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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ESTABLISHED 1877 -NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1884,
YOL. HI-NO. 52 -WHOLE NO. 156.
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GML 0. 0. HOWARD'S
Personal Yisit to and Reconnaissance
EUSE OF WATMfcLOQ.
tnfcarastang Comparisons of the
Ground and Battle -
Strategy ofNapoleon 'andl
Tiington. By Maj&r-Gencral 0. 0. Eoicard, U. S. A.
ooryiaHS!m-ua. iuouts keseuvi::).!.
X3ovot know a piece of English verso that
in youth more took my fancy than the flow
lines of Lord Byron touching the battle of
Wfltrlo. It Is often some phase, some graphic
picture in the neighborhood, some pleasantstory
gaQiored Jroni a looker on, some sudden panic
or desperate charge, or, as here, some remark
able ovoat Which was at the threshold of the
conflict, which gives to the horrid scenes of a
battlefield an unaccountable interest.
At Antwerp, -where, after a delightful ocean
trip of 12 days, I lauded from thestanch steamer
BelgenlsnM began to find signs of the great
battle, which the Belgians, though they arc said
to have done themselves no honor on mat ncia,
yet take pains to keep in the fresh remem
brance of their fellow-men. Perhaps it is in
accordance -with the ordinary -workings of the
human heart, -which usually, when it has com
mitted a fault undertakes to elaborate a series
ef justifications. We find less at Atwcrp than
nearer, only some pictures, publications, and
the panorama. The latter is smaller than that
remarkable production at Chicago, of Pickett's
Charge at Gettysburg; it is roughly executed
' by an Antwerp artist, but it has the merit of
forever Using some principal points in the
memory,; of representing in strong outline the
neighboring bights, valleys, and roads; of
marking well the villages which were involved
in tbelield of operations; and affording sam
plesthe size of life of regiments and bat
teries and horsemen.
THE DUKE OF WELLTNGTON
stands so near the central post of observation
that you see all his features distinctly "pre
j&smettt les tnerne que les stcnsl" says the elo
quent man in charge. According to that fig
ure before yon, the honored Duke was tall,
slender bpllr, with a face sharp and firm, like
that of William H- Seward, the aquiline nose
asot bobg in the least stinted; having on a
chapean much higher and more of the crescent
shape ifc bottom than those imputed to oar
"Washington, wearing a com m on dark-bl ue cloak
fastened with a 'clasp and. chain, -with, a high
stock, and slight linen appearing above the
cloakfs collar. Napoleon is on a white horse.
Tou can TecogniztS his shortness of stature and
think it is the "Little Corporal," but you can
not describe him in detail from this figure.
You have also the men -standing at their guns
in one "battery close by you. At first, if al
most alone, as I was, you are inclined to
ipeak to them, they are so like real men land
ling real guns. The broken batteries of Na
poleon's artillery on the one hand and iho
English squares on the other the living, the
dying, the wounded, the Tearing or falling
horses, the piles of dead horses and men in the
sunken road, and
the snasrLrxa t-ayonets or the Scottish
beyond these and liundreds of other realistic
details, Drought to my mind not only the sto
ries of Waterloo which 1 have read, bat such
things as the broken batteries of Chancellors
yille; the horses, dead in heaps at Gettysburg;
the deop roadway of Fredericksburg, which
oar men could not live to cross; the bayonet
charge of Steiawehr's division at Lookout Val
ley; the strong defense of Newton's division
of Hie Fourth Corps at Peach-Tree Creek, and
of Frank Blair's corps at Atlanta. Can we, in
deed, in our new country, match this great
historic battle of "Waterloo? We shall see. In
strikes, riots, and crimes, as well as in well
ordered business, well-regulated society, and
public virtue wo certainly rival the world. Ee
it in getting down to the depths or in getting
up .skyward, or, as the enthusiastic Frenchman
says, in patting things au dd, the Americo-Anglo-Saxon
yields the palm to nobody.
After a slight detention in the great city of
S&ntwerp, my son (who is my interpreter here)
tlbd 1 went on to the greater city,
till, as when Byron wrote, tie capital of Bel
gium. We arrived in the night, but even by
Bight we "began to take in some of the beauties
and glories of Brussels. Just think of it:
nearly 403,000 inhabitants in thisprinccly city I
Beautiful as Borne for situation, and fine as
Paris for architectural effects, even better than
Paris in Its boulevard and avenues; and the
charm of it all is, that with its richness, its
lofty churches, its national buildings, its temple
f justice, its pretty parks and grand palaces, ex
tensive stores and private dwellings it can be
Bfeen. I had thought Belgium to be a flat coun
try, and so a part of it is, where the Scheldt
and the ocean are kept back by the dykes,
which resemble the epaulmeuts of our actual
forts; but Brussels has several hills. From some
of their summits you can overlook the whole
field and compass its environments. All its
thoroughfares arc crowded during the day and
evening with a well-dressed and apparently
happy people, Peasant women work still with
the dog-carts, aud the street-railway coaches
have three classes: first, second and third.
certainly no Bibles for the people, only prayer
feooks; yet you are impressed that there is
feneral contentment at leasts vice is kept
jretty much out of sight. In the crowds and
arewds I did not see one'man drunk in Brus
sels. Such, then, is the impression that Bel
gium's capital made upon mo during my very
Allow me to introduce some of
THE WOEDS OF SY&OX
J&fet I recited from memory to my son after
getting established in our " Hotel de Vienne,"
which is situated not far from the fatal square
f Hotel de Tille, where the good Barnaveldt,
Cat Horse and. other aobleswere publicly
SMr4ed by orders from the miserable Philip
These words, which are familiar to every
t .' k mmm r:
V "O 1 x. )ivv. " '
i I vvNC - t , 1 $-Jl ?' .':
tzr a r y rmx: : '
Commander-in-Chief John S. Kountz.
English-speaking school-boy, may servo us as
an introduction to an accouut of Waterloo :
There was a sound of revelry by nijrlit,
And Belgian's capital had gathered there
Her beauty and her chiilry, and bright k
The lamps shone o'er fair women and brave men.
A thousand liearts "beat happily; and -when
Music ttroso -with its voluptuous swell ,
Soft ayes looked love to eyes which spoke again,
And all went merry as a marriage-bell;
But hush 1 hark !r-a deep sound strikes like a ris
ing knell 1
Didyeuothearit? No; 'twas but the wind,
Or the car rattlinjj o'er the stony street:
On witli the dance! let joy be unconSned;
No sleep till morn, wben youth and pleasure meet
To chase the Rowing: hours with ilyinjj feet
But hark I that heavy sound breaks in once more,
As if the clouds its eeho would repeat,
And nearer, clearer, deadlier than before!
Arm! ana! it is it islbe cannon's ojiening roar!
All ! then and there was hurrying to and fro,
And Ratherins tears, and tremblin;rs of distress,
And cheek all pale, which out an hour ago
Blushed at the praise of their own Iovliness ;
And there were sudden partings, such as press
The life from out youn hearts, and choking sighs
IVfaich ne'er might be repeated : who could gues3
If ever more should meet those mutual eyes,
Since upon night so sweet such awful morn could
And there was mounting in hot haste ; the steed,
Thcmustering squadron and the clattering car
"Went pouring forward with impetuous speed,
And siviuly forming in the ranks of war;
And the deep thunder peal on peal afar,
And near, the beat of the alarming drum
Boused up the soldier ere the morning star ;
"While thronged the citizens with terror dumb.
Or whispering with white lips "The foe J They.
cornel They come! "
Speaking of the Scottish soldiers and of the
" TJNEETUItNrNG BBA.TE,"
the master poet adds a requiem:
Jjist noon beheldjlhem full of lusty life,
Last evejn Beauty's circle proudly gay.
The midnight brought the signal-sound of strife,
The morn, the ruarbbsiting in arms, the day,
Battle's magnificently stern array!
The thunder-clouds c!o?e o'er it, which when rent
The earth Is covered thick -with other clay,
"Which her own clay shall cover, heaped and pent,
Bider, and horse, friend, foe, in one red burial
Even the building Is pointed out in the Hue
Epyale where the grand entertainment given
by the Duehess ofEichmondwas held thathali
of love, joy, and final sorrow and bitter parting.
It almost robs thess words of their poetry to
stand here in the place of their literal inter
pretation. The morning after our arrival in Brussels,
(the 29th of March, 18S-1,) the young man
awakens, and by some mysterious comprehen
sion of my unexpressed desire, he says : " Father,
let us go to
WATERLOO BY THE ITEST TRAIN!"
The train was to leave at 6:40, and we had
just time to dress and make the distance to
the depot without breakfast, following the new
boulevard for over a mile in quick time. In
20 minutes, speeding southward toward France,
we reach Braine la Leud. As soon as we are
off the cars at the station an officious guide
presents himself and presses his wonderful
knowledge upon our acceptance. T7e take the
direct road toward Mont Sainte-Jean the man
follows up and ceases not to talk; next a little
maid of a dozen years joins the party j shohas
a basket on her arm. We then go along the
load, paved like a street, by twos, now and
then exchanging companions. We laugh at
the zeal of our guides. 3Sy son being guide
enough for this occasion, we decline all over
tures. The child next opens her basket and
offers cheap pictures and photographs. It must
be a disappointment to these waiting folks for
a traveler to appear and not take a guide; but I
longed to study that field without too much
talk. We found Mont Sainte-Jean a little
hamlet with a small hotel. Just before we
came to the road that leads southerly from this
hamlet to Nivelle, we stopped, looked at our
good map, saw the
on the top of a mound or artificial hill of con
siderable bight, some 300 or 400 yards to our
front, looking straight south, and caught
glimpses of other landmarks which, deter
mined our position.
At once, while the man was explaining that
Gen. Sheridan, "the cavalry General of New
York," had been there; Gen. Grant had given
them a visit, and also the "taller" Gen. Sher
man, Monsieur Hugo and the Queen of'Eng
land, with, the utmost volubility, I set myself
A FANCIFUL POSTING OF TBOOPS.
It was plain, indeed, that Wellington had in
spected this ground, and from a standpoint
near where we were, Mont Sainte-Jean ; for,
notwithstanding the changes made by the
erection of the large artificial mound, the gen
eral crest of what we would call "the divide,"
running substantially east and west, is still
very clearly defined. The hilts and valleys so
arrange themselves that behind this crest
on the north side, the greater proportion
of an. army could be easily concealed from
an enemy approaching the field from the
south. I was very desirous to hasten to the
top of tho artificial hill, stand beside tho "Brit
ish Lion," and survey the field from that posi
tion, but we were too hungry to go without
breakfast, and were in hopes that the man at
least would save up his persistent information
for other parties. At the " Hotel des Colonnes,"
a public house of large pretentions, judging by
its name and by tho history of the great people
who hadlodged there given us by our voluble
friends, but really only
A VEKY SMALL COUNTRY TAVERN,
we obtained a fair breakfast, and then hastened
on down the Genappe road till we came to the
point which may he called the center of Wel
lington's line of battle. There is a cross-road at
this point, which runs along the crest of which
I have spoken. We followed this thoroughfare
to the west till we reached a group of houses
near the base of the largo mound crowned with
the lion. These houses an exceptional case in
this region) have all been recently erected.
The little girl had followed us, smiling and
trying to speak "Anglaise," and volunteered
much information concerning this neighbor
hood. She deprecated the drunkenness which
she said prevailed ; for, she said, concerning the
man who had left us, her dissipated brother,
and others, that gin makes "them all "drunk,
sick, and poor." bhe succeeded m selling us a
few pictures of tho most remarkable points of
the battlefield, and then bade us adieu at the
fOotof the stone steps. We ascended as rapidly
as possible to the top of the niouud, aud found,
as I had anticipated, a clear view of every im
portant element within the scope of both
WELLINGTON'S AND NAPOLEON'S ITANTJVEES
during ilia ISth of June, 1815. The date is
engraved on the shaft beneath the bronze lion,
who proudly faces toward France.
This plateau corresponds wellwith our field
at Gettysburg. Taking post beside Gen. Meade
on the Cemetery Hight in the morning of Jaly
2, 1663, after the sun bad risen and touched
tho hills aud mountains with its light, you
would have had a view, as I did then, much
like this which I enjoyed that morning from
the lion-mound. At Gettysburg, the crest from
Wolf's aud Culp's Hills along the Cemetery
Hidge, descending gradually past Ziegler's
Grove aud ascending to the Little and Big
Bound Tops, is shaped like the greater portion
of the Duke's front line at Waterloo. The
difference is, that opposite his extreme right is
the village of Hugomont. Had we continued
during the 2d and 3d of July to bold the town
of Gettysburg itself, tho circumstances would
have been almost identical. .In rear of his right
the small grove and the village Lo Merbe
Braine, which were occupied by reserve troops,
answer to tho grove and tho McAllister's Mill,
which was so firmly held by Slocum's corps at
THE POSITION OF NAPOLEON,
undertaking to envelop Wellington's right
and to watch his front, line against line,
from the woods near Hugomont, across tho
Genappe road" at La Belle Alliance, on to near
La Hale, is similar to that of Gen. Lee, which,
over six miles in extent, began on the hights
opposite Slocum and extended along through
the town of Gettysburg, and then along the
crest of Oak or Seminary Eidgo to some poinf
opposite the Bound Tops.
Our position at Gettysburg has been com
pared to a fish-hook, the shank or straight part
being from the Cemetery to Big Bound Top
and tho curved part ending at McAllister's
Victor Hugo has made the relative positions
of the two armies at Waterloo very plain by
grouping the troops which did the actual fight
ing about a diagram in the shape of a capital
A. He says, substantially: "Lay upon the
ground in your thought a large A ; the left leg
of the A is the Nivelle road; the right leg is
the road, to Genappo; the cord of the A is tho
'hollow way' from d'Ohain to Braino la Leud,
the apex is Mont-Sainte-Jean ; there is Welling
ton. The left point is Hugomont; there is
Eeille with Jerome Bonaparte. The right point
is -La uelio Alliance; there is .Napoleon
little below, where the cord intersects the
right leg of the A, is Haie-Sainte. At tho
middle of this cord is the precise point where
the last word of the battle was said. That is
the place where they have put the Lion, an
involuntary symbol of the supreme heroism of
the Imperial Guard."
The triangle comprised between the apex,
tho two legs and the cord is tho plateau of
Mont Sainte-Jean. The struggle for this plateau
was the whole battle.
The wings of the two armies stretched out
to tho right and left of the Genappe and Ni
velle roads. D'Erlon faced Picton, and Bcille
Behind tho apex of the A, behind the plateau
of Mont-Sain le-Jean, is the forest of Soignes.
As to the plain itself, it is avast undulatinc
terrain ; each wave is higher than the preced
ing, aud all ascend toward Mont Saiute-Joan
and end at the forest. .
At our Gettysburg General Leo had the ad
vantage of the general ascent the undulating
valley, then ridge after ridge, and finally the
South Mountain range; but atAntietam tho
reverse was the case. McClellau descended
upon Lee fr'om the slopes and foot-hills of the
An American gentleman told us that one
day he visited the place whore we stood upon
this grand plateau, and who should ride up
with some. friends but Gen. W. T. Sherman.
Ho said that the General with great quickness
opened his map, dropped on one knee and be
gan to study the field, placing for himself
Hugomont, LaBello Alliance, Mont Sainte-Jean,
La Haio and other important landmarks. This
appeared to fill him with delight. I think I
can understand his feeling. As I stood there
it took but little imagination to people those
beautiful cultivated fields with multitudes
with equipped and well-furnished armies, and
to enter with sympathy into tho terrific strug
gle which was to decide tho fate of empires,
which was to reclaim from Napoleonthat God
dess of Liberty whom ho had'at first freed and
to whom he had given loyal service, but whom
ho had atlast,for his own ends and family's, at
tempted to fotter. Takenin connection with tho
panorama, tho battle, though enacted the 18th
of Juno, 1815, seemed as' I stood on that high
ground, under the shadow of the "British
Lion," an affair of but yesterday.
I will attempt in another monograph a com
parison of organization and incidents of this
fierce and bloody Waterloo,
SYI1 TIE pOE
Struggle with .Missourians, Texans and
Indians on the Frontier.
BATTLE OE.PEA RIDGE.
Defeat, of Van Dorn and Price
iii the Boston Mountains.
DEATH OF McCULLOOH.
-Indians Scalp -and Mutilate the
AIX EIGHTS KESEaVED.I
To the Boys and Girls of the United Slates:
In no other war ever waged has the field of
action been so wide asjn the struggle between
tho Northern and Southern States. In this
series of letters I have told you of the begin
ning at Port Sumter in South Carolina;
the battle of Bull Bun ; of Wilson's Creek in
Missouri ; of battles ih West Virginia ; around
Bichmond, in Kentucky, at Donelson, at Mill
Springs, at Pittsburg Lamling, at New Orleans,
and now we must go to the far Southwest, if
wo would comprehend the vastuess of the
theater in which this great drama of history
was acted. "
To understand what means the Confederates
employed wo must take. a look at the Indian
tribes. You have learned while studying the
history of tho United States how the Creek and
Cherokee Indians once had their hunting
grounds in Georgia aud Alabama; how they
made a treaty with the United States, gave up
their lands, and moved to the Indian Territory;
also,.the Seminoles of Florida; that the United
States Government gave them every year
blankets and money. There were, at the
breaking outof the war, 50,000 Indians in New
Mexico, 30,000 m Texas, 20,000 in Kansas and
Nebraska in all there were moro than 400,000
who received supplies from the Government.
Very soon after tllo war began Albert Pike,
who was born in Boston, Mass., who lived in
Arkauses, and who was known to the world as
a poet, was scat by Jefferson Davis to make a
treaty with tho Indians of the Southwest. He
told tho Indians that they had been wronged
by the United States; that the Confederacy
was thenceforth to bo the government of the
country, and that they would he well cared
He induced, the chiefejs? call the Indians to-
gctherand a great cmiggftwasli eld August 21,"
aeoju je our tnousaau uteres were there. John
Boss was the principal: chief of the, Cherokees,
and signed tho treaty. The Creeks joined
them. The Confederacy supplied them with
arms, and in a short time several thousand
warriors were enrolled as soldiers in the Con
MAGNITUDE OT THE STRUGGLE.
Benton is the northwestern County of Arkan
sas. A range of high hills called Boston
Mountains crosses the County from the north
east to the southwest. A little stream caUed
Sugar Creek trickles down tho western slope,
and empties into the Neosho. The great road
from Springfield in Missouri to Fayetteville in
Arkansas and on to tho Indian Territory,
crosses the range of hills.
One would hardly think that on this far dis
tant field on the frontier, where there were few
inhabitants, a sanguinary battle would bo
fought; but wearc ever to keep in remembrauce
the fact that, it was a conflict of ideas of two
forms of government, of two systems of labor;
thatwherever men were divided in opinion on
these great questions, there the conflict would
THE CONFEDERATE ARMY.
Gen. Sterling Price and Gen. McCulloch were
commanders of the Confederate troops, but
they did not agree, audi Gen. Earl Van Dorn
was placed in command of all the Confederate
troops west of, the Mississippi. He was born
in Missouri, was educated at West Point,
fought in the war with Mexico, and had deserted
the flag of his country, When the war began
ho gathered a band of Texans and captured
the troops of tho United States army in that
Jefferson Davis appointed him to command,
hoping that he would induce the young men of
Missouri to enlist for the Confederacy. There
was great rejoicing in the Confederate army
when ho arrived. Forty cannon fired a salute.
He made an address.
VAN DOBN'S SPEECH.
"Soldiers," he said, "behold your leader J
He comes to show you tho way to glory and
immortal renown. He comes to hurl back the
minions of tho despots' at Washington, whoso
ignorance, licentiousness and brutality are
equaled by their own craven natures. They
come to free your slaves, lay wasto your plan
tations, burn your villages, and abuse your
loving wives and beautifuldaughters."
To induce tho young men to join him, he
issued, a proclamation,, had it printed, and sent
by messengers throughall the towns of Arkansas
and northern Louisiana. Confederate sympa
thizers in Missouri distributed itin their towns
"We haye voted
must now fight to
o be free," it read; "we
be free, or present to tho
world the huthiliating;speclaclo of a nation of
braggarts more contemptible than the tyrants
who seek to enslave us. The flag of our coun
try is waving on the southern border of Mis
souri, planted there by my hands under au
thority of our chief magistrate. It represents
all that is dear to us in life. Shall it wave
there in melancholy loneliness as a Fall leaf in
our primeval forests, or .shall its beautiful field
and bright stars flaunt in tho breeze over the
bright fields of Arkansas,, Texans, and of Louis
iana, as they aro maratialling to do battle with
Missouri for victory for-honor, and for inde
pendence? ' :
"Awake young "hfehiof Arkansas, and arm!
Beautiful maidehsofLpuisiana, smile not upon
tho craven youth who :inay linger by your
hearths wben the xudo. blastof war is sounding
in your ears! Toxas chivalry, to arms ! Hard
ship and hunger, disease, and death are prefer
able to slavish subjugation; 'and a nation with
a bright page in history .autCa glorious epitaph
is bettor than a vassalSJand. with honor losj;
and a people sunk in?iufamy ! "
van dohn's false dispatch.
To firo the hearts of the people of Arkansas
and arouso his troops to action, ho forged a
telegraphic dispatch that there had been, a
great tattlo on tho Mississippi, in which three
Union gunboats wero destroyed and 20,000
Union troops wero killed, wounded or taken
Gen. Pike, who had been commissionep
Brigadier-General by Jefferson Davi3, was
placed in command of tho Indians, who came
from all the Southwest to joiu the Confederates,
increasing tho army to 20,000 men. -
TnE UNION ARMY.
Tho Union army was commanded byMaj.
Gen. Samuel 11. Curtis, of Iowa, who studied at
West Point, fought under Gen. Taylor in
Mexico, was Member of Congress when the war
broke out, resigned his seat, hastened to Iowa,
and was appointed Colonel of the 2d regiment.
Ho had 11,000 men, in four divisions. Tho
First and Second Divisions wore commanded
by Gen. Sigol.
First Division, Col. Osterhaus 36th 111:, 12th
and 17th Mo., battalion of 3d Mo., 24th and 25th
111., two battalions of HI. cavalry and two bat
teries of 12 guns.
Second Division, Gen. Asboth 2d, Gth and
15th Mo., battalion" of 4th Mo. Caw, 2d Ohio
battery, Lieut. Chapman ; flying battery, Capt.
Elbert, 12 guns.
Third DivisioivGen. JefH C. Davis 8th, 18th
and 22d Indiana, 37th 111.-, 9th Mo:, 1st Mo.
Cav., and Benton's. Ind. battery of 10 guns.
Fourth Division, Col. Carf 4V and 9th
Iowa, 35th 111.,. 25th Mo., 3d. iil: Cay.,' two bat
talions of 3d Iowa Cav., Jones's Iowa battory j
and Stevens's battery of four mounted howitz
ers. CONFEDERATE ARMY.
Gen. Van Dorn's army had been hastily
gathered. The Arkansas, Louisiaua and Texas
troops numbered 11,000, and wero commanded
by Gen. McCulloch. The Missouri troops were
under Gen. Price, and numbered 3,000. Gen.
Pike had two white regiments besides the
Indians, numbering 4,000, making the Confed
erate army about 20,000. With this force Van
Dorn confidently expected to defeat Gen. Curtis
and scatter his array to the winds.
van dorn's plan.
Gen. Van Dorn was in the Boston Mountains,
on the border of tho Indian country, 50 miles
from Pea Bidgc, and he determined to make a
rapid march, get in rear of Gen. Curtis, and
strike a sudden blow, cutting off his retreat.
It was a wild morning, March '5, 1862,
when the Confederate troops broke camp,
packed up their iron kettles and tin dishes,
and marched north along the road to Pea
Bidge. They had no long lino of baggage
wagons, and marched rapidly, though the
snow was whirling in their faces. The move
ment was so rapid that Van Dorn confidently
expected to make it a surprise. If he could
do so, it would be of incalculable advantage,
"The Union troops arc widely scattered,"
said the Confederate scouts.
It was true, Sigelwas SQBtk o-Beirtoavil!o,
severahmiles from the Third and FQurth-Di-
-visions under-Curtis; Some of the regiments
were out after forage. It would make the
work all the easier for the Confederates.
It was startling news which reached Gen.
Curtis at 2 o'clock on the afternoon of March 5.
Men.come riding info camp in hot haste with
the information that tho Confederates were
advancing. Gen. Cnrtis is quick to act. He
must concentrate his troop3. Cavalrymen ride
across the country with orders to the officers
who are out after forage and to Sigel. Gen.
Curtis resolves to fight a battle, although the
Confederates outnumber him two to one. He
selects his ground on Pea Eidgo.
To understand how the battle was fought, let
us first walk over tho ground, starting from
Elk Horn Tavern. The road from Springfield
to Fayetteville runs southwest. The tavern
is on the ridge. Going down the road south we
cross Sugar Creek and come to the hamlet of
Mottsville, where the tents of the Third
and Fourth Divisions are standing. The val
ley is half a mile wido. Walking on we as
cend another hill. Ten miles brings us to
Cross Hollows a place where three hollows or
ravines cross each other. The ravines are nar
row, 75 feet wide, the banks steep, and the
position one of great strength. Just south of
Cross Hollows, Gen. Van Dorn pitches his tent.
We will go no farther south, but turn north
west, following a road which takes us into
Osage Springs; then north to Bentonville,
which is 10 miles west of Mottsville, where we
see the First and Second Divisions under Sigel.
Turning now northeast, wo come, just before
Teaching Sugar Creek, to a road branching to
the right. If we follow it we shall come to the
hamlet of Leetown, and it will bring us back
to Elk Horn Tavern. Following tho main
road, we cross Sugar Creek, ascend Pea Bidge,
and como to Cross-Timber Hollow, which is
four miles due west of the tavern. Keeping
these points in mind, we shall see just how tho
Confederates moved to surprise Gen. Curtis.
Gen. Curtis had formed his line facing south,
expecting that Van Dorn would advance from
Cross Hollows; but that was not Van Dorn's
plan. We see him sending a small force up the
road towards Gen. Curtis, but tho main army
turns west towards Bentonville to strike Sigel.
Messengers have brought orders to Sigel to
retreat to Pea Bidge. Ho has 200 wagons,
which he sends in advance The Confederate
cavalry ride rapidly round him and gain hi3
rear, but he fights his way through them, los
ing 28 killed aud 50 prisoners, and joins Gen.
Curtis, who has discovered what Van Dorn is
intending to do.and who quickly changes his
front, forming his line facing northeast instead
UNION LINE OF BATTLE.
We see Gen. Curtis sending Gen. Carr's di
vision up the road on the morning of March 7,
to Elk Horn Tavern. The troops of this divis
ion aro to hold the right of the line. They are
to bo in tho thick of tho fight, which is to rage
around the tavern, and which is to give a name
to the battle the Confederates calling it the
battle of Elk Horn.
Next in line is the Third Division (Gen.
Davis's), and beyond him the Third and Fourth,
Gen. Price,- with the Missourians, has led the
advance of tho Confederates. They have made
a long march, have reached tho road northeast
of Elk Horn Tavern, and confront Gen. Carr's
division. Next in line, towards Cross-Timber
Hollow, are the Arkansas troops, under Gen.
McCulloch, while the Texans, Louisianians and
Indfaus confront Sigel.
FIRST DAY'S BATTLE.
It was i0:30 in the moruing when Col. Oster-haus,withthe3d-Iowa
Cav., a detachment of the
1st Mo. Cav., the 22 Ind., and Davidson's Peo
ria battery advanced to reconnoiter tho Con
federate position. Tho cavalry drove in 'the
Confederate pickets. The Peoria battory open
ed fire. Tho pickets retreated to tho woods,
and the cavalry charged after them. Suddenly
th woods' wore thick with. Confederates, and
th fftvalry wer driyw. The Confederate
Mrs. Kate B. Sherwaod, President W.R.G.
rushed npon the battery and captured two
guns. Thoy were wild with joy.
At the samo moment there was a ripple of
musketry in the woods north of the tavern.
Pike was advancing to attack Carr. The Union
pickets wero falling back.
The battle was raging so fiercely on the left
that Gen. Curtis sens Gen. Davis to assist
Osterhaus. The Tftfrd Division went through
Leetown with his SoeoM Brigade, commanded
by Col. White Sth Mo., 37th III., and a
battery of four guca. Thehrigads formed in
line. The woods m front of the troops were
alive with Indians, under Gen. Pike and the
celebrated chief, John Boss. The Texans and
Louisiana troops charged upon the brigade
with fury. It was driven, but when the Con
federates, with wild yells, thought they wera
to have things all their own way, the First
Brigade swept in, firing terrific volleys in
which Gen. McCulloch wa3 killed and Gen.
Backward and forward, over the knolls,
through tho hallows, in the fields and thickets
swayed the battle. SIgei's troops came in. Van
Dorn ordered rc-enforceinents.
Gen. Davis saw that the Confederate left
flank was exposed, and sent the ISth Ind. to
attack It. The regiment fell like a thunder
bolt upon the. Indians, driving them and
strewing the field with killed and wounded,
rushing upon the cannon, capturing them,
wheeling them into position, and turning them
upon the fleeing Confederates. The battle on
the left center was over.
AROUND THE TAVERN.
CoL Carr placed the First Brigade east of the
xoad, and Col. Vandevers brigade west of it.
Capt. Jones's battery was the first to open fire.
Col. Vandever was at Huntsville, 40 miles
away, when Gen. Curtis's orders reached him.
The brigade had marched the distance, stop
ping three times only, making a rest at each
halt of 15 minutes. The troopshad arrived the
night before, but they were rested and ready
for the battle.
We see tho brigade advancing half a mile
north of the tavern, and Capt. Haydeu's bat
tery from-.Dubnque coming into position and
opening fire. Sterling-Price, cammaudinr the
Alissouri troops, .determines to strike with ail
hisTorce. He presses on'drives Tandeysr to
wards the tavern, making a sudden rush, cap
turing one of the cannon.
Gen. Carr is outnumbered, two to one. "X
must have re-enforcements," is his message to
"I send you my body-guard; you must hold
them," was the response, and Maj. Bowen's
battalion of cavalry went thundering down the
road with a howitzer. They were all the troops
that could be spared till the matter wa3 settled
on the left.
" I cannot hold on much longer," was the
second message from Carr.
"You shall have help," was the reply, and a
battery came up from the left, with a battalion
A few minutes later Curtis himself, with
Asboth's division, came sweeping over the
xidge to Carr's aid. Through the afternoon
Price had pressed on, Carr disputing every inch
of ground. He had been driven a mile, a
bullet had pierced his arm, one-fourth of his
men had been killed or wounded, but his line
had not been broken.
Asboth's batteries wheeled into position
south of the tavern. The fight was fierce. The
2d Mo. and 3d Iowa had fired away all their
ammunition, but at the word they charged
bayonets and drove the Confederates.
The battle was over on the left, and more of
Sigel's troops came hurrying across thd pas
tures. Night came, with the Confederates de
feated on the left, but well satisfied with what
they had accomplished on the right. They were
in possession of the field, had captured our can
non, had possession of the road to Springfield,
cutting off Curtis's retreat. Van Dorn made hi3
headquarters at the tavern and prepared for
It is not a very bright outlook for Gen. Cur
tis when the sun goes down. His line of retreat
is cut off, his supplies nearly exhausted. His
mules and horses haye had little to eat for 48
hours. He is hemmed in. He cannot be at
tacked in the rear, for the mountains protect
him. He must bo ready to fight in tho morning,
and he must win the victory. He does not sit
down and wring his bands in despair, for he is
confident that he will be victorious.
He knows the ground, and reforms his line,
with Davis's division on tho right, where the
fighting is to be most severe, and places Carr in
the center, wiih Sigol on the left. Hi3 line is
shorter than it has been. He knows that Van
Dorn wiU. advance from the tavern with aU. hi3
Eight o'clock and the Confederates have not
advanced. Gen. Curtis resolves to begin the
b3ttle. Sigel's cannon open, and with such
effect that Sigel swung his infantry forward
in support, attacking tho right flank of the
It would make this letter too long to nar
rate all the details, how Pattison's brigade
and the 1st Ind. battery fought in the fields
south of the tavern and east of the road; how
the Confederate batteries opened upon them,
compelling them to fall backj how White's
brigade and Davidson's battery made the line
a sheet of flames; how the 21st 111. took: posi
tion behind a fence on the left, and tho 12th
Mo., with 12 guns, on the ridge in their rear,
the men lying down and the cannon sending a
storm of sheUs into tho Confederate lines,
silencing Van Dorn's batteries, discouraging
his troops the Indians fleeing, the Arkansas
and Louisiana troops losing heart, tho Con
federate fire growing fainter, the troops flee
ing at last some towards Cross-Timber Hol
lows, tho Missourians, under Price, runaing
along the road towards Springfield, then fleeing
west scattering in every direction so suddenly
that Gen. Curtis is at a loss" which, way to turn
Eight miles away, Van Dorn gathered a por
tion of his scattered troop3 and sent a request
to Gen. Curtis to bury the dead and care for
SCALPING THE WOUNDED.
It was not a pleasant scene that Gen. Albert
Pike beheld tho bodies of tho Union dead
hacked to pieces by the Indians, the wounded
scalped and tomahawked. Gen, Curtis charged
Van Dorn with having permitted tho horrible
work to go on, and tho Confederate General
did not deny the chargo.
The victory was worJ bufcjit a cost of more
than 1,300 killed and wounded. How many
Van Dorn. lost will never be known, but as tho
Confederates attacked while Gcc. Cirtis stood
on the defensive, there was probably a yreator
Ib lx ctmiwiw.
1 Story of Love in the Sequatchie
The Trouble Caiised by Kissing
tbe Wrong GfrL
A DUBIOUS EXPIAFASOH".
Everything Ends in the Usual
IWrUUn expressly for The National Trt5wn.l
BY HARVEY AUSTIN.
" Dave BarOefcr," said the Orderly Sergeant
of Co. L, suddenly appearing at the stable
with an ominous strip of paper in his band.
"Another blasted detail," growled Mat Lan
gan, tho chronic sorehead of Co. L, slapping- tho
horse he was grooming with the back of tho
curry-comb. "It!a always go go go. Tha
horses' legs are already wore off up to the hocks
clambering over these infernal Tennessee
mountains. Sol stand over there, won't ye?"
(Thi3 to tho horse not to the Orderly Ser
geant.) "Here; what's wanted?" responded a bright
cheery voice, and tho owner stept around 1m
horse into sight, with a curry-comb in one
hand and a brush in thefothcr. His face ac
corded well with his voice, for it was sunny
and sunburned, with straightforward eyes, and,
a pleasant smile about the mouth. A fatlgua
cap sat jauntily on tho black curls, and tho
yellow chevrons on the jacket hanging near
showed that his good soldiership had raised
him to a Sergeant
"Dave," said the Orderly Sergeant, "thera'ar
a detail of a Sergeant and 10 men ordered, t
go over Into tha Sequatchie Valley with soma
wagons that are to gather up forage. You're
the Sergeant, and you'll take with you CorpT.
WiU Decker, and Allen, Alexander, Hughes,
Johnson, Kilpatnek, Mason, Prentiss, Thom
son and Wilson. Now slap on yocr saddles m.
short meter and strike out, fbr the W3gons ara
"Just my blasted luck!" growled Langaa;
"if it rd been guard duty I'd a' been detailed
sure's death, but when there's a chance togei
out of camp I stand no more chance thaa
bound boy at a husking."
"Here, Langan, you can take myplaca,
said Thomson. "My horse's hack 's a little
galled, and I don't want to ride him if I cast
Durned willing, aint yo?' ssecred-Laa?
gan. " I never saw anybody aa willing' as jv.
axe to have some other fellow do Ms daijv
There's always something the matter with ye,
or your horse whenever there's anything to W
"Setter leave Langan behind, boys," said,
one that was not detailed, "That temper of-hia
wHlonr aU tliQ butterrnHk yoall get."
"Come, boys att ready?" said Dave cheer
ily, as he buckled his own girths and adjusted
his bridle and halter. "All got your arms? AH
got enough cartridges ? You've only a few, yoE
say, Langan ? Thomson, as yon. are not goingi
give him aH your revolver and carbine car
tridges. AB ready now? Lead out! Prepare
to mount! 3Iount! Count twos from the right J
Bight forward, twos right, march I"
Thus Serg't DaveBartlettf marched away t
an unexpected fafev and with him to an equall j
unexpected one went his bosom friend and
tent-mate, CorpT WiE Decker, and nine splen
did comrades, including the growling Mat
Langan, who, despite his acid tongue, was act
good a soldier as the best of them.
The middle of the splendid October after
noon found Sergeant Bartlett and Corporal
Decker occupying rude but comfortable arm
chairs on the broad porch of a substantial
farm-house in the Sequatchie VaBey, waiting
for the wagons to be loaded with the forage s
badly needed In Chattanooga. Langan was down,
by the cribs, having an ill-natured and wordy
dispute on the political issues involved in tha
war with the venerable ownerof the farmhouse,
and the rest of the boy3 were deeply interest
in a fight they were trying to bring on betweaa
two young cockerels they found in the baxa
yard, and which they were sure were gama
Bartlett and Decker were not alone. A low
rocking-chair by the former's aide heli.
slender, lithe, dark-haired girl of 20, with tha
most bewitching face, Dave was quite sure,
that he had ever beheld. Being a frank aad
outspoken young man, he wa3 not reticent ia
communicating this information to the young
lady. The unmistakable sincerity of his
admiration, together with his own personal
comeliness, wasnotlong in changing the sharp
tongued littlerebelwho encountered him when
he first entered the house Into a smiling and;
agreeable damsel, quite as wining; as maidens
of 20 usually are to be wooed by a handsome
manly feUow, even though he wore iho. uni
form that was specially obnoxious to the young
lady's kinsmen, who were all with Bragg on
Missionary Bidge, not more than 15 milea
away, as the crow flies. Two hours before
Miss Nannie Bossiter, for such wa3 Sergeant.
Bartlett's companion's name, had been quit
confident that Bragg; would speedily descend
from Missionary Bidge and drive what
Yankees he did not kill into the Tennessee.
Biver. Now she was sorry that the war could
not "stop just where it wasr so that there
would be no more bloodshed, it was too bad tat
kiU. off so many nice fellows," this with an
unmistakable look at Dave, which told, very
plainly how she would regret seeing his narae
among thoie of the slain. Corporal WBl
Decker was having similar success in changing
tho views of her cousin, Jane Browning; who
sat beside him. Except that the two girls wera.
of the same age, and had sweet, drawling voiee.
so like that you could not tell which spoke
without looking at them, they were very d&-j
similar. Nannie was slender, lissoma, aaf,.
black-haired, while Jane was sheets plaaap,
and had hair which her friends called "aK
burn," and those who did not like har a kai
The young folks had onlykaawa-OB-ftaaattwc
now less than thrse hours, bat ia tha high
pressure days of tha war love-aaktBf;. ISca.
almost everything etee, went en at a 9fL tfc
would seem a frightful paee is thasa 3f-w
motioned peaceful days.
The progrc&i of affairs wa clearly ia&ioatit