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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1883.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
JJItlEF SKASOXABLT HINTS.
The success of crop? is stroncly influenced
"by the time ami manner of seeding and plant
ing. While there is hut little to be gained by
cropping: before the ground becomes warm, yet
Trilh many of the hardier kinds of vegetables
the sooner they can be sown the belter, as a
difference of a couple of weeks in sowing will
often determine the siuvcr-s or partial failure of
a crop. As soon, then, as the soil is in a good
condition that is, diy enough for working,
such fceeds as those of pea", carrots, turnips,
onions, parsnip; and beets should Ik- sown. Un
less turnips arc sown quite early they will not
be of much value, and for an early sowing a
selection of the earliest varieties of pens, beets,
&&,. should be made. For very eariy crops of
this kind it is not well to use rank manures; a
dressing of supei phosphates i far pieforable,
because so rank a growth will not be encour
aged and earlier maturity will result. In
planting onion sets, the ground should be made
firm about them, and when the grouud is in
best condition, it should be made firm by
tramping or rolling over the seed drills after
sowing. Parsley should be sown early : it is
slow of vegetating, " therefore early sowing is
desirable to get good leaves for summer use.
Lettuce and radishes should be sown at inter
vals of two or three -weeks to keep up a supply
of tender salads.
An early dish of rhubarb may be had by
covering afew strong plants -with old barrels;
when grown in tho dark tho stalks are very
tender, and a couple of weeks will be gained in
ear! in ess.
In planting asparagus, sec that it is not set
too deep, and that it is allowed plenty of bpace
for growth. The favorite mode is to plant it
in hills about three feet apart, like corn. The
soil is made rich to beg'ii with, and is kept
rich by yearly applications of manure. In this
way very largo bhoota are produced, and of a
fine succulent quality. The old method of
digging trenches and planting the asparagus a
foot or more below the surface, gradually fill
ing up as the plant progressed, is no longer
employed. When planted three feet apart, tho
principal culture can be douewith a horse, and
tho plants are more robust owing to the greater
6pace allowed them.
Manure that is applied to early crops should
be well rotted, spread on the smfacc and lightly
forked under. It is, of course, premised that
he ground has previously been deeply worked,
jjnd is in good condition for cropping.
The winter covering snould now be removed
from strawberries ; if allowed to remain until
the plants commence to grow it will injure
them to some extent; it is prudent to rake it
from the tops of tho plants without removing
it altogether, and. if not too rough, allow it to
remain between the plants, where it may still
afford some protection from late frosts, and if
straw or leaves have been used, they will help
to keep the fruit clean from sand and grit.
As a general rule, it is not advisable to culti
vate between the rows of strawberries in spring
on account of cutting the small surface roots,
npon which so much depends in ripening a
crop; but in hard beaten soil a careful stirring
of the soil after the winter is past has been
Iiocs should be pruiaed before they start into
growth ; late pruning tends towards late flow
ering. The Tea, China and Bourbon roses
should be cut back quite severely so as to cause
vigorous growths; all small sprays and weak
shoots should be removed. Hybrid perpetual
or Remontant roses do not require to be cut so
closely as the before-mentioned kinds; remove
all weak shoots and merely shorten-in the
strong branches, from which blooms will appear
at each well-matured bud. Such roses as
Glorie de Dijon, Marshal 2iel, and the class of
hardy prairie roses ilower best from strong
shoots of last year's growth, so that they must
not be Temoved if flowers are expected.
If grape vines have nit been pruned they
should be attended to without delay. They
will probably bleed some if pruned now, but
that docs not seem to be notably injurious, and
pruning should not be neglected on that ac
count. If the plants are young, or have only a
few weak shouts, sut them :i nown towinvm
a few buds from the main stock ; this will make
thi'u scud up vigorous shoots, fioui which se
Jtcrions can be made for the future establish
ment of the plant Tho best fruit is produced
from good shoots well matured, so that in prun
ing these must be retained, and all small, wiry
growths removed. This is the principle in
grape pruning; methods of training are of
This name has been given to a preparation
for the preservation of all kinds of food sub
stances. Its basis is a tasteless, innocuous
wh.Ue powder, which, is dissolved in water,
forming a solution in which, the article to be
preserved is immersed and treated. A com
pany has been formed and a manufactory es
tablished at Salem, Mass., and at their office,
72 Kilby street, Boston, may be scm an ex
hibit of fish, fowl, beef, mutton, and like per
ishable articles, exposed to the atmosphere,
and keeping perfectly fresh. Prof. Humiston,
the inventor of this process, has preserved but
ter with all the freshness and aroma of the
June product for six months, and eggs entirely
fresh and sweet for fourteen months at a time.
Its use is so simple that a child may direct tho
operation of preserving food. The company
has prepared Ilex Magnus under different
brands, with directions for use:
"Viandine," adapted to keeping fish, meats,
poultry, and game. It saves them from putre
iactiou, and keeps then perfectly fresh, sweet,
"Ocean Ware," for preserving oysters, clam,
lobsters, sea turtles, and all kinds of sea
food. Opened oysters have been sent to Europe
in perfect condition, three weeks after being
prejmred with " Hex," and tasting as if newly
"Sn'oiojlalce," for keeping butter, cheese, and
milk. After the butter has been well worked
over, so as to remove all the buttermilk, the
powder is worked into it; one pound of moiv
Jlalc will keep 100 pounds of butter firm and
solid and free Irom rancidity even in the hot
weather. The powder may be mixed with the
curd in making cheese; will save the latter
from swelling and cracking, and effectually
prevent tiic development of cheese mites.
Three-fourths of an ounce of the powder dis
solved in a gallon of milk or cream will pre
serve the latter perfectly sweet for several
days, even when standing in the sun in the
wannest summer weather.
" Queen," for the preservation of eggs and
green corn in the ear. Kggs may thus be kept
for months, and r sting curs may be kept
fresh and sweet ui. d winter.
"Aqu'i Viise" for medic:! purposes, and for
the keeping of all kinds of fluid extracts with
out the use of alcohol, glycerine, or suar, and
at less then oue-twentieth the cost of alcohol.
"Anti Ferment,'' for preventing or arresting
ferment ition in beer, cider, wine, and tho
jaices of all fruits and vegetables.
We abridge, as alravu. from a long paper on
this subject in The American Culticalor, so that
if any of our readers meet with Hex Magnus
they will knew what it means.
PKACTICAI. KEJ'AKI'S ON" SOILING.
A I x rocen t meeting of the Western New York
Farmers' Club, Mr. F. S. Peer, of East Elmira,
made some rental ks u pon.hiti method of toiling.
He defined Bulling as the feeding of stock upon
the grass or other forage cut from the field in
stead of grazed. He riaimed that it is a saving
of laud, fences and food, flesh of stock, and
results in increased production of int-at, milk,
butter and cheese, anil in an improvement iii
the condition of the stock. He claimed that
one acre will go as far in soiling stock as
throe acres in pasturing. On thirty acres of
good amble laud you can keep twenty head of
csttttc the year round. Ho has kept three head
of cattle since ho adopted soiling for every ono
he could keep before, and at tho same timo
crojs two acrcswhcrehc cropped butouebefore.
Wiien he went on his present farm of one hun
dred acres he could cultivate but forty acres
annually, reserving sixty acres in grass for
pauMtrc and meadow, and found it very diiii
cult to keep stock equal to twelve cows. For
tho jiast three years, on tho soiling system, ho
has kept in cows, calves, horses and sheep, tho
equivalent of thirty-six cows of average weight
of 1,000 pounds. At tho Banie timo has had
eaventy acres in crops. By keeping three times
eo much stock has been enabled to mako
three time as much manure of double value per
ton. As early in spring as it can bo worked,
ho would plow four or five acres, and sow half
an acre to barley, because thatjjraiti wiLLvoge-
tate earlier than others. In a week from tho
first sowing would mako another sowing of
barley, or, if warm enough, of oats and peas
two of oats and one of peas which ho prefers
to all other forago for soiling. Later in tho
season the supply is kept up by repeated sow
ings of corn ; plowing up tho earlier barley and
oat fields and putting them in corn, and thus
keeping the laud constantly occupied.
KANSAS ORANGE 80RGIIUM.
The great success which attended properly
directed efforts in sugar making from sorghum
the past year, will doubtless induce hundreds
of fanners to grow cane during the coming sea
son. As tho summers over a large portion of
the country are not always long enough to per
fect the stalks of m-.ny of the kinds now grown,
wo note the following from a Western paper
regarding the variety "heading this paragraph:
"Pome three years ago one of our leading sugar
makers called our attention to this variety as
one that would surpass all others as far as his
observation had gone, and his experience and
that of others since has confirmed all ho at first
said for it. It is ten days earlier than the
Early Orange, stands up better than either
Earlv Amber or Early Orange, as it has a short,
thick stalk. Will produce twice as much seed
and twice as much sirup as the Eaily Amber.
If not sowed too thick, will not fall at all. which
makes it of creator value than any other va
riety. Will ripen in the Xorth, whilo tho Eary
Orange will net."
JOHNSON GRASS FOR HAY.
Conversing lately with au intelligent farmer
from Alabama, we asked him what he found
the mot profitable crop to raise. He promptly
answered, hay. To the further question, as to
what grasses ho cultivated for this purpose, he
answered, tho Johnson, or Means Grass. He
makes three cuttings yearly, end from the
three cuttings ho averages fivo tons of hay
from an acre, which he sells for twenty dollars
pir ton, making one hundred dollars per acre.
This is grown on good bottom land, and all tho
cultivation given "is to plow it down about once
in two or three years, then harrow thoroughly
and an increased growth ensues. A portion of
the roots are thus destroyed, which prevents
them from becoming too thickly matted, keeps
tho land fertile and increases the growth.
This must become of great value to the South
PLOWING AND FROST.
Wo recently met with a paragraph which
struck us forcibly :is a probable reason for some
of the diversity of opinions about the depth of
plowing. Of course there are many reasons for
this diversity of opinion, but we have no recol
lection of having seen tho remark that "in
latitudes where tho frost does not penetrate
very deeply the soil requires deep plowing,
but" where the ground freezes to any consider
able depth in winter deep plowing is not nec
essary. 1 do not think very deep plowing is
required where tho ground freezes to the depth
of live or six feet, as it does in the Red River
valley. The frost gradually coming out of tho
ground loosens it and keeps it moist until tho
growing crop is high cuough to shade tho
ground, and this, I think, is tho principal rea
son why cereals of all kinds succeed so well in
Illustrated catalogue of trees and plants for
sale hy J. T. Lovclt, Little Silver, Xew Jersey.
The colored plates of strawberries, raspberries
and blackberries in this cataloguo have been
gotten up with artistic care. Mr. Lovett has a
specialty in introducing tho best varieties of
tiiese small fruits. His latest novelty is the
Han?ell raspberry. There is much to bo learned
from a catalogue of this kind, where the cul
tural remarks are concisoand of direct prac
tical value, and the varieties of fruit classified
with regard to carliness and lateness those
best adapted for southern climates and thoso
best for northern climates. The Early Har
vest blackberry is highly recommended. Al
though there are many novelties in small fruits
in this catalogue, they are not untried ; on the
contrary, they have been sufficiently tested to
warrant a trustworthy opinion.
The New Guide to Rose Cidture, hy Dingec &
Conard Company, West Grove, Chester county, Fa.
The Dingec & Conard Co. claim to propa
gate more roses yearly than any other estab
lishment in the vorld. They are credited in
having reached great perfection not only in
raising roses, but in distributing them by mail.
The " Xew Guide," therefore, not only explains
how to cultivate roses, but also what is of
ili-oi imjmrlniu - to get thCni. First Send
for a copy of the "Guide," and a perusal of it
will certainly entice every lover of roses to
send for a sample of some one or other of their
specially arrange.! collections, to be transmitted
through the mails.
Agricultural Editor National Tribune.
Dear Sir; In your condensed copy of my
letter on pears and other fruit culture, you do
not explain fully my mode of treatment for
blight. If you desire to have a peur tree bear
early fruit, cut the tall shoots, heading the
tree back ; they are tall growers by nature,
and if allowed to grow freely will form tall,
slender trees and will not bear until quite largo.
Remove first the upper part of the main shouts
and they will bear the next year. Each spring,
in March, a sharp knife should be run through
the bark the entire length of both the trunk
and large limbs; this is a preventive of
blight, because the old hard bark grows much
slower than the rest of the tree and the press
ure checks the circulation of sap. If a tree is
crooked, split the bark and that will straighten
it; the split will spread open half an inch in a
few days; if split too late the bark will all peel
off. Spread salt around the tree in spring.
Canton, Pa. W. Mandevillk.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Onr Agricultural Editor's Weekly Clint With His
" I notice mention mndo of Furmnn's man tiro
and Furiuan's formula for milking imimue, hut I
have not met any statement as to what it is, or how
made. Can you furnish any information on the
matter?" John E. S., Ind.
Ana.: Wo have no infoirnation othsr than
what we glean from jxchanges. According to
a statement, from which we quote, it is about as
follows: Take thirty bushels well-rotted stable
manure, or well-rotted leaves or muck ; spread
this about three inches thick on a dry spot;
then take 200 pounds of good acid phosphate,
and 10U pounds of kainit; mix these two thor
oughly and spread over the manure. Take
next 'A0 bushels of green cotton seed, spread
these over tho pile and wet them thoroughly;
then take aguln 200 pounds acid phosphate and
700 pounds kainit, and spread them, after mix
ing, over the cottonseed; then cover with six
inches of earth and leave it for six weeks, when
it is ready for uso. This is said to bo a good
manure lor corn and cotton.
" fit planting, say 100 pear trees, would you rec
ommend twenty of the Koiirer variety?" Essex.
Ans.: II' for family uso wo would not plant
more than ten of the Keiiler. Hut wo have no
personal knowledge of tho fruit further than
oeeing samples of it occasionally, and these
showed much difference in quality. This
much, however, can bo said of this pear that
the tree is a rapid grower, bears early, and is
very productive. The fruit is valued for can
ning; it is 6howy and sells well in market,
and, when in its best condition, is a fairly good
" Ih it a good plan to foak seeds before sowing
them?" Amelia, Canton, O.
Ans.: In reply we would atate that wo have
never made a practice of soaking seeds before
sowing. If one could control the weather some
thing might bo gained by soaking seeds; in
damp weather there is a gain, but if the soil 13
dry, and tho weather also dry and clear, tho seed
may lose more than it gains by being induced
to sprout or nearly so before sowing. A better
plan, in very dry soil, is to draw a furrow for
the seed and give the soil a good soaking with
water; tho seed is then put in and covered.
This will bo of service in hastening germina
tion. " Cannot I make an at paragus bod by sowing the
fceeds instead of netting planta?" O. W., Va.
Certainly. Asparagus requires good soil; there
fore see that it Ls well manured, properly deep
ened, and well pulverized on tho surface; then
draw drills, as for pejis, and sow tho sced3
thlniy. Make the drills four feet apart, and
when tho young plants are well up thin out, so
as to Icavo them about eighteen inches apart.
In this way we have cut good asparagus tho
third year after sowing.
Th.ousand3 of women blcKs the day on which
Dr. Pierce's " Favorite Proscription" was made
known to tliem. In all those derangements
causing backache, dragging-down oensations,
nervous and general debility, it is a sovereign
remedy. Its soothing and healing properties
render it of the utmost value to ladies Buffer
ing from " internal faycr," congestion, inflana
Hiatian, or ulceration. By tftufjgists.
Aunt Helen's Home Talks Color in
Dress Our Letter Box, &c.
Aunt Helen's paper docs not appear in this
number, but gives place to the Budget of the
When Aunt Helen entered the library on tho
next evening of tho family meeting, a glance
at the well-filled casket which awaited her,
showed that she had "donned her thinking
cap" to some purpose. At tho sight there
Hashed over her face the slight but satisfied
smile which close observers may sometimes sco
on tho face of a diplomatist who bus quietly
accomplished a peaceably planned coup d' ctat.
"Tho 'conspiracy' was short-lived," said
Aunt Helen good mitiiredly to Mrs. Atherton,
as she took out tho contents of tho casket and
began to read aloud. Tho first paper run as
Dear Aunt Helen: Ever since your admirable
paper on the duties and missions of wives 1
have been looking for a similar pajier on " Hus
bands," but as you seem to bo disinclined to
grapple with this subject I beg tho liberty of
putting into your Budget a few (to mo perti
nent) lemarks concerning this clas3 of beiugs
which 1 have found in a recent magazino:
HUSBANDS AN1 TUIHR HABITS.
Pome husbands never leave home in tho morn
ing without kismg their ives and bidding them
"Good by, dear," in the tones of unwciuied love;
and whether h be policy or fact, it has all the effect
of fact, and these homes are generally pleasant
ones, provided always that the wives are apprecia
tive, and ueleomo the discipline in u kindly spirit.
We know an old gentlcma i who lived with his
wile over fifty years, and never loft home without
the kiss and iho " Good by, dear." Home husbands
bhake hands a ith their wives and hurry off as fast
as possible, ns though the offort weie a something
that they were anxious to forget, holding their
heads down and darting round tho first corner.
Some husbands will leave homo without saying
I any thing at all,! ut thinking a good deal, iis. evinced
oy men mining ronnii ai me mil noun in uuscnu
tion and waving an adieu at the plea-ant faeo or
faees at the window. Some husbands never say a
word, rising from tho breakfast table with the
lofty indifference of a lord, and going out with it
heartless disregard of thoso left behind. Some
husbands never leave homo without some unkind
wori or look, apparently thinking that such it
com so will keep tilings straight in their absence.
Then, on returning, some husbands eonie homo
pleasant and happy, unsuurcd by the world; some
sulky and surly with its disappointments. Some
husbands bring home a newspaper or a book, and
bury themselves for the evening in its contents,
boine husnands are called away every evening by
business or social engagements ; some do.o in
speechless stupidity on a sofa, until bedtime Homo
husbands aie curious to learn of their wives what
has transpired thiongh the day; others are at
tracted by nothing short of a child's tumbling
down-stairs or the house taking lire.
I suppose that husbands "are made of clay
and clay." Teddik.
Aunt Helen had written her charge to girls,
"Strive to be equal to all relations in life," out
of her own life philosophy, and if Teddio's mis
chievous contribution contained tho suggestion
of a possible incompleteness in the pictures of
home life which she had lately drawn for tho
little group, she made no sign, but passed on to
the next paper. This was from Mr. Atherton,
and suggested that genial, hospitable host, and
the laud of sunny skies and luscious fruits
which had given him birth:
The Genuine Itomnn Punch. Prepare a very rich
plne-appleadc or sherbet, have it a little tart with
lemon juice, taking the greatest care that none of
the zest or oil from yellow rind or the bitterness
from the while underlying pith be allowed to enter
into the composition of the sherbet. In order tho
more surely to gtiaul against tins it is best to grate
off the yellow rind from the lemons and carefully
to remove all the whilo pith, and, to " make assur
ance doubly sure," wash the skinned fruit in clear
water; after v. Inch press out thejuiee iree Irom all
flavor from the rind of the fruit; strain the juice, in
order to remove all the seeds or pips from u; then
add to il the pine-apple mixtme. ft must then I o
well fiozeu; th.ssiierbet, being very rich, will not
freeze haid, but will be a semi-ice. Just before tho
punch is to be served add and worn into il, for
every quart of the ice, one gill of old .Jamaica, ..nd
for every two quails, one pint of the best cham
pagne. Never use the wine from damaged bottles
or bottle having leaky corks, as it will ceitainiy
injure, ami perhaps entirely spoil, your punch.
Alter the liquors are well mixed adil the following
cream or nier.nue mixture: IJeat tho whites of
eight fresh eggs (or tuo wh.tes to every quart of
punch) to a very still' froth or inuw ; boil one
pound of sugar to the consistency of a stoat syrup,
and beat it until cold, then add it uradnUy
email Midtiu to trie neaten while ot eggs, stirring
the mass a!! tho time u ith a wooden spatula until
they arc thoroughly mixed. Add thi.; boiled mer
ingue mixture to the fiozeu punch, working it
with a long-handled sp.ilnU until all is thorougliiy
mixed. Serve in tall glioses. If properly made tho
mixture will be smooth, white, and as thick as
Faithful little Tabbic came noxt with
Dishes for Breakfast and Ten.
Liver and Bacon. Cut in slices, season with salt
and pepper, and out again into small squares.
Place on a skewer pieces of liver and bacon, alter
nating. Fry five minutes in boiling fat. Hip oil"
of the skewer on to toasted oread and serve imme
diately. Liver, Saute Cut the livei in thi-i slices. Season
with salt and pepper. Heat together in a small
lrying pan two tablespooufuls of bultor and u
large one of Hour, Lay in the liver and brown it
on both sides. Add a teaspoonful of chopped pars
ley, two tab'e.-poonfuls of water, and one of wine.
Tate to see if salt enough. Uoii up once and
Liver, Saute, u-itti Piquant Sauce. Cut the liver in
slices about one-third of an inch thick, and if beef
liver, let it Maud in warm water ton minutes
(calves' liver will not need this). Drain dry, and
put in the frying pan with enough btef or pork
dripp-ngs to prevent its sticking, and cook very
hlowiy for eight minutes, turning constantly. Take
Uft on a hot dish and pour a piquant bauce over it.
Omry of Liver. Cut the liver In s:vall, thin
piece?, ami for every pound have four tablespoitn
fuls of butter, two slices of onion, two lablespoon
falri of flour, u speck of cayenne, salt, pepper, one
teaspoonful of curry powder. Let the butter get hot;
then cook the iiver in it slowly for four minutes.
Add the Hour and oilier ingredients. Cook two
minutes and add slowly one cupful of stock. Let
this boil up. Dish and serve.
Chicken Liters, Saute. Wash and wipe six livers.
I'ut two lablespoonfuls of butter in the frying pan,
and when hot acid a large slice of onion, which
cook slowly ten minutes and then take out.
Dredge the livers with salt, peppi rand Hour nnd
fry for ten minutes in the butter, add one teaspoon
ful of Hour i-nd cook a minute longer, four in
half a cupful of stock, one teaspoonful of lemon
juice, one of vinegar and one-fourih of a spoonful
of sugar and boh up once. Servo with a garnish of
Chicken Lire's and Hcton.C -t tho livers In
pieces the size of a half-dollar and have thin slices
of bacon of the same size. Nearly fill a small
skewer with these, alternating. Place in tho
frying basket and plungo into boiling fat for about
one minute. Serve on the skewers, or on toast
with thin slices of lemon for a garnish; or the
ikoweis can be re-ted on the sides of a narrow
baking pan and placed in a hoi oven for five min
utes. Serve as before. The livers of all other
kinds of poultry can bo cooked in this manner.
Chicken Livers in Papitloles. "Wash the K-ers
and droji them into boiling water for u minute.
Tako them up; and when drained, split them. For
eight livers put two tahloHpoonfulb of butter in tho
frji-ig pan, and when hot add one tablcsponnfiil
Of Hour. Stir until smooth; (hen gradually add
half a cupful of cold water. Stir into this two
spoonfuls or glaze, if you have It. Season with
pepper and salt and stir into the sauce half a cupful
of finely chopped ham. Spread this mixture on
the livers, plnce them in papillotcs tho same an
cutlets, lay them in a pan and put in a slow oven
for fifteen minutes. Have little squares of toast or
of fried brown bread. Heap these in tho centre of
a hot dish, and nrrvngo the livera around them.
Servo very hot.
Piquant Sauce. Two cupfuls of brown sauce,
one of consomme (common ulook will do), four
tablcspooiifuls of vinegar, two of chopped onion,
two of chopped capers, two of chopped cucumber
pickles, one-fourth of it teaspooulul of cayenne,
one teaspoonful of sugar, salt to tasto. Cook tho
onion and vinegar in a oaucepan for three min
utes; then add the sauce, consomme, sugar, salt
and pepper. Boil rapidly for live minutes, stirring
all the whilo. Add the capers and pickles, and
boil three minutes longer.
To Prepare Pajitlole,i.--Fold nnd cut half sheets
of thick white paper, about tho size of commercial
note, so that when opened they will be heart
shaped. Dip them In melted butter and set aside.
When tho articles are ready to bo put into them,
place tho former, one by one, on one sido of tho
papers (tiie bones, if any, mut bo turned toward
the center). Fold the papers and carefully turn
In the eflges. Tljey are now ready for the oven.
This was followed by a few practical hints
from Lift!. Atherton :
Itow to Clean Jlrass. Mafco a mixture of one
part of common nitric acid n.z.1 one-half part of
hulphiuie acid, in a stono jar ; havo ready a pail of
frcrh water ami a box of sawdust. Tho articles (o
be treated are dipped Into the acid, then put iuto
the water, and dually rubbed with sawdust. This
immediately changes them to a brilliant color. If
tho brass hue lecoiue arvaay, it Is first dipped Into
a ttrong solution of potash and soda in warm
water; this cutu the grease and thus leaves the
acid freo to acL
Hints Jmut NeedieifiorTi. Fororacketa, mantel or
table hordecs, uso Sonte quiuiC-Japaneso figure in
Sfttin applique, then on velvet embroidered wttb
gold. AjaRcd effect may too given to designs env
broidarcd in twisted 41k ana chenflfo by pnddfmr
EoldonBalinund velvet. Persian cretonne Arranged I
la beautiful Bordorhiga oh velvet find embroidered,
Is known ns crcfcll work. I A novel nnd grnccful
design for embroidery in crewel silk on satin, is in
shades of green on a dark green ground, An ef
fective motive in sUf- embroidery is to Introduce
n beehive with bees among tho flowers; another
is to make the design consist wholly of butter
flies. Strips of embroidered satin nnd plush alter
nating with strips of raised knitting make pretty
chairbaeks. For pin-etishions the parasol r.hnpe is
ingeniou.s. Needle-cases njay be made of two tri
angles joined to foim n square, lined with flannel,
nnd tied together ut one corner, so as to make a
puffy triangle again.' Yellow roses nnd white
chrysanthemums form a pretty design for a table
scarf of crimson plush.
If pine floors lie covered with three or four coata
of linseed oil the color will be deepened, and a
very rich effect be obtained.
After using retouehingvarnish, thebrusl.may bo
cleaned by dipping it into warm water and soaping
it well. If washed out in this way, tho brush will
not be injured. A brush already dried with this
varnish may bo softened by soaking in alcohol
ami then washing as directed abovo.
"And nothing from Ethel?" asked Aunt
Helen, when sho had read tho last of Mrs.
" Yes, much from Ethel," answered Mrs.
Ath'uton, and raising from tho floor a large box,
she placed upon tho tablo two complete outfits
of clothing, made by Ethel herself for the two
littlo charity girls, Aunt Helen's proteges, who
had sung tho beautiful hymn on tho evening of
her arrival. On tho top of each package was
a dainty purse, and insido of it a littlo '' nest
egg." "Better than all my papers!" murmured
Aunt Helen, and thcro was a now tender
ness in her manner toward Ethel, whon tho
" Good night" wero said.
COLOR IN DltESS.
Eed and gold (or gold-color) harmonize. I?cd
orange ami green harmonize. lied, yellow (or
gold-color) and black harmonize. IJcd, gold
color, black and white harmonize Scarlet
and purplo (or lilac) harmonize. Scarlet and
blue harmonize. Scarlet nnd orango harmonize.
Scarlet and slate-color harmonizo. Scarlet,
black and white harmonize. Scarlet, blue and
white; scarlet, bluo and gray; sc-irlet blue and
yellow; scarlet, blue, black and yellow har
monize. Crimson and gold (or gold-color), a
rich harmony. Crimson nnd orange, a rich
harmony. Crimon and maizo harmonizo.
Crimson and purplo harmonize. Crimson
and black, a dull harmony. Crimson and drab
harmonizo. Crimson and brown, a dull har
mony. OUR LETTER-BOX.
To tho Editor National TmiiUNn:
I saw "A Country Girl's" proposition in the last
TninuNic, and herewith I send a mite to help a
very good cause. If all girls would compile for
themselves a book of tried recipes while they havo
tho time to practice and mothers and aunties to
assist them, theie would bo less cause for foreign
ers to pay that we "are tho poorest cooks on tho
globe." I havo tested the following recipe and
know that it is good :
Jlabbit Sttup. Cut ono or two rabbits into Joints,
lay them for an hour in cold watei, dry, and fry
them in butter until about half done, together with
four or fivo onions and a medium-sir.cd celery
head cut into small pieces. Add now three quarts
of cold water, ono pound of split peas, somo pep
per nnd salt, stew gently four or fivo hours, strain
and servo. I hope that "A Country Girl " will try
this, and like it. 1 once read that "tho woul soup
conveys to many minds the idea of something that
is extravagantly rich in composition and elabor
ately dillicutt in manner of preparation." While, of
all cooking, nothing is easier to do well nnd more
difficult to do badly than soup-making, here, too,
too much pains is like too many cooks. The cook
simply needs to have fresh ingredients, thoroughly
clean utensils, and to skim carefully.
Very truly, yours,
Ottawa, Kan. Mas. Hodge.
Pitchers for lemonade, punch, or claret, aro
of English glass, imported, and engraved hero
by Bohemian artists. '
Wasto baskets in split bamboo aro now deco
rated with largo bunches pf artificial liowers,
tied on with gay ribbons.
Salad glasses and breakfast castors aro now
mado in American cut-glass, and aro quite as
handsome as thoso which aro imported.
A beautiful coal scuttle is in hammered
metal mounted in elk-horns, which form tho
handles, and surmount it in spiral form.
It is becoming usual to decant champagne,
and champagno pitchers aro of English glass,
beautifully tinted, richly engraved and em
bossed. Some of the square table-spreads in velours
have centres in solid colors? in others an eastern
design covers tho entire surface. With scarcely
nn exception, they 'are finished in knotted
The latest design for four o'clock tea-servico
is that known as the chintz pattern, and the
fashionable porcelain is the Bodley stoneware.
Wedgewood and blue Majolica aro always in
Thin curtains aro now mado of a material
known as Kussian grenadine, with insertions
and edgings of Cluny lace. Otliors of Saxony
lace havo all the appearance at a little distance
Tablo scarfs are of jute and linen plush in
deep colois, and ate faced with silk, the ends
being richly embroidered in gold or silver, or
in applique couched in gold thread, and finished
off with deep ball fringe.
The newest stylo of finger-glasses is of pecu
liar shape, mado expressly for tho American
importers. The design is novel a square with
rolled edges and tho glass is richly ornamented
in gold designs of much beauty.
There is a decided preference for tea-pots of
antique shape long necks and spouts, and
slim, long handles. They aro obtainable in
every variety of imported ware, and cheaper
kinds of the samo design aro reproduced in
A novelty in luncheon cloths comes from
Germany, and is of German linen, with a deep
bordering in Holbein stitch, the design repre
senting various scenes from the hunting-field.
The napkins which accompany it each bear a
different design from tho sccno3 in the tablo
cloth. Tha latest novelty in curtains in in Turco
man, a narrow design running down the sides,
and the bordering at the bottom in Moorish,
Arabesque, or antiquo designs, being three
quarters of a yard deep. Edgings to match
the designs of Turcoman and antiquo draperies
may be bought by the yard, and are now used
instead of fringes.
Palm leaves appear in dress fabrics, aud also
In passamenterio, and in soutache braiding.
Combinations" of two materials aro seen in
many of tho spring costumes. The waist and
drapery aro general' of plain goods, with somo
figured fabric for the lower skirt.
Velvet is popular for the small accessories,
such as vest, collar, cuffs, and balayeuse, aud is
used as a third fabric when ottoman silk is
chosen for tho combination.
Embroidered dress patterns of nun's veiling
and cashmero aro vory lurgcly imported, and
are mado up with tho Greek ovcrskirt and
hanging looso plaits which aro edged with em
broidery. Buttons aro small and inconspicuous. Ham
mered metal buttons aro much used for dresses.
Hammered silver are used on gray and ecru,
bronze on myrtlo-grccn and olivo, gold on
brown and claret ; either may bo used on nuvy
bluo, but silver ia prottiosfc on bluo-gray.
A Itnro Instance.
From the Detroit Free Press J
" Father," began a Cass avenuo lad the other
night, " is Mr. T. a good man? "
" Yes, my son. I regard him as one of tho
best mon in Michigan."
"Do you believo ho would Ho?"
"What, young man! aro you crazy? Why,
sir, Mr. T. would not tell a Ho for all tho gold
on earth. What makes you ask that question ? "
"Why, whon a man says ho saw a spring
robin on tho 15th day of Eobruury what do you
" Did he say ho saw one?"
"Aro you sure ? "
"Oh! I heard him tell thrco different men
so. Didn't ho lio, father?"
"N-n-o, I think not," mused tho father:
"but lot it bo a great moral lesson to you all
tho samo. It isn't onco in a thousand years
that a robin comes up hero from Tennessee at
that date and oxhihits himself to a single citi
zen and returns on tho afternoon express 1"
question Tour Druggist,
nnd he tU' cll yon. that thero ia. a greater do
umnd for BOZODONT than for tmy other
preparation for tho teeth. Tiion, aai yourself
uriiothor an Ritlclfr 'for wWou tho demand Is
general and constant musfe uoi possess ganuino
merit. Tho mental fesponso NsdU do that it
does, pinc&thoutmchislon IsirresistiDle, thsfc if
it did non really polish and presorvo tho teeth,
ft diaccTnIng public -woahj long oinco hayo dia
covered; tUo feet. ifcadYertlsQgJtatff.
HERMIT OF TrjE WOOD,
And How Tom Swift Came to Make
By Susan Hartley Stcctl.
Tom Swift was spending tho winter with his
grand-parents away off in the country whero
thcro were deep pine woods and logging camp3,
a mountain that looked like a huge loaf of
frosted cako in the snow, and a pond two or
three miles lontr, where thre was such skating
as Tom had never seen before.
But Tom was a very busy boy, and had little
time to indulge in skating or any other sport;
for as his father was dead and his older brother
.Toll n a cripple, ho considered himself the head
of tho family, and was very anxious to becomo
its support. John possessed a good deal of tal
ent for drawing and painting, and it was pre
dicted that he would become a great artist somo
day if ho received the right instruction. But
Mrs. Swift, though she worked very hard at
her needle, had as yet been unable to procuro
any teacher for him, and it was to this end
that Tom was saving his money now.
AH the men in the neighborhood who wero
not either too old or too infirm were at work in
the woods, so Tom was employed not only to
do the chores, such as bringing in wood and
water, feeding tho cattle, and going to mill,
about his grandfather's farm, but on several
others near by, and ho had already placed fif
teen dollars in his bank. He bravely renounced
tho molarses tafiy and marsh-mallow paste at
tho village store, turned his hack on the thrill
ing shows at the Town-hall, sported a broken
jack-knife in tho face and eyes of all the other
boys, and, take it altogether, was quite a hero
in the way of self-denial.
But ono day, in the frostiest winter weather,
grandpa suggested that he should take a holi
day. Joe Crandall was to be at homo to-morrow,
and was willing to tako Tom's placo for
tho day, so that ho could spend it wherever
and however ho pleased.
"Well," said Tom, delighted with the pros
pect, "I will go into the woods with Israel."
It was a cold sparkling morning. Tom was
obliged to scratch the frost from tho pane when
he got out of bed at five o'clock in order to get
a peep into tho witching starlight of this early
hour. Israel was already in the barn with his
gleaming lantern, the cocks wero crowing like
mad, and Dcbby was stepping briskly about
tho kitchen with a lighted candle. Tho firo
snapped as if it had been charged Avith gun
powder, footsteps crunched in the snow, and
one's breath was like smoke in the frosty at
mosphere At half past five breakfast was smoking on
the table; tit six Israel had his horses harnessed,
and away they started for tho woods ; a lantern,
still burning redly, hung upon one of tho stakes
in the sled. The bolls stirred the still air with
a merry holiday sound; tho lights commenced
to vanish from tho villago windows; the palo
sky brightened to crimson, and cast rosy reflec
tions on tho snow. Israel, as usual, when not
singing his favorite song about the "turtail
dove," was deeply reflective, but Tom was in
the highest spirits, and whistled aud chattered
like a magpie.
When they reached the logging camp, deep
in the bluo gloom of the piuo woods, the men
who inhabited it were already at work chop
ping logs, aud tho merry ring of their axes
echoed from tho distance. But they left a
bright fire, which was composed of nearly a
cord of wood, burning on the large flat stono
which served for a hearth, and tho place pre
sented a very cheerful appearance. Thcro was
no chimney, but tho smoko escaped from a
largo hole in tho roof overhead. One could seo
out-of-doors through tho chinks in the logs
which formed the walls, and yet enjoy tho
pleasant warmth. Tho bunks whero the men
slept at night were filled with clean fragrant
pine boughs, and across tho poles which pro
jected from the foot of these bunks was placed
the "deacon seat" along bench whichfaced
tho fire, extending from one end of tho apart
ment to tho other; so that when ono grew
weary of reading and story-telling and watch
ing tho blaze of the great lire, he could tip back
into one of these soft yielding beds without any
Various cooking utensils, gnus, and fishing
rods were hung on the wall. A group of bar
rels stood in ono corner, over which was a
hanging shelf piled with earthen dishes and an
array of bright tins. A great board, which
would become a tablo at dinner time, was fas
tened against tho wall.
"2Cow don't get lost in these pesky woods,
youngster," said Israel, as ho thawed his half
frozen fingers by tho fire. " Better stay 'round
whero we're a-choppin' 'n' not stray off no great
" I shan't go far away, because I want to bo
sure to bo back in time to help John get dinner.
It's jolly fun to get dinner in camp. But I'm
not afniid of getting lost. Why, I've been
through the woods all alone in summer," said
" Oh yes, yon can go through by tho road
ary time if you keer to walk fur enough; but
if you go roundabouts you'll find thero ain't no
end to the woods. They reach clear through
ter the North Polo, whar tho bears 'n' wolves
live, most likely. I've been round here con
sid'ablo, 'n' hov got somo idee what they be."
" I gucs3 the North Polo must bo Muggins
ville, then," said Tom, contemptuously; "you
can seo tho Mugginsvillc steeple from any troo
you chance to climb."
"Well, be careful, boy.
" ' My love she seut me a tmtail-dovo,
'N a-looral-loo, 'n' a-tooral-loo.' "
And Israel hastened out-of-doors to join tho
There was nothing that Tom onjoyed so
much as a "prowl" in the winter woods. It
seemed liko a place in a fairy tale, dim, mys
terious, enchanted. Tho sky which peeped in
through tho spaces between tho tree-tops
seemed liko quite another sky than that which
arched over the village. Even the breeze which
brushed tho pino twigs seemed to havo a sort
of magic in it, and whichever way Tom peered
through the long dim vistas ho imagined that
thero wero hidden woudcrful things. In this
bowery nook tho White Cat's palace might be
lifting its airy towors. In the midst of that
tangled thicket tho giant's house which poor
littlo Hop-o'-my-Tliumb found might be con
cealed. And who would wonder to meet any
of tho fairies nnd goblins of tho old stories in
this lovely glado whero au under-ground brook
For a momont or two ho watched tho men as
they felled a hugo tree, and then wandered
away by himself over tho firm whiro snow
crust, which did not show tho least signs of
breaking with his weight. Ho skimmed over
the bogs, which wero quite impassablo in sum
mer, but wero frozon hard now, with their tall
reeds pricking through tho snow. Then ho
discovered fox tracks deeply printed in the
crust, which was soft snow only the day before
yesterday, and followed them eagerly for a long
timo, hoping to find tho den of tho sly old fel
low, which was doubtless the ono that made
his way into tho camp one day when tho men
woro out, and helped himself to a plump
chicken which was waiting to be cooked for
So intont was Tom in making this discovery,
that ho did not realize at all how far he was
going, but followed on and on until finally tho
prints of foxie's feet came to a sudden end bo
fore a great tract of brush ground, which was
so wide and piled so high that tho tallest giant
that ever lived could never havo stepped over
" Sold : '" exclaimed Tom, leaning back breath
less against a big tree; and thou tsuddouly
occurred to him that it was pastf dinner-time,
and ho must rotraco his stops to tho camp. So
ho hurried along in what seemed to bo tho right
direction, novor thinking to still heod tho fox
tracks Avhich had led him in such a circuitous
way. On and on he went through bright littlo
openings, through nooks so deep and dark that
it scorned as if night had already fallen. But
thero was no sign of tho path which led to tho
camp, not a human foot-print to bo Been, not a
sound to bo heard but tho strange muffled din
of tho woods, which is like silonco speaking.
Ho climbed a great stump and shouted with all
his might; out nothing but the echoes and a
startled owl answered him. Ho was not at all
frightened as yet, however; tho loss of his din
no v was Ills only soUrce of anxiety.
"Well," thought he, "I will walk until I
roach aomowlicm either tho camp, or Muggins
vilte, or tlio Kortli Polo, whero Israel says tho
wolves and ticajs live, or to somo placo or other
on tho southern sido of the woods."
But walking didn't seem to bring him any
wboro. Tho woods wqio just aiecp and dark
as ever. Ho climbed a tree, bu6 tho open world
looked miles ami miles away, and in tho mean
hao tho sxm grew lower and lower.
Oi, hOw cold it? was aa the day grew later 1
Tom's teeth chattered, though ho was walking
with, all possible speed, and the exercise would
usually have made his blood tingle. The ends
of hi3 fingers pricked as if there were needle
points in iuein, aud his feet fairly ached as ho
It was midnight darkness in the deep woods,
but in a littlo opening, where there were low
juniper bushes, the yellow sunset light was still
lingering. Some glossy sprays of wintergrccn
wero pricking through tho snow crust, and
thinking that their bitter-.sweet leaves might
appeaso the gnawing at his stomach, Tom ate
some, and finding that they did so in a great
degree, he was looking about him for more,
when ho espied some strange black object which
had lodged between two boughs ot a juniper bush.
He reached down and picked up tho plump
est leather pocket-book which he had overseen
in his life! It had evidently been there for
days, for it was frozen still", aud had some timo
been soaked with rain or dew. Tom opened it
with eager fingers. It was crammed with bank
notes, and ono large shining gold piece wa3
tucked carefully in the midst of the paper.
But it was growing so dark that ho did not
stop to count the money, for if night should
overtake him while still in tho woods, he would
never bo able to find his Avay out of them.
The growth was becoming Ie-s and less dense.
Thcro were little openings everywhere, and
finally, when tho stars were gathering in the
palo twilight sky, ho emerged into an open
space where there was an old ruined mill, its
broken roof white with snow, its eaves fantas
tically fringed with icicles. Beyond this ho
found a narrow bit of road with faint sled and
foot tracks, and not far along on the road tho
most blessed sight thac ever dawned upon his
vision a thick column of smoke arising from
a cottage chimney.
Tom felt more exhausted than ever at this
point, but making a brave struggle, ho pressed
on with what little strength ho could summon
to his aid. An old man, with a great pile of
juniper twigs, pino boughs, and other greenery
on his back, came from tho woods, and down a
path to tho road, and with his wiiite beard
blowing in the wind, looked like the genius of
Christma3. He was gazing intently under
every bush and twig as he came along, push
ing tho branches of tiny evergreens back with
"Havo you lost anything?" inquired Tom,
at the same timo keeping the pocket-book pru
dently concealed under his jacket.
" I should think so. Three weeks ago to-day
I lost a pocket-book with a thousand dollars in
it somewhar about these pesky woods, or on the
road lcadin' to it, 'n' I'm lookin' fur it yit. I
didn't dare to leave it in the house whilo I was
out gittin' my medicine stuff fur fear o' thieves,
'n' I kep' puttin' off carryin' of it to tho bank
till 'twas clean gone. Say, sonny, yon hain't
seen any thin' of it, hev ye? 'Twos a black
leather pocket-book, fastened with a rusty steel
clasp, 'n' tied up with a twine string too.
Thero was a twenty-dollar gold piece in it
'mong tho rest. But Lor sakes alive, boy ! bo
ye sick or froze ter death ? Yer faco is as white
as snow all on a suddint."
Tom produced the pocket-book, but no sooner
had ho placed it in the old man's hand than he
fell, a white heap, on tho ground at his feet.
When lie recovered his senses once more ho
found himself lying on a lounge in a rough,
dingy apartment, lighted by a singlo candle,
and with a great boiler steaming and bubbling
over a roaring fire. The atmosphere was filled
with the spicy odor of pine and other woodland
growths, and a great black cat was eying him
intently from her post beside the stovo.
" Where am I ? " he inquired, lifting his head,
and looking about in amazement.
" Oh, you're all right, 'n' in my house, sonny.
You're with a friend. Don't yon remember
you found my pocket-book, 'n' I met you down
in the road by the woods? I guess you got
pritty well used up with the cold or suthin,
'n' fainted away," said the old man, appearing
at his side with a tumbler in his hand. " Here,
now, you take a good dose of my ' Healer.' It's
tho best medicine in tho market, 'n' if you
drink it down now whilo it's hot it will keep
you frum gittin' cold, 'n' git your stomach in
order to take some food. I reckon you feel
Tom hardly knew whether he was hungry or
not. Ho felt rather comfortable than other
wise, only that his toes and fingers, his nose
aud checks, were commencing to smart and
burn like fire. Ho swallowed the medicine as
directed, though with rather a wry face, and
then the old man brought him a bowl of thin
but savory broth, which he ate with quite a
" Now I'd go right ter sleep, 'n' git kinder
rested, 'n' then wo will talk about matters 'n'
things a leetle when you wake up agin."
"But the folks at home will be so worried
about mo. Grandpa 'n' grandma will be scared
almost to death, 'n' then they'll blame Israel
coz I got lost. Is this Mugginsville, or whero
"Lor', no, 'tis a leetle corner o' Tatnick. Do
you live over ter Mugginsville? I thought I
never seen you in these parts afore."
"No," said Tom, "I live over atSprigtown,
or at least grandpa does. I'm spending the
winter at his farm. He's Mr. Samuel Swift.
Do you kuow him?"
"Bless you, Sprigtown's as much as ten miles
off round by the road. Yes, I know Squire
Swift by sight, 'n' it's likely he knows mo.
They call mo ole Hermit Sawyer. I s'pose
you've liejird tellof mo. Tho boys all round
the diggin's thinks its fine fun to make game
ofmc, 'n' yell out after me, 'Hello! olo medi-cine-biler.'
Now, sonuy, I want ter know why
you were so anxious to get rid of that pocket
book 'n' all thar was into it. Every dollar's
thero, coz I counted it. Didn't you hev no use
fur it? Your grandpa's lost 'most all his prop
erty, I know."
"What!" said Tom indignantly; "would
you keep anything that didn't belong to you,
if you wanted ic ever so much? Of course I
knew it was yours when you described it to me
so well, and of course I gave it to you. What
else could I do? But I really must go home,
no matter how far it is. They'll bo out search
ing for me, you know."
" Why, boy, it's tho coldest night that ever
was cold eruufl' ter krinklo tho hair ov an
Injun. 'Twould bo your death to go out now ;
but I'll harness up my ole nag, 'n' ef I ken't git
a neighbor that I hev in my mind tor drive
over tor Sprigtown, I'll go myself. I'm old 'n'
tough as sole-leather."
The neighbor drove over, and Tom and the
old man had a very jolly and confidential time
together that night, while "Healer" bubbled
over the fire and scented the room, and tho
black cat purred, and tho candle flared aud
In the morning Israel came over in a pung,
with a plenty of warm fur wraps, to take Tom
homo. The old hermit was very unwilling to
let him go; but Tom promised to make him a
week's visit soon if his grandfather would con
sent, and that softeucd. tho parting consider
ably. When Tom got into tho pung the old man,
who had followed him out-of-doors, slipped
something into his hand, which upon investi
gation proved to bo two fifty-dollar bank-notes.
"You see, I'm pritty well oil, sonuy; I sell
tho 'Ilealor' to the druggists every whero.
Thero's a great rage fur it, 'n' it brings mo in
mouoy. Let tho laino brother hev tho lessons,
'n' pVapB there'll bo a little spendtn' bit fur
you too. I never did tako ter boys, but I guess
I know when I seo one ov tho right sort, ef I
bo a miserable olo hermit." Harper's Young
lVJiy They Droro Down Town.
From tiie Jotir.
Hero is a story of the late Governor Morgan.
A short time ago, when about to enter his car
riage, an acquaintance was passing his house
in Fifth avenuo. It was ox-Congressman Ein
stein, who weighs about 250 pounds. " I will
drive you down town," said the old man.
"Many thanks, Governor," was tho answer,
" tho doctor ordered mo to walk down town
every day to rcduco my flesh."
Tho J50 pounds got into tho carriage and
down town they went at a rattling pace. When
they arrived at Exchange Place tho Governor
began carefully to cxamino his vehicle, and
said to his 250-pound companion, "I asked you
to drivo down with me because this is a new
carriogc, aud I wanted to give it a trial."
A Yigoroni Centenarian.
Prom the North Star.
Thero is an old woman named Nanny Weig
halls, living in tho parish of Einghall, near
Bedalo, whoso age, well authenticated, ia 102.
She has been twice married, tho second timo,
whan she was 63, to a man of 25, with whom
she lived happily for twenty-six years. So far
from boliovrng hor end near, she was talking
only last week of getting a new clock because
the old one is worn out.
Mr. J. A. McBeth, Paclflo Express Office,
Denver, Colo., was cured by St. Jacobs Oil of
an excruciating pain in the nock, aud also
tooth-ache, One apjUoatioft did the. wort,
FIGHTING THEM OYER
Conflicting Opinions Concerning the'
Great Battles of the 17ar.
To the Editor Xatiosat. Tninura:
In Tun 2s ATioJfAi. Tkiucsb of 3Iay 6. 1SS2, 1 saw
an article on the second asult on Port ihulson,
La., .June 11, 163, in which the writer says a por
tion of the Twelfth regiment Connecticut volun
teers formed part of the torniinji: party on that day.
To correct this I will sive part of my experience oa
this occasion. At 11 o'clock on the nij;!.t of tho
ICthof June, my lejjiment was formed and issued
&isty rounds of ammunition and at midnight MartccJ
for their destination. Ifcfore the regiment left, I
was ordered to remain at thij position, with orders
to report to the commanding ofiVer of the Twelfth:
Connecticut volunteer regiment, who, with hia
regiment, was soon e vpected to patsherc, and piIo&
them to a position held by part of my regiment on
the third and fourth days of the biege. which waa
nearly n mile to the left. As I Ii&d been over tho
route bat once, I hardly expected to find the posi
tion before daylight. Owing to the nature of tho
ground, a direct line could not be taken and
the ciretiitoiw route pursued lay through briidh
tangled gullies and over hummocks covered with
wood. The darknos of the niijht made it still
more difficult to find the way. The regiment!
marched in single file, the colonel keeping close to
my heels.. When I thought we had gone far enough,
in this direction, 1 asked the colonel to halt tho
regiment and I would reconnoiter. Seeing a lighS
at some distance to the left I started in that direc
tion, but had not gone far when I fell into whaS
proved to be the dry bed. of a creek, whi.-h I ro
nicmhered as being but a short distance in the rear
of the position we were looking for; I then led tho
regiment up the little hill, where we found posted
the Twenty-first Indiana battery, to whose support
tiie Twelfth was ordered. Ilere I left theci and
started in search of my own regiment, whkh I sup
posed to be still further to the left, as I could hcac
rapid firing in that direction. It was now getting;
omto light, and as I followed down the Uinton
read for some distance I met several wounded men,
but none had seen my regiment, nor did I lindis
I havo never been able to find any one that knew
who gave this order to s the Twelfth until threo
years ago at our first regimental Reunion, whero I
met our old division commander. Gen. Godfrey
Vt'eitzel. I knew lie couldtrelieve my mind on this
subject. I asked him if there was not some mis
understanding in regard to the Twelfth Connecticut!
volunteer regiment on this day. He replied tha5
the regiment was ordered to this position in sup
port of the Twenty-first Indiana battery, and was,
therefore, not expected to take part in the assault.
If this is the ease, then, why the delay in the at
tack? The only hope of succes3 depended on a
surprise leforc the enemy had time to concentrate
their force at this point, which seemed to mo tho
strongest position on the whole line. Nearly one
half of my regiment were in the ditch directly
under tfie works from daylight until after dark,
when they quietly crept to the rear and joined tho
regiment at the Clinton road.
The history of my regiment on this occasion say3
the ricventy-fifth New York volunteers and Twelfth
Connecticut volunteers, under Lieut.-Col. Cabcock",
were to head the column and at the end of the sap
to deploy as skirmishers. There a long delay was
caused by the failure of the Connecticut boys, who
were to share in the advance with the Seventy
fifth, to put in an appearance again. The Twelfth
Connecticut volunteers not being on hand to taka
the iKwition before the other angle, as had been
planned, the left of the Seventy-fifth, under Capt.
tfavery, was deployed thither. The above agreea
with nearly every history that I have read in regard
to this assault, the failure of which is charged to
the Twelfth Connecticut volunteers not being on
hand to tako their place in line.
Yours, in F., C. and L., F. H. C.
"WEEDsroET, N. Y., March 2.
A Brave Confederate Colonel.
To the Editor National Thibcxe:
One brave man who fell during the late war I
can never forget. In the battle of jrlonticello, Ken
tucky, between Colonel Wolford's brigade and
General Pegram's forces, I was ordered to take a
squad of men ami hold a portion of ground on our
left. I found the rebels pressing me so hard that I
was obliged to fall back a short distance, yet firmly
contested the ground. Presently I saw an officer
on a splendid black charger ordering his men for
ward. I fired at him three or four times. lie said
to his men, " If -you won't advance, then follow
me," and dashed in front of his regiment and
charged up to where I was behind a log, and, cov
ering me with his revolver, said, " You are tho
man tliat shot me and wounded my horse, too."
lie gave a command to have me taken to the rearj
and then fell oil his horse, as he had fainted. I
waa taken to General Pegrani, who tried to find
out from me how many men were opposed to him.
I would not tell him. I was put in ilonticcHo jail,
and several times the lady who had charge of tha
jail came and told me that the neighbors told her
that Colonel Ashby's men intended to take me out
at night and hang me, as I had wounded their
colonel. The word got to our lines, and Wolford's
men captured that nighn twenty-two rebels, and
would have 6hot them if Ashby's men had carried
out their design. About dark a company of men
marched up to the jail and stacked arms. The
captain came up to me and said he enlisted to fight
Yankees and not to guard them. But Cofonel
Ash by sent for him and ordered him to tako hia
company and protect me, as his regiment should not
have the stain on it of lianging a true soldier, and
if his men had fought half as well as I did they
would have carried the day. I am satisfied that by
our holding our position it prevented the rebels
from advancing, as I saw enough men when I wenS
in their rear to have carried tho day. Their line
did not advance any farther. The leader died
from lock-jaw a short time afterwards. 1 was sent
over to Knoxville with Corporal Dernette. under a
strong guard, and from there was taken to Libby.
Sekg't C. II. S..
Company H, 45th O. V. SI. I.
Richview, Irx., Feb. liG.
Tlio Dattlc or Pitfsbnrg Landing.
To the Editor National Tribune:
In a recent copy of The Ti:ibcse, under the head
of "Pittsburg Landing," I. E. Boyell took occa
sion to eay: "I know from what I saw that day
and tho following, that we were surprised, and X
think the Confederates were surprised that they
met with so little resistance in the face of so grand
an army." Now, Jh. Editor, in the name of the
brave boys whose lives were sacrificed that day, I
protest against that insult to their memory. Cer
tainly history will bear me out in saying that in no
battle of the war was there more stubborn and
desperate resistance offered to an assault from the
enemy than was shown by the Army of tho Ten
nessee on that memorable 6th of April. I, too,
think the Johnnies were surprised, but it was at the
courage displayed by cur army, small as it was, as
it stood between them nnd the Tennessee River.
As to the surprise of our army," I will not argue
that point, but will leave that question to those
who know better than I do. Lew AVallaco com
manded one of the best divisions in the army, and
fought nobly on Monday, but it took him all day to
get to the battlefield on Sunday, not reaching there
until Sunday night. I belonged to W. 11. L. AVal-
Iace's division. He and hundreds of his men went
down that day, covered with glory, and I am proud
of it, and of what they did, and ever stand ready to
defend their good names. Our division was not
surprised. The enemy never drove it one inch,
that day, until it was Hanked and had to fall bade
to keep from being captured.
James A. "Walt-ia:".
Creston, Iowa. Co. H, 7th 111. Inf 'y.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Like Sir. Webb, of Topeka, and others, I have
read the article of General Hovey.as itappeared in
The National Tribune. I, for one, must say thoi
I was badly surprised on that Sunday morning oa
the battlefield of Pittsburg Landing. My regi
ment, the Second Iowa infantry, Tuttle's brigade,
was in camp about one and a half miles out from
the river landing. The orderly sergeant came
around to our tents early in the morning, with,
orders to prepare for Sunday morning inspection.
AVe immediately got ready and were formed on our
parade ground, with our knapsacks open on the
ground, awaiting inspection. Before tise officer
appeared to inspect them, reports of artillery were
heard, and the question started down the line,
"What does this mean?" Some of us thought i
was artillery practice, but we soon found that tho
rebels were practicing upon us. I would like to
ask any intelligent soldier if it is probable that a
regiment would have been on parade for inspec
tion after daylight on that morning if an attack had
been expected? If the soldiers of the Army of the
Tennessee had been asked that night if any of them
were surprised in the morning, nine-tenths of them
would liuve answered "Yes."
"Vt". AV. SCTI.IFP.
Co. C, 'Jd Iowa Infantry.
Oxford Mills, Iowa, Starch 3, 1SS3.
The Second Colorado Again.
"A copy of The National Tribune came t
my hands a few days since, and if your readers
any of them liave ever known what it was to en
tirely lose sight of friends for a number of years,
and then suddenly and in an unexpected manner
find out tfuit they were living and where they
may well liavcsome idea of the pleasure that paper
gave me. It contained lotters from those who once
formed part of the Second Colorado regiment. Sly
husband was bugler of company A, anil there are
those yet living who will remember u wom.m and
her two little boys who for over three yearn shared
the regiment's hard marches. Allow me to say
here that the regiments of Colorado were unlike
others in ono respect. They were composed of
men who had flocked to tha mines from all parts
of the world; hence, when mustered out after the
war, they were scattered again far and wide, and
so lost trace of each other. Sharing privation and
Isolation together made them generous, brave and
kind. I often held in my care their home-tokens
and their spare funds. Soldiers did not have much
ohnnco to keep such things with them. My littlo
boys were their pets and playthings. I eroded tho
plains with them in ISO.'. Slajor Jesse Pritehard
was in command. If there are any living who
shared that trip, they will remember its severity.
Should any member of the regimentseo this, I hope
ho will write us : if near us, come and see us. The
buglo sounds tho dinner call. I have the regi
mental roster. Our address is Mrs. Cha3. Williams,
Wayne county, Iowa.
"I wish to correct the statement of Captain Wesl
In his communication to Colonel Jones, of February
8. 1SS3. in resold to tlio burial-of Major Smith, of th
Second Colowflo cavalry. Slajor Smith's remains
were brougbtSo Kansas Ciuul tamed m an. olS
cmnctery, midway ottweei JMiis Cay and W ex
port. Myself and nineteen others of my resn
assisted in reforming the last tad rites to th
bravo and accomplished officer." Charles A arinfc
late of the EldVBntli Kansas cavalry, Mauhar