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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1883.
SCENES AT CpP FORD
Reminiscences of Prison Life "Within
- the SlocMc at Tvler. Texas.
Iu TMjtottsc lo numerous requests Ave publish,
this reek..a-sketch of Crnap Ford, Tyler, Tex&3,
together with extracts from the testimony
txk'eti by the investigating committee of the
Fortieth OongTCfs eouccriiing the management
of that Southern prison pen.
Cfemp Tyler, loaded about fix miles from Tyler,
in Texan. was inchi-ed by a Mwkade. It embraced
oh Mvn of .bout mx acres. It wa Mf! a prison
in 1HW and J.'!. Thre wore at cms time in 1J-61
Ave tlM":i!t5 prisoners at thi. jkhiU. There was n
dcad-iim- ii'i-e,: feet from the Moc-kiwlc. which had
(HMplN-.r. marked bvafnrrow. but it v. as ioii oblit
erated by lhv rain. The testimony sdmws tliai j
Use guard - w-re icix lo mcirowu wiwihhi w hi
when a in. n was uros tins i::-.aguiry line, ami
umuv wcii- rJiot wlien .ifty feet trom the stockade.
Thepri"o:i u midcr several ccrtunjHiidcrs. Anions
tixsM were Colonel Allen, s-tewsirt, and Mrnv.-n.
OlfteerM i:iul enlisted m-n were eciufaied in this
utotkadc, and wort- Mibjeetcd l the wiiuc treatment.
The ewinp wax wfll located and supplied vith gnd
water. No tdicttcr was provided. The prisoners,
lwwover. con-trui-ted cabin, sheds, and wives lor
thtmt-dvj,-, with logs, brush, ami dirt.
Herman Wcsterfield, a private in company H,
Fourth Miss-airi cavalry, who was capture:! on
May-,", ltxJron the Ked River, by tho Con fed
erate lien, ml Major's command, and taken to
Camp Ford, (ubtiihd before the investigating
UNiimitti't' ;ts follows:
"We arrival at Cam;) Ford in the evening. They
didn't gi' lis anything to eat until next day, some
where in the afternoon. AW had no shelter what
ever; and next day tliey save Us some corn-meal, a
pint or probably n little over, to a mini. The gave
lis no wood though, nor nothing toeook it in. They
kept im there about fourteen day.-without giving
n any shelter. Aftr that, they a! lowed Mime of
us to go on! j.iid get oiiie hru.-.J: to build sheds of.
The fourteen days that we Maid in Mere itwa-s
raining pseity near every day, and a good many of
our hoy nt thai time Rot sick, from not having our
victuals cooked a they ought to Ih. It was coarse
corn-mead, and they got the diarrhea from eating
it aud lying Ihe wet : and I have s-een men,
whilei wra in tliere, die for the want of Mi.ticiiui
food. "While hen-. Mime d.'.ys we didn't et our
food at ail. Whenever it lamed, as there was a
creek between the ean:p and the city, the ruin
wouldswel! the creek, ami the rclhjls would give as !
an excuse for not giving h to d, that they couldn't
get across the creek. 1 recoiled on several t)e
casions we diint get anything at all duimgthe
whole day. Another thing w? didn't get, and that
wassntiieieiit wood to cuok our victuals. During the
winter time we haun t enough to keep warm. Oner
in a while they would let twl-nty of our men go out '
at a time to chop t reex down and tsirry them in. and
they woukt mmiu a guard a;o:ig. 1 lien tney would
allow some f Us to goout and .tit some brush, after
weliad sjund there a while, to make a .shelter. The
treatment we received was c:y bad. 1 have seen
men brought in there who hao markx all around
their ncH!: wlicre they had put r,.x-s around them,
and lied them to t he hor.-es.md dragged them along
the ground, vn account of their leig too sick to
walk any more. I huve seen men brought in there
who Imci managed tocsoajc frobi the stockade, but
had leen ie-.ii;nrcl by hloodhou.idx. 1 have seen
them wilii thiir jmnts all torn to pieces, ami some
of them had thejr- legs torn pretty badly by the
hounds. 1 don't recollect who was in command at
Uanip lyler; they called turn colonel. I hey nan a
gool jnaiiy there, jmd they didn't stay but a short !
-x.- "--,- "---------" - --x... ..--------,-.
timc icwnerally. One time 1 reniemle
ner.dly. One time 1 reniemler a Colonel '
Urown was in command. I lvard some of the
guard suty thai they -ouhI give u.s more food if they
wanted to, but they wouhhrtdo it? that they were
supplying the whole coniiilenicy with bff, anil
h.-wl jileiey of prvisioiis, anil that tin y could give
Ub more it they waiititi to. 1 have ssi'ii them bring
ing iu things Miid selling them to our men. such as
flour, coU'ce, and weet potatoes. We could get
most anything we wauled if we had the mo. icy,
but the adjutant of the jhM 'took all tiie money he
could find s.wny from u.-, a.ur ot didn't dare to sliow
our money when he wiu, aiound. 1 know some
men came in there and traded confederate money
for grcciii-ackx). They said they wouldn't take
greenbneks for things that we could buy. and they
would give us live dollars in confederate money
for one in greenbacks, and when it came to'near
the close of the war they would give u ten. The
graveyuid wa right in -ight of the camp, and they
would generally bring bixliit, there, and bury them.
Soon after wc got there, on account of their giv.ng
us corn-mc:d, a good many died. I have seen as
many as live or iv die iu one day. There were
about forty-five hundred prisoners when I first
went there. Some of them were exchanged after .i
while, and ubout the lul of the war there were
about eighteen hundred. I Indieve. To the lk-.xt of
of my knowledge, some s-.cit or eight hundred
must haw diod. The surgeon never cune into the
inclosurc. to my knowledge, and 1 never heard of
any Mck-tsdl. If -a man got sick. hegcneraUy staid
there till be got so low he couldn't walk, and then
we would cjirry him up to the uospitnl in our
blaiikcl.x. I hardly ever saw anybdy go iu the
lio-pltai iK'fore they wttre m low that I Uiotigiit
they oonldnt'recover. Most of theui hud curvy or
diarrhea, and they let tliei.i s.U:y in .)ie uuup so
lmg without giving them iuiv medicine that they
VKHTAUI.KS TON CASH.
Josejdi Urit'ois, wlio was taken prisoner at;
thesime tiie, testified as follows:
Wc were thirteen months pri.-oners there, and
sind k pint ot'ei ii-iiK-al a bvy ; and for live months
a j int of corn-meal and half a pound of beef a
Uiy : mid n the rntil going back, we never got a
bit erf anything to eat. only what wc scraped to
getlK'r in the enmp bvfre we icft ; this was when
w-w.-re r'b.M-d. going home: the rebel.-, while
ve wvre. in ihVsou. UBnl to (111110 in and take
th- mvwy away from the men. and they
nsd Vt sl4,,rt, lintiii over the stockade; I re
)tetiitei' tbey .lnl one man, who belongcil to
the One JituidjeJ and rioilieth Illinois. 1 uxml
to tO cullrHlb otJi'vis, 'n the stxl:ailc, at Ctimp
Vrfi. wi-isiouidly ; tlny never jsuti anything to
n: Uore va-. e fellow who was in command
there, a lutite.tniit. who used tu give orders lonhoot
tle irisoiicrs, and uel to make raids 0:1 them and
(4al Uie iwiin-v Ihiin tlK- prisoners: I siqq.ose he
i..l- ......... I .....l.wl .,c.l. 7. 'i'i ... 1 1 1
Ummv tuajiV LuiKlrcxis 01 dii!;.rs. 1 hcv never had a !
i,J- ...M . ..-! . ikn ,. .... j ; , .1 1 . .
itM.it..j7b tt.;vi.L:,.i!..- .i,,.ifi.;,..V.iM.ViV..
it wasiti.i.itbcstcku!e: we had tlicscurvvbadlv:
four f our i-ii of the idcamboat Kmrna died ; two
of titem ! J with Uic winvy , they had vegetables
oMt.4d'. and syl jo j ihem. but never would
istiite tin in . w- had no shelter Jroin the lilst of .May
toUtciwt. of October, nty bu.sltf-, and liocxover
us. wlwii v. built mini Hli.tntie iittJc imts.iind
wor-i u i wn Buys. rr iiiie-ii uav.s Uiere.
tbeoruV rs were that any man that came withi n ten !', '".,. , ?. .," r """'i ' 5'"? "piu-l. A
htcp-oftlK-stkudetoVhool himdoxvn; that was " '5TVrt. w"hl .,iavo ""."V1 ,l ""PJblc lo , te 1
the order; wlm Colonel Allen was 'caving. I wl!sc!' J s mik. or w-luch was reb., since both
hel .tiiiM.y. he hoped every Yankee who was in uc ',' m'"'"15 ?.1,f"rts' mid. more the same
the stk:H!e would have a Southern gave before he ' h' ?' " ?oll?K' l '"-' 'v:uesecnts ate at thc
w.uld leave. ( olonel lb-own came after iiini : we I J"tU,1,II,e a:1 J'jrtia Uy whatever w as shown."
were, for eight months, kent on a nound of beef 1" - B', l.veicJ, -Mf.
''ofy-Hgiit . irovsHl or II o"eiodt until 11 or 12 1 hon.-e a great portion of this hard winter iu New
o'clock Uh next duV. in June. H n.mcd si,.-,"v !irl Kngland, to express his tlumlts to yon for theenter-
w-lud tostuodi.nd tuke it. Ow wet d;.v.- we could i
.. ...,' .. .. .. , .. . .
in, gti aiiyn.mjr 10 eai ; mey nau iour milcstouaul 1
their coii-nie:d, mid they could mrt, go for it wet
days- ll.il wm tin; eJHHl-4- tb.-v gave. 1 was two
day-and Htudf faxtilis: there, without nltiiimnv-
ihnur Urcut. 11k-v ii-tvcrscte us uiv e!.,ili!..--
- - -. - o- .
HrfwC liutvh, sergeant snjjorof tho Nine
teenth luiva. who wase-iptnn-d u- ar Aloi-ganxia.
1j ;te.iiber 29. li3. lc.-tificl as follows: !
e w- slopes I mi Camp l'ord. niHtul four o:ilcs
cast ot T'I-r 'lliere wa- :io sK.ier of i.ny kind
es.it -v...-ul .Hiilffitig far .some one hundred and
l'ort ncn :ohI ofiscers. Wc rcjits-jncd there through
two days without Iteiitg furuisJted anything lo cut,
and receive:- isuthitiptlwttuatii lkutenaut Colonel
Ixad; iidoi i:'t I toe i-Jel t-nmoauder that he would
ik1 in- r.-si ..iribb- for, or trj-1 restrain, the pri.xo:i
txair lo ??. AfttrtliHt wereeeived mtio:ionly
port rftlje iM.if, aid tlMxigh the distance w as very
gv4 to oi iiJie.'i the 'H;ij cxutjHil Py tl'.e fluen's
- ejy. UJjjl.t. ..:oit :he Mtli of November about
-nv iUo.!icil itcjprocs, were put to work to ilig a
si-kadeiir.imd us. The mcloxcdgreund contained
j.boMt 'Hn itii't k half or two acre. Some of tiie
Ktarus wf broaght from I vl,r. mid cm this dav
two.,.' tin- 1 uetUy-M.xlh Indiana were shol. The
ctacuu:la:.x were tlxK.- : They were earrying
logn to b'.iild .1 Iom.-k frcMii the tiut-ide. and w'liilt;
tbicr 1 -. o ti ejirricd them mlo 'piartcrs they cjime
up "V):.iii .'.iM-nt twdvf feel of the line, when the
s--iitr. .:! : "Tea paoo. ;ro:n tiie line." and drew
up Jus itt mul ..ex-keel it, sow! as the men turned to
vaiL-v-v be.lrod. The hl tt&i througii the
UnA lo:.:.'- Uu!y, and t'irougb Utc arm of the next
111 j Tm-iimc of th; tjsn-in wasTJit'inasMore
bi ' fU-died Ml o't'tsl: the ntt day. Ftr.uk
.-,sjn uMt.of tlterclx! who Jhcd lliegim.
T" 'wl'iiHiit ratir jiric.i amoiijf the pHson
ci id i!u-- ilm-atetKsi to have revenge. IIewi
't (under irwanl. and the eon::itaiijer. Colonel
il . pr:ioriwtu !iirnhioover tootir troops, but
v vtUMt ;-iU'j wanl that it wen never done.
1 id p-riui-sioii logo .lc-n tt to the line for
tl , m-- f iwtting Um tuulNts,. The gu.tnis
:i;.t --i-.'tli oalvora th?l lit-would shoot a
Y i.x 1i i"tc be wrtA be.ck lo 'J y!er.
i:.- w-r?lii prt- ,ii ireHin' frequently hi
nt .e. ts e;,td like logs. Hu of our sergeants
w otat -' iliKtoauoldciuk.HiHl then bucked
1 lle .bfiu t Uit him. It Wilsclolietiy Alford.
Ii oi.- osii-otttnciit a'wiut om-lumdred nmi
i. --;:;scnS, jumJ ovc-r .iie biiiMirc-d weie re
ts !'.':. 1 bci:i t!i.- pimcip.i! mentis used
ii ':Btu!. Hi our arrival at Tyler the
O ,e. weffHUMl tho prwiiwrii. cajtturcd froi
J- -s.t t'.'Ie. dying otr like difp. I havcccu
111 tudMalty ei.tco ulive ty Vfrmin. A biiinbr of
men rr v.iinatd hen for uimU-m-, ami the
motor tuwd V.e:: po(s,iHii, all of them were in a
tcrriUe oor.ditioti, Unsir mis and dc lnjiiig
Kiioctcd v uh it.
)tVRKFKW' IX TIIK SNOW.
Chrfs. tVhmidtt also a member of the Nine
itonih Sown, .ewupjuiy E,; tetstifieil as follows:
A Tyler, tliey Imd no shehei w anylhing of the
kirfil ; nothiug vva furni-Kst iw, just u lot m the
"ciOcH: i hud li- h JiUle lire, h big log burning,
SHbd kqH tirtie k up u koep warm ; it whs rtuii
i4t wIk.Ic niRlit; all the In Iter xvu taken up
by the other irisoners; there were four thousand
is there. . we were pooled at limes and were
SMrchttdnuuiiidtheoomili-y; we lwd to walk bare
foyt on lliebottaiiMl wniietiiiu's; that wrs in the
nmntucr liuic; hi Uie whiter time wc were obliged
to wttlk on tiie mav barefoot The rations con-A-Uslof
a pint of ial and uImmjI eight ounces of
fcsaf, hnrdly that; at Tyler our rations were the
caa.c. Tluj;was one uiau of the Twcnty-sii.th
Indiana shot down within ten feet of the K"nrl
line, and another severely wounded while we were
at Tyler; it was. done by a man who swore that he
would .siiool a Yankee lefore he would jjo back.
There was another man of the Twenty-sixth In
diana. I do not know what his name was, he was
receiving lojr. from the outside, who was carrying
Iors. bringing them there, ami he stood there to
receive them, and as he turned around to walk back
the guard shot htm, and ho wax severely wounded
with buck.-hot. We had to carry the wood iur
Mdves. MimetuueN for a mile; there wa no blank
cLs i-Miod. and a Kreat many had nothing on but a
s-hirt and drawers ; for mywlf I had nothing but my
shirt and ant. and a hat; before I was through I
had to make me a hat out of .tmw I suppose they
would ltav treated us worse than they did, on'y
they were afraid of us; they knew we did not care
for them. At the time the.y shot this man a great
many of the prisoner were gathering clubs and
wanted to go for the guards. The ration were
never ixMied to us in anything like sullicient quant
ity; we ued to make ling and such like and
spoons and trinkets, and buy corn-meal with them
George S. Goodwin, first lieutenant of com
pany (', .Seventh Missouri cavalry, who was
cajittuvd at Mark's Mil!, Ark., April ), 11,
te-lilkd sis follows :
We got to Tyler on the llith of May. In Tyler the
ration-, were torn-meal and fresh lieef. Along the
winter thiie it wasn't Sit to eatthe beef wa-n't. We
remained in Tyler until the ITthof February. Three
days in the time we were stalled, live hundred of
us, to l amp t.ro-s. and J made my expe and was
j rec.iptured and v""1' back again. 1 was caught by
j dogs; they had titree dogs alter me. J wax put
OiK-k m camp among the other prisoner. I have
seen pri.-onrrx, who had escaped and had hcn re
captured, who had been bitten by the dog. one
Captain Armstrong, of the '-'irM Kansas, and Col
lins of a New York regiment. 1 have seen piisou
erst'ed up by the thumbs as high as they could
reach, so that th--y could jutt touch their toes, w it li
sharp pegs driven into tin- ground right under their
heels. and kept so two hours at a time, and then let
down half an hour, and then lied up again. I have
often seen prisoners ironed for an 'seape. One
Captain Keid. of the Third Missouri cavalry, stood
on a barrel for ten days out in the hot sun in .July.
lie was put on the ban el the d of July, and was
kept there ten days. 1 lis hat was taken away from
him; he had just his paulx and shirt on, that wan
I saw prisoners shot down while in camp. July
11, lNil a member of the One Hundred and '1 hirtieth
Illinois was shot down in camp, lie wa.x standing
within alniut ten feet of the gate. There was a
crowd around, and tin' guard jut took out his re
volver and shot iu among the crowd and killed him.
lie gave no warning at all. Ueeeinber I2th, a pri
vate of the Thirly-ith Iowa was hot. Ili.x hat
blew oil', and he stepped toward the guard-line to
get it; it wasn't nearer than twenty feet of the
guard-line, mid the guard .shot him! I know of
another instance: a member of thetfeventv-seventh
Ohio I can't give tli date was at tiie gate wait- j
ing to get out. to go out ami carry in oo.l. and the
guard -shot him -la::ncd thai lie was too close to it.
1 didn't fee that done, but cverv one that saw it I
s:ud that he wasn't within ten or fifteen feet of the
gate; that there were others closer than he was.
hen prisoners would escape, and they would get
a little mad. they wouldn't issue rations for a day
tt a time, anitwe would have to do without rations
for a whole day. What quarters we had we had to
carry the lum!kr from a quarter to half a mile to
build them. "We had to go out under guard. a few
at a time, half dozen at a time. With all the wood
we could get. we many times had to burn the I
j weight poles of our roof.. I was there nine months
and two days' in lylcr, ami was prisoner over ten I
month.x.and didn't get out until the JUth of I-Yb- i
ruary. The olliccixj iind men wvre all treated alike. '
, except that the otlivers had one corner to build
their quarters in. There wa no other provisions
i made for them.
! The il!:llll it v of nttinns mis eiittrelv iiinilpi.tiilc
to keep men m health. The quality wiu. very poor !
most ol the tunc, and the longer we stavi-i theiv !
. .. .
J,K' W(,rM" ',' o1- l ',lrre WV. '",' provision tmule lo
lean. We had plenty of water
and good water; that was the only good thing we i
did nave. I here was no soap provided for us. Our
I medical treatment was very poor; we had none
! onlv vh:it wc Iitol ourselves TI10V 1H1I finili m
j little nietliesne. and our men. under guard, built a !
Hospital outi(ic, aii'i wiiun they got teailytodie
they were taken outside. Most of tho deaths oc
curred' in camp. The deaths were very frequent,
more so than in ordinary camp, owing to living out
iu the weather, having no shelter to keep dry. and
from the scarcity and quality of thefood, riot liaviug
medical treatment. 1 do not think rations were
short because there were no rations in the coun
try, for they had rations in there to sell. You
could buy ukmI out-idc, and their own men had
a plenty. We.couid buy all that we had the money
to buy with, but the thing was to get the money.
They charged 113 in June, I.v'd. SI.!)'.) iu confederate
money for dour, per pound; bacon, per pound ;
corn-meal. S2i) a bushel; molasses, i:!7 a gallon;
salt, 5 a quiirt. At that lime it would take about
VG in confederate money to buy a dollar in green
backs. When 1 went there it only took JM, but it
kept getting worse, and when I came away it would
How Itcbrl Prisoners Fared.
"In tho winter of lcr,l-'G5, was on duty at Camp
Mm ton, Indianapolis, Iml., which was one of the
principal Northern piisons in which captured
rebels were confined, and 1 can say, from my own
knowledge, that they received the most generous
treatment, in eoniiiarison with that which Union
prisoners received in the South. They were pro
vided with good, clean ijuaiters and commodious
hospitals, and they were supplied with an abund
ance of pure water, and wood for fuel, the latter
costing the liovcrnmeul ft pereoid. The hospitals
weielurni.shcil and conducted iu precisely the same
way as our own Camp lluritside. Inuring tin:
.xpiingof iMi I was a patient of the pest hospital,
near Indianapolis, where could be seen the Union
soldier ami the onlederatc sharing alike, and re-
l?:u!i 1'roiti tin; Jnwi of Hell.
"I hud an experience of twcnly-one inoidlts in
four of tiie hells of the Southern Confederacy, of
which Andersonville was the hottest pit. The'liidt
time I tried to escape 1 was recaptured by tho
bloodhounds, and the second time I succeeded in
making my way to the Seventh Ohio cavalry. 1
would like to hear from any of 'the live. '"who
shared my three days' wandering.'" A. W. Wert,
Thai 31sterioiisTiigiioa( .tgitiii.
"In response to the inquiry in Tin: Natioxai.
Tuikvxkjlx to the name of the tngliat. 1 will sav
"'iniiv ""til u;us me j-iiiiiiie, coniiiiaiioco ov l.ieu-
,... .1... cri , :.. .,. ... , r
that the boat was the Fiiunie, commanded bv I.ieii-
KiwiHini.-iM. rni- Mils caoiineii III in- ieiCIOi:r Ol
w. will, ,Mrt of he. crew,byarebc.
rttwiier.aiiil .o:maiided by t-onmiodore .String
ham, not OohMiorough." John
A. Wryhr, Ma-
Tlu Trlli tir.c's Itonhr Stnfp Articles.
To the IMiJor XATiosALTmntTtK:
Allow a omrade, who has been conilncd to tho
tainmeul ami valuable information derived from 11
c .:,i.r..i u 1:. r....... i. , .: ,.i.
u"""" iro"i; join- iinumns. iiaiiicuiaiiy
like the new departiire of the past few issues your
description of the part taken in our late struggle
by loyal men of the slave States who entered the
overn:iicnt scniee. 1 refer to "My Maryland."
i.iorone, inp- on v. in eoiiimue, mu: auei .unry
hmd give us West Yii-ginia, Kentniky, anil soon,
for it cost a great deal to lo a loyal man in those
Slates. In short. Mr. Kditor, I iind Iso much lo ap
prove in your or I might say "our'' paper that
I .should never know when I o stop, and so 1 sub
scribe niy.self, your obedient comrade,
.Sci:in; V.VI.I.KY Fakm, IIuii-on, Mass., I'cb. IC.
, - . -. r. - ,,
The Capture of VIrLsluirg.
To the I-Mitor National Tuihunk:
What are the prospects of your giving the old
vets it hi-tory of the campaign, siege and capture of
Vieksburg'.' Your histories, are more complete and
accurate than the volumes of general history are.
'anil go more into detail, 1 fuelling nearer the.
i work of the private soidier, and do not give all the
prai-e to gcnenil ollicers.
Jnh. C. Cakkotiiiciw,
Mansi-ii:i.i, O. Company 15. .TJ1 O. V. V. T.
JTho opening chapter of "The. War in the
West," leading via Mill Springs, Fort Donelson.
Pittsburg Landing, and Coiiitth to the cajilure
of Vieksburg, appears in this week's Tkiuunk.
Xtiinlur S In a Finally of II .Soldiers-.
"In the last number of Tin: Tuiuum: I read an
account of a family of five soldiers. I wn'lc to in
form you that I am No. 8 iu a family of eleven
brothers, of whom ton served in Illinois regiments
and one iu the Fifteenth Wisconsin. The lattcr
wiis killed at island No. 10, another brother was
shot iu front of Atlanta the day McPhcrnon fell, a
third brother was brought back from the front sick,
and died at home. Several others were wounded,
but only one draws a pension."
la: Mauls, Iowa. David O. Makciiaxt.
A (Jooil Paper for Kicryboily lo Ilend.
"Tiik Tim itt'MS is just the paper for the sons of
our old soldiers to read, for they will learn thereby
what we suU'cred in iho war for the Union. Tiik
TwiirVK is u good paper for the young, und, in
deed, it i fit for anybody to read, for it contains
nothing but what is right." Joseph Noblit, "Weno
uah, N. J.
Hi M:ty ho I'rcslilriil Vet.
"I am ghid'J am old enough lo read your good
and noble paper. My father was a oldier, and I
am glad to see that Tin: Tiuijune stands up for
soldier's rights. Father says 1 never will be brave
enough to make a good soldier, but he don't know.
I am only fourteemyears old, and may be President
yet." (Jcorgie N. Moon, Mason, Mich.
A Voice from Yirsinln.
"I am an old soldier, and it occurs to me that we
might start a Io-t here in Old Virginia if soldiers
would come here and locate. J-uihI is cheap and
good, and farms can be bought low. The winter!
are short and mild. .1 will, with great pleasure,
answer any inquiries tliat may bo asked concern
ing hind, &c." Francis Marion, Fifes, Goochland
Confederate lloiifllrmlng Thrir Fuith uml Iloastitig
or Their Exploits.
The Society of tho Army and Navy of the
Confederate States iu Maryland celebrated
Washington's Birthday at Baltimore with a
banquet, preceded by a lecture on "Jackson's
campaign against Pope in August, 1802, and
tiie second battle of Manassas," by Gen. .Tubal
A. Fatly, of Virginia. His peroration was as
And now, my comrades, when called upon for
a defense or justification of the cause in which you
were enlisted, you can point proudly anil confi
dently to the characters of the great leaders whom
you followed, l.ee and Jackson, for your complete
vindication. When the captive Israelites sat down
by the rivers of liahylon and wept, the sacred
Psalmist put into their mouths the following lan
guage: " If 1 forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right
hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember
thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth,
if I prefer not Jeiii-alc-m above my chief joy."
I trust that every faithful soldier of the Army of
Northern Virginia is ready to exclaim with me:
"if 1 ever disown, repudiate, or npologi.e for the
cause for which L"e fought anil Jaek-on died, let
the lightnings of Heaven blast me, and the scorn of
all good men and true women be my portion."
"The audience," says tho Baltimore Sim, in
its repoit of the lecture, "was in a sympathetic
mood, and vigorously applauded (Jen. Farly's
humorous sullies and quaint sarcasms at tho
expense of Pope. His allusions to the part
played by Marylanders at Cedar Kun was
warmly welcomed ; ami when in this and other
conned ions the names of Winder, Trimble,
Johnson, Andrews, llrown, Dement or Pegram
were mentioned, the applause was redoubled.
When at lheeloe of his lecture (he General
made his confession of unabated faith in the
righteousness of the Confederate cause, and his
disinclination ever to 'disown, repudiate or
apologize' for it, the hull i oared with wild
cucers, which, coming largely from his former
comrades in anus, reminded tho hearer of
that inarticulate battle-cry with which the
Confederates were, wont to advance to tiie
charge a score of years ago. Jen. Wade Hamp
ton was on the stage, and mention of his name
was lonrlly applauded."'
At the banquet, which followed, Gen. J. U.
Trimble was one of the speakers, lie indulged
in the following braggadocio:
The only occasions when the Confedcrateinfiintry
could not surpass the I'cderals in inarching wcio
lho.sc when the hitter were "going to the rear."
The speaker said he had often wondered at the
facililty the l-Vderals had of getting away from the
Confederates, tmt he supposed it was because they
went "in light inarching order," without knap
sacks, muskets or oven-oats. If any one doubted
the superiority of the Southern soldier, let him
suppose the relative numbers reversed, and then
ask what would have been the result. Would the
ablest and boldest of the Kcderul generals have
been rash enough to have hurled .TO.tKX) of their
best men against l.ee in command of 100,000 South
ern infantry'.' If they had done so, who can doubt
what the result would have been'.'
Alter the battles around Richmond, (Jen. Trimble
said to icn. Lee that with 0,()(h) Marylanders ho
could march to New York.
Lieut. -Col. Clemen 1 Sullivane responded to
the toast " Our Cavalry." He said :
ll i.-nol the Confederatesurvivors of the late bloody
struggle between the States who are ashamed of
their sleeping comrades or of the cause in which
they fell. Theirs were acts not to be excused, hut
applauded ; not to be pardoned, but admired. And
it is not in this company that I will condescend to
vindicate deeds that the latest poiterity will revere,
and whicji are calculated to enkindle iu the hearts
of unborn millions the holy enthusiasm of free
dom." CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR.
The Lciulin-r llvcnls of the W:tr Arranged hy
March 1. General Twiggs expelled from the
United Slates Army.
2. United States revenue cutter Dodge
bin-rendered to the Confederates at
1. Inauguration of President Lincoln.
1. State convention declares Texas out
of the Union.
5. General I'eauregard ordered hy Jell".
Davis to take command of Confo I
erate forces at Charleston, S. C.
6. Fort Urown. Texas, surrendered lo
Hie Confederates by special agree
March 2. Skirmish near New Madrid, Mo., by
KM Ohio infantry, companies 11
and I. 1st and 7lh Illinois cavalry.
3-1. Occupation of Columbus, Ivy., by de
tachments of 2d Illinois cavalry,
27lh. l'-'d, and ."Villi Illinois infantry,
and battalions of the 51th and 71st
'- Ohio infantry. -
3-11. Siege and capture of New Madrid,
Mo., by 27th. :Wth, 13d, and CTd Ohio
infantry. :illh, I. Til. -IGth, 17th, and
JWlhlnd. inf, 10th, Ifith, 22d, 2tUh,
17th. Ttlst, and Glib 111. infantry, 1 lib
and 2flih Missouri infantry, Sib Wis
consin infantry, nth and'lfth !owu
infantry, and si. companies of Nt
l.-iiiicd States infantry. 2d and .".J
Mi higan cavalry. companies II and
1, 1st and 7th Illinois cavalry, 2.1
Iowa cavahy, and three compunic-
of lib United States cavalry, llth
Ohio battery, company C, 1st Michi
gan artillery, company C, 1st Illinois
aitillery, companies (! and M. 1st
Missouri artillery, 2d Town battery,
company F, 2d United Slates artil
lery, anil IJnglneers of the W. at.
4. Abandonment of Santa Ft. New
Mexico, by e mipanies 13, "d cavalry,
and (J, 5tli iutaiilry, and Ford's
A. Occupation of Fcruundimi and recap
ture of Fort Clinch. Fin., by flth
Maine infantry, 7th Connecticut in
fantry, 07th 1'ennsylvania infantry,
and naval fores.
5. Skirmish near Pohick Church, Va.,
by G-'Id Pennsylvania infantry.
5. Skirmish at Hunker Hill, Va., by
Cole's .Maryland cavalry.
0. Scout through I.a Clede," Wright and
Douglass counties, Missouii, by
Bo wen's eavalry and Fourth Mis
3. Skiimish at llr.idj ville, Tciui.. by 1st
Tennessee cavalry, 3d and -It Is Ohio
-I. Skirmish at Petersburg. Chapel Hill,
and Harpcth Kiver, Tcnn., by 1st
3. Naval action at Fort McAlIster, (in.
0. Skirmish at hkect, N. C, by ."1 New
York caval iv.
I. liaigaKCiueul at Thompson's Station,
Tcnn., and surrender of Colonel
John Coburn, .'fill Indiana. Itegi
m nts engaged, :Ctd and Hoth Imli
111111, 22d Wisconsin, IHth Michigan,
121th Ohio infantry, 18th Ohio bat
tery, 2d Michigan, llth Pemisylra
nia, and -1th Kentucky cavalry.
1. Skirmish at Stanardsville and Uur-
ton's I-'ord, Kapidau, Va., by 1st, 2d,
nth.imd Oth United States, Oih Pcuii
sylvania, 1st New York, and 1st
New Jersey cavalry, commanded by
"J. Skirmish at Brooks' Turnpike, Rich
mond fortifications, and Biduclhi
Cross-Bonds, Va., by Kilpatrick's
8. -Skirmish neat Walkcrlown,.Va., by
2d New York cavalry.
2. Action at Harrisonburg, I.a., by Ad
miral Poller's squadron.
3. Skirmish at Tunstall station, Va., by
7th Michigan and 1st Vermont cav
alry. 4. Skit miuh at Itodney, Miss., by eavalry
and infantry of Mississippi marine
5. Skirmish at Panther Springs, Uasl
Tcuuct'see, by 3d Tennessee cav
alry. 5. Action at Yazoo City, Miss., by llth
Illinois infantry, 3d and -17th United
States colored troops, commanded
by Colonel J. II. Cojtcs, Dili Illinois.
5. Action at Coleman's Mills, Miss., by
C. Skirmish at Flint Creek, Ark., by 1-itb.
2. Action at "Waynesboro, Va.., by Gen
eral Custer's cavalry division, Army
of the Potomac.
2. Skirmish at Clinton, La., by 1th Wis
2. Skirmish at Chesterfield, S. C, by ad
vance of the Twentieth Corps, under
Maj.-Gen. A. S. Williams.
!-C. Skirmish at Cheraw, S. C, by advance
of the 17lh Corps.
3. Skirmish at Florence, S. C, by detach
ment mounled infantry from Gen.
C. Skirmish at Olive Branch, La., by 1th
C, Action at Natural Bridge, Flu., by 2d
ami WHh United States colored
troops, and other troops, command
ed by General Newton.
0. Skirmish at North Fork, Shenandoah,
Vn.,by detachments of General
Sheridan's cavalry, guarding pris
oners, commanded by Col. Thomp
son, 1st New Hampshire cavalry.
Pensions for Prisoners of War.
The Ex-Prisoners of War Association of Franklin
county, O., at its hist meeting appointed a commit
tee to procure from tho Congressional Pension
Committee all the pension bills for lhuicnciitof
ex-prisoners that from time to time have como
under their consideration ; to carefully examine
them, and to recommend 11 bill that the ussociatiou
will urge for adoption by tho Ohio association,
which will meet at Newark on June Uth and 15th
How New Posl-arc Springing Up
Ordcra have boon ipjucd from Department
headquarters of Pennsylvania, for mustering
the following Posts : Ko.30.', at Corsica, Jeffer
son county; No. oOo.iuV 'Slippery Rock, Butler
county; Xo. 303, arGjrard Depot, Frie county;
No. 310, at I loytvrlle, Tioga county; No. 311,'at
Tidiotite, Warren 'county. Tho' Department
Commander and stall' liave been invited lo ac
company Po3t '1(J on their visit to Post 8, of
Trenton, N. J., on March 13th.
Comrade N. S. Rogers, Newport Center, A't.,
scuds us an account of the mustering in of T.
B. Alexander Post at that place on tho 13th
nil. The Post, which takes its name from a
beloved comrade who was killed by an accident
last December, was mustered by M. G. Sargent,
Past Commander, and F. C. Hates, present
Commander of Baxter Post, No. fil, with
twenty-eight charter mouthers, and at a special
meeting on tho l!Mh tilt, another recruit was
mustered. Tho ollicors areas follows: Com
mander, U. .1. Adams; S. V. C, .1. G. Stickncy ;
J. V.C., D. J. Perkins; Adj't, J. P.. Wightman;
Surgeon, C. L. Frwin, M. D. ; Chaplain, N. S.
Rogers; Q. M., H. L. Smith; O. D., William B.
ilovt; 0. (!., Nye 0. Blake; S. M.. Geo. Percy;
Q. M. S., Fred. Riley; Guard, L. A. Page.
Comrade C. S. Moulton was appointed Color
Rearer and requested to solicit funds outside
of the Post to procure a ling for the Post. Of
the memheis, thirteen are subwibois to Tiik
Tkiiuni:, and Comrade Rogers adds: "Wo
great help in starting a Post here."
On February !)th, District Mustering OHieer,
Lieutenant .1. P. Van Nest, of Wboster, organ
ized Swan Post, No. 2', (1. A. R., at Orrvillc,
Ohio, with a largo number of charter member.-;.
The following ollicers were elected and duly
installed to serve for tho ensuing year: Com
mander, James A. Hamilton ; S. V.C., S. N". Cue;
.1. V. C, J. P. iicuulman; Adj't. N. S. Brice;
0. JL, Adam Fngel ; Surg., T. B. Myers; Chap
lain, M. F. Shank; 0. )., P. F. Zell; 0. .,
(1. V. Urown; S. M., George. W. Mcl'oriniek ;
Q. M.S., Martin Zell; Post Inspector, James L.
District Mustering Olliccr, Lieut. .T. P. Van
Xest, of Wooster, Ohio", mustered U. V. Hughes
Post, No. !!, (J. A. R., at Nashville, Holmes
county, on Tuesday evening, February HO,
with fifty-one charter members. The follow
ing ollicers were, elected and duly installed to
serve for the ensuing year: Commander, Maj.
It. YV. Liggett; S. V. C, YV. V. Sullivan; J. V.
('., L. D. Uell; Adj't, John Jalley; Q. jM., .1. L.
Hughes; Surgeon, Daniel Miller; Chaplain,
Rev. T. J. McCartney; O. D., J. Ksex; O. G-.,
J. G. Balling; S. M., Cyrus Liggett; Q. M. S., 11.
J. Shrove; A. I., II. Jl. Wachtol. After the in
stallation ceremonies, lion. J. J. Sullivan, mem
ber of Poinerine Post, No. '2o0, of Millcrsbtirg,
Ohio, who was present, was called upon and
made a ringing speech, setting forth fully the
objects of the G. A. It. His speech was re
ceived with storms of applause from his old
comrades in anus.
Comrade John Gennebeek, of Rtissiaville,
Indiana, writes us lis follows: On thj llth of
February Henry C. Coulter Post, No. V.U, id"
this place, was IQniisterod by Commander
Josiah Stanley an IT iVi.Qo comrades of Thomas
J. Harrison 1'o.d, Wf-.'!(), Knkotno, lud. Cap
tain Lewis Sims -nuPl-ouirnde) from Post No.
121, ol" Middle Fori?, Indiana, were, present and
gave their assistance in the installation of olli
cers of the new Post. The following comrades
were elected officers forjthe year-. Commander,
W. T. Soward; S. V. C.r (. V. Haun ; .1. V. (.'.,
J. It. Pollock; Chaplain, David Johnson; O.
IX, John Gcmicht'i'J.v.; ). G., William A. Gra
ham; Surgeon. J. f. Sl'Iton; Q. M , A. C. Mer
rick ; Adj't, Fli.sha. Fmlaly ; Scrg't Ma.. John
Newton ; (J. M. Sej-g'tM. V. Haun. After the
installation of oHp''U'Sssever:il r;kcc1ics were
made. The new Past starts out with thirty
members ami e.ppc.cs; tov have sixt' during the
Comrade W. IL-Mehjiire, of McCnne, Kan.,
writes us that Osage Post, of that place, which
was mustered at that-pmcc on the Pith of Jan
uary, now numbers- thirty members and will
-probably attain a -member-hip oT fifty. The
ollicers are as follows: Commander, V. II. Mc
Guire; S. V. C, O. V. Wilson ; J. V. C., W. T.
Gwvn; Adjutant, I. G. MeKibhin ; Q. M., R. O.
Hatris; O. D., C. W. Heap; Surgeon, J. W.
Itoherts; Chaplain, John Balchclor; O. G., A.
P. Minaree; Serg't Ma., 0. C. Serface; Q. M.
Serg't, Frank Witt.
Comrade S. R. Smith, of Lincoln, Nebraska,
writes us that Captain John aL Adair,
Commander of Stephenson Post, No. .",!), of
Springfield, Illinois, has mustered Lincoln Post,
No. 12, with fifty charter members. The fol
lowing ollicers wens elected for the ensiling
year: James Hill, Eleventh Ohio battery, Com
mander; J. U. Paisley, Twenty-second Illinois
infantry, S. V. C; J. ('.'Wallace, Twenty-eighth
Illinois infantry, J. V. C; Joan Q. Smith, "One
Hundredth ami Fi.ty-second Ohio infantry. (.
M.; C. II. Norrcd, Seventh Illinois cavalry,
Surgeon ; Jerry Simpson, Fourth Ohio caval rv.
Chaplain: William J. Pet tit. One. Hundred an.".
Sixth Illinois, 0. D.; J. C. Young. Tent ii Illi
nois cavalry, O. G.; Sol R. Sini.lt, Kighth Ohio
battery, Adjutant. The Post statu out with
bright prospects for Hie future.
Department, Mustering Oiliccr W. H. Har
rington has mustered in McPherson Post, No.
17, at Murdoek, Minn. The following are the
officers: Commander, J. K. G rover; S. V. C,
G. N. Stork; J. V. (!., J. Seliaaf, Sr.; Adj't. O.
F. Hogtie; O. M.,S. J. Geiscr; Stugeon. Harris
Lcufcst; Chaplain, I). L. Clemmer; O. I)., M.
J. Ronan; (). G., Terreuce MeGovern: S. M.,
August Neil: Q. M. S., J. Johnson. The Po.t
starts out with a fair prospect of proving a suc
cess in every particular, and it is hoped that
every old soldier will come forwaid and lend a
helping hand in this laudable work.
Ringgold," Salineville, 0., writes ns that
Sergeant Thompson Pod,, No.&Jii, was mustered
on February 21st by F. Vv. Webster, of Salem,
()., 1). M. ()., willi twenty-two charter members.
The following ollicers weie installed: Com
mander, II. F. Vingst; S. V.C, S. S. Carualian ;
J. V. C, Lew Whitmore; Q. M., W. W. McGill;
Surgeon, Marion Carman; Chaplain, J. .1. Mc
Fadden; 0. 1)., Hubert Gold; O. G., Alexander
Stitt, jr.; Adj't, John W. -Manning; S. M., J. C.
White; Q. M. S., S. M. Sexton. The Postopens
under favorable circumstances, and tho pros
pects are good for a number of new recruits at
an early day. J 11 speaking of the two terrible
campaigns of ISO'I which virtually uru-hed the
rebellion, he says they are well remembered,
but "few know that more Union solders died
in tho rear of tho rebel lines than were killed
in front of them. The prison gates of Ander
sonville, Belle Isle, Danville, Florence, Colum
bia, Cahawba, Castle Thunder, Libby, Pember
ton and Salisbury to a great many opened only
Comrade William II. Real, of Ormas, Intl.,
writes us that Fnglisli Post. No. KM, was es
tablished at that "place on the 10th ult. with
twenty-nine charter members. The Com
mander is B. F. Cooper.
Comrade A. II. Mundt, Fairbiiry, III., on tho
10th tilt., mustered Post lfe'o, at Cltenoa, 111.,
with thirty-three mouthers and installed the
following ollicers: Commander, F. C. Sillitnan;
S. V. C, F. M. Pike; J. V. C, Joj. McFarlan.l;
Adj't, J. F. Howard; Q. M., Frank Whiting;
Surgeon, Jas. Fouler; Chaplain, Dr. Thomas;
0. D., Thus. Y. llorVv; . G., Jno. C.Aaron;
S. M., Jas. Colter; Q.M. S., Jas. II. Tarlton.
Comrade S. G. Parks, Dn Quoin, 111., on the
flth ult., mustered Sparta Post, No. lai, Sparta,
HI., and installed ji'o fiicers, who are: Com
niander, Jas.'Battortii; ti. V. ('., J. It. Alexan
der; J. V.C; J. Madison Miller; Adj't, J. F.
Clendenin; Q. M., J. W. Colwell ; O. D., Cal.
Edgar; 0. GM J. ll.JSluiqlfer: S. M., David Me
Conaclril; Q. il. S.ltobort Conch.
Comrade E. II. Miner, B'.oominglon, 111., on
the Dth ult., mustered Post No. lbO, at Macki
iniw, 111. Tho officers are: Commander, R. W.
Hathaway; S. V. 0., George Ingersoll; Chap
lain, George Pattei-son ; Surgeon, L. II. Rogers;
Q. M., B. F. Whisler; 0. D., J. II. Beeves; 0.
G., J. P. Barton; Adj't, G. V. Upshaw; S. M.,
On the 21st ult. Captain William E. Miller,
of Carlisle, Pa., assisted by Adjutant-General
Stewart, Assistant Adjutant-General Williams,
of the Department of Pennsylvania, and others,
mustered Post oO. at Chamhcrshurg, Ponn.
Thirty-fivo of.tho best citizens of Chambers
burg, Pa , joined the ranks of the Grand Army,
umongAvhoni were Judge Howe, Senator Stew
srt, Captain Burgess, Dobles, Stewart, Aughin
bauch, Fullweiler, dossier, Watts, Gerbig,
' ah . C
llollsworth, Seniors, Gilbert, and others. The
following oflicers were elected: Commander,
Captain Burgess ; S. V. C, John Dobles ; J. Y.
C, Captain Fullweiler; Q. M., Charles H.Cress
Icr; Surgeon, Captain Durhorough; 0. D., John
C. Gerbig; 0. G., Jacob Hollsworth ; Adjutant,
John A. Siders.
Comrade- Kolley, of Decatur Post, Depart
ment of Illinois, on tho 12th tilt., mustered
Washington Alexander Post, No. 17b", at Beth
any, 111., with forty-one members. The follow
ing are the oOiccrs: Commander, T. A. Sans
den; S. V. C, W. B. McGnifc; J. V. C, J. A.
Butt; Chap., W. J. Vaughn; Surg., A. H.Mor-
gnu ; (I M., J. P.
der: O. G., 0. P.
M., D. F. Fencdy
McCurd; O. D., J. A. Crow-
Haskins; Adj't, M. Hill; S.
; M. Q. S.( J. H. MeGuirc.
Cotnrado F. G. Parcel, Commander of Mc
Pherson Post, No. 4, Frccmont, Neb., writes us
that ho was detailed bv Assistant Adjutant
General Cook to muster in a new Post at
Houp-r on the evening of February JJth, and
accompanied by some of his fellow-comrades of
McPherson Post, proceed d to Hoopcrand mus
tered Fllsworth Post, with the following offi
cers: Commander, .Martin Luther; S. V. C, J.
H. Dorsey; J. V. ('., furl Kreii.lu; Chaplain,
W. C. Hecker; Surgeon. Joseph A. Caldwell;
Q. M., T. W. Levman: Adj't, John F. Jlejiio;
O. G., J, C. Vickfonl ; Q. M'. ri., (Jeorge Wagner:
S. M G. W. V.'olcott. It is expected that the
Post will attain :i membership of fifty or sixty.
Comrade Pan-el has taken steps to form a
Ladies' Auxiliary in connection with McPher
Comrade Frank Acker, of Watertown, Minn.,
writes us that Alexander Wilkin PoaS, No. 20,
was mustered at Delccno.Wright Co., Minn ,on
the I.'lth ult., by W. If. Harrington, C. M. 0.
Tho following :uc the ollicers: ''ommander,
Captain John Scibel: S. V. C. Andrew Reader;
J. V. C., Frank Sutton: l M.. John Stories;
Surg.. S. J. Rcad"r; Chap., Jonas Johnson;
O. D., Samuel Murphev: (. (.. F. F. Ziefurth;
Adj't, H. I). Caldwell"; S. 31., D. N. McCarter;
(2. iM. S., Horace Dyer.
Hcplirs to (hicstioiis on a Variety of la f cresting
OUl Ktul'icku IVtoii. I'pprr Tijunrl. Ky. 1st. In
valid claims between Nos. .s,5oij:mi;)7..00;)uro be
ing acted upon daisy, as well as claims of a higher
number. If claim mentioned is complete the claim
ant will probably hear from it soon. 2d. The 3!"
rating is proportionately divided to correspond
with the disability which may entitle it to any sum
pi r month less than SIS. The rate for total oi-a-bility
for an enlisted man being s per month, if
pensioner is more than totally disabled he may be
rated at oiiisum betwo n ?S and SIS!. 3d. Where
the records do not show solt'cr treated for the disa
bility claimed, he is called upon to prove origin of
satuo by an oll'ucr, or two comrades, and treatment
therefor during service by regimental surgeon or
other competent mcttieal lotimony. In ordinary
eases where, soldier claims on three disabilities and
oneissliown by record to h-ive existed during serv
ice, he would be called upon to prove the origin,
&c, of the other two disabilities, as above.
II., XokoiHl.t, . George K. Lemon, this city,
will attend to the matter lor you if you wiito bun,
giving full particulars.
.. I!'. Jfi-.l., Jrarvtin!, JVffc. Where the disability
is disease, it is necessary to prove that it has eon
linuously existed coc't yearmce discharge. Tes
timony .showing your condit.on when you came
hoiric fiom the army and th- years immediately
following is one of the ino-t important sta.i's iu
your claim, ns without proof of the fact the Pcn
ion Ollice cannot assume that the disability that
bus affected you dining the past tea years wa.. con
tracted during sertiie. I'nlcss you can show by
satisfactory proof that said disease existed from
date of discharge up to ten yeais ago your claim
will remain pend ng for some time.
IP. J. jr., l!V.Vr,7,V, O'uu. Tin net of July 2S, IJ-'Go
gave an add.tional bounty to men who enlisted and
served for three years from jn. IU, liiil. The de
cision of Supreme Court, referred to, applies only
to men who enlisted for thrc'S ji-ars between May
I, IWd, and July 22. Iht'd. and weie discharged be
fore, two years' scrvh c without havingreceived any
bounty. Vour vjeond un'ist'iient was under act o f
July -1, Pfll, and men who enlistedniuder that act
arc exel luted from the benefit-) of the ad lilioual
bounty under act of July 2.S, l.sio.
Subscriber, Jillstrorth. Me. If the testimony re
cently filed W.-S material to tin caue of reject i n.
and wc should think it would be, your claim will
probably bo reopened anil you will be ordered for
examination. Vou may expect to hear fiom it at
any time. We cannot predict any approximate
date - it maybe this week or several months heme.
As we are not the Pension Office, we cannot say
when it will act upon a claim.
J. M. S., Jarkmnrillt; .damn for increase are
generally acted upon vciysoon after application
therefor has been filed.
IP. IP. ('., Syracuse, iV. P., wants to know how to
construct a ' living machine." We must confess
that wc are a little out of repair 011 this Mibjt-ct.
T. "., Cuilletoii, 17., mid Subscribrr, Clinton, HI.
See n piy to V. C. V. in issue of February I 1S.S3.
aii-l to " Subscriber," this column. " Calling up"
a claim simply ca'Is attention to the claim. If it is
not leuly for settlement h-n ,c:illeil up" the
claimant, or his attorney, should be notified of the
status of the claim very soon tliore.uter.
.'. C. C, Xitshrille. Tcnu.A special examiner
docs not "adjust the claim."' lie simpl. obtains
all tli-s testimony po-sinle relating to tiie claim, for
or ag'iinst, anil then sends the papers to the Pen
sion Ollice, wheretliey ait acted upon by the ilonid
of Kev lew. Action should be taken very soon after
papi rs reach the Pen-ion Office, and claimant, or
Ids alt'-rncy, notified of the result.
I). K.. Ciilitr I'ule, JCnns. The Fnited States can
not grant the rig.M oi way throm-li the Indian Ter
ritory to imy 1'iilroitd without tiie e msent of the
tin iac.-i (for h-Iiiim- eve'usive tiu the Territory was
sel as del anil tie epuroval of the President of the
Cnitcd State. Ther-are two rai'i-oads now run
ning through, v. Iii.-'i are tdiowu on any reliable
map. Ti'.cne two ra Iroads are all that have any
rigl t to travcr.se any portion of the Territory.
'. . it'.. L'lm-.t'xiro', I'.i. Claims are designated
"special' by tie Commissioner, either of the
Ii ptttv Coni-ii)'ssioncr-. or the Chief Clerk of the
Pension Ollice. and are supposed to be so de?ig-
tinted mib for good reasons, such as iibiect pov
irtv. diie dlstrc.s... or fnt-il illness of elaimant. or to
ward oil' some ihreatem-d calamity. Sic, hy putting j
claimant into pois s 10:1 ol ins pension money at
thceartiest possible date. The idea of "special"
eases is to advaui-e in settlement only tlioso where
other claimants, -hoiiM they huow all the facts,
would not theiie-olves object to such e sea taking
precedence over the.r own.
Jf. II., White Mills, ICy. Hi your case the Govern"
ment hastheolIiei.il rceord to sustain it in opposing
your claim. The certificate of disability, upon
which you were discharged from service, shows
t lint your disability existed prior to enlistment, and
you "must intmil that if the Uovcrnmcut cannot
trust us own records, what is tho use of them?
The cioveriiineiit knows noth ng about the record
faet that it is there, made by au olliccr supposed to
know the facts, compels it to adhere to the action
taken by 1 ejecting your claim. If you can or have
furnished abundant testimony showing that you
were sound at and prior to enlistment, no doubt
tho Commissioner would order II special examina
tion of your claim, anil this would bring out all the
facts. Vou should request that claim bo placed in
the bunds of a special examiner.
The .'50th of May is not a legal holiday
The matter was up before Congress some years ago
but it failed to receive favorable action. Tho only
legal holidays are January 1, February 2i!, July I,
and December 'S. There is no law to prevent any
linn from working its employees on Decoration
J. II. T., Loyrs Cross Itanil. Tcnn. The Forty
eighth Congress, commencing March -1, 183.1, will
be composed as follows: Republicans, ;y$; Demo
crats,."!;; Mahoneites, ''. House of Representatives:
Democrats, l'Jl; Republicans, III); Mahoneites, (5;
Independents, .r; (ireenbaekers, l": vacancies, ";
total, .''-,.'). Democratic majority over I.cpublicnns,
71!; Democratic majority over all, 51).
IF. C. A., Fulton, Intl. 1st. A pension check is
tho same as any other check, and a bank cashing
it can charge any amount it desires. There is 110
law upon the subject. You ought to be able to get
it ca-heil at par through some business man who
keeps 1111 account at the bank. 2d. No; you are
not obliged to send a stump. 'Id. From 5S to 18 per
mouth. It is i medical question, to be decided by
the examining burgeon.
L. M. II., icimioii., A'utis. If you think tnjmtlce
was done you snotild apply for increase. The Pen
sion Ollice will not disturb the rating in the origi
nal ehtini unless you can bring positive evidence to j
hear showing that you were niteu too low. fceo
reply lo AV Y. C. in our issue of January IS last.
You" are not, p?rhaps, competent to decide as to
the disability resulting from your neighbor's
wound. It may be four times greater than yours.
G. S. Jl., Cadilla, Jici. Your claim, we should
think, is somewhat weak on account of lack of
medical testimony showing treatment in service, or
soon after your discharge, but if you have llled posi
tive testimony of conirades and other persons as to
the facts in your case we presume that your claim
will be favorably considered. Seo reply to W. U. C.
in our issue of February 15 last.
IK. L., Gmbrillc, Mo. The pension laws do not
provide a pension for mother on tho ground that
her son died in tho service, unlas she can prove
that at the date of soldier's death she was dependent
upon him for support. She would also have to
prove that her husband was, by reason of infirmity,
or some other cause, nimble to and did not support
her. Pensions are not granted to parents for the
.vcrrfc of their sons, though they may huvo died in
X. Y. Z., ironesdale, Pa., wants to know whether
school teachers wero exempted from draft during
tho late war. They were not. School teachers
ought to make the very best kind of soldiers, as
from tho fact that they tench the "young idea how
to shoot," it follows that they should bo masters of
the art of shooting, which is a very dcsirablo ac
complishni' : a soldier.
To Insure replies, correspondents should civa fUll
names anil post-oUlee addresses. Henlies to Inquiries
will he given either in this column or by mall. It reply
U pablisb9d the initials only of the writer will bo used.
Correspondence ou auy suhjeot will hvc prompt attou
Aa Old Soldier to I!c Turned Out of Ofllco in Vio
lation of Larr.
A subscriber at Newton, la., charges the
Hon. M. E. Cutts, member of Congress from
the sixth district, of that State, with endeav
oring to procure tho removal of the postmaster,
Samuel A. Moore, at IMooinlield, la., who is
an ex-soldier, in order to make room for an
other, and, as it appears, less deserving incum
bent. Tho following article from the Ploom
field Tribune gives the soldier's side of the
"When the news reached "Rloomficld, Ta., that
Sumter hail been fired upon, a coni'Miny of one
hundred volunteers was immediately organized.
Among the first signatures to that muster-roll was
that of Samuel A. Moore. lie enli-tedas a private,
and was afterwards promoted to the otlieeof lieu
tenant, ami later to a captaincy. A braver man
was never mustered into the service. His sword
anil that of the writer clanked against each other
as, side by side, we leaped over the centre rifle-pit
of the enemy, in the charge upon Fort Donelson.
"While in the service. Captain Moore was allli ted
with chronic sore eyes. More titan one hundred
times has the writer hereof turned Imck bis eyelids
and cauterized them with a blue vitrol pencil, to
enable him to see to perform hi. duly nsa soldier.
Nothing could persuade him to leave his post.
At bin loli our position was flanked, ami we were
compelled to retire under a galling tire poured into
us from right and left. Captain Moore tWi, pierced
through both legs by musket balls. We saw him
fall, the blood running out of the tops of his Ikk!.
VTith the aid of gallant John Scott, now of Atlantic,
in., avc picked him up and carried him some dis
taiue, until a battery wagon came deshing by, when
we placed him upon it in can of a soldier, and
pushed on to duty. Captain Moore was sent home,
lie recovered from his wounds, and again entered
the service as lieutenant-colonel of the one hun
dred days regiment. This crippled soldier is gtt
ting old. and lies a family to support. A few years
since he lost nil his property by fire.
" He has held the ollice of posfmn-.ter at Bloomficld
for a k'v years, nnd it is conceded by ali that he
has been a faithful public scrant. lb has liceti a
life-long Republican. A few days ago Mr. Cutts
informed him that he is to be removed 'for purely
political reasons.' and that one Harry Kortune. 11
single man but twenty-four yean, of age. who hap
pens to l,o the editor of the Itloondield Republican,
will be aimoiutcd in his stead. When Ciint:iin
Moore was blcc.lmg'nt Shiloh. M. E. Cutts was at '
home, shirking his duty,p-uctieiii;lawnnd buying
up tav titles, while Harry Fortune was only a
three-year-old in bis mother's aims. Howdo'the
old soldiers of the .sixth district like Mr. Cutts's
ideas of civil service reform? "
If the facts are as stated above, the removal
would be clearly in violation of Section 1754 of
the Revised Statutes, which reads sis follows:
" Persons honoriibly.di.selKirged from the military
or naval service by reason of disability resulting
from wound.s or sickness incurred in the line of
duty, shall be preferred for appointments to civil
olliecs, provided they are found to pos.-es.-j the
business capacity necessary for the proper dis
charge of the duties, of such olllccs."
If there is another side to this ease, the col
umns of Tiik Tkikuni; are open to Congress
man Cutts for a reply.
Militia Fortws of the United States.
1 A letter from the Secretary of War to Con-
grcs'j, transmitting an abstract of the militia
't forces of the United States, 011 the 3d of Fcb-
1 ruary last, places the number of men in the
whole country available for military duty un-
! orgsinized at (,7!)7,000.
j The organized strength of the militia of the
various States is sis follows:
I General onii-era 10.1
j General Mair ollicers 7'Jl
j Regimental, field and stall' officers I,."IC
i Company ollicers -1,'3
! Total commi.-sioncd G.3SJ
Total uou-commi.-sioued oflicers, inusicans,
and privates SI.03L
Of this force
New England has 11,010
South Carolina ri.fr'U
1 I Wl 1" 1L ' ''
' I!-. c),i)i t)
J i"'I. tjf'f'jib
Ot.ll.. .. ........ MfJJ
The remainder is divided between thirty
two States and Territories, in numbers ranging
from ."IM in Xcbrsiska to 3.2"20 in tho litte State
of New Jersey.
a Firm Front to the
" It is with great satisfaction that T read your bold
and fearless editorials in support-of soldier's rights.
Let our'enemies have a whole broadside from The
Ti:n'.i:,i:as the Minnesota did at Hat terns Inlet.
The rebels surrendered the next day." Jacob I.aier,
I Lombard, 111.
I " Our ex-soldiers should stand shoulder to shoul-
der sis they did from Yd to Y3. ami send to the
I House of Keprvbcutatives men who will see to it
that the Government cares for him who baa lorne
' the battle, and for his widow and orphan.' G. 11.
' Hall, Minneapolis, Minn.
I "I do not think
' veterans can do us
the news-paper attacks on our
my burnt, providing we stick
; together and stand by Tin: Tmiii'.v;: and the old
j (lag. Keep your lines well dressed. and. with forty
' rounds of cartridge in your box, you will come out
; all right yet." Wm. Lmdcrniau, Olathe, Kan.
"Had we lidcned to the howls of tlse anti-war
.f,w.T.i frnin IsJi1fCi wilt.;. Ml,.- nT,tttl1f! tk lie tt
I st;iv!it.lH.mi as our Senators are now Iistesdmr to
...... V.. ........ . --. r-'. ....... ..... .,.. .... ..- .......
1 those that yell pension fraud.-, there would be very
j little of this Government left for them to legislate
for now."-J. A. Fleming, Hammond. III.
" I have written to the Chicago Herald to scratch
my name from its list of subscribers, and suggested
tothe editor that if he wishes to inform himself
about pension matters that he .subscribe for The
National Tkiium:. I think we had better send :i
copy lo him free if lu isn't able to subscribe for it."
Subscriber, Cameron, Mo
"lam an old soldier, older in army experience I
than most of my comrades-for I have been in the I
1 I nited States service more or less since l.s-17 Out 1
1 when such papers, as the Chicago limes. jew York
I .S'iih. and Rutland IIev.ld cast slurs at our veterans.
I feel like buckling oil my belt again and going out
to linisli up the war."--Caleb A. Iinib, Manton,
" I know that I but voice the sentiment of every
one-armed and one-legged soldier when I say that
though we do not regrcU for a moment, the sacri
fice whicn we were eaileil upon to inaUe lor tiie
Union, yet were it in the power of the (.overnnient i
to give back that which v.e lost. every pension ccr- ,
tifieate would le promptly surrendered." 31. C,
Waseca, Minn. ,
" 1 still hope that when the granddaughters and
great granddaughters of the old patriarchs, from
Adam down to the present generation, have been
pensioned, and the bondholders have no more
claims to present, and the (lovernmcnt coffers are
running over, that our one-legged and one-armed
soldiers will be eared for as they deserve." A. W.
Watson, Red Oak, Iowa.
" 1 shall never forget the seventh day of August,
I80I. During the siege of Atlanta, a forward move
ment had been ordered, and, in the engagement
which erfsiied, my pantaloons were shot iu two on
both sides, my hat was pierced through the brim,
my face gr.i.etl by a mime ball, ami it seemed to me
asif the rebels w'ere all making a target of me. At
last a ball cut the leaders back of my left knee, and
I was obliged to retire from the Held. I believe
God will yet save the boys in blue who fought the
battles of their country.' James A: Winn, Denton,
" It makes my blood boil when I rend in some of
the anti-soldier papers that it was not the spirit of
lovalty which prompted the soldier to leave the
pursuits of peace and hasten to the Held of carnage
and death, but the love of adventure aud excite
ment. When I look back twentyycars id more to
tho date of my enlistment, ami ask myself whether
it was the love of adventure which prompted me
to leave my home, I remember that I then had a
faithful nnd loving companion whose society was
clear to me, and that my first horn was but three
weeks cdd. It was hard to sever those ties, yet,
when I heard of the defeat of our armies, the
revolutionary spirit leaped to life again, and I said,
' my country calls, and I will go.' I served four
years, and came home so much impaired in health
that I was obliged to apply for a pension. After
fifteen years I received 11 pension of M per mouth,
yet some w ill sav. I suppose, that I am a traud." M.
i. Kent, Putmansville, Vt.
Pension Sentiment in Nebraska.
The following memorials and joint resolutions
have passed both Houses of tho Nebraska Leg
islature: lictoh-ed, I'.y the i-ennte and House of Represent
atives of the State of Nebraska :
See. 1. That it is the sense of the House that the
hardships and privations sull'ered by Federal sol
diers in the late war of the rebellion, who were in
carcerated in Southern prisons, entitles them to
material testimonial from the Government in
whose services they were endured.
Sec. 2. Resolved, That Congress be, and is hereby,
respectfully reyuested to take into consideration
at t he earliest practicable moment the justice and ad
visability of such legislation as will place all such
soldiers, according to their rank, upon the pension
Sec. 3. Resolved, That tho Secretary of State be,
and he is hereby, instructed to furnish a copy of
these resolutions "to each of our Senators and Rep
resentatives In Congress, and that they be requested
to lay them before their respective Houses.
Resolved, By this Houpe, the Senate concurring,
that our Senators be instructed and our Members
in Congreda bo requested to favor a law equalizing
tho bounties of Union soldiers and transfer of tho
hospital records to tho Pension Department.
Resolved, That a copy of theae resolutions b for
warded to our United States Senators sad Members
I WAS WITH GRpt"
Some Contradictory Opinions as (o the
Soundness of His Views.
To the Editor National TuinuxE:
In your issue of the loth ult. I find an article
defending General Grant. I do not allow any
comrade 10 exceed me in awarding to General
Grant the honor that is due to him for the skill
which he displayed in the management of our
armies, through which the war was brought to
a successful termination. I have watched his
career closely, and always with the greatest
admiration for his tine soldierly qualities.
When the country was ringing with articles of
condemnation over the management of tho
army at Pittsburg Landing, I believed fchnt if
we had not had General Grant at the head tho
country would have had occasion tolamgnt the
destruction of ono of the fin-st armies that was
ever mustered under the Stars and Stripes.
The Union took a new lease of life when Presi
dent Lincoln appointed him commander-in-chief,
and he established his headquartors in
the field with the Army of the Potomac. That
magnificent army felt that they now had a
commander that could cope with Lee, and that
the day of advances, to be followed by masterly
retreats, was now over, and that from hence
forth the armv would move steadily "on to
Kichmond," " if it took all summer." The bat
tles by day. the marches by night, that steadily
followed a Iways forward, never one step Imck
ward until they resulted in tho surrender of
General Lee atAppomattox: and the virtual
ending of the" war, constituted one of the grand
est campaigns in the military history of the
world: and all the honor that the people of the
Cnitcd States could confer upon one man for
the completion of so gigantic an undertaking
is only General Grant's just due. Palsied he
the hand that would strike one star from tho
crown of his military glory. So long as a com
rade of that grand army lives, it will be his
proudest boast "I was with Grant."
He made the first great mistake of his life
when he resigned tho generalship of the army
to grasp the glittering bauble of the Presidency
of the United States, yet for that he is not to
be censured. How few men there are that can
resist the temptation to occupy that exalted sta
tion. IJnt unfortunately for him, from the hour
that he accepted tho Presidency down to tho
present, General Grant has done more by his
own actions to injure his high standing with
tho American people than his enemies could
ever possibly have done. Surrounded as he
was by cliques of politicians during his last
term as President, they used him to suit their
selfish purposes and made him costly presents
which he was foolish enough to accept. He
filled the offices all over the hind with his fa
vorites, and deserted those who had stood by
him during the dark days of the rebellion, and.
but for whose valor in executing his orders ho
never would have attained the success he did.
I refer to the enlisted men of lSb'l and 16G2.
who bore the brunt of the war. When tho
equalization of bounties finally passed Congress
after it had been carefully investigated, Gen
eral Grant vetoed it on the ground that it wa
a claim agents' scheme; that the soldier did
not want it, and that the Treasury could not
standi.. This, too, in the face of the fact that
he he had but shortly before signed a bill in
creasing his own salary from $23,000 to $50,000
We. of the old army and navy, who almost
worshiped the ground he stood on and would
have followed him to death, if need he, felt
that insult front his hands lar more keenr
than if the blow had come from one "who haa
never set a squadron in the field or the divis
ion of a battle knew."
Yours, in fraternity, charity and loyalty
not that I love Grant less, hut that I love my
country more JoiLV k. MACKE.
Philadelphia,. Pa. ,
Grant Entirely Kight Publish the Pensioners.
To the Editor National Tuibune:
I was pleased to see in your paper of Febru
ary 15 au article written by a soldier in defense
of the stand taken by General Grant on the
question of pensions. Like the writer, I, too,
felt that had the article referred to been care
fully read, uo honest objection could have been
made to its intended import. I believe tho
good soldier has no truer frieud to-day than
General Grant. Serving under his command
both at Vieksburg aud in the Army of the Po
tomac, I then believed him right in doing ali
man could do to crush treason. I now believe
him right in guarding the interests of the de
serving soldier and preventing uncalled-for
raids on the United States Treasury. I can un
derstand why those who entered the army for
the sake of the money to be received object to
his letter, but the soldier who entered from
pure patriotism I feel to-day asks only his dues
from the United States Government, and fully
indorses the stand taken by General Grant.
There arc two sides to this question of pen
sions. While I would be the last man to oppose
a just claim of any soldier, still my love for a
good soldier is too strong tosdlow me to see him
. . ..
wronged by Sill UllWOrtliy 0I1C.
by sin unwortnv one. Ihere aro
; grounds for much that has been ssiid and writ-
j ten on unjust claims. Still these cases are be-
. voml thu p(nvcr 0f t-ie Commissioner of Tcn-
sions to detect, and I feel that to-day the only
way to get at such cases is through a published
list, as has been proposed. Who is there who
has :i just claim to a pension that would object
to such a list? I feel that nearly all worthy
pensioners would sanction it, and feel it an
ItrtTWii if Jn" Miiif o I it-irruiio, fi- cna " iioir I1"1TT1 PQ
, . .... , ,, ,5- . ,. . , i.ri
" i,: Jl -'-. au - IS "10 ou,s I'-"""-
on 10 purn luc pension rou
I gave to theservice fourvcarsof mvlifeand
was several times disabled by wounds in battle,
for which I now drawa pension. I accept what
the Government bestows as pay for such disa
bilities, but do not put it in the form of a de
mand. I should feel it detracted from the claim
to patriotism. I have no fears that our repre-
sentativus 111 Congress will ever knowingly uo-
T,rjve :l soldier of a iust pension, but an v man.
, , Ponirr m. ,.,. .,. imm.,tir tries to
bring unjust claims to light, be he Democrat or
Republican, receives my feebly indorsement,
and my condemnation when he would take
from a worthy soldier, his widow or orphan their
just dues. " S. 0. Wright.
-,. ,. .T ...... -..-..,
For Sliuine !
To tlic Editor National Tribune.
In your issue of tho loth ult. I sec a letter
from I. II. Aston, sustaining General Grant,
and I venture to make the insertion that no
veteran in this locality will talk sis he does,
but that all who did their duty as soldiers
condemn Gun. Grant for signing a bill to givo
himself an additional twenty-five thousand a
year and vetoing one to give ro the niou who
made him what he is, as scnenil, a small share
of their just demands. Who was it, I ask, made
Gen. Grant what he is? I can tell you. I, for one,
will never, by -word, vote or money, support
auy m:in, party or paper that slurs, or helps in
any wsiy to raise or keep up this hue and cry
about the soldier. If all true veterans would
act upon this principle they would soon con
vince our politicians and editors that a forco
sufficient to quell a gigantic rebellion had
enough vitality still left, if used, to make it
felt at homo. I once admired General Grant
as much as auyone, hut when he turned his
back on those who made him all that he is.
say "for shame!" and thousands of old vets
will say the same. Grant as a soldier was X
success; Grant as a politician is a failure.
K. W. Oliver.
ROCKI'ORT, N. Y.
Consistency, Thou Art a Jewel.
To the Editor National Tribune:
How docs I. II. Axton, in his defense of Gen
earal Grant, account for his signing the salary
grab bill and still pleading the poverty of tho
Treasury as a reason for not signing the eqttal
izsition bill? Did Grant ever reluso anything
that was offered him? If so, I fail to romem
bcr what it was; certainly not the nomination
for a thiul term, which he did not gcr, by tho
way. The old soldiers made their power felt
at that time, and. as sure as there is a God in
Ilea ven, they will in tho future.
J. K. aTabbott.
Grant's Right to Differ.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I do not approve tho criticisms passed upon
General Grant by some of the old soldiers. I
believe them to bo unjust to him and to them
selves. All men are liable to err in judgment
and I cannot condemn any man because ho dif
fers with. mo. All hail to the chief!
D. J. Spencxs.