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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1883.
How to Organize and How (o Con-
By Mrs. Kate B. Sherwood.
Since the issue of a circular by Commander-in-Chief
Paul Van Dervoort designating the
writer as one who would give information
as to the organization of Woman's Auxilia
ries, G. A. 1L, constant communications have
.Leon pouring in from theEast and the West and
the far Southern States, seeking' tho inform
ation desired. Finding it impossible to givo
satisfactory answers by letter to these replies,
the columiis of The National Triiu'NK are
chosen as the medium of communication with
many who have applied and who are readers
of the Kime. It is further hoped that at no
late day each Post in the various Departments
that has not as yet called in the aid of loyal
women may be furnished with a form for or
ganisation, together with Constitution and By
Laws, for which the following is submitted as a
fc.. In future articles on the subject the writer
will take pleasure in describing more in detail
the scote and nature of woman's auxiliary
work, and will allbrd such directions and sug
gestions in detail as will bo found of practical
value to thoo beginning their patriotic and
unselfish work :
PLAN FOR ORGANIZATION.
First. Let the Post desiring the formation of n
Woman's Auxiliary appoint a Conference Commit
tee to confer jersonnliy with certain loyal women,
whom they mny single out as prominent in works
of charity ami patriotism, ami ask their aid in the
organization of such Society.
Second. Let the Conference Committee then issue
n. general apjical, by letter or through the pre.-?,
asking all wlio are willing to lend their aid in the
formation of a tcrmiiuen: organization to be pres
ent at n general meeting, time and place desig
nated. Third. When the ladies are assembled, the Chair
man of the Conference Committee will cadi the
meeting to order, and Mate in a few words the ob
jects for which they have come together. A Secre
tary should be selected to keep the minutes of the
meeting. Some lady present should tlicn oiler a
resolution for organization, something like the
Resolved, That the ladies here present, who may
leave their names with the Secretary, shall consti
tute a Woman's Auxiliary to Post, Xo. ,
3. A. It.
Upon the adoption of this resolution the chair
man may declare the Society duly organized and
ready to turn over to the ladies, and shall report
the same at the next meeting of the Post.
Fourth. At a subsequent meeting, the Woman's
Auxiliary, after adopting a Constitution' and Hy
Laws, shall proceed to the election of officers, care
fully selecting those who shnli have the best qunli
Icatious for the discharge of their various duties.
This Society shall be called Post Woman's
Auxiliary, of .
The object of tliis Society shall be the perfection
and furtherance of benevolent and patriotic work,
especially as it relates to soldiers and soldiers fami
lies. It shall at all times be in communication with
the Post, and shall stand ready for conference and
suggestion whenever called uikki for Mich piirjwse.
Its special work shall be lo look after the widows
ind orphans of soldiers and to aid the l'o.-t in de
rising ways and means to augment and perpetuate
i relief fund, which shall furnish the source of
sharitics for both organizations.
Any lady may become a member of this Society
by a vote of two-thirds of those present, her name
having lcen presented by a member at a previous
meeting. Each member shall pay an annual mem
bership fee of $1. and enroll her name in a- look
provided for that purjtose, which shall be the pledge
tf her readiness to w ork as prescribed by the Con
jrtitution. ARTICLE IV.
The officers of this Society shall be a President,
Vice-President. Secretarv "and Treasurer, to be
chosen by ballot at the annual meeting, to serve
one year, or until their successors arc appointed.
Section I. The President, or in her absence the
Viee-l'res'idcnt or some one chosen by the meeting,
fthall preside at all meetings of the organization,
and it shall be her duty generally to look after and
superintend the interests of the 'organization as its
chief executive officer.
Sec. 2. The Secretary shall keep the minutes of
the organization duly recorded in a book provided
for that purpose. She shall notify all officers of
their election and committees of their appointment,
and sliall serve a notice upon each new member
elected, asking her to fill out the qualifications of
membership before the next meeting. She shall
serve as the organ of the Society in its conference
with the pubiio. ttici the ooYrespondenee that
may come up. and in her annual report give a eom
pletcoutlincof the work done throughout the year.
This, with the Treasurer's report, the Secretary
ehnll forward to the Post for their inspection and
Sect. The Treasurer shall draw each month
from the Po't relief fund such amounts as may
have been appropriated by the Post for the use of
the Woman's Auxiliary. She shall disburse the
money thus received under the direction of the So
ciety, paying only such bills sis have ljccn audited
by the President or the members of committees
duly instructed to supply and purchase. She shall
make a written report monthly to the Society, and
prior to the annual meeting submit her books, with
bills and vouchers, for the inspection of an audit
ing committee, consisting of three iucmlcrsof the
Society appointed for such purpose. At the expi
ration of the year she sliall furnish a copy of her
minimi report to the Secretary to be forwarded to
the Post. No money received from the relief fund
can be appropriated to defray the incidental ex
penses of the Society.
This Constitution may !; altered or amended by
B vote of two-thirds of tle organization jtresent at
mi aumsal meeting, jrovidiiig such alteration or
unendmenl has been first submitted in writing one
aaonlh previously to being acted upon.
Section 3. The Society shall hold its monthly
meeting at Uie G-. A. 1L rooms, on the second Tues
day of each month, at 8 o'clock p. in., and its annual
meeting on the second Tuesday of March.
Sec 2. Special meetings may be called at the
request of any twelve members, or whenever the
President may direct.
The order of business for the meetings sliall be as
1. Heading and appro vingof the ininutcsof upre
2. Report of Treasurer.
3. Heport of committees.
4. Miscellaneous business.
The President, by order of the Society, may ap
point th following standing committees":
L Visiliijf: and Siijjply Committee.
2. Exeeultve t 'omuiittee,
3. Home and Employment Committee.
It shall be the duty of Hie Executive Committee
to devise nntliods for obtaining funds and to aid in
oarryiMjf into execution all such methods as are ap
MXved by the Society. The Executive Committee
shall receive .ail metnlershp fees, and assessments
that joey le ordered, which f.hall ! used to defray
the ineMVn'.al expend' of the Society, turning over
the lhuicc to lb? Treasurer. The chairman shall
prenervea record of all work done, reorting the
tame to the fcjocieiy in written form.
Itthati ' tlie duty of the Visiting and Supply
Committee to find out ail families mid icrsons in
need of aid ani administer to their necessities. No
mvminer thai! supply more than ,ne family, which
she shall vi-t weekly. She sh;.il pureliUM- supplies
as they may I needed, forwarding her bills, prop
erty mdorMsd. to the Treasurer promptly each
month. The ciutintutu sltali be the directing officer
of Uieeommilto towhoui caeh moii.brr shall make
h report -f.'.!i i.ionth in writing. The cliairman
shall prcM-nt a detailed report at eacli monthly
awctitig f the. Society.
The duile of the Home and Employment Com
mitlec abali In- to seeurc tlie admission of soldiers'
orph&nkto the home provided f.r them by Uie Stole,
and to provide for the nick and lri'ndhss at uch
howpitaUor iudrnairics as mav Ik- within rea h of
who nr l
wr'r: ... ,-
.;. to secure employment for thoae
-i !. 1 ae chairman will also present
i to tlie iSoeiety.
t r would eatxestly commend to
fhat would orj'miz a strong,
'to- -r.ike Auxiliary to c&Jl in
ivi-i al woman who will re-
. :t M. iuUi-j'inleut of her
::. ".!! tlie soldiers of the
. t ' way to r 'cognize indi-
.:..: 1st the waru support of
.is tac giKd wark. Jet there
. is in wj::!:!i'.'s work, which
.' i.raud, conned ing mediant be-
. .--.d Army and the rt-at -hearted
. '".ich is bo quick to rospond to
,...! in behalf of the boys who
Kate B. Sherwood,
Treat Forsyth Post Woman'i AariHry.
A Starjr V,1tk x hurfnew Xootl.
Be the Editor NAXioyxt Tfjuuxb:
Some months av I iu:ert(i an adverlisconenL la
Tiat National Tiubtxb asking for the address of
a wrtaio oflSccr. X received my aunrets promptly
miil.fwmd the num. 1 wanted. One of my comrades
came to sec me on Sunday last, and, nfter telling
me that he was an applicant for n pension, asked
me how be could obtain the addresses of his offi
cers. I advised him to advertise in TitR Titir.UNR
as the sure way to find what he wanted, and in
closed you Mill 'find his advertisment.
Yours, in P., C. and I,., Caleb Wood.
South Xorwalk, Conn., March 7.
How to Organize a 0. A. It. Post.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Your editorial entitled "Tho Advance of tho
Grand Army," prompt mo to furnish a copy
of tho following "instructions" which have
been useful in organizing new Posts:
Inclosed find blank application for Pot of the G.
A. H. Oct no less than ten signers and as many
more as you wish. When the comrades sign, col
lect the membership fee, (our Pot began with St.)
When you have ten or more names, send to me, in
closing $10 for charter. When received, 1 -will for
ward to the Assistant Adjutant General of this De
partment, who will, in n few days, return the same
with the order for muster-in. As soon as you send
application to me, call a meeting of your comrades
and hold a preliminary election for officers of the
Post. Select the best man in your Post for Post
Commander. He may tell you he does not want
the position, or he cannot serve, &c. Put him in,
and, my word for it, he will appreciate the honor,
l'or Officer of the Day, select a comrade of good
address and military "spirit. Tho Adjutant is up
pointed by the Commander, whom it will be for tho
best interest of tlie Post for tho Commander to se
lect as soon as he is elected, that he may have the
opportunity of securing a comrade who is piompt,
attentive ami a good penman. The ljuurtcriuasicr
collects the dues and keeps the book--; u comrade
who can fill such a position acceptably should Ihj
selected. After the above four positions have been
provided for, tho: elect Senior Vice Commander,
Junior Vice Commander, Surgeon, Chaplain, and
Officer of the Guard. The Sergeant Major is ap
pointed by the Adjutant, and the Quartermaster
Sergeant is appointed by the Quartermaster.
Alter your officers have all been selected, then
decide upon a name for your Post. No two Posts
in one Department can have the same name; there
fore, if you select some local name (of a dead com
rade I you will have no trouble in this particular.
You will want a committee on constitution and by
laws, (we inclose a copy of our Post's! ; a committee'
on hall and furniture; to select night for meeting,
anil decide upon amount of Quartermaster's bond.
The piogrammc on muster-in night should bo:
1. Jtoll call.
2. Collection of membership fee, (if not already
f lone. I
4. Election of officers.
5. Select name of Post.
C. Installation of officers.
7. Open IV-1 muster ami closing Post.
S. Committee on constitution and by-laws.
9. Committee on hull anil furniture.
10. Select night for regular meeting.
U. Quartermaster's bond.
A Post should be started right; if it isnot.itwero
better nothing had been done towards it. Degin
with the best and most iniluenlial comrades. When
they are secured, success is assured. The rest will
certainly follow, no matter what their position in
the army. Cuas. 11. Mykruokk.
TJint Treacherous Tugboat Oaco More.
To the Editor National Trihuni::
With reluctance I replv to the corresMndencc
of "One of the Old Ninth," not with intention to
criticise; neither was criticism my aim when 1 first
asked the name of the tugboat and its captain at
the time she deserted the Monticcllo when the lat
ter was at the mercies of the rebel guns and tho
waves of the Atlantic. In regard to the commander
of the expedition, 1 remember now that Striugham
was senior officer of the licet, but still 1 am under
the impression that Goldsbiwoiigh was commodore
of the North Atlantic Squadron. I never st.it-d
that the forts displayed the Stars and Stripes, but
wrote thus: "That as no tlag was displayed by the
forts, the commodore considered it as a token of
surrender, and, therefore, ordered the .Monticcllo
inside to communicate with the foils, and the mys
terious or rather treacherous tugboat w:is sent with
us for our assistance in case we should run ashore."
1 must doubt " One of the Old Ninth," until better
informed, that a military man had charge; of this
tugboat, for all the men I saw on board wore citi
zens' clothes; nor would I dare Jo brand a man
with cowardice who wore the blue ami swore al
legiance to our flag. "The Old Ninth" does not
rememljcr the Monticcllo, neither do I remember
"The Old Ninth," but 1 have no doubt whatever
that hewatiKre; and, as the Monticcllo bore the
most conspicuous part in the action, he should, by
all means, remember her. As for the Harriet l.ane,
she never went nrhorc to my knowledge, nor
threw a gun overboard, until General Magruder
took her oif guns and all to serve on tlie other
side. Such are the plain facts, as far as I can recall
them; hut I mny reasonably conjecture that John
F. Maekey, U. S. N., whose eyes these lines may
meet, could answer mv question, and also assure
"One of the Old Ninth" of the presence of the
Monticcllo and its hero. Captain limine.
Wiiitk Lake, N. Y". Charles Winters.
The 2I.irrh of the Third Corps.
To the Editor National Tribune:
How far ia it from Ccntreville to Culpcpcr Court
House, Va.? How far from Fredericksburg to
Gettysburg by the route marched by the Third
Corps? Please answer in Tribune, and oblige,
Yours, truiv, A. M. Sarvey,
Sligo, Pa., Feb. 23. Co. IS. 57th Pa. Vols.
In reply to Comrade Sarvey's letter, wc give
tho niiiioli r the Third Corps, Major-General
Daniel E. Sickles, from the Jtappahuunock to
Gettysburg. The distance from (JulpeperCourt
House to Ccntreville is forty-one miles. -
June 11. Marched from IJoscobcl, near Fal
mouth, to Hnrtwood Church, Ya.
12. Hartwood Church to liealton, Va....
1-1. Iteaitou to Manassas Junction, Ya...
17. Manassas Junction to Ccntreville,
19. Ccntreville to Gem Springs, Va
25. Gem Springs to Mouth of the Mon-
20. Mouth of the Monocacy to Point of
27. Point of Pocks to Middlctown, Mil..
28. Middlctown to near Woodsboro, Md.
29. AYoudtboro to Tancytown, Pa
jy. Janeytown to Jsrulgcporl, Pa
l. iiriugcport to the Juelu of Gcltys-
General Carroll's Urigade, at fictlysburg.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Will you please inform me, through your val
uable paper, what regiments composed General
Carroll's brigade at the battle of Gettysburg?
And oblige, yours, F. 31. 13.
Wedron, La Salle Co., III., Feb. 27.
Tlie First brigade. Third division, Second
Army Corps, commanded by Colonel Samuel S.
Carroll, v;ts composed of the following regi
ments: Fourth Ohio, Eighth Ohio, Fourteenth
Indiana, and Seventh Virginia. Ed.
Yi'hat a .Soldier Sever Towis.
" I noticed in a recent issue of The Teijiun:: a
letter from a fcoldier in regard to a lady nnrse who
attended him while in the hospital during the war.
It reminds me of an experience of mine. On the
I Ulh of September, 10:!, I was captured by tlie
rebels and taken to Libby, thence to Danville,
Andersonville and Florence. From Florence I
managed to make my escape, but after wandering
about for two weeks I was recaptured. On my re
turn to the prison I fell a victim to the well-known
prison fever, but was afterwards exchanged at Wil
mington. As soon as 1 got nhourd the boat, on my
way to Annapolis. I again fell ill and became un
conscious, remaining in that condition for some
three weeks. When I at last recovered my senses, 1
found myself in a ward of St. John's College Hos
pital at Annapolis, where I was wired for as ten
derly as if 1 laid been a baby by my nurse, Miss
Harriet Pinkham. She was from the State of
Maine. God blest ?Jiss Harriet Pinkham, 1 say."
W. W. Hciislcy, Longton, Kan.
A 3Iotliers Offprint? at the Altar of Patriotism.
"Inclosed please find the subscriptions of myself
aiTd son-in-law an ex-soldier to Pun TriuVne.
I am a widow sixty-nine years of age. 1 gave three
brave bov to preserve the 1'nion. One of them
fell in the first day's buttle of Gettysburg. His last
words were 'slick to tlie Hag, boys.' Another died
two months after his return from disease contracted
in the army. The third isstill living, but has never
enioyed good health hincc his return." Julia M.
Trent, ltoudout, N. Y.
Tucnty-tlirco Hound of Fixed Ammunition.
"Inclosed please lhid twenty-three rounds of
fixed ammunition. Just two weeks ago I asked
for some sample copies of The Triiii'm-:, and this
is the result. How do you like it? You say you
want 100.0JO subscribers. Why don't you make it
2O.i,iaj0? I believe it can le done; at leiist 1 shall
endeavor to do my best, even if 1 am a 'Govern
ment painK'r. ("omrades, let us drop every paper
tliat opposes our rights and rally round Toe Na
tional TumuKE. Jx't us stand by those who stood
by us from lhfil to '65, and who still stand bv us. I
intend to have every old velernn here enrolled as a
eub-criber. Look out for more ammunition soon."
Robert Anderson, Maple Itnpids, Clinton county,
UecU Sight Object.
"Instead of posting the names of our pensioners
indiscriminately, let Conreta enact a law giving a
certain sum to any person who will furnibh the
neivs-Ary evidence to convict any ex oldier who
has fraudulently obtained a pension, but at the
same tune requiring him to yivn bondu to pay
damages in case the evidr nee fails to sustain lus
eharKea." G. W. Pease, Wahpeton, Dakota.
A Brecse From the Brine.
"Ship ahoy! 1 send you a hundred-pound rifle
shot. Keep a sharp lookout for more. Hon't let
Uie enemy crosa your haws, but in tinx he dues, let
him have a thot from your pivot jrun on the etar
board quarter. Split bis rudder in two, and dis
able him, as we did the pirate Florida at tinn Sal
vador Dtiy." Joseph M. DeTelln, late of TJ. S. loop
of war Wachusetta, Wallaoe, Kan.
If She Had Only Heun a Jinn.
"IsmnolH soldier's daughter, but; several of ray
uncles participated in tlie Wr, and wore wounded
in the service of their country. One of them takes
Till! Trisoxb, and it delight" mo, to see how the
boys in blue send their shots screaming nfter Sen
ator Heck. 1 think tar and feathers would !e too
good for a man who talks as though our brave sol
soldiers were robbers and villains of the darkest
dye. I wonder how he likes Tin: Tribune which
the boys sent him. Does he read it like a martyr,
or tear it to shreds? Oh, if I had only been a man
when the Avar broke out, how quickly and with
what pleasure would I have gone to the help of my
country in the hour of her peril." Lulu Anderson,
Star Prairie. Wis.
CALLING A HALT
On the XciTSpipers anil Politicians that Abuse the
" I took the New York IJrd for six years, but
I could not stand being called a fraud and I shall
never be induced to take such a paper again. 1 am
glad to see. our old soldiers falling into line. -
Cripple, Ludlow, M. .
" It is no more than right and just thnt nt the
brink of the grave and in the decline of life our ex
soldiers should be remembered by our law makers,
and that something should be done to give them
relief." J. O. Wren, Hardolph, 111.
"Inasmuch as ever soldier who tries to obtain
n pension by fraud is liable to punishment under
the law, it seems to me that a law should be passed
to punish all who make false charges against the
soldier." Peter W. Shnbe, Uossardsville, Pa.
"I hope every ex-soldier will take Tins Tihiiunk,
not simply because it is the friend of the soldier, but
because it supports the principles for which ho
fought. In fact, every lover of his Government
ought to support it." F. J. Grillith, Chase, Kan.
" I want to see all deserving men obtain pen
sions, which is ju-t and right, and I will not rend
any paper that .slanders them. Let Tun Tiuisi;nk
stick to the soldiers and thev will slick toTnu
Triiu-ne." E. M. Town-send, Gilbertsville, N. Y.
" 11 appears that some of those who sympathized
with the South during the late war are still hostile
to the Union soldier. The fact calls to mind the
words of Jesus Father, forgive them, for they
know not what they do.' " W. F. Curtis, Morrison,
"Your valuable paper has visited my home
weekly for one year, and my only regret is that I
did not receive a copy sooner, for the first paper
convinced me that it was just what every soldier
should have. 1 bid you Godspeed, for 1 feel that
vim are the right man in the right place.' John D.
Hall, Kendallville, Ind.
"If the ln ion army had not been composed of
better stuff than the 'editors who are now abusing
the soldier are made of, the Government to-day
would be in the hands of rebels. If the lit of pen
sions is ever published it ought to contain the num
ler of battles in which the pensioner participated."
J. Mcl-ain, Grand I'apids, Ohio.
"A ueighlKirof mine an old soldier lent me two
or three numbers of Tin; Tuir.fNK, and 1 soon
found that it was the very paper that I had been
wanting for several years. I took the New York
.Siui for live or six years, but made up my mind
several months ago that I would drop it on account
of its hostility to the soldier." John A. Fike. Ne
" 1 have been a subscriber to three of the news
papers which have been slurring our ex-soldiers,
immeiy, the St. Paul Pioneer 7V.v, Chicago Xrics,
and Nw York Tribune, but 1 have stoppv'd taking
them because they did so. Would it not be a good
idea to nnblish a list of tho newspapers, as also of
the Senators and Kepresentatives, that abuse the
soldier?" J. W. Hoot, Windoni, Minn.
"I would say to the old soldier who was advised
by his wife to make Tin: Tkiiivnk his Hihlc. don't
do it. If he is a pensioner he will have occasion to
refer often to the book of Job, in order to bear with
patience the sneers of those who stayed at home, or
had important business on our northern frontier,
while our ex-soldiers were lighting." A Soldier's
Wife, Exeter, Me.
"What we want is men like Logan at the head of
the Nation. Hut for such statesmen as he, what
would the country be to-day ,-and what would be
come of the thousands of brave men who fought
its battles? I am glad to hear that our veterans
take such interest in Tin: TitinrNK. 1 hope its cir
culation will oon reach HM.OOO." W. A. Fulfc,
"How many of the editors who are now raising
the hue and cry against our pensioners served in
tlie I'nion army; It seems to me that every ex
soldier should brand them as cowards, stop talcing
1 he papers in which their slanders are published,
and come out s.piarely for the soldier's common-sense
paper Tin: National Triisvni:.
is reliable, pati'ioticaud loyal."' William II. Lester,
"I have just written to the editor of the Vermont
jFVirjiiir asking him not to insult me l.y sending me
any more of his papers. Here is an extract from a
recent issue: Millions ol dollars have been spent
in shameless river and harbor bills and pension
bills that use nj hundreds of million- of dollars in
giving jMMisions to men who have not the shadow
of a ju-t claim to the money.' " Subscriber, Waits
"Every Grand Army eomrada should use his
whole intluenee to counteract the effect of the slan
ders which such pnM.kranj the l!otou Herald, New
York Tribune. Illinois Stnle liranyc Aries, Cape Ann
(Mns.l ItuUeliii, New York Truth, Are., are publish
ing against our pensioners. We should make it hot
for them. 1 hope every ex-soldier will take Tun
National Trirrni:, and I shall do all 1 can to sup
port it." John A. Peek ham, Portville, N. Y.
"I was a member of the Twentieth Maine, was
wounded at Little Hound Top nt Gettysburg, and
now draw six dollars a inoulJi uooount of that
wound. 1 should be proud to have my name posted
nt every corner in town, with the amount of pen
sion that I receive, if it would relieve Senator
Heck's mind, but only on condition that the name
of every Northern copperhead should be posted in
just as conspicuous a place." L. li. iieald. East
"I have been a elo.se observer since the close of
the war. but I have been unable to detect one in
stance of a pension being obtained through fraud.
Those who are so bitterly opposed to our pension
ers obtaining whnt is justiy due them would have
been properly served had General I.ec's army bt- ji
turned loose niton them,. ind that might very ea-iiy
have happened if our veterans had not fought like
tigers at the battle of Gettysburg. 1 fail to the
justice of branding n man as a rasi-al simply because
lie seeks to obtain what, under the law, he is justly
entitled to." W. W. Voorhees, I'eaman, Iowa.
"Should Senator Heck's proposition to publish,,
the names o! all pensioners in the newspapers lie
adopted, there should be appended a statement
giving the length of their service in the army, the
number of battles in jvhieli they participated, the
length of lime that they were confined in hospitals
or southern prion pens, the promises which were
made to them by the Government, the names of
the Senators and Hepresontntives who voted for
these subsidies, as weH as of those who voted
themselves bai k pay, and the name of the President
who Hgucd the bills, Sic, &c." Win. 'Wallace,
" I want to say to the editors of the newspapers
which are raising this hue and cry against our pen
sioners that they will not have our old soldiers
alone to light, but their wives and daughters also.
Not long ago 1 had a conversation i ith a venerable
lady who lost her son (lining the war. She told
me, with tear-dimmed eye.-,t of the sorrowfulness
of their parting and what a kind and loving son he
had been to her, and she said she was looking for
ward to a happy meeting beyond this vale of tears.
I could not help thinking that none made greater
sacrifices during the war than the patriotic mothers
of our country." Mrs. S. II. Stiekney, Newport,
Are Ihi'.ig Clustered
" Inclosed plense find 2 for two new subscribers,
making fourteen that I have sent you during the
last two weeks. I have started out to get twenty
new names at least." E. if. Mitchell, Sidney,
"1 send you seven new Hiiltscribcrs. Tin: Trih
uni: is the advance picket of the cripple that has so
long been neglected, anil our boys in blue gener
crally. May suacess attend you." Volney Traak,
"inclosed please find S2 for two new subscribers
to Tin; Triisunu. I regard Tin; Triiium as inval
uable to our ex-soldiers. I wils in the service
nearly four years as a member of the Eighth Wis
consin battery." Franklin Ensign, Itedwood Falls,
" Inclosed please find $3 for five new subscribers,
making eight that 1 have sent you in the hist two
weeks. 1 shall keep up the lire all along the line,
and try to send as many recruits to headquarters as
possible." William Kogcrs, Hartford, Conn.
" Inclosed please find S7 for seven new subscrib
ers, making eighteen that 1 have sent you within
the last two weeks. The paper is liked very much
by those who have subscribed, and 1 think 1 shall
be able to send you home more names." E. S.
Farnsworth, Newtonville, Mass.
" Inclosed please (Ind $2 for two new subscribers,
making four in all that I have sent you. While on
guard, I fouu two old comrades without tho
countersign, namely. Tin: National Triui ni:, and
1 am going to bring in every straggler that 1 can
find." Adam Sumerer, Thornton, Mich.
"Inclosed please find $.1 for three new subscribers.
After reading tho sample copies which you sent
them, the boys thought they could not march
without full rations of hard-tack and sow-belly; so
give it to them, if there are supplies enough in
your commissary." John Wheeling, Dry Creek,
"I have the honor to report four new recruits,
making twelve in all that 1 have sent you. Long
live The Tribune, that it may bo able to fully ac
complish its noble mission, the full triumph of
truth and justice, is tlie earnest wish of your sub
scriber and comrade." It. C. Swan, Linaria, Tenn.
" Inclosed please find $1 for one new subscriber
to Tub Taiur.Mc It beats all the other pa
pers In the world f..r the soldier or the soldier's
friend. I look for it as 1 would a letter from my
mother or slater, and when it comes 1 lay all my
books and papers aside until I have read il through
from ono end to the other." T. J. Parker, Hcnson,
"inclosed please find S2 for two new subscribers,
making thbUon in all that 1 have sent yon. The
number looks small compared with clubs that some
of the boys have sent you, but, nevertheless, lam
working hard. The soldiers all like Tin: TiniiONit,
mull think it get better with every number." C.
L. Kuseell, Nowburgh, N. Y.
Cheap at That.
"The editorials are alono worth the price of the
paper." Calvin 0. Diffenbacber, Ogdensburg,
Dp DYS IN DIXIE,
Experiences in Southern Prison-Pens.
A Sketch of Cahawba.
Something Abojtt Cahanlia Prison.
To tho Editor National Trihunr :
In your issue of the 1st inst. Francis Wright, of
Adrian, Michigan, calls for a "good description of
Cahawbn Prison." I nin not certain that 1 car. fill
the bill, but 1 can describe the prison as I remeni-
J b . ; j ,iv,,d ,hero (l ,'h ..j,
sJx ,01Jf weH:s jn th(J s,Anmer of Iw,
OI1(, f twciVe nurses who were sent there
uij ti 111
battle-ground of Tupelo, Miss., through some mis
take of one of General Forrest's officers, and our
sojourn only lasted until tho mistake could be cor
rected, which thanks to the kindness of the ollicer
in command of the prison his name was cither
Fitzgerald or Fit.patriek, I have forgotten which
diil not take longer than was necessary. Tho
prison was a "cotiai shed," standing on tho south
west bank of the Alabama Hiver, about thirty feet
back from a perpendicular bank or ledge twenty
live feet high, reaching to the water's edge. A
stockade of timber started from the northeast cor
ner of the cotton shed, extending to the margin of
this ledge; thence down along its brink, nearly to
the south end of the shed; thence neros3 a little
gully, joining the wall of the cotton shed, about
fifty feet from its south end, forming a yard about
thirty by three hundred feet. This seems to have
been" built for the convenience of the guards. At
the front or north end a small room had been built
in which the "relief" stayed when off duty. Tho
prison proper was about one hundred and fifty by
three humlicd and fifty feet. Its wall was of brick,
about twenty feet high. The north end, for a dis
tance of fifty feet inside, was covered with a roof.
A roof alMjut twenty-live feet wide also extended
along the east side. The south and west walls
were bare. On the outside of these two walls was
a walk for the guards about three feet down from
the top. Inside, on the ground, about ten feet
from these ;wo walls, was the "dead-line," which
it was instant death to cross. It was marked by
posts set fifty feet apart. Guards were stationed
along the north and part of the ea.-t wall, and
would not allow a crowd to collect near them. At
the northeast corner of the prison was built a
room, which, as I remember it. was thirty by one
hundred feet. This was of boards, built up to the
roof. Tiers of bunks were built on the sides and
through the centre, crtciiding from ground to roof.
In this room all the pri-oncra were confined at
night as soon as it was- dark. Guards walked
through the alleys. About one thousand feet west
of the north end of this sin d was a large artesian
well. A six-inch pipe was laid from that, under
ground, to a point near the centre of the prison,
where it discharged into a sewer, whieh was open
for about fifty feet, running diagonally to the ea.-t.
The last thirty feet of this sewer w.is arched over,
and had a heavy iron grate where the open ami
closed part joined. The water in the open p:rt
of this sewer was about onennd one-half feet deep,
and came nearly up to the level of the ground.
This sewer was built of brick, and the ground was
paved with brick for several feet each side of both
the. open and closed p-irt. Immediately over the
place where the closed part went under the east
wall of the prison a hole had been cut in the wall
and a door put in. On the outside and within the
stockade anil in the gully spoki n of above a one
stoiy shed-roof building, six by twenty-four fvet,
had been built for the convenience of the prisoners.
Outside the v.:. 11 of this building this sewer took
the form of a wt box, two by four feet, and ex
tended through the south wall of the stockade.
The boys conceived the idea of makingtheir oicapo
through this sewer. So sonic old Sin or sheet -iron
cooking utensils were cut up into strips about an
inch wide. Then, just h-fore dark, a erowil would
collect about the door of this out-house, and while
Mtme were shouting and singing as loud as they
could others would get up a mock quarrel, or do
anything they could to make a no' -'e, while a few
skilled workmen would be removing the bricks
in the .rch over the closed part of the sewer near
the grating, and by the use of the tin strips making
a soit of movable basket us a cover to a hole large
enough to let a man through. It took us just six
days to complete the job. Then, while a erowil
was round, the .six men who ouM swim, chosen
by lot, would pass put through this sewer one after
another; then the. hole in tho sewer voiiltUhc
closed up, but the noise "would be continued id?5?.!!
hour. The first loSUvou'd go out just at dark ; then
again at about one a. m. another crowd would, col
lect round the door, and six more would go out.
In this way about 'one hundred got out before any
wore recaptured. Then the watch became so vigi
lant that wc dare not send any more out. As 1 left
the pri.-on soon after, I never learned what became
of the "sewer path." Perhaps Mr. Wright can
tell ; for if lie was blown up on the Sultanua, he
must have been in Cahawba after 1 was.
II. II. Aniirrws,
' Late Co. 15, lth Iowa.
How Wirz's Bloodhound uas Poisoned.
"You asked me to give the details of the poison
ing of thai dog at Andersonville. The facts are
these: l&irly in .liine. l.vt, 1 was taken sick with
typhoid fevi r and removed to the hospital, where
1 n maiie-d about tbreemonths, and made a narrow
escape fii-m death. When 1 became convalescent
1 was detailed as assistant hospital steward, ami
served quite a longtime. I was then assigned to
the duty of gutting out the medicine at the drug
store, and; was provided with a,, pass which per
mitted me to leave the stockade at' any time dining
the day. I was in the habit of going over to the.
depot, and in that event to visit three boys of com
pany H. of my regiment, one of whom, a Mr. Judd,
had had his thumb shot oft' at Fair Oaks. They
were on a detail in the commissary department.
While visiting them one day, 1 slipped over and
gave a piece of sponge to the dog, as previously
slated. 1 did not dare to mention the fact to any
body while 1 was at Andersonville; for one could
hardly trust hi.-i best friend there. I heard a rebel
sergeant say the next day that it was a d d Yan
kee that had done it, and that he would give $1(X)
to find out who it was. The sergeant's name was
Smith ('rooked Neck Smith, we used to tall him.
1 wonder if he would give as much now? It was
joy intention to give the rest of the dogs a similar
do.e. but 1 was afraid of being caught. Detection
would have meant death to me, beyond a doubt.
Hut fortho.se dogs 1 would not have staid in that
pri.-on hell as long as n. whole year, as I did. 1
always believed I could out-general the rebs but
for the dogs." lehabod Preston, Eau Claire, Wis.
That Anilersoavillo Spring (luce 3Iorc.
To the Editor National TninrNi::
InTunTmiu'NEof March St h. Lieutenant Thco.
C. Davis, of the Thiily-eight Illinois, stalls off on
a skirmish with Comrade H. P. Black, in tho man
ner following: "He must either le trying to make
people believe thnt the spring was a provi
dential affair solely for the benefit of the prison
ers, or else his memory must be badly at fault."
Tho Lieutenant locates the spring on tho south
side of the creek, and one bundled feet from the
stockade! Instead of being south of the creek the
spring was north of the creek. Instead of being
one hundred feet from the dead-line it was at tho
west dead-linn. Its fountain was between the dead
line and stockade. Gkokui: Scott,
Sergeant lld New York.
Fort Adams, March S, is,-!.'.
Seven Months in Liliby anil Aiiilersoiivllle.
"I spent .seven months in Libby and Anderson
ville. At the latter place our rations consisted of
one. pint of meal tho cob being ground up with
tho corn every twenty-four hours. At the time of
my capture 1 weighed l.'S pounds. When I was
released my weight was only sixty-eight pounds. I
suffered from scurvy, rheumatism and other dis
eases while in prison, and never recovered from the
effects. 1 was shot at twice for getting too close to
the dead-line, and 1 once counted 200 dead bodies,
the mortality of a single day. They were thrown
into a wagon and carted oil' like so many sticks of
wood. I also had a taste of the stocks, and on one
occasion I was bucked and gagged for refusing to
give information concerning a tunnel that my com
rades were constructing." Georgo D. Hunter,
Where Heltel Prisoners wro Fattened Up.
" During the war 1 went to Chic ago on the same
train with thirty-live rebel prisoners who were on
their way to Camp Douglass. They were the most
wretched and ragged looking beings that I ever
saw. Ilatless and shoeless, some of them wore
coll'cc sacks in place of coats-, with holes cut in them
to put their hand through. They were marched
into their quarters at Camp Douglass with orders to
wash and prepare to eat, and then basket after
basket of food was taken into them. How long
they remained there I do not now recollect, but
when they were exchanged I went to the station to
see them oft". You would not have supposed that
they were the same, soldiers. They were then well
dressed, clean, and shaved." Surah A. Smith, 111.
Kctalialion- as to PIc.
" After being confined as n prisoner of war for ten
months in Andersonvillo and Florence, I was pa
roled March 1, Djtio, and on the expiration of my
thirty days' furlough reported nt Camp Chase,
Ohio, where about three thousand rebel prisoners
were confined in one corner of the camp. A notice
headed ' Kctaliation' was Stuck up in their barracks,
slating that the rebel prisoners would receive tho
same kind of rations that wo received while con
fined in AndersouvMlc. Hut to tell Uie truth both
the rebel prisoners at Capip Chase anil the Union
soldiers Maiioned there received exactly the same
treatment. They did not get any pie for dinner,
nor did we, and thntls the way our Government
retaliated." George Hanner, Perkinsville, Ind.
.... . ..,., ...
Docs Any l'x-Prison?r Keinpiulicr Hlra ?
A soldier's wife, who uigus herself M. E. H., Ba
den, Heaver "county, JJa.aitd who bus recently had
the misfortune to lose ionr of her children by diph
theria, writes us : " 1 noticed in the lust issue of The
Tribcne a soldier's description of his sullerings nt
Salisbury prison, N.O. A brot her of mine was con
fined at Salisbury, and died there on tho 7th of
December, lhftl. His name was Hiram Llendrixon,
and he was a member of company I, One Hundred
and Ninety-first regiment Pennsylvania Reserves.
He was captured on the l'.ithof August, ISfVl. Do
any of his fellow soldiers remember him'; If so, I
should like to hear from them."
Where Tliero's n Will There's a Way.
"Inclosed please find ft for four now subscribers
to Tin: Tiuiiunk, making twenty-six in all that I
have sent you. 1 realize llmt I have done but littlo,
but 1 think if everv subscriber to Tin: Triiiunb
would make it a business to speak to his neighbor,
whether that neighbor is a soldier or not, ho coitlu
obtain a few more readers for Tub Trirunk with
out inuuh inconvenience, and thus help on tho
good work. We miLst stnnd shoulder to shoulder
for the support of Tiik Triiiune." George Ure
nizer, Wooster Ohio. "
Is It Sergeant Buck's Hun i
"In voiir issue of Februnrv 22d, I read an article
entitled 'The Diary of a Confederate Soldier.' I
have a rebel gun, and on the breech is cut in plain
letters, 'M. Unci:.' The gun came from England,
having been taken from the arsenal at London, and
I think it is the identical musket which Sergeant
thick speaks of. Can you tell me where Sergeant
Buck is living?" II. If. Hallow, Juniaua, Neb.
Tho Heroism of Boy Soldiers.
Horace Bell in fas Angeles Porcijnne.
A ministering angel of the sanitary commission
related tlie following: She found a boy of tender
years shot t hrough the body and gasping for breath
on the batlb'-ti-ld. She raised his head to give
him a draught of water, which he refused, point
ing to an old man wounded and wearing the reltel
gray, and insisted that he should have the first
drink, the two having thus bec-iie friends even in
death. A surgeon was going his rounds, after the
garnering in of the harvest of the battie-lield, and
found a boy terribly wounded, yet suppressing all
cries or murmurs of pain. When spoken to by the
good doctor th- poor boy said in a" whisper, point
ing to a wounded comrade : " Don't, speak so loud,
Doctor, poor Jim is asleep." Alas! poor Jim, the
taps had .sounded the last time for him he, was
The Story or a Pension Claim.
From the Philadelphia Press.
Frederick I luUhagle, a German butcher, of 1005
North Twenty-third street, who served during the
war in the Seventy-second regiment, Pennsylvania
volunteers, and Henry Hufiuagle, of Nieetown.
who fought for his country w;th the Two Hundred
and Fourteenth regiment, are cousins, but have
not met for twenty-five years. Rei-ently both ap
plied for pensions. Frederick's claim w:is promptly
presented to the Hureau at Washington, and not
receiving any word in icply to it he applied to the
Pension Hureau in this city, when he was told that
S1W had lteen allowed him and paid to another
man. An investigation of the matter disclosed the
fact that the money had been paid to Henry.
Roth of the applicants were then summoned lo ap
pear before the United States surgeon, when it was
ascertained that both weie en'it!'d to a pension.
The error of p-iying the money to the wrong man
being the fault of the Government, no action will
betaken to recover the money, and the claim of
Frederick is being pushed to a speedy conclusion.
THE HUE AND CRY.
Echoes of the iteliel Yell in Northern Newspapers.
Perjury by Wholesale.
Detroit Post and Tribune.
"Tho frauds committed on the Government un
der the existing pension laws are said to be enorm
ous. Persons who received no injuries during the
war are on the pension roils. Re-married willows
of soldiers remain on the rolls. Perjurers by the
wholesale have swelled the list, and uulesj some
thing is done to limit the pension list to the proper
subjects of Government care the time is not far dis
tant when there will be a reaction from which tlie
worthy subjects of pensions will be the sufferers."
No (lOvernmont Can Stand It.
niitkind (Vt.) Herald.
"If this equalization act passes we shall then have
an ael of special Inanity to tho-c who were in rebel
prisons, and the door will In: again opened wide to
fraud. No government on eaith can stand the cud
less drain of debt thai wc shall impose on ourselves
and our children if we do not stop short in tins
bounty business. The Nation will be fly-blown by
a swarm of claim agents anil sucked to death by
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR.
The Leading Events
of the War
Evacuation of Rinjrgo'.d
Maroh 7. Evacuation of Ringgold Barracks,
Tex., by company A, :d IT. S. inf.
7. Ew.euation of Camp Verde,. Tex.,
by company A, 1st 17. S. inf.
12. Evacuation of Fort Mclnto-h, Tex.,
by companies F and I, ;M 17. S. inf.
13. Evacuation of Camp Wood, Tex.,
by company K, "d V. S. eav.
17. Evacuation of Camp Hudson, Tex.,
by company 10, 2d U. S. eav., and
companv F, Sth U. S. inf.
19. Evacuation of Port Clark. Tex., by
companies D, G, H and K, 3d U. S.
19. Evacuation of Fort Lancaster, Tex.,
by company K, 1st U. S. inf.
19. Evacuation of Kort Inge, Tex., by
company C, 2d lT. S. eav.
20. Evacuation of Fort Duncan, Tex., by
company H, :d U. S. inf.
20. Evacuation of Fort Hrown, Tex., by
company A, 3d U. S. inf.
March 13. Action nt Spring River, Ark., by de
tachments of Cth Missouri eav." and
2d Iowa eav.
13. Expedition to Heeeh Creek Bridge,
'J'eun., by detachment of 5th Ohio
1-1. Skirmish at Big C:eek Gap, Tenn., by
companies V, 1st and 2d Tennessee,
and company H, Itlth Indiana inf.
11. Battle of New Berne. N.C., by 2ht, 23d,
2tth,2otli and 27th Massachusetts,
4lh and oth Rhode Island, .Sth, IUlh
aiid 11th Connecticut, . list and 99th
New York, 1'tii New Jersey, and
Gist Pennsylvania inf. and 1st New
York, Jliiriiieait., and naval forces.
11. Capture of New Madrid, Mo., by 17.
S. forces enumerated March 3.
14-15. Expedition toward Rurnville, on the
M. c C. R. l;., by General Sherman's
division, and gunboats Tyler and
Lexington of the navy.
14-1C. Reconnaissance to Cedar Run, Va., by
57th New York inf., 3d Pennsylva
nia civ., MeClellan's dragoons, and
flih and Oth I". S. eav.
Skirmish near Maishu'd.Mo., by com
pany D, 7th Missouri eav.
April 8. Siege and capture of Island No. 10.
Mississippi River, anil pursuit of
the enemy to Tiptonville, Tenn., by
U. S. forces under Major-General
March 10. Skirmish near Pittsburg Landing,
Tenn., by company L, -1th Illinois
10. Action at Pound Gap, by detachment
of 23d Kentucky inf., McLaughlin's
squadron, Ohio eav., and detach
ments of 10th and 12d Ohio inf.,
under Colonel J. A. Garfield.
10. Skirmish near Marshall. Mo., by com
pany A, Bonneville militia.
IS. Skirmish at Middlctown, Va., by 7th
18-30. Operations in Johnson, St. Clair, and
Henry counties, Mo., by 1st Iowa
19. Skirmish near Lccsburgr, Mo., by de
tachment of 1st Iowa eav.
19. Skirnt'sh at Elk Mountain, W. Va.,
by detachment of 1st West Virginia
19. Skirmish nt Strasburg, Va., by com
pany II, 1st Ohio art. and Sth Ohio
5. Bombardment of Fort Pcmberton,
Greenwood, Miss., by U. S. gun
boats Chillicothe and De Kalb, and
troops of tho Thirteenth and Sev
enteenth Corps, under Generals
Ross and Quimby.
14. Bombardment of Port Hudson, La.,
by Karrngut's fleet and U. S. forces
under General Hanks.
14. Action at New Berne, N. 0., by TJ. S.
forces under General Foster.
16. Expedition up Steel's Bayou, by
troops of 2d division of Fifteenth
Corps and Porter's licet.
17. Skirmish at Hlackwater, Va., by 11th
17. Action at Kelly's Ford, Va.,bylst and
5th U. S.; 3d, 4th and 10th Penn
sylvania; 1st Rhode Island; Oth
Ohio, and 4th New York eav. ; Oth
Now York battery; under General
18. Skirmish at Brashcer City, La., by 1st
13. Skirmish nt Cnrrollon Stone, Va., by
1st New York mounted rifles and
' 1 1th Ponsylvania eav.
14. Skirmish at Check's Cross-Roads,
Tenn., by Colonel Garrard's brig
ade of eav.
li. Action at Fort De Russy, La., by de
tachments of Sixteenth and Seven
teenth Corps, under General A. J.
Smith, and Porter's fleet.
15. Skirmish at Clarendon, Ark., by 8th
17. Skirmish nt Manchester, Tenn., by
5th Tennessee eav.
18. Skirmish at Monticcllo, Ark., by 7th
13. Skirmish nt Calf Killer Creek, Tenn.,
by Sth Tennessee cuv.
13. Skirmish-at Fayettevllle, N. O., by
advance of Fourteenth and Seven
14. Occupation of Kingston, N. 0., by
Tv.-enty-tl ird Army Corps.
15. Skirmish at South AnniL-River, Va.,
by 3lh U. S. eav. and 5th cavalry.
division, uuaer ucuerai nucriuan.
15. Skinnish at Taylor Hole Creole, JN. C.,
by KJlpatrick's eav.
15. Skirmish at Ashland, Va., by 2d brig
ado, Sd division of Cavalry Corps,
Army of tho Potomac
10. Bnttlo at Avery'horo', N. 0.. by
Twentieth Corps and Kilpatrick'a
18. Skirmish at Boyd's Station, Ala., by
lOIat U. S. colored troops.
10. Battle of Eentonvillo, N. 0., by Four
teenth Corps, General Davis;
Twentieth Corps, General Williams;
Fifteenth Corps, General Logan;
Seventeenth Corps, General Blair,
and Kilpatrick's car. U. S. troops
- commanded by Genoral Sherman,
IS IT A DEjD LETTER?
How Section 1754 of tlie Revised
Statutes is Violated.
To the Editor National Tr.rnuNE :
In your article headed, "Section 175-i An
old soldier to bo turned out of office in viola
tion of law," after quoting the section of law
applicable to the case, you say, "If there is
another side to this case, the columns of Thp:
Ti:rmNE ara open to Congressman Cutts for a
Believing that Congressman (?) Cutts will
never reply to your article, I have procured
from Colonel Moore a copy of his letter to Mr.
Cutts, as also the hitter's reply, and send them
to you for publication.
Bloomfield, Iowa, March 5.
COLONEL MOORE TO ME. CUTTS.
Post Office, Bloomfikm), Iowa,
December 23, 1882.
Hon. M. E. Cutts, M. C, Washington, D. C.
Davis Sin: I have this day asked the Hon. Frank
Hatton (if consistent with his views of the public
service) to present my name to the President for re
appointment. My commission as postmaster expires
on the 23d of January, 1SS.
I have taken the liberty to refer to j-ou as know
ing something of my qualifications and reputation
as a man.
I would like to hold the oflice one more term.
The earnings of twenty-five years went away from
me in tho wintry winds that fanned the fire of mv
burning home, and rebel bullets crushed out the
strength of my young manhood.
The oflice would aid me to earn a living and save
something to keep a sunny heart in the old casket
when I can work no more.
I am, respectfully, yours,
S. A. Mooke.
MR. CUTTS TO COLONEL MOOKE.
IIorsK of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, January 6, 18S2.
Colonel S. A. Mooke, Bloomfield, Iowa.
DeaiiSms: On my return to Washington I found
your favor of tlie 2-sth ult. awaiting me.
Since writing you, some weeks since, I have re
ceived communications from several of the leading
Republicans of Bloomfield protesting against vour
rc-appointmcnt, and earnestly urging that A. II.
Fortune be appointed as postmaster at Bloomfield,
The reasons assigned are mostly of a political
character in fact, J believe, none ussiyn any other
I believe I promised to write you if any move
ment was started in opposition to your appoint
ment, and I write this in accordance with such
The gentlemen who have written mc in relation
to the matter, and who so strenuously insist on tlie
appointment of Mr. Fortune, are of such command
ing and controlling influence in every way, that I
feel, though reluctantly, compelled to be governed
by their views and wishes, and shall probably rec
ommend Mr. F. for the place at an early day.
Very respectfully, 2,1. E. Cutts.
The Statute Violated in Pennsylvania.
To the Editor National Tkiiicse:
Your comment on section 17.1 of the Revised
Statutes in your issue of March 1st, viz., that the
above section is more honored in the breach than
the observance, is true, and I think with you that
it is about time the soldiers entered an effective pro
test against its violation. But I don't suppose a
hint in the ear of the Civil Service Commission
would amount to anything. As an instance of the
violation of the above section 1 will give you the
following: A short time after Mr. Arthur assumed
the chair he sent the name of Mr. Frank Case to
the Senate for continuation as internal revenue
collector of the twenty-second district of Pennsyl
vania, office located in Pittsburg, and the tfrst
official act of Mr. Case was a direct violation of
the section 0751 . The violation consisted in the
di-charge of five soldiers who served three and
four years each. Three of them had been disabled
by gun-shot wounds in the service, and these men
were replaced by men who never served an hour
in the army or navy of the Government of the
United States. If section 17-1 was not violated in this
instance, then I don't know what a violation of the
section is. Fu:.st and Tjiikd Army Coups.
1'tTTsinjRO, March 3.
OPINIONS WORTH READING
What Our Cotcniporurios Have to Say of The Na
The Best in the Country for tho Soldier.
Holly (JrVci.) licgistcr.
The National Tribune, of Washington, D. C,
was enlarged last week from a forty-eight ton fifty
six column paper, and printed from its new Scott
web perfecting press. It now circulates in every
State and Territory in the Union, and has subscrib
ers in 11,000 post-offices. The paper is beautifully
printed on good paper and with new type, and de
voted to the veterans of the Republic and their
sons ; has choice reading matter, history of battles,
pivms, and stories, A;c. In fact, it is the best paper
in this country for the soldiers and every one. Do
not forget to send for it. The National Tribune
is the soldier's friend, and can be had one year,
fifty-two numbers, postpaid, for 61. The National
Tribune- is not a parti-an journal. It is a soldier's
paper, and the warm and true friend of all who
risked their lives in the Nation's defense. Those
familiar with its past history will concede tliat it
has had none but kind words for both Democrats
and Republicans who have proved themselves
friendly to the men who saved the Union, regard
less of politics or party names. And what The
Tribune has been in the past it will continue to be
in the future, viz: an out-spoken and uncompro
mising friend of the Union and of every man who
faithfully served it in time of need: a friend of the
widow and orphans made by the war; a friend of
all national progress, and the earnest and untiring
advocate of any and all measures introduced in
Congress which are calculated to secure the rights
and advance the interests of the men who " put
down the rebellion upon our own soil.asalsoof the
gallant remnants of those who made our banner
glorious on every field of conflict. Everybody
should send SI for this paper.
Ably and Fearlessly Conducted.
Lawrence (Mass.) Daily American.
While in Washington recently we were much
interested in a visit to the oiliee of The National
Tribune, of which paper we have before spoken;
this handsome eight page newspaper, largely de
voted to the interests of the veterans of the late
war, is meeting with extraordinary success, tlie
subscription lists as we atte-ted by personal in
spection increasing steadily at the rate of from
twelve hundred to fifteen hundred per week. Col
onel Lemon, the proprietor, has just procured a
17,500 Potter web press, u machine seemingly pos
sessed of almost human intelligence, anil whkh
prints The Tribune on both sides, cuts, pastes the
sheets together, folds and counts tlie jmpers at the
rate of 15,000 per hour. The Tribune is most ably
and fearlessly conducted, and ought to be in every
family in America from whose fireside one went
to the war against rebellion. With ample pecuni
ary ability there is no danger that The Tribune
will not confine, and it is in all respects worthy of
the cordial approval of the old soldiers and sailors,
and their friends, and we are glad to note its sub
Should ho In the Ihinils or All.
San Joaquin Valley Arpus (Merced) Cat.
The National Tribune, published at Washing
ton, D. C, comes to us this week enlarged to an
eight page paper, containing iifty-six columes of
reading matter of interest to the general reader,
and especially so to the soldiers and sailors who
served in the late war on the side of the Union, and
those who served their country in prior wars. It
has a circulation in every State and Territory in the
Union, and delivers papers to subscribers at nearly
eleven thousand post-otliees. It is published in the
interest of soldiers of past wars and should be in the
bands of all, as information is contained in its col
umns regarding pension laws and the way for sol
diers entitled to pensions to successfully prosecute
their claims for pensions nnd arrearages. Besides,
it is a continual reminder to the old soldier of the
glorious achievements of the armies of the country
during the four years' struggle of thegreat rebellion
publishing each week ono or more sketched of
battles, campaigns, skirmishes, sieges or long and
tedious marches in advance or retreat. Soldiers,
send, each ono of you, one dollar for tho Tribune
for ono year.
The Representative of the Grand Army.
f ManJ:ato (Jf'nn.) J?er fen.
The National Tribune, nt Washington, ap
peared last week enlarged to fifty-six columns and
printed from a new Scott web press. This paper is
tho recognized representative of tho Grand Army
of tho Republic, and it is exclusively devoted to
the interests of the old soldiers, it publishes inter
esting descriptions of leading engagements dur
ing the rebellion, many by eminent soldiers, all of
which are read with great interest. Wo value it as
ono of our best exchanges.
A Capital Suggestion.
GiuTir'c County (la.) Journal.
Thb National Tribune, published at Washing
ton, D. G, conies to us enlarged to a fifty-six col
umn sheet. This is one of the best papetts in the
Union published in the interest of the soldiers, and
L should the many thnt desire to read thi3 valuable
paper suoserioe mr u lusienu ot uorrowmg, tho
circulation would bo largely increased, and right
and justice, advocated.
Tho Largest Circulation of any Soldier's Taper.
Pike (AT. Y.) Gazette.
Tqp National Tribune; the well-known sol
dier s paper, Washington, has just been enlarged,
nnd is now printed on a Scott wob perfecting pre3.
H has probably tho largest circulation of any paper
of similar character in the country.
Worth tho Jlouey to "Fed " and " Confed."
Oakaloosa (Kan.) Weekly Sickle.
Tvtt" T i fr-Tr,.. i v Tr-rniT,f na.lil t jl...l ... 1Yrnl.f
A HflUUilJIU XMUV.1U, JJUU1L3UCU Uli ITUIUII- I
ton, D. 0., ia tho best soldier'a paper ii has been j
our good fortune to find. It Is published nt Si per
ycar.'and it is well worth the money to either
"Fed" or Confed." Send your money to Tub
National Tribune, Washington, D. C.
So Better Investment.
TPaupun (Wis.) Leader.
The National Tribune, Washington, nppeare-l
last week enlarged from forty-eight to fifty-six col
umns. The Tribune is the soldier's paper of th
Nation and circulates through nearly eleven thou
sand post-ofiiees going to every State and TertV
tory in the Union. No ex-soldier can invest Sl.'X)
to better advantage than by subscribing for this ex
cellent paper for a year.
Replies to Questions on a Variety of Interest!)?
W. J. II., WcUsville, O.All volunteers who en
listed from the commencement of the rebellion to Oct.
21, lsG."', or in new regiments to Dec. 21, 1863, and
from April 1, lfcCl, to July 18, 1S6I, nnd who served
two years if enlisted for three years, or twenty
three months if enlisted for tiro years, are entitled
to $100 bounty. This constitutes original bounty.
The additional bounty was not allowed to those
who, under any act. received, or were entitled to
receive, more than -100. It was not essential that
a soldier must have served full three years to hnvo
entitled him to the S10O additional bounty, pro
vided he was mustered out with tho regiment
under any or.ers for reduction of tho army by
reason of close of the war, and that his original
service did not entitle him to more than $100. We
will endeavor to publish the article as soon as we
have room for it, and will bear in mind your re
quest. 0. S. B., Adrian, Mich. As a rule, an application
for increase is not considered by Pension Oflice
until after six months from date when last applica
tion for increase was granted. Copies of Tribune
will be sent as requested.
Mrs. M. J. R., Scott, Ae&. You do not forfeit claim
to back pay by re-marriage.
J. S. A.. Richmond, Kan. Wc should advise you
not to give yourself any uneasiness about the mat
ter until you are called upon for an explanation;
then state all the facts hi an affidavit and forward
it to the Pension Oflice. The error is a trifling one,
and will probably not be noticed. It should not
affect your claim.
J. II. O., LaPorte City, Iowa. We have referred
your letter to a competent and reliable attorney,
who will write you relative to procuring certificate
of discharge. Drafted men who sent substitutes to
the wnr are not entitled to anything from the Gov
ernment. The substitute, who rendered the serv
ice, is entitled to the pension or back pay.
J. A"., Cessna, Pa. Tlie practice of attorneys call
ing for a fee in claims for iucrease under the act of
March 4, 1SS3, relative to the S18 and 2t classes of
pensioners, is fraudulent nnd disreputable, as they
are of no benefit to the claimant and are not recog
nized by the Pension Office. No attorney can ren
der any service to a claimant in such ense, as no
formal application is necessary. AH that such
claimants have to do is to write to the Commis
sioner of Pensions, inclosing their pension certifi
cate, when a new certificate giving the increased
rate will be sent them. Fees paid attorneys for
pretended services under the act mentioned L so
much money thrown away, und such dishonest
practices are confined, we hope, entirely to that
class of attorneys denominated "shysters." No
honorable attorney would descend so low as to ex
tort money from a deserving claimant, for which ho
knows he cannot render him any equivalent. It
is expressly stipulated by the Commissioner of
Pensions that no attorney shall be recoguized iu
P. B., Newark, 0. Reissue means that another
certificate has been issin d to take place of original
in order to correct an error of name, rank, service,
date of commencement, name of disability, rateof
pension, or any error that may appear in the orig
inal certificate. Duplicate certificate is issued to
take place of original certilieato which may have
been lost or mutilated. Arrears means pension
which dates back to discharge or death of soldier,
the original claim having been filed when the law
did not grant any arrears. tcerued pension
means the amount that had accrued in claims
where soldier filed claim and died. If you had ex
amined your Tribune of February 1st last, you
might have saved us the necessity of answering
these questions again.
C. B., Floral, Ark. You cannot sell leaf tobacco,
although cultivated by- yourself, without becoming
a dealer in tobacco, and thereby subjecting yourself
to the laws relative to internal revenue.
J. S., Benton, III. 1st. We have answered the
question belore. 2d. A new disability alleged.
June, 1HS2, when allowed, will entitle claimant to
pension therefor, commencinir June, 1!jS2. He can
not draw pension from date of discharge for any
disability unless application therefor was filed in
Pension Ollice prior to July 1, IsaO.
Subscriber. Rock Rapids, Iowa. It is difficult to
answer definitely, as some cases require much
more time in seal clung the records than others.
The average is about three months from each
oflice, although some reports are dslayed ten or
Mrs. A. P., Mack's Creek, 3b. Your case is sad
and unfortunate, but you have no remedy except
by a special act of Congress, as your claim for
pension is barred under section 409.;, Revised Stat
utes, because claim was not tiled and completed
prior to July -1, 1871.
J. II. H., Ashland, Ky. If you will explain what
you desire to know ubout the Soldiers Homes, wo
will endenvor to give you the information. Your
letter contains no particular inquiry.
Barncsrille, O. We cannot tell you why
unless you give us further particulars. You may
be entitled, and we should advise you to write us
all the facts, giving your full name, Sec, as it may
be necessary to correspond with you by letter to
arrive at a. correct understanding of the matter.
E. D. B., Bilesville. A". C It is the custom of tho
Pension Ollice to adjust such part of a claim as is
complete, and if your statement is correct and tho
attention of the Commissioner is called to the fact,
we should think that it would be promptly acted
G. W. A., Creighton, lotca. Write to Samuel
French & Son, Publishers, 33 East lith street,
Union Square. New York city. They publish a
catalogue of plays, Ac., among which we observe
two suitable for G. A. R. entertainments: " fha
Virginia Veteran " and "Allatoona." They may
be able to inform you in regard to tho play men
tioned. We do not know.
J.II. J.,0hiovillc, Pa. Our opinion is that your easo
is a good one, and if testimony mentioned is explicit
it ought to be enough. You can prove your condi
tion prior to enlistment by two neighbors, and
your own affidavit, stating why you cannot fur
uish medical testimony on this point.
if. II. J., Lansinghurgh, A. 11 You must be in
error as to the rating of your disability. Instead
of receiving 513 for loss of left leg and 513.25 for
wound in right foot, you are no doubt receiving
the rating of 531.25 for permanent and totnl disa
bility requiring- aid and attendance, under act of
March 3, 15-73. There is no such rating as 313.2..
but both your disabilities are rated as a whole and
not any specified sum for each. If you are entitled
to any increase you are entitled to $50 per month,
underact of June 18, IS71.
G. S., Pedricktown, A". J. If soldier can provo
that at date of capture he was in good health, nod
can prove by a comrade that he contracted ltu dis
ability in rebel prison, (if disability claimed is ono
that is incident to the service and usually results
from prison life,) and he can prove his condition
when released and ever since, we should say it is a
good claim and one that will be favorably acted
upon, even if there is no record of treatment in
hospital for the disability. Wo know of many
similar esses where jKritsion was allowed. 2. A
claim cannot be taken out of hands of one attorney
and given to another except for good ti.u;e, such
as neglect on part of attorney for over a year, or
some other equally good re.is .n. 3. We will reply
by mail in regard to other matter mentioned.
E. II. Tho Government does not provide falsa
teeth or commutation for same for wound causing
loss of teeth. It should, in equity, provide such, as
well as a truss or an artificial limb, but there is no
provision of law under whieh you can be furnished
with false teeth. You are probably not entitled to
commutation of rations on a diehnrjfe furhmgh, as
subsistence was usually issued in kind iu such
T. B. a. Round Top, Pa. We published Hie law
in our last issue, this column. You are not untitled
to the three months pay proper, because you were,
not mustered in as an officer prior to March 3,
105. To ba more explicit, none but tho-e who
were officers from March 3, P-'!"-". to April 10, 1S63,
arc entitled to three months' pay proper.
1 subscriber, Lisbon. Wis. It was an unwise and
foolish expenditure of the public money and is of
no benefit to the pensioner, but may result in an
injury to him iu many wayd, ono of whieh may bo
as you suggest.
E. A'., Dorset, VI. 1. The widow would be enti
tled. 2. Attorneys are not appointed by the tiov
ernment. and they are subject to such laws Ks aro
provided by Congress nnd the rules of the Depart
ment governing pravtiec before the Departments.
II. W. B., Hubbardsioten. Mich. I. If the inmry
does in any manner interfere with full nmou.-.t of
manual labor that a man in sound bodily condi
tion can perform he would be entitled. 2. Y ; a
Hoard is at liberty to rep:rt oti all matters relative
to the pensioner's disability. 3. If t .ere is no rec
ord of the disability, ai.d claimant aunot furubh
testimony of either oflicer or comrades showing
origin of same, the clianens are ngdnsl the allow
ance of his claim, as we do not sec how he cau sat
isfactorily prove that his disability ws tonlracied
in service. 4. There is no spline rate for typhoid
fever or its results. A pensiouer rated as t hi-
libility to perform manual .'abor. aud if receivim;
the amount to which he is entitled under the law
he is notified to that effect.
To imtire replies, cor-wpon-'ents rtimrtd rtv ftiH
names and post-ooiee uil-Uei-cs. ll.-hes 't inquires
ill l -jivi-n eitlu-r in ths column or ,.- m ill. If relT
! publish?'! th initials onlr if the writer will be ast-i.
Corrwpoiulenca ou any subject will baT prompt atta
"Wreeks ef Hnmaaitj
who have wasted their manly rigor ami pow
ers by youthful follies and pernicious practices
pursued, in solitude, inducing Nervous Debil
ity, Impaired Memory, JEental Anxiety, De
spondency, Lack of Self-confidence and Will
Power, Weak Back, Involuntary Vital Losses,
and kindred weaknesses should address with
threo letter postage stamps for large illustrated
treatise, giving unfailing aaetuis f cure,
World's Dispeksaby Hkdicaz. Association
' , ZZ
Buffalo, 2i. Y.