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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0.-, THURSDAY, JULY 24, 1884:
Hon. James G. Elaine's Letter of
The following is tlic fall text of Hr. Blaine's
letter of acceptance :
Apobsta, Mr. July 15, 3BS4. Tire Ho.v. Jomr B.
Ilianmufeox and others of the committee, etc
Gentlemen ; In accepting the nomination for the
Tnx.1iliiiiiv tamlertsl me bv the lSeixiblicaii iS'ft-
tioiuU Cotivonlion, I lies to express a deep sense of 1
tlie Jionor win jii is conterrcct and ol Uie duty wiucii
to iuiMed. 1 venture to aeeompaiiy tlic neecptance
with wiine obsKTvalioiis upon the question's involv
ed m the contootf jucbtioiii. whose fctttlement may
nfloct the future of the Nation favorably for a long
bci ie of yeius.
In enumerating: tlie issues upon which the Re
publican party appeals for popular support, the
convention lias been tubularly explicit and felicit
ous. It has projMU'ly Riven the leading1 position to
tue industrial interest of the country m. nflectcd by
Uie twill' on imports. On that ques-tion Uie two
political parlies are radically in conflict. Almost
the first act of the Jlepublieuns, when they came
into power in 1SG1, was the establidnnent of the
im -other lumd Uie Democratic party ju Congress
le- for 50 years persistently warred uin it Twice
v ithtn thai period our opponents linve destroyed
tariffs arrsuged for protection, mid binee Uie close
of the civil war, whenever they have controlled the
liouse of lieprcfccntaUves, hostile legislation has
beun (attempted never more conspieiiouMy than
in tlieir principal measures at tlie late fcccsion of
Revenue laws are in their very nature subject to
frequent revision sn ordr that they may beudapted
to change and modifications of trade. The Repub
lican party is not contending for the permanency of
any pai ticulor statute. The issue between the two
parties does not have reference to a specific Jaw. It
is far broader and far deeper. It involves n princi
ple of wide application and beneficent mlluenee
agniiiat a tlieorj hieli we believe to be unsound
in conception and inevitably hurtful in practice.
In the many tarifl' revisions which lsavc bceunecca
arj' Jorliie past '23 year?, or wliieli may hereafter
become necessary, the Ilcpublican party has main
tained and will maintain the policy of protection
to American industry, while our opponents insist
upon a revision, which practically destroy, that
policy. Tlic issiie is thus distinct, well defined, and
unavoidable. The pending election may determine
the fate of protection for a generation. The over
throw of Uie policy means a large and permanent
reduction in the wages of the American laborer,
beidcinvolving ihe loss of vast amounts of Ameri
can capital invested in manufacturing enterprises.
Tlic va! uc of the present revenue system to the peo-.
pie of the rnited States is not a mailer of theory,
and I bhall fcubn.it no argument to sustain it. I
only invite attention to certain facts of official rec
ord which seem to constitute a demonstration.
In the census of 1S50 an effort was made for the
first time in our history to cbtain a valuation of all
the property in the United States. The attempt
was m huj;e degree unsuccessful. Partly from lack
of lime, partly from prejudice among many who
Uiougbl the inquiries foreshadowed u new scheme
of taxation, the returns were incomplete and unsat
isfactory. Little more was done than to consolidate
tlie local valuations used in the States for purposes
of assessment, and that, as every one knows, differs
widely from a complete exhibit of all Uie property.
In Uie census of IfeGQ, however, the work was
done with great thoroughness the distinction be
tween ' assessed" vnluq and ""true" value being
carefully observed. Thegrand result was that the
" true value" of all the property in the States and
Territories (excluding slaves) amounted to fourteen
thousand millions of dollars (S14.000,oa0,tt). This
aggregate was the net result of the labor and sav
ings of sill the people within the area of the United
States from the time the Ssd British colonists land
ed in 1007 down to the year 1SG0. It reprcsentedf he
fruit of the toil of 250 years.
urea rjiurrs of m:otction.
After 1850 the business of the country was en
couraged aud developed by a protective tariff. At
the end of 20 years the total projierty of the United
States, as relumed by the census of 1SS0, amounted
to the enormous aggregate of $4-1 ,000,000.00a This
great result wxs attained, notwithstanding the fact
that countlefis millions had in the interval been
trusted in the progress of a bloody war. It thus
appears that wane our population between lbw
erty of the country increased 2U per cent, show
ing a vastly enhanced wealth per capita among the
people. Thirty thousand millions of dollars hud
b?en added during these 0 years to Uie permanent
wealth of the Kalion.
These results arc regarded by the older nations
of the world as phenomenal. That our country
should surmount the peril and the cost of a gigan
tic war and for an entire period of 20 years make
an average gain to its wealth of 6125,000,009 per
month surpassed the experience of all other na
tions, ancient or modern. Even the opponents of
the present jeveime system do jiot pretend that in
the Whole iinrtoiy of civilization any parallel can
be found to the material progress of the United
Steles since the accession of ihe Republican party
The icrio4 between ISO and to-day lias not been i
one oi njmorjftijiroHjrerny omy. .si no tunc m uie
history of the United Htntes has there been such
progrosR in the inoral and phiianUiropicfield. Re
ligious and dmrolabk; institutions, schools, semi
naries, and collescs have been founded and cn-
-dowedfiir more generously titan at any previous
uuw in our Jiistory. orcater anu more vancd re
lief has been exl'iided to human suffering, and the
entire progress of the country in wealth has been
ceeonijtemed and dignified by a broadening and
elevation of our national character as a people.
Ouroppouents find fault Hurt our revenue system
produces a surplus. But tbey should not forget
that Uie law haw given a specific purpose to which
ail of the surplus is prclStably and honorably ap
plied the reduction of the public debt and the con
sequent relief of the burden of taxation. JVb dollar
han been. woMed, and the only exlrataaancc ivilh
whtch the pnrip elands chargedis Vie generous pen
sioning ooIfecr, sailors, and Qicir families an ex
travagance whieJi ciiiiodics ihe highest furtn of justice
in ihe rtcogniHou end jajraient of a sacred debt.
"Whn reduction of taxation is to be made, the Re
publican iirty can bs trusted to accomplish it in
mich form as will most effectively aid the industries
f the Ration.
OXTR 1'OEEIGX COifillEllCE.
A frequent accusation by our opponents is that
the foreign conimerc of the country lias steadily
decayed under the influence of the protective tariff.
In this way Uiey wsck to array the iinportiag-iiitersst
agmnss the Republican party. It is a common and
yet radical error to confound the commerce of the
country willing carrying trade an error often com
mitted innocently and sometimes designedly, but
sn error so grose that it does not distinguish be
tween the ship aud the cargo. Foreign commerce
represents the eyjK.rUsand imports of a country re
gardless of Uie nssfooahiy oftnc vosseltliat may car
ry Uib commodities of exchange. Our carrying trade
briifrotn obviout cuuw fullered many diMJourage
mnti5 since IfcGO, InsI our foreign commerce has in
Uie sameperiod steadiiyand prodigiouslj' increased
increased, indeed, at a rate and to an amount
v. hid. absolutely d warts all previous developments
of our trcde beyond the sea. From IfcGO tc the pres
ent time Uc forwgn commerce of ttic United States
(divided with approximate equality between ex
ports and Import; reached the astounding aggre
gate of twenty-four Uiousand millions of dollars
tSaiXJOaXJOaj. The balance in thievivjt commerce
inclined in our favor, but it would have been much
larger if ourtmdt wiUt the countries of America,
elhowhore referred to, hud been more wisely ad
justed. It ifsdilllciilt even to appreciate the magnitude of
our expert wade waoe l3u,anu wc can gam a cor
rect eowtzfiiifm of it only by comparison with pre
ceding rowiilB in Uie same field. Tlie total cxiorts
from tit United Mates from the Ueelaration of In
dependence in 17T6 down to the day of Lincoln's
elet&KHi in IS&t, added to all that had previously
been exported from the American colonics from
their original settlement, amounted to le--s lliaa
nine thousand millions of dollars (9,000,000,000).
On tlic other hand, our exports from 3609 to the
close of the lat ftHocl year exceeded, twelve thou
fcawd millions of dolmrs (S12,O00.0O0,000 the whole
of It boing the product of Amen am labor. Evi
dentiy a pwiealiva lar.fl has not injured our expott
trade, when, under its intluence, we exported in 24
ycarw 4Q per cent more than the loud amount that
imri been exported m Uie entire previous history of
American eomtucvec. All the details, when ana
lysed, oorrpoud with this gigantic result. The
commercial cities of the Union never bad such
growth as they have enjoyed uinoc I860. Our chief
emporium, t3ie city of Kcv York, with its depend
etioios, has -within that iieriod doubled her popula
tion paid inereasod licr wealUi five-fold. During
Uie name period the Imports and exports which
have ontcid and left licr harbor are mom than
doutrte in bulk and value the whole amount im
ported and exported by her between the settlement
ef tfec nrat Iuteh colony on the Island of Manhat
tan n& the outbreak of ihe civil war in 1SC0.
EFFECT OX THE IMEMnKS.
The syerfcultura'; intcnl is by far the largest in
the Ntwu, mid te enUUed in every adjustment of
revenue bwv to ik nrstoonfeiderafium Any policy
hostile 1 the fulUl development of agriculture in
tfie$jiied Slates mwt be abandoned. Realizing
tltte ifwit Hie ojfpowais of the present system of
f.m- f tlw United Stirtes Umt they are robbed
!y jtrotcctiw tariff, and the eflort ie thus made to
m ' ktai tbor :wt influence in favor of free trade.
Bui. j qpfi' the fi.i'mer of America are intelligent
uifl c i -mat be misled by sophistry whrai conclusive
iKwre lwrfure tltem They jee plainly that during
iiieptiet 3t y ew v, cu.lt b has not boon acquired in one
KotiUon or one interest at tlie espense-of another
ftoctkm r miolltor interest They see Ugt Uie agri
cultural HtaU have much even more lapid progress
UiKti the manufacturing Stales.
Tlic farmers sec that in 1B0O MftsaehdseUs and II
linoiff IumI ttbuut tlie isamc wcalUilJClwcen 5S.00J,
imSKi aud S.W9,Wi,W) eaeli-and that in 18S0 tas
saohuMitts had adi-anecd to g2,CW,00J,O(K), while
Illinois liad luivanccd to S3.200.0fJ0.000. They fcco
tltst Kew Jersey and Iowa were just equal in popu
lation Sn lKCO.and Uiat in 20 veal's the wealth of
New Jersey was increased by the bum ofST0,0G0,
800, while Uib wealth of Iowa was increased by the
earn of $1500,000,000. They see Uiat the nine
leading agricultural States of Uie "West have grown
eo rapidly in prosperity that the aggregate addition
lot heir wealth ulncc IfeGO w almotasgrentas the
weallli of ihe entire country in Uiat year. They see
that tlie South, which is almost exclusively agri
cultural, liasharcd in thegencral prosperity, and
tliat having recovered from the loss and devasta
tion of war lias gained so rapidly that its total
wealth is at least Uie double of tlutt which it
jti.flesBed ia 1EG0, exclusive of elavca.
3a tUwtc extraordinary developments tlic farmers
pnmntJe of protection to American labor ana to
.'.iiK'naui capital. This principle Uie Republican
has ever .mce steadily maintained, wiuie on
sec the helpful impulse of a Iiome market, and they
see that the financial and revenue system, enacted
since the Ilcpublican party came into power, has
established and constantly expanded Uie home
market They sec that even in the case of wheat,
which is our chief cereal export, they liave pold, in
Uie average of the years since the close of the war,
three bushelsat home to one they have sold abroad,
and that in the case of corn, the only oUier cereal
which we exiorl to extent, 100 bushels have been
used at home to three and a half bushels exported.
In some years Uie disparity has been so great that
for every peck of corn exported 100 bushels have
been consumed in the home market The farmers
see that in the increasing competition from the
grain fields of Russia and from the distant plains of
India, the growth or the home market becomes
daily of greater concern to them, ami that its im
pairment would depredate the value of every aero
of tillable land in Uie Union.
Such facts as these touching the growth and con
summion of cereals at home uive us Fome slight
conception of the vastnes3 of the internal commerce
oi inc unncu cuivei". iiicy suggest msu nuiy, m
addition to the advantages which the American
people enjoy from protection against foreign com
petition, they enjoy the advantages of absolute free
trade over a larger area and with a greater popula
tion than any other Nation. The internal com
merce of our SSStntesnnd nine Territories iscarried
on without let or hindrance, without tax, de
tention, or Governmental interference of any
kind whatever. It spreads freely over an area
of three and a half million square miles
almost equal in extent to the whole continent of
Europe. Its profits arc enjoyed to-day by 50,000,
000 of American freemen, and from this enjoy
ment no monopoly is created. According to Alex
ander Hamilton, when he discussed the same sub
ject in 17S0, "the internal competition which takes
place does away with everything like monopoly,
and by degrees reduces the prices of articles to the
minimum of a reasonable profit on the capital em
ployed." It is impossible to point to a single mo
nopoly in the United States that has been created
or fostered by the industrial system which is up
held by the Republican party.
OUB HOME MABKET.
Compared with our foreign commerce tlicse do
mestic exchanges are inconceivably great in
amount requiring merely as one instrumentality
as large a mileage of railway as exists to-day in all
the ether nations of the world combined. These
internal exchanges are estimated by the Statistical
Bureau of the Treasury Department to be annually
20 times as great in amount as our foreign com
merce. It is into this vast field of home trade at
once the creation and the heritage of the American
people that foreign nations are striving by every
device to enter. It is into this field that the oppo
nents of our present revenue system would freely
admit tlie countries of Europe countries into
whose internal trade we could not reciprocally
enter; countries to which we should be surrender
ing every advantage of trade; from which wo
should be gaining nothing in return.
A. policy of this kind would be disastrous to the
mechanics and workingmen of the United Stales.
"Wages are unjusUy reduced when an industrious
man is not able by his earnings to live in comfort,
educate his children, aud lay by a sufficient amount
for the necessities of age. The reduction of wages,
inevitably consequent upon throwing our home
market open to the world, would deprive them of
the power to do this. It would proven great ca
lamity to our country. It would produce a conflict
between the poor and the rich, and in the sorrow
ful degradation of labor would plant the seeds of
The Republican party lias steadily aimed (o main
tain just relations between labor and capital
gujsrdingwith care the rights of each. A conflict
between the two has always led in the past and
will always lead in Uie future to the injury of both.
Labor is indispensable to the ci eation and profita
ble use of capital, and capital increases the effici
ency and value of lalxjr. AVhoevcr arrays the one
against the other is an enemy of both. That policy
is' wisest and best 'which harmonizes the two on
tlie basis of absolute justice. The Republican party
has protected the free labor of America so that its
compensation is larger than is realized in any other
country. It has guarded our country against the
unfair competition of contract labor from China,
and may be called upon to prohibit the growth of a
similar evil from Europe.
It is obviously unfair to permit capitalists to make
contracts for cheap labor in foreign countries to Uie
hurt and disparagement of the labor of American
citizens. Such a policy (like that which would
leave the time and other conditions of home labor
exclusively in the control of the employer) is inju
rious to all parlies not the least so to the unhappy
persons who are made the objects of the contract.
The institutions of the United States rest upon the
intelligence and virtue of all the people. Suffrage
is made universal as a juit weapon of elf-prolcc-tion
to every citizen. It is not the iuteres-tof the
Republic Uiat any economic system should be
the hard standard prevailing elsewhere. The Re
publican party aims to elevate and dignify labor
not to degrade it.
As a substitute for the industrial system which
under Republican administration has developed
such extraordinary prosperity, our opponents oiler
a policy which is but a scries of experiments upon
our system of revenue a policy whose end must
be harm to our manufacturers and greater haim to
our labor. Experiments in the industrial and finan
cial system is the country's greatest dread, as sta
bility is the greatest boon. Even the uncertainly
resulting from the Tecent tariff agitation in Con
gress has nuruuuy atleeleu the business of the en
tire country. "Who can measure Uie harm to our
shops and our homes, to our farms and our com
merce, if Uie uncertainity of perpetual tariff" agita
tion is to be inflicted upon Uie country? "We are in
ihe midst of an abundant harvest; -we are on the
eve of a revival of general prosperity. XoUiing
stands in our way but the dread of a change in the
industrial system which has wrought such wonders
la ilio-last 'JO years, and which with the power of
increased capital will work still greater marvels of
prosperity in Uie 20 years to come.
OUE FOBEJGX DELATIONS.
Our foreign relations favor our domestic develop
ment We are at peace with the world at peace
upon a sound basis, with no unsetUed questions of
Euflicient magnitude to embarraos or distract us.
Happily removed by our geographical position
from participation or interest in those questions of
dynasty or boundary which so frequently disturb
the peace of Europe, wearc left to cultivate friendly
relations wiUi all, and are free from poasible en
tanglements in the quarrels of any. The United
States has no cause and no desire to engage in con
flict with any power on earth, and we may rest in
assured confidence that no power desires to attack
the United States.
"With the Kations of the "Western Hemisphere wo
should cultivate closer relations aud for our com
mon prosperity and advancement we should invite
Uicm all to join with us in an agreement that for
the future, all international troubles in North or
South America shall be adjusted by impartial arbi
tration and not by arms. This project was jiart of
the fixed policy of President Garfield's administra
tion and it shou'd, inmyjudgmcnt.be renewed. Its
accomplishment on this comment would favorably
affect the nations beyond the Eca, and thus power
fully contribute at no distant day to the universal
acccpuince of Uie philanthropic and Christian prin
ciple of arbitration. The effect of even suggesting
it for the Spanish-American slates has been most
happy and has increased the confidence of those
neonie in our friendly disposition.
It fell to my lotas Secretary of State in June,T8Sl,
to quiet apprehension in Uie Republic of Mexico by
giving the assurance in an official dispatch that
"there is not ttie faintest desire in Uie United States
for territorial extension south of the Rio Grande.
The boundaries of Uie two Republics have been
established in conformity with the best jurisdic
tional interests of both. The line of demarcation ia
not merely conventional. It is more. It separates
a Spanish-American people from a Saxon-American
witii distinct and natural finality."
We tcek the conquests of peace. We desire to
extend our commerce, and in an especial degree
wiUiour friends and neighbors on this continent
We have not improved our relations with Spanish
America as wisely and as persistently as we might
Have done. i or more man a generation Uie sym
pathy of those countries has been allowed to drift
away from ua. We should now make every effort
to guin Uieir friendship. Our trade wiUi them is
already large. During the but year our exchanges
in the Western Hemisphere amounted to $350,000,
000 nearly one-fourth, of our entire foreign com
merce. BOrTII AHEEICAT? TEADE.
To those who may be disposed to underrate the
value of our trade with Uie countries of North Und
South America, it may be well to state that their
population is nearly or quite 50,000,000 and Uiat,
m proportion to their aggregate numbers, we im
port nearly double as much from them as we do
from Europe. But the result of Uie whole Ameri
can trade is in a high degree unsatisfactory. The
imports during the past year exceeded $225,000,000,
while the exort were less tiian $125,000,000 allow
ing a balance against us of more tiian $100,000,000.
But the money does not go to Spanish America.
We -send largesumsto Europe in coin, or its equiv
alent, to pay European manufacturers for the goods
which they send to bpanish America. We are but
paymasters for this enormous lunount annually to
European factors an amount which is n serious
draft, in every financial depression, upon our re
sources of specie.
Cannot tins condition of trade ia great part be
changed? Cannot the market for our products be
greatly enlarged? We have made & beginning in
our effort to improve our trade relations with Mex
ico, and wc should not be content until similar and
mutually advantageous arrangements have been
successively made with every nation of North and
South America. While the great iwwers of Europe
wc steadily enlarging their cduni&l domination in
Asia and Africa, it is the especial province of this
country to improve and expand its trade with the
nations of America. No field promises so much.
No field has iKjen cultivated no little. Our foreign
policy should be nu American policy in its broadest
and most comprehensive sense a policy of peace,
of friendship, of commercial enlargement.
PEGTECrrXG AMEEICA CITIZENS.
The name of American which bclongslo us in our
national capacity must id ways exult the just pride
of patriotim. Citizenship of the Republic must bo
the panoply and safeguard of him who wears it
The American citizen, rich or poor, native or natu
ralized, white or colored, must everywhere walk
secure in ins personal and civil rights. The Re
public should never accept ft lesser duty, it can
never assume a nobler one, than the protection of
the humblest man who owes it loyalty protection
at home, and protection which shall follow him
abroad into whatever land he may go upon a law
I recognize not without regret, the necessity for
Bpcakingof two sections of our common country.
But the regret diminishes when I sec Unit the ele
ments which separated them arc lost disappearing.
Prejudices have yielded and arc yielding, while a
growing cordiality warms the Southern and the
Northern heart alike. Can any one doubt that be
tween the sections confidence and esteem are to
day more marked than at any period in the CO
years preceding the election of President Lincoln?
Tain k the result in pott of linic and in part of Re
publican principles applied under the favorable
conditions of uniformity. It would be a great
calamity to change theso Influences under which
Southern commonwealths arc learning to vindicate
civil rights, and adapting themselves to the con
ditions of political tranquility and industrial pro
gress. If there bo occasional and violent outbreaks
in the South against this peaceful progress, the
public opinion of the country regards them as ex
ceptional and hopefully trust that each will prove
DEVELOPING THE SOUTH.
The South needs capital and occupation, not con
troversy. As much as any part of the North, the
South needs the full protection of the revenue laws
which the Republican party offers. Someoftho
Southern States have already entered upon a career
of industrial development and prosperity. These,
at least, should not lend their electoral votes to
destroy their own future.
Any effort to unite the Southern States upon is
sues that grow out of the memories of the war will
summon the Northern States to combine in the as
sertion of that nationality which was their inspira
tion in the civil struggle. And thus great energies
which should be united in a common industrial
development will be wasted in hurtful strife. The
Democratic party shows itelf a foe to Southern
prosperity by always invoking and urging South
ern political consolidation. Such a policy quenches
the rising instinct of patriotism in the heart of the
Southern youth; it revives and stimulates preju
dice; it substitutes the spirit of barbaric vengeance
for the love of peace, progress, and harmony.
The general character of the civil service of the
United States under all administrations has been
honorable. In. the one supreme test the collec
tion and disbursement of revenue the record of
fidelity has never been surpassed in any nation.
With the almost fabulous stuns which were received
and paid during the late war, scrupulous integrity
was the prevailing rule. Indeed, throughout that
trying period, it can be said to the honor of the
American name, that unfaithfulness and dishonesty
among civil officers were as rare as misconduct and
cowardice on the field of battle.
The growth of the country has continually and
necessarily enlarged the civil service, until now it
includes a vast body of officers. Rules and methods
of appointment winch prevailed when the number
was smaller have been found insufficient and im
practicable, and earnest cflbrt3 have been made to
separate the great mass of ministerial officers from
partizan influence and personal control. Impartial
ity in Uie mode of appointment to be based on quali
fication, nnd security of tenure to be based on faith
ful discharge of duty are the two ends to be accom
plished. The public business will be aided by separat
ing the legislative branch of the Gorcrnnictit from all
control of appointments and the executive department
will be relieved by subjecting appoin Invents to fixed rules
and thus removing tliem from the caprice of fa
voritism. But there should be rigid observance of
the law which gives in all cases of equal competency
the preference to the soldiers who risked their lives in
defense of the Union.
I entered Congress in 15C3, and in a somewhat
prolonged service I never found it expedient to re
quest or recommend the removal of a civil officer
except in four instances, and then for non-political
reasons which were instantly conclusive with tho
appointing power. The officers in the district, ap
pointed by Mr. Lincoln in 1801 upon the recom
mendation of my predecessor, served, as a rule, un
til death or resignation. I adopted at the begin
ning of my service the test of competitive examina
tion for appointments to West Point nnd maintained
it so long as I liad the right by law to nominate a
cadet. In the case of many officers I found that the
present law which arbitrarily limits the term of the
commission oflcredaconstanttemptation to changes
for mere political reasons. I have publicly ex
pressed the belief that the essential modification of
that law would be in many respects advantageous.
My observation in the Department of State con
firmed the conclusions of my legislative experience,
and impressed me with the conviction that the rule
of impartial appointment might with advantage be
carried beyond any existing provisions of the civil
service law. It should be applied to appointments
in the consular service. Consuls should be com
mercial sentinels encircling the globe with watch
fulness for their country's interests. Their intelli
gence and competency become, therefore, matters
of great public concern. No man should heap
pointed to an American consulate who is not well
instructed in the history and resources of his own
country, and in the requirements and language of
commerce in the country to which he is sent. Tho
same rule should be applied even more rigidly to
secretaries of legation in our diplomatic service.
The people have the right to the most efficient
agents in the discharge of public business, and tho
appointing power should regard this as the prior
and ulterior consideration.
THE MORTON QUESTION.
Religious liberty is the right of every citizen of
the Republic. Congress is forbidden by the Consti
tution to make any law "respecting the establish
ment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof." For a century, under this guarantee,
Protestant and Catholic, Jew and Gentile, have
worshipped God according to the dictates of con
science. Put religious liberty must not be pervert
ed to the justification of offenses against the law.
A religiouj sect, strongly intrenched in one of the
Territories "of the Union, and spreading rapidly into
four otherTerritories, claims tho right to destroy
the safeguard and muniment of social order, and to
practice as a religious privilege Uiat which is a
crime punished with severe penalty in every State
of the Union. Tho sacrednes3 and unity of the
family must bo preserved1 as the foundation of all
civil govci' .tnent, as the source of orderly admin
istration, an the surest guarantee of moral purity.
The claiia of the Mormons that they arc divinely
authorized o practice polygamy should no more
be admitted than the claims of certain heathen
tribes, if they should come among us, to continue
the right of human sacrifice. The law docs not
interfere with what a man believes; it takes cog
nizance only of what he does. As citizens the Mor
mons are entitled to the same civil rights as others,
and to these they must be confined. Polygamy
can never receive national sanction or toleration
by admitting the community that upholds it as a
State in the Union. Like others, the Mormons
mustlearn that the liberty of the individual ceases
where the rights of society begin.
The people of the United States, though often
urged and tempted, have never seriously contem
plated the recognition of any other money than
gold and silver and currency directly convertible
into them. They have not done so, they will not
do so, under any necessity less pressing than that
of desperate war. Tlie one special requisite for
the completion of our monetary system is the fix
ing of the relative values of silver and gold. Tho
large use of silver as the money of account among
Asiatic nations, taken in connection with the in
creasing commerce of the world, gives the weight
iest reasons for an international agreement in tho
premises. Our Government should not cease to
urge this measure until a common standard of valuo
shall be reached and established a standard that
shall enable the United Slates to use the silver
from its mines as an auxiliary to gold in settling
tho balance of commercial exchange.
THE PUBLIC DOKAIN.
The strength of the Republic is increased by the
multiplication of landholders. Our laws should
look to the judicious encouragement of actual set
tlers on ihe public domain, which should hence
forth be held as a sacred" trust for the benefit of
those seeking homes. The tendency to consolidate
large tracts of land in the ownership of individuals
or corpaitotions should, with proper regard to vested
rights, be discouraged. One hundred thousand
acres of land in the hands of one man ia far less
profitable to the Nation in every way than when its
ownership is divided among 1,000 men. The evil of
permitting large tracts of the national domain to be
consolidated and controlled by the few against the
many is enhanced when the persons controlling it
are aliens. It is but fair that the public land should
be disposed of only to actual settlers and to those
who are citizens of the Republic, or willing to
Amongour national interests one languishes the
foreign carrying trade. It was very seriously crip
pled in our civil war, and another blow was given
to it in the general substitution of stcara for sail in
ocean traffic. With a frontage on the two great
oceans, with a freightage larger than that of any
other nation, we have every inducement to restore
our navigation. Yet tho Government ha3 hitherto
refused its help. A small sliarc of the encourage
ment given by the Government to railways and to
manufactures, and a small share of the capital and
the zeal given by our citizens to those enterprises,
would have carried our ships to every sea and to
every port A law just enacted removes some of
the burdens upon our navigation and inspires hope
that this great interest may at last receive its due
share of attention. All efforts in this direction
should receive encouragement
A FKEE BALLOT.
The survey of our condition as a nation reminds
us that material prosperity is but a mockery if it
does not tend to preserve the liberty of the people.
A free ballot is the safeguard of Republican institu
tions, without which no national Welfare is assured.
A popular election honestly conducted, embodies
the very majesty of true government. Ten mil
lion? of voters desire to take part in the pending
contest The safety of the Republic rests upon tho
integrity of the ballot, upon thesccurity of suffrage
to the citizens. To deposit a fraudulent vote is no
worse a crime against constitutional liberty than to
obstruct the deposit of an honest vote. He who
corrupts suffrage strikes at the very root of free
government lie is the arch enemy of tho Republic.
lie forgets that in trampling upon the rights of
others ho fatally imperils his own rights. "It is a
good land which tho Lord our God doth give us,"
but we can maintain our heritage only by guard
ing with vigilance the source of popular power.
I am, with great respect, your obedient servant,
James G. Black.
Thnt Iowa Sergeant at Tlcksharg.
To the Editob: In reply to Comrade D. C.
Cameron's question as to what Iowa Sergeant
it was who came out of tlie casemate in front
of Cart's division in the charge on Viclcsburg
escorting aConfederafe Lieutenant and a dozen
men, I stato that it was Sergeant Griffith,
of the 21st Iowa. Ho came out in front of
Lawlcr's brigade of Carr's division and my
brigade of A. J. Smith's division. Tho two
regimental flags that were planted upon tho
epaulment, and kept there five hours or moro,
belonged to the 77th 111., Col. D. P. Grier, and
tho 46th Ohio, Lieufe.-Col. Parker, of my bri
gade. The 48th Ohio took down and saved
their flag, while that of the 77th 111. was cap
tured after a desperate struggle. Tho flags of
the 130th 111. and 19th Ky., of my brigade,
were planted in the ground near tho Confeder
ate works, hut neither was captured. Some of
those who were wouuded. are in Illinois, some
in Iowa, some in Ohio, and some in Kentucky.
H. J. Landbam, Brig.-Gon., Lancaster, Ky,
THE GRAND ARMY,
A Noble Poem by Mrs. Sherwood.
THE GRAM) jAEMT.
By Kale Brownlee Sherwood.
Written for the Grand Encampment Camp-fire,
Grand Army of the Republic, at Minneapolis, July
23, 188.1, and delivered by Elizabeth JMansfield
Irving, Toledo, OJ
Mesccmcd a vision filled tho night of strong men
And two by two in solemn prido they strode with
sturdy swing ;
I stood upon the battlements and saw them man
And fling tho halyards fo the breeze where mad
To the right of me, to tho left of mo they rally,
man and man,
Until, mescemed, tho plains wero groves, tho
groves like rivers ran ;
I heard the scream of bugles and tho throbbing of
As the murmur of the thunders that portend tho
storm that comes.
My pulses sting and tremble, my blood is all
To sec the sons go stalking forth to battle with
their sire ;
" God keep my first-born darling," the mother
kneels to pray;
And so our great Grand Army was mustered in
Up rose the stalwart Lincoln God granthis spirit's
And as he calls the roll of States, they rise and an
Maine shouts to Minnesota, Vermont to Oregon :
" Who hails the sword of Hunker Hill, rise up and
put it on 1"
Tho fliuiio has lit tho forges, tho engines pant and
And lo 1 upon the hill-tops the signal fires are set ;
The shade of Ethan Allen is up and marching now,
And Henry fires the forum and Putnam leaves tho
"Who stems tho tide of battle, ho does it at his
Who stays a hand whero Freedom leads he ia
The list of heroes lengthen, a Bplendor gilds
And so our great Grand Army made up its bat
O, there was brave manuver in sight of foo and
And toss of plume and feather and marching with
out end ;
And there were banners waving, and there were
songs and cheers,
And for the patriot praises, and for tho coward
And here the splendid infantry accoutred bright
And there the gleaming trappings of cavalry in
And flash of scarlet gunners and riders in the line.
With gorgeous spreading epaulets and sashes red
And 3o the long processions of maidens draw
With kisses and with flowers to say a last good
bye: And lo 1 the wives a-lifting their babies to tho
And so our great Grand Army beheld its work
I turned me to the Southland and war swept into
With famine and with fever a-riding two by two;
And there was clash and clamor and marshaling
for the fray,
And in the shock of batt)e, they met, the Blue and
'Tis brother met with brother, 'tis match of man
and man, :
The jousts of peers and- princes upon a mightier
The red, red tide of battle Is sweeping on its way
With hope and heartand'fortuhetoreverandn day.
But not in kmghtlycrusade 'or quest of Holy
Were purer hands uplifted, did holler vows
Nor e'en to good Sir Gallahad were saintlier
visions sent I
Than in our great Grand Army to dying eyes
Play up, O fife and bugle I play up, sonorous drum I
The legions of disunion, tbey tremble as ye come!
Play up the blue Potomac! play up along tho
Where patriot cheers are swelling, where rebel
Play up the slopes of Lookout! play up both loud
For Farrugut's at Mobile and lashed unto the mast!
Play up for Appomattox, aud let your tunes he gay,
For underneath the apple tree the Bluehasmet tho
Play up the flag of Freedom 1 Play up Uie
Stripes and Stars !
Play down tho rag of treason ! play down the
Stars and Bars !
'Play up tho "March through Georgia!" night
cannot always last!
Play up our great Grand Army I God speed it,
first and last
With faded coat and feather, the thin battalions
And here the drooping banner and there the muf
The gleam of splendid trappings may nevermore
The scarlet and the crimson, the glitter and the
Within the awful prisons the ragged ranks aro
With never a dirge lamenting and never a last
And many a brave battalion goes down forever
more, Since War has supped with Fever while Famine
kept tho door.
And lo, beyond the prison, beyond the faded
The sad and slow processions go sadly 'mong
The maidens nnd tho mothers a-searching for
Who with our great Grand Army will never
Unite your ranks, O comrades, consolidate bri
Call invidettc and picket! suspend your dashing
Take home your captured cannon and mold them
To deck the breasts of veterans returning from the
Swing out the tattered banners though riddled
through and through,
With elbow touching elbow begin your Grand
Was ever seen such marching, say, comrades, 'neath
As army meeting nrmy you made at Washington?
Tho hilltops are exultant! the streets with joy
And the veteran's heart is happy as the heart
of a little child!
Cheers meeting cheers resounding make up a
sea of sound,
That lauds our great Grand Army wherever
fame is found!
Play up I play up, ye bugles ! play up, both fife and
But not from wars returning to-day our comrades
Maine calls to Minnesota, Vermont to Oregon :
" Who hails tiie sword of Bunker Hill, rise up and
The picket-guards of Freedom arc on the outward
And on the bights of victory their banners wo
They wage a grander warfare than any has been
And prairie yields her treasure and mountain gives
Play up, plus' up the music to which our com
The tunes that in a hundred fights they loved
both long and well!
Play up, where freemen gather 1 Wherever
man meets man,
'Tis there our great Grand Army Is ever In tho
Play up, O fife and bugle ! play up, sonorous drum !
Play up tho hosts of Freedom rejoicing as they
Play up tho war-worn warriors wherever they may
Play up the old Potomac ! play up the Cumber
The veterans are coming, bo still my heart and
It is the glad hozanna, it is tho Union cheer 1
Heaven speed the fight they're making ! Heaven
give to each his due,
Who bore the brunt of battle to keep tho Union
Play up, while lo, before them wo lay our
Where merry Minnehaha laughs out the golden
From Maine to Minnesota, play up our com
Who in our great Grand Army have worn tho
Play up the march of Empire ! play up the march
The mighty West before us ! the Stars and Stripes
Play up the South returning ! play up the reveille j
Play up for truer Union ! play up for States to be !
Play up tho struggling nations whoso eyes have
hailed the morn
That glows abovo the cradle whero Liberty was
Play up tho toiling millions ; their raco is but be
gun! Play up, play up for Lincoln ! play up for Wash
ington! Play up the Union rally, play up both loud and
One heart, ono hope, one faith, ono flag shall bo our
slogan still !
Play up the "March through Georgia! " your mer
riest music play!
Play up our great Grand Army forever and for aye!
Jamcs R. Howell, Walworth: Tho G. A. R. is
largely represented, among the settlers hero, and
we expect before long to start a Post.
M. D., Center Point: Dcnison Post celebrated tho
4th in fine style, one of the principal features of tho
day being a sham fight J. Charlesworth, Osage :
Wc havo a Post here of 125 members, and muster in
new recruits at every meeting.
H. F. Underwood, Peru : Post No. 56 is in excel
lent working order has a fine hall and a member
ship of 140. Thos. A. Pearce, Vernon : Officers of
Baldwin Post, No. 340: Commander, A. G. Cotton;
S. V. C, Win. CunlifT; J. V. C, F. M. James; Adj't,
C.E.Hall; Q. M., S. L. Boluer; Surg., I. S. Wag
ner ; Chap., W. S. Almond: O. D.,T. A. Pearce ; O.
G., Wm. Boggs; S. M., John Muster; Q. M. S., A.
Edwin Forbes, Fordsvillo: Sergeant Remus T.
Wliitlinghill Po-it is in good working order, has a
membership of GO, and an excellent hall.
T. B. Howard, Rosendale : Post No. 167 was mus
tered hero in May last and is in a very prosperous
condition. Officers: Commander, A. Mulinix; S,
V. C, Schnitieus; J. V. C, T. B. Howard; O. D.,
G. W. Lucas; Adj't,E. M.Ward; Q. M., H.Watson;
Surg., D. Yoder; Chap.,F.Hnvlin; O.G..G. Yoder;
Q. M. S., R. T. Bickct; S. M., M. Bias. A.
Mullinix, Rosendale: On tho 6th ult. Com
mander Abram Dobbs, of Peabody Post, mustered
in Post No. 167 here, with 27 charter members. Offi
cers: Commander. Abram Mullinix; S.V.C., Julius
Schritzins; J. V. C.,T.B. Howard; Q. M., David
Yoder; Surg., B. F. Herlin: Chap., E. M. Ward ;
Adj't, G.W. Lucas; O. D., Geo. Yoder; O. G., It
T. Beckett; Q. M. S., Marion Buis; S. M.,
The dedication of the soldiers' monument at Mon
son, Mass., on the 4th inst was a very pleasant
affair. Marcus Keep Post, of Monson, nnd the 3d
regiment band escorted the visitors from the depot to
the hall, where they were handsomely entertained.
The following Posts were in attendance : L. L. Tift
nndE. K. Wilcox, of Springfield; W.E.BakerPost,
Northampton; Clara Barton Post.W'nrren; Gen.
beugwicfc Post, IS orwich, Ct; Lyon Post, Wcsttield ;
E. M. Stanton Post, Amherst; Ezra Batcheller and
Ferdinand Dexter Posts, Brookfield; J.W.Lawton
Post, Ware; Kilpatriek Post, Holyoko; L. L. Mer
rick Post, Palmer; Stonewall Post, Dcerfield, and
others. Speeches were made by Dr. G. E. Fuller,
Gen. J. L. ChamberlHin and others. This monu
ment, which was erected at a cost of 55,500, was tho
gift of Mr. Cyrus W. Holmes, to Marcus Keep Post,
Gco. Kinney. Hillsdale : On the 24th ult Post No.
259 was mustered at Litchfield with 33 charter
members. Officers: Commander, L. A. Howard ;
S. V. C, Chas. Anderson; J. V. C, Samuel B. Coy;
Surg., J. E. Moore; Chap., J. E.Lewis; O. D., W.
B. Shepard; O. G., Allen Anderson; Q. M., D. H.
Mills; Adj't, M. Herring; S.M., Daniel Fisher; Q.
M. S., Chas. A. Ford.
Among the men in attendance at the New York
semi-annual Encampmen t was one who will attract
attention wherever he may be seen : Mr. J. P. John
son Howard, Commander of Wm. L. Garrison Post,
No. 202, of Brooklyn. Mr. Howard is a large, well
built, nnd well-proportioned colored man. He is
finely educated, has lived abroad, and is rich. He
is about 40 years old. His father, who died about a
year ago, was one of the most prominent colored
men in the State, and probably the largest colored
property owner in the country. He was the founder
of the colored Taxpayers' Association, of which his
son is now secretary. The present Mr. Howard has
seen some rough experiences and has always shown
a spirit of self-reliance. At his father's death ho
came into large property. In his youth he attended
school in the West, nnd at the age of 18 in March",
1861, he entered the Navy, where he served until
July, 1865, rising to the rank of Admiral's Stewnrd.
After the war closed he went abroad, where he
lived nearly seven years. He was the first black
man to hold a position on the Department staff,
being now a Past Aid-de-Camp. He also holds Uie
rank of Brigadier-General. He was also the first
black man to open an office on Broadway, N. Y.,
where his business soon grew to such dimensions
as to require an ofllceinBrooklyn. He devotes the
greater part of his time to the managing of estates.
F. P. Walcott, Big Pond, Pa.: Milan Cooper Post
was mustered here on the 2th inst. Officers : Com
mander, O. G. Dunbar; S. V. C, M. D. Fanning;
J. V. C, E. M. Reeser ; Adj't, Tim Leonard ;. Q. M.,
J. W. Huggm-j ; Surg., O. Harknes3; O. D., D. Bul
lock; O. G., J. Henry; Chap., A. W. Fuller; S.Mj,
S. Harkness; Q.M. S.,PIatt Corelt Council of Ad
ministration, E. M.JTuton, John McKee and S.
Recent Gatherings of Tcterans and Some Yet to
The Veterans of the 8th, 9th, and 10th Me.
will hold their annual Bennion at Auburn, Me.,
on Aug. 27. All communications in regard to
the matter should he addressed to U. B. Hop
kins, Secretary, Ajtfanrn.
H D. Williams, Oakland, HI. : The 123d HI.
hold their Eeunion at Oakland, HI., on Sept.
4 and 5. Comrade Williams solicits correspond
ence from all members of tho company in re
gard to same.
SONS OF VETERANS.
The Latest Kerrs front the Yarioas Divisions and
George C. Clouds, jr., JTetainora, Ind.: A
Camp of Sons of Veterans was organized hero
on the 5th inst., with IS charter members. Of
ficers: Capt, H. E. Lfcnnard; 1st Lieut., Geo.
C. Clouds, jr.; 2d Lieut., Jas. Gillespie; Surg.,
M". P. Cupp; Chap., Jno. Bunyard; Q.M. S.,
Erlo County (JT. Y.) Prisoners Association.
Among the members of the Erie County
(N. Y.) Prisoners Association present at the
Buffalo Encampment, wero the following : Dr.
J. W. Walton, 103d Pa.; Frederick R Eanson,
11th 111.; Wm. Johnson, 2d T. Y.; Geo. W.
Flynn, 85th K. Y. ; W. Knowles, 8th X. Y. Ati. ;
John T. Eerrin, 27th N. Y. Art.; Uarkeman
Fox, 100th N.Y.; W. L. Walls, 100th N. Y. ; C.
B. Eandolph, 148th IT. Y. ; Andrew Dosinger,
24th N. Y. Cav.; John L. Lessing, 27th 2J. Y.;
Valentine Voltz, loth ST. Y. Heavy Art ; F. M.
Beegle, 15th N. J.; Christ. Feuzc, 21st 2T. Y.;
Peter Wurtz, 21st N. Y. ; John J. Ludwig, 17th
TJ. S. ; Charles S. McLaughlin, 6th N. Y. Cav. ;
E. 2T. Norwood, Fred. Gangnagcl, 187th Pa. ;
Frederick Eoberts, Anthony Smith, 49th
N.Y.; Charles H. Graham, 24th N.Y.Cav.;
George Eoessor, 18th K. Y. ; Frederick Craw
ford, 24th N. Y. Cav.; L. E. Kennedy, 49th
N. Y. ; James H. Johnson, 116th N. Y. ; Win.
Dunn, 23th N. Y. ; John N. Sudger, 1st N. Y.
Art. Dr. J. T. Walton is President of tho
Honesty Not a Rare Qualitr.
Letter on the London Folice
As many as 18,659 articles found by drivers
or conductors wero deposited in the lost prop
erty branch of the police; 10,031 of them were
restored to their owners ; the rest giveu back
after three months to the finders, or sold.
There were 8,471 written inquiries about effects
or parcels left in public conveyances, hut never
brought to the police, showing a total of 27,130
articles lost in those conveyances, irrespective
of cases in which verbal inquiries only wero
made. The number of lost articles never
brought back to Scotland Yard should not give
one too bad an idea of the London drivers' and
conductors' honesty, for there is no doubt that
many of the articles never recovered are taken
and stolen by subsequent passengers. That
most of those men are honest and can resist
strong temptations is evidenced not only by
tho number of the returned articles but by the
value of some of them, among which in 1882
wero three deposits of bonds amounting in each
case to 1,000; a plate of silver weighing 1,03-1
ounces, and valued at 240; a diamond, 500;
banknotes, 130. All theso valuable articles
were restored to their owners, while three 50
notes and other valuables remained unclaimed
and wero restored to the finders.
It Bothered the Doctor.
From the Troy Press.
Dr. McCosh is celebrated for egotism, and
the best of it is he is never conscious of it.
Ho has a broad Scotch accent, and tho habit
of gnawing at tho joint of his thumb when
Some years ago lu was lecturing before tho
senior class in Princeton College. He had been
discussing Leibnitz's viewof the reason of evil,
to the effect that mankind was put upon the
earth because there was less ovil hero than
Ono of the seniors inquired, "Well, Doctor,
why was evil introduced into this world?"
"Ah!" said the Doctor, holding up both
hands, " yo havo asked tho hardest question
in all felosophy. Suckkrates tried to answer it
and failed; Plato tried it, and he failed; Kahnt
attempted it aud made bad work of it; Leib
nitz tried it, and he begged tho wholo question,
as I've been tellin' ye; and I confess" (gnawing
at his thumb knuckle) " I confess I don't know
what to make of it myself."
We havo received many inquiries about Tho
National Life and Maturity Association, which
led us to examine into its mauagement, plan,
and condition, and aro happy to givo a most
favorable report. See advertisement.
"Rough on Coughs," Troches, 15c; Liquid
An Indiana Soldier's Foraging Experience.
From an Exchange.
When Tom Kennedy, a Pittsburgh boy, with
three of his comrades of the 12th Indiana, was
taken prisoners at "Knott's Section," four miles
up the Potomac River from Harper's Ferry,
ho was on a foraging expedition. Tom had.
crossed the river several times, bringing in live
mules, cook stoves, and other useful append
ages to our picket-posts, and on this occasion
ho had determined to lit himself out with a
full wardrobo of woman's clothes. While his
comrades wero rnmaging below, Tom sought
out tho sleeping apartments up stairs. During
their search through the premises, some thirty
in number of Ashby's Confederate cavalry
pounced down and surrounded the house. Tho
guard who had been stationed on tho Maryland
side to cover an attack began firing, but tho
unfortunate boys who wero below were soon
captured ; but Tom had determined to escape,
if possible, although greatly overpowered by
numbers. Tom was fully equipped in female
attire, with the exception of a long woolen
white hat, which he had drawn down on tho
back of his head. The door through which he
must pass out was four steps from the ground,
and was surrounded by ten or a dozen cavalry
men on foot. Tom took in the situation at
once, and determined to mako the best of it.
The door was open, and with a run and a leap,
striking with his clenched fists and kicking
with both feet, floored three of tho Johnnies
and broke for tho river bank, bnt was captured,
before reaching tho water's edge. Tom and his
comrades then bid good-by to the guard on the
opposite side of the Potomac, and were soon on
their way to Richmond, where they wore for
tunately exchanged in a few weeks.
Concerning tho Smartest Cat In Georgia.
From the Calhoun Courier.
Robert Adams, of Baker county, a gentleman
whose veracity is one of the dyed-in-the-wool
kind, was in to see us this week and related an
occurrence that wo are forced to call a clear case
of adoption on tho part of a cat at his house.
The cat was the mother of three kittens, whose
appearance proved a source of inexpressible
delight to the smaller membera of his flock,
whose appreciation and affection was so lavish
towards tho kittens that it proved the death of
one of them. Tho old cat in this dire moment
of distress was determined that the family
circle should be numerically the same, and.
suiting the action to the thought, immediately
meandered forth into the woods, hitched on to
a young rabbit and carried it into her children.
She Wouldn't Pool.
From the Detroit Free Press.
Yesterday noon there were about twenty
people in line at the general delivery window
of the Post Office, when a woman undertook
to crowd into a place near the head.
"Madam," observed the man she would have
crowded down tho line, " this window is run
on the principle of a barber shop first come
"Yes; but I am terribly anxious to get a
letter' she replied.
expect a letter wi th money in it. If I don't get
it, I don't know how I'm going to get along
"What a coincidence!" he exclaimed. "My
wife is in Buffalo, and I'm expecting money
from her. If it doesn't comeyny landlord will
set me outdoors, and I'll have to pawn my coat
to raise a stake to play policy. Can't wa
" What do yon mean, sir? "
"Why aha if your husband won't support
you, nor my wife support me, let's chip in and
hire the same lawyer to get our divorces.
Comes cheaper, you know, where the two jobs
are rolled into one."
She flatly refused to join in any such arrange
ment, and when the clerk answered, " Nothing
for you," the hyena of a man grinned and
chuckled and said he was glad of it served her
"D0IXG A GUAND 170RK FOR HE."
In sanding for a new supply of Compound
Oxygen, a gentleman at Walnut, Iowa, says :
"I cannot get along without it, as if is doing
such a grand tzork for vie. You would not lelieve
me lo be the same miserable man I was a year ago lo
sea me now, I am gainiug so fast in flesh. I weigh
more, now than lexer did in my life before, but I
still have pains through my lungs when I do
any work; but other ways I am feeling "as well
as ever I did."
Our " Treatec on Compound Oxygen" contain
ing ahistory of the discovery and mode of action
of this remarkable curative agent and a large
record of surprising cures in Consumption,
Catarrh, Neuralgia, Bronchitis, Asthma, etc.,
and a wide range of chronic diseases, will be
sent free. Address, Des. Stabkey;& Paxes",
1109 and 1111 Girard St., Phila.
Tho Castile Soap Delusion.
From the Philadelphia CaU.
By somo unaccountable means there ha3 been
handed from generation to generation two
erroneous ideas concerning ca3tile soap. One
error is that the materials of which it is com
posed are invariably of tho best, and the other
is that it is beneficial to the skin, and conse
quently desirable for the toilet. These errora
have so taken hold of the popular mind that it
is usual to provide a piece of " white castile
soap" to wash the new-born infant, and this
is usually done by the advice or sanction of the
family physician, who, having imbibed the
prejudice from his preceptor, takes to recom
mending it as a matter of course, without using
his own judgment.
It is now, however, becoming a doubt among
many physicians and nurses as to whether the
favorable opinion about castile soap is not en
tirely at variance with the true facts of the
case, and it is a settled opinion with some that
castile soap i3 really responsible for many of
the skin diseases that are prevalent even among
persons whoso occupation should cause them to
be free from any such unwelcomo and annoy
ing complaints ; ministers and lawyers, bank
ers and auists, and men and women whose
occupations (or want of any occupation) would
seem to preclude almost any possibility of such
ungenteel disease as salt-rheum, tetter, etc., in
spite of their exemption from exposure are as
likely as any, not only to have these or worse
skin troubles, but to suffer with them for years.
Infants, even tho children of the wealthy, sur
rounded by all that money can provide, aro
seen afflicted with eruptions and sores, or ren
dered hideous by ugly scabs, that seemingly
cannot be either accounted for or relieved.
Wo advjse the blame to be put in such cases
where it usually properly belongs, to their
favorite soap, for in ninety-nine cases out of a
hundred skin diseases will be found to arise
solely from Eoap, aud no matter how much
prejudiced in favor of any particular kind of
soap is recommended, a person with a skin
trouble should at once make a change.
It is really very doubtful if any vegetable oil
is adapted for a soap intended for the skin,
even if the oil is fresh and sweet, but there is
very little doubt that even the best brands of
white castile soap arc made from rancid olive
oil; that being of too poor quality for table nso
is in consequence used for making soap. The
best imported castile soap costs the importers
only from 10 to 12 cents a ponnd, all over that
paid by the public being profit to the importer
and retailer; and puro sweet olive oil brings
too much to enable it to be made into castile
soap and sold at any such price. We trust this
article will induce physicians to give this sub
ject the consideration that it deserves, and wo
feel confident that tho result will amply repay
them for their trouble.
Vnnina.X,emoHOrnnse,cte., flayov Cnkc,
nraUyanthefrultrroniwhiels. they are made.
FOR STRENGTH ASD TRUE PJIUIT
TLAY0R TJIEY STAKi) AL0XE,
PREPARED BV TH
Price Baking Powder Co.,
Chicaco, 1H. St. Louis, Mo.
Mention Tlic Rational Tribune
Ey tho usa of ttua ESH3DT, th"
Stomach, and Bowels ffceedlrr rcrzln
their Btroneth, and tho blood is
Itfa-prsnouaccdby hncdreda of the beat doctors
bo tho CETIiTr C01CK tae an Mnda of Kidney EIaa.
JtU purely Trssctoble. and cure when. oth meit
dneaCxU. CverlOOPhysfciaaatnthoSUtoof Sh
Island on rsecrd te3tifyinir la its rs-craa&wfcsr
scrlbo It regularly .
It la prepared expressly for theo dlsejuwaimdhM
nover teen known to&il. Ono trial win cmrirta
yon. ITorealohyolldrussista. 3?2ICK$14J5.
Send Uir Paaphlct of Testimonies.
riSOTlDENCB, 2. I.
A.W. Brown. JUX, of Providence, JU X. m-jn.
I have twad HOOT'S Kidney and IAverJ E33EBDT
In my practice for tho past atxioea years, d.
chccrfoCy recosuccad it aa tiring . m?a cd
reliable remedy." 3
iicntloa The National Tribnna
I. R. Femier, Manufacturer
of Artificial limbs,-
Booms a & 22, Cor. Randolph A Dear
born St.1., Chicago, 111.
23 Tear Successful Experience.
S3Keftrs to editors of Natioxai. Tbtbuhx.
Artificial Limbs and
167 "Wisconsin St., Milwaukee, WI.
Elevated Feet for Shortened LI raos. Trasses,
Abdominal Snpporters, Belts and Elastic
Limes Fcrxisited os GoyehsmeiT Orders.
Best of references given. Catalogue sent free
Jlention The National Tribune.
The Famous Military Allegory,
"THE DRUMMER BOY OF SHIL0H.w
The most popular military drama. Year after year
this beautiful play ha3 been proJuced by special request
in all the important towns and ciiie. and has always
proved a grand succesa, growing in popular ft.vrrunttt.
It stands without a rival the best ml litary drama of tha
war. Address the widow of the author anil le owner of
the copyright, 3Ies. ELIZABETtt ilUSCEOFT, Maaa
Mention The 2fatloiiaI Tribune.
TIFOT. Extra Xarsre. Chrorao Carda.
Bases, Biros, Hattoes, Verse,
Cards, &c. ; or- 5Q Bmbcsaed,
Chromo Cards, (something navr
aad elegant) with BamolOcta. 10
pacts and your choice of thiz
beautiful Gold ITeck-Chaia aud
Charm. Gold Emir with. OnM
stcno setting cr imported SilS;
Handkerchief fcr- SI. Xarsa
, Premium XJsfc with each order.
BBASSOED PBIOTETG CO.,
Mention The national jtstoane.
5Q Elegant Cards (new design) with name, 10 cia.ja
U Superior. 12c: 10 pks.andarich California. Eolle4
Gold Bin?- for $1. Jvory Card Works, Ivory too, (X
Mentioa The National Tribune.
New Taefc ofSO Chrnmo Card for
IS34. HeaTlew, JUtndacapc, jumratr
j and "Winter Scene,. 3iuttos Jfce.
I wua same, only 10 Cents, O Poet sad lhi
Itatsrfnreo cents. SKnpleEoic.8Scts.
LINaLY Si CO.. Northfurd. Cobs.
Mention TheNational Tribune.
TM ETwnt Rolld Hits Kb', le d
.Heavy ISfc.KoIIcd Gnldpbte.?uxi
p.3 V Ciretl.:aict, wan-5ntrdi jrrnr,
pot-paJ, 45c, 8 ibr I.23. SO
Cant. " Reautieo." all STd.Stl
Ter, Roe.XlUe-, Mottoes. A-(-.,wHJaEoD. lOr.. 11
packs for a 1.U MH aa.l this Gold Kin-FREE.
Tf. S. CABU CO., CETHSBBBOOK, COS2?..
Mentioa Th j?attonal Tribune.
5n New Enameled Chromo Cards ibr 1SSJ, name on, ICe.
U Prize with 3 paefcs. POTTEE. &. CO.,3tontoweae,X
Mention The National Tribune.
KFWL3rget ITr, En-ioag! border Crromo Csr&, 3 soli!,
3 9LCTer,xatto act iosd. sscss aa, 10c., VSfim. $t. A&t?
lenuonThe National Tribune.
t aadsubd salary scUinif Queen City
Sampie cctSt Free. Address Queen
Cttr SaOTjcnder- Co., CinnnTnri.'C
Mention The National Tribune.
New Chromo Card3 name on, 10a, 13 pacis JI,XIa
free. CENTRAL CARD CO., Centerbroofc, Coaa.
Mention The National Tribune.
40 BeaatlM Sst&i SHagt
Slit "E&st. IHdIn Xaej, iw Cnl
name on aliaml elesact prl, 13 ct. 9
pnti, tho little Bnart CooMBatta
juife.-ieil Button Kook. al Jlond Anto.
jiunwnuii u.tuiiM crsaiT v"v
Hentlon The Xaticcsi Tribune
" in ...... I..... . .1 1 1 1 1 1. 1 1, ....... .1.. .i ii.
3 A A Scrap Pictures, no 2 alike & set of 4 large Ad-r.
JJ Cards forlOc a a DePUY, SyracuserN.T.
Mention The National Tribuna.
yjjjByjimm w y.-j.M j ISJfeirFaaey Barter Carfj, cami uv
CSjafi-yT-a: io-ipltyp-.coacralJ tyhaadkoUJBT
iP 3?SkT5$ !f 2owersad metiers, 26&J pocijfct
S gt5aBisfe&i& taad -t-Msdnl Feul Hsadt KsU
r. J. . i.... -T A.A..R wu,
Burse. fil.OO. - a -b -'aaaDlaBooilSa
E. F. EATON & CO., NOHTTIFOKi, CONNv
Mention The National Tribune.
f G. A. R. CAIUJS, Badge iacolors.wlth asp
QJ and address, Co. and Beg"t, name of Pest, .,
neatly printed for50cvI0O forTSc Address
Comrade N. VT. DOWD, Wasted, Corns.
Mention The National Tribune.
CO SpIadUl ChruTTKi -with nirv, Ke. 3 fC
Mention The National Tribune.
5fJ Elegant CHKOMO CARDS with name, 10c Axt's
USampie Book iScts. Muasoa Brosi., Mt. Carmel, Ct,
Mention The National Tribuna.
50 Sasla EnHhetl!
igsUiSV Malta andSaSvJuj
TeAe Cards ttS&r-
eie taraj rery.ip&Efj
Card tabooed. ltl!v''sC,
nme IOc O pacStanitftis Besatirai KoueatKMcf :;aiui2rQ4
Agent's aibaoi. 25?. ALMNU BXD3.2tortiiford.CdBa.
Mention The National Tribune.
C n Chromo Cards, no two alike, name en,10c,8 pks.ani
UU Card Case 30 ct. Booilttle Card Co., Mt. Carmel, Ct.
Mention TheNational Tribune.
Full assortment of above as well as oftbe celebrated
ITCKEJL KSITTECG S1XS, EMBR01DSB
IES,Fi.0SSES,&e.,fi4:sa!2bya!l leading: dealers. lf
pase ILLUSTBATED PAMPHLIOVTrithnUfiSforKNIC-!
TING, EMBROIDERY, CitOCIilTF. ic. sent for 13 cent
instaana. EUKJ31JlSaX1 CO., Boston, itaa.'!
Muutlou The Nu.i-.tt. Tribune.
THE POOD PiaESEIiVATXTE,
was thoroughly tested by thousands of people last ysar,
and is now well known as a simple, safe, cheap, rellabla
and wholesome preservative of all kinds of an ml
food. Send for circular and testimonials.
the niransTON" company;
250 anil 261 State-St., New-Haven, Conn.
Mention The National Tribune.
The experience In the treatment of Cancer w lth SwifPa
Speeinc (5. & S. would wm to warrant us, in saylnj
that it MUl cure Uw much dreaded scourge. Persons
aSi&ted arelavited to correspond with us.
I believe Swift Specific has saved my life. I hadvir-.
tually lost use of the npptr part of my body and my
arms from the pofsoaot.3 efiectsof a large cancer oa my
nee:, from which I had suffered Ibr 2u years. 3. 8. 3. haa
relieved me of all soreness, and tlie poison la belnjf
forced out of my system. I will soon be well.
"W. E. EoiUiOS.IJavishoro, G3.
Two months apo my attention wa3 called to the casa of
a woman aflllcted withacaaeeron her shoulder at least
5 fcches In circumference, angry, painful, and glTlasf
thepntlentno rest day ornijtht forG months. I obtained,
csupplv of Swift's Specific for her. She has taken 5 bot
tles, and the ulcer is entirely healed up, only a very
small scab remaining and her health is better than for 5
years past; seems to oe perfectly cured.
Bey. Jesse IT. CuirnEix, Columbus, Ga.
I have seen renuwkable results from the U3e of Swift's
Specific on a cancer. A young man near here has txea
afiiicted five years with the most angry looking eatin
cancer I ever saw, ar.d was nearly dead. Tlie first bottu
made a wonderful change, and after live bottles wsra
taken, he Is neartv or quite well. It Is truly wonderful,
W. F. CEUMursr. M. D., Oglethorpe, Ga.
Treatise on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed free.
The Swift Specific Co., Drawer 3 Atlanta, G.
N. Y. Office, 159 TV. 31 St.. bet-ash. & 7th A7S.
aentloa The Natlocal Tribux,
PAIK3 ZM TUB
OIN3 OR STJJS-
I fc j i . i :
m-rv w 1 jK-si'frJ'.'OV.C'-.-frliXll