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3ppfH&,5 - -T'fjf
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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1884
YOL. EL-NO. 47.-WH0LB NO. 151..
E-?rABLB!IBD 1877.-N1W SERIES.
ijyV 1 H
GEE a 0. MAUD'S
Ftr:.jasl EaiiniscHieB of the War of
IAECH TO GETTYSBURG.
Doubt as to JLee's Whereabouts
and His Objects.
General George G. Meade Ap
pointed in Kis Stead.
" T-v t-tr-Gt-.rrat 0. 0. Bernard, U. S. A.
Uul i'BUfli.-iU. lilUHTS &ES&UYZS.1
V.y a fcrwf kfcex in pencil, dated the 23d of
JuiA. w;-. I indicated the position of the Army
of the Potomac on that day. The Elcvrtsth
Co-; s v.iis. at Gt. -ss Creek, not far from Lee
iH.r: Va. The Fifth, still trader Gen. Msade,
ws't- wf.K-,wbre near Aldie, and part of it be
yttud ihi.t village helping Phwsoniou who. I
wrote, 1:a' a .vc:v cavalry enjetDcnieight
afo off. yesterday.'" The Second Corps had
Wcu i't.-hed oat from CentreviCe to Thorough -
feirc- Iap. The remainder of the a?my was aot
ffcr fnm the Eleventh Corps. Gen. Hooker
tous endeavoring to get from Hallcckaad Sain
ton an ?thu: Air-sized corps. liutu-rfeid had
beer, bf.st to assemble the troops from Hcintael
auai's Washington defensesaad from Scbeack's
Maryland Department. It was to be a co
ojKJiatlug force, to move np rapidly on the
Qtt.su m hide of the Potoaiac, It could chock
cavalry raids like those of Jenkins, who, with
s saucy brigade, had preceded Email into Peim
svlvaiua aud gathered horses, cattle and other
supplies from Cbantbersburg ad its neighbor
hood, securing them from tke fleeing and ter
rified inhabitants. This corps should ba strong
enouph to meet and hold back airy small or
Sttw'jlt- body of the enemy's in&otry, should
USUUUtWIWU -,.., -wW.
acros, the Poiotuac and into the Cumberland
VUe, itha vkwof scattering tho troops, so
as t,. iiV on UK country, ana nnajj logeuusr
and sekd to himanuch-eo vetsdand ajuch-needed
contributions f fooAforhis largo command.
But for some Tcasm. ikerc was then at Wash
ington A -WJJST OF JSTnM3rCE
in our igtute-Hipoj&er. Tfcsops whlch-werc
promotes isr this parpeoe were neve? sent';
seaic which. Imd been ordered and had set out
for the xandervons were stopped byHeintzel-
matite or HaHeck's subordinates. Schenck I
furnwhefi a few a single brigade under CoL
Lodkswod; bat tfoese wore insufficient for the
avowed jmrpofe, and' wltt was worse to Hooker
than lite withholding was the maimer In which
it was pormltted. Kb -was at that tamo suffered
to be over-sadden by abofainttt commanders,
w3iovto his chagrin, his seniors In authority
The sh. of June we were still at Goose Creek.
TSie das? before rav brother, the Rev. R. E.
Hovrjttd, a mea&er of the celebratod Christian
Com isi, reached our camp " after a ride of
iS mSloe and some little exposure to bush
whackecs.' Tko word. bash whackers " com
prdcnittd scents, spies and all partisan insure
gtnt wh were ne?er really made part of the
Ctidcrate away. They "penetrated our
lilies ic spite ef orerj' precantloB, picked off
our aids and messengers on thoir swift jonr
ntx'iiz? from corps to corps, and circulated
every sort of false story that might be made use
of to m iG'.ead as.' So I wrote several years ago
with regard to thorn. In this Gooie Creek
region we were much annoyed by them. It
was near here that Mosby, with his peculiar
force of geerrlUas, came near capturing my
attendants and myself. In a small thicket
which Ired grown up not far from the roid a
jmrfc of Mosby's men wore concealed. They
sawborsomen approaching, at first at a slow
pace. Theyaaade a careful count and found
tnat we (the coming mounted men) outnum
bered thorn, and, as we quickened the gait,
their leador thought ho would risk too much
to attack. I am glad of -that decision, for I had
just tiben simply orderlies, servants and spare
horses, with but few available soldiers. I should,
in a sudden attack like that intended, most
probably have been captured, orperhaps killed, ;
like Gen. Phil Kearny at Chantllly.
It appears now, from an examination of the
records, that Ewell as early as the 20th of June
withdrew from Winchester and marched on
above Harper's Ferry. Edward Johnson's Con
federato division crossed the Potomac at Sharps
burg and encamped on our old battlefield of
Antieiam ; Rodes' division went on to Hagers
town; but Jubal Early's division was detained
on the western bank of tho river. This dis
position of the enemy's leading corps when
reported to Hooker
as It did tHo War Department. What was Lee,
after aM, intending to do? This uncertainty
occasioned the singular multiplicity and sud
den changes of orders about tho time of
vMch I am writing. For example, on the
24th. the Blovcntfj Corps was first ordered
to proceed to Sandy Hook, just below Har
pers Porry ; next, before setting out, it was to
cross Instead at Edwards Ferry and report
from that place to Headquarters of the Army;
jiozt, to cross over there and push at once for
Hmgier's Perry. Soon after Gen. Hooker dis
jmiduti me to go into camp on tlic right bank
of tiic Potomac, and before that was fulfilled
the ordoj wore again changed to pass to tho
loft bank aud guard the bridges.
At last, on this same day, Gen. Tyler, who
was stBl the commander at Ma'land Heights,
gajyc G on. Hooker some definite information:
"Longstoeofs corps, which camped last night
between Berryville and Charleston, Is to-day
in notion, sad before C o'clock this morning
commenced crossing by tho ford, one mile bo
low Shopherdstown, to Sharpsburg. I havo
reports from reliable parties that at least
15,000 have crossed tho ford this morning,
mostly infantry and artillery. The troops are
lialted iind the wagon train at 10 o'clock (this
morning) was moving." In a letter, which,
must have been writtou before Tyler's dispatch,
came, Gon. Hooker explains to Gen. Hsillcck
briefly his thoughts and plans. He says that
Ewell Is already over tho Potomac; that he
shall endeavor, without boing obsorved by Lee,
U send a corps or two to Harper's Ferry, with
s view to sCvcr Ewell from the remainder of J
Lee's 4inay. This ho would attempt in case
he Ewell) should make a protracted sojourn
with his Pennsylvania noighbors.
Of course, Tyler s report changed all this. It
was now too late to cut off Ewell too late to
think of dividing Lee's army hy way of liar
par's Ferry. It was evident now that Lee
proposed to put his whole force cast of the
Potomac Washington and Baltimore would
be turned and Ilarrisburg menaced.
My instructions the morning of the 25th
of Juno were clear and positive in substance:
"Send a staff officer to Gen. Beynolds to report
to him; move your command in the direction
of Middlelown instead of Sandy Hoot." Reyn
olds still commanded the wing, viz., the First,
the Third and the Eleventh Corps, and was
ordered to seise the passes of South Mountain,
and thus confine tho Confederate general "to
ouo liuo of invasion." I do not suppose this
reason thus given amounted to much. If Leo
hd taken several lines of invasion he would
have divided his forces and enabled us the
better to strike him in detail; but, indeed, it
was a wise wove of Hooker to thus threaten
Lee's lino of communication while ho coni-
-nlAfnlv nvMil am? Tifntnctprl lllR OWTJ. Of 1
course, had lie pressed on hard' and close in
thai quarter, Lce.would have been forced to
stop all invasion and turn his attention con
stantly and completely to his adversary. Mid
dletown was quickly reached; Harper's Ferry,
or rather the Maryland Heights, was held, and
the lower passes of the South Mountain were
within our grasp.
GATHBKIXG ABOTJXD LEE.
In one day the army could at last be con
centrated in that vicinity, because our wing
under Reynolds had been followed up by
other corps. Slocum, with the Twelfth
Corps, having crossed at Edwards' Ferry the
26tb, had moved rapidly toward Harper's
Ferrv. The other three, with the artillery
reserve, hastening over the same day, for there
were two good pontoon bridges for their use,
moved up to Frederick and vicinity. Thus
the Army of the Potomac was the morning of
tho 27th of June well in hand, in good condi
tion, and rather better located for offensive or
offensive-defensive operations thau the year
before tinder MeCleUan when it approached
the field of Aniiciam. Hooker had gone off to
his extreme left, to Harper's Ferry, to see if it
was feasible to begin a movement from his
left He had asked for Tyler's command. He
now proposed the abandonment of Harper's
... M.- o-.
"rfjBfu T T
" - " wZ Z
expense of losing the services of 11,000 men,
now commanded by Gen. French. Hallcclc
rejoined, in substance, that Harper's Ferry had
always been deemed of great importance, and
that he could not consent to its abandonment.
HOOKEB. BKSIGyS. -.
Hooker then sent his fameus dispatch : "My.
original instructions were to -cover Harpers
Ferry and Washington. I have now imposed
upon me in addition an enemy in my front of
more than my numbers. I beg to be under
stood, respectfully, but firmly, that I am unable
to comply with those conditions with the
means at my disposal, and I earnestly request
that I may be at once relieved from the posi
tion I occupy."
As if at once abandoning his own plan, Gen.
Hooker, after sending his dispatch, sent the
Twelfth Corps to Frederick and went there
himself. The nest day, the 28th of June, Gen.
Hardie, a staff oilicer from the War Depart
ment, arrived at Frederick -with tho formal
orders which relieved Gen. Hooker of his
command, and appointed in his place the com
mander of the Fifth Corps, Gen. Geo. G. Meade.
As time passes on and one after another of
our patriotic veteran officers falls through the
bridge at the last crossing and disappears from
among men, a comrade feels less and less in
clined to criticise with any severity his well
iutcntionod work. There were jealousies,
there were ambitious, ther was discontent,
and often insubordination in our army. Gen.
Hooker had formerly severely criticised Mc
Cielian. He had accounted for his own waut
of success in his own first attempt at supreme
command by blaming others. Reactions would
come. Mcdellan's friends and many others
J somehow impressed our . large-hearted and
frank-spoken President with the feeling that
Gen. Hooker was not fuliy trusted in the army;
so he wrote him at the outset of this campaign
thcl-ith of June: "I have some painful inti
mations that some of your corps and division
commanders are not giving you their entire
From facts in -my possession I am sure that
this was a jnild statement of the case, and I
think it more a reflection upon thoso who
manifested the distrust than upon Gen. Hooker.
But now, taking everything into account,
I believe that, ill-timed as it seemed, the
change of commanders was a good thing espe
cially good for that uuezplainablc something'
called the "morale of an army."
Gen. Lee and his officers did not rejoice
when they learned that the able, upright aud
well-reputed Meade had succeeded Hooker.
Wc will now leave Gen. Meade at Frederick,
Md., for a few moments, while wc very briefly
try to follow the movements of tho Confeder
ates after they crossed over into Maryland aud
Pennsylvania. A strango thing happened to
Gon. Lee after the last cavalry encounter in
the Catoctin Valley. His cavalry commander,
Stuart, proposed to him that his cavalry the
main portion of it, under Fitzhugh Lee, Cham
bliss, and fyade Hampton pass by the rear of
our army, cross into Maryland and scour the
country on the east bank of the Potomac till it
joined Swell's commaud. Lee, thinking that
Stuart meant to be but a day or two in getting
back to his own flank, assented. Lee did not
dream of such a move to be made after Hooker
had also crossed tho Potomac But Stuart at
tempted aud accomplished this very thing. He
went far to tho rear, avoided our corps hero
and there, crossed at Seneca Rapids, just below
Edwards Ferry, the night of June 27, captured
some canal boate, etc., a train of wagons coming
out from Washington, kept a range of hills be
tween our army and his line of march, ran
upon a few small railway bridges aud destroyed
them, took up a few officers and straggling sol
diers, aud helped himself and his followers to
all the supplies of horses, wagons and food that
he could take along. He was obliged to march
night and day, scarcely could stop for the
needed rest for his men and horses, and he did
create quite a panic in our rear and along
our right flank. Pleasohton at last found out
what Stuart was attempting, and sent two di
visions of cavalry under Gregg aud Kilpatrick
to endeavor to head him off. Kilpatrick, who
now commanded a new division, with Custer
and Farnsworlh for brigade commanders, was
caecassfal in this.
Near jtauovcr XTJlpatrickj without previous
warning, ran straight across Stuart's path.
Worn out with travel and want of sleep, and
burdened with his plunder, Stuart was at first
thunderstruck at the situation, but by a vig
orous attack and a brief subsequent engage
ment (which I will not attempt to describe) and
then a prompt deviation to the right and care
ful avoidance of farther combat, ho really out
maneuvered our ardent fighters and got past
their head of column. Stuart expected to find
his own infantry at York, but it was already
gone. Oue more desperate effort. Stuart
again marched all night. Tho famished horses
were obliged to go at a slow pace, and the men
had great difficulty in keeping their saddles,
but at last the morning dawned upon their
worn-out division in tho neighborhood of Car
lisle. It is the 1st day of July. Swell's men,
who had been there a couple of days ago, were
gone they had all left for Gettysburg.
In order to obtain much-needed provisions,
for ho had pressed forward ahead of his train,
Stuart attempted to enter the town of Carlisle,
to help himself from its storehouses and barns;
but lie met an unexpected check as he drew
near the subcrbs of the village, for a part of
Gen. Couch's command was there. Ho threw
a few shells into the town in his vexation, and
then set out again to join his chief.
It was about this time that Gen. Lee's in
structions found the redoubtable Stuart. He
had misunderstood his orders; ho had marched
night and day to little purpose. Lee had never
so ninch missed his cavalry before; Hooker
had crossed tho Potomac loug before Leo had
discovered it. Leo had been forced to use some
of his swift-marching infantry for cavalry.
Early had tried to cover the right flank of his
march, proceeding as he did through Emraits
burg, Gettysburg, York, and on to Wrights
villc, where our people burned before him the
larze bridco across the Suscmehanua. Still
EAT.I.T HAD NOT T1EEX SUPPLIED WITH IX
FOBSIATION concerning us till we were close upon Lee
almost between the former and the main army.
Yes, Stuart was not commended by his chief
for his part in this campaign, daring and won
derful as it proved to be, because, for show, he
had lost the substance. For a small amount of
fright to our inhabitants and immaterial dam
age, he had neglected the valuable clearance
and cover to Leo's army, and not brought him
any information of Hooker's movements from
the 22d of June to the eTentful opening of the
great battle the 1st of July.
As soon as Gen. Geo. G. Meade toolc
command of the Army of the Potomac he
exhibited a mind of his own, and immediately
changed the plan of our march. My corps (the
Eleventh) turned at once from Middletown,
Md., to Frederick, arriving there the evening
of the 28th of June. The army was at this
time mainly concentrated around this pretty
little city, the capital of Maryland. As soon
as I reached the town I went at once to Head
quarters full of excitement and interest, awak
ened by tho sudden changes that were taking
As our comrades have probably discovered,
since the middle of last March, 18S1, 1 have
been writing from abroad. I am closing this
monograph in Constantinople, on ground
where .great battles were fought more than
2,000 years ago and since. My records are so
limited and my means of aiding my memory
by books and reference are so inadequate, that
I have deemed it wise to postpone an account
of the three days' 'battling at Gettysburg and
of the retreat of the Confederates till after my
return to America.
Last Saturday we arrived in Constantinople
and called upon our respected Consul, the Hon.
G. H. Heap. I noticed over his desk a large
photograph, as fine as an engraving, with two
figures, two gentlemen, sitting with a small
table between them, apparently conversing.
"Why,-' Iexclaimed, "there is Gen.Meade!"
"Yes," said the Consul," "they are Gen.
Meade and Admiral Porter; the artist caught
them that way."
Gen. Meade in that picture looked more
like the Gen. Geo. G. Meade of June 23, 1SG3,
than any photograph or picture of him that I
have seen. I had .known him before the war,
having met him and traveled with him on our
northern lakes when he was on engineering
duty in that region, and I had seen him fre
quently after the outbreak of the rebellion.
But he seemed to me different at Frederick.
His coat was off, for thoso June duys were very
warm. As I entered his tent, he extended his
hand, and said,
" How are you, Howard ? "
He demurred at any congratulation. He
looked tall and spare, weary, and' a little
flushed with the excitement, but I knew him
to be a good, honest; soldier, and gathered con
fidence and hope from his thoughtful face. To
him I appeared but a lad, for he had graduated
in 1835 at the Military Academy 10 years beforo
me. He had served in tho artillery among the
Indians; in the Topographical Engineers on
our rivers and lakes; in Mexico, whore he was
breveted for his gallantry, and had become
favorably known for good work in the Light
house service. Then, finally, in the rebellion
all our eyes had been turned to him for the
completeness of every work that he had thus far
undertaken with his Pennsylvania Reserves, He
won me more by his thoroughness and fidelity
than by any show of sympathy or companion
ship. To me, of course, he stood in the light
of an esteemed, experienced Regular officer, old
enough to be my father, but like a father that
one can trust without his showing him any
special regard. So we respected and trusted
Meade from the beginning.
4SonictIi!ns Wrong Somewhere.
IVowi the Dclro'd Free rrcss.
" Do your women customers bother you
much? " asked a citizen who was talking with
a Woodward avenue grocer tho other morning.
" Well, they seldom want to pay tho prices.
It seems natural for them to want to beat dowu
the figures. There comes oue now who probably
wan Is strawberries. Here aro somo fresh ones
at fifteen cents per quart, and yet if I should
ask her only cloven she'd want 'em for ton."
" Say, try it on, just for a joke. If sho asks
the price put it at eleven."
The grocer agreed, and -presently the woman
camo up, counted tho sixteen boxes of berries
under her nose, aud of course inquired :
" Have you any strawberries this morning? "
"Yc3'm." . .
"In quart boxes?"
" Only eleven cents pev box, mndam."
"I'll talco tho whokUot," she quietly ob
served, as she handed out a five dollar bill, and
take Tem she did.
Tho citizen disappeared .at that momcut,and
the grocer believes that it was a put-up job
between urn tvro
The Story of the War - Retold for Our
Boys and Girls.
THE BATTIJE ."' 03? .IUKA.
Sterling Price's IriVasiojri? of
HIS HOPES BLASTED.
He is Defeated and Narrowly
IcorvniGnirj). all mauTS eeseevedI
To the Boys and Girls of the JJnUed Slates :
We have seen'Geu. Bragg, by his movement
northward from Chattanooga, compelling Gen.
Buell to hasten from northern Alabama to
Louisville, and now we will go down to the
vicinity of Corinth and look at a second part
of Bragg's program. . ,,
Corinth was an important military point,
because there tho railroafT riinningrom Co
lumbus, Ky., to Mobile crossed the Memphis &
Charleston Road. When (Jen. Albert Sidney
Johnston was forced back from Bowling Green
by the taking of Fort Donclsou, ho selected
Corinth as the next position to be held, and it
was from Corinth that ho marched to attack
Gen. Grant at Pittsburg Landing, to fight a
great battle, in which he was defeated and in
which he lost his life. You have already seen
how Gen. Halleck in May, 1802, with Gens.
Grant's and Bnell's armies combined, advanced
upon Corinth, building long lines of intrench
ments; that when he was . ready to open fire
with his heavy siege guns he found tho Con
federates had slipped away under Gen. Beau
regard to Tupelo, in Mississippi.
You have also seen Geu. Buell holding the'
country east of Corinth, and Gen. Bragg con
ceiving the plan of putting , his troops on the
cars, sending tliem to Mobile and from thence
north to Chattanooga, to gain Bnell's flank and
rear, and then marching into Kentucky, com
pelling Buell to make a 'wearisome and rapid
march back to Louisville.
GE2T. or.AsT's rosiTiQX
Gen. Grant was commander" of the Depart
ment of West Tennessee. He had two small
armies: tho Army of tba jilississippi, under
Gn. Eosecrans the' troopswhich Pope com
manded before he was ordered to Yirginia,
(Hamilton's, Stanley's, Davies' and McKean's
divisions), 22,000 men, and the Army of the
Tennessee (Sherman's, MePherson's, Ord's and
Hurlbut's. divisions), 18,000 men. Sherman's
division was at Memphis. There were so many
regiments guarding the railroad that he had
only about twenty-eight thousand troops at
Corinth. Others were at? Bolivar, 40 miles
northwest of Corinth.
- GEX. VAX DOP.N.
The Confederate Army of the Southwest was
commanded byMaj.-Gen. Earl Yan Dorn, com
posed of the divisions of Breckinridge, Maury
and Little 33,000 men. Gen. Yan Dorn was
left to hold Gen. Grant in check, while Bragg
by his march into Kentucky transferred the
theater of war to the Ohio River.
Gen. Yan Dorn began operations by harass
ing Gen. Grant. He sent Gen. Armstrong
with his 25,000 cavalry north from Grand
Junction to attack the Union troops at Bolivar.
The Confederate cavalry rode swiftly through
the woods, expecting to surprise Gen. Grant's
cavalry, but the movement was discovered.
FIGHT AT BO LI VAT.
The Union troop3 at Bolivar were the 2d
and 11th 111. Ca, Uth Ind. Bat, and 20tb aud
7Sth Ohio. Col. Crocker, with 900 men, ad
vanced to meet Armstrong, He formed his
brigade of cavalry and mounted infantry in
the woods. Skirmishing began and continued
till night. The cavalrymen dashed at each
other. A fevr Confederate aud a few Union
men went down in the melee. Col. Crocker
slowly drew off his men and fell back, crossing
the Hatch ie River to Bolivar. Gen. Armstrong
did not dare to attack. He turned off, crossed
the river and made a dash at the railroad at
Medon Station. The 7th Mo. and 45th 111.
"Pile up the cotton bales and make a fort,"
snouted, tno omeers wuen tne alarm was
The soldiers rushed to tho station, piled the j
bales into a breastwork, with openings through
which they could fire.
The Confederate cavalry dismounted "and ad
vanced to the attack, but in vain their efforts
to dislodge the Union troops. They were glad
to leap into their saddles and retreat towards
"the Hatchie River. Col. Dennis, with 700 in
fantry and two cannon, followed and came
upon tho Confederates. Armstrong turned
about, saw how small a force it was and de
ployed his men, sending them out on each
flank. The Confederates charged and captured
the two cannon, but the Union infantry rallied
and poured in so hot a firo that the Confeder
ates retreated, leaving the guns, which they
could not take away, and losing 174 men. Gen.
Yan Dorn gained nothing by the movement.
VAK HOPE'S PLANS.
The Confederate commander thought that
this movement to Bolivar would make Grant
think that the whole Confederate army was
intending to attack his right flank, and that
ho would hurry up the troops from Corinth ;
but no troops wore sent. Gen. Grant saw that
it was only a feint to cover some larger move
ment. He discovered, that the troops under
Yan Dorn wei'o leaving Grand Junction, which
is west of Corinth, and were marching to
Ripley, which is 30 miles southwest of Cor
inth. . '
Looking now on your map yon will sec the
little village of Iul;a, 20 miles cast of Corinth,
on the railroad, Where there are mincraispringg.
Before the war the plan&rs of northern Ala
bama and Mississippi, used to gather thero in
Summer to drink the refreshing waters, lounge
on the broad piazza of the hotel and talk shout
raising cotton and the secession of the South
Col. 'Murphy, commanding r brigade of Stan
ley's division, was there, but abandoned the
town, retreating to Coriuth and making no ef
fort to save or destroy the beof, flour, pork, and
other supplies intrusted to Ins care, which fell
. . otner supplies mtrusteu to ms care, wiiicii-icu i
into the hands of Gen. Price, and which ho
was very glad to got.
Gen. Price bad 14,000 men. Grant saw that
a good opportunity had come. He planned a
movement which ho hoped would result in the
capture of Price. lie sent Gen.Rosccraus with
Stanley's and Hamilton's divisions 9,000 men
south of tho little town of Ricnzi, on the
railroad ; from there tho troops were to turn
east, march along tho country road to Jacinto,
and come upon Iuka from the south. He sent
Gen. Ord to attack from tho northwest. Gen.
Ord was to wait until he heard tho thunder of
Rosecraus' guns before attacking.
Geu. Rosccrans reached Jacinto the IStli of
September. The wearied troops kindled their
bivouac fires, drank their coffee, and threw
themselves on the ground, weary aud worn,
after a hard day's march. He had promised
Gen. Ord to be ready to fall upon Price early on
tho 19th, hut he was yet 20 miles from Iuka.
Heavy rains had fallen and tho roads were
deep with mud. The streams were swollen
and it was slow getting on.
Before daybreak tho drums beat and the
bugles sounded, and the troop3 took up once
more their march. At 1 o'clock in the after
noon the cavalry in advance came upon tho
Confederate outposts at a place called-Barnctt's
Corner. They were on the road leading. from
Jacinto to Iuka, marching northeast. Thero
was still another road farther east, leading
south to Fulton. Gen. Rosccrans intended to
sweep his Tight wing round upon that high
way and attack- from the south and cast, while
Ord was to pound Price from the northwest.
Gen. Rosecraus had not reached the Fulton
road. His column was strung out upon the
Jacinto road a long line of infantry, artillery,
ammunition and baggage wagons. The woods
were thick on both sides of the road. He was
about up to a cross-road along which he could
march to gain the Fulton road and his skirmish
ers were ascending a hill, when thero came a
sharp rattle of musketry in their faces.
BATTLE OF IUKA.
Gen. Price had discovered the movement
and laid a plan to fall upon Rosccrans with
nearly all his force. With 14,000 men he would
make quick work, of the 9,000 strung out in a
long column. He was acquainted with tho
ground; Rosccrans was not. Price's scouts
brought him word of thesituation of the Union
troops. He had 41 caution and chose his posi
tion on a hill two miles south of Iuka, deploy
ing Gen. Little's division consisting of Gates',
Colbert's, Green's and Morton's brigades in
front. He held Maury in reserve to confront
At Barnett's house, when the Union cavalry
in advance came upon the Confederate cavalry,
a, battalion of the. oth Iowa swept into the
woods. and deployed as skirmishers, driving
theTJonfederates. At Miss Moore's house, five
miles from Iuka, the iight was sharp, but the
5th Iowa pressed on two miles farther, where
the 2Cth Mo. relieved them. The skirmish
ers," looking from the brow of a hill, dis
covered Ihe enemy in line along a ravine.
-Gen. Hamilton, commanding the division, was
close behind the skirmishers and saw that the
time for quick action had come, for suddenly
a strong force of Confederates rushed upon
the 2Gth Mo., driving it back upon the head
of the column. Gen. Hamilton's troops were
in the road. The woods on both sides were
very thick. He knew nothing of the ground.
Shells were bursting around him and a storm
of bullets cutting the twigs. The 11th Ohio bat
tery with great difficulty wheeled into position
in the thick underbrush. The leading Tegi
nient the 5th Iowa went out upon the right
and the 4Gth Mo. beyond it. The 43th Ind.
Went up the road upon the run and swung
out to the left of the battery. Gen. Hamilton
personally placed the regiments in position.
It was after 4 o'clock and the sun was well
down towards the horizon when, with these
three regiments and oue battery in line, be
gan the battle, which burst out in an instant
with great fury. Up the hill came other regi
ments the 4th Minn, and IGth Iowa, which
formed on the right in the rear, and tho 10th
Iowa and the 12tb Wis. battery on the left. Tho
80th Ohio formed in reserve in rear of the 48th
The ground was so Tough and the woods so
dense that Gen. Hamilton could only have a
front line of three regiments, while Gen. Price
could deploy one entire division. Out on the
right of the Confederates was tho Texas Legion,
which poured its fire upon the 4Sth Ind. and
on the 11th Ohio battery. With a yell the Con
federates rushed forward, pouring volley after
volley into the left flank of tho 5th Iowa. Tho
Union men went down like grass before the
mower. But they were not the men to flee
panic-stricken before the sudden and fierce
onset. They held their ground and gave deadly
volleys in return.
THE llTH OHIO BATTEEY.
It was commanded by Lieut. Sears, who
worked his guns with great rapidity. The
Confederates were within canister range and
ho made great gaps in their lines. Tho Con
federate cauuou also fired canister, but the can
non were aimed too high and tho bullets cut tho
twigs of the sassafras trees over the heads of
the 26th Mo.
The Confederates determined to capture the
battery and came on with a rush upon the 4Sth
Iowa, which gave way, and then camo a ter
rible scene the shooting of the gunners of the
lit b Ohio battery and the horses. The wounded,
frightened animals dashed through the ranks of
the 2Gtk Mo., which rushed into tlfe gap in the
line, pouring a deadly fire into the faces of the
exultant Confederates. "Lie down and load ;
then rise and fire ! " shouted Cant. Brown to
tho men of Co. C. The men obeyed, sheltering
themselves whilo loading, and then rising for
an instant and firing. Above them swept the
storm of leaden rain, cutting the twigs of the
"Fire low!" shouted a Confederate officer to
his men. Ho saw tho 2GtbMo. sheltering them
selves. Tho Confederates fired low and then
tho Union men began to drop very fast. Tho
26th Mo. began to fall back, but was rallied by
the officers. Lieut. Sears, commanding the
battery, was shot; the colonel of the 26th was
No language can describe ihe scene at sunset
tho 'Confederates charging upon tlic-battery,
horses and men agoing down in a heap, dead and
wounded piled one upon the other, the air
thick with bursting shells and .leaden rain,
the men 'firing in ouch other's faces..
, Tun irascuH.
Gen. Sullivan rallied tho right wing. The
Confederates had captured the battery, but
could not hold it. They retreated, rallied,
rushed once more upou tho guns, took them a
second time, but to hold them only a moment,
for the Union troops rushed on with a cheer
and regained them.
Up came tiie Uth Mo., of Staaley's division
rushing into the thick of the fisbt Tiie 4th f
Minn., which had been out on the left, eame
up on the run to take part in the struggle. I
Tho 4th Iowa and the 12th Wis. battery poored
a destructive fire into the Confederate ranks.
For two hours the tide of battle surged back
ward and forward over tho same ground. Gen.
Little, on the Confederate side, fell mortally
wounded. Gen'. Price narrowly escaped. He
poured in his men brigade after brigade, bat
he could drive the Union men only a few paces
before his own lines were swept back in turn.
Night came at last, puitingftnend to one of the
fiercest contests of the war, brief bat bloody,
fought with nnsurpassed bravery and obstinacy
on the Union side seven regiments and two
batteries (2,300 men in all) defeating nearly
the whole Confederate army. Darkness settled
down upou tho field, thickly strewn with killed
and wounded; tho Union soldiers lay dowu
where they stood sleeping on their arms all
night long, with the rain pouring upon them.
SCRUB IK IUKA.
Gen. Price is uneasy. He has attacked and
been defeated. His ablest officer, Gen. Little,
has been killed. There is a mournful scene in
Iuka at his midnight burial. It is a shallow
grave. The Confederate officers stand a?oiad;
torches throw their flickering light upon them
as they heap the earth above him. There is
no drum beat, no volley of musketry; it is a
silent funeral, very much like that of Sir John j
jloore "I oS a drum wa3 nearu, not a lonera!
Gon. Price was thinking what he should do.
The Union troops under Rosecraus were sleep
ing on their arms, ready to renew the battle in
the. morning. Northwest of the town were the
troop3 under Gen. Ord, ready to advanee. He
had failed in the attempt to crash Eosecrana.
How could he hope to defeat & combined at
tack? He could not. He most attack. There
is but one road open to hha that leading
south to Fulton, and Eogecrans was ready to
seize it in the morning. He could not retreat
eastward, for the rain which had fallen, and
which had delayed Eosecrans in his marea,
had flooded all the country tho creeks and
lowlands of Bear River, and he could not
escape in that direction.
A man to be a successful general must be able
to make a retreat if need be as well as to wia a
battle. Gen. WTashington won the admiration
of the Britisb generals when he slipped away
from a' superior force in the night at Trenton,
made an all-night march, fell upon the British
at Princeton and won a victory. Gen. Price
never won many battles, Jbufc ho showed hi3
good sense and his ability to escape capture
by giving instant orders for a retreat.
GEE-. BEICE-'g ESCAPE.
Morning dawned-. The Uniou troops were
ready for battle, but no Confederates confront
ed them. They were escaping- by the
Fulton road. Eosecrans entered Iuka. The
houses were full of Confederate wounded
which had been left.
Price had failed in what he intended to do.
He had attacked Eosecrans, but instead of
crushing him had been defeated, and had fled
in the darkness, leaving the ground strewn
with his dead and wounded.
What a sight it was around the cannon where
the flght had been hottest 17 Confederates,
lying around one officer I
Hamilton's division had done nearly all the
fighting. It contained less than three thousand
when the battle begun, but 137 had been killed,
527 wounded, and 26 had been captured.
The wind had blown, from the north and no
sound of the conflict had reached the cars of
Gen. Ord, who had .baen waiting to hear the
cannonade. If he lfe heard it it is quite
probable that Price'siiKmy would have been
ground to powder as Mfm is crushed between
the revolving millstonfe
When the Confcdcrat
saw that they
were evacuating the
they broke open
the houses and plnndcn
cd them- most.
themselves to whateverVcl
Tho peoplo had welcomed
a few days bc-
fore with open arms,
,they saw their
property ruthlessly taken K
e men from
lis&ouri ami .rxaiibiis. .lii
cession as a sovereign right.
d hailed se-
ty had voted
to secede, little thinking how
the turn of events.
Gen. Price made a rapid ma:
wagons in advance, the drivers
mules, so that by daylight they were beyond
the reach of Bosecrans' cavalry, the troops
bringing up the rear ready to defend them
selves. Gen. Grant had failed in his plan to crush.
Price simply because he had relied upon Gen.
Ord's hearing the cannon of Eosecrans. So we
see how small a matter in war will sometimes
defeat tho best laid plans.
To be continued.
A SotcI Soldiers' Kennlon.
A novelty In reunions is set for the 1st of
July on the American side of tho Niagara Falls.
Twenty years ago twelve men were companions
in a hospital in York, Pa. All but two of them
had been wounded at Gettysburg, and in the
course of the friendship that sprang up among
tho dozen they entered into a solemn compact
to meet, if alive, on the American side of
Niagara Falls at 2 p. m. of July 1, 1S34, or
just twenty years after tho opening of the battle
of Gettysburg. Accompanying this was a series
of very creditable resolves as to the manner in
which they were to shape their lives, and
make the best use of the talents and powers
which God had given them. Above all they
were to bo unflinchingly loyal to the Union.
Strango to say only one of the twelve has died,
and the others are now making ready to keep
the appointment. One man comes from Glas
gow, Scotland, and another from Nevada. The
survivors are merchants, lawyers, ministers,
mechanics, and farmers. The names, regiments,
and post-offices of the siguers were: John
Milton, hospital steward, Moent Vernon, Mich.;
Albert Orvin Cheney, sergeant, Co. C, 1st Maine
Cav., Orange, N. Y.; Geo. Case, sergeant, Co. H,
104th N. Y., Troy, N. Y.; Israel Adams Coombs,
i sergeant, Co. C, 1st Maine Cav., Borumham,
Me.; Geo. msiow Aiarun, private, wo. u, oucn
N. Y. Engineers, West Stockholm, Me.; Wm.
Hopple Ware, hospital steward, U.S. A., Phila
delphia, Pa.; Israel Eooper Miller, private, Co.
I, 3d Md.. Kcunet Square, Pa -. Will H.volson,
private, L'o. l), zza uiass., xiftvor- j ,uass.;
Theo. D. Banm, sergeant, Co. H H
Wis.; Irving Cooper Hayes. - t
Pa., Walerford, Pa.; W' .
private, Co, B, 28th T v.V Pleasant, Pa.;
., .Liir -iJ- '- -j
Helm ThoinpsQT- vje' a. u, 4-un.jx. 1.,
Otisco, N. J. . K "afc
,o is dead.
Aycr's Ague v. o is a powerful tome bitter,
composed whony ot vegetable substances. It's
action is peculiar, prompt and powerful, break
ing up the chill, curing tho fover, and. expelling
tho poison from the system, yet "leaving no
harmful or unpleasant effect upon tho patient.
Sufibrers from chill3 aud fever who have used
quinine as a remedy wiB. appreciate this.
THE SfflLOH CM
ms knm Baring the
THE SECOND DAY.
Alignment of the Union and
FIGHTING ON THE LEFE
The Confederates Fight
but Find no Gaps in the
The Intention of Beaqr. xmA was to rnew
tt - i .. ,
wi tuuiat oa sue lui.'V.v : air un
?-v T f nn
greater fci'y coold have hem eoiumitt.;
to withdraw his troops fm the front, h
the abandoned Union camp?, leaving r
the top of the hill fcr Biel:'3 fresh fr
deploy into position. Whi'.e the O af- i
were rioting in the nnsrcuueaied
the captured spoil, the groans of t?
fining the Inter-rate of louder sonmt ere;'
the artiihry non the znnboK wb...
through the night kept up a deafening ravr,
Bnell's stont in&atry was march in? up the
kltt from the Undiag and filing into tv aoa
under the ptraonal supervunon of it- t m
mander. XcLoa tock p-a-rio:- en th- 1 iViTsar
est the river. Crit:enUVi divUi.--: . ir-.ving
before daylight, filed into 2; neon hi riL',aud
MeCook fiHed. the space between Cuttewtoa's
right and Sherman i left- The hitter had. re
celled StnrtTs brigade, aad with Jfcde-aoad'a
troops presented an undismayed ixeefc,. while
on his, right Lew Wallaee arrayad; hfe com
mand of 5.000 fresh treops eager for the ftay.
Hcrlbufs division ley near fehe heavy guns
all night7 and in the mereing mar'he1 1 1 she
river beak for bieakfoat and a bath, oe&ra
renewing the h.
. TOPOGRAPH 0F THE SKOTjm).
Boylighfe revealed Bnell's Hoe formed at an
obtuse angle with the river, 3traebig across
the Hamburg road, one and a half miles
northwest, to a- point north of the Purdy read,
and near the craek that empties into Snake
Creek below the bridge. In front of Nelson's
division was an open Seld, pertiaHvjcrerscii
towards.itr rigfc hy i siiistwoboijwBlcIt
eeztended beyond the enemy's lihe, with a thick:
J undergrowth in front of the lefi brigade of
Crittenden's division. Then an open field la
I front of Crittenden's right and McCeok'a left,
and a dense undergrowth la front of lTcCeok'3
right. The groond, nearly level in front of
I Nelson, formed a hollow in front of Crittenden,
and the creek abeve mentioned Hewed in fronfi
TUS C02T5TSDEEATS POSZTIOIT.
The enemy's line formed between the cap
tured camp of Sherman and lEcCIernand and
the Union line of battle extended parallel with:
the hitter from, the Hamburg road to Owl
Creek. They had planted their batteries atr
intervals -along the whele Kne during: the
night, hut the tired infantry was allowed to
rest until morning, when regiments were hus
tled into the liae at points nearest their
camps. Johnston says: "There had been an
intermingling of commands on Sunday but oa
Monday all order was lost. The positions of
regiments nearly resembled a shuffled pack of
cards in whish none adjoins its nest in suit,
except by chance." It is impossible to- na-
skeia of narratives so as to
ascertain the alignment of the Confederate
front. Chalmers' brigade with fragments o
GIaddenrs was on the right, and made tho
first assault upon Nelson's left. In this 14
was assisted by the 4th Ky. of Trabue's Con
federate brigade, in which, that regiment lost
half its men. Pond's brigade was attacked
about tho same honr by Lew Wallace on the
banks of Owl Creole, where this Confederate
command was saved by retiring upon ICetch.
ain's battery. This brigade was after this
encounter subject to so many contra
dictory commands from Beauregard, PoBs:
and Hardee that it came near filling tha
day in marching backward and forward In.
rear of the front line. Breckinridge had com
mand a-the right and Hardee on the left of
the Confederate line, while Polk and Bragg
commanded the center. Confederate reports
glow with Instances of personal valor. They
tell of officers high in rank who, soizing tho
colors, rushed into the thickest of the fight,
cheering and enconragingtheirmen; of groups
of soldiers fighting under one of their number,
and of a private soldier who commanded a
regiment after all the officers had been killed,
or wounded. These reports are so similar to
those of the Union commanders of tho day
before as to furnish evidence, if any were
needed, of the common nationality of the con
ALIGXltEXT OF NELSON'S IHVISJON.
Nelson's division of BuelFs army formed the
left. Col. Jacob Animen's brigade, on the left,
and about 3GG yards in front of the scene of the
repulse of Chalmers1 assault the day before,
comprised the 36tii Ind., CoL Grose ; 6th Ohio,
Lieut.-Col. Anderson; 24feh Ohio, Li--CoI.
Jones, and was kuown as the Tenth Brigade,.
TheTwenfey-second Brigade,Col. Sanders Bruccy
in the center, and to the right o the Hamburg
road, cousisted of the 1st Ky., Col. Engait; 2dL
Ky., Col. Sedgwiek. and 205b Ky., Lie?.-CoL
Hanson. Gen. W. B. Hazen brigado (tho
Nineteenth), on the right of Nelson's division
was composed of the 9th Ind., CoL Moody; 6th,
Ey.r Col. Whitakcr; 41st Ohio, Lienfc-CoL
Mygalt. XJen. Boyle's brigade (the Eleventh)
of Gen. T. L. Crittenden's division came nexfr,
tho 9tb Ky., Col. Grider; the 13th Ky., Col.
Hobson, and the 59tk Ohio, Col. Fyfle in the
front line, and tho 19th. Ohio, Col. Snm Beatty,
In reserve. Crittenden's right brigade (tho
Fourteenth), under command of Col. Wm. S.
Smith, contained the 13th Ohio, Liaut.-CoL
Hawkins; 26th Ky., Lient.-Col. Maxwell ; tha
11th. Ky., Coi. Hawkins, and temporarily
attached) the 14th. Wis., CoL Wood. The Uth;
kJ was in reserve. Gen. Rousseau's brigado
ofMiCook's division, being: first on the ground,
wasTed bf Gen. Buell in. person to its place oa
Crittenden's right. In it was a battalion each;
of the 15tb, 16th, and 19th. U.S. Inf. ondex
F command of Miik King? the 1st Ohio,. Col.
Smith; the6eh Ind.. CoL TT Crittenden, aasl
. i '
, j m u "r m ,..
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