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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D.' 0., THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1883.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
As a termination to the perioral operations
involved in the culture and care of all valuable
plant, and all those not entirely hardy, against
:t winter of great severity, attention should be
directed towards affording them some protec
tion. The best method of protection to plants
which can be so treated is to lay them prostrate
and cover them with soil. Tender roses -can
e;.sily be pegged down on the surface and cov
ered. Ileavy coverings are not nocesary ; tho
object is to guard against exposure to drying,
freezing winds, and a covering one inch in depth
will be sufficient. This covering may consist
of rotted manure, sand, &C In this manner
jrapes may be protected, and ripened shoots of
3Igs may lie safely put through the winter, if
tho soil covering is supplemented by a layer of
leaves or strawy litter. Even tho hardiest
plants will respond to this timely attention by
an increased vigor of growth next summer.
Lawns are sometimes disligured by being coatod
with rough manure at this season. One of tho
be?t methods of maintaining lawns is to top
dress them now with iv sprinkling of ordinary
good soil, mixed with a portion of lime,
cay one part lime to ten of soil ; let this bo
cveuly scattered over the grass, aud it will
fink down and nourish the root fibers. Tho
shrubbery borders should not be neglected ; a
manure dressing will cause the plants to flower
all the better when the blooming season ar
i.ves; but it is not good practice to dig or fork
deeply near the roots of the plants; it is better
to leave the manure on the surface, in this case,
than to cover it.
ceijcsox cloyxr. (Trifdtium Incarmtttm.)
The carnation or crimson clover is an annual
plant from Italy. It has long been grown in
gardens for the beauty of its flowers, which aro
in spikes of a bright scarlet color; there is also
a white flowering variety which is quito orna
mental. This species of clover has been recommended
ss yielding an abundant crop of excellent cattle-food
in a short tin?. In tho south of
Irance. and in other parts of Europe, it is sown
broadcast on grain stubble immediately after
the crops are harvested, the soil receiving no
preparation except that of loosening or stirring
the surface with a harrow just enough to cover
tho seed. From this sowing a heavy crop is
obtained early in the following summer, which
is removed in time for plowing up tho laud
turning in the clover stubble and roots and
E owing it with turnips, planting it with ota
tnes or with some other late fall crop. This
circumstance of its rapid growth in compara
tively cool weather, suggests its importance as
!, forage plant in some of the Southern aud in
tho warmer parts of tho Middle States, whero
it might grow nearly all the winter.
Sown on grain stubbles, on cornfields after the
removal of the stalks, or on cotton lands after
the last working of the cotton plants, or probably
after the picking is finished, a valuable addi
tion to tho supply of winter food for stock
might be secured, and an important addition
to fertility be gained by plowing down tho
remainder of the clover crop when preparing
the land for spring cropping ; and if left undis
turbed by cattle during tho spring months, a
crop of hay might be harvested in April or Slay,
Recording to the climate and latitude of tho
THE BOOTS OF THE TOBACCO PLANT.
Dr. Sturtevant says that the tobacco plant is
a shallow rooter. The roots not only grow
close to the surface, where is the greatest
warmth, but when hoed and tho nearest roots
to the plant probably destroyed, the roots come
to the surface again between the rows. Culti
lalion, by furnishing a friable soil, seems to
increase largely xuo nuruuer 01 luu sunatu
roots, and thev do not seem to have the power
1 of entering land which is unbroken. The decp-
est root traced went down about twenty inches.
There seems to be twg systems of roots to this
plant, one large and tailoring quickly to a point,
the others more in number, penetrating a dis
tance of two and a half feet from the plant and
but very slender, maintaining an equal thick-
i ness throughout. Some of these roots were
Been to grow upward shortly after leaving tho
) stem until they camo nearly to the surface
J of tho ground.
y APM.ES FOE KENTUCKY.
A memler of the Kentucky Horticultural
Society, after an experience and observation of
a quarter of a century, recommends the follow
ing list of apples for "that State : For summer
t.o Early Harvest, Golden Sweet, Red As
trachan, Early Strawberry, Early Margaret,
and Maiden's Blush. For autumn tho Rambo,
Full Queen, and Fall Pippin. For early win
terthe Koine Beauty, Ben Davis, and North
c rn Spy. For late winter keepers the Rambo,
Janet, Limber Twig, Fenick, Shockley, and
Smith's Cider. The latter name he suggests to
clinngf to the Smith Apple, a its present namo
indicates that it is only fit for cider or vinegar,
irtead of its being a valuable, good keeping
table apple, which it is.
PICKLING SEED "WHEAT.
A writer in an English agricultural paper
remarks that, after trying many recipes for
emut, such as steeping the seed in a strong so
lution o brine, and afterwards mixing it with
quick-lime, soaking in urine, &c, all of which
would occasionally fail, he believes that an in
fallible remedy against smut is simply to dis
erlve half a pound of blue vitriol in hot water
and cool it to the temperature of new milk ;
ib 'u pour it over three bushels of wheat spread
or. a barn floor, turn it about three times, being
very particular to have every grain wet. An
ordinary water pail holds sufficient for eight
bi.-hels. He has used this preventive for
tie!ve years with unvarying success upon land
much subject to the plague in former years, and
With ten varieties ot wheat.
Ftcfc' Floral Guide for 1833, Rochester, ew
Tork. All of the publications of the late James
Tack were unique examples of excellence in
every respect in valuable matter of informa
tion upon the subjects treated, in life-like and
hjhly-finished ii lustrations, and neatness of
typography. The Guide for 1883 issued by his
Eons, who promise worthily to fill his place, is not
inferior to any which has heretofore been issued
f . nm the establishment. It is profuse in illus-t-.aioua
and minute in descriptive details, and
every person interested in plants and flowers
should procure a copy of this work.
rNi-LUEXCK OF LIKE OX TUB GEESUKATIOK
According to Dr. Liebenberg il appears that
the seeds of many plants require the presence
cl lime in the soil during the germinating
process, or the seedlings die for want of it. Jle
has likewise shown that many other plants do
liot fail to germinate freely and well without
lij- presence of lime in the soil. He also points
on that plants which fail to grow through the
1. 'MMiec of lime in the soil do not fail in con
p 'juenee-of the injurious effect of any other
matters that may be present, but because lime
i. essential to their healthy growth.
POOT EOT IX SICKEP.
A Vermont sheep raiser says that tho host
method of doctoring sheep for this malady is to
vet every foot of every sheep in the flock,
f-und or lame, thoroughly with kerosene or
coal oil, and put what sulphur you can lake in
the thumb and finger bVtween tho hoofs of
eb foot. Keep them in a dry place for twelve
lioi.rs. Repeat this operation in about two
nicks, and you will have no more trouble.
It may not be generally known that for
many years large quantities of eggs are im
ported into this country. In a recent statc
nif nt from the United States Bureau of Statis
tics it is announced tliat in the month of July
l-4-t 1,436,414 dozen eggs were imported; anil
that in the seven months ending on July 31st,
G,!00.477 dozen eggs were brought to this coun
try, the estimated value of which was $1,021,
7o, all of which shows that poultry raising is
very ikr firom being overdone in this country.
Crib-biting is often a mere habit, hut it way
he caused by disease. Indigestion occasions a
r' instant irritation and uneasiness, which may
ii :;.(-l the horse to take hold with the teeth and
Fr tcb the neck as a means of relief. From
i'.ii grows the habit of crib-biting and wiud-H'-king,
which- ceafses when the cause is re
moved. As a remedy give the house in his
feed, daily, for a 'few weeks, one drachm of
copporas and half an ounce of ground ginger,
and fed hinu,lKtt -cut feed, with crushed or
ground grain, and an ounce of salt in each
COLTO IN HOKSSS.
Colic in horses is often brought on by feed
ing hay passed through cornstalk-cutters, mixed
with meal, middlings or bran, then wet up.
The horse eats this food thus prepared so rap
idly that it is not properly masticated, and con
sequently becomes so clodded in the stomach as
to cause indigestion, followed by colic, more
especially if directly after eating he is allowed
to drink heartily of water, and the colder this
is so much more is it liable to bring on colic
SAVE THE SIANUBE.
The test of good farming is found in the
thoroughness with which every scrap of ma
nure is cleaned from the barnyard, at least
twice a year, for the use of crops. A consider
able quantity of manure will accumulate during
the summer, aud is best applied as top-dressing
for such wheat or grass as is to bo ploughed
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest or Information Collected From Yarloas
I regard shade as indisiensibIo to thrift aud
comfort of cnttlo in summer, and givo no cre
'deuce to tho claim that cows will make moro
milk, or steers put on more flesh when deprived
of shade. Wo feed to givo animals thrift and
comfort, and when wo iinposo conditions that
inako comfort impossible there will not bo
much thrift. The cow that is compelled to
graze iu tho hot sun, when sho desires shade,
will givo no good return for what sho eats, and
the ox tha.t can not refresh himself by shade
when the sun burns his flesh, will make no
profit for his owner. We feed cows for milk, it
is true, but they do not Trequiro all the time to
fill their stomachs. To do well they must havo
timo to ruminate, and in hot weather shade is
needed to make that process complete; that is
to say, shade is tho condition of comfort, and if
not provided, tho best returns for what is eaten
will not be had. G. W. Hoffman, Elmira Far
A writer in an exchange says: I discovered
many years ago that wood could bo niado to
last longer than iron in tho ground, hut thought
the process so simplo that it was not well to
make a stir about it. I would as soon havo
poplar, basswood or ash as any other kind of
timber for fence-posts. I havo taken out bass
wood posts after having been sot seven years
that wore :is sound when taken out as when
first put iu tho ground. Timo and weather
seemed to have no effect on them. The posts
can be prepared for less than two cents a piece
This is tho recipe: Take boiled linsoed oil and
stir in pulverized coal to tho , consistency of
paint. Put a coat of this over tho timber, and
there is not a man that will livo to soe it rot.
According to a Philadelphia papor this is
tho way the Landroths preserve turnips, beets,
carrots and parsnips at filoomingdao: Select
a spot where tho drainage is good. Dig a
trench sixteen inches wide and as many moro
inches deep. Deposit tho roots in this trench
and cover with tho earth taken out. Moro
earth may be needed as winter approaches. If
severe cold weather is expected place over all
long stable inanuro or coarse litter of any
A now method of reducing corn to meal is
now in operation up North, which is likely to
supercede tho old-fashioned mill-stone. Tho
corn passes over a series of cylinders, provided
with fine steel points, revolving rapidly against
fixed knives, each set liner than the one in tho
rear. This meal is exceedingly fine, and as
this machinery costs less than the old buhr
stones, thero is no excuse for hanging on to
Unquestionably, it is essential to tho success
of farmers, as a class, that they be intelligently
educated in tho way of doing business and
keeping a systematic account of all their ope
rations on the farm and elsewhere. Such a
training is just as necessary for them as a legal
training is for the lawyer, a medical training
for a doctor or a commercial training for the
Littlo moro than one-tenth of tho available
food-producing area of this continent is yet
occupied, and much more of what is cultivated
is very imperfectly worked. Tho mighty
giant, American agriculture, is yet in its in
fancy. ' ' '
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Oar Agricultaral Editor's Weekly Chat With His
""What is tho origin of tho use of the misl
toe in Christinas festivities? " Lily, Philadel
phia. Ans. : It is related that tho mislloe, or
mistletoe, was a special object of worship with
the ancient Britons. Tho Druids sent round
their attendant youths with its branches to
announce the entrance of tho new year. Tho
origin of the modern custom connected with it
is not very clear. It has been stated that if its
original significance was known it would not
be so popular as it is in some countries.
"Can you tell mo something about drying
fruits, such as blackberries and apples; which
machine is best for the purpose, where it is
manufactured, its coat, and how much shrink
age thero is between the green aud tho dried
article ? " Ans. : We have no personal experi
ence in fruit drying. From our exchanges wo
presume that tho "Williams Evaporator" is
very popular; wo do not know where it is man
ufactured, nor its cost. We have seen it stated
that apples will make from five to seven pounds
per bushel, peaches from five to eight pounds
per bushel, according to kinds and qualities;
raspberries, one pound to three quarts green;
sweet corn from twenty to twenty-five pounds
per 100 "pounds of green.
" I have collected som e seeds from my aspara
gus bed, and 1 have been told that I should have
sown it when gathered; will it not do to sow in
tho spring?" J. R., Mahoning, Ohio. Ans.:
Certainly ; keep it in a cool, dry place all winter,
and sow it in rows, like peas, as soon as practi
cable in spring.
"A portion of my meadow, a sort of rising
knoli, is much overgrown with sorrel. I havo
limed it, but without any elfect as yet. How
can I get rid of i t ?" Eastern Shoro, Md. A ns. :
Spread barnyard manure on it every fall until
it disappear This will enrich the ground so
that the grasses will grow. Wo havo repeatedly
got rid of sorrel in this way. Two or threo
yearly applications may bo needed.
Twelve Children Under Six Tear.
From the Montreal (Can.) Witness.
Among the immigrants arriving at Bonnvon
ture dejKjt, recently, were Georgo Kelsoy,ja
native of the west of England, and forty-two
years of age, and his wife from the same part.
The twain havo been married eighteen years.
Within six years they havchad twelve children,
namely, triplets no le3s than twice, twice doub
lets, and twico "singles." As tho parents sat in
the depot, burrouuded by their offspring, tho
youngest an infant in arms, the eldest looking
little more tlian an infant, they were tho sub
jects of the greatest interest, and many were
the questions asked tho happy mother, espe
cially by tho feminine portion of those in the
depot awaiting the arrival of the train. The
children were all healthy and robust, and tho
father and mother might be described as tho
same. The mother stated that her littlo ones
had known no sickness more than the ordinary
complaints incident to childhood.
A Small Noir England Family.
From, lite New En gland Medical Monthly.
Among the papers of tho late Thomas Atwa
ter, of New Ilaven Conn., tho following memo
randa were recently found :
"Mrs. llabie, No. 100 Twenty-ninth Street,
New York, of tho firm of Topping &, Co., has
leen married forty-eight months.
July 24th, 1KW, had....- .. I child
July30tb. ltS'J. had 2 children
Miufh 29th, 160, hud... 2 "
March 4th, IPil, liaxl ;t "
Feb. 13tu, Icu2, luitl...... ............ i
Total '. 22 "
Theso children weroborn within three years
and seven months, and aro all living and
healthy. This is a copy from a memorandum
given by the father, Mr. Maine.
Get the OrfciH.'d.
Dr. Pierce's "Pellets" the original "Littlo
Livor Pills" (sugur-coRted) cure sick and bil
ious headache, sour stomach, and bilious at
tacks. By druggists.
Home, anil How to Make It Beautiful
"Happiness is of moro moment. to a woman
than tho solution of a problem of Euclid, and a
new bonnet than tho glories of a Salamis or
Waterloo " was written lately by ono in liberal
t ranslation of Balzac's well-known : " Lc bonheur
est la poevie des femmes, comme la toilcllc en le
fa?d." Balzac spent the best years of Ids life
in devotion to one woman a woman in every
respect worthy of his homage, but notwith
standing this fact, we am scarely liclievo that
tho great novelist uttered the above sentiment
in some moment of pique. In most countries
we find satire of women common among men of
letters, and often also among men of no literary
prestige, aud while there seems to bo something
unworthy of manhood in the cynical attitude
which men so often assume toward women, tho
most thoughtful of either sex must suspect :tn
oxisting cause for so genoral an effect. " Let
tho axe bo laid at tho very root of the tree," is
an injunction which was urged in tho last Titr
jjune. Now, many of us behold tho dwarfed
and crooked tree, but how many of us know
where to look for tho root? Wo cannot but
think that many of tho complaints which aro
made against women might more j ustly bo made
against society, and by society wo mean both
men and women. Men think it worth while
to meet each other, if not always wholly, at
least with a measure of seriousness and unaf
fected respect, and usually each feels an im
posed obligation to fulfill the expectation of tho
other. But in their intercourse with women,
most men seem spontaneously to offer them
their most trivial qualities of character, and by
far tho greator number of women seem to lack
tho strength to opposo their own idealizations
or reverences, or best of all their innate, hut
quiet, self-respect to counterfeits which thoy re
cognize as such, but which they accept because
nothing bettor is given them. Nobility of na
ture is responsive oftcner than self-assertive,
and a human being will readily reveal fine
points to those who seem to wait for their pres
ence; rarely will one reveal such unasked, but
from the eyo that is watching for dross, ono will
shut nil tho avenues to his better naturo, and
leave visible that only which is really tho weak- J
est anu most insignificant part oi mm, ami wnicn
with othor handling might, in time, disappear.
It seems to us that every womauly woman nat
urally values tho esteem of meu, and wo
have often wondered if tho latter ever think
of tho obligation which this places upon
them, or of the logical result of their own de
preciating verdicts of women. Probably few
homes will reveal a master and mistress, each
of whom believes implicitly in tho loyalty of
the other; each of whom, possessing an un
swerving faith in tho other, unconsciously,
through this very faith, nourishes or oven cre
ates that in which cither believes. Wives
aud mothers failing to find, and as a result fail
ing to give, that which was onco eagerly ex
pected, naturally let their lives run into such
channels as seem easiest of entrance, and tho
happenings of tho passing hour are allowed to
compensate as best they may for tho uufound
requirements of home-life; girls bear tho im
press of their most intimate surroundings, and
inevitably their characters reflect tho contra
dictory influences at work in their homes.
Most girls spend tho most important period of
their lives in young ladies' schools, in which
littlo is done, or perhaps can be' done, toward
developing an inner life, or establishing oneness
of thought or purpose, and thus, women go on
in tho pitiable rounds of undeveloped and mis
directed en orgy, and from want of proper guid
ance and judicious encouragement they exist
as "symptoms" rather than as completed be
ings. Society, in its turn, demands lhatwomen con
tinue j'car after year tho same senseless rounds
of social entertainments and displays, and it
makes little difference that each now dress,
each costly luncheon or dinner may mean ono
moro tug at the life-powers of a father or a hus
band, or that tho whole system is making sim
ply a race of invalids of American women. The
nations of tho Old World looking upon us as a
Republic which has for its use all preceding
civilizations, and the experiences of preceding
republics, havo a right to expect much from us.
It does not seem to us that our women stand
in need of delegated powers, and bettor, per
haps, a thousand times than all tho clamor
which we hear about woman-suffrage, would bo
tho quiet, unpretentious effort of noblo and
cultivated women toward the shaping of a sim
ple and natural national life, toward that spir
itual and intellectual ennoblement of women
which would make every mistress of our re
publican homes a queen in tho right of her own
simple, unaffected womanhood. No one is so
strong, or so self-sufliciunt, as not, at some time,
to need help or encouragement, and society will
have reached a high point when each of its
members unselfishly and in all loyalty and ap
preciation offers help to his fellows in the march
toward nobler planes of living. To 'woman,
with her fine sympathetic adaptation, her geu
erous impulses, her splendid possibilities, wo
naturally turn, a3 to some holy aud beautiful
influence, in this matter of human ennoble
ment. Let us hope that it may not bo hor doom
to be "weighed iu tho balance, and found want
ing." HOW TO MAKE LAMP-SHADES.
To the Editor National Tjubunk:
Lately I havo seen many advertisements of
a new artistic material called Opalin. Will
some of your rcadors kindly givo us a descrip
tion of this material and directions as to its
For many weeks my fingers havobeon busy
in the interests of Santa Clans, and for the ben
efit of your young lady readers, I am inclined
to give a description of that part of my work
which has met with general admiration. This
has been a number of lamp-shades, such as I
once learned to make in the heart of the Black
Forest, Germany. Tho material for theso shades
is rice-paper, pressed grasses, niossts, delicate
leaves and flowers, (wild flowers arc best. ) Cut
tlio rico-papor into four or six sections, accord
ing to tho size of the lamp, and fashion the sec
tions according to tho tasto of tho maker. Al
low two leaves for each section. On ono of the
leaves arrange the grasses, &c, in as careless
and natural a manner as possible; uscapasto
of gum arabic or tragacanth in securing the ob
jects to tho paper. When tho material is dry,
place over it tho extra leaf of paper. If the
edges of the section be scalloped with a pink-ing-iron,
the pressure employed in tbis process
is usually sufficient to make tho leaves of papor
ad Here to each other. Secure tho sections at
the top by a rim of gold paper, or, better still,
by one of the metal rinw used for ordinary
lampshades. If theso shades bo delicately
made, the effect over a lighted lamp is that of
au equisile painting. ,
Accept, good Tkibune, for yourself and read
ers a cordial New-Year greeting from
Washington, D. C.
HINTS ON COLOE.
To tho Editor National Ttujunk:
Your paragraph entitled: "Charily lealns at
Home,'' in which you encourage correspoudcuco
upon all subjects relating to home-life, prompts
mo to write to you. I am a motuer, a pratical
woman in whoso sitting-room daughters and
nieces aro accustomed to hold many consulta
tions over matters of the toilette. The ever
recurring questions about colors, tin la and
shades, with which I am assailed, impels mo to
beg from some helpful pen a few suggestive
hints on color in dross. 1 am fissured that a
few simple, suggestive comments on this sub
ject would bo welcomed by many a perplexed
mother. Very truly, yours,
Mp.s. R. Payne.
Cedak Gkove, Ohio.
a mothbr's cap.e.
"Mama's role in this country," writes Jennie
June, "is that of a first-class duenna, and she
dresses darkly and soberly in accordance with
it. Of course, I mean the 'mama' of grown
up daughters. Ilcr object is to dress them, to
see them as well started as other girls, to givo
them opportunities and tho chance to niako tho
mofet of them, according to her light. Sho often
bacrifices to theso ends her own most cherished
possessions, her daintiest lacos, hor jewels, her
laid-away garments or dresses, and tho best
part of the income she has beeu in the habit of
bestowing on herself and her own wants and
tastes. Sweets to tho sweet and brightness
for the young and bright! Is thero not a do
grco of unconscious heroism in this frequent
laying down of what has made life plcasunt aud
desirable before life has onded, in order to make
it happier for those who corno after us? At any
rate mamas in their quiet black, grey, and dark
wine colors, with their subdued Expression and
habit of waiting on tho movements of their
laughing, chatting, handsomo daughters, have a
melancholy interest for me. I wonder how
much of the process which has transformed
them from such girls into such women has been
conscious or unconscious, and whether it was
painful? Whether it was accompanied by a very
sudden wrench or by gradual repression and
unfolding? Ah, well! There are moro saints
in this world than aro down in tho calendar,
and they may be found whero least expected
even in a city bail-room."
FASHION NOTES, &C.
Nothing is moro offensive to taste than an
overdressed young girl.
Frou Frou dresses will bo the favorite for
New Year's Day toilets.
White marabout ruches mako exquisite trim
mings for tulle dresses.
Tho demi-train remains in vogue for recep
tion and dancing parties.
Plush trims everything and forms many en
tire costumes and wraps.
White and tinted laces trim houao wrappors
and houso jackets admirably.
Red camel's hair pelisses trimmed with black
fur aro much worn by little girls.
Little girls of seven or eight wear silk Jersey
waists Avith skirts of tho new checked velvet.
The adoption of velvet forovcning dress has'
led to its being used largely for bridal toilets.
Laco ruches, high in the throat, remain tho
favorito lingerie of ladies with long, slender
Tho Jersey is not suitablo for outdoor mid
winter wear unless it is over a waist of cliamois
or heavy flannel.
It is "bad form," as well asbad tpstp., for a
girl in her teens to wear a dress that would bo
como a woman of twenty-five or thrtyC
Tho Muscovito pardessus a circular'mantlo
with sleoves, is a great favorite in Paris, whero
it is worn by ladies, young girls, and children.
Out-of-door costumes, plain or elaborate, aro
frequently draped with a largo brooch of an
tique silver looping the tunic or tho scarf
Cords of many-colored wools, finishedoffwith
olives, form tho Brandenbourgs which fasten
the corsages of many costumes, or drape tho
tunic and. trim tho skirt.
Gauzo Balbriggan stockings are worn insido
of silk and cashmcro stockings, giving addi
tional warmth, and protecting tho skiu from
the dye or roughness of tho outer stocking.
Very large masculine hats of beaver plush
aro revived ; tho favorito trimmings fOr them
being a band around tho crown and a largo
bucklo in front or ostrich tips or plumes in a
tufc on tho side.
There is a fancy at tho moment for ladies to
wear dog-skin gloves stiched on, tho back aud
doublc-stichcd on the fingers, just like gentle
men's gloves. Tho correct number of buttons
on them is four.
Black laco flounces and a hack drapery of a
black laco shawl may be very effective on but
tercup or jonquil yellow dresses, but nonohut
a married woman or young lady in tho thirties
should wear such dre&ses.
Buttercup and jonquil yellow have been dis
covered to bo very becoming evening colors,
particularly when trinyued with tinsel and
win to marabout feathers, or with humming
bird and Impoyau crest and neck feathers.
Croquettes of Rice. Haifa pound of rice, ono
quart of milk, one-quarter pound of butter,half
a pound of sugar, ono lemon, five eggs and some
bread crumbs. Put tho rico and milk into a
pudding boiler and let it simmer until quito
lender, rub the grated rind of a lemon with tho
sugar, add it to the rico and the yolks oY the
eggs well beaten and stir it until tho eggs
thicken. When cold, form into small balls.
Dip each ball into .tho beaten whites, and then
into tho bread crumbs, smooth them with a
knjfc, repeat the egus and crumbs, and put them
in a frying sievo and fry lightly in boiling lard.
Whon donodrain them, pile them on a dish and
sift powdered sugar over ; servo hot.
Oyster Omelet. Twelve oysters, six eggs, a
tablespnouful of flour, a half cup of milk. Beat
tiie eggs very- light, first the yolks and tho
Whitoii. Add the oysters, minced finely, to tho
yolks." Then tho flour, which must he bleuded
to a paste with the milk. Pepper and salt to
taste. Somo pieces of minced parsley. Add
the beaten whites, and pour into a pan with
boiling butter and fry brown. Do not turn;
servo as soon as cooked. Tho omelet will ho
less diluted with water if the oysters come to a
boil in their liquor and aro drained and then
chojiped and added to the omelet before frying.
Mayonnaiso of Chicken. Tako somo young
chickens, fry them until dono, but not browned,
when cold pick the meat from tho bones, cut in
small pieces and placo in the salad bowl with a
mix all thoroughly together and let it stand
two hours. Drain off' the dressing, placo some
lettuce leaves on, the salad bowl, spread over
the chicken and moro lettuco leaves on tho
chicken. Prepare a mayonnaise aud pour over
Cocoanut Cake. To tho well-beaten yolks of
sis eggs add two cups of powdered white sugar,
three-fourths of cupfiM of butter, one of sweet
milk, three antl a haft of flour, one level tea
spoonful of soda and two of cream of tatar, and
the whites of four eggs well beaten; bake iu
jelly-cako pans. For icing, grate one coconnut,
beat whites of two eggs, and add ono teacupful
of powdered sugar; mix thoroughly with tho
grated cocoanuL and spread evenly on tho lay
ers of cake when they aro cold.
Breakfast Waffles. After breakfast stir into
tho hominy that is left ono tcnspoonful of but
ter and a little salt. Set it aside. The next
morning thin it with milk and ;idd two eggs,
beaten well. Stir in flour enough to mako tho
right consistency, and bake in waffle-irons.
Southern Biscuit. Two cups of self-rising
flour, one spoonful of lard; mix with warm
mill:; knead into soft dough, and roll; cut with
biscuit-cutter and prick each with a straw.
Cook in a hot oven ten minutes.
Palmetto Flannel Cakes. One pint of butter
milk, two well-hcalen eggs, flour enough to
mako a stiff' batter the flour to bo mixed, half
wheat and half corn flour. Put a spoonful of
sea-foam into tho flour and cook on a griddle.
- . -,.. ,.m i i ii. .m
Mrs. Oen. McCIoUuii's lutiian Nurse.
From the Qrcen ITay Gazelle.
A remarkablo civilized Indian woman died
the other day at tho Oneida Reservation, west
of Green Bay. She was known as Aunt Polly
Doxtater, and when young was quite well edu
cated and brought up by a Quaker near Phila
delphia. Jn her young dayssho was employed
in several families of note in thosjo days, and
was nurse of Mrs. General Georgo 15. Merid
ian when that lady was a baby. The maiden
namo of the deceased was1 Polly Mytop. Her
parents belonged to tho Delaware nation aud
resided about thirty-five miles from Philadel
phia. She was born at Capo May, N. J., March
17, 17S5. From hor own account of the circum
stances of her birth it appears that her parents
had gonowithan excursion of members of their
nation to Cape May for tho purpose of gather
ing tho eggs of sea gulls. While there tho sub
ject of this notice w;is horn. While quite young
hIio was bound fo Robert Hollingshead, a
Quaker, remaining with him until tho year
By Sidney Lanier.
Ifo'fl fast aslcnp. Sec how, O wife,
rfigln's finder on the lip of life
Uiils wlii.t tho tongue, mo prattle rife,
Ofbusy Baby Charley.
Ono arm stretched backward round hla hend,
Five little toes from out the bed'
Jii-t allowing', like live rosebudy red,
So fahuubera Buby Charley.
TTcaven-ligbtH, I know, aro beaming through
Those lucent eyelids? veined ith blue,
That shut away from mortal view
.Large eyes of Itabv Charley.
0 sweet Slcrp Angol, throned now
On tho round glory of hi3 brow,
Wavo thy wing and waft my vow
Breathed over Buby Charley.
1 vow that my heart, when death is nigh,
Shall nevur shiver with a sigh
For act of bund, or tontine, or eye,
Thnt wronged my liaby Charley !
LippincoU's for January.
Dr. Pieiick's "Favorite Proscription," for all
those weaknesses peculiar to women, is an un
equalled remedy. Distressing backache and
"bearing-down" sensations yield to its strength
giving properties. By druggists.
tiblcspoonful of oil, a tabicspoonlul ot lemon
juice, two or three rounds of an onion well
ntiuced, a teaspoonful of salt, a littlo cavenne,
Little Red Cap's Revelations Concern
ing Andersonville Horrors.
Continued from last xvcek.
In my last article I quoted from tho testi
mony of Professor Joseph Jones a surgeon in
tho confederate, army at the Wirz trial, to
show that T had not exaggerated the horrors of
Andersonville. Tho truth is, that our friends
at home did not believe, at first, tho reports
which they received of the tortures to which
we wero subjected there, and I well remember
that when I returned home and told hojf, ono
after the other, my comrades had died of star
vation and disease, some of the neighbors be
came very indignant because they thought
I was representing matters as worse than they
really were, and thereby causing needless
sorrow and anguish to their friends and rela
tions. But to return to Professor Jones. Fur
ther on in his testimony he says :
"The supply of medical officers has been hisufli
cient from the foundation of the prison. In tho
stoelcnde, with the exception of the damp lowlands
bordering the small stream, the surface was covered
with ImU and small nigspnl touts and parts
of blunkeUs and fragments of oilcloth, coats and
blankets, stretched upon s.tiek. The tents and
huts wero not arranged according to any order, and
there was, in most parte of the enclosure, scarcely
room for two men to walk abreast between the
tents and lmlg. There were nearly 3.000 bcrionsly
ill Federals in the stockade and confederate states
military prison hospital, and the deaths exceeded
100 per (lay, and large numliers of the prisoners who
were walking about, and who had not been entered
uion the bick reports, wero suffering from severe
and incurable diarrhea, dyaentary and scurvy. I
visited 2,000 sick within the stockade, lying un
der tome long sheds, which bad been built at
the northern portion for themselves. At this
time only one medical officer was in attendance,
whereas at lea5t twenty medical offiecra should
havo leen employed. At the timo of my visit to
Andersonville u large numbers of Federal prisoners
had lycn removed to Milieu. Savannah, Charleston,
and other parts of tho confederacy in anticipation
of an advance of General Sherman's forces from
Atlanta, with the design of liberating their captive
brethren. However, about 15,1)00 prisoners re
mained confined within the limits of the stockade
and confederate states military prison hospital.
A PLACE OF HORRORS.
After giving a longaud detailed description of
the various diseases that came under his ob
servation, ho says :
" TJic haggard, distressed countenances of these
miserable, complaining, dejected, living skeletons,
crying for medical aid and food, and etjrsing their
Government for its refusal to exchange prisoners,
and the ghastly corpses with their glazed eyeballs
staring up into vacant space, with the flies swarm
ing down their open and grinning mouths, and
over their ragged clothes, infested with numerous
lice, as they lay amongst the sick ami dying,
formed a picture of helpless, hopeless usiaery whi-h
it would be impossible to jiortray by words or by
the brush. The manner of disponing of the dead
was also calculated to depress the already despond
ing spirits of these men, many of whom had been
coulined for months, and even for nearly two yearn,
in Richmond and other places, and whose strength
had been waited by bad air, bad food and neglect
of personal eleanliziess. The dead-house i merely
a lramo covered with old tent-cloth and a few
bushes, situated in the southwestern corner of the
hospital grounds. When a patient dies, he is
simply laid in the nnrrow street in front of his tent
Until he is removed by Federal negroes detailed to
carry off the dead: if a patient dies during the
night he lies there until morning, and during the
day even the dead were frequently allowed to re
main for hours in thes-e walks. In the dead-house
tho corpses lie upon the bare ground, ami were in
most eases covered with filth and vermin. Tho
Cooking arrangements are of most defective char
acter. Five large iron pots, similar to those used
for boiling sugar cane, appeared to be the only
cooking utensils furnished by the hospital for the
cooking of nearly two thousand men; and the
patients were dependent iu great measure upon
their own miserable utensils. They were allowed
to cook in the tent-doors and in the lanes, and this
was another source of tilth, and another lavorabh;
condition for the generation aud multiplication of
flies and other vermin. The air of the tents was
foul and disagreeable in the extreme, and, in fact, the
entire grounds emitted a most naueousand disgust
ing smell. 1 entered nearly all the tents and care
fully examined the ea-cs of interest, and especially
theea-,es of gangrene, upon numerous occasions
during the prosecution of my pathological inquiries
at Andersonville, and, therefore, enjoyed every op
portunity to judge correctly of the hygicneand police
of the hospital. Thereappearedtobealmostabsolute
indifl'crenco and neglect on the part of the patients
of their personal cleanliness; their persons and
clothing in most instances, and especially of those
sulTerinR with gangrene ami scorbutic ulcers wero
filthy in the extreme aud covered with vermin.
It was too often the case that patients were received
from the stockade in a most deplorable condition.
I liave seen men brought in from the stockade in a,
dying condition, begrimed from head to foot with
their own excrements, anil so black from smoke
and filth that they resembled negroes rather than
Professor Jones closes ns follows:
"Finally, this gigantic mass of human misery
calls loudly for relief, not only for the sake of suf
fering humanity, but also on account of our own
brave soldiers, now captive in the hands of the
Federal Government. Strict justice to the gallant
men of the confederate armies, who havo been or
who may be so unfortunate as to be compelled to
surrender in battle, demands that the confederate
government should adopt that eour-e which will
best secure their health and comfort in captivity,
or at least leave their enemies without a shadow of
an excuse for any violation of the rules of civilized
warfare in the treatment of prisoners."
TIIE aiAXniL'M MORTALITY.
The greatest number of deaths iu any one
day is reported to have occurred on tho 23d of
August, when the total number was ono hun
dred and twenty-seven, or ono insm every
eleven minutes; but I think this statement
must be incorrect. I remember that it was
currently reported that on one day in August
the deaths exceeded two huudred. At this time
tho dead-house was cleared out every evening,
aud somo of tho boys counted over two hun
dred dead lying in a row.
I was still living at this time with Wirz and
his family. His two slop-daughters, Susan and
Cornelius, seemed to be very fond of my com
pany. I had learned to play cards while in tho
arms", aud, as-they wero acquainted with somo
of tho games, we used to play together fre
quently. 1 had learned a number of tricks
with cards, and they wero a great source
of amusement. They were good singers, by
tho way, and Susan taught mo popular songs.
Ono day I took a fine gold ring from Cornelia's
linger, and though sho always declared 1 must
give it back to hor, I never did so. I lost it at
Camp Parole, Annapolis, Maryland, after my
return. Captain Kichard Winder, I re
member, also frequently came out to Wirz's
houso in tho ovonings aud sang and played the
guitar. Cora Wirz lost a pot rabbit about this
timo, and wo made arrangements to bury it
with great ceremony. At tho conclusion of tho
funeral service, Cora and I disagreed about
something, and sho gave way to a perfect tor
rent of abuse, calling me all kinds of "blue
bellied Yankees." This, as with her father,
seemed to bo her pet phrase when sho was
angry. One oveuing General Winder camo
home with Wirz. As they rode up to the gate,
old Wirz remarked: "General, this is a littlo
Yanked from Maryland." Winder, turning to
me. inquired: "Where aro you from, sir?"
" Maryland." I replied. "Arc you not ashamed
of yourself." said ho, "coming as you do from a
Southern State, to be in tbe Fedor.il army?"
And his apeot was so fierce and forbidding that
1 feared ho would strike me with his cowhide.
During my stay at Yrir.'s home T succeeded in
getting a ireshsupply of clothing. I feared tho
temper of old Wirz, and I did not know what
day ho might fly into a rage aud turn
mo back into tho stockade. I had becomo
well acquainted with Mrs. Basis, tho wife
of the gentleman who owned tho house, and
sho had kindly furnished me Avith lodging.
I fold her of 'tho condition of my clothing,
and we soon set about replacing it. I managed
to smuggle in somo meal sacks from tho cook
house, and sho Av:ishcd them and made them
up into pants and shirts forme. I then secured
a littlo box sntliciently largo enough to hold
them, and sho fixed it up, so that I av.is pre
pared for another siege. I always believed
that Mr. and Mrs. Baas Avere Union people, and,
indeed, the old gentleman, who had been con
scripted into tbe Georgia reserves and Avas
guarding tho stockade, told me ono day that ho
AA-as a thorough Union man, and hoped for tho
success of tho Federal army; but atthosamo
time cautioned me not to betray him.
TRAINING THE ULOOD-UOUXDS.
Turner, the hound-keeper, had now moved
his hounds to tho neighborhood of Wirz's
house, and occasionally Avould spend a Avholo
day in training them. When this Avas going
on I av.is usually on hand. A negro slave
would be started out, and his roulo mapped out
for him. After he had gotten somo distance
aAvay the hounds would be pub upon his trail,
and off they Avotild'go yelling and whooping
like so many fiends. Tho skive would gener
ally go tip fh rough the swamps and Avoods ou
one side of the railroad, and return on the
other. When the hounds got dangerously close
lioAvas to climb a tree, Avhich ho always did.
Turner used to tell him: "Mako your circuit
wide enough ; for if you come back too close tho
trail you Avent upon, aud tho b'reeze happens to
be blowing toAvards the hounds, they will take
up the scent nnd cross to yonr trail in close
proximity to your heels, instead of folloAving
your trail around." While the chat Avas in
progress, Turner and his accomplices would re
main at tho starting point and duvmas tho
merits of the respective bounds. If aay of tho
hounds lost tho trail and becomo confused,
Turner and his assistant would mount their
mules, standing in readiness, and hunt them
up. For a while Turner kept in a jen at
Wirz's house Iavo large bull terrier hounds, for
the purpose, as I learned, of letting them loose
upon such prisoners as might offer resistance
to the hounds when caught. The plan was to
have them chained to the saddles of t&o pur
suers, so that they could be let loose to accom
plish their brutal work at the opportune time.
One morning, to our great surprise, one of these
ferocious dogs Avas found dead in the pen, and
upon investigation Turner declared the dog
had been poisoned. This alarmed me very
much for a short time, for I was afraid that:
they suspected me of having killed the dog, and
would inflict some severe punishment, but for
tunately they never mentioned my name. As
a matter of fact I did not poison the beast, and
have no idea to this day vrho did.
To be continued.
Answers to Correspondents.
Itfinnie, III. Your parents were right. Tho
District of Columbiabelongs neither to Virginia
nor to Maryland, but is a separate domain, as
much so as a territory, and is under the exclu
sive control of Congress. Thanks for your
good opinion. We should think tho claim
ought to be settled very soon.
J. F. P.. Slurffh, Jtfich. It is absolutely impos
sible for the editor to state the reason why each
particular claim is delayed. It would consume
too much time. In the majority of cases such
claims are awaiting testimony to complete
them, or replies to calls for same. The attor
ney in a claim should 1h able to inform the
claimant of the facts iu his cae. AH claims on
file are in processor adjudication, and if all th
necessary testimony has been filed tho claim
wiu probably be acted upon very soon. Tho?
claims which are complete are taken up and
acted upon without regard to their numbers.
As avo have before stated, with the present
large force employed, claimants may evpecfc
action in their claims with reasonable prompfc
ncis. We know that it is tha desire of the Com
missioner to pass upon all the claims in his office
as rapidly as possible, and we think that, in
future, claimants Avill not have any reasonable
grounds for complaint in this respect.
L. G. C., Farmintjton, III. Yours is an invalid
claim. See reply to J. F. P.
S. A., Traverse City, Mich. It depends upon
circumstances. Examinations of claimants aro
made at anytime during the progress of the
claim, as often as deemed necessary. It do?3
not, therefore, follow that when a claimant is
ordered for examination that his claim is other
wise complete. See reply to J. F. P.
J. L., Canby, and J. L. S., Cayulu, N. Y. See
Vet., Oxford, Iowa. Claims aro finally acted
upon in a month or six weeks, usually, after all
proof has been filed. See, also, replyto J. F. P.
11. E., Jackson Station, Ind. 1. The children
are not ci ti tied. 2. You aro entitled to arrears
on the other disability, and when you have
proved it up to the satisfaction of the Pension
Uflice, pension therefor will date from your
discharge from service. Your attorney should
call up your claim and ascertain what farther
testimony is required.
.. I)., Wager. Ark. So far a3 we know they
are reliable. We do not understand what you
mean by your question : "Whether they have
any demand for their neAVS?"
J?. B. G., Hunlsville. IU. Your letter ha3 been
referred to a competent attorney, who will write
you in regard to matters mentioned.
Jf. J".. Dauphin, Mo. Examinations by pen
sion surgeons for all disabilities found to exist
(Avhether claimed or not) are made to enable
tho Pension Office to better understand thof
physical condition of the claimant, and should'
tho claimant at any time file a new claim for
disabilities other than that alleged in his pend
ing claim it Avould bo shown by tho report of
the examining surgeon Avhether or not same
existed at the date of examination mentioned.
. Does not interfere with your present clairn.
i . "
If. I, HoUon, Kan. there appears to us no
good reason Avhy you should not he informed.
Ask your attorney.
G. If. G., Potomac, IU. Yon will find a com
plete answer to your inquiries in TegaTd to the
G. A. II., and manner of organizing new Posts,
in our issue of October 12, 1SS2, Xo. 61.
J?. C. IF.. Kingfield, Mc. Yon are not entitled
to arrears because the law expressly provides
that the pension dates from the passage of the
F. If. D., Albert Lea, Jfinn. Iuquire of the
Surgeon General. U. S. A., for names and ad
dresses of surgeons mentioned. Tho records
you refer to are prolmbly on file in tho Surgeon
General's Office. Xo ono not connected with
the War Department is alloAved to examine any
of its records, and thon only for official purposes.
Tho Commissioner of Pensions is furnished
with all the information possible pertaining to
hospital treatment of each claimant, as alleged
by the latter.
V,'i. Jf., HnlsonviUe, IU., and G. If. H., Catlin,
IU. Yes ; a petition, such as yon mention, sent
to your Senator and Representative in Con
gress Avould have Avcight, and would materially
aid, no doubt, in favorable action in the matter
A. A., Philadelphia. You are not entitled to
any portion of the $100 bounty, localise you
were discharged prior to two years' service for
a disability other than wounds. The Equaliza
tion Bounty Bill is designed to cover eases like
yours. Should it become a law you ivill he en
titled to $Si per month, or $i;5.3o in all.
Mr. M. A. T.. Freestone, Cal From state
ment giAen, we think you are entitled to 100
bounty, and you should place your claim there
for in the hands of some reliable attorney to
secure it for you.
To insure repHe?, correspondents should give ftrtl
names aud prrn-oftii-e mldri-ps. Replies to Inquiries
will be ffiven either in this column or by mail. If rely
is imbli-he.1 the initials of the party wntinjr will onlhr Ihj
used. Correspondence invited ou any subject, -which,
shall have our prompt attention.
A Itoinkslielt for L'rck.
To the Editor National- Trieitxe: -
I saAvin your paper of the 1-lth instant Mr.
Beck's resolution asking Commissioner Dudley
to furnish a list of mimes of pensioners aud
That may be all right, but I fail to see that
any good Avill result to the Government or to
the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Beck), for that
matter. Four years ago I heard Mr. Beck
make a political speech at Terre Haute, our
county seat. I was favorably impressed at the
time, but after reviewing his Avork for the lasc
twelve or eighteen months in the Senate of tho
United States I luwo changed my mind.
If tho Commissioner of Pensions hais to fur
nish a list every twelve months, what ivill the
additional force iu tho different Departments
aAail? As I understand, the additional force
Avas to make a more speedy adjustment of tho
obligations of tho Government to ex -soldiers.
Can any rational man entertain tho idea for :
moment that all the old veterans arc. perjurer.1;
and impostors? If they had been, who atouUL
haA'e saved tho Union?
If these men had deliberated as long about
leaving family and friends and exchanging tho
comforts of home and fireside for the hardships
of tho camp and lwittle-iicld at a time when the
existence of tho Government Avas at ;take as it
ivill take to prepare the list of names Mr. Beck
tusks for, who Avould have saved the Union? If
thero is any gentleman in this broad land of
ours avIio thinks the soldiers are all perjurers,
I suggest that ho emigrate to somo place Avhero
ho thinks the people are honest.
I am, respectfully,
Jo fix F. Ferguson",
Eilcy, Ind., Dec. 19. Late 3 1st Kegt. lud.Vols.
Mayor Grace, of Xew York, while out riding
on Saturday last Avith a lady friend of his daugh
ter, Avas thrown from his Avagon: Though net
seriously injured ho had a narrow escape from
death. Ilis companions escaped Avith a few
Tho Hon. Peter Boaac is Sheriff of the City
and County of New York. Recently, in con
versation Avith one of our reporters, Mr. Bowe
proclaimed tho following fact : ,4I cotiaider
St. Jacobs Oil an excellent remedy, and ono
that ought certainly to find its way into overy
household. Mrs. Boavo always has a bottle of
it there, and makes a family remedy of it."
Arett; lror Evening Telegram.