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THE NATIONAL--TRIBUNE: WASniSifflQN, D. 0., THURSDAY, JULY 10, 1881.
The Iational Tribune.
t O GMR. nm Mm TOP MA imjuku ihl (Ai ku,
KB WIDOW AND ORPHANS." ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
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States, authorized ov law, including debts incurred for
payment of pensions and counties pir scrvices in sup
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tioned." Sec a, Art. XIV, Constitution of the United
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tCTS OF THEfiOLDIiRPUntWHRO IK THE COUNTRY. I EARNESTLY
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A HAKE GHANOE.
The tuoct vsJitsMe of military works is un
Soubiedlj the J&dPon Record, the official pub
lication of Hie War Department. -Volumes
one, two, tStvee mxm five of this work are now
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THE XACTEONAI. JBXCASU'XJEKT.
Jj&i all liie soldiers nd their wives remem
ber tkat we t.Lail bwre a special report of the
National E:iraapracot at Minneapolis by Past
Comnninder-iii-Cluef Pul "Va Dervoort and
Mrs. 'Kate B. Sherwood. This will secure a
Talae not pweaaadfoy say other reports, and
evryee intenaai in tle G. A. E. and thc
Woman's EeHof Corps should make sure of
this report The boat way to make sure is to
send in your mimes t the office accompanied
by a yars sabsernttion.
CBS. XOGAK AS A GOIFATJIES.
Bow Gon. Logan Impponed to become
"RoifaiUcr" is graphically told in an article
on our first iwte. The story has never before,
wcibtittave, ajifHtarcd in print, but the facts are
liimiMar to niaey of rhe survivors of the Fif
teottdi Corps, aud It is one of those instances
wlioi'e fcratfc J stranger than notion. It affords
a K-tter iueight into Gen. Logan's true charac
ter fban araost asy oifcer actual occurrence
that we caa call to mind.
Tjib pafint of disagreement last week be
tween the two Ileuses on tkc bill to establish a
Western Soldiers' Home, was ae to the adoption
of the Sanate amendments to include the Cali
fornia Home at Napa and the proposed site of
a Michigan Home, in thcscopef Congressional
inquiry; both these amendments were finally
agreed to, and. with tho addition of a clause
making Moritan as woll as Union soldiers !
eligible to liflLoifeion, on condition that they
Lave never Iwrne arms against thc Govcrn-m-nt,
the blH was promptly passed, and is now
(S ovs. firet page this week we print the
f u.. test d the address recently delivered by
a;. W. T. Sherataa befotc Post No. 131, of
St LsaLv of which he is a membor oa the
llfu-and service of that gallant officer and true
patriot, Gen. T. E. G. Eaueora. Thc address
Ss charaflleristfc of tho Goneral discriminat- I
iwg. yot appreciative, and full of thc deepest
rmraonal interest Especially notable is the
bsjst of patriotic feeling with which it con
clude. his eulogy of the Grand Army, and
Lis declaration of profound sympathyud affec
tion for our -veterans generally.
We aoie glad to learn that during his com
ing visit to Eo3ton, Gen. Sheridan is to be
ionorcd with a rousing Camp-fire, tendered by
the Grand Army Posts of that city and vicinity.
The General is not fond of speech-making, and
ieteste fuss and feathers, but he will find it
impossible to withstand the hospitality of our
tOYALTY THE ONLY TEST.
Nearly two years ago, at a time when outside
of New England, Nevr Jersey and Ohio, very
little interest, if any, was taken in the "work of
woman's auxiliaries, loyal ladies' leagues or
relief corps, as they "were variously termed
then and none at all by any newspaper of
consequence The National Teibune en
tered upomvhat it conceived to bo a noble
mission, namely, to arouse our veterans to a
sense of the importance of securing in connect
ion with the charitable work of every Tost
often too heavy to be borne alone the co
ojieratiou of loyal -women. It clearly set forth
the desirability of the establishment of such
organizations, and to such good purpose that
applications for instructions as to mode of
forming corps, conduct, etc., began to pour in
from every quarter. In complying with these
requests, wo recommended a form of organiza
tion that was at onco effective and easily un
derstood, and which provided for thc admission,
of all loyal vromcu. It was not our wish to
antagonize any of the existing societies whose
membership vras confined solely to the imme
diate relations of soldiers. On the contrary, we
were in fluouccd solely by the belief, strength
ened by thc openly avowed opinion of the then
Coinmandcr-5u-C3iief of the Grand Army, that
our ex-soldiers -were in as tirgent need of thc
aid of all loyal women without respect to lies
of blood, as thoy wore 20 years ago, aud that to
exclude any of them from a share in that good
work would be to deprive our veterans to that
extesl of assistance still available. In this
position wo ware heartily supported, and the
proposition first made in these columns to
establish a National Order and organize De.
partments co-crtensivc with those of the Grand
Army was received with great enthusiasm. In
accordance with that proposition a conference
1 of delegates from tho various organizations was
held at Denver, during tho meeting of the Na
tional Encampment List Summer, and a Na
tional Order was established. The prevailing
sentiment was in favor of admitting all loyal
women of irreproachable character to the
Ordor,and, in the preamble to the Constitution
then and there adopted, that sentiment was
formally embodied. There were those among
the delegates, iowever, who thought it wise to
leave thc question of eligibility practically
open during the first year of the Order, in thc
hope that some of the exclusive societies might,
npon further reflection, abandon their opposi
tion to the "loyal woman" condition of mem
bership, and to this view" of the matter the
other delegates amiably deferred. In the light
of events which have since happened, we are
disposed to think that this was a great niis-
take, since it has given an opportunity to the
opposition to strengthen their forces, and the
concession itself has amounted practically to a
nullification of the constitution. And, indeed.
its practical effect Las been to postpone the
battle to a moment less opportune than that of
the establishment of the Order. However, the
matter must now be definitely settled, and, by
common consent, at the National Convention at
Minneapolis. "We believe that it should be
settled by the ratification of the clause admit
ting all loyal women, and that if it is not so
decided a great wrong will have been done the
Grand Army, to which it is intended to be
We will Etste our reasons: The object of the
Woman's Belief Corps being, as stated in its
constitution, "to specially aid and assist the
members of the G. A. E., and perpetuate the
memory of their heroic dead; to inculcate
lessons of patriotism and love of country, not
only among our membership but our children
also," it is due to the Grand Army that it
should have thc aid and assistance of aU women
who are willing to render that aid and assist
ance, and whose loyalty fits them, equally with
the actual relatives of soldiers, to inculcate
lessons of patriotism, etc To deprive the G.
A. E. of their help would be an act of supreme
selfishness and unworthy those who profess to
have its welfare at heart. In face of the fact
that there aTe, and will long continue to be
larger demands oa the G. A. E,, than its charity
funds can meet, we do not see how any dele
gate can have the heart to advocate such a
limitation of resources of the Order.
In the second place there is no sound reason
for making any dtKriminafcion between sol
diar's relatives and other loyal women. There
was none made 20 years ago; why should there
be now? Nor is there any such similarity be
tween the character of the two Orders as would
warrant it. Our veterans fought side by side
in thc great struggle for the TJniou, aud the
tie of comradeship that binds thorn together is
a genuine one and not of artificial creation.
No such tie exists between their relatives.
Thousands of soldiers' wives have been mar
ried since the war, and while thoy may now
share thoir husband's loyalty, they have expe
rienced none of the hardships of war or tho
sacrifices which many women, inspired simply
by patriotism aud not prompted by feelings of
personal affection, made for thc Union. The
truth is that the only real basis that does exist
for such an organization is that of common
loyalty, and that should be tho only test of
clegibility. To be consistent, the advocates
of an exclusive membership should admit no
woman unless she was thc wife, mother, daugh
ter or sister of a soldier at the time of the
No ! We must have tho help of all loyal
women, young or old, rich or poor, to minister
to our aging and enfeebled comrades, else per
chance tho aid rendered by the Order may not
prove sufficient for the occasion.
But, more llian on any other account, we are
in favor of the admission of all loyal women
because thoir exclusion will tend to repel popu
lar sympathy from the soldier, and to diminish
thc sense of responsibility which all truly pa
triotic citizens should feel for those who saved
the Union and preserved tho Eepublic. We
waut the time to come when their welfare will
not be thc concern simply of a few, but of the
entire community in which they live, and the
surest way to bring that about is through tho
organized efforts of our loyal women. God
bless them 1 They did not 20 years ago with
hold their aid from the soldier because, having
no relative in the war, his sufferings didn't
concern them, and it would be base ingratitude
and senseless folly to reject it now !
Let tho delegates to tho Minneapolis Con
ventionshow to the G. A. E. that they have the
interest of our veterans really at heart by
unanimously voting to admit to tho Order
every loyal woman who is willing to do "her
part; towards tho accomplishment of its ob
jects. Here is tho preamble to tho constituti on of
the Order as it stands to-day:
We, the undersigned, mothers, wives, dnuplnora
and sistcra of the soldiers, sailors nud manned of
the late war of thc rebellion, nnd other loyal women,
do unite in a permanent orijanizatiou.
Let it stand !
TVHAT THE RECORDS SIIOW.
Tho first session of the 40th Congrcs3, which
came to an end on Tuesday last, was chiefly
remarkable for the multiplicity of measures
proposed in the interest of tho soldier and tho
paucity of those that were acted upon. In the
House there were long and vexatious delays in
reporting bills from committee, and quite as
uotable an aversion was exhibited to calling
them up after they had been so reported. The
Hexiean bill was promptly disposed of, but it
was not until a late day in tho session that tho
House-could be brought to consider any legis
lation for the benefit of the soldiers and sailors
of thc late war, and it then passed, as a result
of outside pressure, and without duo reflection
as to the effect of tho measure, that monstrosity
known as tho " Warner bill." This bill was so
clearly a snare and a delusion that it was
promptly repudiated by the Pension Committee
of the Grand Army as well as our veterans
generally. With this action, however, tho
House contented itself, and it soon became,
apparent to the friends of the soldier in the
Senate that the only possiblo way of securing
tho concurrence of both Houses on any pension
legislation for thc veterans of 1SG1, was to offer
it as an amendment to tho Mexican pension
bill then pending. It has been charged that
this was done in order to defeat the latter, but
it really only afforded an additional reason
why every truly patriotic Senator and Eepre
sentative should vote for it. The first amend
ment proposed was that by Mr. Ingalls extend
ing the provisions of the arrears act, but the
Democratic Senators voted eolidly against it,
and, with the aid of nine Eepublicans, suc
ceeded in defeating it. Then tho Cullom
amendment was proposed, designed simply with,
a view to relieve tho immediate necessities of
aged and infirm veterans, dependent parents,
widows and orphans, and incidentally modify
ing the harsh, requirements of the Pension
OScc, and this amendment, although also op
posed by the Democratic Senators, was finally
adopted and tho bill as thus amended passed
and sent to the House for concurrence.
What has been its fate at the hands of that
body? The records of the last week show that
the Democratic majority have availed them
selves of every parliamentary device to prevent
a vote upon tho Senate amendments, not dar
ing to record themselves squarely against the
bill, yet accomplishing its defeat by repeatedly
leaving the House without a quorum. Once
iudeed, during the consideration of tho bill, 55
Democratic members were recorded in favor of
a motion to postpone action until tho next
session ; but, although that motion was voted
do wn, Mr. Townsend, of Dlinois, who had charge
of the measure, was unable to bring his fellow
Democratic members np to thc point of taking
a vote on the merits of the bill itself.
Thus it has happened that a bill which would
have done justice to the veterans of two wars
and relieved a vast amount of suffering and
distress, has been ruthlessly slaughtered by
those, who, posing as the special friends of the
soldier, have seized tho first opportunity to
Let no soldier forget that this bill was passed
byaEepublican majorityin tho Senate, and met
its death at the hands of a Democratic majority
in the House.
veto of THEirrrz-JOECN porter isiix.
The reasons with which the President ac
companied his veto of tho Fitz-John Porter
bill are simply unanswerable.
They do not deal with the true merits of thc
case at all. Perhaps wisely certainly quite
shrewdly the President did not open up the
question of the claimant's guilt or innoeeuce,
further than to point out that the main pre
sumptions were against his innocence.
Tho constitutional reasons were all-sufficient.
The bill was very clearly an invasion of the
Chief Executive's prerogatives, and one that no
President could permit. If CongTC33 could in
one instance dictate who should be appointed
to an office it might create, it could go on with
equal right and designate the appointees to all
offices, new or old an encroachment of tho
legislature upon the executive department
that is in direct defiance of the spirit and let
ter of the Constitution.
Next it invaded tho province of the Judi
ciary quite as arrogantly as that of the Execu
tive, thus forcing tho President if he signed
it to not only submit to having his own pre
rogatives encroached upon, but to be an accom
plice in a serious attack upon those of the Ju
diciary. There is another powerful reason also un
connected with the merits of thc casc which
thc President might have given. It is this;
What occasion existed for singling out from
the great number of men who were cashiered
or iu other ways fell under tho ban during tho
war this special instance? WThy should tho
Fitz-Jolm Porter case bo re-opened and tho
verdict reversed by Congress any more than
scores and hundreds of other cases in which
great hardships are alleged to have wrought by
verdicts of courts-martial? Certainly Fitz
JohnPorter's being a Major-General should not
open tho fountains of mercy and reparation for
him any more quickly than for some Sergeant
or Lieutenant whose stripes orstraps were torn
off by a court-martial.
GEN. HOWARD'S 3IONO GRAPHS.
In his last monograph, Maj.Gen. O. O. How
ard brought his "Personal Bemiuiscences "
down to the movements immediately preced
ing thc battle of Gettysburg, an account of
which, owing to his absence abroad and his
consequent inability to consult the official
records, he bas decided to postpone until his re
turn. It was our intention to begin at once
his series of personal reminiscences from tho
time he was transferred to the army of the
West to the return of Sherman's voterans from
the "march to the sea" and their participation
in tho "grand review" in tbi3 city, but, owing
to some miscarriage of the mails, several mono
graphs havo not yet come to hand. Before,
therefore, wo proceed with his story of the
Atlanta campaign and thc "march totho sea
wc shall present to our readers a fine descrip
tion from the pen of Gen, Howard of the battle
of Waterloo, written immediately after a visit
which ho paid to that fiunous fiold, some weeks
ago, on his waytoSgyflt?. Tho first monograph
will appear at an eqrly date.
1 ' i
TVA2n-T: A ANSWER.
To. The Editou Please answer tho following
questions : 1 .1
1. Suppose a syndicate.' of Ohio farmers in 18G-1
having; furnished the Government with hay, grain
or mules worth Sl(JO,O0Ofand for 20 years waived
their rights to pay, cither ,bet!iusO thoy did not desire-
it, or were too proud to ask for it, hut who now
(1S3J) ask for their compensation, would it bo right
or just to refuse them payment, they having given
an equivalent? In -what manner would the pay
ment of tho just debt legally, morally or equitably
now embarrass tho Government? Would it be
just to set up a technical limitation in thc case?
2. SuppoHo Senators Sherman, Ilawley and Ed
munds, each having in same year (1SG1) loaned the
Government 150,000 or 150,M)0,000, and demand
ing their money, would it be right or just to refuse
payment now (1S&1), even if they for 20 years had
waived right to their clnitn because they did not
desire or were too proud toaslcit; or would it be
legal, moral or equitable on the part of thc Gov
ernment to set up a technical limitation and de
prive them of their just dues? Would its payment
now embarrass tlic Government?
3. Suppose an officer or soldier, wounded and
partially disabled In same year (18C1), but able in
part to earn his support until now (1881), in the
meantime having been loth to ask his Govern
ment's aid, is it right or just if he applies for a pen
sion (or havingnpplicd since July, 18S0) to pay him
from date of his application, while tens of thousands
of his more fortunate comrades have been paid
from date of disability or discharge? Ts it legal,
moral or equitable to set up a technical limitation
and deprive him of what is his due ? Would the
payment of his claim, and similar others, now em
barrass thc Government? If so, how and why?
L. P. S., Philadelphia, June 28.
Dear friend, wc shall not attempt to answer
your conundrums, for tho very excellent rer
son that we do not think they can be answered.
As a rule, only scoundrels take advantage of
of the statute of limitations. It is very rarely
even an excusable much less a reputable thing
to do. No man who lays claim to even so low
a standard of honor as will pass muster in tho
business world, resorts to thc statute of limita
tions to escape paying a just debt.
Tho Governmcntof the United States cannot
afford, in dealing with its soldiers, to take ad
vantage of technicalities such as a Wall-street
sharper would scorn to make use of.
It did not deal thus sharply and shrewdly
with its bond and note holders it would have
been perpetually dishonored if it had.
They are doing its fair fame a grievous and
lasting wrong who stand in the way of its deal
ing with its soldiers in the same broad spirit
of equity that governed its dealings with the
TELE Zins-I XANT SUtYXDER.
Eising in his place in tho Senate last Satur
day Gen. Logan so effectually disposed of the
Zuni land accusation that even the leading pa
pers opposed to him frankly acknowledge that
there is nothing more to,be said on the subject.
The statement made by him covered every
point in the story, ahd left nothing unanswered.
Beginning with denouncing tho whole charge
as "maliciously false," he stated that the only
possible grounds for it vero that Gtpt. Law
ton, Maj. Tucker, afnd Mr. Stout located claims
at Nutria Springs, in Jfew Mexico, not how
ever until after ascertaining from the General
Land Office that the land was subject to loca
tion, being outside of the Indian reservation,
and being somefive miles from tho Indian line,
and somo25 or 30 miles from the town of Zuni.
"So it will be seen that the 'hundreds of thou
sands of acres of land ' that this man says I
was 'stealing from thf) Indians' resolves itself
into three homesteads or 'desert-act' claims
located by two Army officers and one citizen
on public lands open to such entry, with which
location, however, I had nothing to do."
Gen. Logan then read letters from Maj.
Tucker and Capt. Lawton corroborating this
statement. Also a letter from Col. Stephenson,
of the United States Geological Survey, who is
probably the man in all the Nation best ac
quainted with the territorial lands, in which
he states that the charges are "grossly unjust,"
and "wholly without foundation." Also, a
letter from Hon. H. M. Teller, Secretary of the
Interior, oxeulpating Capt. Lawton and Maj.
Tucker from any suspicion of wrong-doing.
So ends the matter, for it will be a very cal
lous and impudent liar, indeed, who will at
tempt any resurrection of the slander.
THEY :MAIE THE PENSION I?UND.
There is one bit of unbearable impudence
continually present in the discussion of pen
sions. It is thc insolent assumption that the
money paid pensioners comes out of somebody
else's pockets that one class of hard-working
mouey-making citizens is to bo robbed that
an idle and non-producing class may be fat
The talk of the opponents of pensions is al
ways in effect that tho pensioners and those
desirous of receiving pensions aro a band of
communists carrying on a crusade against tho
the wealth of tho country, and they inveigh
against these much-deserving men in the spirit
and words of tho French tirades against tho
Socialists and Intransigcants.
The flagrant falsehood of this lies in tho fact
these men were tho creators of tho larger
part of tho wealth from which the ponsions
aro paid, Tho two million youths who were
on the enlistmcut-rolls of 4tho army from 1SG1
to 18G3 havo formed since then tho bulk of tho
wealth-producers of tho Nation. At that
time they included substantially every
young man of health, courage, energy and
habits of mental and bodily activity in the
North. When the war' ended, and they re
turned to peaceful pursuits in tho marvelous
manner we havo so often had described, their
superior energy and capacity speedily put
them in tho lead in all itfanner of affairs. It is
they who, for nearly 20 years, have been open
ing mines, building railroads improving farms,
developing manufactures, and carrying for
ward iu all directions thc multifarious enter
prises which have made 6ur country's progress
in that time so Astonishing, 'jhe wealth of
tho country has quadrupled sincq tho close of
tho war, aud 75 per cent, of that enormous
increase has been the work of tho men who, at
ono time or auothor, wore the blue of thc
Union army. For Hearty 20 years for infi
nitely the best part of their lives the survivors
of those 2,000,000 youths have devoted their
intelligence and industry to thc increase or the
country's riches and prosperity. If there aro
now 50 billions of taxable property in tho
country, where there was but 1G billions in
18G5, .the doubling and redoubling is almost
wholly tho rich fruit of their labors.
And sl3 they have formed the bulk of those
actively engaged in tho industries aud com
merce of the country, they have had to pay tho
much tho"greatcst part of the immense war
dobt which has been paid off. Tho burden of
taxation has rested directly upon them, as it
always does rest upon thc great mass of middle
class people. The monied and commercial
classes of tho Eastern cities, which aro the
main inspircrs of this shriek against pensions
pay relatively little of tho taxes of the country.
Mr. Vandcrbilfc, with his millions of Govern
ment bonds, aud his palatial residence in New
York City, pays less direct personal taxes than
many a Kansas farmer who, 20 years ago, was
carrying a musket in the rear rank of a fight
ing regiment, and came out of thc army with
nothing but his last instalment of pay.
The pensioners have co-operated with- their
comrades in this great work of increasing tho
country's wealth, and of paying off its war-indebtedness.
Thoy have contributed to thc full
measure of the strength and ability left them
by tho injuries of thc war to build up tho
great fund from which pensions aro drawn.
Whore they have not given so much to the
country of late years, it baa been because they
gave so much in earlier years.
Tho summing up of the whole matter is this:
tho pensioner is not at war with any class. He
is a man who has done his beat for the benefit
of all classes. He and his comrades preserved
the life of tho Nation, and by so doing main
tained the value of every dollar's worth of
property thc people owned. Since then he and
his comrades havo added enormously to thi3
obligation by tho enrichment of the country
througk their enterprise and industry. Out of
the wealth that ho has so effectively helped to
preserve and increase, it is proposed to give
him what is justly his due a comfortable
maintenance for the remainder of his days.
A INUaiBEKLESS CONSTITUENCY.
Tli is week The Natkmtai Turn we goes to
113,000 Tegular subscribers. This enormous
number is hardly equaled by another weekly
paper in the Nation. Other newspapers calcu
late that for every subscriber they have five
readers, which would make the number who
will read this week's National Tetbunb
nearly six hundked thousand. There is
probably even a larger proportion of readers to
subscribers for it than for other papers, since
no paper is so extensively borrowed and passed
from hand to hand. We think we risk noth
ing in claiming that THitnE-QUABTEE3 of a
iirxMOX persons will read this week's paper.
The rapidity with which The NatioxaiT
Teibune has obtained this immense constit
uency bas been one of the phenomena of jour
nalism. Other papers of recognized ability and
national reputation have been for more than
half a century striving to gain the half of the
circulation that we enjoy to-day. Tho only
secret of our success is that The National
Tribune has made itself just the paper that
its readers wanted, and made itself superior in
its field to all competitors.
TRY IT, COMRADES.
Wo havo now on our subscription lists 113,
000 names of old comrades, who are our warm
and devoted admirers and friends. From them
come every week thousands of letters praising
The National Teibune as the paper the sol
diers of tho country havo long waited for, and
which, having como, they welcome with en
thusiasm. But enormous as this number is
a greater number, we are confident, than any
other wfeckly paper in the country can show
it is not yet what it should be. We should
havo double that many inside the next six
months. There aro yet a million and a half
comrades alive who take a vivid interest in all
that pertains to the war, and who will become
supporters and admirers of The National
Tribune whenever it is brought to their no
tice. Every one of our present subscribers can
do his comrades who are non-subscribera a
favor by showing them The National Teib
une, pointing out its excellences and asking
them to subscribe for it. He will find it a
pleasant and easy task to get them as much
interested in the paper as he, is himself, and
the result will be beneficial all around. Try
A TRUE SOUHER.
Courage and patriotism are not confined by
party lines, as Col. E M. Johnson, of Goshen,
lud., has found it necessary to sharply remind
tho Executive Committee Indiana Democratic
Editorial Association. It invited him to re
spond to the toast: "The Democratic soldier
the ffr3t in the field and tho last to leave it."
He told tho committee very emphatically that
the sentiment was in tho worst taste, for in tho
Avar of the rebellion he knew on the Union
side none but Uniou soldiers, all of whom were
first in thc field, and none of whom left the
post of duty so long as there was an enemy to
menace our liberties, threaten the destruction
of tho Union of tho States, or plot thc over
throw of the Constitution of our fathers. Col.
Johnson has a military record worth envying.
He was tho gallant commander of the 100th
Ind., and spent some time in prison. Ho Is an
active member of Chas. W. Howell Post, No.
SOLDIERS' DAY AT TIIE NEW ORLEANS
Correspondence has been entered into be
tween tho managers of tho great World's Ex
position, which is to be held at New Orleans
on December 1, and the Grand Army Posts in
that city, with a view to arranging for a "sol
diers' day," the date of which is to bo fixed
later on, and tho suggestion has been received
with favor. Such an event wouloT doubtless
form tho occasion for tho largest reunion of
Union and Confederate veterans that has yet
taken place, and we aro confident that it
would be one of peace and good will. Besides,
New Orleans, in December, is one of the plcas
antcst and most interesting cities in tho world,
and thc low excursion rates will enable every
body to go that wants to.
Duking the recent meeting at Atlanta of
the Georgia State Teacher's Association Stato
Commissioner Orr said that ho had a delicate
statement to make. Ho had invited by circu
lar several of his friends and the teachers gen
erally to be present at the National Conven
tion, ne had learned, however, that a pro
gram for tho convention has been made out
and that those to whom subjects of Southern
education are allotted are not representative
Southern men. The representative for Georgia
was a negro. 1T& mentioned this f.ict for the
benefit of tho3c who felt a delicacy in present
ing themselves with such a representative.
Our Southern friends seem to have a special
antipathy to the "educated negro' although.
thoy do not at all object to him in domestic
positions, which necessitate-personal contact.
The Board of Managers of tho Natioual Sol
diers' Homes stopped at AugnstiV, Mo., last
Thursday, on thoir return from a visit to the
Home at Togus,.and paid thoir respects to tho
Eepnblican nomineo for President. In tho
course of tho interview tho conversation
turned on tho question of pensioning our ex
soldiers and sailors, and Mr. Blaine oxpresscd
himself as of tho opinion that "a too liberal
policy could not bo nscd towards tho veterans
by tho Government." That was well aaid, and
wc trust Mr. Blaine will bo equally explicit
in his forthcoming letter of acceptance.
Owing to tho pressure of work at the Gov
ernment Printing Office, we aro unable to pre
sent our readers this week with official copies
of the Desertion and Soldiers' Home bills, as
passed by Congress shortly before its adjourn
ment, but they will ho published in our next
We pkint, on another page, an admirable
discourse on thc "Lovo of Country," by tho
Ecv. C. O. Hanmcr, of Dryden, N. Y. It is
extremely interesting historically, and one of
the mo3t oloquent invocations to patriotism
that has ever been brought to our attention.
The number of pension certificates issued
and signed during tho week ending July 5,
1S31, were as follows: Original, 1,177; increase,
C21; re-issue, 55; restoration, 21; duplicate, 0;
arrears, 0 ; total, 1,874.
Commanders and members of Grand Army
Posts throughout tho United States contem
plating going to the Grand Eounion at Minne
apolis, in July, should not forget the "Albert
Lea Eoute," which, for its superior equipment,
beautiful scenery, etc., etc.r has deservedly
become a most popular line between Chicago,
Minneapolis and St. Paul. Through trains
leave tho Great Eock Island Depot (the most
centrally located in Chicago) daily. For fur
ther particulars address E. St. John, General
Ticket and Passenger Agent, Chicago, HI.
- III M ... I . , , .
A STINGY CONGRESS.
Pretentions SaTlngs In Some Directions and Prodi
gality in Others.
Tho financial legislation of the session of
Congress justended has not been such as can
ever be reviewed with any satisfaction. Every
thing has been sacrificed to the anxiety to
make a show of economy for use in the coming
campaign. In spite of every effort by the
patriotic men who arc anxious to build up our
Navy to what it should be, no money whatever
conld be got for either that purpose or for
carrying on the work of fortifying, our sea
coast. The only money that could bo got for
the Navy was obtained by acomprorune which
gave half the amount of the naval appropria
tion of last year to carry on the Navy for six
mouths, until the Presidential election is over
and Congress meets again. But $20,000,000
were appropriated for pensions, though this is
made up by unexpended balances from previous
years. No money was appropriated to pay the
French claims, which should have been paid
last year ; nor for re-marking the boundary be
tween Mexico and thc United States, a thing
to which we are bound by treaty. These things
make a false showing of economy by postponing
tho payment of just debts. The Array bill was
cut down $2,000,000; thc sundry civil bill 1.
308,000, and so on. Tho House refused to con
cur in the Senate's plan to give ?450,000 for a
re-survey of all the public lands, in spite of the
urging of the hardships endured by Western
homesteaders, who have settledon the prairies
far in advance of the surveys, and are unable
to perfect their titles.
In spite of this paring down on everything
really necessary or desirable, the total appro
priations are $22,000,000 in excess of last year.
This is mainly on account of the river and
Tiarbor bill, which gives $1-1,000,000 more than
last year. The reason for this is that the con
gressional elections occur this Fall, and mem
bera want to return to thc bosom of their con
stituents with a good round appropriation for
some local improvement, to help in making
their calling and election sure. Tho remainder
of excess is made up of $1,000,000 for the New
Orleans Exposition, $1,000,000 for the Missis
sippi Eiver, $1,000,000 for the tobacco rebate,
and so on.
The Formation of au Egyptian Battalion 1,400 B.C.
Gen. Slonein Joiirnel Military Service Institution
of the United States, June.
The formation of the battalion for combat
was as follows:
The 100 captains formed the front Tank of
the battalion, and each captain had his 100
men in file behind Lim, a corporal at the head
of each nine men. The chief of each 1,000
men was in front of the center of his two
companies, while the colonel commanding the
grand battalion was in front of its center.
The leaders were not mounted on horseback,
but were mounted in two-wheeled chariot?,
drawn, usually, by two horses. In the chariots
were carried a supply of javelins and arrows
for the use of tho chief, who usually had in
the chariot with him a soldier, who held a
buckler to cover him from the urrow3oftho
enemy, while he dealt about him -with his bow
In tho early days, and down to the time of
Sesostris, tha officers and non-commissioned
officers carried bucklers and swords, while the
private soldiers of infantry carried each a
bnckler and a battle-ax. Sometimes the
battle-ax was accompanied by, and sometimes
replaced by, a spear.
It is easy to see that Moses drew from the
military organization of Egypt that which he
adopted for the Israelites, and later on the
Greeks their formations. Both these nations
took their first lessons in civilization and or
ganization from Egypt.
In the earliest monuments and records of
the Egyptian army there is no sign of the
existence of the horse as a military animal,
while iu the mounments of the ISth dynasty,
the war-horse is everywhere indicated. It is
probable that the war-horso was first intro
duced by the Shepherd Kings, who came in
from Syria about 4,100 years ago. It is certain
that the horse formed an important agent in
the military establishment of Egypt, under
the legitimate kings of the country, 1,700
years before the Christian era. and the lack of
monuments erected during the 500 years of
struagle between the Shepherd Kings and the
Thcbians explains easily the lack of record on
this subject. Sesostris had at one time 20,000
war chariots in line, drawn by horses.
"Barrels of Endurance.
We aro indebted to Capt. D. J. Craigie, Co. I,
12th U. S. Inf., stationed at Plattsburg Bar
racks, N. Y., for a copy of tho company's 4th
of July menu. It shows that our Eegulars are
still marvels of endurance.
Cbrned-bcef hash, potato hash, ham and eggs,
soft bread, coffee and tea, etc
Meats. Roast beef, potatoes with brown grcwy,
sirloin of beef, sparerib of pork, apple satice ; mut
ton with mint s-auce, veat with jelly, fresh pork
savory dressing; boiled pickled pork and cabbage,
St. Louis S. C. ham, pressed corned-beef (cold).
Vegetables. Mashed potatoes, stewed tomatoes,
grceu pens, string beans, stewed turnips, cold
sluugh, potato salad. lettuce salad.
Dessert. Plum pudding, cream sauce; green ap
ple pie, peach pie, blackberry pie. pound cake,
sponge cake, ico cream, raisins, tea, coflee, beer
and. cig;irs, iced tea.
RtUevci. Cold meats, corned-beef, roast beef,
ro!Lt pok, ox tongue, tomato oy
Pastry. Mince pie, green apple pie, blackberry
pie, peach pie. cotiec, tea, etc
'2ii7n Vicimust Vivamus."
During tho past session of Congress tho
President approved 370 bills and vetoed one
tho Fitz-John Porter bill. Seven bills became
laws without the President's signature, and six,
passed within tho hist 10 days of tho session,
failed of becoming laws because they were not
sigued and returned to Congress before adjournment.
A JULY IDYL..
The tilings that wo at one time much admlw
At others may excite our loathing;
Wc oa desire bran-new attire.
But now like only "cast-off clothing."
They havo invented an entirely new kind of a
beer in Bavaria, brewed from rice, but tho pod it
will build ou iv man is not distinguishable from, tha
A Boston editor has just celebrated hi SOth
birthday. Providence occasionally picks out a
real good man among us and keeps him in stook a
long time a n samplo.
A purs of 5,CC0 has been made np for the first
child bom in Cceur 1 Atone district. Thoret L
nothing like substantial encouragement of our
It is not a all safe to sneer at "Blaofc JnoJc." To.
this instance tha Jflolc being- of tlNs trMmp-duit,
happens to bo the right-bower, and wilt tout any
thins ir. the pack.
Colorado has furnished a nowsfcwg phrase that
promises to become very ppwfcir: Im not hero
for my health." means that fta speaker has eomo
strictly on business.
During the week the Secretary of IheTrenwiry
received two contributions to the "Gonice
Fund "one of $13 and another of $BS. QtMerfeew
it's only the small thefte tbut soa to prey on peo
A Montreal man boo Jnafc hud a sexton fined Ibr
"insulting" him by poking the aoiitribntim. fcox
without ofiferins it to him. Nothinjc makes soma
men so angry as to miss an opportunity to -werfc
off a trade ciolhir or a panehed quarter.
There is a Postmaster in North CaltftirnSn. whwe
yearly salary is only nine cents. X om-ioiw ex
pression comes over hta fiwe when he- hears men
waiting in the office for the mail dwewiw the
oftiee-hotderit who are fattening on taxes wuBBgr
from the toiling people.
The English languageespecially the Kwefeix
language in coW, staring bfeok and white isfetfon
gcrons thing for any body to meddle with, oh a
Indy has foand oat who advertised in tha Louden
Post to sell "10 dozen port, the prpocty f a
widow, full-bodied, and seven years in theseHtar.''
The Engltsh aro tnl king of raising a. camel eorpa
for the army in Egypt. A ettmot envsiry eowpaay
will be a thrilllnjr and unique ?k;hU and will,
doubtless, make lots of trouble Jbr Kl-3&dhf. aa
his followers will tbink alt tho time it U the heed
of a circus procession, and welcome it aoeerdfneiy.
Wonder if putting a sohlicr on a araet wMl de
velop in him the aam keen appetite fer sbMcens
and buttermilk thatsetting him sahorsefeRek doe?
You must put your letters and pnpees ist the
lamp-pott letter-boxes. A FfcBndoipW ae has
discharged a man arrested for teali a package
laid on a letter-box. holding that tfcft law only
makes it a crime to takeeomethfasR: ma f a "dteig
nated depository of mail wetter. HsimwMws
ever cet along if these delicate legal tSbtfaetfons
were not constantly furn. -hod us J
Younjr ladies who go Wet have aven a better
chance of growing np with the cquntryinto mil
lionaires than thf young men. One who recently
went to Altunu). Medoc Co., CfeJ., had pressed wpon
hsr acceptance a half interest in a saw mftt, a
barber shop, a printing office, a Hvary staWe. two
saloons, and several ranahea and herds f cattle.
Young women who are making' shfarta la a Jfew
York attic at a quarter a dozen, or standing W
hours a day in a dry-goods store shatttd make on.
immediate break for Modee Co., even, if they fcae
to walk all the way.
The Emperor of Annara Is a hn!avillzd po
tentate, with a pigtail and a copper osier. He w
wholly Ignorant of time-locks and casbfooa ami
other sweet boons of our civfKzation, but he thinks
he has itrack a savings bank idea. that eenpse oay
thing known since Confuems. He has an artMwtal
pond in the center of hi palace, inhabited by Scree
crocodiles. When the Emperor gete a HUle coin
ahead he packs it in a holiowed-out trunk of a
tree, and sings it into the water. It sinks to the
bottom and cannot be gotten up again without
killing the crocodiles. Wonder how long he cenkl
have his aquarium-bank in this country before hi
fiercest crocodiles would be the fawning pets of some
gentleman fond of "flyers " in the stoefc market?'
The fact that Indians ate 50 busbeh of rotate
grasshoppers at a recent aboriginal banquet ir
California, hints at a possible use for those untu
tored sons of the forest. If they esteem, tha gaunt
and bony grasshopper as a delicacy, it wouW . n
that they could be readHy taught tolove the raeev
and succulent potato bug, either made into a stew
or broiled on toast. Prohablyv too, epicures amengr
them would rejoice in the high and gamy flavor of
the odoriferous roach. In that case housewives
and boarding house-keepers instead of pursuing
this terror that walks by night with deadly Intent
and corrosivesublimate.andtarpentineand things,
will gather him. up tenderly, and send each week's
accumulations to the factory to- be canned for the
Pi-TJte trade. By such strides as, these our rate of
progress is gloriously maintained.
IN THE DEPOT.
First Thief. "Bill, 111 collar that valise there in.
the corner, while you fasten your damps onto tho
umbcril, an the shawl-strap, an' we'll walk right
out wid 'em."
Second Thief. " O, wat are yon givfe" ma ow
Dor. teller see the ole duffer wat otors the traps a
aetlinT there, a-Iookin right at rernr You, most be
hungry for 'nother turn o? jail-grub. Y gif me a
pain, so y' do."
FiratThier. "Cheese it ncwv.an d I tefi ye.
I know the ole btoke as weHs I do you. He's a
27ew York bank director, an y cottfd s$el the
shoes right oficn h feet without W knewia it."
Sceond Thief. " O. if he's a bank director it fe
enough. Here goes."
"JUST TOO XEAN FOR A2
Edith. '2Iy pa's jnsfc the most sarcastie swan
you ever heard o TFecaa say iha cruellest ifag3
Hand. "He's no worse than, my pa. Pa says
things about Cholley that cut me like a; kxale.'
Edith. "O, you poor dear, I know new they
hurt. I can sympathize with you."
Maud. "You're justas sweet aa you. can be. I
never can love you enough."
Edith. "The other night when Edward said
something about being afraid to so near the docks
when so much of this awful cholera was comiatc
over. Pa said he supposed the only thing he need
be afraid of would be cholera mfontura, which,
wasn't caught that way. The boya were in the
room, and they laughed disgustingly, as they
Maud. "That vras real mortifying; wasn't it,
dear?- But it wasn't any thing to what pa snkl to
me at the breakfast table this morning. He said I
ought to send over to Choltey's house right off,
and see if he got home safely. He said that last
night, just after I let Cholley out he heard our cat
jump at something and drag it away, and he was
terribly afraid it might be Cholley, for our cat ol
wys gets her back up and spits at him every time
he comes into the house."
Edith. How very exasperating. And so un
true, too ! .Charles, to be sure, is very young and
quite slight, but then to talk about a cat "
Maud. "Why, what are yon saying? "Why
you're as hateful as you can be. And you'd better
1 not let your Edward goout at all in the heat of the
day, for the doctors say nothing is so sure to bring
on an attack of cholera iufantum in weakly chii-
i drcn. I'll never speak to you again as long as I
live. There, now."
Tho Eeanlon at Sinneapolls.
It iJ announced by the Chicago, Milwaukee
& St. Paul Bailway Company that purchasers
of excursion tickets for Minneapolis rsuding
via that route, are given until Augnbfc la to re
turn homo without extra charg. This will en
able G. A. K. mcubers to make trips from Min
neapolis to other points of interest in tho
Northwest, including the Yellowstone National
Park and tho immense wheat Seids of Dakota.
Fnrther information, with maps and pam
phlets, can be obtained by addressing A. EL
Carpenter, General Passenger Agent, Milwau
Some of the G. A. B. Posts have fitted np
their halls tastefully, and have -an organ or
piano for music. A small organ answers tho
purpose as an accompaniment to the old war
songs, and adds greatly to the social enjoyment.
Now that there seems to be a general revival
of interest in the meetings, we would suggest
that every G. A- E. hall be provided with
some such musical instrument. In another
column W. W. Kimball & Co., Chicago, adver
tise organs with the G. A. B. monogram. Wo
have made careful inquiry and are satisfied
that this house manufactures a superior in
strument, and one likely to give satisfaction,
whether for the use of thc G. A. B. Post or cf
thc family. The firm has long- snstained a
high reputation for good work and honorable
-i- i i - I."
The Ynterhury watch which you sent m has
nruved a srol one. anil keptJ excellent time.
I Many thanks. Biauoewn, '.aitsuioutSv Kbbi
ur iJ Afi-'Srjg&efcw
. .. 7