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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE :' WASHINGTON, D. d, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1832,
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
A Sad Record of Christmas Crimes
THE PITH OF POLITICS.
Events at the Capitol and
t in the Departments.
The annual report of Lieutenant-Colonel
Thomas L. Casey, Corns of Engineers, U. S. A.,
engineer in charge of the Washington Monti-
inent, shows that at the close of the present
season (Decemhor 1. 1SS2. the height of the
shaft was 340 feet above the level of the floor
of the shaft, showing an increase in height j
during the year of ninety feet. Ho says that i
if the marble can be obtained from this time
forward with the same rapidity as during the
past season, the walls. and pyramidion or roof
of the 6haft can be completed possibly by July
1, 1SS4, and certainly by the close of working
season of 1334. Since the completion of tho
foundation in 15S0 tho total load added to tho
then existing structure has been 28,355 tons,
and the settlement of tho shaft due to this
load has been on au average about 1 inches for
the structure. Tho total pressure now borne
hy the foundation is 74,671 tons, or about 02
100 of the total pressure to be finally placed
upon it. The amount expended on the monu
ment during the past year was $177,849.60,
leaving a balance available of $33,417.37, which
will supply and cut the marble to course 370
and the granite to course 390. An estimate of
$250,000 is asked for continuing the work of
the monument for the year ending Juno 30,
1534, which it is expected will complete the
shaft and pyramidion and also the interior stair
case and elevator, duriug the year 1t.s1. An
appropriation of $250,000 by the present Con
gress is recommended by the Joint Commission
as necessary to complete the Washington monu
ment to its full height of 555 feet.
Three of the regular animal appropriation
bills have now been passed by both houses of
Congress, viz., the Indian, the consular and di
plomatic and the agricultural bills. They still
require action by the House of Representatives,
however, upon various Senate amendments in
creasing their amounts slightly. The House
has also passed the military academy and the
postal appropriation bills. Tho former has been
reported from the Senate committee and placed
upon the Senate calendar in readiness for pas
sage. The latter remains in the hands of the
Senate Committee on Appropriations for fur
ther consideration. The three bills first named,
as increased by tho Senate, provide for aggre
gate appropriations as follows: Indian, $5,370,
256; consular and diplomatic, $1,321,755; agri
cultural, $404,640. The postal appropriation
hill as passed by the House authorizes a total
ixpenditure during the next fiscal year of
f44,21S,520, (which is less than the estimated
postal revenues for the same period,) and the
total of the military academy bill is $305,657.
The army bill now pending in the House pro
vides for a total appropriation of $24,631,500.
Commissioner Price has sent all tho Indian
agents a circular-letter, in which he fospiulntes
a sort of penal code for the government of the
Indians on the reservations. Each agent is
authorized to appoint three of the most intelli
gent and virtuous Indians of tho tribes under
his charge as judges of "a court of Indian
offenses." The jurisdiction of this court is to
extend only to the class of offenses mentioned
in the letter. To take part in the " sun dance,"
the " scalp dance," or the "war dance," is an
offense coming within the jurisdiction of the
court, punishable by imprisonment in the
agency jail not exceeding fifteen days, or the
withholding of rations for tho same period;
plural marriage is to bo punished by a fine of"
not less than $20, or twenty days of hard labor,
or both, at discretion. Polygamists are ineli
gible to be judges. Where an able-bodied In
dian is convicted of failing to support his wife
and children, no rations are to be issued to
him. An appeal lies from, the " Court of In
dian Offense" to the Commissioner of Indian
A communication was laid before the House
last Friday from Messrs. J. G. Ames, superin
tendent of public documents for the Interior
Department ; A. R. Spofford, librarian of Con
gress, and Spencer F. Baird, of the Smithsonian
Institute, relating to the printing and dis
tribution of public documents by authority of
Congress, and recommendiug a reduction in
the number printed. The report also calls
attention to the number of surplus documents
left over, which amounted to 27,600 for the
JForty-sixlh Congress. The whole number of
documents for the Forty-sixth Congress was
2,324,251, of which 96.000 were unbound pam
phlets. For the Forty-seventh Cougress there
have already been printed 1,354,917 documents,
including sixteen volumes of the census.
Mr. Logan introduced a bill in the Senate
last Thursday for the transfer of the weather
bureau from the War Department to the De
partment of the Interior. It provides that so
much of the business of the United States
signal service as relates to meteorological ob
servations shall be turned over to the Interior
Department, and tho enlisted men now em
ployed in this service shall be discharged and
employed as civilians at rates of compensation
not exceeding that which thev now receive.
The bill provides for one chief signal officer of
the army, with the rank of colonel, and one
assistant, with the rank of major, whose duties
shall relate solely to military signaling and
military telegraphing. The lieutenants of the
Signal Corps are to be assigned to regiments of
A meeting was held last week at the Ebbitt
House, at whioh an Association of American
Economists was organized, with the object of
gathering facts and statistics bearing upon in
dustry, commerce and finance, and tho wide
dissemination of economic knowledge. The
following officers wero cloned: President,
Hon. William Lawrence; first vice-president,
Hon. John C. New. Vice-presidents For
Ohio, Hon. C. Delano; for Illinois. David II.
Maaon; for Mas-.achusotts, George Basil I)ix
well ; for Connecticut, Hon. Marshall Jewell ;
treasurer, J. R. Dodge; secretaries. Dr. J. E.
Young and L. Sanial. Tho Association will
hold a meeting in Washington next month.
The Joint Congressional Committee on the
Nowburg (N. Y.) centennial celebration mot
last week and directed Representative Beach,
of Now York, to correspond with the governors
of the various States requesting them, and es
pecially the governors of the thirteen original
fctatos, to attend tho celebration escorted, if
possible, by a military guard of one hundred
men, wearing the Continental uniform. It
was agreed that the celebration should take
place either on the 3d and 4th or 10th and 11th
f October next, and the commission will sug
gest to the Secretary of War that the memorial
riluiun oc erected on the grounds joining
The Japanese Prince Taruhito, of Arisugawa,
jr.ele of the Mikado, has arrived in this city,
accompanied by his suite of five persons. The
distinguished visitor was met at the depot by
the Japanese Minister, the American Secretary,
Mr. Stevens, aud other members of the Lega
tion. The Prince was driven to the Arlington
Hotel in the carriage of the Japanese Minister,
and will remain here until the 29th instant,
when he will leave for San Francisco.
Tho President has sunt the following nomi
nations to the Senate Joel B. Erhart, of New
"York, to be United States marshal for the
r-outhorn district of New York; Geo. M. Lam
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Nice, and George F. Mosher, of New Hamp-
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cnire, to no consul at bonneburg.
Secretary Chandler has received a cable mes
sage from Minister Hunt, dated St. Petersburg,
December 21, stating that the Governor at
W Irkutsk thinks the proposed removal of the
hodies of Dc Long and men impracticable now,
endangering the dogs and reindeer required,
which cannot be replaced if lost.
But very little progress was made the past
tret kin the star route trials. It is rumored
that lierdell, one of the defendants, will turn
The letter from thQ Collector of Customs at
Sitka, Alaska, submitted to tho House in reply
to tho resolution of Mr. Hewitt concerning the
shelling of Alaskan Indians by the revenue
cutter Corwin, justifies the action of officers
Healy, Mgf riam and Adams.
The hearing of Win. Dixon, foreman of tho
star route jury, is approaching a conclusion.
The testimony is all in.
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Mcrriam A. Montgomery, twenty-eight years
of age, shot his two little children, George and
Eva, aged respectively six and four years, at
Packardsville. Mass., Tuesday morning. George
was instantly killed, and Eva is probably fatally
wounded. Montgomery had not lived with his
wife for eight months, leaving her through
jealousy, and she made her home with her
father, Horatio Marsh, a farmer. Montgomery
visited the family Saturday last and stayed
until Tuesday. Tuesday morning he asked his
wife if she would live with him, and she re
fused. He went out, found the children play
ing outsido the door, and shot them with a re
volver. He then tried to shoot his wife and
her father, but was overpowered by the latter
and kept in the house until the sheriff came
and arrested him.
On Christmas morning, in a saloon at Pio
neer, Arizona, Win. Hartley stepped to the bar
to take a drink, when Thus. Kerr, without
provocation, knocked him down. Kerr then
drew a pistol, and saying, "Young fellow, now
I've got you," placed the muzzle to Hartley's
breast and fired, killing him instantly. Ken
was disarmed, and a jury of twelve men held
au informal trial. He asked for an hour's time
to arrange his business. He sat down, and with
perfect coolness wrote to his mother at Lexing
ton, 111., and then called for several drinks.
The citizens then took him out to a sycamore
tree. He made a few remarks, confessing the
killing of several men. He was drawn up once
and let down again, then asked permission to
take of his boots, saying he did not want to " die
with his boots on." This request was granted,
and he was swung up.
A dispatch from Victoria, 15. C, says : ' Forty
Chinese women arrived at this port by the
steamship Yolmer. Thirty-two of the number
were sold to Chinamen who reside in the
United States, and the remaining eight were
reserved for this place. Two Chinamen who
wanted to secure women brought thorn before
the chief justice on a writ of habeas corpus, al-
leging that they were forcibly detained. The
women, however, swore that they were tree
agents, and the cases were dismissed. In tho
course of the investigation it was proved that
the thirty-two women who went to the Ameri
can side wore disguised as ludiau women.
A Chicago dispatch says: So general is the
complaint of sand-bagging and robbery in the
streets at night, and so fast is the crime grow
ing, that the Lumbermen's Exchange, aroused
by the fact that one of their members had been
attacked, robbed, and left senseless on the
street, offer $500 reward for tho perpetrator of
the crime in a document which sharply criti
cises the city government for its slackness.
Since December 1st seventeen cases of this sort
are on record, and probably many have been
In Prince George co., Va.. on Saturday night,
Samuel Rives quarreled with his cousin, Win.
Rives, when a colored man named Parker in
terfered to restore peace between them. Sam
uel Rives shot the negro through the lungs,
; killing him instantly. Hives then shot him
sen, uiowmg ins wnoic neau on. me mur
derer was a nephew of Dr. Geo. Rives, an ex
member of the Virginia Legislature.
Captain C. Ntt, cashier of the Pennsylvania
State Treasury, was shot and killed on Sunday
last at the Jennings Hotel, Uniontown, Pa., by
L. N. Dukes, a well-known member of tho
Fayette county bar, during a personal alterca
tion growing out of the la t tor's alleged inti
macy with a daughter of the deceased.
Jaimjsmyth & Co., manufacturers of ging
liams and cotton goods and the operators of two
large mills in Philadelphia, have failed. The
extent of the liabilities are variously estimated
at figures ranging between four and five hun
dred thousand dollars.
A collision occurred on the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad early Christmas morning near
Millboro Station, by which five men wero
killed and two wounded.
Tho new office of the Buffalo Commercial Ad
vertiser and other property to tho value of
$100,000 was destroyed by fire on the 21st inst.
Goldsmith Hall, Philadelphia, with adjoin
ing property, was destroyed by fire last Thurs
day night, involving a loss of $270,000.
The inajQfrity of the House Committee on
Elections have agreed among themselves that
Kaine, the Mormon delegate from Utah, should
be admitted, notwithstanding the fact that he
does not have the certificate from the Governor
that he has been elected.
Mr. William S. Stenger, of Chambersburg,
has been offered the office of secretary of the
Commonwealth by Governor -elect Pattisou,
and has given an unconditional acceptance.
The Democratic committee of the Ninth
Congressional district of Indiana has nomi
nated Judge Ward, Congressman-elect, for the
vacancy in the present Congress occasioned by
the death of Hon. G. S. Orth.
Colonel J. B? Taylor was nominated by tho
Republicans of the Eighth Ohio district to fill
the vacancy in Congress caused by tho death of
The city officers of Petersburg, Va., appointed
. by the Rcadjustor council on July 1, last, who
j have been on duty ever since without draw
! ing any pay, were paid off in full to Dccemlur
i 1, the amount required being $10,000. The city
J officers appointed by the Funder council on
June 26, and who also have sjrved since July
I 1, will meet to-day to frame a petition asking
tne city council to pay tneni lor services ren
dered, as they are in absolute want.
Oscar Wildo sailed from New York yesterday
Wm. M. Lvarts has accepted the invitation
of the joint Congressional committee on the
Newburgh (N. Y.) Centennial to deliver tin
oration of the day at the centennial culcbra
Representative Bayne, of Pennsylvania, has
received from Strong Vincent Post, No. 67, G.
A. It., Eric, a beautifully engrossed copy of
resolutions recently passed by that organiza
tion commendatory of his efforts in behalf of
the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Erie.
Benjamin S. Rntch, of Milton, Mass., during
life, was taxed as being worth $175,000. His
death made public the fact that ho was worth
$3,000,000. The appraisers of the estate have
filed their inventory in the Norfolk probate, at
Dedham, from which the value of the real
estate is $303,050, and personal estato $3,
203.So3.n2. Mr. Andrew Carnegie, of Pittsburg, Pa., pro
poses to give that city $230,000 for a free library,
provided the city will raise annually $15,000 to
be expended in support of the library. A
special committee of the councils has been ap
pointed to prepare the draft of an act accepting
the gift on the terms proposed.
It is understood that after visiting some '
cities in the Southern States, the Princess
Louise will embark on a British man-of-war
and proceed to Bermuda, where she will remain I
during the most severe portion of tho winter, j
as her health suffers from the intense cold, ltf
is expected that when tbo weather becomes !
warmer she will return to Ottawa, probably
before the close of the next session.
General Meade's veteran charger, Old Baldy,
which carried tho General through many of the
battles of the lato war, was mercifully freed by
poison a few days ago from the infirmities
which age had brought upon him. Gen. Meado
stipulated with John J. Davis, a blacksmith,
living near the old Arlington meeting-house, i
near nulaMelpliia, to wiioni In
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old to poriorm the light duties which Davis
posed upon him, a friondlv bullet or :i ilasc
of poison should end his troubles.
Colonel D. C. Cox. formerly United States
pension agent at Washington, walked into the
river at the fott of Monroe street, Chicago, on
Saturday morning. Bridget Euder heaid tho
splash, and threw the struggling man a plank.
He caught hold of it and was partially drawn
out of the water, but his head being downward
he was insensible when brought out and could
not be resuscitated. The deceased was GO years
old, and a son of Judge Cox, of Columbus, O.
He was assistant adjutant-general of Ohio under
Governor J. D. Cox in Idb'O-'db. During tho
war ho was a military clerk under Goenior
THE OLD WORLD.
Something About What is f'ninij on in Other Lands
Mr. Harrington, secretary of the organizing
committee of tho Irish Land League, will be
prosecuted by tho English government for a
rcceilt speech. Prince. Krapotkine is in sol
itary imprisonment in Lyons, and refuses to
talk. The Pope, in reply to New Year con
gratulations, alluded to attacks upon tho inde
pendence of the sovereignty of the papacy.
Tho decree of tho Khedive- degrading Arabi
and the other rebel pashas has been published.
The distress among small farmers in cer
tain districts of Ireland is increasing. Poff
and Barrett have been convicted at Cork of
the murder of Thomas Browne.-
ment has been set on foot for an exhibition to
bo held in Cork in IS.'J. Arrangements for
an English ministry of agriculture are, it is
reported, almost completed. The Peltzcr
brothers have been convicted in Brussels of
the murder of M. Bernay, which caused
great excitement. Emperor William has
recoveied. The Italian Chamber of Dep
uties has adopted the parliamentary oath bill
introduced by the government. Arrange
ments for an iutcrnation.il exhibition at
Calcutta in 1SS3 have been completed.
Rev. Mr. Herbert Watson, of Northampton,
England, has exchanged letters with resident
Arthur regarding the acquisition by the United
States of certain relics of Washington uow in
England. Kev. Dr. Benson, selected as the
new Archbishop of Canterbury, has become un
popular with the nonconformists on account of
certain utterances in a public speech. A
company is forming in Ireland to develop
manufactures. It is reported that Germany
will place larger garrisons on the Russian fron
tier. At a meeting of the shareholders of the
Now York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio Railroad,
in England, a resolution was carried disapprov
ing of certain recommendations of the commit
tee which visited the United States. A pas
senger train has been stopped and robbed by
bandits near Naples, Italy. Twenty lives
were lost by the falling of a cage in tho liar-,
denburg mine, Prussia, on Wednesday. Hie
Spanish Cortes has adjourned after passing the
motion declaring against any change of the
constitution of 1376. Westgato was dis
charged in tho Dublin Police Court Tuesday in
the absence of any evidence against him.
Lord MacDonald has withdrawn his application
for the ejection of the Syke crofters. Do Cas-
sagnnc was called to order and censured by the
President of the French Chamber of Deputies
THE WHITE HOUSE.
And Ibis It Kver lli'cn Furnished For Pic.Mclciit
The President will begin his receptions on
New Year's day. The White House, redecorated
and refurnished, presents u very much im
proved appearance. In the east room, in which
the curtains and furniture were renewed last
year, nothing has been done, except to put
down a new carpet. This is an Axniinster
aud was ordered from Europe expressly for
this purpose, as a sufficient quantity to cover
this room in any pattern of lino goods could
not bo found iu New York, for it requires over
four hundred yards of carpet for it. Tho pat
tern of this caqiet is too small and its colors
too dull to be suitable for so immense an
apartment. The figures are so small that they
seem indistinctly defined, but the decorator in
charge told me that was because any marked
design in so vast a room must necessarily be so
olten repeated as to become wearisome to the
eye. The colors are, such as are seen in an East
The green parlor, which was entirely refur
nished last year, remains the same. The blue
room is now finished in robin's-egg blue, which
looks green by gaslight. All tho wood-work
about doors and windows, including the win
dow biiud.s, is now of this shade. The material
upholstering tho sofas and chairs, of which the
frames arc the same gilt ones used before but
retouched, is a pale shado of tho robin's-egg
blue, silk canvas with gold warp. Tho cur
tains, of the same silk canvas, have an olive
plush border about two yards dee). These are
fasteued back with silk nioinic cloth and plush
loops. The carpet is an Axminster, with pale
blue ground and small figures. The walls are
a pale shade of robin's-egg blue, with a dado in
a deeper shade. The iringe, which is very
beautiful, is of silver and colors in relief. Cir
cular sconces, about three feet in diameter, of
opalescmt ghiss, are fastened to the walls, from
which extend gilt branches with several gas
burners. These sconces are particularly effect -ive
on the blue walls. Tho ceiling in this, as
iu all the newly-finished rooms, is strikingly
beautiful. It is a combination of ellipses and
shields outlined in relief with silver bands in
side. The shields aro in colored metals on cir
cles enclosing a gold ground. Around the
fire-place are blue opalescent glass tiles.
The most striking feature of tho red parlor
is tho mantel and fire-place, which are wholly
new. Tho hearth is of English earthenware
tiles, a "teapot brown." The mantel is ma
hogany. The fire-place is bordered by brass
mouldings, outside of which is a wide border of
square glass tiles, set in squares over metal
which rcllects the light. Outside this border is
a richlv-carved mahonanv frame, with a nnr-
row shelf at tho top. Above, this is a row of
square panels of Japanese leather, just beneath
the upper mantel shelf of mahogany, which shelf
is ten foot long. Thocolitinns.s'.ipporting this at
each end are of mahogany and represent Roman
fasces. These rise from the floor and, with the
long shelf described, form three sides of a very
large rectangle, with the fire-place iu the cen
tre. The mirror pier, six feci long, is just above
the mantel shelf and is fillcnf in with glass mo
saics. The mirror rovers the remainder of the
wall to the ceiling. The walls are of terra-cotia
red and the dado u crimson brown, like a cop
per beach tree's leaves in autumn. The ceiling
is very beautiful. The central design is stars
in copper and silver, both in the same style.
Tho border is in stripes. The furniture and
curtains arc red, the same as last year. They
are of a rich plush.
The state dining room has pale buff walls
.1 ;i - mi j
aim ceiling, j ne curtains are oi green gatni,
with gold cornices. The glass doors leading
into the conservatory, one on each side of the
fire-place, where windows were, arc a pleasing
addition to this room. Plants show through
them to advantage. The corridor has its walls
now of a golden olive. The niches arc lined
with mottled gold paper, against which ferns
and palms, in the. majolica vases set on marble
pedestals in the nidus, will show well. The
ceiling is a light ivory ground, with medalions
and panes broken up with tracery of gold,
silver and brass. Below the frieze is a border
of perforated brass from India.
A SOLDIER'S PORTRAIT.
A General Who Hoard tins First Shot at Siimfor
aiiil I Iio Last at Appomattox.
A committee of the Pennsylvania Reserve
Association from Philadelphia, consisting of
General William MeOandless, Colonel George
A.Woodward, U. S. A., and member of the
Second Pennsylvania Reserves: Major J. A.
MoPharron, of the Fifth; Charles Dcvine, of
the Second, and James E. McLano, of the One
Hundred and Forty-second, visited llarri.sburg
last Thursday for the purpose of presenting to
the State a large anil finely executed portrait,
of General S. Wylie Crawford, the last division
eomniander of tho Pennsylvania Reserves.
The presentation ceremonies were begun soon
af er the arrival of the Reserve Association,
all the preliminary arrangements having been
pcrfecti'd. Among those present were Gov
ernor Hoyt, Lieutenuiit-Govtrnor-olect Black,
Attorney-General Palmer, Colonel Levi Marsh,
State Treasurer Baily, General Dcvcns and
Michael Schill, chairman of the Ri.-publir.ui
county committee, of York. Rev Dr. Crawford,
of Chambersburg, brother of tho general, Ches
ter N. Farr and a number of llarrisburgcrs
who shared the privations and tri niphs of the
Pm nsyl van ia Reserves. The portrait of Gen
eral Crawford tiaing been placed iu position
in the State library where it revived the
benefit of a good light and cuuld be seen by all
in the room, General MeCai:dl-ss presented it
in a feeling address. Governor lloyt said:
" You have given to us the counierfeitprcsent
ment of one who was singularly fortunate iu
representing, in his personal history, tho events
in which ho took pari. As one of Major An-dci-hon's
command at Fort Sumter, li heard
the first gun which opened the war. tile com
luauded in the final charge in the culiuiiiating
battle iu which the rebellion reached high
water mark and receded southward nut to re
turn, and, iff am correctly informed, he heard
also the last shot fired at Appomattox." The
ponrait prcsentod to tin State is much larger
than tiiose of Generals M-ade aud Hancock,
the frame being six iVef four niches hih, and
five feet wide. The picture, which was gen
erally admired by those who inspected it, was
painted by Mr. Hewit, of Philadelphia
THE WORK OF CONGRESS.
A Futile Attempt to .Do Business in
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
The Debate Still Raging in
In the Senate, on Thursday, the 20th inst.,
among the petitions presented wero tho follow
ing by Mr. Mitchell (Pa.): A petition of 100
citizens of Towanda, Bradford county. Pa.; a
petition of Post No. 13!), G. A. R., of Scranton,
Pa.; a petition of forty-one citizens of Canton,
Bradford county, Pa. ; a petition of 102 citi
zens of Eric county, Pa.; a petition of thirty
four citizens of Bradford county, Pa. : a peti
tion of 100 citizens of Bucks and Montgomery
counties, Pa. ; a petition of forty-two citizens
of Union county, Pa.; a petition of Stark
weather Post, No. GO, G. A. R., M nongahela
City, Pa.; a petition of nineteen citizens of
Allegheny count-, Pa.; a petition of niucty
soven citizens of Mount Pleasant, Westmore
land county, Pa.; a petition of 10b' citizens of
Marietta, Lancaster county, Pa. ; a petition of
.'500 citizens of Harrisburgli, Pa. ; and a peti
tion of nineteen members of G. A. R. Post No.
197, of Centre county, Pa. ; all praying for the
passage of tho bill (II. R. 1-110) to amend the
pension laws by increasing the pensions of sol
diers and sailors who have lost an arm or a leg
m tiie service; wincii wero referred to the
Committee on Pensions.
Mr. Bayard (Del.), from the Committee on
Finance, reported the following substitute for
the resolution offered by Mr. McPhcrson (N.
J.) in relation to the reduction of tho tobacco
"Resolved, That wbenorcr the internal revenue
tax on tobacco, tsmiH', and cigars is reduced or re
moved, iv proportionate rebate of the tax paid on
the stocks on hand should bo allowed."
Bills were introduced as follows:
By Mr. Rollins ( Yt.) to punish larceny from
tin! person in the District of Columbia.
By Mr. Logan (111.) fixing and defining the
duties of the Signal Service.
At the close of the morning hour Mr. Hale
(Me.) called up the resolution for a holiday
Mr. Garland (Ark.) offered an amendment
giving the consent of the Senate to the House
taking the proposed recess.
The Garland amendment was lost ayes 17,
The question then recurred on the resolution
reported from tho committee to take a recess
from Decemhor 22 to January 3. On this the
vote resulted ayes 25, noes 3o and the reso
lution was declared lost.
The civil service bill was then taken up
Mr. Call (Fla.) inado an argument against
the hill, aud, at the conclusion of his remarks,
Mr. Davis (W. Va.) moved to lay it aside in
order to take up the agricultural appropriation
.Mr. Pendleton (O.) reluctantly consented,
and the latter bill wiia taken up, slightly
amended, and passed, when the Senate again
resumed consideration of the civil service bill,
Mr. Williams (Ky.) opposing it as impracticable
and worthless. He argued that the only way
to reform is to elect au honest President iii
166-1, turn on the hose, give him a big hickory
broom, and tell him to sweep the platter clean.
The amendment proposed by Mr. Pendleton,
striking out the provision that entrance to the
service shall be at the lowest grade, and substi
tuting one that appointments shall be appor
tioned as nearly as possible among the States
and Territories and tho District of Columbia
upon the basis of population was agreed to.
In the Seuato on Friday, tho 22d inst., tho
following resolution in regard to the tobacco
tax was adopted, after debates participated in
by Messrs. Bayard (Del. J, Beck (Ky.), Morrill
(Vt.), and others:
Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that
whenever- the internal-revenue tax on tobacco,
siiulf, or cigars is reduced or removed, unless
ample previous notice of the time when tho act is
to take effect shall be given, a proportionate rebate
of the taxes paid on tho stock, on hand should bo
At 2 o'clock the civil service bill came up as
Mr. Vau Wyck (Neb.) moved to amend sec
tion 2 so as to require absolutely an apportion
ment of the offices among the States and Terri
tories on the basis of population, aud spoke in
favor of his amendment.
Senator Mahone made a speech on Rcadjuster
political assessments in Virginia.
Tho question was then taken on Mr. Brown's
amendment, making the term of the first com
missioners one, two and three years, respect
ively, and that of their successors six years.
Lost ayes 2;, nays 27.
Mr. Saulsbury Del.) offered an amendment,
which was adopted, requiring the commission
ers to take an oath to. perform their duties im
partially and without political bias.
On motion of Mr. Plumb (Kan.) the salaries
of tho commissioners were reduced from $-1,500
Mr. Logan (III.) gave notice that later ho
would move to make it $1,000.
SAT fit DAY'S IMHX'EEDINC.S.
In the Senate on Saturday, the2od inst., tho
consideration of the civil service relorm bill
was resumed. An amendment, offered by Mr.
Pugh, providing that the present employees iu
the Departments, except soidiers, shall bo sub
jected to competitive examination like persons
outside, led to a longoiebale, participated in by
benators Jones, Morgan, Garland, Logan, Bay
ard, Brown and others.
An amendment of .Mr. Morgan's was adopted,
reducing tho number of commissioners from
five to three, and requiring that nono of them
shall hold any other place under the United
The session was a protracted one. At leu
o'clock, p. iu., the Senate got back to the old
talk abtuit forced assessments, the provocation
being Mr. Hawloy'.s amendment absolutely
prohibiting the solicitation or receipt of contri
butions by officers of too Government from
each other for political purposes.
Finally, at 11:35. the Senate adjourned to
WKDNKS DAY'S PRTirjiKm ...
In the Senate, on Wednesday, the 27th inst.,
on motion of Mr. Mot all ( Fla.) a resolution was
adopted, directing the Secretary of the Interior
to inform tho Senate bow many cases of con
tested homestead entries are now pending in
the Department, and how lung each eas has
been pending, and whether any legislation is
necessary to expedite the decisioh of such con
At theclo3eof the morning business the Pen
dleton civil servico bill was taken up, according
to thu understanding when IheSenuteadjourned
on Saturday night last. The pending qiieition
was on the amendment offered by Mr. Ilawley,
to add as additional sections Iho bill reported
by him from the Committee- on Civil Service
Reform to prohibit the solicitation oi collection
of political contributions by officers of tho Gov
ernment from other Government officers or
In the House, on Thursday, the 21st inst.,
Mr. McCoid (hivl, by unanimous consent, intro
duced a bill (If. R. 7130) giving legislative con
striie.tion of section -17-17 of the Revised Statutes,
exempting pension -money from execution;
which was read a first and second time, referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary, ami ordered
to be printed.
Mr. Kelley (Pa.), chairman of the Committee
on Ways and Means, reported a resolution
declaring it to bo tho sense of tho House
that in case the internal revenue laws be so
amended as to abolish the tax ou tobacco, snuff,
and c:gar or either, provision should bo made
for allowing a rebate of the tax paid on stock
tin hand at the time such law goes into effect ;
provided that such stock is stamped and in un
Mr. Kasson (la.), in behalf of the minority
of the committee, reported, as u substitute, a
resolution declaring that in the judgment of
the House no further reduction of the tuxes on
the maniifictuivs of toh,i-.v aiiall now be made
than that provided fjr iu the l.tousj bill to
reduce internal revenue taxation now pending
in tho Senate.
Objection being made to their present consid-
eratiou, the resolutions were referred to tho
Committee of the Whole, and Mr. Kelley gave
notice that he would ask for their consideration
to-day or to-morrow.
The House at 12:15 went into Committee of
the Whole on the army appropriation bill,which
mi day's proceedings.
In tho House on Friday, the 22d inst., Mr.
Kelley (Pa.) chairman of the Committee on
Ways and Means, acting under instructions of
that committee, moved that when tho House
adjourned Saturday, it bo to meet on Wednes
day next. Agreed to yeas 101, navs "7.
Mr. Iliscock (N. Y.) offered a resolution de
claring that on and after Wednesday, .'id of
January, tho hour of the meeting of the House
shall beat. 11 a. m. during the remainder of
tho session. Adopted yeas 110, nays 42.
Mr. Rice (Mo.,), from the Committee on Pen
sions, reported a bill granting pensions to cer
tain soldiers and sailors of the Mexican and
certain Indian wars.
The House then went into Committee of the
Whole on the army appropriation bill.
Mr. Thomas offered an .amendment providing
that aides-de-camp (except those of the general
of tho army) shall not receive any additional
rank or pay by reason of having been detailed
to staff duty. Agreed to.
In the absence of the Speaker the House was
called to order by Mr. Page, of California. Mr.
Peclc, of Indiana, moved that the House ad
journ, pending which the Speaker pro lew. sub
mitted five requests for leave of absence, but
they were objected to amid much noise and
confusion. The House refused to adjourn, the
yeas being 50 aud the nays 5S. The roll-call
was several times interrupted by Mr. White,
of Kentucky, with points of order, which cre
ated much merriment, until the Speaker pro
lc;n. at last flatly refused to recognize the gen
tleman. Tho leaves of absence were granted,
and the House at 12:50 adjourned until Wed
nesday. WEDNESDAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
In the House, on Wednesday, the 27th inst.,
no business of importance was transacted.
Two or three private bills were passed, but
Mr. Rice (Mo.), then proceeded to object to all
requests for unanimous consent.
The regular order being demanded, the
Speaker proceeded to call the committees for
Mr. Steele (Ind.), from the Committee on
Military Affairs, reported a bill to increase the
efficiency of the Inspector-General Depart
ment. Referred to the Committee of the
It increases tho number of Inspector-Generals
from five to ten.
The Speaker laid before the House the report
of the joint commission ou the Washington
After granting several leaves of absence, the
House adjourned until Saturday.
SHALL I GO WEST?
The Problem Which Is Uppermost in tho 3Iinds of
From flie December Century.
The young man in the older communities of
the l-3ast, reading of the marvelous growth of
this new western country, often asks himself
whether he could not wisely join the ranks of
the next annual migration. No doubt the
question, "Shall I go West?" is the uppermost
problem in the minds of thousands of the young
men of the East, who have still their careers to
make, and have not yet gained a secure and
promising footing iu the business world. It is
a question which each must answer for himself,
and concerning which no advice can be given
i that would be of universal application. It
would be a grievous mistake to suppose that a
change of longitude alone insures success. Idle
ness, incompetency, and a nerveless, drifting
disposition have no better chance in Montana
than in Massachusetts. Indeed, there are some
men who run along fairly well in the East, in
the grooves of custom and of established ac
quaintance and business connections, who
would make lamentable shipwreck if set adrift
in a new western community.
On the other hand, the chances for a young
man of average pluck and energy are unques
tionably much better in the West than in the
East. He shares the advantages of being among
tho first to open a fresh store-house of natural
wealth. He gets the first dividend on the in
crease of value resulting from bringing popula
tion upon the soil. The land he buys for three
or four dollars an acre, or gets for nothing by
homestead settlement, soon becomes worth ten
or fifteen. If he embarks in trade or in auy
nicchanical pursuit, his wares or his services
are in brisk demand, because all the new-comers
around him require goods and implements, j
Then there is a certain stimulus in the moral I
atmosphere caused by the ambitions and ener
gies of a new community full of hope and
activity, which makes hardships easy to bear,
aud causes buoyancy of spirits.
Western people find it hard to make their
friends in the East understand just what they
mean when they speak of the difference in tho
business and social tone of the two sections. It
is a difference to bo felt rather than defined.
There is vastly more energy and more hope per
capita of the population in now communities
than oid, aud the immigrant feels at once the
resulting stimulus. It braces up the listless j in a thriving condition. A neat programme,
and the desponding, and makes even the mot , entitled "Tho Skirmisher," was published dur
active man conclude that there is a deal more ! ing tho fair.
in him in the way of work and ideas than he
supposed. Many a young man who would have
remained a clerk or small-salaried employee of
some kind all his life bad he stayed in the East,
becomes, amid tho larger opportunities of the
Wtat.ii "leading citizen,'' and the owner of a
fine farm or a prosperous business.
The young man going West can, therefore,
count upon the opportunities of obtaining good
land at small cost, tho business openings grow
ing out of the wants of a new community, and
the moral incentive that comes from contact
with hopeful, enterprising people. If he does
not succeed in gaining a full measure of inde
pendence in tho course often years, tho reason
will lie in his own disposition. Ho will cither
lack energy and capacity, or he will be so much
a croaturo of habit and so thoroughly tho out
growth of an older civilization that he cannot
adjust himself to the new environments. There
are men, as well as troos, that will not thrive
when transplanted. The intending emigrant
would do well to study his own disposition
carefully, and make sure that he is not of that
GRAND ARMY ORDERS.
IIkadq'rs. Dkpt. of Nkw Hampshire,
Grand Army of the Rkpuhi.il,
Lvkk YitXAGK, N. 11., Dec. IS, lS'J.
General Order.. No. 8.
I. Officers of Posts for 1SS3 will bo installed
at tho first regular Encampment in January.
Tho ceremony will be performed by the Senior
Past Post Commander, or by any staff officer
present, excopt when otherwise directed from
Installing officers, before attending to their
duties, will see that Post returns and quarterly
dues have bjon tendered, ami the Quartermas
ter's bond properly executed.
They. will report the completion of their du
ties, giving the names of officers and tho tiato
of installation, to the Chief Mustering Officer,
John C. Linehau, Fisherville.
lly order of Martin A. ITaynes.
A. A. G.
H' UQRs Department of Vermont,
Grand Army of the Republic,
Bennington, Vt., Dec. -1, 1S82.
General Order, No. M.
1. The Annual Encampment of this Depart
ment will be held in February next, and tho
number of delegates which the Dopaitment
will be entitled to iu the next National En
campment will depend on tho number of mem
bers in good standing ou the 31st of tho present
II. The year thus far has been one of unex
ampled additions to the membership of our Or
der in the Department of Vermont. There is
yet time for a further increase boforo the end
of the quarter.
An average gain of ten in eaeh Pest, will
make an aggregate gain of several hundred.
For iVsts which cannot gain ten,, there arc
PoU which, by proper effort, can add double
that number to their membership.
Many Posts aro making extra efforts iu re
cruiting, and a call is made for an advance all
along the line.
It is recommended : 1st. That each Post hold
open meetings, especially inviting comrades in
neighboring Posts and ex-soldiers to be present.
2d. That, when necessary, special meetings be
held to muster in recruits. 3d. That the name
of tho comrade securing the largest uunibor of
recruits in their respective Posts be reported to
HI. U?til 'January 1, 15S3, investigating
committceSrW whom applications for member
ship are referred, are hereby authorized to re
port at the time of their appointment, provid
ing the Commander of the Post deems an im
mediate report desirable for tho good of th
Order. A. D. Valentine,
Official : Com. Dept. Vt, G. A. K.
C. C. KlNSJIAN,
A. A. G.
Anil the Very Substantial KitfimTs Which it Cnntalns
for the Bovs.
Comrade H. Ilenkell. of MinonV. Illinois,
writes us: "We organized a P.-t at thi place
November 15th, 162. to be known a Captain
Louis G. Keedy Post, No. IHO. Wo started
with eleven members, all first class, and it is
tho intention of tho members to mak Post 1150
a credit to the Grand Army. Last Wednesdtty
night, at our regular meeting, we elected tha
following officers for the ensuing voar: Com
mander, C. P. Waterman; S. V. C T. J. Tay
lor; J. V. C, G. S. Foot; Chaplain, AVilliam
Juclg; O. D., J. C. Wickler; Q. M.. L. C. Pray;
S. M.,.T. W. January: Q. M. S.. C. E. Dunham;
Adjutant. II. Henkell. Our Post is composed
of good men, and every one a worker. Some
time in the future you shall hear good reports
from Post Kin. Wo intond to give an enter
tainment about February 1st; we aro having
a good time now in mustering in the old boys";
we have a number of applications nowou hand
waiting their turn to come in. We extend a
cordial invitation to all ex-soldiers to call and
see us when passing this way. The latch
string is always out."
We aro indebted to a soldier's wife for the
followingacoount: ,k Hatch Post,2H, at Friend
ship, New York, held a successful Camp-fire
Thursday evening, December 11th, at Cran
dall's Opera House. Rations of hard-tack,
coffee, and pork and beans, were iasued and
enjoyed by all present. A soldier's wife played
tho organ, while the boys in blue sang 'The
Army Bean,' 'Tenting on the Old Camp
ground,' ' Columbia, the gem of the Ocean,'
and several other songs, dear to the memory of
our soldiers. Toasts were given, stories told of
army life aud starvation in Anderson ville; but
that was too black a page of history for our
pleasant entertainment, so we had a few more
songs, ending up with three hearty cheers for
the Union and the G. A. R. The officers of the
Post arc as follows: Commander, Rev. J. A.
Copeland; S. V. C, James Wetherell; J. V. C,
II. S. Corbin; Q. M., Captain A. B.Bradley;
Chaplain, George Clapp ; O. D., George W. Ben
jamin; O. G., James Howard; Surgeon, Dr.
C. C. Deming.
The Franklin county, O., ex-Prisoners of
War Association met in Columbus last week.and
adopted the following resolution : " Resolved, by
the Franklin county Association of ex-Union
Prisoners of War, in view of the action of the
Franklin county Soldiers' and Sailors' Associa
tion deciding to hold a grand Reunion in July,
1683, that we respectfully ask the executive
committee of the Ohio Association, ex-Prisoners
of War, to reconsider the action by which
Newark, Ohio, was selected as the place for
holding the next annual Reunion of said Asso
ciation, and that Columbus be selected instead,
and that the time of holding the same be in
conformity with the date fixed by the Frank
lin comity Soldiers' and Sailors' Association
for a general Reunion."
Comrade A. H. L. Giffin, S. V. C, of Dewitt,
Nebraska, writes: "It would do you good to
hear the tributes of praise your paper gets from
the boys of our Post. We opened the 9th of
last March, with 23 members, and have b"5 on
the roll at this time, with a good prospect for
more. Iu one of your issues you credited our
Camp-fire to Dewitt, Kansas, in place of Dewitt,
Nebraska, held October 25th last. We had a
glorious good time, and don't like to lose the
credit of it."
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee has been invited by the
Grand Army Post of Bangor, Me., which num
bers among its members 350 old soldiers, to de
liver before them and tho citizens of E.ngoc
his lecture on the "Battle of Chaucellorsvitle,"
which recently mot with great success i: the
Southern cities. Genera? Lee has respond 1 to
the invitation tha while it is out of his power
to accept the invitation at this time. ;t vill
give him pleasure to do ao at some future da-y.
Palmer Post, of Winsted, Conn.. hoM h
largely attended bean-bake ou Tiu-.-.iy of I -s'
week. Speeches were made and reu :.. o-.i- s
narrated by Col. Sloan. Capi. H. P.. . t i -,
James Forbes, Jacob Widmcr, J. i'. ;.i.mn,
S. W. Sage, Capt. S. B. Home, M. W.Finn. ioJ.
A. H. Fenn and others. Aside from f i.e. rheer
guests, twenty-one veterans wero pres. i; : .'rem
New Hartford, where a new Post is shortly to
Christopher C. Argle, who served in the
Second Michigan (Company B) until the clqse
of the war, and was known as an intrepid and
gallant soldier, died on the 13th inst. at Detroit.
He was a member of Fairbanks Post, No. 17,
and his comrades attended the funeral in a
General James Appleton Post, No. 12S, of
Ipswich. Massachusetts, held a grand fair in
tho town hall from tho 22d to the 25th insts.,
for the benefit of the relief fund. The Post is
Comrade P. G. Hodgdon. of North Craftsbury,
Vermont, writes us : "Flint Post, No. 12, named
in honor of Captain Flint, of the First Vermont
cavalry, who was killed iu battle, was organ
ized here on the loth inst., with 17 charter
members. Commander Leach, of Wolcott Post,
mustered them in."
General Louis Wagner, treasurer of the joint
committee having in charge the collection ot
money for the soldiers' monument in German
town, Pa., acknowledges the receipt of sub
scriptions amounting to a total of S10,607.3S.
"The Spv of Atlanta," given week before
last by the Battery and G. A. R. of Milfield, Pa.,
was well patronized, and realized a handscmo
sum for the companies. The play was well re
ceived. Comrade J. F. Tuttlc writes us from Turin,
N. Y., that Mulen Post, G. A. K., was estab
lished there on December 1st, with 23 charter
members, and is now in good working order.
Commander Hillikcr, of Knowlos Post, No.
52, Comma, Maine, writes us that although the
Post was only organized last March, with In
charter members, it now musters 56 veterans
a handsome increase.
Comrade llnrtsough writes us that Robin3
Post, No. 01, Upper Sandusky, Ohio, is in a
! tlourishing condition, having between 00 aud
! A comrade of Kenesaw Post. Danville, HI.,
I which was organized throe years ag writes us"
that it is now in a flourishing condition, with
j over 100 members. Comrade Madden has been
' re-elected commander.
Tho recent fair of McPhorson Post, of Hack
ensack, N. J., netted upwards of a thousand
dollars for the relief fund.
The recent fair of James C. Rice Popfc, ot
t New Y"ork, yielded about two thousand dollars
lor the relict fund.
Weare indebted to Mr. John It. Ransom, of this
city, for a relic of Andersonville, consisting: of
a piece of wood cut from one of the logs of"thu
old stockade. Comrades can procure similar
relics by addressing Mr. Ranson, Lock Box
-117, Washington, D. C.
Canon Dr. Bock, tho we'tl-known Swiss anti
quary, who has been making an oxaminatiou
of tho relics belonging to the Cathedral of
Berne, declares it to be richer iu archwolugicnl
treasures than almost any othn Proteotiuifc
church in christemlohi. The money worth ot
the treasures he eatsmates at upward of
An old physician, retired from practice, hav
ing had placed in his hinids by ait East ludia
missionary the formula of a simple vrjfetablc
remedy for the speedy and penaaneut tnro for
Consumption, Bronchi ti ;. Catarrh. Asthma, un(t
all throat and lung affection-, ai-n a positive
and radical cure for m-r.oui debility and all
nervous complaints, after liavin tested its'
wonderful, curative powers in ttiousamls of
cases, has felt it his tluiy to make it known to
his suffering fellows. Actuated y this motive
and a desire to relieve human suffering, I will
send free of charge, to all who desire it, this
recipe, in German, French, or Eug'ish, with
lull directions for preparing and using. Sent
by mail by addressing, with stamp, naming this
paper, W. A. No yes, 149 Power's Block, Rochester,