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title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, March 08, 1883, Page 7, Image 7',
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THE NATIONAL TEIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1883.
my office with honor to the Department and
with credit to lnysolf. If, in the opinion of
my comrades, I have succeeded in so doing, I
am content." At the session resolutions of
th:mlsS"vVcrc passed and tendered to Coiumdcs
S. J. Alexander, Bradford P. Cool: and C. L.
Howell, of Lyons Post, No. 11, Grand Tsland,
Nobraska, who was quartermaster of the ele
gantly conducted and successful Reunion held
at Grand island last September.
Comrade P. Hoover, Juniata, Adams county,
Nob., writes us that Geary Post, No. 81, which
was mustered in October. 1SS1, with nineteen
members, now has forty-two. Last July the
Post got up a Reunion of the old soldiers in
the county, which attracted a larger crowd
.than ever before assembled in the county, and
was a grand success Numerous Cump-iires
have also been held and entertainments given.
On the olst of last January a disastrous fire
visited Juniata, destroying the building in
which was the Post's newly-fiitc-l up hall,
thereby causing a loss of $-.200 to the comrades.
The oiiieers of the Past are : Commander, A. V.
Cole; S. V. C, T. Burwell; J. V. C. F. Mc
Kclvy; Chaplain, O. A. Bugglc; Surgeon, U.S.
Langlcy; Q. M., William Spade; O. D., Samuel
Brass; O. G., it. K. Hutchison; Adj't, 1). H.
Freeman; Scrg't Maj., O. Stover; Q. M. Serg't,
Comrade J. B. Dey, Aid-dc-Camp to the Com-xnander-in
Cliief, Stromsburg, Neb., writes us
that J. A. Mower Post, No. Hi), at that place,
hold a rousing Camp-fire on the night of the
23th lilt. Gen. F. E. Brown, of Omaha, made
the opening sneech, which was highly appre
ciated by all. It. P. Cook, A. A. G. of the De
partment, was present and helped to enliven
the occasion with an address setting forth the
prosperity of this Department. The Stromburg
cornet IkuuI rendered some excellent music.
Quite a number of the boys from Pot 2G, at
Osceola, were present, and the Camp-fire was
kept burning until a late hour. All went home
well pleased and .satisfied that the spirit of
1SG1-5 still lived and burned on the alters of
the G. A. lly.
General Order, No. 1, issued at Lincoln, Neb.,
on the 21st ult., by command of Department
Commander J no. C. Bonneil. announces the
following appointments: Comrade Brad. P.
Cook, of David City, Assistant Adju.ant-Gcn-cral,
with office at David City ; Comrade John
Stecn, of Wahoo, Assistant Qturtermaster
Goneral ; Comrade A. II. Bowcn, of Hastings,
Judge Advocate; Comrade Harry Hotchkiss,
with address at Lincoln, Senior Aide-de-Camp,
with headquarters in the saddle.
Comrade Isaac D. Campbell, Wilson, Nob.,
writes us that there is no Grand Army Post in
that vicinity, although there is plenty material
Comrade George K. Kimball, Dodd Post, No.
3, Golden, Col., late captain company E, Col
orado infantry, and afterwards captain com
pany C, Colorado cavalry, asks that all com
rades in the Second Colorado (whether when
infautry or cavalry) send him their addresses,
with a view of making arrangements for a
social Reunion of Colorado soldiers at Denver
at the time of the National Encampment.
James W. Staples, the recently elected De
partment Crnnnander of California, entered
service December 2. 1SG2, as private, Seventy
oigiith regiment, New Yoik volunteer infantry,
He was promoted sergeant-major April 21,
1SG2; enptiin September 17, 1S0'2; and acting
assistant iuseitor-gencral '.March 4, ISO" ; re
signing on accouut of ill-health April 7. 1SG3.
Ho partidiwted in the bal.les of Cedar Moun
tain, August 9. 1S62; Sulphur Springs, August
24, 1SG2; se-oud Bull Bun, August 30, lti(J2;
AnlJeiam, September 17, 1SGJ, besides a num
ber of lesser engagements. He enlisted in F
company, Second artillery, N. G. C, April 3,
1873, and was soon after appointed" first lieuten
ant and paymaster on the staff of Colonel
Sniedburg, commanding Second artillery regi
ment. Ha resigned July 1 1, IBaO, on account
of his business necessitating frequent' and long
abscences from the city, and thus preventing
his attending to the duties of his position. For
over a year past he has been Inspector-General
of-thc Department of California, and ho has in
great measure contributed to the prosperity
and increase of the Order.
Comrade E. W. Allen writes us that the aiT
nual Encampment, Department of Oregon,
convened at Portland, on the 22d ult. There
was a full representation from ail the Posts in
the Department, and- much .enthusiasm was
manifest T:i"fhe'w-ork from the reports given.
Oregon was raised to the dignity of a Depart
ment in June last, and N. S. Pierce, of George
Wright Post. No. 1. of Portland, was appointed
Provisional Department Commander. At that
time there Were seven Fostd organized, with a
'total nicmWr&hip of 24G. In September the
iirst Dep.uimcnr Encampment was cahed, and
N. S. Picrcd was elected Department Com
mander by a unanimous vote. The report of
the Assistant Adjutant-General, cloJn;; with
the last quarter of 1582, shows eleven Po3t in
tho Department, ten of them reporting a mem
bership of -llii returns from one of them,
located at remote p!aec in the interior, not
arriving. This shows n net gain of four Posts
organized and estimating the Post not report
ing as having a membership of thirty, 150 new
members have been enrolled. Such is the or
znnizsiio:. of the Detriment. This is a tool
showing for a State situaUd ?o remotely from
scenes of the n hellion as is Oregon, and reflects
credit upon the efficiency of Depaitmtnt Com
mander i'iercc and his aids. The following
officers were elected for the ensuing year: De
partment Commander. G. E. Caaking, George
Wright Post, No. 1 ; Senior Vice-Corn man der, F.
J. Bibcock, Sedgwick, No. 10; Junior Yiee
Oommaudcr, J. C. Cooper. Custir. No. 0 ; Medi
pal Director, S.'Parker, Made. No. 2 ; Chaplain,
J. P. lU. J. W. Geary, No. 7: Coumil of Ad
ministration, W. N. Philips, Mcl'htrson, No 5;
W. A. Baa's, Lincoln, No. i ; T. C. Smith,
Sedgwick, No. 10; A. L. Say lor, Custer, No. J;
G. A. Har ting. Meade, No. 2. Assistant Adjutant-General.
Z.T. Wright, George Wright, No.
I; AssiatMit Q. M. General, T. G. Davidson,
Lincoln, So. 4. Representative to National
Encampment, F. IC Arnold, Garlieid, No. 3;
Alternate. B. B. Tuttle, George Wright, No. 1.
It Was rcso!.va to held a wand Reunion in
Portland, July :M, 4th and 5th, 1883, for all the
Boldicts. siihtrsnnd marines that served during
fcbe late r-VIIiun that are located on the
Morlfe Pacjfje coast. Tlso necessary coinmilte-s
were ap; 'diit'd, and a big time is expected.
George Wright Poet gave a Reunion "blow
ynt" in the evening at the close of the Eu
eantpfucui, r.ud a general good time was had.
ahor Lvi minute speech's wcio made de
wripti vc of some of the battles of the rebellion.
Toasts wore offered and rjHtnses made by in
cited ituKlX Pork and Wans and hard-tack
sod cojTc- were )xr.xkcu of, and a'l voted it a
" ' ! I !
" A KrHIfaut fumy-fire :it Tflwsiiua.
Owr'Corrfspondent. " Yal,"at T.wauda. Pa.,
writes u-5 ;at the Cauip-ftrc of Watkius Post,
Ko. OS, li.!d on Wa.hingtoii' Birthday, in
Hereur Hall, resul u-d hi giving to the oili
rcas of Tov.aed.-t a firat-ciass literary and mu-BieaJoiHert-hmicul.
ixmg before the Jiour of
rmtni!ti"czivmt fhs spacious hall whs crowded
to oVw.1o-.vin. nail many were turned away,
it being i:;p,abk to find standing room for
thetu. Tlis a;;e was beautifully dceorat'xl
with iSar8. aJwl ifc ttbg ioilt a real Camp-fire,
witMx our o!d .oldicr3 know so well how to ar
range. A U"lt.r-teat, in which lounged two
:sy Vexikinff toMiers, was al-o represented, and
on the iintbsof scraiey tnes hung blankets,
canteen, aud knap.iuks. The eliect was verj'
fine and re;r$tjc. At 70 p. m. Comrade .Wilt
jonnded the bugle, and Post ( 'ommander Mc
Kttm cjltcd the assemblage to ordr.
The cxvtcIm& w.to oiK-ni with jirayei' by
Rev. CoiunMlc Cr:.ftt A short iotradiictoryad-
"iiress ly Cowmule McK-an was followul by a
e&ftiw niidcred by twenty or more siinrcrs
ffotn the rli.h tVUooL Thcti c:me the recita- j
tion of Th Ride of Paul Itevtrc-," by Miws j
II'jJwi jnidoit. who cave itaee to Dr. Ji D,
Payne, wha saw an interesting ace mnt of the !
faut-ma arca n.gagcioent bciween lite iioniior
ftud Mrrn:itai of whicit he was an eye-wit-oes.
Mr-. . A. B:::dwiu then cang that ever
poihu- ol!S-rs oug. "Testing oix the Old
'Caoip Croand." The audienee demanding an
encore, die Tendered "The Prwjuer's KeleaV'.
wHU fine cfi'-L Jion. 13. L. Htliis rcciud tho
Dyiog tjoidie," a patlictif a-L ction, and later
In the evening a hatuorosts jiiece called the
"Garden ..u-.M liev. VjmavjA C T. iiallo-Wc-n
sjoke on the ciejmiul of Wahhni;'ton'
Silliness. Comrade jJouis Vagr.er, of l'hiia
dphfo. cx-t'oinattder-iu-chicf, was called
n and uvtdc a telliug add rem. Comra4le C.
Y. Hall gave aorac reasons why all good ex
aaldirxB Kltould join the G. A." It. Thin pro
7biuc, interspersed with t-ies aud songs
by other comrwlcs, made the evening )asB
plotaaufly to aL
NOT THE $40 BILL
An Amonded Act PassedHow it All
After a long and disjointed debate, the Sen
ate, late on Wednesday evening, the 2rsth ult.,
adopted Senator Piatt's amendment to tho
Forty-Dollar bill mid the measure having been
sent back to the House, that body concurred in
the amendment, thus finally disposing of tho
The original bill, (II. 1110,) as it passed tho
House at the first session of the Forty-seventh.
Congress and was reported to the Senate, read
Jic it cnnclcl. C-c, That from and after the parage
of this act nil persons on the pension-roll, :uui nil
persons hereafter granted a pension, who. while in
the military or niivnl M-rvico of the United States,
and in the line of duty.shall have 1u.-t one arm. one
ham, one rtz, or one foot, or t-hall have buffered
disability equal thereto, jhull be cntitleilto a pension
of S-10 per month.
The Pension Committee of the Senate, to
whom it was promptly referred, failed to make
any report prior to tho close of the fir.it session,
and during the second session such a dilference
of opinion was developed among the Bepublican
members of the committee that it was not until
the 2fth of January that the Senate was ap
prised of its action. On that day four reports
were submitted. The four Democratic mem
bers united in an adverse report, and the five
Itepublican members divided into three groups,
Messrs. Van Wyek (Nob.) and Ciiilcott (Colo.)
reporting in favor of the original bill: Messrs.
Blair (N. II.) and Mitchell Va..) submitting a
new bill, and Mr. Piatt (Conn.) also reporting a
substitute. It is the hitter's amendment which
has been adopted, and the full text is as fol
Jic il enaded, C-c, That from and after the passage
of tliwnct all persons on tho pension-roll, and nil
persons hereafter granted a pension, who, while in
the military or naval hervic-e of the United States,
and in the fine of duty, .shall have lo.-t one hand or
one foot, or been totally or permanently disabled in
the ximc, or otherwise ;o disabled as to render their
incapacity to perform manual labor equivalent to
the loss of hand or a foot, .-hull receive a pension
of twenty-four dollars per month ; that all persons
now on the pension-roll, and all persons hereafter
granted a pension, who in like manner shall have
lost either nn arm at or above the elbow, or a leg at
or above the knee, or bhall have been otherwise so
disabled as to be incapacitated from performing any
manual labor, hut not o much as to require regular
personal aid and attendance, shall receive a pension
of thirty dollars per month: Provided, That nothing
contained in this act tOuill be construed to repeal
section 4(XSQ of the Iteviscd Statutes of the United
States, or to change the rate of eighteen dollars per
month therein mentioned to be proportionately
divided for any degree of disability established for
which section J0U3 makes no provision.
The debate in the Senate on Wednesday of
last week, which resulted finally in the adop
tion of tho TJatt amendment, was, as wo have
intimated, protracted and disjointed.
The first vote taken was on a motion made
by Senator Harris (Dem.Tenn.) to indefinitely
postpone the consideration of the bill. This
was promptly voted down yeas 19, nays ill
t he following Democrats voting in the negative :
Messrs. Brown, (Ga ,) Butler, (S. C.,) Cockrcll,
tMo..) Pendleton, (0..) Vest, (Mo.,) and Voor
The next vote was on an amendment offered
by Mr. Vest (Mo.) to strike out tho equivalent
disabilities clause from the 'original bill. This
amendment was defeated yeas 20, nays 27
Messrs. Slater (Or.) and Voorhees (Ind.) voting
with the Bepublicans in the negative.
The next amendment on which a vote was
taken was that offered by Mr. Blair (N. H.) to
insert after the word" duty " in the original bill
Shall have lost a hand or a foot, shall be entitled
to a pension of Jt per month; all persons who in
like manner shall have suffered .amputation at or
aboVe the elbow or kmvt at the rate of S30 per
month; aud all who shall in like manner have suf
fered amputation at the hip-Joint or at the shoulder
joint, or who shall have lost one hand and one foot,
or shall be totally disabled in one hand and one
foot, or shall be otherwise ho disabled :is to be in
capacitated for the ei forinnuco of any manual
labor, but not y much as to require the regular
personal aid and attendance of another person, at
the rate of S-10 per month ; anil all per-ons who in
like maimer shall have contracted a disability
equal or equivalent to any of the foregoing speci
fied disabilities, shall be entitled to receive n pen
sion ier month of the amount hereby granted to
such disability; and in c.i.je of amputation below a
joint, but with Mich effect as to produce a disability
equal to that nroduced by amputation at or above
the joint, pension shall be paid jus for the disability
actually resulting from ucli amputiitionr mid all
persons wlro In like manner shall have lost the
sight of one eye, shall receive a pension at the rate
of S12 per mantli; and in cases in which the injury
to the one eye manifestly atl'ect.s injuriously the
sight of the other eye, or in which the other eye
shall have !ccu partially disabled in the service
and line of duty as aforesaid, he shall be entitled to
an equitable increase in his pensio'i, not to exceed,
when the loss of .sight is less than total blindness,
in the whole amount. S-JO per month; and all those
who. while in the military or naval service of the
United States, in tho line of duty, by injury received
or disease contracted, shall have totally lost the
hearing of both care, shall be entitled to receive a
pen-ion of 30 per mouth ; and for any loss of hear
ing leas than total deafness they shall receive an
equitable portion thereof.
Si:c 2. That instead of the rate of $13 per month
provided in section -WW of 1 Jevi-H'd Statutes, the rate
of -2t pernionlh may be proportionately divided for
any degrccof disability established for winch neither
the preceding section of this act nor section lC,,.t5 of
the Kevised Statutes make provision: J'lovidid,
That nothing in thi act shall ! construed to re
duce any pension now authorized by law; nor
shall any pi'nsio.icr be entitled to iiiorex-e under
this section until an examination shall show an in
cie.Mi in hi- actual disability, except whcie the
c i lence on file show-the disability to lie perma
nent in a tlegree entitling to the rate of pension
then received, or when the character of the disa
bility would not vary in u le-scr degree.
Sh a. That noapplicaut for peiiou whose claim
shall be granted hen-after shall receive arrears or
any allowance of pension for tune prior to the pas
sage of this act greater than he would Im entitled to
receive by virtue of existing laws; but from and
after the parage of this act his pension shall be
computed in accordance therewith, if his disability
lie such as is included in its provisions.
Si.c. 4. No claim agent or attorney Mhnll be em
ployed in the prosecution of claims for increase of
leiision under this act. but the Connnis-ioner of
JViisionshal! make such payment without charge
to the pensioner.
This amendment, it was stated by Mr. Blair,
hatl received the cordial indorsement of the
Commis-uoner of Pensions and the pension
committee of the Grand Army, (Past Com
mander Merrill and Surgeon-General Ames
havingurged its adoption in person,) but it was,
nevertheless, defeated by a vote of 17 yeas to
ol nays, as follows:
Yeas Allison. (la..) Blair. (V. IF.,) Dawes,
(MmmOKivc-8- Mc.,) Hale, (iMc.,) Harmon (lnd.,)
11:11." Colo.,) Hoar, (Slass.j Laphani, (X. Y.,)
Jh-Iiill, .!.,) Miller, (Cal.,) Miller, (N. Y.,)
Mitchell (Pa.,) Plumb.'- (ICiiu..) Kollinsy (Vt.,)
Van Wyek, (Xcb.,) V.'indom,- (Minn.)
Nays Harrow,-?- (Oa.,) IJeek.t lvy.,1 Brown.t
(Ga.,) Call.l (Kla.,) Cameron, (Wis.,) Coekrell,
(Mo.,) Coke.-r (Tex..) Conger, (Mich.,) Davis, (111.,)
Havis, (W. 'r,.,) lidmutiuVfVt.; (hirland.t (Ark..)
Ucorge.f (JIL-s..) Groonie,t (Md.,) Hampton,! (S.
C.) Harris.;- H'tini..) Hawlcv, (K. I.,) Ingalls,
(Knn.,1 .hielison.t (Teiin.,) Jonas, (I ji..) McMillan,
(Wis.JMavev.f i Tex., Moigan.f (Ala.,) IVndlelou.f
iO., Piatt," (Conn.,) 'ugh.1(Ala.,K iwyer, (Wis.,)
St well, (N .J.,) Vest.i (Mo.,) Voorliccs.t (Ind.,)
The vole, it should bo stated, was not a true
test of the sentiment of tho Senate, since a
number of the Senators as, for instance, Sen
ators Voorhees and Ingalls voted in the nega
tive on the ground that if the original bill was
amended in any respect it would necessitate
sending it back to tlio House, aud it might be
imjiosiiblo to secure any action by tliat body at
such a late hour in the session.
The amendment having failed to carry, Mr.
Mitchell (Pa. j endeavored to securo the incor
poration of its provisions concerning the
incrcise of pensions for impairment of eye
sight and hearing in Mr. Piatt's amendment,
but his amendments were promptly voted down.
A vote was then taken on Mr. Piatt's amend
ment, and it w:is adopted yeas HI, nays 9, as
Yeas Barrow, Bnyard.t (Del.,) Beck, Blair, Call,
Cameion, (Wis), Coke, Conger, Davis, (111.), Ed
Iininds,(ar3iuid, George, Goome, Hale, Harris, Hill,
Hoar, Jackson, Jonas, Kellogg, (T.a.,) Lapham, Mc
Millan, Maxey, Mikhell, Morgan, Pljitt, Pugh,
Sewell. Slater, (Or..) Vest. Walker.
Kav -Harrison. Jxigan. (HI.,) McDlll, Miller,
(Cal.,) Miller, (N. Y.), Boliina, Sawyer, Van Wyek,
Here, again, several Senators including Lo
gan hikI Voorhees voted in the negative, un
der the apprehension that to amend the bill in
anv form would result in its defeat.
At this stage of the debate, Mr. Call (D. Fla.)
offered the following as an additional section
to the bill:
Sac. . That a pension of 12.50 per month in
hereby granted to all the survivors of the soldiers
of the Mexican and Indian wars up to and before
the year JG.
This led to a long discussion as to the pro
priety of pensioning Mexican veterans irre
spective of physical disability,
Mr. Blair (N. II.) offered tho followipg pro
viso to be added to the section:
Provided, Such soldier shall be in needy circum
stances and shall take an oath of allegiance to the
On a call for tho yeas and nays, but eight
Senators voted for Mr. Blair's proviso, and tho
question then recurred on Mr. Cull's amend
ment, which was also rejected yeas 18, nays
22, tho Bepublicans voting solidly in tho
negative, on thcgrountLthat its adoption would
eudanger tho passage of tho bill by the House,
and that it ought to bo made the subject of a
Mr. George (D. Miss.) theu ofJercd the follow
ing: Sec. . That a pension of SS a month be, and the
same is hereby, granted to every surviving soldier
of the Cnited States who served for three months
or longer in the last war between the Cnited States
and Mexico, and who was honorably discharged
from said service. Provided, This section shall not
apply to any such surviving soldier who has means
of support without resorting to manual labor.
Mr. Hoar (Mass.) moved to add to tho pro
viso the words "and who labors under the dis
abilities imposed by the fourteenth amendment
to the Constitution of the United States," but
refrained from demanding the yeas and nays.
A vote was then taken on Mr. George's amend
ment, and it was rejected, yeas 10', nays 21
the vote being essentially the same as that on
Mr. Cull's, with the exception that Mr. Voor
hees (Ind.) voted with the Bepublicins in tho
negative. Tho bill as amended in Committee
of tho Whole was then reported to tiie Senate
and passed vcas 27, navs 1 1, the only Demo
cratic votes in its lirvor being those of Cockrcll,
(Mo.,) Vest, (Mo.,) and Voorhees, (Ind.) Messrs.
Harrison, (Ind.,) Logan, (111.,) McDill, (la.,)
Miller, (Cal.,) Miller, (N. Y.,) Bollins, (Vt..)
and Sawyer, (Wis.,) who had voted against tho
Platl amendment, were recorded in the affirma
tive on tho question of adopting the bill as
amended. The negative vote was entiiely
Democratic. Tho yeas and nays were as fol
Yeas Aldrieh, Allison, Blair, Cockrcll, Conger,
Davis of 111., Dawes, Hale, Hairi.-.on, Hill, Hoar,
Ingalls, Iqiham Logan . McDill, McMillan, Miller
of New York, Mitchell, Morrill, i'latt. Plumb, Hol
lins, Sawyer, Sewell. Sherman, Vest, Vooihees.
Nays Barrow, Bayard, Heck, Call, Coke, Gar
land, George. Harris, Jones, Maxey, Morgan, Hugh,
Fiom this resume of tho proceedings of tho
Senate it will appear to the readers of Tin:
TimiUNE that the failure of the Forty-Dollar
bill was due principally to tho division of
opinion among tho IJcqublicans themselves,
But it is equally "true that but for their unan
imity of opinion that something should bo
done to increase the pensions of our one-armed
and one-legged soldiers, no action whatever
would probably have been taken. The debate,
as we havo said, was extended and disjointed,
and not of sufficient interest in itself to war
rant its reproduction in these columns. We con
tent ourselves, therefore, with simply giving
an extract from tho remarks of Senator Logan,
which embodies, as it seemes to us, the essence
of tiie whole question. Said Senator Logan :
So far as I am concerned, T have no apologies to
make, either here, or to the country, or to an body
e)-e for having voted for pensions always-. I ex
pect to continue to do it while I am in Congress. I
know some of the suH'cring of toldiers; 1 do not
mean any particular soldiers or of any particular
war, but in reference to their sufferings under all
circumstances; and whenever one has lost his leg,
his arm, or both, or an eye, or both eyes, or has
been physically disabled on account of other
wounds or di-eases occurring in tiie line of his
duty, 1 will nhvay3 le the defender of that man
when he asks the pittance which he gets from the
Go eminent of the United Slates.
The allusion that was made to the arrearages of
pension law has nothing to do with this bill. 1 will
say in answer to that, 1 was not here to vote for it,
but had I been i should have done so on the prin
ciple that where you agree to pension a man you
pen-ion him on account of a wound or on account
of disease, a disability; and if the contract under
your law is that if a man is wounded or disabled on
any account in the nimyhe shall be pensioned,
that contract applies and attaches at the time the
disability occurred and at no other time; so that a
man is entitled to a pension from the lime the disa
bility was incurred. Though Senators constantly
prate in this Chamber about arrearages of pension,
the only wrong that was done in reference to that
was that they did not apply the pension at the time
when the law was passed that it should have ob
tained from the time the disability was incurred.
The only opposition that could be found inj.he
country to the arrears of pension act is that it took
a large amount of money at one time. It took no
more if the law at the time it was jKis-cd had given
the man the pension from the time the disability
was incurred, no matter when the application was
made, which would have been right and would
have been just. So I say the arrearages of pension
law is right, and it is not a question with me as to
how much it costs. The question with me is, is it
just; is he entitled to that pension'.' If he is it is
not for me to inquire where the money shall come
from. I will pay my part of it, and let everylwdy
e!se do the same. The government that does not
protect, the government that does not support and
sustain to a certain extent the lumo, the crippled,
the halt and the blind who received these injuries
in the tunc of emergency of their government, in
war for ita preservation and protection, fails in the
performance of that duty that ought to apply to all
governments and all nations. When the Govern
ment asks that the best blood of this land shall bo
poured out for its pieseivation, il is not for that
government to higgle and complain when these
unfortunates ask a pittance to aid them through
the lime they shall live along the pathway of life
until the lime conies when life shall cease to exist.
Sir, these complaints are often mude, but un
wisely made. The honest man at home is not the
man who complain of his taxation for pensions.
No mail would be ever heard to eoiupl.iin in this
land on that subject if it h-"' not been for members
in the Congress of the l'ii.ci rtatc.s trying to show
that the people were impo-cd upon by large assess
ments for unworthy ptirKse.s. This Ims been done
from both sides of the Chamber. Tho fault lies
equally with all those who make these complaints.
i:ffj:ct of the act.
The bill as passed benefits but two grades of
invalid pensioners those who are now receiv
ing $18 per month and those who are receiving
$2.1 per month. Tho pensions of the former
are incicased to $21 per month and tho pen
sions of tho latter to $l0 per month. The pen
sions of those who draw less than $18 per
month are not increased. The Commissioner
of Pensions has issued a circular prescribing
regulations for carrying the provisions of tho
act into eflVct. No formal application by tho
beneficiary is necessary to be made other than
to forward to the Commissioner of Pensions the
pension certificate, accompanied by a letter
stating in the handwriting of tho pensioner his
present post-office address. As soon as possible
after tho receipt of the pension certificate afore
said the Commissioner will reissue to him a new
certificate for tho new rate, and will forward
the same to the proper pension agent, to in
scribe the name of such pensioner on the roll
at the increased rate, and to make to the pen
sioner the proper payment. In the case of am
putation the certificate will he reissued without
any further medical examination. The inter
vention of an agent or attorney in such ad
mitted cases arc affected by this act; being
unnecessary, will not b? recognized.
WHAT BECAME OF IT?
A SoMicr's Ujing Message to His Wife Unit MJ
Not Htac'i Her.
From the N. Y. Times.
The latest "story of the war" might furnish
a capital plot for an American drama with a
little development. A Southern gentleman,
who was a colonel in tho Confederate army,
"recently wrote for a newspaper an account of a
great battle as he remembered it. This narra
tive, in the course of a month or two, was re
printed in a St. Louis journal, with the author's
signaturo still attached. One of the subscrib
ers, and presumably a constant reader, of the
St. Louis journal is a veteran who fought for
the preservation of tho Union. He read tho
graphic narrative with keen interest, and when
lis eye fell upon its author's signature he felt
a strange thrill in his breast. The name To
called to him the smoke-laden air of a bloody
battle-field at the dead of night. Ho was once
more lying wounded, amid the dead and dying,
on the oamp earth. Ho pondered for a while,
and then wrote a letter to the ex-Confederate
colonel, asking him if he did not recall to mind
a hitherto unpublished incident of tho great
civil conflict. To this letter he signed his full
name, with tho rank he held in the Union
army that of a lieutenant in a Kansas regi
ment beforo ho was mustered out of service.
Within a few days tho mail brought him a
reply. The Confederate veteran did remember
the "FederaL veteran, whom he had found, ap
parently dying, on tho field of battle. Tho
colonel was surprised to learn that the wounded
soldier of nineteen years before was still alive ;
but he remembered the message with which
tho latter had intrusted him, to be delivered to
the wounded man's wife in Indiana, and. he
declared that he had done all within his power
to convey the message to its proper destination.
Besides writing a reply to the Northern olliccr,
whoso acquaintance ho had formed amid such
grim surroundings, tho Southern officer wrote
to three of his old comrades asking them if
they remembered the incident and the messago
which ho undertook to send through the Fed
eral lines to a lady in Indiana. Two of theso
genteuien ransacked their memories to no
cfiecb; another dimly remembered having been
concerned in the matter. This correspondence
has now been made public, because the sum of
$110.(10, which David Baker intrusted to his
leuder-hearted foe, Colonel B. E. Sawyer, on
tho battle-field of Djhickamauga, to be sent to
Baker's wife, whoitrwas expected, would have
been a widow long-beforo tho money reached
her, is still missjpg.Q Pakerarrivedathis home
alive, and settlgd down to earn his living at a
peaceful callingay'd tho money had almost
passed out of h5 mind, until he saw in a news
paper, as abovp stated, tho name of Colonel
Sawyer, who says that ho wrapped the money
in a sheet torn from a note-book, hastily wrote
upon it, by the liglt of tho palo moon, the ad
dress given to- In'nf, and started it upon its
(i.iitltcred In by Trilmnc Scouting Parties nil Orcr
"This being the 14th cf February, T send you a
valentine. Inclosed please find two new sub
scribers for Tin: Tninuxn." L. G., Carysville, Ohio.
"Inclosed please find 55 for five new subscrip
tions, l-'ire low and take steady aim if you wish
to make your shots tell." W. J. Chittenden,
Willow Hill, 111.
"Inclosed please find SI for another subscriber to
Tin: Titint'Xi:. Will send you on all the sabre am
munition I can find. How do you like it?" K. 1
l'ulver, Piper City, III.
" Inclosed please find $2 for two new subscribers,
making twelve that 1 have sent you. Will keep
the latch string up until you get the 100,000." W.
Grabenstein, Saltsburgh, Pa.
"Inclosed please find $1 for four comrades of
Winchester Post, No. lt7. 1 shall blow the bugle
until all the boys fall in. even if it takes all sum
mer." Wm. D. Treat, Urooklyn, N. Y.
"Inclosed please find $11 for eleven new sub
scribers to Tin: Tkiiu'ni:. I can hardly wait from
week to week for each issue, and would not be
without it for anything." H. Feinett, Lykens, Pa.
"Inclosed please find $3 for three new subscrib
ers. The cx-sohliera of this place are about to
organize a new Post, and t shall then send you
some more subscribers." O. L. Davis, Hooper,
"Inclosed pi ease find $a for three new subscrib
ers. There arc twenty-five or thirty ex-soldiers in
this vicinity who will probably subscribe between
now and the first of April." Albeit Wcnzel, Con
" Inclosed please find ?G for six new subscribers
to Tin: TnnuTNi:. I have only been taking it for
four weeks, but now I cannot get along without il.
You may expect more names soon." W. 11. II.
Dooth, Enunetsburgli, Towa.
" Inclosed please find S-t for four now subscribers,
making nine in all that I have sent you. The sol
diers here like Tiii:Tiiiuxk belter than any other
paper, and are down on Heck and the growlers."
'f . J. Alvcrson. Leitchfiehl. Kyi
" Inclosed please find $5 for live new subscribers.
Iw,ouId not be without Tin: Tnmuxi: for live dol
lars a year, and 1 hope the name of every loyal sol
dier in the laud will soon be on vour subscription
list." J. H. Uradford, Belleville, Kan.
" Inclosed please find 2 for two new subscribers
to Tin: TitinrxKto help. -pike Senator Heck's bat
tery. The boys are falling into line and will fur
nish 100,000 new recruits for Tm: TuuiUKis by the
1st of July. J. P. Iluehenberg, Austin, Mo.
" Iiielocd pleii3c find 57 for seven new subscribers
to Tin? Thiiiuxk, making forty in all that 1 have
sent you, and returns not all in yet. I am much
pleased with tho improved look of Tin-: Tuiiiuxk
this week." C. W. Putnam, Worcester, Mass.
"Inclosed please find $3 for three new subscrib
ers. I was in the service three years and eight
days, at a time when the soldier was 'all right,' and
before he was played out. I like Tin: TantuxK
hugely and I am always anxious to get it." J. F.
Jackson, Pomeroy, Iowa.
" Inclosed please find $2 for two more subscribers
to Thk TitniL'XK two loaves returned after many
day.. May they be like Gideon's cakes of barley
bread, and may you, like Gideon, deliver us old
soldiers out of the hands of our enemies." Dr.
Levi A. Ifiiss, East Woodstock, Conn. M
"Inclosed please find $.1 for as many ncwsul)
subscribers to Tm: "TunuiXK, the best paper on
earth. It is just as likely that lightning will strike
the North Polo athatUhe cowardly attacks of the
copperhead pres.savill have any effect on the loyal
people of this couutjry. George Iteyniek, KUc
Point, Dakota, r j
"Inclosed please find 5 for five more subscribers,
making twelve that J, have sent you during the
pnst week. AVe look; npoii Tin: Tuiiiunk as a true
friend to the men who left home and family to suf
fer and fight for the Uiiion. You may expect more
subscribers fromjiuc soon. The G.A. It. has no
Post here as yet, but we hope to have one soon."
12. II. Mitchell, Sidney Jowa.
"Inclosed please find SO for six new subscribers
to Tins Tr.muxi:, making in all some thirty or more
that I have sent yon. It is an old maxim that
where there is a will there is a way. and if all the
subscribers to Tin: TitntiJNK felt the same regaid
for the welfare of brother soldiers that I do, you
would soon have your'100,000. I shall keep upUio
lire as long as my ammunition lasts." 12. II. Kiley,
Forrcston, 111. v i I
" Inclosed pleise fiiul'S2 for two new subscribers
to Tin: Tniiii'xn. I nm not a soldier, but a sol
dier's daughter. Mv father lost his health in the
war, and now receives a pension of only S2 a
mouth, which seure'elj' pay's for his medicine. I
think that is pretty hard, don't you? Still, father
thinks ho cannot do without Tin: Tuniuxu. He
has taken it for three years or more." L. L. P.,
" Inclosed please find SI for another subscriber to
Tin: TuintTKi:. I am not working for any prize.
A sense of duty simply impels me to do what I can
to support the champion of soldiers' rights. 1 have
been the means of obtaining twelve or fifteen sub
scribers since I first became acquainted with Tin:
TuiurxK, aud shall continue to put a shot in when
ever a chance oilers itself. Kach new one counts
one." M. Q., 12n u Claire, Mich.
" Inclosed please find $7 for seven new suhs-crib-ers
to TmsTiiinuxE. 1 have been a reader of Tins
Triiu'xb for about a year, and am so well pleased
with it that I hope all my comrades will subscribe.
1 was a member of the Fifty-second Illinois in
fantry, nnd am now a member of G. L. Nevius
Post, No. 1, of ltockford. Wo have a membership
of I'M) and the Post is in a very flourishing condi
tion." Harvey Smith, ltockford, 111.
"Inclosed please find ?30 for thirty new subscrib
ers to Tin: Tunuxi:. I am busy canvassing various
towns in the State of Nevada. I consider Tut:
Tnnirxi: the cheapest paper published in the
United States, containing as it docs so much inter
esting information, and I deem it but wise that
every loyal man in the United States should sub
scribe for it, particularly those who helped to de
fend and preserve our National integrity. I intend
to present the premiums to the Custer Po-.t ladies'
library at Carson City." John B. lily, Ciir.-.on City,
"1 have opened a 'recruiting office' for TiikNa
tio.vai. TitntrxK, and herewith inclose cG for six
new recruits for Tm; Tuniuxis army the result of
only a few minutes' canvassing among the e.x
soldiers of our factory. 1 intend to keep my
'reciuiting office open permanently, aud shall
endeavor to do as much towards giving your
valued paper 100,000 subscribers before the 1st of
January as is in my power. I shall also use my
persuasive powers to induce every old soldier who
is taking a paper that vilifies the veterans of the
lute war to cut loo.se from such patronage and ex
tend their support to Tub Natioxai, Tiuiil'xi:, the
true soldier's friend. 1 am pleased to learn of your
increased facilities for the publication of Tub
TniiuxK. such as the putting in of a larger press.
Arc. and must say that you merit all the success
you have achieved." Hiram T. Peck, New Haven
Wheel Co., New Haven, Conn.
Whom the Opposition to Pensions Originates.
i'Voni the llallimorc Herald.
It cannot be denied that men who saw active
service in the navy or army, especially such as
were wounded, maimed or invalided while fight
ing the battles of their country, have weighty
claims on its gratefql recognition. It too often
happens after faithful service has been rendered, if
there is no pnv.-dng occasion for another rally
round the flag, those, who bore it triumphantly
through tho din of fierce conflict are set aside us of
little utility until the Nation is again compelled to
niiister-in its defenders. That system of conven
iently ignoring or parsimoniously lcquiting the
actual worth of those who faithfully served in time
of need is practiced to great extent, not only by gov
ernments, but by business men toward their em
ployees. The obligation for favors received or good
deeds performed is easily forgotten by parties
whoso memories in' of her respects are "tolerably
retentive. A. strong prtfjudico exists in tho mind's
of many persons jug.myt the enrollment on the
pension list of anytiuore names. But that preju
dice exists pi incipnlly among those who have never
made a campaign; 'or fired u gun in behalf of the
Union. f' :
The Truth Aboat Pecslcaa.
Front the 'Fullobi (Ar. Y.) Patriot.
The soldier who has lost a leg, arm or eye, who
has been wounded or hail his health injured so as
to produce phyeisil durability aud unlit him for
labor orJitisincss, ij entitled to a pension even if he
be w oi th a millioiof dollars. It is not li ue that a
man must be a pauper before ho can have a pen
sion. It is not a question of being rich or poor. It
ij not a question of vhnrfry. It is a matter of justice
and equity, of fulliltingli contract. The soldier is
entitled to a pension aa right not as a beggar
f "eking alms and craving a share of other people's
property to which.hu" Iiu no right.
I . r -"
! . n
; ; i
The Flag'JJlrctl Upon.
Tho steamship Valentin, commanded by Capt.
Hess, which has just arrived at New York from
Laguayra, reports that she was filed at with solid
shot by a Dutch fort in the harbor of Curacou. Two
United States consuls w cro on board at the timo,
iiikI the American Hag was Hying at the staff and
the' Dutch flag at the fort, according to custom.
The story is all the more remarkable from the fact
that no eiuse can be assigned for the outrage. A
circumstantial account of lite attack, accompanied
oy uuiuavits ot eye-witncssca, lias been lorwnrdeu
to Washington to the proper authorities by Horatio
U. lseieh, United States consul at Puerto
who saw the occurrence.
Represents tho Interests of tho Soldier.
The Vevay (Ind.) PeveiUe.
Tin: National Tiuuu.vk, Washington D. 0., has
been enlarged to a seven column quarto, and is
now as large as the Peteille. It is the organ of tho
Grand Army of the Republic, contains much inter
esting war history, and represents the interests of
THE EDITOR'S TBLE,
Glance at the Contents of The
To the Editor National Tribune :
In Tin: Tanu'NE of February 8th, Comrade R. P.
Black, of Baker City, gives his account of the ori
gin of the spring. He must either be trying to make
people believe that the spring was a providential
affair, solely for the benefit of the prisoners, or else
his memory must be badly at fault.
I was a prisoner at Andersonville early in May,
and the water in the little creek that passed through
the stockade, that helped make the swamp, was
most of the time unfit tor drinking purposes, so it
caused us to look out for water fit for the purpose.
The sidehill south of the swamp, near the'swamp.
was somewhat marshy, and water oozed out for
some distance along the slope jut above the level
of the swamp, showing that water could be had by
digging. I scooped a small place for the water to
settle in, where 1 quenched my thirst many times
before the spring was finally opened, and I presume
olhei.s did the same; but alter the stockade became
thickly populated, every available spot of dry
ground was occupied, as well as places that were
not so dry, aud a continued tramping over the wet
places hardened tiie crust. So, naturally enough,
the water sought the only vent iossible, which
was whero the first excavation had been made, and
then some of the prisoners occupying the ground
neaiest the spring borrowed a spade to dig it out,
nnd thus made quite a good-sizeu spring. Indeed,
they monopolized the use of the water and made
it private property, so that we were then compelled
to adopt other means to procure a supply. Wo
accordingly set about digging wells. The one I
was interested in was thirty-live feet deep and
contained about eighteen inches of water. Our
well-rope consisted of thongs of leather from boot
legs, hUspcmlcr-i and belt-straps, contributed by
eaeh one interested, according to his niean'-', and
our well-bucket was an old tin pail that would hold
about a gallon, it had seen better days, for the tin
bottom had been worn out ami 1 replaced it with a
wooden one, cut out with my pocket-knife. The
pail was first Used to haul out the dirt and after
wards the water. It answered the purpose admi
rably. But this is not the subject I had in view when I
commenced to write. I intended to criticise Com
rade Black's statements about tunneling. Now, the
spring was about one hundred feci from the dead
line on the west side and a few yards from tho
creek, which was near the center before the stock
ade was enlarged, and the water ran from west to
wards the cast. The enlargement was made on the
He. says: " Wo dug tunnels from the inside of the
stockade to where lhq.se artillery guns were, near
Wir.'s headquarters, large enough for ten or fifteen
men." Now, I would like to have him tell the dis
tance to the place where those guns were, and what
was done with all that dirt. 1 will not pretend to
say, hut it was a long distance on top of the ground.
Perhaps he took a short cut underneath. Then he
says: "We also hail tunnels to nearwhe'ro the guns
stood, near the north gate." Now, the guns Were
not so very near the north gate, for we could see
the guns from the north side over the stockade,
which was twenty feet high, and the hill was not
very steep, either, lie also says: " AVe dug more
from mar the head of the swamp into the stockade,
about one-quarter of the way from the brook to
the north gate, ami mined out all the dirt for nearly
seventy feet along the stockade," &e. He must
surely have had a wet time: for the low; wet hind
reached for more than half the distance to th-j
north gate, anil the spring was on the south side of
the creek ; consequently, he would have to dig
entirely under the swamp. 1 recollect the big
flood in July, but I iceollect, al-io, that the spring
was there long before. I recollect, too, that the
force of the water toppled over quite a stretch of
the stockade on the west side, and made a much
larger gap where it made its exit. I at first con
templated Kwimming for frccdo;i, but the risk of
life and limb was too great, considering the con
dition of the stream ; for there had been no appro
priation voted to make it navigable since the
prison authorities had feilcil timber rroniiscuou-ly
on that side of the stockade ! So, for fijar of being
wrecked, I did not attempt the voyage I did not
want to tear myself away from friends so abruptly.
1 don't think there was any tunneling done on the
east side, anil 1 therefore give the water some
credit for the force it possessed. This plan of exca
vating along the stockade was discussed, as well as
many other projects, but none of them was very
practieable under the circumstances. In conclu
sion, I wish to say for the credit of sensible men
and prisoners that if the plan bad been put into
execution, the place to have done the excavating
would not have been in that swamp, when it would
have been so much more practicable on dry ground.
I should like to hear some other prisoner give his
views. Timo. C. Davis,
Late Lieut. Co. K., 38th III. Vols.
A Brief but Interesting Conversation.
" Here is a little conversation that I overheard
the other day between a bondholder and an ex
soldier. Said the bondholder: 'The days when I
used to make money fast have gone by. Then a
man's lest weapon was his tongue.' 'Yes,' replied
the soldier, ' do you remember when this county
offered G0 bounty for volunteers? I was a poor
man at that time, and I enlisted with the expecta
tion that the G0 bounty would help to support- my
family while I was away. Do you renuunber that
when I showed you my voucher for the bounty,
you declared that the county would never pay it,
but, inn-much as I was a soldier, that you would
give me 5,15 for it ; and do you remember that I ac
cepted your offer, and that in less than two years
afterwards you received every cent of the SCO which
the voucher culled for with interest? Your tongue
was indeed your best weapon, and you knew how
to use it.' The conversation was interrupted at this
point, but 1 could not help thinking that the men
who are now raising the hue and cry against the
soldiers are the men who took every opportunity
to cheat them twenty years ago."' -r Henry A.
Frnverd, West Union, Iowa.
a Iteliel Prison.
"I noticed in a
recent issue of Tiik TnimjNK a
letter from a comrade giving his experience at Ti
ler, Texas. language is powerless to depict the
horrors of that pri-on. I had a ta-te of them my
self, having been captured while o.ithe Ked Itiver
expedition. Womieceeded, however, m preserving
our regimental flag during our incarceration, and
we altcrwaids displayed it to the rebels at the
mouth of Ked .River when we were exchanged. I
should be glial to hear from any of my fellow
prisoners." G. S. Smith, Delphos, Kan.
Section 1"A Aain.
"Among the applicants for the position of post
master at this place were three ex-soldiers, one of
whom received five wounds at the battle of Shiloh
and sustained the loss of his right arm above the
elbow. Their claims, however, were all ignored
and the office was given to a foreigner, a man who
became a voter only about seven years ago. Now,
my prejudice maybe very strong, but I have al
ways thought that, everything else being equal,
the soldier ought to be preferred for civil office."
Subscriber, Iilount Sterling. 111.
Ah Old Cast of Benjamin FranMin.
" 1 noticed in a recent copy of The Tmnusn an
article in ielation to the manuscripts of Benjamin
Franklin. I have in my posses-ion a small cast of
Franklin, made of a very fine clay. The following
dale is stamped on it : 'L7, Nini V. II. Franklin,
America.' It was mado in France and 1 take it to
be correct. It was presented to me some fifty
years ago." II. T. Davenport, New Geneva, Pa.
Will Try to Worry Along Without It.
" I hope the editor of The TninrejE will live as
long as our e.v-soldier.s need a defender. If his
wind ever fails him, I will try to procure a trumpet
for him, with which he can stand on the top of
Washington monument and blow the editors of
the anti-soldier press into the next world."
Wl.LCOJIlS, MlXX. Li:OXAKD G0L13MITH.
Tho Greatest Paper Erer Issued.
" Your issue of February 22d i the greatest paper
that was ever issued from a printing press, and I
am going to devote ten days to getting recruits for it.
Whatever the future may bring of fame to you.
Tin: TuniUN'i: has already immortalized itself in
the hearts and homes of our comrades." John J.
Itidcr, Duzzaul's Bay, Mass.
An ex-Confederate Wants the Trljune.
"I have "read several copies of TheTkiduxe, and
want to subscribe for it. Please send me the paper
at once. I was not in the Union, but in the South
ern army." J. II. Stueker, Ulillville, Ky.
General Sherniau Defends the Sword.
From the X. Y. Sun.
Edward W. 13oh, of Carroll street, Brooklyn,
the indefatigable- autograph hunter, latoly re
ceived the following reply from General Sher
man, in rcsionse to a letter requesting him to
subscribo to the sentiment, "The pen is might
ier thini the sword":
Washington, Feb. 6, 18S3.
Di:au Mb. TJoic : Your long letter of the 1th is re
ceived. I prefer not to mnke sernps of sentimental writ
ing. When 1 write anything 1 want it to be real
nnd connected iu form, as, for instance, in your
quotation from Lord Ly (ton's play of "Itichclieu,"
" The pen is mightier thaA the sword." Lord Lyt
ton would never have put hij signature to so naked
a sentiment. Surely I will not.
In the text there was a prefix or qualification:
"Beneath the rule of men entirely great,
The pen is mightier than the SAVord."
Now. thi3 world does not often present the condi
tion of facts herein described. Lien entirely great
are very rare, indeed; and even Washington, who
approached greatness as near as any mortal, found
good use for the sw ord and tho peu, each in its
You and I hnve seen tho day when a great avid
good man ruled this country (Lincoln), who wielded
a powerful and prolific pen, and yet had to call to
hia assistance a million of flaming swords.
No, I cannot subscribe to your scntiniont, "Tho
pen is mightier than the sword," which you ask me
to write, because it is not true.
Rather, in llio providence of God, there Is a time
for all things ; a time when the sword may cut tho
Gordian knot, and set free the principles of right
nnd justice, bound up in the meshes ot hatred, re-
i venge, and tyranny that tho pen of mighty men j
like Clay, Webster, Crittenden, and Lincoln were
unable to disentangle.
Wishing you all success in your effort.1", T nm, with
respect, your friend, W.' T. Suekmax.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR.
The Leading Events of the War Arranged by
March 5. Skirmish near Pohick Church, Vn.
by detachment of C3d Pennsylva
5. Skirmish at Bunker Hill. Va., by
Cole's battalion lUarvland cavalry.
6-8. Battle of Pea Bidge. Ark., bv th,
18th, and 2d Indiana: 25th. 35th,
SCth, 37th, llth. and 59th Illinois;
2d, 3d, 12th, l.-)th, 17th, 2Kb and
Phelps' Missouri: lth and 9th Iowa
infantry. 3d Illinois; 1st, Ith and
rth Mis-ouri ; 3d Iowa ; Jenks com
pany nnd Bowen's battalion of cav
alry. 2dnnd-fthOiiio; 1st Indiana;
2d Illinois; batteries B and F Mis
souri, and 1st and 3d Iowa batteries
of artillery; all under command of
7. Skirmish at Fox Creek, Mo., by com
pany E, s"th Missouri cavalry.
7. Skirmish at Bob's Creek, by 1st bat
talion Southern Missouri ca'alry:
7-11- Advance to Centreville and Manas
sa.s Gap, Va., by Army of the Po
tomac. 7-11. Reconnaissance up the Savannah
River and to Elba Island, by 3d
New Hampshire infantry.
8. Occupation of Lcesburg, Va., by2Sth
8. Skirmisii near Nashville, Tcnn., by
detachment of Ith Ohio cavalry.
8-9. Operations in the vicinity of Itoiln,
Mo., by detachments of 3d Iowa
and Wood's battalion Missouri cav
alry. 8-9. Action at Newport News, Hampton
Bonds, Va and destruction of the
U. S. frigates Congress and Cum
berland, by the Confederate iron
9. Skirmish on the Granny White Pike.
near Nashville. Tenn.. by company
B, 1st Wisconsin infantry.
9. Skirmisii at Sangstcr's Station, Va.,
by detachment of New York cav
alry. 9. Skirmish at Mountain Grove, Mo.,
by companies F. and T, 4th Mis
souri, and company D, Bowen's
battalion of Missouri cavalry.
10. Skirmisii in Lafayette county. Mo.,
by company B, 1st Iowa cavalry.
10. Action, near Parie, Tenn., by 1st Mis
souri artillery and detachment of
5th Iowa cavalry.
11. Skirmish, near Winchester, Tcnn.,
by 12th Indiana infantry.
12. Occupation of Jacksonville, Fla., by
4th ew Hampshire infantry.
12. Skirmish, near Aubrey, Kan., by
company 13, fcth Kansas infantry.
12. Occupation of Winchester, Va by
General Banks' division, Army of
12-23. March from Booneville to Lexing
ton. Mo., and skirmishes en route,
by Booneville battalion of Missouri
Skirmish nt Fairfax
C. H.. Va.:
Moscby's midnight raid: General
Stoughton captured in his tent.
9. Skirmish at Franklin, Tenn., by 125th
10. Skirmish at Covington, Tenn., by 6lh
and 7th Illinois cavalry.
10. Skirmish at Rutherford's Creek,
Tenn., by Colonel Minty's 4th cav
alry brigade, Army of the Cum
berland. 11. Skirmish at Paris, Ky., by wagon
7. Action nt Jlccatur, Ala., by General
Dodge's division, Army of the Ten-
9. Skirmish nt Suffolk, Va., by 2d TJ. S.
colore I cavalry.
10. Skirmish at Cablcton, Va., by 1st
New York veteran cavalry.
7. Skirmish at Rockingham, N. C, by
8-10. Action at Wilcox's Bridge, Wise's
Fork, N. C, Ly Palmer's and Car
ter's divisions, District of Beaufort,
and Roger's division of Twenty
third Army Corps, Army of tho
10. Action at Monroe's Cross-Ronds, N.
C, by Kilpatrick's cavalry.
U. SkirmislLat Clear Creek, Ark., by 3d
' Wisconsin cavalry.
Replies to Questions on a Variety of Interesting
P. F., Johnstown, If. Y. The coin you describe is
what is known as a Fugios cent anil was issued by
tho colonies in 1737. It is not a very rare coin, and,
if in fair condition, is worth about fifty cents to a
P. D. If., Glen Falls, X. 1. Six doliara per month
prouaoiy. it wouiu ucpenu entirely upon tne
A. C. L., Reed City, Mich. Trrn Tribcnk will be
sent as you request. The bill you mention did not
pass ; therefore there is no new law upon the sub
ject. C. AT., Lancaster, Pa. We do not know the ad
dress of the party you mention. A soldier dis
charged for y cause is entitled to pension if dis
abled in service. There is no such thing as a cer
tain kind of discharge being a bar to pension.
G. C, Zlarlbcrowjh, O. 1st. If you will write to
the 5-"urgeoii General, U. S. A., this city, you can
promptly obtain all the information you desire, in
lecard to the names, Sec, of the surgeons men
tioned. 2d. The firm you mention is reliable so far
us we know. 3d. The reasons why it is an advan
tage to have an attorney residing in this city to
prosecute a pension chum are too numerous to
mention. There is everything in favor and noth
ing against such a course.
11". E. D., Danville, III. 1st. No invalid claim
filed since June 30, l'foO, can draw arrears; such
claim dates onli from d.ite application was filed.
2d. We cannot say. it may have been 450,000, as
all claims are beingacted upon. 3d. $2t permonth,
wc should think, should be the rate.
Il'ia. I. Hatch Post, Camden, 3". J. There is no
provision made for bounty for enlistments in naval
service prior to July 1, lfcfrf, which is probably the
year you mean. Soldiers who enlisted prior to that
date " and were transferred to the navy, are of
M. D. II., Rircrhcnd, wants to know whether we,
or any of our readers, can see til rough o common
stone, as he under-tan Js that a person can see only
through a diamond, and he has a white stone
through which he can discover certain objects.
Tho only stone we can see through is a grindstone
with a hole through the middle. Give us a hard
J. D. II., WrighMoicn. You are not entited to
make nu additional entry because your original
entry of 120 acres was not made prior to June 22,
J. B., Monticello. You would have great diffi
culty to establish such claim, and wo doubt very
much whether you could possibly succeed. Toe
date of discharge as shown on your certificate is
the proper date, and must be accepted as final.
J.T., CuUinn Centre, X. 1'. The two and three years
men who enlisted between April 12, isiil, and De
cember 21, ltf3, were mtuled'to S10O bounty, under
act of July 22, 1S0I, provided they served two years
or more, or were discharged by reason of ivounds.
As you served but fourteen months you are not
entitled, ui.lessyou were discharged for icoitnds.
J. U'. II., Brooklyn, X. 1'. 1st. She could establish
the fact of marringo by furnishing proof of cohabi
tation by disinterested witnesses. Testimony of
relatives might be accepted. 2d. There was a
prison-pen at Danville. 3d. Widow would bo en
titled to all that was due soldier up to the date of
his death. The exact amount can only be deter
mined by proper investigation. The attorney's
fee would be ten per cent. 4th. AVe hopo the
arrears act will be extended, but we cannot tell
whether it will be.
W. II. B., JaiiCii Chunk, Iotva. You were prob
ably ontitled to an additional bounty of SIOO, under
act of July 2S, 1SCC, but the timo for filing such
claims expired by limitation July 1, 1SS0, aud you
cannot now -recover.
J. G., Bnrrton, Kans. Thcro is a duty on foreign
woolens, both on manufactured articles and on tho
raw material. Unless you can specify such article
as you desire to know the duty upon, wo cannot
answer your question as to how much duty on
each ?" as tho schedule of duties on w ooleus would
fill about two columns of Tiik Teibujce.
Correspondent at Paradise, Mich. You neglected
to give any name in your letter; therefore we can
not advise you. If you will write us again, stating
all the facts; and giving your full name, we will
reply by letter.
Jf. T. McC, Plato, Mo. We should advise every
soldier to retain his discharge ceititicate, and not
dispose of it in any way. It has no pecuniary
value now, and Is of no use to anybody but the
soldier; but tho time may conio when it will be a
valuable document to him or his family.
P. M. S., Nevada, loioa. The following is a copy
of a.ct referred to : "ife it enacted, i0c, That sec
tion four of on act entitled An act makingippro
priat Jons for thesu pport ofthearniy for (he year end
ing June 30. 1SGG,' be so construed as to entitle to tho
three months pay proper, provided for therein, all
officers of volunteers below the lank of brigadier-
general who were in the service on the third day
of March 1SG5, and whose resignations wcro pre
sented and accepted, or who were mustered out at
their own request, or othewiso honorably dis
charged from tho service after the ninth day of
April, 1885." Approved July 13th, ISCo.
.E. U. J., Stamford, Conn. A soldier has a right
to claim pension for all disabilities contracted in
service, and can amend his declaration at any time
by alleging additional disabilities, whether con
tracted in first or second service.
C. A. S., ApjHelon. 1st. If yon will vrrito to the
Commissary- General, U.S. A., you can probably
obtain all tho information you desire to know. We
haven't tho spaco to publish an answer. 2d.
Twenty miles. 3d. The rates varied each month
and each year. The Quartermaster-Genera!, C S. -A.,
can inform you.
J. E., Monyaup Valley, X. 11 The citizens of tho
District of Columbia have no vote at Presidential
or any other elections. They nre as dumb as an
oyster in all matters relating to the elective fran
chise. "A." Slanu-ood, Iowa. It the record simply
shows you "wounded," Ac, but does not stato
what part of the body was wounded, you may
have to furnish proof by an officer ortwocomrades
showing the location of such wound, but if tho
record shows you wounded in the leg or arm, or
elsewhere, as jou claim, it is not likelyth.it you
will be required to furnish proof of origin of
wound, because that fact is cstab.ished by record.
JL V. Rand. Belmonid, Imra, desires descriptive
letters from Washington Territory, setting forth
the climate, resources nnd chances of getting Gov
ernment land.&c. We trust thatsomeof our obl'ginjj
readers in that far away co mtry will accommodate
him or refer him to the proper party who can givo
him the desired information.
E. II. C, Vinton, Imca. Where the seats of
members of Congress are contested, only tho
member who is seated draws the pay. There is
no law providing any pay to the defeated contest
ant, but it is customary to allow him his expenses.
II. Van O., Xewfoundland, X. J., says that a sure
cure for fits is (o blow in the ear of the afflicted
person, and mentions a case that came under his
personal observation where the remedy was suc
cessful. If any of our readers want to try it, they
are at liberty to do so.
To insure replfps, correspondent" should give fall
names and post-office addresses. Itenlies to innairi"s
will b given either in this column or by mail. If reply
is published the initials only of the writer will be uted.
Correspondence on any subject will have prompt atten
BEGONE, DULL CARE.
What the Funny Fellows are Saving la tho Xc--papers.
Little Arthur has been to church. "How
did you like the sermon?" asked his sister.
" Pretty well," responded the youthful critic.
"The beginning was very good and so was the
end, but it had too much middle." Excluinije.
It is said that a minister in a country kirk
in Scotland stopped in the course of his sermon
to ask a member who was" somewhat deaf:
"Are ye hearing, John?" "Oh, aye," was the
response, "I am hearing, but to verra little
An English bishop querulously remarked to
his servant that ho was dying. "Well, my
lord," said the good fellow, "you are going to
abetter place." "John," replied the prelate,
with an air of conviction, " there is no placo
like Old England."
A noble lord asked a clergyman once, at the
bottom of his table, why tho goose, if there
was one, was always placed next to the parson.
"Eeally," said he, "I can give no reason for it;
but your question is so odd that I shall never
see a goose, again without thinking of your
Eossini's Barber: They were talking over
music and the drama at the table of their host,
who, a3 they were already aware, owed hLj
fortune to his own unaided exertions. "Yon.
are fond of Rossini?" asked one of tho guest3.
"Passionately," replied the host. "How ia.
you like his Barber?" "Don't know, sir never
patronized the man; have shaved myself for
the last forty years." San Francisco News-Letter.
Crowner's quest testimony: "I said to him,
'Bill you've been taking morphine, haven't
you?' He said, 'Yes, my stomach is out of
order and I am compelled to take it. I feel
very bad.' That was yesterday. Last night
about twelve, o'clock I went up to see him and
he was asleep breathing very hard. I saw him .,
again about three o'clock and he was still sleep
ing. About six this morning I went up again
and found him .as ho is now dead. I then
sent for a physician, but it was too late."
Greensboro Ga.) Journal.
Cheap bliss : "I have made
happy to-day," said Fred Blair!
an Austin Lawyer. " Did you se!
llour to a poor widow," asked Bob.
means do not allow me to be so cxn
but I told an applicant for a position
Legislature that I knew he was going w
it." " Well, that was one of those little colP
tesics that casts a ray of sunshine into the trou
bled life of a fellow-traveler in this vale of
tears a.nd which does not cost anything.7'
" The mischief it didn't cost anything. I box
rowed $2 from him on the strength of it."
Texas Sif lings.
Forgot the details: Returned and bearded,
traveler, rushing up to former acquaintance
with enthusiasm: "Why! How are yon, old
man?" Short-sighted and abicnt-miudedl
former acquaintance (doubtfully): "Eh? How
do you do?" "Why man alive! Don't yon
remember Bob Tra vers?" "Yes! Yes! Forced,
a check, didn't he?" ("Indignantly): "Xoi"
(Reflectively): "Xo? Cut his wife's throat,
wasn't it?" "No, sir!!" "Dear me, of course
not. He was the man who embezzled the trust;
funds and went olT with Thompson's wife,
wasn't he?" (Furiously): "Xo, sir!!! I am
Bob Travcrs. (Mildly): "You don't say so!
Well, what was it you did, anyhow?" Life,
FOR SUNDAY" AFTERNOON.
A Litile Something Aboat What Is Going On lathe
"Sacred Snnday concerts' arc not permitted
Tho Methodists arc preparing to establish a
university in East Tennessee.
Bishop Simpson has been thirty years ahishop
in the Methodist Church.
There are estimated to be 12,000,000 Hobrew3
scattered over the world.
A bill to prevent overcrowding in churches
is pending in the Ohio Legislature.
The Bell used at Welleslcy College. Mass., is
from an ancient Buddhist temple iu Japan.
Joo Smith, the son of the founder of the Mor
mon faith, professes to receive revelations from
In Jaffna College, Ceylon, fifty out of tho
seventy-three students have renounced Pagan
ism for Christianity.
The Eev. Father Tracy, of Weston, TVost
Virginia, recently preached a sermon on death,
aud in illustration used a human skull.
In many places the Salvation Army is forced
to do what an. army has never before done
appeal to the police for protection.
When the Eev. W. G. Eichardson, of the
Amherst (Mass.) Methodist Church, got sick- at
few Sundays ago his wife- preached a sermon to
the members of the church.
The Eev. Mr. Fortin. of Winncpeg, said with
reference to the Sunday trains ou the Canada
Pacific Railway : "Better ride to heaven in a
Red River ox-carc than to go to Hades in a
There is at Rcdcar, a small village in Eng
land, a model of Lincoln cathedral, built of
1,000,000 old corks. It was made by a plough
man, who worked at it for ten years and seven
mouths before completing the task.
General Booth, the Commander-in-Chief of
tho Salvation Army, lias opened a "War Office"
in London. Tho ollice is nearly opposite the
Admiralty, and is meant to bo the business
headquarters of the army.
Bishop Whipple, on a recent visit to the In
dian department of his missionary diocese, ad
ministered the communion to 217 Chippewa
Indians. Fifteen years ago fliers was scarcely
one conimnnicant among them. There are now
eight churches iu Chippewa mission siid one
now building will cost $10,000. r;
Iu a Virginia church, while a preacher was
delivering a sermon on the "Prodigal son," a
youug man iu tho congregation jumped up.
and pulling out his six,-shooter shouted. "I
will not stuud these reflections on me." Ho
threatened to shoot the par-on if he continn.d
his remarks, and pious members had io tako
tho young man iu hand and lead him gently to
In 1S05 Charles Thomson, secretary of the Con
tinental Congress from 177-1 to 17si published
a translation of the entire Bible from the Gre k.
The work has long been regarded as curious and
interesting, and Professor V. Brown, of Harvard
College, says in tho Princeton LVriew for "Janu
ary that it " challenges comparison with tho
best results of the united labors of the two coin
pauies of the Bible Revision Committee."
Of Special Interest to Soldiers.
The Daily Fargo, Dak.,) Argus.
One of tho papers published at the national capi
tal, and of especial interest to soldiers, is The a
tioxai. Tnrmnrc. This excellent paper Ihl just
been enlarged to fifty-six columns, and is printed
by a new Scott web perfecting press, built especially
for its use.
dyspeptic or constipated, should address, with,
two stamps and history of case for pamphlet,
World's Dispensary Medical Assoclytio,
Buffalo, N. Y.