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ESTABLISHED 1877 -NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1383.
VOL. H-NO. 27.-WH0LE NO. 79.
. - KMs-vr-iK-iiA'fts ,jiA -.rzi
Jlyjlu- " J J Tliinii i-ru-' icj
The Occupation and Sudden Evacu
ation. FAIR GAJRDBN.
A Dashing Cavalry Figlit in
How the Operations Appeared
from a Confederate "View.
After their defeat at Mossy Creek the Con
federate cavalry under General Martin fell
back to Morristown, and on the 14th of Janu
ary, 18G1, General Stnrgis moved forward across
Bay's Mountain and encamped at Dandridge.
His command consisted of Wolford's and Gar
rard's divisions of cavalry and Mott's brigade of
infantry from the Army of the Ohio, and
McCook's division of cavalry from the Army of
the Cumberland. The total effective strength
of his command was about 5,000. The Confed
erate pickets were driven from tho town, and
tho following day devoted to issuing necessary
clothing and subsistence. The move had been
made for the purposo of procuring necessary
forage and subsistence, and to secure possession
of the country as far north as possible Colonel
Wolford was sent with his division on tho
Chucky road with orders to advance as far as
Long Creek, while Colonels Garrard and Mc
Cook, with their divisions, advanced on the
Bull's Gap road to Eimbro's Cross-Boads, nine
miles from Dandridge. Both columns met
opposition from heavy forces of Confederate
cavalry and infantry. The occupation of Dan
dridge by General Sturgis had been promptly
reported to General Longstreet, who with his
army was encamped in the vicinity of Bus
sellville, and Hood's and Buckner's divisions
were moved forward on the loth in support of
the cavalry. Advancing by tho two roads
above mentioned, "Wolford encountered Mar
tin's division of cavalry, and under direction
of General Stnrgis fell back slowly, while he
rode across the country to hasten forward the
commands of Garrard and McCook to Kimbro's
Cross-Boads, whence he intended to move upon
the rear of his antagonist. On reaching this
colnmn, after a risky dash in which one of his
stall' was captured, General Sturgis found that
a heavy infantry force was already in occupa
tion of Kimbro's Cross-Boads, and that rapid
manoeuvring would bo required to save his
command. A countermarch was at once or
dered, but the roughness of tho country pre
vented him from moving ar once in "Wolford's
direction. Following the road, however, at as
fast a pace as possible, McCook debouched from
the Bull's Gap road and took position on the
left of "Wolford's sorely pressed division in time
to repulse an attack upon his flank. General
Sturgis says in his report: "The object of tho
reconnaissance being accomplished, Colonel
Garrard was ordered to return, and was placed
in position to protect the Bull's Gap road.
IX LIXE OF BATTLE.
"Night coming' on, Colonel "Wolford was
ordered to take the right of our line on the Hayes'
Ferry road, his right resting on the French
Broad Eiver, two miles above Dandridge, Col
onel Garrard's division in the centre, covering
the Chucky road, connecting with Colonel
Wolford'js left and Colonel McCook's right,
whose division held tho Bull's Gap and Mossy
Creek roads. Beceiving information about
noon on tho 17th that the enemy was no doubt
preparing for an attack, I ordered my com
mand to form lino of battle in the order above
indicated, and await his advance." General
Longstreet's report of the engagement of the
17th is very brief. Tho movement of his infan
try was made to meet that of General Sturgis,
and also to threaten his base at Xew Market.
He 6ays : " On the 17th a part of Hood's division
was moved down to the enemy's immedi
ate front. Tho sharpshooters of this division
were ordered to advance against the enemy's
left flank, and Martin's cavalry (dismounted)
were ordered to follow this move, advancing in
the enemy's front. The battalions of sharp
shooters , were closely supported by the main
force of tho division, tho immediate object
being to gain a favorable, position for future
operations. The flank movement was haud
somely executed and as handsomely followed
by tho dismounted cavalry. As the infantry
had had a long march before reaching the
ground, wo only had time to get our position a
little after dark." Sturgis says: "At 4 p.m.
the enemy drove in one regiment of our in
fantry, picketing inside of my vidcttes on our
extreme right, and advanced with great fury
on our left, attacking Colonel McCook's divi
sion. A battery was then pushed forward by
the enemy, shelling our centre to cover tho
advance of his strong line of infantry. My
whole line was now engaged, and the regiment
of our infantry in front of Colonel Garrard
compelled to givo way, so that the cavalry was
on this occasion engaging tho entire force of
the enemy's cavalry and infantry. Tho fight
ing was desperate, our troops charging repeat
edly and driving the enemy from his position,
and not falling back to the ground held by
them in the afternoon until after dark, when
the enemy moved up 6troug lines of pickets
close to our lines."
"While these movements were in progress,
Wood's and Sheridan's divisions of the Fourth
Corps, under General Granger, tho Ninth, and
a portion of tho Twenfy-third Corps, all under
command of General Farke, reached Dandridge,
and went into camp. The effective strength of
tho infantry and artillery under command of
General Parke was about 10,000. They were
all veteran troops, and thoroughly equipped.
They had met and defeated tho enemy at
Shiloh, Stono Biver, Chickamauga and Mis
sionary Bidge, and were more than equal man
to man to the half clad, half starved troops in
Never was a better opportunity offered a com
manding General to meet his antagonist in a
general and decisivo engagement on equal
terms than was now offered to General Parke.
The condition of Longstrcct's command ren
dered it impossible for him to bring into action
as largo a force as that of General Parke's.
McLaws' division was not present, and the
strength of Hood's and Buckner's divisions,
commanded by Generals Jenkins and Bushrod
Johnson, as given in their returns, was 8,721.
The following abstract from the official re
turns of both urmic3 for December 31, 1863,
will afford ground for an intelligent estimate of
the strength of tho contending forces:
Infantry and Artillery.
General Parke's Command.
Sheridan's division S75 5,553
"Wood's division .... S17 5,407
Ninth Army Corps- . 246 3,482
Twenty-third Corpse 121 2,570
Effective total. 1,059 17,003
General LongsireeVs Command.
McLaws' division 338 6,507
Hood's division 419 4,821
Buckner's division- 278 2,730
Alexander's artillery....... 17 403
Effective total...... 1,052 14,524
The most astonishing movement now fol
lowed. "With Sturgis' command in unbroken
line in his front, and with an opportunity to
fight a decisivo battle, General Parke ordered an
iinmediato retreat. Tho officers, not knowing
the cause for so hurried a movement, lost control
of their troops, who poured out of tho town on
every road leading towards Knoxvillo. It
is said that the road was lighted for miles
by burning wagon trains, in which thousands
of dollars' worth of supplies, transported at im
mense cost in time and labor over tho Cumber
land Mountains, were detroyed. General Sturgis
withdrew his command during tho night and
marched quietly in the rear of the retreating
infantry, suffering no greater annoyance than
that caused by the scorching heat of burning
wagons and fences and tho blinding snioko.
Longstreet says : " During the night the enemy
retired to New Market and Strawberry Plains.
Tho retreat seems to have been made somowhat
hastily and not in very good order. Wo only got
some few arms and ammunition." Gen. Sturgis
says: "Ecturning from the fiold after dark, I
found the infantry and trains already moving
in tho direction of Strawberry Plains, and was
ordered by Major-General Parke to retire the
cavalry on the Dandridge and New Market
road, crossing at McKinney's Ford. The com
mand encamped on the north side of the
Holston on the ISth. Loss, eight killed, fifty
eight wounded, and seventeen missing." Gen
eral Longstreet estimated the losses in his
command in the two days' fighting at one hun
dred and fifty in killed, wounded and missing.
HOW IT LOOKED ON THE OTHER BIDE.
The following letter from General Longstreet
will afford a view of this affair from a Confed
erate stand-point, and also give an idea of tho
lost opportunity to capture his entiro command
by a bold and vigorous advanco of General
Headquaetees, KcssEixYiLr.E, East Texw.,
January 19, 1804.
General S. Cooper, Adjutant-General.
Sin: The enemy advanced by Dandridge on the
14th, forcing our cavalry back and aiming to throw
us out of position by turning our left. On the 15th,
Hood's and Buckner's divisions were advanced to
a position to meet the enemy's move, and, at the
same time, to threaten bis base at New Market.
On the 16th, he made an effort to throw bis cavalry
in rear of ours, but the cavalry came in contact
with these divisions of infantry and was driven
back in some confusion. On the 17th, a part of
Hood's division was moved down to the enemy's
immediate front. The sharpshooters of this divis
ion were ordered to advance against tho enemy's
left flank, and Martin's cavalry (dismounted) were
ordered to follow this move, advancing in the en
emy's front. The battalions of sharpshooters were
closely supported by the main force of the division,
the immediate object being to gain a favorable po
sition for future operations. The flank movement
was handsomely executed and as handsomely fol
lowed by the dismounted cavalry. As the infantry
had liad a long march before reaching the ground,
we only liad time to get our position a little after
dark. During the night the enemy retired to New
Market and Strawberry Plains, leaving his dead
upon the field. The retreat seems to have been
made somewhat hastily and not in very good order.
"We only got pome few Arms and equipments and a
little ammunition. Our infantry was jiot in condi
tion to pursue, half of our men being without shoes.
Our cavalry is almost as badly off for want of cloth
ing, and the horses are without shoes, or nearly
half of them. It was sent forward, however, with
orders to make Che effort to distress the enemy,
and, if possible, to drive him from this side of the
river. The enemy is much demoralized and seems
to have been in our power again, had it been possi
ble for us-to avail ourselves of this opportunity.
The weather has been very severe for the past
three weeks and we are now having a snow storm.
Our men buffer a great deal for want of clothing
even in their huts, and feme few have been se
vcrely'frosted. We have been making shoes since
we left Knoxville, but with all of our workmen we
can only make one hundred pairs per day. As our
shoes are all old they wear out faster than we can
make new ones. Most of those tliat we liave, we
liave made ourselves. If you could order enough
to choc tho entire command, I think that our own
shops can keep us supplied.
1 have no reports of the casualties of the two
days' skirmishing, but do not think that they can
exceed one hundred and fifty, probably not half
this. I remain. General, very respectfully, your
obedient servant, J. Longstiieet,
BATTLE OP FAIR GARDEN.
The cavalry marched via Strawberry Plains
and Knoxvillo to Evans' Ford on the French
Broad Biver, arriving there on the 21st For
tho next few days tho command was busy
foraging and skirmishing, during which time
it captured some fifty prisoners and a wagon
train belonging to Martin's cavalry. On the
2Cth, at 5 p. m., tlje enemy was discovered ad
vancing on the Fair Garden road. General
Elliott, with McCook's division, at once moved
forward boyoud Scvierville, when General Mar
tin opened on his line with artillery. On tho
following" morning, at daylight, Campbell's
brigade wasadvanced across Pigeon Biver, driv
ing the Confederates from their strong position
west of Big East Pigeon to the cast bank of the
latter fork, La Grange's brigade being sent to
the left on Stafford's road, which intersects Fair
Garden road about two miles from tho latter
place. Here General Martin had selected a
strong position in tho timber, and a furious
fight at once opened. General Elliott says:
"They were steadily driven with great loss,
and at tho intersection of the Stafford and Fair
Garden roads detachments of the Second and
Fourth 'Indiana cavalry, led by Colonel La
Grange, completed tho rout that had already
begun by a dashing sabre charge, capturing two
3-inch Eodman guns, the battle flags of General
Morgan and a largo number of prisoners. Tho
regimental flag of the Thirty-first Indiana
infantry and a silk American flag in possession
of tho rebels were also recaptured. Morgan's
division, thoroughly broken, routed and dis
persed, retreated to Dandridge. General Elliott
captured 112 prisoners, cloven being commis
sioned officers. General Martin left a large num
ber of dead and wounded on the field, and his
103S was estimated at over 350. Tho casualties
on tho Union sido were twenty-eight killed
and wounded, among tho former Lieutenant
Colonel J. P. Leslie, Fourth Indiana cavalry.
No troops but those of McCook's division were
engaged. While this fight was in progress
Wolford's and Garrard's divisions moved for
ward from their camp at Seviervillo to the sup
port of McCook's division, and early on tho
following morning followed in pursuit of tho
Confederate forces to Kelly's Ford,where a sharp
battle cusued between Wolford's division and
the brigado of General Dibrell. In tho course
of a long and desperately contested fight La
Grange's brigado was advanced to theix sup
port, but tho position was maintained by Gen
eral Dibrell with sis regiments. Tho los3 on
each sido was trifling. La Grange lost two
lulled and four wounded; Wolford about
tho same number. Generals Longstreet and
Dihrcll refer as follows to tho fight at Fair
Garden and at Dibrell's Hill :
LONGSTREET ACKNOWLEDGES DEXEAT.
Mobkistowi, January 29,1861.
General S. Coornr., Adjutant-General:
General Martin had a severe cavalry fight on
the 27th. He was driven back four miles with the
loss of two hundred (200) killed, wounded and miss
ing, and two pieces of artillery. The enemy's cav
alry has been greatly increased by the cavalry from.
Chattanooga. Most of the cavalry force from,
tliat place is now here. The men, about half that
should be in our regiments, are, I understand, in tho
camps about Dalton. I hope they may be tent hero
or these sent there. We can do but little while this
superior cavalry force is here to operate on our
flank and rear. Do send me a cliicf of cavalry.
J. Loxgsteeet, Lieutenant-General.
Headquarters AEiisTr.oyo's Division,
Cameko:-'8 Foud, Feb. 2, ISCi.
General W. T. Martix,
I respectfully submit the following report of tho
engagement on the 2Sth of January with the enemy
near the residence of a Mr. Bland. (But our men
and oflicers insist on calling it Dibrell's Hill.)
After the repulse of your command on the 27lh,
under General Morgan, I was directed by General
Armstrong, commanding division, to camp my
brigade in the rear and to be saddled up two hours
before day. "We obeyed his instructions, put a
strong picket six miles out, and early in the morn
ing sent a strong scouting party out beyond the
pickets. The scouts had barclv returned to camp
before tho pickets came running in, hotly pursued
by tho enemy. As we were saddled ami ready for
action, Colonel McLcmoro immediately cliarged
their advance with the Fourth Tennessee cavalry,
nnd drove them back on to their main force. Ho
then contested the ground hack to where I had
selected a very strong position on the ridge, (now
called Dibrell's Hill,) and placed the brigade'in
Buch a manner as to command the entire valley.
As Colonel McLemore gallantly fought them back
we received them with a yell nnd a shout that
drove them back in grent confusion. General
Armstrong pent us the Third Arkansas, which wc
placed on the extreme right, protected by a strong
fence; on their left wo put the Eleventh Tennes
see, Colonel Holcman. In front and most exposed
wo put the Ninth Tennessee, Colonel Bifilc; on his
left the Eighth Tennessee, Captain Barnes ; on
their left, tho Tenth Tennessee, Colonel Dumoss,
and Colonel McLcmore's Fourth Tennessee on
our extreme left, and never did men do better
lighting than was done on this day. Not a strag
gler was seen, and although we had only six regi
ments and theadvantage in position, and the enemy
comprised all of General Elliott's cavalry, com
posed of four or five different brigades, anil were
flushed with the victory of the day previous, we
held our position, repulsed every effort they made
to dislodge us, nnd punished them severely. At
dark the figlit ceased. We were out of ammuni
tion .and could not pursue. General Elliott re
treated thirty-live miles before stopping, and citi
zens reported bis loss at 330 killed and wounded.
Ho reported at Seviervillo he liad fought all of
Longstreet's infantry. Our loss was two killed nnd
flvewounded and three captured. 1 have never
witnessed u more determined fight than this. We
moved to this place on the 30th.
G. G. DusEsr.1
The Ucttlo of Franklin.
Dear Editor and Comrade:
Out of .eleven papers that I receive, The
National Tribute is the only one that I in
spect from tho right wing to the left, along tho
whole line. I love to hear and read and talk
about tho late war. It makes my heart burn
to read tho thrilling incidents contained in
The Tribune, especially those in which I
have taken part. The description of the battle
of Franklin interested mo greatly, because I
was in that battle, a member of Opdycke's
brigade. We had a fight at Spring Hill tho
day before tho battle of Franklin. On tho
30th of November our brigade was.skirmishiug
with Forrest's cavalry all day until just before
Franklin, when wo were relieved by Conrad's
brigade, and were posted inside thj temporary
breastworks on some high ground. Tho breast
works were occupied hy fresh regiments, sent
there hy General Thomas from NashvlHo. Our
brigado was just drawing rations when the
rebels broke out of tho woods and attacked oar
picket-line in tho open field. Our picket, of
course, fell back, and very soon the largo open
field in front of our works was gray with rebels
against the gray background of tho sky, bright
ened by glittering guns and bayonets. Tho
recruits in our front, seeing all this, left tho
works and caino towards us in a wild panic.
Wagons, ambulances, caissons, whole packs of
recruits, hurried to tho rear for the bridge, and
as I looked around mo it looked very much
like a complete stampede. But there was little
time for locking around. Colonel Opdycke
and ottr own youug gallant Colonel Mc
Arthur came dashing along with drawn
sabres and called on us to tho rescue. Wo im
mediately dropped our hard-tack and sow
belly, and ran for our stacks of guns. By that
time the recruits had nearly reached us, and
with fixed bayonets we charged them and
drove them back, but did not arrive in time to
prevent a large body of Johnnies from jumping
over our works. Wclct tho poor recruits go,
and went for the Johuuies, who had to retreat
again to the other sido of tho ritle-pit. We
fired as fast as wo could. The rebels charged
time and again, and at one time it looked
doubtful, but Colonel McArther brought our
regimental band a splendid silver baud to tho
front. The band took position behind an old
building right in our line and played national
airs. Never before nor since have I seen such
an eflect of music When wc heard the first
strains we fairly screamed with delight. Every
one grasped his weapon firmer, all wavering
ceased, stragglers came buck to tlio front, and
even the wounded and half-dead on the ground
raised themselves once more and cried out "go
for 'cm, boys." Tho fight lasted until late at
night, when at last tho firing ceased, and under
the cover of night wc, like tho Arab, silently
stole away. I, too, received a ball in that battle,
but our brigade covered itself with glory.
Moeitz TscnfEPE, Co. C, 2ith Wis.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Three chcera for General Hovey, I say.
Shako. The truth so long deferred has at last
come. I am one of tho survivors of that mem
orable hattle, and have read with intense inter
est Gener.il Hovey's account of it in last issue
of The Tribune. I was a member of the Fifry
cighth regiment, O. V. I., under General Lew
Yallacc, and I, too, know from what I saw that
day and the day following that we were sur
prisedsurprised at the suddenness of tho
attack; surprised at the fierceness and the de
termination with which it was conducted. I
think tho Confederates themselves were sur
prised (that they met witli so little resistance),
in tho faco of eo grand an army. About -1
o'clock, after marching and countermarching,
and, as Geni-.tl Hovey sayst guided hy tho
roar of artillery, wo came within sight of our
old camp that wo had left about 11 or 12
o'clock. Not lost by any means, but forced to
change base bj tho Confederates occupying the
position assigned us. There was a little mud,
too, if I remember rightly. By the way. Mr.
Tribune, can you not givo your thousands of
readers a map of that ground ? The one most
generally accepted to be correctly drawn. I
am sure quite sure it would be highly appre
ciated by the boys that were there, besides it
would help The Tribune. No man can buy
my last Tribune for $1.
ilost respectfully, yours,
M. E. Boyseix.
Hillsboro, O., Feb. 2, 18S3.
All in, good time, comrade. The " Battle of
Pittsburg Landing" is in course of preparation,
and will be illustrated by maps showing the
movements of both Grant's and Buell's forces
as well as those of tho Confederates. Ed.
The Part Borne by Her Troops in the
Tho Potomac Home Brigade
and the First Eastern Shore.
A FIEETOE ENCOUNTER.
Graphic Description of Their
Part at Gettysburg.
YiiTien tho Maryland troops under General
Lockwood, stationed on tho Eastern Shoro of
Maryland and Virginia and on tho Lower Poto
mac, learned that their native State was again
threatened with invasion, they manifested a
strong desiro to bo led against tho foe. This
wish was gratified, and, on tho 17th of June,
tho very day that Jenkins' cavalry entered
Chambcrshurg, Pa., General Lockwood received
orders from General Schcnck to inovo all his
forces to Baltimore. General Lockwood forth
with concentrated his command at Point Look
out. Tho First Potomac Homo brigade, under
Colonel Maulsby, was put on hoard tho steamer
John A. Warner, early on the morning of Juno
21, and, landing at Baltimore about noon im
mediately marched to Druid Hill Park, where
it bivouacked for tho night. Next day, camp
was changed to Flat Bock, at tho terminus of
Madison avenuo. Hero tho regiment remained
atil the 25th, when General Lockwood re
ceived orders to march his brigade, consisting
of tho First Potomac Home brigade, First East
ern Shore and One Hundred and Fiftieth New
York volunteers, to Monocacy Junction, for as
signment to tho Army of tho Potomac.
Colonel Maulsby's regiment, in company with
the One Hundred and Fiftieth New York, left
Baltimore during tho afternoon, and marched,
hy way of tho Frederick pike, to Ellicott's
Mills, where it bivouacked for the night. The
regiment was again in motion at 8 a. m. of the
26th, and that night rested at Poplar Springs.
Next day at G.30 p. m. it reached Monocacy
Junction, where it passed tho 2Sth, moving
thence, on the 29th, to Boyd's lot, north of
Frederick. Leaving the latter placo on the
morning of tho 30th, in the midst of a rain
storm, the First took up tho line of march to
ward Pennsylvania. Tho rain fell in torrents,
tho thunder rolled, the lightning flashed, but
ao men trudged on through the mud, passing
Vfoodsboro' and reaching Bruceville late in tho"
'evening. The next morning tho men wero
!"5fil n: unrlTT Tiffbf. ntlfi ennn 1ia rftrrimnnt -ivna
again upon the march, hurrying on through
Taneytown toward Gettysburg. That night it
bivouacked near Two Taverns, on the Balti
more pike, about four miles from Gettysburg.
While on the march this day sounds of the bat
tle between the Union advance and that of tho
Confederates could be distinctly heard, and
late in tho afternoon tho wounded, on foot and
in ambulances, carriages and every kind of ve
hicle that could he used wero met.
moving to the front.
At 2,30 a. m. of July 2d, tho regiment was
moved to the front, and at S a. m. was placed
in position, with Euger's (First) division of the
Twelfth Corps, along the west bank of Bock
Creek, near McAllister's mill. Hero the regi
ment threw up breastworks of rails and earth,
behind which it remained until six in the even
ing, when th.e brigade, consisting of tho First
Potomac Home brigade and the One Hundred
and Fiftieth New York, (the First Eastern
Shore not having yet arrived,) was ordered to
tho left of the Union line, then the scene of a
Lockwood's brigado led tho advance of tho
re-enforcements sent from the Twelfth Corps,
and upon reaching the summit of Cemetery
.Ridge was immediately formed in two lines,
the First Potomac Homo brigado in front.
With a shout that rang out loud and long
tho brigado rah swiftly down the declivity, and
sweeping obliquely to the left, across the plain,
amid a most terrific firo of artillery and mus
ketry, halted not a moment until it reached
tho vicinity of Sherfy's peach orchard, where
tho severest contest of the day had occurred.
Before tlm impetuous charge tho enemy fell
back, leaving his dead and wounded within
tho Federal lines. Beaching tho lino origi
nally held by the Third Corps, the men of the
-First Potomac Homo brigade raised a shout of
triumph which rang through tho valley and
over the hills, and it was with tho utmost dif
5culty they could ho restrained from following
iho enemy further. But prudence forbade it,
end the regiment was ordered to halt and rc
tnovo from the field tho wounded who had
fallen in the fierce conflict of the afternoon.
Whilo advancing, the First regiment recov
ered from the eremy three guns of Bigelow's
Massachusetts battery that had been lost dur
ing tho fearful onset of tho Confederates.
iMter dark tho regiment returned by a circuit
ous route to tho -Baltimore pike, near tho
cemetery, where tho men stretched their weary
limbs to rest, and slept, regardless of tho skir
mishing of" tho pickets, which was kept up off
and on all night. Beforo daybreak of the 3d,
Colonel Maulsby was ordered to post his regi
ment in position to support Knap's Pennsyl
vania battery, posted on a slight ridge west of
the Baltimore pike and opposite Spangler's
house. At daylight tho artillery opened a rapid
fire, which was kept up over an hour. But, al
though severe, it failed to dislodge tho enemy
.who still held the captured breast works.
fight at SI'ANGLER'S spring.
At about 6 o'clock orders were given Colonel
Maulsby's regiment to advanco across Spang--ler's
meadow and carry the position held by
tho enemy at tho base of Culp's Hill, near
J"3panglers 6pring. It seemed certain destruc
tion, but such wero orders, and Colon el Slaulsby
'gave tho command, " Forward, double quick ! "
With deafening cheers, the line 'sprang for
ward, and advanced as rapidly as tho nature of
the ground would allow. Major Steiner, with
tho left wing of the regiment, moved directly
through atonguo of woods jutting out from
Culp's Hill and extending half way across tho
,meadow, while tho right wing, under Colonel
3Iaulsby, advanced across tho open swale, and
tlimi info tlin ivnnils TiVfim bnliiiirl p.vpw trpo
land rock tho enemv's firo was noured in. but
tho regiment, with courago undaunted, pushed
forward toward th stono wall, from which the
advorsary gent death-dealing missiles. The firo
of his sharpshooters, posted in trees on tho
other sido of tho creek, was also very closo and
Already many had fallen, and tho regiment
seemed devoted to destruction, hut onward it
sped, its oflicers leading and cheering the men.
Gaining a position within twenty yards of tho
stono wall, and whilo 'preparing for a final
chargo, orders wero given for tho TCgimcnt to
return to tho turnpike, as a movement of an
other rcgimont on tho enemy's flank would
expose it to an enfilading firo from its friends.
Collecting its dead and wounded, tho regi
ment retired to an orchard near the pikoV
where it was held in rcservo for a short time.
During tho charge at Spangler's spring, Com
pany I, under Captain WaltcrSaunders, had a
lively skirmish with tho enemy on Culp's Hill.
After resting in tho orchard until about 9
o'clock, tho regiment was advanced to tho front,
on Culp's Hill, where it occupied rifle-pits and
engaged tho enemy. Here, too, it fought earn
estly and bravely. Not a man faltered c dis
played the least signs of cowardice. Its loss in
this engagement was also severe. At Spang
ler's spring tho heaviest I033 was sustained.
Among tho killed was Lieutenant James T.
Smith, Company C, and Lieutenant John S.
Willman, Company D. In the action at Culp's
Hill, Lieutenant Charles E. Eader, Company I,
These oflicers were all citizens of Frederick
county. LieutcnantSmith was a young lawyer
of Frederick City, and one of the editors of tho
Maryland Union. Lieutenant Eader, also of
Frederick City, was an educated mechanic, of
bravo and generous impulses. Lieutenant
Willman, who hailed from Mechanicsburg, was
a young officer of great gallantry, accomplish
ments and promise.
The total loss of tho regiment at Gettysburg
was three officers and twenty-two enlisted men
killed or mortally wounded ; three officers and
sixty-nine men wounded, and ono man missing.
Captain Joseph Groff, Company B, Lieutenant
George n. Wain, Company C, and Lieutenant
Frank H. Hardesty, Company G, wero among
During the night of the 3d tho regiment lay
in the works near its original position at Mc
Allister's mill, on Bock creek, constantly wak
ened by skirmishing firo and volleys of mus
ketry; but in tho morning the enemy had dis
appeared. The lth of July was spent in bury
ing the dead and caring for the wounded.
On tho 5th it started with the army in pur
suit of the enemy, marching via Littlcstown,
Frederick City, and Crampton's Gap, to tho
neighborhood of Eakersville, whero it ar
rived on tho 10th, threw up breastworks, and
remained four days.
Advancing on tho 14th, tho enemy's works
were found deserted. On the 15th the regiment
reached Sandy Hook, when its connection with
the Army of tho Potomac ceased.
In this campa- jn the oflicers and men of the
First Totomac Home brigade were subjected to
the-6ovcrest hardships, besides trials and dan
gers of almost efcry description; yet through
out the trying ordeal all behaved with a noble
ness of spirit well worthy of record. Each and
every ono seemed aware of the great issues in
volved, and tho importance of the struggle in
which they wero engaged.
From tho time tho regiment left Baltimore,
on the 25th of June, until it reached Sandy
Hook, on tho 16th of July, it marched over 150
miles, engaged the enemy on three occasions at
Gettysburg, built breastworks and abattis, was
deprived continually of both rest and sleep, and
performed forced marches through heat, mud,
and rain ; sometimes with inadequate rations.
Under all theso adverse circumstances it exhib
ited tho greatest fortitude and courago.
HIGH INDORSE"JIENTOF ITS SERVICE.
Says General John W. Geary, in reference to
the fight for tho repossession of the breast
works: "At 7:30 o'clock Lockwood's brigade,
of tho First division, 1,700 strong, reported to
mo as a support, and was posted in line in tho
woods about twenty -five yards in rear of
Greene's breastworks. This brigado, composed
almost entirely ot untried troops, was engaged
for a short time as a relief to other regiments,
and rendered efficient service."
General George S. Greeno acknowledges the
services of Lockwood's brigade, in tho follow
ing complimentary language: "At 7:30 a. m.
General Lockwood, with his brigade First
Maryland Homo brigade, Colonel Maulsby;
First Eastern Shore, Colonel Wallace; Ono
Hundred and Fiftieth New, York, Colonel
Ketcbum, about 1,700 men came to our sup
port from Williams' division, and rendered
efficient service. The First Maryland Homo
brigade and the One Hundred and Fiftieth
New York wero distinguished for their good
General W. S. Hancock, in referring to the
action on tho afternoon of tho 2d, says: "On
tho left of tho Second Corps, the lino being still
incomplete and intervals existing through
which the enemy approached our line of bat
tle, General Meade brought up in person a part
of tho Twelfth Corp3, consisting of two regi
ments of Lockwood's brigade, under Brigadier
General Lockwood, which formed lino and ad
vanced against the enemy, then closely engaged
with us, and ho was soon driven from tho field.
By tho advance of theso regiments First Mary
land Potomac Home br'gadc and Ono Hundred
and Fiftieth New York, the artillery which
had been left on tho field in the Third Corps
lino was recaptured from the enemy."
THE FIRST EASTERN SHORE REGIMENT.
Tho operations of this regiment at Gettys
burg aro more fully described in tho following
IIeadq's'Fikst Reg't East. Shoee (Md.) "Vols.,
"Sear Gettysiiukg, Pa., July 4, 1S&J.
General: I have the honor to report that, in obo
dience to your order, I put my command in motion
at 0:30 11. m. on yesterday, and reached tho field of
battle a short timo before S o'clock, where wo im
mediately formed into line of battle and prepared
to relieve another regiment, then engaged in the
At 8 o'clock tho order was given to advance, nnd
the resiment went forward with u shout to relieve
their cxliausted comrades, who had been fighting
for seven hours. They had to advance up a con
siderable slope, and when reaching tho open
level space immediately in rear of the breastwork
we became exposed to a terrible fire of musketry.
Owing to some misunderstanding as to the point of
tho works designed to be supported, four companies
passed to the left under Lieutenant-Colonel Come
gys,nnd five under my own immediate supervision
moved directly to the front. Upon reaching tho
brow of the hill, the five companies liultcd for an
instant upon the discovery of the enemy attempting
to rush upon our works, and then delivered a very
cQectivo volley over the heads of the men occupy
ing the position we were ordered to relieve. The
olliecr in command of the men in tho breastworks
supposing we were firing into his command, re
quested that the fire should cease. That volley,
however, with the fire from tho regiment in the
works, cllectually checked all further advanco of
the enemy. Tho men immediately moved forward
atuLrclieved the regiment in the advance, opened
their fire, and kept it up until they hod expended
their ammunition, when they were in turn relieved
by the One Hundred and Fiftieth If cw York regi
ment. In crossing the open spaco between the lull
and the breastwork wo lost one man only, though
tho tiro upon us was severe. As soon as we reached
tho breastwork the enemy opened upon tho five
comnanied above referred to from the flank and
from a point not fully protected by our works.
There we met with nearly all the casualties which .
we suffered during the light; but I am happy to
state that our loss lias been small for tho length of
time Ave were engaged and the severity of tho firo
received. Five were killed (William P. Jones, Ed
ward I'ritchett. Samuel A. Arnold, William II.
Eaton, unci Southcy Sterling), twenty-two wound
ed, anil seven missing.
The conduct of my men was very satisfactory.
All did their duty, and, considering that this was tho
firt timo they were under fire, their behavior waa
very steady. Where all did their duty so well it Li
impossible to discriminate. We remained upon
the field until S p. m., when, in obedience to orders,
we took up nnothcr position and bivouacked for
tho night. Thus ended the participation of my
command in the glorious achievemcuts of yester
day. From the prisoners taken we have been credibly
informed (hat the enemy wo fought was tho First
Maryland (rebel) regiment.
1 liave the honor to be, very respectfully,
Col. 1st Itcg't Eastern Shore (ATd.) Vols.
Erig.-Gcn. II. II. Lockwoob,
Com'd'g 2d Brig., 1st Div., 12th Army Corps.
Leaving Gettysburg July 5, tho First East
ern Shore marched to Littlcstown ; thence, on
tho 7th, to tho Monocacy, on tho Sth to Bur
kcttsvillc, on tho 0th to Rohrcrsville, and 10th
to Fairplay. Many of tho men Avere barefooted
and suffered considerably during this march of
more than seventy miles. On tho night of tho
13th tho enemy crossed tho Potomac, and on
tho IGth, tho march being continacd, tho regi
ment encamped on Maryland Heights. On Au
gust 9th it moved to Point of Bocks, and thence,
about tho middle of October, returned to the
Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia.
GENERAL SCTIENCK'S ORDER.
As a part of tho history of tho First Eastern
Shore in tho Gettysburg campaign tho follow
ing order is introduced. It speaks for itself:
He.vdc:X7.vetcks Eighth Army Coups,
UALTI2IORE, July 2, 1SC3.
S. O. No. 177.
9. Tho First regiment. Eastern Shoro Maryland
volunteers, wa3 recruited in 1S61 for three years or
the war, but under authority from the Secretary of
War and assurance from the recruiting officers that
they were to serve only on the Eastern Shore of the
Chesapeake Bay as a home guard.
In the present great public emergency, this regi
ment, with others, under Brigadier-General Lock
wood, was ordered to rendezvous at Point Lookout
on the western shore of the bay, and thence to pro
ceed for duty at Baltimore.
All the regiment. Colonel Wallaco commanding,
responded promptly to this call, except sixty-ono
non-commissioned oflicers and privates of Com
pany K, who refused to obey. Thirty of the men
of that company, under command of their captain,
went with the rest of their regiment. Tho regi
ment subsequently marched as part of the brigado
of General Lockwood to Monocacy, where it be
came attached to the Army of the Potomac, under
ilajor-Gcneral Meade, and is now in the field.
In this state of facts it is considered that those)
who held to tho strict letters of their agreement,
and have not a zeal in the cause of their country,
and a patriotism broad enough to set aside such
nnrrow considerations in tho time of great emer
gency, are not of the stuff of which true soldiers
are made, as are their companions of tho regiment
who have nobly taken the field for the general
defense, and it is, therefore, ordered:
That the sixty-one men of Company K. First East
cm Shore Maryland volunteers, now assembled at
Cambridge on the Eastern Shore, be deprived of
their arms and accoutrements, which are directed
to be turned over to the ordnance officer of the
Eighth Army Corps at Baltimore. They will then
consider themselves dishonorably dismissed from
the service of the United States frbm this clay, such
dismissal being subject to the approval of the Secre
tary of AVa-
In the meantime they will return to their homes,
transportation being furnished them for that pur
pose, from Cambridge to Somerset county, whero
they ivere recruited.
Second Lieutenant William. J. Porter, of Com
pany K, who is in cliargo of theso men at Cam
bridge, will see to the execution of this order, after
which he will, without delay, rejoin his company
and regiment in the field, and report for duty to
By command of Major-Gcneral Schenck.
W. H. CuxsEBnorGn,
A. A. GeneraL
3arching from tho Bappahannock with the
Fourth volunteer brigade, artillery reserve,
Bigby's battery on reaching Gettysburg was
assigned to duty with the Twelfth Army
Captain Bigby's report of tho part sustained
by tho battery, is as follows:
Berlin, Md., July 17, 1863.
Snt : I have the honor to report the following as
the part taken by my battery in the recent fight at
On the morning of July 2d I was ordered to place
my battery in position on a hill about one mile
south of Gettysburg and 500 yards we3t of the Bal
timore turnpike.- The Twelfth Corps, under tho
command of Major-General Slocum, occupied the
woods in front. I opened fire at about two o'clock
on a battery of the enemy, distant about 2,500 yards,
but finding tho distance too great I ceased firing for
At daylight on the morning of tho 3d I com
menced shelling the woods in my front, and con
tinued firing slowly for about three hours.
I remained in this position until Sunday after
noon, July Sth. During tho whole time I only
fired 211 rounds 11 rounds of Shenkle percussion
shell and 170 Ilotchkiss shell. I have been informed
by Major-GeneralSloeum that the battery did ter
On Sunday afternoon I was ordered to report to
the headquarfers artillery reserve.
I am happy to state that I had no casualties
whatever. I am sir, most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Jajies II. Rionv,
Capt. Comd'g Batttery A, Md. Artillery.
Asst. Adj't-Gen., Artillery IJeserve.
A Tribnto to General Jfelson.
Tho letter which follows wa3 written by
General Don Carlos Bnell to Dr. A. N. Ellis,
of Hamilton, Ohio, prior to tho delivery of Dr.
Ellis' address before tho Society of tho Army of
the Cumberland, at its annual meeting at Mil
waukee, in September last. Dr. Ellis' ad
dress on "Nelson at Shiloh" was published in
The National Tribune of October 12th:
t7eeral D. C. Buett io Dr. A. K. Ellis.
AinnniE, Ky., Sept. 9, 1SS2.
Dear, Sir.: I have just received your letter of tho
6th inst. If you can, within the timo at your dis
posal, prepare for so interesting a task nnd your
just conception of it and diffidence about it aro
favorable indications I hope you will attend tho
Iteuniou of the Society of tho Army of the Cumber
land, as reported by Captjunlvendrick, to offer a too
unusual tribute to the worth of General Nelson.
That an officer so conspicuous for his character and
scrvTces should have been so completely over
looked in the memories of the army in wliich ho '
served is a most painful spectacle.
You will hardly be-ablo to say too much in com
mendation of hirn as a soldier. Ho was watchful
about the well-being and efficient condition of his
troops, exacting about the duty of his inferiors,
but not less subordinate and obedient towards his
superiors ; habitually alert to the extreme of pru
dence, and yet bold and impetuous in action. Ho
never hesitated about obeying orders, and he threw
into his obedience the force of a conspicuously
strong mental and physical organization. In view
of his known character for energy and zeal, tho at
tempt that lias been made in certain quarters to im
pute tardiness to him on the march from Savannah
to Pittsburg Landing at the battle of Shiloh is as
puerile as it is groundless.
It is unnecessary to speculate as to what he might
liavo accomplished in the highest military om
mand, though with his energy in action were com
bined cultivated talents of a high order. But in
regard to the chief subordinate positions, notliing
remained in uncertainty; and with a complement
of officers such as he proved himself to be, it would
be difficult to limit tho achievements of an army
short of the utmost bounds of possibility.
While holding up for deserved admiration his
high qualities as a soldier and his fine general at
tainments, you will not be able to acquit him of a
sometimes harsh and imperious temper in com
mand a blemish that unfortunately is not rare in
the composition of a strong cliaracter. Perhaps in
his case it was increased by tho exacting nature of
his naval training. But he had a manly disposition
to make atonement for injustice, and often his
conduct toward his subord mates was marked by
a gentleness and consideration tliat belong to tha
most delicate susceptibilities. Ho had witlial a
keen perception nnd a thorough contempt for sham
in the motions and conduct of men. In his patriot
ism there was no selfishness or false pretense. It
was like his character direct, positive, comprehen
sive. He never hesitated or ikltered, but, thrust
ing aside disdainfully all local considerations, all
tho schemes of ambitious partisans, and all tho en
venomed prejudices of both sections, he threw tha
whole weight of his strong nature into the broad
cause of TJnion and nationality.
Such a man ought not to have perished at such a
time and in such a manner.
I am glad to have received your letter, and you?
may make what use you please of this reply.
Very truly, your obedient servant,
D. O. Buxll.