Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1882.
Sonic Practical Suggestions for Our
Ben: Perlcy Poore, in Lis "Farm Talks" for
tlic American Cultivator, gives the following
method as that used by Mrs. Henry Clay m
curing her once famous "Ashland hams" :
"For every ten hams, medium sized, sho
took one pound of saltpetre, two pounds of
brown sugar, three and one-half pounds of fine
salt, mixed all these together, and rubbed each
ham well with it. They were then packed in
a tight box, where they remained in a cool out
house for three -weeks. They were then put
into the pickle tub, which was nearly filled
with a pickle strong enough to bear an egg.
After the hams had remained in this pickle for
three weeks they were taken out. rubbed by
hand with salt, and then hung up to dry in the
air. They were then taken to t lie smoke-house.
"s here a fire was kept up with green walnut
branches for three weeks. Each ham was then
:ewed up in canvas, whitewashed, dried, and
then whitewashed again. They were then
packed in hickory ashes; leached ashes of
course, or otherwise the fat would have been
"Another Kentucky recipe for ten hams was
to take three pounds of Liverpool salt, two
quarts of molasses, half pound of saltpetre, and
n Sinai! bit of alum, all well mixed together.
Jn these the hams were to be soaked two days,
at the end of which time they were to be weli
rubbed with the mixture. They were then
to be packed in a tight cask and let lay five
or six days, then taken out, turned, and packed
down again, sprinkling them lightly each time
witJi halt. After remaining a week longer, a
strong pickle was to be made, and when cold
poured over the hams. After having remained
m this pickle a fortnight they were ready for
KXPKKIMEXTS IX TOT.VTO CUT.Tl'RE.
The following experiments with potatoes ars
recorded by the director of the New York Ex
perimental Station :
" Plats were marked out and kept under dif
ferent conditions ridging in some cases; level
culture in others: ridging and the intervals
filled with straw, the seed laid upon the sur
face and covered with six inches of straw ; the
peed laid upon the .surfacu and covered with
four inches of sand in one case and with six
inches of sand in another. In the plat of pota
toes covered with straw we had the conditions
of coolness and moisture for both tuber and
root during the early season of growth, dry
ness and coolness for the tuber during the
later portion of giowth. In the mulched in
tervals we had the potato tuber occupying the
ridges where the soil was measurably dry and
warm, and the mound within which the roots
penetrated protected from evaporation and
from the heat of the sun by the mulch. In the
plats covered with sand we had dryness and
heat for the tuber, coolness and moisture for
the roots. The seed used in these comparisons
was the whole potato. The yield calculated
to the 100 hills inay be represented in the fol
Ordinary level cnliurc. 61 y. lb, in all
Ordinary ridge culture - 91 " "
In ridges and the intervals mulched 315 "
Potatoes covered with M raw 103 "
Potatoes covered with sand 1S7 "
An exchange remarks that many suggestions
ire made from time to time as to the proper
place for " keeping butter sweet for many a
long day." A clean, cool cellar is suggested,
an ice-chest or cold storage. In theory, so far
as a low temperature tends to retard decompo
sition, these suggestions all tend in the right
direction. The eminently proper place, how
ever, and one which is within the reach of all,
is to Veep the butler in brine. By placing the
prints or balls of butler in a tub or other vessel
nearly tilled with brine, or by pouring brine
into the tubs nearly filled with butter, the air
is excluded, while the salted water is unfavor
able to the germs of fermentation or to the
Jirocess of decomposition. When a consumer
suys a tub of butter, the consumption of which
hi his family may require weeks, he should
t once prepare a strong brine of clean salt and
firewater, filling the tub of butter with it.
The use of a weight is necessary; otherwise, the
butter will float in the tub. The consumer
who buys balls or prints of butter for future
tiso should secure a stone jar with a supply of
brine, in order to secure a perfect preservation.
With this precaution taken, a cool place of
storage is, of course, far superior to a warm one.
" CAKE OF UWXS.
It is a usual practice with many persons to
spread coarse manure over their lawns and
grass plats about this time of the year. This is
particularly noticeable in city lots and on the
hmall lawns of suburban residences, where
neatness and cleanliness should be maintained
lit all seasons, but when thus daubed over with
manure look like a field prepared for the plow,
and gives off an odor of the barnyard, which
penetrates everywhere and for many weeks.
When necessary to top-dress a lawn with
manure, the. material should be so decayed as
to be free of any seedsof weeds having vitality;
but there is no application equal to an annual
slight covering of soil from any ordinary field,
spread equally over the gnu-', so that the parti
cles may fill up all interstices between the
plants or spaces which are now left blank by
the decay of summer gras-.es. When the grass
roots commence growth in spring they imme
diately come in contact with the fresh earth,
and the sod becomes closer and thicker in eon
fcoquence. In this way lawns are maintained
in greenness and vigor at all seasons.
alsike clover. ( Tri folium hjhridum.)
This clover receives the name "hybridum"
from its apparently possessing characters be
tween those of the red and the white or Dutch
clovers but its hybridity is not recognized by
botanists. It differs from red clover in having
pinkish blush flowers, which turn to a pale red
color as they approach maturity. Its shoots
are less robust, but letain their succulenoy
longer than tho-e of the red clover, and trail
along the ground like white clover. Its roots
are fibrous, and it is considered better adapted
to moist or wet soils than are other clovers. It
is well adapted for grazing purposes, as it
quickly throws out young shoots when eaten
down by cattle. It is alio hardier than red
clover, and makes good hav; but, from its
tendency to fall down and "lodge," it should
be sown with timothy or some other strong
growing grass as a suppoit, to prevent it from
rotting on the ground. It is a biennial plant,
a native of Sweden, and is sometimes called
hops a profitable crop.
It is said that the profits on hops are greater
than on any other farm product. This vear
the prices started at fifty cents per pound,"and
gradually increased until eighty cents was
offered, and then a jump was made to one dol
Lir. It costs only Jrom ten to fifteen cents to
cultivate and raise a pound of hops. This in-
hides the interest on the land, labor, picking,
drying and getting to market. The profits to
dealers this year have been commensurate with
the good fortune of the growers. The average
profit in helling hops lias been fifteen cents per
K)und. A hinall section of country in central
New York, embracing the counties of Otsego,
Oneida, Mudihon, .Schoharie and Montgomery,
is the grealefat hop-giowing region of the
United States. So far as quality and price are
concerned in the London market, England is
first and New York State a close second.
TJ1K GRANGE IX CAXADA.
There are S(i0 Granges in Canada, with a
membership of about 40,000. They have a
wholesale supply house doing $300,000 of
1 UKiHes this year, auda Mutual Aid Associa
tion of 1,100 members. Under Grange auspices
a Loan aud Trust Company has been organized
and is in succchsful operation, securing money
at cheap rates in foreign markets to loan lneni
Iers t low rates. They abo have a Grange
Fire IiiKiircnce Company, with nearly o00U,
KX) of property now insured. They have im
proved the agricultural colleges and secured
uu experimental farm.
For working oxen, no breed can compare
with the Devons. They are quick, large, docile,
and cafiity kept. The color is uniformly red,
and they can be easily matched. On heavy,
roadts the oxen of this breed are equal to horses,
in many respects, and at times superior.
CARROTS FOR HORSKs.
The carrot is of essential value for feeding
to horsed. One bushel of carrots and one bushel
of oats, fed in alternate meals, are said to be of
equal value with two bushels of oats alone,
while the carrots can be grown at less expense.
Horses, like human beings, require a variety of
food, and thrive best upon a ration that in
volves a chance of diet. Succulent food, in
part, will always prove beneficial, and this is
well afforded by carrots.
FBUIT-GROWIXG AS A BUSrXE??.
Since the introduction of canning and drying
fruit by simple and eflicieut apparatus, the fruit
cultivator reaps steadier returns even if his
profits arc not so largo as they occasionally
were under a spasmodic demand for his pro
ducts. The drying of apples is now become
an extensive industry and is causing an in
creased demand for the green fruit, so that
there need no longer be the spectacle of splendid
fruit rotting on the ground because the markets
were surfeited. The evaporators render the
production of apples a profitable business, and
the same result follows the establishment of
canneries in regard to strawberries, raspberries,
currants and similar fruits, rendering their
culture almost as staple as growing wheat or
SORGHUM A3 A GRAZING CROP.
It is not generally known that sorghum is
valuable for grazing purposes; it grows quickly
after being eaten down, and branches out into
a number of succulent shoots which are highly
relished by live stock of all kinds. With a
patch of rye sown in the fall, which will afford
good grazing till midsummer, supplemented by
a sowing of sorghum in May, a supply of suc
culent pasture may be secured, equal in value
to any mixture of other kinds of grasses and
HARROWING WHEAT IN SPRING.
Experiments made at the Kansas Agricul
tural College farm show that a gain of about
two and a half bushels per acre was produced
by harrowing the field after the frost bad left
the ground in spring. This is the greatest re
turn for the smallest outlay in the production
of wheat that we have vet noted.
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest or Information Collected From Various
Nurserymen who cut largo quantities of
grafts late in autumn keep them in cellars
packed in dam) moss; but farmers and others
who wish to preserve a few for spring grafting
may not have these appliances at hand. For
such, a simple and perfect mode is to bury
them in a dry place out of doors in an inverted
wooded box. Fill the box partly full with
them, nail two or three strips across to keep
them in place, and then place the box in a hole
dug for the purpose, with the open side down,
and bury them half a foot or so in depth.
They do not come in contact with the earth,
and i cmaiu perfectly clean, and the moisture
of the earth keeps them plump and fresh., with
out any danger of their becoming water-soaked.
Grafts which have become shriveled by expo
sure are thus restored aud will grow. It is
often advantageous to cut out grafts in autumn,
as there is then no danger of their vitality be-ingjes-eued
by exposure to intense cold, and is
often more convenient to cut them or procure
them from a distance at this time. In marking
the label with a lead pencil, remember that if
the. wood is wet before writing, the names will
last ten times as long as if written dry.
THE CHEAPEST WAY TO FATTEN HOGS.
I have found boss to fatten faster when turned
info a field of corn than in any other way. You
should turn in with the large hogs enough pigs
to eat any corn the large hogs may leave. The
pics will not break down the corn stalks, but
will gather up what corn is left by the large
hogs, so that there is really but little, if any,
corn lost. Give the hogs plenty of salt aud
ashes. Plant with your corn plenty of pump
kins and stock peas. The hogs will gather
tliein to suit themselves. They will cat the
peas first. Plant fields of the proper size. o
fatten your hogs. By tin's method all the time,
labor, aud expenso of picking and hauling the
corn and penning your hogs is saved, and pork
can be made cheaper by this method than by
any other. J. C. Dupoy&tcr, in Rural IVoild.
Nearly all underground cellarsarc sufficiently
frost-proof to keep their contents from freez
ing, except on one or two of the coldest nights
of winter. The writer before thought that it
would pay to put a small stove in such cellars
to be lighted up on such occasions: and this is
what Mr. Gregory does: He states that the
temperature in his vegetable cellar sometimes
went a few degrees below freezing, making tiie
air just cold enough to spoil the contents.
Ho procured a kerosene stove which had six
burners and held two gallons of oil. Whenever
the two thermometers in the cellar indicated
danger he lighted the kero-ene, by which he
raised the temperature ten degrees when neces
sary, proving a convenient, simple, aud cheap
way to prevent any loss.
A JERSEY BECORD.
An official test has been made of the yield of
the Jersey cow Bomba, owned by Mr. A. B.
Darling, of New York, bv the American Jersey
Cattle Club, of New York. The club detailed
Mr. Burnett, of Southboro. Mass., to conduct
the experiment, and he had the cow milked
twice a day for a week under his personal su
pervision, and scaled the milk up in a room,
etc. The re-nit fiom seven days' milking was
205 pounds ami 0 ounces of milk, from which
was churned 21 pounds 11 J ounces of butter.
This is claimed to be the largest yield on
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Agricultural Editor's Weekly Chat IVitli His
"I have a large plant, of what we rail the
night-blooming cereus. which certainly flowers
at night, but which a friend tells me is not the
night-blooming cereus at all. Please describe
the true plant, so that I may tell it from mine
if I have not got it." Mrs. L. Tyrone, Pa.
Am.: The night-blooming cereus, Cereus gran
diflorus. is a round-stemmed plant, flexible, and
snake-like in its form. It is a Oiling plant,
and, when grown in a green-bouse or as a parlor
plant, requires a trellis. Another plant, which
often goes by the name of night-blooming
cereus, is the Phyllocaclas lalifrous. This is a
flat-leaved, or rather a flat-branching cactus, of
upright growth, and nearly self-supporting.
Our correspondent will possibly lie able to dis
tinguish her plant from the above descriptions.
"A nursery agent is going through my neigh
borhood taking orders for Russian applet,
which he says are hardier and better than tin
kinds we grow. I have given an oider for a
few, but have since been told that 1 will be
swindled, as there are no good varieties among'
them. I would like your opinion about Rus
sian apples." Jus.: Our advice would be for
you to have nothing to do with iinuuthcnti
cated tree agents, but send your orders to a
reputable nurseryman, Avho will furnish you
with such Itussian apple-, as aie known lobe
of any value, aud at the same rates as other
"I have a few dwarf pear trees which have
grown well, but fruit very sparingly ; some of
them have never fruited, although they have
been planted in their present places for six
years. I have pruned them regularly every
winter, cutting down all the vigorous shoots,
but 1 get nothing from them except more aud
stronger shoots every year." O. Dorchester,
111. Aus.: You have pruned too much. Do
not prune back or shorten in any way the
young shoots, and they wi 11 soon become fur
nished with fruit spurs and flowering buds.
Mrs. Lother, Ya., writes: "I sowed seeds of
hollyhocks last spring, and got many plants,
bul they did not flower, liow can I get them
to flower?" Am.: They will flower the .sec
ond year from seed, not flic first. Cover the
plants with a low leaves fo help them during
winter. They are hardy plants, but a slight
protection will be useful if the plants are
"1 have just plowed an old sedge field, and
mean lo give it a liming in spring. How many
bushels of lime is proper to the acre?" C,
Md. Aus.: The quantity of lime to tho acre
depends somewhat as to the amount of vegeta
ble matter in the ground. All the way from
50 to 200 bushels are used. In vourcase,
sihly 100 bushels would he advisable.
4 lSeranic Strong and Well.''
Hatcher's Stvtiov, (5a., March 27, 1870.
P. V. Pierce, M. 1)., Dair Sir My wife, who
had been ill for over two years, and had tried
many other medicines, became sound aud well
by using your " Favorite Prescription." My
niece was also cured by its use, after several
physicians had failed to do her any good,
Tuos. J. Metuvix.
Home, and Lfow to Make It Beautiful
One of the regular toasts at the recent New
England Dinner in New York was "Women,"
to which Mark Twain replied as follows: "The
toast includes the sex universally. It is to
woman, comprehensively, wheresoever she may
be found. Let us consider her ways. First
comes the matter of dress. This is a most im
portant consideration in a subject of this nature,
and must be disposed of before we can intelli
gently proceed to examine the profoundcr
depths of the theme. For text, let us take tho
dres of two antipodal types the savago and
cultivated daughter of our high modern civili
zation. "Among the Fans, a great negro tribe, a
woman, when dressed for home, or to go to
market, or to go out calling, does not wear any
thing at all but just her complexion. That is
all. "That is her entire outfit. It is the legiti
mate costume of the world, but it is made of
the darkest material. It has often been mis
taken for mourning. It is the trimmest and
neatest and gratvfullest costume that was ever
in fashion : it wears well ; it doesn't show dirt.
You don't have to send it down town to wash,
and have some of it come back scorched with
the flat-iron, and some of it with the buttons
ironed off, and some of it petrified with starch,
and some of it chewed by the calf, and some of
it rotted with acids, and some of it exchanged
for other customers' things that haven't any
virtue but holiness, and ten-twelfths of the
pieces overcharged for, and the rest of the
dozen mislaid. And it always fits; if is the
perfection of a lit. And it is the handiest dress
in the whole realm of fashion. It is always
done up. When you call on a Fan lady, and
send up your card, the hired gill never says:
'Please take a. scat; madamo is dressing; she
will be down in Ihicc-quarlers of an hour.
No! madamo is always 'dressed, always ready
to receive, and before you can get tho door
mat before your eyes she is in your midst.
Then, again, the Fan ladies don't go to church
to see what the others have got on, and they
don't go back homeand describe and slander it.
"Such is the dark child of savagery as to
every -day toilet, and thus curiously enough, she
finds a point of contact Avith fhe fair daughter
of civilization and high fashion, who often has
'nothing to wear.' and thus these widely
separated lypes of the sex meet upon common
ground. Yes, such is the Kan woman as she
appears- in her simple, unostentatious, every
day toilet Unt on State occasions she is more
drossy. Ai a banquet she wears bracelets; at
a lecture she wears ear-rings and a belt- at a
ball she wears stockings, and, with 1 rue femi
nine fondness for display, she wears them on
her arms: at a funeral she wears a. jacket of tar
and ashes; at a wedding, the bride who can
afford it puts on pantilo.ms. There the dark
child of savagery and the fair daughter of civ
ilization meet once more upon common ground,
and these two touches of nature make the
whole world kin.
"Now we will consider the dress of our other
type. A large part of the daughter of civiliza
tion is her dress, as it should be. Some civil
ized women would lo-e half their charm without
dress and some would lose all of it. The daugh
ter of modern civilization, dressed at her utmost
best, is a marvel of exquisite and beautiful art
and expense. All the lands.all the climes, and
all tho arts are laid under tribute to furnish
her forth. Her linen is from Belfast, her robe,
is from Paris, her lace is fiom Yen ice or Spain
or France, her'feathers are from the remote re
gions of southern Africa, her furs are from the
remoter home of the iceberg and aurora, her
fan from .lapan, her diamonds from Brazil, her
bracelets from California, her pearls from Cey
lon, her cameos from Home; she has gems and
trinkets from buried Pompeii, and others that
graced comely Egyptian forms that have been
dust and ashes now for forty centuries; her
watch is from Geneva, her card -case is from
China, her hair is from from I don't know
where her hair is from 1 never could find out,
that is, her other hair her public hair her
Sunday hair; I don't mean the hair she goes
to bed with; why you ought to know the hair
I mean it's that thing which she calls a
switch, and which resembles a switch as much
as it resembles a brickbat or a shotgun, or any
other thingwbich you correct people with. It's
that thing which she twists and then coils
lound and round her head bee-hive fashion,
and then tucks the end in under the hive and
harpoons it with a hairpin. And that reminds
me of a trifle. Any time you want to you can
glance aiound thecarpelof a Pullman ear and go
and pick up a hairpin, but, not to save your life,
can you get any woman in that car to acknowl
edge that hairpin. Now, isn't that strange?
But it's true. The woman who has never sev
ered from cast-iron veracity and fidelity in her
whole life will, when confronted with this
crucial test, deny her hairpin. She will deny
that hairpin before a hundred witnesses. I
have stupidly got into more trouble and moic
hot water trying to hunt up the owner of a hair
pin in a Pullman car than by any other indis
cretion of my life."
CHARITY I1EGINS AT HOME.
"Charity begins at. home," says the old
adage, and, we might add, " so does every other
good thing." Possibly avc might go farther
slill and say, much of f he mischievous evil of
life Logins there, ton. Certain it is that when
evorgoodmen set thomselvesto do a good work
in thiseiooked world, their thoughtsturn always
to their homes, as if there they must look for
the very heart of the nation. .Make the homes
what they should be and the land will take
care of itself. Save tlnj children of to-day, aud
we have made sure of a blessed to-morrow.
Any uplifting influence, then, that purifies and
strengthens the home, any cheerful influence
that gladdens it, should meet with cordial wel
come fiom the hearts of those who desire, that
the "axe be laid at the very root of the tree."
Nay, more than cordial welcome should he given.
Every movement designed to bless the home
should have the earnest aid of parents and
even of the little ones themselves. Wo ak
sympathy and co-operation, therefore, fortius
new enterprise, designed to reach, if possible,,
every household in the land. Send us, then,
from your observation and experience notes on
any and every subject that can influence home
life or add to fhe home charm. Send us from
your kitchens, nurseries, sick-rooms good and
helpful newsasthe lo best way to live t lie every
day and common life. Send us from your
sewing table, from your book-shelf, from your
still Sabbath hours of solitude anything you
can say to help another human being, and let
us work together in the simplest and sweetest
and most valuable of all reforms, that which,
like charity, begins at home.
THE AUTHOR OP " HOME, SWEET HOME."
lob n Howard Payno, the author of "Home,
Sweet Homo," was uu arm pergonal friend of
.John Ross, who will be romcmhoiod as the
celebrated chief of the Cheiokees. At the
time fhe Cherokees woio n moved from their
homes in Georgia to their piosont possessions
west of the Mississippi river, Payne was spend
ing a few weeks in Georgia with Itoss, who was
occupying a miserable cabin, having been for
cibly ojicfed from his former home. A number
of the piominent Cherokeis weie in prison,
and (hat portioifof Gooigiu in which the trilw
was located was. scoured by armed squads of the
Georgia militia, who had eiders to arrest all
who refused to leave the country. While Itoss
and Payne were sealed before the fire in the
hut, tin door was suddenly burst open and six
or eight militiamen sprang into the room. The
soldiers lost no time in taking their prisoners
away. Itoss was pcimitttd to ride his own
horse, while Payne was mounted on one led by
a soldier. As the little party left tho hovel
rain began falling, aud continued until eveiy
man was drenched thoioughly. The journey
lasted all night. Towaids midnight Payne's
escort, in older to keep himself awake, began
humming: "Homo, home, sweet, sweet home,"
when Payne remarked :
"Little did I expect to hear thai song under
such circumstances and at such a time. Do
you know the author?"
" No," said the soldier. " Do you?"
" Yes," answered Payne. " I composed it."
"The devil you did. You can tell that to
some fellows, but not to me. Look here. You
made that song, you say. If you did aud 1
know you didn't you can say it all without
stopping. It has something in it about ploas
urtsand palaces. Now pitch in and reel it oil',
and if you can't I'll bounce you from your
horse and lead you instead of it."
The threat was answered by Payne, who re
peated tho bong in a slow, subdued tone, and
then sang it, making the old woods ring with
tho tender melody and pathos of the words. It
touched the heart of the rough soldier, who
was not only captivated but convinced, and
who said the composer of such a song should
never go to prison if he could help it- And
when the party reached Milledgevillo they
were, after a preliminary examination, dis
charged, much to their surprise. Paj-nc insisted
it was because tho leader of tho squad had been
under the magnetic influence of Ross's conver
sation, and Itoss insisted that they had been
saved from insult and imprisonment by the
power of " Home, Sweet Home," sung as only
those who feel can sing it. The friendship ex
isting between Ross and Payne endured until
the grave closed over tho mortal remains of the
EASniON NOTES, AC.
The loose gathered orqileatcd English frock
remains the favorite for girls under ten years
Deep rapes of fur, resembling too closely those
of coachmen, aro much in favor with young
The high luxury of the season is a velvet
wrap, trimmed with seal, otter, or fox bands
The fashion of wearing the jacket and waist
of a different color aud material from the skirt
grows in favor.
Lace, which is more worn than ever, and
flowers are tho two accessories which make
dcnii-toilct dresses elegant.
Black satin fans, painted with clusters of dark
and large tinted roses, are charming, as are the
round hanging fans of black Spanish lace, dec
orated with a spray of flowers.
Scrap baskets arc now in the shape of vases
with one or two handles, and the favorite dec
oration is by means of a handsome bow, a bunch
of (lowers, or a group of tiny biids.
P.reak fast caps are pretty little creations of
soft downy lace, forming fitting receptacles for
the lovely flowers with which they are trim
med, and each cap has its own dress bouquet.
The ruffs which are so generally worn at
present were in fashion in the time of Henry
III. They were then an adjunct to masculine
dress; they now hold their place in a lady's
The latest quilt for a baby's bed is made of
triangular pieces of colored silks joined to
gether by feather stitch embroidery in gold
colored filoselle. It is ljncd throughout with
Itibbon embroidery is now used for working
monograms or initials upon pocket handker
chiefs. It is executed so finely that at a little
distance it appears like raised embroidery in
Pocket handkerchiefs of sheer linen lawn are
coloied light blue, navy blue, dark red or olive,
to match the. dress with which they aro worn,
and have an embroidered white daisy chain
near their scalloped edge.
lland-omo tidies are made by stitching cre
tonne figures of bright tints upon dark-colored
pluh with gold thread or narrow gold braid.
Cord of mixed color is sewn around the edge
and a heavy tassel depends fiom each corner.
A very good idea for the brightening up of a
nursery or play-room consists in decorating the.
panels of the doors by tho insertion of brightly
colored lithographs, fitting them into the panels
and framing them, if necessary, with a narrow
heading of gilding.
A superb evening dress worn at a reception
was of pale, pink Ottoman silk made with a
short skirt with two narrow knife-plaitings
around the edge of the skirt, and a plain Jer
sey basque of the silk. The overskirt was of
pink China crape. tTie graceful drapery being
held by small birds of bright plumage.
An elegant bridal dress has the basquo and
princess train with long square corners made of
Ottoman velvet. The front of the waist is
shaiply pointed, opens in a Y-shape, and the
sleeves are threc-quai tors long. The satin front
of the skirt is covered from waist to toe with
wide flounces of point d'Alencon lace.
The soft.and pliable India silks, with bro
eaded flowers of different colors, are stylishly
used in combination with plain velvets for
elegant evening toilets. Handsome dresses aro
made of Ottoman silks, with figured velvets,
brocaded satins and plain velvets of pale tints,
such as pink, pale blue, amber, rose color and
An American Worth, whose reputation as an
artist is unquestioned, has just sent home to a
lady friend two very stylish dresses. Beyond
the fact that the woolen fabric is made up over
a foundation of silk and apart from the addi
tional fact that fit and finish are both exception
ally good, there is nothing to really justify the
highly extravagant sum charged for these
dresses; but the wearer certainly has the satis
faction of knowing, however unpretentious her
robe is in the eye of the inexperienced, it must
testify to the high character of the atelier from
which it emanated. In place of the aggressive
bustle, which is such an eyesore to many, these
dresses are arranged inside the skirts with stiff
mohair crinolettes of graceful shapes and di
mensions, set some distance below the waist.
Near the bottom of the skirl two semi-circular
stiips of fine whalebone are inserted. These are
so pliable and so firmly kept m place by yield
ing bands of elastic that any objectionable
swing is obviated. Placed thus low on t he skirt
it in no way interferes with the graceful lines
ofthedrcxs in a sitting position, while when
the figure is once more erect it retains it pris
tine curves. The custom of using silk lining
for a dress of less costly description may appear
extravagant and absurd, but the fall of a skirt
and the li t of a bod iceare wonderfully improved
by its substitution for ordinary linings and
gives lo a dress that look of finished elegance
so noticeable in all Parisian models.
Preparing Currants. To swell the currants
for cakes, after they are picked and cleaned,
pour boiling water over them and let them
stand covered over with a plate for two min
utes, drain away the water, throw currants on
a cloth to dry them, and do not use until they
Eve Pudding. Put into a mixing bowl half
a pound of fine breadcrumbs mixed with three
ounces of suet chopped and sifted, four tart
apples peeled, cored and chopped, a cup of
cleaned currants, the rind and juice of a lemon,
a little salt, three eggs, and a little, sugar put
into a pint of cider, with which it is to be well
mixed. Hoi I in a cloth or mould two hours (or
ste.uu it four hours and serve with a hot
liquid sauce flavored with nutmeg.
Hollandaisc Sauce. Put a tablespoonful of
butter into a saucepan. When it bubbles up,
stir in a dessert spoonful of corustaich. Keep
stirring until thoroughly cookeu. Add a little,
salt, half a dozen peppercorns and a cupful of
soup stock. Let it simmer, stirring it well for
a few minutes. Atlil the beaten yolks of two
eggs, a tablespoonful of melted butter and the
juice of half a lemon. Peat well together and
Charlotte aux Pomincs. Pake a sponge cake
in a deep, tin pan, with either straight or
fluted sides. When removed from the tin and
cold, cut out the middle part, leaving a good
thickness on tho bottom and all around the
sides. Moisten thoroughly with sherry wine
some of fhe cut-out pieces and spread in a layer
in the cake. Have ready some apple marma
lade, place a layer of this over the snaked cake,
then a layer of cake and another of marmalade.
Heat to a stitf fioth one-half pint of swoeff
cream and half a pound of powdered sugar;
flavor with tho juice of a lemon. Pile the
whipped cream on the charlotte and garnish
with spoonfuls of clear apple jelly.
Plum Puddings. One and a half pounds of
suet, same quantity of raisins, same of currants;
all chopped very fine; two pounds of stale
bieadcrumbs, half a pound of Hour, half pound
of sugar, a little finely chopped citron, some
powdered cloves and ginger; mix them well
together, then beat fivo eggs, add to them a
pint of sweet cider boiled down with a part of
the sugar to rather more than half a pint,
which pour in and well mix. Do not put in
more liquid, though it may-seoni dry ; press it
firmly into the moulds; tie over with a cloth
and put into boiling water; keep them boiling
live hours: thev ran then be htinir un till re
quired, but should be boiled another two hours
the day they aro served.
Tlic. Snow of -Mont Mane
is not whiter than teeth that aro daily rubbed
with SOZODONT.and coral gathered "in Ocean
depths cannot surpass tho hue of gums freed
from sponginess by the same salutary agent.
Aiuerican ladies visiting foreign lands excite the
admiration of beholders and the envy of their
trans-Atlantic .sisters with the surprising ex
cellence of their teeth. When asked to what
they owo this charm, they murmer tho talis
mtmic word S0Z0D0NT!
Little Keil Cap's Story Corroborated
by Rebel Testimony.
Continued from last wcefc.l
The condition of the older prisoners was now
pitiful in the extreme. Worn out in body, and
sick at heart, it seemed as if hell itself could
furnish no greater torments than they were
compelled to suffer. I well remember tho
straits to which they were reduced to .hide
their nakedness. A whole week was some
times consumed in fashioning out of an old
bone a needle, with which to sew together their
rags, and many were fhe ruses to which the
prisoners resorted to get possession of an empty
meal bag or two without being detected by the
guard. These meal sacks, and the clothing of
the dead, alone afforded them the means of
replenishing their wardrobes.
As to the mortality, it continued to be appall
ing. The endurance of the average prisoner
did not exceed three months. Of the 45,(513
prisoners whose names were entered on the
rolls of Andersonvillc, 32,912 perished there,
to say nothing of those who died shortly after
their removal to other prisons from the effects
of the treatment which they had experienced.
The great majority did not enter the stockade
until after the first of May. and by the first of
October but eight thousand still remained, so
that live months sufficed for this awful harvest
of death. In the face of these terrible figures,
what becomes of all the charges of exaggera
tion which have been made from time to time
by Southern apologists? I am, for my part,
content to let the public judge of the fidelity
with which I have described the history of
Andersonvillc by rebel testimony, and I there
fore rcproduco below, from the official records,
the statement of Professor Joseph Jones, a sur
geon of high rank in tho confederate army,
made under oath during the memorable trial
of Wirz himself.
October 7th, 1S65.
Dr. Joseph Jones for the prosecution.
Kxammcd by the Judge-Advocate:
Question. Where do you reside'.' Answer. In
(f. Are you a graduate of any medical college?
A. Of the University of Pennsylvania.
(J. How long have you been engaged in the prac
tice of medicine '.' A. Kight years.
Q. Has your experience been as a practitioner,
or rather as an investigator of medicine as a
science'.' A. Both.
2. What position do you hold now? A. That of
medical chemist in the Medical College of Georgia,
(. How long have you held your position in that
College'.' A. Since IMS.
(I. How were you employed during the rebel
lion'.' A. I served six months in the early part of
it as a piivate in the rank-, and the rest of the time
in the medical department.
Q. Undtr the direction of whom? A. Under the
direction of Dr. Moore. Mirgeoii-General.
li. Old you, while acting under his direction,
visit Ander.iouville professionally'.' A. Yes, sir.
Q. Kor the purpose of making investigations
there? A. For the purpose of prosecuting investi
gations ordereil by the surgeon-General.
i. You went there in obedience to a letter of
instiuctions? A. In obedience to orders which 1
. Did you reduce the result of your investigation-
to the shape of a report? A. I was engaged
at that work when General Johnston surrendered
his ai my.
A document being handed to witness.
Q." Have you examined this extract from your
report and compared it with the original? A. Yes,
sir; I have.
Q. Is it accurate? A. So far as my examination
extended it i. accurate.
The document jn-t examined by witness was
offered in evidence, and tliesub-aanceisas follows:
Hearing of the unusual moitality among the
Fedeial pnoners confined at Andersonvillc, Ga.,
in the mouth of August, fsfVl, during a viit to
Kk-hmond, V., I expicssed to the Ssiirgeoii-Gen-eial,
(.-. I. Mooie,) Confederate states of America,
a desire to visit Camp Sumter, with the design of
instituting a series of inquiries into the nature
and causes of the prevailing diseases. Small-pox
had appealed among the piisoners, and 1 belie cd
that this would prove an admirable field for tho
establishment ot its characteristic lesions. The
condition of I'eyer's glands in this disease wa
considered as worthy of minute investigation. It
was believed that a large Inidy of men from the
Northern portion of tho United States suddenly
tiansportcd to a warm southern climate, and con
fined upon a small portion of laud, would furnish
an excellent field for the investigation of the rda
tiorij of t nhiis. tvphoid aud malarial fevers. The
Surgcon-(eutral of the Confederate States of i
America fumShcdnio with the following letter of
introduction to the surgeon in charge of the Con
fidcrate states military prison at Audeisonville. Ga.
Then follows the ncciss-iry letters of introduc
tion, aud the orders to admit him in the stockade,
signed by General Winder and. Captain Wirz.J
lie then gives his observations as follows :
A DESCRIPTION' OF TIIL PRISON.
The confederate military pri-on at Anderson
villc, Gn., consists of a etroug stockade, twenty
feet in height, enclosing twenty -seven acies. The
stockade is formed of strong pine logs, firmly
planted in the ground. The main stockade is sur
rounded by two other similar rows of pine logs,
the middle stockade being sixteen feet high anil
the outer twelve feet. These are intended for
offense and deft use. If the inner stockade should
at any time be forced by the priMiner-, the second
forms another line of defense ; while in case of an
attempt to delh cr the prisoners by a f,iee onerat-
I ing upon the exterior, the outer line forms an ad-
miraoio protection to me conietieraie troops, ami
a most formidable obstacle to cavalry or infantry.
The four angles of the outer line are strengthened
by carthwoi ks upon commanding eminences, fi om
which the cannon, in case of an outlreak among
the prisoner, may sweep the entire enclosure;
and it was dcs-j;ned to connect these works by a
line of rifle-pits l mining zig-zag around the outer
stockade; those rifle-pits have never been com
pleted. '1 he ground enclosed by the innermost
stockade lic in the form of a parallellogiam, the
larger diameter miming almost due north and
south. This space includes the northern and
southern opposing sides of two lulls, between
which a strtam of water runs from et to enst.
rI he surface soil of these hills is composed chiefly I
of sand, with varying admixtures ot clay and oule
of iiou. The clay is sulliciently tenacious to give
a considerable degree of consistency to the soil.
The internal stiuciure of the hills, as revealed by
the deep wells, is similar to that already de-eribed.
The alternate layers of clay and sand, as well as
tho ovale of iron winch forms in its various com
binations a cement to the sand, allow of extensive
tunneling. The prisoneis not only constructed
numerous dirt-huts with balls of clay anil sand
taken from the wells which they have excavated
all over tho-e hill, but they have also in some
cases tunnelled extensively from these wells. The
lower poitiou of tnesc hills, boidenng on the
sti cam, are wet and boggy fiom the constant ooz
ing of water. Tho stockade was built originally
to accommodate only 10,000 prisoners, ami in
cluded at first seventeen acres. Near the close of
the month of June the area was enlarged by the
addition of ten acres. The ground added was
situated on the noilheru slope of the largest hill.
Here he gives a table showing the density of the
population of the prison at ditlcreut periods. In
March it was 9S.7 square feet to each prisoner,
in August y.V7.
IT.s HORRORS DETAILED.
He continues as follows: Within the circuni
sciibed area of the stockade the Federal pris
oners were compelled to perform all the ollices
of life cooking, washing, the calls of nature,
exercise, and sleeping. Dining the month of
March the prison was less crowded than at nny
subsequent time, and then the average space of
ground to each prisoner was only is. feet, or less
than seven square yards. The Federal piisoners
weie gathcicd from all p.ulsof the Confederate
States east of the Mississippi and ciowded into the
confined space until, m the mouth ot June, the
average number of squnro feet of ground was onlv
:.'.:, or less than font squat c yards These liguies
icprcscntthe condition of the stockade in a better
light than it leally was; foruionsiderable breadth
ot land along the stieain, flowing fiom west lo
east between the hills, was low and boggy, and
was covered with the ecieincnl of the men, and
thus mink-led wholly uninhabitable, and. in fact,
useless for eveiy purpose except that of defecation.
The pines and other small trees and shrubs, which
originally weie se tiered spars, jy over these hills,
were in a shoit time cut thm u and consumed by
the prisoners for firewood, and no shade tice was
left in the entire enelosiiie of the stockade. With
their characteristic .industry and ingenuity the
Federals constiuited fr themselves small" huts
and caves, and attempted to shield themeslves
from the rain and sun aud night damps and dew.
But few tents were distributed to the piisoncis,
and those weie in most cases torn and rotten. In
the location and arrangement of these tents and
huts no onler appears to have been followed; in
fact, regular .streets appearto beoutof the question
in so crowded an aiea, especially, too, as large
bodies of prisoners were from time to time added
suddenly, without any previous preparation. The
ii regular arrangement of the huts aud unpcifcct
shelters was very unfavorable for the maintenance
of a proper system of police. The police and in
ternal economy of the piisonwa.s left abtiosl en-
iiieiy in me nanus oi me prisoners ineniscivcs
the duties of I he confederate soldieis acting as
guards being limited to the occupation ot the
bocs or lookouts ranged around the stockade at
regular intervals and lo the manning of the batte
ries at the angles of the prison. Keen judicial mat
ters pel taming to themselves, as the detection and
punishment of such crimes as theft and murder,
appear tt have been in a great measure abandoned
to the prisoners. A striking instance of this oe
curied in the month of July, when the Federal
prisoneis within tho stockade tried, condemned,
ami hanged six of their own number, who hail
been convicted of stealing and of robing and inur
deringthei fellow-prisoners. They were all hung
upon the same day, and thousands of the prisoners
gathered around to witness the execution. Tho
confederate authorities are said not to have inter
cred with theae proceedings. h this collection of
men from all parts of tho world every phase of
human character was represented. The stronger
preyed upon the weaker, and even the sick, who
"were unable to defend themselves were robbed of
their scanty supplies of food and clothing. Dark;
stories were nlloat of men, both sick and well, who
were murdered at night, strangled to death by
their comrades for scant supplies of clothing or
money. I heard a sick ami wounded Federal
prisoner accuse his nurse, a fellow-prisoner of tho
United States Army, of having tenlthily, during
his sleep, inoculated hi-wounded arm with gan
grene, that he might destroy hi-, life mid fall heir to
his clothing. The large number of men confined
within the stockade soon, under a defective system
of police and -with imperfect arrangements, cov
crc 1 the surface of the low grounds with excre
ments. The sinks over the low r portions of tho
stream wen: imperfect in their j1 sn and structure,
anil the excrement were in large measure de
posited -o near the border- of the -trcniii n- not to
) washed away, or cl-c accumulated uponMie low.
'og'gy ground. The olunic of water was not sutli
ticnt to wa'h away the feces, and thev accumu
lated in such quantitio in the lower portion of the
stream as to form a ma-s of liquid excrement.
Heavy rain caused the water of the stream to
ri'-e. and as the arrangements for tic pas.-ngc fit,
the increased amount" of water out of the -toekadw
were iiisulliciciit, the liqii'd f ccs oversowed the
low grounds and covered them s vend inches after
the subsidence of tho waters. The action of tho
sun upon this putrefying ma-s of excrements and
fragments of bread and meat and bonus escitcd
most rapid ferjnentation and developed a horrible
stench. Improvements were projected for the
removal of the fPth and for the prevention of its
accumulation, but they were only partially and
imperfectly carried out.
To be continued.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR.
The Leading Eionts of the War Arranged by
Tun National Tribute, with an eye to the
value of the information which it seeks to im
part to its readers, begins in this number a
chronological record of events relating to the
history of the war of the rebellion. They will
bo arranged as anniversaries of the week. Be
ginning with the operations in Charleston Har
bor, in December, ltfi0, each number of The
Triklwe for the next year will contain tho
date of every important event which trans
pired during that week, compiled from the most
reliable oflicial data available.
The list of events, arranged chronologically,
will embrace every skirmish, action, engage
ment and battle that took place during the
war, as far as tho records of such events are
The rebellion by certain States against the
United States was the result of a discontent long
existing, produced by causes imaginary rather
than actual, and which were exaggerated in
regard to their truo bearing and importance by
the cunning of unscrupulous and ambitious
politicians. The insurrection had its political
and civil features long anterior to the opening
of hostilities. The design of tho Southern
States to secede from the Union was foreshad
owed by the secession of several delegations
from the Democratic National Convention, held
at Charleston, S. C, April 2."5d, 1660. It as
sumed activity and determination upon tho
election of Abraham Lincoln by the Republi
can papty, on the Cth of November following.
The events occurring in l.-h'O, that ushered
in the rebellion, were as follows:
The withdrawal of South Carolina Senators
occurred on the 9th and 11th of November, and
was followed by other withdrawals from the
Cabinet and from Congress. On November ISth.
the State of Georgia appropriated $1,000,000
to'arm the State. On the same day Maj. Robert
Anderson, U. S. A., was ordered to Fort Moul
trie, in Charleston Harbor, to relieve Colonel
Gardner, who had been ordered to Texas.
November 20th to 22d The Baltimore, Rich
mond, Washington and Philadelphia banks
suspended specie payments.
December 10th Howell Cobb, Secretary of
the Treasury, resigned his seat in the Cabinet
of President Buchanan.
Dec. 13th Meeting of the Cabinet in rela
tion to re-en forcemcut of Fort Moultrie, in
Dec. 1-Ith Lewis Cass, Secretary of State,
finding it impossible to induce President Buch
anan to favor the re-enforcement, resigned .his
seat in the Cabinet.
Dec. 20th South Carolina ordinance f se
Dec. 23d Defalcation discovered in t5:e In
dian Trust Fund of $.-30,000. for whie'i Secre
tary Floyd was subsequently intlb -d.
Dec. 2Uth Fort Moultrie. Charl stor li.nr- ,
bor, evacuated by Major Ander-m, r'i itJ
garri-on transferred to Fort Sum -v.
Dec. 30th The United States arv :t? a
Charleston, S. C, seized by Sou!h Carjtlti?
Answers to Correspondents.
TF. J. K, Rising Sun, JH.l. So far wo
know, they are. 2. Yes. 3. After e ai.u ha-s
passed the' Board of Review, pcrhap-a mrh
or six weeks. 4. No barm to writ.- him. if you
simply desire the exact condition of your
IF. .. Foxsilvillc, ra. If the mother is living,
the father cannot be pensioned on account of
dependence upon the son.
Mrs. J. J!., Jliirassce, Git. 1. Your claim is
not barred, except so far as the arrears are con
cerned. 2. Probably in about a month or six:
J. A. IF.. Viinettenville, AT. Y. If you cannot
obtain reason for so long a delay from your at
torney, write direct to tho Commissioner of
L. L. IF., Aldin, Minn. See this column in
Last number. The number might have been
2,500 or 25,000.
Mrs. O. K, Worth, la. 1. Provided sho can
prove dependence upon tho son. yes. 2. Wo
should advise you to write the Quartermaster
General, U. S. A., this city, as to the place of
burial of your brother. State all particulars,
SO that he may understand the case.
I J. A. II., Xew Phila, 0.1, Provided yonr
claim was filed prior to July 1, 1SS0, arrears
j are due in event of allowance; the prior re
i jeetious of the case have nothing to do with tho
i question. 2. The testimony lately furnished
of a commissioned officer will probably be suffi
cient Avithout a hospital record. 3. If the claim,
is reopened, you will probably be ordered for
examination again before final decision is made.
A. IF., Randolph co., III. The man referred
to seems to have been a private soldier and a
deserter. He is not recognized for pay as of a
higher grade unless he was regularly commis
sioned. He cannot collect arrears of pay and
bounty until his record is made clear of the
charge of desertion. The case is a complicated
one, and should he placed with an attorney
familiar with that class of cases.
(i. B. P., IlensmUfr Falls, X. Y. According
to law you are receiving all to which you are
entitled. Wo hope to see a change in rating
such a disability as yours to a higher figure this
J. E. M., llollen, Kan. Send us the names of
the surgeon and captain, and we may be ablo
to assist you. Do not fail to give your regi
ment. II. L. D., Seymour, Conn. 1. No. 2. If feo
agreements filed,: $25; if not, ."slO. 3. Wri'fj tho
Commander, G. A. 11., Department of V. Ya.f
Wheeling, W. Ya.
J. M. L., GitlrcsloH, Tex. I. Write to the
nearest local office, Oregon City. 2. Inquiry
at the Department reveals the fact that you
have received all to which you are entitled.
i Remuinint answers next Keek.
AN' ERROR CORRECTED.
To the Editor National Tribcn'e:
I notice an error in your isc-ue of December
7th in the initial of the name of the person in
whoso honor the Post, So. 2S, G. A. K., lately
established at Yaverle, Ohio, was named.
It appeal in the Portsmouth (Ohio) corre
spondence fhe Post takes its name from John
11. T. liarnes; by an oversight his hame is men
tioned as John A. Barnes.
General MePiieroon Post. No. ST. ii. A. R. of
this place, lids a bright future. It numliers over
one hundred on its rolls now. with a prospect
of adding many more. Tho mator'al is abund
ant, as old soldieis form a l.tig- proportion of
the population of our cotinfv. Your vihscrib-
el's increase hero ill proportion to the new re-
emits received into our G. A. l.. as they leant
its value by mingling with each other.
Your articles on Chanccllorsvillw.Wauhatchie,
Gettysburg, and other battles have been very
interesting to me, having participated in many
of them myself. J. Q. Barnes,
Late Capt. 73d Kegt. O. Y. V.I.
McPiierson', Kan., Dec. IS".
Blteiiuialisni Positively Cured.
Writo for free 40-page pamphlet to R. K.
Helphcnstine, Druggist and- Chemist, Wash
ington, D. C.