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ESTABLISHED 1S77.-NEW SERIES.
WASHLtfGTOrT, D. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1883.
VOL. H-ISTO. 28.-WHOLE NO. 80.
Western Virginia Cleared of Confederate
OHIO AND INDIANA.
How the Boys Stood Fire in
Their First Battle.
MAX-GEN. AT. S. EOSEORAS
Tells the Story for the Readers
of The National Tribune.
I reported to General MeCleilan, on receiving
orders from Columbus to turn over Camp Chase,
the day before the departure of the forces from
Camp Denuison to Western Virginia. When I
arrived at Parkersburg, I found the Eighth
and Tenth Indiana and the Tenth, Seventeenth
and Nineteenth Ohio. Ho placed me in com
mand of the provisional brigade, consisting of
these troops, and left me at Parkersburg to put
things in order as soon as possible.
I ordered part of the Seventeenth Ohio as
guard to the railroad tunnels on the Parkers
burg branch, and a detached part of the Tenth
Ohio to go to Weston to save a bank which was
there and which was reported in danger of cap.
lure. General MeCleilan proceeded to Grafton,
Ta. As soon as possible I proceeded with my
provisional brigade to Clarksburg. They
were unloaded from the cars and ordered to
proceed on the road to Buckhannon. I repaired
to General McClellan's headquarters for a per
sonal conference, returning to Clarksburg at
three in the morning, overtaking my men near
daylight, where they went into bivouack at a
place, indicated by General MeCleilan, on the
wnorth side of a little prcck. I reconnoitered
and made some inquiries, and learning there
was no enemy nearer than Buckhannon, I se
lected a camp at Duncan's farm, a mile and a
half in advance of the bridge, advised General
MeCleilan, informing him that Buckhannon
was not occupied, as had been reported, by a
thousand men, nor by any men, but had been
visited by a couple of cavalry companies from
Roaring Creek, who had returned to that vicin
ity. I requested him to allow me to make a
night march on Buckhannon, if his advices
differed from mine, or if there was any like
lihood of it, to allow me to attack Buckhan
non, which, with some hesitancy, he author
ized me to do, stating that he would join me;
and the following night I marched on Buck
jhannon, arriving ;.ext morning and taking
p3fcrfFrom tho inhabitants 1 had full con
firmation of the accuracy of my information.
IN FACE Or THE ENEMY.
At this time General McClellan's headquar
ters were at Grafton, and General Morris, of
Indiana, and General Hill, of Ohio, with all
tho remaining troops of General McClellan's
command wore at Phillippi, on tho road from
Grafton to Beverly, where they were confronted
by General B. S. Garnott. I had known Gen
eral Garnett at West Point, and afterwards I
was stationed with him at Fortress Monroe
when hewasafirst lieutenant of artillery. Ho
was an elegant gentleman and a soldier.
Soon after my arrival at Buckhannon,
General McGellan joiucd me with the Ninth
Ohio, Colonel Robert L. McCook, commanding,
the Third Ohio, Loomis' battery of artillery and
another regiment. Shortly after, I was directed
to seize tho bridge across the middle fork of
the Buckhannon Biver, about twelve miles on
the road toBich Mountain. Next day General
MeCleilan followed with . the rest of the com
mand, and we marched to Boaring Creek and
encamped within a mile and a half of the foot
of Rich Mountain, on 'the side of which we
could see the enemy's troop3 intrenching.
Shortly after my arrival there I learned there
was a young man named Hart, who belonged
to a family in that-settlement, who kept a tav
ern on the top of Eicli Mountain, and who
tended cattle which were herded through the
mountains, and ho know the country well. I
informed General MeCleilan of what I heard
and told Captain 0. 31. Poc, engineer on McClel
lan's staff, suggesting he had better hunt him up.
French Creek Settlement was composed of
TJinonmcn, who sentmessongcrsdown to inform
us U.attherebels were gafheringaheavy force at
Huttonsville, seven or eight miles sonth of
Beverly, and that they wore supposed to have
somewhere near twenty thousand men there.
We also learned from theso people that it
wotride easy to go that way to Huttonsville,
lcaiug llicikMouutain on our left, and that
we could carryaSUlery through. I suggested
to General McCiellan iat the force at Huttons
illc had been grcatljexaggcratcd, no doubt,
and could not be auyting but raw militia,
and we could go by w;ay f French Creek to
Huttonsville with nerly the entlrs force and
turn the position n Rich Mountain, capture
Huttonsville and Bispersc the militia, and
compel the retreat of the enemy over Cheat
Mountain by way of Tygcrt's Talley back into
Maryland, or oblige him to withdtaw towards
Winchester into Virginia. General Garnett's
position was twelve or fifteen miles north of
Beverly, on the road to Grafton, and Huttons
ville, seven or eight miles south of Beverly,
on the road ovcrCh -at Mountain into the great
Valley of Virginia.
PREPARATIONS FOR ATTACK.
General MeCleilan thought this too adven
turous, and ordered a reconnaissanco in force
on tho enemy's position on our front,
which he headed, my brigade supporting. It
was rcyulo in the afternoon about 4. o'clock, and
developed tne fact that the enemy's intrench
ments were on the west slope of Rich Mountain,
near its foot, and that they had artillery.
The right of the intrenchment was covered
by & laurel thicket, a mile or so in extent, so
tluok that a mountain hog could hardly crawl
through it. The left was covered by fallen
timber, five or six huudred yards wide. A
turnpike road over Rich Mountain passed
acacly through the centro of tho line.
The estimated force of the oucmy was from
five to eight tbouseud, while our force did not
eicetd bix thousand.
Near sunset the Geueral ordered me to
bivouac in line of battle on the road leading to
the enemy's position, with tho understanding
that I would lead theattacknextraoruing. Hav
ing tken up my position and made disposition
for picketing the line during the night. I re
turned to my tent, and found Colonel Manson,
of the Tenth Indiana, had hunted up tho young
man Hart, son of ihc tavem-kccp.T at the
top of the mountain, a lad of about twenty
one years, and apparently very intelligent
and houcst. Questioning him carefully, I
learned that he was familiar with the
mountain paths in looking after cattle on the
ranges, and that the tavern was two and three
fourths or three miles in rear of the enemy's
position at the top of tho mountain ; that tho
tavern was in a low gap, and from this the
turnpike road descended along the side of the
mountain by a steep declivity towards Beverly,
situated in Tygcrt's Valley, and seven miles
distant from the tavern.
A FLANK MOVEMENT PROPOSED.
I made a little sketch from tho information
thus obtained, and having assurance from Hart
that he could guide the head of the column by
proper though rough paths to tho vicinity of
the tavern, I repaired to Geueral McClellan's
tent about 9 o'clock, and explained the matter
to him as a piece of very important informa
tion, asking if he did not desire to see the
young man, for whom, at his request, I sent.
After questioning him some time, I said:
"General, arc you done with him?" Ho an
swered " yes." I directed him to go to my
tent and stay there until I came tip ; and after
he left I asked General McCIellau what he
thought of it. Ho considered it important,
and that the young man was honest.
I waited for some time, and finally I said :
"I tell you what, General, I think best to be
done. Let me take my brigade and Hart, aud
I will start out at three in the morning with a
day's rations, and will reach the tavern by
half-past ten o'clock. I will attack and cap
ture the place. You attack the enemy on the
front, and if he don't give way I Avill post a
regiment, ordering them to obstruct the road
so that nothing can get by, and with the other
three I will attack him in tho rear." The
General listened attentively and in silence.
General Marcy, a gallant officer, and McClel
lan's father-in-law and chief of staff, said:
" General, I think that a good plan?"
THE REGIMENTS SELECTED.
After some delay, General McClcllaii said:
"You will want tho Eighth Indiana, which
is picketing the Tear of our camp." I said :
" Yes, I would like to have that regiment."
"I will let you have it," said the General, " in
lieu of the Tenth Ohio, part of which has gone
away, and the Thirteenth Indiana, which has
just arrived to-day, and will direct a portion of
the Third Ohio torelieve the Eighth on theline.
Would you not like to have Colonel Lauder?"
"' Yes," I said. " He can take charge of the guide,
and is a woodsman." "I will send," said the
General, " part of Birdsall's cavalry as messen
gers about half a company. I think you had
better not start into the woods until five o'clock
in the morning instead of three, as you pro
posed, and you send me a messenger every ten
minutes reporting progress."
The General said to me: "How shall we
know when to commence the attack? I don't
want to begin too soon." I replied : " If Hart
leads us by the road he expects, we shall be
there by half past ten in the morning." " But,"
said he, "if you don't get there?" I said:
"Well, then, you can tell by hearing the fir
ing. Good night, General."'
In his official report ho says they heard firing
at half past two.
I immediately sent for my colonels, and told
them to be ready to form line in the street by
three o'clock, leaving all the men on sick list
and all who were lame; leaving the tents
standing, and directed the camp-fires for cook
ing breakfast to be lighted and reveille to be
beaten as usual in the morning. This precau
tion I took, because our camp wag directly in
sight of the enemy, so as not to excite his sus
picion that any movement was taking place.
THE MAECII OVER THE MOUNTAINS.
My command consisted of tho Eighth, Tenth
and Thirteenth Indiana, and the Nineteenth
Ohio. At five in the morning the head of the
column turned from the road in the edge of the
woods fronting our encampment in a drenching
rain, and made its way through tho paw paw
bushes in spite of it, Colonel Lander, with the
One or two messengers were dispatched, re
porting progress, but it became so slow, and the
ground wa3 so rough, that I suspected the
guide was carrying us too far cast, and found,
after inquiry, that he was afraid of being cap
tured, and was, therefore, steering us very
much further from the enemy's encampment
than he had intended to do if we had gone
during the night, and overmuch worse ground.
At 10.30 in the morning tho clouds began to
break away a little, and wc reached the west
side of a deep valley, heavily timbered, the
counter elope of which, Hart said, led us about
a mile or a mile and a half southeast of his
father's house, from where the road would be
very easy to the slope leading down ,to the
tavern. I dispatched General MeCleilan ac
cordingly, and said : "As we are so near the
point I will not send another messenger until
something important lias occurred."
At half-past twelve the head of tho column
was on the top of the counter slope. The
troops halted and were directed to take their
lunch and rest, whilo I proceeded up to an old
field with Colonel Lander to reconnoiter. To
the cast, on my right, was a portion of the town
of Beverly, and the end of an encampment of a
line of tents was in view, the remainder being
hid by tho mountain. About eighteen army
wagons could be seen in the street of the town
and some cavalry. Everything was quiet
around us. The tavern was hidden from view
by an intervening wooded ridge, the top of
which Hart said was about half a mile
from his father's house. A sled road led
around the left of the field along a ridge, where
there was a wagon road turning to tho north
and going down to tho tavern. On the left of
the road was a deep ravine.
THE ENEMY IN SIGHT.
I directed tho Eighth Indiana, which had
the lead, to form and cross a narrow field into
this road in column of companies, closed en
masse, so as to make as little show as possible,
and the Tenth to follow suit, the Thirteenth
next, and the Nineteenth Ohio to bring up the
rear. Then having crossed the field each com
mand was to march by fours along the road.
Unfortunately Colonel Benton misunderstood
my order, and turned down the deep ravino,
which caused somo delay. Colonel Manson was
obliged to take the lead, Colonel Benton fol
lowing with the Eighth in his rear.
It was half-past one when the movement be
gan. Tho head of Colonel Mansou's regiment
reached tho top of the ridge when it was fired on
by a strong picket guard of tho enemy, which
fled precipitately towards the tavern, leaving
Captain Chris Miller, supposed to bo mortally
wounded, and two others wouuded.
Colonel Manson puBhed gallantly forward in
pursuit, and when tho tavern canio into view
formed a lino of battle. I saw that tho enemy
had breastworks of logs, and they opened on us
with artillery from the eastern end of their
line, firing with s single piece of artillery,
which was hidden from view by the trees.
They also opened from the opposite end of the
cleared ground west of the tavern, a little back
of the wagon road, which we could see also,
under cover of the trees, with another piece of
artillery, but wo could not sec whether they
had more than one gun. We had no artillery,
and the cannon balls crashed through
the timber over the heads of our men. They
stood it well, although it was tho first time
they had ever heard that kind of music.
Colonel Benton's regiment was ordered to
file to the right in the woods back of Manson,
and staud in column until further orders.
Manson was ordered to direct his men to lie
down, so as not to be exposed to tho enemy's
musket fire, and to deploy a line of skirmishers
to keep that fire down as much as possible.
Lander went to the right of the Hue to look
out, where I saw him mounted on a big rock.
A sergeant on the right of Mauson's line was
passing up muskets, which he fired at the ene
my, shouting, "Bang away, you scoundrels!
We'll come down there and lick you like tho
d 1 directly!"
MOVING FORWARD TO THE ATTACK.
I directed Colonel Sullivan to keep the open
ground to the left of Manson's regiment with
three companies in line, and to send three other
companies, to the top of the knob on our left,
directing tho senior officer to deploy a strong
line of skirmishers down in the woods on tho
noithern slope of that knob, to reconnoiter the
thicket to the west of tho field, around wkich
the road led into the main turnpike, so wo
might not be surprised by any troops occupy
ing position on our flank.
I directed the Nineteenth Ohio. Colonel
Beatty commanding, to halt his regiment about
two hundred and fifty yards in the rear directly
on this road, aud remain in column until fur
ther orders. Meanwhile tho musketry fire
from the enemy's line rattled, and the artillery
continued to blaze away. By mistake, Colonel
Sullivan got tho whole seven companies on the
knob, and was obliged to bring them down ono
at a time by the ilauk, so that it was 3.10 when
he finally got his troops into position as first
directed. I looked at my watch at the time,
and thought if the enemy only had a fowRegu
lars how they would whale us, but said to my
self that likely they didn't know any better
than we did!
I then directed Manson to begin to advance,
Colonel Benton, of the Eighth, to bring his
regiment down in column by platoon nearly
opposite tho right of Mauson's command, and
to go down a steep slopo which led into the
turnpike, the crest of which would shelter his
whole column when once there, and then to
charge the battery on the enemy's left. Leading
tho head of the column down, showing the
Colonel the crest behind which his troops would
be sheltered from the enemy's fire, and point
ing to the battery he was to take, I directed
him, when he had captured the piece, to usg
his troops to tho best advantage.
I then returned to our left, and directed
Colonel Sullivan to take that portion of his
command which was in column and move them
by platoon abng the wood road, winding
around to the west of the fields, and to charge
and capture the battery on the enemy's right,
Colonel Beatty to follow with his command
and fill up any space that might be left in our
lino of battle by expansion of the open ground
to tho left. Looking to the execution of my
orders, I discovered, to my surprise, that Colonel
Benton had come down opposite the centre of
Manson's line,, the right wing of which had
just passed several fallen trees which ob
structed the movement of tho left so that there
was a gap. I rode up to Colonel Benton, aud
said: "You have made a great mistake ; but
you can't file to the right now and expose your
flank to this galling fire, in which you will lose
a great many men. Go now to that gap, file
through it, and charge that battery on the
enemy's right, throagli the fields where the
ground hollows out a little."
I returned to the left to see the execution of
the other orders, but was arrested by seeing
Colonel Benton, having filed through the gap,
was forming a line of battle in front of Man
son's left. I galloped back, and told Benton he
had again misunderstood my directions, which
were to charge in column through the hollow
in the fields, and to capture the enemy on tho
right. I said: "Now you will go into line of
battle, and I will direct Colonel Manson's left
not to fire, but get out of your way, and you
will change in line of Manson's right." I then
gave Colonel Manson orders to form tho left
wing on tho left platoon, and then charge in
A GALLANT ASSAULT.
Continuing to the left, I overtook Sullivan
at the head of his column, and shouting to the
men to step out, we followed the road around
the left of the field. When wc arrived within
a couple of hundred yards of the enemy's
breastworks they opened a tremendous fire on
tho column, whereupon our people began to
fire over one another's head, and I had to strike
them with tho fiat of my sword to bring them
to their senses and continue the charge.
Just then I heard tho rattle of musketry
from Beatty's line and saw the enemy begin
to jump up and run, showing signs of flight.
A shout arose from our column, and in a mo
ment everything was going. Tho wholo force
advanced aud crossed the field almost simulta
neously. The batteries proved to be but ono
gun at each end. The enemy's troops rushed
into the woods and ours in pursuit pell-mell.
I ordered Colonel Benton to form his com
mand, and Manson to do likewise, as soon as
possible. Benton was directed to watch the
road towards Beverly, occupying the right of
our line. A detail of infantry, under Captain
Conkling, was put in chargo of the two pieces,
one being assigned to Renton, and tho other to
bo used in the direction of the enemy's camp.
The troops were reformed. During the most
of the time showers and sunshine alternated.
When tho firing was over and tho troop3 re
formed, it was half-past five o'clock.
We had heard no noise from our front, and
had no time to think of the reason why. The
enemy's camp was about two and three-quarters
miles distant, by a broad turnpike. Hav
ing noticed tho weeds trampled down for a
breadth of about equal to a company's front, a
little back of our position in the lino of battle,
just described, at the beginning of the fight, I
posted the greater portion of the Nineteenth
Ohio near that point, apprehending it led di
rectly to tho enemy's camp. Tho remainder of
tho command formed across the road looking
towardB tho enemy's camp, leaving Benton's
regiment to watch tho road towards Beverly.
A QUARTERMASTER IN LIMBO.
At this juncture a Confederate commissioned
officer was brought in, who turned out
to be the quartermaster of the Forty
fourth Virginia, Colonel Scott commanding,
from whom I learned that Scott's regi
ment was about a mile down the road to
wards Beverly, and hearing noise on the hill
he had como forward to rccounoiter. This,
combined with what I had seen in Beverly
from the old field, admonished me I was be
tween two fires and had to look both ways and
make my dispositions accordingly. Fortu
nately the turnpike, from the .gap. down to
wards where Scott's commaud was, descended in
a long sweep, which would be exposed to our
musketry and the fire of this piece of artillery,
and I felt pretty safe against assault from that
quarter, unless in pretty hcavj force. I called
the commanding officer of the little detach
ment of cavalry and asked him if he could
send a man back to camp. He said that the
horses were so broken down aad the road so
difficult to follow, he did not think it possible
for a messenger to get through and advise Gen
eral MeCleilan of the situatiou, and, accord
ingly, we concluded to wait until morning.
Night closed down on us. Our guide had be
come so demoralized that I diamiased him near
his father's residence before the battle, and
told him he had better go home to Roaring
Creek, where he would be safe.
The enemy's wounded and our own were
collected, and filled all tho buildings. The
troops bivouacked in a cold, drenching rain.
Firing along the picket-lino compelled them to
stand to their arms seven or eigat times during
the night. At three o'clock ir. the-morning a
young man war brought in, who said he was
from Romney, and belonged to a company of
Romney troops. I questioned him sharply as
to why he was lurking about our lines, and
learned from him that he was not a spy, but
on ac.ountof their eastern troops talking among
themselves, he and tho western troop3 thought
they had better look out for themselves. From
this I at once inferred that tho enemy was
preparing to evacuate, and, knowing he was
well acquainted with the conj;ry, concluded
it would be best to attack as tally as possible
in the morning.
TnE ENEMY TAKE TIME I?V TJTE FORELOCK.
I sent for the colonels and told them to have
tho troops get some breakfast, but soon learned
what I afterwards found very common
that fresh troops were not gocd providers, aud
they had no breakfast. I directed the order of
advance, putting the Thirteenth. Indiana ahead,
and followed, as soon as it was daylight, down
the western slope towards tho enemy's camp,
skirmishers going through the thickets right
and left, when shortly a ta:alryman, who
Tode ahead with the colonel of the Thirtccuth
Indiana, came back and said n white flag was
flying. I pushed around to the front and
found it was so. An old Confederato major
was in command, who rode in a buggy, and he
surrendered the camp equipage, quartermaster's
stores and about 175 men, amo.Vr whom wcro
the Williamsburg cadets.
Here wo learned that the enemy had about
one-half their force at the gap, and that it was
sent there on account of the cuf lu (aofj,iSerg5ait.
of Birdsall's cavalry with a bpt message to
me, who mistook tho way and followed the
main road, and was wounded or taken prisoner
on the enemy's front. The dispatch led them
to think something was up.
Directing Sullivan to take command of the
camp, I continued with the command, and
marched towards our camp at Roaring Creek
along tho turnpike, and met General MeCleilan
with the whole of the command, who marched
directly to Beverly, directing me to leave
proper officers in command of tho hospital, and,
returning to my camp break camp and follow
him, which I did, reaching Beverly tho same
day and going into camp.
RETREAT OF THE CONFEDERATES.
Meanwhile, the news of the catastrophe at
Rich Mountain had been sent to Garnett,
who commenced to withdraw the same night,
but his flight was not discovered until morn
ing, when General Morris and osr command in
front of Phillippi pursued him, diverging from
the road to Beverly at a suitable point south of
Laurel Hill, and started down Tygert's Valley
River for Virginia.
General Fcgram, who had commanded tho
position on the western slopo of Rich Moun
tain, and had withdrawn to the north over the
mountain, learning that General Garnett had
retired and our troops M'ero coming down the
road to Beverly, sent in an officer under a flag
of truce and surrendered.
General MeCleilan directed General Schley
to pursue Colonel Scott and those troops which
I had seen at Beverly, and which fled towards
Huttonsville by the turnpike load over Cheat
Mountain. I learned in Beverly that as Colo
nel Scott's quartermaster had reported to mo
instead of to him, he inferred that something was
wrong, and withdrew precipitately to Beverly,
and thence south, and got out of harm's way,
over Cheat Mouutain. Morris command con
tinued the pursuit of General Garnett to Car
Tick's Ford, on Tygert's Valloy River, whore
General Garnett, supervising the rear-guard of
his command, was killed.
The Confederates continued to retreat. Gen
eral Garnett's body was brought into our camp,
and subsequently delivered to a flag of truce,
composed of Dr. Garnett, now of this city, and
Bruce, of Halifax.
This movement, although almost bloodless
on our part, substantially put an end to the
domination of th'o Confederacy in Western
It is true General Lee, then commander of
.the Virginia troops, undertook to recover it
during the summer and autumn, but was un
successful. West Virginia then became a State
in the Union.
Burning of Hnrlctta.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I fully indorse tho statement of J. P. Cole
man, of the Fourteenth Kentucky, in regard to
the damnable falsehood of the burning of
Marietta. My regiment, tho Eightieth Indiana,
was the last of Sherman's army that marched
through that place, having been detailed to
guard supplies at Big Shanty for fully a week
after the charge and evacuation of Kenesaw.
When relieved wo marched through Marietta,
and went into camp immediately south of tho
town, and remained there five or six days. I
was in town every day during that time, but
saw no burned or burning houses, nor heard of
any, nor smelled any. Tho only destruction
of property of any kind I hrjard of from Dalton
to Atlanta (and I was with tiie command every
stop of tho way) was the burning of a couple
of cotton factories, and our wagons brought tho
oporatives or factory girls iirfaMarietta, quar
tered them in vacated houses, Wid furnished
them with an abundance "of Ttitions, "barin'
the snuff." " Wm.JH. Ray,
Co..C, iOth Ind. Inf.
Marquette, Neu., Feb. G, 36i3,
Biographical Sketch of General Charles
BATTLE OF CORINTH.
Thrilling Narrative in the Diary
of a Confederate Soldier.
CAPTURE of CUMBERLAjSD
General Imboden's Raid into
Maryland in 1863.
General Charles F.Mauderson, well and favor
ably known in the Army of tho Cumberland as
the commander of ono of the best regiments
that the great State of Ohio contributed to the
Union army, the Nineteonth 0. V. I., is, in all
the elements that constitute a gentleman, and
in every attribute that should characterize a
United States Senator, thoroughly equipped
for a political career that his friends hope will
end only with his life.
Crowded as the Congressional arena undoubt
edly is, "thero is always room at the top," and
we are greatly mistaken if the Senator from
Nebraska, entering it at the prime of life, and
inspired by a noble ambition to win a place in
tho regard of the best citizens of his State and
to leave the impress of his mind upon national
legislation, does not reflect honor upon the
people who have chosen him to represent them
in the Senate of the United States?
The writer knew him well when he com
manded tho Nineteenth Ohio, has seen him
under fire at Stone River, Chickamauga, and in
the smoke and carnage of many battle-fields,
and it is but repeating the sentiments of his
superiors in command to say that in every
emergency in which he was placed during a
protracted and arduous military career he
proved himself asoldier without fear and with
out reproach. The following sketch of General
Manderson, written by his companion in armst
Colonel Lucius Drury, of Chicago, will be read
with interest :
General Charles F. Manderson, of Omaha, is
in the prime of life, of fine presence, great per
sonal magnetism, a persuasive and powerful
speaker, and has had a thorough scholastic and
legal training. A brief sketch of his life may
help our comrades to know and appreciate his
value and show them that he has grandly filled
every position in life to which he has yet been
called, which is of itself a guaranty that he will
do as well in the future.
He was born in Philadelphia in 1S37, re
ceiviag the best scholastic advantages obtain
able m-tha't "city. In 1856 he removed to Can
ton, Ohio, and studied law until 1859, when he
was admitted to the bar. Almost immediately
elected to be city solicitor of Canton, he was
filling the second term of that office when the
eventful April, 1861, came. He recruited com
pany A of the Nineteenth Ohio infanry, and
served through tho three months' service in
West Virginia under MeCleilan, as part of Gen
eral Rosccrans' brigade; tho Nineteenth Ohio
participated with great credit in the battle of
Rich Slountain. Captain Manderson was spec
ially mentioned in the report of the commander
for efficient service. After the three months'
service ho re-enlisted his company for the war
and was ordered with his command to Ken
tucky and Tennessee. The next battle of con
sequence was Shiloh, where he acted as major.
The Nineteenth Ohio performed its full duty.
The following is an extract from the official
report of General Boyle : " Colonel Beatty and
Major Manderson held their men steady and
deported themselves, as did their officers and
men, with coolness and courage." After Shiloh
Major Manderson was almost continuously in
command of his regiment, receiving rapid pro
motion of lieutenant colonel and colonel.
Under his command the Nineteenth partici
pated in the campaigns through Mississippi,
Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky. Its battle
roll includes Rich Mountain, Shiloh, Corinth,
Crab Orchard, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mis
sion Ride, New Hope Church, Pumpkin Vine
Creek, Kenesaw, Pickett's Mills, Peach Tree
Creek, Atlanta, Joncsboro, and Lovejoy's
Station. On January 1, 180-1, Colonel Mander
son re-enlisted over 500 of the Nineteenth Ohio
as veterans. On September 2, 186-1, at the battle
of Lovejoy's Station, the demi-brigade, under
Colonel Manderson's command, in a vigorous
and gallant charge, had taken the front line of
the enemy's works with heavy loSj when their
commander was severely wounded m the spine.
Carried back to Atlanta he lay thero paralyzed
in tho lower limbs for nearly two months.
During the rest of the war he was unable to
ride horseback, and resigned on March 17, 1865,
because of physical disability, with the rank of
brevet brigadier general. His commission
fiom the President reads that it "is given for
gallant, long coutinued and meritorious ser
vices during the entire war of the rebellion."
He has received complimentary recognition of
his army service from the War Department.
During the term of office of President Hayes he
wai warmly urged by the Congressional dele
gations from Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Colorado
aud Ohio for the position of Secretary of War,
the indorsement being entirely unsought.
He was, tho comrade in tho Army of the Cum
berland of General Garfield, who, in a speech
at Canton, Ohio, in September, 1880, said : "I
am glad to meet here again General Menderson,
whom you all know, and who grew into heroic
proportions by his work in the war, and. did his
In 1865 General Manderson resumed the
practice of law at Canton, being elected for two
terms district attorney. In 1866 he ran against
Hon. Eckley, the then incumbent for the nom
ination for Congress in the 17th district, then
Republican by nearly 5,000 majority. The
fight was a long and exciting one, Eckley win
ning over General Manderson by but ono vote
the youth of the latter being urged to his
disadvantage. In 1869 he removed to Omaha,
Nebraska, whero he has resided for thirteen
years. Ho has there practiced his profession
with success. Has been for two terms presi
dent of the State bar association. He served
for five years as the city attorney of Omaha.
In 1871 and again in 1874 he was elected,
without opposition, as member of the consti
tutional conventions held in Nebraska in those
years. Ho is now forty-five years of age, prac
ticing law actively, and, while not a politician,
has ever given to tho Republican party the
service of his voice and pen.
If stainless character, splendid ability and a
brilliant record as a soldier constitute claims
upon his comrades for tho high position of
United States Senator, no man anywhere has
superior claims to thoso of General Charles F.
Manderson, of Omaha.
A MEMBER OF THE G. A. B.
Commander-in-Chief Van Dervoort, Grand
Army of tho Republic, writes us that Senator
Manderson is Commander of Post No. 110,
Omaha, Neb., and is "one of our oldest and
best Grand Army comrades."
Thd Battle of Corinth.
From the Diary of a Confederate Soldier."
Saturday, October HhA-Axi eventful day. At
four o'clock a. m. our brigade was ordered to
tho left about a quarter of a mile, and halted,
whero we deployed forward a skirmish line,
which kept up a constant fire. A battery in
front of tho right of our regiment opened
briskly, and tho enemy replied in the same
manner. The cannonading was heavy for an
hour and a half. Our regiment laid down and
stood it nobly. Tho shells flow thick and fast,
cutting off large limbs and filling the air with
fragments. Many burst within twenty feet of
mo. It was extremely unpleasant, and I prayed
for forgiveness of my sins, and made up my
mind to go through the tempest. Colonel Saw
yer called for volunteers to assist the SecoudJ
xoxiis sjurmisucrs. l voiumeuruu, aim iook.
my company. Captain Perkins and Lieuten
ant Munson being taken sick directly after the
severe bombardment, I led tho company all the
time. I went skirmishing at 7:30 and returned
at 9:30. Four of Captain Foster's men were
killed, but none of ours. Tho eucmy fired
very fast. We got behind trees and logs, and
tho way bullets did fly was unpleasant to see.
I think twenty must have passed within a few
feet of me, humming prettily. Shells tore off
large limbs, and splinters struck my tree several
times. Wo could only move from tree to tree
by bending low to the ground whilo moving.
ON THE ANXIOUS SEAT.'
Oh ! how anxiously I watched for the bursting
of the shells when the heavy roar proclaimed
their coming. At 9:30 o'clock I had my skir
mishers relieved by Captain Rouser's company,
sent my men to their places, and went behind
a log with Major Furger. At 10 o'clock tho
fight opened in earnest; this was on the right.
In a few moments the left went into action
in splendid style. At 10:15 o'clock Colonel
Rogers came by us, only saying, "Alabama
forces." Our regiment, with the brigade, rose,
unmindful of shell or shot, and moved forward,
marching about two hundred and fifty yards,
and rising the crest of a hill tho whole of
Corinth, with its enormous fortifications, burst
upon our view. The United States flag was
floating over the forts and in the town. Wc
were now met by a perfect storm of grape and
canister, cannon and minie balls. Oh, God!,
I never saw the like. The men fell like grass.
Giving one tremendous cheer, we dashed to
the bottom of the hill, on which the fortifica
tions were situated. Here we found every foot
of ground covered with large trees and brush.
Looking to the right or left I saw several brig
ades charging at the same time. What a
sight! I saw men running at full speed, stop
suddenly, aud fall on their faces, with their
brains scattered all around ; others with their
legs or arms cut off. I gave myself to God, and
got ahead of my company. Tho ground was
literally strewed with mangled corpses. Ono
ball passed through my pants and cut twigs
close by mo. It .seemed- that by hold in jj out
my hand I could have caught a dozen bullets.
STORJIING THE FORT.
We pushed forward, marching, as it were,
into the mouths of the cannon. I rushed
to the ditch of the fort. -I jumped into it, and
half-way up the sloping wall. The enemy were
only two or three feet from me on the other
side, but could not shoot us for fear of being
shot themselves. Our men were in the same
predicament. Only five or six were on the
wall, and thirty or forty in and around the
ditch. Catesby, my companion, was on tho wall
beside me. A man within two feet of me put
his head cautiously up to shoot into the fort,
but suddenly dropped his musket, and his
brains were dashed in a stream over my fine
coat which I had in my arms. Several were
killed and rolled down the embankment. This
was done by a regiment of Yankees. Some of
our men cried "put down tho flag," when it
was lowered or shot into the ditch. Oh, we
were butchered like dogs, for we were not sup
ported. Some one placed a white handkerchief
on Sergeant Buck's musket and he took it to a
port-hole, but the Yankees snatched it oil" and
took him prisoner. The men were falling ten
at a timo." The ditch being full and finding
that wo had no chance, we, the survivors, tried
to save ourselves as best we could. I was so
far up I could not get off quickly. I do not
recollect seeing Catesby after this, but think
he got off before; I trust in God he did. I and
Captain Foster Etarted together, and the air
was literally filled with hissing balls. I got
about twenty steps as quick as I could; about
a dozen being killed in .that distance. I fell
down and crawled behind a large stump. Just
then I saw poor Foster throw up his hands,
and, saying " Oh, my God!" jumped about two
feet off the ground and fell on his face. Tho
top of his head seemed to cave in, and the blood
spirted straight up several feet. I could seo
men falling as they attempted to run ; some
with their heads blown to pieces and others
with the blood streaming from their backs.
Oh, it was horrible. One poor fellow, being
almost on me, told me his name, and asked me
to take his pockctbook, and if I escaped to give
it to his mother and tell her that he died like
a brave man. I asked him if he was a Chris
tian. Ho said he was. I asked him to pray,
which he did with the cannons thundering a
deadly accompaniment. Poor fellow ; I forgot
his request in tho excitement. His legs were
literally cut to pieces. As our men retreated,
the enemy poured into us a terrific fire. I was
hardly thirty feet from the mouths of the can
nons. Minie balls filled the stump I was be
hind and the shells burst within three or four
feet from me; one was so near it struck me
and burnt my face with powder. The grape
shot knocked largo pieces from my stump ; it
was gradually wearing away. I endured the
horors of death here for one-half hour. Our
troops formed in line and advanced a second
time to the charge with cheers ; but began firing
when about half-way, and I had to endure it
all. I feigned death. I was between our own
and tho enemy's fire. In the first charge our
men did not fire a gun, but charged across tho
ditch, and up to the very mouths of the can
nons. But our boys were shot down like hogs ;
they could not stand tho storms that came
from tho Yankee's thundering guns. I had no
chance whatever. " All around mo were surren
dering. I could do no hotter than follow suit;
but thank God I am unhurt; nothing but a
merciful Providence saved me.
A Comrade's Opinion of 21 Quad.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have been taking The Tribune about five
weeks, and havbflflMmftM Quad s
and Nashville on our way home, and if Marietta
is burned, it has been done since the 1st of
June, 1865. Wo did not go to Dixio to make
war with or burn out helpless women and
children, and I think if a few moro namea go
in as testimony against M Quad, ho will begin
to think ho has lied.
George H. CoorER,
Co. A, 03th 111. Vol. Inf
Capture of Cumberland.
In the general movement of the Army of the
Potomac from tho line of tho Rappahannock,
Snow's battery left Aquia Creek at dark on the
13th of Juue, and marching via Stafford Court
house, arrived within a mile of Fairfax Court
house on the afternoon of the loth, going into
park with the artillery reserve.
Breaking camp on the 25th of June tho bat
tery moved through Fairfax Court-house to
Arlington Heights, encamping for tho night
near Fort Albany. Next day it moved across
the Potomac, by way of tho Long Bridge
through Washington city to Lamp Barry.
On tho 23th of Juno it was posted at Fort
Lincoln, near Bladensburg. At 2.30 p. m.
July 1st, it left Fort Lincoln and marched by
the Baltimore road, arriving at the environs of
that city at 2.30 a. m. July 2d. Toward noon
it moved through the city and parked at Camp
Belger. Embarking on the cars of the Balti
more and Ohio Railroad, at Mt. Clare depot,
July 6th, tho battery proceeded with General
Briggs' command to Monocacy Junction, and
thence to Maryland Heights, whero it was put
in position on the morning of the 8th, to com
mand the approaches from tho direction of
On tho 16th of June, in consequence of tha
defeat of General Milroy's command at Win
chester, and in anticipation of an attack upon
Grafton, all tho Union forces along the lino oi
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, west of
Martinsburg. were concentrated at New Creek.
After reaching that place, the Second Potomao
Homo brigade infantry, under Colonel Bruce,
took station on the top of Knobley Mountain.
Cumberland was evacuated and left wholly un
protected. THE ENEMY IN VIEW.
A thousaud rumors were soon afloat, and the
streets were filled with excited people, who
were in momentary expectation of the appear
ance of the Confederates. Their apprehensions
wero sttll further excited by the removal of
tho rolling stock, moveable machinery, &c, of
the railroad company. On the 16th it was re
ported that the enemy was rapidly approach
ing tho city in force, wherenpon a number of
citizens refired with considerable precipitancy
in the direction of Pennsylvania, and mer
chants began to cast about for means whereby
they might save their goods from confiscation
by the expected visitors. Night came, how
ever, and brought with it no enemy. But the
eariy dawn discovered a small squad of strange
looking men on the brow of the hill, east of the
city, on tho Williams road. Several of the
escaped cavalrymen from Milroy's command
advanced to ascertain whether they wero
friends or Ibes, and were saluted by the dis
charge of two small field pieces, the shells fromt
which dropped in the vicinity of McKaig's
foundry, whereupon the aforesaid cavalrymen
retired with commendable speed. The presence
of the enemy was quickly heralded throughout
tho city; a few more citizens took refuge in
flight, while the merchants generally closed up
their stores, and joined the excited groups that
gathered on the streets. In a little while two
representatives of tho Confederacy rodo into
town with a flag of truce. Shortly afterwards,
Acting Mayor V. A. Buckey, heading a deputa
tion of citizens, with a similar flag, met the
emissaries of the Confederacy, and a consult
ation was held, the result of which, was that
the town was surrendered, with the under
standing that private property was to bo re
spected and no depredations to be permitted.
The following is tho correspondence on the
To the Commanding Officer of Cumberland :
You are surrounded by a superior force, and. as
an act of humanity. I demand the surrender of tha
city. The bearer, Captain It. B. 3Iused, is author
ized to negotiate as to the terms of surrender.
J. D. iMBODEf,
Colonel Cavalry Brigade.
This letter was handed Mayor Buckey, and
the following response was made:
J. DImbodes; Col. Comd'g Confederate Forces.
Sin: Your note addressed to officer commanding;
at thin point luw just been handed me, and as there
is no force here to resist you, nnd ho officer in com
mand, I, as Slayor, for the time being, do, as far as
I can, surrender the city, as demanded, upon the
following terms, viz: That private persons and
property and the property of the State of Maryland
be respected. V. A. Buckey,
Mayor pro tem. of Cumberland.
Colonel Imboden accepted the terms in the
following note :
To the Acting Mayor of Cumberland.
Sie: I will receive a surrender of the city of Cum
berland, and will respect all private property ex
cept such property as the Quartermaster may desire
for the Confederato States. JCo public property
except of the State of Maryland -will be respected.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. D. Imbodejt,
Colonel Cavalry Brigade.
THE CAVALRY HELPING THEMSELVES.
About 350 of Imboden's cavalry, with two
pieces of artillery, presently appeared, and
after securing such horses as they could find,
induced some of the merchants to open their
stores. The Confederates then purchased pretty
freely such articles a3 hats, boots, shoes, cloth
ing, &c, paying for the same in Confederate
money, a species of currency which had then a
rather limited value. No damage was done to
either public or privato property, beyond the
destruction of a portion of the telegraph lines.
The Confederates were ill at ease while in
town, knowing that a considerable force of
Union troops was at New Creek and might at
any moment put them to flight. After a few
hours spent about the streets they departed,
being accompanied by several young men who
concluded to cast their lot with the South.
General Kelley and staff had arrived in town,
from Pennsylvania, on Tuesday night and left
for New Creek about the time of the arrival of
Xmbovlen's men tho next morning. Finding a
portion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
torn up, a short distance from town, the train
upon which they had. embarked was brought
back and taken over the Cumberland and Penn
sylvania Railroad to Pied22oa-and thence to
New Creek. On the following day 55oiceof
cavalry from New Creek came to Cumberland:- .
and captured Beveral of Imboden's command
who had remained with friends in town. la
a few days the excitement subsided, and tha
routine of business, pleasure and gossip was
The raiders did no violence to person, es
cept in the case of Griffin Twigg, Sr., living
near Murley's Branch. Tho particulars are
not exactly known, but the old man was .tinea ;
not, however, until he had killed two of the
gnmv and wounded another.
A canal, as well aa the tele-
lamaged, and oommu
for more tnon a