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TEE -NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1883.
If FOOL FOR LUCK,
Ifow a Ecplalion for Wealth led lo
"Nothin can be done without money, said
George, peuishlv; "J had a su'endid project in
my head, btti nobody will lWon to such a poor
follow its I.' , A ,, . ,
Wo were three friends, met together to bc--tvaii
the riqorW fortune. Our lamentations,
however, (nu-fc&he turn llu-y usually take
among maiinuioiis whose age does not exceed
twenty ye irseai'i.
"And I," ki:i1 Albert, "haw finished a work
whieh wou'd do eredit to my reputation, eould
I only find a publisher willing to undertake the
expenses or printing. ..,,,, , -
"1 ask-d oar principxl. added he, to in
crease miv salarv, after four years of aasidu
, cnrvVv ud he answered that of such
vt .- - .,
lcrks as 1 ho cild hint as many as ue avimucu
or $T,M n year."
"JIv dear follows." inierrupwi ucurgc, al
though aw htve neither th- oue nor the other
liny hope of m-ikine n fortune, could we not
gut the credit of Icing rich?'
"To wi lit good?" asked I-
" It gives one a pod:ion in the world; a large
inheritance anmi-nt? the consideration in
which we are held every tiling beaomtfs easy."
"J remember," avis my answer, "having
heard in my ch'Mho "d f a roniu who went to
China and never returned."'
"Thai is just what we want; we will bring
this cousin to life, or iih-r we will kill him.
Yes; Louis Menu died in China, leaving a
fortune valued at $-2,K)0,(K)0. all to his dear
cousin, Louis Mcraa, Jroin attachment to the
We laughed heartily at the joke, of which I
thought no more: but my two reckless friends,
George and Albert, spread about tlie tale when
wc broke up xvitj all the seriousness imagin
able The next day people came to compliment
It will, of course, be understood that I dis
avowed all J his but no one would believe mo
my two floods had afliruu'd the truth of the
In vain did I assort that it was all a joke.
Many remembered mv cousin ; snne had actu
ally seen him embark. Among the number of
these virits was one not the niot agreeable.
AVith the whim of a yo.mg man I had some
time previously ordered a new frock coat in
the new fashion, without having the means of
payment: the garment was worn out, and 1 yet
owed half the bill.
There had been for sonic lime a coolness be
tween my creditor and myself, whose importu
nities 1 wished to avoid. The rumor of the
legacy made him hasten to find me. Such was
tho penalty I paid for the foolish pleasantry of
"Good day, Mr. Snips,' said I, with some
embarrassment, as he entei ed. " You aro come
for that ten dollars?"
- "Please do not imagine that I am thinking
of such a trifle.. No, it was for the mourning."
"The inoai ning for your cousin, sir. With
out doubt you want a complete suit."
"At this time, Mr. Snips, it would bo impos
sible." "I hope you do not think of withdrawing
your favors from me. Coat, vest and panta
loons black "
"I tell you arjain, I have not received "
"I cntri-at you not to spe.ik of money. It
will come sow enough," added the tailor, hav
ing already taken out his scissors, and pasicd
his measure around me.
I was, in truth, in great want of clothes, and
errmtted him to continue. o sooner was he
t-Hio than another individual entered, who
jan : ,
V My dvxr sir, yon must do me a favor. Buy
thouse. l ou are rich, very rich you want
BTi estate. Fifty thousand dollars are nothing
fot you-only the half of your income, and ac
present I am in urgent need of money. I ex
pected Hardy to liny it; but he does not decide,
nd I have some pressing engagements to
" I buy your houso? What fully '
"It is no folly. It is a safe investment.
After some repairs in two years it will be worth
double. I have your word," and he left with
out giving me i line to reply.
So well did he propagate a report of my pur
chase that in two hours afterward Mr. Ifardy
came to me in a great hurry, apparently oafof
"You have cut the grass from under my feet,
sir," said be, on entering; "J cannot do with
out that lions and thought it was already
mine, as I had made an oiler of $i'),G0ft, be
lieving thnt the owner would surely came to
my terms. But there is no hope of starving
you into n agreement; so. without further
preamble, I come lo offer you an advance of
15,000 hkii your iiargrtin.'
Fifteen thousand dollars coming 1 knew
not bow to me, who had fo much trouble in'
earning my eight hundred dollars of bnlary as
clerk. Although but Jht'.e acquainted with
business, I siw the advantage to bs derived
from my position and replied:
"It is imp'sb"c. sir, for me to give you an
answer at this moment; return at live o'clock;
meantime, I will consider the matter."
At a quail r before the appointed hour. .Mr.
Hardy' was :i i:: at my door.
"Sir," Raid I, "1 had no wish for that house,
and did not even think about it, when the pro
prietor came to bg me t- purchase it; and it
appears that tho house is mine. As it suits
you and any n' her will do as well for me. I
accept your offer.
"You shall be. paid in a fortnight," exclaimed
the purchaser, delighted by my promptitude in
- I was so nlned I wrote to Mirers. Iliiohes
uuu jjtrgi nzt uiti, jiivjii-; rciUHU minis HI III-
a J I iff w - 4 . .. - Inwh A--. ? . . .1 . - 4 .. T -
vest, I begsed their wlvice :ls to the sa'est !
mode It appeared that the worfis" certain
funds" have very different acceptations in j b.-e I tried to yell out, but my tongue
commerce, ace jnling to the name and position ' wouldn't move. He went around curves like
of him who uses them. News of my inherit- ; a ballet, slipped an eccentric, blew out his soft
ane bad reached them. Certain fund vitualcd plug, went Cio:i grades fifty feet to tho mile,
as I was, wa? a modest way or specifying a con- j and not a confounded break set. She went by
Bidorable aim at hast 1 supposed so ou re- : the meeting point at a mile and a halr a niin
ceiving in ar.swer from the firm that my letter j ute.aud calling for more steam. My hair stood
had lwen received just bef'.rc the close of the ' mi likea-cat'd tail, because I knew the game
Pacific Ifai'riad Jojii, in which thev had nur
chased to the amount of ".X),000; that if I
thought it toi much, a larpe profit might be
easily realized, as the s'oek had gone up. A
iwsteerlpt in the baud of the -principal con
gnilalalcd i2 oa tho a-ee ssioii of fortune.
Fmir hundred thousand dollars! The letter
ie itoni my nnuns; me amount Jriglitcnea I
ma. I wrote :tisfcuir!y,i!iromiiug them that
so large a nam went beyond my means, adding
that uo rem ;f tan c having bwu received from
China, as th.-y wjppuscd, 1 was unable to satisfy
Tho answer came in a day or so, stating that,
as I did not appear lo have confidence in the
Pacific Baihuiri. they had sold out half my
stock at a proCt of '.SC0, and begged me not
to feel ( asy, a remittance always eamc slow
from China; ia th? interim my signature would
furnish me all the money J could want. The
pwHpeetus of a hitifc h iudosed, in which
sbfiixs had Ikh'si A'-curcd f.r u.o.
Eighty thousand dollars' Cither I undcr
Eteod nr.th.in-; of commercial matters or the
clerk h& uiadc one or more noughts too many.
My .situation became csiilarras.ii ; ouugratii-
wtwtw overwheimeu ine
I was besieged with
annoying ueiioaK. Jiow wuuld I finish my
house? V nt would I do fr public establish
ment? Sure b3uevlont ladies wrote to rec-
otttttteud to my noi'c-e- the benevolent in.v.itu-
lioux under their u.irdjauhip. 1 would have
'en ruined in postage, but for the luckv stroke
with 3a r. Uaidy, which I did not receive for a
fortcigbt after, until which time, indeed, I had
no mHejr. Fortunately, from the moment I
was hold to 2 ric'.i. uo one v.vuld lakoa cent
from iuo, and tradesmen cuartod the honor of
giving uic credit.
Having recpivv'd Mr. Hardy chcel: I went
to my bunlur'ii, who received me as the inher
itor of graat v.eillh.
" I regrcw',aid ilr. Berpcrel, "that you mis
trusted the Pacific iLiihoml investment, for the
stuck has again gone up. JJut, no matter, you
have same loft."
"Wi!l you have the goodness." said I, "to tell
ze fwoeinrly low mucli all iheso stocks are
north whic i you have bought for mo?"
"The ca'.cii 'at ion is cs-.ii. Two hundred
thoasaiMl d !.:. at so much the dollar and
the sum air ;vly ; a'.d. If you sell to-day you
Will putalxtot two hundred and twenty'thou
iand dollars in your jxekot."
I Ojieiied lxth my enrs.
"You lay two hundred and twenty thousand.
fjm you qu i Us certain V " j
"As certain as any ono, can be. within a few
UULiirotf aoJlais." .
I did not wish to appear loo much tho novice,
"Tha is well. You spoko also of a bank?"
"Yes; the establishment of this bank lias
met with some difficulties: -but the affair is
not the less good. We are on the evo of ter
minating it, and the scrip is well up."
" Could that also bo sold?" I inquired.
"You hold fifty shares," replied t lie banker,
"which have advanced four hundred and fifty
dollais, making altogether nearly sixty thous
"Although as yet I have paid nothing?"
"Without a doubt," was tho answer.
That is singultr; but since you say so I
submit. I should like to make a safe invest
ment of the whole; will you bo so kind as to
" Our four per cents, sir our four per cents
I know of nothing safer. 1 can etsily under
stand that all these little matters worry you.
You will soon have to deal with much larger
" By placing all that I hold, except this
drafr, in four per cents, 1 should have an in
oomc of "
" How soon can this investment be made and
the bonds purchased forme?"
"Oh. to-morrow, if you confide the trans
action to our house."
'That, of course," was my rejoinder. " What
other could inspire me with so great a degree
The banker bowed.
Will it be believed? Tn the midst of all these
treasures, I f.dt a certain embarrassment in
asking for a small sum. of which I stood in the
greatest need ; fori had in my pocket but one
dollar and some silver. Such, however, was
the force of habit, that 1 could scarcely believe
my-elf possisse 1 of more than my little an
nuity, which was not yet due.
"Dare I ask," I inquired with a blush al
most of shame on my cheek "can J, with dis
cretion, beg you to advance me for a moment a
" Kb, my dear sir, my safe is entirely at your
disposal. How mueh do you want three,
four ten thousand dollars?"
"I do not ask so much; a thousand will be
" Will you have it in gold or notes? Call the
cashier. M iv I beg you." s.iid tho banker,
leading the way as 1 rose to depart, "may I
beg you to continue your good-will lo our
" Certainly, sir you well deserve it," I re
plied, with a confidence which the certainty
of possessing an income of $12,000 began to
Truth, however, always comes out. Some
that were on the watch were surprised that
nothing arrived from China, well-advised peo
ple shook their heads when speaking of ;no.
The edifice so quickly raised tumbled down
with equal rapidity.
"The best of it is," said some, "he has end
ed by falling into the snare which ho laid for
others. For my pait I never believed in it."
I comprehended that the slonn had broken
out, on finding one day a dozen notes on my
table. They were nearly all in the style of the
first one I opened.
"Mr. Grigg presents his respectful compli
ments fo Mr. Mcran, and having an urgent
need of money, begs that ho will bo fo good
as (o pay, in the course of tho day, the little
account which lie has the honor to inclose."
My answers were all alike
"Mr. Meran thanks Mr. Griig for tho bill
which has been so long asked for and sends
One letter only contained no request for
money; it was from a friend whom I had almost
foroiten. Feaiing that 1 had been duped lie
wrote to lend me five hundred dollars shouid .1
wish lo remove from a place where so many
rumors were circulated jin judicial to my char
acter. My reply gave the necessary explana
nation, which I thus concluded: "I am rich,
not by an inheritance in which I never believed,
but lK-eau-e it was determined, in spite of my
protestation, that I should be rich I scarcely
know how. That is what I wish you to say to
those who talk of me. I owe more, than fortune
to my singular situation, since it has secured
me a frii-ml upon whom I may count in adver
sity, should it ever visit me."
i qn'ctlj took my place in society as posses
sor of an income of $12,000 and still keep it.
A Unlirosd ihm on I'lano Playing.
.From the New Oilcans Times-Democrat.
"I was loafing around the streets last night,"
said Jim NoLson, one of the oldest locomotive
engineers running into New Orleans, "and, as I
had nothiug'todo, 1 dropped into a concert and
heard a slick -looking Frenchman play a piano
in a way that made me feel all over in spots.
As soon as he sat down on the stool, I knew by
the way ho handled himself that he understood
the machine he was running. He tapped the
kos away up one end, just as if t'K-y were
intuires and he wanted to see if lie bad water
! enugh. Then he looked up, as if he wanted
to know how much steam he was carrying, and
the next moment he pulled open the throttle
and sailed out on the main lino, as if he was
a half an hour late.
" You could hear her thund.-r over culverts
and bridges, and getting faster and faster, until
the fellow rocked about in his scat like a
cradle. Somehow 1 thought it was old l'.Vo'
pulling a passenger Ir.iiu and getting out of the
way of a 'sp-eial.' The fellow worked tho
keys on the middle division like lightning, and
then he flew along the north end of tho line
until the driver.? went around like a buz saw,
and J got excited. About that time I was fix
ing to toll him lo cut her off a little.; he kicked
tii" damper.s under the machine wide open,
pulled the thrltlc away back in the tender,
and, Jerusalem jumpers! how he did run. I
couldn't stand it any longer, and yelled to him
that she was 'pounding' on the left side, and
if he wasn't eirelul lie'd drop his ash pan.
' But he didn't hear. No one heard me.
Everything w.ij flying and whizzing. Tele-
i tranh nules on the side ol the track looked like
t rn-f rt ?i -!J-il3r j "(t 1 itx i iii?vfl In ! fi
i 1 J wj. Ktri a . v"t fc- i'I'Vm. - v v
mud bank, and all tho time tho exhaust of the
old machine sounded like tho hum of a bumble
"Sure enough, dead ahead of us was the
headlight of the 'special.' Jn a daze I heard the
crash as they struck, and I saw cam shivered
into atoms, people mashed and mangled and
bleeding, and gasping for water. I heard an
ether crash as the French professor struck the
(iw.p keys away down on the lower en I of the
; southern division, and then 1 came to my
i senses. There he wasala dead standstill, with
the door of the fire box of the machine open,
wiping the perspiration off his face, and bow
ing at the people bi.fore hirn. If I live to be a
thousand years old I'll never forget the ride
that Frenchman gave me on a piano."
(Jtii-or Sort of ('ratilinlc.
J-Voiii the Sun Francisco Daily .Report.
New York Sun has a long article, in a
issue, on the subject of soldiers' pou
lt Fays: '.Men who enlisted did so
the law as it then was. All amend
since ISfil-'S are. more charity grants,
' not contract rights." Of course, the war being
i now over, it is no longer necessary to faik
J about the proud bird of freedom; about George
' Washington and Daniel Webster; about "tho
! ffiTufulliirc nf tlie. fii!iblie " mill T,iviii'ii"iii
i ..,....t...., w. ..... j ...... .............
: and Bunker Hill. A man who lost hi.i leg for
' the general welfare muni he paid according to
i the 'contract." In tho words of Shylock, he
must bo paid precisely as it is "nominated in
the bond." The whole thing is a mere busi
ness matter. Tho Government said: "Jf ynii
fellows will go out and get your legs shot off.
wc will, just before you get too old to live any
longer pay you the magnificent pension of two
dollars week. Wo will pay to General Grant
$2.0 a week. We will pension the widows
made by the New York Herald expedition to
the North Pole at the rule of $12.50 per week.
Wc will pension the widows of all the great
dignitaries of our powerful navy at even a
more liberal rale. But you fellows, two dol
lars per week is enough for you, and wo will
further stipulate that it will take you twenty
years to get your claim a'.lowod, and that every
corporation newspaper in the land will he hired
to lie alwut you, and circulate false statements
concerning you, end brand you as a swindler
and a fraud, and roar for the publication ol tho
pension roll that the whole world may perceive
how tho beloved Government is being robbed
by the men who aro now expected to keep it
from tumbling down. If Congress donates
S30.000.000 to tho whisky ring that will bo all
right. Nothing will bo said
country cau staud that. If
about it. Tho
away a hundred million acres of land to rail
road kings that will ha all right, loo. But
you fellows, two dollars per week will be
enough for you, and accompayiag each dollar
will he the hearty curse of tho poor down
trodden tax payer who bought his Government
bonds at fiftv cents ou the dollar, with money
that was worth about forty cents on tho dollar,
and who has been paid back one hundred cents
on tho dollar in gold. Now, swindlers, atten
tion! frauds, shoulder arms! forward, old bums!
guide center, objects of charity! double quick,
rheumatic stiffs! march, leeches on the body
politic! Don't let the enemy hike Washing
ton and burn up the shoddy army contracts I"
SONGS OF THE CAMP.
Of nil the flags that proudly float o'er Ncnlunc'a
Or waves on high in victory nbovo tho sons of
Give us that Aug, Columbia's flag, pure emblem of
Whose brilliant stara flushed through our wars for
truth and liberty.
Dip it, lads, in ocenn's brine nnd greet ft with
three times three,
Columbia's flag- shall henceforth bhino tho ban
ner of the sea.
Beneath its folds wo fear no foe, our hcnrls shall
With Ikmouis bare the storm we dare nnd brnvo tho
E'en wlie.ii our decks with shot were ploughed,
their planks with gore dyed red,
Our gallant tars, firm at their nuns, ne'er paused
to count their dead.
Dip it, lads, iw ocean's briuo, grcot it with three
The lias that at Mobile was nnulo the banner of
Far o'er the eea lo every clime this honored flag
And tbroiiKh nil time its fumo sublime with
brighter lines .shall glow ;
For Freedom's own that llajr is now, its guardians
And well they know the craven foe on whom they
train their guns.
Dip it, lads, in ocean's brino, greet It with tbreo
The flag for which our tars havo woiylominiona
on the sea.
Its enemies dispersed shall bo upon the land nnd
Its stars so bright 'mid storm and fight shall never
shine in vain.
No foreign power nor treason rife shall sbnkc our
We'll j;'ve our life in deadly slrifo to bold that
Dip it, bids, in ocean's brino, greet it with three
tiiiie three ,
At last, thank God, our navy flies tho banner of
We are liulcbtoil Tor the above spirited lines to Coni
r.i'!c .f. K. Thorp, Khe'g .Station, UliiioK u ho w ritca us ns
l'ullmvs concerning tliein: "I liaveforcotteii the author's
naiiie. but ho was a seaman on board tho 'New iron
sides.' He composed the txicin while that vessel was at
Mut'ilc in 1N. 1 obtained a copy Ironi one ol' the crew,
whpii thev were put on board the Princeton, in the spring
of lvK. 1 coiisi.ler it worthy of a place beside ' The Star
panxlcd Uiiiiiter.' " And so do w e. Ed.
There's a cap in the closet,
old, tntteicd, and blue,
f very slight value,
It may be, lo yon.
But n crown, jewel-studded.
Could not buy it to-day,
With its letters of honor
Bravo " Co. K."
Tho bend that it sheltered
Needs shelter no niorol
' Dead heroes make holy
The trifles they wore;
So, like chapht-s of honor,
Oflnurels and bay,
Seems the eAp of the soldier,
Marked " Co. K."
Bright eyes have looked calmly ,
Its vLsor benenlh,
O'er the work of the reaper,
Grim harvester Death;
Let the muster roll meager
?o mournfully hay.
How foremost in danger
Went " Co. K."
Whose footsteps unbroken
Came up to the town.
Where rampart nnd bastion
Looked thrcat'ningly down?
Who, closing up breaches,
Still kept on their way.
Till jiits downward pointed
Faced " Co. Iv"?
Who faltered or shivered?
Who shunned battle stroke?
Whose fire wns uncertain?
Whose, battle line broko?
Go U'sk it of history,
Years from to-day,
And the record shall tell you
Not " Co. K."
Though my dnrling is sleeping
To-day with the dead,
And daisies and clover
Bloom over bis head,
I smile through my tears
As I Iny it :uvny
The battie-woni cap
Lettered "Co. K."
Won ml ed.
Let mc lie down,
Just here, in the shade of this cannon-lorn tree;
Here, low on the trampled grass, where 1 mny seo
The Mirj;c f tiie combat, and where I may bear
The glad cry of victory, cheer upon cheer.
Let nie lie down.
O, it was grand.
Like the tempest wo charged, in the triumph to
The tempest it's fury and thunder wero there.
On, on, o'er entrenchments, o'er living and dead,
Willi the loo under foot and our flag over head.
O, it was grand.
Weary and faint,
Prone on the soldier's couch, ah! how can T rest
Willi tliis sbot-sbatteied bead, sabre-pierced
Comrades, at roll-call, when I shall be fought,
Say r fought till I fell, and fell where I fought,
AVonuded and faint.
O, that last charge.
Bight through the dread hell-lire of shrapnel and
Through without faltering, clear through with a
Bight in tho 'midst, in the turmoil and gloom,
Like heroes we dashed at the mandate of doom.
O, that last charge.
It was duty!
Some things are worthies, and Home others eo
That Nations who buy them pay only in blood ;
For Freedom and Union each man owes bis part,
And here I pay my share, all warm from my heart.
II is duty I
Dying, at last !
My mother, dear mother, with meek, tearful eye,
Farewell ! and God Mens you forever and aye;
Ob, that I could be on your pillowing breast
To breathe my last sigh on the bosom lirat pressed,
Dying, at lasl!
1 am no saint;
But. boys, any a prayer! There's one that begins
Our Father," nnd says " Forgive us our Bins."
Don't forget that part; say that strongly; and
I'll try to repeat it, and you'll say " Amen."
Ah, I'm no s.iinl.
Hark! there's a shout.
Itidse me up, comrades We have conquered, I
Ill) on my feet, with my face to the foe!
Ah! there flies the flag, with its star spangles
The promise of glory, the symbol of right.
Well may they shout.
I'm mustered out.
O, God of our Fathers, our freedom prolong!
And tread down rebellion, oppression and wrong.
O, land of earth's hopes ; on the blood-reddened
1 die for the Nation, the Union, and Godl
I'm mustered out.
IVlicrc to Sro the, !rcat Trotters of Now York.
cV cinnali Tim cs-Sla r.
No two men in America have had more ex
perience with fine trotting stock, and none are
better judges than Calvin M. Priest, of Ihe New
York Club Stables, 2b'th street near Fifth ave
nue, and Dan Mace, of the Excelsior Stables,
West Jillh street, Now York, tho champion
double-team driver of tho United Slates. Both
of those gentlemen say, that for painful ail
ments iu horses, such as cuts, bruises, swellings,
lameness, stiffness, St. Jacobs Oil is superior to
anything they havo over used or heard of.
Tins is also tho opinion of Prof. David Eobarge,
tho celebrated hurse-shoer of tho metropolis,
and thousands of stock-owners throughout tho
country. As a pain-cure for man. and beast St.
Jacobs Oil has no equal. Sir. Priest recites tho
case of a valuable trotter, bo stiff from rheuma
tism, that he could not move an inch. By one,
thorough application of St. Jacobs Oil at night,
the animal was completely cured, and was fit
for the nice-track, tho next day.
Simplicity: "I don't want uo rubbish, no
fine sentiments, if you please," said the widow
wlio was asked what kind of an epitaph she de
sired for her late husbaud's tombstone, " Let
it bo short and simple, something like this :
'William Johnson, aged scventy-fivo years.
The good die young.' " Brooklyn Eagle,
TrjE mom COAT.
f """-71 "
Ail InvolimiiiryJobnlribution and What
T-Camc of It.
7?y J?o.ic Terry Coolcc.l
"Fire! Fire!i . "j
Jack Parry rubbcrlhis eyes, as he sprang out
of his cot-bed in the loft, and instinctively
hurried on his trousers. His father's head
rose above tho ladder, just as he shuflled on
his shoes, shouting;- "Hurry up, I tell ye!
woods afire ! Comin' this way quicker'n scat! "
Jack scrambled down tho ladder without
stopping for his jacket. He knew what tho news
meant ho had heard about forest fires before.
His father had always thought that tho creek
which ran in front of their houso would guard
them, but now tho air was dark with stnoko,
and he could hear the roar and crash of the
forest falling before its mighty foe, whilo
sharp gusts of wind swept ashes far and wide
over the grain-fields of the' farm. But tho fire
was still on tho other side of that slow, narrow
stream: could it, would it keep the enemy
from their house and barns?
It would not do to run tho risk. Jack, at a
word, wont oil' to harness the horses, and put
Ihein lo the big wagon, while his father helped
his mother to gather a Cow wraps and valuables
together, and dress the frightened, screaming
When tho Pa rrys moved to Michigan, Grandpa
Dibble, whoj always objected to ovory thing,
said to his son-in-law:
" But how'll ye edieate tho children, John?"
" I don't know, Father," said John Parry.
"Sary '11 teach 'm to read an' write, prob'Iy,
and I'll insure they'll learn to mind an' be
honest. I take it that these two things will
have to underlay any cdication that's good for
shucks : we must risk tho rest."
Obedience and honesty Jack had indeed
been thoroughly taught. He had never har
nessed the horses alone before, but at his
father's order ho went to work manfully, and
was all ready when tho others camo to the
" Oh, Jack ! no coat on ? " said tho delicate,
trembling little mother.
" Can't stop for it now," said John Parry.
"It's life or death, Sary! There goes a big
white-wood smash across the crick! Kun the
crittera, Jack tho fire's after us! "
In anothor moment they were beyond the
house, but not an instant too soon, for a burn
ing branch, whirled on by the fierce wind,
swept through tho air and lit. on tho roof,
which blazed like paper bcurath it.
Jack lashed tho terrified horses into a run,
while his father, on tho back seat, held the
sick baby in ono arm, and put tho other about
his wife to steady her.
The air grew heavier and hotter; the roads
wero rough, tho wagon-springs hard. Blinded
with smoke and frightened at the Hearing
roar of storm and flame, the horses flew
on beyond tho power of any guiding hand.
There was a sudden lurch, tho wheels tilted on
a log by tho wayside, and tho back seat pitched
out behind, with all its occupants ! Jack clung
lo tho reins instinctively, but ho could no more
stop the horses than he could arrest tho whirl
wind and fire behind him. Father, mother,
sister, all wero tossed into tho track of tho
firo like dry leave., and never again did ho
see ono of them. Their fate was certain ; bo
could only hope'it h:lU boon sudden and suro
Carried on by (a foi-qe lie could not control or
resist, Jack whirled along, the flames Hearing
him every moment, jtill, just as he felt their
hot breath on his ueuk, the maddened horses
reached the lake shore, and plunged headlong
into its waters. But he, at least, was safe, for
the shock threw'him but on tho sand.
. Poor Jack! Tn theinorninglio was a hearty,
happy boy, asleep in a good home; at night a
homeless, penniless orphan, with scarco clothes
to cover him. l)ays passed over his head in a
sort of blank misery. A few others, escaped
also from the devouring flames, shared with
him their scanty food; a kindly woman gavo
him an old woolen sack she ill knew how to
spare to cover his ragged shirt, and he found a
pair of Tndia-rubbers lying on tlio shore, which
concealed his worn shoes; but a moro desolate,
helpless creature than1 the poor boy can hardly
After a week or, two, bo 'begged his -way ;to
Pompo a settlement farther up the lake, which
had not been touched by tho great fire and
heard there that good people at the East had
sent on clothes to he distributed among those
who had lost thoirs. Ho soon got a chance to
ride over on a lumber-wagon, to the nearest
place where these things wero given out a
town ten miles boyond Pompo and there the
agent gavo him a couple of shirts, a warm vest,
a pair of half-worn black trousers, and a very
good coat of mixed cloth, that until then had
proved too small for tho mon who had applied
for clothes. But as Jack was fifteen, and large
for his ago, it just fitted him, and onco more
clothed, neat and clean, he wen t back lo Pompo,
where he had found a place to work on a farm,
happier than he had been for a long timo.
It was night when he returned to the farm,
and quite bed-lime; so ho ale sonic bread and
milk Mrs. Smith had saved for him, and went
up to his garret chamber. As he took off his
new coat to hang it up, with a boy's curiosity
he explored all its pockets. In one he found a
half-soiled handkerchief, just as if the owner
had taken the coat down from tho closet peg
and sent it'bfl without a 1 bought, for the gar
ment was almost new. But underneath the
handkerchief, lying looso in tho bottom of the
pocket, were two tweuty-dollar bills!
Jack's heart gavo a great bound ; here was a
windfall indeed, and hobegau to think what ho
should do with his small fortune. But perhaps
there was something else in the other pocket
yes, hero was a letter directed, sealed, and
stumped, all ready to mail ; and in a small in
ner breast-pocket he found three horse-car
tickets, a cigarette, and a three-cent piece. In
tho other breast-pocket wero a gray kid glove,
and a card with a name, "James Agard, Jr."
He looked at tho letter again; on ono corner
was printed: "Return to James Agard & Co.,
Deerford, Conn., if not delivered in ten days."
Jack was not a dull boy, and it Hashed across
him at onco that this coat had been put into
the box by mistake; it must havo belonged to
James Agard, Jr. He looked again at the
handkerchief, and found that name on tho
What should ho do? The coat had been
given to him why not keep it? He sat down
on his bed to think. His short end of tallow
candle had gone out, but the late-risen moon
poured a flood of mellow light through his
window and seemed lo look him in tho face.
Whilo he thinks the thing out at tho West, let
us tako up the Eastern ond of tho story.
Just three days after tho great fires, certain
prompt young people in a New England church
congregation came together in the parlors of
that church to receive and pack clothing for
the burnt-oufc sufferers ; and for a Aveek con
tributions poured in upon them, and gave them
work for both head and hands. Into this busy
crowd ono day hurried a slight, active j'ouug
man, dressed in a grayibusiness suit.
"Hallo!" ho iCalledi out, cheerily. "I've
como to help the old-clo boxes along. Givo
me work at once, Mrs, Brooks anything but
Mrs. Brooka la'agbod.
"Can you pack a barrel, Mr. Agard?"
"Yes, indeed Must pilo on tho things," f
he went to work.with
It an alacrity that showed
ho knew how to. do his work. This energetic
little man packed mOro than ono barrel before
night, and, in orllcr to work better, threw his
coat aside, as tho rooms wore warm. When
evening camo, ho drew himself up with a laugh,
exclaiming: x u!
"There! I can 'gfiiWcst, young man,' nnd
earn my living as a pork-packer, if you'll only
recommend mo,. Mrs. Brooks."
"That I willjV. saub she, " and others, too.
We have sent off ten barrels since you came in,
Mr. Agard ; wc fiad 'ttf hurry, for tho freight
train left at four o'clock." -
Just then he turned to look for his coat. It
Avas not Avhero ho left it. Ho searched tho
room in vain, and at last called out:
"Has anybody seen my coat?"
"Whero did you lca'o it?" asked .Georgo
Bruce, a . oung man Avho had also been packing
" On tho back of that chair."
" Was it a gray mixed sack?"
" Well, sir, it's gone oft to tho sufferers, thou.
I saw it on tho chair, thought it was a contri
bution, packed it, headed up tho barrel, and
sent it to tho train."
"What! You're a nice fellow, Bruce sent
my coat off! How am I to got homo? "
" It is too bad," said Mrs. Brooks. " I'll tako
you home in the carriage, Mr. Agard.''
"Thank you, kindly; but that isn't all. I
had forty dollars in one pocket, and a letter to
be mailed with a thousand-dollar check in it.
I must hurry homo "and haA-o that check
stopped; tho bills will go for au involuntary
contribution, I suppose. Bruce, I feel like
choking you ! "
"And I'm willing to let you, Jim, if it'll re
lievo your mind. It Avas outrageously careless
of me. I don't suppose there's the slightest
chance of tracing it."
" No moro than a dropped penny in Broad
Avay. Miss Van Ness wont have her Jacque
minot roses for the gcrman, though, and I'll
tell her it was your fault I can't throw nAvay
any more dollara ou nonsense. But I'm not
suro tho money is lost as much as it might
ha-e been, old folknw Mrs. Brooks, I'm ready."
And so James Agard went home, stopped
payment of the check by a telegram, and sent
an excuse to Miss Van Ness for not attending
her gcrman. The roses Avero to Iiua'o been a
surprise to her, so she did not miss them.
We left Jack sitting in tho moonlight, doubt
ing and distressed. But he did not sit theio
long, for suddenly thcro camo to him a recol
lection of Avhat his father had said concerning
his education to Grandpa Dibble; his mother
had repeated it to him so often that it Avas fixed
in his memory. Ho hid his face in his hands,
for it grew hot Avith shame, to think ho had
not seen at ouco that he must-send tho coat
back to its owner. Jack did not hesitate tho
right thing must bo done quickly. He folded
the coat as avcII as ho know how, replacing
everything in tho pockets, except the three
cent piece, for Avhich ho had a use. Then,
quite sure that Mr. Smith, avIio had hired him,
AA'as not the man to understand or approve his
action, ho made up bis mind not to AA'ait till
the morning, but to go directly back to Dayton,
Avhero he had recei'cd his clothes, and where
the nearest express ollice Avas stationed. Ho
could not return the coat to the agent, for he
had distributed all the clothes, destined for
that point, Jack being one of the last appli
cants, and had gone on farther aa'UIi the rest;
so ho rolled it iu a newspaper and slipped
downstairs Avith his shoes in his hand, putting
on over his cst the old red sack he had AA'orn
before, and set out for Dayton.
Ho had lo beg his breakfast ayIi en ho reached
tho town; then ho bought a sheet of broAvn
paper, a string, and a postal card Avith tho three
cent piece, and, sitting down ou the sunny sido
of a lumber pile, mado tho coat iuto a neat
bundle, firmly tied.
He asked tho uso of pen and ink at the ex
press ollice, directed his package and Avrote his
postal as follows, for ho could writo Avell, though
a little uncertain as to his spelling :
" I)i:.u Sik: Isend yon by express to Day a coat
Avhich i got in tho elo.se sent to burnd out fokes
beie, i doant believe it ought to hcA'come, so i send
it to the name onto the letcr, nil thing. Within
except 3 sents used for paper, string, and knrd.
Jack felt a great weight off his mind Avhcn
the bundle Avas fairly out of his bauds. It Avas
hard to send away help ho needed so much
harder fdr a homeless, penniless boy than you
know, dear Tom and Harry you Avho havo
never been hungry, ragged and orphaned.
And he not only lost his coat, but his placo,
for ho knew very Avell Avhcn he left tho farm
house that Mr. Smith, Avho tva3 a hard and
mean man, would never take back a boy avIio
ran away tho first night of his service, espe
cially if he kuoAV it was to return a good coat
with money in tho pockot.
Still he felt that his father and mother atouM
haA'e thought it Avas dishonest to keep it, and,
with the courage of a rcsoluto boy, he felt suro
ho could find Avork in Daytou. Buthcdidnot.
There Avero plenty of boys, and mon, too, al
ready asking for Avork, and nobody know him,
nor had he any recommendations. Forseveral
nights ho slept in an empty freight-car near
the railway station, doing a little porter's work
to pay for this shelter: then he did some things
about the tavern stable for his board, sleeping
in tho shed, or ou the hay-mow; and once in a
Avhilo ho caught himself Avishing ho had that
forty dollars to get back to Connecticut, AA'hero
ho had distant relatives. But thequick thought
" What AA'ould Mother say ?" repressed the Avish
At last ho found steady work on a farm out
of town, Avith small Avagcs. But he had a loft
and a bed to himself, and his chief AA'ork AAas to
drive a team into Dayton and back Avith pro
duce, or to fetch lumber, coal, aud feed for his
employer and tho neighbors.
Ono day, about a mouth after hcAvent to this
place, as he Avas driving a load of coal past tho
express ollice, Avalking hi3 horses, for tho load
av:is hea-y and the mud deep, the clerk saw
him, and, running to the door, called out:
"Say, young felloAv! D' you know anybody
namoof Jack Parry?"
" I guess so," said Jack, with a smile ; " that's
my name. What's to pay?"
"Nothin' it's prepaid. Iliad a faint rek
lektion that a fellow about your size left a
package hero a Avhile ago directed to James
Agard. I Avasn't real suro 't Avas you, for you
aren't rigged out so fancy as you was. ' What
have you done Avith that red jacket, sonny?
Haw! haw! haw!
Jack colored ; he had on an old OA'crcoat of
the farmer's, but the red sack Avasuudor it, for
he had no other coat.
" Well, anyhow, here's a bundle for Jack
Parry, and I reckon that's for you, since nobody
else has called for it; and it's got a kind of a
label ou to the tag, same as. letters have : ' Ue
turn to James Agard & Co., Deerford, Conn., if
not called for in one month.' And the month's
a'most up, too it's a nigh thing for you."
Jack did not know Avhat to think or say. Ho
signed a receipt for the bundle, put it up on
tho coal, and hastily Avent on his Avay.
He did not get homo till after dark, and
Avhcn supper Avas OA-cr and all his Avork done
he could only go to bed aud Avait for morning,
as he never Avas allowed a light in his loft, and
ho did not Avant to open tho packago till he
Avas alone. But Avith the first dawning light
ho sprang up eagerly and untied the string.
Thcro lay tho gray coat, and with it the rest of
tho suit, a set of Avarm underclothing, and, on
top of all, a letter running thus:
"Jack Pauky: Tnmglal there is such an hon
est boy in Dayton. I Avish there Avero more here,
but we want you for another, anyway. If you are
out of Avork, and I think perhaps you are, for I
know bow it is round the burnt districts, you Avill
find money in the breast-pocket of your eoat to
buy u ticket for this place. James Agard t Co.
Avuut n boy in their store, and Avunt an honest ono.
Come promptly, nnd bring this letter to identify
yourself. James Agaud, Jn."
"Oh, if mother only kncAV it!" AA-as tho
quick thought that glistened in Jack's happy
eyes, and choked him for a moment, as ho laid
down tho letter.
Perhaps sho did.
Ho is in Agard & Co.'s great Avholcsalo store
on tho Deerford Avhaiwes now, and does credit
to James Agard, Jr.'s, recommendation.
And it all camo of sending tho wrong coat!
Adnm IVcrle's Nerve.
From the Manistee Democrat.
Last Tuesday Mr. Adam Worlo, of Pierpont,
Mich., Avhilo chopping Avood ou tho back part
of his father's farm, felled a large dead tree,
and, on going to the top to trim away somo
underbrush, Avas confronted by a largo bear,
Avhich leisurely Avaddled from an opeuiug in
the holloAV top. Tho siioav Avas very deep, and
tho bear started away, but only moved a few
steps, AA'hen it turned around aud sprang upon
the trco on Avhich Mr. Werlo ATas standing. It
rose up on its hind legs Avhen Avith in ten feet
of Wcrle, and presented a very ugly and de
fiant look. But Adam Avas not tho man to get
up and dust under such circumstances. For a
few moments they eyed each other ; then Adam
pulled oil' his hat and threw it in tho bear's
face. Tho bear clasped it Avith his foro paws,
but in a second moro received tho blado of tho
axo in tho sido of tho neck, Avhich sent it rolling
from the log. It Avas soon despatched. Wcrle
dragged it to the road and then Avont to tho
houso and got assistanco to haul it in.
Tho voico of an intelligent people declares,
that SOZODONT is an article of genuine merit,
and their patrouago confirms AA'hat their voice
proclaims. There is no gainsaying this jro
nunciamenlo. Facts attested by tho uvidonco of
numberless respectable citizens prove that it is
correct. No article for tho teeth has such a
Avidu popularity, and assuredly nono exerts
such a beneficent influence upon them, reudor
ing, as it does, their structuro moro solid, aud
extermiuating the seeds of its decay.
No chargo for professional services : A young
physician informed a pretty lady patient, avIio
Avas suffering from chronic sore throat, that tho
only suro euro for it Avas a beard. " That's of
no interest to me," sho replied, " I'A'e got no
beard." "True," ho replied, gallantly ; "but
you can uso raiuo as often as you Avant to."
Thoy Avero married & fow months lator. Brook
BORN TO GREATNESS,
The Slory of the Origin "of the Grand
From the Grand Army Magazine.
The secret organization knoAvn as the Grand
Army of the Republic is made up entirely of
men avIio ser'ed in the army, navy, and marine
corps of the United States betAA-cen April 12,
1B61, and April 9, 1SG3, having been honorably
discharged after such service. The period men
tioned witnessed the progress of the great civil
Avar, prosecuted on the part of the Federal Gov
ernment to preserve tho Union of States re
sulting from tho success of the American Bevo
lution. During our strugglo for Natioual ex
istence three millions of men were marshalled
into service on tho Union side. Nearly one
half million lost their lives, and fully three
hundred and fifty thousand Avero by reason of
wounds maimed for life. This magnificent
host AVJ13 the Grand Army of tho .Republic,
armed and equipped in defense of a cause which
it believed eternally just and right.
Its dcA'ot'on to this causo pcrxietuatcd tho
Union ol States and upheld through deA-asta-ting
strife the integrity of the American Re
public. When it had gained its last victory
and ended the AA'ar in lSbo it was disbanded.
Its members, returning to the homes thej' had
been separated from so long, took up at onco
their civil avocations, becoming bread AA'inners
for families aud producers for the Nation. But
influences Avero operating constantly among
the citizen-soldiers, no doubt set at AA'ork by the
recollections of tho proverb, that "Republics
arc ungrateful to their veterans," and in time
the remnant of tho Grand Army reassemcled,
this time in peaceful columns, to fight unit
edly tho battlo of life, to caro for the AA'idoAV
ami orplians of comrades gone beyond, and to
prcservo tho history aud memories of all our
It is probably impossible to proA'c absolutely
Avhero tho idea of this organization first sug
gested itself; howoA'er, the folloAVing account
of its origin, published in tho Jacksonville
(III.) Daily Journal, is stamped not only Avith
plausibility, but evident sincerity, and the nar
rative is so Ave.ll portrayed that tho Avriter of
this article is constrained to reproduce it.
The following incident regarding the organiza
tion of the Grand Army of the Republic Avill bo
read Avith interest by many in our city nnd mem
bers of tho organization elsewhere. The credit is
due to the brains of Iavo Morgan county soldiers,
Chaplain William J. Itutlcdge, avIio concei-cd it,
nnd Major Ii. F. Stevenson, avIio pushed forward
the idea to a successful termination.
February 1, IbOt, some 125,!)00 brave men under
General tihcniuui left Vicksburg and A-icinity on
Avhat avus then called "the Meridian IJaid," as Me
ridian nnd Enterprise Avere almost the ortreme
eastern points from which the return march Avas
made to Vicksburg. liut for tho failure of General
Smith to re-enforce the command Avith cavalry
from Memphis, they avoiiUI Iiiia-o gone soutlnvard
to Mobile, thus anticipating the experiment of the
Grand March to the Sea.
While they tarried two nighte and one day at
this eastern end of the raid, awaiting General
Hniithand breaking up some railroad tracks, most
of the bnggnge train and provisions bad been left
some twenty miles Avest under guard, that they
might be lcs- encumbered in the linal conflict Avith
General Polk's force, thinking lie would not tamely
yield to destruction these important railroad con
nections. But as his fighting for iirfortnight availed
him nothing, he retreated beyond their reach.
IlaA'ing accomplished an important work by tho
raid, they started back via Canton, Mississippi, to
Avards Vicksburg. The first day's march brought
them to tho train and provisions, oA'cr which they
Avero the more jubilant us they bad been Avitbout
codec for three days. Then they unAviscly under
took to make up lor lost time by drinking un ex
cess of hot, strong coffee, nnd neA-er until then avos
its full en'ects as a stimulant made known to mnny.
Sleep avos banished for that night. and ns there avus
probably no rebel force to be feared within fifty
miles, tho soldiers Avhistfcd, sang, squealed,
neighed, and crowed all along the line. The
gravest officers AA'ero not exempt from this coffee
exhilaration, and bursts of laughter here and there
indicated that the AA'ag or wit of that squad Avas
perpetrating bis best jokes. Even the staid hos
pital mess, Avith no sick to care for, fell into the
same nerveless, sleepless current. Though speak
ing especially for the Fourteenth regiment Illinois
volunteer infantry, this A'igil avos probably kept by
most of the Fourth division of the Seventeenth
But to return. There was William J. Kutledgc,
regimental chaplain ; Major B. F. SteA'enson, sur
geon ; Dr. Chalice, assistant surgeon; Joseph
Iifcuchiim, hospital steward, &c Each man was a
marked character, but Ave haA-e not time to describe
them noA-. All Avere Avurm personal friends, yet
fond of joking each other. Dr. SteA'enson, pro
vokud by this sleeplessness, began to moralize on
"the glory of AA-ur being n humbug; as u man muy
sometunes be left by his comrades to die on the
bloody Held, unwept, unhouore'd, and unsung, and
if transferred to Paradise ho must be greatly cha
grined to see his name misspelled in the reports,
leaving bis friends in doubt ns to Avbetber it avos be
or some other man." The chaplain, nhvays buoy
ant in spirits and fruitful iu resource, replied,
"That won't apply to you and I, Doc; for Ave luwe
hud no battle yet Avncre all Avero Killed on Doth
sides; some escape to tell about it, so avc Avill be
those lucky dogs; Ave Avill live on after this land
has been subsoiled by the plowshare of Avar nnd
rebellion and slavery turned under so deep that
they will never sprout again, and by our peaceful
firesides Ave'll 'shoulder our crutch and show Iioav
lields were Avon.'
"Moreover,", continued the chaplain, "as knight
errantry nnd masonry AA'ero AA-ondcrfulIy revived
during the A-ars of the Crusades, so avu in the years
that lie beyond Avill reviA-e them by organising on
a fraternal basis, the Grand Army of the Republic.
You, Doctor, shall be grand mogul or commander-in-chief;
Dr. Chalice, your adjutant -general;
Meaeliam. your uide-ie-camp ; Scott, your pay
master; Goldsmith, your inside sentinel ; Sam Lo
gan, your videlte. and 1 yourelmpluin. Being now
organized under this A'cnerable oak, that may haA'e
sheltered Indians, Aztecs or Druitls centuries ago,
avc will, after due examination, proceed to collect the
initiation fee aud admit the brethren, swearing
them to liberty, equality, and sympnthy Avith the
under dog iu the light. Thus shall we insure u so
dicrs' reunion every full moon. We shall bind to
gether a brotherhood avIio were previously united
in the fellowship of suffering; and as some doubt
less Avill deserve -pensions avIio Avill fail in obtain
ing them, avc oui supply this lack by our A'olun
Thus Avith suggestions, humorous or earnest, the
night Avore on, the morning dawned, nnd the march
av;is resumed. Dr. Stevenson, though not imagina
tive uiul inventive like the chaplain, aa-jis methodi
cal and a boru organizer. The chaplain hud built
this castle in the uir ns the pleasant pastime of n
sleepless night. The doctor brought that castle to
the ground, made moat and drawbridge for it, com
missioned its officers, mounted its sentinels, and
manned it before his death with 100,000 men. To
tho chaplain it avus one of the beautiful myths
plowing through his bruin ; to the doctor it avos
" a ghost that AA'ould not down" at his bidding.
These two, though A'ery dissimilar as men, Avere
agreed iu regard to tho projected organization in
nil saves this: The doctor Avantcd to giA'e it a de
cided political tinge, claiming that those who bad
borne the burden alone should havo the benclit,
but the chaplain of tho old Fourteenth discarded
the "machine" idea, insisting that the fraternal
and benorelcnl ono avus best to iiteure usefulness and
Ardent as the doctor aos about this iicaa ideal, it
AAas not till the spring of 1SC0 that be (having re
moA'cd from Jacksonville to Springfield, 111.,) tele
graphed the chaplain (who avius then stationed in
Bloomingtouj for a special interview. So the doc
tor, tho chaplain, Colonel John M. Snyder, and
Colonel A. Weber, read and corrected the proof
bhcets of the Constitution and By-liws ot the
Grand Army of the Republic, and the first "Post "
avus organized in. Springfield, near the home and
tomb ot Lincoln, Avhenco it soon spread through
Illinois and into other States.
Dr. SteA-cnson remained the first Commander-in-Chief
up to the first general rally, held in the Rep
resonlutiA'cs Ilnll of the old Stato House. It avos
Avith great hesitancy, then, that tho committee,
knoAvmg Chaplain Rutlcdgc's intimacy Avith the
doctor, requested him, iu seconding General Lo
gan's nomination, to award to the doctor all tho
credit due him, Avhich he did iu a brief but earnest
speech that will long be remembered by those avIio
heard it. Tho doctor aaiis someAvhat grieA'ed nt
being superceded in the general command, but he
avos deeply moved by the chaplain's reference to
the memories of the Mississippi forest, und in reply
said that thu chaplain gavo him more credit than
AA'as lue; for it avus the chaplain himself avIio had
originated the idea, and aided and encouraged him
in pushing it to its consummation.
Thus tho Grand Army of the Republic that Gr3t
flitted as a phantom through the forests of Missis
sippi iioav marshals its hosts and keeps step to tho
All that a'o know of tho origin of the organs
ization is merely traditioual, and Avhether this
exceedingly well Avritten article is founded on
facts, and is thu3 valuable as showing how tho
idea of this society originated, or whether it is
merely the fancy of somo talented journalist, is
not known hero. Tho article contains some
inaccuracies in names, yet it is uoav conceded
that Comrade B. F. Stephenson Avas the founder
of the civil-military order of the Grand Army
of tho Ropublic. Ho organized the first Post
at Dakotah, Ills., iu 1SG0; others followed, both
in Illinois and adjoining States. A general
coiXA'cntion, composed of delegates from these
Posts, A'as held in Springfield, Illinois, in July,
18GG, when Gen. John M. Palmer Avas chosen
Grand Commander, and Dr. Stepheuson acted
as Provisional Commandor-in-Chicf. The or
ganization from this time oxtonded so rapidly
that it soon became national. Accordingly the
first National cotiA'cntioii of tho G. A. R. was
held iu Iudiauapolis, Indiana, commencing on
November 20, 1SGG; from the published official
proceedings of this convention Ave find that
Commaudor-in-Chiof B. F. Stephenson called
the assembly to order, and that Comrade
John M. Snyder acted as Adjutant-General.
At this session the committee, appointed fur
the purpose, reported a set of resolutions, whoso
touo bordered on the political, as shown in tho
"Cth Resolution. That as a matter of justice and
right, and because tho sacrifice made nnd the dan
gers encountered by the Vnion soldiers nnd snilora
Avho served in the lute Avar for the preservation of
the country, cannot ever be fully repaid, we re
spectfully ask Hint those in authority bestow upn
needy nnd AA'orthy soldiers ond sailors such posi
tions of honor anil profit as they mny Ikj competent
to fill ; nnd Avhilo aa'c seek nothing for ourselves
andtboeof our comrades who are able to main
tain themselves, avc do earnestly recommend this
request to the consideration of those in authority.
And avc especially ask the attention of the Presi
dent to 'his policy heretofore declared on this
During the exciting political elections which
took placo immediately after the close of tho
Avar, it is a fact that tho poAvcr of the Grand
Army, as an organization, Avas exerted in a par
tisan spirit. Indeed it AAas extremely natural
that tli is should bo the case, taking in vieAvtho
material composing tho Order, nearly every
member thereof having formed firm political
opinions from personal experiences, and whilo
human passions wero still inflamed, the battla
cry Avas, " Ave Avill vote the Avay avc shot."
Tho Avriter of this article has been present at
Post meetings AA'hero comrades have been nom
inated for tho Post support for political office.
In this condition of its affairs, AAiicn the benev
olent features of the brotherhood were over
shadowed by its political complexion, the only
result to bo expected AA'as the ono finally
reached, i. c, the partial dismemberment of tho
Order. Dissensions arose in its oivn rank3
during election times; tho memories of the
camp and bivouac and battle-field Avero too
fre3h to afford attractions on account of nov
elty, an"d so in many States the organization
faded away from lack of interest, although tho
National conventions havo held continuous
annual sessions since their inception. In leGS,
during his administration as Commander-in-Chief,
Gen. John A. Logan issued General
Order, No. 11, dated May 5, directing the ob
servance of May 30th as "Memorial Day."
The terra "Decoration Day," generally used
throughout the country in designating this
ordinance, is a misnomer, for, while the prin
cipal act ou this day is a decoration of graves,
the idea conveyed by the ceremony is that thus
annually a grateful Nation remembers and re
calls the devotion and loyalty of all who suf
fered and died to maintain her supremacy.
The folloAving is tho general order referred
to as Avritten and published. It will be ob
served that its tenor contemplates something
more than the simple act of decoration ; and
no name is appropriate for the sacred festival
thus instituted but the title "Memorial Day."
llKADQUAKTEItS GRAND AUitY OF THE ItUPUCLIC,
Washingtox, D. C, May3, 1SCS.
General Order, No. II.J
1. The ."0t!i day of May, 1SC8, is designated for
the purpose of strcAving floAA'ers or otherwise deco
rating tho graA'es of comrades Avho died in the
defense of their country during the late rebellion,
nnd avIiosc bodies iioav lie in almost every city, vil
lage and bnmlet chureh-yurd in the land. In this
obserA'unce no form of ceremony is prescribed, but
Posts nnd comrades will in their oavii avu arrange
such fitting services and testimonials of respect as
circumstances may permit.
We are organized, comrades, as our regulations
tell us, for the purpose, among other things, "of
preserving nnd strengthening those kind nnd frater
nal feelings Avhich have lwund together the soldiers,
sailors, nnd marines Avho united to suppress tho
late rebellion." What can aid more to ussure this
result than by cherishing tenderly the memory of
our heroic dead, avIio made their breasts a barri
cade betAvecn our country and its foes ? Their sol
dier lives AA'ere the rcAeillc of freedom to a race in
cliains, and their deaths the tattoo of rebellious
tyranny in arms. All that the consecrated wealth
und taste of tho Nation can ndd to their adornment
nnd security is but a fitting tribute to her slain de
fenders. Let no AA-onton foot tread rudely on such
lialloAVcd ground. Let pleasant pnths im-ite tho
coming nnd going of reverent A'isitors and fond
mourners. Let no A'andalism of avarice or neglect,
no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the
coming generations that Ave have forgotten, as a
people, the cost of n free or undivided Republic.
If other eyes groAV dull and other hands slack
nnd other hearts cold in the solemn trust, ours shall
keep it well as long as the light nnd warmth of life
remains in us. Let us, then, nt the time appointed,
gather around theic sacred remains, and garland
tho passionless mounds above them AA'ith the
choicest floAversof springtime; let us raise above
them the dear old flag they saved from dishonor p
let us in this solemn presence reneAV our pledges to
aid and assist those avIioih they luwe left among U3
a sacred chargo upon a Nution's gratitude tho
soldier's and sailor's Avidow and orphan.
2. It is the purpose of the Commander-in-Chief to
inaugurate this observance AA'ith the hope that ifc
Avill be kept up from year to year-while a survivor
of the war remains to honor the memory of his de
parted comrades. He earnestly desires the public
press to call attention to this Order, and lend its
friendly aid in bringing to the notice of comrades in
nil parts of the country in time for simultaneous
3. Department Commanders Avill use every effort
to make this order effective.
By order of
John A. Logan,
N. P. CnirirAN, Commander-in-Chief.
The 30th day of May is now a legal holiday.
In October, "1863, a special session of tho Na
tional Encampment wa3 con'cned, at Avhich.
mooting a committee was appointed for tho
purpose of devising a decoration of honor to be
worn by all comrades of tho Graud Army. Com
rade Robert B. Bcath, of the Department of
Pennsylvania, in his sketch of tho Order, thus
describes the badge:
The budge Is of bronze, made from cannon cap
tured during the Inte rebellion; in form, a live
pointed star, similar in design to the tAA-o hundred
medals of honor authorized by act of Congress to
be given to soldiers and sailors most distinguished
for meritorious nnd gallant conduct. Tho reverse
side represents a branch of laurel the cxoaa-ii nnd
rcAA-ard of the brave in each point of the star. Tho
National shield in the centre, surrounded by the
tAA-cnty-four recognized Corps Inulges numerically
arranged, each on a keystone, and all linked to
gether. sboAving they are united, and Avill guard
and protect the shield of the Nation. Around the
centre is a circle of stars, representing the States of
the Union and the Departments composing the
Grand Army of the Republic. Credit for the de
sign is due "to Comrade F. A. Starring, of Illinois,
at that time Inspector-General of the Order.
The third National convention of the Grand
Army of tho Republic avus held in Cincinnati,
Ohio, May 12th and 13th. lSGO. At this session
the committee on revised rules aud regulations
for the government of the Order reported thoso
AA'hich are operativo to-day, only very few
amendments having been made siuce their
adoption. In them is found tho following gen
eral rule :
ARTICtE XI CHAP. V.
"No officer or comrade of the Grand Army of the
Republic shall, in any manner, use this organiza
tion for partisan purposes, und no discussion of
partisan questions shall be permitted at any of its
meetings, nor shall any nominution for political
ollice le made."
This rule is strictly enforced everywhere
throughout tho Order to its lastiug benefit.
There are iioav found in the Garud Army men
of all shades of political opinion, and indeed no
member CA'er thinks or cares Avhat vioavs his
comrades havo on partisan subjects, so far a3
the Avorking of the Order is concerned.
In tho last three years it has had a, ''bonm" in
CA-ery Department throughout the United States.
Graud Army Posts flourish at this timo in " ir
giuia, Louisiana, Florida. Kentucky and Mis
souri, on the very ground Avhere onco its trials
wero endured, Avhile iu tho Northern States all
the survivors of our civil Avar arc gravitating to
its rauks ouce moro.
To those Avho read the history of our country
aud at times reflect on Avhat has been eallrd the
"sad but glorious past," it is intensely inter
esting to look at the Grand Army of the Re
public as it marches to-day. We raid of the
great battles of Bull Run, Antietam, the Wil
derness, Gettysburg, and a hundred others, aud
then in the "ranks of these vetcraus avo find
those AA'ho passed through them all and now
bear tho scars of miuie ball and shell aad sa
ber. In a A'ord, Ave see tho remnant of the h jst
that made our country united and free.
At the National Encampment held in ttalti
morc, in June, l'S'2, the 'report of Adjutant
General William L. Olin showed a member
ship of fully 100,000. This number has already
been increased by nO.000, and at tlie session of
tho seventeenth National Encampment, to bo
held in Denver in August, 1883, it is expected
that the numerical strength of the organization
will reach 200,000.
Tho folloAving is a list of those aa'Iiq haA'e held
the position of Commander-in-Chief, iu order
of election :
B. F. Stephenson -.
S. A. Ilurlbut, Ills
Johu A. Logan, Ills
Ambrose E. Burnside, II. 1
Charles DeA'eiis. Mass
John F. Ilartmnft, Pa.....
John C. Robinson, N. Y ..
William EsirnabiiAv, Ohio
Louis Wagner, Pa -
George S. Merrill, Mass
! l'l J
Tho present Corarnauder-in-Cbief is Paul
Van DerA-oort, of Omaha, Neb., elected in Ralti
nioro iu 1S82; ho being tho first comntdo who
scrA'ed through the war as a privato soldier
chosen to fill this high position. It wa3 stated
at tho commcuccment of this article that tho
Order is a secret one. This is true only so far
as is necessary toprotcctit froni impostors; with,
the exception of certain forms by AA'hich a com
rade may be recognized, all its ceromonjes,
based on scenes end incidents of actual service,
might bo mado public without detriment to thi
I brotherhood. Sr2.,