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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS.
ESTABLISHED 1877.HNEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1884.
yol. ie-no. 49.-whole no. 153.
Mj H -X.
NOT k SOLDIER 01 IT.
SfiTeland and Hendricks the Democratic
Ticket at Chicago.
A HAKI PLATFORM,
Which Gen. Butler is Afraid to
JOiffiS KELLY'S HICK.
An Entertaining Review of the
The Democratic National Convention met at
Chicago on Tuesday, tho 8th inst, and re
gained in fcC3don four days. In spite of the
opposition of the Tammany Hall delegates, led
by John Kelly, of New York, the unit rule was
adopted, and under its operation Grover Cleve
land, Governor of New York, was nominated
for President on the second ballot over the
heads of the competing candidates, Bayard,
KcDfliiald, Randall, Thurman, Carlisle, Payne,
Sloentn, Hoacley and Flower. Gen. B. F.
Butlor declined to allow his name to be pre
tented. For Vice-President a number of names were
presented, among them those of Gen. W. S.
Eosecraas, of California, and Gen. J. C Black,
ef Illinois, the latter being proposed by Gen.
JL Bacon cx-Coufederate), of Georgia, and the
former being seconded by Gen. W. C. Faulkner
(also an ex-Confederate), of Mississippi. Tbe
name of ex-Senator Hendricks, presented by
Senator Wallace, cf Pennsylvania, proved suffi
cient, however, to drive all idea of nominating
s. soldier oni of the minds of the delegates, and
le was nominated by acclamation.
The platform adopted by the convention Js
a curious piece of mosaic, and, in some respects,
unintelligible. It favors protection and free
trade in eqnal degree, without specifying what
changes should he made in the tariff. As for
the internal revenue taxes, it favors their re
duction; and, while it concedes that a suffi
cient rovenne should be raised to pay the Gov
ernment's debts, including pensions, it is
entirely silent as to the merits of any of the
pension measures that are now pending, no
reference being made either io the arrears or
Emended Mexican pension bilL
Tbo news of the convention has been vari
ously received. Mr. Hendricks left Chicago
Friday night declaring that he did not want
the place, and mast consult with hisfriends be
icraabc deeljiea foacccpt The nomination. Mr.
Tilfieu told a 5 ew York reporter that Mr. Cleve
land was very jwpniar out of hia own State,"
and that he "did not think that his actions
met with general approval among the working
men of the city." John Kelly says Cleveland
cannot carry New York, and the New York
Sun, the leading Democratic journal in the
country, editorially 6ays: "Well, the conven
tion has nominated Grover Cleveland, and now
the qaoetioii will be whether he or Blaine is to
be elected. We have had our own opinion,
bet perhaps there was some misLiko about it.
WeshaB live and learn, wc hope." We print
be3w aa accurate and consecutive account of
tho .convention proceedings.
TEL XlSSt DAY JOHN KKLLV'syCTILE FIGHT
AAXNST THE CNIT BBLE.
The convention was called to order at 1257
p. r.. Taeadny, by the Hon. W. XL Bnrnum, of
Cwub., cfeairaiau of the National Committee,
w&a, after prayor by tiie Rev. Dr. Marquis a
?rcytrien clergyman of Baltimore pre
senied the name ot Gov. Biehard B. Hubbard,
oi Texas, for temporary chairman. Gov. Hub
bard was escorted to the chair aud addressed
V- AB 3IKM0KIBS SHOULD HE rOEGOTTEN.
Ii& peroration was as follows:
1' re jjover vns a time in the hi-4eryof the
D i jsatttc party when Uwr ncoiy lavited the vic
tor , as now. The Beutoenttic party is loyal to the
Hi. jr. Tile bloody shirt, " In the vulgar parlance
of le time," im uteuch teoorriiig election been
fiitvulud ib the uoc of Southern Democrats aud in
your wn fiHwa. Villi Jjagan on the ticket J jre
fciNuc rttl be ogan. 2itue could hardly afford
It, i Jw did not indulge much in tlu,t unpieaa-int-lifae.
They will endeavor to ttir ujj the bad blood
of die t. S5y oouutrj-meii, the t ar is over for a
quarter ofa ocaturanl ttiey iinow it. "Why, our
bo liaxv warned the youMg maidens of the 2ortb,
XLUd cfaikircn have been bora to them felnee thobs
daj. Wtoy, tL boys in the blue and the gray
have itfspt together Jr a quarter of a eenlury upon
a. t!iotHMstid iM!,ds of coniujon !ory. let their
bonoe uiuoe. Tbcyercprceemsng the bt.st Mood
cf Use land, aed Uioagb Jiring tu the dsy that
idhaiild be foiguUtia, iL good men of all parties in
our eouutty tu-daj-. I iA&uU tiod, liavc united in
the groat coo:i pngrearof our race to forget
the war mmxuHrHM uf the wr times.
At the close of this address Mr. Smalley (Yt)
scuorttd, from tike National Committee, the
fofcowing recAtl stion:
Jieeolited. TIksI Uie rules of the last Democratic
Convention govern Ibis body antil otharwise or-dta-tsd,
tHrtjict to lb following inotfincationij : lliat
la"ij; iferoaashdattts for Prn-matit and Vioe
r m, no SUU- Ueii Itefoliow&d to change im
to i.i til the run of tbe fetata has been called
txtd i ' y State lias cart it vote.
Mr Grady, representing tho Tammany Hall
v?m? of the Democratic party in Mew York, at
nee moved the loltowiog amendment:
WlMm Mm vote of a U.Ut. as amiouiiecd by the
cbatntMUi C tli; rfe ,jiUjoi f ;i wicli bmte, is ctxal
loWMd fcy iX ciir at the ddtanttkm. tlien the
BK-ri kuI cat tb iieuhcs of Ue individual
de. , - '-- Uau UeBtu.8nd tbt-ir indn-iiJur.l prof-cr-i.i
n tu exMcd alujli Le reworded as the voto
of t f !i Stale,
Kx MBe (Ind.) offered the following
tw ii..u.eut to the amendinsnt:
o - ;.- thUl ohmig ft vote tintil tho result of
ih' i iiaa bocn nnnounoed.
. i Mvvm (K. Y., opoaking for the Clevo
h m .i,g of tie I'arry tJicn made a vigorous
'ittXB. support of the cotninittce'B re)lu
tioa. Mx. Gredf urged the adoption of his amend
ment on tsUe ground that the constitaencv
which he rof)tfiiitod had a right upon the
fioor and 3y rwiten of th: right ho might not
oAj luakeXooM n his objecWos to any candi
date, btfl fee Jtad the owcutlal eUect'of that
ridit-inamely, a vote to go behind whnt be
Mr. Harrib ( Ya.) ade tho point that the dis
cnsslon wa out of order, hot was overralc-d,
.nd a mesion by Mr. Powr (Mich.) to refer tho
Grady atuondwent to the Committee on Sulus
wa voted down.
DIbus.sion was then resumed, Mr. Jacobs (N.
Y,) declariug that were ho to couhult peisoual
feelings he ;iouh2 ficpjton the motion made by
Mr. -Grady, but bis duty to his party in this
emergency compelled him to rise superior to
personal considerations and be loyal to his
As Mr. Jacobs took .his scat, tlie square out
lipe of John Kelly's face became visible above
tk'e hfds of the llev? Yotk dclfgation, and
there was a yell from all parts of the house, in
which could bo heard mingled cries ot "Kelly!
Kelly! Platform! platform!"
JOHN KELLY DEMANDS FAIB PLAT.
Mr. Kelly, responding, said:
The principles involved in the amendment go
to the very foundation of the Democratic party
the right to disfranchise the minority of the delega
tion in the Democratic convention from the State
of New York. There arc C2 Counties in the State
of New York, and there are hut 10 of them Demo
cratic, and by thenrjrnnicnt of the Senator from tho
State ofew York the great Democratic County of
Now York, which elects tho Democratic President,
if an opportunity is given to it, is to be disfran
chised in a Democratic convention. Suppose that
the convention disfranchises these Democratic
Counties to which lie had made reference, what
would bo the feelings of tho constituencies that
have sent their delegates here to represent them,
in view of tho fact that a majority of the delegates
representing the State of .New York are in a minor
ity in tbclrown Counties?
After further dehate tho Menzie amendment
was withdrawn and a voto ordered on that of
Mr. Grady, modifying tho unit rule, which was
rejected yeas 332, nays 463, not voting 7.
Tho original resolution of adherence to tho
unit rule was then adopted, and committees
were ordered on credentials, permanent organi
zation and platform. An analysis of the vote
on the Grady amendment Ehcwed an equal
division for and against tho proposition in
Mishigan, Georgia pnd Hiij'f.is. Ohio cast 25
tor and 21 -against; Pennsylvania '21 ibr-and-39
against. California, Indiana and Missis
sippi cast a solid vote in favor; Arkansas,
Maryland and Louisiana a solid voto against.
Second Bajs Troceeilins.
P2ESEKTETG THE CANDIDATES WHILE "WAIT
ING FOB A PiATFOEit
The convention was opened on Wednesday
with prayer by the Bight Rev. Eihop Mc
Laren, of Chicago, after which the announce
ment was made that the Committee on Btsolu
tious would not be ablo to report until the fol
lowing morning. Various resolutions, includ
ing those aaint convict labor; the acquisition
of large tracts of public lands by corporations ;
for reform in the civil service by making Post
masters elective; attinst the systematic re
duction of tariff taxes; providing that in the
case of tiie death of candidates for President
or Vice-President the chairman shall call to
gether theconveution again to 11 thevacancy;
for repeal cf all legislation which under the
Bepnblican rule has tended to pauperize labor;
for constitutional amendment making the
presidential term of office six years, and to
limit the disposal of the public lands to actual
settlers in quantities not more than 160 acres
each. Auti-Chiuescand tariff resolutions wero
introduced and referred to the Committee on
Eesolutions. On the recommendation of Mr.
Taylor (Ark.), Chairman of tho Committee on
Credentials, tho convention then voted that all
the Territorial delegates, including those from
the District of Columbia, ehould be allowed to
The Committee on Permanent Organization
reported the name of 3Ir. W. F. Vilas, of Wis
consin, for permanent Chairman, and he was
escorted to the chair by ex-Senator Hendricks
and others. He is about 40 years old, and is
regarded as one of the most eloquent speakers
in tho Northwest.
ouk 60ldiees ittat be coktekt with the
In the course of his remarks he saidi
Great change lias been wrought In recent years
In this country in the minds or the paoplc and in
political forces. We have ceased to fight over a
suicidal war. The sin of elavsry has been purged.
Tbe work accomplished by those who lalorcd to
save tiie Union remains undisturbed, and the grati
tude of the peopl. Li their reward.
In the midst of hi3 remarks Gen. Ben. But
ler entered the hall on tho arm of one of his
colleagues of the Massachusetts delegation, and
Mr. Vilas Huspendod for a moment while tho
admirers of Butler cheered and chipped their
The call of States, after an attempt by the
Tammany delegates to secure a postponement
had bean voted down, was then ordered for the
presentation of candidates.
Mr. George Gray, of Delaware, nominated
SenatorThoaias F. Bayard, " whose name would
still the voice of faction and would make some
Republican Stales doubtful."
The Missiwppi and Nebraska delegations
eeconded the nomination.
When Indiaua was reached, ex-Gov. Hen
dricks walked to the platform, arm in arm with
twoof his colleagues, to do for another what had
thrico previously been deno for him before a
similar assemblage. He proposed the name of
er Senator Joseph E. McDonald, "a man of j?ood
judgment and high character." Gen. Black,ot
Illinois, seconded tho nomination.
California, as had been expected, brought
forward the name of ex-Senator Allen G. Thnr
mau, of Ohio. John C. Breckinridge, son of
the last Democratic Vice-President, who retired
with Buchanan on tho accession to power of
an administration committed, to the preserva
tion of the Union, said "tho only objection to
him was that Ohio was an October State, but
tills was not a State but a National Conven
tion." Gcu. Durbin Ward, of Ohio, Eeconded
tlie nomination, but it was observed that a
part of tho Ohio delegation refrained from
parlicipation in tho applause.
Mr. James A. McKcuzie, of Kentucky, then
presented the name of Speaker John G. Carlislo,
declaring "that no name carried with it more
of talthiuanic charm, or more of the respect of
the American people."
BUTLEU LEFT OUT.
When Massachusetts was called there was a
moment's snspense, but Gov. Abbott, instead
of presenting tho name of Gen. Bntler, an
nounced that tbo State had no candidate to
offer at tho present time.
New York was now reached, and there was
intense excitement when Mr. Lockwood, of
Buffalo, his friend from boyhood, ascended
tho platform and announced tho choice of his
State to ho the present Governor, Grover Cleve
land, " whoso name." he said, " meant honest,
pure and Democratic government." Mayor
Carter Harrison, of Chicago, seconded this nom
ination of a man whose name meant honesr,
pure, and, above all, Democratic government!
An allusion to tho rumor that the Irish might
knife Mr. Cleveland, brought Mr. Grady (N. Y)
to his feet, and ho dechxjed that he should bo
glad to second 'Mr. Cleveland's nomination, ex
cept that " ho knew that gentleman could not
carry tho State of Ncw.York."
Gen. Bragg (Mo.) made the point that Mr.
Gradv's remarks were out of order, but at tho
request of Mr. Manning (N.Y.) ho was allowed
to proceed, and he concluded by saying that
the object of tho convention was to make a
nomination for the Presidency that would be
ratified by the people at the polls. He did not
claim that the Irish or the Catholics were
against Mr. Cleveland, but the anti-monopolist
elements of the State and the laboring interests
oi tho State Catholic and Protestant, Irish,
German and American were opposed to his
nomination and would be opposed to his elec
tion. A 5IOSES, OE A PAXSE PEOPHET?
Mr. Cochran (N. Y.) also protested against
the nomination, and asked why the Democratic
party should " thrust its hand into the bagand
draw out a number which might turn out to ho
a regenerator for the party a Moses, or a false
prophet whom it would have been much better
not to have discovored ?"
Mr. E. K. Apgar (N. Y.), for tho other wing
of the party, now seconded tho nomination,
and the convention adjourned until 10:30 a. m.
THE PLATrOKM ADOPTED AND Oim BALLOT
TAKEN FOE PEESIDENT.
The convention was opened on Thursday at
11 a. m. with prayer by the Bev. Geo. C. Lar
imer, a Baptist clergj'man of Chicago, and it
was then announced that the platform commit
tee could not report until evening.
HU.SGKY FOE PIIIL.VNTHEOPY.
The nomination of candidates was therefore
resumed, and Mr. Mansur (Mo.) proceeded to
second Mr. Thurman's nomination in an en
thusiastic speech. In conclusion, "he declared
before God that the Democracy was hungry,
even unto death, not for the venal spoils of
oilice, but for the glory of doing good to their
fellow-beings." j Laughter and applause.
Tho name of Gov. George Hoadly, of Ohio,
was then plxced in nomination by Mr. Thos.
E. Powell, aqd, Pennsylvania being called, ex
Senator William A. Wallace advocated the can
didacy of ex-Speaker Samuel J. Bandall, and
declared tbat in his opinion " the hour had
fctruck for the nomination of a Democrat
grounded in tho faith and tried in the stem
crucible of his party's service." Gov. Ahbett,
'of New Jersey, beconded the nomination.
Mr. John W. Cuminimrs. for the maioritv of
the Massachusetts delegation, seconded Bay
ard's nomination, and Mr. Bose (Ark.) that of
Cleveland; as did also Gen. Bragg for Wiscon
sin. AN EXCHANGE OF COMPLIMENTS.
The General declared that the Democrats
of his State "loved Cleveland most for tho
enemies he had made," at which Mr. Grady
(N. Y.) shouted out that " the enemies to whom
tho gentleman alluded reciprocated tho senti
ment." Gen. Bragg replied in a bitter speech,
and said of the Tammany delegates:
They come here to talk of laborl ye3, their labor
has been upon the crank of the machine immense
applause and laughter and their study has been
political chicane in tho midnight conclave.
Mr. Henry O. Kent (N. H.) and ex-Senator
Doolittle (Wis.) also seconded Cleveland's nom
ination, and at 2r25 p. m. the convention ad
journed until evening.
Tho convention .was called to order at 8 p.
m., and a resolution offered by Mr. Henry
(Miss.), expressing regret at Mr. Tilden's in
hility to accept the caudidacy and eulogizing hi3
statesmanship, was adopted. Tho States were
then called for members of the National Com
mittee published elsewhere and a resolution
to abolish the rule requiring a two-thirds vote
of delegates to nominate haying been voted
down, Mr. Morrison, at 9 p. m., reported tho
platform. Its essence will bo found elsewhere.
BUTLEE CAN'T MAKE IT OUT.
The reading was concluded at 10 o'clock, and
Mr. Morrison then yielded to Gen. Butlor to
prc3enta minority report. Ho said ho came
there representing more than 1,500,000 labor
ing men. Ho had brought their condition
boforo tho committee, and bad demanded, not
that it should give them anything, but that
in taxing tho people the tax should bo taken
where ic would hurt them least. Yas not that
a reasonable demand? Did they think thoy
could get along without that? Hethoughtnot.
He had objected to the tariff plank in
the platform in the committee room he
cause it took tho committee 36 houra to
framo it, and if it took those ablo gentle
men so long to framo it and to get it in
form, there must he some reason for that. If
they could not find out in 30 hours what thoy
wanted, how wero his laboring men to find out
what it meant? Laughter. Ho asked the
ueicgaies to reaa tnat tanii plank and see if
they could find out exactly what it did mean.
It did not mean protection ; if it did, Col. Mor
rison was too honest a man to bring it hero;
and yet it was 0 twisted that it might mean
In reply, Mr. Converse (O.) tried to explain
how, in the spirit of fraternity aud compromise,
such men as Morrison, of Blinois; Davis, of
West Virginia; Watterson, of Kentucky, and.
Burke, of Louisiana, had conic together and
agreed upon th;s declaration to 'which Gen.
Bntler objected. It wa3 fiamed with tho
utmost renard for the rights of labor; it went
as far as it was possiblo to go now.
KEADY FOE A E.VLLOT.
After the platform had been adopted a reso
lution was offered by Mr. Jenkins (Wis.J to
immediately proceed to a ballot, and it was
rushed through under tho operation of the
" previous question " rulo.
Great excitemunt ensued, and, the aisles wero
packed with delgalea. Gen. Butler went
down to his delegation, and then walked out
oftheJmll. An unsatisfied delegate appealed
from the decision of tho Chair on tho vote or
dering a ballot. Tho .appeal was voted down
with hardly a dissenting vote. Mr. Grady and
a Maesuchusctts delegate complained of tho
confusion, and asked tuat'tlie outside crowd be
kept in order. A motion to suspend tho rules
for tho purpose of takiiiga recess was made,
aud a roll of States was ordered. The opponents
to Cleveland's nomination were undecided as to
their course; many of them voted for delay,
but many of tho othors favored a ballot before
adjournment. Tho consequences were disas
trous to them, for it gave tbo Cleveland men a
fictitious show of strength. Gen. Durbin Ward,
of Ohio, saw this, and made a kick on behalf of
Thurman, but could get no recognition. Mr.
Manning cast tho 72 votes of New York in the
negative rcale, and young Grady made fiery
protest. Tho motion wa? lost yeas, 196 ; nays,
Beforo the vote was announced Grady ex
plained that he had been informed that a ma
jority of tho New York delegation had been
polled, and that the teljer had not thought it
woith whihi to poll the minority.
Mr. Cocbran (N. Y.) 'scored a strong point
against the unit rule by calling attention to
the fact that only 40 members of tbe New
York delegation had voted, and yet Mr. Man
ning had cast 72 votes in the negative.
Chairman Vilas again ruled that tho conven
tion had settled tho qujstion of the unit rule,
and said tho vote of New York must stand as
The first ballot was ordered. v There wa3
hustlo and confusion, aud a rustling of tally
CLEVELAND GETS ,tVINNING LEAD.
Tho ballot resulted as follows:
Necessary to a Choice... 547.
ui u t i XI Ua v
J-il J 14 () r . .-I if
JkXl LiZlAXXlaa OiJ
,Vcll2 (It 11 V
JfiCxJO J t(A(L,a t4 MJ
A 1 lJnlOt((MtllMillliMWlttlll(Mltlltlfltitttt "
HoadJy. , '...'' 1
Uendiicks i. 1
Tilden .; 1
Flower. t 4
By States tho voto was,ast follows:
"""Alabanm Cleveland, 4 jBayard, 14; Thurman,
1; McDonald, 1.
Arkantas Cleveland, J-f.
California Thurman,. 10.
Colorado Thurxnaii,!; McDonald, 5.
Connecticut C.evciaudfl2. r
Delcware Bayard, 6.
Florida Cleveland, 8.
Georgia Cleveland, 10 iBayard, 12: Jtandall, 2.
Illinois Cleveland, 28; Bayjurd, 2; Thurman, 1;
McDonald, 11; Randal!,!.'
Iowa Cleveland, 23; "Bavard, 1; Thurman, 1;
ICansas Cleveland, 31; Eayard, 5 Thurman, 2.
Kentucky Carlisle, 26.
Louisiana Cleveland, 13; Bayard, 1: Thurman,
1; Iloadly. 1.
Maine Cleveland, 12.
Marylaud Cleveland, C; Bayard, 10.
Massachusetts Clevflaad, 3; Bayard,"23; Thur
man, 2, V
Michigan Cleveland, ligfikyard, lj Thurman,
11. , -
Minnesota Cleveland, 1-1.
Mississippi Cleveland, 1; Bayard, 15; Thur
man, 1; lnndall, 1.
Missouri Cleveland, 15; Bayard, 10; Thurman,
3; McDonald, 1; Bandall, 3.
Nebraska Cleveland, S; Bayard, 1; Thurman,!.
Nevada Thurman, Q.
New Hauipahhe Cleveland, 8.
New Jersey Cleveland) 4; Bayard, 3; Bandall,
New Yoik Cleveland, 72.
North Carolina BayanT. 22.
Ohio Cleveland, 22; Tlfurman, 24.
Oregon Cleveland, 2; Jayard, 4.
Pennsylvania Cleveland, 5; Bandall, 55.
Bhode Ls!md Cleveland, J5; Bayard, 2.
South Carolina Cleveland. 8; Bayard, 10.
Tennessee Cleveland, 2; Bayard, S; Thurman,
9; McDonald, 3: Randall, 1.
Texas Cleveland, 4; Bdyard, 10; Thurman, 4;
McDonald, 7. i
Vermont Cleveland, S.
Virginia Cleveland, 13; Bayard, 0; Thurman, 1:
West Viiginia Clevcland,4; Bayard, 3; Thur
man, 2; Randall, 3. t
Wisconsin Cleveland, 12. Bayard, 1; Thurman,
2; McDonald. 2; Curl We, 1.
Arizona Cleveland, 2.
Dakota Cleveland, 2.
Idaho Cleveland, 2.
Montana Cleveland, 2.
New Mexico Cleveland. 2,
Utah Cleveland, 2.
Washington Territory 1 eve! and, 1; Randall, 1.
Wjomiiijj Territory Cleveland, 2.
District Columbia t
After the ballot the following changes were
announced : Massachusetts, five votes to Clove
land; Ohio, 18 to Cleveland; West Virginia,
seven to Cleveland, and taking one from
Bandall and two from Bayard.
. The announcement of the voto whs lightly
cheered. A motion to adjourn was voted down.
Tho correctness of the announced vote on ad
journment was questioned, and somo time was
consumed in reviewing it. Then, at 1:22 a. m.,
the convention adjourned until 30 o'clock
last Day's Proceedings.
CLEVELAND FOE FEE3IDEHT AND HENDEICKS
The convention Wats opened on Friday morn
ing with prayer by Bev. Dr. Clinton Locke, of
Grace Church, Chicago. A second ballot was
at onco ordered, Mr. Snowden (Pa.) an
nouncing tho withdrawal of Mr. Randall's
name. When Hliuois was reached in tho call of
States, Gen. Palmer announced one vote for
Hendricks, aud pausing, looked towards Gen.
Mansur, at which there was a tremendous
cheering from all tho anti-Cleveland delegates,
as if a break to tho Indiana statesman, was im
pending. In tho midst of thp turmoil tho band struck
up "Hail to tho Chief," but tho thundering
noise of the demonstrations increased iu volume
until tho strains of tho music wero lost in tho
deafening uproar. Meanwhile Gov. Hendricks
preserved an external calmness which con
trasted strikingly with tho frenzy that pos
sessed the vast assemblage. ' Ho sat is if frozen
fast to his chair, aud resisted the determined,
efforts of a hordo of Bbouting delegates who
tried to drag him to his feet. Then Gen.
Mansur forced his way to the platform and
notified Chairman Vilas that Missouri desired
to cast a solid vote for Mr. Hendricks, but was
told ho was out of order. James M. Quarles,
of tho Tennessee delegation, met with no bet
ter success, and Illinois was again called. Tho
uproar continued, and tho voice of Senator
Voorhce3 was heard crying " Mr. Chairman,"
and as soon as recognized he announced that
ho withdrew Mr. McDonald's name. Tho vote
of Illinois was then read, and showed 38 still
for Cleveland. This revived the hopes of tbo
latter's supporters, although Indiana cast 30
solid votes for Hendricks. Tho Pennsylvania
delegation now retired for consultation. Ken
tucky withdrew Carlisle's name, and gave
Hendricks 1G. When Now York was called,
Mr. Manning announced that on polling tho
delegates there were 50 for Cleveland and 22
scattering. Cochran asked, in tho name of the
disfranchised minority of tho New York dele
gation, to have that lastAStatement entered in
Tho end of tho roll having been reached,
Pennsylvania was again called, and tho chair
man of tho delegation announced Cleveland 42
another noisy demonstration which inter
rupted the further announcing of tho Penn
sylvania voto ; for Hendricks, 11"; Randall,
4; Bayard, 5; Thurman, 1,
Illinois correctod'-itejvoto as follows: Fdr
Hendricks 1, Bayara 3, McDonald 3, Cleveland
Kansas chnnccd her voto as follows: For
Bayard 3, Cleveland 13, Thurman 2.
North Carolina chauged her 22 votes from
Bayard to Cievelaud. Great excitement and
Virginia changed her voto as follows: For
Cleveland 23, Hendricks 1.
Georgia chnuged her voto as follows: For
Cleveland 22, -Bayard 2.
At this time all the delegates wero on their
feet, nnA many of them wero clamoring for
Florida changed her vote as follows: For
West Virginia changed as follows: For
Marylaud changed her 16 votes to Cleveland.
Tho changes wore so numerous and accom
panied with so "much uproar aud excitement
jp UtgJ !
that it was almost impossible to keep track of
The general result was announced as foBows
at 1:10 p. in. :
Whole number of votes cast. 820
Neeesiary to a clioice.... 547
- U 11 A -. Tit
The question' WS3 then put on Mcnzie's mo
tion to malce tho. nomination unanimous, and
it was carried triumphantly.
- THE BALLOT BY STATES.
The following is the voto by States as it
finally stood :
Alabama Cleveland, 5; McDonald, 1 ; Bayard,
Arkansas Cleveland, 14.
California Cleveland, 10.
Colorado Cleveland, G.
Connecticut Cteveland, 12.
.Delaware Bayard, G.
Florida, Cleveland. 8.
Georgia Cleveland, 22; Bayard, 2.
Blinois Cleveland, 43; McDonald, 1.
Indiana Cleveland, 30.
Iowa Cleveland, 20.
Kansas Cleveland, 17; Bayard, 1.
Kentucky Cleveland, 4; Bayard, 21; Thur
Louisiana Cleveland, 15; Thurman, 1."
Maine Cleveland, 12.
Maryland Cleveland, 16.
Massachusetts Cleveland, 8 ; Bayard, 71; Hon
drjeka, 12J4. e
Michigan Cleveland, 23; Hendricks, 3.
Minnesota Cleveland, Is.
Mississippi Cleveland, 2; Bayard, 14; Hen
Missouri Cleveland, 32.
Nebnu.kn Cleveland, 0; Br.yardtl.
Nevada Thurman, 1 ; Hendricks, 5.
New Hampshire Cleveland, S. -
New Jersey Cleveland, 5; Bayard, 2; Eon
New York Cleveland, 72.
North Carolina Cleveland. 22.
Ohio Cleveland, 4G.
Oregon Cleveland, 6.
Pennsylvania Cleveland, 42; Bayard, 2; Thur
man,!, Hendricks, II; Randall, -I.
Rhode Island Cleveland, 7 ; Bayard, 1.
South Carolina Cleveland, 10; Bayard, 8.
Texas Cleveland, 26.
Vermont C eveland, S.
Virginia Cleveland, 23; Hendricks, 1.
Went Virginia Cleveland, 10 ; Bayard, 2.
Wisconsin Cleveland, 2. -
Arizona Cleveland, 2.
Dakota Cleveland, 2.
Idaho Cleveland, 2.
Montana Cleveland, 2.
New Mexico Cleveland, 2.
Utah Cleveland, 2.
Washington Cleveland, 2. -
Wyoming Cleveland, 2.
District of Columbia Cleveland, 2.
Tho mammoth oil painting of Cleveland's
head and bust was" carried in front of the
Speaker's stand and exhibited to the enthusi
astic spectators, and then tho convention ad
journed until 5 p. m.
At 5:30 p. m. tho convention re-assembled.
A delegate from Louisiana offorcd a resolu
tion providing that in case of a vacancy on the
ticket for tho office of President or Vice-President
a majority of tho National Committee
shall have power to fill the vacaucy.
There was so much opposition made to the
resolution that it was withdrawn.
A delegate from Texas offered a resolution
declaring that tlie Democratic party in conven
tion assembled indorses the Morrison tariff bill
for tho reduction of war taxes. This was re
fer ed to the Committco ou Resolutions.
The roll was then called for nominations for
A GALLANT GENEEAL NAMED.
Mr. Scarles (Cal.) said that be would present
a man who had been eminent among his fcl
lowmen; whoiu tho councils of his Nation
had been pre-eminent; who had led their sol
diers to battle; who had achieved victories;
who had assisted in upholding tho banner of
the country. He presented tho honored iiamo
of Gen. Wm. S. Rosccrans, tho hero of Stone
River, tho faithful soldier, tho grand old com
mander, whose image was impressed on the
heart of all tho men who served under him.
Cheers for Rosccrans.
Mr. Branch (Colo.) nominated Joseph E.
McDonald, of Indiana.
Mr. Bacon (Ga.) said he was commissioned
by his delegation to present tho namo of Gen.
J. C. Black, of Illinois. Cheers for Black.
Mr. Pinlow (Kan.) presented tho name of
Geo. W. Glick.
A delegate seconded the nomination of Mo
Donald. Mr. Faulkner (Mis3.J seconded tho nomina
tion of Gen. Rosecrans.
An Oregon delegate said the united voice of
Oregon was in favor of Rosccrans.
Senator Wallace (Pa.) said ho nominated as a
candidate for Vice-President ex-Gov. Hen
dricks, of Indiana.
Mr. Waller (Conn.) seconded tho nomination
Mr. Menzies (Ind.) declared emphatically
that Mr. Hendricks wa3 not and could not be a
candidate for the Vice-Presidency. He had
been authorized by Mr. Hendricks himself to
say so. He, therefore,, warned the convention
not to do that which it would have to nndo.
Mr. Waller (Conn.) said hi3 State had surely
no deairo to force upon Indiana a candidate
against it3 will, but this wa3 not an Indiana
convention. It was a national convention, and
Hio Democrats of tho country had a right to
tako a fit man from any place in it. Cheers.
If any man said that he knew that Mr. Hen
dricks at this time was not patriotic enough to
take a nomination, tendered upon fiios cir
cumstances, ho would withdraw his name, but
Mr. Wallace (Pa.) said that Mr. Hendricks had
been onco chosen Vice-President and had been
despoiled of the office. The Democracy of tho
Republic demanded of him again his name as a
candidate, and thoy wo aid not tako "ao"foran
answer. He moved to suspend the rules and
nominate Thomas A. Hendrick3 as a candidate
for Vice-President by acclamation. Cheers.
Mr. Harris ( Va.) united the voice of Virginia
with that of the Keystone State. Cheers.
Mr. Searles (Cal.) withdrew the nomination
of Rosecrans. The other nominees wera all
withdrawn one by one, so that Mr. Hendricks
alone remained before the convention.
Mr. Wallace then withdrew his motion to
nominate by acclamationjndV moved that the
nominations dcv?n' close. Tho motion wa3
agreed to, and tho Clerk proceeded to call the
roll of States. The result was the unanimous
nomination of Thomas A. Hendricks as the
candidate for Vice-President.
Mr. 3Ienzie3 (Ind.) asked that that State be
excused from votin jr. Loud shouts of "No!
No!" He then asked whether there was any
name but Mr. Hendriclc3 before the conven
tion, and, on receiving an answer in tho nega
tive from the Chairman, said: "Then, sir, the
State of Indiana casts 30 votes for Thoma3 A.
The usual resolutions of thanks were passed,
and at 755 p. m. tho convention adjourned
THIETY-SLX HOTTR3 SPENT IN" FEASTING IT
ITS PKINCIPAL PEATUEES.
The Committee on Resolutions held its first
session on Tuesday evening, and sat until 2. a.
m. Resuming its session at 10 a. m. Wednes
day, it ideliberated ail that day and until 12
o'clock at night, and it was not until 9 p. m.
Thursday night that its report was submitted to
the convention. The work of drafting, the plat
form was entrusted to thefolIowing"sub-commit-ttee:
Abram S.Hewitt, of New York; B.F. But
lor, of Massachusetts; J. Sterling Morton, of Ne
braska; H. G. Davis, of West Virginia; M3j.
Burke, of Louisiana ; W. R. Morrison, of Illi
nois; Henry Watterson, of Kentucky; and
George L. Converse, of Ohio. It opens with a
general denunciation of the Republican party,
its principles and methods of administration,
and declares that a change is necessary in tho
governing power, and then proceeds to ennn-
ciate ens policy of the Democratic party.
THE TAKIFF PLANK!.
AB taxation shall be limited to the require
ments of economical government. The neces
sary reduction in taxation can and must bo
effected without depriving American labor of
the ability to compete successfully with foreign
labor, and without imposing lower Tates of
duty than will be ample to cover any increased
cost of production which may exist in conse
quence of tho higher rate of wages prevailing
in this country.
TAXES AND PENSIONS.
Sufficient rovenne to pay ail the expenses of
the Federal Government economicaUy admin
istered, including pensions, interest and prin
cipal of tbe public debt, can begot under our
present system of taxation from custom-house
taxes on fewer imported articles, bearing heav
iest on articles of luxury, and bearing lightest
on articles of necessity. Wo therefore de
nounce the abuses of the existing tariff, and,
subject to the preceding limitations, we de
mand that Federal taxation shaU be exclu
sively for public purposes, and shall not exceed
tho needs of the Government, economicaUy ad
ministered. Thesystom of direct taxation known as the
"internal revenuo" is a war tax, aud so long
as the law continues, the mouey derived there
from should bo sacredly devoted to the relief
of tho pcoplo from tho remaining burdens of
tho war, and bo mado a fund to defray the ex
pense of tho caro and comfort of worthy sol
diers disabled in tho line of duty in the wars
of the Republic, and for the payment of snch
pensions as Congress may from time to time
grant to such soldiers, a Bko fund for the
sailors having been already provided, and any
surplus should bo paid into the Treasury.
CLEVELAND'S SECOIU) HIS HOSTILITY TO EZ
SOLDIEBS AND THE LABORING CLASSES.
Stephen Grover Cleveland, Governor of New
York, is now in his 43th year. He was born,
at Caldwell, N. J., on March 18, 1837, tho fifth
of niuo children. The family was poor and
the children had to go to work early. Grovor
was for a time employed in a storo in Fayqtte
ville, N. Y and later was educated in an acad
emy in Clinton. On leaving school he was a
teacher in New York for a short time, and then,
at tho ago of 17, set out for the West, intending
to go to Ohio. But stopping at Buffalo to visit
his uncle, Lewis F. Allen, he was persuaded to
settle thero. He began the study of law at
once in the office of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers,
and in 1839 was admitted to the bar. His po
litical preferences at this time, when tho seces
sion conspiracy was almost ripe, led him to
join the Democratic party, to which he has
ever since persistently adhered.
Although 24 years of age about the averago
sge ofmen who entered thearmy when the war
broke out in 1861, he continued to pursue his
legal studies and in 1862 ho was admitted, to
the bar and appointed Assistant District Atiw
ncy, by a Democrat, and ia 1863 his jariy
nominated him for the office of District Attar,
ney ; but he was beatea by theSepublicaa cs
didate, Lyman K. Base. Next year 3tfr Qt
land formed a law partnership with L V. Ya.
derpoel, but it was dissolved a few sobUm
later by Mr. Vaaderpoel'3 elevation to a peiiea
justiceship. Then ho became a member of &
firm of Laning, Cleveland JcFolsom, th feea
of which was the late State Senator A. P. Lad
ing. Mr. Cleveland left his phvco In this Arm
in 1S70, when he was elected Sheriff of th
County for a term of three years. On quittiag
that office he joined his old antagonist, Lyaww.
K. Bass, and W. S. Bissell, la forming: a ew
law firm, of which ho became the head a few
years later, on Mr. Bass's removal to NwYcii
HIS BUFFALO DEBLT.
In 1SSO politics in Buffalo became coasktar
ably mixed. There was mnch dissatisfactiMi
in the Republican: party and a spirit of re?slt
against the old managers of party afiairs, wMfe
the Democrats "worked for all they wt
worth" the few local offices tander their caa
trol. The following year there was a cry fee
"Reform," and Mr. Cleveland was electa!
Mayor of the city by a combination of Dema
crats and Republicans, Buffalo being normally
a strongly Republican city. Hia majority waa
a littleinore than 5,000. In his administratis
of tho mayoralityhe professed to pursua aa
independent and "reform" coarse, comhur
often into conflict with the Common Council
and breaking the traditions of the office with
out hesitation. By vetoing a number of meas
ures which, ho charged, were tainted with job
bery, he gained a reputation as a reformer aacL
a friend of economy in tho public service.
Casting about in the late Summer of ISSt
for a candidate with whom to oppose Secretary
Folger in the Gubernatorial campaign, tha
Democratic managers fixed upon Mayer Cleve
land and owing to the anomalous condition oi
politics in the State he wa3 elected by a major
ity the phenomenal proportions of which ia
dicated merely tho extent to which Republi
can voters stayed at home, or, in some instaa
ces, voted tho Democratic ticket to rebuka
certain phases of Republican party manage
ment. Mr. Cleveland thus took rank among
tho " tidal-wave" statesmen. He wa3 inanga
rated Governor in 1SS3, and ha3 now served ia
that capacity for 13 months, that being the ex
teat of his experience In public affairs. Dur
ing this period his administration, while Ik
some respects it has received popular approval,
in others it has excited intense opposition, and
especially on the part of the Tammany wing
of his own party and the laboring class gea
erally, the latter the result chiefly of his actfoau
in vetoing the elevated-railroad five-cent faxa
bill, and that limiting the houra of car-coa-ductors
and drivers to 12 hours a day, foae
which he wa3 censured by leaders of the work
ing classes. He signed the hill taking away
from the New York Aldermen the power to
control the Mayor's appointments, and thtag
alienated the affections of Tammany HaEL
But he ha3 been particularly conspicuous ia.
his opposition to legislation proposed in tka
interest of ex-soldiers, and especially the ras&
hers of the Grand Army.
H2S OPPOSITION TO SOLDIER XEASTTESS
While Mayor of Buffalo he vetoed an appro
priation of 300, passed by the Common Coua
cil, for the proper observance of Decoraticw.
Day. A3 Governor of New York ha vetoed
bill passed at the last session of the Legislators
which made it a misdemeanor for any persoa.
to wear a G. A. R. badge who was not an honorably-discharged
soldier. Thepetition for tia
bill had been signed by aU the G A.E. Posts oi
the State. A measure passed the same Legis
lature allowing G. A. RC Posts to use Stat
muskets if they gave bonds for their retuxa
and safe keeping, and Cleveland vetoed tha
bill. The G. A. R., as an organization, had
asked for the privilege. Governor Cleveland's
fourth exploit in opposition to the Grand Army
of the Republic was his veto of the hiB passed
by the Legislature allowing agratuity of $1,C0
to John Young. Young, who hzd lost an araa
in the service, was made a hopeless cripple by
an accident which happened to him whUa
working in the Capitol building at Albany.
AB the Grand Army of the Republic Posts of
Albany petitioned the Legislature for the relief"
they extended, which Cleveland vetoed. The
soldiers are asking if such a record as this will
command their votes.
Governor Cleveland has a brother livingi
who is a Presbyterian minister, near TJtica.
He has five sisters. One of them lives on tha
old homestead at Holland Patent, is unmarried,
and is a strong advocate of Woman's Rights.
Another is the wife of an architect in Toledo,
O., and a third the wifo of a missionary
in, India. Mr. Gieveiaud ha3 remained a bach
elor. In his official work he is slow but pains
taking. He is a fairly goodpublicspeaker, with,
a shrill voice-and a convincing though not elo
quent manner, and he prepares hii speeches
carefully beforehand. He is reputed to-be no
wealthy but ia comfortable circumstances.
HON. T. A. HENDEICKS.
Hon. Thomas Andrews Hendricks is a pro
duct of the Buckeye State, he having been,
ushered into this world of litigation and parti
zan strife near Zanesville, O., Sept. 7, 1819,
so that he is now nearly 65. His parents did
not remain long in Ohio, but went westward to
grow up with the young State of Indiana, set
. tling near Madison. As they bad some means
young Thomas received a collegiate education,
and became distinguished as a fluent talkers
He was equally distinguished for another traii
which has even become more pronounced aa
age came upon him. That is, the length of time
he could talk and thenumber of words he could
use without betraying the side he was talking
on. He was admitted to the bar and entered
political life at the same time, and took tha
stump for Polk in 1S44. He was elected to tha
Indiana Constitutional Convention of 1850, and
tho next year was sent to Congress. During
his term the repeal of the Missouri Compromise
came up, and though he privately expressed
hostility to therepeal the pressureput upon him
by the Administration was too strong, and ho
voted for it. Ho was in consequence defeated
for re-nomination ; the Administration consoled
him with an appointment a3 Commissioner of
the General Land Office. In 1S59 he ran for
Governor of Indiana, bnt was defeated. When,
the war broke cut he was "opposed to the coer
cion of the Southern States," and presided over
a convention in 1S62 which denounced the wax.
In 1S63 he was elected Senator, and distin
guished himself in opposition to the war meas
ures of the Administration. Ho also strenu
ously opposed the repeal of the Fugitive Slava
law and the adoption of the amendment abol
ishing slavery. He was elected Governor of
Iudiana in 1372,aud in 1876 was nominated fox
Vice-President on tbe ticket with Mr. Tilden.
Mr. Hendricks is a very able lawyer, and baa
grown wealthy by the practice of his profes
sion. He is a gentleman of fine personal char
acter and winning manners.
Having visited in person all parts of Min
nesota and Dakota, we do not hesitate ta
indorse the statement of Hon. Charles E.
Simmons, Land Commissioner Chicago A
Northwestern Railway, in another column.
It is a country rich in soil, beautiful in land
scape, healthy in climate. Tho ex-soldiers
and other citizens who have made their
homes there aresuch as one would lika to hava
for neighbors. School-houses are dotting this
country, thrifty villages are springing up aBL
that makes a country desirable for settlement
may be found, ether in completion or on a
well-established foundation. We suggest that"
our comrades attending the annual Encamp
ment at Minneapolis plan to take a survey oi
that region. Land explorers tickets are at
greatly reduced rates, and, what is better, all
money paid for railroad fare3 on this railway
will be refunded on the purchase of 160 acre.
Do not fail to send for one of the illustrated
guides. Sent free.
Attention is called to the handsoaro-writig
desk advertised by S. H. Moore & Co., ia aa