth New York battery of horse ar
tillery, did most excellent service. His sec
tions were charged by the enemy's regiments
on all sides. Two of his pieces disabled, and
one serviceable, fell into tho hands of the ene
my, but not until twenty-one of his men were
cut down, fighting stubbornly, and nearly all
of the horses killed.
"Although the loss of theso pieces is to bo rc
gre; ted, still the magnificent defense of them
establishes, in the highest degree, the soldierly
character of the officers and men of the bat
tery. The serviceable gun was spiked before
the enemy got it."
A GATXAXT CAYAUIY CIJAKGE.
Colonel Wyudham says: "After crossing tho
river and coming up with Colonel Duffie, I
turned to the right, and, in obedience to orders
from tho general commanding, pushed on rap
idly to Brandy Station. On arriving at that
place I found the enemy strongly posted in the
rear and on the right of the station, with bat
teries planted upon the heights near the Bar
bour house. I immediately formed my com
mand in line of battle, and had the section of
artillery attached to it placed in position, and
opened on their battery in front of the Barbour
LjUic. Observing the enemy breaking away
on the loft, I ordered a portion of tho First
Maiylacd cavalry, led by Major Busseil, to
cha-gc on the station, which they did in fine
style, capturing a number of tho enemy and
briLging away an ambulance and four horses,
cap- ured by our advance guard. I next ordered
the section of artillery to advance, as they had
con plctely silenced the battery they had been
firing upon, and at the same time ordered the
Fir-t New Jersey to charge on a battery sta
tioned in rear of tho Barbour house, and the
First Pennsylvania Keserve cavalry and the
balanco of the First Maryland to charge the
heights on which tho house stands. The whole
command moved gallantly forward and nobly
accomplished tho work assigned them.
"Tho First Maryland, which consisted of
little moro than a squadron, led by Lieutenant
Colonel Deems, charged first, but were met by
fully a regiment of tho enemy, posted behind
the buildings and drawn up in tho garden and
orchard, and, after a brief and spirited fight,
were compelled to fall back. Tho First Penn
sylvania coming up, charged next. Colonel
Taylor, leading part of the regiment, struck
the enemy in front, while- Lieutenant-Colonel
Gardner, with tho balance, dashed on his Hank
next to tho house. Attacked at both points,
ho was forced back, cut off from the houso, his
rear gained, and driven from his cover into
the open plain below, where ho was again mot
bv tho First Maryland cavalry, which had
rallied. Thus assailed on both sides, his force
was completely scattered, a large number being
killed, wounded or captured.
"The charge of tho First New Jersey in rear
if the house I led in person, aided by Lientonant-
'olonel Broderiok. At tho first onset the enemy
were driven from tbnir guns; the support coni
ng upvi mot, and in a few minutes also
Iriven back. Ro-enforced, it returned, and
was again repulsed.
"My command being now much scattered by
tho oharges it had made, Colonel Duffie not
coming up to my support as I expected, and
seeing th enemy, strongly re-enforced, ad
vancing from several point3, 1 was compelled
to withdraw. This was dono by the greater
part of tho command forming on the Brandy
Station road, whilo I collected tho balance at
the Station, and, forming them into a rear
guard, remained until tho field was cleared.
"The enemy charged upon my lines twice,
but were repulsed each timo by my carbineers
with heavy loss. "Whilo engaged horo I re
ceived a bullet in the leg. After joining tho
balanco of 'my command, I reported to the
general commanding, and received orders to
move to the right. Forming my command
near St. James' Churoh, I remained until about
four o'clock in tho afternoon, when, becoming
very much exhausted from tho loss of blood, 1
turned over tho command to Colonol J. P. Tay
lor, of tho First Pennsylvania Reserve cavalry,
and left tho field. Ho reports that shortly
afterwards ho received orders to report to
General Buford, and 'assisted in covering tho
withdrawal of his command across tho river.
"In closing my report, it affords me no small
degree of pleasuro to be able to say that all my
command that followed me on the field be
haved nobly, standing unmoved under Iho
enemy's artillery fire, and when ordered to
charge, dashing forward with a spirit and de
termination that swept all before them.
" I cannot speak too highly of tho manner in
which tho field-officers of my command acted,
without exception gallantly and efficiently
performing every duty assigned them, and of
the line-officers I can say the same."
IiUFOKD CROSSES AT BEVEUI.Y FOItD.
Meanwhile Buford's column had crossed at
Beverly Ford and had a spirited engagement
with Stuart's left wing. Morning had scarcely
dawned when General Pleasonton rodo with
Buford's column to Beverly Ford. Colonel B.
F. Davis, Eighth New York cavalry, took tho
lead with his brigado and had barely reached
tho opposite bank of tho river when ho fell
from his horse mortally wounded. His troops
pressed forward and encountered Stuart's
skirmish lino as soon as they emerged from tho
The fog hung heavily over the river and ob
scured from each forco the strength or disposi
tions of the other. Tho point of junction with
Gregg's and Du flic's columns, which had crossed
at Kelly's Ford, being Brandy Statiou, required
them to bear to tho right whilo Buford's col
umn bore to the left, tho Orange and Alexan
dria Railroad lying between the two columns.
The Itescrve brigade, which included tho
Regular regiments and tho Sixth Pennsylvania
cavalry, followed at onco and became hotly
engaged near St. James Church, on the road to
A review had been held on tho 8th,
and in the evening Stuart's cavalry brig
ades were moved down towards tho Rappa
hannock preparatory to crossing tho cavalry
to place it in such position as best to protect
the Hank of Lee's army on its march north
ward; Fitz Lee's brigade, with one battery of
artillery, moved across tho Hazel River; W.
H. F. Lee's brigade was stationed on the road
to -Wei ford 'a Ford; Jones's brigade, with four
batteries of artillery, on the road to Beverly
Ford, and Robertson's brigade on the farm of
John Minor Bolts, picketing the lower ford.
Hampton's brigade was held in reserve.
Orders were issued to march at an early
hour on tho following morning, and each com
mander, ignorant of tho intentions of his antag
onist, approached the river at tho same hour.
Jones's artillery was camped near the river and
"iie near being captured in its exposed posi
tion. News of tho simultaneous crossing of
Pleasonton's troops at Beverly and Kelly's
Fords was borne to tho cars of the Confederate
commanders, who at onco withdrew the artil
lery under cover of tho fog to St. James
Church, whero it was placed in position, sup-
ported by Jones'a brigado, Hampton's brigado
on the right of Jones and connecting with tho
left of W. H. F. Lee's brigade. Tho Second
South Carolina, Colonel M. C. Butlor command
ing, was detached from Hampton's brigade and
sent to Stevensburg, fivo miles from Brandy
Station, followed soon by tho Fourth Virginia
cavalry, under Colonel Wickham. Robertson's
brigado was left to guard tho rear.
FJGHTIXO NKAR ST. .TAJIKS CHURCH.
Tho advauce of Buford's cavalry from tho
ford toward St. James Church was checked,
and the infantry brigado of Colonel Ames
ordered forward to relievo tho Regular brigado
in the woods below tho church, which they
did without serious fighting. Tho Reserve
brigado was sent to tho open fields on the right,
where tho confederates, dismounted, had se
cured a line of stone walls, with artillory on
tho high ground behind thorn. Artillery on
both sides now opened, and lively cannonading
was kept up for somo timo.
Up to this timo nothing had been heard from
General Gregg's column, and the pressure upon
Buford's right was growing momentarily
General Buford now ordered tho Reserve bri
gado to advance, which quickly swept the
ground to the right and cleared his flank from
an annoying fire that had been kept up inces
santly from behind tho stono walls which
bounded the fields in that direction. Leaving
General Buford in command of tho Reserve bri
gade to push on as rapidly as possible, General
Pleasonton returned to his line in front of St.
James Church, whoro ho found cvorything
quiet and no enemy in sight. Ho was about to
resume tho march when General Gregg rode up
from the left, reporting the results of vr ''io
rations. Colonel Duffie had marched
venshurg, whero, with tho First Mas&n
and Third Pennsylvania cavalry, he had ;!: en
Butler's and Wickham's regimouts of South
Carolinians aud Virginians in rout from tho
field. In his report, Stuart say3 : "This regi
ment (tho Fourth Virginia) usually fights well,
and its stampede on this occasion is unaccount
ablo." The bursting of one shell killed Lieutenant-Colonel
Frank Hampton, and carried off
the leg of Colonel M. C. Butler, now U. S. Sen
ator from South Carolina.
Colonel Duffie stopped at this point, doubt
ing tho wisdom of such comploto isolation from
tho main column. General Gregg had advanced
directly on Brandy Station, and moved thenco
upon tho rear of Stuart's position at Flootwood
Hill, necessitating a quick movement by tho
lattor to save that important position. Fleet
wood nill is a ridgo of ground half a mile from
Brandy Station, towards tho Rappahannock,
and west of tho railroad. St. James Church' is
on tho river side of tho hill, and Buford was
now approaching it from one sido, while Gregg
was advancing from the other.
Stuart had tho advantage of rapid concentra
tion, and re-enforcing exposed points enabled
him to hold his position, his mon fighting, as
it were, back to back. Leaving a thin lino to
keep upa show of opposition to Buford's column,
Stuart throw tho weight of his form npn
Gregg and forced him back to tho plain. Buford,
pushing steadily forward, was recalled by Gen
Pleasonton, and ordered to re-cross tho river.
Tho capture of an official order conveying all the
information regarding tho movemonts of tho
Confederate army that General Pleasonton had
gone to seek, was the reason assigned for his
withdrawal to tho north bank of tho Rappa
hannock. PIXASONTOK RECROSSES THE BAPPAn.OTCTOCK.
Poaitivo information was thus obtained
that tho Confederato forces were pre
paring for a movement either against
Washington or into tho Stato of Maryland.
When or in what manner tho attempt would
be mado to strike tho blow no one could fore
tell. A threat had been mado to invado Mary
land and Pennsylvania, and it is said that tho
Confederate commissary-general endorsed a re
quisition from General Leo for rations as fol
lows: " If General Leo wishes rations, let him
get them in Pennsylvania."
General Pleasonton's cavalry on its return
brought intelligence that the enemy had been
moving in strong forco westward toward tho
Shenandoah Valley. Tho rcconnoisanco also
developed that .tho enemy was massing his
cavalry on tho upper Rappahannock for somo
On the Sth of June a Richmond (Va.) paper
spoko of a movement of Lee's army, in these
words: "It is too generally known to raise any
question of prudence in speaking of it, that
General Lee has put his army in motion, nis
de-signs aro known only to himself and those
with whom it was his duty to confer. A few
days will disclose them to the public, who are
willing to wait patiently, in full confidence
that tho result will vindicate tho wisdom of
what he undertakes. A forward movement on
his part has been for somo timo anticipated by
tho enemy, and is regarded with very percepti
Tho facts, as given by General Leo in his
official report, arc as follows :
"Tho position occupied by tho enemy oppo
site Fredericksburg being one in which he
could not be attacked to advantage, it was de
termined to draw him from it. Tho execution
of this purpose embraced tho relief of the Shen
andoah Valley from tho troops that had occu
pied tho lower part of it during tho winter and
spring, and, if practicable, tho transfer of the
scene of hostilities north of tho Potomac.
" It was thought that the corresponding move
ments on tho part of the enemy, to which those
contemplated by us would probably givo rise,
might oiler a fair opportunity to 6triko a blow
at the army therein, commanded by General
Hooker; and that, in any event, that army
would bo compelled to leavo Virginia, and pos
sibly to draw to its support troops designed to
operate against other parts of tho country. In
this way it was supposed that tho enemy's plan
of campaign for the su miner would be broken
up, and part of the season of activo operations
be consumed in the formations of new com
binations and tho preparations thoy would re
quire. "Jn addition to these advantages, it was
hoped that other valuable results might be
attained by military success."
The inoment of General Leo began on the
2d of June. McLaws's division of Longstrcet's
corps left Fredericksburg for Culpeper, and
Hood's division, which was encamped on tho
Rapidan, marched to tho same place. They
were followed, on tho 4th and 5th, by Ewell's
corps, leaving that of A. P. Hill to occupy the
Confederate lines at Fredericksburg. The
forces of Longstreet and Ewell reached Cul
peper by tho 8lh, at which point tho confeder
ate cavalry under Stuart was also concentrated.
General Jenkins, with his cavalry brigade,
had been ordered to advance towards Winches
ter to oo-operato with the infantry in tho pro
posed expedition into tho lower part of tho
Shenandoah. Ysllajr, mid -at th. nam time
General Imbodcn was directed with his com
mand to make a demonstration in tho direction
of Roiuney, in order to cover tho movement
against Winchester, and prevent tho Federal
truops at that place from being ro-cn forced by
the troops on the lino of tho Baltimore and
01 io Railroad.
POSITIONS OF THE CONTENDING ARMIES.
Meantime the detachment of the Sixth Corps
which had been thrown across tho river at
Franklin's Crossing had intrenched its position.
The enemy also strengthened his works, and
waited for any demonstration. At nightfall
on tho 12th the condition of affairs was as fol
lows: On tho Confederato sido, A. P. Hill's
co'-p3 was holding tho Fredericksburg defences
an stretching along the Rappahannock to tho
R.ipidau ; Longstrcet's corps and Stuart's cav
aV wero in tho vicinity of Culpeper; Ewell's
co-ps and Jenkins's cavalry were in tho Shon
an oah Valley.
On tho Union side, tho First Corps was at
Deep Run ; the Second at Falmouth ; the Third
at Bealcton, with Humphreys's division ad
vanced to tho Rappahannock ; tho Fifth in tho
vicinity of Banks's and United States Fords;
the Sixth at Franklin's Crossing; tho Eleventh
at Hartwood Church, and tho Twelfth near
Stafford Court-House aud Aquia Creek Land
ing. Tho Cavalry corps was posted in tho
neighborhood of Warrenton Junction.
General Hooker, having penetrated tho ob
ject of General Leo in concentrating upon tho
Upper Rappahannock, began this day to send
his sick and wounded to Washington, and to
rcmovo his stores to a place of safety.
RERRYVILI.E AND AVINCIIKSTER.
Already tho advance of Ewell's corps was
drawing near to Winchester, held by General
Milroy with two brigades of infantry and somo
cavalry and artillery. Another brigado of
Milroy's division was stationed at Berryvillo
as an outpost.
"The object," says General Milroy in his
official report, "in occupying Winchester was
to observe aud hold in check the rebel forces
in tho valley and to securo tho Baltimore aud
Ohio Railroad against depredations. Late in
luarch, in pursuanco of an order issued upon
my own suggestion, I stationed the Third bri
gade of my division, consisting of tho Sixth
Maryland infantry, Sixty-seventh Pennsyl
vania infantry, First New York cavalry and
tho Baltimore battery, at Berryvillo, Colonel
McRoynolds, of tho First Now York cavalry,
commanding. My instructions to Colonel Mc
Roynolds wero to keep open our communica
tions with Harper's Ferry, and to watch tho
pa-ses of tho Bluo Ridge (Snicker's and Ashby's
Gaps) and tho fords of tho Shenandoah River,
known as Snicker's and Berry's. To this ond
he was to causo to bo diligently scouted tho
.t'untry between him and thoso localities, and
a i far south as Millwood. I was expressly in
a1 ructed to undertake no offensive operations
Berryvillo is situated about ten miles from
T'Jtichester and four from Snicker's Ferry.
ii Friday evening, Juno 12, it was ascor-
t.- jI &L Whichever t!.tt the ezi'my in larrv
forco was moving down tho valley, aud was
thcai but a few miles distant. Instructions
were at once sent by General Milroy to Colonel
MiReynolds to keep a strong party of observa
tion in tho direction of Millwood, and to hold
his command in readiness to retire at a con
certed signal and ro-euforco him at Winches
ter. On Saturday morning, at a few minutes
before eight o'clock, General Milroy's cavalry
patrols on tho Front Royal road reported tho
enemy advancing in forco. Deeming it advis
able to unite the command as speedily as possiblo,
tho signal was given four discharges of a heavy
gun for Colonel McReynolds to move. His
command was in order and marched at onco.
Mcantimo a column of Confederato troops,
consisting of Rodcs's division and tho greater
part of Jenkins's cavalry brigado of Ewell's
corps, had been detached from the main body
and sent to dislodgo tho forco at Berryvillo.
Early on tho morning of tho 13th its advance
appeared in sight on tho Millwood road. This
forco was held in check some time by skirmish
ers of the First New York cavalry, together
with an occasional shell from Alexander's bat
tery. About 9 a. in. Colonel McReynolds put
his brigade in motion for Winchester, reserv
ing about 150 of the First New York cavalry
and a section of Alexander's battery, with
which ho still held tho onemy at bay until the
main body had gained several miles, when tho
rear-guard retired hastily, but in most perfect
order. Soon after tho brigado had started, it
was discovered that the enemy was already
within striking distance of tho Berryvillo and
Winchester pike, aud it becamo necessary, in
order to avoid exposing the forco to "Hank attack,
to make a detour by way of Summit Point.
At Opequon Creek tho rear-guard, now com
posed of four companies of the First New York
cavalry, two guns of tho Baltimore battery,
under Lieutenant Alexander, and four com
panies of tho Sixth Maryland, under Lieutenant-Colonel
McKellip, was attacked by the
enemy's advance cavalry. This forco was
qi-iekly checked and repulsed with loss. Of
ill's allair Colonel McReynolds says:
"The attack w:is met in the most gallant
manner by officers and men, -with
tho loss of but a few men of my command.
"Tho attack was prompt and desperate, but
was met in a manner that reflects the highest
credit on the Sixth Maryland, Maryland bat
tery and tho First New York cavalry. The
officers and mon proved themselves horoes, the
Maryland troops adding fresh laurels to the
imperishable ancient I'amo of ' My Maryland.' "
After a long, fatiguing march of twenty
three miles, tho command reached Winchester
at !) p. m., in tho midst of a drenching rain.
Tho tired troops had scarcely thrown them
selves on tho wet ground for rest, when thoy
wore again put in motion, and after having
been shifted about for several hours, tho Sixth
Maryland was, at daylight of Sunday, ordered
i jto the rifle-pits encircling tho Star Fort, a
milo and a half northwest of Winchester.
Thcro aro three parallel ranges of hills north
of the town. Tho first ridge was occupied by
threo fortifications. That to tho left was the
main fort, mounted with 20-pounder Parrott3,
and occupied by General Milroy in person with
til's greater part of his command. Tho Star
Fore was intermediate, and was held by Colonel
McRoynolds's brigade. Away to tho right, on
the hill commanding all the others, was an un
finished work. The second range was occupied
by two batteries of light artillery, one on the
left and one on tho right. On tho third range
tha enemy appeared in force.
To be continued.
A cow at Warron, R. I., availed herself of
tho temporary absonco of her keeper, and
climbed a flight of stairs into a loft above.
After a council of war, in which all tho towns
men participated, her feet wore tied, and she was
Gent sliding down a plank to tho stable bolow.
The Cavalry Expedition to the Rear
A TBICKY BUTTERInjT.
Loyal Citizen Offers His
Services as Guide.
LONG- AND WEARY TRAMP
General Capron Continues the
Narrative of His Escape.
Our march was kept up with slight intermis
sion both night and day, seldom resting longer
at one timo than an hour or two. The hories
wero fed from our hands much of tho way
with corn plucked from the fields wherever an
opportunity permitted. Once or twice we in
the dark rode our horses into deep swamps,
and had to await daylight before wo could
Moving along in this cautious way, tho fol
lowing day at about 2 p. m. we suddenly found
a tall "butternut" in our path. Fortunately
ho was without his customary riflo or the tablo
would have been turned upon us, as our one
damp cartridge would have had to yield. But
this really was a serious encounter, even with
the apparent odds in our favor. To peacefully
pass by ourselves, or allow him to do so, were
attended with strong probabilities that our
sudden capture would follow, as a hue and cry
would, in all probability, havo started fifty
guerrillas on our trail, and tho question first in
order then, was, shall ho bo taken prisoner or
killed by tho expenditure of this last charge?
However, the " drop " for the present was upon
him, and ho was our prisoner. Tho next point
for consideration was, what wero we to do
with him if held as prisoner of war?
Any ono can readily percoivo the difficulties
in the case. Deliberate bloodshed could not
bo thought of unless actually attacked, or in
caso of any sudden effort to escape from under
our guns. Negotiation seemed the only way
to solve the question, and this was resorted to
with tho following serio-comic results :
A WHITE ELEPHANT.
The plea of ihis " wnito elepnant" was, that
he, as well as his mother and sister, who lived
near by, wero loyal to our Government, and in
that community of rebels were persecuted for
their principles in every possible way; that he
was wandering in tho woods, as was his daily
cii3tom, to avoid impressment into tho rebel
impressment into tho rebel
army, or perhaps death ; that his mother and
sister, imbued with loyal principles, were con
stantly on tho lookout for opportunities to re
lievo and protect our fugitives, tho truth of
which I could ascertain if I would go with him
to his mother's homo.
The necessities of our situation compelled us
to givo some credence to his plea. But, on the
other hand, treachery was the order of the day
in theso parts, and it behooved us to be wary.
To trust ourselvos in his home might at once
put an end to us. On the other hand, we were
now from fifty to sixty miles directly in rear
ot tho great rebel army, where every thicket
bristled with deadly arms, and our way was
blocked by impenetrable swamps and unford
ablo rivers. There was no room for the exor
cise of discretion.
Lieutenant Calkins volunteering to recon
noitro whilst I held this loyal man prisoner,
the lieutenant started for tho house. His re
port was most favorablo. The mother and sis
ter accompanied him back to my cimp. They
wero brimful of enthusiastic loyalty to our
Government; had suffered much, and were
ready to suffer moro for tho good cause. The
young lady went so far as to propose that I
should cliango my dress for that of a regular
"old butternut," and she would undertake to
drive mo through into our lines around Deca
tur had dono it often for others whilst her
brother should guide tho two young men
through by byways and crooked ways quite
impassable for horses. Tho first part of the
proposition was not considered complimentary,
aud, therefore, was rejected, which carried with
it, of courgo, tho last part of tho plan.
THK GUIDE'S PROPOSAL.
Tho loyal man's proposition was as follows:
Wo were to leave our horses at this point, and
all threo should be guided through by traveling
night aud day on foot, but traveling more par
ticularly at night, as least liable to surprise.
Wo wore to be safely delivered within our lines
for which service, and his risk of certain
death for himself, should ho bo detected, he
was to receive our horses, and, at my hands,
one hundred dollars, and be furnished with a
horse, delivered outside of our lines, for him to
It had been patent to me for somo time that
escape with our horses from tho placo to which
wo had been led, with tho whole surrounding
country aroused, was a thing impossible, and,
therefore, tho proposition to part with our
faithful steeds was received with less of a shock
than it would havo been under less trying cir
cumstances. Tho proposition was accepted aud
tho prisoner restored to liberty.
So much timo had been consumed in this
negotiation, that night had shut down upon
us, and preparations for our immediate depart
ure wero now iu order. As our supplies, both
of quartermaster and commissary character,
wero now reduced to tho remnants of ono small
poncho for the three, transportation was made
easy. Tho only act that I was personally called
upon to perform, was tho cutting off tho toes of
my jack boots to let out tho water taken in at
Mud Creek and other points. Their removal had
never been attempted since tho time of our
leaving Decatur, becauso if onco removed they
could not bo again drawn on over my swollen
feet; this had beon often demonstrated by
others in our march.
PARTING WITH THEIR HORSES.
The time had now arrived when we were
to bid farewell to our favorito horses, which
had homo us ao effectually and so faithfully
through so many battles and skirmishes, and
through many daring raids. Thoy were
brought out to receive once more and for tho last!
timo tho well -understood caress the actual
loving pat upon the glossy crest bent to receivo
it, and always responded to by the- quivor and
glanco of tho expressive eyes. This ended, they
wero turued over to tho tender mercies of a
negro servant, who received, at parting from
tho loyal man, somo private instructions not
intended for our ears, but ovidently understood
by tho servant.
In addition to tho pangs of parting with our
mute but most faithful and intelligent friends,
was that produced by the certainty that for the
future our only means of progression was upon
our mutilated and bleeding feet. But tho trial
was to bo the last effort for life and freedom,
and mu3t bo met with stout hearts. Our march,
or rather our tramp, now commenced, the loyal
citizen in the advance, with my own person,
close up, having a firm grip upon his coat tail,
partly to restrain myself from falling, but also
to avoid any sudden leave-taking by our loyal
guide in tho darkness, as it might not bo con
venient for him to resume the march again,
my son and tho Lieutenant bringing up tho
A long and weary tramp through bush, bram
bles, and mire, in the pitchy darkness, was con
tinued till about two o'clock tho next morning,
when exhausted nature could do no more, and,
selecting tho dryest knoll we could find, we lay
down to rest our weary, worn-out forms. Sound
sleep soon took possession of us, which no fears
of treachery, no dread of cruel abandonment
under such trying circumstances, could counteract.
Daylight broke upon
startling knowledge of
this loyal guide, who v.
his life to save a Union m.-
and with it tho
ready to exposo
We all sprang
to our feet to face this terrible condition in our
affairs with its complicated dangers and trials.
Tho lowering clouds emphasized the gloom of
tho dreary, tangled sceno into which wo had
been drawn during tho darkness of night.
A full senso of our peril flashed upon me.
Here was this scoundrel, with a full knowledge
of our present position and of every by-way and
cross-road by which we could be intercepted,
set loose to rouse the guerrilla bands, composed
of both tho male and femalo portion of the
population. Not one moment was to bo lost,
the struggle was upon us, and we must sum
mon up our exhausted energies once more to
meet the crisis.
Ascertaining the direction of our approach,
our first efforts must be to throw them off our
trail if possible. To effect this, we at onco
started out on a direct tangent to our entrance
into the swamp, and, leaving no foot-prints
when possible to avoid it, wo started out on a
run when practicable, but at all times pressing
forward with all the vigor our exhausted con
dition would permit.
A CLOSE SHAVE.
Voices of men, women and children could be
heard at intervals, scouring tho woods for Union
soldiera. Twice they passed so near us, as we
lay upon our backs, that wo saw their rifles
and suotguns, and evcuthe hats and bonnets
of these fiends. Nothing but the absence of
dogs, which wo could not account for. saved U3.
Onco wo came upon a county road, and wero
in tho very act of steppinjr unon it. when.
: turning our eves down the road, three guer-
I rillas with their lone rifles were iust descend
ing a hill within an eighth of a mile of us.
There seemed no possible way for our escapo.
We were upon the edge of a narrow run wichh.
had been cut down by the rivulet which
ran at its bottom, somo fivo or six feet in
depth; but this ran at right angles with tho
road, without a turn, and as they must pass over
the bridge that spanned it, the slightest glanco
of the eye would bring us into view and under
their guns. There appeared no other way to
escape but to throw ourselves flat into tho
muddy oozo at the bottom and trust to chance.
They passed without seeing us, but the agony
of that moment must be left to tho imagina
tion. This was but a sample of many hair
breadth escapes which wc passed.
Our only food was blackberries, which grew
in profusion and in great perfection everywhere.
These, with the clear, cool brooks that con
stantly crossed our path, into which we would
plunge our arms and faces, refreshed us, aud
with an indomitable will carried us on through
everv and all difficulties.
THEY REACH THE rTIAlTAIIOOCHIE.
Late iu the day of tlu' St.i a glimmer of wa
ter in the sun's rays indicated our approach to
tho Chattahoochie, toward which we had so
long b ' 'ii struggling, on whose bosom avo
hoped u float iu quiet into the presence of our
friends, its appearance in the light of a clear
setting sun was to us like the smile of a beloved
mother upon her sick and suffering child. New
life was iuspired by tho vision, and we moved
forward once more ir. -. fuller hope. But tho
end was not yet. At lis point a negro was
met. At first he sci .1 timid, as if fearing
to be seen in conversation with Union soldiers,
but through persuasion and offers of -what few
articles of any value in his eyes were left upon
our person, he at last consented to retire
to a secluded place and open negotiations.
Tho first and most important matter waa
to obtain something in tho shape of a boat,
in which we hoped to run tho gauntlet by night
into our lines. This ho thought an impossi
bility, as the river was picketed its whole
length, and every ferry-boat and flat-lmat on
tho river had either been destroyed or c-.rried
beyond reach. At last lie said tluie was a
small "dug-out," which was kept chained on
the opposite side of the river where there was
a rebel picket, which was used by them for
ferrying prisoners, but this could not bo ob
tained without great danger. At last he con
sented to undertake to procure it for us after
the retiring of tho guard at night. It was a
delicate undertaking. Tho river was wide,
deep and rapid ; Ire would have to swim it in
the dark, break the fiisteniug and tow it over
by the chain in his mouth, as the puddle would
disturb the sentinel.
Negotiations having been concluded, wc de
cided to move quietly down under cover to tho
paint of crossing, in order to familiarize our
selves to tho position before dark. We had
scarcely secreted ourselves iu tho long grass at
the top of a bluffoverlooking the crossing, when
casting our eyes across tho river wo discov
ered approaching a long line of rebel soldiers
having in chargo somo forty of our men as
prisoners. They at onco commenced ferrying
thom over in the canoo wo so longed for the
possession of. This consumed some timo and
was followed by another band, who also crossed,
taking until nearly nine o'clock. Our great)
dread now was that some straggler might blun
der upon us, but all at last passed back from
tho river aud went into camp, and tho
canoe had been taken back to tho northern
shoro and fastened.
To ts continued.