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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1882.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
' Tho beat time to prune grapes is immediately
after the first frost, or as soon as the leaves fall.
Many growers leave this operation till Fcbru
ary or later, a practice which closo observation
would soon reject. It is frequently stated that
all periods aro equally good, from the fall of
the leaves until leavos appear in spring. If tho
plant remained perfectly dormant during tho
interval betweon these periods, tho advice
would possibly bo correct, but as plants con
tinue to assimilate and add to their vitality to
some extent, even when destitute of leaves, tho
time for pruning has much offect upon tho
future of tho plant. During tho winter plants
continue to absorb by their roots, and tho buds
on their brandies increase in size and gain addi
tional strength for spring growth ; theroforc,
when pruning is contemplated it should bo per
formed during the fall, so that tho buds upon tho
branches retained may have the full benefit of
the winter s accumulation. This is easily de
monstrated, and any growers who arc doubtful
may acquaint themselves of tho difference by
selecting plants and pruning a portion of them
early in tho fail and another portion lato in
Epriug, then mark the dilTerenco in tho carliness
and strength of growth. A difference of from
one to two weeks will bo found in tho ripening
of the fruit on grape-vines pruned at these dif
ferent seasons. Another point of much future
importance is that of protecting the plant.
"Wherever tho thermometer reaches down to
zero, it will bo profitable to cut the vines from
their supports, lay them on the ground, and cover
with a thin coating of earth or manure; tho
object is to protect them from the drying, frosty
BEST SEASON TOR CUTTING WOOD.
Wo make tho following extracts from an
article contributed to tho Massachusetts riough
man by Mr. Edmund Horsey: " Having spent a
considerable tortion of my life in cutting, sea
soning, and working woods of different kinds,
sometimes to the extent of nearly 1,000 cords a
year, I very naturally take a deep interest in
all that pertains to this subject, and while I do
not claim that- this long cxperiuce is any better,
if as good, as theories of scientific men, I desire
to state what I have found to bo true in prac
tice. My business was such that it usually
compelled me to cut wood at all seasons of the
year; and the business was also of a character to
' thoroughly test the quality of the wood cut at
the different seasons. For strength, beauty and
durability, I have found August, September
and October to be the best, and February,
March and April to be the worst months to cut
wood. The reason why this is so I do not
claim to be wise enough to fully explain. A
red maple cut in September will keep in a
round log perfectly white and sound until tho
next August ; while one cut in March will begin
to blacken and decay by tho middle or last of
June. Gray birch cut in September will keep
in good condition until the next September, if
left in the woods cut in four-feet lengths.
"While if cut in March and loft in the same way
it will be nearly worthless by the first of Au
gust ; at least such is the result on my land.
"Whito pine, like tho red maple, keeps white
much longer if cut in September than if cut in
March, and is not injured by tho worms as
much. I do not pretend to bo scientific enough
to explain fully why this is so, but I am quite
positive that in practice it proves so. I have
found wood which is dried slowly in a cool
place is better than that which is dried quickly
in tho hot sun, oven though cut in the summer.
May this not, in a measure, account for wood
being better cut in the autumn, it having tho
long cold, winter to dry in?"
The following notes are taken from the recently-issued
report of tho Commissioner of
Agriculture of tho State of Georgia:
"The hope of Georgia rests in tho restoration
of the productive capacity of her worn soils by
some means so cheap as to be within the reach
of tho humblest landholder. The teachings of
Ecienco and tho experience of tho cultivators
of the 6oil for nineteen centuries point to tho
use of tho leguminous plants as the Burest and
cheapest means of restoring worn soils to the
condition of profitable productiveness. In more
northern latitudes the farmer feels assured of
the restoration of his soil when a crop of clover
is secured. "We have the field pea, with which
we commence lower down in tho scale than
those who depend upon clover, from the fact
that peas will grow well upon soils which havo
neither the character nor tho quality to pro
duce clover at all.
"Let every farmer in Georgia determine to
adopt, as a part of his rotation of crops, tho
largest possible area in peas, following small
grain for soil improvement. Let him each fall
carefully harvest and set aside enough seed
peas to sow the area devoted to small grain.
Tho general adoption of this system would
quadruple the production of the State in ten
years. Experience teaches that it matters not
whether the pea vines aro turned in in a green
Btate or left to decay upon the surface of the
ground, so that no one need to be deterred from
adopting this means of soil improvement on
account of the cost or difficulty of plowing in
COVEKING TLAN'TS IN WINTER.
We occasionally see tho opinion expressed
that hardy plants need no protection during
winter; that the strawberry, for instance, "is
naturally as hardy as many other plants that
require no protection at all ; " and so with other
cultivated plants, which is, to a certain extent,
true enough, and if nothing further was cared
for than the mere existence of the plant, it
would not greatly matter whether it was pro
tected or not. But it should bo kept in mind
that the best varieties of our fruit-bearing
plants luive been far removed from the natu
ral condition of their ancestors, and havo ac
quired artificial qualities, as it were, by careful
cultivation, and which can only bo maintained
by constant attention. If neglected, they will
soon show tho ordinary result of negligence,
and it is only by giving all tho care and judi
cious attention which tho best experience sug
gests that they can develop their profit and
usefulness. But it is also a common observa
tion that a good practice may bo rendered
nugatory by injudicious application.
It is a well-known fact that the mostsuccess
Sbl farmers and gardeners pay but little, if any,
attention to the teachings of chemists in the
matter of the management of soils. Chemists
iavo shown that plants contain certain inor
ganic constituents in their composition, and
that, in tho absence of these ingredients in tho
coil, plants cannot prosper. Cultivators have
Jearned that rich land is tho kind of land they
xequiro to produce good results, and further,
that rich land is only mado by tho constant
application of organic matter, which they find
most convenient in the material known as
Etablo manure. They also have learned that
tho richest soil will not bo reliable unless it is
in aproper condition, physically, with regard to
water. Wet soil, it is well known, is not a
profitable soil to cultivate, hence artificial drain
ing -w&s found necessary, together with aproper
jalTcrizing of tho land. It cannot bo disputed
that the host rotnrns from tho soil aro secured
h3' those who act in aecordauco with the above
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Various
SMAfcfc CROPS FOS FHOFIT.
Tho American Cultivator savs that above 311
things else it is necessary that thoro bo a gon
eral understanding that large crops are always
proportionatelv moro profitable than small
crops; that within certain limits a given
amount of products can bo grown more cheaply
on fivo acres than on ten. When this fact is
properly appreciated the popular craze to se
cure moro land will be abatod. and better cul
ture of fewer acres will take tho placo of tho
prosont system of half-tillago over largo acres.
TO QUIET HORSES.
Obstinate and vicious horsos, by having their
attention removed from tho object on which
thoir mind is bent, can bo mado much mora
tractible than they otherwise would bo. Some
aro very difilcult to shoo, showing a disposition
f to bite and kick whenever the shoer touches
them. A few grains of tho ethereal oil of
parsley dropped on a handkerchief and placed
before the noso of the horse, it is said, never
fails to quiet his irritablo disposition, and
makes him, for tho time being, perfectly rnan
ageablo. nOW TO GET EGOS.
Tho knr.ck of getting a supply of oggs, sum
mer and winter, is to keep tho pullets of tho
early spring and summer hatch. Feed them
all they will eat up clean of tho best and mo.t
nutricious and egg-producing food, with such
simple condiments as popper, ginger, or mus
tard, to stimulate them. Kill off tho hens be
fore thoy moult in their secund year, and keep
none but young liens. Of course, under this
system of forcing for egg production and flesh,
there is no valid objection, as it is not intended
that their eggs should be set. Ex.
Mr. John Bryant, of Elkhorn, Nebraska,
says there is no bettor crop than trees. In
1S60 ho sowed a pound of locust seed; in 10
years, and ever since, ho has been selling posts
and wood; when tho trees aro cut down they
arc reproduced. Walnuts of his own planting
already yield a profit. He has sold 1,500 posts
at IS cents each. Ho reports that since tho
prairie fires havo ceased burr oaks spring up
spontaneously on tho bluffs. Tho success with
tho locust on this farm, ami their escapo from
tho borers, aro attributed to tho presence of
great numbers of the red-headed woodpecker.
The essentials for a well-broken colt aro a
good mouth, good carriage, and good manners.
None of these can be made in a hurry, requiring
time, patience, and good hands. You will got
vicious, stubborn, excitable, and nervous colts,
all requiring somewhat different treatment to
properly break them. To do it well requires
experience. If you send them to the breaker,
beware of the man who cannot control his tem
per, or ho will ruin your high-couraged colt.
VALUE OF CORN-CORS.
Few farmers stop to consider, writes the edi
tor of the Cultivator, how much of fertilizing
matter is annually wasted about tho farm, nor
tho oxpenso incurred in purchasing the same
materials in other forms. Thus in tho appar
ently insignificant matter of corn-cobs is an
item worth saving. If tho accumulation of
corn-cobs were gathered up and thrown into
tho hog-pen, they would, by tho next spring,
be reduced to manure. It has been estimated
in the corn-cobs grown in this country last year
were upwards of two hundred thousand pounds
The Gardener's Monthly says : " Let tho laun
dry folks on every wash day pour the boiling
hot soap-suds about tho roots of peach trees.
This will destroy the insidious little fungus
which produces tho 'yellows' and other dis
eases, and finish the larva of insects which aro
so injurious to tho trees."
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor' lVcekly Chat TTitli His
"My ice-house is sixteen feet square, and
sixteen feet in depth ten feet below the sur
faco of tho ground, and six feet above. Tho
bottom is a porous gravel. Tho sides under
ground aro lined with boards, and above tho
surface they are double boarded, and the space
between tho boardings filled with sawdust. The
pit is covered over with tonguc-and-grooved
boards, so as to be perfectly light, and over
this comes tho roof, which is shingled outside
and closely boarded inside. Now, although
this seems to be a very complete house, I can
not get ice after about the middle of August;
it seems to melt rapidly away during July and
August. I would bo thankful :or any suggestions
you may have about tho principles of construc
tion of my house, or how it cau bo improved."
John S. Dowser, Pa. Ans.: Tho 0110 thing
wanting is ventilation. Cut a hole thrco feet
square through the centre of the ceiling; then
raise thoyroof.so as to procure ventilating space
betweeirthe roof and ceiling and tho outer air.
Supposing tho roof was raised eight inches
above the ceiling and supported at the corners
only, this eight-inch depth of opening on each
of the four sides, covered with lattice-work or
widc-meshed wire screening, would allow ven
tilation, and so preserve tho ice.
"I am about planting a border of shrubbery
in my flower garden, and would be grateful if
you would name a list of the Involve best kinds
of hardy flowering shrubs suitable for tho posi
tion." Mrs. Mary M., Montgomery co., Md.
Ans. : Wo could perhaps reply to this request
more satisfactorily if wo knew tho position and
extent of tho border. The following aro
medium-sized kinds: Dcutzia gracilis, JJculzia
crenatajl. plena, Hydrangea paniculata grandifiora,
Hypericum Kalmianum, Wvigelia rosea, Forsyihia
viridissima, Cydonia Japonica, Calycanlhus florid us
Spirisa Ilevesiana, Magnolia purpurea, Fxochordia
grandifiora and Viburnum opuliis. If tho border
is ten feet in width, or moro, the following
larger growing sorts will provo suitable;
Styrax Japonica, Chionanihus Virginica, Magnolia
Lcnne, Syringa vulgaris, Conuis mascula variegula,
and Colulea frulescens. A few plants of Yucca
fdamentosa will add greatly to tho interest and
beauty of the shrub3.
"The past season has been prolific of all kinds
of insects and grubs, and among other casual
ties I havo had to lament the appearance of
several elm trees on my placo; these have
twice been stripped of their leaves this past
summer. What can bo done to prevent future
attacks?" Ans.: Get a barrel of water, in
which place a couple of lablespoonfuls of Paris
green; procure a small, portable force pump,
and while one person is stirring the water in
order to disseminate tho poison, let another
person shower it over the treo through the
pump. This will stop tho leaf caters.
"Dora, Salem, N. J." Wo can best reply to
your inquiry by stating that you can readily
detect the poison ivy from tho Virginia
creeper by the distinction of their loaves.
They are very similar in many respects, but
the poison ivy has three leaves on a stalk and
tho Virginia creeper has five.
Abraham Marks, whoso namo is familiar to
all readers of Uncle Tom's Cabin as "Marks, the
lawyer," was committed to jail in New York
City for striking another la wy or ia op on court.
Home, and How to Make It Beautiful
Miss Emily Faithfull lectured in Now York
last Friday evening on " The Changed Position
of Women in tho Nineteenth Contury." Among
other things, sho said : " Tho great need of tho
time is propor employment for woman. Gradu
ally those forms of industry best suited to her
havo been usurped by man and tho machinery
ho controls. As long as tho spinning wheel
buzzed by tho fireside, woman could find em
ployment at homo. But tho situation has
changed, and hard necessity lias driven woman
from tho retreat of tho homo circle. She is
found doing some of tho roughest, hardest,
most laborious work. It is but recently that
Parliament interfered to tako thousands of
women from tho collieries. Fifty thousand
womon hawk fish and vegetables in Great Bri
tain, and thousands drudge out their lives at
agricultural labor. In hundreds of factories
women are omploycd at work harder than that
dona by tho men in tho samo establishments.
In the porcelain factories of Staffordshire wo
men aro forbidden to uso hand rests, and aro
thus provontcd from turning out work compar
ing with that of tho men. Throughout tho
entire field of labor woman in England is de
barred from competing with man in tho lucra
tive branches. Is it not silly to tell her that
her propor placo is tho homo circlo, in tho face
of woman's excess of fivo per cent, over the
number of men? Unless wo adopt Mormonism
wo must allow her to support herself. To-day
there aro SO.OOO English governesses who can
save nothing against tho demands of age and
want, and hundreds work for food and lodgings
alone. Tho only way to work a radical euro for
this crying evil is to begin at home. Let moth
ers see that their girls aro thoroughly trained
in some trado or profession. Skilled labor,
whether at the loom or at the easel or in the
myriad branches of industry, will afford a live
lihood. Every ono of tho daughters in the
English royal family is taught a trado. Woman
only wants a man's training to assume a man's
SUNLIGHT ON ALL SIDES OF TIIE HOUSE.
Says Mr. I. II. Stearns in tho Century for
December: "There is ono subject of great im
portance, from a sanitary point of view, that,
so far as my knowledge goes, has received little
attention. Win is it that, in placing a house
or plotting a Western town, village, or city, so
much pains is taken, such sacrifices of local
characteristics often made, to havo tho street
lines conform to tho cardinal points of the com
pass? A moment's reflection would show that
every building intended for a residence, if it is
rectangular, should never Ueplaeed.asitalmost
uniformity is, so that the rooms on tho south
ern aspect aro sweltering with mid-day heat
while those on the north aro molding for the
want of tho sun's rays, but should be placed
diagonally with reference to tho cardinal points,
or with ono corner to tho east to receive the
sun on two sides in the forenoon, and tho diag
onally opposite corner to the west, that the other
two sides may get tho benefit of tho afternoon
sun. So situated, thero would be no disagreo
ablo north sido to the house, and at noon, the
hottest part of tho day, tho sun's rays would
not be beating directly upon tho walls of the
building. It would bo excellent to plot a now
town according to the samo plan, sinco in the
heat of tho day thero would always bo a shady
sido to every street; also the glare toward sun
set on an east and west avenue would be avoided.
Perhaps tradition has somethingto do with the
fact that nearly all new towns aro laid out as
they are, because, forsooth, King Solomon
erected a house 'north and south'; but his
temple was so placed that ' the sun at its merid
ian height could dart no rays of light into the
north part thereof, ' as tho north was considered
'a place of darkness.'
"The advantages of 'sunlight in a hygienic
view are very great, and tho disadvantages of li v
ing on the north side are fully appreciated."
TRIUSIPIIS OF THE CULINARY ART.
All the culinary talent and genius of New
York city was present in the Tcutonia Assem
bly Rooms, in Third Avenue, N. Y., recently,
where tho Now York Board of Pastry Cooks
gave its grand annual ball. In the apartment
to tho right of the dressing hall there was dis
played, upon a square of tables covered with
glossy damask, samples of the achievements of
tho members of the association which fairly
raised cookery to a fino art. Tho first tablo
supported two samples of the humbler manu
factures of the kitchen two large loaves of
bread, ono a plain French loaf, eight feet long,
tho other a'Frcnch twist ten feet in extent.
The other tables were crowded with fancy pas
try and confectionery of every conceivablo
style and description, most of which was manu
factured by the chief cooks of tho different
hotels. Thero wore fruit cakes ornamented
with lifo-liko and life-sizo fruits in colored
sugars; candy castles on tho peaks of tafiy
mountains, with sugar deer grazing below on
green confectionery foliage; wonderful and intricately-conceived
pyramids of colored sugar;
landscapes done in confectionery, and a hun
dred and one other designs of tho samo char
acter. One of tho finest pieces of fancy work
was a pure white horse-shoe, which was studded
with silver nails of enameled sugar, and was
otherwise adorned with intricate ornamentation
of whito sugar. Tho curve contained a largo
cluster of Malaga grapes a perfect imitation
of nature. Another design represented a per
pendicular horseshoe of white sugar; in the
arch a silver marriage bell was hung, beneath
which a bridal couple stood. A unique group
was a cats' parly in whito sugar, in which was
represented a group of cats at a dinner-table,
othera wandering arm in arm in a sugar-grove,
in which still others lounged about in various
attitudes. Thero was a fancy basket and cover,
all of lacquered work in whito sugar. At 10
o'clock tho band in tho ball-room struck up a
merry tune, and tho 200 cooks and bakers seized
each his wife, his daughter, his mother-in-law,
or his sweetheart, and was whirled into the
mazes of a waltz, which was followed by a quad
rille and a polka, and by another waltz, and
more polkas and quadrilles. At midnight tho
dancing was stopped long enough to adjourn to
tho room below, whore long rows of tables wore
spread with delicacies of expert manufacture,
and where each baker and cook, to a man,
proved himself appreciative as well as creative.
HOW TO SLEEP.
Tho only true way for one to sleep, as regards
tho position of tho mouth, is to havo it closed.
Nature has designed the nostrils as tho breath
ing passago for man and beast. If you will
observe the animals around you, you will notico
that when quiet the mouth is closed. Breath
ing with tho mouth open not only introduces
the air too abruptly to the lungs, butalso affects
the condition of the membranes of tho mouth
and alters the constitution of the secretions.
Ono who sleeps with the mouth open, generally
awakens with a dry, parched, disagreeable sen
sation, which docs not wear away very quickly.
THE QUALITIES OF PERFUMES.
A Paris actress avers that each pcrfumo has
its special moral and physical qualities, which
so far as her observations havo gono sha
states as follows : Musk predisposes to sensibil
ity and amiability; rose, to audacity, ayarice,
and pride; geranium, to tenderness; violet, to
mysticism and piety; benzoin, to dreams, poe
try, and inconstancy; mint and verbena, to a
taste for the beautiful arts; camphor, to stupid
ity and brutality; Russia leather, to indolence;
while ylang-ylang is tho most dangerous of all.
FREAK3 OF FASHION.
Very handsome fans are shown this Season.
Novelties ara ornamented with stuffed birds;
specimens in curled ostrich feathers havoapar
rakeet or somo other bright-colored bird fixed
on, with tho head reposing on tho sticks and
tho tail upwards. A bird of Paradise is placod
on one sido of a fan, composed of curled
cream feathers. Humming-birds nestle among
tho ostrich feathers on pretty fans, whilo in
some instances birds aro painted on tho fans,
largo birds, such as a golden pheasant or a pea
cock, covering the entire surface. Some fans,
upon which aro painted birds, have tho details
filled in with tiny colored feathers, matching
nature as nearly as possible; tho feathers aro
delicately gummed on to the silk surface. Red
quill feathers, as well as the tips, are mado into
hand-fans with gold sticks, to hold beforo tho
fire; they are oval in shape, and quite large.
Tho London Truth gives this description of
"quite tho prettiest dress" seen at the Lord
Mayor's last ball: "Tho white satin front was
arranged in sweet little puliings, over which
fell flounces of imitation old Valenciennes, and
under each putting thero was somo exquisite
embroidery of pearls and beads on net, edged
with fringe to match. Tho bodice, paniers, and
train were of pink brocaded satin, a lovely
shade, draped most exquisitely, and also
trimmed with Valenciennes. Tho sleeves were
of similar lane, and just turned tho elbow, where
they wero finished off with laco edging. The
squaro neck had a tucker of Honiton, and the
lady wore a pearl necklace, which went beau
tifully with tho trimming. Evelyn quite cov
eted her sorlie dc bal, which was of whilo bro
caded satin, lined with pink, and edged with
ivory marabout feather trimming.
Mirrors framed in plush or in bras3 aro con
spicuous among holiday goods.
An elephant's head in brass, enclosing an
inkstand, is an odd conceit in metal work.
Rico Waffles. Beat three eggs very light;
stir into them two cups of flour, adding gradu
ally a quart of boiled milk, cooling it before
using, then add a pint of cold, soft-boiled rice,
with a tablcspoonful of butter stirred in while
tho rico is hot, half a tcaspoonful of salt and
half a cup of good yeast. Set tho batter in a
warm place fivo or six hours to rise.
Hominy Cakes. Boil two cups of fine hominy
very soft, stir in a tablcspoonful of butter, and
salt to taste ; add an equal quantity of cornmcal
and three well-beaten eggs; beat well together;
add a suflicicnt quantity of milk to mako a thin
batter. Bake on a griddlo or in waffle-irons.
Ono quarter of a compressed yeast-cake makes
a good substitute for eggs. Let tho batter stand
an hour to rise.
New Year's Cookies. Ono half pound of but
ter, one pound of sugar, 0110 pint of buttermilk,
two teaspoonfuls of saleratus in half a cup of
hof water. Mix the butter and sugar to a cream,
then add the milk and saleratus. Beat three
eggs and add half a grated nutmeg and a table
spoonful of caraway seed. Add flour enough
to mako it of a consistency to roll out in layers
half an inch in thickness. Cut into small cakes
and bake immediately in a quick open.
Cream Pudding. Stir together ono pint of
cream, three ounces of sugar, the yolks of three
eggs and a little grated nutmeg; add tho well
beaten whites, stirring lightly, and pour into a
buttered pie-plato on which has been sprinkled
tho crumbs of stalo bread to about the thick
ness of an ordinary crust; sprinklo over the
top a layer of bread-crumbs and bake.
French Cake. Ono cup of powdered sugar,
half a cup of butter beaten to a light cream,
two and half cups oC flour, ono tcaspoonful of
baking powder sifted with tho flour, ono cup
of milk, four eggs; flavor to tho taste, add the
milk and a part of tho flour to tho beaten
cream, then tho beaten yelks of tho eggs and
tho remainder of tho flour; whip the whites of
the eggs and stir in. Balce in a squaro tin pan.
Before pouring in the baking-pan add a wine
glass of shorry.
Ragout of Rabbits. These little animals rc
quiro much care and attention in dressing and
washing, and should lie in salted water a half
hour before cooking, and tho water in which
they aro first immured should bo poured off and
replaced with clean boiling water, only
enough to cover them. Sprinkle in a teaspoon
ful of salt, somo blades of mace, a few rounds
of minced onion and one slice of salt pork cut
in small pieces. When the rabbits aro cooked
pour off some of tho broth, add a cup of cream,
a spoonful of butter blended with a spoonful of
flour, a litllo grated nutmeg, and half a tum
bler of port wine; simmer a few minutes, place
tho rabbits on a platter, pour over somo of tho
gravy, servo hot, garnish tho dish with parsley.
A Lady Wants to Kiioit
tho latest Parisian style of dress and bonnet;
a new way to arrange tho hair. Millions are
expended for artificial appliances which only
mako conspicuous the fact that emaciation,
nervous debility, and female weakness exist.
Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription" is sold
under a positive guarantee. If used asdirocted,
art can be dispensed with. It will overcome
thoso diseases peculiar to females. By drug
gists. A Butter Bill Ballot.
A man who lives in Plymouth, Conn., voted
his butter bill at tho recent election. After
the bill had been deposited the mistake came
to light. Tho man was then allowed to drop
in his ballot, which ballot elected the Repre
sentative in that Legislative district.
Trouble Spares Not Any Ago.
From the Hour.
Thoughtless people, who imagino that girl
hood is free from the cares and anxieties of
mature years, will be surprised to know that
the springtime of existence also complains of
its trials and petty miseries. "My sister is
called moro jolly and good-natured than I,"
said sweet 1G to her iriond, " but then she has
none of my troubles. Her hair curls naturally
and is never out of crimp in tho worst fog
imaginable, and when exposed to tho sun sho
burns a fashionable terra cotta color, of a ten
der shade, with little or no red in it.
"We Kuitnoil Andy."
Two little rascally darlings, they stood,
Hand clasped in luuul, mid eyes full of glee,
Stock-still in tlio midst of tho crowded street,
Naughty as ever children could be.
Horses to right of tliem, horses to left,
Men hurrying breathless to and fro,
Nobody stopping to wonder at them,
Nobody thero with a right to know.
Oh, what a chance for a full truant joy 1
Earth holds no other equal delight.
Hark ! it is over a shriek tills the air,
A woman's faco Hashes pallid whito:
" O babies ! whose are you ! ITow came you here? "
Tho busy street halts aghast, at bay;
Scicuo smile the infants, as heavenly clear
Thoy both speak together: "Wo nmncdaway!"
The crowd and the bustle swayed on again,
The babies were snfe and had lost their fun;
And we who saw felt a tecret pain,
Half envy of what the bubies had done;
Aud said in our hearts, Alack I If we tell
Tho truth, and tho whole truth, Ave must say,
We never get now so good a timo
Aa we uaed to havo when " wo runned away."
M. IT., in Dccembtr Wide Awafx,
Littlo Red Cap's Account of the Defeat
of tlie Andersonvillo Haiders,
Continued from last iceeh.
Sergeant Key proceeded with great secrecy
in tho work of organization. Ho accopted
none but Western men, and, in order that
Wirz might not mistake for an outbreak any
unusual commotion within tho stockade, ho
acquainted the commandant with his plan.
Wirz appeared to approve of the movement,
but I havo often thought that he would not
have cared very much if tho raiders had como
off victorious, and all tho inmates of tho prison
had been slain in the struggle. I remember
that on the evening of the day when the raid
ers wero at last overpowered and the ring-leaders
placed under arrest, ho seemed to be quite
elated over what he characterized "tho terrible
battle which tho Yankees had had among them
Notwithstanding Sergeant Key's efforts to
keep his plans secret, information of what was
going on somehow reached the raiders. They
discussed tho scheme at their headquarters, and
at last decided that Key must be put out of the
way, and they accordingly detailed threo men
for the work.
Tho assassins called on Key at his tent on
the evening of tho second of July about dusk.
They told him that they had heard of his
scheme, and asked whether he proposed to
carry it out. He replied that he did, where
upon they drew a knifo and billy with the
intention of putting an end to him then and
there. Fortunately for Key, however, he was
not unprepared. One of tho prisoners from
Plymouth, North Carolina, had managed to
secrete in his knapsack a revolver which Key
had procured and wore on his person. The
moment, therefore, that tho raiders drew their
weapons he covered them with the pistol, and
they beat a precipitate retreat. This incident
created a great stir in tho stockade as soon as it
became known; and the impending battle be
tween the raiders and tho "Regulators," as Key's
organization was called, was tho talk of the
Tho attack on Sergeant Key precipitated
matters. The sergeant realized that no time
was to ho lost, and ho sent word that very
evening to all the members of his society the
regulators to be ready for action in the morn
ing. A'cry few of those within tho stockade
slept that night. Tho regulators were appre
hensive that the raiders would attempt to break
up their plans by making a desperate attack
in force on Key's squad, for the purpose of as
sassinating both him and his aide, Limber Jim.
To guard against surprise, several bunded men
held themselves in readiness all night to come
to his assistance.
Tho raiders, on thoir part, were very confi
dent of success, although they were not totally
oblivions of the dangers of the situation. Thoy
placed a strong guard about their headquar
ters, and took overy precaution against a sur
prise. Tho night was spent by them in revelry.
They sang hilarious songj, and howled them
selves hoarse. When morning came the regu
lators mustered at their headquarters, and then
marched to the placo on tho south side of the
stockado where our rations were usually issued.
They were armed with small clubs, secured to
their wrists by a string.
Outsido tho stockado tho alarm was even
greater than within. Wirz ordered his infantry
drawn up in line of battle, tho fuses wore
thrust into tho touch-holes of the cannon, and
the cannoneers stood ready with tho lanyards
in their hands. A single volley of grape and
canister would havo mowed down thousands.
The majority of tho prisoners did not belong
to either tho raiders or regulators, and they
naturally assembled where they could get the
best view of tho encounter which was about to
THE KAIDEB3 DEFEATED.
The headquarters of tho raiders was at the
centre of tho southern slope, and there they
awaited the attack. When the order to move
was given by Sergeant Key, he, with Limber
Jim, led the advance of the regulators. A si
lence liko that of death seemed to havo fallen
upon the stockado. It was as though every
body was holding his breath. At least fifteon
or twenty thousand prisoners were unwilling
spectators 'of the scene.
As tho regulators advanced, the raiders
massed themselves in a strong line, with the
most desperate of their leaders at the front.
It was impossiblo to compute their number, for
the reason that it could not be told where their
lino ended and the mass of spectators began.
Not a blow was exchanged until the men came
to closo quarters, and then a desperate hand-to-hand
strugglo ensued. Tho men clinched with
each othor, and fought tooth and nail for the
mastery. Blows from fist and club fell like
hail, and for several minutes tho struggling
lines swayed backward and forward without
oither sido apparently having gained any de
cided advantago. At last, however, the regu
lators made a final charge and drovo back tho
line of tho raiders broken aud shattered. Their
victory was complete. The raiders took to their
heels and sought safety in flight. As they did
so, a great j-ell of delight went up from the
stockade, and was answered by tho regulators.
The feeling of relief on all sides was intense,
and for tho first timo in tho history of tho
prison there was something liko a jubilee. As
soon as tho raiders withdrew from the field,
Key ordered his men not to attempt a pursuit;
ho know perfectly well that tho raiders could
not escapo from the stockade, and could be
arrested in detail at his leisure. A few pris
oners, however, were picked up on the field and
During tho progress of tho battle the time
for rations had arrived, and, as usual, the
wagon containing tho bread and mush had
been driven up to the gates. Wirz, however,
was so badly scared that he would not permit
them to enter, although Sergeant Key did his
best to reassuro him and convinco him that
there was no danger that the men would try to
force tho gates. Tho result was that tho
wagons stood in tho hot sun until tho mush,
with which thoy wero loaded, fermented and
had to bo thrown away, and tho prisoners
wero compelled to go supperless to bed.
Some of my readers may wonder how it como
about that tho regulators did not havo tho
activo assistance and support of the wholo prison
in their brief struggle to put down tho raiders.
Thero wero several reasons why they stood
aloof. In tho first placo a great majority of the
new-comers did not understand the situation;
they had only been confined for somo threo or
four weeks, aud wero not aware that the out
rages which had been committed upon them
wero solely tho work of tho raiders; and, in
deed, tho latter's activity and audacity werosuch
as to create tho impression that fully one-half
of tho ablo-bodicd men of tho stockado wero
engaged in these depredations, whereas, as a
matter of fact, I do not think thoy cvor num
bered, including all thoir spies and accomplices,
more than five hundred men. Besides, theso
new arrivals, outsido of their own little circle,
scarcely know who was friend or foe. Thev
wero organizod into littlo squads from every
regiment at tho front, from along tho whole
lino from the Mississippi to tho Atlantic, and
they wero not in a position to discriminate in
telligently between tho law-abiding and lawless
among their comrades.
HUN'TIN'O DOWN TIIE BAIDERS.
Sergeant Key prosecuted tho work of arrest
ing the raiders with great activity all day long
on tho 4th of July. Tho raidcra occasionally
made a show of fierce resistanco, but the defeaS
which thoy hail sustained on tho day previous
had destroyed their prestige, and they were no
longer confidant of their strength. Those who
had boldly followed tho lead of theso desper
adoes so long as no ono dared to resist them, now
deserted them, and thought thomsclvea lucky
to find a hiding place for themselves. Indeed
tho raiders had become very much scattered,
aud, whenover they could, mingled with tha
crowds in othor parts of tho prison, hoping
thereby to escapo detection. They were almost
all recognized, however, and their wheroabouta
reported to Sergeant Key, who would at onco
send a squad to arrest them. On soveral
occasions they managed to collect enough of
their followers to beat off the squads, but tho
latter wero soon re-enforced and made short
work of tho raiders. Tho latter's tents wero
torn down and pillaged, and tho blankets, tents
and cooking utensils carried off for spoils. Tho
ground on which the tents stood was also dug
o'er in the search for secreted treasure, and gold
pens, knives, riugs, watches, chains, &c, the
booty of many a successful raid, vera un
earthed. Nnturally these discoveries gave a great im
petus to the work of detecting and arresting
the fugitive raiders, and even the rebels came
in with a squad, equipped with spades, to dig
for hidden treasures. It was claimed at tho
time that tho skeleton of a victim of William
Collins, alias " Mosby," who was a leader of the
raiders, was found beneath his tent.
By dusk, on tho 4th of July, Sergeant Key had
captured more than one hundred of tho raiders
and confined them,pending trial.in a small stock
ade, which formed the entrance to the south gate
and which Wirz had permitted him to uso for
that purpose. The next thing in order was to
bring the men to trial and punishment. A
court-martial, composed of thirteen sergeants,
chosen from the latest arrivals of prisoners,
who would be likely to have the least prejudice
against the raiders, was thereupon organized,
and the trial began with all the formality of a
legal procedure. One of tho sergeants was se
lected as president of the court, and Peter
Bradley, who wa3 suspected of having belonged
to tho raiders, was allowed to conduct the de
fence. Thero was a cloud of witnesses to the
outrages committed by the raiders, but tho lat
ter were allowed to cross-examine freely. At
first somo difficulty was experienced in induc
ing some of those who had suffered most
severely at the hands of the desperadoes to tes
tify. They were fearful that thoso still at
largo would attempt to assassinate them if they
gave evidence against their accomplices. Some,
indeed, refused to go before the court except at
night, when they could conceal their move
ment from the raiders. Thero was, however
no lack of legal testimony. Thousands had
been assaulted and robbed, and the identifica
tion was full and complete. The trial lasted
several days, and resulted in a large number of
the raiders being sentenced to run tho gauntlet,
or to wear a ball and chain, and the following
six to be hanged :
John Sarsfield, 144th N. Y. vols.
William Collins, alias " Mosby," Co. D, S3th
Charles Curtis, Co. A, 5th R. I. Artillery.
Patrick Delaney, Co. E, 33d Pa.
A. Muir, U. S. Navy.
Thomas Sullivan, 77th N. Y. vols.
The names and regiments, however, are of
J littlo consequenee, for they were all profes
sional bounty-jumpers, and were in the habit
of leaving their regiments just as soon as they
could find the opportunity to desert and join
another. Those who had been sentenced to
wear a ball and chain wero sent to the stockade
at once, aud the irons, which wero the samo
that were used by the rebels as a punishment
for attempts on the part of tho prisoners to
escape, were fitted on them.
Commandant Wirz soon became tired, how
ever, of guarding the prisoners that had been
arrested by Key, and he ordered that all, with
tho exception of those who were under sentence
of death, should be turned back into the stock
ade. Tho news spread like wild-firo within
tho prison, and the men were so enraged es
pecially those who had suffered at tho hands of
the raiders that they determined to take tha
law into their own hands.
An angry mob soon gathered about the south
gate. The men, armed with clubs, formed in
parallel lines, facing each other, sullenly
awaited the arrival of the culprits. At last tha
wicket opened and the raiders were forced, ono
at a time, through it, at the point of tho bayo
net. As each man entered ho was told to run
for his life, aud you may be sure he did. A3
the raiders passed by every man in tho two
lines struck at them with clubs ; in fact, tha
blows fairly rainod down upon them. Their
only hopo of escape was in breaking through
the lines, and even this was a desperate chanco.
Three of them were beaten to death in running
To be continued.
Xct the Klght Hooster.
Hearing the owner appproach, a boy chicken
thief at Providence, R. I., mounted one of tho
poles where the fowls were roosting, and tried
to pass in tho darkness for a chicken. Ho was
caught, because the feathered occupants of tha
roost kept cackling.
- - -
SONGS OF THE CAMP.
Sherman's 3Iarch to tho Sea.
Our camp-fires shown bright on the mountain
That frowned on the river below.
As we stood by our guns in tho morning,
And eagerly watched for tho foe ;
When a rider came out of the darkness
That hung oVer mountain and tree,
Anl shouted, "Boys, up and bo ready!
For Sherman will march to tho sea! "
Then sang we a song of our chieftain,
That echoed o'er river and lea ;
And the stars of our banner shown brighter
When Sherman marched down to tho se
Then cheer upon cheer for bold Sherman
Went up from each valley and glen,
And the bugles re-echoed the music
That camo from the lips of the men ;
For we knew that tho stars in our banner
More bright in their splendor would be,
And that blessings from Northland would greet us.
When Sherman marched down to tho sea!
Then sang we a song, etot
Thon forward, boys ! forward to battle!
We inarched on our wearisomo way.
Wo stormed tho wild hills of Ecsaca
God bless those who fell on that day!
Then Kenesaw frowned in its glory,
Frowned down on tho flag of the free ;
But the East and the West bore our standard,
And Sherman marched on to the sea!
Then sang we a song, etc
Still onward wo pressed till our banners
Swept out from Atlanta's grim walls.
And the blood of tho patriot dampened
The-soil where the traitor-flag falls;
But we paused not to weep for the fallen,
Who slept by each river and treo.
Yet we twined them a wreath of the laurel,
As Sherman marched down to the sea!
Then sang we a song, ct
Oh, proud was our army that morning.
That stood where the pine darkly towers,
When Sherman s.iid, "Boys, you aro weary,
But to-day fair Savannah is ours ! "
Then sang.wo tho song of our chieftain,
That echoed over river and lea,
And tho stars In our banner shown brighter
When Sherman camped down by ths (