Newspaper Page Text
t S)M.nji v r
t - '
. :--- :Jk?ijaS3l .
vSSJSfo l i-si
-'kMaTI S -r . """ '.-
-. - --- -"
"cr rnvc for him wlta to home iho Imtttc, iuuT fot ttijs iviitow ami orphan.."
ESTABLISHED 1S77.-XEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1882.
VOL. Il-m. 20.-WHOLE NO. 72.
. -0$? - :m'
, -?r"w.-.--v:' v? itfrsm -?$ zzzrzz-
-&fcSP - tfilAtrM'M- HSi w0J. -
-e-"-T?Tv'' i' r .Aw--?rlfrW&i
jrrirf .-Ofx '- m ; v, vj ui ' fiuvFt'it w-i- - :.- : c-j- . if-a'r.r--
- - J- jT Ll v - U u--j- " - "" --- - - - - -- - Si .1 TM - - r ,--- JL 1llf Vl-i-.! --
-r iiitS7'--i "c -b:Ei s&K&S'ssS!L -sIkbnSvss5-"
The Movements of Union and Confed
L MEADE IIST COtfIIAiNTD.
Strengtli of tlie Union and
Iconceiitratibn of tlie Opposing
Forces at Gettysburg.
On the 22(1 of June the Union array lay
stretched from Leesburg, through Ccntrcvillc
ul Gainesville, to Thoroughfare Gap and
FBristoo Station. Severe engagements between
the cavalrv commands of Pleasonton and Stuart
Iliad occurred at Aldie. Middleburg, and Uppcr-
fville. In these combats the First Maryland
Icavalry was called to take but a very subordi-
Inat? share, and was only under lire while cov-
rring the rear, when the corps was retiring
from Ashbv's Gap. Its operations during tins
iicnod are thus told by a participant:
f 'CiVALKY Camp, near Aldie, June 23, 1SG3.
' We have had ji strange, solemn, pious fecl-
5nz all day a feeling akin to awe! It has
peemed like Sunday. Since the -1th inst. wo
Iiave been constantly on duty constantly
3icketing, inarching, skirmishing, waiting for
the enemy, or fighting fiercely-fought fights.
"During that time wo have fought the two
Map of the Vicin
greatest, grandest of cavalry lights. Day be
fore yesterday we gave Stuart the devil, driv
ing hiin fifteen miles and chock up to Ashby's
Gap. We could have driven him clean through,
with tlie headway we had given him, but that
was no part of our game. He disputed every
inch of the way and seized every advantageous
poMiion. He left his dead and wounded strewn
tit r the fields awl behind every stone wall for
fat-en miles. Stuart's loss was greater than
nrs. Yesterday Major Russell, First Mary
land cavalry, paroled forty of his wounded left
at 1'pperville. More were left at Middleburg
a.;d Aldie, and still more taken away. A
wounded relel lieutenant-colonel is now in the
ho-pital at Aldie, under the care of Dr. Dnnot,
Fir.-t Maryland cavalry. Yesterday Ave re
trulted from Ashby's Gap to Aldie. Stuart
followed us up and skirmished with us all the
u.iy. Just out oi Middleburg he made a dash
v Mil our rear-guard, but w:is hawl.oinely re-pil-i
1 by Major Thistleton, who. with a squad
ron of the First. Maryland cavalry, formed that
g'urd. When about three miles from camp we
i.ltfd, formed line of lultlc, and sent Mr.
Stuart a challenge to pitch in, but that veteran
h..d been so badly beaten .the day bofore that
he could not come to time. He sent his hctiriy
com limcnts in the form of two shells, drew in
h j sckcls, and retired.
"This morning we- received an order to go
ir.to camp nnd have our horses unsaddled. Wc
w. re astonished, bewildered, taken ail-aback
tl.c order was so different from any that we
L 1 r-ceved for a long time. After that we
bI juld not have been surprised to hear that
tl f s nithcrii Confederacy had caved in, peace
( n declared, and ValJandingham made Gov
t - t of Ohio.
" W have had a day of absolute rest. It has
rt-il cuhm1 like .Sunday. But now, as the
Bi.i goes down, we are receiving orders to be
rij Ij to march at the shortest notice. Ere you
(xi i icceive this we shall be marching away,
r.'id likely, in a fight. It is truly wonderful
'. i.il a change has come over this cavalry corps
liin.a tew weeks. Then it was a timorous.
.i .' "us band, a mere adjunct to the infantry;
r ... it is bold, dashing, independent. We are
lu'i ,t hope, full of good cheer. We have met
t' enemy, have crossed sabres with him, and
1 ow that he is no inatch for us with the cold
-. soon as General Hooker learned that Lee
lie moved ranidly in pursuit, and on the 24th.-
v ji Y v j x
mimp g m X k
27th of June, crossed tlie Totomac at and near
Edwards' Ferry, and concentrated his troops in
the neighborhood of Frederick City, with strong
outposts holding the passes of South Mountain.
But General lialleck having disapproved Gen
eral Hooker's proposition to abandon Maryland
Heights and unite French's troops with the
main army, the latter requested, on the 27lh of
June, to be relieved from command, and early
the following morning an order was received
appointing General Meade in his stead.
In relinquishing command General Hooker
issued the following order:
"Headquarters Army of thi: Potomac,
"General Orders. No. GO.
"In conformity with the orders of tho War
Department, dated June 27. 1SG3. 1 relinquish
the command of the Army of tho Potomac. It
is transferred to Major-Gcitcml George G.
Meade, a brave and accomplished otlicer, who
has nobly earned the confidence and esteem of
this army on many a well-fought field.
"Impressed with the belief that my useful
ness as t.he commander of the Army of the Po
tomac is impaired, I part from it: yet not
without the deepest emotion.
"The sorrow of parting with the comrades of
so many battles is relieved by the conviction
that the courage and devotion of this army will
never cease nor fail that it will yield to my
successoras it has to me a willing and hearty
"With the earnest prayer that the triumphs
of its arms may bring successes worthy of it
and the Nation, I bid it farewell.
"Joseph Hooki:u, Major-General."
This order was followed by the subjoined
address from General Meade :
"Headquarters Army of the Potomac,
"General Orders, No. G7.
"By direction of the President of the United
States, I hereby assume command of the Army
of the Potomac.
"As a soldier, in obeying this order an order
totally unexpected and unsolicited I have no
promises or pledges to make.
"The country looks to this army to relieve it.
from the devastation and disgrace of a hostile
invasion. Whatever fatigues and sacrifices we
may be called upon to undergo, let us have in
had crossed into Maryland with his whole force,
ity of Gdlibburg.
view, constantly, the magnitude of the inter
ests involved, and let each man determine to do
hisduty, leaving toanall-controllingProvidence
the decision of the contest.
"It is with just diffidence that I relieve in
the command of this army an eminent and
accomplished soldier, wliose name must ever
appear conspicuous in the history of its achieve
ments; but I rely upon the hearty support of
my companions in arms to assist me in the dis
charge of the duties of the important trust
which lias been confided to me.
"George G. Meade,
This change was so entirely unexpected, both
by the public generally and the army, that
nothing could exceed the surprise which it oc
casioned. The impression upon the army was
thus described :
" The report of the change soon extended to
the several corps, and their commanders has
tened to bid farewell to the General.
" By three o'clock a large number of officers
had assembled, and soon after General Hooker
appeared in the avenue before his tent. Some
time was spent in social intercourse, and to the
last all formalities wen- dispensed with.
"The parting was painlul to every one, par
ticularly to ihosc wln had become endeared to
the General by old associations. General
Hooker w:is deeply grieved. He had been
identified with the Army of the Potomac, he
said, since its organization, and had hoped to
continue with it to the end. It was the best
army of the country, worthy of the confidence
of the Nation, and could not fail of success in
the approaching struggle. He spoke of his suc
cessor :is a glorious soldier, and urged all to
give him their earnest support.
" General Meade was totally surprised by the
order appointing him commander of the Army
of the Potomac, and deeply felt tho weight of
responsibility resting upon him. His appoint
ment gives universal satisfaction, and all ex
press a determination to extend their heartiest
Although the change of command was made
on the march, and almost in the very face of
the enemy, it' caused no hindrance to the on
ward movement, no loss of confidence or dimi
nution of spirit on t he part of the army strong
evidence of the discipline and loyally of the
men. The appointment of General Meade wjls
received with unusual satisfaction, and under
his leadership tho veteran troops hurried for-
ward to meet their old adversary. The ariny
was putjn motion on the 29th of June, and on
tho night of the 30th, after two days' marching,
General Meade arrived at Tancylown; the
First Corps was at Marsh Run, near Gettys
burg, the Second at Uniontown, the Third at
Bridgeport, the Fifth at Union Mills, the Sixth
at Manchester, the Eleventh at Emmittsburg,
supporting the First at Marsh Run, and the
Twelfth at Liltlestown. The cavalry was kept
well to the front and on both flanks, and the
night of the 30th found Gamble's and Devin's
brigades of Iu ford's division at Gettysburg,
Gregg's division at Manchester, and Kilpat
trick's division at Hanover.
On the morning of this day the Anny of the
Potomac was composed of seven corps of
infantry and artillery, one corps of cavalry,
and the reserve artillery, commanded as
follows: Brigadier-General R. O. Tyler, Artil
lery Reserve; Major-Gcneral .1. F. Reynolds,
First Corps: Major-General W. S. Hancock,
Second Corps; Major-Gcneral 1. E. Sickles,
Third Corps; Major-General George Sykes,
Fifth Corps; Major-General John Sedgwick,
Sixth Corps; Major-General O. O. Howard,
Eleventh Corps; Major-General 11. W. Slocum,
Twelfth Corps; Brigadier-General A. Pleason
ton, Cavalry Corps.
The return for June 30th shows tho follow
ing number of troops in theso organizations :
I'RESEXT I'OR DUTY, EQUII'I'ED."
Infantry. Cavalry. Artillery.
2 2 2
5 a o
u o o
' o o o
5 2 3 S 5 S
2 o X o o
3 3 3.
o - O -- o
mm OT - U3 '1
8 fi a 3 5 w
nPsrrveArtillcry 'Si S12 72 2.1R3
KiistCoips Rn .e,71C. 21 .TV,
scconil Corps- !L'7 lt.ISC 1 3 70 11 S57
Thinl Corjii. l'.M lO.r.l 1 r.s
Pink Cuni 71)7 1l,lo7 S JH7
siNthCoips :bi; 13.3S0 s nit a: i,"o.
Eh-ventlt ('orjis..... fit'i .,) 0 10 l." 029
TAclftli Corps. 521 7,ti72 i 12 :!M
Cn airy Corps. j 750 J3,:UI9 23 ,:U
Total- ! 0,2-U 71,1)22 I 7(!I 13,51:: 217 7,32a
I I ' V
RECAIMTUI.ATIOX. V. .
Tho Army of Northern Virginia was com
posed of three corps of infantry and artillery,
one corps of cavalry, and the reserve artillery,
commanded on June 30th as follows: Major
General J. Longstrect, First Corps; Major
Gcneral Jubal Early, Second Cor is; Major
General A. P. Hill, Third Corps; Major-General
J. E. B. Stuart, Cavalry Corps; Brigadier-General
William Pendleton, Artillery Reserve.
The last return of this army in the Confed
erate archives office is dated May 31st, before
the reorganization, but it. embraces tho troops
engaged in the campaign :
Infuntry. Cavalry. Artillery.
j5 jo 50
s zj 5 o c
O 5 O r3 o S
FIrt Corp 2,520 2G,o! ?2 1,1ft!
Heeoinl Corj.s. 2,172 27,77s 122 2,213
Cavalry Corps -..- 747 9,530
Artllk-ry Reserve. - i...f.. -W 73.'!
Total -4,1192 G4,XW J 717 0,538 230 -1,160
Cavalry ........ .
f ';: IS
At this time (June HO) General Lee's forces had
withdrawn from York, Carlisle, and Chambers
burg, and were concentrating on the-east side
of the mountains. Thus the contending armies
were approaching each other, fully conscious
that a great battle was imminent, at the same
time completely in the dark as to whuie the
conflict would occur.
At this critical period General Meade issued
a circular to his corps commanders, couched in
the following earnest terms :
"The Commanding General requests that
previous to the engagement soon expected with
the enemy, corps and all other commanding
officers will address their troops, explaining to
them briefly the immense issues involved in
the struggle. The enemy aie on our soil ; the
whole country now looks anxiously to this
army to deliver it from tho presence of the foo.
Our failure to do so will leave lis no such wel
come as the swelling of millions of hearts with
pride and joy at our success would give to every
.soldier of this army. Homes, firesides, and
domestic altars are involved.
" The arniT has fought well heretofore. It is
believed that it will fight more desperately and
bravely than ever if it is addressed in fitting
terms. Corps and other coinniaiidersareauthor
ized to order the instant death of any soldier
who fails in his duty at this hour."
TOI'OC.RAIMIY oV GETTYSRURG.
Gettysburg, the rapital of Adams county,
Pennsylvania, at which the two armies were
soon to meet in tho most desperate and best
fought battle of the war, lies on the northern
slope of a gentle eminence, known as Cemetery
Hill. On the west of the town, one mile dis
tant, is another eminence called Oak or Semi
nary Ridge. This ridge slopes to the west into
a little open valley of ploughed fields and
meadows, interspersed with clumps of timber.
Beyond this valley is another ridge, thickly
wooded, along the western base of which flows
Willoughby Run. The distance between theso
two ridges is one-half mile. Southeast from
Cemetery Hill, between tho Baltimore turn
pike and Rock Creek, is ("nip's Hill, and be
yond the creek, in that diieetion, is Wolf II ill,
a rugged, wooded eminence. Between these
two hills, extending from the Baltimore pike
to Rock Creek, is Spangler's Meadow, par
tially wooded. Spangler's Spring lies near
the eastern debouch of this swale. Two miles
southwest of Cemetery Hill is a knob of con
siderable elevation, called Round Top, and ad
joining it on tho north, with only a narrow
valley intervening, is a rocky hill, of less alti
tude, called Little Round Top. This extends,
in diminished altitude, to Zeiglcr's Grove, on
Cemetery Ridge, the general name lor the entira
eminence lying between Little Round Top and
T1k- columns, " Pros-out for Duly, Equipped," In the
I'liiou rcturn-i, anil "Ellectlvo 'loinl'' in Confcilerato
rotiiiiis, :u ummI at mote nearly tliun an v others lepre
sentinj; the ti oops net tialiy i'ii;r.i;fi;il i" tin- campaign.
'ihc.xi-tli Cnp-f, -onipiisiiigi-)ii;nif the 'roup-! in ti1(.
Arniyol tlie Potomac, was hut Mtjjhtly enframed at Get
tyshiiiK. ht'inc held In rt"ervo.
Staiinanl'b Vermont hrljnide of lle icximonto, ftwo of
which uoie detailed to.'i!;ud the :iiiny trains,) and I.ock
wooil'o Maryland hrij:adi of thiee iegl ments, joined tho
Army of tlie Potomac alter the 3U!h of .lune, and tire not
included in tlie leturn of that date. The former waa
assigned to the First Corps and the latter to thoXwolfth
Corps. Tho effective strength of these two brigades is
estimated ut 3,500. ' '
Cemetery Hill proper. North of the town the
country is a rolling plain. Beginning on tho
right at Gulp's Hill, as one faces tho north, and
bending around Cemetery Hill and following
the ridge south to Round Top, is a distance of
Tho whole ridge is shaped somewhat like a
fish-hook, the barb being Gulp's Hill and the
shank ending in the rocky peak of Round Top.
Tho two principal streams of the neighborhood
Willoughby Run and Rock Cicek pur
sue a parallel course, and form, respectively, the
western and eastern bounds of the battle-field.
In the town a number of roads converge, mak
ing it easy of access from every direction. The
most notable of these highways arc tho Cham
bersburg, Baltimoic, and York.
Upon this ground the two hostile armies
were, by unlbrsecu circumstances wholly un
expected by either commander, brought into
deadly contact. And here tlu Confederacy
virtually received its death-blow.
About nine o'clock on Wednesday morning,
July 1st, Buford's cavalry came into collision
with the enemy's advance, consisting of Ilcth's
division of Hill's Corps, about two miles north
west of Gettysburg, along the line of Willoughby
Run. A hot engagement ensued, Buford hav
ing the advantage of position and tho enemy
in numbers. For more than two hours Buford's
two brigades (Gamble's on the left and Devin's
on the right) maintained an unequal contest,
and held the Confederates in check until the
leading divisions of the First and Eleventh
Corps came to their relief.
General Reynolds, who was in command of
the left wing of the Union Army, arrived at
the scene of action a little after 10 o'clock,
with Wadsworth's division of tho First Corps,
and forming line under fire, moved without a
moment's hesitation io the support of the
rroiiT at wjllougiiry's kltn.
Tho story of the battle is well told by Mr.
Swinton, in his admirable History of the Army
of the Potomac. He says:
"As this force arrived, Reynolds hurried its
two brigades into action, placing Cutler's brig
ade, with the battery of Hall the only battel y
in the division on the right and left of the
Chambcrsburg road, and across tin old railroad
rJ grading (part of it in a deep cut and part in
embankment) near by, and parallel with the
road; while he directed General Doubleday,
who had reached the ground with tho van of
the infantry, to move the otherbrigade, usually
called the 'Iron Brigade,' under General
Meredith, to the left of the road to occupy a
piece of woods Mcpherson's skirting Wil
loughby Run, across which and into the woods
the Confederate right was at the same time
''Only the advanced division of Hill's corps,
under Heth, had yet come up, so that the
opening combat, which might fitly be called
the battle of Willoughby's Run, was engaged
between one division on each side. Heth, with
his four brigades, attacked simultaneously the
two brigades of Wadsworth's division, under
Generals Meredith and Cutler. The latter was
trailed by Davi' Mississippi brigade, aud with
such success thafc't he thrco right regiments found
themselves flanked, whereupon they were
withdrawn over the Seminary Ridge, leaving
the battery unsupported. Meanwhile, the
skirmishers of Cutler's other two regiments
(tho Fourteenth Brooklyn, under Colonel
Fowler, and the Ninety-fifth New York, under
Colonel Biddle) were disputing with the Con
federate brigade of Archer the passage of Wil
loughby Run, aud skirmishing in a skirt of
woods along the brook with such as had
crossed. At this moment the Iron Brigade
opportunely swept down from the left, struck
the flank of the Confederate brigade and cap
tured several hundred that had nl read v crossed
including tho commander, Brigadier-General j
Archer. This movement was led by the Second
Wisconsin, under Colonel Fairchild. supported
by the remainder of the Iron Brigade.
BKATH OF JIAJOn-GUXKRAI, JIKYXOLOS.
"The dispositions at this point were made by
General Keynolds in person; and it was at the
moment when, after urging on his men with
animating words, he saw this successful charge
under way, and turned to leave tho woods,
that he was struck with a rifle-shot that caused
almost instant death a grievous los to the
Army of the Potomac, one of whoso most dis
tinguished and best-beloved officers ho was;
one whom, by the steady growth of the high
est military qualities, the general voice of the
whole army had marked out for tho largest
" While these events were passing on tho
left of Wadsworth's force, the retirement of
Cutler's right, left Hall's battery unsupported,
and it was in immineut peril of capture, when
the Fourteenth Rrooklyn and the Ninety-fifth
New York, joined by the Sixth Wisconsin,
under Lieutenant,, Colonel Dawes, made a
change of front aud charged to the relief of
the guns. This manoeuvre was so well man
aged that IXivib' two Mississippi regiments,
having sought shelter in tho railroad cut, were
there surrounded aud compelled to surrender,
with their battle-flags. Upou this, that part of
Cutler's command that had previously fallen
back, having in the meantime been reformed,
returned aud united with the thrco regiments
engaged in this spirited affair, when the force
was moved still further to tho right to meet
the extension of the enemy's lines iu that di
rection. AVE HAVE COME TO .STAY.
"By tho time these initial successes were
gained, the combat, bursting out anew, was
increased in volume by the jftrival of fresh
forces on each side. On tho Union side, the
two remaining divisions of the First Corps,
under Generals Rowley and Robinson, reached
tho ground. Tho former division was im
mediately thrown in to sustain the now hard
pressed left, and was precipitated into close
action. .The men were in tho highest spirits,
its was shown by their behavior, and by one
incident, among others: Ono of the brigades of
this division, under command of Colonel Roy
Stone, had been assigned to a position whore it
came under a heavy artillery fire; and as the
troops took their posts Colonel Stone remarked,
'We have come to stay." This went quickly
through the brigade, tho men adopting it as a
watchword ' We hare come to bitty.' And a
very largo part of them never left that ground.
To bo continued.
A Fireman's Fortune.
TItCiSVw Francisco Cut.) Chronicle, in an arti
cle on the Fire Department of San Francisco,
gives the following from Assistant Chief En
gineer Matthew Brady : " I have been subject
to an aggravating pain in my chest for over
four years. J resorted to various modes of
treatment to obtain relief. 1 have had my
chest terribly blistered. No physician could
tell what was the matter with me. Two weeks
ago I commenced using St. Jacobs Oil. It has
BATTLE OF FRANKLIN.
Conrad's Brigade Driven into the
A HAND TO HAND MGHT.
Opdydke's Brigade in a Bayo
REPULSE OF CLEBURNE.
A Description of a Bloody Fight
by a Participant.
To the Editor National Tuirune:
Some one handed me Turc Tninuxn of Sep
tember ISth, which contained an account of the
battle of Franklin, and asked me to read the
account, which T did. I found it full of" inter
est, but not without errors. Reference was
made to Conrad's brigade. Allow me to give
you a partial account of the operations of that
brigade in connection with that very important
battle. That was the Third brigade, Second
division, Fourth Army Corps, commanded by
General Luther P. Bradley, who was badly
wounded the day previous at the engagement
at Spring Hill, hence Colonel Conrad was in
command on that occasion.
The writer of that articlo says : " Lane's and
Conrad's brigades where halted midway be
tween the forest and Carter's Hill." If Lane's
brigade was halted outside of the inlronch
meiits the writer of this has forgotten that fact.
But Bradley's brigade was left outside and
took up its position from a quarter to a half
mile in front of the Union line of earthworks,
and to the left of the Columbia pike, near the
edge of the open timber.
The mounted officers were ordered dismounted
and to send their horses and servants and all
non-lighting men to the tear. The brigade wsis
thus stripped for the fight.
The writer was temporarily in command of
the Sixty-fifth .Ohio infantry, its commander
having been wounded at the engagement at
Spring Hill the previous day. The Sixty-fifth
Ohio was on the extreme lefc of the brigade, the
Sixty-fourth Ohio infantry being on the right
of the Sixty-fifth Ohio, and the other regiments
extending to the right up toward the Columbia
pike. Wecottld distinctly see the enemy for a
long distance advancing iu line of battle in ittf!
force, coming rapidly, marching in good order,
their lines well closed up, and driving our skir
mishers before them.- It was not the intention,
and no oue supposed that that single brigade
was to remain in that exposed position, and
thus be overwhelmed by Hood's entire army.
thi-: oi:di;k to tall rack.
We remained in that position, however, until
our skirmishers had passed us going on to the
rear, and until the enemy's line of battle was
within an easy stone's throw of our line. All eyes
were turned toward Colonel Conrad, who was
in command of the brigade, eagerly expecting
orders to fall back on the main line, but none
ca,n0 The AV1'itor then' on his .omi rtoI)0asi-
bility, ordered the Sixty-fifth Ohio to fall back
as rapidly ;is possible on the Union line. The
other regiments of the biigade followed the
example set by the Sixty-fifth Ohio, and in a
momont's time the entire brigade was in full
retreat, each individual going at the top of his
speed up the hill and over the soft ground to
It is sometimes a soldier's duty to run as
well lis to light, and in that instance our officers
and men performed their duty handsomely.
Adjutant Smith, of the Sixty-fifth Ohio, has
ever since maintained that the writer was the
only one who p:issed him on that occasion.
Up to the time the order was given to fall
back the firing had not commenced, except
occasional shots exchanged betweeu our skir
mishers and tho enemy's lino of battle. But as
soon as we turned our backs upon them they
fired a volley into us and then took after us on
the "dead" run, and in a few moments they
wero upon and mixed up with our men, and iu
that way the retreat and pursuit was kept up
for some distance. Tlie enemy slowed up, how
ever, before they reached our main line, and
they did not pursue us to or over tho earth
works, as gene raHy believed. Tho entire bri
gade crossed tho main line of earthworks to
the. left of the Columbia pike in the vicinity of
the cotton-gin. As the men crossed over in
side of the intrenchiucnts each one dropped in
behind the works whenever he could get a po
sition, and but very few of them straggled or
passed on to the rear. When our men had all
crossed over the eat th works, and got iuto posi
tion as best they could amongst those proviously
oceupying tho works, the enorny's line of bat
tle in our front was still a considerable distance
in front of the earthworks. Many of thoso who
were there will doubtless remember tho fact of
a drove of loose plantation horses that ran rap
idly to our left between the earthworks and the
enemy's lino of battle, and that was before the
firing in our front became general.
I5EUIX1) THE WORKS.
After the meu were all inside tho works we
had more than we could use to ad vantage, they
being in some places six aud eight deep. When
the firing did commence a feu men did it all;
the others, back from the works, loaded their
guns and passed them up to the men at the
works, who discharged them, then passed tho
empty guns back to tho men in their rear to he
reloaded, and in that way our part of the line
kept up a constant and withering fire on the
advancing foe. Tho enemy which struck our
part of the line came not from the front, hut
from the right-oblique. Their line of battle
was broken up entirely, but tho men continued
to advance in a solid body, with their hats
drawn down over their eyes, just as if advanc
ing against, a hail-storm. The writer saw that
fact distinctly, and at onco ordered our men to
fire to the right-oblique, in order to cheqk that
advance. The almost unequalled bravery of
the enemy on that occasion had challenged the
writer's unqualified admiration, and as ho gave
the order to fire to the right-oblique he thought
what a great pity it was to be under the neces-
sity of slaughtering such heroic men, and what J
a misfortuno it was that they could not i, en
listed in a better cause.
The enemy came onto and over our earth
works, along in front of the cotton-gin, when a,
most desperate and bloody hand-to-hand en
gagement took place. Some fought with in
trenching tools Jy hurling them first from ono
side, then to the other. The bayouet was
freely used, while others clubbed their guns
and knocked each other's brains out with tho
butts of their muskets, and in that way tho
fight was continued until every one of the
enemy inside of our works was either killed,
wounded or taken prisoner, and those remain
ing outside of the earth-works had taken
refuge in the ditch and on the exterior slope o
the works, our men still keeping up a murder
ous fire on them by elevating the butts of theii
muskets and firing down into the ditch. Th
enemy remaining outside ceased firing, and
manyof them placed their hats upon theii
fixed bayonets and elevated them above tha
works aud begged for quarter, calling to our
men to cease firing and they would surrender.
Our men on that part of the line then ceased
firing, when the enemy came over in a body,
most of them with their guns in their hands,
CHARGE OF OPDYCKE'S 7?RIGADE.
The men occupying the works immediately
to the right of Columbia pike seeing this large
body of the enemy coming over the works with
their arms in their hands, and not knowing
that they had surrendered and were prisoners,
supposed the enemy had possession of that part
of the line and at once stampeded and left theii
part of the line undefended, when the enemy
at onco came up and took possession of that
part of tho works thus abandoned. Then it
was that the gallant Colonel Opdycke, whose
brigade was in reserve, came to the rescue, and
with a bayonet charge drove the enemy out,
retaking and occupying that part of tho line,
and thus saving the battle, which, otherwise
would undoubtedly have been lost to us.
Bradley's brigade crossed the works entirely
to the left of Franklin pike, while the stam
pede and break in the line was entirely to tho
right of said pike, and hence, you see, Bradley's
command in no way contributed to, or was
responsible for the stampede, as your readers
would understand from tho article in your
issue of September lath.
Bradley's brigade was composed of veterans.
It was well known as a fighting brigade, and
had assisted in achieving victory in many well
fought battles, and never rendered better ser
vice than on that occasion. Tlie brigade was
formerly commanded by Brigadier-General
Hiarles G. Harkcr, the original colonel of the
Sixty-fifth Ohio infantry, and who was pro
moted to the rank of brigadicr-gener.il for
special gallantry, as stated in his commission.
He was killed on the Alantn, campaign, at tho
charge upon Kenesaw Mountain, June 27th,
LEAVING THE FIELD.
At the close of the battle of Franklin, about
10 o'clock at night, the several regimental
commandei-s of Bradley's brigado got their
men together, but no corps or division com
mander conlu be found, and no ord.rs wer
recived as to what to do. The regimental com
manders then held a consultation as to what to
do. when, by unanimous consent, it! was deter
mined that the writer should take command "
of the biigade. Colonel Conrad, Colonel Buck
ner, and others who outranked the writer,
waived their right to the command.
The writer then assumed command and got
the biigade together, and in a few minutes
in the dark, afoot aud alone, without tho
assistance of an aide or an orderly, and wif hout
orders had the brigade under way, down tho
hill, through the town of Franklin and across
the Harpith river. Soon after crossing the?
river the brigade Avas joined by GeneraL
Wagoner, the division commander, who had
previously gone to the rear. The command
continued its march towards Nashville. When
the battle of Franklin shall have taken its
proper place in history, it will then be under
stood to have been, for the number engaged,
one of the most, if not the most, desperately
fought battles of the entire war. The fact that
the enemy lost six general officers killed and
seven wounded shows that they fought with
unusual determination and desperation. Such
a heavy loss in general officers did not occur
on either side iu any other battle during the
entire war of the rebellion.
S. L. Coulter,
Late G-lth Ohio Inf.
Parsons, Kas., Oct. 22. 1SS2.
The 31 story of Koliert (J. Taylor.
Tho fate of Robert G. Taylor, reported in the
narration of W. H. Newlin as having been left
on the roadside by his companions, unable to
travel further, while on their route of cscapo
from a rebel prison at Danbnry, Virginia, is
still involved in obscurity.
If any member of the K5th New York volun
teer cavalry or the Second Massachusetts cav
alry has any knowledge of Robert G. Taylor,
the Tribune will take pleasure in making it
public. The following letter from W. II. New
lin will be interesting in this connection :
Danville, Dec. If), 1S32.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
The following is a copy of a letter received
last week :
"Dayton. W. T.. Dec. 3d.lS32.
"W. H. Newlin. Dear sir :1 see in your
letter of October 2, 1n2, in The National
Tribune, November lo ISS2, an account of one
Robert G. Taylor that was left behind iu your
escape, lie was a member of company K, Thir
teenth New York volunteer cavalry. We were
in the brigade with the Second .Massachusetts
cavalry: some of them were taken at the sime
time. He was taken near Aldie, Virginia.
We never knew what his fate was. Supposod
he died in prison. Ik was a good soldier.
" Yours, Orvilli: Wi.on,
Lute Serg't Co. K, j:.th N. Y. Cav."
Our comrade Taylor's parting words to us
were, " Remember my address: Company G,
Second Massachusetts cavalry." However, ho
may not have been a member of that company.
If you give this letter space in your columns, it
may call out some further information as to
Taylor from survivors m" one or the ntlur, or
both, of the cavalry regiments nam d. As the
matter now stands, (admit ting that Mr. Wiison "
and myself have written about the same man.)
it seems to be somewhat enveloped in mystery.
Yours, truly, W. II. Newlin.
Reports to tho Indiana State bureau of statis
tics from representative countie-i show Caere
has been a reduction in mortgage indebtedness
upon farms of about $2,000,000, while twenty
three counties, just one-fourth of the State,
show an increase in the number of holders at
S,()19. These two facts show a gratifying do
greo of general prosperity in ihe States.
Ninety-three thousand acres have beet
planted under the new arboriculture act it
Kansas. ' Preference is given to the cotton treo
because of its rapid growth.