Newspaper Page Text
"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ESTABLISHED 1877 -NEW SERIES.
WASHING-TON, D. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 26, 1884.
VOL. m-NO. 46 -WHOLE NO. 100.
"'''- . . V, ?"
. ... -....-. ....... v:
Cffl 0. 0. HOWARD'S
Personal Reminiscences of the War of
FOLLOWING "DTP LEE.
The Encounters Between Pleas
onton and Stuart.
SOME BAUD JIGHTENa
Result of the Engagements at
Aldie and Middleburg.
By ikTeyor-Gcncral 0. 0. Howard, U. S. A.
UoorVIUCHTED. AIX niOMTS KEbEUVED.1
The evening of Jane 17, 1SG3, 1 made this
pencil note: " Goose Creek, near Lecsburg.
The weather has been very hot and dry. We
have marched as follows: twelve miles, nine
teen, eighteen; xcsted two days and then
inarched seventeen. I was a little feverish at
Ccntreville, but am now quite recovered. This
corps (the 11th) has m arched in a very orderly
style and all my orders are oleyed with great
alacrity." s "Jane IS, 1SG3. Almost
too hot for campaigning. I am -waiting
for orders. General headquarters (Hooker's)
are thirty miles away just now, at Fair
iax C. H. Charlie (Major C. H. Howard) is
quite well, and so is Captain Stinson, aid-de-eamp.
Charlie has just at this time gone to
General Beynolds' camp and Captain Stinson
to that of General Meade. I have a new offi
cer on my staff, Captain Hall, additional aid-
e-camp formerly John P. Hale's private 4
secretarv. a very line young man. lie lias
feeen Kick and I am afraid he will not stand the
"When in permanent camps our notes
and letters were kept up -with much regu
larity, hut when the long marches began
they became few and short. The two
which I have quoted help us to mate
some landmarks. "We first, setting out the
ext day after Ames1 return from Brandy Sta
tion, came to CaUett's Station. General J. F.
"Eeynolds -was given a wing of the army, just
tken the right; it consisted of the 1st (his own
eerps), the 3d (Sickles'), and the 11th (mine).
"When I "was at Catletfs the 1st corps -was a
little west of south of me, at Bealton Station,
ad the 3d corps, which had began its march
a the 11th of Jane, -was above the Bappahau
nockStatiou and near the famous Beverly Ford.
These three bodies were facing Culpeper and
in echelon. Should Lee attempt a close turn
f our position, wc could quietly form line
feeing south, feeing west, or even to the .north,
nd become at once the nucleus for the whole
General Hooker obtained information that
.Swell's cntii corps had passed Sperry villa.
This news came daring the 12th of Jane. He
hesitated not a moment, but issued the neces
sary orders to place his army further north.
Beynolds wing marched the 1-ith to occupy
Manassas Junction and Ccntreville, -while three
ether corps the 2d, 6th and 12th had
set oat the 13th, aiming for the neighbor
hood ef Fairfax Court-house; the 5th
(Meade's), which had been nearly opposite the
"United States Ford, on the Eappahannock, fol
lowed us toward Manassas, to re-enforce Jley
solds if the occasion should arise. It was
there at Contreville that as my notes say, "we
remained two days that is, the 15th and 16th.
It -was the period -when Ewell, chasing the dis
comfited fugitives of Milroy, was rushing to
wards Harper's Ferry, hoping, but in vain, to
add Tyler and his large garrison to his laurels
Jsstaiow so easily -won.
THE NOJtTHWAED XOVEMBNT.
On the 17ili of June Eeynolds' wing, includ
ing the 5th corps, -was pressed still further
northward and grouped substantially ahout
Lecsburg, while General Hooker'sheadquarters
remained near Fairfax Court-house. In this
way It will be noticed that our -wing about
one-half of the army was first grouped in
echelon facing south. The next move brought
it in the same order lacing west. The third
move carried it to the northwest and uncov
ered the other corps, -which were looking west
ward from a position nearer "Washington. A
division of cavalry tinder General Stahl, -who
had been .scouting this region from Leesburg to
Manassas, was released by the presence of our
army ana cnamea to unite Willi i'Jeasonton
sad increase his force. Pieasonton with his
cavalry had carefully watched the Bappahan
ock to its sources and then followed up the
movements of Stuart and Longstreet, whose
forces he usually kept in view at least by his
scouting parties and outposts. Lee's rear corps,
under A. P. Hill, left Fredericksburg as soon as
Hooker's troops disappeared from his front, the
14th of Jane, and pushed on with great rapidity
across the Rapidan, through Culpeper, Chester
Gap, and Front Royal into the Shenandoah
Yalley, keeping upon Ewcll's track. His peril
was over. Ho had quickly placed two ranges
fjnouutains,a river, Longstrect's infantry and
Etuarts cavalry "between his command and our
army. For Longstreet, with his large and
effective army corps, was designated to march
down the eastern hank of the Shenandoah River
as a cover to the other troops and material of
Lee's army, while Stuart acted as a body of
flankers to Longstreet, keeping upon the ridges
ar in the valleys nearer still to our command.
PIXASONTOX EXCOC3TTEKS fiTCABT.
It will be plain, then, to one who will examine
the situation- at any one period of the north
ward march, that Pieasonton and Stuart would
wjcessarily come in conflict For example, on
the 17ih of June Pieasonton was pushing a
reconnaissance across the Bull Run range at
Aldie, when am order came io him to turn back
for the purpose of hastening toward Harper's
Ferry, probably In consequence of the disas
trous news of Milroy's defeat and sudden ap
Pieasonton hegged permission io continue his
iscconnsiBSjmccatlcastinto tho Catoctin Yalley,
which lies between tho Bull Runrangcand the
Biae Ridge. Ho could then turn northward
sad make even better time to Harper's Ferry.
He had the division of General Gregg in his
advance. Three regiments of this division,
oammanded by the ardent Kilpatrick, were
somewhat aead, toward the village of Middlc
luarg, nt which place he was looking for Colo
ns Doine'ii 3-egiment 'to complete his brigade.
Bifie had heen.sent the day before with his
first Rhode Island cavalry to watch the enemy
at the next gap (Thoroughfare) further south.
The same day the enemy's cavalry was also in
motion, approaching the same valley from the
sonth. Stuart sent one Confederate column to
Salem to -watch the road over which our Colo
nel Duflic must inove; another column, under
Colonel Munford, to go up via Middleburg
to Aldie, and a third, under Robertson, to
place himself in position between these two
not far from Bectortown, where he conld rc
enforcc Chambliss or Munford at will. Stuart
himself went with Munford as far as Middlc
hurg, and halting there, sent but a small por
tion of his force toward Aldie. The Confeder
ate cavalry, as well as ours, had been making
long marches in fact, longer than Kilpat
rick's, because he moved on the inner lines.
THE AFFAIK AT ALDIE.
Suddenly, without either being aware of the
presence of the other, the skirmishers of Kil
patrick and of Munford ran upon each other
just cast of Aldie. Instantly Kilpatrick takes
the 2d New York cavalry and charges Mun
ford's advance and drives them from the little
town and attempts to hold it. Of course, as
quickly as it conld be done, Colonel Munford
hrought up his entire brigade from 3Iiddleburg.
Kilpatrick, being re-enforced by another regi
nient, deployed the four regiments now under
his command in a good position and -was seeking
to so locate his one battery as to make a good
defense should his enemy attack him, -when
just then he caught sight of Muuford's cavalry
doing precisely the same thing. Munford had
placed his artillery on a small hill, which lay
between the two roads which roads, emerging
from Aldie, proceed to the west and northwest
across the Catoctin Valley. The Confederate
commander dismounted a portion of his com
mand and placed them in support of his artil
lery under a fair cover, which the fences, road
cuts and rugged ground gave him. Kilpatrick
did not delay to take a second look, but dis
mounted a part of his command, and, placing
them in skirmish order, made a rush for the
guns aud their supports. His artillery was
turned in another direction upon the cavalry
which was not dismounted. The contest was
severe. Kilpatrick took some prisoners, but
the struggle on his side was not yet as successful
as he had hoped. Muuford, managing to hold
his own at the battery, strengthened his left
along the northwest or Snicker's Gap road. It
is said that one colonel (Cesnola), who was under
arrest at the time for some offense, had hegged
for permission to lead his regiment into action.
His request being granted, he, unarmed, made a
furious attack with his 4th New York cavalry
upon Muuford's left. Kilpatrick, as a recogni
tion, gave him his own sword daring the fight.
But the brave Cesnola was wounded and his
regiment driven back. By this time the 1st
Maine cavalry had come up. It was just in
time. Behind its firm front the other regi
ments were rallied and reorganized. Then,
commencing anew with artillery and small
arms, a desperate evenhauded engagement was
entered upon. Munford's brigade was at last
dislodged and driven from the hill. At this
time the discomfited commander received a
disheartening dispatch from Stuart to fall
hack at once to 3Iiddleburg, as "the enemy had
appeared in his rear.
It appears that Colonel Dufile, taking up his
line of march, had come upon Confederate
Chambliss at Salem, but putting on a bold
face, he had succeededin convincing his adver-
1 sary that he had with him at least a brigade
and in some -way managed to escape a battle
and get upon the Sliddleburg road beyond him
during the night, so that by pushing on quickly
to Middleburg he came near capturing there
Stuart himself. But the latter, with plenty to
warn him, mauaged to escape and reach his
middle column under Bobertson. Colonel
Duffle took possession of the village and pre
pared himself immediately to make what de
fense he could. For, before dark of this event
ful day, Stuart returned with Robertson's bri
gade and attacked him fiercely and pertina
ciously. For awhile Duffic and his hrave
men, barricading, held out, but at last they
were dislodged and driven back toward Salem
only to encounter Chambliss, who had at last
taken np the pursuit. Duffie, after another
struggle, made off in the darkness with per
haps one-half of his command. Gregg, with
his division, held the battlefield near Aldie and
Pleasouton came near that point with the re
mainder of his command. At the same time,
the three columns of Stuart were united at
HOOKEB OEDESS TIP THE 5TH COUPS.
General Hooker, as soon as he learned of this
desperate fight, involving the greater part of
the enemy's cavalry, could, he thought, easily
j divine Lee's position at that time. So he sent
the 5th corps to Aldie, with orders to put one
division in support of any movement Pieason
ton might make. Tho 2d corps had been moved
forward to Centreville. The two armies were
then (the 17th of June) pretty well concentrated
and much alike Lee, in the Shenandoah Val
ley, with one corps (Lougstrcet's) and Stuart's
cavalry near the crest of tho Blue Ridge;
Hooker, in the Yalley of the Potomac, between
Lee and Washington, with one corps (tho 5th)
and his cavalry (Pleasonton's) on the cresfc of
the Bull Run range. Stuart and Pieasonton
were on the same east aud west road, and but
few miles apart.
During that day (tho 38th of Juue, 1863),
while the greater part of the army was wait
ing to see just what General Lee intended to
attempt nest, and when the weather was so
warm in the Goose Creek Yalley that I con
sidered it too hot for campaigning; while aids
and orderlies were skipping from corps to corps,
with great difficulty and danger to life, through
a country infested by Mosby's guerrillas, in
order to keep us mutually informed and prop
erly instructed, Pieasonton and Stuart were
acting like two combatants playing and fenc
ing with small-swords. Neither wished to
hasten a battle. Stuart look a stand at Mid-
tUouurg. rieasonton cautiously approached,
sidrmishcd, and moved as if to turn Stuart by
the left. Stuart declined tho close quarters,
and fell back southward. He was waiting for
Wade Hampton's and Jones brigades, while
his adversary on the Potomac side was ex.
pectiug Bailies' division to join himj The
few late encounters had produced a mutual
respect. But, as if a little ashamed of backing
off, the early morning of the 29th found Stuart
in a good defensivo attitude west of Middle
burg. He occupied a rovo of. trees, with Cham
bliss on tho right aud Rohortson on the left,
and his batteries upon high ground in the rear.
Munford was pat further to the left and rear,
in front of the nest little town (Union), so us
io hold the northwest (Snicker's Gap) road, to
which I have before referred.
IContintied en Bth page J
The Story of' the War Mold for Our
Boys and Girls,
THE SiLATBBT ISSUE,
And How It Began to be of Mili
colonel Traders pluck
The Twenty-second "Wisconsin
.COrYEIQHTED. ALL KIGUTS RESERVED.!
To the Boys and Girls of the United States:
A history of the war involves much more
than the marching of armies and the fighting
of battles. "We are ever to keep in mind the
fact that behind all the uproar and carnage of
battle there were great ideas the maintenance
of the authority of government, the preserva
tion of tho Union, and that it was a struggle
between two systems of labor, between two
civilizations that it was a struggle for the
supremacy of ideas and institutions.
A great change was taking place in the
opinions of the people of the United States in
regard to slavery. In the first letter of this
series I showed how slavery was planted in
this country; how it became a political power,
and how it was at the bottom of all the troubles
besetting tho Nation. "When the Confederate
cannon opened fire upon Fort Sumter it was
from breastworks which had been constructed
by slaves. The fortifications around Richmond
from which McClcllan had been driven, the
breastworks at Donelson and at Columbus all
had been constructed by slaves. The people
of the North were beginning to see that while
the white people the slave owners were in
the field fighting to destroy the Union, the
slaves -were tilling the soil and raising corn
and cotton just as usual. They saw that
slavery was giving great strength to the Con
federate arms. x
It was on the 22d of May, 1861, that General
Butler at Fortress Monroe declared that slaves
which had been emploj'ed in building breast
works for the Confederates were contraband,
of war. I have already told the story,
ACTION OP COKGEESS.
In July, 1S62, Congress passed a resolution
that it was not the duty of soldiers to capturo
and restore fugitive slaves. There were a gret'
many such fugitives at Fortress Monroe, Wash
ington, Louisville, or wherever there was a
Union army, who were put to work and who
were paid for their labor. It was anew ex
perience to the poor creatures who had never
owned any property and who were themselves
GENEEAT. TEEMOXT'S PEOCLAXTATIOIT.
In August, 1861, General Fremont, command
ing in Missouri, issued a proclamation making
free the slaves of all citizens in the State who
were enemies of the Union.
It was an exercise of authority which he had,
no right to make, and President Lincoln de
clared it of no effect. General Halleck, who
succeeded him in command, forbade negroes
to come into his camp and ordered the soldiers
to drive them away, but the soldiers saw that
slavery was behind the Confederacy, and, in
stead of obeying the order, allowed the negroes
to come into camp. They divided their rations
with them. The soldiers were rapidly becom
ing abolitionists. They could see with clearer
vision than the politicians that slavery gave
strength to the Confederacy. They talked it
over round their bivouac fires. Why should
they fight to maintain an institution which
was at war with free labor? Why should they
peril their lives for an institution which was
at the bottom of all tho troubles?
There were many old planters who clung to
slavery with a tenacity like that of barnacles
to a worm-eaten hulk. Tho Louisville Jour
nal condemned the proclamation, giving utter
ance to the voice of the slaveholders, declaring
that the proclamation would have no binding
force in that State; but the soldiers hailed it
with joy. They felt that slavery was the cause
of the war, and were longing to see it over
thrown. General Bragg having left the State,
many masters began to look up their slaves,
some of whom had fled to the Union lines for
One wing of the army was resting at Wil
liamstown, about twenty-five miles south of
Cincinnati, in which was a division command
ed by General Q. A. Gilmore. When' the army
began a forward movement in pursuit of Bragg,
General Gilmore issued an order known as
General Orders, No. 5, which reads as follows:
"All contrabands, except officers' servants, will
bo left behind when the army moves to-morrow
morning. Public transportation will in
no case be furnished to oSicers' servants. Com
manders of regiments and detachments will
sec this order promptly enforced'
COLONEL UTLEY'S TEIOMPH.
Among the regiments of the division was
the 22d Wisconsin, commanded by Colonel Ut
ley, an officer who had no sympathy with sla
very. Ho had a cool head and a good deal of
nerve. Ho had read tho proclamation of Pres
ident Lincoln, and made np his mind to do
what was right, recognizing tho President as
Commander-in-Chief, and not the State of
Kentucky. There were negroes accompany
ing his regiment and he did not see fit to turn
them out. Three days later ho received the
Colonel: You will at onco scml to my hend
quaitcrs Ihc four contrabands John, Abe, George
and Dick known to belong to good and loval cit
izens. They are m your regiment, or were this
morning. Your obedient servant,
Q. A. Gilmore,
Colonel Utley, instead of sending tho men,
Permit me to pay that I recognizeyour author
ity to command mo in all military matters pertain
ing to the military movements of thjsjirniy. I do
not look upon this as belonging to Unit depavl
incnU I recognise no authority on the subject of
delivering m contraband save that of the Presi
dent of the United State.
You are. no doubt, conversant with thnt nrnnin.
j malion, dated September 2'2, 18Q2, and the law of
i Congress on tho Htibjccr. In conclusion, J' will sav
j ihut 1 had nothing to do with their coming into
eunir, iinu sunn uuvu uuvunig io no Willi SCllUing
The note was dispatched to division head
quarters. Soon after, an dfficer called upon
Colonel Utley. r
"You are wanted, sir, at General Gilmore's
Colonel Utley made his appearance before
"I sent you an order this evening." " t
"Yes, sir, and I refused to obey it."
"I intend to be obeyed, sir; I shall settle
this matter at once., I shall repeat the order
in the morning."
"General, to save you the trouble, let me
say that I shall not obey it."
Tho colonel departed. Morning came, but
brought no order for tho delivery of the contra
bands to their former owner.
The regiment marched the next morning
with loaded muskets. The citizens beheld
their negroes sheltered and protected by a
forest of gleaming bayonets, and wisely con
cluded not to attempt the. recovery of the un
certain property. ;
The day after its arrival in Nicholasvillc a
large, portly gentleman, lying back in an
elegant carriage, rode up to the camp, and,
making his appearance before the colonel, in
troduced himself as Judge Bobertson.
"I am in pursuit of on$ of my boys, who, I
understand, is in this regiment," he said.
" You mean one of your slaves, I presume?"
" Yes, sir. Hero is an order from the gen
eral, which you will see directs that I may bo
permitted to enter tho lines and get the boy,"
said the judge, with great dignity.
"I do not permit any civilians to enter my
lines for any such purpose," said .the colonel.
"The judge sat down, not.greatly astonished,
for the reputation of the 22d Wisconsin as an
abolition regiment was well established. He
began to argue the matter. Ho talked of the
compromises of the Constitution, and proceeded
to say : " I was in Congress, sir, when the Mis
souri compromise was adopted, and voted for it;
but I am opposed to slavery and I once wrote an
essay on the subject, favoring emancipation."
" Well, sir, that may all bo so. If you did it
from principle, it was commendable; but your
mission here to-day gives the lie to your pro
fessions. I don't jermit negro hunters to go
through my regiment, but I will see if I can
find tho hoy, and if he is Willing to go I will
not hinder him."
The colonel went out and found the negro,
Joe a poor half-starved nadexsized boy, nine
teen years old. He told his story. He belonged
to the judge, who had let; -him to a brutal
Irishman for $50 a year. . He had been kicked
and cuffed, starved and whipped, till he could
stand it no longer. He went to the judge and
complained, but had been, sent back only to
receive a worse thrashing for daring to com
plain. At last he took to the woods, lived on
walnuts, green corn and apples, sleeping among
the corn-shucks and wheat-stacks till the army
came. There were tears in Joe's eyes as he
rehearsod his sufferings:
The colonel went back to the judge.
" Have you found hint ? "
I have found a little yfegAffi'bCyrwho- says
that he belongs to a man injjesington'; Come
and see him."
"This man claims, you as. his property, Joe.
He'says that you ran away .and left him," said
"Yes, sah, I belongs to him," said Joe, .who
told his story again in a plain, straightforward
manner, showing a neck scarred and cut by
"You can talk with Joe, sir, if you wish,"
said the coloneh
"Have not I always treated yon well?" the
judge asked. !'
"No, mass3, you husn'V.f ;was the square,
plump reply. ' "; '
"When I came to yod and told you T
couldn't stand it any longer, you said, Go
backj you dog!'"
"Hid not I tell you that I would take you
"Yes, massa, hut you never did it."
THE SOLDIERS LISTEN.
The soldiers came, round and listened. Joe
saw that they were his friends. The judge
stood speechless a moment.
"Joe," said the coloneL,!' are you willing to
go homo with your master? p
"No, sah, I isn't."
" Judge Bobertson, I don't think you can get
that boy. If you think you can, there he is ;
try it. I shall have nothing to do with it,"
said the colonel, casting a significant glanco
around at the soldiers who had gathered about
The judge saw that he could not lay hands
on Joe. " I'll see whether there is any vir
tue in tho laws of Kentucky," he said, with
"Perhaps, Judge, it will be as well for you to
leave the camp. Some of my men are a little
excitable on the subject of slavery."
"You are a set of nigger stealers," said the
judge, losing his temper.
"Allow mo to say, Judge, that it does not be
come you to call us nigger stealers. You talk
about nigger stealing, you who live on the
sweat and blood of such creatures as Joe! Your
dwellings, your churches, are built from the
earnings of slaves, beaten out of them by bru
tal overseers. You hire little children out to
brutes; you clothe them in rags; you hunt
them with hounds; you -chain them down to
toil and suffering!' You call us "thieves because
we have given your Joe food and protection !
Sir, I would rather bo in tho place of Joe than
in that of his oppressor' was the indignant
outburst of the colonel.
"Well, sir, if that is the waV; you men of the
North feel, tho Union never 'can bo saved
never ! You must give up our, property. The
President's proclamation is unconstitutional.
It has no bearing on Kentucky. I see that it"
is your deliberate intention to set at naught
the laws," said the judge, turning away, and
walking to General Gilmore's headquarters.
" You are wanted at tho general's headquar
ters," said an aid soon after to Colonel Utley.
Tho colonel obeyed the summons, and found
there not only Judge Robertson, but several
fine old Kentucky gentlemen; also, Colonel
Coburn, the commander of the brigade, who
agreed with General Gilmoro in the policy
Colonel Coburn sau",: i'-Tho policy of tho
.commanding generals, asT understand it, is
simply this: that persons wTio have lost slaves
have, a right to hunt fortheln any where in the
State. If a slave -gets insidejof Ihe lines of a
regiment, the owner has a-rjghfc lo enter those
lines,, just as if nq rcgthieiit was there, and
take away tho fugitive at his own pleasure.''
"Precisely so. The' prpijl.nnfatibn has no
force in this State," said fcljudge.
"I regret that I am unties thojiecessity of
Continued on 80ij)ag-
MRS. JOHN A. LOGAN.
The. True Story of a Typical Soldier's
CHILDHOOD . DATS.
A Romantic Courtship Wed at
A MEMORABLE BIDE.
The " Striped Hospital" Stir
ring Events in a Noble Life.
" Is it true that Mrs. Logan manages her
husband's political campaigns, conducts his
correspondence, and even writes his speeches,
as some of the newspapers say," inquired a rep
resentative of The National Tribune, the
other day, of a gentleman whom he had long
known as an intimate friend of the general
and his family.
"Come with me," he responded; "we will
call on her, and you. shall tell me your impres
sions." We turned up Twelfth street, and stopped at
No. 812. It is a modest, old-fashioned brick
house, not in the least imposing, and the neigh
borhood, although pleasant and quiet, by no
means the fashionable quarter of the town.
" This is the place," said he, ringing the bell.
The servant took our cards, and presently
ushered us up into a room on the second floor,
which apparently served the purpose of parlor,
reception room and library combined. It was
plainly but tastefully furnished, and at one
side was a desk, from which apparently some
one had just risen.
MRS. LOGAN AT H03IE.
In a moment Mrs. Logan entered and en
gaged us in a conversation which soon became
animated, and served to display alike her good
sense and wit. In appearance and manners
Mrs. Logan does not at all justify the slighting
newspaper reports which have appeared con
cerning her. She is a trifle above the medium
height, and her figure may well be described
as stately; her movements, too, are graceful
and elegant, such as become the most polished
society. But it was her face, beaming with
smiles and reflecting in the play of the features
her kindness of feeling, that revealed the secret
of tho fascination which she possesses for her
friends and acquaintances not merely her in
tellectual accomplishments, but the amiability
of her disposition, her apparent goodness of
heart, and those qualifications in general which
we are accustomed to regard as essentially
" Come," said tho writer, to his companion,
on taking his leave and regaining the street,
"now that I have seen and talked with Mrs."
Logan I am all impatience to know tho story
of her life. I feel sure that it has been liko
her husband's full of noble and brave actions,
and it is time they were known."
"Perhaps you are right," he replied; "at
any rate, the story is as interesting as a ro
mance, and I happen to be familiar with the
" Well, begin at tho beginning."
ONCE "UPON A TIME.
"Tho beginning? That will take us back to
the days when Illinois was still a Territory.
Mrs. Logan's father was a Captain Cunning
ham, descended from an Irish family, and a
Southerner by birth and education. Ho was
born in Lincoln, Tcun., but reared in. Alabama,
and when of age removed to Illinois. Ho
brought some slaves with him, but, although
slavery was still allowed in tho Territory, he
decided to liberate them and did so. From
Hlinois he migrated to Missouri aud entered
the employ of George P. Dorris, at that time a
great overland merchant, with headquarters at
St. Louis. Yhile in Petersburg, Boone county,
he mot and married a lady of French descent
Miss Fountaine and ib was on Missouri soil
that their first child Mary was born. She
was but a year old whon tho captain returned
to Illinois on account of his father's failing
health and settled in Williamson county.
When the Mexican war broke out, hor father,
who had served iit the Black Hawk, war when
a mere boy, received a commission as captain
of a company of the 1st Hlinois volunteers and
went to tho front. In another compauy of the
same regiment $h.ore happened, to he a young
lieutenant by the nanio of John A. Logan, who
had enlisted from Jackson county. His father
had served in the same Legislature with he
captain, and naturally a strong friendship
sprang up between the two. In fact, it may
bo said that tho marriage which afterwards
took place between the lieutenant and the
captain's eldest daughter was arranged during
this campaign, since the captain about this
time received from the latter still a mere
child the first letter she had ever written,
and showing it to the lieutenant, laughingly
told him he 'might have her!
"After tho war tho captain caught the gold
fever and was one of the 'forfcy-ninare' who
emigrated to tho Pacific coast. Upon his return
Pierco had been installed as President, and the
captain received the appointment of Land
Register at Shawneetown, HI.
IfOUNG LOGAN CLAIMS HIS BRIDE.
" In tho meantime young Logan had been
making good progress at the bar, and the cap
tain's eldest daughter had been acquiring an
education at tho famous convent school of St.
Yincent's Academy, Morganfield, Ky., where
she passed three years. At that time it was
one of the few academies of learning for young
ladies in the West and a branch of the famous
institution at Nazareth, Ky., which was next to
thatat Georgetown, D. C, in age. She graduated
in July, 1855, and on her return entered her
father's office and acted as his secretary, this
being her first experience in public affairs. At
this time General Logan wa3 prosecuting at
torney for the district and lived at Penton
Franklin county. It was on going over to
Shawneetown to attend courtthat he had the
pleasure of meeting Miss Cunningham for the
first time. He told her that he had come for
the purpose of claiming the fulfillment of her
father's promise, and ho prospered so well in
his courtship that in the following November
they were married she a young girl of seven
teen and he a rising lawyer of thirty.
"Logan, as I havesaid,was atthat time pros
ecuting attorney of the district, and in those
days, you must remember, the circuit was com
posed of sixteen counties, and resided at Ben
ton, and there the young couple began their
married life. His rise was rapid and brilliant,
and in 1S53, after distinguished service in the
Legislature, he was elected to Congress as a
Douglas Democrat. Mrs. Logan has often de
scribed to. me that famous campaign, during
which Stephen A. Douglas spoke at Benton and
was entertained at General Logan's house. In
I860 the general was re-elected to Congress, and
Mrs. Logan spent that memorable winter at
the capital with him. Scarcely had they re
turned than the news came of the fall of
Sumter, and in response to President Lincoln's
proclamation convening the new Congress in
extra session, the general was forced to hurry
back to Washington. Mrs. Logan remained at
home at Marion, whither the family had re
moved from Benton, and her position now
became one of extreme difficulty.
A CRITICAL PERIOD.
"The general's constituents were largely
Southerners or persons of Southern descent
who had settled in that part of Illinois, and
were thoroughly in sympathy with theSouthern
cause, and they were all impatient to know what
tho general's course would be. His speeches
in the Houso of Representatives had already
revealed hi3 determination to adhere to the
Union, and at the battle of Bull Run, instead
of remaining at WTashington, he had joined
Colonel Richardson's Michigan regiment and
fought with it all day. He was in citizen's
dress, and Mrs. Logan tells me that she still has
the suit ho wore on that historic day.
"When it became known, therefore, after the
battle, that the general was about to return
to his district and publicly announce the
course he intended to pursue, there was
the greatest excitement among his constit
uents. People even forgot to attend to their
ordinary vocations, business was suspended,
and the farmers, neglecting their crops, came
pouring into Marion then a little town
of 1,000 inhabitants to await their Represent
ative's return and hear what he had to say.
Mrs. Logan foresaw that in tho excited state of
tho public mind everything would depend upon
tho circumstances under which her husband
made announcement of his intentions. She
could not venture out of doors without a crowd
collecting about her and questioning her con
cerning her husband, and she felt that it was of
the utmost consequence that he should be able
to sccuro a fair audience and be able to exert
his personal influence to stay the threatened
stampede of the secessionists. Many who after
wards were staunch supporters of the Union
were then undecided in opinion, and she knew
that the slightest untoward event might turn
the scales. It was essential, indeed, for himto
retain their confidence, and hy his arts of
persuasion convince them thathis,wasthconly
reasonable and patriotic course to pursue. Al-
Continued on 5lh page.
COL ROE'S p STORY.
Founded oa Incidents Connected Willi
tie War for the Union,
THE GRAY A2?D THE BLUE.
A New Union of Hearts and
THE KIsTOT IS TIWD,
And Off They Go On Their
By LL-CoL E. B. Bee, Author of "BrougU ta
LcornucnTED, I3irirr e.t. boe.1
Winter had passed away and spring was
melting into summer. Genevieve had grad
uated with all the honors which Monticello
could give, and The Hermitage was gaywitk
flowers to grace the wedding day. Invitations
were out to many dear friends, and one more
pressing than all had gone to Nonabel for dear
Jane Waterbury and her mother. But instead,
of those most welcome guests came a letter as
3tY Deaitcst Gessvteve: "four loving letter
came yesterday. Oh, how untimely it alt it
suppose I ought to have told you before; but yo
know I love sunrises, and I waited just too lonjf, foe
it is now too late to'ehange. Your wedding coaMg
Sunday (we keep the Sabbath at Xonahet bettor
than you do at The Hcrmitagei aud mfee c&m
I am so g!ad you are eoing to Niagara I Sa are
we. ow.eomerfghtstniight.toNonabet--itis o
ten miles out of your way and - see how lovingly;
we will receive you.
Tow, don't say you cannot that it will interfere
with your plans because you can just as well
come this way, and we will all go to Niagara to
gether. I ay alt, for my invitation to you includes
all who may come with you, for your friends are
Telegraph me care Henry "Waterbury that
you are cominjr- "We will meet you at the train.
Affectionately, Jase Wateebitby.
P. S. Ee prefers that you, learn his name whea
yon meet htm. But Umovx you will like him.
"Here is a miss and a mystery," exclaimed
Genevieve, as she handed Jane's letter to the
Heread the letter and, with a pleasant laugh,
said: "All right j iliss Jane is herself amys
tery, and it is no wonder she loves the myste
rious. Of coarse, I have no idea, what it is;
but it would be a delightful episode to go round
by Nonabel, be at Jane's wedding, and all go
on to Niagara together."
And so it was agreed.
Tha details of the wedding day at The Her
mitage were nothing notable. Friends of tho
happy pairwere there Colonel ITarshall Cauld
well, and the "grand old man" (Professor Ad
ams), and Major Dabny, and even 3r. Key
(the discomflted French artist), together with
lady friends of Genevieve's herselfjthe queen
of all the train. And at 8 o'clock in the even
ing the happy pair and Annie Chartervala
were flying over the prairies by the Ohio and
Mississippi Uailroad for Cincinnati and Nona
bel. At 11 oclocfc Monday morning tho wedding
party- reached Nonabely and were received by
Jane Waterbury, her mother and her uncle,
and in a brief interval were all talking at once
at the Waterbury homestead.
"And now, Jane Waterbury,'7 exclaimed
Genevieve, after some degree of quiet had
come, "I want the explanation of aBLthis mys
tery." "There comes the explanation now. up the
front walk," replied Jane. And, before thero.
was time for farther explanation. Professor Ad
ams entered without knocking.
Everybody was silent for a moment, and
nearly everybody stared.
Captain Adams was first to speak; extend
ing his hand to the professor,, he said:
"Well,, well j this must be my rebel cousin
"And, hy the same token," replied the- pro
fessor, with a cordial hand-shake, "You: are
my cousin Seth, of the Union army!"
Then there were introductions and explana
tions and congratulations, and everybody was
It was one of a thousand similar stories.
Forty years before two brothers in Vermont
set out to seek their fortunes. One went to
Nashville, Tenn., the other to Illinois.
Their lather, Abraham Adams, was a man of
strongly-marked characteristics, and the family
had been endowed with great persistency of
type for many generations. His own sons were
like himself, and the son of Professor Adams
of Illinois and the two sons and daughter of
Professor Adams of Tennessee (he was a pro
fessor also) were all of the same strongly-marked
type, and the two cousins who now met
were almost the double of each other.
The Tennessee father had been a teacher
and professor at Nashville when the war broko
out, and though the daughter (whose letter
tho reader has already seen) was a stalwart
Unionist, the sons were both iit the Confeder
The Illinois father, as known to the reader,
was the "grand old man," Professor Adams,
whose son was in the Union army.
Who doubts that if the two fathers had mi
grated differently the Tennessee man to Illi
nois and the Illinois man to Tennessee that
tho sons would have drifted into the army
which agreed with the education of each?
"For as the twig is bent the tree's inclined."
Annie Chartervale was much amused at thi3
homoeopathic treatment of Jane Waterbury'a
love for Captain Adams ShniliasimUibns atran
tur though she did not say so. Ent she did
say she was "a?mwJ sorry there were not
Captain Adamses enough to go round."
Poor Annie ! She had a heart to- love and to
be loved. But she had devoted herself to com
forting her bereaved brother, and would enter
tain no other passion while Doctor Charter
But the strangest part of this reunion of tho
Adams family is yet to be told. Mrs. Standisby
the Union sister of Professor Lemuel Adams,
was thero from Kanhakee to attend her broth
er's wedding, and proved to bo the Identical
Yai&ee woman (as Colonel Cauldwell had called
her) who sliced the cucumber into infinitesimal
slivers. Captain Adams had suspected iMs
identity before, and the letter to him giving
him some of her war experiences was inroply
fto hisownletterof inquiry on thatsubject. Sh
laughed heartily over thecaptaut s story ot tha